Newspaper Page Text
co nsiderafion, and Ihat the Legislature should
MlemnIyreoIvc to pay neither principal, nor
in lerest, nor any part thercqfqf any such bands.
"Rcsolved, That thc Stato Bank and branch
t'S should be compelled to resumc specic "pay
nicnfs at the earlicstperiod practicablc.
"Itesolved, furlher, That it is Ihe express de
sire of ihis meeting, that the next Legislature
suspcnd tho further payraent of the State
Bonds, both principal and intcrest, until the
State is belier able to pay; andihal the Legis.
lature 7ay notax upon thepeople beyond tehal
is neccssary to defray the nel expenses of the
"Resolved, Tbat if tho legislature docs not
not grant rclief at a very early day of the scs
sion , that ve will asscmblo at this place on
Chrismas day, detcrmined that our public offi
ccrs, through force of public opinion, shall rc
sign their tliffcrcnt trusfs reposcd in them by
"Rcsolved, That if any of our public offi
cers, when the call is made, refuse to resign,
we will hold him at arm's levglh, and ncvcr.by
cur rotcs, liereaftcr, repose any confidencc in
Iiim or thcm, or clevate them to any futnrc sfa
lion of public trust or honor."
From Mkxico. A few days later intclli
gencc has bcen rcceived at N. Orleans frorn
thc Mexican Capitol. The news corrolwrates
thc other advices wc had rcceived by the last
nrrival, of Ihe painful facl, thaf thc Tcxian ex
pcdition to Santa Fc, had bcen capturcd by
thc Mexicans. Thc Bulletin has bcen shown
a f cmi official lettcr frorn a high public fnnc
tionary iri the Mexican capitol, which statcs
cxplicitly that thc Texians had bcen capturcd
cnlirc nnd were hcld as prisoncrs by thc Mex
Infonnation had bcen reccived ofthe arri
Tal in Yucatan of fivc Mexican Commission
crs, chargcd with spccial powcrs for arranging
with that State thc terms on which she would
rcturn as a mcmber of the Mexican Rcpublic,
now that thc mothcr had rcsumcd licr ac
Rnowledged duty, and cmbraccd the federal
republicanism of 1824. Most ofthc Mexicans
believed that Yucatan would rcadily agrcc to
return and again bccome a Mexican state.
Winter Route to New Yobk. Tho com
pleiion ofthe Albany and Boston Rail Road
opens a very comfottablo winter communica
lion bclween this cit and Ncw-York. All
(says the Evc. Journal,) who have been doomed
lo thc hitherto pcrilous and lcdious pnssagc of
llic lliglilands in their way to and from the
Capi'al during the sitting of the Legislnturc,
can well appreciatc the bencfit of ihe new route.
Tiains of cars lcave this city for thc East
ward twice each day, (Sundays exceptcd,) viz,
ut 6 a. M. and 2i r. M. Passcngers in thc
first train rcach Hartford, via Springfield, at4
o'clock, and New Haven at half past 8 p. m.
tho samo day. Lodging at New Ilavon, ihoy
take. tho morning boat at 9 o'clock, and arrivc
nt New York from 2 to 3 o'clock r. m. making
the entiro trip from ihis city in about 32 hours,
and avoiding night travcl. By the sccond train
pnsscngers arrivc in Hartford about 0 o'clock
p. w. lodge at that placc, and lake the mor
ning train of cars, which will convey them to
New Haven in timo for the 9 o'clock morning
bont, making the entiro trip to New York in
23 hours, This roulo ofii-rs convcnicnccs to
the travclhng public of which they will not bo
lardv in availing ihemselves.
Postmaster Ggheral's Report. The Rc
port of ihis functionary (which wo hope to pub
lish to-morrow) is a bricf, business-likc, wcll
written document. Tho condition ofthe Gen
eral Postoffice, though materially improvcd
since Gan. Jackson's time, is notyetas pros
perous as could be wished. For tho yenr cn
ding 30th June, 1841, the expcnditures ofthc
Post Office Department have excccded its rev
enucs by tho sum of 8187,920. The cstimate
for ihe current ycars fixcs thc receipts nt S4,
380,003, and thcexpenses at $4,490,000; thus
siiowing a probable deficit of 8110,000. To
rcduce this deficit to the lowest limit, tho Post
Mastcr General is endeavorins "to infuso into
the admitiistarlion of the servicc a rigid ccon
omy bat ho cxpresses the belief that no ef
forts can bring tho expenditures within the in
cotne. without Teducing tho mail tran?porta
lion belowthe wants ofthc criuntry, or in somc
other mode increasing tho rcvenues ofthe De
partment." Sevcral csiuses are pointed out which tend
to rciluce thc revenucs of thc Department.'
Among thc rriost promment of ihese s t ho es.
lab. shment of pr. va.e cxprcsscs along lhc great Committee on Rcvolulionary Claims -Mess
ma.l routcs, for the carty,ng of etter, packa-1 Dixon, Clay,n. Smith of Con., Tl'cn, and
gcs and papeM. Tho Post Maslcr General . Cuthbert
contends that thcsc cxprcsses cannot laufully Comm'itlce on tl, ) Judiciary-Messrs. Ber-
toTvST1 ?S'a I,Sh.Cd b' i "C!I- Cla10"' Prenl!ss' WaIker' Korr.
n r rcdu.ct,0in f Pstge on ctlcrs : Commilteo on Post Officcs and Post Roa l--ss
a means ofincrcasinc the revenue. isal uiled ir n 1 c- j i V.
tointha Rrnnrr- Mr Wrtrff- i Messrs. Merrick, Smonds, McRoberts.Mou-
to inme Kcpor: , but Wr. UickhfT only pro ' tQn n,i Miiip,
poses to modifv the letter postaces so as to n a , r, , ,r
t.iiti i.iiiiiuiiii iu niu smauercoin (auar
ters, d'une and hairdimes) ofthe U. Statcs.
Ho recomm-nds likewiso ihat a great discrimi
nation should bo made in iha poslage upon
"noivSpap(rs," and upon "lho,e mamnioth pe
noJicals which assumts lhc rftme and shape of
acn-spapers, but are in fact the republication of
ootrts, novels, &c Albany Dai. Adv
mll.n tlmm I .1 11
The cnuse fo the light on tho fronticr, scen
from this village a few nights since, iscxplain-
cd in thc following paraeraph from a PlaitsW,,!,
w " - O"
Plattsborgh, Dec. 11. Woregrctto learn
that acts of incendiarism have again disturbcd
Ihe quiet ofour fronlicr. On Wednesdav niaht
an uncommon light was observed by many of
uur cmzens ni tne north ot us ; and ycsterday
we learned that three barns within tho dislance
of a milo orcach other, in Odletown, L. C,
jutt ncross the linc, werc discovcrcd to be oii
fire, simultaneously about 8 o'clock in lhc cve
mng. They were entirelv consumed with thei'r
contents. includiiig five valuahle horses. We
havo hear.f it suggested ihat it was undoubtcd
ly the work ofthe Volunleor" Canada Militia
who have latcly been disbanded. By this
means they hnpe to kecp up an cxcitcment, &
lo bc again orgamzed and taken into Her Ma-j-s'y
s Service Republican.
Wc lcarn that a delachrnent of the 7th Ref
lment has been despalched to Odeltown To
uard tho f.ontier. Tho Monlreal Herald
speass or thc fircs asa recommencement of
tno usual wntcr amusements ofthe Canadian
"ffrusee ruffinns nnd American land Pirates "
"nnd thrcaiens us with "retnhation on a pietlv
largoscale, so as to induce tho respcctable
"portion ortho Americans on our froationo
reel an intercsl in prcvonting a recurrence of
"border forays. 'llicy can do so if thoy like "
'poiiiinnes lhc Herald, ".ind irihcv will no'
t.icir blood bc on thcii own hcads."
Wo agree with tho Albany Advertiser
of Thursday last that "this temperale language
would doublless have moro weight with the "re
spcctablo Americans on thc fronlicr," if tho
fact were not fresh in their rcccollections that
tho last burnings at this very Odletoicn were
the work not of "Amorican land pirates," nor
evcn of "Csnadian rcfugeo rufiians,,'but ofin
dividua's in hcr Majesty's scr ice, who resortcd
to this characlcristic cxpedient to kccp nlivc
tho excitcment along ihe fronticr, nnd thus sc
curc to hcmselvcs a continuancc of "pay and
NEW YORK BANKS.
Therc has rccently becn quite a stir among
the New York Safety Fund Bnnks, and ihe re
port was current that therc had been a general
crash. Il is now supposed that they will gcn
erally stand their ground. For the iuformation
ofour rcaders we copy ihe following from the
Albany Argu. ofDc. 15.
All tho banks are at par, or i pcr ccnt, dis
count, save the following, which are redeemed
by thc Comptroller, but at a hcavy discounl.
Cattaraugus Co. Bank.
Bank of Commerce, Bnffalo.
Bnnk of Westcrn N. Y., Rochester.
D- S. Bank, BufTalo.
Mechanics' Bank, BulTnlo.
Eric Co. Bank, do.
Phcenlx Bank, do.
Bank of Amcrica do.
Merchants' Ex. Bb. do.
Union Bnnk. do.
Farmcrs' Bank Seneca Co., Rcal Estates
Millcrs' Bank, do.
Tcnth Ward Bank.
The following are not redeemed nt all :
Allegany Co. Bank.
Bank of BufTalo.
Statcn Island Bank.
Bnnk of Orleans,
Washington Bank, N. T.
Commercial Bank, Oswego.
Clinton Co, Bank.
St. Lawrence Bank. Wo undersland that
this inslilution suspended paymcnt last week.
Wc are adviscd that efforts will be made to
rcsume wiihin the ten days prcscribcd by law,
wiiich wo hope will provo succcssful as the
failureofthis inslitulion will be productivc of
very serious consequences to many of tho
Stockholdcrs. Ogdensburgh Times, Dec. 8.
27th CONGR,ESS-2d Session.
Tuesday, Dccanbcr 14.
IN SENATE.-The Journal of prorccdings
was rcnd, but not including thcbiandtug Com-
mittce of ihe Scssion, as was cxpcctcd
Pctilions were presented by Alr. Evans,
when tho Presidenl of tho Scnate laid before
tho Scnate a Rpport in relulion to itisolvcut
deblors. Alsoan abslracl ofthe expenses of
thc Indian Department.
Thc prcsiding officcr of tho Scnate then
announccd thc sevcral Standing Commitlces of
ihe Session as follows :
Committees on Foreign Relations Messrr.
Rives, Presion, Buchanan, Tallmadge, and
Commitlcc on Financc Mcssr.s, Evans,
Mnncum, Woodbury, Bajard, and Berrien.
Committcc on Commerce Messrs. Hun
tington, VVoodbridge, King, Barrows, aud
Coinmiltcc on Mnnufaclurcs Messrs. Sim
monds, Archer, Millcr, Buchanan, and Morc
hcad. Committee on Agricul'.ure Messrs. Linn,
Bntcs Barrow, Smilli, of Con , and Sturgeon.
Committee on Military AfT.iirs Messrs. Pres
ton, Mcrrick, Kenton, Archer, and Piercc.
Committee on ihe Militia Messrs. Plielps,
Fulton, Smilli, ofls., Wil'.iams and McRob
erts. Committee cn NaYal Affairs Mcssrs. Man
gurn, Archer. Williams, Choatc, and Bayard.
Commilteo on tlio Dislrict of Columbia
Messrs. Bajard, Young, King, Kerr, & Rives.
Commit'ec on Private Land Claiins-SIcssrs.
Smilli ofls., Tallmadge, Huntington, and Pres
ton. Commit'.ee on Indian Afl'airs-Mcssrs. More
head, IFliite, Sevtor, Phelps, nnd Bcnlon.
Nv,:i.. w... tuji.-j J T '
Lomrmitee on Claims Messrs. Graham.
Porler, hite, Young. King
omitteo on Pensmns Messrs. Bntf.
Piercc, Allcn, Graluim. and Sevier.
Cnmmiiteu on the Library Messrs. Pren
tis. Tappan. and Choatc.
Committee on Patents Mcssts. " Preston,
Porter, Henderson, Mouton. and Sturecon.
Committee on Public BuilJings Keir, Ful
ton, anu bivans.
Tlm fnllnwlnn nnmm;n. i.
. c, " ""'r',i'ITl,'-;derstand
tcd by the Spcakcr ofthe House ofRenMPnin
il.o : , .t. 1 1-u i 1 .
tivcs. in addition to those nublished vcs pntnr.
Commnir.,, o .hn nvnAn,i;, ' .ul e" i
DeDanmnn.Arnr "n e
, . " " ' """u,t". - X.
Ciiarles Hudson, Mass., IViW
iam M. Qli
M. V .ti, ir Tt.,.'.. : : " "ur;
allV .7" . """"" onn- illiam
Committeeon lhc Exoenditure, f,I,. T..
ury Department. Messrs. A. L v
V., Samson Mason. Oh; s ' n . I
ridee, N. Y
, N. Y.. Uaac n. i' :X "rV url" !
Irvinsr, Penn. - ' """n i
Commilteo on Expenditures
Department.- Messrs. Jamcs J uJtr Vr,
C, Thomas A. Tomlinson, N. Y Pn.J is '
i . 't t v v """ny Vonn. Archi
bald, L. Lynn, N. Y.
Committeeon Expenditures in the Navv
UepartmenL nlcssrs. 1 homas Joncs Jorke
N. J., Wm. Simonton. Penn., Nathaniel B
Borden, Mass., Alex. H. H. Stuart. Va., Wil-
us urcen, iU'.
Committee on Expenditures in the Post Of-
ucc Uepanment.--Messr3. Joshua A. Lowell,
,i ."nsloPner aiorgan, M. Y.. Wm. II.
Washington, N. C, Linn, Bovd, Kv., Henry
b. Lan", Ind. " J
Cominilleo on Expenditures on the Public
Buidings.-Messrs. Cavc Johnson.Tenn., Seth
M. Gater, N. Y., Benjamin A. Bidlack.Penn
SamuelStokely.Ohio; Jacob Houck, jr?, N.'
Thursday, Dcc 10, 1841.
. rZ-ZP10' business 'ransacted w;
"u IB",r lo n cemmiltea on
nance tbc bill from the House of Reprcsenta
tives making provision for the civil expenses
of govcrnment for 1842, and toconsidcr thrcc
or four privatc bills.
A resolution, ofTercd by Mr. Preston, call
ing upon the Secretary ofthe Treasury for his
plan of fiscnl ngency was adoptcd ncm con.
Tho Senato then, on motion of Mr. Bentos,
adjourned over to Monday the 20th inst.
I; the House of Representatives. The
day wns spent iti discussing the qucstion of
refercnce of ceriain portions ofthe Prcsidcnt's
Message. Mr. Fillmore had movcd to refersn
much ofthc Message a? rclalcs to a TnrifTlo
the Committee on Manufaciures. This motion
Mr. Atherton proposed to amend bv substi-
tuting thc Commiltec on Ways and Mcans for
the Committee on Manufaciures. Mr. Wise,
Mr. Floweu of Georgip, Mr. Rhett of S. C,
Mr. Smith of Va.. and one or two o'.hers sup
ported thc rcfcrence to ihe Commiltec of Ways
and Means, on the sevnral grounds that it was
sfclely a queslion of revenue that "prolection"
was unconstitutional ihat nroteclion could nol
be incidcntal to rcvcnuc. ar.d that revenue cea-
sed where pro'tection began.
I On the olher hand, Mr. Fillmore.Mr. Briggs
and Mr. Irwin argued in favorof tho refercnce
ia uie uommuico on manuiaciures, uecause
ihis course was smctioned by prcccdcnt, and
becausc, thc neccssity of raising revenue bcing
conceded, thc principal inquiry rcmaining was,
what arlicles should bc made to pay duly, or,
in other words. since we must have a TarifT,
shall this TarifT recard or disrcgard thc manu
facturing interest of thc countrj a question
manifestly for the prcliminary invesligalion of
thc committee on Manufactures. The discus
sion ivas not closed when thc House adjourncd.
On Fridny the Senate did not sit.
In tho House, thc debato of Thursday was
rcsumcd, immediittly aftcr the reading ofthe
Journal and with great spirit- Mr. Joses, of
Va., led ofTthc discussion in fivor of tho refer
cnce to the commitieo on Ways and Means,
and argued at somo length to show that there"
was nolhing in ihe Prcsidcnt's Message which
con'.crnplated the prolection of manufacturers,
or proposed to discriminalo in lovying duties in
favor of protcclion. On the other sidc, Mr.
Hunt, of N. Y., Mr. Randolph, of N. J., and
Mr. Jos. R. Ikgebsoll, of Pa., spoko with
great tflecl and eloquence in favorof tho rcler.
once lo tho Committee on Manufaciures, and
in answer to the agumcnts thrown out ngainst
tho doctrino of prolection and of discriminalin!?
dutics. Mr. Imrersoll (iho worihvsuccpssnrof
iir. oargeani) scemstoliavo acquittcd himsclf
- . " .
most crcauaDiy in lns maiden specch. As on
Thursdav, thc dcbate was nrotractcd to ouito a
laio nour, anu ine liousc ao:ourncd wiilioul dis
posing ofthe qucstion. Thc rcsult ofthc dis
cu'sion is Iooked loo with great interest, as it
is consiucrco in some sort asa test qucstion on
me impormni suujcct ol thc l aritt.
House. December 10.
Mr. Wise was very glad that thc genilemnn
from New Hampshirc (Mr. Athcrlon) had
mado this motion : if hc had not, hc (Mr. W.)
snouia navo movcil it. Jt liad always been
the Icst qucstion. the queslion of refercnce,
betwccn tho tnrifT nnd anti-tarifTparties. Those
hcreioforc in lhc hislory of the tarifT qucstion
who had gone for protcclion per se, haJ cone
for the refercnce to the Cumrnittec on Manu
factures, and tr.oso who had gono for a tarifT
for rcvcnuo to supply the waats of tho Treas
ury, liatl votecl a referencc to tho Committee of
Wnys nnd nlcans.
Tho gcnllcman from Ilhode hlanil (Mr.
Tillinghast) had said there was a ponion of
ihis Message which recommonded protection
to manufactures, a tarifT of dutics for prolec
tion, and had undertakcn to rcad this Message
in such n mancer as to Iead to such an infer-
Hc (Mr. Wise) did not uso thc worda but
tho ideas ofthc gcnllcman, when he said that
tho gcnllcman had allcgcd that tho Prcsidcnt
had rccommcnded protection. Thero was
nothing in tho fllessuge which suggested any
such lhin. Ile then quoted vnrious passagcs
from tho Messago, showing, as ho contcnded,
ihat protcction was not intcndcd, but ihat ref.
ercnce wns had to fiscal objecis; to Treasury
ohjccts alonc, to rcvcnuc. Tho Messngo re
comme.ided a larifTof dutics for revenue; it
it admittcd a dulj of discriminaling for tho ob
ject of revenue ; and wiihin the litie of rcvcnuo
gentlemc:) might ascribe to thcmsclvcs the
right of protcction, if they plcased- Not ono
inch beyonJ a tarifT revenue did it go. It
miglu be said that thc part whiclj admi'.ted
lhc right of discriminatioii ought to go to thc
Commitieo on Manufictures ; but tl cy could
not separate lhc two parts, and it ought to bc
refcrred to the Commilteo of wavs and Means.
In ihe first place, becausc the'tariflf recom
mended was a tarifT of revenue, nnd in thc
next place, bccause protcction was mcrely in
cident. The question was whether the princi.
pai suouiu covern llie reiercr.cp. or n mnre in.
cident. The centlcman
incioent govcrn the principal, nnd carrv thi:
whole subject to tho Committee on Manufac
tures, lo raiso a tarifT for the protection o
Mr. Foster (a repnrt of whose remarks will
appear hereafier) advocatcd the rcfcrence to
tho Uommittec of Ways and Means.
nt ri ......
mr. uncti saia nis objecl was to call tho at
icminn 01 me iiouse lo llic characlcr of this
' e ncm. He did not un
tho message ns recommendinf nro
ip .s .'t-LU,nmBnu'''g pro
iwuuii uauii, or a inriii wiin n
:..T. '"'.,a u,i" n v w 10 Prolec
.ULl 'iy lor revenue. Me must con.
ess.u,c message did also mtimatc that discrim
inatlOIl initr ithH sn mnonc
lo nrotect mnnti.
laciures. vncn a duty was rnade for tho nur
yose of revenue. could it induce to nmtt hn?
F,?lA7. Way .wh,ch do.me.s,,c Pducer
W . a "C Denealea, be by having h.s man
lUTes co"s.umed. inslead of the foreign man
"'aciurcs which would como in. This xvas the
only way in which he could bo benefited: and in
I this noint of vimrlinw ti-ne it nn-'.l!
lno a dut" for revcnue and protection? Prc
Cl -v where 000 lnterc9t cornmenced the oih
er cndcd. If tho two ohjccts were incompati
ble and inconsistent wiih each other. as ho
conienoed, what did they proposc by the im
I'uauiuu oi auiies uniess dulies were laid
, i ; mauuiatiurer, anu tor
thn, i . ." 01 conwcrce; uniess that was
r7 ' rr'S" 01 ' Mouse, duties must bc
question onf,"-1 the
IrmA , ,i.JA?..d"'le8 for 'evenue be rc-
Tho timehad now" comec ZJ,
mustbesettled; nine yeVah ha qUCS-"n
edonthisfloor mii tJ
islaiing on the first step he uraed thm . P
careful to commit tho subject to the commiit
io which it belonged. If the house intendpf
duty for revenue, or iiicidentally for prolection,
the fubiect should no to Mhe Uommittee or
Ways and Means. Ifthc principal bencfit
was of protection, thc sobicct should go to the
commitiee on manufactures.
Jtfr Smith ofVirginia said he would brieflv
bring lo tho'notice of tho house the real and
proper cbaracter of the queslioa before them.
Ho then went into an hiitoricai examination
of the cxistencc ofseveral committees, showing
that beforo the creition of the committee on
manufactures, its duties had been performed
by tho commiltec on commerce, togcther with
lhc prescnt dulies of this committee. Hu
then continucd. When thc spirit of protcc
tion began to minifcst ilself, thc commiitce on
manufaciures was made, nnd now the question
was whether the commitlce od manufactures
for the purposc of protcction, should be recog
nized as inthe powerof Congress. If the power
of protcclion werc unconstitutional. clearly the
committee on manufaciures niust be. The
queslion then was, whether the house meantto
look toa larifTonly for revenue, or for prolcc
lion? If for revenue, what use was there for
the committee on manufactureal lls powcrs
could be cmbraced as formerly, under tlrecom
mittee"! on commerco and ways and means,
and thc committee was nltogether unnecessary.
Correspmdcnce o"ttcJV. Y. Tribune.
Washington. Monday, Dec 20
The annual report of tho Secretary of lhc
Treasury was laid before tho House to day, at
a late hour of its scssion, and is not yct recciv.
ed by lhc Scnate. From the hasty glanco I
was cnabled to tako of it, l perceive itpresents
the condition ofthe Ireasurv for the current
year in the samc mnnncr as laid down in thc
Prcsident's mcssae, viz. total receipts for
1841, 631.397 512 80: expenditures 31,
035,079 70 : Ieavin" a deficit on the 1st of
January next of 8027,557 70. To supply
which an immcdiato i&suc of Treasury Notes
For the ycar 1842 the eslimates are as fol
low Receij t from Cusloms(including dutics
accruiuz in 1841 and pavableSin 1842 to ihe
amount "of S3.400.000,) S19.000.000 ; Treas
ury Notes, 50,000 : misccllaneous, 150,000 ;
nmounlinn o $19,200,000 : from which do-
ducling the estimatcd deficit on the 1st of Jan
uary, 1842 of 8627,559 90, leaves the total
revenue for 1842, S 18,572,440 10. The ex
pcnditures for 1842 (includin? 7,000,000 for
the rcdcmptiou of Treasury Noles) aro csli-
mated at 532,791,000 78 ; leaving a deficit at
ihe end of 1842 to bo provided for, ofS14,218,
570 68 ! ! This looks disaslrous in the ex
trcmo. Farthur particulars of thc Report will
In the House, Mr. Snyder of Pa. mado an
unsucccssful attcmpt to ofTer the resolution a-
doptcd uy lhc scnate, in relation to pnnting.
Mr. Sladc addrcsscd the house for two hours
and a half, entcring into tho general suhjcct, in
favor ol a protective tarifT, and advocating the
rcicrcncc to Ihe committcc on manufactures.
Hc made lhc basis of his specch rcsoiu'ions
adoptcd by tho iiCgisLture of Vermont, m
strocting their Scnntors and rcquesting their
ucpresenintives to doal in iheir powcr for the
adoption ef a protectivo tarift. Ihe commit
tcc on manufactures was thc otTsprincofn
prolcctivo policy. Intouii examination ofthe
origin and hislory of this policy he cnlercd.
It cornmenced with the very origin ofour gov.
ernmcn ; to show that it had bcen a seliled
policy of Govcrnment ho refcrred at length to
Mcssajes of washinnlon, JefTurson, Madlson.
J Q. ' Adams and Jackson. all of whom had
favored il. IIc polntcd out clearly iho bene-
fits ofthe protectivo policy, not only to the
IV orth, but to all portions ofthc country. With
out protcction, the niarket in tho North fur the
crcat slaplo of cotton would be destroved : the
Southcrn cotton would in ten or fifteen vears
be superfedcd in tho Brilish market by the cot
ton of'ihcir East India posscssions, and it was
ulleily a suicidal policy for Iho South to under-
take to prostratc the maufacturiac lnlc.'csts: it
would soon appear so, nnd tho timo was not far
dislant when they would have most efhcient
support from gcntlcmcn from tho Southcrn
Statcs :n favor of this policy.
Cpina. An overland mail had nrrived
from Clnna, with intclligcnce to tha 24th of
August. The truce conliuued unbrokcn nl
The bulk ofthc Canlon ransom-monev hnd
becn dispatchcd by hcr majesty's ships Cal.i
ope and Conway : thc former carryinjT two and
ahalf millionsof dollars Io Cnlculla, where she
arnvcd m safety on thc 4ih of A ugust ; tho
la'.ler being cntruslcd with iwo millions dircct
An inventory of tho nmount of propcrty be.
Ionging !o Kcshcn, which has just bcen confis
calcd, has been pubhshcd ns value cxcceds
thrce millions of puunds sterling ! mostly ex
traclcd in bnbcs from Ihe Hcng merchants,
from opium speculalions, & illegitimate imposis
ot tradc. 1 i.c lorlunc ol Kcshen is onc of ma
ny similar ones acquircd by like infamous
Sir Henry Pottinger had bcen at Canton.nnd
tssud a r.otihcation to tho Brmsh merchants lo
keep themselves out ofthe way of dangcr, as it
wasprouabie that liostililies might soon rccom
Sir Henry Pottinger at Macao, issued a
proclamation, in which he distineilv IpIU ih
Europcans that lhc pcrfidy of the "Cninese is
weii unuerstood'-that he shall res noct thc ex.
isting truce lut that tho Chineso will brcak it
und that ihcn he is prepared to do any thing to
corupel "an honorable nnd lasling peacc."
Thc following are tho condiiions which Sir
nenry roitingcr has bcen mstructed to demand
us me uasis ol a trcaty of pcaco : 1st, thc open
ing oi all the Ciuneso ports situatcd on thc
.nsicrn coast lo all iiuropcan naiions without
cxccpiion, who will be rjcrmitted
subjecl lo a modcrale duty on tho entry nnd de'
panure oi me vessels. 2d. Thc abolition of
uio monopoiy niinerlo cnioyed by the Honir
Merchants. 3d, The apnointmenmrnn p.,i;.i,
AiiiuaMouur io ri-sice at t le Lourt of Pvhlr. .
4th, Indemnity to tho Brilish merchants for the
Ioss sustamcd oy lhc dcstruction of nnmm nn
.1 I 1 : . r.t . i I ,
uiu auuiiiiun oi me iraoc.
Fanaticism. In the Lcuislatnrr! nfflpnr-
gia. a Mr. Howarrl, from thc majorilv ofthe
committee on thestatcof Rcpublic, made a
report io uic iiouse on the 10th, denoun-
cing all and singnlar the acts of the extra
scssion, denounciiigspecifically thc support
civen to them bv Mr. Berrien. and esrjec
tally condemninghis opposition to the vcto
powcr, and hissupport ofthe confirmation
of Hon. Edward Evcrelt. as MinwtPi- i
jngiana. l ne oommittce snva
"Thc ground upon opoosition lo that nn-
poinlment isbased, is bclieved'hv thln'i
mittce toucra sound ono. w hii-li 5f u ua
i - . . . . v -
oeen carnca out dv the reiectionorrTr TV.
crett vvould. have cxerciscd a salutarv influ
cnce inallaying. abolition movements.ana
tnus have contrihuted bothto tlie peace
andsccuntyfothe whole countrv- P
A NatIOKAL AGRiaii.TninT s- .
bspn formed in. Washington city.
Tuesday Morning, Dec. 28, 1841.
It will be seen in this papcr, that an inter
csting debate in Congress has sprungup incl
dentally upon a motion to refer that part ofthe
President's messago which telates fo the iar
iffto the commitieo on manufactures. The
opponenU of protection prcfcr the committee
of ways and means. The rcsult of the vote
upon the refercnce will afibrd somcthing more
than an inkling of thc final decision of con
eress UDon this vastly imporiant subiect. Al-
though pnrty lines aro not so invariably observ
ed in relation to the TarifT as to other meas
ure?, the samc rank bostility to protcction
which has been manifestcd in the Globe, Evc
ning Post, Journal of Commerce, N. H. Pat
riot, and other Ioco prints, characterizes the
great body ofthc opposition in congress. This
party seem to bo weddcd to southern policy as
by an indissolublo bond.
Thc grounds taken by the anti.fariffitcs are,
that duties imposed with any view to protec
tion are unconstitutional.
Incidcntal advantagcs mny rcsult to thc
manufacturing interest from a TarifT for rev
enue; but discrimination for this purposc would
be wholly inadmissible. Messrs. Foster and
Smith, southcrn men, conccivc that the com
mittee on manufactures is ilself unconstitu
tional, and should be abolishcd. Messrs. Wise.
Profit and othcrs, the familiar fricnds of the
Presidcnt declare that when the Prcsidcnt
speaks of discriminating dutics "with reference
lo domestic policy, connected teith our manufac
iures," ho has no other object in view but thc
revenue, and would wholly discountcnance a
TarifT for protection.
Thus is the doctrine boldly avowed, that an
American congress have no constitutional
right to lay duties for protcction, nor in Iaying
duties for revenue mcrely, have they a right
fo discriminate for the bencfit of any of the
great intcrcsfs of the country. The interests
of manufacturcr at Icast with which those of
tho agriculturists are so cntwined, that they
must survivc or pcrish togcther, arc scofied at
by southcrn insolcnce, and like thc pctitions of
Abolitionists are evcn dcnicd a committee to
"ivc thcm r hearing in tho councils of the
How dificrent arc thcso vicws from those of
the founders of our Union, and thc framers of
the conitilution. It is said that tho very first
petition over presented to congress was in fa
vor of protection. The second act of con
grcss rccognized thc principlc, and in 1816 tho
South with Calhoua at their head, imposed up
on the country the American System which
they now so fiercely denounce. Tho powcrs
which the modern Lycurguses would dcny to
thc constitufion are not only cssential to our
piospcrity, but indispensible to our indcpcn-
dcncc as a pcople. Foreign naiions may
drive our commerce from the ocean, our mcr
chants from their countcrs.our mechanics from
their shops, and our manufactures from their
looms and their gpindlcs. They may rob our
farmcrs of two thirds of the valuo of their
producc in their port before they will sufTcr it
to bc sold in their markcfs.
In short, foreign spcculators and sharpcrs
may roam unrestraincd through thc Union,
sweepingour currency into their pockets,
swclling with wcalth, just in pfoportion as our
own citizcns shnnk into paupcrism; and wc
may bc compelled fo survey the sccnc of plun
der and impovcrishment in despair. Thc on
ly snield ot dclcnce is wrested from our hands.
Thc TarifT must bc imposed for revenue
alone Protectivo dutics, and retaliatory cn
acimcnis are beyond tho powers which the
consfitution has confcrrcd upon that covern
ment fo whose guardianship thc common wel-
fare is cntrusted.
Such is lhc wrelchcdsfafe of imbccilily and
ruin to which thc worthlcss abstractionism of
the South have already rcduccd us. Our rcv-
olutionary fathere fought for the frcedom lo
tradc where they plcased. and to manufacturc
what they pleascd, of which Britain attempt
ed lo dcpnve us. But wo havo now voluntari
ly assumcd the shacklcs which hcrarmics and
iu vuiii aiicmpica io nx upon us. w c
arc as completcly the vassals of British wcalth
and grea'.ncss as wc should havo bcen in a
stato of colonial dcpcndencc.
Is it not time that this palsied nation had
awakoncd to a scnsc of thc wretched thraldom
to which Southern sclfishness has rcduccd us?
Is it not timo wc should look around and con
tcmplatc the horrid abyss into which we arc
stupidly and rapidly plunging? If Southern
men cling for slave Iabor alonc, lel tho dem
ocracy of Northern working.men unite for
tho free Iabor of their own hands; and Ict slavc-
holders distinclly undersland, that if they in-
sist upon hmiting thc policy and consfitution
of the country to cotton growing, and worsc
shall come to worse, the North will cxpand the
inierpretationot the motto vrolecllon to free
laooriar Deyond its ordinary acceptation.
ln pursuit of a fair protcction to domcs
ticindustry, which alonc can save them
from personal penury, and national weakness
and degradation, their watchword is, victory or
death. Vermont calls UDon her renrpsnnfn.
tivcs with a firm unitcd voico to rallv under the
banncr of protcction, and in relation to South.
ern abstractionism ignoranco and cvtricc, to
adopt the motto "head them or die." Heavcn
forbid that a doeface should be found among
the reprcscntatiyes of our noble little state. If
wc cannot have protection, tho wierd sisfcrs
may as well wind np the destinies of tha na
tion first as hut.
To the Cifltnr oflbe reoplc'i Prtti:
Sir I now pnceed, as I have before intimai
ed I sbouhl. ifablc to doso, to s'ats somt what at
large. the reasons which bave irresisiibly led me
to the conclusion that the following article inihe
Consliiilutiiin of this State, making provision for
iis amsndraent, ought to be abolishcd :
Sict. 43. In ordcr that tlie freedom of thu oom.
monvrcalth may bo prcservtd inTiolato forevor, tlicro
ahall bo cliicn by bjllol, by thc frccmon of lliii state.
on ths lat Wcdnediy In Marcb, m the ynzr onu
ihoimiid ssron liunflrcd and ninely.ninc, and cn tlm
lait Wcdncday !n March, in erery lersn year
thereancr, thirtaen prrsons. who ahall bo choacn iti
tho sarao manncr as thc council is chosen, cxcept
that they iliall not bo out of tho council orgcnsralaf
s.mbly. tn bo callcd the coimcil ofeen,or,, whoJhaH
raect logctlicr on thc first Wcdncsd&y 0f June ocit
ensuing theirclection, ths majorlty of whom ahall bo
a quorum in cvcry cajs, except as to callinc a-coB-ventjon,
in which two thirds ofthe whole numbor
elccted shall agrce; and whose duty it shall bo to
inquire whother the constitution has bcen prescrrcd
inviolate in every part during tha last septonarj,
(including tbe ycar of llifir servicc,) and nlictlicr
tho legislitivo and exscutive brancbcs of govrrn
msnt have pcrftrmcd their duty as gusrdians ot tho
pccplc, oi asiunrcd to themselves. or cxerciscd other
or grealer powers than they aro cntilled lo by Iho
conttituiton. They aro also to inqoiro wholherthe
public taxcs have beenjustly laid and collectodin all
parts of tha ccmmonvrt altb ; in what manner tln
public monies have b:en disposed of, and whether tho
laws havo bcen dulr erccutcd. For thess purposes
they shall have power to send for pcrsons, papen
and rccords ; they shall have powcr to pas publia
conturei, to order impeaehmcnts, ar.d lo rccoinmanit
to tho lcglslaturo the rereiling such lawa as shall
appoar lo thera to have bcen pa3srd ccntraty to tho
principlcs of the constitution ; thcso powers they
shall continuo to havo for and during the spaco of
ono year from tho day of their elccti'm and no longer.
The said council of censors shall also havo powtr to
call a convonlinn, to mect within two ycars afler
their sitling, if thero appears to them an absolulo
neccssity of amcnding any arlicle of this constitulion
which may bo dcfcctire, cxplaining such as may bo
thougbt nol clearly expressed, andnf adding such as
are neccssary, for the presorvalion of the righls and
happiness of Ihe peoplo. But tho arlicles to bo amend.
ed, and tha amcndmonts proposed, and such articlcg
as are proposed to bo addcd or aboliihcd, shall b-i
promulgatcd al lcasl six monlhs bcfcrj the day ap.
pointed for tho elcction of such convcntion, for tho
previous consideration of the pcoplo, that they maj
havc an oppcrlunity cf in.tructing Iheir dvlegates on.
thc sul j'ct.
We fii:d at the present day mankind mav be
dividcd inlo three class- s. Theclass wliich'firsl
attracts our notice, because tlie most noisvnnd
blustering. consists of Ihose who take as a starting
point, ihe fact, that we arc the most enlighleneil
people of this most enlighlened nge, and have
inaueso rapiu auvances anu .-ucli vasl improve
men's in all sciunc-s, especially thc science of
SOTcrnment, that it is altoueihcr nrt-nasirrnn t.
tread in ihe foolsteps of ourmorc ignorant prede
cessors; that any aiid evcry clnnge is prima
facie an improvement, and therrfore very cot:
sistently, (ifindeed they can be said to bc ron
sislent in any thing,) prefer a uevly invcnted
machine, (huugh ntvei put in nperation, to any
one which has long been in successful operatioo.
There isanotlier class, who without fxaminaiioti
li.'.card every thinz which is new, as a sillv
moi'crn invrnticn, and are fatally fixed by ths
force of habii, in a course from which Ihey can
nnt he.ioduceJ to deviaie. Wne !he whole" wor'd
comp'isrd of such men, it wnufd soon come lo a
dead stand. Now I wisb all i.nd every inJivid
ual of hoih ihrsc clatses distinclly to undersUnd
that I have not one word to sav lo ihem. For
until ihe first clas wi'I descend from Iheir airv
height and come down lo ihe levtl with common
ense and co.nmon e-xperience, and the other class
will hursl their shell and extrcistrihe reason ihat
God has eiven them. it U uiterlv u.elrsi. tn t-.it-
i ) cilher.
But thtre is belween ihese twn. n far morp n
mero is class, whi rely principallv on theJiMit nr
experience as a Euide, an I are caulious in iryinft
expermenls, but at Ihe same time are dcvnuily
ihankful lo iheir Maker that I;e ha, made man
capable of improvement and has endowed Jiim
with reason, by the proper i-xercise of which he
can improvc himself and ihe sovernment under
which helivcs. With tUU class of my fellow
citizens, I have a strong desire to hold a conver
sation. Fornewhat piot acled, on the subject of
aboliVhing the liirrgoing arlicle ofthe Constim-
tion. 1 wih it iiiishl bclilrr.illv a conv. rs.mfnn
an intcrchanse ofour viewson the si.bjeci ; it
would be as rleasant s ii would nn. fii.nl, i,.,-
But since I nm deharred ihis privileffe. 1 pan rnli-
civc lhrin my views m the subject. And ultlio'
i ao noi oeneve tnere h one in Inis ninihern cli
maie, who would thiok ii dihincrable to clmnge
his opininn, when cnnvineed of his ciror yet
I have not ihe vanitv to behcve. that I shnll i,
able to change opin ons which hsve bcen de!ib
eratily formed on a careful examinmian nf tUn
arlicle. Still I do flatler rayself that I can r.vo
someaidin formingr nn xpinion in tlie subjct.
to those who have paid no narlicular aii.-mlnr.
the article; nnd I have reason to believethisclas
of persons h very numerous, from the fact that
althoush, as is known to somc, I have for'ncir
half a century, considered our Consiitution ila"
fective, and been anxiou? to sce it amended, and
made conformahle to the conslituiions nrnriTh.
borin" States. vet I have no rerolUrtinn it t r
erer lurned a thought upon this arlicle wiih a
view of foiminjr an opinion, whether itdid. nrdi.l
not provide the best mode ofamending ihe Con
stitution, but naturally thought favorably of it
because 1 c in$idc.ed. err.miously, I now perceive
that it piovided the only mode in which the Con
stitution could be amended. But cn adverlin"
to what occurred at the .last conveniion. I Rna
pected that the strenuous and nearlv cncctual
opposition to the article consituting'a Senate,
arose from the very singular, if nol nbsurd pro
vision of ihe artiijc under considcration. Tliis
arrested my attenlion aDd led me to a verv rnru-
ful examination of all i s prorisions. And altho'
I could but thinkthat the mode nrnvidp r.,
amending the Consliiution, was not in nccordance
with the great principle on which our goyern
menlsrest, and extremely inconvenien'" yet I
could not l:ut doubt the correciness of my views
on ihe subiect. from the fact that thU nnM i,nri
remained m our Consliiution, unaltercJ fr.im its
first formatioo, in.thefyear 1778, and ihat at the
end of every seven years, we had elected a coun
cil of Censois, all of vvhom, except one, had re
commended amendmenls to ihe Constitution, but
none of thcm had propst?d to alleror abo!ih this
arlicle. And I could not believe it was because
they considered orrather, lnsensibly feh that it
would be a suicidal act. strikinr themselves out ol"
existence, and I thought no more or the subject,
until I learned ihat tbe present Council of Cen
sors, contempiaieu proposing ceriain amend
ments to the Consliiution. Tnis brought the
subject ng-ain to view, and I cannot bnt fbink it
deservingtheattentinn ofthe Conncil of Censors
and the pcople. I shall iherefore proceed, as
pr-'posed in t'e outsef, to slate the reaons which
have8atisned my raind, that the article onght to
be abolishcd. But before wc nroceed to n n,ti..
ular examination of the provision contained in
ihe ariWe, ir may bc well to nsepri.-vn n,i,,i,i
there be any thing more extrinsic, which ou"ht
tohave any weisht in deciilinf tb
whether the article onght to be abolishcd, or re
lained in 'he Constitulion. 1 have already siatcd
what wei'ht its lonsr coniinnnn th r.n,:.
luii 'u had with me, and it may, probably have
the s ime wcight wiih oihers. I will then, adrer
io ine ongm ot thearticlein Pennsylvania where
was first frametl and nuWc a part of ih? Crj(