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THE NORTHERN GALAXY,
13 PDELISnED EVERT WEDSZSDAT MOBJT1HO
IJt STEWART'S BUIIDISOS,
BY J. COBB JR.
BT WUOX All. ORDEB fOR PBJXT1
Of evcry description will be neatlv and
EDITOR AND PROPR1ETOB.
TERM3 OF EIGIITH VOLUME.
ri,g jnbseribcrt, . . . .
. . . hrribers.
r Jail-' "" Compmies who lako at tlie c
No paymei t
'"'illcommunlcatlon! must bc addresscd to tlic ed
iw'rrosTl'AiD For tlie Northcrn Galaxy.
SPIRIT OF POETRY.
tioultl yc know tlje secrct spell
I, etaes around my soul 1
fcd crchancc I may uot tcll
Vlicrc lics its vngue control.
Like some perrcnnial founlnin far
With'm tlie descrt deep.
Wkcre wild-flowers wave,audsunbeams
A"J crtlant mosscs creep.
There some lone timid bird may hie,
Ar d uii its margin rest,
Andsip llic wavc.and plurac its ing,
And liathc its wcary heart.
Oli! far as mcinory'searliest ray.
Can piercc tlie faded past,
A fount was gushing in my soul
Aud swclling high and fast.
Aml while my splrit bathcd for ayo
In strcams that cannot die,
Emotion quivcred on my lip,
And trembleil in my cye.
I cannot tcll how feclings gusb,
Word? wcre not given to me,
But know tliat many a chord must snap,
To lct tlie spirit free.
Tliousli all unsccu tlic current roll
'Tis chccr ciiough for me,
The liRlit tliat from thy prescnce flowa
tpirit of Pocsy.
With glowing heart and kindling cyc,
Thy spirit form I see,-
(lilding with tliino own mystic tints
Tlic cold reality.
Tliat liglit is slied o'er all the carth
AnJ slumbcring deep in pearly ehclls
In ocean caves tliat lie.
I sce it in the morning mist
Tliat vcils the tplendordecp:
And iu the biimishcd cloud of evo
Where suiumcr sunsets slcep.
I see it in Autumnal lmes,
ud Winter's snowy wreath
In bud and blossom bursting fhir,
I'roin uature's kindly shcalh.
It givcs new splcndor to the mom,
NewRlory tn the night,
hose radicnt orbs high o'er my bead,
licam on inore bcavenly bright.
Mrstcrious shades of bcauty tint
'J'hc dr.ipcry of tinic:
The uimerse rolls slowly on
Majcstic and sublinic.
My soulclaims kiudred with theskics
And all that's glorious llierc:
Fain would I hold communion swcct,
With all bclow that'sfalr.
Thcrc is a fbrinc with'm my hreast,
That shrine ye inay not sec:
The imagery of Iovcliness
Is gloning there for mc.
Tlierc is a chord ithin my soul,
Y may not hear its tonc:
Unearthly nmic sweeps tbc 5tring
For me, Ibr me alone. D.
QJSome camion is rcquisite in passing
our opinion uponstrangcrs a cautiou bow
ever, wbicb fciv of us adopt. At a pulilic le
itf of the Court of St. Jamcs, a gcntlcmau
said to I.ord Chestcrficld, "Pray my Lord,
wlio n that tall, awkward woman yonder?"
"That lady, sir," rcplicd Lord Chestcrficld,"
iity sislcr." The gcntleman reddencd
wiih confusion, and stammcred out, "No.no,
my I.ord I bcg vonr pardon I mcnn tbat
c;ly woman who stands next tbe qtieen."
"' That Lady, tir, ansncrcd Lord Cbesterficld,
caimly "that lady is my icifc."
Tnte PvlileiteiS. It is rcmarked by somc
wntcrs, that ' cxccss of ccromony shows a
ivant of good brccding.' Tbis is tnic.
Nothing i3 more troublesome than ovcrdone
pohteiics; it is worse than overdone beef
fteak. A trnly wcll bred man makes crery
body around him fcel at easc; be docs not
throw chilities around bim ivith a sbovel.nor
toss conipliments with a pitcb-fork. There
is no evil uudcr tbe 3ttn raorc iutolcrable than
Tlicre is a good dcal of saucy wit iu Lord
Hyron's anecdote of tbe fair astrononiers.
Ile sys, some literary ladies being asked how
they could be sufliciently iuterested in aa
tronomy to speud so much time in watching
the heavens, rcplied that tbey bad a grcat
cnriosity to sec whetber there" was rcally a
nan in the moou !
To Tiie Poist. A zcalous Temperance
lecturernotloiig since was inrcigmns stron
ly against dtstilleries. His description was
very annoyins; to a distiller present, who be-
came much excited. Tbe lecturer at lencth
said he should like to prcach in a distillcrj'.
'What text would you take?' interruptcd thc
distillcr. 'I would take the words of Jonab.
ii.2, Out of tlie hdlg of hell cried i:' in-
stautly replied the Lecturer.
Thc risc in Cotton. It is stated tbat the
rcccnt advance iu the price of cotton abroad
is equal to an additiou of $7,500,000, on the
stock liow on hand iu this country. The cf
fcct of this advaucc will be felt all over the
South. We hope it will convince the "cbiv
alry" tbat cotton can rbe notwithstanding the
TiiEEr.TsirELAt (says tlie Vermont
x anium is ragiug to a powerlul extent in
Troy, Vt., particulariy in the North villatrp.
At ouq time durinp; the last week. tlicre
over 40 cases witliiu half a mile, and notwell
ones enough to take proper care ot the Mck,
All busmess is at a stand. There were also
some half dozencases of Small PoxinNorth
f roy, the first of last week. Slar.
(T?!'Hon. Amos Abbott, of Mass. took thc
oath and his seat iu the House of Represcn-
laurcs on 'I Hursday.
E It appears from a retumcd order by the
ot ommons, that there are oKi savinj
"k? "n Grcat Britain and Ireland, BDd 977,-
0l attlie oplion oflhe yiroprletor. No
"r,rriers allowed t-xccpt ordcred bj th?
Z&av ns it is.
AKECDOTE OF THE PENIXSULAR.
From the Becolleclions of Itijleman Hanis.
I remember mccting with General Napier
before tbe battle of Vimicro. Ile was tben,
I tbink, a Major; and the meeting made so
great au impressiou on mc, tbat 1 bavc nevcr I
lorgotten Him. I was posted m a rood tbo
uight bcfore the battle in front of our army,
where two roads crosscd eacb other. The
night iva3 gloomy, and Iwasthevcry outscn
try of the liritish army. As I stood on my
post, pecring into the thick wood around me,
I lvas awarc of footsteps approaching, and
challengcd in a low voice. Receivinc 110 an-
a.icngeu m a io vo.ce. neceivmg 10 an- ,
er, I brougbt my nfle to tho port. and bade
the strangcrs come fonvard. Thev wcre Jlai
Napier, (then of tbe SOth foot, l think,) and
an officer of the rifles. The Major advaoced
close up to mc, and lookcd bard in my face.
"Uealcrtlierc, scntry, lor 1 expect the
cncmy upou us to-mght, and I know not how ;
so?n- , .. ., , , , , I
I a young soldicr tben, and tlie lonely
situation 1 was m, together with tbe impress-
.ve manner in wh.ch Major Napier dcbvercd
his caution made a grcat impression on mc, !
and from that hour I have nevcr forgotteu him.
Indecd I kep careful watcb that n ht, l.st- ,
enmg to tbe shghtcst breczc among the foh-
age, m cxpcctation oflhe treucb. Tbey
Tenturcd not fcowcTer, to molest us Hcnry
Jessop, onc of my compamons in be rifles,
sank and died of fatiguc on this night, and 1 1
rccol leet some of our men burymg hira m tl.c
wood atdaybrcak close tomy post.
gallantstylcm wh.cb the 50th, Major Na-
picr's regiment, camc to the chargc. Tbey
dashcd ou tho cncmy like a torrent brcaking
bounds, and tbc Frcncb, uuablc cvcn to bcar
tbe sight of tliciii, tumed aud fled. Mctbiuks
at this momcnt I can hear thc checr of thc
Britisb soldicrs in that chargc, andthcclattcr
of the Frenchmen's accoutcrmcnts, as they
turncd in aninstant, aud wcntoOT, bard as they
could run for it. I remember our feelings
towards thc cnemy ou that occasiou were the
north side of fricndly; for they bad been n
rhig upou us rifles vcry sharply, grcatly out
numbcriiig our sMrmishcrs, and appcaringin
clined to drivc us off from tbe face of the
carth. Thcir lights and grcnadicrs I, for thc
first time, particulariy rcmarked on tbat day.
Tbe grenadicrs (the 7th, I think,) our mcn
scemed to to know wcll. They wcre all fine
looking meu, wcaring red shoulder knots and
tremendous looking mustachcs. As tbey
camc swanning upon us, tbey rained a pcr
fcctshowcrof balls, which we rcturned quite
as sharply. Whciicver onc of them was
knockcd orcr, our mcn callcd out, " llicre
goea anothcr of Boncy's Inviucibles!" In
the main body, immcdialcly in our rcar, was
the sccond battalion, 52d and 50th, the sccond
batallion 43d, and a Gcrman corps, whose
numbcr I do not remember, bcsidcs scveral
othcr rcgiinents. The whole line sccmcd an
noycd and angcrcd at sceing thc rifles outnuin
bercd by the Invincibles, and as wc fcll back,
"firing and rctiring," galling themhandsomc
Iy as wedid so, thc wholc line cried out, as it
ware with onc voicr, to charjrc. 'Chargo
them,' they roared, 'charjrc, chargc!' Gen
eral Fane, howcvcr, rcstraincd tbcir impctu-
osity. ile desircd them to stand fast, and
keep their ground.
"i)on t ne too cager, mcn, lie said, as
coolly as if wc were on adrill parade in old
England; "I don't wantyou to advauce just
et. Wcll doiic, Djtli:" Jie called out, as lie
gallopcd up and down tbe line "Wcll donc,
:3d, 51, andwcUdone all! 1'U not torgct.
1 livc, to rcport your conduct to-day.
Tbey shall hearof itiu England, my lads!"
A mau nauicu iirothcrwoou, ot tlic 5'Jln,at
this momcnt rusbcd up to the General, and
prcsented him with a green featbcr.whicb hc
had torn outof thc cap of a Frtnch Iight in-fantn-
soldier hc had killed. "God blcssyoti.
General!" he said, "wcar tbis for tbc sakc of
thc 9oth." I saw tbe General take tbe fealh
cr and stick it in bis cocked bat. The ncxt
minute he gave the word to charge, aud down
came the whole line, througli a trcmcmious
(ire of musketry, and drcadful wastheslaugh-
ter as they rushcd onwards. As they came
up with us, we sprang to our feet, gavo one
hearty chcer, and charged along with them,
trcading upon our own dead aud wounded,
wbo lay in the front. The 50th were ncxtto
us as we wenf, and l rccoilect, as l saiu, mc
firmness of that regiment in the charge.
They appeared like a wall of iron. The cn
emy tumed and fled, the caralrydashiug upon
them as tbey went off.
After tlie day s work was over, wiiuc stroii
ing about thc field, just upon thc spot where
this charsro bad takcu nlace. I remarked a
soldier of the 43d and a Frcncb grcnadier,
botli dead. Ivins close toeether. Tbey bad
aj)parently killed eacb othcr at the same mo
mcnt, lor uotn weapons remaincu iu me uou-
les of the slain. Brotherwoou was tighting
ncxt me duriug a part of thc day; he was a
Leisccstcrsbirc mau, and was killed after
wards by a cannon ball at Victoria. I remem
ber his dcath more particulariy from the cir
cumstaucc of that ball killing three of the
company at the same moment, viz: ijieuten-
ant tlopwood, l'atnclc jlahou, ana uimscii.
Brotberwood was among the skimiishcrs with
me on this day. He was always a hvcly tel
Iow, butrathcr iiritablc in disposition. Just
as the French went to the right about, all bis
bullets being gonc, be grabbed a razor from
his bavresack, rammcd it down, and fired it
afteythcm. Durinc tbis dav I mvself nar-
rowly escaped being killed by our own drag
o'dns, for, some how or othcr in the confusion,
1 fell while thcywerc chareimr.and the whole
squadron thundering past, just missed me, as
I lay among the dead and wounded. Tired
and overw'ei'ghted witb my knapsack and all
tnv shoemaking implements, I lav where I
had fallen for a short time, and watched the
cnvalrv as they gaiued the enemy. I obseix
ed a fine, callant looKing omccr leauinz them
on in that charge. He was a brave fcllow, &
bore himself like ahero; with his sword wa
v'mz in the air. cheered tbe men upon as he
wentdashinz upon the encray, and hewmg &
slashinz atthem m a tremcnaons styie.
watched for him as the dragoons came offfrom
that charie, but saie him no more he had
fallen! Fine fcllow! his condnct made an
impression on me that I shall ueverforget.and
I was told afterwards that he was a brother
A French soldier was lying bcsidc me- at
this time; hc was badly wounded; and hear-
mg him moan as hc lay, after I had done
looking atthc cavalry, I turned my attention
to him, and getting-up,. lifted his'head, and
pourci.somc waicr iaio uis mouiu. nc was
dyingfast; but lie thanked me in a foreigu
lunguage, tvbich, although I did not exact-
ly understand, I could casily make but by the
look be gave me. Miilli'ns, of tlie riflcs, -vlio
stcpped up while I supported bis bead, call'd
me a fool for my pains, "Better kuock out
bis brains, Harris," said be: "hehasdoueus
miscmel cnough, I II be uound lor it, to-day.
After the battle I strolled about the field,in
order to sec if tbere.was any tbing to be found
worth pickmg up among the dead. Tbe Crst
thinglsaw was'a thrce-pronged silver fork,
which as it lay by itsclf, liad niost likely been
I droppcd by some persou who hadbccuon the
look out before me. A little further on I saw
a Frencb soldicr sitting against a small risc in
the ground, or bank. IIc was wounded in the
throat, and appeared vcry faint, the bosom of
bis coat being Eaturated with blood which
flowed down. By his side lav his cap, and
c)ose that , - bund,e con,a!n; a .
of go(1 aJ silrcr cr0SSCSi anJ falvhi'ch x
) concluded holiad plundercd from some con
vent or church. Ile looked tbe picturc of a
sacriligious thief, dying hopelessly, and ovcr-
taken uyJJivinewrath. i kickcdover lnscap,
which was also full of plunderbut I declined
taking anyth;Dg from : fclt fcarful of
incurring the wrathof Hcavcn.for the likoof-
fenccsb0 r ,eft jlim anj passed onA 1UlIc
further off , an o(1-lcer .f tile5otbregin.cnt.
j 1;ncn. him sight all( rc.ogn;zed flim aS
,,e , 1Ic .as&quite dcaili ad b.ing on M
hac He had hn 1)undcred andhij'clothes
TIlrce b ho,e3
cIogc J. tho . of h stomacll: bc.
side empt pocket book, and bis
cpnuIettc bad been pulled from his shoulder.
had moved on bIt a fc,y when j rc.
colicc,ed that pcrhaps the ofliccr'sshoesmight
,,.v own being considcrably the
worse for wcar, so I rcmmed again, went
back, pulled onc r his shoes off, and knelt
dow ltQ h on It wa3 mnch b
. owni,ower. I detcrm;ned on the
1 cxchangc, and procecdcd to take oflfits fcllow
As I did so I was startcd by the sharp rcport
of a lirelock, and at thc samc moment a bul
let wbistlcd close by my bead. Instantly
starting up, I turncd aud looked in thc dircc-
tion wbencc the sbol had come. There was
no pcrsou ncar ine in this part of thc field.
Tbc dead and dying lay thickly all around;
but nothing clso could I scc. 1 looked to tho
primiug of my aille, and again turncd to thc
dead oilicer of tbc 50tb. It was cvidcnt tbat
somc plundcring scouodrcl bad takcn a sbot
at mc, and the fact of his doiug so proclaim
cd him one of tlie cnemy. To distinguish
him nmongst thc bodies strcwn about was im
possible; pcrhaps hc inight himself be onc of
the wounded. llardly had I cffcctedthc cx
changc, put on the ilc . ..''iccr.'s sboes, and
rcsumcd my riflc, whon anothcr sbot took
placc, and a secoud ball whistled past mc.
This time I was rcady, and, tuming quickly,
Isawmyman; be was just about to equat
down bchind a small mound, about twcnty
paccs from mc. I took a hap-dazard sbot at
him, and instantly knocked him over. I im
mcdiately ran up to him; hc bad fallen onhis
face, and I heavcd him over on his back, be
strodc his body, and drew my sword-bayonet.
Thcrc was, howcvcr, no occasion forthcpre
caution, as hc was cvcu thcu in thc agonics
It was arelicf to mc to find I had not bccn
mistakcn. IIc was a French light infantry
man, and I thcrcforc took it quite in tlic way
of busiucss hc had attemptcd my life, and
lost his own. It was the fortuue of war; so
stooping down, with my sword I cutthe green
string that sustaincd his calibash, aud took a
hearty pull to qucnch my thirst.
For thc Kortlicru Galaxy.
I did not dcsigu to ask further indulgcnce
in your columus as to any reply to Jlr. Jew
ctt's, but as those of your rcadcrs that do
not read the Culti-.T.tor may suppose that Mr.
Jcwctt has frankly, and honorably, mado full
satisfaction in that papcr, I wish them to un
derstand that it is no satisfaction at all.
Mr. Jcwctt supposcsthat bad I dclaycd un
til I hadseen the February No. of the Culti
vator, I should have bccn more mild. In
this hc mistakcn. On thc coutrary, I do not
know but that 1 should incrcased thc lashes,
as I have a ftw more scasoncd.
The miserable sophistry by which Mr.
Jewctt attcmpts to cscape in this matter is
rcally disgusting. The public demand a
clcar cxplanation or a full confession. Ei
thcr will answcr the purpose. Lct us have a
lctter from Mr. Randall asscrting that hc did
not reccive any of tbo kuowlcdgc which hc
Dosscssed of Mr. Jcwctt's shccp, from Mr.
Jcwctt, dircctly or indirectly; that he wrotc
by bearsay, or on his own hook, and tben it
will be no lparvei that ne uia not gei out ouc
thing right in his communication. To wit:
That Mr. Jewctt ndmits hc gnve for Fortune
when hc purchased him $200. In this one
point Mr. Jewett admits tbat Mr. Randall
Mr. Jewctt takes occasion, when replying
to my communication, to make a grcat blus-
ler atiout His mcnno cwes (lull blood ol
coursc (?) 200 of this sort 200 of that kiud
&c. V hat relcveucy has this to the point at
issue i it is lar lrom me to aavemse my
shccp in this manner. To tbe point fricnd
Jewett, to the point!
Is it not obvious tbat Mr. Randall under
stood Mr. Jewett as saying that the stock of
i ortune was so much supcnorto the stock ot
other bucks, that a man mipbtwith the great
est case obtain from him a FI.OCK of shccp
that would shcar bctwecu livc and six lbs. It
is a flock of ycarling bucks, cwes, and weth
ers. Not a few choice oncs selectcd. Not a
few ewes selected, from which to raise stock.
Not 30 ens selected from a flock of 2000
shccp, as was thc case witb those that -Mr.
Mr. Randall docs not so understand it. But
I rcpeat that thc impression evidcntly was that
a flock would shear this. This is thepoiut.
I sav here is dcccption. No such rcsult can
be expectcd from thc stock of Fortune, or
any other buck (mcnno buck) in cxistcnce.
The fact that Mr. Wilson had 30 bucks that
sbeared this, proves nothing. Were tbey not
raised fromselcct ewes? lpitythe breeder
that will use a buck that will not ensure a clip
equal to this under like circumstances." I do
not wish to deny that the stock of Fortune is
good. JNo such tbmg, butldowisbthatpur
chasers may not bc shamefully deceived in
these matters honesty is the best pohcy.
Mr. Jewett has no doubt but he has Paular
sheep I wish to knowif hc includes Fortune
and the prozenv of Fortune and Don Pedro?
And if I comprehend his meaning hc wishcs
us to understand that he can bring credible
men to testifv that he has Paulars. I wish
VT. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1844.
hc would bring forward tbe tcstimony before
be sells any more pure Paulars.
I wish to make a slight corrcction in tbe
print of my former commuuication. I would
liave it understood that the cwe fiom which
Forfune was ralscd was a dcsccndanl of tbose
purchased ou Long Island, not tbat she was
Mr. Jcwett iu his communication in the Feb.
No.of thc Cultivator states that the cwe Iived
to the age of sixtcen ycars wluch is not truc;
thirtcen or fourteen was ber true acc. Hc
also says that hcr averagc flecce when in herj
pounds which is just one
pound too high
takcs should all happcn to be on one side a
little too large. TYXER STICKNEY.
Shoreham, Feb. 20, 1844.
From the Albany Cultivator.
DEMAND FOR LONG WOOL.
We have grcat plrasuro in laying be.
forc our rcadcrs tho following lcflcrfrom
Samuel Lawrcnce, Esq., of Lowell, in nn
swer to one addrcsscd tohim, cnclosing
samples of wool from somc Leicester
shccp, owned by Mr Howard, associate
cditor of the Cultivator. It will be sccn
from this letlcr Ihat rapid advnnccs arc
making in this country in the manufac
lure of such goods as rcquirc long wool,
such as is produccd by the brccds of sheep
known as Cotswolds. Leiccsters, Lincoln
shires, &c., and that thc increasing do.
mand for tbis kind of wool affords encour
agcmcnt to tho brccdcrs of these shccp,
which they havo not hcrctofore cnjoyed.
It will be sccn also, that Mr L. cxpresscs
great confidencc in the bclicf that thc
prospccts of tho wool growcr arc fully c
qual tp those of any other branch of hus
bandry. Lowell, Jan. 10, 1844.
Editors of tlic Cultivator 31y numcr
ous engagcmonts at the opcning of the
ycar, have prcvcntcd an carlicr rcply to
your respected favor of tho 23th ult.
I havo cxamincd thc two samples of
wool, and am of opinion that they arc nd
mirably adaptcd to combing purposcs for
tho manufacturc of Mouslin dc Laincs.
Tho slaplc is long, strong and lustrous,
qualitics not dcsirablc for fclling purposes
cspccially the two laltcr. I judge these
samples to be from Cotswold shccp, a
brccd which it is vcry dcsirablo to propa
gntc in this country, ns thc worstcd busi
ncss is just coming into cxislcncc. The
sccrct of England s advance ofnll thc
world in tho manufacturc of worstcd goods
Iays in tho fact of hcr poscssing bcttcr
brccds of shccp for the production of com
bing wools, and not from hcr supcrior skill
in working them.
Tho worstcd busincss in ils various
shapcs, is to be of immcnsc importanco
in this country, and it affordB me sinccre
plcasuro to bo ablc to say too that it has al
rcady been commcnccd in this state upon
a Iibcral scalc, by partics whoso mcans
arid intclligence are n guaranty of its suc
ccss. A grcat dcal of talcnt and skill
have been brought to bcar upon this branch
of industry,and if I am not greatly deceived
tho limc ts near when old England here
sclf will bc ailonishcd at our succcss. A
numbcr of hundrcd looms on moushnes
are alrcady in operalion and more in pro
grcss. In addttion to tho works already
projcctcd, a company is now being formed
in Boslon, with a capiial of a million of
dol)ar, for works on Mouslin do Laincs,
In rcply to your cnquiry about tho kinds
and quantitics of wool uscd in the Mid
dlesex mill, I have to say that we use n
bout a million of pounds ycarly, of such
kinds as aro considcred in this country
tho choicest- produccd ; say full blood
Saxony, and Saxony mixcd with Mcrino.
Wo aro very fastidious in tho selection
of our wools, both as rcgards the blood and
condition ; and in .coDscqucncc, wc arc in
the habit of paying priccs, which many
roaiinfacturcrs think absurd.
I am clearly of the opinion that no
branch of agriculturo promiscs bctfcr
fhan tho culture of wool, and I sinccrcly
hope more attention will bogivcn to it
than has bccn paid for thc last few ycars.
yours, Sah'l Lawue:ce.
PRICES OF WOOL IN THE
AanniCAX- Jan. 1843, Jan.
Full blood Sax'y 33 a 35c.
Mix'd Neri'o fc Sax'y 29 a 32
j lo full blood Mcrino 28 a 30
h blood do 24 a 2G
45 a 47ic.
39 a 40
36 a 39
30 a 32
30 a 32
36 a 33
18 a 20
ativc to J blood do
l'ullcd wool, supcr
22 a 24
22 a 24
19 a 20
20 a 22
Averagc over 50 pcr c(.
Foeeign. Jan. 1843.
rick'd & wash'd b. Avr's 12 a 14 18 a 20
wash'd in the burr do 7 a
unwash'd burry do 31 a
9 11 al3
5 G a 7J
7 0 a 11
9i 15 a 1G
9" 12 a 14
MCilizo, unwash'd 5 a
Entre kio3, wash d
cordova 8 a
smyrna 8 a
xazagan . 9 a
Masadorc 4 a
11 a 14
12 a 14
Mexican 10 a 11 13 a 16
Avcrage (about 50 pcr ccnt.
advance) 84c. 12Jc.
(U'The nbovc table has been carefully
nrenarcd lor us by a heaw dcaler in
Wool, and may be relied on. TFe pub
Iish it for the benifit of Farmcrs who may
have Wool to sell this season
And now, reader? judgc of the truth
of tho Loco r oco osserlion tbat Agricultur
al products havo all declined and .Manu.
facturcs advanced under the new Tariff.
Judso, also, whclher it ought to boexpcc
tha't Woolcn Cloths should be eo low now
aa thoy were one yearago. m
SPEECH OF MR. SLADE,
AT THE WIIIG STATE C03VESTIOS.
Tho rcsolntion to which I shall ncxt call
the attention of the,Convention, is thefollow
ing: Rcsolted, That we dcprecate tbe contem
plated anncxation of Texas to the Union.
we rcgard the movemont to that end as orig
inating in a purpose to perpetuate the Slave
Power; and decm it out duty to declarc that
such anuexation, if eflected. will be a virtual
ul?s'."tion of the Union nitroducmg, as it
"' '"" tuuicuuracj, jiariics enurcty uc-
yond the anticipation of the Constitution
thereby abolishing thc old, by the constitu
tion of a new political family, and thus brcak
ing up tbe tbundations of o'ur fedcral Union.
The moxemcnt for annexation its purpose,
and its rcsult, are topics to which 1 would so
licita brief attention.
The vioxcmcnl is of no reccnt origin. It
was among the first acts of General Jackson's
administration to seek a cession of Texas
from the government of Mexico. Thc nego
ciation failed. Texas could not bc obtaincd
by cession ; and thenceforward it was to be
obtaincd by revolt, and anncxation. To cf
fcct this purpose cmigrations wcre cncourag
cd and incrcased. Companics were formed
upon tbe basis of pretcnded grants of large
tracts of land by tbe Govemmcnt of Mexico ;
and rigbts, iu the form of script, were dispos
ed of to adventurers, by agents in New Or
leans, New York, and othcr citics of the Un
ion. In 1833, the movemcnt bccame so far ma
turcd that a revolt was proclaiined. Samuel
Houstou, formcrly Govcrnor of Tenncssce,
and subsequcntly mcmber of Congress from
that Statc, was its leader, who gave out on
his arrjvdl in Texas, that he was "in the
possession of the private vicws of the Prcsi
dent of the United States," and opcnly invi
ted aid from thc United States. An invitation
for aid, and a disclosurc of the purpose of thc
revolt appear in thc following cxtract from
his lettcr to Gen. Dunlap of Tcnesscc. Ilav-
ing spoken of thc force ncccssary to'rout' tbc
Mcxican troops bc says,
"For a portlou of this force we must look
to the United States. It cannot rcach us too
soon. There is but one feeling in Texas, in
my opinion ; and that is, to cstablUh the in
depcndencc of Texas, and to bc attachcd to
the bnited States. March as spccdily as pos- , grants from th United States," and' the ac
sible with all the aid you can bring." I knowledgmeut of indcpendencc had been
Here was an opcn invitation from thc Com- sought by them "with an avowcd design to
mander-in-Chief of the Texian forces, for : trcat immcdiatcly of its transfer to tbe United
volunteers to aid in wrcsting from Mexico States. nnd ita admission into the Union as
this portion of hcr territory, in order to annex
it to the United States. The following from
a Mississippi paper,(tho Vicksburg Registcr,)
will show how this invitation was rcspinded
" Three hundrcd men for Texas. Gcn.
Dunlap of Tcnnesscc is about to procecd to
Texas with the aboTc numbcr of men. The
whole corps are now at Mcmphis. Evcry
man is completcly armed, the corps having
bccn originally raised for the Florida war.
This force wc have no doubt, will bc able to
carry evcry thing before it."
aimilar responscs to similar invitations,
wcro made cxtcnsively in tbe Soutberu and j February, 1837, reported two resolutions to
""tera States. tbe c(reCt that " tbc independencc of Texas
With the aid thus aflordcd, the revolution oughtXo bc recognized!" and that "theCom
wcnt on. On the second of iMarcb, 183G,the mittec of Ways aud Means bo instructcd to
declaration of independencc was issued ; and providc in the bill for the civil and diploinatic
on the 17th of tbe same month a constitution cxpcnditures of the govcrnment, a salary and
was formed. Invitations to cmbark in the . outfit for such public agcnt as the President
projcct ofdismembcnug Mexico, and annex- u,ay determiue to scnd.to Texas." Februa
mg a portiou of it to thc Uuited States bc- 1 ry21st tbc resolutions were taken up, aud on
came moro openand urgcnt. lhe follow-
mg irom a nonu uaroiina Journal isaspec-
" Wno will. co to Texs?"
Major J. II. Harvcy ofLinco'lion has bccn
Gen; Hunt, an agcnt m tho Westcrp counties
of North Carohna to rece.ve and cnrol yol-
untecr emigrants to Texas, aud w.ll conduct
such as may wish to cm.gratcto that I epub-
lic, about the first of Octobcr ncxt, at the cx-
pensc of the Kepublic of Texas.
J. P. IIi:M)Enso.v.
Brig. General of thc Texian army.
AUgUSl iu, 1S0(."
Tbcso cflbrts to excite the War spirit in
aid of thc Texian revolt wcre sccondcd by
Tcxian Land Jobbcrs in various parts of tho
United States, and by the universal sympa
thy of those who wished to cxtcnd aud perpct
ate slavcry. Associations wcre formed. Con
tributions of inoney wcre openly invited ; and
anns and other munitions of war purchased jority of 12. yct the whole vtas now reverscd
and scnt to Tcxcs. Volunteers for the war by a majority of43 tbe amendmect being
wcre despatched under thq namc of " Emi- ' carricd by a vote of 1 1 9 to "G !
grants," and heavy guns sbippcd under tlio ! And what next.' The Presidcnt notwith
denomination of "hollow ware;" while ma-' standing his conclusive argument, two montbs
ny of both wcut without any disguise what- before, against the measure; aud notwithstand
cvcr. ! ing thc decidcd vote, a wcck bcforc, against it;
FIa"Tantlv as thc movcmcnts wcre in viola-
tion of our laws of ncutrality, no scrious cf-
fortwas made by our public aiuhoritiesto ar-
rest them. Officiat connivance was, evcry
where, thc order of tbe day.
Nor was this all. Under pretcnco of a ne-
cessity of rcstraining thc Indi.ins in Texas
from committing hostilitics on our frontiers
f which there was no danccr General
Gaincs was ordcred with a portiou of thc Uni-! dence, or any evidence, instantly pcrccivcd
ted States troops, to march into Texas. He ' that Texas was an indepcndent power, and
obcyed, and took post at Nacogdoches, fifty , instantly became satisfied that it vns cxpe
mile beyond the line. Thc characterof this ; dient" to appoint the Minister; and ihcrcup
cxpcdition was thus described by an oflicer of 1 on, in thc very same hour in which be signcd
tbat army, in a letter datcd at Nacogdoches, ! the bill making the appropriation, sent a nom
and publisbed in thc Army and Navy Cbroni- ination of the minister to the Scnate; and the
cle. Referringtotheobjcctof tbeexpedition ' Senate.in tbe same hour, passcd thc vote of
"itisto createthe impression in Texas
that the Govcrnment of thc Unitad States
takes a part in the controversy. Itis iu fact,
Iending to the cause of Texas, all thc aid and
support which it can derive from tlie counte
nanee and apparent support of tho United
atates, besides placmg our troops ma situa
tion to take an actual part in aid of the Tex
ians, in case a rcverse of their affairs should
render aid nccessary. Thc pretext of thc an-
ticipatcd invasion ot thc Indians m tbat quar
tcr, is unsupportcd by the least probable tcs
Tho order for this movemcnt upon the
Mexican territory became thfi subject ofa
correspondence between the Mexican iUinis
ier, and our government, in wbich he com
plained of its unfriendly diaractcr. "The
presence," said he, "of a body of neutral
troops in the very theatre of the war, cannot
fail to embarrass the operations of the Mexi
can army. to favor lhe Texians indirectly,
and create a constnnt risk of collision." But
it was in vain. The order was exccutcd.
The result was that the Mexican Minister de
mandcd his passports and returced home.
Grosser perfidity nercrmarked the policy
of any UOvcrnment than cbaractenzed tbe
policy of ours towards Mexico iathis critical
crisis of her contcst, with Texas ; while to
perfidy was added the meanness of doing to
wards a comparatively weak powcr, what we
should not have dared to do towards one ca-
pable of inflicting on us thc chastiscincnt
which such a coursc meritcd. Every body
rcmembers the niarked conlrast to all this in
the conduct of our govcrnment towards Great
Britain, in conncxiou with the Canadian
troublcs. But she was strong, while Mexico
was weak. That was the difference!
The battle of San Jacinto, which resultcd
iu the capture of the Mexican Presidcnt, took
place in April, 1S36, a short time nrevious to
the order to Geucral Gaincs. The tablcs of
Congress were soon Ioadcd with pctitious as
king for the immcdiatc recognition of Tcxian
Indepcndcnce. They wcre rcferrcd, in the
House of Rrprescntativcs, to thc Committeo
on Foreign Affairi, wbo reported tbat the in
dcpcndence of Texas onght to be acknowl
edgcd, "whenevcr satisfactory cvidence
fhould be receivcd tbat it had in successful
operation a government capablo of pcrform
ing the duties, and fulGlliug the olligations of
an indcpcndcnt power.
In the mean time tbc Presidenthad ppoiu
ted a spccial agcnt to procecd to Texas for
the purpose of ascertaining its political. mili
tary and civil condition, with a view to thc
question of rccoguition. On the 22(1 ofDe
ceniber 183G, he commuuicated to Congress
the report of the spccial ageut. The mcssagt
accompauylug thc report coutaincd a full and
explicit dfclaralion of the inexpcdicncy of re
cognition upon the following ground,
That " the acknowlcdAment of a new State
as indepeudent," was alu ays " an act ofgrcat
delicacy and rcsponsibility espccially when
such Statc bad forcibly separatcd itsclf from
anothcr, ot which it IiaU lurmeu a part ; and
which still cluims dominion over it;" that "a
premature recognition uudcr such circustau
ccs, is always liable to be rcgardcd as a proof
of an unfrieudly spirit to onc of the contend
ing partics," and would bc "cqnivalcnt, un-
jdcrsomc circumstances, to a dcclaration of
! war;" that the recoguitions by us ofthd in
depcndcnce of thc Spanish Amcrican States
had been delaycd "not only until tbc ability
lofthencw States to protcct thcmsclves was
fully cstablUhcd, but until tbcdangcr of thcir
being again subjugalcd had cntirely passcd
away , that such was not thc cnndition of
, Texas in refcrcncc to Mexico ; and tbat.as thc
Tcxian rcvohition had bccn eflected bv "cmi-
onc of the Fedcral States, a too eaily movc-
ment might subject us, hmcettr vnjustly (?)
to the imputation of sceking to establish thc
claimofour ncighbora to n territory, with a
vicw to its subscqueut acquisition by our
sclvcs." Here was a conclusive argument agaiust
tbc recognition, cither forccd from the Pres
idcnt by a conviction of its conclusivcncss, or
fcigncd to be satisfactory for thc purpose of
quictmg apprchcnsious iu rcgard to themeas
uie. The message was referred to the Commit-
tcc of Forigu Affairs, who, on tbc lc'th of
motion, wcro laidonlhe talle, by a vote of
03 to 80; and a motion to reconjufcr tbo vote
J was lost by a vote cf 107 to 90.
i And uow niark what followcd. Although
' Lhe. !!U!CJ1?,:' Jh,a' th. l1"1
Wn T, , ,
for iMin;3tcr , that co'un, vc ,'cn days
aftemards, wilen ,1,0 public" apprehcnsion
had bcc tIlU3 aiavcd. there wu suddcnlv
spruug upou thc IIousc a propositiou to
amend the civil and diploraatic appropriation
bul by adding an appropriation "for the ont-
fit and salary of a dinlomatic agcnt to bc scnt
totlieRepublie of Texas wheneverthe Presi
dent may rcceivc satisfactory cvidence that
Texas is an indcpendent power, and shnll
decm it cxpcdicnt to appoint such uiiniter."
And what, think you, was thc f.ite of this
proposilion? Though a dircct proposition
for recognition, aud an appropriation for a
niimster was fost, ouc wcck bclore, by a ma-
and nothwithstandinir the sitddenly revcrsed
! vote left tbe expediency of consumating the
implied recognition by the appointment of a
Minister, cntirely witliin his discretion. upon
rcctiving satisfactory evidence that Texas
! was an indepeudent povcr, the Presidcnt,
' I say, notwithstanding all this, suddcnly lost
his scruples, forgot bis own arginncnts and
without waiting 10 receire sausiaciorj cvi-
-i us was cjmra un.
ian Independencc! And by some suciisprins
vote somc such Legislative sngnt o nana,
and Executive second sight, will anncxation
bc eflected, if eflected at all.
Thcsuddenabandonmentby tne rresiuenr,
of his objections to recognition, without any
change in tbe condition of Texas, or any dis
avowal by herof an intention to scek "admis
sion into the Union as one of the Fedcral
States" was, of course, regarded by her as an
invitation to such imiou; and accordingly,
tlic first act of hcr minister, Mr. Memucan
Hunt, was to make a proposal to that eflect.
As the Extculice could not add a new State
to the Union, he was obhged to decline tne
proposal. But, in the mean time lhe appro
priatc machincry had bccn put in motion,
and numerous petition3, together with reso
lutions of State Legislatures, in favor of an
nexation wcre laid upon the tables of Coa-
SCIL9, ivuuub . J r .1.
eetherwith lhe remonstrances of more than
one hundrcd thousaud petitioners against an-
..... T71 1
Onthe 23th of March 1833, all the retc-.
lutions and memorials were referred to th
fashiouably cxecutcd, at short nottce.
Committeo of Foreign Relations, who on thc
13th of June asked to bedischarged from their
further consideration. This non-commitlal pro
position was inet by a motion to recommit
the report, with iiutruclions " to report in
full as to the mcrits of tho question;" and
this was proposed to be amended so as to in
struct the committec to report a joiut rcsolu
tion for annexation ; whereupon Mr. Apams
moved an amendment. to the effcct of in-
structing tbe committee to report the follow
ing resolutions, viz:
"ICcsolved, That the powcr of anncxint
the Pcople of any indcpendent foreign Statc
to this Union is a powcr not dclegatcd by tbe
Constitution of thc United States to their
Congress or to any department of their Gov
crnment, but rescrvcd by the people."
"Rcsohcd, That -any attcmpt by rct of
Congress, or by treaty, to annex the Rcpublic
of Texas to this Union would be ausmpation
of power, unlawful and void: and which it
xcould bc the riqht and thc duty of the free
l topie oj the Ur.iou to rcsisl cna annul.
Upon thcsc resolutions .Mr. Adams made
a speech, wbich will be long remembcrcd by
those who heard it ; in which hc cxposcd nnd
dcnounccd with scathing sevcrity, the whola
Texian movement, and the duplicity of the
administration in rcgard to it.
Thesudden and extraordinary recognition
of Tcxian Independencc, followcd by the re
sponsive applicalion of Texas to thc Union,
had aronsed tho pcople to a sense of the dan
ger. This wakcfulness of thc public niind
suggcstcd to the managcrs thc expediency of
a non-ccmmittal policy, for a season: ard tho
Report of the Committee of Foreign Itel: tions
was thc result. Mr. Adams' rcolutiois
took thc bull by thc horns; his snccch w hich
was coutinued dnring fragmcnts of the " n-or-ning
Iionr" from thc IG1I1 of Junc to ibc I81I1
of July, being thc close of the scssion, gave.
lor thc time being, nn cuectual quntvs o tho
projcct for anncxation. Thc scssion r'oscd,
pcndineMr. Adams srcrch andno cctionwos
etcrhad upon his resolutions; nor do thc Jour-
nals of Congress prcscnt any trarc ol tl.c an
ncxation movemcnt for thrcc yeats af:er!
JJut tlic project was not abanuoticil. 1 bo
Pandorn's Box, as Mr. Adams callcd it, was
again opened by thc prcser.tation to Corgress
at the scssion ol 1pJ1-2, or resolutions ol Al
abama, Mississippi and Tennessce in fcvor of
annexation. Noaction of Congress folloivfd
these movcmcnts; but they wcre nrrompa
nicd by a sympathetic movemcnt on the part
of numerous Soutbern presses, and followcd
by an extraordinary speech in Congress by
Mr. Wise in favor of anncxation; and an
equally extraordinary letter from Gov. Gil
mer, membcr of Congress from Virgioia to
tho samc cfTect both which I shall, hercafter
more particularty notice.
To be continucd
LETTER OF GOV. ELLSWORTH ON
Hartford, Sept.SOth, 1843.
My Bcar Sir: A gentlemaa prescuted to
me, a few days 6iucc, a papcr, settiug forth
the expediency of an Anti-Slavery Convcn
tion in Middletown, to which 1 find your
As I am now a private citizen. publicly eo
trustcd with thc iutcrcsts of nonc, I am hap
py to statc my views on bothsidcs oflhe grcat
subject of slavcry. to onc so long kuowu and
When I had thc honor ofa seat in Con
gress, I repeatcdly prcsented to that body
petitions for tbo abolition of slavcry in thc
District and Territories, and for thc suppres
siou of commcrce in slavcs from the former.
The last object I advocatcd with somc car
ncstncss. 1 had in cn-nperation ivith a 1)6
ncvolcnt gcntlem.m of Washington, cxamin
cd into the imprisonment of slaves in that city
and Alcxaudria, and thcsystcmatic commcrco
iu them, until I bcraine shocked at the enor
milic3 pcrpetratcd in sight of the Capitol.and
indignant that nothiug could bc done without
incurring thc displcasure of estcemed friends.
Wcll do I rccoilect that Mr. Adams discoun
tcnnnced all attcmpts to pnt an end to slavc
ry in the District, allhough its continuancc
sustaincd a traflick, akiu to Lidnapping in Af
rica. I felt, as I uow do, that Congress pus-
scsscs tbc powcr, and thould without delay.
arrcst thc commerce, and aini at ultimnte
cmancipalion itsclf. Nor was I satisfied that
Congress did not posscss the povtcr of reach
ins slavery niorc exleusively by rcgulatlnc
commerce among thc States, as it had dcno
the traflick iu slaves in foreigm rommerre.
Iu short, the injusticc and impolicy of slavery
appeared 10 me so obvious, aud ihc daiiger
of provoking Ilcaven so great, 1 fclt as if
Uongrcss ought 111 somc suitable way, to 111
tcrposc its wholc conslitutional power. But
I found enlightcncd and exccllcut mcn, who
lookins upon slavcry as I did, (and whose
judgmcnt I was bound to rcspcct,) diflered
as to thc coursc 10 bc pursueu. ilowcvcr, 1
could not but remember that w ben lhe Cou
stitutiou was formcil, gentlcmcn from the
South did daclarc their bclicf, (ns I havo of
tcn bccn told) that in duc time, measnre.s
would bc taken to dcstroy slavery. All men,
at that day, considcred slavcry to bc so great
an cvil as to demand vigorous cfforts for its
extermination, but now, after fifty years,
when we appcalto thc assuranceof stalcsmcn
of tliat pcriod, we hear from an excculivo
chair, cvcn that notbing should bcdonc, slave
ry is not an cvil : 110! to be regretlcd : and
leadiiurmen and prcachers of thc eospel as-
scrt, that it is o dceply wrought into the body
politic, and so csseiitial where it has prevail
cd, it is ussless to attempt its suppression.
We are, by many, told most cravely, tliat it
b in vain to wastc our bencvolence upon it.
With confidence I say, that neitbcr in L on-
cress or elsewhcre, have I met a Soutbern
man, (soiaras ne nas expresscaniniseiiica-
dy to advise the slave States to entcr upon
measures for final cmancipalion.
Thi. siihiect then. presents itseit in a new
light. Is slavery to bc perpelual in the Uni
ted States : js nonuuo ,uu'c " "c 'uii"
ed? Are we always to be lhe by-word
of nations? Is this slQpendons system to
strike dcepcr and dceper, until it perishes by
iu own growth 1 Could I see any decided
morements among the planters, any awaken
in" solicitude in Souihern statesmcn, or adc
quate eflortsin their legislatures; would their
preises alarm, or their pulpits warn, I should
be silent on the subject, for we at the North,
do not duly apprcciatc thc difficullies which
cncompasg slavcry, where it has so long ex
istcd, while our warmth, in what wc cstcera
the cause of justice, and our indignation at
the.opparent supinencss of those who claim
to have the only right to act, arc likely to lead
us too far and too fast.
The time has been, if not now, I am con
fident, when CoDgTfs wtruld bafe nppropria-