11 1! 0 x t $x
AND BIIDDLEBTJRY PEOPIiE'S PRESS.
II. BELLj Editor and Proprtctor.
MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24, 1844.
VOL. VIII.-NO. S8.
TIIE NORTHERN GALAXY,
,1 rtSLISUED cvnr.T WEHNESDAT moenisc
! stewaut's ecilihngs,
BY J. COBB JR.
cr whom At-L owitr.s for rni.iTiso
Of cvcry description will be neatly and
fsshionablV cxccutcd, at short notice.
TERM8 OF EIGIITII VOLUME.
uA -nlcriber 2 00
uair.JU and Coupaniei wim takc at the office
Sn3or i'30 ni.!rMi.UmonilH
onincrsd scoinmred uuti arreara?ea arc paid
tirrpi altiis opiiun oliiie propncior. no pajracrt
lo Cwricrj allow cJ cxccpt orcici eJ bj tlif proprie-
Allcc'jai'inicationsmustbe nddrcsscd totliecd
(Inr l'osT Pad
LrTrEit FiioM Patp.ick Owex's Au.vt IX
ISEL.VSD TO HI3I AjIEUtr.V.
takc mv pen t inform you of thc mclan-
rU!!v news of thn .-uddcn dcath of vonr .
..!v "livins uncle Kilpatrick.who dicd vcry I
r Z ru:J,w?,, :
r"-s of fivc months. 1 ho pnor man was j
i ,-l.; 1, tvlmto t,m nf
his pickncss, Ivmi pcrfccllv nmet and
. . . . ... . . .
snpechlres, talkin" incohercntly and call
in for watcr. I bad no opportunity of;
iiifntiriing you ol 1ns dcath sooncr, cxccpt j
I liad n roto by last post, which wcnt ofi"
tro davs iiciorc Iic clied, anu llien you'D
Ii.nl tlie iio-taiic io pav. I'm at a loss to I
tcl! vou hat his dcath was occasioned b-,
, . i f . r. i i. l... ! .: i .i
,, . ..... .. .. u.u.u u.. uj , ..... ,
Hrknes. .or hc wa ncvcr wcll lcn days j
'"r"""1 """-'ri "- .... v.o.1-
nVmrnt; b.if bc that as it will, ns sonn .
as i.f brcathcd his lost, thc doctors
ovrr n'l !i 'Ms if his rccovcry. I
ni.t teil vou anvil'.ius i.bout his nfjc, fnr
you kuow that in Occombcr nc.tt he wol'd
imve bcen twenty-fivc j'cars old lackinj:
ttn tnont!", nnd had hc livcd till then he
would havc bccn just six inonlhs dcad.
llu proprrty now devolvcs to his ncxt kin,
wi.o all dicd somc timo r.go, so that I cs
pct it will bc dividcd bctwccn us; and
you know his prnpcrty was snmcthing con
iidcrable, for he had a finc catatc which
was sold lo pay hi3 dcbts, and the rcmnin
.icr hc lost i:n a horsc race ; but it was tho
npinii.n nf cvcry body at tho time, that
lic uould havc wnn thc racc had not thc
horsc hc iun against bccn too fast for him.
I ncvcr saw a man (nnd thc doctors all
f-aid so) that ubscrvcd riircclions and tonk
mcdicino bottcr than hc clid ; hc said ho
had a Iicf c!r:r.k watcr grucl as wine if it
had thc snmc lastc. But poor toul 1 hc
will ncvcr cat or drink morc, and now you
havc not a singlc living rclatinn in thc
world, cxccpt mysclf, and your two cousins
ho wcrc killcd during thc last war. I
can't dwi upon this mournful subjcct,
r.r.d slnll s :al my letter with black scaling
wav. m:.l put on it vour unclc's coat of
arms, so I bcg j'oj will not brcak thc scal
whn you open the letter ; and don't open
it lili two nr three days aftcr you rcccivo
it, bv which ti.-ne you will bc preparcd to
rcccivc the sorrowful tidings. Whcn 3-0:1
gct to this placc. stop ; and do not rcad
any morc till my ncxt.
Your afTcctionatc aunt,
P. S. Do not writc to mo again till
voa rcccivc this.
(f5Thc following information msy be
uscful to ncwspaper patrons, as wcll as to
tli" nublic gcncrally, and ccrlain individ.
Liaiulities or tiiose wno TAKE kews
rirnr.s. Thc Law is,and so the Courts
('"'idc, that a pcrson to whom a papcr is
sent is rcsponsiblo for thc payment, if hc
rcceivcs thc papcr, or makcs use of it
cvcn thangii hc ncvcr subscribod for it.
is tlnty m such casc is not to lake the
nin.1,- fmm .!.. -T i i . ;
papcr Irom tlie ofnce orulace wbcre it is
Irft i,i t,,:r. ,i i r i .i .,
if It, but to notif3- thc pub hsher that he i
dii-s nni met. rr u ic i
do s not nishlor it. If papers arc scnt
r.Jticc, to the publishcr, that they are not
takcn from thc ofhce or place whcre they
Extract from thc Postofficc rcgulations,
pasc 50, scc. US : " In cvcry instancc in
tthich papers that comc to your ofiicc aro
iot taken out by the person to whom sent,
youwiUgivoimmedialcroticc tothe pub
hsher, adding the rcason, ir known, why
the papcr is not takcn out."
GnsrowDEn, Tnr. DnsTnoTER of tjte
ui.iTAi:ri-owER op Tiin Nobility It
Dear nniEW:-l liavc not wrilten ricalli tliey prostratc cqnnlly tho ranks or fii,.lr , ... rn . , ia) f .
,o voa nco mv lt befora now, bccnusc thc .oor,and the array ofprinccs. U'calth ? ' , o "h oDcccmbcr 1843 for
asVc havc movod Trom oar formcr placo soon bccamc cs.en.ial to' thc prosccution ftff .iTSw b Tb 1
oflmns.Ididi.ol know whcrc a letter of war, from thc co.tly implcments that ctTZn M h o ! f .r f,l
.......ir".i r :.!. ni-,r 1 i !..:.. . .i.i.i ' Oonvention, Mr. Sladc in behalfofthe
uyuiu iiuu uu, ij.n j. ttun i.iiti iiuiu ijiuii"iii uitu iuu jiuiu njuusirv in
t0 a I OSlOffiec. Stnri. T.iirrn or nllim-
L . . -"" " bouse was searchcd, and tho trunk toucd to call a
r, u.,rc nw ,a, cnay tne person lo . nnsnmnnt nf ,hr nillM;n. cor.tains r.nnvcntions nt
wnom tiiev are scnt, the Postmaster. Storo - . p . i r,. ! t
or ',, i i "". ln art 0p , 0 money . ti10 ba ancc, (cx- 'may dcem
(i, . ' , . . ccpting about 51,000, which is missing,) considcnnr
would havo hccn in vain that thc infiucnco ! try 'in June last : has sinco hccn to Mil-1 The great qucstion, in which westernl Weybridge,- Middlebury, Cornwall.Leiccster,
of rehgion withercd thc bands of slavcry, i waukie, W. T. whcre he has a partner and Vermont has a deep interest.is hy which Whiting, Brandon, Pittsford. Ku Iaud, Clar
and thc extcnsion of knowlcdgc cnlargcd purposed to establish a store. and whcnce ; of these routes shall Boston and Burling-1 gl?
fl c eapaeitj ofrrccmen, had no change hc cturncd about seven wecks ago with ton be connected ? The decision of this S BrM
V kUll ULI1L.I
nilc tho aristocracy of the country
wcrc permanenlly traincd to combats, and
he robber chivalry were inccssantfy oc
cupicd in dcvastation. the peaccable in
labiinnu of cit;CSi ,he rude rf
the fields, werc unable to resist their at.
.V .t.be 03CCCPlion cf the shep.
hcrds of the Alps, whose hardy habitscar.
Iy gavc their infanlry Iho firmness and FIo is an ugly cuslomcr ; and on his ar
disciplinc of vetemn soldiers, tlie tumultu-' rcst ovinced a dccided disposition to quar-
ary Icvies of people wcrc cvcry whcrc rcl with the officcrs.
crushcd by the stccl clad hands of Iho The dclcction of this wholcsalo robber
fcudal nobility. Thc insurrcctions of tho and thc rccovcry of the nioney, will re.
Commons in Franco, of tho pcasants in-joice tho hearts of many, nnd will soon
thc timo of Richatd 11. in England, of placc the guilt where it belongs and re
thc citizcns of Ghnct and Liege, in Flan- Iieve thc innocunt from unjust suspicion.
oers. nna oi me seris ot Uermany, werc
all supprcssnd by the supcrior arms and
steadier discipline of thc rural chivalry.
j isut with thc discovcry of Gunpowder,lhis
dccisivc suprcmacy was dcstroyed ; tho
I leuuiu array, inviciDie 10 mc spcars or nai-
UcrdS ot thc ncnsnntiv. violileri (n tho. trr.
riblo powcrs of artillcry ; defcnsivo armor
... ... - .
was abanJoncd, from a smso of its insuf.
ficicncy against these tcrriblc nssailnnts
at,d t,0 wcight of thc arUtocracy was dc
stroycd bythc cxpcrienced innbility 0r
l iu rrccs wimbat tho discipline which
I.- ... . . . . . . ..
i.muuuus muusiry couiu onn'T inio IDC
iiciu. jhc weaun oi rinmiers in vain
j contcndcd with the lanccs of Francc, on
Richard catsilv disncrscd the rabble who
... ..i..u ... niovucniuu, uiil inu .u.ii.us j j " lanu, v crgcnnes att. iMiddlchury.
01 i.narlcs v wcrc batllcd liy tlie artillcry wassupposcu wouia dc interestmg to tne : I will rcmark, in the outsct.
. r .1. . tt -. i ti . . 1 : a l...: i ? i i i .i ... - - .
m uiu uiiiini rrovinccs. i nc oarons ot '"whs. inuiuuou iiavinji oceu pass- ciaim tnat tne lulonnation J.
followcd thc standard of Wat Tylcr, but , m2 topublish the substance of the report, ; 4l tllcsam! timol cxpress my firm couvic
the firc of the Enclish vcomanrv ovcr-' I herewith scnd it to you for that purpose. ti0.n. .tllat .tl,c' wiu ound to bc, in all cascs
camu thesquadrons of the Norinan nobil-!
ity at .Marston Jloor. Thc arms arc the '
reatcst of all lcvcllcrs; liko the handsof 1
dispcnsablc to succcss. from the rapid con-
sumption of thc instrumcnts of destruc-
tion, which attcr.dcd thc cmitin lancc of!
'"V , "3 "m. "-"'
nc.v olcmcnls wcrc brouht mto aciion,
n.t.;M. -i i i. .!...:..
u.ilion of thc contcndiii'r partics : industry
ccascd to bc dcfenccless,becausc it col'd not
ptirchaso thc mcansof protcclion violence
lost its ajccndcncy, bccausc it withcrcd
thc sir.cws by which it was maintaincd.
Pitt's Opinion of Dlssen'.ers. In 1772, a
,,. t() relie-.o ,,jssc-ntcr3 from slli)SCnI,is to
tlc39nrt!clc3of tIlc cimrchof Kngland, pas-
SC(, tllc imme ot uominons, liut was lost u
thc Ilouse ofLords by thc wcisbt nnd influ
cnce of thc picopal bcncb, particularly Dr.
Dnimmond, Arcliliishop of York, wbostroiis-
13 mveiglictl ngainst tlie .lissentcrs. 1 itt, tlie
cloqueut Earl of Cliatbnm, iu rcply to the
Archbisbop, "Wliosoever lirought such a
charge against dissciiters withuut roof, dc
famed." Aftcr a pausc, he felt the workiugs
of a gcnerous nnd iniligiinnt cuthusinsm, nnd
thus proceeded. " The dissenting ministcrs
are rcprcsentcd as nien of clos; ainbition
thcv nrc so, my lords, and their ambitiouis to
lcecp closc to the Collegc of fijhcrman, not of
eanlinals and to tlie doctnne ormspirc.I npos-t1r-",
not to tbc decrees of interested liishops.
'1 hey coutcud foj;a spiritual creed and spir
itunl worship ; we havc a Calvanistic crced,
a l'opish liturgy, and an Arminian clcrgj-.
The rcformation laid open thc Scriptures to
all ; Ict not thc bisbops shut thcm agaiu.
l.aws in support of ecclcsiastical powcr arc
plcaded, which it would shock luunanity to
exccutc. It is said that rcligious sects havc
done Krcat miscbief when thcv are not kcpt
uudcr restraint, but history aflbrds no proof
tliat sccts navo cver uccn niiscnicvous liut
whcn they werc oppresscd by the ruling
' THAT TRUNK ' FOUND !
Tho stolcn trunk of Mcssr. Pomcroy
& Co., about which so much has hccn
said and writtcn of latc, was yestcrday
rccoverrd, togelhcr with most of its con
fcnts. Thc circumstanccs which Icd to
thc discovcry and arrest of the robber arc
as fi.llows: A 500 bill on Iho Mer-
i'hfinf linnlf nf th9 rilv un! nniil )w n
Jlr. Lacknor to Mr. Van Shct.a Uerman 1
mcrchant, No. 14 Ccdar strcct, who de-j
it was scnt lo thc Mcrchants' Bank for ex-:
changc, and there rccognizcd as one of j And the appointmcnt of a correspond
Ihc lost bills, and tho onlv one of tho'ing committce of three in cach of the
wholo amount stolcn which could have ' Coutities in Vermont, New Hampshire
bccn positivcly identificd. This informa-1 and Massachusetts, interested in the
tinn icn: itnmprlint.!lv cmnmiinip.-ilnrl In ' extension of the Fitehhiirnh Road.
.Mcssrs. Drcw. Robinson and Co., who had
lcft thc dato and numbcrof said bill with
.. ., , 1. - f . 1
tne Bank. Mr; Robinson immcdiately in-
formcd tho Mayor of what had transpircd,
when Justir.c Taylor. Oflicer McGrath,
and Mr. Clark, first Marshal of thc Mnjr -
or, rcpaircd to the house of Lacknor, who
nt 'r Si Hivinrtlnn.strrc:. Not
findinT him at home. one of the officcrs
rcmaincu io waicu iuu ..uusu,
.i - . i r .!. ..;
other wcnt in scarch of thc vi
, ,, r-i-.i, : r
wnsarrcstcd b3' Mr. Clark in Ci
i .. .i,t r, ,i,t
. . . L ....
I ncar Broadway, about 5 o'clock, whcn his j
bein? stowcd away in the bcd, between
thc heets. These aro thc facts as givcn
fo us by one of thc officcrs. The prison- Chairman, that there are two contempla-' towt middlesex. Montpelier, Berlin, North
cr was parlially examincd, and icmandcd ted rail road routes from Boston to Bur-1 field, Roxbury, Braintree, Randolph, Bethel,
to the Tombs for a farthcr cxamination to- lengtonr one through Concord, N. II. and ! Royalton, Sharon, Hartford, Essex, Under
da3', as we undcrstand. i Royalton and Montpelier, the other, hill, Mansfield. Stowe, Worcester, Calais,
Scveral packages of tho bills found aro thrcii"h Fitchburgh Massachusetts, and t Marshfield, Plainfield, Barre, Williamstown,
supposed not to havo bcen opcncd at all, I Rutland, Middlebury and Vergennes. On Brookfield, Tunbridge, Strafford, Norwich,
and some had bcen exchanged for gold.-; theformer routc, a rail road is already con- j irr&IhS'
The missing thouand dollare,it is thought, 1 structed and in 'use, through Lowell and ' gJJ sridge. Sft
werc paid for goods, which aro now in. the ijvashua to Concord, a distance of '5Pomfrct Hartland, forty-six in num
city. j miles. On the latter, a charter has been , ijer.
Lacknor is a Gcrman, about 30 j-ears of srranted for a road from Boston to Fitch-1 Southcrn route. Skclbum, Charlotte, Fcr-
: A n hn envs. .irrivcd in this coun
the Intpntibn of purchasing goods in this quesion involves a consideration of the ( Hubbardton, Ira, Castleton, Tinmouth, AVal
cily and. transporting thcm to Milwaukie comparative distances ofthe routes, and a Hngfprd, Weston, Andover, Grafton, Athens,
by wagons. He was married on tho 5th comparison of the probable expense ofj Westminister, Hinesburgh, Monkton, Bristol,
ofthe prescnt month and doubllcss thought constructing the roads, and of the popn- Ripton, Salisbury, Chittenden, Mendon,
tho acouisition of his ill-cottcn nlunder lation. wealth, resources, and business Plymouth, Reading, Weathersfield, Spnng-
a-nillH nnt rnmn nml in SCttinrninin thn'
world r though he had not yet applied it jccts the report ofthe Rutland committee
lo that purpose, the houso in which he was I which was read in the convention, con
found bcing quite an ordinary one and oc-, tained much valuablc information which
capied by scveral females bcsides his own. I arq pot, able to.coinmunicaje'to.thc pef t
To the Editor of the Galaxy.
Tlie mecting in Middlebury which ap- ",u.e conven.enuy iiicorporatea in the pub
:.....i .1-1. ... ... t i.i.i . . ti ti lication renuestcd bv the mectmcr. TTp
...i i.i .. . .i t. ..ii -n-i
P""" ucicgar.cs io uie uratueDoro liail
Road C"nvention in Dccember, passed a
rcsolution rcquesting their dclegatcs to
call a meetins on thcirreturn and make
report; in pursuancc of which a mecting
was holden at thc Toun Room on the 14th
.rn i i i i . i i
'"."u itpun. uiauu
"'J15'-" ' uumm m uie ucie"uuuu. wiui
wlncli was connected such information on
cd at the close of thc mcctin!r requeslinz
"e":SJ0 ' suostance as .oi -
' n m, ,, . r
;.,. J?""?"5 . f, deIcga,cs fom
T-k.i.. .: ...l i t i
haveto rcport that they altcndcd thc Con -
. 1 -., v r , TrV,
i - iiuun on iuu oin oi iveccmucr. XI1C
i r.nnrpnllnn W.KJ Inrn-n rnncicrmrr if ilnln. '
gates from Burlington, Vergennes, New!
1 j t:. 1 u, . iy , .' - ,
..d.LU, iuiuuiufuiy, jj.i1J.uuii. 1 msioru.
Rutland, and Shrewsbury on this side of
the mountain, and fcpnn2held. Chester.
Woodstock. Windsor and Weston, in
Windsor County, twelvc towns in Wind-
ham County five town in New Ilamn-
shire, and ten towns in Massachusetts.
Among thc most important prcli.ninary
0 ,, '. . . .
busincss was thc appointmcnt ofa large
Committec to collcct, and prescnt to the
Convcntion statistics connected with thc
proposed cxtention of the Fitchburgh Rail
Road to Burlington. The Committce rc
portcd that, for want of time, and matcri
als they wcrc not ablc to makc a rcport
of statistics sufHciently full and accuratc,
to bc of any use to the convcntion.
Mr. Strong of Rutland rcad to thc Con
vcntion a rcport of a Committce appointed
by a Rail Road Convcntion at that place,
containing an elaboratc argument in favor
of the routc from Boston to Burlington
through Fitchburgh, Bellows Falls, and
Rutland, in prcferencc to that through
Concord, N. II., Royalton, and Montpe
lier, accompanied by a body of valuablc
statistics connected with thc two routs, to
which I shall more particularly rcfcrhcrc
aftcr. Thc Convcntion was very ably address
cd by Col. Crockcr who has becn long and
cfliciently engagcd in connexion with the
Fitchburgh Rail Road, and by Mr. Derby
of Boston, both of whom communicated
much valuablc information to the Convcn
tion, and urgcd the practihility and im
portancc of an extcnsion of thc Fitchburg
road to Lake Champlain.
The following is thc most material and
important rcsult ofthe delibcrationsof thc
The appointment of a Central Commit
A t fi mnnfini, . tY.n rTii..n T ...... A T t .1
tce, conststing ot tjAKJDiSER. C. IIAL.L.Diuerencc in the cost of con-
and CALVIN TOWNSLEY of Brattlc- i
boro, WILlJAM IIENRY of Bellows !
rails, bAliUA llAL.t, ot Kcene IN. 11., !
EDGAR L. ORMSBBUE of Rutland, I
C. ALLEN of Jlassachusetts,
i with power to appoint sub-commit-!
' tces in cach town in their respect-,
r . u a 1 . . .1
ive Countics, to collcct and rcport to the
; County committees statistical information J
pertaining to the business ofthe projected
'road ; such information to be roported 1
! by the County Committees to the Central 1
Committpc. to hc arrancd nnd nnblislied ,
bv that Committce. i
The Committce for the County of Addi-
son consists of PIIILIP BATTELL, AS A
U11A1-H1A1, andUt-U. W. UKAXNUJl.
The Central Committee were dircctcd ,
convention at liuriinrton, ,
such othpr nlaces as thcvJTonuiation and wealth of thc country in
propcr for tlie purpose offurthcrf
and discussing the subiect ot
the projected road. I
This meeting are, of course, awarc, Mr.
burirh. a distanro of 40 milps.
rnnnprffd with each. UDOn these SUD-,
ing, liaving supposed that it .would be
soon publishcd, and thcrcfore having ta
ken no minutes of its contenls.
Refercncc was here made to thc scver
al points on which thc rcport furnished
information, accompanied by a statcmcnt
ofsuch facts concerning the routes sswcre
either rccollectcd from the report or de
rived from other sources. Immediatcly
aftcr the mecting, a letter was addrcssed
j to Edgar L. Ormsbee, Esq. of Rutland,
the author of the rcport, rcquesting him
to furnish such a summaryof it, asmight
j , ,,
i . ii . . . .
lurnislicd the information in
thc following letter.
IIox. Wilijam Slidk,
Dear Sir In accorJancc with your re-
qucsi i nercwim iranscribc somc of tiic sta
&t)stira i iinvn fnUnft .i it;..n .i:..
. . . . ', .r , rr -
. n.,: .:.'! ';..,."
. .... i vi ii m j . m ii ii. nj ii ii v x iituuiirii. J.VUI-
th'nt T iln nnt
cau civc cau
fairly be considercd as more than cstimates.
' j within the truth. Tliey arc cstiraatcs, but
they are not merc conjccturcs, and arc found-
, cd, in all cascs, citlier upon actual informa
tion, or by Iaborinus and carcful calculation,
and I bclicvc will not iu a sinsle iiutancc, bc
foutid to cxcecd thc truth. Thc limits of tliis
letter will preveut me from ilctailinj, atleugtli,
, tbc basis upon which thcsc cstimates are
As now travcled from Boston to Rellows
, FJJ P? t dircct routc, 100 milcs,
, Rutland to l$urlmStou,
" cr? nearncss maue tne paramouni con
sidcratioo, tbc distancc might bc so sbortcu
' 1 1 1 .1 i
rrom Boston to Burliuston. bv Kecuc and
Bellows Fall. unnn ttm slmrtpot nrartirahtR
' route. 205 milcs. Distauce bv Brattleboro
' and Wcstriver 220 miles. By Brattleboro
' a,,a ucliows 1'iiUs 'io. lo cncli ol tiiesc
routes howevcr, the best accommodation of
! 10 V!,r,0U3 0nsli.ng v.l ages near wli.cti
tne routc would pass would requirc irom six
1 ,,.,,. ra:i . 1 i.i.i , .1,. ...:,.
.Hstanccs ; and werc thc main routc to be
carricd to OrccnCeld.in thc county ori rank-
Iiu, a farthcr addition of about ten miles
would havc to bc madc to tbe Brattleboro
On tbe other route from Boston to Con
cord, on thc rail?, is 75 milcs.
From Coucord to Lcbanon on tho
rails by any practicablc route sup-
poscu to uo at least
Lebanou to Royalton
Royalton to Montpelier by West
Bethel, Randolph and West Rox
bury and Northfield, the only fea
Montpelier to Burlington 011 the
rails not less than
many good judges say not less
than 45 somc say 50.
COST OF CONSTRUCTION.
From Boston ttf Concord, in
At thc samc ratc for thc rcmaiu
ing distance, the entirc road
The cost of thc Fitchburgh
road the first 51 miles as cs
timatcd and for thc inost part
contractcd for is
This would bc $ 19,000 pcr mile.
All agree that the remaindcr of
tbe road can be built as cheap
ly, which would makc the cn-
tlrA rnt nf tlir rnnd Ip4 tlmn
struction in favor of
-ssume iimicicr u.a. ...e cos.
c rcsiduc of thc northern
difTcrencc in favor of thc South
cm or Fiichburgh route would
still bc ovcr
Tho distancc from Rutland to the summit
ie)el ,u V"- ".ony is cigiitecu anu a quaner
mlIes ? 1,;1ent,,r ete""Jf "''STf
rrom Itutlaml to Cuttiugsvillc a part 01
h;3 ,!stancc;3 tcn ,n;i?s-clevatiin 305
fect leavin- for the remaining 8 1-4 miles
5ji' or 70 fect per mile. It is bclievcd
ft. " that of this 577 fect, C0 fect may
iMt uefore arriviug at Cuttiugsvillc,
anirrwtv bo saved by a cut on the summit
head reducing tlie grade to sixty fect pcr
mile. From the summit lcvel to Bellows
, Falls it is found that the srades willbc cnual-
. ly favorable. From Bellows Falls to Kcene
r' ...... sll.. :t :3 rouuti tIiat i, wni not
)0 ncccssary to have any grades exceeding
Vermont, through which the routes would
poss, u.ui.u&.u .ut.uuu uV u. ....c .v,.,
-Tl . iv-ii-.. t.:. t:.i.
. nnnnn. Waterhurv. Duxburv. More-
fisbureh. Waltham, Verceunes, New llaven,
fie'd ,48 m number.
TJpon a carcful comparison of tho amocnt
of.Territoryin these towns. it is found to be
verv nearly equal in each case amountiug
l(f $y towns six miles juare and about twen-1
In other wonls, in
cach case, to 1570 square miles.
vaiue oi i roui s oi uairy,
Value ofl'rodt's of Dairy, $450)55
From Buliti'ton to 3It. Ifollr, inclusivc.
the amouut of FrciKht that is now scut off
imu uruuiii imo uie CQjiuin. was csumaieu
1 nt J'i OOO tnna Tl.;, iVm.ifo ill,t
P, r m,,pi, ti,s tv Tt
I timated that a trainv .JmUht hn rm. nt
i mile. It is liclieved (Hat it can bc done for
much less say for 50 ccuts pcrmile; and
that self intcrcst would lead thc owncrs of a
rail road to put thc frcigbt pcr ton, from Bur
lington to Boston, from three to fivc dollars,
accortling to thc naturc aud valuc of the ar
Yours very tnily,
EDGAR I.. OR5ISBEE.
P. S Sincc making tiic foregojng csti
mates I havo lieen informed that from Bos
ton to Fitchburg as now dccided
upon is 49 milcs
i itchburgh by Kcene to Bellows
Fitchburgh to Brattleboro most
By jMillcrs River
The highest grade as statcd
, Ormsbee, between Bellows Falls and
Kcene, is 00 le. t per mile. llus corres-
ponds with a letter reccived by me from
, the Hon. Salma Ilale oi Kcene, who also
states that the highest crade between
Fitchburgh and Keenc tobc58 feet. He
"V ,. rml,m t,,i ,11 , cr.
veys are first survcys, and there is no
doubtthat, by future surveys the stccpest
: radpS can be rcducod. sav 10 fect to thc
3 7 . ' -I
mile, and the csst, considerably Icssencd
j Wc should bc glad ccrtainly if the stecp
j est grades on our rout wcrc less stccpjbut
lor almost lourtccn miles on the wcstcrn
Raillload rMassachuscttsl thc cradcs
arc from 74 to 83 fcet to the mile. The
rcsnlt is better than I anticipated."
In rcply tomy enquiry as to the proba
bility of overcoming thc obstaclcs to ob
taining from the Lcgislature ofN. Hamp
shire a satisfactory chartcr obstaclcs a
rcsing from thc disposition hithcrlo mani
fested in that statc to encumber thc Rail
Road grants with a proviso that a future
lcgislature may alter or rcpcal Mr. Halc
"As to obtaining a cood chartcr, I can-
not speak with entirc confidence. My
belief, innucnced.Vcrhaps, by my hopes,
is, that wc shall obtain a cood one. I am
assurcd that public scntimcnt in various
parts of thc Statc, is undergoing a favor
In refercncc to thc distance from Fitch
burgh, by wayof Kcene, to Bellows Falls,
which Mr. Ormsbee supposes to be 56
milcs. I havc another letter from Mr.
Hale, statingthat jt is finally ascertained
to beC3 miles, which would swcll the-dis-
tance from Boston to Burlington by that
route to 221 milcs.
In recard to the distance by tho wav of
. " . . .. lm
Brattleboro, I have a letter from Col
Townslce of that placo who statcs the dis
tancc from Fitchburgh by tho Millers riv
cr rout, to Brattleboro, to bc 00 milcs nnd
frpm Brattleboro to Bellows Falls 23 milcs.
Hc also statcs tho distance from Brattle
boro to Rutland by the way of West Rivcr,
(o be estimatcd at G0 milcs. This would
give the following rcsults.
Boston to Fitchburgh 49
Fitchburgh (o Brattleboro 00
Brattleboro to Bellows Falls
Bellows Falls to Rutland
Rutland to Burlington
Boston to Brattleboro 109
Brattleboro by West Rivcr to Rutland 00
Rutland to Burlington 04
Boston to Burlington by Kcene as above
Tho Fiichburgh road is opcncd from
Bosion to Waltham, about twclve milcs ;
and is under contract to' be completcd to
Fitchburgh by the 1st of October ncxt.
Btmaindtr nexl uceb.
An HcmbLe Cofessio.v. The Onon
daga Standard, a slaunch Van Buren pa.
per, in reply to tho threats ofthe Charles
ton Mercury, thus pleads for a more favorr
ablo consideration from ihe "chivalry" ofihc
"We havesufTered all kindsqf rcproach
cs from pvlr opponanls at home for the man
ner in which our party has sustained Soutb
ern measurcs and Southern men. Poss
essing two-thirds of the population, the
wealth, tho intelligence. and all that is nec
essarvto mako us a great people, we have
had less than one.lhird ofthe Government
patronsgc, while nt tho same time we.havo
paid more, than two Uiirds of tho. rcvenue
necessary to keep this same Government
in motion. We have voted fur odious res
nlntions. and humbled ourselres in a vo.
rietvefways, lo which it is humiliaiiog
even to refer, For this we haye been cali, J
ty square milcs ov
' cd dough faces, and bccn taunted and iibed
to a degrce that would do honor to one of
rox s martyrs. And now, afier all this
aftcr having voted for four Somhern Presl
dcnts we wish a Northern man. and your
reply is "we will not so much as look unless
he is wholly at our scrvice.
Humiliating as is this confession, it is
none thc lessso for bcing in strict nccor
dance with the truth. Ths North has
bcen troddcn down, spurncd and treated
wiih overy possible indignity. But the
Standard should havo told its readers, fnr
whosc bcncfit, and at whose commands
these sacrifices have been made. The
blamc rests not upon the Charleston Mcr
cury. nor with the faction which it rcpre
sents. New York hashersclfto thank for
hcr own dcgration. To secure thc odvanc
cmcntof Vnn Huren, tho. North was sacri
ficcd to curry favor with the South.. .New
York Jhrougli hcr rcprcsentatives, basely
endorscd thc barsain, and ihe Standard
has graphically describcd this dishonoiable
rcsult. The Souih ouly crew bold, be.
causc it dcalt wiih cravcns. Theso cra-
ens wero Ihc!supp1innt tools of tho "North-
crn mnn with Southcrn principlcs." Tlie
Standard was rcmiss ngain in withholding
tho wholc truth. It should havc informed
the people tht this same Van Burcn, itJ
idol, again seeks to scll tho Norlh for
coulhern votes. Again do Ins lollowcrs
in Conprcss, aud clsewhcrc.sccond his c(P
orts. Rut the post will suflico for the peo
ple. They have lakcn lliis mattor intn
their own hand, and by their votcs ncxt
fall they will tell thc Sage, of Lindcnwold,
that howevcr ht- may clioose to sel! himself
and his follo'wrrs, thvy will have no parl
orlot in the maitcr. Alb. Eve. Jour.
Thc markct for this articlo within theyear
which has just closed. has bccn subjcct to
many impcitant changcs. At the com-
mencemcnt ofthe year 1843, tho quantitv
of domcstic and coarso forcign wool.in
ihe country, was unsually large, tbc mar
ket much deprcssed and priccs vcry low,
A great amount of Il'oolen machinery un
imployed, and iho wnolcn business, gener
ally, was pursucd, cithcr at a loss or with.
out fair renmucration. The efTects ofthe
last Tariff had not then bccn suflicicnlly
realized to producc n rcvival in thn busi
ncss. This statc of things continucd for
scveral months and the last clip of woo!
was sold much beiow tho usual rnnco of
prices. The growers, generally, realized
from 20 to 35c pcr pound for their fleeces.
Tho avcrage last c'io was a larce on
camn into markct wiih nt least an addition
of half as much morc of former clips, which
had accumulatcd in the hands ofgrowcrsi
nnd dealcs. Iho incrcased quantilv of
IFool sent from Ofiio, Michigan. Illinois,
and somc other intcrior States, was a mat-
ter of surprisc Tho timo ia not far dii
tant, when a largo portion ofthis article
will bc furnished from the wcstcrn scction
of thc country, as ths farmcrs thcro arc
fast incrcasing their ftacks.
rullcd ooI. a twclvo month since, liad
accumulated for a grcntcr extcnt than at
any former petiod. in consequcnce of tho
! grcal fai;nj, 0fT in tho manufacturo of
ll.innels and other fabrics, composed prin
cipally of this dcscription of wool. Very
heavy stocks of Wool, ndmitted freo of
duty under tho former TaritT, wcro in tho,
hands ot the importers, witli scnrcely any 1
discount. The unprcccdentedly low price
of Flecce Wool Icd manufacturers to pur. j
Chaso frcelv of CrOWCrS as SOOn as thc Clin !
i was ready for salo. Dcalers, also, werejsidesol tlie politicnl controversy of tho
rcady to operatc moro extcnsively than friends o wcll as of thoopponentsof Mr-
usual. and tho rcsult was, that nearly all Vun Buren recorued their voies against
I tho Flcece Jl'oo! in first hands was sold in him bv such n maiority as never before sic
1 ri 1..1 1 1' .. -. . . . . . 0
l ,u ' fui
I t Ii r nmni.n. ........ 1. 1 .nn ff.n rin'.r'il aiii.
i..cuiuuihuiuuBih iniu ..... oi....... powcr, anu was 1 1 u l non u u e riy unpa r ai lo u
kels, wa3 uncomonly largp. The manu. j ej an(j evcn unapproarhad in tho hisiory of
facturers having bought Ireely ofthe grow, our pres;dcnla contcsts. Ofthe twenty
crs, rcndercd thc demand in market much I siiSlates conposing ths Unioo he receivcd
less than usual. The stato of things con. ' t)e voles 0fbut sevCo,and all ofth ..e (cx
tinucd until within Iho last 00 days, when j cept ODej amonp ho smallest of thr con-
a scnsioie cnangoin ino marKci nas laKcu i
piacc. i ne eariy suppiy oi many oi our
manufacturers bcinff nearly cxhausted,
they wcrc under the necessily of fooking
to ihe principlo markets for a renewal of
their stocks, and salcs of fleeces havo of
lato bcen made to a very great extcnt, nt
some improvcment ia prices. Pulled
Wool has also becn in good request, and a
greatcr adva.ice has been made in that ar
ticle, than in Fleeces. The resumption of
the manufacture of coarso Wool, hns cro-
atcd a great demand for this articlo, and
the heavy supplics in market a few months
sincc, havo becn vcry much diminish
cd. There is now in opcration from 25 to 50
per cent more of woolen machinery than
there was a -car a go. The cfiects ofthe
larifF have begun to be favorably felr, and
the woolen busincss will, no doubt, be pur.
sued wiih its former vigor.
The improvcment in the fabrics coa.
nected with this branch of busicess, with
in a few years, have been very great. The
manufacturo of Mouseline de laines has
been introduced, and is likely to be favor.
abl nnd extensively pursucd. There is
probablr. much less Wool now in the hands
ofthe growers, than at cny former period
for many years. The stocks of dealers,
although now unusually large, are suffi.
cient to suppiy the demand for the prescnt
and it is reasonable io expect more firm.
ness in the markct, even if prices should
not materially improve.
Bosion Courier, Jcm. 1.
Comet. At the sittins ofNovember
27, M. Faye read o paper on the comet
discovered with the lelcscope at the Paris
Ohservatoo" a few nights before. He sta
ted that on the night of the 2Gth of Nor.
(tho night previous)it had been seen twice.
and in such a way that its orbit mignt be
calcuhted so far as to dctermine wbether
it ira new comst, or one already on re-
A LETTER FROM Mr.. RIVES.
From tlie Richmond Whlg.
The following letter from the Hon Wit
liaM C. Rives, as will bs ecn from it
facc, was wrilten to a personal and politica)
fricnd in Hnnover, but anothcr cntlemanr
having learncd in a convcrsaiion with Mr
Rives that hc had wrilten suc.i a letter,
containing a fuTI exprcssion of hi views
on the subject of tho Presidential election,
has obtained a copy of the letter. with per'
mission to have it publishcd, as the best
mcans of satisfying all inquirics and nv
moving all doubts as to the courso Mr.
Rives will pursuc in the approaching con
lest. The inconvenient lcngth of the Ieltcr has
induced us to present extracts of the most
important portions. Ed. Galaxt.
WAsniscTGiT Januart 1. 1844.
Mr Deae Sir : It secms now defin
itively settled that the country is to ba
callcd upon to retract tho solemn dccision
pronounccd by it in 1840 upon tho dcmer-
its of Mr. Van Burcn's administration, and
to restorc him to powcr, without a solatary
altoncmcnt for the past orpledge ofamcnd.
ment for tho future. The iudications
which have bccn givcn nere, sinro thc as-
scmbling of Con;rcss, aro to sigi.ificaDt lo
to be mi;undcrtood. The!Convenlion at
Baltimore will have notliin" to do but to
registerand proclaim tho edicl of the cau
cus in the Capitol.
In this state of tliinirs, are wc, who havo
so oftcn tcstificd in thc face of thc world
ourdecp and carncst convictions of the fr
tal and demoralizing tendencics of Mi.
Van Burcn's wholo system of poliiical act.
ion, to stand aside with foldeu nrms, and
and to shriuk into on inglorions, I had nL
mot said, treasonablo neutrali!, boconsa
of somc differP'"-iJof opinion on qurstiomt
01 puouc poiicy trom mr. u.av, utncri n
w;se sp;r;t modernlion, and' he rrrox-
nized arbitramcnt of the public will. aro
daily narrowing in magnitudc and cxtent 1
L hu nbly think not,
In the opproaching l'residcntial cor.tpsf
then, wc ought not and canr.oi bc neutral ,
nnd if, as cvery thing now indicates is to
bc tho casc, that cnniest shall be between
Mr Van Burcn and Mr. Clay, I have as
little hcsitation in saying that thrro is but
oi.e line of nclion by which we cnn ccquit
oursclvcs of tho full measurc of cur Juiy tu
thc country ; and that 1;, wavmg nll mir.or
consuierations, 10 givc a mar.iyj nrdi iic-
j "'"""eu mj;iuii 10 i.ir. viujn 111 prritr
cnce to .Mr. Vun i.urcn. ror myself, I
can conccivc of no grcater calamity to h"
nation, or deeper discredit to the cause nnd
very nnmcof popular governmcnt, than iho
re-election of Mr. Van Rurcn would bc,
after tho signal and overwhelming mnjor
ity ?by which hc was so reccntly dcposr d
from powcr, upon ihe fullest canvass of l.i
measurcs, poiicy and conduct.
Could any thing ii.flict a derper wound
on tho cause of rrpublican institutioni llwn
tuch a spcctacle of levilv and inslobiliiy on
thc part ofthe constiturnt body &s would bn
cxhibitcd in the cstorntion of Mr. Van
Burcn, nftertbe overwhelming nnd tondcm
nation of his administration pronounced bv
tho almost unnnimous elcctoral voicc of iho
country but three short vears oco 1 Would
n not render popular government itsclfa
by word npd taunt" among tho nations 1
ln 1840 tho Amrric&n peopjp, upon tho
fllllest and'rr.mt .Iplilinrntn linnrlnrr nrhnlh
nalized tho retrcal or any minittcr from
i, .. .. i i (
fcderacy ; ofiho 294. votcs ofthe f.ieclor
al Collf-ges he obtained but 00 ; and ofthe
sufTrages, a majority nf 145,000, out oftho
frce and cnlightcncd citizens of Amcrica
who voted in tho election, gave in thc-ir c
cumulatcd vcrdict against him.
Andby what means is Mr. Van Buren
to be again presonted as the legitimiite and
anointcd candidate of tho Democraiic par
ty 7 Not certainly by tho will of Ihe great
body ofthe party. who, we have cvcry renv
on to believe, a'eprecate and deplore the
madness and folly ofthe act, but by the se
cret and invisible agency f self-constilu-led
conclavcs and eaacuref controlled with
absolutesway by a few bold and ndroit po.
litical manogers. I run no risk in saying
that if tho individuals composing the party
throughout the Union could be interrogatcd
upon the rr dire, to say whom they would
prefer os the Presidential nominee ofthe
party, thrce-fourths of them at least, and
probably a far largcr proportion, would un
hcsitatingly declare their preforence for
some new candidate.
ilnd what are the wise and bcnignant
mcasures of administraiivo poiicy which
aro promised us as the fruits of Mr. Van
Buren's restoration 7 A return to thc glor
ies and blcssings ofthe sub-Treasury sys
tem a renewed war upon tho currency,
commcrcc and business of tho country 1
Just at the moment when, by the merc fact
ofthe withdrawal of the hostility of tho
Goveinmcnr, and that vismcdtcalrix na
turo; which is inherent in ths cncrglcs ofa
frec, enterprising, and industnous people,
all thc businesspursuits ofthe natiqn are re
gaining tbeir prospcrity and activity and
thc currency and exchaogcs ofthe country
are finding their proper and oatur&l lcvel,
every tbing is to be again tbrown into con
fusion, and we aro to ho rplungd into a
chao of wild and pernicioui experimenin
siroply to slgnalizs a remorscless rvty tri-
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