Newspaper Page Text
rcdouble our exertions, and firmly resolve
never to cease employing them, until the
Government is purified, aiid once more con
flded to bonest and faitliful hands.
I cannot conclude without a tender of
my cordial thaiiks for the scntimcnts ofat
tachraentand confidence towards me which
you have done mc the honor to convey, and
of assurance of my being
Your grateful friend,
And obedient servant,
From the Albany Weekly Jouraal.
TO THE FRIENDS OF THE
Wo nnncx tho opinions, rerenlly avowed,
of the tvo prominent Oandidates for ihe
Presidency, on the subjecl of ihe Tariff.
We placn them in pamllcl columns the bct
ler to enab:e the rcader to compure tlio two
HeNRY ClAY. MaRTIN VaN BuUEN.
I lliink that what " I have nt no time
ever revenue is ncc or any wtiete paus-
ossary 10 an econo
om'cal nnl honest
ndminislratiun nf the
onl nughl to be der.
ivcd froin dutics im
posed on forcign im.
portt; nnd I belicvo
4hat, in rslaLlishing
n tarifT of tliose du
ties, sucli a discrim
inalion oucht to bc
jiudcas will incidcn
tally nlTord heasoN-
JM3LE I'KOTECTION TO
OUR NAHOMAL IN
TERESTS. I had rcsigncd
my scat in the Sen
ate when ihe act of
ailly tlie dutics which
nl imposed are low--cr
than tliose in the
nct or 1642 ; and
without ininnding to
sprcs3 llieir opin
ion upon evcry ilcm
oflhtsTnriff. I would
sny that I think that
.lAi piovisions in the
taain are Wise and
rsoPER."-- Letter to
editor of La GrangK
13A Sepl. 1843.
ed lo rxpresi MY
PROBATION OFTHE TARIFF
ACT OF LAST
SESSION, as wcll
as in respcct lo the
principle upon which
il is founded. as to
its detail-r'" Letter
to Editor Rich
mond ( Va.) Enquir-
" We hare a hl
ler leore ut, sent lo
us ly a friend and
addressed to him ly
Mr. Vatt Buren.m
ichich Mr. Vj4N-
Enquirer, 17iA Ocl.,
THE EFFECT OF THE TIRIFF.
The Journal of Commorcc in ils nllemp!
in provc that the Tariff operalcd exprrss.
ivcly upon ihe Penple, laid down iho full
owing among ollier ' poslulatcs.
When the duty prevenls an nrticle from
bcing imporlcd, which but for the duty
nvould bc imporlcd, thcn ihe duty cnhanccs
In roply lo this we instanccd the nrticle
of"naila", on which tho duty is neaily or
rfniilo prohibilory. and yct the prico ofthe
cirticle inslcad of being " enhanccd," has
aiclually fillcn since the TarilT wenl into
Mjpcralion. Wo mighl cito loo, (he arti
co of "pins" on which r. duty it enti rcly
,prohibitory. .tnd j-rt tl.e price of pins, io
ilead of being enhanccd by tho duty, is le?s
mow llmn it wat beforc the TnrifTbecame a
d-iw. Indeed thcaduption of tho Tarfl was
nlie signal for niany of iho Amcrican Man
nifucturers lo lotcertheir prices. Tlie rcas
on is obvioin. Undrr tlie prolcctive infiu
nco of the tariff tliesc Manufacturcs havo
Hiolhing o fear from forcign compclilion,
tbut, can depend upon a stcady and rapidly
lincrcasing liornc markct. So far then ns
shcso wnrs wcre cor.cerned, tho effcct of
Who Tdriuas not to cnhance tho price as
rhc Journal ofComnierco coulcnds, but to
tranferthe manuficlurn nf iho nrticle from
3Europe to our own country. The come- i
eucnce is ihal a much bctlcr nrticle of Amor
ncan manufaclure is furnishcd to the cinsu
imer at a U-ss prico than tlie inferior foruign
Jirticlc ct bcfors the Tariff wns udoptcd !
Could tlicrc bc a more signal illustration of
iho benrficial workinfj of tlie Wiug TuriffJ
And yct Marlin Van Burcn, in liis coger dc
sirc to conciliatc Southcrn favor, dcnounc
rs and disclaims this crowning measuro of
Wliij poliry ! Ifill tlie friends of ylmori
can Lnbcr nnd Amcrican Etitcrprisc cou.
sent to s.ii-rifici! thcsc gri'at inicrels to the
pali'ical iH'Cosiitic of Nortlwrn man willi
Southcrn principl isl" Albany IVeeliy
Ths tiuitii at L,ast! The rcus na3!
diually concluded lotcll its rcadcrt tlia rrui . happy, if hcyct rcstcd undcr tho idca ihat
about tha rcsull ofthe Ohio election. Thel,is happincss could bo inllucnccd by her.
Stale P.-inter does nnt pciform liis dutyillere was "ago" indicd, and one well
quito as gracrfully ns uunl. l.ut t.aving got i ralcul.ftcd to puzzle idmost nny man. IIow
tho subManci-wo nre nnt di-jpoed to cavil Mr. Batchclder got out ofhis dilemma is in
nbout ihc shadon-. Ilcreis ihe -drcus's cor-. nart lo!d bv tho annnnrrnmni i,;m. h..
Tlio vexrd question is nt Imt riilcd.
Such as liavo bt-e:i h'jlding brpalh to hcar
iho res'ilt will now brpallm fn o ngain. Tno
whigs have aclually a m.-ijority nf tix in Ihe
houte ofassetnbly, inslcad of four aud a
mnjonty of ttco on loint ballot !
Now that this Ohio busiuess is disposcd
ol, we lake leave lo rcmind our neighbor
that lns fennsylvanta rcturns ueed a slight
correction. Dr. Ncs, tho membp.r elect
from lh York Districi, wliom tho Argus
classcd and countcd as a Loco Foco, cocs
for the Tariff, Distribution and Hanty Clay.
This makes the delegation stand 13 Whifs
lo 11 Locos. The A rgus ha s nntyctndvis
ed in rcaders of tbis fact. Albany Wetkly
JUR. VAN BUREN ON THE
Sm Jonaii BARKirtCTos. in his amusing
nnin-biofjraphical sketches, tclls of n couple
of Irishrncn. who jxoing lo the mendow one
hridht inornins, wilh their sythes carlessly
hniiingontheir shoulders, spied n fine sal
mnn lurking under Iho bank of a small
stream in their vay. Tlio prize was too
trmpling to be firpgone. Imt how to get nl
il was tho question. when one proposed that
he othcr should spcar llve fish with the
nnh of his sythe. No sroner said than
done. The snnh wat carefully poised. for
getful ofthe blnde which hung bphind.jind
with the encouraging exclamalion. " give
him n good poult, Dennis !' down went ihe
uiintli with such hearty gond will, that tbough
'he fuh cscapod, the blade ofthe sythe neal-i
' v sliced olT ihe operalor' head, and one j
eir of his.ccmpanion.
This anccdolo has becn rcca'led to our
recotlection by reading the declaralion of
tho Richmond Enquirer that Mr. Van Bu
ren has recenlly written a letter "denounc
in: and ullcrly disclaiming ihe. present Ta
riff," and tlie commcnls thereupon of the
Loco Foco press in the middlo and north
ern stnles. The prize of soulbern votcs
was so tcmpting that he could nol icsist
making a dive at it, fnreetful of ihe weapons
he was wiclding, and in ihe operation he
has not only nearly decapitalcd himself, hut
rendered liis friendlhe kind olTices narral
od by the gossipirrg sm Jo.nah. The sto
ry tclling knight relates that tho head and
ear wcro picked up by the miller bclow,and
' ihe mill-boy ofthe slashes" will ronder
ihe like service to Mr. Van Burcn and his
friends. As a spcimen ofthe eommenls,of
mc Lioco press upon ihe Richmond .nqui
rer's publication, we subjoin Ihe following
Irom ihe Philadclphia Seminel .-
It scems to usTthnt ihe letter rcferred to
bv llic Ennuircr. or at lrast so much ofit'cloek. accomoaniftd bv one or two of his
as relates to the prcsri Inrill, should bc I
published. As tbe mallcr U presonled, great
injus'.ice may be uninlenlionally done to
Mr. Van Buren, and unpluasant Rclings
cxcited in tbe niinds ofsomo oi ihosc dcm
ocrals, who, in Congress, votcd fur this law,
in ihe numberof which may be rnckcd Sen
ators Buchaoan of Pennsylvauia, and
Wright of New York. Ccrlain it is, that
the paragraph in the Enquirer, if uncxplain.
ed, is calculated to injuro Mr. Van Uurcn's
prospccl in Pennsylvania. Buf. Pat. and
JCSCTIOS OF TI1E ATLANT1CAND PaCIF.
ic Oceans. The contract enlerrd inlo by
the Darings, with tho rcpublic ol New Gre.
nada, for the conslruclion of a ship canal
across tho Isthmus of Daricn, provides for
ccding to tho company the lino for Iho pro-'
jecled work, witli eighty Inousana acres of
land in tho intcrior. These princely mer-
, , . .
chnnts uo nol npncar in this transaclion as
l . r.i n 1 r- . rc
Ihn nrrnnt nt Inp Hriticli l.nvprnmpnl mn.
the Govcrnmcnt ; and doullcss many ndvan
togoa will bo sccured lo Great Britain, both
polilicaland commercial, by iho complelion
of iho vast work hcro projecled. The com
plclion of the s'.iip canal bclwcen the two
oceans, as projcctcd, will mark an era in the
world's agr. The cvcnt will stand lo givo
n dislinctive choractcr to the ccnlury. It is
o bo a fivo year's work lo cnduro forcvcr !
Tho whole aspcctof commerce will be clianij.
cd by it. It will accelcralc tho rcvolulion
now going on in China more rapidly and
more thoroughlv than all tho forccofBritish
armamenU; and not ihcre only will it woik
changes, but in all Polynesia and tho wcs
tern coasts of South Amcrica, which aro
now rcached by doubling Capo Horn.
TuE ROMANCE OF JlATEIJtOJir. Mr.
John M. Batcholdcr, of Soco, Maine, was
recenlly marricd to Mrs. E. C. Beardilov,
of New York. The N. Y. Bulletin. in !
giving p'co to the announcetnent. says :
Somclhing like a ycar and a halfago Mr.
Bttchclder, the groomafurcsaid, was united
in inarriagc to a lady whoso hcalth was so
dclicato that they immcdiately sct sail for
Vera Cruz, in the hopo that tho vojage
would bo beneflcial to her. They had for
follow passor.grrs Mrs. E. Constantia Bear
dnlcy, ihe brido afprsaid who was accom
panying her then husband to Vera Cruz,
for iho improvcment of liis health. But
fato had ordnined a disappointmcnt to both
pailies, and Mrs. Batchclder nnd Mr. Boar
dsley both wcnt ' tlie way of all flesh. Tlie
bcrcavcd widower, as soon as propriety
would admit, addressed himself to ihe dis
consolate widow, and proposed, as a con
solation to ihcir respeclive affliclions, that
they should supply lo cach othor the places
of ihcir dcar dcparlcd malcs.
Bul Mrs. Benrdsley, for somo cause or
olhcr probably declincd the proposal. But
Mr Batchclder was dutermincd not lo rc
main in his bereaved slale, and conscquen.
tly made love to anothcr lady, wilh whom
he was more uucccssful, and who rpceivcd
him and hisofferofhishcart aud hand wilh
all the favor bo could deiirc. According
10 the rulcs and rcgulations " down east,"
tho forthcorning marriage of Mr. BalcheU
derand his now flme was dnly "publihed
in the parish church," and all was going
Mcrrilj aj tlio inarriagc bclls,"
when, on thu Saturday preceding thoTues
day 011 which the marriage was published to
lake placc, Mr. B.i'.cheldcr Imd ihe hnpp.
incss 10 receivo from tho rclenting widow
Beardley a letter, in which sho wilhdrcw
bcr dcclinalion of liis offur of
acknowlcdccd bersnlf readv m mtn Inm
drnwn from in tl.is story ; the vntold part
consi.sts in the inlcrcstimr fact that he had
to pay Ihe disnppointed bride that was to be
two thousand one hundrcd dollars for a
breach of prnmise lo her. As 5am Wcller
says, " it takcs the vidders "
On th Rvinitnw nTtlm 7tl. :.. .1
rt n V, ,T VT ' ",au' ",rcc 801,3 i
ofMr. Pcter Culbert, Jlope Mauufacturor of !
uus iowii, ine owcst only fburtcen j-ears of
agc, were drowiied near the rcsidciicc of Jlr.
Culbert, aliout tno milcs south of tbia villno.
1 Iie oldcst laI siating upon a small mill pond
ou the Shclhum road, and acidcntally skatiii" '
into an opeu spot, where tho watcr was 8 or J
10 fect decp. The two youuger brothcrs, in
attempjiug to pull him out, were both drawii I
mto tno water, where tliey all perishcd. The
bodics have since been rccovered. An afilict-
condolencc of all who hear of this mclaucholy
....Liiiiui. uut. aenitnti.
Mr.. Cl.it ad ViRGixiA.-It is checring,
says the Philadclphia U. S. Gazcttc, to mark
the movcmcnts of the whigs in Virgiuia. In
evcry part ofthe old Dominion, there appcars
to bo a new spint abroad, excidng to actiou
and orsaiiizatioii. Clay Cluls are beiug form
ed, aud correspondence established from the
Ohio to thc Chesepcake. This U wcll This
is as it should bc ; and with such a bcginnin"-,
tlie whks will carry Mrcinia for Clav bv ihnnl
Thcre is a ThomDsonian Mmlirsl
established at Forsyth, Georgia, with seven
1 roressorsbips, aparatus and all the uecessary
apphanccs for thorough aud systematic course
of mstrucuon. M. Cominirs. n nnilv. nr
gor, is Profesor of Botany aud Dcmonstrator
of Auatomy. '
cl fatlier anil mother are tlms left tn innim
the unt;,i,clylo5softl.reepromi3ing children, , l",,V. n!U "oar" l? th0e
their only sons. Sucli an afflictive stroke of . thc PuWJcLw"ks of the State, on thc ac
rrovidencc must call fnrtli thn rmnii,; ....i ' count of the suspension of tliose works bv
Rail Road Accideht. The locomotive
of the Worcester train was on Sunday after-
noon throivu offtlie track at Ncwton Corner
by coming in contact with an ox. The ani
mal was kiUed and tlie fircman somcwhat in
A bachelor in Pittsburgh picked up a thim
blc. He s'tood for some momeuts meditau'ug
on the probable beauty of the owuer, when he
pressed it to liis'lips, and exclairaed "Oh
that you were the fair cheek of tlie owner!"
Just as he had finished a big wench lookcd
out of an upper window and said "Iloss.jis
please to frow dat are fimble o'raine in the en
try I jist now drapt it." The bachelor is
said to have faiutcd on the spot.
ARREST OF UORR IN RHODE
CnnoNicLE Office 4 14 o'clock
Afr. Dor.R m Providence. Mr. Thos.
W. Dorr arrivcd in Providenee this afler
noon, and prococded at once to the City Ilo
tel. tlo cniercd that bouso about two
fncnds, and proceedcd at onco tolhercgis
lcr, where he recorded his name. Je thco
went ovcr lo tho ilcuse of Col. Simons the
editor of iho Ilerald, (who lives opposile)
whero we understand he is dining.
We understand Mr. Dorr camo lo ihc
city with tho inlcntion of remaining. ipd
thcrcforo expects to bo arrcstcd.
Since writing the obove, Mr. Dorr has.
been arrested. He was arrcstcd by Mr.
deputy sherifTPorter, acconipanicd by Mr.
Chaffee, and two or thrce olher policc offi
cers. Ttvs ofiiccn procceded to Col. Simon's
housc, where Mr. Dorr was passing the af
tcrnoon with a parly of his friends. Thcro
were a fcw pcople rathercd aboiil the door
m m 1 i,r... m.
n , .. . .
n,,. ,, , , c. , ri
Mr. 1 otter went inlo uol. bimons Housc,
, ., . t, . , ,
proceedcd up stairs. He was received by
' i. .. . . . . J
rand, (which we prcsumc he must havo
guesscd,)at once lold him he was rcady to
go wilh him. Tlie parly thcn ccmo down
stairs, Mr. Potlcr leading, and got into a
carriage which had becn druwn up before
the door, the fpccta'ors having somcwha
incrcascd in numbcrs since the Sheriff on
lercd, but ihcir being nol tho slightcst cx.
The carragc drovo to the Slato Prison,
whero Mr. Dorr remains at least, for the
prcseni. lia looks uncommonly well, and
boro himself, as ho got into iho carriage,
with considcrablo dignity. The party drovo
off from tho door, Mr. Dorr and Mr. Pot
ler tho Sliciiff, talking pleasantly togcth-
BY TUE GOVEBKOB.
It is good to givc thanks unto tho Lord, for
in liiin nalions navo Ihcir being. He ir
moyclh and Uo sclteth up, and Rulers
should recognizo Jehovah as the protccl
ing God ofthe Peoplc.
Wbercfore, in nccordancc wilh the rever.
ed custom of our Fathers, I do hcreby ap
point TIIURSDAY, the sevonth day of
Deccmber ncxt, to bo obsorvod as a day of
public THANKSGIV1NG. PRAYER and
PRAISE, throughout this State. And I do
carneslly recommend ihatlho People abstain
from all sccular avocations, and repoir lo
their usual places of public worship for
Prnyer and Thanksgiving to Almightv God;
that they gratcfully acknowledge, in the
Sanctuary, His loviog kindness and tender
mcrcies, humbly rccognizing His supcnn
lending Providenee and their own depon-
dencs upon Him, Iho Uiver of emy good
and perfect cift, and implore the forrzivcness
of ihcir manifold sins, and tho salvalion of
their immortal souls, through the mcrits of
our Lord and bavior Jesus Ohnst. Licl us
givo unfeigned thanks for iho rich mcrcies
of ihe pasl ycar, displarcd in all ihc relations
of life, chil, social and religious; that our
ntlion has bcen honorcd among the king
doms of the earlh, and the sounds of war
have been hushed in all our bordcrs ; that
our polilical, literary, and rclicious ins'itu.
tions have becn chcrished, the majesly of
Ihc law msinlaincd, and the people pro!cct-
ed and prospcred in ihcir lawful nursuils :
and that, though many, wilh broken hcarts,
havo bcen called to put on the habilimcnts
of mpurninrz, frcneral hcalth has bcer. vouch
safed lo us, and rcjoicing has becn heard in
our dwellings ; thal sccd timo and harvcsi
have becn givcn us, and tho carth has yield.
ed and abundant increasc, making glad the
neaii oi ihe husbaudman. And, as n con
fcssion becomclh a pcople whosc wavs are
not according to the commnndmcnts of iho
Lord, let us acknowledge ihc sins of Intcm
pcrancc, Sabbath.brcaking and Opprcssion,
and ask gracc from the Most High, that wo
may forsake them forcver. And finally,
wnn a jusl scnso ot our ucpcndcnce upon
Divino favor, lel us wait upon tho Lord wilh
sinceriiy and humility, and bcseech llim to
ordcr all ourslcps in pcacc and rigliteous
ness, Ihat llius we may Iiono lo cninv nnd
perpctudle the blessingsof civil nnd religious
Given under my liand, md tho scal of said
blatc, at Alontpehcr, this ihirty.hrst dnv
ofOclober, in t!.c j car of our Lord one
thousand cight hundred forly.thrcc. and
ofthe Indcpcndence ofthe United Stalcs,
By the Govcrnor,
IIENRY HALE, Secrciary.
81,500,000. Ve are informed by com-
petent authonty that the award of damages
the Loco-Focos, will probablv amount to
one millionjice hundred thousand dollars ! .'
This is a sta'rtling fact, and furnishcs an
other evidence ofthe rcckless cxtravagance
and improvidcnce of our present State
rulers. Troy Vfhig.
John QciNcr Adams. Tho Cleveland
Daily Herald of Nov. 1st, announces the
arrival of John Quincy Adams at that
place. He took them quite by surprise, so
that they had no time to ring the bells and
fire their cannon. He addressed the citi
zens of the place in the Church. He spoke
ofthe growing prospcrity ofthe West and
of the reception he had evcry where raet
with in the most cnthusiastic tcrms. Ilo
said that Burcoyne had declarcd he rnnM
tnarch with threc rcgimcnts from ono cnd !
of the British Colouics to the other; but
he was compelled to surrender before he
reached the plains of Saratoga. He was
greeted with three cheers whcn he sat
down. His progress is like a triumphal
march, and the " old man eloquent" seems
to enjoy his Western tourgreatly. He left
the same afternoon for Hebron and expect
ed to be in Columbus on Saturday.
(IJ'John Quincy Adarns delivers the
introductory lccturc before the Mercantile
Library Association of Lousville, the early
part of the month. If. Y. Trihune.
CT" Antoine Geisler, who was recent
ly convicted of the murder of Mr. and Mrs.
Smith, at Iluntingdon, Long Island, has
made a full confession of his guilL He
says also tliat he murdered a man in Eu
rope beforc he fled to this country.
ARRIVAL OF THE BBITAKNIA.
ARREST OF O'CONNELL AND
EIGHT OTHER REPEALERS.
Tbe Govcrnmcnt havo at longth taken
-activo mcasurcs to suppress the Irish agila
tion by nrrcsting O'Connell and othcrs, nnd
sending ovcr thc 34th nnd 87th Rcgimcnts
to kccp the poace.
The lord heulcnant on arriving at tho
capital convcncd the Privy councillors and
ngrccd upon n proclamation which was is
sucd. commandicg the pcople of Ircland to
abstain from holding mcelings and all other
movcmcnts calculated to cxcitc disconlcnt
and disaffcction in Ihe ininds of Her Maj
csly'a subjccls, nnd cnjniucd upon tho mag
istratcs 6i ofliccrs ofGovernment tocnforco
obcdicnce to (he established laws &c. &c,
Mr. O'Connell and eighl othcrs were ar"
restcd Oct. 14, and gave bail for their 'up
pcaranco at thc Court of thc James Bcnch
for trial, nftcr which tho following addrcss
was issucd :
TO THE PEOPLE OF IRELAND.
Belovcd Fcllow Countrymen : I an
nounce to you Ihat which you will hcar
from othcr quarlcrs, namcly, that I have
this day given bail to answcr (o a chargo of
conspiracy and olher nusdemcanors, the
first day of next term. I makc this nn
nounccmcnl in order to conjure tho pcople,
one and all, to obscrvo the strictcst nnd most
perfect tfanqudity. Any attempt to disturb
the public pcnco may be most disastrous
ccrtainly, would bc criminal and miscbicv
'Attend, thcn, belovcd counlrymcn, to
Bo not tcmptcd by anybody to break tho
peacc, to violate thc law, or to bc guilty of
anytumult of disturbanco. The slightcst
crimo ngainst order or tho public pcacc may
ruin our bcautiful and othcrwisc triumph
'If you will, during this crisis, follow my
advicc, and act as I intreat you to do, pa
tiontly, quielly. and legally, I think I can
pledgc mysclf to you, that thc pcriod isnot
far distant when our rovcrcnd sovcrcign will
opcn thc Irish Parliament in Collcgo Green.
'Evcry attempt of our enemies to disturb
the progress of Repenl hitherto has had a
direct contrary clTcct. This allcmpt will
nlso fail, if it be not assittcd by any mis
conduct on the part of the peoplo.
'Be tranquil, thcn, and we shall bo tri
umphant, I havo tho honor to be, your cvcr
Mcrrion Sq'r, Oct. 14. 1843.
At a rcpeal mceling on thc 9th Oct. Mr.
O'Connell statcd his futurc plans,by saying,
(ho proclamation would not altcr his course
of conduct in rclation to the great subjcct
of rcpeal, but mcotings must be held in cv
cry parish ol Ireland, to cxprcss their gnev
anccs and pctition Parliament to restore to
Ihemthcirnationallegislature. But at the
same timo cxhorting tho pcople to break no
law, nnd maintam good order in all their
declarcd Govcrnmcnt were now doicg more
wbU.uv.. ... ...... ..
tor the ngtlalion ot rcpeal than hc cvcr did,
At thc closo of tho mecting bc brought for
ward thc following resolution which was a
doptcd by tumulluous chccring
i nat wuust we repcat to the peoplo ot .
Ircland our conviction thafwhocver com-
mits a crimo givcs strength to the cnemy."
and whilo we pledgc them and oursclves (o '
a perfect obcdienco to tho law, wo nt tho !
sametimcnvow before thc inhabitants of (ho
British ompirc. and beforo the inhabilants ,
ot tno ciwnzcd world, Ihat we nover will i
dcsist from tlis lciraland constitulional nur
suitof (ho Repeal of tho Union, unlil an I'
rish Parliament is in Collezc Green acain,
During the procecdings of this mecting sev-
erat sums oi money amounting to ovcr oue
thousand pounos were haudcd m as ' procla
mation mouey." And among thc reat a letter
from New Jcrsey, U. S. containiug twenty
pounds, wliich was rcccivcd with loud chcer-
Hc then said somc had imacincd tliat thc
rcpeal agitation would now diminish, but nev
er were thc pcopleof Irclandmorcdctcrmined
than at present to pcraevcre; and heimplored
them to abstain from cxcitcmcnt and iutcmper-
unwi mu outuu-sa ivoBuicviiauic.
Imporlanl Netcs from Ch,ina. The trcaty
concluded last ycar bctween the Chiucse coin
mbsioners and the British plenipotentiary has
iiccn muy raiuiea ny ine tmpcror, grauting a
tarilTof a libcral character which cannot be al
tcred. Bythc proclamadon ofthe Impcrinl
commissioncr most of the ports are opeu for
iroui; irutu ui liauoilS.
FARTHER PARTICULARS OF
At tho Rcpeal Association Octobcr Olh,
immcdiately aftcr thc dispcrsion of tho
Clontarf mceling. O'Connell thus dcscnb-
cd his futurc plans:
?ly course is manifcst. 1 hat proclama.
tion has dcnc nolhinz to allcr my courso
of conduct, cxccpt in so far as my aUond.
ance nt tho mecting ycsterday was con
ccrncd. It ccrtainly did prevent my at
tcnding that; bot there all its inlluencc
vifas at an ond. I did intend, boforo Par.
liamont sat, to havo had a simullancous
mcctini; of every parish throughout Ircland.
nn tho taino day, to pctition them ; and
those petilions were to be signcd rogularly
by all tho rcsident Rcpcalers, commcncing
with iho clergyrnen. I cannot now namo
a day for this great simullancous nssem
bling of tho Irish, nation ; for I wish tbe
exci'.cment and indignation raiscd by this
foolish and mad proclamation in the breasts
of the people lo be assuagcd beforo wo vcn.
ture to do so. I give notice of my plan :
and on a ccrlain day, yct to bc appoinlcd.
cvery parish in Ircland shall mcet to scek
thc rcstoralion of their nalivo Lcgislalure
Beforo tho ncxt setting of Parliament, it
will be neccssary (o hold two of theso si
multancous parochial meetings of univcrsal
Ireland. The first, for tho duo exposition
of their grievances, nnd tho drawing up of
petilions adopted and signcd man by man.
Thcsc meetings will take place afler mnss ;
and the neccssary busincss will be trans-
acted in tlio lilllo yards or enclosurcs at.
tached to evrry chapel. I wifnt to know
how they will prevent our mceling to pc
lilion simultnneously throughout Ireland,
although they may prevent our mecting in
mullitudes. 1 o nrrango this was one
but I havo still something more to work out.
I shall nlso carry into operation the plan of
our arbilration courls nniversally. In this
1 bclieve the Proclamation will give us no
small hclp ; and soon all over Iieland thcro
will be cenllemen dispensing justice to all
whnmekit. I havo also nnothcr nlan.
It is to prevent Irish cstates from boing
overloaded with mortgages. the intercst of
which is handcd ovcr to pcrsons in Eng-
land. Tho objcct is to buy up the debts
due on Irish cstates, and the plan is most
promising. It would be carried into cilect
by a company of gcntlcmcn wilh JU1UU
sharcs; and from tho numbcr of anticipat-
cd subscribers that would bo amply suf-
hctent ; and this company would bo cm
bodicd for tho nurnose of takinz un the
j.t.i- j... t?i 1 i i?ni:,i,n,nn 1
from Irish cstates. Thus, tho intcrest of
the dcbt or mortgages would bo paid and
spcnt in Ireland inslcad of in England.
Aftcrwards, again cxhorting tho peoplo
to obcy his advice and brcak no law, ho
I will take thc neccssary stcps for car
rying out my plan for tho formation of the
Irish Housc of Oommons, which I trust I
shall bc cnablcd lo lay beforo Parliament in
tho very first weck of tho next scssion.
The steps that preceded the arrest of
O Oonnell were as follows : A great mect
ms had bceu announced to be held at
Clontarf on Sunday, the 8th ult. It was
expected to be one of the Iargest meetings
ever held in Ireland. De Gray. Lord
Lieutenant of Ireland, issued a proclama-
tion forbidding it, on the ground of its be.
ing seditious, illegal, &c. A Committce
nffbp Rpnpnl Asonpinlmn rona Immpdlafpltr
called. and. m the advicp. of O'CnnnplI
the meetins at Clontarf countermanded.
The proclamation of O'Connell requesting
the Irish lo abstain from assemblinrr at
Clontarf. and submit neacefullv to the au-
thoritics, was accompanied with every cf-
lcct to prevent them cominsr tojrether. Un""" nc uucibiumu ccij wm wu
Sunday all the guards of the city were
doubled, and at 10 o'clock the whole gar-
rison was drawn up at Clontart. At cvery
corner were excitcd multitudes reading the
Lord Lteutcnant sproclamation and O Con
nell's notice. The streets were thronged
with men driven hithcr and thither by the
troops, cannons were loaded, and their
muzzles pointcd towards Dublin and the
But thc people, it is said, did not fear
them much, but taunted them with " in
sulting the people." In the midst of the
people in a car rode Mr. Thomas Stcclc,
head Pacifiicator in Ireland, bftaring a
green branch and reiterating the word
' home,' The crowd slowly moved off.
Thb was on the 8th. On the 9th and llih
great repeal meetings were held in Dublin,
at which Mr. O'Connell presided.
On the 14th, nearly a week after the
proclamation, O'Connell was arrcstcd.
We are informed, says the Limerick
Chronicle, that it is the determination of
government to prosecute Mr. O Conncll in
the Court of Queen's Bench, for seditious
Ianguage. The indictment is now being
nrpn.irpd bv Mr Kpmmw f!rnun Rnljpitnr
un(er the a(iTice of the Crown lawyers in
London and Dublin. The materials for
tilis pr0ceeding were furnished.it isthought,
by the langage used at the Mullaghmast
cpeal meetinir. iV. x. Tribune.
Tho Malta popcrs havo intelligencc from
Athens ofthe 22d Sctcmbcr. On that dav
tlio Princess of Olaenburg, sister of tho
Quecn of Greece, cmharkcd in an Austrian
sleamcr, wilh Baron Hesso and about sixly
Bavarians, rtccntly dismisscd Irom civil and
military officcs. King Ollio and his Queen
took leave on boird. The war ships in tho
Piraius saluted iho parting steamer, and the
dcod c kent ud a succession of cheers. with
cries of ' Long live tho constitulion." On
arrivihg at Patrai. the princess, bearing
some ill-fceling oxcited, would not disem.
bark. Her doclor, however was nol so pru
dcnt, but landed in full uniform, wilh sevnral
Bavarian decorations on his breast. He
was obligcd again to scek rcfuge on board,
having becn sloned and hooled.
Lcttcrs from Athens of ihe 30th Sept
have reached us. 1 he clcctions were to
commonce on Ihe 1st. At tlio ccremony
obscrvcd in iho cathedral church, in com-
merr.oration of ihe birthday of King Otho,
iho f rcnchand Unglish Uonsuls were loud.
ly chcerod by the peoplo. Tho Indus, 74,
and iho Yesuvius sleamcr, had arrived at
Texas. There is a rumor ailoat based
on letters said to have been received at
New Orleans from Galvcston that Sam
Houston has been guilty of the deepest
treaciiery to his country tliat lie has
agreed to acknowledge the supremacy of
Mexico, which power is then to cede to
fcngland lexas, as paymcnt to her of her
debt For his scrvices in the premises,
the President is to reccive a handsome
sum some aay a cool hundred thousand
and an important post under government.
From tbe Montral Ilerald.
ST. JEAN BAPTISTE.
Orr Sunday last, the ceremony of con'
secrating the large bell for the Roman 1
Catholic Cathedral took place, in the pres-1
ence of several thousand spectators. Thc '
ceremony commenced at half-past one. 1
Within the railinri ofthe altar were as-!
sembled about a "hundred priests, at the
head of whom was the Bishop ofMontreal,
all arrayed in the most gorgeous robes, and
n .1 i i . . . i : t .1 . l.l.
auuuucu uy u grcai uiaiij iikuc uvjo, iiuu-
ited in ecclesiastical dresses. 1
The bell was suspcnded about three feet
from the. ground, by a windlass and strong are broken offby tho weight of tho snow.
frame work raised on the fioor ofthe This is of course (o bc atlribulcd to tho cir
Church around the beams and ropes of cumstanccs of tho trees being nearly jn fqll
which was twjned cottoij cloth of white leaf." Pittsburgh Gazete,
and scarlet alternately, so as to conceal j
evcry thing but the bell. Over the top
where the beams all united was a splendid
crown of roses and other brirht Icaved
flowers, immcdiately under which project- j
ed spars to each side of the church, sup-:
porting the Union Jack, and flags with re-1
lirrious devices. one of which contained a
j represcntation ofSL Jean Baptisle, to whom j
tlie Dcll was iu ue ucuigmuu, auu miusu,,
"Sn eithesidTihe framcwork was flank -
-jY" ii r..l,;pt,.l,o,!.nrppr,
.11 CU UJ suiuu . ,., . .....vi,..
or harraonised and contrastea Deautuuiiy witn
sthe varicgated hues of.the surrounding
the varicgated nues oi uie burroununig
decorations, and the drapery worn by thc
priests. Sinall flags also, of white, green
and red, were projected from them on tiny
stavcs, on the right and left, on which were
cmblems dona in gold, scveral ofthe green
bearing the harp and shamrock of Ireland.
Aftcr sineinir the " Misericordia "
priest delivered an address, first in Englisli
and then inFrench but we rcmarked that
the English one was a calm discourse,
showing the antiquity and illustrating the
, benefit of ceremonies, white the latter was
a warm appeal to the religious feelings of
, his hearers.
The Bisliop, having changed his mitre,
apparently of cloth of gold, tor oneot pure
white, then came forward with the priests
and sprinkled the bell outside and inside
with holy water ; he then retired, and sev
eral priests came forward and washed it
with napkins dipped in consecrated water.
After singing, the Bishop again advano
cd and marked the sign of the cross at dif
ferent places on the outer surface. While
the Bishop knelt in prayer at the altar the
choir again sang and continued the chaunt,
as hc again approachcd thc bell, and an
ointed it with oil, outside and inside. All
again proceeded to the altar, and after a
short prayer by the Bishop a cloud of in
cense ascended, and a priest with a censer
fumigated the bell. The Bishop then wip
ed off the oil, the choir burst forth again,
and incense was thrown in clouds, which
he-tne .cnurct mltl perlume.
lne "ishop, having assumed the mitrc
,ie wore at first and surrounded by the
P"ests, advanced to the godfathers and
godmothers, to whom he spoke a few words.
IIe then took the roPe whlch was attached
tO the tonffue. and Struck One MoW, tlie
godfathers and godmothers followcd his ex
. amPIe and after hc had returned under the
'canopy, such others ofthe congregation as
chose, both men and women, rang a single
toll upon the consecrated mstrumcnt.
Thus concluded the bencdiction, but thc
' J . 7 - 1 . 1 ...1 ll.l
made an offering in money,) continued long
allcr thc uishop and priests had retired
from thc altar and the church.
From tlie Roclieitcr Democrat or FriJaj.
Our city was visitcd this morning by the
most destructive conflagration that has hap
pened for many years. The entirc range
of buildings from tbe allcy west of the
Third Church, round the corner to some
distance up South St. Paul strcct, are a
heap of ruins. The fire was discovered
about lialf-past two, and raced with una-
bated fury for two hours. The number of
buildings destroyed is bctween twenty and
twenty-five. Owinj to the Iatcncss of thc
hour, we arc only able to givc thc namcs
of the most prominent sufferers. The
fire originated in the erocery storc of J.
Shaw, who, with his little boy jumped from
tne xna story winuow.
03ThoHon. Mr. Cashing, our Min
istcr to onina, arrivcd st Alcxnndria on
tho 10th of Septcmber. (Ic had an audU
enco wilh Ihe Viceroy, and left on the same
day for Sucz, whcncc ho was to procccd to
uombay in the monthly stcnmcr, expecting
Ihcrc to mcct thc Amcrican squadron rcady
to rcccivo him and to convey him to chi
na. Another Tkaoedv ! A Katheu Siiot
nr his So 1 We lcarn bya letter rcceU
vcd on Saturday night from Wcsbrook,(for
merly part of Saybrook,) on Connecticut
rivcr, that a fcarful trngcdy occurrcd in ihat
town on Friday evcning. Mr. John Stan
nard, Jr., a wcalthy and highly rcspcctable
farmcrin that town. about fifty years ofage,
who has a wife and two childrcn, was dc
libcrately shot whilc nt thc suppcr tablc, by
his own son.
Tho family wcro thus occupicd, when
Alphcus Stannard, about 24 years ofnge,
went into his ohamber somewhat abruptly,
and, as subsequcnlly appearcd, loaded his
gun. John theyoungcr son expressed somo
apprehensions to tho fnthcr, nnd said he was
fcarful Alphcus was nbout todo somclhing
wrong, perhaps shoot somc one. When ho
came down stairs with thc cun in his hand.
John left the room. The fathcr rose from
the table and approachcd him with some ex
clamation of surpriso, nppnrenlly for thc
purpose of seizing the weapon.
Alphcus immcdiately lcvellpd the mitskct
nnd shot his father diroctly throuch tho
breast, thc bail passing through and coming
out of his back. flo livcd unlil midnight,
when he expired in excrucialing ncony. Tho
son sccmcd quito unconscious ot (he tragc
dy in which he had been cnnntred. and al.
tnough ho has nevtr becn susjiecled ofinsa -
nity yct in this murdcrous act ho has ox -
hibited such evidence of it, that wo under.
stand he is to bo sent immcdiatclv to tho
Retreat at Hartford.
Thc unforlunalc falhcr was an cstimable
man. dcacon ofthe Cnnirrpirni innl Phnrph
in that town, and himsoff rfnd family havo ,
always lived togcther in the most affcction-
ate and harmonious manner. His funeral 1
took place yesterday. Deep regretas well 1
as painful excitcment pcrvadc that part i
ncrvadc that part ot
tne country. and in the most ot it aii, tno
mwniM vvillbll prulllUlUU IUI3 uiuiutivuj
At-r-A rpmnln nn in.,ri.Mn mvsterv to all ,
mnf...nn . . - . T t. 1-J J l-
oxcept Omnipotance. New Haren Couritr.
Snow. On tho night of Thursday and hics of transportarion to Boston, ofitsw11
idav wo had quite a fall-of snow. ThoL.i .- "
Friday wo had quite a fall-of snow,
ground was covered somo two inches in tho
morning though it was melting rapidly. A
friend in tho country writes us as follows :
"Snow this morning at sunrise-accu J
ralcly mcasnrcd on n plain surface 1 1-8 i
inches deep. A little is still falling. Tho j
cffects produced on tho trces is at onco on-
'v;n,omn.l I 1 : r. . t tl i r i l
nuiwuuu ucauuiuj. x I1U limus 01 Somo &rQ '
bent down scveral feet from their natural
pojition, and many ofthe moro sturdv nnp
Mitldlebury, IVov. 15, It-.iy
It does aecm 83 though the people of ,u
' T'f A.
they have in the iirojects nhich an '.
nrftntlnnfn .1.. - ui,lf Q
- " "'sactiusct, tti
roads through ennont. But wearegl
- o- weareglaj.
hnd othcr sections ofthe state tnj ,
are fully awake to tlie vast advaniaj;ts , i,
derived from tliem. During il,e iwt" .
' 0r the Icgislature, 3Ir. Gilmorc an W"''&
j tile LoW,jit Nashua anj conc I Zitn"'
I at Montnfj;ir r,,i.. . ro:(!3' BM
a .,,' " . ul0 ' tae C
Rail from thc mouth of White Rivcr itsJ J
Montpelier ,o Burlington; and Col
of Fitchburc sliowin- thn . nAa
... " . a rHor auvanta'M
ofthc extens.cn ofthe Fitchborg
hc Connecticut, and p that rircrto Mompc
her; or from Bellows Falls via. Ia
through thc vallcy of Ottcr Crcek to VerE
nesor Burlington. Wc understand
Iegislaturehave grauted two important tW.
tcrs,oucofa rail road from Burlington
MontpcHertoB point or poinu on Coaaed.
cut nvcr, most conveuient to iutersect the
Concord and Fitchburg roads. The oth for
a rail road from Burfington, through Vereen
nes, Middlebury and Rutland to thc CoanU
icut, where most convcnientto mcct the Fitch
burg rail road. The latter routc is saM ,0 1,
tcn or fiftccu miles the shortest, and we trust
combincs very superior advantagej to Vcr
mont. The recent surveys made by the pco
ple of Rutland havercmovcd tho feari euter
taincd of iu pracdcability, throneh the M01lat
Holly gap to thc Connecticut.
Since Rail Roads and Canals have picrcej
the country cven to the far west, it h
doubly neccssary for Vermont to be fuS,
awake to improvemcnts which alonecaaem.
ble her to come fairly hito compctitiou wih
the rcst of thc union. Altho withiu I. ,,,.
two hundrcd miles of tlie great conimerasl
emporium of New England, without the tasj
andchcap otitlets of rail roadj, eheunor
olTtliau states a thousand miles distant niti
thcsc facilitics of communicntion.
But it might be asked whether these brj.
liaut schemcs are within tho bound of posi
ble accomplishmeut. Rail Road stock at prti
ent is altogcther tlie most desirableia themsr
ket &the avidity with which that of ihe Fitck.
burg road was sought, and the proinptitade
with wliich ncarly half ofthe road liu leea
already coustructed, shows tho favor which it
has met willi among the capitalists of lloiton.
But Fitchburg is only a half way liouse ia
their vicws ofthe cxtcnsiou of this road. Lale
Clfcnijdain is the final tcraiinus, which tlie
Bostou people are determined it shall reaclL-
rhcysccthe immcnsctrade whichniujtflontii
the castcru capital from western and norihera
erniont, aud the whole extcnt of Lake Chim-
plaiu aud the St. Lawrcncc country. Nor
does tho 45lh degree of north lattitude fcound
their prospccts of accumulating trada from
this region. By mcans of thc Uichclcu canal
coiiuectiiig her with Outario, and the Wellaul
canal with Lake Erie, Montrcal is dentined to
bccome the ccntro of an iimneiise trade. A
very cousidcrable proportion of this trado !
rcady sccks an outlct through tho St Johia
and Lapraire rail road, aud Lako Champlaia
to New York, and could be very ca.iily diver
ted to liostou by the coutemplatod eTteiuion
ofthe Filchburg or Concord rail roads.
Wilh prospccts of prolitable invcstinents m
attractivc to Bostou capitalists.nho Imeboth
tho ability and thc wish to make tbcir city
imincnse commercial cuiporium, we bclieve
that sooncr or later thc projected work will
bc accomplishcd. Rail roads can now be con-
structcd at vastly less expcuso than foreifrir.
The two millioiis cxpeuded upon the!25m2tj
of the Lowell road viould build one through
tho whole extent iu Vermont.
The pcople of Addison Couaty should be-
gin to fccl mterested in tliis fubjcct nsiit
within the life of thc present grncratioa.
Whcthcr this great thoroughfarc shall pcoe"
trate thc state through tho gaps of the Kreci
mountains at Brookfield and Montpelier; or
at Mount Holly through Rutland to WhiteW
or Brandou, Middlebury and Vergennes, to the
common tcrminus at Burlington, may anel
depend upon the intcrest aud efloru which
the people iu thb region put forth outhissn
jcct. ftextycaritis believcd thc I'itchbor?
road will bc complctcd. Thc charters fr
rail roads throigh this state which have alrci
dy becn grantcd are still to bc locatcd by cir
cumstanccs most favorablc to jirofit auJ la-
npas nnd rhpnnnp nf rntiifruction.
thcn is tlie time to sum up and cxhibit tho tl
vautagcs of a routc through our rich nnd pp
ulous portlon of the state. Let them bc fei
ly prcs'entcd, and should a rail road everpw
1 through the swte wc bclieve it will come nr
. our Uoor3. No sect;on of Vermont would k
' . .... .. , . , , , rr
8. ue.c "cu'y ulncnu:u "3 " ru. . I ZL
I0' Addison. i.vcrystreamwnicnguaw
, our Moun'3"1 8m1cs would 800n iaye a vl" "
broodine upon its banks. The immcnie
tcr powcr alTordcif by Otter Creck at Mi'W"
burj- and Vergennes would spccdily attratt
capitalists, aud convcrt them into extcnii
manufactoring viUaecs. Even little V"ey-
. " -0""J " " r ...
.... e lifi
wmIe our agncultural intercst would fce""
'vcins swclliug with ovwflowing prospen'f-
: nol only from tho homo mnrkar. but the
Pkotectio.v ofCoiored Seajiex. The
n . r- -i , i,,,.tu
Govcrnor and Councl1 of Massachasci"
havo appoinlcd Mcssrs. Jobn A. Mayuin
New-Orleans nnd B. F. Hunt of oharies-
too, acents for Ihat Common wcalth undcr
n rnnlvA nf !nr wmfnr. fn rrnreSCnt tn0
rigbls of coltred cilizcns of MassachuselU
who may bo reslrained in thoso ports wbea
arriving thero as seamen, with powcr to
test tho quostion before the U. S. Suprcmo
Court. iV. Y. Tribune.