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title: 'The Middlebury people's press. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1841-1843, July 13, 1841, Image 2',
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D Ju E B U R Y P E O P L E 'Js P R'E'S S
v T H E- MID
- mt.nnfM inierestinrrto tl.e ' taking his hand in both of his mtd :
pablic, and d
rccnrd, we w
nbera Oiis Convention was as rrspeciable as
. ' li. r iP.m
.my, the ever raenioraoie niat3 iuccuu&
escrpted ; and every coun'y in tl.e State save
Grand Isle was represented. Tbo formation ot
a new lickst was'of i'self tume'unily unpoitant
m' command a full Convention, and could nnt
faii. i.isonumerousabody, to develope ranous
opinions as" as to pi.liry, and preferrtites as to
men. Such opinions and prefrrences were de
rcloped, and were tmertained with a waimn
rvhUh men, who are conscious bmh of strcngtr.
..od good intentinns, are apt to mdulse; tntse
vure harmo.nzed. howevcr, in convenlion ; aml
we do nol doubt thai prudeni and palriolic coun
rilj will lead lo nnanimiiy ofauiun m tne great
bod of the Whigs of the State. .
The Committee to nominate a state ticket was
mmposed "l tweotv-nine mernbers, ( Grand Isle
heink unr'enrfsente'd) electert by lhe deleaate, ac-cordin-'
ioSenai..rial dUlricts-cr.ch distnci bjmg
rititled 10 a c-mmittee iqual to its number ot
-iemtor-. We learn tbat in the committee, tl.us
eonHituted Col. Paine rtceived 15. Clwries K.
'.Vilfiams 0, J.icnb Cullamcr 5, and Herann Allen
(o' Bnrliii2to)3 votes, on the flrst ballot; thai the
oinmCteeernestly endtavored lounite in perfect
nnanimity upon some cs.ndidates, :n.d di l finally.
by a unaniinous to e. recommrnded the ticket
art tt now stands, and which was adopted by
r.ie Cs'nvefltion wilU two tir thrte dissentmg
C.i". Paine tsnn'. and never has been.an ambi
tiom seekerof ofiiee: he b-ts alivays given the
best of hisservices :o the Wliig cause, wherever
ncded and has cver been as contenl to f erve in
the ranks as in the mnre difficuli and rejpons'ble
stations to which he has bfen cnlled by his polit
ml i'riMnrU. In an enierffencv. with no prospecls
of his own election. and when ii wns a sacii6ce of
aU peroiinal wishes to what was belieed to be the
puhlic giwd, he permit ed himseli lo be presented
a a canditlate.for ibe gubernntorial office, anl rc
ceived a handsome voie from the eleciors. JSlore
.cenily, lie was delegaied to the Natioaal On
veation at H.irrisburgh ;&-with cui.dctrarting at
.SI from his collcagues, we may be permitteil to
jiv tliat to him belonjs a very greal shaie ofcied
it fjr the decisions of tbat convention, rt&uhing
io the mest memnrable and glnrioin poli'ical
rJvola.!ion Ah.ch l.as ever occured since the a
cloption of the Conslilution. If ardent, undevia
nng and uncimipromising devolion to Whig
principle3 tnlents of a higb order a th'rou?ii
knowledse ol poliiioal mtasures and polt ica
men. undoubted inte?riiy and romptele jdenti
iv. hoth frnm his nolilical principles and hii own
iodiridual imerests. with the grcat interests of
he peopK-cf Vermont comraend aman totheir
mppoit, thcn is Col. Paiue corninended by nll
these. It is a fact we are told and a singular
oi!e, if trae tliat no naiive-born cilizen of Ver
mont has ever been elecled to the office of Gov
crnr. Col. Paine is a naiive of the State.
Mr. Kanney is well known to the peoplejis s
Scnnior forsome years from the County of Wind
haai. He was a useftl and hijihly re.p'ected
Senator, and we doubt not will preside ovcr ibe
Senate with credit tothat bodv snd to himself.
Fnr frtwsurT the name of John Spalding is
rresented: a cilizen of lhilown,and iersona!ly
known to niost, it not a'l, our reailers? as a man
lossessin; the unquesiianablt integrity and the
businet habits peculiarly required in a treasurer
r.f il-.e State.
As to other mntters, we refer our readers to the
rtso'.utions adopted, v?ith the sinle remark. tbat
ihc on.? on the subject nf a National B.ink was
ibe snb;ect ol particular discussion, pro nnd con,
r.nd wjs adopied nn tlic full Toice wi'h p.re.t
As otiibr Wixdfai.i,. Witliin the wcclc
past, annthcr extrcmely poor man, rcsidcnt
in this city for many ycars, has receivecl in.
ff:!!igence" of a fortune left liim irrEnland.
Tn(Tproperty left to him is vcsted in sevcr-
al valuablc farms. worth a larne sum of
money rcacliing it is said the very respcct
r.ble sumorslOD.OCO or thereab'ouls. lt
ny ratc it is a valuablc property. This in
hcritance falls to him on the death of a sis
tcr or sisters, who for many ycars wcrc un.
Eiicccssful in their eff.rts to obtain anv in-
formation of the brother. lnlclligence of
hii whercabouts was finally cotnmunicatcd
to his rclatives through ihc instrumenlality
ofC. Lenox Hemond, formerlv known in
tiiis city as an elegant young gentleman of
coior in the oysler busincss, now an assocr
aleof the lorcls and ladics of England, and
a distingnished advocate of the abolition
c.umn. A neahew of the dcvisce, in con
scquence of the information thus ohlained,
r.amc over to this country and arrivcd in
ihis city last wcek to inform his rclatives of
the lidings of his fortune. Cliat les Lenox
cer'aitily deservcs a handsome and stib.
stantialacknov!edaemcntfrtn the hcir for
his ngcncy in this busincss.
Tiiccase we mentioned a short time ago
was not stated accurately. The sum left
in that instancc was 500 slerling, and the
accumulated interest of thirlyeight years,
lOOsterling without interest and one un
divided founh partof a valuable farm.
Conccrnin the eaily hitory ofthe National
Bank qties'ion in this Governmcnt, we have an
nnecdoic, from uni'oubtcd aulhority, which ap.
pcars to us of too much interest to be witheld
from our readers. Wc do not know that a morc
fit occasion will occur for offerinu it, as foilows:
.After the bill for the establishmcnt ofthe cld
Itank of thc United Slates had passed both
Houscs of Congress, in 1791, and had been laid
before President Washington, for his sisnaturc,
it becamc a matter of astonishment lo tbo cc
rntary ofthe Treasury, (Gen. Ilamilton,) that
thc President should havo held the bill in sus
pcnse until the lci. dr.ys limitcd by the Consii.
tutinn hud almost cx'ed. Calling upon thc
President in ths ordfcary course of his official
duty, the lattxr put, into the "hands of Gen.
Ilamilton the Opinions of Mr. Jeffcrson and
?lr. Randolphon the suhject ofthe bank bill
nr.d requcstcd him to c.xamine and answer thcm.
Gen. Uamilton took tho papers read them, ro
ficcted upon thc subject went to see Mr. Lewi,
the "great black-letter lawyer" of Philadclphia
atthatday. They walked together in Mr.
Lewis' gnrden, Ilamilton explaining his views
Ci to tVe lavi of incorporation, which Lewis
r.onfirmcd. Gen Ilamilton rcturned homc in
Ito evening, nnd retircd to bed. Rtving direc
iions to be called at 12 o'clock at night,. and
lint strong coffee should then be rcady for Him.
This was done. He went to work a'nd finish
ud io Opinion at once sitlig, nnd when it was
(iooied, took it to ihe President. Tbo next
WtrVta?toD. hen bo sw Qon Hamilton.
SUII1C VIIWWH" . w - l - l I 1 . , n n
01 Prnpeny uciu"t;i"o - u,u.. ..- . r i
u .i i,. !h ntlir-ml ., m ri,.nr sir.vour lur u jiuiuu.
. l have signcd tl:e bil . SSal. lntcl.
STATE ANTI-SLAVERY CONVEN
TION. We havo returned from tha State Anti
Slavcry Convention at Waterbury, only in time
to cive a bffef notice of tho proccedings before
our paper goes !o press. Aboiit 200 tleleuates
were in altendance.from thc countics of Rut
land, Windsor, Addison, Chittenden, Orange,
Wnshington, Franklin nnd Lamoille. The
body was organizcd on Thursdny at tcn o'
clock, and adjourned on Friday nftemoon.
Hon. Orson Skinner of Waitsfield presided.
Matthew D. Gordoii of Sliddlcbury was Sec
rctnry. Messrs. Wright or Philadclphia, Tra.
cyof'N. Hampsliirc. and Dennison of New..
York, were in oltendance from abroad. A
large number of resoluttons were b'ought for
ward and discussed with great freedom, upon
a varicty of tnjics btiaring upon our cause.
The whole subject ofpolitical nction was ic
ferred to a special committee of sixtecn mem
bers. viz. Messrs Wells or Waterbury, Bcech
crof Hinesbu'gh.Dean ol Burlington, Sted
man of Chester, Nutt or Montpelier, Grant or
Charlotte, Smilh or Vershire, Skinner orCorn
wall, illclntyrcor Middlesex, Jones cf Waits
field, Thrall of Rutland, Perry or Fcrrisburgh.
Joslyn or Pittsfield. James Green of Waterbu
ry, French of Williston and Cushman of War
ren. This committee was occupieJ several
hcurs in dicussing various pmpositions, aml
finally smbmitted n rcporl, (a minority aissent
ing.) recommending icdenendent polhical ac
tion at the coming fctate ekciion, and the ruim
ination of a state ticket accordingly. This
proposition wns negalived by the convention,
afier a full debatc, and the following resolulion
was adopted by a large majority:
"Whercas, we as abolitionists catinot sup
port nll lhe individual noniinees of either of
the prcseut political parties, Therefore,
Resolved that we will exert our influence for
the decti.n of CH'S K. WILLIAMS for
govcrnor of this State, at the ensuing clec
tion." No further action was takcn upon lhe que.
tion ofpolitical action, save the adoplion of a
resolution afF.rmini; tho duty of nbstiner.re from
pro slavery voting. It is proper to state that a
large piop'ortion of the'Convention if not a ma
jorily. were unprepared to lake the ground of a
party organization, at the present time, but the
feeling was almost unanimous, that since the
two great political parties had failed to present
n gubernatorial candidate who could be consis
tently sustained at the ballot box by nbolil;on
ists to say nothing of other objections it was
the privilego of tbo convention to indicato,
plninly and unequivocally their prcference.
Time must reveal the resulf It is lo be noted,
that the Waterbury Convention wns not a mee
ling ofthe State Socie'y proper, but ol "the ab
olitionist3 of Vermont." Voice of Freedom.
National Convention at Saratoga Spkings,
fourtk tuesuay of jult.
This intcrcsting and linportant mccting wiil
soon be upon us. In '.he present stnge of ihc
lemperance reform it cnn. wc think, be no oth
er than a large one. Yet this will depend on
:he promptnt'ss and eneruy of individual socie
ties, in every part ofthe country. Wc are
particularly sulicitous that one or more dele
ates come from every State Society, as it will
bo desirable to know what the condition of rach
State Society is, and how far each one is de
termined to revivc, press forward in this field
oflahor. and pnrify it own borders. ll is ex
pected that the Convention will bo opened with
nn addrcss from thc President ofthe Amcricm
Temperance Union, and that each State will
bo called upon for a particular nccount ortho
tempcmncc rerorm wirhin its bonduries
As nll the great principles of temper
ancc are now settled, it is belteved that lhcr
will bo but very little of that unhappy collision
which has tarnishcd past conventions; and
that it will be rnther a Jubilce of thanksgiving
and praise, and inciletr.cnt to new und still
morc vigorous nction. The Washington Dcl
egntes wiil fonn a new gem amongst us.
Ueatii of an Indian WAnniou. A Lit.
tle Rock paper thus notices the death of an
Indian warrior who fought under General
Wayne in the rcvolutionary war. "Capt.
Tisho Minno.a veteran warrior ofthe Choc
laws departcd-this Iife on thc 5lh ult.
Although but little known beyond the
limits of his nation, yet he was a man who
had seen wars and fought batlles; stood
h;!ih amonc his own people as a brave and
tgood man. He scrved under General
Wa)'ne in thc rcvolutionary war. tor wtucn
he received a pension from the governmcnt
ofthe United Statcs; anrl in the Jate war
with E'lgland he scrvcd und.er Gcn. Jack
son,and did many deeds of valor. IIu had
fought in nine battlcs for the United
States. As :t friend he served the whites
faithfully. His lastwords were,"TVhenI
am gone, beat the drums and fire the guns 1"
1 consider every man who makes some
new agricultural improvemcnt every man
who is instrumental in promoting the cause
of ajrriculture as thc most desorving of ap
probation. The farmcrs enjoyment from
the improved culture of the ground. is
grcater than what aiises to men employcd
in other kinds of business; &. woutd be much
increased, if thty would expend a portion
of labor and cxpensc in beautifyi ng and a
dorning the lands which the Almighty has
blessed with fruitfulncss under their
Federal popuhtlonThe Apporlionmeni of
Congress. Wo publish herewilh nn ofiicii.1
summary ofthe Population of the United Slnles,
according to the census of 1840. The Ap
porlionment of Representation for the five suc
ceeding Congresses is to be made ncxt win
ter ; and we have compilcd with some labor
the following table ofthe Federal Population
of each State, (cosisting nf all Free Whilcs
ond thwfftJis lhe number of all otba' per
sons,) on which as a basis the Ne'w apporiion
wri mnit b mide. W liave annaxed tho
number of Reprcsentalivcs to which each State
will beniitfed according to tlie ihrcc most
probable Raltnns. viz
sau. riru!tlon. ki.uoo. tuiwo. eo.ooo. so.ooo.
Tolal Mernbers of 249 214 1SG 164
Ii is idle to hope it, we fear ; but if Congress
could bo induced to practico sufficient pa-
tnotism nnd self-'lemal to put the Ratio squire
up to 00.000. and tlius give us a House cnpn
bleofdoing business, it would b entitled to
the lasiinggratitudcoftho countrv.-JVew Yor'
The beautiful shade trecs before vmir
dwellings which shield you fiotn the heat
of summer, and shed an air of fragrance
and beatity around.the spot on which they
stand, and your fruit trees, from which you
have so otten regaled yourself, weke plan-
TED BY OTHEtl HANDS.
Tuesday Morning, July 13,1841.
FOR LIEUT. GOVERNOR.
WAITSTILL II. RANNEY,
By a refprcnccto lhe procccdings this wcck
our readers will pcrceive that the Bank in the
scnate,and lhe distribulion bill in thc house are
the all-absorbing subjccts under considcration.
Both northcrn and southcrn whigs are uni
ted upon the establishmcnt of a national bank.
Mr. Clay is sircnuous in favor of a bank wilh
the power of cstablishing branches, as indis
pcnsible to its pcrformancc of the dutics of a
fiscal agcnt, and thc regulator of exchangcs
throughout thc Union. Hc is right. But Mr.
Rives has introduccd an amcndment, inaking
thc establishment of branches dcpcndcit upoa
state legislation, thus cripling the salutary op-
crations of an mstitution in the pcrformancc
of scrviccs, having an incalculable influence
upon thc business aflairs of thc countiy, and
cstablishing a prcccdcnt which may bo hcrcaf
tcr falal and dcadly. But under thc imprcs
sion that Mr. Clay's original plan cannot be
carricd through congress, and influcnced by
doubts of its rccciving the final signaturc of
the President, who is known to have constitu
tional scruples to the bill in this shape, several
whig scnators who would otherwise sustain
Mr. Clay, have takcn ground with .Mr.. Rivcs,
A mong othcrs, Messrs. Choatc, Balcs and
Phclps. Othcrs are expecfed to do the sanie.
Should Mr. Clay and his fricnds inflexiblv ad-
here, thc dangcr of creating any bank, it is
thought, would be immincnt. All whigs in
Congress agrcc that some bank should be car
ried. So say thc people. They say, let us
have a moiety if we cannot have a wholcloaf;
any thing but the present fatal dcrangemen ts
which blast every interest of the country. Any
qualification which will not unrcasonably wea
kcn thc utility of the bank, will be preferable
to the condemned sub-trcasury. Thc proba
bility ia that the obvious bcncfits would ensure
thc admission of a branch wherever the coun
trj' required it.
The locos,as might bc expcctcd are in ccs
lacics at the disagrecmcnt of the whigs upon
this iraportant mcasure. To men who have
been drilled to follow thc biddincs of filclead-
crs, to carry out thc interests ofthe party wlth-
oui regard to the interest of the country, thc
open and honcst cxpression of difTerent opin
ions upon mcasurcs vital to the coramon wel
fare, looI likecxplosion, and utter annihila
tion. In their very honest imaginations tho
whig party is " knocked in the head", "dispos
ed of forever," aa would have been the fate of
those whose only bond of union was preserva
tion of the party, and participation in the'
spoils. But their secret chucklinss. and their
yellsof Iriumphwill be short. The differen-
ces of opinion between thc northcrn and south.
ern wings ofthe whig party, are scctional, but
not perscmaJ, and.will eventually bo reoonrilflfl
br-Bmtoal citocejKion, .aadvthe adoplioii.cf &
plan satisfastory to both. Thc whig party is
comDosed of men too honcst to sacrifice the
interests of their country, and toosagacious to
bc baffled by Benton, Wright and Calhoun.
They must see that union alone can ensure
thc safety of themsclves and the country a
gainst thc dcsign3 of a rcckless party, who
fan every spark of dissention only to involve
all in one coramon conflagration. We doubt
not that the Iabyrinths in which they are in
volved will soon be unravelled. Those who
have done most to producc schism are as anx
ious as any to smooth the way to rcconcilia
tion. Evcn if hc would, it sccms to us there
is not a whig in Congress, who dnre come homc
from the cxtra session, and tcil his constitu
cnts that no bank had bccn cstablished, and no
distribulion of thc avails of the puhlic lands
had bccn made, unlcss hc can most unequivo
cally clear his own skirts from thc stains ofthe
sacrifice, which he has made, of a country that
is now blccding a every pore. The whigs
have a clear majority in both houses of Con
gress, and it will bc no cxcuse for mernbers,
that they have been baffled by the dextcrity of
their opponents, or that they have bored'us
with glowing speechcs at thc public cxpcnse.
The counlry will not long'er tolerate theshamc
ful waste of time without action, which for a
fcw years past has charactcrized their pro
cccdings. Ficry orators and lazy floor mern
bers must bc succccded by sound, practical,
working statcsinen such as Washington. Jef
fcrson, Franklin, Madison and Munroe, who,
in thc bcttcr days of the rcpublic, were scldom
known to occupy ovcr half an hour in delivcr
ing a spccch upon thc most important subject.
After pcnning this article, it was truly rc
frcshing to pcruse the latest intelligcnce
from the Albany Daily in anothcr column.
It affords flatteringevidence ofthe correctness
of our prophcsy,that the whig party inCongrcss
would finally qucnch intcrnal disscntion,and
arise and build up the walle ofthe political zi
on which the savago irrnjitions of tho cxperi
mcntcrs have prostratcd. Thanks bc to Ilcn
ry Clay, whose eloqucnce and irrcsistablc cn
ergy, cnablcs him to brave every tcmporary
prejudice, and fcarlcssly appcal to the undcr
standings of his cnlightencd countrymen, to
sanction the whole brcadth of his patriotic dc-
signs for the scttlcment of the great qucstion of
thc currency. It rcmains to bc scen whethcr
thc wisdom and patriotism of thc whig scnatc,
vicwing tho defca of the bill in its present
shape as prognant with dcslruction to the
country, and ovcrthrow to thc party, will en
sure its succcss.
cELEBn.vrcox or the FonnTn or jcly, by
TIIE SU.VUAY SCIIOOLS.
Notice had iieen given fiorathe pulpit to the diflr
entcongregalions, that lhe anniversary 0f the Fouith
would be celebral&l by lhe Sunday Schools of thedif
ferent evangelical denonvnations of lhe town united;
and, as the Fnurth would fall this jear tipen Sunday.
the forenoon of Tuesday Ihe 6th vnt fixed for tlie oc
casion. A happier scleclion, as to litne, could not
have been maJe. The morning was brilliant and the
air clear and cool from a shower Ihat had falfen on Ihe
preciding erening At half pasl seren o'clock Ihe
bclls were rung, and at eiglit the cUses and tcachere
of each denomination assrmbtcd at their respectiire
p'aces of worship, where lhe scbools were organized
by lheir difTerent supnrinlendrnts according lo a plan
agreed upon. Each schnol was arrangcd in twodivis
ions, Ihe females haring the preccJence. and the
youngest classcs of e.ich division being in front At
half past 8. upon asignal given by the. tolling of Ihe
bell, the difTerent srhoolj were seen, like so many
columns, inoving lo Ihe Congregational chqrnh. each
under its own banner, and led by its supiiinlendent
as mar.hall, wilh Ivro assistant niarshalls for its tno
diviaions. Upon Ihe area in frrntof that church the
Congregalional school had been lormed lo receive
them, and all the schools, making tojclher a bodyof
five hundred, here niet underdireclion of lhe msrshall
ofihe day, in parallel lines, and mnred to lheir re
spectivc liers ol sats in the hou.e of worship, without
breaking lheir order.
The religious cxcrcises were lhe following
Praycr by Rpv. Mr.Gridley ofthe MethoJist church.
Music by the children.
jjn address to Ihe children, by lhe Rev. J. W. Diller
ofthe Episcopal church.
Mosic by Ihe children and consregationalternately.
jJn addrcss by lhe Rev. Cyrus Prindle of Ihe Jlelh
Mujic by tho children.
An address hy ihc Rev. Dr. Merrill, of tho Congre
The tnu.Mc bylhe children, under Ihe direction of
MrPackard, lhe chorister the number oi voices be
inf about one hundred and fifly, and the exeeulion
accurate and sweet, Ihe org-n also leuding au accom
panimenl wss fine in its tfl.-ct.
At lhe close of Ihe religious exercii es, Ihe direction
ofthe day wasresumed by lhe Marshall, and after for
ndrig in close paiallrl lines lo receive direrlions, the
difTerent schools moved forward in.procession accor
ding to an onler arraoged by lot. First rooed the
Congr-galional school, under its banner of tky blne,
upon which was inscribed Ihe name of lhe school,
and undernealb, the Scripture motto, "Love one an
olhcr." Nexl in order nioved the Episcopal school?
ils banner of a pink or violet color, and undeinealh its
name the motto, "We. ou cht lo love one another."
Ktxt caroe tho Methodist.school, wilh its banner of
paleyellow, and its mollo. "LtT us love oneanoih-j
er." Last, the Baptist school was put in motion, Its
banner beiog pure while, and the mclto, "See Ihat
ye love one another.' The long line, with its aller
nate divisions of girls and boys with lheir teachers.
its uiarsbslli i.nd banners, formcd an animating spec
tacle. Tbe procetsion was conducted, acrordiDg to previ
ous appointment, to the Cbinet of Nalural History at
the Collese, into which its divisions .w'ere succesjive
ly admitled, after all had partakenof, fome :rnp!e
nlrishnonrs, ad hstl reswi anhifaln tha vctcltma'
pnhlic roorss ofthe nw collrge tuildirg. An hou
or mure 3 sjjcuv m -
lectiou, so fcstefuHy arranRcd, and of tate so much
enlargcd. by the asstduity of M 1'roressor or Natural
Histarv. Mr. Charlcs Ii. AdatM ; afr whirh the
sihooU, at tbe word oCcoinmand, foriaed ajainnpoa
. . . i t- u
ine aloping coilege green, in reverse oraer oi uarcu, uo auippea lrom l.ondon to Canton.
lo relurn the Baptist schoal Uading the way. On ,
reaching lhe lavel common, west of tke Old Collego, 1 ClIIXA. The Ellglish paper3 received
the processioa paused, and by a sudJen movement by tlie Britannia, conlain more ample ac
formed a hollow sqoare, of which each scfcool ensti- COUntS than tilOSe which had prcviiusly
tuted otie side; lhe banners being advanceda distance ' reached U3 of the Operations oflhi Critish
in front of Jheir respectire lincs, and the clergymen , forces before Canton, and rem iV2 the un
ofdiOirent denominations oocupying, in a body, ths certaintV 111 whicll WC Were, as lo tho rc
Cctitre ofthe square. Stand ing thus, surrounding lhe alstntC ofthat CltV, and the posilion which
ministers ofChrist in the church, lheir bannere had- ths JJilglish troops. held in relalion to it. It
owing forih ihe pure i opel, unstained with one tint now appears, tliat after the capf ure of the
ofsubslaniial error, these yoong persons lhe f.lure Bogue fortS, difTerent (livisions of the inva
hopeoflhe church, the futore defenders of lhe faith, ding fleet pushcd forward to thc citV, rc
and occupienof lheir fathers'phces were addres3ed m0vcd the obstrtictions to the naviation,
fur a short time b the marshallof lhe day, in a few J ami captured or destroyed its defenccs,
thoughls drawn frorathe circumstanofs.theoccasion, that Canton beinr; thus at their mercv.a
the inotfos, and the siRnificance of the tints of the suspension of hostilities for the provincu wa3
banners on nhich Ihey were seen. The general ef- concluded tliat tlld Cilinese Comniissioncf
fect wasi-jfix an imi.ress!on of the ujhtt of ihe pt,bliclv proelaimed tlie Irade opened, and
troe cnuRcn, under all its d ifil-rent forms. At a ihat Krilish and other merchants m?"ht
ceitain point of lhe remaiks , the banners simulta- ! vjs;t ,Jle pr0vincial City. Captain Elhot,
neoufly advranced and raingled in the eentre. and thc Drilish Comtllissioner, IS extremeiv rc
Ihus remained in union. whila the grand doxolosy of iuc,2nt j0 push matters t0 further cstrcmt,s
Old Hundred. under lhe Episcopal foruv
To Father, Scn, and Holy Ghost,
The God whom ear'h and heaven ador,
Be glory as it was, of old,
Isnow, and shall be evermore.
The benediction was then pronouaced by (he Rev.
Dr. Merrill, and the diflerent schools filed ofl under
their respeclire marJulls, and weroby them dijmiss
ed lo their homes.
From the de'ight manifested by the children, coupled
with theirrerious and becomiog behavior from the !
interest of parents, and the approl alion of all sprcta
tors; it Ls r.oped that the general eflict of this selebra
lion has been sometbing decper and belter than Ihc
mere excitement attendant upon an imposing and at-
tractire display, and Ihat the schools themselves will
derive new vigor from the fcclings awa kened on this
Passaoe or tiie Bank Bill. Our papers
of ycsterday express the greatcst fears for the
fatc of Mr. Clay's bill. Spcculation is on tip-
toc. Should it be dcfcatcd in conscquencc of
the rcjcction of Mr. Rives's amcndment, a
storm of public indignation will burst upon
those whose tcnacity will occasion its failurc
Many fcar, should it finally pass both houscs,
the President will place his vefo upon it. It is
suppcscd, if it passcs at all, it will be by only
one majority. The least waveringor accidcnt
will consequntly dcfeat it. Lct whigs sec
to it that the dexterify of their opponents does
not baffle thcm
Mr. PnELrs. A correspondent of tho New
York Express assertcd, that Mr. Pholpa statcd,
in the progrcss of the dcbatc on thc Bank bill
that he doubtcd the power of Congress to es
tablish branches. Mr. Phclps, in a letter to thc
Editors, indignantly dcnies this in toto. It
will bo seen by the rcport of his rcmarks upon
that ocsasion in this papcx, that Mr. Phclps
must be corrcct. Tho Express apologizcs for
placing tho honorable scnator in a wrong po
siiton. Tho correspondcnce will appear in
FromJhe Boston Coitrler.
ARRIVAL OF THE BRITANNIA.
The steam-packet Britannia, Capt. Cleland,
arrivcd at this port this morning, in thirtccn
days and twenty hours from Liverpool. She
arrivcd out on the 9th of June, and sailcd again
on the 19th.
Exglaxd. Thc most intcrcsting rntelli
gence brought by thc Britannia rclatcs to the
British Parliament, in which tho Ministry
have sustained several dcfcats, and had dcter
mincd upon a dissolutioa of that body, and thc
trial of a new election.
Sir Robcrt Pcel's motion for a ccnsurc of
thc Ministry was brought forward in the House
of Commons on thc ath ot Junc, and passed
by a majority oione. By this votc. the IIousc
have declared that the prcacnt Ministors of the
Crown do not possess the confidcncc of Par
liament, and that their continucnce in ofTice
isatvariencc with the spirit ofthe Constitu
tion. Thc announccment of this vote cxcitcd,
of coursc, great chccring from thc opposition
mernbers. Lord John Russcll, thc ministerial
leadcr, then rosc, and statcd that he should o'c-
liherate till Mondav followin.T. fthis was on
Stnrdnv evcninf as to what eourso he should
pursuo for the vindication ofthe Ministry.
On Monday he announccd to the House his
intcntion of advising the Quccn to dissolve
Parliament. Sir Robort Pcel, who was preparcd
to follow up hisattack by opposing the supplics,
statcd that in conscquencc of this mcasure, he
should defcr his attcmjit. Subscquently, thc
strcngth of parties was tried again on theCrim
inal Law question, and the Ministry were bea
ten by a majority of 10.
Activc prcparations were in progress for tho
election. Lord John Russcll was to stand for
the city of London. Parliament continucd to
sit. hut was to bo dissolved in a few davs. bv!
commission. The Ministry were confident of . session, thu bill that cama with tho sanction of
adding much to their strcngth at tho new clcc-j the Senator.
tion. In tho next place, and following in" this bo-
The excitement on tho subject of McLeod half the example ofthe distinguNhed and neblo
had completely died away ; all parties were Senalor from South carolina (Mr. Preston) ho
"lookingathome." had the houor lo givo tho reasons forvoting
Nothing, of course had bccn hcard of the ' for this amer.dinent. While hc believed it
steamer President, allhough reports without' would effrct his object nnd give this rehef as
number continucd to circulate. Every wrcck ' fast as he could, it would at tho same time, do
and disabled vessel scen at sea starts a new 'a great dcal topreserve the harmony and union
rumor, which grows to a positive cerfainty by'of ihe ascendant political party.
the time it reaches London. I In the next place, did it not appear. in an cx
Steamer Caledonia, hence 18th inst. arrivcd ! lended view, that it was a thing infiiiitely desi.
at Liverpool on the 14th, making the passage ' rable to make such a charter of the bauk that
in twelve days and fourteen hours. I while they oould afiord.to the country all tho
Frnm Fmnnr. thprp. is little news of moment. eood that such a measur might do, at the same
Marebal Soult retired from, the Ministry, on;
beinn opposed in a mcasure relating to the
recruUing of soldicrs, butcame back again on
being told he might have bis way.
The Turkish Sultan fa decliningin health.
AfTaira ia thc Levant present nothing of par
Thc French havo taken the town of Mas
cara in Algjers, and are fortifying it.
rrom ttima there are no Iater acccunts.
A reinforccment of 1000 troops were about to
U Vt j f . - 1
"Vana tlie soltcitude he evinces
any ot the many senous conscqncnres
which might result from the prescnce of a
multit:ide of foreign troops in Canton, is
perhaps laudable." The whole of the force
which was at Chusanhad arrived at Can
ton and was engagcd in the operations in
queslion. No doubt, thsrefore, that island
has deen evacuated.
27T11 CONGRESS, 1st Session.
i Altor some prclhminary proceedings." Thn
j special order oftho day was takcn up th biil
10 incorpornie me suDscnbcrs ot tho fiscal
Bank ofthe United Stales.
Mr. Choate referred to thc clianges of opi;:
ion that had taken wlace in lhe Senale, durim;
thc iliscussion of this bill. nnd he acknou crfed
that such a change had tnkenplace in his mind
He should volc for the arnendment ol ihe Scna
tor from Virginin, ( Mr. Rives. ) Ile wot.1 1
occupy but a few miiiutcs in givinR his re-isons
for this. liaving been ore of lhe commil'.co
by which this bil1 was rcporleil, he felt a uaiural
anxiety tocxplaiu to nll. to tliat rcspcctcd com
miltee, and chiefly lo tho honorable and patri
otic chaiiman, why y was ihat he feit k hia
du!y to votc now inconsislcntly with thc aet in
which ho had concurred, in reporting tho
Ifthc amcndment wcrc adopted, insicad of
arming tho Bank ofthe United with ihe power
of setting up its branches manu jorli, without
the nssent of the Statcs, they wou!d leave tho
Statcs frcc as to its cstnblishmcnts in th.'ir
boundarics. In iho mtan lime tit-v empoiver-
ed the bank to do all the work of a bank, cx
IIo should votc for this amcndment, nrt, not
at all bccausc hc rntertaineJa shndow of a
jhnde about constilutional doubts, about tho
power of Concress ta sct up brnnehcs nny
where. Ile had no morc doubt of ihis powor
ihan ofthe power to ir.ake a post oflice, or to
-stabiish a cu.itom liotun on lhe wharvcs of
Boston. Ile had thc honor. in this opinion, ts
concur with the distinguished names nf Wash
ington, Madison, Gailaiin, Ctuwford, ond tho
whole Republican organizilion offormtT days.
But the difhculty wn ihis : it might he ihat hi
was so circumstnnccd that hecouid not dothis,
ifhe would, from the want of the concurrenco
of others, whose aid was indisprusablu.
Hc should vote for the amciidmenl then, nnd
earncstly eiitrcat the aitentiun of his rc.pecti'd
fricnds to his reasons for so doing. And first,
he should vote for h, hecause ho thnught he was
sant hcre to cive the people of his countrv n
Bank of ihe-Unitcd States, as soon ns he could ( j
Ju it, nnd bccausc hc belicved by adoptin - '!iis .
nmendment, they uou.d scud this bill out of
They need this Bank now, to-day and ho
thcuiiht they would meet Iho great dcmand of
nn expectant people sooner by adopting ihis
amendmcnt. Ifo believed that they could inko
this bill into a law tliis session, and that it would
go into operntion on tho first of Jtinu iry, or
certaiuly tlie first nf April next. There w.-is a
practical point oftho matter. This Bank, if
the nmendment was adopted. was lo gn out
armed with power lo do every thing n Bank
Could do, cxcept discounting.
Look at tho nltcrnaiivc. He kncw tho deli
cate ground he wns stnnding on, but hc had no
more doubt thnn be had of his existance thnt,
! if the v ndhcred to the bill as rcporled frnm lha
'committfe, thoy Aould pass no Bank charter
Mr. Clay wished to be allowed to makc nn
inquiry. Tho Scnator had expresscd with
grvat confidcnce, ihat if they passed such a
bill, they would liavf no Bank ihis session.
He was disposcd to givo great respect to iho
gcnllcman's opinions, but he would oblijje him
by entcring into the details by which he arru
ved at this conclusion.
Mr. Coate said ho could not give the Scna
tor his reasons within the rules of parlinmcntn.
ry dcbate. Ho believed. howevnr beyond thh
that they could not send out of CongjesJ. at ihis
time that would conciliate thc scruples and
opposition of bis emincnt f riends. For ihe peo
plefssakelet tho legal and schohsiic matter
go, and yieldlo a spirit of compromise.
Doaling with it as a practical quostion a!to