Newspaper Page Text
AND MIDDLEBURY PEOPIJB'g PRESS.
H. BELLj Editor and Proprietor.
MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT. WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 27, 1843.
VOL. VHL-NO. 34.
THE NORTHERN GALAXY,
u rcEtisiiED xvcnr WEDSESDAT souug
BY J. COBB JR.
BT WHOM ALL OUDEKS FOK FBI5TI5C
Of every description will be neatly and
Jashionably cxecutcd, at short notice.
TERM3 OF EIGHTH VOLUME.
Village subseribcrs 2,00
Jlad -u'uscribers 2 00
Individuab) and Compaoics who lake at the ofiice
Sl'75or 1 oO ccnts ll paid iq six monlhs.
Tho'e nhotakeof Poslrider . . .2.00
II not paid at Ibccnil ofthe vear 2, 25
Tio papera discontintied uutil arrearages are paid
cxeept at tbe option oflbe proprietor. IVo paymetit
ta Carnersallowcd cxceptordered Dy tusproprie
Allcommunicatiousniustbe addresscd to theed-
itor TosT Paid.
For the Northeru Galaxy.
THE MAY FLOWER.
A little Sail is spreading
Its white pinion ocr the dccp
AboTC itfrowns a Winter Sky,
And the tcmpeats around it sucep; .
And the Steerbiuan with forboding eyc,
His placc at the hclm doth kcep.
Ilome forsakcn Fnhcrland
Is suak behiod the Sca;
Within a consccrated hand
Is driAing forvrard rapidly
To a solitary Land;
Eager they prcss to gain its FZIEE,
Though iahospitable strand.
The frail bark trcmblcs in the blast,
Tlutgrimly behind dotli raie;
Oa the rolling surges tosscd
Of the ilaik Allintic Wave,
To every cjc Fac One tis lost,
By all but one forgnt
Bnt one Hand there is, that bark to fcave,
One Eyc that forgcts itnot.
For that bark is frclghtcd with the Secd
From which a harrcst must arisc,
Whose roots bhall oVr the Carth Iic sprcad,
Whose bcuhs shall reach the Skics.
Whcn the Europcan Palaccs
Have crumbled into duft,
Whcn their glories and thcir tyranniea
Ilavebeen buried with the past
Thcn by far d'stant Xations
Sl.all that I'ilgrim Dand bc blest;
AnJ men shdl turn vrilhvenpration.
To the ItocK tliat lirst they prest;
Where they floated first the Iianner
Whose b'right folds shall nc'erbefurld,
Until they vvae triumphant, over
An Cnanripated World.
Middlebury, Dec. 1G, 1S43.
J. C. CALIIOUN AGAINST PROTEC
TION AS EVER.
Several wceks aito. wc noted a letter
from Hon. J. C. Calhoun to a planter of
Louisiana, intimating a villingnes3, on his
part, so lo arrange the tarifT as to protcct
the produce of slave-labor. This was the
infcrencd pretty extensively drawn from
that letter, and now Mr. Calhoun feels liim
self forccd to forbid thc idca that hc has
swcrvcd onc iota from his ultra hostility to
the doctrinc of protection. Iic goes for a
revenue duty mercly on sugar ; and it is
whcn an attempt is made to reduce that du
ty bclow thc revenuestandard.he will resist
it not because sugar ought, of right, to j
be protectcd, but "because it is the pro-l
ductof slave-labor" ! !
The reader may vcry readily sce what
sort of Protection Mr. Calhoun would givc ',
tothercc products of Vermont, thcpro- j
tection of the wolf to the lamb, of course. I
Yet this man is a prominent loco foco can
didate for the presidcncy, and the loco
foco party, (including tliosc in this 6'tatc
vlio profcss favor to protection,) are bound
lo snpport him, if nominated. Annexcd i
is Mr. Calhoun's last leiler, which was ad- ,
iressed to the editor of the Richmond
Enrjuircr. Had it appearcd previous to
the Louisiana election, wc suspect tbe re
sult would have been somewhat difierent.
Fort Hill, Nov. 11, 1813.
Dcar Sir: I write this to correct the
mistake you made, in supposing that, in
my letter to a gentleman in North Caroli
na, on thc subject of a tariff, (published in
-he Ennuirer of the 7th inst.) I referred
to my letter to Mr. Nicholas, of Louisiana,
publfshed in the same article. The letter
referred to wasto Mr. Delany, of Louisia
na, and was in answer to one conlainsng
an inquiry similar to one addressed
to me from North Carolina. The answer
to Mr. Nicholas was to one on a very dif
ferent subiect. If vou had adverted to
dates, you would have avoided the mis-j
take. The Aorth Carolina letter refers
to one recently written. It is dated the
24th September last, and the letter to Mr.
Nicholas, 7th May, 1842, more than 15
"I regret the mistake. Unauthorized
liberty has been taken with my letter to
Mr. Nicholas, by printing portions in ital
ics nnd the word "nrotcctins" in elarinir
capitals, calculated to make the impres-
sion, that 1, too, am an aavocaie oi me
protective policy ; and that, too, by editors
r)rnfp!nT tn hi nnnoaed toorotection and
friendly to me, as well as those in favor,
and politically hostile to me. By such
means, hasty readers have been led to be
Ueve that I admit the right of protecting
the Lonisiania sncrar nlanters arrainst for
eign competition by the impositionof du-
cs on me toreign article lor tnat purpose,
unctuy against ttie plam lmport oi my lei
ter. The protection of which I spokc I
expressly statcd to bc, not against foreign
competition, but 'against the machinations
of the opponents of slava Iabor.' I intcn
tended simply to say, that I would resist,
in adjusting the tariff, any attempt that
might be made to take offor reduce the
duty, that foreign sugar ought fairly topay,
on revcnuc principlcs, on the ground of dis
couraging the domestio article, bccause it
uas thc product of slavc labor.
"What I regrct in your inistakc, is, that
it is calculated to strengthen the false im
pression made by the unouthorised italics
and capital letters, not only by publishing
my letter with thera, but still more strong
ly, by publishing it as the one referred to
in my North Carolina letter, in confirma
tion and clucidation of my opinion on the
subject of protection.
"As it is my wisli to be fully and explic
itly understood on that and all othcr pub
Iic subjects.I must request you to publish
what I have written in the Enquirer.
"With respect, I am, Sir, &c. &.c.
J. C. CAL1IOUN.
From thc Fhiladclphia Saturday Conrier.
Cfic ilctoara of JJcrsciicr.iutc.
BY EDWAUD WEBSTER.
'Honor and sbame from no coinlition risc.'
iy,"Vras the Saturday Courier in the mail,
to-day 1" inquired a lad dresscd in the hum
ble garbof a mechanic's apprentice, atthe
Post Office of a flourishing village in one
of the Northern States, soon after thc com
mcncemcntofthat cxcellent misccllany.
"I'll take the contcnts of our box, if you
please," said a young gentleman, stcpping
from an clcgant carriage at the door, con
taining several ladies, and pushing rathcr
rudcly before his humblc neighbor, who
quietly drew back to givc him room.
"I will wait on you as soon as I have
looked outThomas Ilunter'spaper," rcpli
ed the oflicer.
"Thomas Hunter can wait," replicd the
other, casting a look of contempt upon the
apprentice boy ; "Col. Thornton's daugh.
ters are at the door. It is high if they are
to bc dctained for the sake of accommoda-
tinii such a fellow."
A sudden blush passed ovcr thc face of
thc apprentice, and taking thc paper tosscd
him by thc Post Mastcr, hc withdrew in
Mr. George Washington Masterton, for
such was thc young gcntleman's name, was
now scrved, and if anything could cxcite
thcjust envyofalcsa favorcd indiridual,
it was thc extcnt and variety of literaturc
to which he had acccss, as pcriodical after
periodical, both domcsticc and foreign,
wcrc produced upon the countcr, which he
ordered the servant to deposit in the car
riage, and thcn entering it himself, was
whirlcd away by as noble a pair of horses
as cver startcd at thc crack of whip.
In the meantimc, our apprentice hurried
liomc on foot ; it bcing noon, and having
an hour allowcd him for his mcals, hc usu
ally managed to dcvote half of it to reading
and study. Scatiug himself at a rudcdcsk
in one corner of thc shop, hc hastily un
foldcd thc shect, and glauccd with anxious
cycs, over thc very last page; thcn at thc
middlc oncs; and iinally turned with dis
appointcd looks, to thc first murmuring as
he did so "I was a fool for sending it, or
drcaming a mechanic's apprentice could
wnte an article worlhy the public eye,
when he gavc a sudden start, turned pale
as death, and in spitc of all his eflorts to
restrain it, droppcd a tear upon its yet
damp folds. The first item upon the pagc
was his own production come chasTc and
bcautiful verscs the first hc had evcTof
fcrcd for publication his want of confidencc
in his own powcrs prcventing him from
looking at first wherc their superior mcrit
cntitled them to stanu in the editor's
gossip with the readers and correspondentr,
was a compliment, unexpected as it was
gratifying ; and he could scarcely believe.
his eyes as he read the high encomium.
Light was theheart with which hc applied
himself to his afternoon's task; and weck
succeeding week, found him still at his
post, an industrious, faithful, and trusty
lad ; ncver neglecting an opportunity to
improve his mind, or to acquire the mas
tership of his tradc, until, four years from
the Post Ofiice incident, found him com
manding a salary of five hundred dollars a
year, with thc respect and confidencc of
all who knew hnn. jNor was he unknown
in the lilerary world ; some of his produc
tions, both prose and verse, having been
published in several of the best periodicals
of our country, proving clearly, that fol
lowing a lafrorious occupation does not ex
clude an idividual from that elevated posi
tion, in the intellectual world, too often
considered as belonging to afHuence and a
freedom from the sterner dutics of exis
tence. His father had been a private sol
dicr in the Revolution brave and patri
otic and though hehad foughtthe battles
of his country with unflinching courage,
he returned at the close of the war, ex-
hausted by privation and sufFcring-undcck-
ed with mihtary distinctions, and with the
written promises only of a Government too
poor to meet demands upon her treasu'ry,
mstcad of arrearages ol pay. I hese ne
wasobliged to sell at an enormousdiscount,
in order to sustain himself during the inter
val of prostration that fell upon every
branch ofbusiness immediately succeed
ing the trcaty of peacc so that, allhough
Government subsequently redeemed its
pledges, in his casc, as in too many others,
it enriched specuhtors instead of those to
whom it was justly due. Still, he was abe
to obtain an honorable livelihood, and mar
r ied at a rather late period of life. He gave
imbuing their minds with principlcs ofhon -
esty and self respect; and was finally gath-
ered to his fathers, with the satisfaction of
thinking they would not disgrace the her-
itage of freedom for which he had fought
Young Masterton's grandfather had like-
wise been a soldier in the Revolution. De-
scended from a noble family, if I may be
allowed the expression in a Government
like ours, he was enabled to enter the ser
vice undcr more advantajjeous circumstan'
ces than the other, being advanced before
the close of thc war, to the post of a senior
officer in thc army. Possessiug a valuable
properly, which descended to his only son,
together with military lands granted him
by the State, Gcorge's father, at the com
menccment of life, found himself in a high
and honorable station of society. Marry
ing, likewise, into a family of wealth and
inlluence, he gradually forgot those prin
ciplcs of equality taught by the founders of
the Uepublic, and succceded m tcaclung
his two cluldrcn, young Washington and
Adeline, to shun the society of those who
were guilty of so hcinous a crime as that
of laboring for a livelihood.
After lcaving thc ofiice of which wc
spoke, Masterton and his sister accomani
ed the Misses Thornton home.
"Let us look at thc plate of fashions in
vnur mnrra7.inf' snirt Jiliss Anrrpiinn
Thornton, after they wcre seatcd in the
parlor, addressing herself to Miss Master -
ton; "I am all anxiety to know thc latest
changes. Is it not heautiful 1" shc cx-
claimed. survevinff its rraud v tints : "how
gracefully that young gentleman pays his
"It is indecd bcautiful." reDlied the oth-
cr, "that boquet he has just prescsented
looks as if it was rcar
"Why, what is this 1" cxclaimed Wash-
ington, lntcrrupting them, having in the
mean timc opcned the Saturday Courier
and scanncd its contcnts ; "Thc Bcauties
of Nature, by T. II., of -."
"TJiat is our placc," said Angclina
Thornton. "Who can it be 1" Various
coniecturcs werc indulgcd in without any
satisfactory rcsults, as thc initials wcre ap
plicablc to noncof their associates, until
Caroline Thornton, a youngcr sister, with
a noble brow and a frank, opcn counten
ancc that spokc thc purity of her hcart,
suggested that it might belong to Thomas
Hunter, the shoemaker's apprentice; as
hc had been known to write several pieces
for thc literary society undcr an assumed
- "A youth," she addcd, "althcugh in
iiumblc circumstauces and uirfidcnt almost
to a fault, is an honotir to the town in which
It was finally scttled as belonging to
him ; and many wcre thc ill-naturcd and
envious remarks indulged in at the expensc
of an humblc fricnd. Thc wholc coinpa
ny, with the exccption of Caroline, voting
him a prcsumptuous pcrson, having no
right to so much honor.
"I wisli you would not bc forevcr dcfen
ding such low pcrsons," said Angclina, as
Caroline cntcred her protcst against thcir
decision.- "I should not be surprised if
you married a shoemaker yet, you haveso
much sympathy for them."
A dcep blush passed over Carolinc's face
atthis remark, but shc madciio rcply, and
there thc subject dropped. Although, ow
ing the disparity of their conditions, Car
oline Thornton and Thomas Hunter. had
rarely met, still several incidcntal circum
stances had occurred to attract her atten
tion, and imprcss her mind with his rcal
worth. His unobtrusivc, retircing manners
in company where shc had sccn him oncc
or twice ; thc superior cxccllencc of his
literary productions, read before the village
lyceum, had made her acquaintcd with thc j
extcnt ofhismental acquircmcnts; andont
onc occaston when he nskcd his life to save
that of a little boy, who would have per
ishcd but for his timely assistancc, shc
lcarned thc strcngth and decision of his
A stream of sufiicient magnitude for
driving mills, rau through the town, a clcar
and bcautiful brook in ordinary times, but
subjectto rapidrisc after heavy storms,
when it became a maddened torrent, ruslv
ing on its impestuous course like a fiery
steed, and bcaring upon its bosom wholc
trees swcpt from thc forest above thc vil
lage. On one side a steep bank lined the
stream, above which a poor Irlsh family
had reared their humblc tenement. It was
in the month of April, and a heavy rain
had swollcn the stream exceedingly, and
been succceded by a mild and sunny day.
1 he children, having escapcd the watch-
ful eve of thc mother.
j selves by throwing sticks into the stream,
and watching their disappcarance down the
current, just as Thomas Hunter passed
. along the othcr sidc with a basket of shoes
1 f A CllTlTlll- I.iq mcfnv'p ..pfnn.AHn frtm
I w uj-j.-j ...o u.un.i o v,ujiuiiici3. vuiu -
. une, ever a lover oi nature, naa Deen at-
! tracted to the spot by the wildness ofthe
scene, and was answering the younaman's
; salutation when their attention was arres
j ted by a terrific shriek from the direction
I of the hut, and looking up, they saw the
, mother rushing wildly towards the bank,
I down which a child was scen au instant
falling, and the next disappear beneath the
j foaming tidc. Instantly disengaging him
j self from the basket, young Hunterplungcd
headlong into the flood, and succceded in
rescuing the little victim from the very
jaws ot dcath ; yet so exhausted was he
by the efforts as to be unable to stand when
he reached the shore a quarter of a mile
below. Caroline spcd with thc fleetness
of a fawn along the bank hastened across
j the bridge near which he landed to mcct
thc mother and restore her child, and then
hied to his side chafed his temples with
her own fair hand, and praised his conduct
with such generous words that he could
have risked a thousand times as much to
gaih such sweetreward. From that hour
a flame was kindled in his heart, although
' he strove to quench itfrom the beginning,
and dared not own its existence, even to
himself. Although in his wildest dreams
hc could never think of aspiring to her
hand, yet itnerved his soulto high resolves,
j and was the means of preseriing him from
many a snare of vice and folly. Neither
did it fail in its efiects imon Carolinp fnr
thc manly form and noble conduct of our
humble hero mingled with many a happy
dream and many a walking vision. A re-
ciprocal passion, as secret and as purc,
took posscssion of her mind, and itifuscd
a melancholy through all her conduct more
attractivc than even her previous buoyant
and happy spirits. But to rcturn to our
Thc Mastertons at length separatcd from
their friends. The young man was moo
dy and silcnt for some distance on thcir
way home, until asked by his sister for the
causc of his ill-humor.
"There is something in that Courisr you
do not dream of," he replied, "and it is
, enouah to nrovoke a saint. Read this."
he continued, pointing to the complitient
hestowed hy the editors upon he "Beatties
of Nature." Adeline read as follows :
"The lines by 'T. II.,' on our first page,
are bcautiful. They evince cenius and
cultivated taste. We hope to preseit his
favors oftcn to thc public through the mc-
fliiim nr RntnrMni' Pmipioi' 1
1 "That," said Masterton, "is for Tom
, Hunter, the shoemaker's apprentice, who
has never been to any butacommon school '
j in his life. Now look at the next one, you 1
' can sec. bv the initials. it is meant for me. '
as I scnt a production not long ago." Ad
eline read :
" 'G. W. M.' is an imposter. His 'Dis-;
tinctions of Society' are as destitute of
rhyme and mcastirc as thcv are nf sense.
j We wisli -to bc troublcd with no more such
doggcrel. Weappend a coupleof his best
. lines as a sample of his calibrc.
Thc poor should knou thcir plicc.
IVot try to elcratc thcnuclies their tKttcrs to dis
It reminds us of thc famous old couplct.
Wasn't Pharaoh a rafcal,
Because bc wouMn't lct ihe cliildreu of liracl go thrce
days into thc wildcrncss to kcep thc I'hascnalV " j
"I have written six pieces bcsidcs that,
and have scnt them to as many difierent !
papcrs, but every onc has been rcjccted, j
and yet I am acknowledged to bc thc great-
cst gentleman in town, and thc infiucncc j
of our family is known throughout thc .
Young Masterton sought not for thc
causcs of success in in the apprentice's j
casc, or of failure in his own ; but contcn-1
tcd himself withanathematizing the wholc
race of editors,Tcsolving hcnccforth to have '
no more to do with literary composition ; '
and giving up all thoughts of lntcllcctual
culture, hc devoted his wholc timc to thc
amuscmcnts ofthe day, attendingthc thc
atre, thc hilliard tablc, and the race course;
associating with vicious and unprincipled
pcrsons, and impcrceptibly forming liab
its, which, if indulgcd in, inevitably bring
their votaries to misery and dcgradation.
Four years wrought changes in his cir
cumstances, as in those of Thomas Hun
ter. Hc had fdllowed to thc gravc his fa
ther, brought down from a state of fiorid
health by an apoplcctic fit; and subsequent
ly his only sister, Adeline, hurried ofTthe
stage of action with a pulmonary disease,
cngcndered by carrying to cxcess all thc
pcrnicious practiccs of fashionablc life. All
restraint was thcn removed ; hc found
himself master of an ample fortunc and
ncver having been compcllcd to acquire it,
he could not appreciatc its value. He lav
ishcd his money upon unworthy objects;
and whilst young Hunter was gradually ri-
sing, hc was rapidly sinking in the world's
At lcngth, finding himself embarrassed
for want of funds, by his cxtravagancc, he
resolved to sell the patcrnal estatc, and rc
movc to thc city of New York, wherc a
grcater scopc was ofTered for pleasurc and
indulgcnce. He immediately carried this
rcsolution into efl'cct, transferring all right
and title in its broad domain and noble
mansion to a rctiring city mcrchant; and
taking a heavy sum of cash as an equiva-
jjcnt( ata turned his back upon his native
Thomas Hunter was prcparing to leavc
the home of his childhood about the same
timc, but in an oppositc direction, intend
ing to seck his fortune in the growing West.
As hc was rambling ovcr tbe scencs en
dcarcd by many a memory of early youth,
prcparatory to his departure, pcrhaps for
ever, he encountered Caroline Thornton,
upon the very spot where he had saved the
cliild several vears before. His intercourse
fidencc of his earlier years, and hc met her
j without embarrassment.
"Miss Thornton," said he after some
preliminary convcrsation, "I am about lea-
' t 1 . .
1 vmg my native piace, pernaps 10 rcturn no
more ; but it is with deep rcgret-for there
arc ties that bihd me to it which will cause
many a pang."
"Why do you leave us!" Caroline en
quired, with an earncstness that surprised
him, for hc had never brcathed the sccrct
of his heart to a living soul, nor dreamed
that she had aught of interest in his wel-
fare more than any other; but the ingen
uousness of her manner causcd a ray of
hope to cross his mental vision, that it had
never known before.
"The field of enterpise is more extcnsive
there," he said, "and I must be the archi
tect of my own fortune. Yet, Miss Thorn
ton," continued hc, with faltering accents,
"I must say a few words at part)(, hop
ing it may not forfeit me your good opin- j
ion. Since the timc you displayed the I
kindness of your nature upon this spot,five
years ago, your image has been ever pres
ent in my heart ; aud although, knowing
the disparity of our conditions, I have tri
ed to shut its avenues against a hopeless
passion it is all in vain. You are sole
mistress of my afiections-; to you alone, of !
all your sex, can I yield my undivided
Xhe Unexnected avowal r.aii5d thf hlnnH
torecede so suddenly from Carolme's clecled to the Legislalure from this countv
chceks,.that he became alarmed; but she scrved an apprenticeship lo a slmem'pkc'r
mstantly rccovered herself ; and there, in and 1ms riscn by his own efTorls to his pres!
the great tcmple of nature, with the green ent wealth and inihicnce ; yet he is not
treesandthehlueskyfor a canopy, declar- ashamed to have it known abrond.and U
ed a rcciprocal attachment, and plcdgcd unliring in his cflbrts (o difTuso knmvled"e
herself to await the rcalization of the com- amongat thc laboring classes. His wifc'is
petcncc hc iioped to obtain in the Far West, a fit companion for such a man, dispcnsin"
He did noi mcct her cgain after that cvc- Wessings wilh unsparing hand, visilingtho
ning, but dcparted with full faith in her habitationj, nnd amcliorating the the con
plightcd word, buoyant with hope and an- dition of the sick and the poor."
THE FLVANCE3.MU. SPENCER'S
t ivc years moro passed. He mcr wilh! HEPORT.
brilliant success, nnd purchased a valuable J ,,r " ,
farm rmm (Im nrnfilanrl,;.l,.,c;o ,nnn ASIII.NOTO.V, Jlonday, DcC. 1 1.
ding to leavc it to a junior partner, rcturn,
and claim the fulfilment of Carolinc's
nromi;e. Hc had mair.fninrd t rrnlnr
V. . ,. .T. , , , fCP . r
..,.uuj:..i., uj, .l-.. u ,L-anu-u ncr
lanuly had met wi h revcrscs of fortunc,
That they had in consequencc removed to
n t v.., .i..i....
sis cr was dcad, and her father alono was
icit , J ci ino cxtcm ot tncir mislorlune he
uuu uutururL'aiiicu.oruc wou.a navc i:own
to thcir assistancc long before. The fear
inat it inigiit cmharrass him and prcvont
her father was holder to a largo nmotmt, State Dcpositcs, Loaiu, TreasuryNotcs, &c, ! we do uot recolicct to
and which he had pledircd in some busincss a,l' "T ,,lc change of thc conunencemcnt of , convincing than the
1 .... - . tlinl.1..! .-nn. r. 1... i . . . , 1 I. .
irausacuon, giiaraniceinji their par valuo.
his success, had indticed the noble girl to jcarsoi.ur. an iniren .iin,iii,tratiou, thc f Thc crime ofmurder wis rcccntlv com
kecp him in ignorance ofthe fitctst and avcraf A',ual M'C'ht..re of the Govcni-! mit, ,C; J? l"t0 -theVcnsion
ofher father. as a soldier of r" l u,Vcbt Tl'e "" r SSdTnli Ltaids
the Revolulion, addcd to her own carnings 'S "o Two'uilllu hU v!eli'"- s,'had oftc
nsmstructressin aschool.supportcdthem io", by his Sccretary S absurd fancy of d- i""!"cs'- lcrb?, ''fcn Bl.cltcrcd bcncath
in comfort, though not in afih.encc. nyiugthat tbe Treasurj" Xotcs couslitutc, a iiTr,"' frr' w V ,IC"'
On Ihe following Spring, Hunter rcpair-, IV and .,o making iheir pav.net 3cll by ! ! " ''r? ! nS""Ply for hcrmoncy.
ed lo New York, for the purpose of making ' so much the ExpcnditurcJ lhiring thc sc- . i u 1 ,,? i " 7B1
some early purchases.in order to havo them cce.ling three years. the avcrage Expcdit- '.jA Z' I? T..V f
shippedaUhe,opcn,ngofnaviga.ion,and e 1 Wift
tntenaing to onng uarohno uacfc, asa wile,
with bim nn hU rnl.irn.
with him on his rcturn.
It was at that early staixc of thc scason
when winlcr, still unwilling to yicld thc
dominion ovcr which ho had hcld such un-
disputed sway, would summon all his rc
maining cncrgies tlrivo the gcnial influ
cnccs of his succcssor far away, and ride
forlh in all tho fury of a Fcbruarv storm.
Having complclcd the purchasc of ti Iargc
quantily of morocco nnd foreign leathcr,
bc wa3 turning from Fcrry alrcet, wherc
thc principal busincss in that commodity
is transactcd, into Pcarl, on his way to a
hotcl ofthe same namc, whcn hisatlcntion
was arrcstcd by tbe appcarancc of three
young mcn, ncarly his own ago, who issu-
ed into thestrcct immediately in advancc,
with ilushcd cour.tcnanccs nnd hoistcrous
convcrf ation, that showcd plainly thcy had
bccn indulging in drunken rcvclry. Thc
strcct Jamp'j werc just bcing lightcd, and
tho cold,thrcatcning clouds that hiing lieav
ilyovcr thc city nll day, had scttled inton
chillingstiow-storm. Thero was something
in the voicc and manncr of onc of them,
thct altraclcd his attcntion ; thc toncs
sccmcd fumiliar to his car ; but thc con
versation was so mixcd up with profanc
and vulgar languagc, it was impossiblc to
rccognisc it. Hc lingcrcd in thcir rear,
btriving torccall it to his memory, but in
vain, and was about to quickcn his pacc,in
order to pass them by, just as they ap
proachcd the strps of a closcd shop, wherc
nn old man had sunk from cxhaustion or
"Hallo !" said one of the trio, "old fel-
low, you have got moro than you can car-
ry, nnd Charloy must bring a wheelbarrow,
or you II pcrislt in thc streel.
"I am not into.xicatcd," thc old man rc -
plicd, in a fccble voice ; "I havo wnlked
far to-day, nnd am unable to procccd. Bc
kind enough to help me to n placc ofshel
tcr, or I pcrish from thc cold."
"Not drunk, and yct can't walk," rclor
tcd tho other. "Look hcre, old boy, we
arc all three drunk. and can walk too if we
Kcep logctncr ; so goou mgni, c naic goi ; uiiaiv una irai uc too iow tnai me rcccipts ,i10U?i, lmt fr ant of attcntion and cCcrt
all we can do to take carc of ourselvcs.nnd ofthe thrce quartcrs cuihng nct Julycan- t0 obtain a State Agcnt. Thc obstarle is
I would advisc you next timc to gcl n boon not fail bclow .loublc thosn of the ouo cnding ,hat thc Committcc arc cntircly r. ithout rc
companion or two, Iikc Ihcsc, to help you ' mtb last fccptciubcr. Thc total cxpidit- cmiiary means, and can ofTcr only prtsnmi.-
c..;n, ho sntirncd the old man with
too sajing, nc spurncu 1110 oia man witii
his foot, and thcn all thrce reelcd away to
And the degradeu, uniectmg wrctcn,
who thus mocked the miscrics ol'lhat agcd sn'll a vcry heavy sum.l For tbe year com- (S;I1(;C ,i,c; ;3 pCCuIiarly ihe rcspcnsibilitj )
man, was Gcorgc Masterton, oncc a youth mciicmg July 1st, 1844, tbe Sccrctary csti-' to ,1C SUggcstion ; that cvcry dclejrntc con.o
of promi'C and rcspcctability, now an out lna,.cs thc rcccipU rrom custnms at twcuty ..repareil to answer, l.y antliority.'the qucs
castandadrunknrd. Yet thc avengcr was , m,,1,"ns' fro.m ,'alul3 at to m.lhons and a ,io wbat your Society or tow. will do to
nn hU trirk nnrl a misorable death in thc 1uartcr' an'1 ,othcr snurccs at fifty thousand 8I1I,.,ort a gcncral systcm or tcmpcrance onc
on his track, nnd a mis-rauie iKntn in inc dunaretotai twc.ity-two niilhoiis thrce him- Ji' j i i
strcet, not manv montus afterwards, with jr.i ..,,,, .iniHr- n"nint ni,;.h ti.r. nv V. f . . tt
- arcu inousanu uouars, ngainsiwnicn tne cx-, Fcllow-citizens, circitmstanccs call on rou
no onc o soothe his dying agonics, or to, ,)Cnditure3 will bc over tnanty-live millions , to dcerminc and atthis annual mceling tho
follow his unhonorcd ashcs to their last ( and tbrce quartcrs, bcside one million for in- nucstion, it would sccm must bo scttled,
rcsting-placc, was the rcward of his folly tcrcst on the public dcbt, making a total of , wJlctbcr'or not Vermont shall take a dccidcd
andhisguilt. Hunter hastened to the as-
sistancc or thc old man, cenvcycd him to
a placc ofsheller, and procurcd mcdical
assistancc, which soon rcstorcd him. Thc
two gazed a moment upon each othcr, a '
mutual recogmt.on took placc; and thc mmost. Wc have larscr raith ;a it than the . h;s us ccuat t,ie cost wjj
old gentleman (lor it was Col. 1 hornton,; Secretary has, though he inakcs some judi-, ,iCcidc. Evcry month of siii.inencss and in
grnsped thc hand of his futurc son m-Iaw. ' cious suggcstious. I believe tbe cxpcnditurcs activity occasious to community losscs liscal,
The Coloncl told tho story of hu misfor- might bc rcduccd thrce millions without dct-1 soca aj moral, losses immcnsc, incalcu
tunes, and the manncr in which they had riment to the public servicc ; but this must JaMc, irrcdccmable; while an cutircycarof
supportcd thcmselvcs after the loss ot his UCS' ") reuucuou m di . iu.i iMm,-mt the most activc and bcncficial
nrr,nf.rtvhOW on the dav before he had pcr ccnt. from tbe pay and milcagcof Con-! C03tc c(nts to cach vUJ&d
was told, on his arrival at the Pcnsion Of.'V" w i. l.Z'
- r j t i l ' i. J w , aiinuaiincciinz, uic uuiv ui mu vinuai uiu-
fice, thc fund had been some timc exhaus-, willioa peP anum, if so much. mittcc to fon?ard t0 ,fe Jiflcrent societies,
ted, and was not yet replaced, allhough i Thc next resource is an augmcnlation of. uiauk3 for statistical rctunis, such as the
many a war-worn soldier was thus left in dutics or an imposition of duties on articlcs nurribcr, in each town, of drainscllcrs, of tem
penury and want. That he had left thc how admitted free. Mr. Spcncermeets this . nerancc mcn. &c. &c. These blanks tho
office penniless.and with n heavy hcarf,and
hA nrnr.AnA m To, ,r.n bn iv.ni nh i.
ged to stop from fati-ue. "And," contin- ""0IB wm ,scn.0,i91y, ProP?.3C
b ' uunii ..,-. t htUe immcdiate cash might bc rcabzed from
ucdhC'but for vour timely assistancc, Ia reUBCt;oa ofthe priceor the public lands,
must have penshed in the strcct. but thi3 wouU Jinjin;,!, tbe future reveuue of
Hunter sympathised with his misfortunes, the Government far more than it would in
although, so far as himself was concorned, crease the present so that it would not work
he rejoiced at it, ns the means ofunfoldmg substantial rclicf to the Treasury, but tbe
to his view the noblenessof Carolinc's char- contrary. There is just one practicable mode
acter ; and aflbrding tho best proof that he lefJ; and that is to impose duties on tea and
loved her only for herself. Their stay in C0.fe'Ta? Jrov,1d m f iTi .'t'
X .. v . . , . tt u . 'cdbyJohn Tyler. By vcry moderate spe
the city was of short duratton. He hasten- cJ.,..,: -.:.iiji..,To r. ni.
j..C.:j rt.: :i-jj -,i i.,
cu iw .uc .W.UC.H.U ui uu iu.uiucu,u.iu uu. - enue stnctiy, and wmcn could nave no otneri ciarea tnat BnaKespcare naa not saia nalt iu
her and her father to his own happy home. ' purpose anincreaseof four millions peran-1 many bad thingsaa hc ought to about Saf
The reraaindcr of our story is best told by num might be reabzed, wbicb, with the gen-1 Lockc.
quoling an atticle from a ncwspaper. prin -
i i'n,., TT....I r.i
".u in mc viicen vny oi mc cst :
' '',0 cPor.1 ,,r ,.Ile Sccratary of the Trea-
f aPPea "lormng s anoual In-
'"ce"ccr- a very long but atthe same
t,,n.e a vcr- a,,Ic. ""!. is bcttcr, a frank
auii manly .Iocument. Mr. Sj.cnccr dcvotes
a colmnu to straitei.ing ont the accoimts of
. i i .
' " i jiinuiiry iu ist juiyt
a,ter, ,T1C "?,.,amu:"es . 1,1 "P0K "r
" """. sca oi r iiiaiice.iriuiu
fcarleasly suggcsting. I will present a fcw
of tl;3 nfuro np0rtt facU for tllc ,)CIlcfit
w, .1 uunuii) aiii(iu .111(1
I will present a fcw
iportaDt facts for the bcucfit
(though thcy dou't deicrvc it) of those who
will not rcail ttie whole llcport, as cvcrj- vo-
tcr, at lcast, ought to do.
vj inc I'uuttc ieui. uunng tlic four
V, :" " nr!- V, 7"
half Al illious. Dunng thc formcr pcno.1 tnc
nntinl nv.imn fii-uinu -AIMI
ion.4 ; duriii;
Van Burcn's clcvation to the P.csi.lcnty.-
During Mr. Van Uurcn's tcrm thc co.Jnnt
tlcficit was supplied by cating ,.p the balance
,. i,' ', .,
ofsomo ctght .Millions (bcyoud thc niiiotmt
Uistnbutcd to or Denosttci with the StatcsV
r. i .. i' .. t t., .i m -'-;
lett bv ticn. Jackson m thi I rone-nrv ib.n
... , ... . .... .r'''.."
by cndcavoring iu like uiauncr the cight
5 thc latter ti"htccu Alillions and .1, i. n r. i .1 .
Ofcou.sc, hc Covcrnment has ;', . wn. rr.n,,. r, . r
g bciuua haiitl ccr .iuce Mr. - :' J- 1 -. , - 7
iiki. iiiniiiirr iiii. f.iritT
5j,uw,wu crentcil by tl.c lssue of outlaud
ing Trcasury Notes. oince that timc. this
dclit has bccn swcllcd by the avcrage aiiuual
dcficit of some six Millions and a nuartcr.
vith tho accuing iutcrcst, until it
ainouuts tosouic twci.ty-fivc millioii3 of dol -
lars. (3Ir. Spcnccr docs not state the nre-
Ai-ii- i i r V i- 1 e"i "e wo.uu prnlmbly ncver Iiae coimuiUt'd
Mdlion and ovcr rcccivcd from thc l.K. ...,r..i J;. i .i i VVi
IJankorPemujlvania for tho Uver..mc.,fs ' ''t" " l frn , ' r' M
scvcu Millions of Stock in the U. S. liank; "8,?, J r S . !"" ?l,d,
,l, i, :i Ai;ii:,.3 ... i i ir . ; . innoccut victnn would not have suflcreil a.
rm 7i . i .1 a,'Ja.h:l,f.rc'y':i vioknt andu.uiincly dcath. It shows also
from dcbu due nnd othcr funds cxijtuis bc- ,i,.,i,. . . i 3 ,
fore Mr. Van Ih.m.'s acccsiion, and l,y thc "'m" " ' '"bM 'al.cca.ulrevcngo
issucof Trcasury Notcs. When Mr. Van ' nnie. ift ie rcstra.im of ,,c
Ilurcn rctircd. all availablo rcsourc had . Iaw WCrC rcmove'1 V- Cour. V
bccn catcn up, and a public dclit of some , '
cise sum, nor dcvote a chaptcr to tbe growtb fricnda of Tcnipcrancc, gcncrally, tlirotigbc.it
and prcscnt state of tliia dcbt, as hc ought tbe btatc, that thc anmial inccting stauds ad
clcarly to have done.) The practical qucs- jounicd to tho "d Wcdncsday tlse (JlIi day
tion prcscutcd, howcvcr, is this Ought wc, j
iu a timc of profouud pcacc aml of ccneral
though mmleratc)nMperity lo allow thisdebt
to go on ...creasiiig Wesay cmpliatieally ed, uotu ctincsiiay nnil J liursday. Irunus
Xo! Lct U3 commcucc its rcpaymcnt of tcnipcrancc, from othcr Slatcy, who dc-
forthwith. 15ut for tho wrctcbcd, k.iavi3h sirc to attcnd, arc, rcs.pcctfully iuvitcd to ap-
dcmagoguc clanior of Loco Focoism against pear aud hai.d in thcir namcs.
" taxing the poor inan's Tca and Conic" ii. In the namc of that great body whose or-15-12,
wc should have at lcast csscntially ' gans we arc, nnd with the urccncy wliicliU
chcckcd ita growth in 1H42; now tlic work tallcd for l.y llic mor.il eiigciicicsorourccun-
must bc postiioued no longcr. inonwcallb, tbe ccntral committcc rcqucst
o. 0f llttmut. The UcccipU ofthe Fis-
Cal ycar 1842 full a little short of twcnty mill-
lons; tlie ctpcuuiturcs, lucluding mtcrc.it on
, the public dcbt, wcre about twcnty-five mill-
ioiis a clcar dcficit of five millions. For thc
ctirrcnt ycar, thc incouic of the lirst nuartcr,
.uung acpi. owui lasi) was ovcrsix iiiillious
nnd a half ovcr six millions from custonis
alonc. For the rcinaining tbrce-quartcrs ol
tbe ycar, the rcccipts arc catimated at a lit-
tlc Icss than tbirtccn niillions only clevc.i
inillious aud a nuartcr from custGins. fWe
1 1 .j ; , i .
, r : ' i ,3.,,. """ .
a lIcriclt of near Jt lnllnIls hvhich
wc bclicvc will be rcduccd by cxccss of re- ncccssary'co-ordiuate expcnscs. Wc fpc
ccipts from custoins ovcr thc Secrctary's es- cificay suggcst, thcrcforc. and call tl.c attin-
.i.i.m.l "i-."'." .iii.i ii. o ii.iinuii
almost twcnty-sevcn millions, and show-(
iu i uvuu. i u.ti mut IH1U1UU3 auu a
'ia"' . I
Hcre is a rathcr drcary prospcct lct it bc I
mct manfully. Itctrenclimcut is thc lirst rc-1
issue fairly. Thc ldcaofa rcsort to dircct ,
wxauon is prcpostcrous no party or con-
1 cral and stcady incrcase of rcvcnnc conse-
I queut on tIicgrowiu prospcrity ofthe coun
try, anu a rcasunauic rcirenclinient ot expcn
dimrcs, would at oncc swcll thc revcuua
above the expcuditurea and speeilily wipe o(T
thc cxisting debt. Such is tlic true aiul ob
vious conrse. IIow will it bc cousidered by
tliose who raisotl the clauior against taxing
tea and coflee in 1842 1
1 will not farthcr analyze the Reporti
since it ought to be univcrsaUy read.
THE PUNISIIMEXT OF DEATH.
Wc hear vcrj- little of late from the advo
cates of the abolitiou of the law making death
the penalty for nuirdcr. The agitation of tho
qucstion,if it has not bceu gircn ovcr by thoso
tvhli whom it orizinatcd, has anuaremlvtlied
away, and the public miud scoms tu have set-
! tled down into a firm coavictiou from which
j mUcc.I it was nevcr grcatly movc.l-of the
justicc, expediciicy and necessity of pcrsc-
i vering the law as it now stamls on tbe stat-
1 ".te book. Vmu are continually coming to
liKbt which tciul still more iowcrfi.llv to
1 ..." t ........ . . .
iins couvictiou; but
have sccn auv moro
foHowing statcment from
i "9 wu iuuuiii, oi mc inouves wiucli leil a
"""Wfrer to uiibrue hn hands iu blotd, and
iitifc i Miniiilii; lli:tl II1U 1IIIPC1U1-
' mg puiiihinciit. It is rclatcd of Ilmisou, iu
1 ing puiiUluncnt.
, UZ N. u
Uovcr, A. II., n ho our readers will recolicct,
some timc siiuc muriltrcd hi3 wifc under cir-
ruinstanccs ot pecnliar Iiorror.
ning Star, piiblisbcd at Uovc
cr, the placc
lvncrc he u impnsoucil, says :
ycnr "l'ri--oiimcin in the fc'tatc l'rijon. Ile
' - r, ' . . ,., ,r
i w titv. ...ttou.
.Ph. . V i " ."
t t'tJu J "T, rcI,e,a,."af a&',n,clU
" ! e ? I V ""'"P"'" . i"-"
the statutc book iu full fnrcc. 1 nicntion this
,.r.i... .... . ir.i- ''
ortl.elaw. Iftlusniau had not supiiosrd
...... - . . .
tnai uic taw rclcrrcd
referred to had not bccn rcucal-
..... . ...
VXNUAL MEETING OF THE VEPv
MONT TEMI'KKANCE SOCIETV.
The Ccutral Com.uittce of tbe Vcrnitnt
! Teinpcrancc Society hcrcbv rc.uiiid the olii-
' ccrs and the nie.nbcrs ofthe Sotictv and the
of Jai.i.ary ucxt at ltulland. The sucuty
wiii ne caiicu to oruer at iu o clocK, A. Hl.
and the procccdings will occupy, it is cxpcct-
,.- Ttmranre Sncktirs lo aP1mtr at this
mcrling, by thtir dthgalts. There u reasou
to fcarthat tbe Tciiiperancc causc, in largi
scctions of thc state, is losing ground tlia
the uic of iutnxicatiii;
ilrink is incrcasing-
tlic rcformcd pc.-stius arr bcconiing ncain cn-
snarcil m l.abits ot n
lltiixiration that nlcdr-
ed mcn are fiilling from thcir Htcadfastncss,
aud that ruin.-tllcrs, cvct. without a liccnsc,
arc maintaiiiiiig thcir trafiTc with incrcnscd
bardibood and audncity.
i ti.o ivmml -nrni..;tir.1. r:i.t -i-
iivc cviuuiicc uini uiai 1101 01 111c friron"cet
kind that tlic countrj' or town Societics
,. :n .i;k. .,!; . :,a
ftr.n f.l Inp 1 ifsmrm rtt 11m rnwn rnriptn q
amj sclf-sustainiug stand, with respect to gcn-
cra an,i unitcd Tcmpcrancc opcration
whcther our State orgauization, strong nnd
complctc as it is, shall eist to make itsclf
practically fdt, or only a man ofstraw that
Oommittce have forwardcd to the Presidents
of tbc Society. Ihe fonns sent wdl contain
nll neccssary furthcr infonnation. Attcntion
to this mattcr is of great and iustant impof
tancc. By order ofthe Committcc,
ALEX C. TWTNTXG.
Middlebury, Dec. Cth, 1S43.
A lively country girl bad a basbful lovcr
whose namc was Locke. She got out of pa
tience with Eim at iast, and in her anger dc-
- ". w.