Newspaper Page Text
I) e r h
AND MIDDLEBURV PEOPIiE'S PRESS.
H. BELL, Editor and Proprietor.
MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT. WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER G, 1843.
VOL. VIII.-NO. 3.
T1IE NORTIIERN GALAXY,
1S rtELlSHED EVERY WEDNESDAT MOKNISO,
IS STEWABT's KUILIM.NGS,
BY J. COBB JR.
8I UUOM ALL ORDER5 FOU
Of cvcry tlcscription will bc ncatly and
fashioaaMy cxecutcd, at short notice.
TF.KM3 OF EIGIITH VOLUME.
In.liuJu.il3 aml Coropanies nbo lake at the oflico
1'7. or 1 ou cents 11 ji.iiu iu bix monuis.
Thu'e "H "Ke 01 1 ostriaers .
II not naiJ at llicend of tlic jear 2,
Xn nwers duconuniied uotu arrearaSes arc paiu I
,aub optionaftheprorr.ctor Vo pajmc,, ,
13 Orricrs alloued rxccpt ordercd bj tli; proprie
Allcomnnnicalionsniustbe adilresscd to tliecd
iai Vosr I'J-to
EV MISS CAROMNC ORXE.
The 0.-i I oa the pcndant tousb,
Cy lln Iwm1' of hcr lowly rcst,
Ar ! nVr it Ibe s'arofcvtnin flione.
L.ic ibc emile of an ansel bleft.,
It t 35 on a liright moruing iu the month
fif iU . that the wagon of au cmigraiit miglit
bvi Lfcti s-ocu slouly inoving along the
t.tuh srw euvcrcrt roa. , famtly Iraccd j
t!.-(n.''it!i!-henrt of tlie southwcstcrn wilder-
5, i) h riclicr lienuty, and yet tlie Iiearta of
lir-c liu Dcin.111 11, pincu lorinc iiomc incy
. 1 t i
b! l. fr "icjoinl the mountams.
Kii-a, liow ilo you fccl now!' said 3Ir.
fl.-Vi.'iie, itli an evprcssiouof grcat nuxicty
1 1 ikiiu lirk iiito the wagon from the scat
.1 1 .f Ir s-"t gunling the horscs. This was
j" '. " I to histlaughter.asirl of scveutecn,
uho l.ty 011 a bcil placcd in the bottom ofthe
tn;.m. wiih Ir r hcad supportcd in hcr moth
i',bp. iinl? Iietlcr,' the rcphcd in a faiut
Oh. ui, said Mrs. Osbome, 'tlic fevcr
f -'i c:i her rlircks jleepcns cvcry lnomcut.
I ii 1 r. : wc could find some spot u hcre wc
1.1 .111 r -': she cannot bcar the motiou of
' Vi'e nii't gn on till wc can find watcr, at
; ay ratr, rcplic J lior husband, 'atuliflani
11 1 !ec,ivc(l the soil indicatcs it tobc ucarat
M-tt Janics and I aliht, falhcr, and go
T anl, sai.l a h-uul5om, activc boy of
.L'.n ci), ninl cc if we can't find soinc'
lii fatlicr af rnted, and alis'iliiig. tiie boys
N.andctl abiis l!ie ro.id, uhich nnw begau 10
rv -adc'p forcst! Lcaving the road ou
t'i I ft, tlii'j" f oon cnicrgcd into the opcu
r. iiarry, aivl asccnding a spot of gromid
fi.n".vliit cLvatrd, they, to thcir great dc
1 I.'. bclit-ld at a little distancc, a stream of
taii'rs,).irkliiig brightly in the sunbeams.
TL' fliout of joy which thcy nttcrcd at the
iT-r vcrr, rose shrill and clear on the air, aud
rs naftcd hack to thosc lcft bchind 5Ir.
0- mra- chcrrcd the horscs iuto a quirkcr
p-f. a:nl iu a few moracab they had arrivcd
i:th- point where tlie cldest boy, wliosc.
' tvas lioncrt uau siaiioueii iiiuiscu, tuu
b' tuili dircct his fathcr wliit-h way to pro
? d. It was wiih couidcrable ijilliculty
thou' li ths distancc was .-hort that Jlr. Os-
!' i.-jc lnl tho liorsc-! through the iutricacics of
t'i" for -it, the interlacing boughs or the Iux
.inH inc, freipicntly checkiug all father pro-
". ti!l cnt or torn away.'
'Tli-rc fathtr,' said Robcrt whcn thcy had
"t l;t arrivcd at the foot of the cmincnce.
, nise where Jamcsstanils iu the shade of
tliws lurgc trccs. Wcll the watcr, though
ivo rannot scc it hcrc, is not morc thau half a
fl frum tliat sjiot, and looks almost as bright
:n'l sparkling as the hrook tliat used to mn
Iwk of our house, which Rosa ucd to Iovc
so wcll. Therc arc 111) such sinooth pcbblcs
"t tlie bottom, though,' he added with a
It was not long before they haltcd in the
vli "Ip of n clustcr ofmaplc trccs, the sanie
iiicli had bccn imlicatcd by llobcrt. Hcrc
it rcas thcir first care to arrange a bcd for
h was a loncly and quiet spot; the rustling
of the foliiic, and occasioually a gush of
sircet uild nmsic, from somo birtl alone
'ire-.king the Sabl.ath stillncss. The air,
"oft and clcnr, and latlcu with the breath of
tlic muny IiriHiant floucrs gcniniiiig the green
stVdid, lisiffanncd the brow of the fair girl
r a raomcnt nppcared to allcviatc her suf
ft'riiiis. I'rom the lacc where she lay, she
could .( the sparkling stream, aud she
i ms.Iif of the clear jiroolc on whose pelibly
' I s!ii' Ind iu childhood, so ofteu stood aud
strhnl in waters, like a stream of liquid
Jiiiicr, gursle ovcr her small bare fcet, aud
is.enou to its mtiMcal voice that sccined
...... - . i
r .lLm's 1V1?3 "ayst"Jy tucu'1'c--!l,e,ilr;r
nipmuricsof her late home. Thcspotwhcro
tifcar shton hatl told hcr of his love, and i
VOU115:crlrntViprc rn; ur cn .rlrnli1ir
Vfcrc hcr th-it she hatl hcld hcr breath to Iis
"a, cpccting to hear hi voice. The loud
"rol of a birtl, such as she had nevcr before
n?ard dUinntciI tli u..;.. t
hcr face v. ith her hands, siie w cpt as she bc-
irCn t"Iehour na'l long bccn past,
Ir. Ohome antl his two sons had com
rlctcd ashght structcrc, formed ofthe limbs
'ad boughs of trccs, as shcltcr from the
"CSVV nitrllt ilMra . II
fVPS tntnr.T ,1. t.1.-, , . '
wginmng to shine faintlv near the hori7on
anu sne imagiucd that its li-ht mi-ht bcam '
n who was now far away. Pcrhaps
eii then his eycs, like hcrs's mightbe direc
'fl towartls it.
'feitnotThiirsday2'sho inquired of hcr
nwicr, who tlrew near herhetlside.
&nc renliM tlmt tt
Toa y cve'"S.' she resuined, 'is as t
onr ho" rC"p'i ' tIlC laSt weeverspcntin
fore w g31" Asntou was with us, and
i ' w ou.. vu. ia,ui.LU
tcniiamiicatcil to hcrthe placc he hatl formed ' , , "mctico a jountey, ttuiiu . ultn luch Iho Sonate was plcaseu
f jolniug hcr in the far west, as soou as he ?,lld lc-ad ,n"r "." 'oun,? nian's home, and cu j .as seiecte(l for :i s!at jon, r
Ja. c...1u.latclasum that would makc the ' J!!..--!r thc? w,lh 1,13 "V haps of more usefulness, but of
mie hontcsteatl for his widowed mother and ". "" ' consenuencc in the cstimation of
"laUYO VOUll'rcrhrnthprc rn; ur cn .rlnnlilr
hymn. Letme Iisten to it now for
tlie last time,
TVTo,. i i i .1..
Hymn," commencing with the linc,
"The day is past and goue,"
bcautiful for its simplicity, and which, !n for
mcr ycars, might havo bccn beard by a New
England fircsidc, sung by tho uuitcd voices
of a household, before rctiriug to rcst. Now
for the first time, its music rosc ou the still air
ofthe loncly and solcniu wildcrness. The
clcarauddcep voice of Jlr. Osborue tremblcd
mi ... .. i,., ,i : t? ., ..
joiuing iu the hymn in acceuts swcet, yct low
' ninn are not casilv shaken, evcn when tho
uim utuncu lur me iruu uvncd ui u biruu
Iicart is blccding with anguish; but the voices
ofthe mothcr and brothcrs wcre uustcady,
antl somciimes almost ceased, for thcy knew
as the last time Rosa would ever
sing w itli them. She had, before thcy com-
nicuccd their liynm, bccn rcmored to the
.i,i, nf ,,, 1,,.. ,, ,
, . . hw . ,)Ccn ma(lctoIook
towanis the home of hcr star wluch had at-
tracted Iier attcution whcn it first begau to
kindlc its firc in the heavens.
She spoke of Edgar Ashton, and liolding
m.licrliBml.soastodisplayapIamgoldnng'toJudseEstcon the part of the bar, Jlr.
turSe.1 to bim hxen she was dcad. Adauts gae the followtng reply, express.ve
'Oh, Rosa,' cried Robcrt, sobbing as he r scutimeuts so truly free and Iiberal that
spoke, 'you will gct wcll I knotv yott will.' 1 thcy put to the blush the infamous pseudo
'I'o, Uobcrt. I shall die, and you aud fath- democratic revilcrs of this uoble old patriot
er, mothcr aud Jnmcs, will all have to go I . , r . , - ... , . , ,
away aud Icave me here alone. You, moth- a,lJ fr,cml of raan and tlle ra03t of
cr, must write to Edgar Ashton, aml tell him aI1 tlie pncsthood 111 the temple of liuman
you left me rcstingin a plcasant spot near a freedom and cqual rights.
stream of clear watcr, almost as bcautiful I , ., ,., T ,
as that which runs near the l.omc wd. Honorei Sir-Brtthrtn ofthe Uar:-Ithas
lcft. Tell him the soug of birds will float ; ,,ecu ny nnsfortuue the lasthalf year, toap-
ovcrmebydav, and that a star, swcct and.l'
mild as tlic 011c wc lorcd to imaginc was tlie
home of ministering spirits, will shiue upon
Mark'the sPot where j
if ever he should be a
'.'.... ' fi.,t
t , g. closcd h-r evc and sccm- !
Thenight wore on, and the fathcr aud ,
mother watche.1 togcthcr by the low couch j
of thcir dyingdanghter. l5ven the boys, so
slisht wcre their sltimbers. ronsed tliemelvcs
t cvcry uoisc, wcre it ouly the lo w t wittcr of
bird, as it movcd on its Icafy perch.
The day star had riscn in tlie east whcn
r t,.. i. iT- .,.1
Rosa awoke from her heavy slccp. Mr. and '- "auer an "npreMion wmen 1 nrst rcce.v
Mn. Osbornc bcnt carncstlv fonvard to catch c'1 from mJ ,'.'0, ,cr' tIlat 1,1 th" c0"Mry
thc low murmur of hcr lip3. Hcr words wcre
brokcu and indistiuct, but thcy kucw that she
spakc ofthe blcssediicss of that laud where
fricuds mcct to part 110 morc. and where sor
row and sighing flec away. She hccame si
Icnt, aud thcy saw it wasdcath thathad hiish
cd hcr voice. Jlrs. Oslionic, aud the boys
covcrcd their faccs autl wcpt; but 3Ir. Os
bornc, as he turncd his eycs toward hcavcn,
now cloHing with the first bcains of day,
said iu .1 low, yct unfaltcring voice, "Thc
hord gavc, and thc Lord hath takcn away ;
bcscd bc the namc of the Lord."
All thc uext day they watchcd bcside thcir
dcad. Ilershrotfd was carcfnlly arrauRcd
by thc mothcr's lnnds, and hcr long golden
trcsses, which usedtosport w ith cvcry breath
of wiiul, wcre partcd 011 hcr cold forchcad,
and lay uiotioulcss amiil issnowy folds. Rob
crt ami James gathcrcil violets and wild flow
crs, which thcy knew she loved, and placcd
them upou hcr bosom.
Thc twilight shadows bcgan to gather. A
grave had becn dug iu the shade of the lar
gcst and most bcautiful ofthe trccs, amid
whose hranchcs birds wcre now singing thcir
evcning songs. Thcy kucw that the time
had cnnic for them to commit hcr to thc dust,
and kncclins down by the bicr, wovcn of
stroug boughs, Mr. Osbonie offcrcd up a
praycr, fervcnt and humblc heart-thrilliiig,
yet full of trust. Whcn they arosc they fclt
strcngthcucd for their moumful task. Thcy
placcd her gcutly iu the gravc thcy jiad prc
parcd, Iookcd upon hcr for thc last time, and
then all but the fatlicr turncd away, for they
could not bcar to see the carth fall upon thc
swcct face tliat had so oftcu sniilcd upou
them, and which was bcautiful cvcuin dcath.
Mr. Osbornc lcancd for a few nvnutcs on his
spadc, and breathcd a silcut praycr, that hc
misht not shriuk from this last trying duty
which hc owcd to the dcad.
!y the time thc gravc was closcd and cov
crcd with thc frcsh green sods, dayligbt had
cntirely fadcd. AII was calm cnd sileut.
Evcn the voice ofthe winds was hushed; yct
as thcy sat togcther by the spot wl.cre thcy
had laid their poor Rna, 'a floating whispcr,'
such as is heartl ouly in the dccp liush of the
cvening or night time, seemcd to comc to
them like low and distant music. None
spoke, yet it fell 011 the cars of all w itli deep,
soothing powcr. It appcarcd to them like
the ccho of spirit voiccs, singing some awcct
hymn, such a ono as Rosa used to Iovc to
brcathe with hcr clear musical voice, on a
still Sabbath evcning in summer.
The moniing rose bright and balmy, and
Mr. 0)ornc, with the assistance of his fami
ly, having cnclosed the grave with logs prc
parcd thc day before, mentioned that it was
time for them to pursuc thcir journey. Ev
cry thing bciug rcady for thcir dcparture,
thcy lookcd on thc grave for the last time, and
rtm hnmc. Slrs. bsborne-a first
iipii ttipx- nmv(i nr mn nni tipsimpii rn i
carewastopcrformthcrequestofRosaandlmpmbetof profcssion. But in the j
,Trl,e ,0 EI5ar Ash,on- The Iettcr aml ',he I midstof Iho fourlh year, by Iho will oftho ,
5 cre cmrustc" o tne care oi a genuc- i
those who he knew would give him 'their,
' A tbousand thanks,' said hc. tnwnnl thn !
conclnsion ofthe lcttcr, 'for the faithful de-
Scription you gave me ofthe spot where VOU I
PaJe h" prcsent to my tnind j
antl soon to be able to bchold it, is the dcarcst
hope I most fondly chcrish.'
..... l.t. ...uuva.wo. w.wU uu vu.tii,
A numbcr of ycars aftcrwards, as a travcl-
lfr frr.,,, nnn , Vtn Vn.P TTnrrtnnfl Stnfpa.
was nthng in company with a native son of .
,ne for:st, hc at a little distancc obscrvcd a
1 small spot ofgronnd cnclosed with logs. In-
quiring ofthe Iudian its dcsign, he relatetl to '
him the iucidcnu ou which the forcgoing !
sketch is founded. Wth fcclings dccply 1
(touchcd and interested at the idca that a
young an, beaut.ful ft.rl wa8 repp9,ng alono
fricnds, he drew near the enclosure. A wild '
rosc trce, togcthcr with thescnsitivcplant had
taken root on her grave, and were growing
( in rich luxuriancc appropriate cmblcms of
the beauty and modcst virtues of ber who
JIll. Vai BUBEX AND FREE TrADE.
The Journal of Commerce of ycsterday mor
ning.says: "Jlr. Burcn's avowal of free trade opin
ion has reccntly, if not before, been very dis
tinct, aud such a3 to satisfy we know, a great
many free trade men and gecure theirvotes."
Odd Fellows We lcarn frora the Sn.
vannah Gcorgian, thatthe Rev. Albert Case,
u. u., urand ftire ol the Urand I.m!rr,. nf
e Unitcd States institutedthc above Grand
. 7 . , ju
Monday evcning, 13th iustant, under a char
tcr srantcd Iiv the Grand Lodse of the U. S.
J. Q. ADA3I3
Among the tcstimonials of rcspcctshown
to Mr. Adanis, while at Cincinuati, was au
;lnr;ttinn nrn. hm 1, ) t .u-.
tn mMf." Tt ... ... " - '
,, , . .
plar' ,,anllers' or procession, but
seemcd an aflectiouate and henrtfelt meeting
of the oldcr brother ofthe fatnily. Iu auswcr
ny lenow ciuzeus m vanous
! States of the Uuion, under circumstaucc3
1 such as nercr occurred before inthewholc
'"f Kfe : but among all the occa
810n3' 1 ;erc llas ,10t bfe ollc for 1 wa;
su luiuiij- uujrcJuruu sis now. i iiavc re
I ccivcd comnlimcntarv addrcsscs from fel!o
ccivctl complimcntary addrcsscs from fellow
j citizeus of cvcry class, charactcr, ilenoinina-
""' ani1 P1 ' hu"3 first timo that
1 have "'vcd tt tnbute of that natnrc from
mX professional bretlircn.
1 "ac "tc" i proiession
"P'vanls of a half century. Iu the early part
f mJ' I,fe' ,,av"15 a fa''?r al,roaJ. " "a3 .lny
r"nc 0 ,rav.el much 111 foreigii couulnes ;
still, uuder an unprcssioii which I first rcceiv-
cry man should have some trade, tliat trade
which, iiom the advice of my parcnt, and
my own inclination, I cliose, was thc profcs
siou of the La Aftcr haviug completcd
an cdiication iu which, pcrhaps morc thau
any othcr citizcu of that time, I had advan
tagcs and whkh of coursc brouht with
it the incumbcnt duty of mnnifcsting by
my lifc that tliore cxlraordinary ndvantn
gca of cducation sccurcd to mo by my
falhcr, had not becn worlhlcssly bestowcd
on cotning into life aftcr such great ad.
vanlagcs, and having the duty of selccling
a profcssion for mysclf, I choso that of Iho
Rar. I closcd my cducation as a lawycr
with onc ofthe tnost cinincnt jurists ofthe
age. Thcophilus Parsons, of Nowburyport,
at that time a praclising lawycr, but sub
scqucntly Chirf Justice of tho Common
wcaltli of Massachusclls. Under his in
slruclion and advicc, I closcd my cduca
tion, and commcnccd what I can hardly
call tho practice of Law, in tho cily of
At Ihal time, Ihough I cannot say that
I was fricndless, yet my circumstanccs
wcie nct indcpcndcnt. My fathcr was
thcn in n situation of great rcsponsibilily
and notoricly, in Iho govcrnmcnf of tho
Unitcd Sialcs. Rut iic had bccn long nb.
scnt froni his own counlry, and still con.
linucd alisent from Ihat part of it to which
hc bclongcd, and of which I nas a nalirc.
1 Hcnt thcrcforc as a voluntccr an ad
vcnturcr lo iioslnn as possiblc many of
you whom I nowsce before mc, may con
sidcryoursclvcs as having como lo Cincin
nati. I was wilhor.t support of any kind,
I may say I was a strangcr in that citj ,
though almost a native oftho spot- 1 say
I can hardly call it praclicc bccauso for
tho spacc of onc year from that timo, it
would bc diflicult for mc to namc any
practice which I had to do. For two ycars,
indccd, I can rccall nothirg in which I
was tngagcd. Ihat may ho (crmcd prac
tice ; though during thcsccond year, therc
wcre some symptoms, Ihat by that pcrse
vcring palicr.ee of which you, sir, have
spokcn in sucb eloqucnt tcrms, practice
mighl comc in (imc.
Thc third year I continucd Ihis paticncc
and pcrscvcrancc, and having li'llo to do,
occupied my timo as wcll as I could in tho
sludy of thosc laws and institutions which
I have sinco bct-n cailcd to administer.
At tho end ofthe Ihird year. I hauoblain
ed somcthing which might bc callcd prac
licc. Tho fourlh year, I found it swelling lo
such an cxtcnt, that 1 nn longcr had any
conccrn as to my future dcsliny, as a
hrst l'residcnt ot Ihc Umted Statcs, antl
lo con- ;
anl &ent 'om home on a mission to for-
From that timo the fourth Tcar after
my admissiou to tho bar of my native
S,ln t,A llio firct -rrnr nf mv ndmissinn
Da7 of tho i Su'preme Court oftho U.
,8lnte - l was dcprivcd of Ihe cxcrciscs of
r...il l,l..l lr tvtr I
u..f.i v. . ' -j
this distinction a dislinction for which a
prcvious cdication at Iho bar, if not an in
dispcnsablc qualificalion, was at Icast a
most uscful appendago. From that timo
" practice at Iho bar has bccn little more
than during Ihc hrst year.
I was abscnt in Europc on that mission,
succeedcd by olhcr3 which it was the
peasure of Ihe first President lo confide
,0 mc for soven vcars. Rcturning then
to mv nalivc country, I again commenced
r mv l' f ";nn in Rosfon.
But 'n tho fi"t yenr, I was again sclected
to nn offico which no longer admitted of
my practising at the bar. From that time, ,
now upwarda of forty yeare, I havo nppcar-
cd at Iho bar but onco and that wilhin
Ihc last two ycars, in the Supromo Court
of the United Slates, on Iho occasion to
which you have alludcd, sir, in terms so
much morc complimcntary than I dcservc;
and I cmbraccd Ihat occasion, to tako a
final adieu of tho Profcssion.
In Ihe courso of that pcriod of time, I
havo gone Ihrough a great varicly of pub.
Iic ofiiccs, among which was Iho highcst
political stalion that can bo conferred by
thc pcople of Iho Unitcd Slates upon a
cilizcn. And yet, it may pcrhaps furnish
some of Ihe younger mcmbers of tho bar
who now hcar mc, food for a scrious rncd
ilation, to say, Ihat if it wcre now pcrmit
lcd me to pass anothcr lifc, commencing
in Ihc profcssion of law, as mine did, and
it wcre put to mc, after passinc Ihrco and
; a half or four ycars of Iho first part of
j my lifo as a lawycr. whclhcr I would pass
i Iho rcmainder of it as I havo donc, cnlirc-
' ly in Ihe public scrvicc, and to tho cxclu-
I sion of ihe practice of that profcssion, or
' 1 : . 1. . c -1 t , .
i-'juiiiiuu iij.ii pruiessiun as 1 ucgan, wun
such powcrs as it has plcascd Iho Crcalor
j lo givo mc, and such induslrj-ind intcgri.
! ty in tho application of thoso powcrs, as
1 have bccn spokcn of I nowsolcmnly dc
j clarc, that so far as pcrsonal happincss is
j conccrncd, I would inlinitcly prcferlopass
. my life as a mcmber of tho bar, in Iho
j practico of my profcssion according to Iho
auilily which UoU has givcn me, lo that
j lifc which I have IcJ, aml in whicli I have
held placcs of high trust, htmnr, rcsponsi-
bility. and obloquy.
I I say not obloquy, now, for Iho purposo
1 of complaint. If it wcro true, that of all
Iho public scrvants of tho United Sialcs,
j it had becn my forlttno to suffer moro of
thc 1 1 1 opinion of thc world at various timcs,
and from Ihc varicty of cstitnation, high
and low, which public scrvants must un
dcrgo then I say, that if it wcro my fato
tn slcirn n frrnnlrr nrnnnrtinn nf tTinof, nOilc
Ih.nn nnw nlhrr mnn livinttm
Ihe last'six months, mv Tcception bv my
rillnw.R;tiznn of tliUf-itv nlnnn. nnd thn
prospcct now before me, would more than '
compensnie tnt nn.
lircthren of Iho Profcssion of Ihe Law
Pcrhaps my cstimalion of Iho Profcssion,
nolwitbstanding what I havo said, may
not bcso lngli as Ihat which mnnyot you
makc. So deep is my imprcssion of tho
natural cqnality of mankind. and of thc
fundnmcnlal righls which Ihat natural
equslily confcrs upon cx'cry human bcing,
that I havo bcon occutomcd, and have
accustomcd mysclf, to Iransfcr that prin
ciplo of cqualit to all Iho profcssions of
mcn Ihc honcst profcssions adoplcd by
mcn in tho great and various pursuits of j
It is common to say that thc profcssion
of thc law is thc highcst, tnost bonoralib,
and most dignified, that can bc cxcrciscd
by man. Possib'.y some of you may think
so. It is possiblc that you tnay havo cn
tcrcd upon the profcssion with that imprcs
sion. But that im.rcssinn is not mine.
I do bclieve that thc libcrlics of a country
dcpends morc upon thc mcmbers of the
bar than upon any othcr profcssion com
mon (o man. Yct I do not considcr it, tn
point of dignily, in point of importancc,
bcyond Ihat of thc shocmakcr, or thc lai
lor, or Iho houscwrighl, or mason, or any
mcchanicil profcssion. I considcr it not
superior to tho profcssion of tho hcaling
art, dcstincd lo allcviatc and rcmove thc
physical cvils of Ihc human racc ; far lcss
i!o I considcr it supcrior to that profossinn
whicli connccts tnan with thc fuluro and
Perhaps some among you cnlcrlain thc
opinicn Ihat Ihis proiession alono may
havo thc samc claims to honor and dignily.
lircthren, my own opinion upon that sub
jcct ts.that thc profcssion of divinily stands
upon thc same tounualion asthc proiession
of Iho law. Thc professors of both are
bound by tlic laws of naturc and of God,
to pass livcs of punty and innnccncc, do'
ingnu mcgooti mcycan to mcir lctiow
crcalures on carth. And if ,t ,s Ihc pnv-
ilcgoof tho prorcssorsof d.v.nity to stand
as mcdialors bclwccn God and Man, it is,
crmnlly Ihat of thosc of tho law lo mnin
tain at all hazards, cvcry tndividual right
confctrcd upon man,by Naturc and God.
I would say, llicrcforc, that we ought to
rcfcr tho wholc qucstion of Ihc rclalivo
dignily and importancc of profcssions and
tradcs. to that sacrcd principle of Datural
cquality which is thc law of naturc bctwccn
man and man.
I deem it unncccssary to cnlargo furlh
cr on this subjcct. I will not discuss thc
right of differcut classcs, to makc prefen
sions to Iho supcriorily of their rcspcclivc
professions. If thero isany ono profcss
ion which can claim supcriorily ovcr nll
tlic rcst, it is that of Ihc cultivator of Iho
earlh. For him, moro Ihan oncc, that
claim has bccn asscrtcd. But to him I
should assign prcciscly cqual rights with
all thc rcst. Bccauso hc in numbcrs
counts more than nll thc rcst though his
profcssion numbcrs moro tban tcn to ono
of all othcrs togcther I cannot admit
supcriorily on his part ovcr the mechanic,
tlie mcrchant, or tho lawycr.
It is truly an exccedingly agreeable cir
cumslancc lo mc, lo rcccivc this addrcss
on tho part of brethrcn of my own pro
fcssion. Thc rnanncr in which it has bccn
pronounccd Iho tcrms in which tho hon
orablo gcnllcman has spokcn to you of me
would furnish mo language of cloqucnce,
if language of cloquenco wero mir.c, for
tho rcmainder of this day. But Ihis would
put your paticnco to a severo trial.
In rcfcrcnce to that constant and pcrse
vcring labor, and cxcitcmcnt of mind, in
illustraticn of which thc great namo of
Cicero was introduccd. I trust I shall bc
cxcuscd, if speaking to Iho younger mcm
bers of the profcssion prcscnt, I say, that
whatcvcrof justico thcre may bo in tho
complimcnt paid mc if constant and per- j
scvcring labor of mind, in the performance I
of tho dutics of life, has ever bfilongcd to
mc, it 13 to that vcry namc of Cicero that
I havo becn in a great rac.nsuro indcbtcd
for if. And 1 will say (o the youn"cr
mcmbers of the Rar, if they have hot rcad
Middlcton's life of that great orator.slates
man and lawyor Ihat if they will lake
Iho (rotiblc to rcad that portion of it in
which ho Iraccato thcir sotirccs tho prac.
tico of Cicero in thcso virlues, (hcy will
find Ihere a sourco to which I havo becn
much indcbtcd for whalevor of truth that
complimcnt tnay contain.
Brethrcn Itis painful to mc, and I
prcstimc nll will bo scnsiblc of it, to spcak
ofmyself painful cvcn whcn t'ncro sccms
to bc nn cxcusc furnishcd by circumsfan
ccs, under which I cannot help saying
Cut I cannot dwelI;Iongcr, than to as
sure you. that this kindncss will rcmain in
my bosom lill the last grasp of lic. And
now may all the blcssings of Ilcavcn be
long to you and youra 1
Jlr. Adams thcn.much nflcetctl, took by
the hand cach inember of tho Bar, and
the mccfing ndjourncd.
An English mcrchanl, who Ialcly trav
elled in Iho United Sialcs, thu3 spcaks of
Iho growth of hcmp :
"I saw in tho Unilcd Statcs mvy yard
slores, and Ihe cngtncs and machincrv for
spinning or Iwisting cables, which is fr.r
supcrior lo any thing of tho kind I havo
ovcr secn in England. Tho Atncricans
are growing thcir own hcmn on thc Missis.
sippi, and tho forcmcn of Iho ropenalks
say that it is much supcrior. and will sland
a much higher lcst than tho Russian hcmp,
and ihat thn i-.il.lM it,nv m-i, .-..-.
Ihoymakc arc much
betlcrnnd slrongcr than tho bcst thev can
gct from England."
We Imvn L(r L m n, r
scnding millionl of dollars annually to pay
Iho owncrs of Russian surfs
rfs for hcmp, while
vacant lanils ad-
illurc. Mr. Van
w0 ,iad a"' OUanlily of
' mirauly aJaptcd to ils cull
""'011 COntCnOS tttat It 13
is far beller to
comncl nll rnliivatnr, r n.n ;t it,:.
country lo raiso hcmp at such priccs for
laoor as nro paid to tho slavcs of Russia.
Ihan to prolcct them, so that thcy can
grnw henip in tho Unilcd Slates, and sell
it at priccs, which will givo them forty
ccnls a day for their honcst toil.
Loco Focoism lakcs Iho compcnsation
givcn to tho serfs of Russia, as thc stand
ard of comfort and wagcs, to which all
laboring mcn in Amcrica must bc reduccd
for Iho bcnefit of a favorcd few, who have
gold to sell, and labor lo buy. It aims, lo
makc tho poor poorer and Iho rich richcr
tiy tnktng Ihc minimum pricc of foreign
labor as Iho mrasurc of valuc .of all our,
producls oT labor tn (he United Slr.tes.
Thi tnllmi, m;ii;n0 it,,t I " .
Russia aro r obbcd of a fair rccompene for
- . J
mc scrvico pcr tormea. rtir. Van iiurcn
asscrls. practically, Ihal it is bctler for Iho
American uovcrnmcnt (o obtnin Iho hemp
it necds for its Navy, by parlicipaling in
Ihe bcncfits of goods slolcn from human
uono anu muscle in foreign nalions, than
to pay fair priccs for American labor to
producc the samo goods.
Political Abolition. This is tho titlo of
the last of tho Junius Tracts which we
havp rcccivcd, and from which we propose
to cxtract for publication those parts which
wc dccmod most interesting. Thc foll.
owing should arrest Ihe attcntion of cvcry
'It is weil known, that, prcviou3 lo the
start of political abolition in the frcn Statcs,
tho spirit of cmincipatinn prevailed rx
lensively in tho Slavo Slates. and nmong
slavc holdcrs ; that tho leading and mot
infi'jcntial mcn in thoso States, were ac
customcd frecly to acknow'cdgc tho evils
of slavcry, and wcre engaged in bcncvolent
schcmcj to abate tlicm; tliat many of them
entertaincd with favor, tho purposo of u
rnjn, n(I i,:m.fi ,:.!..:,:
ilat numcr0U3 conscientious p-rsons wore
ovidins for t,.0 ctnancipat;on of i!lcir
own s!avC3 . .,. fr ',.
and of the prcss, on thc subiccr, ivas lolc
ratcd ; that free colored peoplo in thc slave
Siatcs, wcre gcncrally treatcd with indul
gencc, and cncournged ; and tliat this stato
of fecling had made visible progress, from
ihe organization of our govcrnmcnt, down
to thc outbrcak of political abolition in ihc
frco Slates. There was a fuir prospcct,
that one slavo Statc after anothcr. begin
uing with thc more northcrn, if leftto their
own frco and undisturbcd action, would fol
Iow the cxamplc of New Jersey,New York,
and Pcnnsylvania, in thc tolal rxtinction of
slavcry. ouch was Ihe stato of things,
while Ihc subjcct was lcft to thc moral in.
flucncc operating quiclly and pacifically,
oul ciiectirciy.on tne puDiic mind. It is
but a few years since, that a strong mo ve
rnon', was mado in the Slate and lcgislaluro
of Virginia, for tho sdoption of a system of
emancipation, which was eloqucntly debat
cd. and had a large minority vote.
But, behold tho changc! Maryland,
which was cxpectcd first to move in thc
causo of emancipation, taking nlarni from
such interfercncc, has inserted a clause in
her Constitution for iho perpcluitytot slave-
ry ! Iho wnoio mina ot Iho slave States,
has bcen throivn off from its former basin
of growing favor toward cmancipation.and
put in tho atlitude of defeoce against for
eign inlcrfercnce. Tho ingress of free
blacks into tho slavo Stalc3 has gencrally
bcen interdictcd ; frco colored residents
havo bcen banishod from somo parts, and
in all placcs subjected to great disadvanta.
ges, and dcprivcd of important privileges ;
tho work of emancipation lias bccn put in
check, and ihc disposilion for il qucnched ;
rigorous dcfensive laws havo bscn enactcd
and enforced ; tbc tnlellectual, moral, and
rcligious improvcment of thc slavcs, which
before was cncouragcd, and growing in
popularity, has been vcry much abridgcd,
and in somo placcs cntirely stopped ; Iho
slavcs arc subjected to a -strictcr watch,
and Ireated nilh greatcr rigor, whero cuu- btiag bnt lillln exeitement oxisting on
es of apprehenrton exist ; scarcely an ad- 'quctions of gcncral pohtics. The num
vocatoof emancipation can be found in tlie bcr of Abolitinn votcs in tho cour.tics nen
slayo fa:ales, where thero wcro Ihousands, tioned : is in New York city 63 Gcnec
and lens or thousands before ; IreeJom of 309 Tompkins 337. Niagara 440, ILt.
speech and of the pres, except on one side kirrrcr4S5,Erie 425. Cayuga 390, Monroo
orthe questtor, is clucfly suppressed ; and C03,Oncida U4S,Kings 149, Rensselaer
the ontiro slavc-holding portion of the 170, Albany 150. Madison 1751, Ontar.o
llmon, instead of being engaged, as before, 45S, JefTcrson 707.
ituneliorating tho condition of tho slave, 1
mmgating tlie rigors of tho svstcm, and j
!""Ch? krTd oward, thQ.?al of finali
jMijin.iyuuuu, uas ofcn lorcctt into an a;-
the political abolitipn of ihe free S'ates. j
Wc ask, if thcse are notveiy imprcssivo!
and very instructivo facts?-Tho lcssons'
of cxpcnence tcach tts, tliat it is safe to'
judge of ihe fulurc from the pas!, of what iuflnenza, qutnsy, consumption, rheumatism,
is to como from what has bappened. Such lumn:!",o, headachc, sore throat : By Bcnja
beirigour ru!e of judgmcnt, it is manifest, m-'n BeI1 Operat' Chcmut, Charleston,
that.ns political abolition has vct dono noth- ,3,3' , t - ,. , ,
ingbutiojurT.oihocauseit'has takcn in' A1", .Ti ff ,ak8
hand.r.ndinjurvonan immonso scale. it 'J wh'' evcry part of Ins body ,s ex-
will do r.oth:ngbul iujury in time to com,-. , P;di 'fc! Sam !nTPteratUM u
J J No berson will tako cold by expo:-
it - w m , ure to any suddeti nltcration in the lompcr-
Thl Wh- m " S-r Mflrlrrl ature ofthe atmosphcrc, however great or
?h.l ?u of M7ssWabea iC"but .smal!i provi(iej firs't Mim fo.
thcy should bc proudcr of thcir posilion m ,-j 1
-lr ,t r . , ri- . . owcu.
p",UUBra '-"c V,cs'. ,v'cl0 -
For two successivc Llcclions, with hardly
ZnXlZ'n tTu'Ul th0?
foug ht Iho battlo of Honesty aud Good
a.lh aga.nsl Knavcry and Rcpudmlion.
Some fcw knavcs who had crept in among
Ihem havo crawfed oul. drcading to bc 1.
cdorto be nn lUo unnoiiular su!c : but
j nln-"nllis of thc who e par ty havo stood
fi.rra on ,ho st.do, of Upr'?''tness. wl;
Einctccn-lwcntietlis of thcir opnonc
r-,nclcc"T' , , oPF0ncntsi
havc votcd.on spccious but flmsly prclcxts.
j lo rou the crcuilors oi thcatatc
I ono of theso touchstono qucsli
I sliow Av,!la.t ", rpccl've Patlics are madc
0"--Glo"ous Whigs of Mississippi ! how
j Jf J'our C0.nd,,Sl "n,ra,st
I 0 . ahnS pajlcring Indiana ! ou will
' 'umpn, irtcnus : ana now prouu will
, be yonf tnumph ! Itow thc hearls of all
!,ons.t m,cn iv'" rci!?e ovcrr'V. W,,
i . . ". " uul ul "aJ
to shako hraitls with onc of Ihc noblc
Whigs of Mississippi ?
Clinton. Brown, Williama. l&tl.
Jto. Ihnd, Sliatturk TticKrr.
Tolal.. SI0 8,797 E13 S.S13 803
lii;inajorily....I3. Do io
Wc ileJuct two Conotics. from uliich c had bc-
"re rqwrtcd tnajontieii.but froni Mbicb nenow pul
lish accurate retDrn.
i tiero is iiig voto ot nenriv nn i ftir
Sialc, including Countics oa all Ihe cdgcs.
Thero can bc no doubt that Ihc Rcpudia-
lors have the Governor and JLegisIalurc.
(K7 Tho Abohtionists have poiled 12,-
500 votcs in fortv Countics of this Stato
Thcy have probtbly pollcd 15 lo 10,000
in all. lrioune,
Frum the Midiigaa Kxpositor. f
THE TARIFF. '
Mr. Editoi:. Whcn a man rcfuscs to
Iisten lo argumcnt-t, thero tnay yct behopc
that he may be movcd by facts ; but whcn
facts fail lo makc imprrssion, ho must bc
put down 03 a gone case. Such .appoars
lo ihc situation of many of my locofoco
ncighbors. who have got it into thcir heads
that n tarirTmust mako some tliings dearer
and bccauso we nsk tho foreigorcr to pay
lor Iho privilege ol commg Iiere to lake tht;
business oul of our ou n hands, and cary-j
ing out of tho countrv Ihe mnnev that
should bo paid to our own mcchnnics,
they opposc it. To such, I wish to sta'r
onc fact in illustration of thc Iruth that nj
heavy lariff on an articlr, has no .itire ten
dency lo makc i' dearer and if Ihey Iiavc
logic cnnuirh lo pcrceivo that " iiko causcs :ncnt divine above named. Besides tliese,
produce cfTccls " thcy will no lonscr fearj,;s immense tracl ofland has navcr becn
having to dress in Iheskins of wil I beatfs," , explorcd by any, sivc byhunters nnd In
becaue of a duty on clo h. dians. who have nenetrntcd bnt a sbort Hir-
But a few ycars stnce, Ihc Icad usod in
this country. amnunling to many Ihousand . some instancrs, howover, been ovcrtakrn
tons annually, was brounht almost wholly by storms, and thcir sufTerings and triols
fromEurope, atacostol0lol2ccntsperdur;n;j incICment seasons, logrlher wiih
Ib. A tariffof thrcc cents per pound. 1 'their huntinc cxnloit?. would. in tho hand.4
think wai impo?ed. Tho Icad Mnnufact. I0fa prPper person, furnish ample mater
urersal first thought themselvcs 'uincd, !; for a vcry cxciling and intcresling ro
but by iho same t.viff, "bu3lis"wcro to'mancc.
bo imporlcd duty free ; and a Lead Com j
pany in Salem, Mass. thought of a plan lo J . . . .,.
obtain thcir lead free or dutv as Wore. Our promis.ng young fnend Rpb-
Thit wa,, to have it run into busts and ims! crt cr' Es. on ?f J"!'" rcr' ,.l,a3
portan immense nmount before Congrrs, ' rc""' -v kxnov,n .n xNorth Carohna.
had timo to amend the law. Coosequenl-. cnl.ghten.ng the .?noranco of that Clay
ly. they ordercd lead to tbe vabe of a half , "S'" w',h,S(hc 'ntillations of hts gcniu-.
a million dollars. to bo rur: into bu,l, o, "oatfcnded the s, ting or tho .Northamp
Dr. Franklin which wcro imporlcd fore-1 ,on Supcnor Court at Jacltson, where n
with-asupply sufTicicnt for thrcc or foUr;"owd "'lcctcd around h.m lo imb.be tho
years. And did they savc thrcc cents pcri T ? ' . 3 W'9dfm Wr
Ib. nstheyexpcctedfamounting to nb'out (no Poel.cal. bv no means '-a I.llle 0r
S 150.000 1 Far Trom it. Tho lead mine i nat.ls 'f0 rauch;? an,d ?hom ho, ,mPB1r
ofthe west began immedulclj lo be work-! frcrc aord.ng to the.r scveral ncetl.
cd and hsd the company
npany bought their lead
i. :..,..Jnril,F .nno ,n.,l,lmn
in "busts." (and kcpt haira"million in tho ial Convcntion-whereupon. procccdirath.
country, fnstcad or scnding it ou!,) by thojclr irrevcrcntly Ihe Ralc.gn Kcgistcr
timo the amount was used, il would have j Bon sprcnd himscir and spoko almost
cost them less by 75,000. I literally in this wiso : Gcntlcmcn. it is
Ihad these ftcts rrom tho Agent and difficuU loanswcr that qucstion, but ir
Superintendent of tho Companv, and they Calboun is the nomince, Clay will bcat
mav be relicd upon. Lead isnowsold in'him 190,000 volcs ir Van Burcn shonld
N.'Y. at4centspcrlb. and nccds no du- bo clectcd, Clay will bcat him 170.001)
ty. Had that heavy duty not bcen im-j voles; but ir Iho Administration nm it
poscd, our western hunters would now be; will succccd agains: Clay without diffieui
paying eightecn pence or two shillings per1 ty- In fact, gcntlemcn, Clay has his all
Ib. for Iheir lead to sboot, nd allof us onlaked on the hazard or a single die"
cqual nmount ftir thc maoufacturcd white " Yes," intcrruptcd a whoboulcd Wliis,
lead to paint our houses wiih. ' nnd he'II throw sixcs, Sir, nnd no mis.
Do you believe iho members or ll.at lead lake." Bon lookcd Uue, an I a hearty
company have any fcar or goicg without laugb rcpaid the wilty rcpartcc.
a coat bccauso of a dutv upon woolctis J
j N. Y. Bihle SoctETr. Thi anniversary
i of the society was celebratcd on Monday
Political Abolition. Tbe Abolition J cvening. The rcccipts for thc year have
vote in Iho Statc or New York at the late bccn SC39D C3. and tlie cxpenditnres ex-ct
clcction, wos largcr than cvcr before ; theto ly balancc.
Ohio at thc lalc
'..,.,: r f- . r , .
o'oo Wa3C'4, Ut f a ,0tal of 21S'
l 3. Thodiseascs indicated nro causcd
bv l!)c apr,;CAtlon of hoat ,0 ,,,
olthosulfaceofthc bodv. wl.ft, a small
; , ;s Iefl -,scj to a c-oMor stote , ,
from )0 ineM,y ,)ftno onpi;cltioP. "
j 4. rtificiaI col!li of . uslJa,
I materiaK is of no salj:a a .Vlnt e ,
' ,i.;,lfi tcn fc .1
, ; anv nlmoSpiero ,ho ,emperatureof wei,
Tho Abolition vole in
s. wuiic.;, ab0vo 74 de Falircnheil : il b-inr the
primary and principle cauc oftlio diaease
5. C o'hing belng but a sliw cmiiuc'nr
of heat, causes tli-it scnsation and rfllct bv
, r(ltardin!! t10"pas53go of caloric from tho
surfacc of Ihe bodv oulwa-
C. IFet clothing is a qtiickt-r cnui'uct
tor of hcat thaii dry.
7. Dry air is a vcry slow cont'urtnrand
acts E3 clothing wliilst retaincd among hair,
wool, feathcf s, cotitin cloth, S;c
8- Air scl in motion conducts tho hc.it
from ihe skin fas'.cr than air nt trst.
9. Mois: air conducts fuster than
10 An invalid, a pcrsonsittmg or lying
or a pcrson aslerp or in pertpiration nro
rcspcctivcly morc liable lo take cold than
pcrsons in hcalth, or standing, or nwnku or
11. Any part ofil.o suiface of thc lody
can bc cducctcd ond inurcd lo liear wiiii
dimiiished rifk a tcmpernlure different
from hat thc othcr parts for iIir lime !
ing are cxposcd to. But somo ptrts or
morc inlractable in cducatinc than others,
espccially tbe cranium and armpits, nlitcfa
na'uro has clothcd.
12. Tho principles laid do'.vn in roax
ims I. 2, 3, apply lo cold wnter as well a
lo cold air, in so far as is ncccssaty lo cs
capcthc discascs in question.
Extessive TriLPERNEss. Il isknni)
lobut vcry few ritizens, that their is intlte
norlhcastcrn portion ofthe Stato nf Nf w
York, nn a'most unexplorcd nildernes'!.
rmbracing a trritory.mucli largfrihan the
cntiro Slate pf ilassachusetts. and capable.
if as thickly scttled. of containinc more than
a million inliabitanls. Thero arc in thii
wilderness obout two hundred lake?, oftwo
miles and upwardi each in diamctcr : and
some of them fificcn, eightccn, and evcn
iwenty miles in lcngtli. The Blue Moun
tain -ake is drscribed bv Rnv Jlr. Tod l.
is being upwanls of 1800 fect above thf
lcvcl ol Lake Champlain, aml excelling in
point of location Iho beauty of oricon
(bettcr known as Lake George.) Near
Locs Iako, in Ihc very heart ofihf! fnre..
isalittlo comtnuiiity of 14 familic., wh'
subsist by fishing, buuting, tfcc, am! lnvo
lived in comparative ignnrnnce unt.l thev
u.crc v;s;tP(i a few iears sinpn hv iho rm".
: tnnce. so far as ascertaincd. Thev havn in
bo Ihc cnndidate ofthe Loco-FocoNatioti.