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title: 'The Northern galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, March 20, 1844, Image 1',
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11 . i) Vu 1j i
KDlTOll AND PEOPK1ETOR.
tt t -n t t
THE NORTHERN GALAXY,
is roBLisntD cvrsT wedbesdat moeiko
i stewart's bcildisos,
BY J. COBB JR.
it wnox aLx. okdibi jok rsiSTixa
OF EIGHTII VOLUME.
Vaicribcrs 2 00
i Jaili-"1 Co'npaniea who takc at thc officc
''il'-ior VjO cents ifpaid in tix inonllis.
ho takeof l'ostridcrs
t:,tC -j .. il...,1 nftl.n w.-,rO 95
iioj!,:"u . , .. J .
" i:.Mnnttntinit nntil srronra'rM are naid
Vr' Ani;nnnrt inrnnriofnr. No navniP.1 t
Crier allj"'cJ ,"xccPt rdcred by th propric-
i !1 tonmnnicationa must be addrcsscd to tlie ed-
rrum tlic New Yoik Tribunc.
11 1'ar raau ,'";'r Sa"ant f'''I!St
lnd fling tlic caniass frcc,
,;ain nufuil tbe "Uuniiiig strips"
Aud cliccrly put to sca,
TVj'H heate, aad weigli, and stow and pull,
And fcin and hoist away,
Tliaj'H hoist, aad hoist, and hoUt, and hoist,
And haist in Ilenrj Clay.
1 lic Carnicn long to ecc thc loads
Of merchandisc arritc,
yar ihca llic whancs, and etreeu, and roadg,
Will bc a busy lmc,
Tlwv'H back, and pack, and pile, aad latb,
And dmc andcart away;
Aad cart, and cart. and cart, and cart,
Andcarry in Henry Clay.
Tlic Vress forctcls abrightcr day
To rliccr tlic I'rinter's breau;
Tlicv'ic turned tlic world thcotbcr way
Thcre 'aSuurisc !n thc west !
Thci'll ect, and inipose, and correct and revisc,
Andprint and publish away ;
Thcy'll pullUh, and publisb, and publisb, and
Tb2 namc of Henry Clay.
Tl.c Ladics blcss tbe loTcly band
Our Cocntry joy and pridc,
The go for Harry, Iiand in handt
Maid, matron, bclle, and bride,
To gain 4'I'rotection"forlbcm5chcs,
Thcy'll marry and marryaway,
And icll their loicr?,and husbands, and sons,
To tote for Hcnry Clay.
Tlic rich, llie poor, thc bond, tbe frce.
Through a!l our noblc land,
To bring thc naticn's jubilco
IViH lcnd a helping hand,
Thci '11 pull logctber all as onc,
And shout and work away,
Tugclhcr, togciher, togelher, togetbcr,
lluzzah! for Henry Clay!
A Pnrrrv.FoKTnxE. Tho dccision of
ihc Suprernc Court ofthe United States.
in favor of Mrs. Gaincs, as hcir-at.law of
thc lalo Dnnicl Clarkc, vi!l place hcr in
pisceasion of prorcriy cstimatad at 12,000,
000 lo 15.COO.000.
K lovelv spnciMcx or Van Durun.
js.-h. Thc N Y I'lcblan, ono of Fan Bu.
rm's organs, lalcly gavc Che kind and
ronciliatory nolice ofscveral (lislingnish
i;! locofocos. 3Ir Van Curcn Iiimsclfis
';ime as wratliy as his tool, but wc hopc
i:ot sn abomtnably indcccnl.
' To hell wilh Uuchanan ! to Iicll with
f'allioun ! to hcll with Johnson and Cass!
Van Uurcn can btat thcm all and tlie
Wliis too "
As thc scison is at hand for makiii'r
jVaplu Sugar, anv information on thc sub
jpct niust intcrcst a large class of your
readers. Thu sciencc is vcr' imporfcclU'
understood and great itnproremcnts can,
and ou;ht to bo mado in thc manufacturc
ofit. Tho difTerencc in tho yielil of su
gar from a difTurcnt quantity of sap, is ow
ing lo its posc&iing moro or lcss acid u hicli
Iessens tlie quantity ofsugar and injurcs
thc quahty. This acid is corrcctcd by
putting into thcsap when uscd, onc ouncc
of Liwo Waler. Try it, and go ahcad.
First rate 'Kevival.' Tlic Mayor
f Wtlminfrlnn 1)M. Iitiq Iinf lfiffl ihn. fliff.
crcnltavrrns kecpcrs within his jnristlict
lon.to closc thcir bars on Sucday. Tliis
13 donc in accoruanco to an act ol tnc
Lcgislaturc of thc statc of Dclawaro, pass
cd in thc vcar 1795.
Ax Importast'Fact Tho Hon Satn
uel S Phelps of this Slalo, in his late ablc
specch in thc bcnate on thc lanll, slatcd,
that "tlic flour used for starch in sizing, in
Mass. was cqual to theamount of flour ta
ken from us bv En"land." This is anoth'
er sraall itcm of mischief which is to bc
notcd, againstjthc "Black Tariff." Ban.
Hosorto WIIOJI 1IONOR BELOXCS.-Dur-
mg thc lato discussion in Congrcss, Cave
Johnson of TenCcsscc bitterly dcnounccd
thc Southcrn WTiig nicrnbcrs, declaring
that all of tliem but six had abandoncd
thc gag, and that if it had not bccn for
thcm, thc rulc would havc been adopted.
Subseqiicntly, thesc Southcrn Whigs slood
their ground manfully, whilo "Northcrn
locofocos rcstored tho gag."
Loco Foco Mummeiiies. There js
fun in thc Whis sinping and real wtt in
tlie 'same old coon.' But the Loco Focos
are rediculous whcnever ther undertakc
any of ihc kind, and cruel as thcy are ridi-culous-
At Chesteriown, (Md.)on thc
16th inst., whcn it was supposcd that the
Loco Focos had electfd 3Ir Constablc lo
Congrcss, they performed one of their aug
urics. Tho Centrevillc Times says:
All the coon skins in that rigion were
bouglit up, as well as a poor Imng coon.
Tho Loco Focos, after lighting their fires,
began their incantalions and scemed great
Iy endowcd with magical skill.
They erected scafFolds on which they hung
the cmblemsoftheirfalled foes they mar
ched around them hurraed shouted
counter-marched loaded their pieces, and
btll after ball passed through the living as
well as the dead coons.
And it is thus by lorturing a poor dumb
nnimal that these enlighlcned Loco Focos
expect to cstablish their reputation for or.
dcr and decency!
07 The colored men of Columbus, Ohio,
have commenccd the publication of a weekly
paper, undcr the title of " Palladium of Lib-erty."
. t.r EUDSCr"tr( ....... v- .
From the Mother's Assislanl.
Elie Slrtali nnjr.
ur MRS. IIELE.N C. KXIGHT.
Mary Lee returncd to her falber's house
after a two jears residencc tvith her uncle
Kcnt. Pcculiar circumstances alone had in
duced hcr parents to allow this long absencc
from the pareutal roof, andjoyfully was thcir
eldcst born welcoraed back again to the warm
aud loving sympathics of home. . With sc
crct solicitudc did they watch thc develop
mcnt of hcr character, to learn if the Jlary
who wcnt ont frora them was the same Mary
who had returned to them. It was not the
child Marj uow; a tallcr Mary, inaturcrin
manner, and more bcautiful in person. The
little childrcn were quitc orcrjoycd. Charley
ucciareo ne nevcr 6aw any one wuo could
play cat's-cradlo with him so well ; and as for
arithmctic, ' why, a queeu could not explain
his sums to him better than Mary did.' Alico
played with her lonjr curls, and said she had
aliuost forgotten she had suclt a sister; aud
liobert was giad he had somcbody to gallant
about. For thc fiist week or so, Mary was
regardcd somcthiug in tho light of a visitor.
By and by shc began to takc hcr appropriate
nlace in the familv circle. aud bcar the bur-
den of family duty. Theu the rosc-tinU
wnicti mrcstcd Mary, as thcy do cvcry one
whom we view through thc medium of our
own joyful feelings alone, began to fadeaway,
and her parents tverc cnallcd to scc the real
lichts aud shadcs of her chararter. Thcv re-
joiced to bchold much that was true, and ex-
cellcut, aud lovely in her principlcs and hcr
practice. One defect soon appearcd, nhicli
threatencd some uuhappincss in the happy
home, but it was a defect of cducatiou, and
ucedod to be removcd less by dircct prcccpt,
or formal lecture, than by cnabling htr to
correct hcr own false judjmcnt by more cn
largcd views of real lifc. Mary was secrctly
dissatisfted with her home. Sniall it ccrtain
ly was compared with her uncle's aud shc
yearncd for the elcgant aud cxpeusivc funii
ture, for the costly decorations and thousand
luxurics which she had bccn accustoincd to
sec nnd to cnjoy thcre.
'O, fathcr, hy don't yott have the largc
open stovc likc uncle's? It is so much plcas
autcr: this black, air-tight stovc will make
us bluo all winter.
Because I cannot nfiurd it my dcar,' an
swcred her fathcr, mildly.
Why wc thought it was a beauty,' exclaim
ed Charley; 'but I dcclarc it is awful black
looking, as Mary says. O, fathcr, I dont bc
licve we shall cnjoy ithalf as much as we ex
pcctcd to;' aud Charley's admiratiou of thc
air-tight altogcthcr f-ubsiJcd.
'Mother, these flag-bottoms arc vcry un
fashionablc. I really cannot bear the sight
of thcm. Why, every body has mahogany
chairs now-a-days. I wish you could scc
uncle's !' and uncle's chairs wcrc so oftcn al
ludcd to, that ' old flag-bottom,' lienccfotth
bccamc the cognomen of a parlor chair.
4 Why sister, you don't look plcasant,' cx
claimcd Alice, as Mary entcrcd the brcakfast
room one cold frosty moming; 'I gucss you
slept cold last night.'
'My feet arc frozcn,' answcrcd Marj-, pct
tishly ; ' at uncle's my chambcr was carpetcd,
and I do niiss itso. Fathcr, carpels arc vcry
chcap. I shotild thiuk you would carpct thc
chambers. 1 am sure, I don't know how I
shall get through tho winter,' said Mary, in
a low, qucrulous tonc.
'O ycs, father carpct minc," cxclaimcd
Charlcs, who was ncvcr slow to rcccive Ma
ry's impressions. 'John Emery's chamber
is such a beauty. It has got a bcautiful car
pet, and oh fathcr, my feet are so cold too;'
and hc Iappcd his wcll-bootcd fcct ovcr c?.ch
other with a shivering air.
'Sliovel a nice new path at thc sidc door,
Charley,' said his mother, brightly, ' thcrc is
plcnty ofcxcrcisc with your new shovcl, will
make you as warm as wool.' Charley did
not cxhibit his usual alacrity, and still scem
ed to think hc shotild like a carpct best, and
as it was to him quitc a ucwidea, hc appear
cd Ioth to give up.
Thcrc are fcw things moro dishcartcning to
a father or a husbaud, who, after striving to
do all hc can jiruitcntly do, to make his home
pleasaut aud comfortablc, hears dcireciatitig
comparisons, and behold a constaut hankcr
iug in a wife or child after objects which he
knnws hc cannot affbrd.
The sunshinc of contcntcd hearts bccomc
cloudcd, while people, instcad of bcing thank
ful for what blcssings thcy do have, pinc for
what is beyond thcm.
On a day, when Mary had bccn rnoaning
ovcr her uufashionablc cloak, prctty and be
coming as it was, her father rctumed home
in thc forcnoon, and askcd her to ride with
him a fcw milcs from town. She glatlly ac
cepted thc proposal, allhough she did not
know as 'her hood was fit to wcar, especial
ly as hcr fathcr suggcsted he might make a
It was a bcautiful January day. Thc fields
lay covercd with pure, un'rodden snow. The
twigs and boughs rcflccted a sparkling radi
f,V.r from thcir frosty crust. Theairseemed
'-led witli a thousand brilliants, and tlic decp
cold stillncss of tlie-country was broken by
the dropping iciclc, or the distant sleigh bcll.
Mary was much exhilcrated bpth by tho mag
nificencc of thc snow-scenc aiid her fathcr's
pleasaut conversatiou. Thcy rode along up
ou tlie beateu path, when he attemptcd to
force his way into a cros3 and almost uutrod
dcn track. They divcrged from a snow-bank
hcre only to plunge into another thcrc. 'O,
fathcr, wherc are we going V cxclaimed Mary-
'To call at a friend's house,' answcrcd hcr
father and as they rode on, Mary discovered
a roof and chimney on a slopc not very far
Why, fathcr! it's a hutyou are going to!'
Tho strong horse foundsomo difficulty in ma
king his vfay from the main path toward the
house. They reached tlie door. The steps
were unshovelled. The snow had bcen soil
ed by no human stcp, and no signs of active
lifo were vlsible since tlie storm. ' I am surc
nobody Hvcs hcre,' said Mary, as her father
iumpcd out ofthe sleigh, and making a path
with his feet, lifted the latch ofthe door. Hc
cntered and disappearcd for a few miuutcs.
'Is this tho call father meant to make?'
thought Mary, surveying the building. The
next moment he was by her side. ' Come,
Mary, let me take yon in my arms child, and
arry you in ; the snow is pretty dcep.'
'How funny, father!' said Mary, laugbing
lo find hcrself in lier fathers arms, which she
had long since relinquinhcd to the youngcr
What a scenc did Marv bchold! Two
children were crouchcd besiJe a fcw sticks
of green wood, which they were in vain nt
tempting to kindlc; their blue lcgs and pur
ple arms boastcd not crcn as scanty a covcr
ing as the body, with its thin calico. A few
potato parings la,y upon thc hcarth, which onc
scemed grcedily chewing. ' What a privilege
to be a Christiau !' and Mary turning sudden
ly, bchcld tbe skiuny arm of a woman cxtend
' cd from a low bed. ' Oh, Mr. Lec, I knew
j God would not forsakc us.' Tcars glistcn
cdin hcr sunkcn, gray cye, and cvcn the
white hairs which were scattcred on thc fore-
hcad, as Mary aftcrwards declarcd, seemcd
like a halo around th'at dry withered face re
splendcnt with thc emotions of a thankful
'Thissevcre cold has sctin so suddcnly,
we feared you might be in want and have
come to hclp you,' said Mr. Lec. kindly ta
king thcsick woman's hand; 'you have been
ill again, I am afraid. This is my Marv,
Mrs. Joncs,' and he drcw Mary toward thc
i 'God hless you mydcar; God blcssyou,
1 for leaving your warm home to come and
, scc an old onc like me,' said the woman in a
broken voicc, 'and you are going to be likc
your father, (inding out the sick and rclicviug
the poor. Oh, Miss Mary, it's your father
1 that denics himself for his Master's cause.
j It is not hc that speuds his inoney gcwgaw
! ing, when nobody that's sulTcriug can't come
1 to him without finding help some way; it's
' me that kuows that indecd. Ycs, it's mc!'
j and hcr voicc chokcd and her cyes blinkcd,
and shc covered hcr face as in silent blcss-
iug. Mcanwhilc Mr. Lcc was aiding thc
childrcn's clforts about the tirc. 'We'vc
' got on four potatoes there Sir,' said oue ' and
; they aint warm yet,' as in disappnintmcnt, he
' thrust his flngcrs into thc pile of cold ashcs.
l'Oh, sir, don't j ou think they will roast to-
day ?' turning his pcakcd, disquietedfacc up
j to Mi. Lce, as hc made thc auxious inquiry.
i 'If you do not havc potatoes you shall havc
somcthing, my child,' said Mr. Lec, patting
.theboyon his head. 'Shall wc ? oh!' ho
' cxclaimed. catncstlv. Thc pnoil mnn tlipn
wcnt to thc sleigh and borc iu a baskct fillcd
with objects for immcdiatc comfort. ' Thc
Lord bc praiscd!' tjaculatcd the agcd Chris
tiau; ' that's he, that's Deacon Lec !' ' Graud-
mothcr, you praycd and told us to pray, for
Uou only coulu Hclp us, aud you always said
hc would,' cxclaimed thc childrcn, running
from thc bed to the basket aud thc basket to
thc bed, in grateful ecstasy.
Mary lookcd on in tcarful silcncc. It was
a scenc shc was not soon to forgct. To hcr
full heart, hcr father scemed likc an angcl,
mimstcring indecd to thc hcirs of salvation.
'What a privilege it was to blcss that sulTer
ing family !' said Mary, w ith dcep cmotion,
as thcy rode over tho icc-bouud bridge at the
foot ofthe hill.
'By dcnying mysclf thc luxurics of life,
Mary I havc bccu enablcd to do this. Our
home has all thc coinforts of life. Now Ma
ry you have growu up, aud have a voicc in
tho family nrraiigemcnts. Do you choosc
that wc shall buy costly furnilure, splcndid
decorations for our house, or shall wc usc
our caruings as God has prospcrcd us, in rc
licviug the distrcsscd, scckiug out the suffer
ing, and aiding the grcat plans of doing good
which arc cvery whcre to advancc our Itc
'Let me be like you, fathcr!' cxclaimed
Mary, strickeu to thc heart. when she rc
membercd how much pain shc must have
'Deuy yoursclf, and thus imitatc thc cx
amplc of your ltcdecmcr, iny Mary,' said thc
fathcr, with dcep solcinuity.
From that day Mary rejoiccd in her home,
and was oftcn found in many humblc homcs,
bcaring thc blcsscd fruits of Christiau chari
ty and lovc.
DEATH OF TUTOR DWIGIIT.
Shortly after the deccase of thc latc Mr.
Dwight, Tutorin Yalc Collegc, thc Rcv.Dr.
Bacon prcachcd a Scrmon to his congrega
tiou from the text 'Woetothe world be
cause ofofTenscs! for it must nceds bc that
olTcnses come; but woc to that man by whom
thcoflcnse cometli, in nhich hc madcsomo
allusions, to the cvent which it was supposcd
causcd his death. At thc solicitation ofthe
Washington Tcmperaucc Society, the Scr
mon was repcatcd, with some additional
thoughts. It has now been pubh'shcd in the
New Havcn Couricr. The grcat lcsson of
the text, which Dr. B. cudeavorcd to incul
cale, was 'the responsibility of men foreach
otlier's character before God.' Wc quote
from thc discoursc.
' Thcre is an illttstration of this Iesson in a
paiuful cvent which has rcccntly agitated this
community. I fcel constraincd to employ
that illustration, for the sake ofthe vividncss
with which by God's blessing, it may briug
the lcsson home to some whoso conscicnccs
have ucver yet been distinctly scnsiblc of its
Ajoung man of one of our own families
a young man, the brightncss of whosc
promise in rcspcct to taleut and learning and
virtue, was cqual to the vcnerableuess ofthe
name which he inheritcd a young man who
had just cntered tipou an houorablc and rc
sponsible ollicc was struck while in thc dis
charge of an ofiicial duty was struck once,
twice, thricc, with a deadly weapou, and has
since bccn carried to his gravc. Publicjus
U'ce, roused at last by the death ofthe sufferer,
scizes on the unhappy hoy -whose hand is
supposed to have hcld that dcadly weapon,
aud whose frenzicd purpose is supposcd to
havc impellcd it. Of his crimc what uame
shoud be given to it what pcnaltics ought it
to bring upon the oflcudcr, that society may
be guarded agaiust the repetition of such acts,
I have nothing to say. All that is to be ar
gued and dccided according to the law, and
as thc facts may appear in cvidcncc bcfore
thc constitutcd tribunid of public justice.
All those questions let public justice decidc
as well as it can in its onn high and calm
sanctuary, uninvaded by the breath of popu
lar excitemcnt. Here is the scopc and ut
mostreach of human jurisprudence. Thisis
But God's justice docs not stop hcre. Nci
thcr his law, nor his administration of his
law, is bounded by such limitations. Christ
says, ' Woe to that man by whom the offcDsc
comcth.' By whom thcn came that oflense?
"Who were partakcrs beforehand in that sin J
Whosc responsible ageDcy wcnt before, in the
serics of moral causes Icading to that frcn
zied rolition which drove tho cold stecl into
the living flcsh ? When God makcth inqui-
VT. WEDNESDAY, MARCH20, 1844.
sition for blood, thcsc questions must be an
Vo havc beeu told and for thc sake of
the illustration we will supposc it to be true
tnat some one, we kuow not who, a few
momcuts bcforc the commission of the fatal
deed, put that deadly weapon iuto the hands
ofthe despcratc stripling. God, bcfore whom
thedarkness shincth as the day, saw it; and
who docs not sce that, in his eye, the ouense
came by that man who carried tho deadly
weapon to the scene of riot, aud placed it iu
the hands of a wild boy whom driuk had mad
Yes, we arc told it was cvcn so. Thc pcr
petrator of tbe outrage was besidc himself.
He knew not distinctly what he did. TJrink
had maddenea hfm. Driuk? Thcn that
madness takesuothing from his responsibility.
Driuk had maddened him! Who gave him
thatdrink? It was not through any defect
of maddeuing quality in the driuk it was not
through any defect of a volition to strike in
the boy whom that driuk had maddened
that the weapon wicldcd in frcnzy did not
piercc the victim's heart, orspill his life blood
on the spot from a d'lssevcred artcry. That
tlic volitiou which drove the two-cdged blade
within less than an inch of a main artery, did
not divide that artery, was not owing to any
want of force in the volitiou, or of maduess
in the drink. That the wotindcd man sur
vived the strokcs anhilc that the hope of his
recovery was fair lill diseasc supervened upou
his enfeebled frame that w e arc permitted to
asstiagcur horror somewhal by the doubts
which scieucc confcsscs respccting the canse
of his death all this is not through any de
fect of maddeuing quality in thc drink, nor
through any defect of purpose to strike in
him whom that drink had maddened. Who
gavc him that drink It is known who cave
u to nim. it is known by wliom tnc ollcnse
came. In the uame of Christ I say, ' Woc j crs of le schcmc little drcam of. Gov. Gil
to that man.' It is known who ministercd to ; mcr alTccts to think that the excitemcnt will
that poor boy the maddeuing draught. Ihcjj,,, salutary." Hc believes that "it will
uiigcr ot muignauoii, ant cipating tlie judg-
inent of God, pomts to thc new dramshop,
with its cuticingappcaranccsofrcspcctabihty,
wherc the dnnk was admimstcrcd. From
that dramshop from the corruptorof morals
who stood thcre tliat night dispcnsing druuk-
enness came thc madness which produccd
tho riotous outbrcak. Upou that thrcshhold
is thc stain of blood, to be removcd, not by
the mcrc profcssion of a chaugc, but by rc-
pcntancc, and by 'works mcet for rcpcnt-
ancc!' 4 Woe to thc man by whom this of-
Who cavtt to that younc man thc maddcn-
ing drink? Who tempted him? Who led nolitical family.and thus brcak up tlie founda- risdiction from the country wcjt of that riv
him along, and joincd in hand, to the carou- ii0n9 of our Fcdcral Union." cn and vct the violation of the Cunstitution
sal, totheputliugonofdisguises,tothc sceuc
of mischief, to thc mean. cowardly crime ofj
breakiug, at tlie dead of night, with hcavy ,
and dangerous missiles, the windows of an
imolTcniliiig fcllow studcnt? In him has
come to pass, iu part that which is writtcn,
'A companion offools shall bc dcstroycd.'
Who arc they that havc bccn his companions,
and that havc led him thus far towards uttcr
dcstruction ? Who arc they iu whose com
pany hc cncouragcd himself iu disrcgarding
the licccssary rcgulations, aud in rcsisting
thc constitutcd authoritics of thc tustitution
whose privilcgcs he was permitted to cnjoy ?
Who are they in whosc company hc was cn
couragcd to practice thatlanguagc of hell that
brokclrom 1ns lurious Iips as thcdaggcr wcnt
to its aim ? Who arc they in whosc company I sis 0f the Constitution not tho basis of the
these low livcd shu thesc base forfeitures of wjH 0f the family with which the Union is
thc hoiior which thcy plighted at the matricu- sought, but upon thc basis of a treaty, or an
latiou thcsc druuken frolics thesc dastard- , actof Cougress, which thc Presiilent and Scn
ly midnight outragcs scemed to hiin like j atCj 0r Congrcss havc no more right to make
marks ofspirit aud of gcntlcmanly brceding? or Cnact, th'an thcy have to dcclaro that thcso
comcoi uiem may ue nere to mgnt. i.ct United States shall bcanncxcd to, and lorm
me say thcn to thcm, you are partakcrs in I part 0f, the British Empirc. It would not be
his sius, as he is iu yours; on you vcsts a au ordinary violation of thc Constitution, to
drcad responsibility in rcgard to yours; you hc corrcctcd by the ordinary proccss of judi
partake in the responsibility cvcn of that hor- cjal dccision. The diseasc would not bc
rid act; the ofTense came by you; the stain !unc(i'on7?, but organic. It would change the
of that blood reachcs cvcn to your souls. I stmcture of our Fcdcral System, or rathcr
And docs not thc responsibility reach far-1 thc parties to the Union so that it would
thcr still ? Who gavc the guilty boy thc ceasc to be the Union formed by the Consti
drink that maddened him ? Tcll me whose i tutiou of '87. In thc language of the Itcso
influcnce gocs to form that statc of public lution, "thc fovndal'wns ofthe Fcdcral Union
opinion, which tolcratcs and kccps up those j w-ould bc broken up."
bloodydcns ofintoxication at which thc mor- If annexation is to bc affccted at all, it
als of our youth aro corrupted ? How docs must bc thc act of the people in the excrcise
it happcn that a man darcs to come to such of thcir original sovcrcignty. To form the
a placc as this, and opeu ashon for the pur- 1 new Union, the same proccss must be cone
pose of training men to outrage aud to crime.'
Who are responsible m tliis respect? I can the old one. No dclegatcd power undcr tlie
tcll you who arc not. Those who in thcir , old, can be adcquatc to the formatioti of the
own practice conscieutiously abstain from all new.
intoxicating drinks. Those who are known ' This reasoning which would bcconclusive
to be the plcdged, uncompromising cnemics ' in rcgard to thcattcmpted annexation of any
of all that leads to drunkcnncss. Those ' kind of aStatetotheConfedcracy.is cspecial
whose intluencc is continually crying aloud, , ly so in rcfcrcncc to the attemptcd addition of
'Bcware! look not on the winc when it is a Slare Statc. Slavcry is an cxotic in the
red.' Whatever these mcn's infirmilies may soil of frccdom. It was fclt to bc such when
bc whatevcr cxtravagancies and errors may thc Constitution was formed. The "sclf cvi
be justly imputed to them whatevcr sins dcut" truth that "all men arecrcated cqualj'
thcy may havc to coufess bcforc God this was the soil which hrotight forth the Consti
offense comes not to them. j tution of our Union, and thc Constitutions of
Can yoKsay that this ofTense comcs notby 1 thc States that orriginally composcdit. Thc
you? If the cxample which you give to the preamble cven to thc Constitution of Virgin
community tends to uphold thc liabitual or ia cxpressly asscrtcd that grcat truth.
thc festal use of those drinks which maddeu ! But slavcry cxistcd; and, for the sake ofthe
the brain, can you lift up yonr hand untrem- Union, it was suflcrcd to rcmain; not, how
bling to God, and ask, 4 Lord. is it I?' If cver, as a chcrished elemcnt ofour system,
you, in your elcgant cxclusivcucss, stand ' but as a thing to be lolcratcd duriug the brief
alooffrom the grcat movemcut of the Tem- 1 period which it was supposed would limit its
perance reformation if you make light of . existcnce. Williasi PiSKjiER spoke the
this kind of philanthropy if you conteran sentiments of that day when he said, in the
the vulgarity of ' Washingtonianism,' if the Maryland House of Dclegatcs in 1760 "Tic
red wine moveth itsclf aright' at your tablc, lil'J and the Iramlle may groic in social prox-
and nasscs round at vou
lr fcstivc eutcrtain-
ments can vou say bcfore God that this of-
rnco rnmps nnt hv vou 1 The voumr man.
wh5 bv the use of wine for excitemcnt and 1
' . , l-J .L- I
rmvlrc. lins bcen led to the commission '
of so lasting a crimc, has shared perhaps in j
the hospitality ofsome orourfamilics. 1'cr- ;
hans he had bccn admitted to the civilties of i
acquaintanceship in your family, and to thc
cnjoymcnts of fashionable society in your
dwellinr. If so, what was the lesson' which
vou cave him there? If he had bccn invited
J 0 - 11 1.1
to your cnieriainmcuis, ieu uic, imu nuuiu
have been to him the language of your winc
glasses? God's wisdom says to tho young
man, 'Look not upon the winc when it is red,
whcn it givcth its color in the cup, when it
moveth itself aright.' Tell mc tcll me, by
whom cometh the ofTense? Tcll me havc
not you somewhat to repent of, somewhat for
which to cry, 'Deliver me from blood-guilt-incss,
oh God, thou God of my salvation?
Let that serious lesson which has been
thus focbly illustrated, bc decply engraven
on every mind. 'Woe to the world because
of offenscs!' 'Woe to that man by whom
offense cometh!' He who influences men
to sin, whether by tcaching and maintaining
false principlcs of action, or by the fatal pow
er of a pernicions examplc, or by sprcading
temptation3 like snares and pitfalls in the
path ofthe unwary, orsimply by encourag
tng thc transgressor in his way to death hc.
bjnngs a woe upon thc world, and thc justice
of God will bring a woe upon his soul. Let
him rcpent, then, while there is yet 'space
for repentancc,' and call upon a forgiving
God while there isyct 'a day of salvation.'
Let cvcry man look with careful, trcmbling
circumspection into the tendenciesofthatin
flucnce by which hc is contributing to mould
the character and dcstiny of those around him.
It was a fearful thing to cncounter, in the
final day, therecord of an influcnce that has
countcracted the mercy of God. It will bc a
fearful thing, in that day to encountertheup
braidinggaze ofsouls whom thc light ofctcr
nity has wakened tonow, too late, the in
flucncesthat blinded thcirminds, andhardcn
cd their hearts, and seared their conscienccs
and led thcm to their rnin. Let cvcry man
whose conscicnce stirs at tlie thought of such
an cncounter, bow in repentancc at God's
mercy-seat, and thus commit hersclf. with
trcmbling yet confidiug hope, to the powcrof
Mll. SLADE'S SPEECII
AT THE WlttU STATE CONVENTIO.V.
Ilaving considered the morcment, aud its
molhc, I will dn cll a fcw momcuts upon thc
effects of auncxatiou or rathcr of an at-
tcmpt at annexation. I say attemjit, because
I considcr absolutc annexation, as cutirely out
of the question. Texas will ncvcr be united
to this confederacy. There are principlcs of
rcpulsion which forbidthcposibitity of aunion.
There mny be an attempt, either by anabusc
ofthe treatv makinz nowcr. or an actof Con-
cress, orbolh combined. But bv whatevcr
meansitmay bc attemptcd, by how manyl
soevcragencies, dircct or indirect the mo- j
mcnt the uecd 13 tlonc. there will bc ucmou-
etn,tinr, nf fnoii,, ,n,i..-,r.
bring about a better undcrstaudiiig ofourrc-
at;ve r;gilU aud obligation?." And so do I.
Such an nndcrstaudiug, indecd. as shall rcach
thc boltom ofour Fcdcral Compact taking
hold ofthe foundations on which it rcs,ls
sifiiDg thoroughly the whole mattcr ofthe
"compromitcs ofthe ConHitution" show-
jng the cxtcnt of their violation by the slavc
j power exposing thc cnormous cncroach-
, nients of slavcry, and its uttcr incompatibility
wjth frccdom aud, ahove all. nrovin?. to
i dcmonstration, what is asscrtcd inthc Ilcsolu-
tionlam consideriiiir that aunexation will
, nliolish the old. bv thc constitutinn nf n new
This last poiut has not rcceivcd the consid -
cration it dcscrvcs- It sccms to be takcn for
gnmted by many, that the question of amiex.
ation is to be treated like any other question the Union, and its admissiou acrordingly, con
of mcrc crjKdicncy. Gov. Gilmcrthustrcats : stitutcs a vcry grcaj, if not a prcpoiidtrating
it; and hold3 out to tlie iSortu and cst, tlie
lure of profil as thotigh, if thc advautagcs
in that rcspcct could bc cstablishcd, thc whole
qucstion would bcscltlcd. Thisis a fatal cr-
ror. Tlicreis adecpcr question than that of
pccumary. proui nnu ioss.
be, ijiso faclo, a dcstruction of the Union.
The mtroduction ol "limc btatcs ' or one
Statc, from beyond its prcscnt limits I will
say, from beyond its original limits tnakcs it
ancw political family, organizcdor attemptcd
to bc organizcu upon ancw basis not tlie ba
through with, that prcccdcd the formatioti of
imiv, but libertu andslarcry. uchgltt m sep-
aralion. ine cxicnsion oi siarery was uui
dreamcd of, cven within our onginal limit
much less by the addition of States beyond
i:...:,o. nnl clill lui l.v lli. -,,!,r,t:n nf
thosehmits; and stiU iess by tlie addition ot
States obtained for the aroired purpose of
sucn extensiou. xnc annexauoa oi icxas,
mtli its slatery, would thcrefore give thc fun-
damental violation of tho Constitution of
which I havc spokcn, thc aggravation of an
attempt to make slavcry apermancnt element
of power, a quarterof a century, at least, af
ter thc men of '67 thought it would cease to
But it is said the Constitntion cxpressly pro
vides that "new States may be admitted by
Congrcss into thc Union." Vcry true: but
is this tobe takcn without limitation ? If there
had been no territory within our original Iim
itupon which this provision could takccffect,
it would havc bcen conclusive of thc question
as to the power to admit new States beyond
those limits. But thcre was snch territory.
We bad the Territory North West ofthe riv
er Ohio, which had been ceded by Virginia;
and in rcgard to which the Ordinancc of 1767
had provided for its admissiou, as "not lcss
than three, more than Cve States," icto the
Union. And new States it was contemplated,
might be formed out of the cxisting States,
some of which had large unsettled territories.
Hcncc it was added to the clause authorizing
the admission of new States, "But no new
States shall be formed and created within the
jurisdiction of any other Statc, nor any State
be formed by the junction of twn or more
States or parts of States, without the consent
of the Legislaturcs of the States concerned,
as well as the Congrcss."
Hcre, theu. was au amplefield for thc cx
ercisc, and cxhaiistion, of the power of admit
ting new States. It was within the immcdi
ate view, aud cvidently iu the contemplation,
ofthe framcrs of thcConstitution. It is incredi
ble, if the adraission of States beyond these
limits was contemplated, that olhcrandmore
specific languagcshouldnot havo bccn cm
ploycd to grant the power a power which, if
coustrucd toextcnd to tlie admissiou of for
ejgn States without limit aud it is without
liniit, if at all it would not necd the sagAciiy
of vcry wise men to ece would involre a pow
er of adding States to such au cxtent, as to
overshadow thc whole ofthe old thirtcctiwith
all their tem'torics, aud make thcm a mere
appcndagc to theadded foreign States.
Aud all this placed withiu the powcrof CWi
grest, which, thoughit catinotaltcra linc of
thcConstitution, would thus Le invcsted with
power to bring that instrument, which waa cx
pressly ordaiued "tosccure thc blessings of
Iibcrty to ourstlcrs, atul our postcrity"' within
tho annihilating jiower of thc whole North
Amcricau Contiuent. '
But theprecedent of the purchasc of Lou
isiana, aud thc admissiou ol thc States form
ed from it into the Unioii, is rclicd on. It U
a suflicicnt reply to this, that Mr. Jcflerson
himself admitted that, in making the trcaty,
the powcrs of the Constitution were e.tccd
ed. This is fully declared iu lliCost!iiiniou3
publication ol nis wntiugs, as mll appear by
the following quotations from thcm
" When 1 considcr that the limits of the U.
Statts arc prcciscly flxed by tha trcaty of lt?3
tnat tnc L-oustitiition cxpresIy declarcs it-
self to be made ' for the United States,' I can
not hclp beheving that thc intciition was not
to permit Congressto admit into the Union
new States which shotild bo formed withaut
tho territorv fnr wlii:;li. nml nnHnr lvhfrtn nn-
thorityalone, thcy were thcn acting."
I (4 Jefl"crson,2)
j Again. "The Constitution has made no
; prcvision forour holding foreign tcrritory
still lcss for ineorporaling foreign nnlions
into our Union." (3, JcRcrson, 512.)
j Thc purchasc of Louisiana was tlie rcstilt
: of what was dccmed an ovcmiliug ncccssity
for thc acquisitiou of New Orleans with its
! outlet for the coinmcrcc of thc Jlississimii.
includiug its frce navigation, to thc occan; an
. acatiisition ccrtainlv of vcrv creat iiimort
' ance. as was aho the rpmnval nf ffin-ij'n ln-
' in the purchaso of the tcrritory, with its
more flagrant violation, in the stipulation
for itsadmission as a Statc or States into
wcignt m tnc opposite scalc
But tho prcccdcnt docs not coTcr this c;tsc.
That ncccssity docs not cxist uulcs3thecx-
j lciibion of slaccry, to cuablc it to maintam a
, succcssful conqictitiou with frecdom, is to bc
compared with the purpose in the acqnisitfon
of Louisiana. 'lhal was a purpose at once
noblc and national iu its character. This is
as dctcstablc as slavcry, and as scclional as
its cnds and aims arc at war w ith tho spirit of
thc Constitution. It is, morcovcr, not the
mcrc purcliase of a territory, which, in thc
progrcss of timc, might bc mouldcd by thc
legislatiou of Congrcss iuto a fitting condi
tion to bccomc a Statc in our confcderatcd
Itcpublic; but it is nn attempt to introducc,
at once, iuto the confedcrary, a State, usher
cd into cxistcnce in the act of rcrolt from a
! foreign govcnimciit, with Slavcry made pcr-
pctuat by its orgamc law.
I will only add, that the annexation of
Texas would as ccrtainly worka dissolution
of the Union in fact, as it would be, ia thco
ry, a violation of thc Constitution. It is im-
possiblc utterly impossiblc, that the frce
States sbould suliinit to thc nicasurc. Thcy
havc bccn long ennugh nded by slavcry. In
thc absencc of artiticiat mcans to chcck thc
growth, or balaDce thc power of frecdom, it
will onc day, obtaiu its just asccndancy in this
Union. Thc attempt to chcck orcontrol this
natural tcndcncy, by colouizing slavery in a
foreign goverumeiit clfccting a rcvolt from
that goverument, and thcn annexing tlic re
voltcrs to this Union to pcrpctuate slaery's
detcstablc and dctcsted rulc.is an outrage too
flagrant to bc subniittcd to by thc sons of
thc 1'ilj.riins. No! Slavery must not at
tempt this. There was a tiincwlipii it might
nave bcen subnutted to wucn tlie nation
was drtiggcd with .the opiatcof ilavcry, to
stupcfactiou. But tho stupor is passing a
nay. The North is roused not as much 03
it siiould bc, but so much that it tcill nerrr
tleeji aguin on tliis sulijecl. Slarcry is grow
ing old; while Frcednm is bounding onward
with the vigor of youth, in hcr glcrious ca
rccr. The North has no motivc for a continu
ancc of thc Union u hicli can outweigh thc
intolerablc ctirse of Slavery's cndlcss nilc.
But thc days of that rule arc nuinbcred; and
no forced clfort to augmcnt tlic power of sla
very can avcrt it3 doom.
POL1TICS IN DELAWARE.
WiLMiSGTO.v,Feb4 21, 181-1.
Deak Sir Loco Focoisni in Delaware
is no more. We hardly know whclher to
Iaugh or cry laugh at thc irnmcnsc vole
wluch we shall, without cxcrtion cive Uon.
ry Clay or cry at 'Jie Ioss of the sport we
nnticipatcd during the compnign. Thc
n... V, .- "., . .
otaie wnvcntion wnicn mci at uorcr un
the 22J, Llew up wiihou: making cny
nominalions or nppotnttng any Ddegatcs
to tho Baltimore Loco Convention, therc
by virlually stirrounding the courso for us
to wa'.k ofcr. Tl.ey did not refuse to go in
to Van Burun's Convention on account of
their preferance for Cnllioun. The mass
ofthe party are in favor ofG'n. Cass,
and instruc'.ed their Delegaie3 (many of
them Van Buren officc-scckers) lo scud
Cnss Delcgates; consequcntly they could
not pleaso' t'nemseives & thcir constiiuents
baih, and dclermincd to do nothing. Th:s
has causcd a largft number of the honcst
pottion ofthe party to como out for Clay.
Ono of their Icading men, who was run on
thcir Delegate ticket. has come ove r and
tendered to the Clay Club the large Ainer
ican Eagle owncd by him, wbich has herc
toforc bcen perched tinon il.o Mandard of
Loco-Focoism. Cor. Thil Forutn.
ilfr Clay's Prirate Fortune. Some tirae
previo'ns to 1820, Mr. Clay sulTcred deeply
from suretyship and was obhged to be absent
from Congress two or tfiree yean to get his
ftHlf? C. C.
Ofcvcry dcscription will be neatry tnS
fashiouably executed, at short ootice.
afTair rightcd in the practice ofhis profcss
ion. No man hassacrificed more for his own
country in a pecuuiary point of view than Mr
Clay. As no lawycr cver had better chanccs.
he might have acquircd onc of the largrst
fortune3 in thc Union. if instcad of dcvotiug.
his life to thu public hc had spent it in his-
prorcsnou. JMr. Clay 13 ungal in bis habits.
though not parsimonious. "Hercisa huu
dred dollars," said Mr. Clay to a young man
haudin; it to him, when he came to consult
him for fhe recovery of au estate thatbeloug
ed to him by rightful inhcritcnce. "Tako
this," said Jlr. Clay, and when yotr want
more call on me." This is a fair spccimcn
ofthe man. Notwitlistandinr: hn libcrality.
Mr. Clay Iias saveda comfortable and unem-
We can add onr tcstimouv to the fact. sta-
tcd in refcrcnce to the vouns man who con-
sulted him upon his suitforancstatc. Itwas
communicatcd to us about two ycars since
by thc gcntlcman himself. Confrast tl.is withr
thc conduct cf Mr. Van Buren in a case
which had some claims on him. A poor
widow, with hcr child, whose husbard dicd
w hile 011 biuines3 iu this citv duriu:; Mr. Van
Buren's I'rcsidencv, callcd upon him and
statcd that her husband was au old constit-
ueut of hn, and had suddenlv died hrrc, and
askcd mcans to ect back to hcr fricnds.
What did he do He jrave her dollar!
II hig Stnnilnrd.
DKSTitL'CTIONOK A DWELI.I KG
HOI SK AWFUL DEATH OF A FA
THER AND TWO CHILDREN.
Mr. Alicilh Tlic followinc i-.articulars
connett with ths shocking death ol" 1 r. Lu
cicu Spenocr, of Betbauy. and two of In
childrcn, thc facts of which mel:iul.oly oc
currcuce 1 learneil to-day on the-spot will Lo
rcad with paiuful intcrcst.
A lew mmutrs aflcr iai-.Im;l:t lnt mlit.
souieof the family ilisroverrd tlic luu.icto l.c
on firc. At tlii timc the kitchcu was tiearly
cou.stinicd. nnd Dr. Speuerr and his wife had
barely tuue to escapc, not being rveu able tr
savc n particlc of clothing cxcrptsut-b as vr
on thcm. Mrs. S. seized thc two juungrst
childrcn and Lrought thcm from thc luruing
liouse. 1 he Uoctor, Iiowcrtr, appcrrcd to
loscall jircscnce nf mind from thc vrry mo
ment whcn hc d'ncovercd the firc, ard cven
ru.-lied 90 uear thc flamc. aud.tood tl.crf.that
the little clothing which he had mi actiially
took fire. His wife drcw him away, and en-
dcavured to rccall him to a srmo of thcir
situation, when hc commenccd ihrowingsnnw
upon the firc. About this timc, a girl who
liredin the family (aud who cxpcctcd that all
thc mi'iiibcrs nf thc family were out of tho
house) heard thc children screaming"0 dcar!"
She cxclaimed, "tho rhildren will be btirurd
to death." whcrcupnii Mrs. S. (whuhad brcn
so much concerned at tlic franlir and rxriiid
conditiou of hcr husband that she appearcd
to have forgotten cvcry thing clsc,) ruslieil in
to thc house to save hcr other to childrcn.
But thc attempt was niiavailiiig as thc lmu&u
was thcn all wrapt in llnnics.
Shc rcturued aud told her huband that
thcy wcrc donhtlcjs dsad bcfore that tuue,
(which was unqucstionably thc fact,) but L--forc
shc was awarc of it hchad cscaped fiiiiii
hcrsight. At first shc supposcd that hc had
startcd ofT down thc strcct in his frcnzy. nt.d
cvcn forsnmciiiiiiutcs shc was nct iiifnrnird
to thc coutr.iry. But hc had brcn sccn tu
rush into thc houc by a young man who was
ncar. In fiftcsn n.iuutcs after hc cntcml.ihe
roof fcll in, and was cntircly coustimcd.
Nolhiug uns savcd, as snuic timc occurrcd
bcforc the neighbors rallicd, and waier was
obtained with d'ulictilty.
A iioitinn of thc remani3 of Dr. b. amt
one of thc childrcn have been dug out of tho
buruing ruitis. The authorof this nrticle saw
thcsc reinaius this afternoon. Thcre is noth
ing of each except the truuk, the head aud
limbs being w'lolly consumed. No vcstage
of thc other child had thcn been disaovercd.
The childrcn which perishcd in the flnmes
were or thc agc of 10 and 8 ycars respectivc
ly. Thc two that were saved were younger"
Dr. Spcnrcr was a nativo of Naugatuck.at
which place hc has residcd since ho graduat
cd at "Vale collegc, until within two ycars.
He was in rouifurlablc rircumstanccs, agcd
about -10 ycars and for some jears had hrcn
celrbratciias 011c of themnst ikillfnl ilisic
iaus of New Havcn" Connty.
Wcdncsday, I'eb. 2lst.
Thc childrcn linrnt wcrc slccpinc in th
the room in the sccond story, with a ynung
man nnmcd Stcvcns, who savcd hinuclf by
leaping from thc windoir. Tho fire is up
posed to havc originated frum liot ashcs.
Mrs. Spcnccr U iu a state borderiug ou dU
traction. THE GREAT WHIG GATHERING AT
ThcTabcrnacIe last night was ciondrd o
its utrnot capacity, witlrtbc gallant cntluwi
astic fricnih of thc cmineut patriot aml ttatrs
man Hcnry Clay, of Kcntucky. Since tho
mcmorable visit of the Whig nicmbers of
Congrcss at thc same placc, so great an as
semblage has ncvcr bcen gathercd within th
wallsof any building, and the hcartfeltcnthu
siasm which pcrvadcd and animated tbe vasr
crond, as though all wcrc actuatcd by one iin
pulse, gave glorious prcsagc of thespiritwitli
thegrcat contcst will be cntered intoand car
ried on by those who look to Hcnry Clay a
thc only man who can rcscuc the .country
from the grasp of those, whose mottrj is "rulo
The Clay Clubs from geveralCt tho ward..
for whom seats had been reserved, cntered
the hall with banncrs llying and music play ine.
amid thc huzzas ofthe crowd, and the waving
of handkerchiefs from the Iadics who lilled
Mr. Lawrence thcn introduccd Dr. D. F.
Bacon theoratorof the cvening. who addres
scd the assemblagc according to prerioiis nu-
'"Hvhen the applause which followed tlm
closc of the oration had subslded, Mr. Bell
sang in beautiful style an ode, cntitlcd 44 A
blast from the Bugle," in which the choir joui
ed in full chorus.
An eflbrt was made to adjourn, but Ihc trua
Clay Whig spirit was fully aroused, and tho
assemblage would not be dismisscd. CalU
were made for many ofthe popular spcakers.
and (inally Joseph Hoxie. Esq. appearcd ai d
was grcetcd with many hcarty chccrs. lln
kept his audicnce in admirable humorwitb.
some brief remarks in which he all;,(!M1 tu
thc power of music as exhibitcd ",rj the cao
of Saul, from whom the cvii Spirit was driren
by tlie power of David's llarp; and he prom
iscd tbat if neithcrrcason or argument wouU
exercbe thccvil spirit of Locofocoisni frnm
onr land. vco would sing it ont. 1". Er,