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title: 'The Middlebury people's press. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1841-1843, January 04, 1842, Image 1',
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II. BELIi,....Editor and Proprietor.
MIDDLEBURY, VT. JANUARY 4, 1842.
VOLU3IE VI, NUMBER 33
Ix TIIIS I'AI'ER ake ruBLisnED tiie Pcblic
Oroers, Resoltjtioxs, Laws, Fcblic
Tjieaties, Ect. of tiie United States.
The PciiPLE's Pbe?s tJ prinled in the Brick
Building North endof IheBridge, by
by xehom all orders for printins Books, PampJtlels,
Bills. Cards, Sj-c, ofevery dcscription,eill be neally
indfashionably excculed, al zhorl nolice.
TERMS OF THE SIXTH VOLUME.
lndivitluafe nntl Companlcs who lake st Ihe officr ,
or 1,50 cent if jiaid Irrsii montlis.
Companlca on gtae rnuleff, ....
nr 1,50 II patd in elx montlis.
Tliose who lake of Pojtriders,
Compatiies and intllvhliials ofl the route
nr 1.30. 1T naid in six montlis.
No pipers discontinufil until arreara'cs arc patd, eiceul at tlic
oplion ot lil pmpneior. iio paymcmaio vanicrsattuwcu m.
ceptor 'ered l.y tiie pioprietor.
, Atl communications mustbe adJrcsscd to the cjitor Post Paid
Sheep Husbandry. According to llie bcst
calculaiions, thcrc aro 34,000,000 sheep in tlio
Unton. This is an increase of about 5,000,000
wiiliin ihe three last years. Tlieso aro worlli
at a fair calculation, 70,000,000. About one
fifth of all lhesc, arc found in the singlo State
of New York. Tricse siiccp, at tlirce siiccp to
ihe acrc, would reqtiire 11,000.000 ncrcs for
lheir feed, worth S12 per ncre ; mtiking.to
ihe amountof $132,000,000 investcd in lai.ds.
Aggregaie amnunt investcd in sheep hus
bnndiy in the United States, is,
In siiccp, - - . $08,000,000
Tiie nnnual crop of wool is cstimatndat 9;),.
000,000 Ibs. and worlli nearly 40,000,000.
CoNSUMrTION ON FoltEIGN LuXDRIES IN THE
U. S. Under this liead the N. Y. Tribune
p.ivcs the fu'.lowing statcment o( tho luxuries
importcd form Foreign Countries, with the a
mount of tho same arlicles cxportcd from lhc
United Strtics for the year ending Sep'. 30,
1840. Thc balance may be con. ideicd as the
vilua of lhosc luxurirs consumed in thc U.
States in one year. Wc vcnturo to say that
btit fe-.v of our citizens nre aware of tlio lirgc
anionnt wc pay nnnuully for luxuries nlouo, all
of which o could do vuthout, and mostofthem
wtlh lieciticd advaiitngo.
Tnas 85,417,959 81.358.044
CoiRe S,.rj4G,222 9S0.39S
Cocoa 1G1.3S9 140.901
Fruils 1.404,889 7J,12I
Spiccs 553.939 3CC915
Wtnes 2,209,176 171,004
Sptrits 1,592.504 145,393
Ale and Tortcr 135,4e5 2,070
Checsa 23,229 5,840
Silks 1 0.932,191
Jcwelry fc Prec's Suines 2iiI,5U()
Tolal Imported 833,075.155 $4,259,210
" !iporled 4.253.210
To pay for ihese luxuries requircs tho fol'ow
ing anioinil of urticles exporicd duiing thc
Exporls ofSundry Arlklrs in 1840.
Specic, Bu'iion, Foreign Gold and
Gold and Silver Coin of U. S. 2.235,0:17
Fish Oii. Wlnlrboiio nnd Candl s, 3.19S.370
B-ef, Tai'ow and Ilides 623,373
Pork, Hacon, Laid and live Ilogs 1,801,895
B itter and Cliecsc 210,750
llorsis, ft!u!esand Sheep 277,018
tVhe.it and Flour 11,700 093
ladian Corn and Meal 1,043.576
Rve Meal, Ilvc. Oats atid olhcrgroin 2S4.324
liijcuit or Sii'ip Bread 425,988
l'otaioes and Applcs 99,655
Flax Sctd 120,000
Hop. 1 1,235
Put and Peail Ashcs 533.193
05A National Agrictillural Meeling took
plaeo in thc Uall ofthe Housc of Represcnta
tives at Washington on Wednesday. at 4. P. M.
It was numerouslv attended bv Members of
Congress.and "lany enterprising Agriculturists
from various States. h was also cheered by
the presence of a brilliant circle of ladies.
Hon. Jajies AI. Garnett, of Virginia, was
appointed President ; Senator Linn of Missou
ri. Hon. Edmund Deberry of North Cnrolina,
Joseph Gales Esq. of the district of Columbia,
Dr. Jamcs flr. Thompson of Delaware. Benja
inin V. French Esq.of Alnssachustts.and James
S. Gifibrd of IHinois, Vice Presidents ; J. F.
Callan or tho District of Columbia, a:id R. E.
Horner of New Jersey, Sec-retaries.
A Commiltee of eight was appointed to prc
pare a Constitution for the Society, which was
reportcd, ameiided. and adoptetl.
Thc President delivered an Addrcss on tnk
ing the Chair.
One of the beneficial objccts intended, bc
side the improvement in Agriculturc. by this
Societv.is by the aid of Government, Civil.Mil.
itarv and Naval offiicers abroad, to cbtain for
eign seeds,roo!s,fruits and otherarticlcs through
our Uonsuls. and otlier uovernmcnt otncers,
which rniy be useful and valuab'e to our farm
crs in diflbrcnt parts ofthe United States.
Tiie Tabiff. In accordance with lhc
first section of the compromise act, there will
be a rcduction ofduties, after the 31st inslant
to the amount of half the excess over 20 per
cent. Thc duty on wool (worth over cicht
ccnts per pound,) will be reduccd from 32 per
cent to 26;woolen manufacturcs gunerallv
28 to 29 ; iron manufacturcs, also cotton, Jew.
clry, c!ock3 and cutlery, from 23 to 21 ;
hats and furs from 26 to 33 , ready made cdoth
ing38 to 29, and nlmost every thing elso in
thc samo proporlion.
MISCELL ANE0US .
Correspondenee of the JV. Y. Amcritait.
STORMING OF FORT ERIE.
But hero wo are at the Ferry. We cros3
thy strcam Niagara. Wc stand on British
ground. Generous and gallant blood has
dceply stained itssoil. Observe the works
the old stone fort facing the rutn the rcmains
of ramparts and trenches stretching along
here a bastion and there further on a rcdoubt
there again lincs and carth works, forming
a continuous circlc of defence,- but now fast
crumbling to lts original level. Tlieseare, or
rathcr were, tho Fort and defcnces of "Foiit
Erie." Somc years since I rode ovcr the
ground with our kind and exccllent fricnd the
Major. With great intcrcst I listencd to Iiis
narration of the part of tho campaign acted
upon this spot and thc adjoining country. I
will repeat it to you as we ridc ovcr it. Jump
yourhorse up this crumbling mound it was
a bastion. Standing on this bastion, hcrc,
said thc Major, wc had thrown up our lines,
making thc work as strong as prar.ticable.
The British had erccted vcry formidable works
about half a mile in front, thc forcst interven
ing, composed of a large stone battery on their
left. and two strong rcdoubts, from which they
kcpt up an inccssant discharge of shot and
shclls for sevcral successivc days, which was
returned by us with cqual vigor. A shell
from their batteries having fallcn upon il.blcw
up onc of our small magazincs but with tri
fling injury to ihe rcst of our dcfenceif. Mts
calculating the damage, and clatcd with thc:r
success, Gen. Gaincs reccived secret informa
tion that they intcndcd to cndcavor to carry
thc works by storm on the following night.
That night, said lhc Major, I shall not soon
forget. It sct in infcnsely dark, and very
cloud-, very favorahle to thc dcsign of thc en.
cmy. Every thing was put in the fullest state
of prcparalion to rcccive thcm. Thc men
cnthusiaslically awaiting the attack, were or
dercd to lie on their arms. E.xtcnded along
thc lines, and manning the bastion and fort,
our little army, in pcrfect silencc, awaitcd
Thc forest had benn clcarcd about threc
hundrcd yards in front of our works beyond
that. were, as you scc, thc woods. As tho
night worc on, wc listencd with carnestncss to
cvcry sound. A little after midnight, ws hcard
on the ilry leavcs ihe stcalthy sound of foot
stcps pat patter pattcr. Wc listencd they
came ncarer. A short sharp challcngc, ''who
goc3 thcrel" issucd from the farthcr rcdoubt.
The foofs'eps ccascd, as if irrcssolutc to ad
vance or reccdc, and all was. still. Anothcr
quick challengc a tattlo of tho musket, as it
fell into thc hollow of thc hand, followed thc
reply, "Picquct guard forced in by the cnc
my's advance,''" back guara! back to your
posts instantly, or wc will fire upon you," rung
tho stcrn voicc of our commantling ofiicer.
Thc footstcpsofthcsiragglcrsslowl receded,
and again cntirc stillncss was oblained. It
was as profound as thc darkness not cven
the hum of an insect roso upon the ear. Wc
laid our hcads upon thc ramparts, and listencd
with all our facullics. We listencd. Per
haps half an hour clapscd, whcn we iniagincd
wc hcard tho dcad he.ivy sound of a largc
body of men tramp tramp tramp advanc
ing Ihrough thc pitchy darkness. A fcw mo
mcnts passed a bri.k scattering firc, and the
piquets came in in beautiful order, under thc
bravc subaltern in command. The measured
trcad of disciplined troops bccamc apparent.
Every sense was stretcbed to thc utmost in
cxpcctancy every cyc endeavorcd to fathom
thc darkness in front, whcn from Towson's
battery, that towards the river, glanced a vol-
ley of musketry, and in another inslant, thc
whole line of tho works, bastion, redouht, and
rampart, sircameu loriu one nvig
1 ! .. . . .1
ilamc. Two cightcens, mounted where we
sfand, were filled to the muzzle with grape,
cannistcr .Tid bags of musket bullets imagine
their havoc. The cncmy came on with loud
shouts nnd undauntcd bravery. By tho con.
tmucd glare of our dischaiges, we could see
dense dark masscs of men, moving in columns
to tlirce seuaratc pomts ot attack upon our
works. Ourartillcry and muskety pourcd on
them a continual strcam of firc, rolling and
glancing from anglcs, bastions, and rcdoubts,
Repulscd thcv were rc-formed by their offi.
cers, and brought again to the charge to be
again repulscd: at such times, hours fly like
momcnts. A litenppears concentrated to a
momcnt. Wc had bcon engagcd perhaps an
hoiir perhaps three, when I heard in thc bas
tion ofthe fort, ahundred feet from me, above
the uproar, a quick, furious struggle, as if of
men engagcd m a herce dcath nght, a clash
ing of beyonets, and sharp pistol shots, mixed
with heavy blows, and short quick brcathing,
such as you may have hcard men make in vi-
olent excrtion in cutting wood with axes, or
other severe manual labor. 1 he conflict tho'
fiercc.was short the assailants were repelled.
Those who gaincd a footing w'are bayonetted
or thrown back ovr'the parapet. In a fcw
moments I hear'the same fierce struggle
and again folhJwed the like result and stillncss
if stillncss could be said to exist under a
contiual of mnskefry and artillery. A
third time it arose,sudden Xs desperate, it ceas
ed and prsscntly a clear loud voice rose high
above the bjittle from the bastion, "Stop liring
m front there, you are firing on your friends."
An mstant cessation followed. Wc wpre dn.
cei-cd. In Another momcnt, the voice of an
officer with startlingenergy replied,"Aye, aye,
we'll stop: give ltthcm, men.give it them,"
and the firing was'renewed wfth redoubled fu.
ry. The head of thVcentre column, compos
ed of eight hundred picked men, thc veterans
of Egypt Ied by Lieut. CoK Drummond in
person, after three several assaults, hadgained
possession ot the bastion, and by that rnscJ arj
endeavorcd to cause a cessation of the firc -TJcj
a rcsult that might havc becn fatal to us, had
not thc dcception becn so soon deccrned. But
the prize was of little valuc, as the bastion was
commandcd by the interior of the works. Tho
mcn under cover of the walls of an adjoining
barack, poured into the gorge that led from it,
a continued storm of musketry. Thc firing
rencwcd, continued with ttnabated fury. Tho
enemy, rcpulsed with great loss in every at
tack, was unsuccessful in every point savo that
bastion, the possession of which they still re
taincd whcn I hcard a groaning roll and
shake of the carth, and instantly the bastion,
bodiesof men, timber, guns, carth and stoncs,
were blown up into the air like a volcano, ma
king every thing in the glare as clear as noon
day. A decending timber dashed one of my
ariillerymen to pieces within a foot of my
shoulder. Profound darkness and silencc fol
lowed. Naught but the groans of thc woun
ded and dying was hcard. As if by mutual
consent, the fightin g ccased, and the enemy
withdrcw, repulscd on every side, savo from
the parapct which they purchased for their
gravc. A large quantity of fixed ammunition
had becn placcd in thc l6wer part, and a slray
wad falling upon it, had blown them all up to
gethcr. My duty required that I should im
mediately repair to the bastion, and most hor
rible was the sight bcdics burnt and muti
lated, some of them still palsating with life,
among them Lieut. Col. Drummond the lead
cr of the attack. There hc lay in tho morn
ing light, stark and stifi", exlcnded on the ram.
part, a ball having passed through hi3 brcast.
llistory mourns that his couragc assumcd the
character of ferocity. His war-cry of "No
quarter to thc damncd Yankees," his own
dcath warrant was long remcmbered against
thcm. The enemy did not resumc the at
tack, but retiring to their cntrenchcd camp,
strengthened their works, and prepared to
makc their approach by regularadvanccs. But
comc, wc have far to ride, spur on. Hcrc we
are upon their works. Hcrc is the stone wa.
tcr battery, and thcrc thc two strong redoubts,
and back of them the rcmains of their lincs,
and cntrcnchmcnts. These arc thc works
that were carricd in the mcmorable and des
peratc sortie of Fort Erie. The right by Da
vis and Miller, the left by Porter and his vol
untcers. Hcrc. on the left, quolh lhc Major, fell my
gallant and accnmplishcd fricnd, Lieut. Col.
Wood, at the hcad of his column. He was
one of the most brilliant ofiiccrs in theservicc,
and as beautiful as a girl. I often gazed with
astonishmcnt at the dcsprale daring that char
actcriscd him in action, hcrc hc fell; hc was
bayoncttcd to dcath on the ground, on this
spot, and thc Major's voicc quivered, and hc
turncd his facc from me, for thc cruel dcath of
his dcar fricnd was too much for his manhood
His ashes slccp bcncath their monumcnt ncar
tho flasr-staflrat West Point. Pcacc to his
gallant spirit ! The stars of his country can
wavc over no braver of her sons. S.
A T.U.E OF REAL LIFE.
'Tis a commoa' Ulc
An ordinary sorrow of roan's life.
A ta!e of silent sufTering, hardly cl olhed
In Lojily form. Wokdswoutii.
A villagc in the south of England is one of
the lovclicst sights in nature; and it secms
the vcry rcsting-placc of poetry, loveand hap
piness. It glitters with its whitcwashcd cot
tages and garden walls among the green trces
'mid which it is cmbowcred like tho golden
fruits of Spain, peeping from bcncath the rich
foliage that does but parlially conccal thcm.
Its meadows, its strcam, its tapering cliurch
spire; its hcdgcs, its lanes of swcct-briar and
wild roses; its latticcs, with their clustcrcd
(jcsscminc and honcy-sucklc; its gardens with
their bee hives; its orchards wtth their oderif-
erous blossoms; and above all, its
chccrful mhabitants, ignorant of the great
world, and unwilling to have that ignorance
enlightcned; all conihinc to render a villagc
in the south of Englar.ti the most dclightful
spot in tho uniyersc. How swect to retire from
! to cultivatc onlv the nurer aflections of one's
. .. . ....... -----
nature, and keep the soul dividcd, by a rain.
bow zonc, Irom thegrosseratmosphcre of com
mon cxistence. There arc many little para
dises of thc kind I spcak of and I should be
contented with any one of them; although, if
I had my choicc, I should perhaps fix upon
Woodburn in prcference to all thc rcst. My
predilcction is thc more singular, as all my
cssociations connecled with thc rccollcction of
that villagc are of a pcculiarly mclancholy
east. Evcn there the spoiler, Sorrow, had
found an cntrancc; and as his victims wcrc
not unknown to me, I will cndcavor to rccall
their storv; it is asimplc one, but it suits wcll
the raournful temper of my mind, and I shall
theretore avait myseit ot this opportunity to
Lct me paint hcr as I first saw her. It was
in her cottagcgarden on a bright summcr
morning, whcn the dew was still sparkling on
the flowers. She held a book in her hand,but
she was not reading. She stood wrapped in a
delightful reveric, with her cycs fixed on two
young rose bushes. I knew not thcn that she
was my old fricnd's only child, yet I stopped
involunfarilv to iraze nnnn hir. T hnA nnvnr
before seen aught so beautiful and that too, 1
without the shadow of pretencc. I cannot j
describe her features, but their combined ef- j
lect was irresistiblc. There was a world of
expression, an unfathomablc depth of fccling
in her dark blue eye. Isawa tear sfart into it ;
but thc thought that called it up was merely
transient, for a smile gathercd upon her Iips
immediatcly after wards, and chased away tvith
its lijiht the little harbinger of sorrow. At
that moment the gate was thrbwn open, and a
youth entered. Hc was her own lover; I know
r . . . . . .
it at a elance. A deeper crimson sprcad uselt
over her cheek, ana her smilc kindled into onc
of morc intense delight. They stood togeth
cr; England could not have produced a noblcr
pair. They seatcd themselvcs in the sunshinc;
the youth took the book and read aloud. It
was a poetic page over which they hung. Shu
leaned her white arm on hcr lover's shoulder.
and gazed upon him with dclightedandbreath-
ss atlention. Who is it that has said there
is noTxjppiness on earth? Had hc seen Ed-
mundahXrlorcncc on that calm, blue morn.
ing, he would have confessed tho absurdity of
his creed. v
Edmund was the eldest son of the villagc
rector a man 'toVH the country dear." Flor
ence was the daugliW of an old, respectcd
soldier, who had servcd in many a campaign
and now Iived in rctirement unon tho small
portion which was givcn him by government,
as the reward of his long and ab.e servi- Isaw thc rcctor today, and Edmund is to be
ces. Shehadlost her mother almost beforc , in oodburn by thc end of the wcek. vrords aml swollcn prr.ods. And yet (xpenmrtf
she kncw her, and all her filial afTcction was rcnce grcw palo ; sho tned to speak. Imt coum ha3 sll0,vn ,,at this Cuuncil, on which st. murh
centered in her only surviving parent; her not : a mist swarm before hcr eyesjshe hclu ejjanCe placcd, has ever been entirely pow
heart shc bcstowcd udoii Edmund. and hc was out her hand and threw hcrsclf into hcr father 8 etcs Tlicv have urver, as body, hail the
by no means inscnsible of the valuc of thc
gift. They had been ccmpanions from their
infancy. All their rccollections of times past
wcrc tho same, for all their amusemcnts and
studics had becn similar. But Edmund had
made considcrably morc progrcss than Flor
cnce. Nature had hcaped upon him all those
mental cndowmcnts that constiluic genius.
She had givcn him a mind capablc of thc
most profound aspirations; a hcart that could
feel more deeply, a fancy that could wing a
bolder flight, than thosc of most othcr youths
of hisage. Hc, asyct, knew nothing of thc
state ofsociety beyond thc limits of Woodburn.
Ho had nevcr been more than twenty miles
from home during his wholo Iifc.
But he was now cightccn and Florence was
only a year younger. Thcv had ceascd to ba
j boy and girl. She indced, would havc becn
contcnted to havc continucd asshc was forcv
cr, biest wi!h hcr fathcr's and hcr lovcr's afil-c-tion;
more ihan happy in the discharge of hcr
domcstic dutics;in hersumtncr cvcning ram
blcs, in hcrbooks, hcr bccs, her fft-'its and her
flowers. But Edmund, although tio lovcd hcr
with all thc enthusiasm of a first Iovc, had
morc ambition in his nature. Hc wishcd to
mingle in thecrowd, in thc pursuit of glory;
and he had hopcs that he might outstrip at lcast
somc of his compctitors. Bcsidcs, hc was not
possesscd of an indcpcndcnt fortunc, and ex
crtion, thcreforc, bccamea duty.
His rcsolution was at oncc formed; ho de
tcrmined to fix his rcsidcnce in London, for at
lcast a couplc of years, and asccrtain wbcther,
in trutb, abihty was there its own rcward. It
was sad ncws to Florence; but on reflcction on
lhc advantagcs which Fdmund might dcrive
from thc e.tecution of the schcmc,shc lookcd
upon hcr grief as se'fch. and cndcavored torc
strain it. The evcning before he left Wood
burn they took a farcwcll walk in hcr fathcr's
garden. Florence had succecded in kecping
upa show of checrfulncss during lhc day, but
as thc ycllow bcams of thc sctting sun came
strcaming in through the poplars and elms
thatlincd the uall, and asshc thought how of
ten they had sccn thc sun sct before, and how
long it would be erc they should sco it sct a
gain, a thought which vibrated throughJier
hcart, and she could no longcr rcstrain hcr
lcars. Edmund bcsought hcr with the utmost
lcndcrness of manncr, not to give way to c
motions so violent; but bhc 0"'y lockcd his
hand more firmly in hcr own, and am:d 'he
convuisive sons, repcatca again ana aguii:,
"Edmund! we shall ncvcr meet more! I am
conlident wc shall ncvcr meet again!' Her
lover had recourse to every soothing argumcnt
he could think of; but although sho at lcngth
becamc calm, a gloomy prcscntimcnt of futurc
evil sccmed to havc taken possession of hcr
A year elapscd , and Edmund's carly drcam
was more than rcalizcd. He had risen into
famcat once: hisicputation asa man of gen
ius was acknowlcdged throughout his nativc
land. His fortunc securcd, and his name had
alrcady bccome illuslrious. Every whcrc was
his society eourtcd, and his opinions listencd to
with defercnce and admiration. Thcrc sccm
ed to bc no honors which hc might not hopc to
attain. His anlcnt spirit, and his growing
ambition, becamo only tho morc insatiablc.
F:very difficully had yieldcd beforo him; he
,a" flwnon upon thc wings of success his
lilc had hithcrlo becn a brilliant drcam irom
which ho saw no p rcspcct of iminediatc awa
kcning. It was cvcning and hc was alonc in hcr
splcndid drawing room. with thc lovcliest wo
man in London tho daughtcr of a viscount.
A hundrcd lamps, rcflcctcd by a hundrcd mir
rors, shoncaround them. There was to bc a
magnificcnt cntcrtainmcnt, but the company
had not yct arrived. Edmund and the lady , tlJ. ,he pcople unti art!.r ,he .ledaratlan of Inde -Matilda,
would not havo cared had they nev- I pcndence. In this governmenl.to which the pro-!
er arrived at all. ihevsatncar cach other,
and talkcd in low, soft tones of all that youth
i i . i l a t a r i i !
anu ocauiy io c oesi io .am niroui. liamunu
nau nevcr icu so va:n in nis me ueiore; lor
there wcrc hundrcds in the mctropolis blest
with all thc advantagcs of rank and birth who
would give both their titlcs and their fortuncs
to havc securcd onc of lhosc smilcs which thc
proud maidcn now lavishcd upon him. And
she shc had rcad his works, she thought ofl
n,s lamc' si3C l00liC(i uPon 1,13 c'egant Jorm
'"Tuu" !'u,".u. " T'W""
drcd scions ot nohility who
"au u."-ruu UP
A CarriaC WaS
their inccnsc to hcr shrinc.
ncara 10 siop, ana me were soon 10 uc mier-
rupica. u navc laKcn a tancy 10 tuat cmer-
I tt it I ,1 r .., . I
aid ring of yours,' said the lady Matilda, 'will
you cschange it for one of niinc' She took
a filittcring diamond from her fingcr, and put
it on Edmund's; and at thc same time his cm
crald bccamc one ofthe crnamcntsof thcprct
ticst hands in the world. It was a ring which
Florence had givcn him, Ihe vcry morning hc
rhc two years hc to bs au'ay had cx"
P,red- "Florence,' said her father to hcr, onc
momwg, 'l nevcr sawyou look so well, your
c" "f "'y &"i you
! been watching thc sun risc? Florence turncd
away her head for a moment to brush a burn
ing tear from her eye and thcn answered cheer
fully to her unsuspccting father, that she had
seen the sun risc? 1 hcrc was not a person in
woodburn, except her latiicr, who had not ob
served how dreadfully Florence was altered
not m her manncrs nor babits, nor conversa,
tion; but in hcr looks. Her cheek, it is true
was red, but it was thc clearness of an insidi
Shc had heard of Edmund's success, and
there was not n heart in the world that bcat so
proud.y at the intelligence ; and she soon hcard
ofmorc than his success, and "his Ictters be
camo fcwer, shorter and colder. Whcn hcr
father was from home, sho would sit for hours
in hcr garden by hersclf, listening, as shc said,
to thc chippingofbirds, but wecping bitferly
all thc while.
'I havo not heard you speak of Edmund,
Iately.' said hcr father to her onc day, about
Ihebeginning ofJunc. I do not think of him
the lsss answered Florence, wi'h a fatnt
i smilc. The old man kn'cw nolhing of his a-
postacy. 'I havc good ncws for you, said hc;
It was Saturday evcning.
and shc knew
had arrived carly thc prcvious
had not yet sccn him. She was
,mmn,hn... nfher father's Car-
day, but she had
sming in mc summcriiousc ol ncr 6-
den, when she heard a stepon tnograci aiK, i)0seJ oJ. a sma nuniber nf men n (, e (Serc,yi,
she looked through tho willows and honey- or,,0p,mer whatever. It is neccssnrilv so wit i
suckle ; it was he ! hc himsclf-in all the bloom 9j poliiical bodies ; redure tnrir numbers, cml
and bcauty of drawing manhood. A slrango iheir influence is leseneil, un!rs.s their p-iwer l
shivcring passed ovcr her wholc framc, and ausnier.ted. lnstjnce the cnseof curold ccucc )
hcr color went and came with fearful rapidity. as it is termed a body cumposed ot a!. tit ih.-
Yet she retained her self-posscssion, and wiih "me numbercf ruembcrs as ts.eciuocil t f Cw-
apparent cahnness rose to rcccive him whcn hc U&
cntcrcd. ahcchangcinherappearancchow- neprcsl!tlliv(:s in tht!r care,.r ol cylsl ,;,..
cvcr, slruck him immediatcly ; t.tood Ood ! 'r, consi.f,aence v;as ,hat the mcmhers ef
have you bcon ill! you are altered, sadly al- Housc Iays loofceil down upon ihe Ccucci!. -
tered,"siaco I saw you lasl-' 'Does thatstrike an in.'iiior body, and'he menneisof the Ctun- W
you as very wonderful, Edmund? said Flo- lookcd un to ihe Houseai tle most im;on.r-
rcnccgravdv; -arc voa not altered, too 7' Oh, b 'dy And thc;e teelinjji wi re m-.re an.! m. r-
... , i-,' , ,. . i;i. T.;iu;nt marn est. unlilit was ohserved t hal w en irs
Florence! I havc bchavcdto you hkoaullain Gjmni,r and Cou.,ci, enteiC( lhc Uip csrl ,
I sco it now, cruelly do I scc it ! Edmund, tnai ,ire,s j, ( e membcfS woul j spcaI. contl.
Idld lovc you, yonder sun which shono upon uou,y t the Goverr.or's team. On the oihtr
us whcn last wc parted, can still nttcst, for it hand, in the states of Masscliusln aad Mcw
was thc witncss of my grief. It has becn thc Hsmpsl.ire. and othet ttc. wliere tle wlioi
witness, too, of tho tcars I havo shcd in my power ofappoint'tient is veMed in ihe Govrr. t.f'
Silihidc, tears which have been revealed to no and fouror Gve CounciIorsthee small b-dit-s ar.
carth!- cyc ; and it shall bc lhc witncss, even I''lv icsncctab c and i. fiuential, because in il.tf
, ,- !- i i t,.,-nni,r cXctci-e of importaat nowers.
yet 'shc conMnued, an almost hca cnly smilc , Kmh. neeJ ( f
j illuminating hcr jialc countcnancc 'of our re-
conciliation, for tuD ..nndcrer has returned and
his crrorsarc forgivcn.' Shc hcld out her hand sttuti ) t, and I (.hall add a very little io wi.nt l
to him as shc spokc, but he shrunk back ; 'I Inve said in relatiou to iha- J foi, in sMtinj t: e
darc not-I dare not lake it! iiis too'.ato! cp'.ra:ion an:l rejeciitinnf thc artic'e in IVnn-yl-Florcnce,
l am married?' Thcrc was not a ' ama, wit:, the imont there give:. f- r its .ej- e-
, ' , , ,- , . , i. ,,, tiun, I have already sliown tae abinrdi'y "T 1 1
sound cscaped her l.ps, but hcr cl cck grcw . ;.iU T,,al h a vio,ation fflf ,he .., rf
dcadlypalc; hcr cycs bccamc asfixed as stone, , f.;,0V!.rDm,.m . tl:at thU rigl.t mu?r, (r.T., v .
and shc fell on thc ground like a marblc stat- j vry aturc aI ai t;n;es jree'y t . rx..,rl
ue. ,sctl withoutany re'triciion-'. 1 havc a!o :;.i.u ;
Hcr grave is in the church-yard of Wood -
burn. she lics bcsidc hcr father. Thcrc is no
urn nor ornamcntal tablct to mark thc spol,
but I should know it among a thousand. Ed
mund's famchas travcllcd into olher countries,
and men havc lookcd up to him asa demigod
Florence Willcsden was never hcard of beyond
iha limits of Woodburn till now.
I had proceeded thus far somelimo since, c.ij
culatinir lo treat of ihe last provision of the arii
cle, as brit-fly as possible and comc loaclose;
but beins unable to proceed further at lhc lime,
whai I had written was copied and laid aside.
And now, on reviewing what I hml said upon llie
narticular pmvisions of ths article, I perceive,
ihnt fnr fenr ."f exhaustins lhc patience of the
reider, I had hurried on.and dooejuUice neit!:er
in tiie subiect. nor to the Iramcrs of llie Oonst
tution. And as this is an old sore in the Consii-
tution. which cinnol be liealcd, 1 iti'Jst rrnuest
ihe reat!er togo with medirectly back to thb year
1776, when the ariicle was Irametl, anil see il wc
canniil erauicate inc wnoie "i iiil- uisuiiscii p.in.
And if we shall be unable to do tiie work llto
roujihly ihis cvening, we will fi ish it to-inorrnw
svening, or the nex stormy day. to that it shall
not in the 'east micrfere with our out-door woik,
and if otbers chose to stay here and rust out
rather ihan wear out, nr if iuy choose tugo or
ward and specuble upon ihe futurc, when they
can neiiher revitw their own past conduct, nor
lake anvlessons from expcrience, let ilit-m jr-,.
but I can tell them one tliing lliey will come
back neitlter wiscr nor bettcr. But we will go
directly hack to takelessons from the past to aid
us in our lulure course.
Tiie people of the colonies did nnt resiil the
authorily ofthe Biilish goveinnunl because tl.ey
had any objrciions to tlic form nf llieg vernmeni
or to its jeneral adtninistration nn the conirary.
they ucrc as strongly atiaclie.l lo it by habit, as
we -are to cur eove.-r.inent
i ney as-Ki-u ;i 'iiun.
they de-ired noihin?, but ihe cnjoynicnt of theirj
lighls as Btitish sul.jrcts, nnd they comp'ained i
cl nothing nut a vioianon oi- n.o.e rigrns ny inei
wieked nnnisterrt orihe croxvn. Anu tlns attarh-
mentto tiie British government continu?d, and a
stnmsdesire for a recnncilMtinii brtwei-n G cat
t, -" i , i r.i. i l
I ple of lhc col.'Dies
were mi str n"Iy attacheil,
there was a power placed above the people. The
Vnn -overnerf lle neonle. ai.d ihis was ihe casc
" ;-';;'""- ,1" ' r
, , , ii . , .
, il. t tw.wwit-w.w. w, ,
poj.uhir violenc-, wSiieh endanfred the liresand
r -ii .i .t ... : .1. .
. . . ....
propeiiv 01 iiu. anu ur v nrjuiutu 111 Bcrmv; uie
violators ofthe law suhdued and the people rro-
tected by the p'twer ofthe croxvn and pcare and '
"ood o'der restored. Thcv hid nbscrved too. '
bow fickleand changeable the people were. llow
:uwl for men having theie views an.l thrsc'
"u"-;rorm ..rnn mm.ni aml hnw little fa ih
J raust havehndina sr.vtrnmtnt by the piope,,
. nill,rnt nnt n ,TT-nr In rnntrnl llipm rtml f, t 11 n 1
insk must be nerformed. It was absMu:e v nr-1
cessaiy to org.inize a govrriunent 111 tacii ot tne
cclnnies, to mnke even an ol' a' ilelrnce a-, uetween t.ret Isrila:n anJ llice calonie. s 01. -gainn
the Bri ish armits, and lliey pnceedtd :o, 'ake place, and tho latter be takf-n apam un.!Ti
form written Conslilulioas ol Governmen', with- profeetion and government of lhc crown cf R;;ta " .
out any m.-del, wilhuut any patum, wiihrut any , lhis ha"cr s'3 b? ,"u" an'' void-olher-isc -
prccedcn'. Were cver men n'aced in a situntion , rcma:n firra lnJ 'DTlo5:h,e
:(. t ... --"i. t, ... . .r 1
v. .1 i l .:.u :..i.:L.i. t.... !
with trembling liands, unlil a plan as coneeiv-!
eu anu propcseo, lor crcai ns me power Foi-tni . , , .......ii..
. . ' ' ... .' . .. . "".veai has Leen pu-,ctuailv paid.
snuzm in vain, w i.cn was ui coniroi me isu -
lature, preveDt all abue nf jtowcr, secu-e thei
pcopie in tne enjoymci;! ot me.r i.gots, anu at tne , wie ie Mi3ml an,j Krje fana, ;3 . ,.
same time keep the pcople at a repectlul diitance sg ranh State wil own ?93 f . (
from the Constliution, 5o that U could not t.e Mnal, wl.ich added to ihat owned hy con;paniCM
raut.lnted by their hntlv. and lliey break oui u, wi amcum ,0 B , ,., f f Pn
t.e triumphant language of ihe ''-a"frt!1 The reveoue from the canals da-in- l?e pr
that the freedom of this comrnonweallh may o-"senl yp!1I.;s 5454 753 UU,,D ' e r
preseryeJ inviolate forever, there shall be -hosen Thr Pe,.ilei.tiary, after defravin-al! rxPea: .
TRe d t'hf a'txle. ond you uill from beglnn,., lJ" !" Se f ,
lo end, oteerrc the !anua5e ol a man, who. ... onltVl 'l.lUl '
to end, ohterre the lanjruaje ol a man, wi.o. ...
theprosecutioo Df aBenierr,.ontI.esoceeMfi.I
issueof which he had r.sked h.s whole f0r!une.
ld met wi.h otaiac les ,f h.s way J.ppearm? in-,
, . rr., in--..,i Ji,1i.ir.,i
Jtru"ae l.ad removcd them all, and is exulting in '
I.ts mT-hiy achievemem. t
The frameM of the Constilution, as thev
,i,.m.ulc ili.r!.nrR in th oi.ttpi mlioH oiv '
the power vested in theCouneil fora cciect ad-
ministration and perpetuity of their new t-ystem,
of government. And yet, they
:hey invested the' .
Counc l with no anthonty thev could nass no
law : they cotild anpoint no ofliccr out of their .
ownbnard; they could punish no one: thev i
cnuld coerce no one. They could cen-ure and
scold.and this was the exteniofthc.r power; un
less the laving their bodies across the path lead
in from their people to the Consliiution. b con
sidered an excrcise of power, but I cnn nerccire'
no power m inistciccpiiue power ot graTitatian.
The framers of 'he Constitution mUst thn havrf
lelied on the creat mrral power with which llsrv
lcast induence whatever not because it wa
composeJ f nnindiieotial rren far fr. m it fi t
we have had in the Council, r.ien ol the higiit-M
standmS-men of great personal iafluer.ee ;-Lu:
Ll aros.e flom 1 :C v"fy n.3lre l,'f.
f h c0lislitnnon 0f the coun. il alone- co
,,ie pr'cv;Jjons conIa;ne,i in ,j,c
ilsJ) pointing o:it p m le of ai
e article exrei l tl r
nmpn,!tn llie Con
jihit m prorision, r taiher that the who!u :nt
uic win uiin ..e io tue oonsiiiuuon. lircsu-e i"'
framers of i cnulJ not at llie time. cl ar y --'
bow tl;e pcople could be gov. rned without soni
body s-imi power to govern tliem, nnd bec;.u .
they considcred that the pecplc were so fiekic ar. '
ctiangcable, that it would nct ho safe t. ve li:
Constitution ia iheir'iand-'. But why may ii"'
the pcnplc of Vermont be 33 safey intiu-!e t
with their Constitutioi, as ihe people ofr.ll ih
other States nre iiMiuslcd with tluiis? Wh;
ihen, sImuIJ wc rel-in this useless and expf.
sive provisionwhich belons 'o a li'rmrrap, an !
is so far behind the aje in which wc live ? "
have taken up llie cast-i'lTrliilil ! Pennstlv v'.
and have suppoiteil the defunned imp. fnr mi-r
than half a cenmry, U great expeni-, wi-hout t!i
Ieal aid fnm any oncof otirsitcr Pta'f.1 old r
young. Why then, shall wc not eist itolT al.-r
"Wliv not aholish the article? For here h st
specics nf nb'dition as to wlrch we niav all !.
arei'd. Surely no one will objirt that we iia
no husine" with it, for it most iuiimatelv con-
cern3 u?all. It isthe emar.cipation ofoursclvi.s
and releasins usfrxm asreat scptcnuial t-.vpen'i-.
It seems then, that llie love of frucdom and th
tuTe of money, ol which llie Yankees have
prclty good sliare. iniut unite llie whole pecp! .
I cannot beliere that thr twn gr-at poli ical p.r
lil'S will bc diviiled nn lliis subiec! ; for alihoiisli
ihere is a naluinl rcpuNion betweeii lhc twobi:
tiies, whilc the individual mcmheri ol cnrh
lieltl tnelher hy llie ntirac ron of coliesion j
matter whfcli has so much nuzzled all the phi o
t'phew yet t.'-o cheinist ha acertaii:ed, Uy p -peaied
and salifactury cxperiment, tha! ili
repulsiun consis.ls ola peru'iur srfcitsof infl -ni-tnaljle
gas, wh ch is aener.itfd only bya pohw..l
Itrmenialion, nnil ilnt it is blown ofT aml dis-.i
patcil bv 'he slisr'ite' hreatlt of p.iifiotim. An t
a3 the ecan be nn lliinl party to slip bclwten l!:
two parties to keep tliem apart. lliey can d-:-they
pleae, ei hcr Io go on t"2 lhe- like p r.,
patriots. as tliey did at t!,e I.ist Cnnvent rci. r
have a faii light accortling to the nnn-i :'pnr(ivcl
puty iclic-. IIuw this may le w-lt -odii I.
ascrrt-iined by ihe Prcss, wh:ch nriy he ron -
grcj n"3 the pul
aj j;,ca-PS jn j,
c in tlic U'lUv nolitic, in icain, '
lesy-tem. Oa.mei. Ciiii-.ua;..
In Ihe prcam lc lo llie first Conslilulion of iVc-.r-Hampshir'',
adopted on the 5th day of FeSrrory,
177G, we finl the lblloins :
Tlierefyre, for the preservalion of peace an l
cood oider. anJ for thc securily ctlhe lives aml 1 10-
' penies ol me innauiiams ot :iiu rclony, we conrn-v f
oursdves rcducett lo Ihe ni-cessity or e8tat.lis.innv.
! f"r.,n of goveinmei.t, lo tontinue durinir thept. 1 1
' ulil.appv an.l uniialnral con.sl wilh Great Itiitai
iJiucMiu Midi ..i- nctrr tuue . iu iiiui-, uii ,
.. . : .. .. ... .. t. ... 1 1 . tr .
y umer her protcction. while we couM
,,nm ;rM I Itrita.n hnl O.II nnr,
pcndcrce upn Great ISritain, but fell our?elvc i-
I " i -- - -- - ...J v . - .
iinfiur Br r.rmirimn. w rti" iv. in n , ,ifiv i r
conslttutir.nal nglils and pnvilrges, anil that we s 1
tejoicp, if tuch a reconciliation, betuccn tis and 1 1..
parent state, can becffecle.l, ai jhall bc approwd I
thc Contuiental Congiess. in whoae piudtnre v .
A,,j e llnd tl.e f..llowinS provlo annex.'d U 1: -
J,,:-v '"-vo uajs brore the rleclaralion ol ..-.u
ProvMoil 5livr,. an,t U ; ih.. ini ini.'ros'
mcaning of this Con-re, that it a reconcmat-
Ollio. The .Messase of Gov. Corw
1 n wa j
-laiure f Oh o o i thelh -f Derem-
Tl.e intrresl on 'he S'a'e debi durins t'
nnd llie varinu.
'wic mi. , avc been nrovided wiih fund t
J.'. ,jem fl.iwaril.
i .- -- - .
" 'e n m
banh w?I e in
,7'" "P "
eniy-fcurcut of the thiriv-
fP in Tnninft' lflJf? inil t lr .
viuvL - rPor ca n ineaitpnti -n nr rhp .m i iinru , .
the 3tioPVoa 0 some measure which will trnd 1
Pr"e,nl. 'e witlidrawal of the-r cpital, rauo, f
whn',c'' H 0 v".c'! "' , l I,.e s.'a.
1 he excrcise of cautioa is surnestp.l m t! ,.
c,'aclm.ent o( a"7 'aw n laiing ti a resumpii i
tion ofan approval of the Di-
'f"30"011 b'" ' '' Ex'ra $esMon nfCorfjres .
- i.-ii . riiiiri'iv rril'Iinprl in .11 . .
J- Urnl qj Commetee.
' It scems that quite an aclivo busi'ncss is :io .
icarrimlnn Jn tho nrtii.ln f T i.
t ? ...