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EDIT0R AND PKOPRIETOB.
TEKJIS OF EIGHTII VOLUME.
.......bwrribcrs S2 00
'Ccriber- 2 00
JniU Coaipanies who kc al the office
'''"Vor l'M cenl ifpaij in cix nionlha.
S' ,SotAeof PostriJcri . . .2.00
.tp'iJ at l,e""- of ,he yeRr 2 25
.ra Jiscoiitimied until acreara?cs are paid
'""uttlie optionofthe proprietor. No pajrnei t
,"f rr;rial!)wcJ '-J.ccptordered bj tli propric-
w,tIlcl)mman;cationsniaJtbe jddrcMcd to tlieed-
From the Boslon Courier.
BT LTDIA 31. CHILD.
InH-'iiy hich shall be namcless, therc
r,lCdIon?a;o,ayouiig girl, the n'y daugh
of a widuw. She came from the country.
5 n. jjthesquirrelsofhcrnativefields. She
Hd'-'oov black bair, gcnUe, beaming eyes,
7 J "lips" likc wet coral." Of course, she
ww that she was beautiful; for when she
LsachilJ, stratigers often stopped as she
srJ, anJ cclaimed, "How handsome she
y-' And as she greiv olilcr, the yonng mcn
' ' j 'oa hcr with admiration. She was poor,
fai removeJ to the city to earn herliving by
coverin" umbrellas. Slie was just at that
asceptiblo aSc, when youth is passing into
,manhood; hen the soul bcgins to be per
vaJed bv "that rcslless pnnciple, which lm
pels poor liumans to scek perfection in un-
' At the liotel oppositc, Lord Henry Stuart,
an'?'ii"I'sh tiobleman, had at that time taken
hd'tnh- H's J'51t 10 t'1"13 couutry '3 loubt
i.,rrll remembered bv many, for itinadc a
rreat sensation at the time. Hc was a pecr
of the realm, decended from tho royal hne,
t"c was moreover a strikingly handsome man,
of rii;bt princcly carriagc. Hc was subse
qaently a mcniber of thc British Parliamcnt,
md is now dead.
Xt lhis distiucuisbed stranger passed to
sni from his hotel, he encountercd tlie um-
breNi g'r'i and ,vas miprcssed by hcr uncom
rnon beauty. lle casily traced hcr to the op
positc store, uherc hcsoon wenl to purchasc
an umbrella, This was followed hj by prcs
cn!s of floners, chats by the way-side, aud
iavicitiuu? to walk or ride; all of which were
rratcfully acceulcd by the unsuspcctiug rus-
tic. Ue was playing a game for tcmporary
cicitemcnt: she, with ahcad full of romaiice.
!.ml a heart meltiiiff undcr tho innucncc of
lovc, ivas unconsciously cudangeriiig thehnp
nins of h"rwho!e Iife.
I.ord Henry imitcd her to viit the prtblic
gardeas, 011 the Fourth of July. In the s-.ni
nlicitv of her hsart. she lclievccl all his flat
termj prufes-iions, and considcrcd hersclf his
Inds clect; she tlicreforc accepted thc invi
laiioti. with innocent frankness. I5ut she had
no dresj fit to aniiear on sach a pnblic occa
s:on. uith a "entlcmaa ofhichrank, Tfhoni
thc vcrilv supnosed to be her dcstincd hns
band. Vliile tlicsc thonghts rcvolved in her
lainJ, hr cye was unfortmiately attractcd by
a beautiful piccc of silk, brlons'ing to hcreai
ploycr. Ali, could she not takc it, uithout
being iecu, and pay forit iccrctly. wlien she
had earncd raousv cuongh 1 The tcmpta
tion couquereJ hei in a inonicut of weakncss.
She couccaled the iilk, aud couvcycd it to
her lodgiug'3. It was the lirst th:ng she had
evcr stolcii, and hcr rcmorse w;u painful.
She uoiild Umc carricil it back, but she
Jreaded ilUcoer. She not sure that
her rcpeatancc v.ould be met in aspiritof
On tho crcntful l?ourtli of July, sbe canis
outinlier ncwdiess. Lord Henry conipli-
incated her upon liere'cgatit appcarance; but
slis was not happy. On tiieir way to thc gar-d-ns,
he talked xu her in a nianucr which she
did not coniprcheud. I'crcciving this, he
b-ioke inore cxplicitly. Tlie guilclcss young
creature stoppeil, looked in his face ivilh
niouruful leproach, aud burst into tears. Tho
uolilcmau took hcrhandkiudlyandsaid, "My
dear, are you aa innocent girl.'" "Iam, 1
am," replied bhe, with couvulsive sobs. "Oli,
hat have I cver done, or said, that you
should ask nic that 2" Hcr words stirrcd tlie
deep fouutains of his bctter uaturc. " If you
are innocent," s.iid he, "God forbid that 1
should make yDU otherwise. But you ac
cepted my invitation and prcsents so rcadily,
that I supposud you uudcrstood nie." " What
could I uuderstand," said she, "cxcept that
yoa iutcndcd to make mc your wife?"
Though rcared auiid the prottdestdistinctions
of n.nk, he fclt uo inclination to smilc. He
bluihod aud was silent. The heartless con
veutionalilics of lifestoodrcbuked inthe prcs
encc of aflcctionate simplicity. He conveyed
her to her hunible home, and bade her fare
wcll, with a thankful consciousness that he
had ilonc no irretrievable injury to her future
prospcrity. The remembrancc of hcr would
soon be to him as the rccollcction of last
year's butterllies. With her ihe wound was
deeper. In her solitary chamber she ivept,
in bittcrness of heart, over her ruined air cas
tles. Aud that dress which she had stolcn to
make an appearaucc bcfitting his bridc! Oh,
wliat if she should be discovcredl Aud
would not the heart of hcr poor widowcd
inother break if he should evcr kuow that
her child was a thief? Alas, her wretchcd
forebodings were too true. The silk was
traced to her; she was arrested ou her way to
thc store, and drasgcd to prisou. There she
refused all nourUhmcnt, and wept iucessant-
On the fourth dav, thc kceper called upou
Isaac T. Hopper, and iuformed him that thcre
was a young girl in prison, who appeared to
be utterlv friendless, and detcrmined to die by
starvatiou. The kind hearted cld gcntlcman
immediately weut to her assistance. He
found hcr lyiug on the floor of her ccll, with
licrface buricd in her hands, sobbing as if her
heart would break. llc tried to coniforther,
but could obtaiu no auswcr.
"Leavc U3 alone," said ho to the kecper.
"Perhaps she spcak to me, if thcre is
none to hcar." "When they were alone to
gcther, he putback the hair from her temples
laid his hand kiudW on hcr beautiful head,
and said in soothing toucs, " My child, con
sider me as thy fathcr. Tcll me all thou
hastdone. Ifihou hast taken this silk, let
rne know all about it. I will do for thee as I
would fora daughter; and I doubt not that I
can help thee out of this diflicultv."
After a long time spent in affectionate entrca
ty, she leaned her young head on his friendly
ehoulder, and sobbed out, " Oh, I wish I was
dead. What will my poor mother say, when
sne Knows oi my aisgrace : '
" Perhaps we can maua-re that shc never
shall know it," replied he; and allurinz her
by tbis hope, hc gradually obtained from her
the whole story of her acquaintanco with the
nobleman. He bade her be comforted, and
take nourishment; for ho would sec that the
silk was paid for, aud the prosecution with-
drawn. He went jmmediateiy to ner empioy'
er and told him the story. " This is her first
oflence," said he ; " the girl is young, and
the only child of a poor widow. Give her a
chance to retrieve this onc false step, and sho
may bo restored to society, a usaful an honor
d wonjan. I will see that thou nrt paid for
the silk." The man readily agrcsd to with
draw the prosecution, and said he would have
dealt otherwise by the girl, had he known all
the circumstauces. " Thou shouldst have in
quired into the mcrits of the case, my friend,"
replied Isaac " By this kind of tlionghtless
ncss, many a young creature is driven into
the downward path who migbt easily have
Thc good old mau then went to the hotcl
and enquired for Henry Stuart. The setvant
said his lordship had not yet risen. "Tell
him my busincss is of importance," said
Friend Hoppcr. The servant soon returned
and conductcd him to the chamber. The
nobleman appeared surprised that a plain old
Quaker should thus intrude upon hb luzuri
ous privacy; but when he heard hb crrand he
blushcd deeply, andfrankly admittcd thetruth
of the girl'a statement. His benevolent visit
or took the opportunity to "bcartestimony."
as thc Friends say, against thc sin and sel
fishuess of prolligacy. He dld it in such a
kind and fatherly nianner, that the young
young man's heart was touchcd. Ile cxcus
cd himself by saying that he would not have
lampered with the girl, if hc had known her
to be virtuous. "Ihavedone many wronc
iuuiq3, suiu uc, --oui inanK uoa, no Dciray-
al of coufidinrr innoceucc rests on mv con- I
scicnce." i nav
have alwayscsteemcdit the has-.
lich manis capable. The im-
cst act of which man is canabl
pjisoumcut of the poor girl, and thc forlorn
situation in which she hatl becn found dis
tressed him grcatly. And whcu Isaac rep
rescnted that the silk had becn stolcn for ms
sake, that the girl had thcrcbv lost profitablo
he took out a fifty dollar uote? and offered it j
to pay her expcnses "Nay," said Isaac, I
"thou art a vcry rich mau; I sce in thy hand
i.rn?i,n,,in ,,i,i, i. ?t,Jfn nl i..p b. i. r. i .....ilaws.Kiernnff-tortemicZra thc nght ofma
means of doinc her creat iniurv. Givc me
Lord Henry handcd him another (ifty dol
lar note, and smiled as hcsaid, "You uuder
stand your busincss wcll. But you have ac
ted uobly, and I revcrence you for it. If you
evcr comc to Kngland, cotac to sce mc. I
will givc you a cordial welcomc, and treat
you like a nobleman."
" Farcwcll, friend," said Isaac: "Though
nmcli to blame in this atfair. thou too hast
bchaved nobly. Maycst thou be blesscd iu
domcstic life, and trifle no more with tho
fcclings of poor girls; not cten with those
wbom others have bctrayed and desertcd."
Luckily, thc girl had sufiicicnt presence of
miud to assume afaKe name uhcn arrested;
by which means her truo name was kept out
of thc ncwspapcrs. "I did this," said shc,
"for my poor mother' s sake." With the
nioney ghen by Lord Henry, thc silk was
paid for, and she was scnt homc to hcr moth
er, well provided with clothing. Hcr name
and place of rcsidencc rcmaiu to this day a
sccrct in thc brcastof hcr benefactor.
Scveral years after thc iucidents I have rc
latcd, a lady callcd at Friend Hoppcr's house
and askcd to sce him. When he cntered the
room, he found a handsomely drcsscd young
matron, with a blooming boy of five or six
years old. Shc rosc to mect him, and her
voice choked, as she said, "Friend Hoppcr,
do you l.nowmc? Hc replied that hc did
not. She fixcd htr tcarful cycs upon him,
and said, '-You oncc hclpcd mc, when in great
ihstrcss. Isut thc good missionaryol hninati
ity had hclped too many in disircss, to bc aldc
to rccollcct hcr, without more prccise infor
matioii. With a tremulous voicc, shc bade
hcr sou go into thc ncxt room for a fcw min
utcs; then dropping on hcr kuecs, shc hid
her face in his lap, and sobbcd out, "I am
thc girl that stole thc silk. Oh, w hcrc should
I now be, if it had not becn for you!"
When her cmotioii was somcwliat calineu,
she told him that shc had married a highly
refpcctable man, a Scaator of his native
Statc. Having a call to visit the city, shc
had again and again pagsed Friend Hopper's
housc, Iooking wistfully at the windows to
catch a sight of him; but when sho attcmpt
cd to cnter, her couragc failcd.
"But I go away toniorrow," said shc,
" and I could not leavc the city, without oncc
more sccing and thanking him who saved me
from ruin." She recallcd her little boy, and
said to him. "Lookat that old gentlcman,
and remember him wcll; for he was the best
friend your mother evcr had." With an ear
nest invitatiop that hc would visit hcr happy
home, and a fervent "Godbless you," shc
bade her benefactor farcwell.
My veucrable friend is not awarc that I
have written this story. I have not published
it from any wish to glorifv him, but to exert
a gcnial influcnce on the tiearts of others; to
do by mite towards tcaching society how to
east out the Demou Pcnalty, by the voice of
tho Angel Lovc.
Stoppino a paper foe onsios's sake.
We have ever viewed it rathcr small busi
nessfor a man to discontiuue his paper mere
ly becausc some particular article or articles
in that paper may not appcar to comport
with his sentiments. Every subscribermain
tains that he has a right to expres3 his senti
ments on every subject whatcrer; but the
editor, poor fellow, must have no sentiments
or feelincs in common with his fellow-mcn,
or if he has them. at Ieast hc must be very
carcful how hc makes them known. t or,
should he touch upoa thc subjcct of intcm-
. n , ,: n 1
perauce, tne recung uaccuuuauuu is uueuu-
cd, aud as fast as his diagonal course will
permit, he stagcers to the printiug ofiice, and
avcnges himself by stopping his paper.
&noum ue percnance dcnounce seauction as
dcmoralizing and basc, the wrath of the de
bauchee is fully appeased by stopping his pa
per. suouiu ne say ought against gamoling,
the pridc of the blacklez is wounded, and
forthwith ho vents his spite by stopping his
paper. Should he deem it his dutv to speak
ofslaery as becomes a real lover of libcrtv
and a defender of his nation's declaration of
independence, the pro-slavery man muststop
his paper. Should ho hint that the aboli
tionists are, like other men, falliable, they are
offended. and as a consequence their papcrs
must me discontinucd. If he sees fit to state j
as his opinion, that our citizcns have no right
to evade another nation, with which wo nro
at peace, or to set fire to her buildings, plun
der her property and murder her popnlation,
he is upbraided as a tory, and thosc opposed
to his sentiments on this subject order him to
stop their papers, and their ire is softened.
If hejustificsan open violation of our treaty,
dcclaring that we the sovcreign people, are
above law and cannot be made to succumb to
any restraint, another party are equally ag
grieved, and the only alternative is to with
draw their patronage from their humble ser
vant the printer: and so on, cd infiinitum.
Now, it would be vcry eingular if on editor
should suit at oue and the samc time their
clashing tastes and interests, and his rcaders
should remember that he has as many nunds
a'most to deal with as hc has subscribers, and
should make tbe necessary allowanco. And
while we allow he should do all in his power
consistcnt with morality and decency, to pleasc
his mnltifarious readers, we'still maintain
that if he is honest, he will feailcssly and in
dependcntly express his own views whenevcr
occasion requires. Osicego Ftcc Prcss.
Mr Fox, tho British Minister, has foi
mcrly taken leave of the President. At
thosame intenriew, fllr Packenhnm. his
successor, was prcscnt. The addrcsscs,
and replies of the President, all brcathed
the kindcst spint, and desires to pcrpetu
ate tho prescnt good undcrslanding bo
twcen tbo two Gorernments At the
samc time Mr Bcnton was roaring in the
Senate, and would rejoice could he prc
vent an cquitablo arrangcment of the Or-,
egon bountlary, and " let slip the dogs of
Tho Soprcme Court of the Unitcd Statos
unvo .vp -
opinion favornblc to the
fI',mori'Ir3 Gcn -Giiines, but not final.
l"cY go. forsustaining the Girard will.
ihe tov. Dott trial comes on nesl
may lentl lo drivo these S-afes into a d.s-
solut,on ' fne Unton, and will furnish
new calumnies ngainst rcpublican govern-
ebin fn n ltH ,nL, A. i
RECTED. Tho story, which is noliccd in the first
and uncquivocally rcfutcd in tho sccond
of tho anncxcd lettcrs, was startcd scveral
monthsngo tosubscrvo thcpurposcs of tho
locofoco party ; and il has so often becn
rcpeated without a pubhc aulhorizcd dcni
al, that mcn ivho douhtlcss would not cir
culatc falschood knowingly, havo belicvcd
and rcported tho story. As Gov Paino is
now ncithcr a public ofiiccr nor a cnndN
date for ofllce, he has vcry propcrly intcr
poscd disabusc thc publtcl
West Randolph, Fcb. 17, 1341.
Dear Sir, I nm just now informcd by
tho Rev Mr G Dow that a person in whoso
charactcr for trulh and vcracity he thinks
ho has every rcason to tcposc confidencc,
has assured him that you are mar.ufaclur
ing (clcgant broadcloths, coarsc) from
stock which has passcd the custom housc,
subjcct to thc new Tarifi", undcr the denom'
ination of coarse wcol, paying only nn
ad valorcm dut-of5 porcnt.
Now, sir, if it bc truo that you uso wool
of that dcscription for lisling, as possibly
you may, still Mr Dow's inrormnnt, evi'.
dcntly intcnding, as he did, a thrust upon
the vcracity of our I'crmout dclcgation in
thc 27th Congrcs, ought to bc contcnt
with the privilrgeof doing what ho can to
sustain frce trade, wilhotit making a ma
licious attack upon the eracitv of mcn
who cow occupy tlie rclations of private
citizcns. If these sons of Dclial must
havo tho rcputalion of prophcts of thc
Lord, I hope you will compcl thcm to ac
quirc it at their own cxpcnse, which they
will not hcsitatc to do by dircct falaohood,
if it r.ccds to bc.
A. any rato you will sco tho propriety of
tlisabusing the pubhc mind, which I lcarc
you lo in any way you see fit.
L D HERRICK.
Gov Charles Paixe.
Northfield, Fcb, 2G. 1S44.
Messhs. Waltons: Thc abovo let
ter is not the only one I have roccived un-
on the samo subject. I have also frequenN
Iy heard it assertcd that I do work foreign
wool tnto clotb, and that I am in the habit
of purchnsing wool which has been impor.
ted at the hvo per cent. duty ; and these
stntcmenls 1 have as often J dcnted. Per.
haps a pubhc answer may put a stop to
these rnisrcprcsciitalions, which aro of no
consequcnco cxcept to mislcadsomc in rc-
lation to what may bo considercd adc
quate profcction upon wool. I navc nev
er bought or workcd nny foreicn wool into
broadcloths, cxcept in ono instance, when
1 tried an cxportmtnt with a little fino Sax
ony wool which cost one dollar per pound.
I havo never scen any wool, that will an
swer for broadcloths, which has becn im
ported under thc five per cent. duty; and
could bc sold as cheap as wool is at tbis
time. I use mohair and a coarsc, long for
eign for listings.
Tricky. A corrcspondent ofthePro
tcctor states that at a third party mcoting
at Chelsea on the 9th ult. a colourcd man
mado a speech, dolailed somo of the hor
rors of slavery, and claimcd cspccial sym
pathy and a round contribution in moncy
for a dear wife and a child yct in bondago
Unforlunately for tho roguc. a gentlcman
from Springgeld (Vt.) appeared on the
spot ero the collection was taken, and in
formed thc audienco that the colorcd man
belonged to Springfield had a wife and
family therc and never was a slave.
This imposition rcminds that therc is yet
another kind of imposition playcd off up
on anti-slavery men by cuoning locofo.
cos, who would Iead Whigs to tho third
party, but vote the locofoco ticket them
selves. It has been done, and will unques
tionably be tried again. That is the on
ly possible way in which locofocoism can
ever get tho clcctorial voto of Vermont.
In such an cvcnt, with what confusioc
and shamo would it cover anti.slavery
i,.lVf L ?n7h """J'""--1'"""' , thc Vau Buren leaders that the country must
!fn , i " rosoIu,,ons' I take up with thc " Sage of Lindcnwoid" for
ujtv.i ui uiu uiiimiaucu ui anomer tcrm oi lour vears. These centle-
VT. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13, 1844.
Whigs (o find, that, by voting wilh Ihe
third party, they havo sacrificcd not only
iheir whf pHncipIes. but their anti-slavo.
ry pnnciplcs also. Wo speak what we
mean, and to hint an cxplanatinn. will now
harcly say, that as locofocoism hasjust
made a new bargain with Calhouu, in
which two things are guarantccd, viz. thc
dcstruction of thc Tariff and was upon ab
olition tho cfTcct ofaiding locofocoism
by third party votcs, istoruin ourownin.
tercsls and sustain slavery. We will trcat
this matler more at lcngth soon.
Tho Washington Corrcspondent of the
New York Plebian announces that the Lo
co Foco members of Corngress held a mect
ing at the Capitol on Wednesday lastand de
cided, 1st Tha't Martin Van Buren was to
be their candid?te, and 2d, thathe was "bound
to be elected." The v like wise " determined."
according to the Plebian, that Henry Clay
was never to bo President of the Unitcd
Statcs. And this the Plebian regards as de-
cisive oi tne contesu it is natural cnough
that the Van Buren presses, which reposc
implicit faith in party machinerv and look
upon the People as mercly of usc to register
uio uecrees oi me caucus, snould persuade
themsclves that the Presidential contest is
decided by this " ofEcial' announcemcnt of
men have yet some lessons to lcaru about thc
organization and ivorking of popular goveru
ments. They seem to be ignorant of the
fact that the People of the Unitcd States
chooso their members of Congress to make
nS P.denU. Tha nght they w.II cxer-
Cut to the Chief Maaistracv. the "decrce"
of the Van Buren Congressional Caucus to
tlie contrary notwithstanding. ire. Jour.
FACTS AGAINST THEORIES.
We wouM call the special attcntion of our
rcaders to the following plain facts from the
N. Y.Tribune. They arc worth with prac
tical, honest, plain dcaling men, ten thousand
of the wild theorics of Locofocoism. They
are the straight-forward, stubbom FACTS,
and Locofocoism cannot gainsay thcm.
Pins are nmong the articlc3 instanced by
the Frec Traders of our city and clsewhero
as cxorbitantly taxed by the prcseut TarifT
over 50 per eent. What has becn thc conse
quence? Arc Pins dearcr than they were
undcr a low duty.7 By no means, but the
country, although therc are but two or three
mannfactories in tlie country, (the oldest of
but ninc years standiug, only made its first
aivideud last ycar) yet pins are cheaper now in
this country than they were bcfore. A gen
tlcman whosc name is with us, givcs ns a
striking illustration of this fact. Hc is the
inventor of a machiue to stick pins in papers,
which docsthc work wiilj grcat ropidity, and
fancied he might make a spec,by buying pins
without papcrs iu England antl stick them on
papcrs here. So he sent over to enquire the
pricc, and was surprised to find that he could
buy ins in papers al an American faclory as
clicap as htcould buy as goodpinibeforcstick
ing in Kngland, There arc inferior quali
ties to bc bought cheaper in England, but a
right good article cost 87 cents a pound therc,
aud he could buy them for that here.
Sad Irons arc set down in the Hardware
Importers' Mcmorial as taxed 140 per cent.
by the prcscnt TarifT. Lct it go at that.
They cost 4 1-2 cents per pound iu our mark-
ctunderthc low duticsof 1B41, aud they cau
now be bought here for 3 3-1 cents per pound
a reduction of 1G pcr cent. The horrible
Tariil has an odd way of taxing our people.
Cut Xails were 4 l-2ceuts iu 1840; now 4 c.
Shortls and Spades arc 10 per cent. lowcr
than in '41.
Axcs (Collins fc Co.'s) 10 pcr cent. cheap
er; others, 15.
Augcrs are 20 pcr cent. cheaper thanin'41.
Coppcr i Brass wirc-arc lOpercent. chea
per. Jtoll and Shect Brass 10 per cent. cheaper.
Norfolk Latches 20 pr. ct. cheaper than in
Britannia Tablc Spoons. 20 do.
Brass Hcadcd Shovels and Tongs, 15 do.
Hollow ware same pricc as in '41.
Scythcsand Sicklcs 10 pr.ct. cheaper than
Plate and Hook Hingcs, do.
Hooks and Staples, do.
These are mainly thc articles on which it
is clamorcd by thc Evening Post, and insinu
atcd by thc Hardware Mcmorial and the Jour
nal of Commcrce that the farmers are enor
mously taxed by the TarhT to enrich tbe
Manufacturers. But ercry farmcr who rc-
membcrs and thinks must know better. Hc
must know that he buys them now as cheap
ashe cver did when thc duties were low.
The duty is raised.
Clerical Anecdote. A young minis
ter received a call from two different soci
etiesto become their pastor. Onc was
rich and able to give him a Iarge salary,
and was well unitcd. The other was poor,
theirpastor. In thfs condition he applieS
to his father for advice. An aged negro
j j: :jj.u. .1 l i l "
servant wnooverneara wnat was saiu.n.aae
hereply.'Massago Ayhere there ,s 1 the
least money and most devil.' He took the
nnst ripvil.' Hptnntlhm111" "7 . ....
adrice, and was made the happy instru
ment of uniting a distrated church, and
convcrting many souls to Ohnst.
THE "BLACK TARIFF."
The following statement from the last
Boston Daily Advertiser shows how the
Whig TarifT is destroying the commerce
Increase of Bcsiness at the tort OF
Boston. We learn that the receipts at
our Custom-House this year up to the
24th ult. inclusive, were eight hundred &.
thirteen thousand two hundred and eighty
fivedollars and fiftjLtwo cents, 8813,
285,52. In the same time last year they
amounted to 8267,335 89 only not quite
one third of the receipts of the present
This nrotective svstcm is truly vindica-
tingitself against theperpetual misrepre-
sentationsot tne ioco rocos mosi nouiy.
A homemaiket with a growing detnand
for the products of agriculture and bctter
prices an extension of manufactures with
cheaper goods both imported and homc
made greater commercial activity and an
incrcasingrevenuefrora thc custom-honse
duties, against free trade theories, sub
treaauries, bankrnptcies, and want of em
ployment. SPEECH OF MR. SLADE-,
AT THE WnlO STATE COSVESTIO?.
Concluded ntxt xctck.
I comonowto tho purposc of the cn
nexation raovcmcnt. From its-com-mencemcnt
to this hour, it has obcycd a
single impulse that of a detcrmination to
sustain the slave power, Of this I will, as
bricfiy as possiblc, prescnt the cvidcnco.
By tho Constitution ofMcxico, ndopt
cd in 1824, it was dcclared that no pcr
son should thcrcafter ''bc born, or intro
duccd, as a slave into tho Mexican na
tion." The abolition of slavery thus made
prospective only, was rcndcrcd absoluto
and completc on tho 10th of Septcmbcr
1829 tho annivcrsary of Mexican Indi
pendence. The abolition of slavery in Mesico
brought in contact with thn South, anoth
er frontier offreedom. How should that
frontier with all its anti-slavery influence
be removcd ? and how should tho barricr
to cmigration with slavcs,bc thrown down?
wcrc questions which came to agitate ex
tensively, tho Southern mind. Innfxa.
tion furnished the answer. And it furnish
cd an answ or to another qucstion whoro
shall bo found a terrilory forthcmaniifacl
ure of Slate States for this Unionl
Thomas H. Bcnton, Unitcd States Sen
atorfrom Missouri.participntcd in the dis.
cussions of the subjcct ; and in a series of
cssays, under tho stgnature or"American'
us," published at St Louis, urged tho im
portance of thc acquisition of Tcxar, ex
prcssly on the ground of tho spaco and ad
vantagcs which tho county would aflbrd
for "the future existence of slate states ,"
ninc of which, he said, might bo formcd
from it, "as large as Kentucky." The
juxtaposition with thc slave holding states
of a nonslaveholding Empire, was also ur
ged by him as a motivc for tho acqusition.
These cssays, to uso tho languago of a
South Carolina paper of that datc, "oper
atcd upon tho pubhc mind in tho West,
with clcctrical forcc and rnpidity." The
whole South was movcd by tho same im
pulsc. 7cre is ono among thc many cv
idcncos of it. A Charleston papor observed.
" It is not improbablo that ho (Presi
dent Jackson) is now cxamining the pro
priety and practicnbilily of a retroccssion
of tho vast tcrritory ofTcxas; an cnter
prize loudly dcmandcd by the welfaro of
tho West, and which could not fail to cx
crciso an important and favorablo influ
ence upon tho future dcstinics cf tho
South, by incrcasing the votcs of tho slavo
holding Statcs in the Senate of tho U. S."
llut thc addition of nino slave states
with tho augmcnted voles in Congress
were not the only motivcs disclosed for
the acquisition ofTcxas. To the cravintis
for more power was addcd a Iust for the
gains of slave breeding. Tho following
are samplcs of the evidcnce on this point.
Juu'go Upshur (now Secrotary of Statc)
said, in n spccch in tho Virgihia Convcn.
tion in 1829, that if Toxas should ho ob
tained, which hc strongly dcsircd, it would
raise theprice ofsaves, and be a a great
advanlage lo slave holders in that Slate
In 1832, Mr Gholsan said, in the Vir
ginia Legislaturc, that the prico of slaves
fcll twcnty-fivc per cent, within twohours
after tho news was rcccivcd of tho pass
agc of tho law of Lousiniana prohibiting
tho itnportation of slaves ; and that ho be
licvcd tho acquisition of Tcxas would
raise tho prico fifty pcr cent.
These cvidenccs of tho Stato of public
scntimcntat tho South, show the leading
impulse undcr which Tcxas was flooded
with armed " omigrants," and hcr reyolt
from Blexico urged to its cocsumation.
That consumation was the formation ofa
Constitution in March 1830. Thc 9th
sccticn, under tho head of " Gcneral Pro
visions" exhibits the monster which had
becn so long undergoing the process of in
cubation. Hcro it is,
"Sec. 9. All persons ofcolor who were
slaves for life previous to their emjgration
for Texas, and who are now held in bond
age, shall remain in tho like state of ser
vitude; provided tho said slaves shall be the
bonaJUe property of the persons so holding
said slaves as aforcsaid. Congress shall
nass no law to prohibit emicrants from tho
United States of America from bringing
their slaves into the Ropubhc with thcm,
and holding them by the same tenuro by
which such slaves were held in the Uni-
fpt Statcs: nor shall the mastcr have
, f'a;"'hVor she sha send his r herslave
,. ; of ,ho R b.
" slav5' . of .fr:can iaaU
eithcr in whole or in part, shall oe pcrmii
ort tn msido nermancntlv in the Republic
without the consentof Co"ngress, and thc
Imnortation or admission ofAfricans or nc-
eroos into this Republic excepting from tho
United Biates oi Aiiicntu, uiun.ru fi"
bited, and dcclared to bc piracy."
Such is thefundamental law of Tcxas !
Mcn reduccd again to bondagc, who had
become, of right, frce by the force of Mex
ican law ; the freo iraportation of slaves
from tho United Statcs perpetually secur
cd ; emancipation interdictod to Congress
and to slavo holders, but with the consent
of Congress, or tho banishmcnt of tho
omnnciosted : freo Africans forbiddcn a
oermanent residenco ; and amonopolyof
slavo breeding for tho lcxian "matket"
grantcd to " thc Uniled States of Ameri.
rji" A constitution worthy of the Goths
and Vandals who ovetrun the territory ofj
a friendly repabltc, tn tho laco oi a soi
(.mntreatv of "aniversal peace, and atrue
and sinccro fricndship,', for the pnrpose of
overshadowing hcr fair fiulds with the per
petual eclipse of slavery, and dooming hcr
soil to itscverlastin curie !
It is too obvious to nccd remark, how
preciscly this provision of the Texian
Constitution placcd hcr in a position to
bccome.withouUhc slightcstchange of her
fundamcntal Inw, n mcmbpr of ibv slave
holding brothcrhood in thu confederacy.
What an approprialc foundation for tho
"nine slave Slalcs as largo as Kcntuc-
It was soon after thc protnuhration of
this Constitution that the grcat movcment
was made upon Congress to obtain n re-
cognition of Texan Independence, which
finallv resulted as I have shown in sranj.
gling through Congress at tho last hour
of Gen Jackspn'a adminutration, nn ap-
propriation for thc outfit and sclary of a
minister to that country And then came
the tormal application thiough the icxan
Minister for admission into our Confeder-
acy ; with the presentation to Congress of
numcrous pctitioDs of slave holders, aml
rcsolutions of the Legislatures of slavthol
ding States, in favor of tho uolicited ad
mission. From among the numcrous cvidenccs
of tho continued opcralion at this pcriod.
ot thc motiva for anncxation t'j which I
have rcferred, I select the following :
Ihe iilobilo Advertistr held thc follow
ing langtiagc :
"Ihe aouth wuhtoharo lexas au.nit
ted into tho Union for two reasons ; I'irst
to equalize the South isitk the North, ; and,
secondlv, as a convcnicnt and safe place,
calculatcd, frota its pccuhar good soil. and
saluhrious climate, for a slate population.
Interest aad political saficly both aliko
prompt the action and cnforcc tbe argu
The following toast was about tho samc
time given at a public mcetingof distin
guishcd mcnat Colunihia, S C:
"Texas If united lo our govcrnment
as a Statc, it will provoan invaluable ac
quisition to the Southern Statcs and their
From thc rcsolutions of Slate Legisla
tures, at this period, in favor of aunexa
tion, 1 tako the following from'Mississippi
"Kesolvcd, that tho annexation of Ttrx
as to this Republic is csscntial to tho fir
turo safety and repose of the Southern
States of this Confcdcracy."
The roport of the Committee who rcpor'
ted this rcsolution to thf Legislature cen
tains tho following rcmarkahle passage :
"The Northcrn States have no inter
est of their own which requires any spo
cial safciruards for their dcfer.ee, eav on
ly their domcstic manufactures ; and God
knows they have alrcady received protcc
Irom tho govcrnmcnt on a most libvral
scais, under which cncouragement they
have improved and flourished beyoiid ex
amplo. The South hat verypeculiar inter
ests lo preserve interests alrcady violer.t
ly assailed, and boidly thtcateneJ. Your
Committee arc fully persuadcd thut this
protection to her bcst interesti will be ntr
ordcd by tho .-.nncxalion of Texas. An
pquipot'je of influence inthe Hallsof Con
gress willbc securcd which will furnish us
a pcrmanent gunranty of protection."
Thus wo sce protection to slavery
claimcd as a compcnsation for protection
to free labor ; and that not by maintain
thc right ol the statcs to pcrpctuate slave
ry within their limit?, nor by according to
thcm tho right ofdefending it, as bcst
they may.against the inoral power ofa ro
decmcd and purified Chrislianity ; but by
dismcmbcring a foreign country intro
ducinginto it slavery from our own ma.
king it pcrpetual by tho constitution and
then adding tho whole tcrritory, slavery,
Constitution and all. to this Republic !
Such was the schcmn, and such the mo
tivcs. The project then failed of ac
complishraent ; but ns we have sccn, was
not abandoncd ; for, to nothin has the
slave power clung with moro tcnacity
than thi. The purpose of the great
movcment so fully dcscribcd in the
Missis3ippi Report, has becn, since, more
strikingly inanifcntcd in n spcech of Mr
Wise dclivcrcdin Congres in January
1842, from which I make a short cxtract.
In considcring tbe subject of ihe equation
of power betweenfreedomand slavery ,which,
it seems, miutbe maintained at all hazards,
Mr. Wise said
"If Iowa be added to thc one side.Florida
will be added to the other. But thcre thc
equation must stop. Let one more Northern
State be admitted.andtheequilibriumisgonc
forever gonc. The balance of interest is
gone thc aafeguard of American propertr,
of the American Constitution, of tho Ameri
cm TJnion.vanished tnto thin air. This must
be the inevitable result, unlcss by a treaty with
Mcxico, the South can add moTCVxight tohtr
tnd of the Itver. Lct the South stop at the
Sabinc while the North may spread.uncheck
cd, bcyond the Rocky Mountains, and the
Southern scale mnst kick the beam."
Here stands forth the whole purposc, un
disguised. And what a purpose! Texas to
be united to this Coufederacy, to reinforce
slavery in iti contest with fretdom! The
Constitution gone, the Union gone, when
the "equilibrium" bctween freedom and slave
ry is gone! as though that equilibrium was
an essential elcment of the Constitution the
corner stone ot this Republic! Why, the
truthis, there never should have been an
"equilibrium" betwcen freedom and slavery
in this Confederacy: and there never wonkl
have been. but for a violation of the Consti
tution in the addition of slave states from ter-
ritorv not within our original limits. Thal
has made an equilibrium, which did not ex
ist when tho Constitution was formed the
proportion of slave to free Statcs, beingtben,
but as C to 7. And who then thought ihat
,1nrmi wnnli rnn'imie to existin any of the
States to thc end of half a century, orhalf of
half a century from that time I w nai con
sternation would have srized the Convcntion
that formed the Constitution, had it been re
vealed to them that Slavery would sumvo
the first half century of our existence, and
much more, that sezen hvndrcd thousand
slaves should, at the termination or that pe
rion, have increated to lico mtlliots and three
THE NORTHERN GALAXY.
IS PUOLISUED'EVERT W EDJf E3DAT UOBBISO
irf STEWART'S BDILDI5GS,
BY J. COBB JR.
ST WIIOM ALL ORDEIti 7UB TSlBTIXa
Of every dcscription will be neatly an4
fashionably exccutcd, at short notice.
quarters the nnmbcr of slave states from C
to 13. and the number of Representatives up
on the Ware basis alone, totwenty-five! Acd
what would have been the sensation iu Vir
rinia, could it have been foreseen that, at thc
expiration of half a century, a Repreaentativu
from thatCommonwealth would riscinthellall
of the House of Represcntatives of the U.
States, and claim an augmentation of the
slave power by thc acquisition, for that pur
pose, of a slave territory beyond or original
liniits, large cnough for an additiou of nino
states to thu Union! And all tbis to kcepan
"equilibrium'' between slavery and freedom;
to keep slavery from " kicking the beam " to
save the Constitution to preserve the Union
from "vanishiug into thin air!" Freedom
may, "unehceleil, spread beyond the Eocky
Mountaius," and therefore slavery must per-
nutted to cross the babinc, and move onwara
to the Pacific Ocean !
But I forbear; and procced, to anothcr,anu
later evidenceof thc continued aim of anncx
ation, and the znotives by which it is guided
and goverced. It is the Ietter of Gov. Gil
mer to which I have already referred, dated
at Washington the 10th of January, 1843.
Tho importance of the Ietter of Gov. Gilmer
as well as the tpccch of Mr. Wise, is cu
hanced by their wcll known relation to tho
administration,as well as uy their stauding as
Southern men. The Ietter was written to a
private individual.who according to the Eunun-
ciation of the lialtimore Kepublican, in puu
lishingit, regardcd it as "placing ihe olicy
of the anncxation of Texas to tlie l uited
States ia a rirv strikinir anj imvoiinir vmnl
of vitic," and ihcrefore eommunicated it, wilb
thelcare of GoveruorGilmcr.forpubliration.
A few extracts will sufiice to show its charac
tcr. On the subject of strenRtherung tho
Blave power. it is lcss told than Mr. Wise. It
was evidently writteu for publication, sLd su
garg over the dcadly dose, in a ir.annrr tn
make it as hjoflcnsive as possible to tLc pcoplo
of the North.
"You ask," savs the Ietter, "if I hae ex-
pretsed my opinion that Texas will be auncx
ed to the United States. I answer, yes; acd
this opinion has not been adoptrd kithi'Ut rc
ficction or without a ca.-eful exaniinaticn cif
cnusesbich, I btlieve, are ntpidly bringing
about tbis result. I do not know how far
these causes may have made thcsame in-.pres-sion
on others; but I am persuadeil ihat thif
time is not f.ir distant uhcn they will bc fclt
inall theirforcc. Thcexcitement whicbyou
apprchcnd, imy arise; but itwill be tcmpora
ry, and in thc end salatary."
"I assume what no one will ueny, that.un-
der the jurisdiction of tho Lnited Statr. tho
large and unusually fertile territory of Texas
will be rapidly peopUd ; and an iminense ac--ct'sion
will be made to onr strength and pro
ductive cncrg'tcs. The strength ciidpicduc-
tht tnergies ef slateryJ The scttlenient ot
Texas under these auspicies will open a mar-
ketat home lor tne manutactures, anu agn
cultural products of all the non-slaveholding
statcs a market which, otherwise, ran only
avail them under the reitnctions and uisad
vantages of foreign competition. Themeai.s
of supply for these Statrs will be incrcascd
in thc samc manner."
How ready is Mr. Gilmer to nrge the great
argument for the prolective poliry, hcn it
can be utcd to fvor the protection and rxten
tcnsion of slavery. The nnnexation of Tcxas
will "open a market forihcuinnufactnrcs and
agricultural products of the non-slavcholding
States!" And here is the lail thrown cut l
Northern cupidity! "A home market for
manufactures" And how much does this
anti-taritr nullifier rarefortheencouragemciit
and protection of the "manufactures of tho
non-slaveholding Statcs?" Notastraw un
less it be connected with additional sccuiity
to another ipccies of nianufacturc of which
he does not speak lAat manufacture, tho
pricc of which was asierted.as I have shown,
in thc Virginia LegisUture, elcven years ago.
wonld be raiscd fifty per cent. upon the ac
quisition of Texas. It ii Irue the Cotisthu
tion of Texas gives to the slave breeding
Statcs of this Union a monopoly of its mar
ket for this kind of manufacture; but annex
ation, alone, can give permanent sccurity to
"But," continurs Gov. Gilmer, "you nn
ticipate oMections in regard to the subjcct of
slavery. This is, indced, a-.iubject ol ex-
treme delicacy' nut it is one en.wnicli tne an
ncxation of Texas will have a'falntary infiu
ence. Some have thought th'at thef roposi
tion would cndanger the Union I ani ofa
different opinion. I believe it will bnng aliout
a better understauiiing oi onr rejanve ngnis
and oblizationi. Slavery is oneof thcsesub-
jects which tbe people of the slave hnlding
states are content to leave wnere ine onsu
tution of thc Union has left it. They ask for
no new concessionsto their rights.gausraiiteed
by that instrBment."
The Constitution of the Union, Gov. Gil
mer ought to know, left slavery to live nslong
as it could and to die, as it must, in the origi
nal States of this Union. But there tho
friends of annexation are r.ot "contcnt" to
leave it, but would extend it over "the large
and fertile territory of Texas," and then add
the extension to this already slave riddcu
Union. And this is asking " no new conces
sions to their rights gaurantced by thc Con
stitution!" I would gladly make furthcr extracts rrom
this Ietter; and indeed give it entire, but I
must forbear. It is an artful attempt to givo
to annexation the character of a natioval
measure important, even, to give perma
nence to the Union! and may be regardcd as
asampleof the manner in which the North
b to be addrcssed to sccure its support to tho
WHERE IS TIIEIR ZEAL.
A vpnr nml a vear and half ao, some
of the leading locos in this State were ter-
riblyconcernedlestthewhig larin snoum
notprotect wool sufficiently they got up
petitionstosend to Congress for art in
croase, fcc. &c. Now these friends of
the Wool-growers have a House of their
own but we hear nothingand sce noth
in" of their zeal, and no tears shed for
Wool! What can the matter bc! Just
now isan cxcellcnttime for them tobeup
and doing when their own Representa
tives in Congress are preparing to rcduce
the insufficient Protection upon Wool.
Wherc is the zeal of the Star, the Patri
ot, and of onc of the Senators, and the
ex-State's Attorney of Caledonia County?
Is the time passed for "pulling the Wool
over the eyes" of people. What does tl-
party think of tbe?c thingf.