Newspaper Page Text
Ii. BELL,....Editor and Proprictor.
MIDDLEBURY j VT. NOVEMEER 1G, 1841.
VOLUME YI, NUMBEIi 2
I- THIS r.VI"EH AKI3 rUBLISHED THC PtlBLIC
Osdees, Resolutioxs, Laws, Puhlic
Tkeaties, Ect. of tiie Uxited Statcs,
The People's Press is printcd in the Brick
Building North endof the Bridgc, by
bytchom atlorders for printing Books, Pampldels,
Bills. Cards. ffc., of evcry descriplion,tcill be neatly
nnd fashionMy cxccutcd, al slwrl nolice.
TERMS OF TIIE S1XTH VOLUME.
Indr.'iduals and Cnmpmics who tifce at lhe oiBce,
ot 1,50 cents if paid in sii inontlis.
Companies on flaje routcs, ....
or 1.50 if paid in t,lx ir nmhs.
Thosc'whi, takc of Polridfrs, ...
Ca:npanics .m.l fiijividiia! ufl llic route .
or 1.5'J. if paU intix monllis.
KopnpcrJdisco'itinueduntilnriearagosarepaid, oxcent at Ihe
option of fieprapr.' ' ir. No payiuciiuto Carricraatioivcdcx
ceptordered by liie piopriclnr.
A!l communicali'jns mustbe siiilrcssci lo Ihe editor I'ost Piid
For lhe .Middlebury Pcoph's Press.
In vour nancr of the 2d inst. I riolirr nn
accouut of lhe "Anniversarv of ihc Arcrmont i
Colomzation Socictv," rcccntl3' hcld in Hlont
neiicr. in which it is said that the "Rrmnrr nf
the Diructors was an ableand very intcresting t
ono.givinggralifying intelligcnco of tho pro-
grcas and success of the colonies planted in I
Afnca. And in a brief cditorial noiicc of
the snec!ing, thc samc statcmcnt is mnde, of
the "most gratifying progrcss of thc colonic3
planled in Africn," &c.
Now, by what rulc of proqrcssion the Ver
mont Colonization Socicty judgcs ofthc"suc-
- r j i , , , i .a. '
tussoi iuc co:omcspianicu m Alnca, 1 am ,
unablc to detcnnine; but if the followiii" ex-
tracts Irom '-Airica s Liiniinary," n religiotis
paper pubHshcu in Libcria, under lhe patron
agc cf ihe Mcthodisl Episcopal Church, arc to
be relied upcn, I am iiicliucd to think that the
colonies iu that rcgion are far from prospcrcus
at this timc. In sivir.E an account of the
pnpulation of the calor.ies, a rcccnt nunibcr of j
the Luminary says "Inclnding Capc Palmas, 1
xjiuma i!us a popuiaimn oi two inousanu nvc
hundred coloni.st';, a'.I tohl. Tho tov.-ns and
scttlonients of Libcria arc Millsbur Cald
well, Xcw Georgia, Monrovia, Marsliail, Edi
na IJassa Ccvc. Hcxbj', Sir.oe; thc whnlc hav
ing about two thousand color.ist inhali(ants;
and lhe Mnryland Co'.cny at Capo Palmas with
five hundred sclilnrs.1'
Now ascarlyas 1827, thcre wcre "a lhou
Mind contenlcd frccnien unitcd in founding a
new Chri.slian cmpirc," according lo thc rcport
then n.ade; scc lifeof Ashinan, patiO. It wil!
be difHcult to believe that out of the "2"in0
coiorrijts, all lo!d." iww inhnbiling Liberia, ,
there nre ' a tiioiiiand confenlcd frcemen;" j
ar.d tharetore, fome moro conclusivc proofwill
bs requirou, to dcnion.-lratc lhe pros-perity of
Libcria, than is gircn from the Vermont Soci
cty. In giving ansccountof the dcdisation ofa
Church at' '-Lower Caldwcll," 27th of June
last, lhe Luminary gives lhc following. par
liculars of thc bnildirg, ard the niesent un
prosporous s'ate of tho placc:
''This building has becn put up at thc cx
lionsc of t'.ic Sl C Misyionarj- Society. It ir
a plain, comforlablc, and permanent wooden
strucluro; about ihirty by tv.cnly-fivc foet,
ncatlv scated, and having a good pulpit and
This cmall tburch srcms lo be quile largc
cnough, if r.ot loo Iarge, for Ihe Caldwcll
comnutnily; fnr wc may not disgnisc tho facf,
that Caldwcll has almcst vanUhed from lhc
ght. Dcaths, rcniovals, and want of cn
couragcmcnt to mechanics. havc all conspircd
to dcpopu.ale to make desolatc and wastc
thc oncc flourishing Caldwcll. Thc houscs
have niostly fallen down or gone to decay,thc
lots are orcrrnn with wccds and wild growlh,
sni thosnof the citizer.s who rcmain are sick
lv, fecblc, and disconsolatc, anxiously looking
liround fcr a more congenial sotllemcnt."
Wilh thcss facls before Ihcm, it is lcft to lhc
unprejudiced, lo decide whcthcr in fact, lhc
colcnics of Liberia can be considercd as in a
Nov. 0, 1841. " C. PRINDLE.
A TOO COUMONCASE.
Tho following, taker. fro:n thc re)ort of the
Crimir.al Court of St. Louis, is full of iuler-cst:-
?.EP03TED FOR TIIK PCXXAT.
The Stule vs. Augustus V. Jortes. Indict
mcut for passing countcrfeit money. The dc
fcndaut in this casc was, probably,twenty.eight
ycars of age, but worc the appearancc of at
ieast thirtv-fivc- IIo had cvidenlh- once boen
a fine looking man ; in slaturc he was some
ovcr six fcct, and his strongly marked fcalurcs
and prominent forchead gave cvidcncc of more
than ordinary intellect. But you could clear.
ly discovcr that he had bccomc a prcy to the
monster Intcmpcrancc the mark of thc beast
-wasslamped upon his countcnancc,which gavc
it a hvid and unnatural glare. IIc was placcd
in thc box, with others who wcre to be arraigned
upon thc indictments prcferrcd ogainst thcm.
All the others had plcad not guilty, (as is usu
al,) and a day was sct for Iheir Irial. Thc dc
fendant was told to stand up, and lhe clerk
read to him thc indictmcnt which charged him
wilh having, on thc 10th day of August, pas
ssd to one Patrick Gncal a countcrfeit bill,
purporting to be issucd by lhe'Sd iMunicipality
of'thc city of N. Orleans,for the sum of three
dollars ; and upon being asked the qucstion,
Guilty or not guilty ? he replied, "Guilty
fiuilty 1" Then, turning to the Court, he ro
marked that, as this was thc last time he ever
expcctcd to appear in Court, he would be glad
if !ie could be allowed to make a few remarks.
The Judge told him to procced. After a
pause, in vrhicb he was evidently endcavoring
to calm his feclings, hc procceded as follows :
"May it plcase the Court : In lhe remarks
I sliall make, I will not altempt to cxtenuatc
my crirae, or ask at your hands any sympathy
in passing sentcnce upon me. I know that I
havc violated thc laws of my country, ond just
ly descrvc punishment ; nor would I rccall tho
past, or dwell upon tho bittcr prcsent, for my
own sakc. A wish to do goodibr others is my
"I shall, wilh Ihc indulgcncc of Ihc Court,
givc abricf narrative ofmy life, with a liopc
that those young mcn around me may lake
warning by it, and avoid thc rock upon which
I havesplit. I wasborn of rcspectablc parcnts
in me oiaic ot jncw Jcrscv, and durinjc my
childhcod rcceivcd cvcry attcntion that fond
parcnts could bcslow upon an onlyson. It was
early discovcredthat I had a fondiicss forbooks;
and my father, a!though in limitcd circumstan
ccs, delcrmined to givc nic a libcral cducation.
I wassent to a hih school in thc nci"hborIicod;
! and such was my progrcss,that, at twclvc ycars
oi ago, my prcccptor dcclarcd mo qualihcd for
collegc, and I accordingly cnlcrcd ono of thc
oldcst univcrsitics of thc countrjr. Ilcrc I so
aisiin"iiisncu myscu inat, at tlic a"c oi six-
tecn, I graduated with thc sccond honors of
the inslilution.and returncd home with thc bril-
liant prcs;:c:t3 of succcss that lay bcforc me.
I scon aficr conimenccd thc studj' cf law, and,
wkn nnlv in mu iivnniirili wnr. T r.i,tn;norl
liccncc to practice,
''Acting upon thc ad'icc of friends, I detcr
mincd to try my forlu es in the West. I ac
cordingly arrangcd my afTairs for dcparlurc
carly in thc fall or 1833. I will not detain
3'ou willi an account ofmy scparation from
those I hcld most dcar ; siiflicc to saj that I
rcceivcd thc blcssings of my parcnts, and in rc
turn pro.-nised faithfully niiii lumeslly to avcid
all bad company, as wcll as their vices. Ilad
I kcpt my promisc, 1 should havc becn savcd
this .shamc, and been frcc from the load of
guilt that hangs around me conlinually, likc
a ficndidh vulturc, threalcning lo drag nic to
juslicc for crimcs as yct iiiircvcaled. ilut, to
relurn ; I lcfl my carly home, whcre all had
becn hhunshinc, and whcre my pathway had
becn slrewn wilh liowcrs, to try my fortuno
among slrangcrs, and (o Iry my slrength in
bufll-t i lg Ihcitormsand lcm)estsof lhc world.
"With light hcart I lookcd forward lo the
futurc, and, laking (he usual route, I soon
reachcd AVhecling, whcre I look passagc on a
boat for Louisville. On lhc boat a gamc of
cards was proposcd for amuscmenl, and, al
though I had promiscd faithfully lo avoid such
things, still, I argucd to mysclf, Ihcrc was no
hann in phymg agamc fcr amiissment.
"Accordingly, I joined tho party, and wc
kcpt up tlicamuscment most of lhc way down.
Aftcr we lcft Cinc:nnati it was proposcd to bsl
a bit a gamc, mcrcly, as it was said, lo make
it intcresting. .My iirst imprcssiou was lo lcave
lhc lahle, but I was told il was only a bit, that
I could not lose more than one or two dollars.
This argument prcvailcd ; fcr I lacl.cd moral
courage to do what was right. I fi'arcd my
companio.is would say I was blingy of a little
money. Influcnccd by Ihcse feclings, I playcd;
and, as thc .fulcs would havc it, I won. I5c
1'orc wc had reachcd Louisville wc had twicc
doubled thc slako, and I found my luck cna
bled me to paj' m' paisagc out of rny winniiigs.
II was tho iirst timc ovcr I had bct money. ar.d
my success ruined mo. Again l playcd, and
w-isngain succcssful ; and, in short, I coniiu
ucd lo play foramussmcnt unlil I had acquired
a thirst for gambling. I actlled in a Ihriving
viiii:ge in 'i'onneiseo, and conimenccd thc
practice ofmy profession undcr fiattcring au-?picci--,
and iny iirst appaarance in a criminal
c:urt was liighly couiplimcnlcd, and I scon
becamo kr.own thrcughout thc circuit. Things
wcnt on Ihu? for more than a year,and I bclicv
cd mysclf fturly on thc rcad lo fame and lbr
tnno. I occasionally playcd cards, but I con
solcd mysclf with lhc idea that I only playcd
v.ith gcntlcmcn for amusemcnt.
"One night I accompanicd somc j'onng men
loa ganiblmg shop, and, for the firat timc in
iny life. I saw a faro bank. My companions
conimenccd bctting, and I was induccd to join
thcm. Although I did not undcrstand tho
gamc, again I playcd with success; and, when
wc lcft thc hcusc was more than two hundred
dollars winner. None of my companions had
becn fortunatc, and it was insistcd that I was
the lucky man, and that 1 must trcat. - Vrc
accordingly rcpaircd to my rooin, whcre I oi-
dcrcd wme, and beiorc wc hrokc up we wcre
all dccply inloxicatcd. With me it was thc
first (ime, and tho ncxt day I resolvcd that I
would ncvcr play cards again. I adhcrcd to
the dclcrmination lor ncarly tlirce monlhs,
when I agaiu yieldcd to thc cntreatics of my
"I now playcd with varicd success, and in
all cases found an cxcusc for resorling to the
wine botllc. If I lost, I drank lo drown sorrow ;
if I won, I treatcd mv aood fortunc. Thus
1 progresscd upon my downward course, until
drinkinR and camblins bccam:
imc my chict em-
ploymcnts. All my friends who vcrc worlh I
nrcsen-ini; abandoncd mc, until my only asso
ciatcs wcro drunkards and gamblers ; when,
aimosi rcuuceu io waui, i lor i nauiciiouuu-
- i , ,. v - r-
i 1 1 . l 1 1 1 lr. ifl
smcss,) i rccciveu aieticr, iniornnng me oi mc
dcath of ,ny fathcr-lhat father who watchcd
ovcr my cany years, wno lovca mc so iciiuer -
Iv. And did I act as an aflectionatc child ?
No. Vicc had destrovcd the huinan feclings
nf mv hnart. and lcft oulv thc animal nassions
and annetilcs: as the lcttcr conlained a chcck
fnr fsnnn. n nart of mv noor fathcr's hard car -
nins.1 drowneu my ffrief that night in Bac -
.linnnlinn rorf1.nnd in a few davs I was airain
pcnnylcss. I will not dwell upon thc cvcry-
Inv sfr-nps nf mv life. which
I may at all times be witncsscd at any of the
i two hundred dram shons of your city, whcre
I . . . . ..... ... .1.
WCiU )U(-II U
v. rctciicd mcn squander tlie htnc pittancc iuai
I justly belongs to their suffering wives and chil
"But to pass on. For ncarly thrce years I
havc becn a drunkcn, vandering outcast. Six
monlhs ago I rcceivcd a lctler from my dcar
mother, cnclosing S100, and informing mc
that shc was fast sinking wilh discasc, and en
treating, with all a mothcr's fecling, to como
home and see her bcforc she died. For a time
I fplt thc app'eal, and resolvcd lo comply with
her rcquest; "and accordingly took passagc on
a stcamboat for that purposc. For two days
I refrained from liquor, but my thirst becamc
insupportablc: at length my appctite overpow
ercd my bcttcr feelings, and I appro'achcd the
barand demanded the liquid fire. Twas soon
intoxicatcd, and madly sought lhe gombler's
table: andbeforo the boat rcached Louisville,
I was strippcdof cvcry ccnt. Thus, all hopes
ofseeingmy dying mother wcre cut off. I
rcmained at Louisville scveral wecks, in -which
timc I Icamcd that my mother had dicd, and
that her last brcath was spont in praycr for hcr
"I'rom -Louisville I shippcd on board thc
stcamer Brazil as a deck hand. and came to
this placc whcre I was discharged for drunk-
ncss Lot overy young man rcllect upon this
! picture. J, who had moved m tho first circlcs
i of socictv
it - :..t,.i
11- i r n i-i.
public mcn, and a favontc among thc hterati
of our country was now turned off as
unfit for a dcck hand on a stcamboat ! vct m-
tcmpcrancc had donc this mucb.
"1 loitcrcd about thisciij' (orscveral wccks,
and wassomctimcs cnrared in nostin" un thc
letimcs cn"a"ed in postm" un tlic me ueeu oi session ttiat us auinors conienipiaieu
icdram h?p,afor which I was paid a distrihutioa alter tiie national debt wai liqui
, kcptfor thc accommodation of Jated. and that thc Generi Goernment was
. T - . bour.d bv cverv constutration of honor so to
One cvemng I fcll m ccmpany j0 - '
boolcs of some
in liquid firc.
I customcrs. One evening I fcll in ccmpany
willi a man wlio lias latclv becn lodsred lniaili
forpassing countcfcil money Wc playcd cards,
j and I won from him thc thrce dollar bill in
: qiicsiion. The nc::t day I Icarncd thatit was
'. countcrfeit, and did not'oficr to pass it for scv -
1 r.rr.1 .I,, ut tnct T .rif nt,f nll om
ploymcnt. I had no othcr money, I
meet no one who would ask me to drink.
r 1:1 r. I .
conldnnt nmlnmil. T vnv.oht a dram shon.
oflered thc bill, it was acceptcd, and when
found, a few hours aftcr, bv thc ofT.ccrs of jus-
:.. t .-. i. ,i....,i.
"The cvidcncc of guilt was conclusivc ; and
bcforc my br.in was clcar of the intoXicating:
fumcs, I was lodgcd in jail to await my Irial.-
I am now dono. I havc not dctamcd thc Lourt
with'any hopcs or wish that clcmcncy would
bc cxlendcd in my casc. But with a hope
that my cxamp'c nwy be a warning to othcr
vounir mcn that those wlio ncar me may
l.nn nJrrrl n ntnv n .rnrJnl rame. of cards or
drink a social ghtss, think ot my lato and re
frain. Tiioj mav fccl themselvcssccurc, thcy
may bclicvc thcy can stop when thcy plcase
Iml Ict them rcmenibsr that I argucd thus un
lil I was lost."
Ilcrc lhc dcfcndant sunk down and appcar
cd to bc very inucli afTcctcd ; and for a few
momenls silcncc reigncd throughout lhc
Court-houso. At length :he Judge, who is as
mueh dislinguishcd for thc qualilies of hisheart
as hc is for lcarning as a Judge, procceded in
a brief, but appropriate mannei, to pass sen
tcnce upon lhc dcfendant, putting his punijh
mcnt in thc Pcnitcntiary down to lhc shortcst
time allowed b' law.
PUBLIC WORSIIIP IN LONDON.
A writer in the Christisn Watchman who
rcccnlly spent a few Sabbaths in London, and
allcndcd public worship with scveral donomi
nations of Chrislians, mcnlions the following
as usages with which he was plcascd :
1. When thc people entcr their pews,'they
at oncc cngngc, for one or two niinutes, in si
Jcnt praycr. Episcopals knclt for tho purposc;
Dissenlers bowcd their heads against thc fiont
cf thc pcw. This gavc to thc whole sccnc an
airof Kolcmnity bcfitting the day and thc placc.
2. Thcy havc their pcws as well supplied
wilhf Biblcs as wilh Hymn books ; and when
lhc Scriptures wero rcad from thc pulpit, each
hcarcr took a Biblo and followcd lhc rcadcr.
And when thc text was namcd, or, in the
courso of the sermon, a pas3agc of Scripturc
was cilcd all would turn dircctly to thc, placc,
and obicrvc, not only the possage but thc con
nccliou. 3. ' I saw many pcrsons, mostly young, la
king nolcs of the discourscs, and, thercfore
giving a fixcd attcntion as if unwilling to lose
a single thought.
4 The congregations wcre rcmarkably qui
ct andatlentive. Preachingof moderale worlh
was listcncd to without anv indications of
rcstlcssncss or conlcmpt.
5. When tho bcncdiction was concludcd
lhe ministcr and pcoplc rcmdiiicd for a minutc
in silencc. Not :i pcw door was opcncd, not
a hat or glove takcn, not a foot moved.
G. Thcy wcre cxcccdingly moderale in lea
ving lhc housc. In no instance did I scc thc
aiales crowded. They sccmcd willing to wait
for one anothcr.
Gcntlcmcn rctired from thc housc ofGod
c ii c ".u u c r- j
asrcspectfulyas from tho hotise. of a fnend ;-
thcj- did not put on their hats until they rcach
ed the door.
8. Aftcr rctiring from lhc sancluary, gcn
tlomen as well as ladics wcnt home. The Post
Oflicc wasclosed, and no letlers or papcrs wcre
dclivcred on thc Sabbalh.
Thcre is-a goncral want of rcvcrcnce in lhis
, coumry, wi -cn is mam.es ca .n ancnaai.ee on
puuuc v. o.M.q. a3 Nr,M..s.y ... .:.
... m rni "il
The Salcji Tuksf.l. rhcrc is scldom scen
onanyorthen.any.cxccl.ent Railroads wilh
l ...Ii.aI. ilm dnnntri' ,c fvnrpf . n mnw intorrc
v.iin.il v.uU...v - .......
I i: i ...i.;i. ,o.- i.,oi.
, iingouuuuii mau uui nuiw f- """"ii"
i . , "
, undcr t.ic cn, . SJ"
; ....... " ' Z
. der, and paraliei to tnc ccnturc ot ourt ot.,
...T : nf4l.A l.-n.lnr.f n.l li.ti.Umnel I
i streets in the city
i .... . . .... ,
iui; luiinti 13 IC1IIUUII.U.,
! and liglilcncd by thrce conical aperturcs
1 which appcar in the middlc
' sixorcight rods apart cach
I rounded by an clegant iron
lour ot t ic posts cxtcna auoiu icn icet nig..,,
.i4u -wvt.A. .....u. - ... ... i i -
j largc slrcct lamp and lanfern.
fabrics of ornamcntal iron work
I .n(p fr. ixn cirnnt vhir ihnv
m, :i i
.,. n. rnn
mcnts to the strcct. whilo they protcct thcse
vertical windows of the Railroad. A travcllcr
S. motivc is curiosity will scldom behold a
rancan paS"cofa trainofIong,splcndidcars,
en byliim Scstandinginthemiddlcof
MACC.n, .1, i n fb milin. and
. . t.iL -r4i u
apopularstrcc camng uu "
looldn-down mto ono oftheso wcll finisncd
shafts. as one looks into a common wcll. In
snaus. os obo . ,
astranDer ii i
tnc circumsianccs, iue immiuiuuuuii, iuiiui.u(
nq it usuallv is by tiie asccnt otavoiumoot;
smoke, would be very likely to produco a con
sidcrable degrce of astonishment if not constcr
nation". iV.- Y. Jlechanic.
Frim the New York Exptess.
INAUGURATION OF GOV. J0NS OF
On ihe 14th inst. the two Houses ofthe Gen-
cral Assembly of Tennessee repaircd to the
Methodist Episcopal Church, in Nashville to
vi:ness the inauiruraiion of the Governor elect
of Tennessee, Jasies C. Jose. Previous to the
adininisiration of the oath of clSce to the Gov-
ernoi elect. the latu Executive. Gnv. Pouc, de-
Hvered a brief, di;nified and liighly apprupriate
Valedicinrir. imW llillahiintv then admhiis-
tcrcd the sevcrjlconstitutionai oaths tn Gov.
Jo.nes, whoadtlrcssc-d the Gcneral Assembly and
u'" cmzens 111 aiirnu.iucc
1 110 Ltovernni in his aduress. laKCS SlrGns
cround m favor of a Xsational Cjuk, " believinff
p.. fn . ...c f r,U : n snnn?
currencVi aoi lie-si10U'iJ Uce alfhis influw.cc in
seeurin io his fellnw eitizens the blessiuss it
j would con(pr." He also defecds the Distribution
policj', it bcingobvious froni the pfcrascology of
tlisdeed ofsession that its auihors eontemplateil
if . r .. ,: i i,no, A.
mands the adoption of this policy, an empty
. treasury or an overflowint' one. c.m neiiher
heightcn or diminhh lhe obligatinn.and tuyield
, t uch argument?, is ti disrtgard ihe national
honor. lo tramn'e on her faith, and bring a stain
ou hcr reculchcon.
No time to Read. Wc havc often cncoun-
1 ercd n,cn who Prc.Cess lo bc Ui
. " llm,c lo reaf- ow we tlnnk ol it t icro
f vo bn. "10n of.,SUC,hn S, f '
ttlU J'UIllLO Ul II 1111.11 Ui. . . - -1 " "
. no "ies ol '1,
--'-i5 ' " -
Thcy gcncrally havc timc to attcnd public ;
barbccucs, camp mcctitigs, salcs and singing :
schools, but'lhcy havc notinc to rcad. I
Tncy frequently spend v.liolc days in gos-
S1PP'K. "ll'nS SWaping liorses, UUl ll-J
Thcy somctimes lose a day asking advicc i
of their ncighbors: sometimcsaday in picking j
j up the news, thc pricc currcnt, and tho c.- j
i change, but thesc incn ncvcr havo "timc to !
Thcy havc timc to hunt, to fish, to fiddlc.to j
drink, lo "do nolhing," but "no timc to
rcad." . t
Such mcn gcncrally havc uncducatcd chil-
dren, unimprovcd farms, and unhappy firc-
sides. Thcy liave no cncrgy: no spirn oi ira
provemcnt, no love of knowlcdgc; thcj livc
"unknowing and unknown," and oftcn dic un
wcpt and unrcgreltcd.
Quaker Ficiitikc. Supposc that all lhe
frcasuro which has bocn wastcd by this grcal
nation in hunling a fcw wrctched Scminoles
from thc morasscs of Florida, had becn cxpcn
ded in civilizing tho racc ; in teaching thcm
agriculturc and thc pcaceful arts, in distribut.
ing sccds and implcmcnts, in cducating thc
cbildrcn, in diflus.ing physical comfort, and
moral and intcllcctual culturc, in clcvating
thc savagc to the dignity of a man. How
diflercnt would havc becn tho rcsult, bolh to
the nation and lo tho Indians. This would
bc Quakcr fighting, and according to our no
lion, would not only bc more rational and
clicapcr, but a vasl dcal more cfll-ctual.
Mr. J. II. Plcasants, formcrly cdilor cf thc
Richmond Whig, givcs notice that hc will is
sr.c the first nunibcr of his new papcr, "The
Indcpcndcnt," at Washington, on thc 1st of
Dcccmbsr. The Indcpcndcnt is to bc pub-'
lishcd scmi-wccklj' cr tri-wcckly, and wil! bc
dcvotcd to thc maintcnancc and illuslration of
Republican principles. Thc well known abil-
ilics of Mr. Plcasants lcave no room lo doubt
that this new papcr will prove a useful and
ablc auxiliary to thc republican causc.
A dccision of imporlancc to those having
busincss rchtions with dichigan was madc
by Judge McLean at a rcccnt scsjion of thc
U. S. Circuit Court hcld at Detroit. Thc le
"islaturo of that state at its rcccnt scssion pa3
scd an act forbidding thc salc of real or pcrson
al cs'atc, on proccss from courts of law or
cquity, unlcts it brought two thirds of its cash
value, as fixed by appraisal. Thc court adopt
cd this principle so far as rclates lo thc salc of
rrnl cstatc. declarins thc nccessily of thc
i adontion bv thc fcdcral court of thc rulcs of
- stacand thc propric.y of
conforming its practice lo that of thc Statcs
within which it hcld ils session.
Wc understand that in pursuance of thc
flirrrtions of Sir Richard Jackson, the adrnin-
istrator of thc govcrnment and commandcrof
lhc forces of Canada, a court maruai was rc-
, -- Johnston, an officcr of Col
participating in thc capturc
fil limrran. in tnc luilliunua ui uiu iii.i.i
"l yrooJI, " l . ,,,,, ,,,,. ,i
" 1111 -
.... i,f i,
' nunisiimcnt, lic
was scntcnccd to be discharg-
I nrl frnm tlm rnrns. An apDiicalion to ftir
. , rm .,
i Richard Jackson to mitigalc thcscntencc has
' .r,oi nrnmnt rnfusal. Alb. Dai. Adv
- r i
Five hundred and fifty mar-
Kcl waons nnea wiman u;iuujiaimiiu.ii.n...
t -.t. ..l..-lnni;..l?i,-l,ioli
& o(rere(li thc stans ; the markct
abundancc of choicc roaslmg
r; . . , f rrt7.
piCCCS at SIX CCnis a puuim, uiiu uUtM ut iv,. v
nis a pa.r.
, TT uinr,i.4
nnc oi tnc ivinieuuii muuls.
the city a fcw nigh s smce, about 9 o'clock,
came in contact w.tli thc lamp post on the
parroon's bndgc, whilc thc horses werc gomg
at a rapid rate, upsct the stago and knockcd
?lal ,.. c .
"3 -j-b , ""f.
jf0 wa3 taj;en to Montgomery Hall and mcdi
cal aid nrocured, but to no purposc. Hcdicd
, , , fr
about one o'clock. The passengers cscaped
without injury. Albany Journal.
Wc are pcrmittcd (says thc Rutland Ilcr-i
ald) lo pub ish an cxiraci i " ; - ---of
thc Dircctors of thc Bank of Bennington to
a gcntlcman of this viU.ngc, as follows:
.'Youcanassurc tho billholders in Rutland
that the dircctors arc determined to havc. the
ti is canablc of nro- i
ofthe strect,and1"--"v "7: " . spr
nfwbiph U nr- I dUCing, wcre coumuu iinai
mcn is sur-1 c Satnrdav ast. In I
iencc ot which,"" "?. n 'loP v,i!,1
afTairs of thc bank liqnidatcd forthwith. My
only rcgrct is that unfortunatc rcports should
havo gonc forth which caused a run upon thc
bank. Fortunatcly thc prcsidcnt was in N.
Ybrk and rcdecmed fifty thousand dollars in
two days, at thc customary discount, and no
shaving. No man has prcscntcd his clnim at
the bank and gonc away dissatisficd. Every
om noiuer wiu dc paiu as soon as we can coi-
lect in our dcbts
Thc Hcrald adds "Wc think thc abovc
may bc relied upon, as thc gcntlcman who
wrote thc letter is a man of sfrict intcgrity,
and wculd not dcccivc thc public by any mis
represcnlations of the facts in thc case. Bill
holdcrs arc thcreforc adviscd to hold on to
their notcs for thc prcsent."
Legislature ot' Vermont.
Thursday. Nov. 4
Sekate. Thc bill providing for this objecl
was read a third time, and after debite by
Mcssrs. Daiin, Woostcr and Sheldon in favor,
passed yeas 2-1, nays 3. Mr. Sheldon said ho
did not know that liisconstitucnts wercin favor
of the bill. Be ihat as it inight, we onghlevcn
to o ahcad of pub'ic opinion, when conviuced
that a measure in contemplation was ofgreai
pubhc utilily. Thc interests to be promo'.cd by
a Geological survcy wero numeruu and im
portunt. Thoso ofsciencc, of manufactures, of
ariculture, and thc iattcr to thc grcat mass of
thc people is cspecially important. The cx
pcnsc ofa survey, hc bclievcd, would bc more
than savcd, by tlio prevcr.tion of unsucccssful
cxperimcnts, by incompctent judges upon inin
crals, that cxpcricnced Gcologis's know would
not dcfray the cxpcnse of mining. Thc para
mount object of lhe bill was lo promote tho in
tcrcst3 of agriculturc, in dcvcloping our rc
sourccs, asccrtaining the naturc ol our soils,
and wlmt is best adaptcd to irrprovi'incnt ; it
mct his hcnrty npprovnl.
Bills Fixing tlic? timc when thc public ac!s
shall lake cffect, (Jinuary Isi) ; read a third
time and passed. To aholish capital punish
ment ; tho ycas and nays being demanded, thc
bill was refused a 3d reading, yeas 4, nas 14.
Resohlion By Mr. Crawford, that the
committce on banks be dircctcJ to inquirc and
report what mcasurcs should be takcn in rela
tion to lhe Bank of Bennington ; adopted.
House bill Relating to the militia, and pro
viding n civil tribunal for lhe col.'cction of fines
and excmptinp: all under 21 and ovcr 33 from
active duty, but not from cnrollment, in time of
pcarc, callcd up by Mr. Crawford, whcu
Thc Senalc wcnt into committee on tho wholu
Mr. Dana in thc chair, when ihu bill undurwent
discussion und various amcndmcnts, and the
cominitlcc rose. rcported progrcss and had
lcave to sit again toniorrow uftcrnooti. Adj.
Flonsn. Eagrossed lills In amcndmcnl
of highway act of last year ; for nsccrtaining
boundary lino bctwcon Bcnninglon and Wind
ham counties ; afler discussion by Mess's.
Rico of S., Shafter, Sione and Sargcant,
Rcports By committce on bank?, b"ill in
addition to chaptcr78ih, rcvised stntutcs, (em
nowering bank commissioner io npply tocourt
of chanccry to olosc couccrns of banks v.-hoio
chnrlcrs havc cxpircd orarcannullcdj; ordcrcd
to hc cngrossod.
Bills introduced By Mr. Clcaveland, from
committeo of ways and means, aulhorizing
trcasurer to borrow a snm not excecding 830,
000 ; assessing a tax of thrco ccnts on the dol
lar torsupport of govcrnment ; severally ordcr
cd to be cngrosscd.
Thc Ilouse again wcnt inlo commiitcc of
the whole on thc listing bill. Thj atiicndmcnt
striking out 53 and inserling Sl, as to thcso
doing mililary duty, was adopted, an-J then the
whole section rrjcctet. Mr. Ricc of S. tnovcd
the same section, fixing thc reduction at $2 ;
rt jeclcd. Mr. SafTord moved nn amendmcnt compt-1 persons to furnish to the 15icrs sched
to thc 14th seciion nrovidin" Pir au addition to ules ofilu-ir pcrsonal property. Mr. Vhmsof
lhe esscssmeiit of real cs'ate for ne-'" bundings
crcctcd, and an abuteniont for buildings dcs
troycd by nccidcnl ; adopted. Mr. Picrpoint
moved an amendnvnt lo thc Hth scclionfor a
reduction for p operty sccurcd by morigage,
whcr. thc morlgagce rcsidcs in this state ; re
icctcd. Mr. Spragun moved a proviso that in
casc a pcrson is i.idcblcd ovcr his pcrsonal cs.
tatc, thc cxccss shall be ded.ctcd from his real
estatc ; rt jccted 74 to 01.
Thc committee rose, rcporle l tho bill and
amcndmcnts to tho House.
, Thc House procceded lo consider tho bill,
when the amcndmcnts rcported by the commit-
tre ofthe who'c creco:icurrcdin, nnd thc bill
ordercd to be cngrosscd. I
Thc House concurrcd in thc nmcndmcnt of
thc Senatc to tho bill fi..ing timo when the
laws shall go into cfiect lst Jan. j
A bill was rcci'ived from the Senatc prnvid.
ing for a Geological survey of the state, (difTer
ing from lhc House bill iu this ihat the sur
vcy is not to tako plare until thc state has rc
ceivcd lhc first installmcr.t of tho procccds of
thc public lands, out of which thu c.xpense is to
bcpnid; this bill was sustained by Mcssrs.
Sargcant, Hcbard, Dewoy, Chandler of W..
Gilchrist, Bcach and Shafter, opposed by
Mpsts. Vilas, Bakcr and Ricc of S., and or
dcrcd to a sccond reading, 111 to S9 ; read a i
secood time and ordercd to a third reading.
Friday, Nov. 5:
Semate. Report By Itlr. Ilaich. of the
committce on banks, ofa resolution directing
the bank comrnissioncr to takc immcdiatc
measurcs to sccure tho public from loss by the
Bank ofBenninglon in any failure to redeem
its bills ; resolution adopted.
House li'lIn addition to chaptcr 79 ofthe
reviscd stotutc (relou'ng to banks and lhe du
tics of bank commiioner); twice rcad and
referred tothe committee on the judiciary.
Sevcral bills were twicc read and referred to
committeesand thcSenale adjourned.
House. Rcsolutions 'From the Senatc di
recting bank comroissionc. immediately to ap.
ply for thc appointment of a rcceiver of ihe
Bank of Bennington ; concurred in. Against
tho appointment of members of Congrejs to
ofHce under the gcneral govcrnment ; called
up and supporlcd by Mr. Hebard, who alledged
J that it conlained corrcct doctricc and was con.
sistent with thc opinions of thc people of this
: state, cxprcsscd in almost cvery form during
the last twelvo years ; Mr. Vilas icgardcd
J suc, appointments as wiong ia practice and in
; principle, and that it was a propcr subject for
. leislattvc action; opposcd by Jlessrs. Downs,
! ihllings, Rice of S., Spraguc, Adoms of South
ucro, aargeant, uanncm, unandierot f. and
Griswold : ndopted, ayes 90, noes 89. Th
qucslion Ihen rcrurrt d on lhe sccond resolution
rcquiring the rcselutions of tho House to be
communicatcd to the President and tho Ver
mont dclegalion in Congress; rcjectcd, aycs
87, noes 94.
Engrosscd lills In addition to choptcr 79
revisud statutcs, providing for closing up nf
fairs of banks ; ailcring namcs of certain pcr
sons ; to pay William A. Griswold, Noblo
Lovely & co., and Lyman and King ; makiiig
an appropriution for support of Govcrnment;
authoriziiiji trcaaurer to borrow a certain sum;
assessing a tax for support of govcrnment ;
Sivrrally rcad a third time and passcd.
lleportsBy lhe select committee of mem
bcrs of Washington county, to wliom hnd becn
referred the mcmorial of Elias Ilal1 against
Duniul P. Thompson the co.nrmttco rtporled
that thcy found no such facts as wcre alledged
agctnstMr. Thompson, that he was not guilty
of lhe charges alledged, and that tho pctition of
Hall ought to ba distnissed ; the pctition was
dismisscd. By judiciary committce, bill in
ametidinent of section C3 chaptcraS rcvised
slotulcs relatjng to the trustee proccss, and it
was orJered to be cngrosscd.
Tho committee on the state prison mado a
rcport. accompanicd by a bill for. a board of
dircctors of lhe prison. This report statcs
that the cffaiis of tho prison aro not on so sound
and safe a footing as thoy should be ; and hlso
that scveral charges made against the supcrin-
tcndenl havo not ueon sustaincd. I lia rcport
we shnll prbbably publish hcreaflcf The bill
was then read tho first and sccond time and
laid or. the tabl
THE SCUOOL FCND.
Thc rcsolutions of Mr. Viltis dirccting tho
collcction of thc school fund, and that lhe trcas
urer shall botrow from tho school fund to pay
the debts of the state, wero considercd nnd
DtVISION OF WINDSOR COUNTY.
The report of tho comniiitee adrcrso to tho
division of Windsor county was concnrrcd in,
nnd the petitioncrs had Iearc to withdraw their
Engrossed lills Scnatc bill in addition to
chap'cr 28 rcvised statutcs ; ia addition to
chaptcr 41 rcvised statutcs fces in cases of
forciblc enlry an-i dclaiuerrcgulatcd); soveraily
Tho Scnale came in and tho following ap
pointments wcro madc :
A A.SWE12T, Sheriffof Washington co.
SUPEIUNTnNDENT OF STATE riUSON.
Bcnoni Buek, Milton Hrown and Isaac W
Ilubbard wero put in nomination, when I. W
UUI5BARD was elected.
Isiac V. Ilubbard 125
Bononi Buck 54
Milton Brown 42
Benjamiu Hapgood 17
CIIAFX.A1X OF TIIE STATE rRISOX.
Rev. Amasa Brown, Rcv. Job Sccley nnd
Rev. Rufus L. Harvcy wcro put in nomination
nnd on thc third ballot, R. L. IIARVEY waa
Rufus L. Harvcy
The joitit osscmbly adjournnd to
uf.crnoon, and the Ssenatc withdrcw.
Mr. Hicc of S. moved to commit tho bill on
lhis subjcd fr the insertion ofa provision to
South Hero, for tho ptirposo of testing the
scnse ofthe House, rnovcd to dismiss thc hill;
ayes 38, noes 133. The bill was then mado
thc order for tomorrow morning. Adj.
Saturday, Nov. 0.
Sesate. Report By Mr. Sowles, on tho
subject of the abduction of Grogan, ihit nn
lpgi.-dation is ncccssary.thc gcneral govtrnmcnt
having that subject in chargo. J
KS3EX COOKTV S2.VATO!t.
Tho Senato rcsumed the consideration of
this subject with much candor. by Mcssr7.
I Crawford, Fisk and Eiton of W., in favor of
thc resolution, Mr. Clnrk o,'po3ed, wheh the
yeas and nays being demandad, the resolution
that Mr. Howo i3 not cntitlcd to his scat. w.n
adopted, ycai 15, nays 9. The resolution giv.
ing Moody Rich Esq. his scat, was adopted,
ycas 15, nays 9.
Resolution From tho Housc, relating to
the appointment of members of Congress t.
ofiico. On motionof Mr. Palmcr laid upon tho
House lill -Relatiiig lo the grand Iist onco
read and 300 copies ordercd to be p'ririted.
House. Reporls By gencral commiltep,
the Senato bill providing for tho reccipt of thp
precceds ofthe public lands, and it was made
the order for Monday afiernoon. Bill in ol
teration of section 50 chapter 69 rcvised stat
utcs ; ordcred to a third reading ; in favor of
tho pctition of C. F. Shcdd and others, anJ
leave was grantedto bring in a bill. Against
bill altering chaptcr 107 rcvised statutcs, (in
crcasing juror'sfeBi); dismisscd. Against tiu
scveral petitions rclative to pedlcr's hcensas
and thc report was laid on tho table. By om
committee on agriculturc, a substituio for bitl
giving a bounty on wheat. Tho new bill ap
propriates 85000 nnnually from the land fund.
to be distributcd among tho county agricullural
socicties for premiums to encourage agricul
luro and :he mechanic arts, and rcquires the
scveral county socielics to raise a sum for pre
miums equal to onc fourth appiopriated to each
by this bill. Thc bill and thi substituio weru
made the order for Tuesday morning.
Engrossed lill Incorporaling the Burling.
ton Savlngs Bank ; opposed by Messrs.Cobb,
Vilas, Adams ofS. H. and Baker, and sup
ported by Messre. Noyes, Gilchrist, Sargeant
and Chandler of W., when Mr. Vilas moved
to poslpone tho bill to the lst of January next.