Newspaper Page Text
.MUTINY AND MBHDER.
Our cornmunity was llitowa inlo considcra
l:c (.xcitcrnent ycstorday, by tho arrival of llio
bng Crco'c. uit!i llia inieiligcr.ee that 135
tlnvrs on Uoard had risen, in thc vicinity of tho
ishml of Abaeo. inurJered a pns'sergfr, se-crc-y
uoiiiidcd llic Capiaiti aiid furccd tho Vessel
inlo NasKiu, New Provtdcncc, whcrc most of
ihu !jvm ivcic sct at lib'jrly by thc British iu
I'.oririt s. V: h.nc li.c parliculnrs of this our
mgef'iomMr Gnddurd. thc forinor mulo, and
i.ow w nnstrrs of tlie Creol'.1, and gives tliom
jis hrhrfly as po:b!p.
Thc Crcule, C.ipt. Eiiion, Ilichir.o.id, stiiled
frtsmtiul port foi New Orleans on thc 27th of
Ot-iulx r, nith a cnrgo of tobacco, four passcn
tjers, nn 1 one Imii'lrci nnd thiriy-fivijslavcs
At S cj'clocU on t!ic evouing of Sun Iny, thc Sl.'i
uIiItjio i!h; Cnptain supposcd himsclf to bc in
I'.ic iciiiisy of Abnco, nnd huvc the b ig !o.
l iiiuc o.'clot lc tho hiavis commenccJ ilie at
xwk hy sho'ding iMr Godihrd, lho mav, in
chnrgc oftho dr-ck, with a piiol. Thc bill
t-Pg'itly woundcd him iu thc back of lho licad.
Ho made fjr thc ca'jin, .md'givc tho alarm to
j! c ca;itaiii and passcngcrs, who had ''turncd
in.'' 'I hc rcgrccs cnme furtvard, obslructcd
ihc pnssago from thc cabin, 5xciaitiiiitg,,iwo,ve
got 'cm. Iill 'cm as they conur ouv"
Mf. Gt.ddard first rushcd nut, and uhhough
hru sid with clubs and s'.abbcd in onc or two
p'nces reached thc main rigging aud tonk rcf
ngciti lho rr.aintop. Cap. Edson followcd,
nrd said hc was badly siabbci', and ihojght lic
w is th ing. Soon nfter lie fu:ntrd, and thc
iiiato inudc him f.iht to thc rigging. A de.per
mc titlniv took placc on cVck. Mr. Hcwell, a
jjassengcr, killed ono ncgro with a nuikot, and
JWngi.t r.fcnvar.Js Itkc a ligcr until !io was kil-1
3d. Sovc:a! of thc sailors foa'jlit bravely until
t..cy comj ictcly ovcrpowcrcd. Tlio cap- j
!iitn and m.-.tc rcmutncd m thc maintop until ,
..... 1 . I
j.hout fivc o'l-lock in thc morninj, whcn thcy
were ducovcrc I. I ne nnglcadcrs thcn ordor-
J thfin to como do.vn or thcy would shoot
thr-m. Mr. Goddard doccnded and told thcin
lur wa : t tV-'ir disposal. Onc of thom prcsen
trd a rn'iskct to his brca:t and ho wa informpd
m ist taku thvm lo an Enghsli Island, or
thcy would shoot him. He fiually asscnlcd,
nnJ.-lnpid thc coursc of thc vcssol towards
New Proiidcncc. Two of thc sailors werc
nolc to assist hiin tho o:hers had all occn badly
MotuiJed in tho confiict. In thc morning, ho
rapiaiii was takcn tloivn, and, with t's tecond
irtatt', .Mr. Stcphens. the c.iptsln's wife, his
diii'li;e-, four ycars ols!, tleice. 15 yca-s old,
and onc of thc passcngcrs, confiue J in thc forc
I...IJ. I.) thc coursc oftho niglit, thc shvcs
h:id ritleJ t!tc vcssc', broken opcn all thc trunks,
nnd dcckcd thcmsclvos out in su';h c'.olhing as
thcy. cauld fi-id.
On Tursday moming. nt 8 o'clock, thc brig
nrrivcd at Nassau. We mnkc thc following
ixtrnj' from thc lctlcr of iMr. J. T. IJacon,
Amcrican Cot;sul r,t Nassua.
Th Aniciican Uonsul, immcdiatt-ly aficr thc
nriival oftho Crcolc, had thc captain and two
oftho mon tnken on shoic, and.ihcir wotinds
'"re.-scd, and ol'o thosc on boarJ, to prcvcnt thc
f.'nvis fr tn going on shore, hc wcl! !:noing
'h.it if ihis was no done, il would bc itnpossi
!)l to sccu'c thosc jjuiliy of murdcr. This was
en;n,iru:d wiih, and nu invcstigation ordcrcd to
hj t tkt-n hy two nngistrate.s. Tho Coniul also
bas takcn thc'.c.-timoiiy ofthe passengcrs and
itpw. Nmeiecn blnvcs wero idcnlified as-h-.ving
takcn an nctiru part in llio muliny and
uiurder, and confined until farthcr ordcrs, the
Govcrnor refuslng to scnd thetn to Ainciica
fnr i'io prosent, and the remaindcr ofthc slavcs,
wiili thc u.xccptitin offivc, wcro liberatcd.
Bythc in'.crfcrance of her Majcsty's subj-cts
nnj-thc aaiharilics ofthc colony.thcy wcro con
sidcrsd and treatcd as passei'g "rs.with :!ic right
to o on sliorc in boa"s whcncvnr tliey plcaicd;
wln'.o t!:e Cjnsul contcndcd thcy werc, undcr
tiio lureninii.-inccs of thu casi, as mu:h a poi tiun
v thu carg.j as l':n tobacco, and Ihal tiie Urittsh
Govornmcnt had no right to intcrfcrc in any
nwnner that woald procuro thcir libcratioa.
TflE FI5UAL AGENT.
The I'lscality tis wcll Jas tho Annunl Rcport
ttCuii S:cretary cf thc Trcasury has appearcd
i.i thc New York papcrs. Th-j plan is t-lTicient.
praj ira1. in hoacst hands, highly ndvantage
i n to t'ia coa-stry. O:'tho' Fisca! Oill we g:vc
a ftili a.i.dysis :
is c. 1. Crcatcsin thc Trcanry D.-pirt:ncnt
at Washington an E.chcqncr Hoard,lo bo ccm
pood of tlni Secrciary of thc Treasury, thc
'I rc.isurcr asid ihrfe ComiTttS'iionors, to bj np
t ir.iteil hy the Pre-sidw-u' anj Scnatc to hold
f ir 2. 4. nn j C ycars so th.it one v.tcar.cy siiall
o--ircv.jrv two ve.irs, tiot removablo cxccpt
i ir c.ijsoj s.iccifi.'dj&c. One'uf thcsc Coaimis-
s.onorsto Iu Picsidi:nt :o hol l fnr two vcars. i
H.-crot.irv ofthe Trcasurv'to appoint all subor- I
,i .alcs.' - -
Scc. :$ and 4. Exchcqner and its ngcncies
i ) b-s l ii; fncal pnnsion and loan agenls of t!ic
IJ.iit.-d S'u'cs. All demanJs ngiirst thc Uni.
tcJ S'.atus lo bopaid at option oftho ho'dcr in
c.iin or T:t!a-ury No'ts.
5. Ek!i q ilt anJ agencics raay rcccivo
pr.vjlc dfosi"cs of coin and issuc cerlificaics
1 wrcf.ir. ncvcr ciarging ovcr 1-2 per. ct. thcrc
Cie Sjjh dp'iiilcs never lo I'xcL-cd Sfiecn
nnl'i'-ns; cenifiiiales. and all o'.l.cr papcr issued,
r h-oniablo only whrre isucd
duc. 0. Ilcq lircs cslablislnncnt of i ro;.cr
" S.;o 7. A'lthoriscs issuc of Trcasury Nutos
i.i sutns from S5 ;o l,000-;cdecnvib'.o in coin
:ii i'ic o'liiei: whcru issui-d and re-hsuahlc.
6 j 8. Outstanding amount of Trcasury
N f u!vr to rxcccd fifleen Millions.
S c. 9 Exchi-quor Riid agcncies to scltlc
uvlvly wiih biiiki with which thcy dcal, and
ii wr t. have less ihati one thjrd of its outstand
Mg pap-r in cnin.
S'JvJ. K'co'n'quer nny dra'v on its ugcti.
and vics ccrs.i, ncvcr charing nurc than
1 1"! coji of iraiuporling .-prcic, and iu no east
.:vcr 2 per cent.
r c 11. Exr-.hcqucr atJ agencics may cuy
hil's of Eitc!riii!:e r.ot payaUc iu sima Ktaie, $z
il.aivn tiot w t'uii m"s tjfpUcc of paving ;
:i id if w t'liu miles, of not longer date than
1 ili.s d u: ; uver 500 inilcs, uf30davs'
.-ii'i: thc si'l! ;r not to ba ch'irged tho rato'of ;
a.'-t (i ,ier ccii'. intcrcal and thc costof trans-
p inuijt s;M-cif.
Vi. iSu ngr.ncy to rccive private dc-
p..itM ur pnrcltavs I'.x.-.hangi-s orscll drafis i-x.
.-c.i' fir th: i'!'j'.-c:. of iic Tircasurv, in any
sw.te whcre fo.-biddi-n liy thc lawof . w'h
t.j :i ii:iuri.T. ;wi isu;: 01 jicr sun.nn
nr foc p-f cfii- i'jci 10 nid opcrutions of Et-!
v .". irf. if r- quir. d. whic'i stouk muv be so'id.
.... i ; r:.ct. nnd u!t:mitelv nrinci.ial. !,D rp.
d.-n-J.W '... oaer-llni" ho!e, however,
a... h j. i .
u-i h r ?Hi. oii' ol thc L.i.tcJ i.atcs.
Sj. 1 1. H'i that public acctiut.ls nn 1
pi.vi;i!-jCCO i "d 'juk"tit ia scpyrate baoki, a:tJ
occ. 2. Etcheqtier mav cs'.ablish agencics aenaic iniormat.on as lo t!:e mdd nnd silver x-
:ot MceeJinij two in c;.ch Statc. Agcn.s to ' s,".r '''S,3.'" ti "3 ,h? 1,nff?rma,'on
, i ,. . i o i can ue cumniuntcated. lnc r solutton was
.-. nppwnted anJ rcmovablc for cause by Sccrc ,dn!ed wi h. ni nn.m.nin
that profits of priva!o busincss to pay all sala
rics and expcnscs, nnd balanco go to Trcasury,
c.vccpl thn no balancc siiall be so appropriaied
until over 82.000,000 accruc. Two millions
to bc lcft as a conlingcnt fund.
Sec. 15. Suits to hc broyght in namc of thc
Sec. 1G. Vau?t, fce.,tobe provi.Ied in Wa?h
ington, mid in thu Jlmts and Custnm-Uouses.,
Scc. 17. I?xclirqii-T may appoint any spu
cis piving Innk its agcn'. bnt no sush bank to
rcccive dcpusiirs and dcal in u.xchasigo on ac
coant of Echeq:icr.
Scc' 13. Accouuts in dclail to bo ttiado to
Sccietnry of Trcasury ns oftcn as reqnircd. and
hy hi:n submit!cd to Congrcss; outstanding
Trja u-y no os at cvcry qnarler to bo publisli.
&je 19 and 20. Denounccas misdomcanors
orfflony, accorduig to tho cnsc, all cmbczzlu
mcnt, ulc ceitidcaiL's on tho parl of Ivchi:q.
uer Cumn:isioncr.s or ucjls.
Tlio St-cretary of ilu: Trcasurv.tn sulimilting
thc druughts oftho bill for thc citablishmcnt of
a lioard of Exchcqucr at tlw scat of Govern
iKcut, with agencics in sevcral Siatcs and Tcr
ritorics, givc his vicws in full on the subjfct.
Thc gruat want of tho country is want of con
fidcnco. Tliis Fisral Iiiil is to csiablish cor.fi
dcncc, nd givo to the country trnnquiiilv. Il
eslalilislius a sound paper currency and nulhor
iscs thu appointment of Spocie paying Hanks
Corrapondtitce of Ihe Prosiilencs Journal.
Wash'ngtnn. Monday inorning Dec. 20.
With thti m rnin!r commences the third week
of the prcscnl sessinn. and y t thu f.irConsress
ins donenothing worthv to b.-meniio.ial. Even
the preliminary, ndthough uninterest ngyet cs-
sential b'jsincss of ueparj!iun, has pr.iressed
UUI s.owiy in ei r tiouse. JJurins tlio wftoie
.1 I.. .1... O . I I il . t ?
inree weetcs tiie aenaie nas tiarillv becri in ses-
si iu s.x hours altugether, and the onlythingof
any consrqnence tnat tt iias donc, as ucen the
appointment of a cnnunistce, on mo'ion of 31 r.
Mangum, for the purpose of superintcndici; p.n-J
abridgin' iht printin:; ofthe matters brouht bc.
fore-it lor cnnsidoration. If the ccinniittee ap
poinled, atlend to this faithfuily. it vill be the
mcans ol no incnnsi Jeralilc savir'." OnTliurd.i v
Mr. Linn, nf Misscun, made a d'ernontr.itlon iif
l:os-ility to ti' dtsl'it;,!i(in act hy slving notice
of his iritc-ntian t;i in:ioducc a b;ll for iis repeal.
This will come up in the Sonate tn-dav,and may
!ive rise to a warm debate As howlrvtr. theie
U no pr-spici of i-s passing. it is tn bc hoped
that the whig Senaturs wiH ireal il with thc con
tempt it dcserves, and passinsilencetheaitcmpl
to cause a uscless debatc, and waste of time for
no possiiilegood, and furpurely facticu3 purposes
on the pirl ofthe mover.
The II. use, althougli ii has been longcr in Sts
sion during the pat w'cek, has hard!y accnniplish-
ed more busimss tlian the Senate. A poriion of
iis time nas ocen occupieit in the rcccptton ofpe-ti-ions,
thc residue in thc diicussion of the sub
je. t nf pro'ection in fact, tlioujh in name only
that of a rcfiTcncir ol a cortain portim of ihe
message tcuchitig the Tarifl". Thcy hav, how
evtr, passed without iliscusion, and evcn with
out npposition, one reporte.l from the comrnit
tec nf Ways and Means. This mcasure. ndop!
ed with such unsurpassed unaniiniiy. willocca
sion less s-urpise when ycu learn tt was an appro
pnalion bill fnr Iheir cicn pay.
The prfscnlation ol petitions, has, however,
been m rke.I wi:h one fcalurc of interest and
novelty. Thc petitions on thc 6iibjeci of Abjli
tion, iutcnded lo be cxduded by ihe 21st ru!s,
have been so caiefully and so irTgeniously v.vrd
eif, as completely to cvadc thc tcitriction'of that
rule. Thc cinscqnence has betn, ihal a grenter
numberof Abo itioa petiiions ihan wcre ever he
fore reccived wcre offcrud and acceptcd on Tues
day nnd Wedneday last. Tliey wi-res-) ingen-
lously wordod, that thouuh evidently its mvjjion
ofll.e 21st ru'e, it was imp05sible,hy the uiost
itiict co:islru;'ion of t'lnt rule, to refuse tliem.
T! us has in!'nu;ty ouwlttcd, completcly, the
authorsof this iufamous gaj, and tumcd their
tyrat'ical infringeinnts ot the rihts of freetnen
h:to a source of riJlcule and laujhtei. I have
!:::!e sympathy for those whn make themselves
so bnsy nt:d troublesonie for no pos-ible ;ooJ, and
tlie Aboliti.it isls tnust havr far leis- regrel for ihe
morlificalinn and defeat of those whn take such
unworthy mrans to baffls them, as a pjlpuhle vi
olation al'lhc sacrcd right of petition, and undis
guised infKngrment of rights co.ferrcd by the
27th COiTGUIi:SS--2d osston.
Thursday, Dccanier 23.
SENATE. Among ihe peiilions prescnted nf
ntli'i . tni.t.o.i il.n i .l: :
I'"" ll.kllCJl I13 UIC iiii.u.viii ;
By Mr. Linn. frjm ciiizens of Washinnlon, to
build a ho;pital in this rity. Hefcrred to ihe
coraruir.ee on ihe Dislrii t of Columhia.
Mr. Linn Miuwed up the prcsenUtion ofthe
meinotiai uy n imi lo erect aliopnal i:i that city
Uudcr the exis ing laws thc insane of the dis
trict are provided tj- at ihe expene of ihe Gen
erjl Govi-rnrncnt in the citv of Ttnltimnr
Mr. L5ento:i prescntcd a resolulion ca!iinrjupnn
t.it, Sccrt-tary of the Treasury lo fiunish to thc
dopted wi h"ut opiiusuien,
Mr. Lir.n oficred a r so!ution calling upon the
Sccrctary ofthe Trcasury to furnish thc Senate
with itifonnation as to the. share which cach
State .vould have, had the Land Distribu'ion b II
passcd at tiie oiuinencenient of the govt rnmcnl,
snd l!:e cxpcnses ofthe Iitnl been dcdnctcd t;r
purchace, cxp nscs of sale &c. Th? resolution
lics ovtr fc ano'.hcr day.
Mr. Preston rcncwed his moiion (first tjf-rcd
yesierday) llia ine; tliouand extra cnpics ol'lhe
repon of tlie Secretary of thc Trcasurv upon the
tibj?ct of a Fiscal Agency, bc printed fnr ihe use
of the Scnatc.
Mr. Duchaaan said he had iutended lo have
rnade o.:e or ttvo suiesti ns upon ihis subjcct at
tliis tim?, but not bcing very well, he dcclined to
d so. Hehad undersiuod from the Scnator, (i!r.
1 rrsinn) that he would rnove a refetcnce of this
subjcct to a selccl cnmmittee early next weck.
He would tl.en lmvc an cppotlunilv lo spcak un
on the subjcct and would n..t now, thercfote
pres-.nt any ohjcclions to tl.e molioti to prinl.
Mr. lreston saul that ihe Secator from Pcnn
sylyanta had inMi.deMtoo.1 him. He did n,.l say
tha he shouldmove the ref,rcnce of ihe rcport
and bill, but he Ind no duubt the moiion vould
be maae. and early in the weck.
The tnottou wa's then pui up u the quesi;0l 0p
ptinling 3000 extra ropies, and carried.
Thc'General Orders comingup for considcra
tion. Mr. Calhoun thonght the Scnatc was not in
a cundition 10 cnler upon the rcgular business just
now. Many Senators wished tu pass the holi
days nt home, and he would, thcrefore. move ihat
the Scnate adjourn tn mcet again 011 Monday.
To this rnotton no obicclion was made. but the
tnotion following immediitrly ihal the Senate do
Inw jdjourn, there were obiections.
Tl.e majoriiy how ver, werc for adjournment.
and the qucsiiin recuirinu upon it, the yeas and"
! Da's wc'e refused and the Scnate adjo'urned to
rae'1 :,2'iin 00 Monday next.
j HOUSE. Mr. Fillmore, from the coramitlee
on way anu tnean, on leave. reported a bill
,;txteniting ihe time ofiheloan olJuly 1811 an
! ahl-S Bvc millions tlicrcto." '
' Tliebill prorides tlntihe time for tticsnm ,
n6," U1,.SV' ." yr. Also
Hial the money shall bcmidrt rEimbursali'pnnl o
will nf ,.. Secrelary of tllc Trc f 1
tnontl.snnti-e, or nt any time within nVclvc vcars
aft r ilu' lirjt of Jinuiry nctt. Ths addiuona
five millions to bc underthe s.ime rculatioascf
thc ai i.
Tl:c bill was rrad tiviee, ordered to be ptinted
and rcleircd to the ccinimittec nfilic wliole.
Mr. Cushing inovi!d that whcn theHouscad
puni, it adjourn to mcct again on Monday next.
whtch ni' tion was n:rced to.
Alter the preseniaiioii of peiilions, the Fpcjkcr
announccd that th considcrathtn of tfie I'rcs:
dtiU"s message wa theni'xt busincss in ordcr.
Thc qucstioil nenilif. w.is thn moliun nf Alr.
j Athcrioii, proposing the nTercnccof so tnuch nf
thc meisagt- as relates to'the Tarifl". to theconi-
iiui ee uii ways nnu incan;.
Mr. Athcrton being rn iiled to the ll.ior, spo!.e
at considcrablc Icngth insupport ofhisamend
mcnt, and agamst thc doctiinc of ''discrimina.
Mr. Rcynolds of lilinois fol'owcd, and in his
USlial llUIL'lmblo wav. lincd thn nrnnrli.lv nF
. r J-"V
cqurif protection. '1 Int c ntinlitv hc thonnht
was to bc nttaincd only lcaving thc vnrinus in
lerrs's oftho country alonc.
Mr, Arnold. of Tcnii.. thon took tho floor.
and in a tnost p'ointcd manncr, rcplicd lo tho i
arguuient ol alr. Allirrton.
Mr. Wcllcrof Oliio, thcn louk the floor, !mt
conscntcd to waivc his sncnch u-itil Mondav.
Aficr the rcccption nf sonie petitions," tho
House adjourr.od to Monday ncxt.
JrJonday, Decen.bcr 127.
SENATE. Ilon. Arlhur P. Ragby, Scr
ator'ect from Alabania, rice IJon. U. C. Ciay
rcsigned, appcarcd, was qualificd and (pok h:s
Thc Prci-idcnt laid bi-fore tho Scnite, b rc
port from tho Trcasury Department, in com
pliancc with a rcsolution from the Scnatc. of
tho 23d inst., showing thc amount of cxports
and imports for thc ycar euding Scpt. 30th,
1241, as follows: Imports, mcrchani.'izc frcc of
duty 664.7S5.449 ; paying duty 59,S3.1,0J4,
101,511, whtch is nearly 3.000.0UO dol.'ar lcss
than the imports. Also. tho nnnual rcport of
tho commissioncrs ofthe Gcnrral LandOflice;
and from thc S:a!c Dcpartrccnt, coifiplcte re
tums ofthe tf;h ccnsus.
Mr. Ccntcn, in pursuancc of prcvious nntice
introduced a bill to suspcnd till thc 1st of July
ncxt, the operation ofthe bankrupt law, for thc
purpose of udoptiuz an amcndmcnt ir.cluding
banking corporations. Uc spoko about two
hours in dccidcd hostility to thc binkrnpt law,
nnd expressing his prcfcrcr.ee lo now bringitig
in a bill to rcpcal that act, and to cxtund the
priyilcge lo banking corporations only ; but
assigning as his rcason for thc non-pcrform-ancc
of this, that Ihe public in'md was not pre
pared for il at prcsent.
Messrs. V right and Calhoun took similar
grounda. the laltcr particularly denouncing thn
prescnt law, as most unconsiiiutional, and tend
ing to cncournge fraud and onprcssiun.
IIOU.5E Tho dcbato upon the TarifT
was coniinttcd iu tho IIousu to-day.
From tlie New Vork Esprcsi.
The Correspondence bclicccn Lords Falmcrslon
and Alicrdeen and Mr. Slevenson as to the
right oj examinalion uJ vsssels on thc African
Coast, sailing ttnrfer ths American Fag.
This comspor.dencc must bc both painful
and pleasing to the peop!c of llio Unitcd
Stnto?, and ccrtainly il is of high interest to all
nalions navigating tho scas.
It is painful lo scc ati American minister
compellcd to vindicato a just piinciple whcn
pcvertcd to thc villainous and horrible traflic
in African tlivcs, and it u plcasaitl te scc tlitt
principlc ab!y vitidicalcd nnd acknowlsdged bv
Grcal Uritain, in a way and tnanner displaying
tl.e highust rcspcct for our country, nnd com
plctc abandontncnt of prclcnstotis that led to
tho late war.
Thc corrcspondcncc sprang up ihus Mr.
Stevcnsoti complnins of spccified cascs of a
violation of our flag. Lord Pnlmerston rrpiics
that this occurrcd under an arrangemcnt with
thc U. S. Comm ndcr Paine. and that thcse
wete the cascs of slavcra which from Mr. S.'s
subcsequent silcncc, wc Tcsumo to bo tho fae!.
Lord Pulnicrstoii ho.icvcr, subscquently Itiys
down as a right. that firitis'i vcssels in'ay dc
taii, in ords- to examino vcsseli sailing undcr
tho American flag in the Airican scas. Mr.
Stcvcnson indigriautly remonsirates against
such an allcdgcd risht, atid whin the last IJrit
ish ministry ueut out of powcr, ho rctiews thc
corr-'spondcncc wiih Lord ALerdepn, thu suc
Cissor of Lord P-lmjrston. Lcrd Aberdci'ti ,
qualifies thoclaim of Lord Piilmcrstoii, but still .
urTcs. if r.o: insists, that whilo disclaiminti all
right to siarch or dctatn Ann-rican vcsscls, 1
evcn thougli with slaves on board, or obviouly
in ihc prosecution of a voyage for shvcf, tl-.cv .
have a right to nseertain'that vcssels hotsting
the American flag umbr suspicious circum.
s'ances aro lor.a fids Aineric.it, with all thc
usuul papcrs, and iiavigalcd according lo law,
and that to this cr.il thcy mu$t stop and cxnm.
inc such vcssels. Mr. Stcvenson quo'csSir ..
William Scott in order to provc thar.-
" No nation can cxercise a right ot visita. 1
lion and snarch upon the common nnd unappro.
priated par's of the occan, cxccpt upon bcliig.
crcnl claims." And again : " No' nation has
Ihe right to forco thcir way for Ihe liberation of
Africa, by irampling upoa the indcpcndencc of
other States on the pretcnce of an cuiinent good
by means that arc unlawful, orto preis forward
to a grcal priticiplo by brcaking through other
great prtnciplcs which stand" in thcir wav."
The leitors of Mr. Stevcrsoti arc vcry ab!e
in argument, though prosy in iilustration, and
wordy throughout. The lettcr of Lord Aber
deen Is a bcautifuN ..pociincn of composition, :
and of ingcniously bad logic.
Wc commend the wholu to thc attcntion oft
our roader.s. Aficr Ihis corrospondence. nnd !
the mcssngc ot the 1'rcstder.t, wc scarccly
think our vcssels on t'.ie coast of Alrica will bo
troubled any morc.
Our posilion as Chrisiians, and as a civiliz
id nation is. howcvcr, upon this qucstion, a
most moitifying onc m the eyes of thc world.
Our prineiple ns cstablishcd &ubstantially, pro
tccts r.ll ihc rnscals of thc univcrte, in lfce use
vt!,u Amt!r'cai- on l'le coast of Africa.
Wcarubound thercfore, bythc highcst consid
cratiotisof duty and honor, 10 join wiih all tho
eaergies wocan rai,c, in puiling a stop lo this
The lilinois Statu jm,, , ..o
, . rv.- " "earcelya pmjccted
,03 I or canal ts fimshcd, nnd so ii,!e r J .
come is reahzed to pay evcn micrest.and M-riou
nbjection is made to even attempiing suci a J-et
at preseni, m view ofthe imrnente sacr fice niadc
in Iiorruwingthe money for llie last semi-annual
The public debt nf Indiaria is nbout 15,000,000
3,000.000 of which is ca led suspended debt. Of
1291 inilesnf milroads and canals vrojetted, only
231 milcs are finished. nnd about 12 millions nrt
nccded 10 cotnplete thetn. Hcnce the failure of
mcans in pay luterest. riie Govcrnor however
shows that a jarje poition of iheinteios can be
uuiuuuiiiig in lotat 10514, 107,:. Eports
fonign merchandizc frce of iuty S 10.79 3,451;
paying duty $4,30."-. 173 : domeslic' nroJuco
rrnnl.irlv naiJ. and hc sncaks eneourasinplir ol
State reource.- wlrilst the docirincof repudia-
tion with him finds no f.vor.
1'ennsylv.inia tneets her interest without a for
eed Ioan from rcgular in;ome, and direct taxes.
Tlie State of Aikansas appear.no befolloiving
close in thc fnotstcps of iisissippi, and meei
injjs have been held in Indian.t, rccimmenJing a
re?u5Hl lo pay s II Statc bonds for which the Statc
h is noi rcc ivcd a bona fide consideration I Kcn
iucky rppudi .tes all such pleas and all such con
duct. Thcir cnnlracts thty say, nie of binding
liirce, wheiher iudividual State or Nalional nnJ
tliat Siatc will kccp her faiih.
LATE FKOM EUROPE.
Tle Coliimbta stcanier brings Liverpoul dates
to ihe 4th instant.
Thcte appears to be nJ impcrtant change in
thc sta-e of trade. Cusint's in the manufactut
ing districts conlinues tolanguish cotionii dull
and the moncy market U improving money
was getting mote abuDtlant.
The destitution in Paisley is still on the in-
rr-asc, the number of additional persons ihrown
upon the relief fund last week, amuuuled to no
fewer than 950, The unemployed now amonnl
10 males 1S50, di pendaii's 2734; totnl 10,651.
Including Johr.ston', Kilbarchrn and Barrhca',
tliey are not fcwer than 12,150.
Thc distress which exist3 In Nottinham is
uuly frihtful hundreds are starving on slraw
bcds, without food, fire or covermg, and thesenre
pe.iple who would wnrk if they could get it.
The failure ofthe potato crop in Irgland, would
probably be the cause of mucii distrcss.
The wcathcr has been unusually sevcrc atid
in Franoe the country has keen innucdatcd wiih
Thrc appears to be great commercul distrcss
cxtstiD' ;n otl:cr p.irts ot turopc bcsides Jbnnland
Ic, Hussia ihcrc has bccn many failures chicflv in
Sl. Petcrsbargh and Moicow.
C pt. Ros?, has bv Ietter, stateJ that he had
made a successfuf approach lo within twelve
degrees nf the AntarcticPolp, and haddelermin-
e.l sonie very atiptoximatc dctenninations ot the
South Matinetic Polc.
It lonks fnuaUy in Greece. Kin? Oiho, it is
said, secrclly inslijaicd by France, and by the
agents of llussia, has raanifesled such a dcter
min'uion to seize Thessaly, that (hc Porte has
considercd it ncccssary to order a lare mtlttirv
force to the frontirr, nnd to direct 9 flett of five
satl ofthe liue to pas3 ihc straits of the Dar.lan-
Thcre has been blo.id&hed in the mountains of
Syria. 111 feciinj has lnnr subsTstcd between the
Chiisiitns and the Druscs, and mw hostil.iies
have hrnfcea out betwccn ihem. nlany nllage:
have been sacked and burnl and the loss of ho
man lifi' has been dreadlul. Many ofthe women
and children have fled ftom thc Drusestu Bcy-
rout, antt ouiatneu itie.ter.
The 'ast shipment of emtgrants to New Zea-
Iand wa on a scale, both ns lo numbers and
arrarigcmint.quiteunprecedentcd. Theie cnt
in tlie s.ime llect a bishop, two or tluee clergy-
mcn, a mdge. tliree medical meu, a rrinler with
his iiess and other niatctials complc'e, a body of
carpcnters, 01 masins, ot wneeiwrinis, 01 wear
eis, two or tliree school maasters and chool nns
trcsses, agiicullurits nf every dcgrec, a Ftock of
bulls, cows, horses, marcs, shecp, pigs. goats and
dngs. Thc numbcr of human beings cmbatked
amounted to ihrce ihousaud ; end irom what we
have stated it wdl be sccn that thcy carry wiih
thcin all the clemetftsofa well-ordered socicly.
The Bjtikcr's Circular announceslhat nstrnn.r
conviction prevnils ihat the presetitgovcitiment
will rccomniecd to parliameni a material alteia-
t;on m the existing corn-Iaws.'
Theline of packets for the West Indics is an-
nounced as reauy lnurueing plnced on tlie berth
to leave Southnmpmn nn the 15 h iusUnt, one
for Barhadoes, one lor Jamaica, nnd two for tlie
Ilavanna, cach of ihe la'tcr taking a diflerettt
Post OFrtCE Repout. We copy ihe follow
ing abtract of ihc Poslmasli r General's Report
frm the Traveller:
Thc new P. M. Gcneral, in his first repnrt,
givcs cvidence of his determination torcform thc
aLuses iu tlie department, and to increase iis
revenuc lo mcet Ihe nccessary cxpenses.
In 1810, the whole numberol post offices was
13.4SS. and the number ofmiles of post road 155,
739. The expcnscs for the year ending iu July
last, cxceed d thc inrome by ihc suui of S177,
920 Gl. For the cuncnt ycar the expendiiures
arecstimaled iu round numbers at 84,490.000,
and ihe incouie at .54.330,000, leavtnga deficit of
To bring thn cxpenscs within the revciiue. the
commisions hcreiofoie allo'ved to deputy Post
niasters are rc-adju?ted, by which the netanuual
incnme of the Departmect will be iixreased
In view ofthe e 1 barrassed siatc of thc fioan-
ccs ot ihe department, Mr. WicklifTe does not
recnmmend a reduclinn of thc rates of nostaie.
bui he suggcsts a modificaiin of them, so as 10
maKc thcin ronloira to Ihe smaller com of the
UniteJ States. He asks, and very justly loo,
fora rcvision ofthc rates of ncwiipapcr postage,
so that the mammolh shects, which are in truih
rcprints ofbook, reviews and noveh, and which
load down the m.iils .n many instanccs so as raa
tcriiily to rctard them and 'Increase the cxpense
ofiransponation. may not be carried for the same
price as the lczitimaie newspaper. He also nb
jects to ihcestablishmentnf privale exprcsscs for
t!:c carrying of Icttcrs packagcs and newspapcrs,
upon the post roids, as one great cause lending
to the reductii'n nf the revenues of ihe depart
ir.cnt. Tiie sum paid lo the diflerent Itnilroad compa
t:ics U ovcr 400.000, and the Secretary proiroses
that ihe credit ofthe United States, toan amount
not greatcr than the sum nccessary loproduce at
five per cent. in:rrcst thi.' amouni naid to these
compan'es, be advanced to these companics for
uie ngiii 10 iranspott ihe mail upon these roads
upon all time tn come, frce cf any char;e upon the
If ihe Government was reqnired to pay postage
u.non ofliciul cnrrcsp.ttidfnce, and the frankmg
privilcge reduccd lo proper liinits. it is the opin
ioti of tlie Secretary that tht revenue of ihe De
pTriment wou'd be mrrcased sufJBciently to pay
not only the ii.tetcsl, but in hss thau ihirty ycars,
the principal of such a debt.
The United States mail during the vcar end
ing June 30, was iransported on railronds and
steamboats 2,916,450 miles, at the cost of $535.
S43; on horse and in sullties I2,0SS,8G2 milcs at
a cost of$78I,S07; in staes and coachcs 18.
901,213 miles at a cost or 81,791,635; making'a
525 raile?, ni the rate ofcost or3,159.375.
llKrORT OF THE SECRETARY OF Tnn NAVV.
Tho Navy, which has long been shamcfully
ncglectcd, is now in able hands. The princi
pal rccommcndations oftho Sccrctary are :
Thc adoption of a new codc for the regula
tion of thc Navy in all its gradcs.
Thc rcorganization of the department, so
as to individualize rcsponsibility in all thesub
The increase of the navy, so as (o bnng up
our naval force to half that of Great Britain.
Ourmercantilc tonnage'is half that of Great
Britain, whilc our naval force is only onc
eighth of that of G. Britain.
Thc construction of stcam vesscls of war,
and the encouragcment of individual entcr
prize, in cstablishing b'ncs of stcam vcssels,
which shall bo available for the use of tho
g?The immcdiato construction of tcn sloops
of war, or brigs, and provision fcr buildtng
lnoro frigates sf tho first elas?.
Thc ostablisbment of tho rank of Admiral.
Morc rapid promotion among the pionocrs
of thc servicc.
An increase of the Mirino Corps.
Th,o putting afloat and kecping afloat all thc
vcssels fit for service.
n. ..i... .m.n) .ru . i
We have gathcred thc heads of Ihis analysis
from thc N. Y. American. The whole rcport
ts recommcnaca 10 tnc atienuon 01 our rca -
' t" ' '
Tuesday Morning, Jan.1, 1841.
" "uauon. uut
The mortai. si.v of LocoFoco.sJi.-Among ?'en lf thw diflicuIly erc rcmovcd, hc con.
all the political sins ol locofocoism. nono is j S,derS Un,form 20 Per cenJ-valorcm dutiC3r
morc hcinous or uiidcntable. than its opposition i " a Permanent systcm, as unwisc nnd abaurd
lo protection. Tho. Globe, Evening Post,:!nthe cx-,rcme- Althougli hc discards tho
Journal of Commerce. Hill'a Patriol and most idca. of i,nP03'ng aui'cs for thc purpose of pro
oftho loco prints in ihc Union, aro wnging an U1'011 racrcly, yet in raising a revenuc dis
open and unrelcnting watfarc against it. In 1cr,m,nalions s!,ouId bc made fnr thc cncour
Congress, this cloven foot of the party hns been aScmcnt of home industry, which hc urgcs as
displayed ever sincc Gen. Jackson proved a P"nciPIe recognizcd from tho commence-
himself an apostatc to thc p.-inciples of protcc.
tion to domestic induslry, which hc cngcrly
pn.iT.sscd before hecamc inlo power, Ss which
he thcn discardcd for ihc bcncfits of an unholy
alliancc wiih the South, ivhich his followcrs in
cvcry part of ihc Union, have cvcr sincc htld
In thc face ofthe honcst and intclligent pco
p!e of Vermont, wlto well undcrstand their true
iutcrests, the organs ofthc party have scldom
darcd opcnly to dcnounce thc tarifT. But their
disguiscd hostility has frcquenlljt unmaskcd it.
self, evcn herc, in their scofls and snecrs at i
high prcssurc taritr, and in nfTecting an amia
b!c sympathy for thc South, fbr whose insoler.cc
thcy are thc standing npologists, nnd whosc tn
tercsts, thet feign would make us belicvc, wi.l
bc outwcighed by thosc of thrce-four'.hs ofthe
We carnestly appcal, thcn, to the intelligent
nnd palriotic poriion of thc opposition in Ver
mont, whcthci thcy onn any longer hold com
munion with a party, who are warring ngninst
tlu dcarcst intcresls tif the country, and whose
dcscrtion of that salulary policy, undcr which
wc were enjoying unc.xamplcd procierily, has
rcduced us to our prcsent cmbarras.scd atiditn
poTcrished rondition. Can we prospor with
out a properly regulated lariff, which shall pro
tcct domestic industry and cnterprise ngninst
foreign rivalrj' T Cnn w tamcly subinit to
lhos prohibitory ncls of foreign natinns, which
exclude thrce fontthi of our producr; from
their mnrkots, whilo our own ire jitldcd up to
their ltnrcstrainad spcculations nnd merciltss
avaricc ? Can we hare a cuircnry, whilo every
British stcamship which dcparts from our
shores, conveya millions of the preciotts mcials,
takcn from thc crippled monied institutions of
tho country ? Undpr the restrictire svsiem of
foreign uations, cpn ihe farmcr obtnin a fair
price wilhoul the home market furnished by
he ma.nufiiclurer ! Can thn maiiiifscisrc? fjr
nV. this home market unlcss he is htmsj'.f pro
tcclcd in it l Can i"he workingman find fu'.I
employment nnd Tull pny while ngriculture and
tnanufaclures are in a desponding cnndilionl
Would cvcry honcst oppositionit calmly re
flect upon thcse things, ha would 110 longer
suitain a party w-hoao dcnunciations agaitist
protection arc daily ttcming f.om a hundred
prcsses, atid whosc ImlrcJ to it hns becorne so
iutcnao in Congress, as todemaiid the abolition
ofihc commiltce 011 manufacturcs, nnd even
dcny to them ihe incidcntal advantage of dis.
crimination in imposts for revenuc.
If any proof is wanling ofthe truth ofthe ns
scrtion that iQCofocoism is oppoaed to pr:cc
tion, lct them rcad thc following sj-ccch of 11
tccrcant son of New England who has mcanly
submitlcd to be tho drudge of tho South, Ly
moving to tykc fiom tho committrc on manu
facturcs, that part of the Prcsidet.t's message
which rclatrs to the tarifT, and to ccho the rav
ings ofthc advocatcsof ficc tradc, which Mr.
Robinson, a British stntcsman, drclnred in p.ir
liament, to mean in England, " nothing mcrc
nox lcss than to get a monopoly of all other
market for British manufncture, and prcvnnt
other natious, onu and all, from cvcr bccoming
...a,1Uiac.uCra ii.cmjc.vcs. ivir. Athcrton 1 djust thc provisions of that Iaw,all proceedinga
sai J towards that cnd should bc conduclcd undcr
But to-como morc immedialely lo tl.e subject ! 1C oF thc same spirit. Thc under-
bcforc ihc Housc. jsigned is most dccply impressed with thc force
Itscemcd to him that il any thing was V;ant. ' of thcscconvictions' whilo offcring suggcstioiw
ing to provc thc truth of thc auggcstion he hnd j ,0 Congress on thc subject. Hc is constram
madc in introducing his amcndment rcferrin.r ' cd to adm,t ,hilt lt has aI'Pear?d to Ill,n that
this part ofthe message to thu commiltce of thcinlcrcstsof tho country rcqinrcd some mod
ways and means-fwhich suggcstion was. that lfication of thc act of 1633. In supporf ofhtd
itwasa qucstion bttwecn laving a tarifT for , Pin.ion' hc would first montion tho great, tt
protection and a tarilTfor revcnuo-ihat proof not msurmountable d.flicullies of cstabhs.ung;
had been furnished bv thc cottrsUhicl this ' ? hom. va',,at.,0ln a' our ,V3r.'"S P0. vllht
bebatc had takCn. For, what had they hrard? "curring thc rtsk of produ cg urh d.vcrs. y
Thc old argumch.s in fator of n pm.cctive " es,,raa,CS f "1 Y
tarifT. And althougl, some gcnllen.cn profcss- cad to Scat.Pra .'cal ineonvcniencc but, in
cdtowish only a TaritT for revenue, still thc , 1 nh' f ?ct, with thc const.tut.onal
w hole coursc and te.ior of their argument w cnt prv.Mn, tha dut.es on imports shall be cqual
toshow that they were desirous To make thc n all thc States. If such should be t.ieo. in.
rucident greatcr than the principlc. , 'n. of, Congress, thcn ,t is clear that some c-
Thc qucstion, Mr. A. contcndcd, in rcplyit.g qutvalcnt is to bc prov.dcd for thc horao valu
to tho arguments of some gcnllcmcn, was, not atlon. orc-lsc lh whoIc basl3 uPon whlh tho
whether the commitlce on manufacturcs oughtact 'as cxpectcd to rest, as a measurc ot com
to bo abolished. falthough thero had been an promise and adjustmcnt, .s takcn aw-ay or dis
attenpt to make that the issue.) nor whether ! PIaccd- Thcre ceasci? in !at 0 VC?t' ( .be
incidenlal protection might or n.ight not, in anv mutuality or comprom.se of.ntcrcsts cv.dontly
instancc, bc afTordcd. But the solc ouestion i intended to bo produccd by plactng home
r . .1 t 1 1 r ii
was. as he conceivcd, should thc ob.Vct of a tar- valuat.on as an cqu.vaieni aga.nsi a rcuuct.on
iffbe to raise revenuc or to afford protecliou ? f ad vaIorc,n du,,tf- , V rc,na,nsfor thc w,s
That, hc considercd, was thc only qucstion ! dom of Congress to dctermtnc whether such
involvcd in thc issue before the House. And j cquivalcnt can bc found.
h m.,ct hn , .i. i. But iu thc sccond place, if Congress should
suencsted tha the doctrine.s of frce trado
de3igncd fot the cxclusive bcnefil ofthc South,
and that those who advocatcd them thcrcby
protccted the South, or that thosc doctrincs
were calculated lo subservethe interest of any
particular section, or class, or specics of indus
try, did injusticc to those c.xpansive, enlarged
and liberal doctrincs. They mado themselves
liable to tho very objcction to whicb, in his
opinion, thosc who fnvorcd thc piotcctivo poli
cy were liable. For his own part, he consider
ed that these doctrincs werc well calculated to
dojustics to all portions ofthe Union ; he con
ceived them calculated, ho would not say to
proicct bccause that word had been 40 niuch
misuscd 'but to givc frce scopo to induslrv
and to cncourage every class of socictv. Thcy
wcro calculaled to prcvent special Icgislation
forspecial inlercsts, and for particularsections;
and this ho regarded as their' crcat merit.
r nnAsWRY Report. Wc publtsh that part
' lho Secfctary'a report which relates to thu
1 ii is a iruc American uocunient, and
jcxhibits the argumenfs in favor of protection
i in a clear and rnni.;i rr j
.ji.tiiw njiuiuur. iiu u
clarcs plainly and indcpendently his convic
, tion that the comproniiso act of 1833 is r.ear
jly tmpracticable, from tho impossibilitv of ca-
tablishins a uniform homn vnt...:.I .
: ULnl 01 .ne gwcrnment As the objcct of th
compromise bill was conservative to thc inter.
csts of cvcry section of tho Union, tho Sec
retary would not change it. Still thc altcred
circumstanccs of Ihc country sincc its adop
tion might inducc a change in the measures
rcqu.rcd to carry out its principlcs. The sec
rctary discards thc pretcnce of Southcrn pol
iticians, that thc augmentation of duties aug.
mcnfs in an cqual dcgrcc thc costof thc arli
clc to thc consumcr, and evcn asscrts that i:
ofien diminishes the price in our market, so
that the burden of rcduction cftcn falls wholly
upon the manuracturcra. As this prefenco
that an addition to duty is at thc cxpcnsc of
the consumcr, is an old saw of locofocoism,
wc will vcnturoa fcw rcmarks of our own up
on thc subjcct. Such a result might be c'x.
pcricnccd for a short time; but thc stitnulu;. ot"
f rjtcction to thc home manufacture,& the in
crcased facilitics which would soon bo dcvel
oped, wouhf fill the market, and conscqucnilv
rcduce the price even tar below what it was
when forcigncrs had thc sole posscssion of it.
This provcd inoat undcnfably to bc the fact iu
rclat.on to cotfon goods, with which tho Brit
ish cntirely supplicd us prcvious to tha tarifl"
of I81G. Thcy arc now morc than as clicap
again, and of u betterquality than they wero
prcvious to that period. Tho wtr.ic inav bc
said in rclution to woollcns, to a great e.xtcnt.
A multilude of facts evincing thc ccrrecf ness
ofour vicws on this subject, may be drawu
from thc wrilings of Hczekiah Niles, in hb
Kegistcr, and tho spccches of mombers of
Congress. As a furthcr illuslration of th.r
truth of our rcmarks, lct us supposs all tha
cotton and woolen manufac.urcs of the cuitr
try wcre at once annihihtcd, and we wcro
again to depend upon Britain fcr our suppHcs.
Would not thc price be doubled instantlv, and
cvcr nflcr reinain great ly enhanccd.' And
what, under such circumstnnccs would bc tha
price of agricultuntl products.dcprived as thcy
would be of a home mar.'ccf, and prohibiteJ
from cvcry othcrl
Bnt wc w'.P, for thc aake of the argument,
admit that tho duty operates as additiou to
the price of thc arliclo to the consumcr. If
the farmer in consequence of a bctter hwr.e
n.atket, gcts a much bctter price fcr his ilour
and wool, thc mcchanic for his warey, tha
wotking man for his wagcs, all classes in com
munity are at oncc placcd in a morc prospcr
oiii conditiou. If lho farmcr can obtaiu a co.it
for tcn Iuishels of whcat, which before cost
him twcnly, hc can well afiord thc stnall nd
vance 011 the price of thc hotnc nianufacturc,
which in conscquence of increasing akill and
ncwiy invented facilitics, will soon bo chcap
encd, and cventually afTordcd at a less price
than the originnl cost ofthe imporled fabrick.
This c.xperiencc has alrcady (aught us.
EXTKACT ntOM THH REI'OKT.
But it ishifrhlv proper tolook at tho circiiin-
stanccs which Icd to the passnge of thc act of
1833, and to rcgard thc motivcs in which it ap
pears to have had its origin. It was thc result
of compromise and conciliation,at a time whcti
considcrab'.c agitation csistcd and much diver-
sitv ofoninion tircvailcd. Ifcvcnts shall as.
pcar to make it nccessary to rcconsidcr or re-
bo of op.n.on c.thcr that home Ya.ua! on .s
practicablc, or that come cquivalcnt and pro
per substituc may bc found for it, thc under
si"ned will not disguisc his opinion that it can
not bc regarded as wise, by any portion of tho
country, as a permanent systera of policy, to
augment the amount of revenuc. whcn furthcr
csigencies may rcquirc such augmentation bv
raising duties on all articles, including those ot
absolutc ncccssity, tothe full cxtentof twcaty
pcr cent., and prcserving that limit, at tho
same time, as a fixcd barricr against higher tlu
tics on any atticlc whatever.cven thosc of mero
luxt.rj. Such a plau of revenuc, il" to bc ra
jrardcd asa settlcd svstcm, nppoars to thc un.