Newspaper Page Text
AND MDDLEBURY PEOPUB'S P3BBSS.
II. I3ELL, Eilitor and Proprictor.
MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 17, 1844.
VOL. VIIL-NO. 37.
TIIE NOltTIIERN GALAXY,
to riSLISIIED KVEtY WJIDSESDAV MOUtlSC
IS STEWABT'S BL'H.DJSGf,
B Y J. COBB Jlt.
ST WHOM ALI. OKJ1ERS rOB mlSTlSO
ofcvcrv dcscription will bc neatly
fishijua'jly cxecutcd, at short notice.
TEHM5 OF EIGIITH VOLUME.
V suli-criiVrt 2 00
Ivl -tiWribcM. . . . . 2 00
i'.ij:.iJ.uti and Conpanie uho lake at thc olTicc
--i'7i or 130 cents il paid in six inonlhs.
T'i i c 'ke of I'osiriJers . . .2.09
11 nit naid t llieenil oftlie year 2. 2o
So p.ipria ilisco'UinueJ uutil arrcaragcs arc paid
v ,.. ait!ic optionofllie proprictor. i'o pamei t
tu C irrhrs jl!aucJ cxccpt oruered lj tlts proprie-
VllcyTiraunicatioDsraustbe addresscd to thceJ
U,r I' jst I'AIO
LINES BY A LADY,
As !in excusc for Iier zcal in thc causc of
Tefiiperancc, nnd ndtlrcsscd to a fncnd
who told hcr shc "was ahnost a mono
imniac 011 thc &uljcct of alcoholic
G , fcel what I hivc fclt,
(;..,lcar what I hae borne t
Sink 'neatli the bhnv a fathcrdealt,
Aml tlic cokl, prou 1 norM's scorn
Ti.iis slmggle on froiu jcar to jcar,
T!iy dvlc relicf llie scalding tcar.
G',vccpns Ifcne urpt,
OVr a I'iTcl failior f-iH,
V-e e?r chcriilirtl proinifesucpt,
YolIis swtctncss turncJ to gall,
H. 'p'.- f.i!cd fhiucr ttrcuM tlie woy
That IcJ ine up to uomanV day-
Co, km :laI luc kmlt,
Implmc, lx?spech aiid pray
Punc llii Uwotlcil licart tumelt,
Thc douauard courfrc to itay
nr, uiihUilercursc, asitle,
T!i prajcri burlesqu'd, tlty icars dtficd.
fl -vn uhcrc I bae Moik!,
Aii . -cc UV trong ia:m noiv
ah nahing tctih !ip lallied in hlood,
An I c U A brow ;
Ci tatdi wandcrins311" an ecc
Thct'c iittrrorM his suul's ralsery.
G", he.tr wlwt I luc lica.'d,
Thc sols of sad dcf ja.r,
A inemory fi uling'i funt had st'ned,
And its rcvcalingstlierc
Hatli toU him hat lic niiglit liave bein,
I. 'aJ liu tlie ciiiuikanls fite forcfccn.
(io to i!iy mtithcr's eidc,
AnJ Itrrcru-lifHl spiritrficcr,
Tlii tc tiwn (!copanguih hidc.
WitK fn.'n li?r chcck ihc tear
Maik l:rr dimmM cyc licr furrow'd broiv,
Tlic gray flwt strcaks lipr dark liair now,
IK-r toil-worn framcjlicr treinbliog Hini),
And iracc tlic ruin back to hhu
WIi.j.c pligbted filUi ia early oih,
rromi.-.etl etcrnal loc and trutli
Kut wh'i, furcsiromjiath iehlcd up
"ilns promi-c ia tlie dcadly cup,
A'i ! lell:cr duwn fnmi lovc and Iigbtt
rrom all ihat laadc hcr pallinu brigbt9
And chained hcr llicrc, mU ar.t and strife,
TJie lottly thing a Drunkard' Wife!
An J btampeil uu diiUlnxxl'ii bron so tnil J,
That withcriitg bllglit a DrtiT&ard ChxUH -
Gojhcar, sec and fcel and know
All that my souj halh fclt or knoun
Thcn lock rjion thc wine cup's glow,
See if its brig!itnc33 can atonc;
TUink if ita faor you W try,
If all procliimctl 'Ti3 HRI5K jiso U1E !"
Tcll ine Ikite ihe boul !
Hctt is a fccblc w ord
I lathetGLhnT iny cry soul
With etrong disgust is stirr'd
WhcncVr I pcc, hcar or lcll
Of t?ic dark Vncrage of IhU!
f'ALOMEL CAUTION" TO 15EEF EA-
. r v v I
thousand milcs ft-um i. l .,
quack not a
A vouutr ...an in pcrfect I.eaUh, to amuse '
iisuuiiy iruuru ui iiit- 4i?4.-i.-.-a w i-. w jiun uriui lure 01 iig.u, uul iuuv aitj iiuriue(i , c( Diamond Grotto
to ihe'ine of Marcury aud prcscribcd a spc- j by the slightcst agitation ofthc watcr; aud it thissc'ricswonderful
ii . i n
cne incli nc nau mvciitcu as mc rcuicuj. is tncrclorc cxcecu.nciv diiucuu to catcli ,i n.i
hiinsMf callcd one dav and asked the lcamcdl Thc rivers of ATammoth Cave wcrc ncver
Ur. ifhe could tcll him the naturc of his dis-'crossed till 1840. Great cflbrts havc bccu
case. aud nrescrilic a remcdv. The Dr. cn- : mailn to iliscover whpuce thcv come and
ttreil into a inimite detail of symptoms, aud
statcd thc wholc was thc cflcct of Marcuiy '
adilin;, I supnosc vou have takeu largc qnan-
t'lcsofit. Thc vouiik man answcrcd, jNo,
'. as I know of. But, says thc Dr. it must ,
!ie, f.ir thcrc itisin vour systcm, and I can .
:. : - - ,.i. .1. i .!, i
"t a iii vour iacc. caiu uiu u4, 4 ,
kn-.w limri.-Mt il.Prp f,,r I u'evcr took auv-'
But what havc you takcn, whcn sick, says j
iVllr) 't!.;r l.o fnr T np.ver was i
s-ick iu my life, uor took a particle of mcdi-, happeusiu the ueighborhood of thcse streams ' wcll proportioncd curve will bc thc rcsult;
!i..e of any kind. Thc Dr. for a momeut that the figure of a distaut con.paniou will should thc incrcascd actiou on ouc sidc di
was uon-plus'd. Fiually, hc cxclaimcd, 1 1 appareutly loom up, to thc hcight of ten or , minish or increase, thcu all thc beautics of
guess I know how it happcncd, havcn't you ' twelvc feet as hc approaches you. This oc- thc comic and nuxcd cuncs would bc produ
caten frccly of bccf.' O yc, iaid the youth. ; casioual phcuomcnou is somcwhat frightful, ccd. The masscs arc often cvculy and lon
Wcll, that must bc the way thcn, they put ' evcn to the most rational obscrvcr, occurriug gitudinally striatcd by a kind of columnar
I ngucmuin on the calvcsimditstaid in their 1
:4-ctm ., .t.i.r...i .1 . ,rn.t !
systcm, you cat the becf aud that transferred
It t4 n.tirs r ' 11
.. .w jUU.w. 141. J. CC J. C.
'One of tho wenhhiest firmt-rs'
in Con. 1
tieciicut, tells ihe following storv : 'When
frst I cair.o lo selile, about forty years ago, .
1 ;old my wife I ineant lo bc rich a'.l sho
v.untcii wascnough to makc hercomfort-.
abie. ! went lo work anJ cleared up my
lanci; 1 vc worked hard evjr smce, and
nave got rich as rich as l want to oe.
Most of mv chiidien have settled about mc, 1
anu iney an t.ave gol larms. Juul my wuo ,
an't comrortalle ytt."'
Com Smart imfmn nfr.nn,:an 1
u-i r;l II f nn EgyPt,aJn ;
wheat ra.sedfro.it sced 3000 ycars old.
xound tn au tgyptian mummy,
Frorn Bcntlcy'i MiycelUny.
.. JIARIA CIIILD OF SEW TORK.
"Ofantrcs vast aud deierts ilj,
Uoughqaarrics, rocksaad bills.whosc bcads toucli
Itwas mj binttoFpcak."
Atocs sidcor thc Kivcr Hall is a Etecp
precipirc.ovcr ivhich vou can Iookdotvn,by
aid of blazing missiles upon a broad, black
shcctof watcr, tiOfcctbclotv, callcd'thc Dcad
cr.tiOfcctbclotv, callcd'thc Dcad
is awfully imiircssive placc, the
oimds of hich do not easilv pass
y. Hc ho has sccu it tvifl lmve
sights and soiiml
it vividly bronsht bcforc him by Alfieri's de- s'"re I)0rne- After you lcavc Alma's Uoivcr, the cavc
scriptiou of Eilippo : " Onlv a trausicut word r '."c Ieft of Mfa Vincyard is an cnclo- I ogaiu bccomcs vcry raggcd. Bcautiful com
or ait inN iu n slmn nml Miniu i; surc likc an arbor, the ceiliu aud sides of . biuations of cvnsum and smr in still !ip
that rcvcals to us the abysscs of his bciii" ;
dark, lurid and tcrrific as the throat of thc in-
As you pass aloug, you hcar thc roar of
iiivisiblc uatcrfalls, and at the fuot of the
slopc tho rivcr Stys lics bcforc you, dccp and
black, ovcrarchcd with rock. Thc first
glimjisc ofit brings to miud the dcctut of
Ulysscs into hell, t I
Aud ir.in:in:s .ircamj ci-rnai mumiurs make." '
AcroS'5 thcse uncarthlv watcrs. the sruide
cau convey liuttHo passengcrs at oncc; and
thcsc sit motionless in the cauoc, nithfect
turued apart, so as uotto disturb lhebalnncc.
Thrce lainps arc fastencd to the prow, thc
imaes of which are rcflcctcd in thc dismal
If you are impaticnt of dclav. or earcr for
new advcnturcs, you can lcave vourcoiiinan-
ions Iiugcriiig about the shorc, "and cross thc
atyx ly a ilaugcrous bndge of prccipiccs
ovcrhcad. Iu order to t!o this, vou must as-
ccnd a stecp clilfaml cntcr a cavc above,
irom au egrcss or wluch you Cnd yoursclf on ,
thc bauk ofthc rivcr, cighty fcct abovc its !
snrfacc, conimanding a view of tho:?c passing
iu ine uoai, niui tnose wniting on tlic shorc.
fcccu from this hcight, the lainps in ihc ca
noc glare likc licry'cvc-balls : aml thc pas
sengcrs sitting thcrc, so hushcd and motion
less, look like shadows. Thc sccna is so
slrangcly fuucral and gpcctral, that it sccms
as if the Grccks must have vtitncsscd it, bc
forc they imaiucd Charou convcyiug ghosts
to tne dim rcgions or l'luto. our conipau
ioii, thus sccn, do iudccd,
Tlitn, nry sliojls and t ieitiuary shad'-tf '
Ifyou turn vour cjc from the cauoc, to the
pnrliesofmcn and womcn whom, j'ou Icft
waitiug on thc shorc, you will sce them, bj
thc gleam of thcir lamps, scnttercd iu pictu-
rcsquc groujis, Ioommg out 111 boul rchef from
thc dcnsc darkncss around thcm.
Wlicn you havc passcd thc Styx, you soou
mcct auothcr btrcam, nppropriatcly callcd
I.eatlic. The echocs hcre arc absalutvly
stuniiing. A singlc voicc sounds likc a ptiw
erful chuir; and could ;ui orgau bc played, it
would dcprivc thc hcarcr of his scnscs.
Whcn you havc crosscd, yon cntcr a hih
Icvcl hall, iiamcd thc (Jrcat Walk, half a
mi!c of hich brings you to anothcrriver, cal
lcd thcJordon. Incrossing this, the rocks in
011c placc ilcsccutl so low, as to lcave only
cightccn iuchcs for thc boat to pass through.
I'asscsigcrs arc obligcd to dcmblc up, and Hc
011 each othcr's shouldcrs, till this gap is pas-
sed. Thc imcomfortalile position i?,iiowever
of short iluration, and vou suddcnly cmcrgc
to uliere thc vault ofthc cavc is morc than a
limmrcit lcct lngli. J 11 tlic 1 .-tl I ot tlic ycar,
this rhcr oftcn riscs ahnost instniitaiicoiisl
ovcrfiUy rcct auovc low watcr mark ! a plic
noincnon suppcscd to bc causcd 1V hcavy
raiu? from thc uppcr carth. On this acci-unt.
aiitumu is au unfavorablc sczsnn for those
who wisli to cxplore thc cavc throughout.
If parties hnppcu to bc caught 011 thc othcr
s'nle of Jonlau.whcn asuddcn risc takcs )lacc
a boat couvcys thcm 011 the swolcn watcrs,
to thc Icvcl ofau uppcr cave, so low that
they are obligcd to entcr on hands aud knccs
aud crawl through. This placc is callcd I ur-1 pictcl..t ti,at 1C ,vas not fmmJ for forty-cight ollcct cvcry bodv that cvcr visitcd thc cave,
gatory. I cojilc on thc other mlc, awarc of lourSi t,0Ug, twenty or thirty pcople wcrc and all the tcrms of gcology and minerology
their dangcr, havc a boat iu rcadiucss to rc- ; scarc!l of ,. iart;C3 arc occasionally arc at his tonguc's cad. Ile is cxtrcmcly a't
cc thcin. j imttcrcil and countcd to scc that nonc arc tcutivc and pcculiarly politc to ladics. Likc
I he guidc lisually Slllgs whilc crossiug thc m;;- Cl,n,l srU an nrriilpnt hanncn ! most ofhis racc. be is fnml of "mo.lMnni.nit
Jordan, nnd his voicc is revcrbcrated by a 1
1 hcouly amnials CV-
cr lounu in tlic cavc arc usn, i itn wiucn llus
stream abouilds. Tlicy arc perfectly white.
anduithoutcycs; atlcast they havc hceu.j,,, 0jr;ut0 a aUCCCSS;0U 0f cavc, callcil
subjcctcd to acarcful cxamination, aud no Ccciha's Grottocs. Hcrcucarlyalithcbcau
organsimilartoancyccanbc thscovcrcd. t;ful formations of the surroimdiuz cavcs,
It would iudccd lica usclcss apciulngc to
;creaturcs tliat dwcll torcvcr iu Uimmcnan
,larke - . J.5llt' as iisual, tlic acutcuess ot ;
",C Se"Ae 'S '"c,rcased th, scf of a- i
othcr. Thcsc fish are uudistitrbcd by thc most
r..i -i- i.. 1.....1 I i ,
whither thevco. ButthccouragcousStcphen
has floatcd for hours up to his chiu,
Cll his way thro" the uarrowcst apcrtures un-'
dcr thc dark wavcs, so as to lcave l.is hcad
mercly a brcathing place, yct they still rcmaiu
as much a mystcry as cvcr witbout bcg.u-
..: i ti,,...
uiu j viiu, 444. 4.44.1444,. .4414.4 v4o4it'4.4.4
under archcs. which, at the lowcst stace of
the watcr, are under thc surfac.c ofit.
From some uukuown causc.itsometm.es
as itdocs in a region so uaturally associatcd
.tnnt ..n.l rrnM-
From the Jordan through Stillman's Ave-
'mic vou cnter a high, narrow dcfilc, or pass
linaportion of which, callcd thc Hauging'
Rocks, hu"C masses of stone hang suspeuueu
over your head. At the sidc of the dcnlc is
a reccss, callcd Uie Aiev.rs ji.achMJinii 4...U, . - X. , , , ' . ,.
It contains a rock shaped like au anvil. with tuous vines, throw-.ug off curlcd leavcs at ev
a small iukv current runuing nearit.and cry flexture, l.ke thc branchcs of a chandel.er
quantities of coarse stalagmite scattercd ninnmg more than a foot m Icngth, and not
about preciscly likc blacksmith's cindcrs, cal- th.ckcr than the finger, are among the vaned
led slag. In another placc, you pass asquare frost-work of thcse grottos"; common stalac
rock covcred with beautiAil dok tooth spar, titcs of carbonate of hme, al.hough bcauufu
covcred with bcautiful dog's toothspar,
callcd thc Jtfile Stone. ,
callcd thc Ahle Stone.
This pass brings you into Wcllington's
r . .
uancry, wmcn tapers uu u a ua..u.. ,4,.4,4,
apparcntly thc end of the cave iu this direc-
tion. But a ladder is placed on one sidc, by
which you asccml to a small cleft in the rock,
throu-h which you are at once ushcred into
r"f"",,' Jt . j;. a nl,nt,wo vears
rf apartmcut dSvcd7o yem
0 ThliTthe mJSS rfCW
lanel s Arcnuc, the crowningTrondcrand glo-' grotto, which was found covcred tvith num
ry ofthis subterranean world! At thc hcad bcrs quitc cutirc, bcsidcs fragmcuU of othcrs
of the laddcr, you liiid yoursclf surronnded 1 broken by tlic fail."
by ovcrhanging stalactitcs, in thc forni of rich I A dbtmgubhcd gcologist haa said that bc
clustcra of grapcs, transparcnt to thc light, believcd CleTclaiid'3 Avcune; two milcs iu
hard as marblc, aud rotiud and polishcd, as
if douc by a sculptors haud. This ia callcd
From thc Viueyard, and cntrancc I
cvard. nnil rntrnnpn to tlm
'right bringsyou inro a perfectly nakcd cavc.
whence you suddcnly pass into a larce hall,
with magniCccut colunins, aud rich festoons i
' st?Iactite , tu vanous furms of bcautiful
coml,i"ou- In thc centre of this chambcr,
?talaSm"C "ai'ed likcsarcophagus, inwhich
I3.?11 0Pcum. "c a gravc. A Koman Cath-,
13311 PCU1I1S. "Kc a gravc. A Jloman Oatn-
oIlc P"cst Rrit lw'ercd this, about a ycar
a'uI ,vitI' fervcnt cuthusiasm csclaimcd,
". c Scpulchre J" a nanie ivhich it has
vllicn studdcd witli suow-w hitc crjstal-
izcJ Sypuni, in thc fortn of all sorts of llow-
crs. It is impussiblc to convcy an idca of
,,lc c''luc bcauty and infinite varicty of
t'lcsc dclicatc formatious. In somc placcs,
roscs su1 ,!uiss sccm c,lt on ,,lc rock' I)as"
rclie'"; ' "thcrs, a graceful bcllriscson along
staIk: so slclll!cr that it bcuds at a brcath.
0"e 's a" admirablc iraitatiou of Iudian coru
iu tassel, thc silkea fibres as Cne and flcxiblc
as mu i imngiucu; auuiucr is a truiip ui
ostrich plumcs, so snotvy that a zcphyr lvavcs I
it. Iu somc noolis wcre little tiarks of trccs,
in others, graccfully curlcd leavcs, likc thc
Acauthus, rosc from thc vcry bosom ofthc
rock. Ncar this room is thc Suow Chambpr, 1
the roof and sides ofv.hich arc covcred with i
particlcs of brilliuut white gypsum, as ifj
snow-balls had bccu dashcd all ovcr thc
walls. Iu auothcr apartmcut the crj-stals
arc all iu thc forni of roscttcs. In another '
callcd llcbccca's Garland, thc flowcrs havo '
all arraugcd themsclvcs mto ivrcatlis. r,acu
sccms to havc a stylc of formatious pcculiar
'to itsclf, thougli of iufiuitc varicty. Days'watcr spoutiug up from a rock. This fluid j
iniglit hc spcnt in tlicse superl) grouos witn-
out bccomiug familiar with half thcir hiildcn
clorics. Ouc could lniagmc that somc ante-
dcluviau giant had hcre itnprisoncd somc matious iu this arbor are rcmarkably bcauti- '
fair daughtcrof carth, aud thcuinpity for hcr ful. '
loneliucss had cmploycd fairics to dcck hcr One hundrcd and sixty-fivc avcnucs have
bowcrs with all the splcudor of carth and bccn ducovcrcd iu Mammoth Cavc, the walk
ocean. Likc poor Amy Robsart. in thc rol- through uhichis cstimatcd at about thrce !
itary halls of Cunmor. llcngal lights, kin- j hundrcd milcs. In somc placcs you dcsccud
dlediu thcsc bcautiful rctrcats, producc au morc than amilc into thc bowcls ofthc carth. ;
cflcct more gorgcous thau auy thcatrical rep- Tho pocticmiudcd travcllcr, nftcrhehas trac
rcscntation of fairy lnud ; but they smokc cd all the labyrinths, departs with lingcring
the purc white iucrustations, and thc guide is j rcliictatscc. As hc approaclies the cntrancc j
thcrcfore vcry prropcrly rcluctant to havc d.ij light grccts him v.ithanovcl aud startling
thcm uscd. 'Ihe rcllcctiou from the shmiug 1
walls is so strong, that lamp-light is quitc suf-
ficicnt. iilorcovcr, tucsc wondcrlul Icrma
tions nccd to be csamiucd slowly and in dc
tail. The uuiversal glittcr of Bcugal lights
is worthlcss iu comparison.
From Itcbccca's Garland, you comc into a
vast hall, of grcat hcight, covcred with shi-
111115 ilrops or gypsum, liuc oozmg watcr pc
trificd. Iu the ccntre is a largc rock, four
fcct high, nnd Icvcl attop, round which scvc
ral huudrcd pcople can Mt couvciiiently.
This is callcd Cornelia's Tablc, and is frc
cpicntly uscd for parties to tlinc upon. Iu
this liall, aml in Wcllington's Gallcrj". arc ilc
posits of fibrous gypsum, suow vthitc, dry,
and rcscmbling asbcstos. Gcologists, who
somctimcs takc up their abodc iu the cavc
for wccks, aud othcr travcllcrs who choosc
to rcmain ovcrnight, f.ml this a vcry plcasant
and comfcrtablc bcd.
Cornelia's Tablc is a safe ccntrc, from
which individuals may divcrcc on little c.xplo-
riug cxpsditious, for thc paths arc not laby
riuthc, aud the hall is vcry conspicuous from
thc vartous ucinliborin;
pomts ol view.- In
most reg'ons ol the cavc it is hazardoiis to
lose sigh'. ofthc guidc. Ifyou think to walk . prcsiding gcmus of .Maninioth Cavc.isamu
straight ahcad, cvcn for afcw rods, and thcn latto aiul a slavc. Hchas Ii cd iu this strange
rcturu to him, you will find it next to inipos- , rcalm, from boyhood, aud a largc propor
siblc to do so. So many paths cnmc in at ' tion of the discovcrics arc the rcsult of his
acutc anglcs ; they look so much alikc ; and ' couragc, intclligcucc, and tintiriugzcal. Iiis
thc light of a lamp rcvcals thcm so impcrfcct- j vncatiou has brought him into coutact ith
ly, that nouc but thc practiscd cyc of a guidc many intcllcctual aud scicntific mcn ; as he
cau diseutanglc thcir windings. A gcntlcman has grcat quickncss of perccption and a pro
nho rctraccd a fewstcps ncar thc cntrancc of Idigious memory, hchas prolittcd much by in-
ilm i-.ro tn lt,,.l hta ltnt tr.cf 1 11 cz u-nv Rn rnm- ti4rrnnr4 i-itli ci,nrTnr ,t,Inla TI. rntt r.
.i1(.re :?,, ,nn!rcr. ifthe wandcrer will rcmain '
e.n,:,.,.. r.,- I.n ,,-ill cnnn li. micsod aml a .
, .IIIUUIIU I , . w ...
., . r , ;
:.i .. rt(.r i,:,r
v.t ,i, f ,...ni...llrnn5. vnumav
Such as grapcs, flowcrs, Etars, leavcs, coral,
&c. maf be found so low, that you can con
veu!entlv e.xamiue thcir iniuutcst fcaturcs.
Ouc of Ihcse little rcccsscs,
annri.i: -nnr SPt :,, ,;tvprv
sparKimg spar, sci m mtrj r
vpsum, is call-
Alma's Uowcr closcs
,., .? rnlt nr.. !
I.a.. .i114.1 rTl.T-lft,lta f.nli,nf. m '
Silliman iu his Amcrican Journal of Sci-I
cnceandArt, calls this adm.raule scncs, tne
.iiaoastcr uavcs. jicsujs, -1 1443
at a loss to accouut for such ijcaut.lul iorma-
t.ons, aud cspcc.aliyiortiiccicgJuci.ui uu.
curvcs exh.b.lcd. It .3 l.owcvcr cv.ucnl . inai
the substauccs havc grown from thc rocks,
.i. nn.hnf i,iii;nni tn tti( Iiasn i thc
j .. . ...... ... t
solid parts alrcady fonncd bciug contiuually
j pusl.cd forward. If the growth be a little
morc rapul ononesulctl.au on thc otlicr. a
structure, cxhibiting a facicle ofsmall prisms
aud some of thcse prisms endingsooner than
others, give a brokcn teimmation of great
beauty; similar to our form ofthc crnblem
ofthc order of the star.' The rosetts form-
cu uy a mammii.ary aisn sunuuuui.u u v..-
clc oi leaves, rollea clcSnnuy outw iu,
""ts. lose hy contrast w.m mese. ocaut..u.
ornaments, auu uwmme .mo n.tre c.umsy,
i-l ;nrn. Bpsides thcsc. thcrc are
, , . d ht j.
tufts of ha.r sa 1
s.a, depend.nS like adhe7Staa"sJ
thcroof.and penodically detccung themselyes
by their owu iucreasmg we.ght. Indccd, the
more sobd alabaster ornaments becomeat
o ToM alabaster ornamcnts bccomc at
last overgrown. and fall upon the floor of the,
""b"' tuutaincu a pcinncu lorm ol cvcry
vcgctable production on carth. If tliis bc too
largc a statcment, it is at least safe to say
that its varicty is almost infinite. Amongst
its othcr productions, arc largc pilcsofEp
somsalts bcautifully chrystalizcd. Travcl-
lers have shown such wantoc destructivc-
ncss in this great tctnplc of naturc mutila-
ting bcautiful columns, kuockiagoffspar, and
cru3Iu"ng Jclicatc flowcrs that the rulcs
arc now vcry Etrict. It is allowablc
to touch uotbing cxccpt thc ornaracnts
, to toucli notlung cxccpt thc ornaracnts
' which havc looscncd and dmnpcd by thcir
otvu wcight. Thcsc arc oftcn'"hard ciiough
' to hcar transportation.
sccn occasionally ovcrhcad ; but all aroun J
you rocks aud stoucs arc pilcd up in the vf ild- I
cstciauncr. Through such scraggysceucry,
you come to thc Itocky Mountains, an ir-
'rcgular pile of massivc rocks, 100 to 1C0 fcct '
thcse you can lcok down into j
Dismal Hollow dccp bclow dccp the most I
Ifnghtrullooking placc m tho whole cavc. On
' thc toj) of the moimtnin is a bcautiful rotun-
da, callcd Croghau Hall, iu houorof thc pro-
jinuiur. oiaiaciucs BUrrounu llus 111 thc
richcst fringc of iciclcs, aud lic scattcrcd about
thc v.alls in all shaocs. as if arraiiiroil for a '
miiscum. On ouc sidc is a stalagmitc for-!
matiou like a pine trcc, about fivc fcct high, I
with irregularlcaves and branchcs; anolher is
iu pyramidical form, like acypress. I
If you wind down the inountains, on thc
sidc oppositc from that wliich you asccnded, I
you will comc to Scrcna's Arbor. wliich is
thirtccn milcs from thc cntraucc of thc cave,
and the cnd of this avcuuc. And a most !
ticautilul tcramiaiion it is! In a seuu-circlc
of stalactitc columus is a fountain of tiuro '
is as transparcnt as air; all thc carlhly par- I
ticlcs it cverhchliu suspcnsion, having bccn
loug siucc prccipitatcd. Thc stalactitc for-
beauty. Ifthe sun suiucs on the vcrdaut
slopinz hill, and thc wariuz trces. sccn !
through tho arch, they sccm like fluid gold ; )
if mero daylight rests upou thcm, they re
scmblc moltcu silvcr This rcmarkablc rich-
ncss of appearance'isdoubtlcss ov.iug tj the
contrast with tne thick darkness, to which
thc cyc has bceur so loug accustomcil.
As you comc'out ofthc cave thc tcmpcra
turc of thc air riscs thirty dcgrccs instantly,
(if thc scasou is siuumcr,) aud you fccl as if
plungcd iu a hot vapor baih ; but thc cfl'ccts
of this arc salutary aud not unplcdsaut.
Naturc uevcr sccms so miraculous as it
docs whcn jou cmcrgc from hishiddcu rcalm
of marvcllous imitations. Tho "dcargod
dcss" is so scrcue iu hcr rcsplcndcnt and
morc harmoniotis bcauty! The gorgcous
amphithcatrc of trccs, thc hills, thc sky, and
thc air, all sccm to wcar a veil of traiisfigure.l
glory. Thc travcller fccls that hc was ncvcr
bcforc conscious, how bcautiful a phcnomc
cuou is the sun-light, how maguiiiccnt thc
bluc arch of hcavcn.
Thcrc arc thrce guidcs at the rcrvicc of
travcllcrs, all wcll vcrscd iu tlic intncate
paths ofthis ucthcr world. Stcphcn, the
lausuasc, and his rapturous cxprcssions as hc
j iiguis up suuic hiiu jioiiu ui view, arc ai imica
finc spccimcus of glorificatiou. His kuonl-
lilitc nn soinn fiim nninf fifvinir nw nt f ima
"j " - ' ' 1
r. ..: ..r :r. it-. i ,
ril"n nf thn nlare is amnl! nnrl riiraip. nn.l
he is altogcthcr au cxtrcmcly uscful and
agrccablc guidc 31ay his last brcath be a
Dorrilitcs. Theso wero a set of fan-
atics, which sprun'r up itnd flouiishcd in
Lcvdcn Jlassachusctls, in the icar 1797
anj tBe;r SQC;ctr embraccd some membcrs
,,-. r. t -,i,- j
u" rcslcCQ 11 . Pa" OI '"u-
ham county 111 llus Stale. liio touniicr
was an iinpostcr by tho namc Dorril, aro
fu!re fr0m the Bntish army under Gen.
Burcoyne. Dorril prctcnded to
suprrnatural powcrs and ihat, cs
, armed w ith
nltr.liules ol Uef.y it
, nQwcr nfman to hurt him.
'ollowcrs abslaincd from catin.'
n,.;,h,r fnod or r!n(T
IHsh ,- muc uso ol ncitncr looa.or cio.n
i. ,l r
ing wluch was procured at thccxpcnfe ofi
life, and, if they had full faith in him, hc
assurcd thcm in tho namo of God they
should ncvcr die. They put otTthcir Iealh-
cr shocs and had othcrs madc ol cloth or
wood. One was a blacksmith ; ho pro
cured and used a pair of cloth bellows, nnd
all Iived upon milk and vcgctablcs. They
discarded all rcvelation cxcept what Dors
ril rcccived, s-tnt defiance all the laws of
man. and weie governcd in all their con-:
duct, as hc expresscd it, "by tho light of
nature." Meeiings wc.-c heldonco a week
at which thcir worship principally consis
ted in cating, drinking, stnging, fiidling j
and dancirg, ar.d hcaring lecturcs from
Dorril, who, was wcll qualified for that pur
posc. They had a covcnant by which I
they placcd a hrge bhare of their proper
ty in common slock, and tho blacksmith
becamc their treasurcr. In short time
Dorril collectcda largo socicty, among!
whom were some vcry respcclable famil
ies in tho towns of Leydon Barnardton.
Massachusetts Fcople wcnt from all the
ncighboring towns jo hcar and sec tho
marvelous doings of Dorril and his aso-
c.ates. At Icngth at ono of the.r meetings
a goodly niimber having asserableo, Dor.
ril opcned with music. itc an bcgan to
(lcliver his lccturcs. At thst mecting one
Ezckicl Fostcr, of Leydon artcndcd as a
spectalor. Ile was n man of good scnse
of argiant framc. and had a coumenance
that buspoka auihority. IDisn Dorril
came to lheo'octriuo of his mystertous pow
ets, l;c-!nd no sooasr utlercd iho wo.-ds
' no n:m can hurt my ffcsb," Fosicr rose
indignsnt sl Iiis blasphcmy, and knccked
Dorril down critii his fi-t. Dorril offrigh.
tcd and almost scnseles, a!tcmptcd to risp,
tthon he rcctivcd a sscond blov.at which he
cricd for mcrcy. Fostcr prornised to for
bcar, on ccndiiion that ha rcu!d rcnoancs
his doctrincs, yet con'inucd bcatiu him.
Soon a sfcort parly cnsacd, v.hcn Dnrril
conscnlcd acd did rcnounco his doctrincs
inthc hearin of all his astonishcd foHow.
ov.-cr3. IIs furtlicr told thctn l!:at l::s cb.
jcct va3 to scc uhatfoo!s he could mal;o
of maulcitid. Iiis fulio'.vcrs chagrincd ond
asharr.cd at bcing inao'o the ilupcs of such
a base fellow, departcd in pcn'cc to their
homcs. Dorril prnrr.iscd his adversarr,
upon Ihc pcnaliics ofhis lifo ccvcr to iin
pase upon the pcople any morc
T TflE 0I1EG0N EMIGRATJTS.
FSOM TUE N. Y. TlilllUNE.
I saw in your paper of yciterday rnor
ning in a commuoicstion frora il;e Cny of
Washington, a nsticeofthi! miafortutics
nhich haro ultcady befnllcntho company
of emigrants to tho Orcgon, Torraory.
Il appeats that cight perscns, womcn nnd
ch:!drcn, dicd of thirst, fclarvatioa or fa
tiuge bcforc rcaching Fort llall on the
Saptin ! that their cnltlc ad oihcrar.im
all wcrc vcrv inucl: emaciatcd. and their
hopcs of getting to Lovvcr Oregon wero
surrounded witti such gloomy fcrebodings
tlmt soino of iho company had returnod to
This ss sad neivs Io mo ; not bccauso I
havo relatives amon that c'anng bafid, or
ties or intcrrst connectcd with ihem, other
than thoso which would follow any individ
uals similarly circumslar.ced ; I am mado
surrotvfu) by dcriving from a rcco!!ect:cn
of mv own suficrin'' in those terrillo rc
gions, a clear idca
of tho lingering agony
hcrs, and childrcn must
which ihoso moihcrs,
hayc erdurcd, from thct'uue nnt bcgan to
crecp upon thcm, or wearincsss to wastc
awav thcir livcs, till thcir last paus was
S'-vaUowed up in dcalh.
I do not bclievo that or.c who has ncvcr
cros3ed tho Rocky Mountains, that awful
bnrricrofsnows, and herblsss bcno's, ond
nakcd rocks, can have a fair conccption of
tho horrors which hang arround cverr dav
and Iiour of that journcy ! Pcrpetual jour
ncyings themsslves, if cttended with tbe
comforis of cating, drinking and Elccping,
as found along tho high wais of civilised
couniries, ould bcquito trying to healih
and mcnlal quict. Ladics with fimilios in
charo would sink under iho hardships, and
ihc physical powcrs of childrcn would bc
I'ut in progressing ovcr ihe plair.s on
this sidc of iho Rocky Mountaim;, as wcll
as among those mountains themsclvcs,
thcrc is no roof under ul.ich to sleep : thn
dccp hcavens gcmmcd with stars or cov.
cijcd Hlth tho pall of ihc tcinpeat, istbo!
waylarer's only !.heltor. Ile has not even 1
a trcc to east its branches ovcr him cxccpt
at a dozcn nncampmcnts frcm tho frontier
of tho Siatcs, tol'ort Hall !
Ho has no road on which to travcl. On i
iho trail along Ihc banks ofthc Grcat Fl.it. 1
to i!.c travcler ts bcsot with tall grass, so , Thc Rascallv TAKirF ! Acorrcspon
harshso soon to wear the fcro parts ofhis den, v.riles :o us that two gent!erncn ;
animal 3 noofs to ihe quick unlcss ihcy bo the town of Richfield. and another in Ex
proteclcd wilh iron shoes, or bound up I c:cra L.xtcnsh0 Wool Growcis havo
with ra hulotaken from tho ncck of the j severa)v disposcd of Iheir ihrcc last cl.ns
bulTalo oull. hen hc passcs ir.o grassy , 0r Vool for Forty Ccnts per pound Thc
distnct and approaches tho mountains, hu Tariff must bo put down ! Such ll.in"s
findshimsclf among endlcss ficlds ofdilT. neVer11 ansucr ! ! Olsego UtjitihUean.
ercnt spccics of cacii or prickly pcar, which : .
Pll. 1 1 , !.l .1
i.iis iiis an.mai s ic" wui. iuorns ; ur am-1
odr vai iicios oi iooso SauU, UUa .Mf. ,
. r- r i i il i i
rocKS, mo who orm woou, or iracs o.
all of which coctinually mann and i
weary ms rion.g anu pacK.ocan g au ...... .
iv i i. i r : i-
to such a
tinnn.n In nrn.-4.l liin, 1 1 M . I
would ndvcnco on his iournev, Io submtt
" - r ' . . ,
his owu limbs to bo laceratcd in a similar
Ifo has nothing but mcat for food. A lit- j
tlc mcal flaur, and ludian corn is takcn '
out lo sustain life until thc advcnturcr,
mcet tho bulTiiIo. Theae nnimals nrc usu. ;
ally found in iho latter part of May, (the ;
time whcn panics who intcnd crossing the
. - 1 .1 ..il .nnn :l
mouniaius icave iiiusiuic3,j uuuuiouu iiiii.-a ;
from tho frontier. From this point onward. j
wild meatis usunlly rclicd on as tho only I
diet, unlil ifcoy rcach lower Oregon
tanco of 3,000 rntles.
The suficring of womcn and childrcn on
such a iournev. madc nn horscs and
SUUll 44 IUUIIIVI, 1(1144. 1IUI04T 411144 '
mules. with such sustcnanco ana lodging,
must oficn cnd in dcath. It is indccd re-1
markabloto me Ihat more of the Oregon
cmigrants did not die bcforc rcaching Fort
I will hcrcafter furnish your papcr a
dcscription of ihe part ofthc journcy still
bcforc them, from which some idea may
bc gleancd. of thc .sufferings which still
Rcji ! Rcji ! It has been proved by
parliamentary cvidcnce, that Sr2,000,000,
arc ycarly lost to tho Dritish nation by
shipwrccks aud accidents at soi, causcd by
intcmperance. From Nov. 11, to March
19, a littlo ovcr four monlhs, CIG vossels
were wrecked and 1600 li-es lost ; thc
chief causo of which is strong drink !
Would that ihero was not a drop of the
curscd poison in tho world what an am.
ount of misery and suffcring would bo dono
away. Lct us, then, whether we bc ia
England, America, or any part of the
globe wherc rum is sold, do all wo can to
put do-.vn tho horrid trafBc lct evcry man,
woman, and child be arouscd to action,
ond do somelbing to suffering human.
SETTLE.UENT HONS KONG
Accardin: to the last accounts from :
oi. .1 , , , .
Chllia thia nlaco anncp.M to tn nHnnnnp
tn importancc. But threo yoars ago ihero
. . ' t ----- 1
ths only inhabitants vitiblo e:o fisher-
men, bo chielly liveJ in boals. Tho
plnco is no..v covcrcd-r.,th bui!di,iSs. chicf-
lyofstonc.nnd inhitcd by cffiewi mcr-
t,., i.-. x 1 - '
cliants, cletKs, enc.. nnd tho Unnesc, cc -
r.,i w t r u '
Quinn;; conhuciico in iho Kiiirlish. are sa
1 ..." ... ' i-'"t,"a,,i
rapidly addjng their owt. numbcr to thc'
n,r..,u,:n .1.7 1 .. 1 l . .,
L ;..,!. t . , e ,
".!''e ?Uar'C.r "teydhr rwidenco.
Thc town formcd by tho Europeaii and
omncsc resiucnco liai Lwn nari'cJ Vic.
tOria. nilf! thn ntlhitr! lillliitnr,a thnrn.n nr
....'t ..1 .1. . 0 , -
fi ,KT. TTr-
Evcry detcription of articlo ofconi-
mni irt Tvn..l..n.l ... r..:t: 1
o? to-J. 1 op.tec s uz-
' u J: "iSi rusTon r.ain
. . ......wr.v, ...u 4. uuiaiiu..
of tho rcmtuos o iho ldi Commodorc I'or -
11 f 4
: vill ever iive m our mctncry) tcok plaoo
u., v..1iU!,e m.:ain scrvicca 10 ms coumry
; on ns in 01 ucioeor, m tiio ptcsencs oi
' all the fjreigu repiC3ontativcsof tho Courts
j f Enrope ai 'hc Sublimc I'o.te, ll,o olli.
cors o. ths stcamcrs r.nd ihip-s of war, in
; pun.ana tno Arr.cncao.1 rcs.ilunnii bon -
siantinopie. 1 110 cap nnj sword of t!:o
deccascd. over luch thc Amcncaa fl .g
ivas thrown, bcmg p.aced on tho. ccffm,
Jho proccssion movcd s!oIy to iU beach.
Iho intcrntsncio of Au.tria, tho i!inistnr3
: ol 6po:n and bardinia, und i,.0 Helginn,
ba-cilisli, and i,eapo!itan Charges d' AlT-
m-3 noiu iho pan; ip.o l ru.xton aml stcam-
cr carncd their fl3Ks ha!f mast high. iho
,...,4. ii.hiuiq uuuo, u.iu uu ut-i- re
turn to Zopl.ane, shc t.irned by H. M.
vtninin. T t .... 1 1 -.(... . 1 ...T . I . '
w '""' " .i."uui tu...inB
to an anchor tho procccded on hcr homc-
v.-ard voyage, and is now hourly cxpcled
to arrive in iho Dclaware.-iV. Y. Plei.
Ths Whi,orNew Yotk ta!!: of Tlmr
low YVecd Eq., Ednor of iho Albany
Evsning Journal, aa thcir candidale for
Governor, ar i',is ncxt cleclioc.
y.rs. Madison, tho respcctcd ui low of
the luto illustrious I'rcsidrnt ilaijisor, Ins
again tnkon up her residencc, for tho wm
lcr session, in Washington. Vlet.
Smr BciLDi.NG. We lcarn from cn otn
cial documcnt isued from tho Trcasury
dcpartmciii, that during tho year cndim'
Sopt. 30ih, 1342, Ihero wero built in
Jlaine 57 shipi, 50 h.-igi, 55 schooners, 1
b!oop,and ono stcamboat a lotal of29,.
010 7u tons. ftcw York built 20,241 ;
Misiachusclls,?! 8,032 ; andennsylvar.ia,
13:6GG tons. Thc total built in tho Uniim
vas 129,082 C l tons.
ExciiANcns. Tho rhauta.
c Ccnsor s:
ays'.Int most 0r the
ounty tho past seas-
.- . , -,
Two of their mcr-
. .. . . .
. . J
Uomestio Goods iu cxchangc forit. That's
ihc ktad ofdickcr 'orth; inlercsta of bcth
scclions. Wo feed and ll.cycIotLc
fr5On the Grcat Wcstcrn Railrond,
England. is an inn ra'lcd, liko hundred
ormlra. .'Pli 0..r,, Arm." T-Vim
um a ne;v coac!, haj iulciy bCCn slar-
tefjf namej Thc Princo Albeif" Thc
wor,hy landlord put out bills informin"
. . . 1 . ... 0
f,Lr Majeslv s subiects. that "I he 1 rince
Albert started from Ihe Quccn's Arm3 pun.
c:uay CTerv momin", at soven o'clock."
Rather cariy, this cold wcalher:
. . . ... , ..rl . . J j .
(tt-.MiIton was askcd ifhe intendcd to
inst'ucl h,s ugmor n tne cinerenL .an-
.... . . ,
SunKes 10 :vmc !' rcj?"C3'- i, a,,r;
! "?, toDSuo sufficinnt for a woman.
h.s wifo was a shrcw. On aaother occas
,m llomn Ptl nrl liprn
Ay,' rcjoined ihe poet, I fcel thc
A Love Letter; The following swcct
morceau, which originally appcared in tbc
New York Union, is reported lo havo beon
pickcd up in thc Park. Wc inscrt it as a
raodcl worlhy of tho imilation of tho
" lovo sick swain,'' whoso 6ituation may
bo such as to compcl him to cor.duct his
courlship in writing :
' DfiAit Sweet : Oh, my love, clara
ficd honey and oil of cilron, white Ioaf
sugar of my hopcs, anu mo.asses oi my
expectalions! you havo bccn absent from
bolo davs 1 Tho sun is dark
at mid-day thc moon and stars areblack
whcn thou art abcnt. Tby itep is thc
music of tho spheres 1 and the wind of tby
gown, when you pass by, is a zcphyr from
ihe garden of paradise in Iho time of early
flowcrs ! I kisscd vou whcn we last mct,
and my whole frame filled with sweclness!
re.pcc.aWS.V DEMOCRACY OF FORMER DAYS.
at rccionable rates. Th.3 advcrlisemcnts ! 13 ,r;lly laughable to hcar scmo of
in tho Honij Kong newspapcrs give cvery I ,ho vsrdant sprigs of ".latlcr day dcmoc
cvidcn-a of a thtiring, busy popuhtion of I nc' " claiming Gcn. Jackson as thc grcat
enterpr.sing individuab. Shlps areadrer-) "P01 r dotnocracy.scarcely Ic3sso than
tiscdfor Kn!and ,ar,d clseuhcre ; chwp ' the "untJer cf thc party, Thoraas Jcffcr
hats ctd to ba soM ; an individual has io- i son.l'imsclf. Many of thcso bright youths
ccivcd a cargo of fine chee.e aud bottled 1 anJ 'arr.etl pundits will insist and main-portc.-;
ar.J an jther promises to cat coa's, ' tain that Cencru! Jackson was tho rcgu
vcs;s, and ir,ta!oons ufter thc newcst Lon-! ,arIy nomicatcd drrr.ozralic candidato Ibr
don and Parisiar. fail.ions : pattncrshiji ! t!lc I'rosidcncy in 1S2 1, and was dofcatcd
dissolvcd. newlirmsformod.andahundrod!' s " coalitson " of a low drm..cr.-.t.s,
othcr iattcrs of sin.ilar natufo and im- ' Jjcadcd by Mr. Clay, nnd tho jederahsls,
po-t j hcidcJ by Mr. Adaim. !
. i AVhcn wo mcct with such mcn e havo
Ono of yoar curlcs touchcd mo on Iho
r.o;2, and that organ was transmutcd into'
i loai SUITCir :CiI, ap.ee ui uiuus rari.eJi
I . . .. . . ! r . .r - .
. r . r : r : i
of r!c!i"ht3! scnd mc n lock of vour hair
i inth tcuched, and I v.tll go rai.ng
j '" Wl h f' , ,-,,.. , 1
, 0nc '?k flom 1 'iy ,TL I i 1
rans m" ,nn,IBCn,lVD ,K
hcavcn! our lips ato rca roscs gathercd
1 p -r-1 t. 1 1 r .... 1 1
! from Edcn by Iho l.and of an angel!
-- , , 11
Aoiir wnriis nrn mol en nearl. dionnin"
. 'ri'm your
from your mouth 1 My heart b.'azjs nt
Iho thoujrht of thce! Sly brain is an
eTcrlMli " fire , 0h. eomo rr.oSt dclighU
ful of dclightii, and brcatho upon mo with
1.:. I l- I VI,
' ? . . . - . . .
bo iiuro and brinij that two shillingswliicli
borrowcd of mc, as I want to troy
a rich trcut. Vic scarccly know which
irnrA rr,i il,..,r 0f :mn.
Ccit and confidcncc in thcir own opinions.
. or (,lclr j,ro.3 mnornncc anu cgrri'ious
. blundcra politica! hiMorv. Tl.. y havo
tnnrr t.vnA ,h nrt .,f l'vthin 11. iw.t.
4J ""ti I'l.4li4 lltU L.-U44 l" llllt4 l(, l
, ha.d30 I!0itic3,i,at they rcallv bclicvc tli
' own fabchoods, and rcmind us .f tho
j fcccpors 0f Sacre' rchcs inSiain -r.d Ilnlv
I E.Jch n3 a plet:o'0f tho true 'cro.s a ,,ar jng
; cj-pe!crj tCti-rsait ikc. uho rclnlo
' nj uei:vo ji10 I1103. marvolous miraclcs
. ,hat Imvc cycr occn pcrf,.rmed thcrcl.v.
, ,viM prouaoiy bo 0f no avail for us to.
at,cmpt IO S3, ,ieso ,TiSCCcres right; but
wo cannot rcfrnin ffom to!ling thcm Ihat
r. f.. ri- ;n n,.. ,l,,n.
1 ocrat cal:lidatc in 1S21, ho wn.s bronght
forward to defeal that candidato who was
William II. Crawford. Gnn. Jackson's
sironcst opposilion camo from Ihc lcadcrs
.,nii irn, ir.nrnn i r.l llin l i?n i (nme ra .
j ic Mr. Ritchic and thc Richmond
1 . - . . ..
Knquircr 3pcak::.g fcr tho Hichmond Jun.
I lo.dcnounced Gsn. Jnckscn in iho strong .
cct tcrms. and drclnrcd Ihat his clcctinn
would be '-a CIFRK TO TIIE COUN
TRY ;" 03 cvcry one hnons it ha3 prnvcil
to bc. Mr. Cro3v.cl! and Ihe Albany Ar
gus, spcaking for Mr. Van Ilurcn and Iho
Albany Ilegcncy. emulalcd Richie's dc
nunciatinns, nnd dcclarcd Ihat Mr. J.ick
son had " not a amgle fecling in common
v.'Jth the rcpublicaa parly,' and that
stood "atan iimncn.surahlo dislancc frn-.
thc IVesidcnlial chair." Thc New otk
Adrocatc, Ihcn tho org.-m of the party in
thr.S city, followcii su.t in this gciicrnl !u
nunciation.as tliJ ihat immortnl lU'n.ocrat
ic papcr, tho N. II. I'.V.riot. Ccn. Jack
son was by all Ihose papcts pronounccd
unfit for tho Prcsidpncy, and preaumptu
ous in pcrmilling his namc to bc brought
forward. Ritchio prcw cloqucnt in cx
prcssing his iiKlignatioti at his prCMimp
lion,aud his conlcmpl for thc qualillcatioi.s
of (hc n.an.
In Fcnnsvlvania nnd New England
! Gcit. Jackson n-as brousht forward and
sustaincd by Iho FEDERALI5TS, wilh
tho iow of brcaking down by mcan3 of
tho pcrsonal popularity which his military
cclal gavc him, thc dcmocratic patty, and
Ihe clcmocralic candidnte. Fin'lin him
populnr wilh thc pcople, and fearing ho
would provo a trump card in tho hands of
tho fcdeiitllsts. Ihe dcn.ocrals in manv
places rcluctanlly tool: him up. but hav-
i. .. .. ., . , . .
! "S 'anen nnn up iucy cnoeavorra io o..i
! Hurmh tho fedcrr.list3. and ihcreby claim
I ,lim M thcir own. Some of Ihe dpmocrats.
I bowcver, retuscu lo xtvauoiv mo mncr p.u,
I and wcrc immcdiallily dnnounccd as " fcd
I craiists " by those who now followcd tho
I lcad of such csccllcnt old democrats a
j James Buchanan, Sic. Thia dcnuncia
I lion has desccnded from fathcr to scn.and
I is kcpt up at Iha prescnt day by ' tho
j noblcsons " of fcdcral sircs.
Tho truth is, that Mr. Crawford, .Mr.
j Clay and Mr. Calhoun, wero cll rr.cmbcrs
! of thc dcmocratic r3t,'- Toward Mr.
1 Adams the fcdcralists wcrc pcculiarly hos-
! . -1 . . r L : 1 : ir.
1 c on accouni ui uia ,;'.
j and gone ove.- to Mr. Jcfl
Jackson had conciliatcd this
Mr. Jcflbrson. Gen.
class bv hii
lettcr to Mr. Monroc, in 1810, advising
him " to dcslroy iho monstcr party," by
I 41IlJUtil.i tl-UttUHaiS .43 4. 4.14 44 U4 11 W4. t Id
, - f .. r,,1!nGt ThIs adv:co
443 IUMUUbtO 41 411. 4U
M w fcderaIlsta to bclievCf nnil thc..
i wero njsurcd, Ihat if clcctcd Prcsident,
'Gcn.Tac!con ,voultl ca! ,hcrn illt0 his
cabinet and givo thcmasharo ofthn olficcs
i r ,. ,,?,. vn, h- nriI .vi,..
" J -. 4" "
. . . jmmcd;,,cIv turncd round
and dcnounccd all vho did not, as tcdcral
ista ; applying thcir own namo to othcrs as
a stigma of disgracc !
IIo lo Ihat limo Mr. Clay had bccn for
many ycars one of tho leaders and raastcr
, spirils of tho democratic parly ;
j not and would not, howcvcr, gc
Jackson and tho fcdcralists, as did Mr.
Calhoun and Mr. Van Burcn. Ho nban.
doncd noprinciplohecvcr advocatcd, ho
changcd not his coarso ho has ncver
cbanged ; and yct his old associatcs who
did cbange, pourcd out their phials of
wrath upon him in tho most unspinng
manncr. Ile stood side by side with tho
favorito candtdate of tho democratic par
ty, Wm. H. Crawford, in his opposilion to
Jackson, and sido by side with Ritchie,
Van Buren, Croswell. Tatnmany Htill,
Isaac Hill. and tho whole democratic p ir.
ty; he maintaincd his position he jty?$