Newspaper Page Text
Xi. BELL,....Editor and Proprietor.
MIDDLEBURY, VT. NOVEMBER 23, L841.
VOLUME VI, NUMBER 29.
hi m vwr.it are rucLisnnD the Pcblic
On-.:as, R.esoi,utioxs, L.uvs, PunLic
Tkk.aties, Ect. op the Uxited States.
The Peoi'le's- Pness is prinled in the Brick
Buildir. JVorlh endof thcBridge, by
by ichr.m all orders for prinling Books, Pamphlels,
Jlills. Cards. Sfc, of every descriplion,ieill be ncatly
zndfashionabbj cxcculed, at shorl nolice.
TKRMS OF THE S1XTH VOLUME.
Individualtnnd Coaipanicsvi'ho take at the office,
or ,C0 cents if p;d in s!x niomhs.
Ccir.;T.ui tw on fctazt routcs,
or 1' II r;ld w si months.
T!i"Vxi' ra'ie nf ri(-lrid?r, .
i-'o-u. -itiit lndlvidualj) oit llie routc
Xopi4rjiJicr,.,un:ud uuiii mearascs are patd, ciecpt at the'
oation cfiheprnpriflor. paymci.isto Oarriersallowcdcx- j
csplGrdcrrd by the p:oprictnr.
All eoni.iMinScaaaas rauiibe addrcsscd to the cdlior I'ost Paid
HORSES AN'i) OXEN FOR TEAMS.
T Imc observed that iu niany placcs horses
hve lakon thc place of oxnn. and are uscd for
the purpcssof farming introduccd I supposo,
una-j-ihu improssion that they are better adapt
ed to the sirvicc nnH moi-e profitble to thc
ov.-ner. I ?n i;ot about to contradict the truth !
of tnisoDOiion or nrovc that a ninn cannoi
p!ov and aarrow as fast and us well with horses
miwd at his full strangth and valiw. coosc !
qcenii i;.ere is r.o zam 011 tlie canital itu-cst
what ariscs from sci vict and as
:Sre w n iKscount at Ina.st c-nnn! to tlif?
r..M,..m nn.;R rnst.
ri-,1 , .-,i,m; ir. ii.n J.,t.-f. ivl.ni v,.nn 1
and jsutlv rpmunorato i.wner for cost of I
kaepi.iq white obtaining h:s growtn, when ho
inny be sold to the butcher and the money 1
i.iveavd ii voiifjer stock : lh-. thure will bs
n c3n!anl "ain in thc crowth 'vliile thc scrvices
will bo Fufiicient for tl;e purpuses of farming.
The hors'-s if kept on liay alone. tvmst havc his
rr.asticati. powcrs in almost porpelual mction.
The o:: ri'servcs son:e of his iimf for ruimn;i
Jion ; hciiA") tl'cre mny be a difTyrence in tho
cot of ker-ping. Tli cost uf oqiiippirig n
hotse for the rcgui.ir farm s?rvicc is grcaler
than ihat of an ox, and tr.oru liine is rpquired to
put cn ar.d offthcso cquipmcnts. In shoeing,
lh-; d. fierc-r.ee of cost is in favor of the ox, ns
nUa it is in the quality of the manuro they make.
The nx has an intrinsie valuo arising from ilie
good quahtics of his flesh and skin. the onc
being qop-l for food, the olher for leathcr
whersas very iit'.le oanbc madc cut of the desd
For some htnds of farm scrvinf! the horse is
pnfer.ibic to ti.e o, such iis light plowing and
harrowing, but for carting, hauling Ptont-s, and
other he ivy w.irk, he is nnt so good. Hc is
better ndnplcd to the road suivice, and is Uioful
for Diilliii'i. imrkctinj' and meetenin ; hc also
nriy bc uscd journeying and visiting. h is
ctinvcMiifiit, and perhnps profitablc to keep bolb
these n.sfful aninials, ns we'l as cows, shecp.
nnd other stock ; but when tho numbcr o!
horses grcatly excced those of oxcd or evcn
cows, it is time to brgin to count thc cost,
which may bo done by opcning an account
rurretst with each aniinal, kecpinK debt and
crpdit. or v.liat vou nive to and receivc from
each. SMaine Fa'mer.
WHAT HATH TIME TAKEN AXD
What hatli 1 ime taltcnl 5tara that siona
tin the rarly yfars of cnnh,
And the snciont I.IIIs lliey kokcd upon,
VVlierc a ihou-and srrcauis h?d btrlh;
rorcita that were Uieyounj nroitd's dower,
With the:r loagunrading Irces;
And Ihc ha!ls of n-ealih and :lie thronca of powcr
Ile haib Inken iar c fun thcsc
Ile hath tikca away ths hcartof Ihe Youih,
JVnd !t pladncc?, which Iiath been
Like thc f ummer's sanshine o'cr our rlb,
Tto i briaei of onr cariy hopc and Iotc,
And the fiov.-ers nf exry elime
The wIk, Ihe bcautirul, the brave,
Thoa hast latca from tn, Time !
Ci:ics cud icrnpicv lone,
And the hilghty worhs of Gcniu, yct
Glcricus when all are cscc ;
And the lights of Memory, linedng locs
As the ere on westem seas
Trcasurcs of seicnce, tiiouht, and sonj
ile bath Ica us cinrc than these :
Jie hath left ct a lcsson of thc Fast,
In Ihc shades or perished years
Ile liath left o the heaifs high plaets was'e,
And iti rainbou t laii'n in ttars.
But tiirrc'K l.opc for Ihe Cjnh and hcr ctlldrcn still,
Unw itlicred ttj ira or crime,
And a heriiasc of rf t for all
Thou Iwst le:tusU:ese,OTime:
FROM THE KNICKERBOCKER.
THE POOR LAWYER,
ET V.'ASIIIXGTOTT IRTISG.
I had tal.'OJi my breakfast, and was waiting
for mv unr.,3. wlien nassing ud and dcwn the
piazza, I saw young girl seatcd near tho
Windtr.-, cviJ -'y a visitor. Sho was very
pretty, Vith au-mm hair and blue cj-cs, and
was dresaeil in white. I had secn nothtng of i
the kii. j tince I left Richmond, and at that j
time I was too much of a boy to be struck
rfiih female beauty. She wa3 so delicate and
ir.inty looking, so differcnt from the hale,bux
ctr., brown girls of the woods and thcn her
v.hite drcfs! it was sodazzling! Neverwas
a. poor youth so taken by surprise, and suddcn
ly hcwitcher'.. My heart jearned to know hcr
buthowwasltaccost her? I had grown
wld m the wjods, and none of the habili
tudes cf pchtehfe. Had she been like Pee
gy Pugh, or Sa.ly Pingham, or any of my
laatherdrcsscd bellesof the pigeon roost, I
thould h'ave approached her wtthout dread
r,?w!) oxen, bt:i shali rr.crciy mi.-niion a tow oi , lcrl u3 .iU..uiiiK u m.-w.o.
the ccrvw.itlvv mcnts and .lomcnts ct tliec - '"B s"" j somcwiiat rougi
anirr ..si thil mav determinc which is mot usc ''.0"su wunl ul of ,he room to Sivc ome dirc.c: 1 sarcaslic rcmark
fnl aH ?.ofi:-bw. twas and Iclt us alone. Ikaven and ean 1 ! j h i!(e an dcc
.w.ww, 1 - - -
nay, Iiad she bcen as fair as Shurt's daughters
with thcir looking.glass lockets, I should not
liavc hesitatcd; but that white dress, and thoso
auburn ringletsand bluc eyes, and dclicatc
locks quitc daunted while they fascinatcd. I
don't know what put it into my head, but I
thought all at oncc I would kiss hcr! It would
take a long acquaintance to arrive at such a
boon, but I might seize upon it by shecr rob
cry. Nobody knew. mo here. I would just
step in and snatch a kiss, mount my horse und
ride off. Sho would nol be the worse for it ;
and that kiss oh, I should die if I did not get it.
I gave no time for the thought to cool, but
cntered the huuse and stcppcd lighlly into the
room. She was seatcd with hcr back to the
door, looking out of the window and did not
hear my approach; I tapped her chair, and
and she tur.ned and looked up. I snatched as
s'.vect a kiss as cver was slolen. and vanislied in
a iwinkline. Tho next monietit I was on
horscback galloping hotneward, my heart ting
i , ,. f
. . 1 .. t , , . ,
, ,.,,: i i i j :i
and day. Halph nursues lns studv, occasion-
ally argues al u dcbatingsociety, and at length
becomes quite a gcntus in the cycs of tho mar
ried ladics of the villagc.
I called to lake tea one evening with oiio of
these ladics, wlien to my surpri-,e and somewliat
to my confusion, I found her! thc idcnttcal blue-
cyed liitle beauty whom I liad so audaciously
issd. I was formalfy introdaced lo hcr, but
nellllcr 01 u "eirayca any signs 01 previcus
Pwnc. 1 was wonn, w imvc iccn m tne uecp-
ost dell of the forest.
i wn tne neccssuy m
S1.ving somctliing tn
l could not conjurc up an idea, or ,
ulter a worJ- tvcry moincnt mattcrs were
croning worsc. I fchalonco
ternpted to do !
of the kiss j
as 1 liad done when 1 robbcJ her
boIt. rro ,lic roonl ad : bl I "?B
d'anicd lo tlie spot, for I really Ionged to gain
At length I plucked up courage on sccing her
cqualiy conluseU witli m.vselt, and wallungdcs
pernlcly up lo her, I exclainied.
' 1 havc boen trying to imisier up somMhing
to say lo you, but I cannt.t. 1 fbel that 1 am iu
a horrible s'-'rapc. I)o jou havo pity oa rr.e
and help mo out of it !
A smilo dimplud upon her niouth aud pliycd
among the bluahcs of hcr ciicek. Shc looked
up wilh a shy, but archglar.ee of the cye, thai
cxprcssed a volumo of cuwc recollcctions : we
both broke into a laugh, and from that momcnt
all went well.
Passing the delighlful descriplion that suc
eeeded, we procecd to tiie denoucmcnt of King
irood's love afijir thc marringeand setth-mei.t.
That very Aulumn I was ndmittcd to thc bar
and a rr.onth after.vards was marrird. Wc
wcrc a young couple, she was not abovc 1G, I
not above 20, and both almost without a dofar
in the world. The cstablislimcnt which we
set up was suitcd to our circumstanccs. a low
hoiie ith two small roorns, a bed, a table, a
h df dozen kni'.cs and forks, a ha'f dozpn spootis
every thing by half dczens a little delph
ware, every thing in a small way ; we wcrc so
poor bu' llicn so happy.
Wc had not been marricd many days, when
a court was held in a country lown about 2.")
miles olT. It was neccssary for mo to go thcre,
and I put mysclf in the way of busincss, but
how was 1 to go ? I expendod al! mj' mcans
in r.urli'tlc cstablishnient, and thcn it was hard
parting with my wife so soon after rnarringe.
llowcver, go 1 must. Money must bo made or
wc sliouM havc the wolf at the dcor. I ac
cordinglv borrourd a horse, and horrowed a
little cash, nnd tode ofFfrom my door, leaving
my wife stanumg at it, and waving her hand
after me. Her last look, so swcct and bccotn-
ing uent to mj'near!. I iclt as though I could
go through firu nnd water for hcr. I arrivcd
at thc country town on a cool October evening
Tho inn was crowded, for tho court was to
commence on the following day.
I kncw no one, and uondered how I, a stran
gcr and mere youngster, was to make my way
in such a crowd, and get business. The pub
lic room was thronged with all thc idlers of thc
country, who gathcrtogethcr on such occasions.
Thcre was sonic drinkiug going forward, with
a grcat noisc and a little altercation. Just as I
entered thc room, I saw a rough bully of a fel
low, who was partly intoxicated, strikc an old
man. He came swaggering by me and clbow
ed me as I passed. I immcdiately knocked
liim down, and kicked him into thc strcet. I
needed no bcttcr introduction. I had half a
dozen rough shakes of thc hand and invitations
to drink, and found mysclf quite a personage
in this rough assemblago.
Thc next morning court opencd I took my
seat among the lawycrs. but I felt as mero spcc-
Ltator, not having any idea wherc business was
to come from. In thc course of thc morning
a man was put to the bar, chargcd with pas
sing counterfcit nioncy, and was askcd if hc
was ready for trial He answcred in thc ncg
ative. He had been confined in a place whcro
therc were no lawyers, and had not had an op
portunity of consulting any. Hc was told to
choose a counscl froni thc lawycrs present,
and be ready for trial thc following day. He
looked arou'nd the court and selected me. I
was thunder-struck ! I could not tcll why ho
should make such a choice. I, a beaidless
youngster- unpractiscd at the bar, pcrfcctly
unknown. I felt diffidcnt, yet delightcd and
could havc huggcd the rascal.
Beforc leaving thc court he gave me onc
hundred dollars in a bag as a retaining fce.
I could scarcely bclieve my scnses, it seemed
like a dreara. Tho hcaviness of the feo spokc
but lightly of the man's innocencc but that
was no aitair oi miiiu. 1 ionowca nim to tne
jail, and learned of him all tbo particulars in
the case. from thence I went to thcclerk's
office, and took minutes of the indictment.
I then cxamtned the law on thesubject, &
prcparcd my brief in my room. All this
occupied me until midnight, when I went
to bed and tried to sleep. It was all in
vain. Never in my lifc was 1 more wide
nwako. A host of thoughts and fancies
kept rushing int my mind ; the shower of
gold that liad so uncxpectedly fallcn into
my lap, the idea of my poor little wife at
home, that I was to astonish hcr with my
good fortune. JBut the awful responsibility
I had undertaken to speak for the first time
in a slrange court, the expcctations the cul
prit had formed of my talents ; all those,
and a crowd of similar notions kept whir
ling through my mind. I had tussed about
alfnight, feanng morning would find me
exhausted and in competent ; in a word the
day dawned on me a miseraule leiiow. ;
I got up fcverish and nervious. I walk
ed out to breakfast, striving to collect my j
thoughls and tranquilize my feelings. It !
was a bright morning the air was pure j
and frosty-I bathed my forehcad and my
hands in a beautiful running stream, but I
could not allay thc fevcr-hcat that raged
within. 1 returned to breakfast, but could
nnt nnf A cinrrlo nun nf rnfTpf ftlrmprl mv
L,.. Itn,aiimn tnnntn conrtnnH'l
' , ,, ,i..t.i3 i.., i t.
WUIIL llltU YILll Cl 111 1 J - 11.41 i. x
heve if it had not bcen for the thoughts of
my dear little wife in her loncly house, I
should havc given back to the man his dol
Iars, and relinquished the causc. I look my
seat, looking, 1 am convinccd, morc like a
culprit than thc roguc I was to dcfend.
When thc time came for me to spcak, my
heart dicd within me. I rosc embarrassed
and dismayed, and stammcred in openin,
my cause. 1 went on from baa to worse,
anU Iclt as 11 1 wasgomgaown. jusnnen.
me ijuuiic niosecuior, a man 01 uuuiub, uui
. . , . i
1 in ms pracucc, mauc a
on somclhinx I had said.
tric spark, and ran ting-
L'ntn in mv nnrli.' In nn
; - my ;mdence wa3 gone. My wholc
j rfl in I answcred withprompt-
r ..t tvi. t. r t. ...
. . - -mi ur
prosccutor made a ktnd of apology.
lor a rnan f '"s redoubtable powc
a vast concssion I rcncwcu my argumcnt
with a fearful growl. carricd thc case tri
umphantly, and the man was acquitted.
This was tho making .of me. Every body
was curiotis to know who this new lawycr
was that had suddcnly risen among them,
and beardcd the Atloincy-General in thc
very outsct. Thc slory ofmy dcbut at the
inn on thc prcceding evening, when I knock
ed down a bully, and kicked him out of
doors, for striking an old man. was circula
tcd with favorablc cxaggcration. Evcn
my beardlcss cliin and juvenilc countcnance
was in my favor, for thc people gave me
far more credit than 1 clerscrvcd. Thc
chance business which occursatourcourts
came thronging in upon inc. I was re
peatedly cniployed in other causcs. and by
Saturday night, when the court closcd, 1
found myself with a hundred and fifiy dol
lars in silver. thrce hundred dollars in nntcs,
and a horse that I afterwords sold for two
hundred dollars morc.
Never did amisergloat morcon his mon
ey and with morc delight. I locked the
door of my room, pilcd thc money in a heap
upon thc'tablc, walked arouiid it with my
elbow on the table, and my cliin upon my
hands, and gazed upon it. Was I thinking
of the money ? I was thinking of my lit
tle wife and home.
Another sleeplcss night cnsued, but what
a night of golden fancies and spcndid air.
As soon as morning dawned, I wa? up,
mountcd the borrowed horse on which I
had come to court, and Icd the olher which
I rcccivcd as a fec. All the way I was dc
Iighting myself wlh thoughts of surprise I
had in storc formy wife; for both of uscx
pected I should spctid all thc money I had
bonowed, and return in dcbt.
Our mceting was ioyousas vou may sup
posc; but I played thc part of the Indian
huntcr, who, when hc returns from the
chasc, never for a time speaks of his success.
Shc had prcparcd a rtistic mcal for me, and
while it was gctting ready, 1 scafcd myself
at an old fashioncd desk in onc corncr and
bcgan to count ovcr my money and put it
away. She came to mc before I had fin
ishcd, and asked me who I had collected
"For myself to be sure," replicd I wilh
afiected coolncss, "I made it at court"
She looked at me for a moment iiicredu
lously. I tricd to kccp my countcnance and
play the Indian but it would not do. My
musclcs bcgan to twitch, my feelings all at
once gave way. I cattght her in my arms.
laughed, cried, anddanced about thc room
like a crazy man . From that time forward
we never wantcd money.
Scotcii Degrses. When the Univcrsitv of
Saint Aadrcw's sold hcr honors, a ccrtaiu rain
ister, who decmcd that his n.inislrations would
be more acceptable and moro useful if he pos
scssed what the Germans call the doctor-hat,
put j15 in his purse, and went to Saint An
drows ' to purchase for himself a good degrcc.'
His man-servant accompanied him, and was
prcscnt when his master was admitlcd to thc
long desired honor. On his return, the doctor
sent for his scrvant and addressed him some
what as follows : " Noo Saunders, ye'il avo bc
sure to ca' me ihe doctor ; and gin onybody
spircs at you aboot me, ye'II be ayo sure to say
the doctor's in his study, or, the doctor's enga.
ged. or, the doctor will sce you in a crack."
" That depends," was tho reply, " whether
yc ca' me the doctor too. (Tho reverend doc.
tor stared.) Ay, its just so," continued the
man ; " for when I find that it cost so little, I
e'en got a diploma myself. Sac ye'II just be
go:d enough to say doctor, put on ssme coals,
or, doctor, bring me tho whiskey and hot wa
ter : and gin onybody spircs at yc aboot me,
yc'll be aye sura to say the doctor's in the
stable, or, the doctor's in the pantry, or, the
doctor's digging potatocs, as tho case may
bc." ChtiTch Reciew.
A lesson for the Drones. The greatest
men havo bcen trained up to ' work with their
hands.' If there is nn enconraging sentence
in the EnglUh languagc it is the abovc. God
ordained that man should live by the gweat ot
his brow,' and intdligence can breathe and live
only in a being of activc lifei Akenside, the
autlior of The Plcasures of Imagination,' was
a butcher until twenty-one, and first took to
study from being confined to his room by a
wound produced by the fall of a clcaver. Mar
shal Ney was the son of a coopcr ; Rogcr
Shcrman and Allen Cunningham GitTord, wcro
shoomakers ; Sir William Hcrschell was a fi.
fer boy ; Franklin, a printcr's devil ; Fcrguson
a shephord ; Den Johnson was a bricklayer ;
James Monroc, the son of a bricklayer ; Gen.
Knox was tho son of a blacksmith ; .Gen. Mor
gan, a wagoner ; Burns was u ploughboy ;
Bloomfield wa3 a farmer ; Frazer, a stor.e cut
ter ; Crabb and Coatsc, apothocaries; Sir Wm.
Blackstono was the son of a silk ir.ercer. But
all these workcd with their hands.' What a
lcsson for tho mushroom3 of the present day !
We havc all hcard of the cstablislimcnt of
Lyccums in our populous places, and gcneral
ly undcrsiand that thcir design is the dissemi
cation of uscful knowlcdge to all without dLs
tinction of occupation, agc cr scx. Thc p'an
cf operation is thc deliveryof public lccture,
dcbatC3,thc cstablislimcnt of lihraricsand rcad
inc rooms acccssiblc to tho mcmbers of these
institutions. Still our cuiiosity may very
naturally be awakcncd io know why thcsc
bcneficial institutions are callcd Lyccums
rather than by any olher cognomen which
might havc been sclectcd to designatc
thcin. Thc following cxplanalion was roccnt-
Iy civcn bv thc Ilon. Sjnu-.cl I.. Southard in a
Iccturc dclivcred at tho opcning of thc New
York Lyccum for thc prcscnt scason.
What is a Lyceum? and what arc its ob
jccls? The word is of Grecian origin. Thc
Lyccum of old was a grove on the banks of
llissus near Athens, wherc it was the custoni
to train vouth for soIutCM. About thrce hun
dred years before (Jhrfct, it fell into the hands
of Aristotlc, the most distinguishcd disciplc of
Plato, who here instructed his disciplcs in "ln
losophy giving his lcssons walking, whencc
his school ohtained thc narno of reripaleiics.
Aristottlc taught all branchea of intsllectual
Science, and produced four hundred works,
many of which havc pcrishcd in thc rcvolu
tions of agcs. but some havc come down t&
our day, and for cenfurics wcrc almost thc on
ly valuable tcxl-books in Philosophy. Thc
tcnchings of Aristottlc continued through 12
years; bis scholars wcrc tho niost lcarncd and
the niosf celcbratcd in that age cf light; and
his works may evcn now bc rcad with profit.
IJut Aristotlc with al! his grcatncss, vas in
uie grcat point dcfeclivc he had not thc
light of Rcvclalion.and his lcssons of duty arc
oltcn impcrfect. Wo live in a happier cra,and
arc guided by a light which cannot lead as
tray. Tho namc Lyceum acquircd a sacrcd and
lofty charactcr from thc School of Aristotlc,
and was transferrcd to other institutes of .sim
ilar charactcr. Therc arc many uifTercnccs ;
but thc grcat objccl of ancicnt and modcrn
Lyccums is tho samo to tcach useful and
practical knowlcdge lo mcn of every class and
occupation to tcach thcm how to bcst dis.
charge their duticsinall relations of hfn. Pcr
fection in thisaim isimpossiblc; but .shall we
thcrcforc attcmpt nolhing? Bccausc wc can
not all bc scholars, pocls, philosophcrs, shall
wc bo nothing? So has not thought.'thc New
York Lyccum; such is not the spirit of its
menibcrs. Improvcir.cnt is thcir grcat aim.
The first Lyceum was cstablihcd in 1820
at Millbury, -Mass. by thirty or forty farmcrs;
sincc then some thousands havc bcen formcd
nll nvcr the countrv". ihcir bcnehls havc
been incalculab!c;diss:paiion has bcen discour-! sciousncss of thcir own superi ir sagacity, ver- j counly, thc rcsolulions and addrcss were un
aed; Ieisurc hours turned from cost to profit; ily bclicved that ifvo should give the election j animouly adoptcil.
better accounfs of the geology of particular : of county ofnccrg to tho people, they would bc j On rnotion of Mr Coolidgc, ordercd, that
scelions havo bcen obtaincd than by scientific plcased as r. child wilh a raitlo. So in selccting the procccdings of this convention, togethcr
survovs: most cfficicnt tcachcrs have been , mcn for office in our modcrn cnucusscs, they in , with the addrcss and rcsolutions, bc signcd by
I formed under their auspiccs. Proper tcachcrs
I arc yct scarcc; they cannot bc bought; but
thev maj- bc crcated, and Lyccums may aid
! nnn-nrfullv in their crealioti.
i . ...
nonn of these institu'.cs is boundlcss.
logj-.geography, fec. of our country,
nrn vnt in fimir infnnr.r: its historv
I -ct bcen writtcnas it should be written. Go
' forward, then, into thc vast ficld of knowlcdge;
i but "o not as citizcns cf New York only, but
of the Union as members ofthc grcat broth -
! crhood of men. Fix yotir eyes on that coun
: try, that constilution," that dcstiny, which arc
j before you. What wcro Grccce and Romo
compared wilh this vast cmpirc of Libcrly and
Law? Thc Athcnian could tracc from thc
Acronolis thc limits of his Attica; but ascend
i our Alleghanics, and what cyc can disccrn the
,' boundanes of our glorious country? Whatfpose an articlc of amendmcnt cquahzing thc, Resoked, That in adhcnng to tliesa princi
! mav not the citizcns of such a country ac-1 reprcscntation in thellouse of ItepresRntativesJ anj measures, we must, and we do, insut
icomplish? But shall wc seck to make tri- il have long since Tormed a very decidcd opin upon
! umphs of courage, of bloodshcd, of dcspotic ! ion on this subject, tuid I havo more confidencc Thc separation of the Purso rrom tne owarii;
power? Never! Will thc members of this ! in its corrcctness, bccausc it has always bcen fhe rcforra of those abuscsot tho appointing
' Lvccum bc faithful to tho institutions of thcir thc same, whether I residcd in a large or Sinail I powcr which havo hcretoforo brought thc pat
1 Iand? Let thcm rcmember th.t their only town. But since an opinion, though long en- ronage of thc fcderal governmcnt ia contlict
! sure basisis tho reli"ion and morahly ot the
Biblo. Rcsting on these, our countiy will be
comc what shc-ought, thc land of thc Grcat,
as of thc Frec, the light of tho world and the
heritagc of true glory.
LOCOFOCOISM AND DIRECT
Bankroft, in his specch at Roxbury, on
Wednesday evening, went the wholo figure in
favor of Free Trade and Direcl Tazation. If
our Mechanics and Manufacturers are ready to
abandon their occupations, and allow the labor
living for themselves and their familics. to bc
performed by the ignorant and starving r:P"r,
lation tn the manufaclorics and worK'-iop3 ' V n,heirVature.mdiatirictconfonniiytothccominontenKar;d!Trcasurv ; in providing for thc liquidation 01
Europe-why, thcn let thcm go out or , Monday .or6. y h J-ry&ia tbe heavy National Debt which was incurred
next, and vote for such men as ntarcus mui )mle prejadice. we know um habiu cnce formed and become tv nrfvinns administration ; in promptly
lnJ fi.m Rnnrmfl. If. on tho contrary, famU.ar. are not, casily tdd aJde. It may bediOculttop.rsaace a previOUS au.u ftefi,nco.
" "u vw. w-..-- - tnose wno naTe ueen, nr ezpeci io uo niemoen oi uk nouseoi IumtSninK meulis lui iuu --------.
thv desire to see the true American oyjis' . BeprcKnuiivtto uaer from that body a power, to ihe uieof,, - '3:n fnrtbn distribution oftho
Ul-y oesire iu cc wi,:rh rrives a fair nnd wblchlameabeni haye beenj Ions leeastomed, and whkaland in pBpVldtng tor ine aisuiouiiuii
prevail that system wtiicn gies a iair i tefnnd io tx.ia ibtit hDis,ittt efttimt cn ot ,,rrof the Dublice lands anaong th& ssver
adequate protection to the jtroduchon of our I wi1?iaraadtanUmt., ; proceeos oi ma pui.
own country, and the indtuliy ofour own coun
try, they will turn out in a bcdy, and secure
the election of John Davis and the whigs who
are with him all of whom are staunch friends
of Akerican Labor and Ajierican Ester.
To the editorof the Middlebury People's Press:
Sir 1 learn bv vour papsr ofthc 2d inst.,
that the council ofCensors havc ngrccd to rc-
commcnd an amcndmcnt of the Constiiuiion,
providing for thc election of county ofncors by !
Justices of tho peace.'whom they proposo to
have elccted by the people ofcach lown. , car cnsunng, viz :
The last council of Censors proposcd sirailar! licnnington County, Mr. Sargcant ; M'lno
articles of amcndment to the Constituticn, and , ham. 3Ir. Uillings ; Rutland, Mr. Clark ; Wind-
l porceive that, without some explanation, my ' &or utts; Urange, Jlr. Mebaru j Aaaison,
votcs in favor of these articlcs place inc in a Mr. Rascom ; Chittendon, Mr. Griswold ;
fuhe poition. ! Franklin, Mr. Eaton ; Grand Isle, Mr. Adams;
The same council of Censcrs proposed olher Orleans, Mr. C. W- Prentiss ; Caledonia, Mr.
articles of amecdment, constituting a Scnato, Chandlcr; Essex, Mr. Dewoy; Lamoille, Hr.
lo the adoptton of which, it was knawn thnre Hincs ; V.'ashington, Mr. Jones.
would be a' powcrful oppcsition ; and. when tho i On molion, Ordcred that thc membcrsof
convention rcct it was bclicved that ihere was each counly present the namcsof thrce persons
a majority of the mcmbers opposed to the ' s a founty cominittcc, thc chairmanof which
amendments. And thoso mcniuers who consid- sball be a committcc to corrcspond with tho
ered the adoption of thc r.rticlea constilutjng a State Commitlec.
Senate, to bo of very great imoortance, 'wcrc '; On motioa, a committcc of scvcn was order
disposed to consider tho artie!c3 oroviding for cd to report :csoh;tions and an addres3 to tho
tho election of county ofncers by the people, of . Whiga of thc St.itc ; and the following gcntlc
trifling consequence and it wus uneorstood ', men wcm appointed : Mr. Sabin, Mr. D. W.
bctween a number of us. that wo would say C. Clarkc, Mr. E. P. V.'alton, Jr., Mr. Wm.
nothing either for or ngainst those articles, but Upham, Mr. John H. Prcntiss, Mr. Dana, and
givo a silcnt vote in favor of thcm for foar of Mr. H. II. Recd.
losing votes in favor of tho articles constitu-j Nominations nf Sta'c and County commit
ling a Scnate, cnd all tho members to whom tccs wcrc made as follows, and confirmed by
I have referred, did vote with mo for tho adop-, tho Convention :
tion of tho articles providing for tha cLciion of STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE.
county offiecrs by the people. ! E. N. Ilriggs, O. P- Chandlcr, H. Bradlcy,
I can say nothing furthcr with ceriainty as to A. L. Mincr, Era-slus Fairbanks, E. P. Wal-
rcasons which inuiicca thc others to voto in;
favor of those articlcs ; not so with rcspcct to
As carly as the year 1793 a convention was
holdcn to consider amendments to the Consti-!
tution, proposcd by tho council of Censors
taking tho power of appointmcnt from thc
Legisiaturc, and vcsting it in the Govcrnor and
Council, whose election was provided for con
stiluiing a Senate, and providing for a pcrmu
nent Judiciary forming a Constitutioa similar
to thu constitutton ofriew iiampshirc. niasa
chusclls and many other statcs. From tlie
dcbates in that convention, I formed cn opinicn,
probably, at that time of lifc, on ralhcr tcchnical
grcur.dj, that the power cf appoinimont ought
never to bo vcsted in a Lcgislaturo.
Tlio proposcd articlcs cf orr.cndmenl were
rrjected by the convention a great majority
of tho members of which had prcviously hsen
members of the Legislature. and had exercised
tho power of appoinimont, of course, very much
to thcir own satisfaction, and I thought I could
pcrceivc an unwillingncss to givc up this pow
er, and vest it in any olher body ofmcn.
Articles cf amcndment similar to those
abovo mentioncd havo boen sinco proposed by
differcnt councils of Censors, two or thrce
limos, and have bcen rejcctcd by tho convention,
and I havo thought for tho samo rcasons that
they were rejectcd in 1793.
At the last Convention, I thought therc was
an opportunity to brcak up this habit, by taking
thc alcction of counly officcrs from the Icgish
turc for thc members of the legislature always
appcarcd to mako moro political capital out
of the county appoiiitmcnts, than all other
nppoitstments a-id I votid for thoso arti
cles, not bccausc I npprovcd of that moJe
of appointmcnt, cspccially that articlc pro
viding for tho electitn of Justiccs by he
peoplo of tho towns, but bncnuso I felt quitc
sure that it could nol hc much worse than our
present rnode of appointmi'nt by tho legisla
ture and 3-ct with this spccics of votes in
favor of tho articles, they were rtjccted
by tho Convention, to ihe crievons ttisap-
pointmcnt of those sigacious politicians
who cnnstanllv underralo thc rn.od sonso and
intclligenceof tho people, both in relation to Windsor, Janie Bcll, Esq., of lyialden Sena
men and measures. They had prcdicled with ! t0r Barrctt of Windham county, Mr. E'.ming
iheir usual confidcnce and, elevated bv a con-'of Middlebury, and Scnator Clark of Rutland
liko mannrr undcrrato the good senso and in -
tcingence ot tne peopie lor iucso samo angn- m iiio wnig papnr in .uomi."i;, -i"--cious
politicians at once point at thc most tal-' to thc scvcral whig papcrs in the State to copy
entcd men and most ablo stalesmcn bv thc tlipmmn.
'same sagacity they al o.ico pcrccive that thoj
people are not capable of apprcciaiing their,
I luiems auu wm uui um lur iiiuiu ntj iuutv
' foro ilcsccnd to second nnd ilurd-raio mcn io
fmd candidates that tho people will voto for,
j and by party tactics they are tlcctcd; whercas,
! if tho people wcrc let ahnc, their good sense
woul 1 cnablc thcm to sclect thc most lalented
and best mcn for office. But I mty as weli
dismiss the suujec!, for if I have not uttered
vain knowledse,' I have tmde
ase of spccches
whcrewith f can do no good.'
I have been informed that the council of; porizing policy, and unlcrnficd by tne onscs
Censors have it also in contcmplation, to pro- 'f.n I'nfnrinfpd onnosition.
teriainca anu oucn exprcssco, wiiiioui any rca-
son to suppoit it, scems to have little wcight The Prcsident tobe Iimited to a singic term.
with a difncult people, and since it is wilh somo q'ho right of petition to be maintatned un
difficultv that I write, I must refcr to the re-(jmpaircd ;
marks which I made in the last conveniion., Tho national exponses to be regulatcd by a
page 14, formy rcasons And if I can write .;se regard to the nccessities and wclfare of
any more in relation to tho Constitu:ion, it will : m0 C0Untry ;
be an nttempt to convince the people. tnat the , The nght of thc States to the pubhc domain
aiticlc in tho Consiitution providing for Us ' to bc gacredly regarded ; and
amcndment ought to be abolished an nrticlo, The Protcction of American Industrj; a.
which is found in no other Constilution. ! ajnst foreign comnetition, by a discnmmating
Ripton, Nov. 12, 1841. Dan'l CnipAX. iTariff and against the ruinous cfTeclsof a
WHIG STATE CONVENTIOX.
Minutes of the Whig Slate Conveniion, holdcn
at Monlpelier,on IheSd, 5th and
Thc Conveniion, comnosed of WhiR tncm-
lni r C tirt T ftfftotfi lnro i n (I ntlinp WKifro wna
organized by the anpointmcnt of M. UP-
IIAtYJ, Esq. PresiJcnt, HAiUPDEN CUTTS
'and LEONARD SARGEANT, Esqs. Vico
rrcsidcnts, V. W. U. UL.A1UV12. ana utL
1HL.INGS, Esqs. Sccretancs.
On rnotion of Mr. Dana, thc following gen-
tlcmcn wcrc annointed to noniinate seven geu-
tlcmcn as a Stato Contral Committcc for tho
ion, Jr., jsaiaii fciiver.
Windsor Cnuntij. Som A. Pratt, Chairman,
Woodstock," Calvin Frcnch, Cavendish, John
Rutland Co. Ezra June. Chairman, Bran
don, Wm. P. Noycs. Poultney, Jacob Edger
ton, Jr., Pawlet.
Lnmoile Co. Gilc3 A. fiarhcr, Chairman.
Canibridgc,Joseph Poland,Johnson, E. P. llcr-
Caledonia Co. A. G. Chail-.uck, Chairman,
St. Jolmsbury, lloughtcn, 7.yr.don,Jacob Iilan
Franklin Co. Jaspcr Curti., Chairman, St.
Albans. J. F. Sciibncr, Sheldon, II. N. Bar
Washington Co. Artcmas Cushman, Chair-
man, Warren, Jolin u. uiicj:, lNorinneia,
Georgc W. C'ollcmer, Barre.
Chillmdon Co. Gco. A. AUcn, Chairman,
Durlington, Ilcman R. Smith, Hincsburgh,
Isaac Chasc, Westford.
Bennington Co. Harmon Cnnficld, Chnir
man, Arlington, Alatison P. Lyman.Benning
ton, John C. Robcrts, Manchester.
Orleans Co. Gccrgc Worthington, Chair
man, Irasburgh, Gco. II. Cook, Craftsbury,
Alartin L. Ncwcomb, Derby.
Addison Co. Harvcy Bcll. Chairman, Mid
dlcbury.IIarvcy .V.unsill,Bristol,Uydcr Barnet,
Orange Co. Asa Lowc, Clmirnian, Brad
foid, Acijab Houard, Jr., Thetford, Carlod
Grand Isle Co. Sstmuel Adums, Chairman,
Grand Isle, Wm. E. Phelps, South Ilero, A.
C. Butlcr, Alburgli.
Windhnm Co. Jamca McM". Shaftcr, Chair
man.Townshccd.Franklin II. Fcssenden.Brat
tlehoro,' Royal Tyler, Newfane.
Essex Co. R. C Benton, Lunenbnrgh,
Chairman, David Hubbard,3d, Concord.Grcen
lief Wcbb, Guildhall.
Tho conimiltco ou Rcsolutious and an Ad
drcss, made report, which was acccptcd, and
after nddresses by Mr. Gilchrist of Barnet, E.
P. Walion.Jr. of Monlpeliar, Scnalor liana oi
!l?i!r.ml r.nniv. Huii. Carlo.s Coohdjie of
, tho OfHccrs of tho convention, ana puousneu
IFhcrcas wc rcgard thc distinctivc principles
and mcasurcs, which thc pccplc of Vermont
have hitherto,in times of trial and triumpii,
pcrscvcringly maintaincd, to hs principlcs
in accordance wilh those of our fFhis fa
tliers cf 70, and measures csscntial to tho
libcrtv and prosperity ofthc country,
Resolced, That wc do sttu aanerc io inesu
principlcs and mcasurcs, and commcnd thpni
: t0 continued and constant supporc ot t.ia
i people, unscduccd by the tcmplntions of tcm
,V2th tiie irecaora uiui.m.,,
depreciated and unstaoie -j
and stcady nal,onal Curren
ne.Sohed. That the acts ofthc lato cxtra
session of Congress in tho Repcal of tho Sub