Newspaper Page Text
II. 23EI,Ii,.-..Eclitor and Proprietor.
MIDDLEBURY. VT. DECEMBER 28, 1811.
VOLUME VI, NUMBER 34.
I. Tlirs PAPril AT.K PUBLISnr.D THE Pl'BLIC
Okdkks, Rusolutioxs, Laws, Public
Tl'.EATIT.S, ECT. OF TUE TIsiTED STATES,
The Pejpix's Press is prhledin thc Brick
Building JVorlh eadof theBridge, by
by Khom all ordersor pnnliug uoons, 1 amplilels,
Bills. Cards. S,-c, of every descriplion,teill be neally
znd fashionMy execuled, at zhorl nolice.
TFRMS OF THF "SIXTH VfH TTMT?
Viltape subscribers, .......
lnJiv'uIuaU and Companies who tike at the ofSce,
or 1,50 contd if paid In ex niontlu.
Companies onstageroutps, .
or 1.50 H patd in fIx innnths.
Thosc who tafceof rmtriders, .
Compatiis anj lndividuals ofT the routtt .
or l.wi, it paid in six montns.
optioti of i!ib proprietar. Ko parmenls to Carriersallowcd ci.
ceptordcrcu uy tne piopnclor.
All cotnm jnications inustbe addrcsscd to the cdltor t'ohT Piid
LAWS OF VERMONT.
R ESOL UTIOA'S.
RESOLUTION relating to slavery.
.1. t . . .
.rucituy.uuiiii.-bucsKiveiyexisisin me iusinct ot
Columbia, nnder tlie cxpress authority of Con-
gr.-ss, which at the tinie of the cession of the
ilislnct, re-enncied theslave codes f Alarvland ,
Virinia: And whereas, the sanction tlms given
to slavery, in its toleration at the seat of;overn-1
ment,fornis a manifest violation, by ths natinn, '
of she first prini iples of justice, and has a ten-
ikncy to corrupt ihe morjl sense of the whole '
People ol tlie United States : And whereas, ;
the doraestic slaw tride. carried on in the sa:d 1
district, is as unjust in p'rinriple. and scarcely ;
le-.s inliuman, than the African shve trade :!
llesolrcd by the Senalc and IIousc ofRepresen
senlativet, 1 liat our St-oators in CoDgress be
inslructcd, and our Represcntaiives rtnufsted, to
U'e llieir mfluencc lo pro;ure as early as possible ,
a rc'in-iii 01 au i.iws auiuorizing slavery 111 tne Uis
tiiet of CiiJumbia.
Resohed by Ihe Ssnatc ar.d House of Represen
talivcs, Tiiai our Senators in Congress be in
structed and our Represcntaiives rcquesled, to
use their umost cn leavors 10 prevcnt the adop-
tion Iiy enhf r House of Congress, f any rule
nratr, reomuon or usao, limittng or impainng
the constiiutioiial riht of tlie peuplc to petiiion
oonsre-iS lor ihc redrcssol e;nevances.
liczolccd. That no neiv state ought to be ad-
mitted into tlie U..ion, tlie cons'.itu'ion of whicli
authorises domes:ic slavtr.
Resohed, That His Excellency the Govern-
oruf requesit'U 10 lonvaid a ropy ul iliese resoiu
tiiins locacli ofihe Senati.rs and ncjirescnta'ivei
in ores, irorn inii ata:e.
RESOLUTION relating tosundry accnuntJ,
Resohed by Ihe Ssnale and Ifousc of Reprcsen
ta'.ivcs, Thai the auditor ofaccounts be instruc.'-
fd t-ipneenn aecount with the s.er2cant-at-amis.
in v.'iiic.'i the i-aid ser:nit-at-atms sha1 be charg-
el with tlie amount nf stntionary, fj'niture, and
otl-er prop:-rtv. which sh fl he fouml on invcniory
10 h.-iong to tlie State, in orahou' the state-house,
at the cloe ofeach se.-ision of the Lesi'lature.
Also. to upon an acci unt with ihe State's al
tunu v, incach county, in whicli the said State's
atto-ney shall be chnrged with the nmouni nf
ni mcv reci'ircd "n State bond":, State pmsecu
linss for fines, forfeitures. penahics, orfromany
citber sources in behalf of the St.ite.
Also, to optn an ccount with ihe cunty olerk
in cash cou lv, in which said clt-rk sh.iU he
rhsrjed with tl.e amr.unt nf monev rereivcd for
ths use of t.'ic State, for Pedlars' 1 "ccii'scs, for Ju
rarv fjcs, or frnm any ntl.cr surcc, r hi any
Also toopen anaceount wiih the niilitnry dc
partment of th? staie, in uhich said department
s-'H be rh irg?d with ihe amount of money ix
pen le.l for thc suppori of the militiaeach year.
Aho, to ope.i an accounl with the agent to
Fcitlc thc Effnrs of the Virm -nt State bank, in
snch a imnnor a to x'lihit the intercst of the
tft-ite in that inititu'.ioa.
Also 10 open an account with ihe superintcnd
r.ntofthe Ver.nont State IVsou, in such a mnn
ncr as toexlubii the amount of receipts and dis
burements of ibat insti!u:iun.
Also, to collate and digest thc rcp.irt of the
Tre.isuror. and all other rcports rel iting to the
finances of Ihc Staie, exhibiting in onc report, the
entire reources of revenue to ihe State, and the
various expendilures each year, and cautc an
i-nuiuu ui inrec nuniirca copics to he prsntcd lor
ine usc 01 mis ucncrnl Assemb iv. ni
pcsio.iofthc.extscionasmav l c i
aiso .0 repnrat tnem-xt session nf the Legis -
laline, -vl.at modifi-atioi! of tlie law is nccrsary
to secure a more thorough accountabi!itv,by eve-
iy uiii-ci v-inicfi u iu mc rcceipi 01 money
uciniuJii iu anj mijciij lutciuic ui v eriuum. i
. .. iiv; itiii uu auro io
?nVC ' swear with markcd and peculiareraphasis, that "Gcntlemen of the Jury: I thank you from
RcsolBtd by the Senate and House of Reprc- though somcwhat small, old Vermont is the thc bottom of my heart for the decision iust
fnnd hdire-irf loroMhplf."" i , Statc 'm lho "'""' of the Vn' rcndercd-vou will cvcr be remembcrcd in my
tffrTe JST. i0fVth l nobIc the constellation prayers; ,0 you, worthy and I must say, cul
if anv individual shall neglect, for the space ohx r i. 1 HX j 1 . ,? rcfer J'0U ' I fnend' (address,ng Imsclf to his counsel,) I
months, to pay one fourth part ofw-hathe may be ian"A'Icn.' nanies kc will , wish it was in my powcr to double your feo:
owing to saiJ fund, and one fourth part m every 1 confidcntly assure j-ou, which stand highcr i the fceling I entertain for you cannot be ex
six mbnths .hereaficr, until all shall be piid, it ( "Pn the monument of fame than any others prcsscd by word's; you arc indecd, tho crimin.
sball be the dutvorsaid commissioner toenforrc.rccorded there. His eye will glisten as he al's bencfacfor: to your honor, ?addrcssinr the
thc eulleciinn of ihe same by due process of law ; j talks of Ethan Allen, and rcminds you of his Judge, who could scarcely suppress a smifc,) I
adet; ssai's? aioSsi am h,astiDgly indebtcd; bZn can to
collection of any demand. if therehv the secnri.u JeTal1 and ne ontinental Congrcss," of his , you is, I promiso you, upon my honor, now
may be impaired.orthe final collection hazarded
or wnerc mrre is any present doubt of the secu-
Resohed, That the Treasurer or this State be
directed to pay all the debts against the State ex-
cept wliat lsaueiomescnooMund what cver may
be nccessary for that purpose ; and that no part of '
the school limds-hall be re-Ioaned to individuak '
while tl.e State may be owing to individuals or i
corporations. i uuu l.l n. mousand otner exploits, equalfy char-
i acteristic of a man who ncver know the e-
RESOLUTION relating to Esex County bank. mo,,n of fear-
Resohed by the Senate and House of RepresenA It ls a fact wcll known to every man tvo
talhcs. That Da vid Hibbard Jr., Sewall Ful'am i man, and child, living within the borders of
Ji., and Daniel Cobb, be appointed a committee 1 the Switzerland of Amcrica th-it in the
to invesiisate the siluation and conrerns of the ! closing days of AHen's lifc, he rave'in liis -.H
Bank of Essex cnun.y, to ascertain the manr.erof , hcs;on (o the thc philosophy of Pytha-or"
the transfer of the stock of said bank to forehin it n.j fnrmpri iipn n T)L k , c i?
purebaser, the liabilities and responsibilities of , ,f . 7 a-DelSt'-buitIl fia,1'
earb nffiepr nf smd hanl- ii,i ;n.n,nnnt;nn , clared there was more reason m the transmi-
thcreof, and to adopt aod pursue such measures-,
by snits or otherwise. as said r-m,imotpn nw ,
deem expcdient lo prot.xt the safely fund and
thc pubhc from loss, in consequeoce ofthe failnre
RESOLUTION for the app0IDtinent ofa com-
mittee to report upon the subject of Eilu-
Resohed by the Senate ani House of tteprcscn-
'uttv, That the Governor be rcquested to ap-
r'jint a coraroitlee of three to prepnrc and malte
areport to the next session of the Legislature, oflman, ncarly six feethigh, with aruddy and o
such plan or plans as may be most expedient and pen countcnance.espcciaHy cxpressive ofbold
jmlicious to carry into practical effect the views ness and freedora. His hat was jauntily set
committee on education to tlie present Legisla
RESOLUTION relative 10 the University of
Resohed hit the Zrnnf, nnd TTm,p nf Pn.
talives, l liat the commissioners who may be this
yearappointed to Tisit the University of Vermont,
rbe djrected to give especial attention to the objects
1 i fortlnn the mem'n;il of the corporation of said
i niversity, and report their views in relation to
the.n (o the next Legislature.
RES9LUTI0N authorizing Ibe appointment of
a committee to revise the militia laws.
Resohed by the Senate and Hnuie of Represen
tatiyes, Tha: the Governor be authorized to ap
point aconimitiee of ihree lo revite the inilitia
laws of tln's State, and report a bill to the next
RESOLUTION relating to the Bank of Ben-
j Retohed by the Senate and House of Represtn
' lives, That the Bank Commissioner be aiuhorizeil
Jand directed to make apjilication. without delay,
tothe Court of Chancerv. to ani)6intoneor more
tl 1 wl UIIU 1UI 1111- ajuijiv Ul
bennington, agreeably to the provisions of scc
tion eishteen of chapter seventy-nine of the Re
A DREAM OF IIEAVEN.
Lo, thoEcal of death is brcakinp,
Thoso who slcpt its eleep aro waking,
Edcn opcB hcr portals faii!
Ilaric, the harps of God aro ringing,
IJarlt, tho tcraph's hjrnn is singing,
And thc living rills aro flincing
Music cn innnoital air !
Thcrc, nonioro otcvo dcclining,
Suns wilhoiil a cloud are sliining
O'crthe land of lifo and lovc ;
Ileavcn's own harvrsts woothc rcapor,
Ilcavcn's own drcams cntrance thc sloepor,
Nota lear is lofttho wccpcr
To profano onc flowcr abovc.
Ko frail lillics thcro arc brcalhing,
Thcrc no lliorny rose is wrealhing
In lli! bo-.vcra of paraJiso ;
Whcre thc fucnts of lio are flowing
Flowcrs unknovr n to timc arcblowing,
'Mid supcrbcr vcrdarc glowing,
TI1111 issun'd by raortal skios.
TJicro thc grovrs of God, llul ncvcr
Fadc or fall, aro green forcrsr,
Mirrorcd in thc radiant tidc :
Thcrc, along iho sacrcd watcrs,
Unprnfanrd by tears or slaughtcr,
Wander cnilli's immortal dauglitcr.
Eacha purc Immortal'e bridc .
Thcre no igh of mcmory swcllcth,
Thcro no lcar of miscry dwcllcth,
Ilcarlsu-ill blccd or brcak no moro ;
Tast is all tho cold world's scorning,
Gonc tho night and brokc tho morning,
With scrapliic day adorning
Lifc's glad wavcs and goldcn shorc.
Oh on llut bright shor? lo wandcr,
Traco Uicsc radiant wavc& mcandcr,
All wc loved, and lost, to scc
Bjtliia liopc, o purc, sosplendid,
Vainly with ourbning blcnded ?
No! with Timc yc arc notcndcd,
Visions of Etcrnitv !
Frcm the .Y. 0. Vicayune.
THE SPIRIT OF OLD ETHAN.
Thcrc is one pcculiarity about thc Vcrmon
ter that, almost every body of any observation
has discovcrcd. Catch the Green Mountain
a I Bo' when and wherc vou will with
- i- , aua ? you , w,,n mone-v !
" ""fMt - in K, ? L
p 1 Ellirls In hls wardrobe, or with !
P"'ing but a couple of dickics sobcr as a I
;juub uiuim vj tuicu nim, in snori, i
uuuu uiij liiiauiai circuillsiancCS, anti VOU
ivill fiitrl Knn m ii rr Kt-lI.llir 4t. t " c
St,7 rr i. .
P?noi:raances wnen a pnsoncr in London of !
iuj;"leu",g-'"eew xorKcrs irom unarics-
ton io. 'i, aunngtne mcmoraDie conllict bc
tween New York and the New Hampshfrc
Grants of his riding into Albany alone, and
the public hotel, when the authori-'
i. 7 jne otaie naa ouerea a reward ot two
"uarea pountts sterltng lor him dead or ahve;
grat'on of souls, than any other ho had cveri
heard of. His bclicf was, at the timc nf hi
dcath, that after his saul left its framc, it would
lake possession of (he body of a white horse
Some days ago, might be seen, saunfeiing
careI alnB thoLoree, among freshly im.
Ported Dutchmenjnshmcn and Frenchmen, a
chap whose land of nativity could ncver be
mislaken by any pcrson whg had seen, oncc
in his lifclime, a true spectmcn of a rough.
hewn Vcrmonter. He was a powerful built
taloon rested upon tho lcg of his slout cow
hide boot, for hc didn't condesccnd to wcar
straps, and his two fisfs werc Ihrust deep into
( his pantaloon pockcts. It could hardly bc
' said lhat his gait was unstcady, but it was cv-
his pantaloon had not bcen of a character that
could not bo called cxtrcmcly "Ihin." While
hc whistled cheerfully, as ho sauntered along,
the old "nalional air" of Yankeo Doodle, it
was easy lo disccrn, by the twinkle of his eyc,
that he was ripe for fun and frolic, as wcll as
for any more scrious afiray. Just at this junc
turc he saw in thc road, at thc distance ofa
dozen rods or more, a drayman, with a stout
horsc, entirely white. Havfng a very hcavy
load, ho had recklessly driven one of his
whccls into a deep holc in the pavement, from
which tho horsc had failed to start it- The
drayman had commcnced flogging, the ani.
tnal hecatne contrary, and there -was every
probahility that thc dray would rcmain in thc '
position it had assumcd a considerable Icngtli
of timc. It was while thc drivcr was bela-
honng thc poor beast most unmercifully, that
our Vermont friend came with trcmendous
stridcs to Ihc rcscue.
"Jupiter all calamity!" cxclairaed he, as hc
seizcd the drayman by the collar, and jcrkcd !
him the distance of half a rod from his horsc, j
"stnke that animal again and I'll strike you
in such a shape that you'll lliink youv'e bcen
kickedbya four year old colt."
"What right have you tointerferc in my
business?" said thc man doggedly.
"I don't interferc in yaur business," replied
the Vcrmonfer, " that white horse bclongs to
thc stalo of Vermont; thcrc's no knowin- but I ata' tnan lnatsno has thc bcstsy&tcm ot cdu
tha soul of old Ethan is in that animal's hody, ' cat'n & the bcst cd"cated peop!e in tho Union?
and aini you a prctty looking customcr to be ' here arc, no, wh,cro ,nore sultab!c materials
flogging Ethan Allcn in the sfrccts with a ! be wrought, by thc influencc of education,
hoop polc! Jamcs Pricc and Gcn. Jackson, ' ',nto ,ntcl"Scnt and eflicient men, than the har
I've half a mind to nitch into vnn nnv how!" I dv, cntcrprismg youth of this State. Her sons,
Rccovcring a little from his astonishmcnt,
n . . y '. :
the dravman said bo rnnl.ln' f h
talk of every drunkcn loafcr, and aRain advan -
ced towards his horse.
'Drunk or sobcr " said the vankoc. -'von
don't strike old Ethan ngnin, while I'm in
"We'll scc ahout that," said thc ofher.
"Jest so," said tho Vcrmonter, " I guess 111
have to maul you any how squarc ofT I'm
into you in less than no timc, likc four thou
sand of brick."
At thc first pass the Vcrmonter thrust his
brawny fist into the facc of his antagonist, at
tbcsamctimc trippmg np his hccls, with infi
mte dcxtcnty, laid him sprawling upon thc
"Gct up again and takc a fair shakc," said
thc champion of the horsc, "it's fun for mc to
lick you and give you every advantago."
How thc albair would have cndcd it is diffi
cult todctcrrainc, but at this point m thc af
fray a couple of policc ofKcers to'ik thc defcn
dcr of Ethan Allen in custody, and lodged him
in the calaboosc. He wcnt with thcm pcacc
ably, for said hc, "I'm cockcd as a muskct, but
I always obcy the law. I was brought up that
way; never go agin the law,' said the old man
io mc whcn I lcft home."
Whcn brought bcforc thc Recordcr in thc
morning, he had forgottcn all ahout Ethan,
said hc had bcen on .1 bit of a bcndcr, and was
lct ofTbv paving for his Iodgings at Harpcr's
The eldcsl Trre in the World. Mr. Lou-
don, in a latc work, gives an cngraving of the
Oj-press offcomma, in Lombardy, pcrhaps thc
oldest trec on record. There is an ancicnt
ichroniclc cxtant at Milan which proves it to
I have bscn a trco in thc time of Julius Ca;sar.
j -12 ycars before Christ. It measurcs 121 fcct
1 in hcight, and 23 fect in circunifcrcncc at one
j foot from the ground. It was rcspcclcd by
j Napolcon, who, when laying down the plan for
! his great road ovcr the Simplon, divcrged from
thc straight liuc to avoid injuring tho trcc.
Eloquence ofthe Bar. A St. Louis paper
tells thc storv cf a crimmal, who, having bcen
unexpcctcdly acquittcd ofthe chargo forwhich
1 j . r t n
" was arraigned before Judgc Bowhn, upon
oeing iniormpa tnai nc was ai UDcriy to gOj
turncd to the Jury, and with much fceling ob.
that I am free, that I will nevcr be guilty of
sieaiing again as long as 1 live.
Cmntojj ConsTV Bank It nnnears by the
. Albany naocrs. that durinr the lato nnnic . ihe
bills ofthe' Clinton countv Bank, with others,
wcre relused by their ngcncics at Albany on
Mondjy last. Such an occurrence we believe,
is not unusual. It so hanpcned that one of thc i
directors, with remittanecs,
did not arrive in j
nce. We under-
limn In nrcvent thc occurrence.
stand the panic is subsiding. We have no ;
doubt but thc agency will be resumed in a few
days; there can bcno loss lothe bill holders or
depositors in any ovent. The directors have
cnii.o confidcnce in their obility Io mcct Ihe
the liubihties, and wc are happy to say that thc
publicatinns refcrred to, have produced no
alarm or cxcitement in this vicinity. Tho
bank redcems its notes whenever presontcd.
Thc Hon. Edward Evcrett, Miuister
Plenipotciftiary to the court of St. Jamcs,
an ivccf in London, on Ihe cventng oflhc
18th of November ult.
A person can travel from Albany to New
York for 8 1, and from New York to Boston
for S2. This is cheap traveling.
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON
Ix House of REi'RnsEXTATivEs,
Ordered, to lic on the table, that threo hun
dred copiesbcprinted for the use ofthc House.
011 Education, to whora
was rcferred so much of thc Govcrnor's mes- of New York have' extendcd their patronage
sago as relatea to thc subjcct of education, sub-' and aid to a11 tIlc collcges and acadcmirs, as
mit their report, as follows i wel1 as com"in schools. All arc made the
ai.i,.. 1.,. ..." . . objects of their fostcring care.
Although the committee are not, for the rea- The committee would not rccommond a
sons hereafter suggestcd.. prcparcd topropose, j profusc 0r indiscriminatc distribution of funds
at the present session, any defimte plan for 0 of thesu i.istitutions ; but they thinkthc
If,"3?1" '? !fibc Hwiroivn views, they iegisfeture ihould act upon tho policy of lielp.
consider themselvcs called upon to respond to in those wAo are disposed to help themselves.
the vcry sound and appropnatc views contain-1 0ur colleecs and acadcmies have hithcrlo bcen
ed.ntheExccutivc messagcatthe pressent ' holIv gustained by individual chanty, and
session a-swell as those ofa similarcharar.ter, wilho-ut. 3 vcl, a Ccnt from the legislature,
wnicn have been urged upon, the legislature in
. . 1
The subjcct of education is, in the opinion
ofthc committee,paramount toall others which
can call for thc considcration of the Zegisla
ture of Vermont. A native citizcn of this
State, who had, several years aco, cmiirratcd
I and f?n UP Yls "esidence ahroad, after a re-
ccnt visit to his early home, remarked in sub-
stancc, that Vermont seemed to have no
great objcct, like every olhcr State, at which
the legislature and people are aiming ; that
from her inland position she could not be ex
pected to cxccl in commcrcial cntcrprisc and
wcalth, she might cxccl all others in her sys
tcms of education, and in having a bettcr cd
ucated people ; and that to such an objcct she
should dircct hcr cnerjries. What hisher dis-
1 tinction can the legislature covct for their
iu , r. . t ..... w
and those cducatcd in hcr institutions, arc now
occupying distmguishcd placcs in almost eve
! Stato in tlle Union ' holdinS scats in their
legislative halls, or rcprcscnting thcm m thc
' halls of Congrcss, prcsiding ovcr their courts
I nf iitL'lirn rtr flioir TifnriMr inuiiliiiinno
oring incmseives anu ineir native ataie in tlie
discharge of profcssional dutics, as ministcrs of
the gospcl, fawycrs or physicians. And it has
bcen a frcquent rcmark of intelligent mcn. well
acquaintcd with the subjcct, in relation at least
fo onc ot our literarv institutions, that 110 m
stitution, with such liinitcd mcan, has scnt
forfh into thc world so manv efficicnt and usc
ful mcn. By a wise systcm of education in
all its branchcs and dcpartmenls, cncouraged
and fostcrcd by libcral lcgislation, not only thc
people of Vermont may bccomc thc most en
lightcncd people in the country,but thcstreams,
which are annually issuing and sprcading over
wider lields abroad, mnv carry" with them a
still more bencficcnt influcnce.
Undoubtcdly, thc district schools should rc-
ccive the hrst & most anxious care ofthc lcg.
islaturc, as "bcing fitst in imporlance. It is
in thcsc, that thc great body of our childrcn
and youth reccive their only instruction. And
it mustbc gratifying to all thc fricnds of edu
cation, that these schools have shared so large
Iy alrcady the patronage ofthc legislature.
But somcthing bcsidcs money is necded to
nrakc them what thcy ought lo bc, as thc chief
source of instruction to the young. It is thc
opinion ofthc best informcd mcn, lhata great
profusion of public pecuniary patronage is in
jurous rathcr than bcncficial ; hccause, while
it dispenscs with all individual contributions,
as a conipcnsalion for the advanlages rcceivcd
it dcprives thcm of all individual supcrvision
and care from those who should hc the most
intercstcd tofoster thcm. Thc maxim that
"that is little valucd, which, costs little," ap-
plies with great force to thcsc institutions.
l hc cxpencnce 01 somc oiates, 1 is wcn un-
derslood, confirms this vicw. Ihc comniit-.
tcc would not howcvcr, be undcrstood to cx- j
prcss thc behcf, that the schools in this Slalc
have yctrcccneairoin tne i.cgisiaiurcasmucn
pecuniary aiu asis acsirauic; aunougn m some
towns, tho public funds, together with what is 1
cquircd by law to be raisod, are quilc as much I
as is bcncficial
What, in the opinion of the committee, is invidious, parlicular instances, in illustration
more nccdcd, at thc present timc, is somc Lct-1 0f thc position they have takcn. Thcy know,
tcr systcm of supervision, somc measurcs for I for instancc. a town, in which is an academy,
furnishing, more generalK", compclcnt teach- j supported wholly by priratc liberality. It is
ers, and for raising the standard of instruction. j thc gcneral cxpectation and praclicc, that all
Indecd, without thcsc, much ofthe money, thc childrcn in the town, who manifest a de
which has been already appropriatcd, is was-1 sirc to Icarn, and make sufficicnt progrcss for
ted to no bcncficial purpose. Tho bcst meas-, that nurDose. in thc district schools. bball fin
urcs to promotc these imporfant objects, in thc !
: r un nnmn.tfAn o1.i,,l.l K -1 i,l,;t ,
opimuu ui iuu uiniiiiiitw, ciiutnu ul, u. uujwi j
of most anxious attcntion and inquiry by thc ,
legislature. I and all thc youth arc aiming and calculating
Although thc eommittce have said, that fhc j to sccurc those highcr altainmcnts. The o,i
district schools are first in imporlance, and I cralion of such an induccment has bcen to cl
should be first to reccive the patronage of the j cvate the standard of instruction in thc dis
Icislature, they aie not, as the committee trict schools, and the standard of intelligcncc
think, tho only institutions which arc cntitled i in thc community; artd the committee doubt
to the legislative regard, whcn the legislature 1 whcathcr thcre is upon thc carth a whole com
may have in their poiver the rncans af aiding i muniy of more clcvated intelligcncc. Such
them. The committee think the legislature undoubtcdly might bc shown to bc thc infiu.
should regard thcinsclves as thc patrons of all cnce of such institutions in othcr placcs. Sim-
.1 1!. .-"ll.tinnii t i-Ti t rli flit.t TVl-i.- f t r I.- 1 .1, -i n fl t,rnn i T t rrrnr cri1n finrl ttipmffrtt 1
propcr to cstablish, Will the legislature, will j
tho peoplo ofthc State, bc satisfied fo have no j
other literary institution among thcm but com- j
mon shools? and no means ot turmsning to ,
the youth ofthe State a highcr education than :
thc mcre rudiments of Icarmng which are
taught in these schools ? Or would thcy repu
diate alikc the thc duty and the honor, and
force upon bcnuvolent indivividuals both the
honor and the duty, of sustaining thc liigher
seminanes, tor the beneut ol tnc fclatc, by
individual charity and sucrificcs 1 Such has
not been the policy or scnsc ofduty ofany
other legislature. The legislature of every
other state have afibrded ppcuniary aid, in
somc form, to the higherserdinarics ; and have
regarded these, as well as common schools, dc
serviug their fostering care. Tho first colo
nists, who landed on our sborcs from thc moih
er country, amidst sccnes of dcpnvation, made
the duty to cstablish collcges and academies
second only to the duty of providing common
schools. And some ofour most respectable
colleges nnd seminaries were" cstablished and
fostered bv public patronage in the earliest
ycars of the infancy of those colonies. It was
araong the earliest laws of Massachusetts, not
only, that there should bc district schools
in every district, but that, as soon
as the town reachcd to a certain popu
lation, there should be cstablished, at the pub
lic expensc, a ccntral school for instruction in
the highcr hranches, and such a law still re-
! mains in their sfntute book. And it is known
j to cvtry onc.with what liberality the legislature
1 iinnnr. n vii. :i niiiiL iiuiii n,iioiii.i,
nii -11 'nrobablv. doinir somc cood, and
exertin" somc bcnelicial influcnce upon thc
rnnity. But thcy are all languishing for the sarac is supposcd to be truc in the other,
of furthcr aid ; and a little addition to the great majority of the students, who have be
funds ofeach miirht creatly incrcasc their fa
cilities for instruction, and their meansofusc
fulnoss. AVith the aid which has bcen, or may
bc furntshcd from privale sources, the legisla.
ture should not bc satisfied, as thc committee
lniiL- nntil tlmv lmve nrovidcd. as fust as tho
neccssary funds arc wilhin their control. thc
mcansof instruction, in all branchcs ofscicncc,
to anv cxtcnt. whicli mav be dcsimblc for any
class of thc commun.ty. Thcrc is no class,
d not be clcvalcd and rcndercd
more uscful and happy by instruction in the !
hranches, which are appropriatc to thc employ
mentsofsuch class. Thc nicchanic and thc
farmer nccd an education in thc branchcs,
which are immcdiatcly conncctcd with their
rcspectivc occupations, as wcll as tho profcs
sional man and thc tcachcr ; and every man
should bc so cducatcd r.s to bo qualifiatl to be
the future govcrnors, lcgislators and judgcs of
thc State, and safc depositarics of those high
trusts. In this way thc people would reccive
a dircct and adcquatc compcnsation rcturning
unon thcm, for all the cxpcnsc incurrcd, in the
sccurily, which a wisc lcgislation and adminis
(ration oflaws would fumish. If there bc
fuctitious distinctions in the community, ari
sing from wcalth, as perhaps thercalways may
bc,let thcre bc noncin thc meansofintellectu
al timprovcment ; lct all occupy an clcvaf cd
and equal rnnk, as cducatcd and intelligent
The legislature have alwavs manifcstcd a
laudablc zeal in liroinoliiif' the infercsls of
common schools ; but wc cannot but think,
that ainistakcn policy has prcvnilcd in relation
lo the highcr scminarics. If they regnrded
only thc interests of thc former, the commit
tee think thc laltcr also, should hc fostcrcd ;
hecousc in the first placc, they arc neccssary
(o provide compotent tcachers, and in thc scc
ond placc, to raisc thc slandard of instruction,
in district schools. And, in thc opinion of
the coniniitfce, ncithcr of thcs'; csscnlial oh-
jccfs, can be satisfctorily attaincd in any oth-
er way. In what condition would the district
schools of Vermont now bc, if 110 othcr tcach
ers had bcen cmploycd iu :hcm but those who
had rcceivcd fhcir education in such schools ?
It has bcen a favorite plan of somc to cstablish
schools cxclusively for the instruction of f cach-
crs. Thc committee think that such an cx
. :' ..a r n 4i.n. i.;nni..
would bc a failurc. But howcvcr that may bc,
sucli an mstitiition must still lic ot a ranlt lncli-
cr than cotninon schcols, in ordcr to accoin-
plish thc dcsi"ii. Tho committee think a
hctlcr plan would bc to cstablish a branch for
that kind of intruction in a part orall thc high-
crscnunaries now estahlishcu.
Bcside, without somc slandard of education
highcr than that ofcoinmcn schools, their
standard cannot be raiscd : there will bc no
eflicient and adcquatc induccment to make thc
e(ror(- NcUI)cr tcachor nor scholars will cvcr
bc ;ndlICC(j (o jook (o R slan(larj highcr than
hat which is beforc thern. indccd) it h nccor.
jin o (h(J ...osophy of the htiman mind,
,hat a cfi-or,s of tl,is character will fall bclow
thc cstablished standard ; and that, in order to
bc ofTectivc, this must 2 raiscd abavc what
you cQc ('0 aUn;n
The comtnittco might r.amo, if it werc not
ish their education in the academy. Thc high-1
.. ... - ii - t : 1 .. t : ..t.: 4
cr auainincnis 111 11113 iiuiuuuun mc .1 suuj.ui
of convcrsation among parcnts and childrcn ;
wider field, has bcen tho influcnce of ourcol-!
To concludc this part of Ihcir discussion, fhc j
committee would ask, who are tnose men u :
make and prcparc our books and systcms af I
instruction for common schools? Anilnno
are thnsn wbn nrA over dcVlSinK thc mcansanu
maturing thc plans for elcvating tbcse institu
tions, but those who are cducatcd m highcr
seminaries? . .
It has sccmed to bc the opinion of at Icast a
part ofthe legislature, that thcsc higher insti
tutions are for thc bcncfit of thc rich and not
ofthe poor; and that therefore itis not thc du
ty ofthe legislature to provide for thcm. The
revcrse of this position is, in the opinion ofthe
committee, ncarer the truth. The rich do not
nccd such institutions ; thcy can serid their
sons abroad for an education, or they can pay,
for thc education of their childrcn, cxpcnses
high cnough to sustain Seminar.es at home1of
w iinoui oiner aiu. 11 is lur uic puur iuai icg.
islativc aid is needcd, to rcducc thc cxpcnses
within their abihty to pay thcm. And besides,
.1 . i j . ,
j ine cnuarcn ot ins ncn, no not gencrauy nc-
rivo as much benefit from those institutions as
those of the middling and poorcr classcs. The
sons of the rich arc oficn scnt to college, bc
causo their parcnts can educatc thcm without
any sacrifice, while thcy may not have the tal
ents or hnbits to dcrivc much advantago from
their education. Their habits of indtilgenco
at homo oftcn disqualify them to be indus'.rious
and efficicnt students, unless thcy happen to
have an uncommon thttstfor knowledgc; and
they oftcn turn out to bc inefficicnt and usclcss
menibcrs of socicty But the sons of mcn in
straightcncd circumstances, who are forccd to
spcnd their childhood and youth in activc la
bor, acquirc such habits of industry and such
of constitution, that no obstaclcs in their courso
of education can objtruct their progresa in Iear
ning, 01 dclay their coursc toward distinction
in the community. Although there arc un
doubtcdly cxccptions, thcsc are gencrally, a
mong cducatcd mcn, thc most efficicnt and
l In one of our collcges. with which thc com-
1 mittcc are more intimately acquaintcd, and
cducatcd, have bcen the sons of mcn, who wcro
not ablc to mcct the cxpcnses of their educa
tion. Somc have hccn forced to rcly cxclu
sivcly, and others mo.c or lcss, upon their own
pcrsonal cffbrts and have tUus Etrugglcd with
povcrtv througii thur whole course. And it u
in this class, that arc gcnerally found the most
1 succcssful scho!ars,and the most dislinguishcd
and eflicient msn.JWhen thus cducatcd, their
rank and influcnce arc not fixcd bv thc povcr-
ly, throngh whicli thcy have passcd ; but by
thc powcr of a cultivatcd inttllcct, which every
wherc commands rcspcct.
If thcrc is any thing which changcs tho
dificrcnt Icvcls in socictj', which wcalth is sup
poscd to cstablish, and sets at naught and nn
nihilatcs all such fnctitions, it is a systcm
whicli furnishcs thc nicans of an clcvated ed
ucation to thc cnterprising pcor as wcll astho
rich. If thcrc is degradation in povcrtv, i:
any casc, such dcsradation cannot attach to
an cducatcd man, howcvcr poor.
Thc commiftec arc awaro, that hcrctoforu
thc legislature have had the control of r.o
funds, but such as werc forccd by dircct taxa
tion, from tha pockcts of thc citizens; and ihh
has opcratcd, at Icast in part, to prevcnt any
libcral aid fo our highcr sominarics. Thcy
think they sccin fhelate actcf Conrcw, or
dering a disfribufion among thc str.fcs ef tho
procccds of (hc public lands, an oppnrtunity
lbr thc legislature to commcnce a systcm of
patronage of thcsc institutions.
Thc commiftec forbcar to proposc any plan
for lhuaction of Ihe legislature, at the present
session, for thc rcason that no money can bn
rcceivcd from the source incntioncd, until
near thc timc whcn fhc legislature will again
asscmhlc; but espccially bccausc thcrc should
bc more timc for discussion and delibcratioii
in thc legislature and in Ihc community, an 1
for maturing a suitablc plan, than th present
session can afl'ord. In thc mcan timc, it i
the hopc of tho committee, that thc subjcct
may bo brought bcforo thc minds of thc peo
ple, and fully discusscd.
If thc committee werc at (his timc to pro.
poso any plan, it would ho in part, that th 1
present state school fund should bc nbolishcd,
and thc dcht of the Sfafe pnid. This bcinjj
aholishcd, a part ofour sharc of thc publir-
fands should bc distributcd among thc district
schools, and thc rcmnindcr should bc dividc '
I onS ;.'.hc ol!.cs, a!,d, H
I . . , . . , .
wish to appropriatc n parf, at Ien.st, of this furd
to that objecl; and others may have othcr f
vorite objects. Tiie committee arc not t ik--mics
to intcrnnl improvcmcnf3 or any olhcr
bcncficial cnfcrpriie; but thcy arc dceidedh
of opinion, that all thcsc should bc considcn 1
sccondary to thc grsater objecl of providing 1
systcm of instruction, which shall elcv.itc our
citizcns, as intellectunl and r... rnl men.
For the purpose of accomjilishing rncrc cf
fcctually their objcct in making the rcpor .
thc conimitlcc rccomincnd thc adoplion ofth
accompanving rcsolution. '
SAM'L SWIFf, for Committee.
! Resohed. That thc fcregoing repcrt to
published in all thc ncwsjiapcrs, in which tno
i public acts are printcd, and that discussions of
thc aiibjcct he invited in thc public papcr. by
tnc tncnus 01 cuucaiion anu 01 tne otatc.
From the .Vtftc York Exprest.
SIGNS OF A COMING STOU.M.
Gur readcrs are well aware that we are nn
alarmiV.s, and wc trust that they cvrr find rtur
opinions coascrvative, and cmployed in rchui
tng the mad spirit of dcstruction that is the im
neiijn npniui of T ncn
Focoism. Wc fwl.
1 o n
howcvcr, that it is ourduty to te'.l thc trut! ,
and the whole truth, as faithful public senlincl.-J
and under the guidancc of this impukc, wc
arc compcllcd fo proclaim that, to thc bcst cf
our judgmcnt, a powcrful parf- is organizin
in this country to s'xindle the slales, or in tho
soflcr term of thc day, to repudiate the Stnlr
Howls. If successful, the end of it incvita
blv will bc a Kar with England, with Ihc scnrn
and confcmpt of the whole civihzcd world.
Wc bchovc the followmg Resolutions, passcd,
as tho Evening Pcst says, at "spiritcd public
meetinffs" in "various counfies" of rnilimn.tr.
substancc ;njons f . .
... J ,
tho People of Mississippi arid Arkansas, and of
what dcmagogues, By such ah iasuc, can con
vcrtinto a majority in Alabama, Illinois,
Michigan, and pcrhaps Georgia and Indiana.
Indced, nonc but the oldest and most thickly
scttlcd Stafcs of thc Union nre safe, if tho
deraagogucs once mount the anti-bond, r.o
debt paying, no tax-having hobby.
It will be seen (to quote the words of ihc
Evening Post,) the people spoak out boldly &
thig mcein;r .that the LeK;sIata
"Rcsolvcd, That it is tho dcliberafo opinion
g, that the Lpgisfatnrc of our
Sfafe should, at its next session, (ttREPU
DIATE ALL STATE BONDSQ fcr
which tho Qlata has not recctvcd bona fmo