Newspaper Page Text
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
TERMS of EIGHTH VOLUME.
Wl ;hers 2 00
" -i .1. iml CotipanieJ who lake at the office
..75or I 1
na mei t
allowed rxccpt ordercd by lli - proprie-
jommiinlcationsinuslbe addresaed tothecd-
Tor ibe Norlhcrn Galaxy.
TIIC EXPLOSIOX ON THE PRINCE-
an was setung, and its rays wcre east
Oathe I'otomac: where a boat swift plied.
ft-IUnt Ueariof, oe'er iu trackless palh.
Jsj njbii ones and gay, it did conrey.
jjiianliasir ...... ..gu. ihju
vir limbs had braced, the gentfc excrcise
ssMtb gl'J'"" sal'' onr ""3 pkcid trcain.
" fieuaa'i a"& bcautifal, alonj thcir routo
tVbtre'er nineyed.nad been Ibc tccnery,
t thcir faney n ith bright Imagci
' fur of past, and iuture shadow deckcd
ffiJiJ' hope can create ofhappinnesi.
Aiidl'atrioia Uicrewilh zeal for countiy'i good
IuetdiwJ; And now apart discose cd wbatplans,
VOial nfasures 1 adopt, to best improve,
Isjro ptr cach dcpartnwnt that tliej licld.
Tiie h-.ublc fiilhful servant too was there
r i!rcaned bc was bis matter soon to lcare,
TDjme a Master grcatcrfir ia Heavcn,
Ortn.k wilh lost ones, to iLs abodes of bcll.
Ttt ice had tlic bi Ciua thuadered forth ith 6moke,
E,IIin-' in nnirmurs o er Me wide cxpanse,
Tas inird tirac was prcpared to dischargc
IVhcn Lo! (iuick burst, in fragments sudden new,
And scaltered o'cr tiie deck, tlic fclam wcre laid.
'otm)c W'i' givcn tooner up one prayer.
, tii ie f r friends to Eympalhifc with tenrs.
j n uli tiie parting f pirit miglit bavc formcd,
Wiil:outonc sisa of bis approacb, Dcatb came
o'.ircless slcp, and struck one fearful bloiv,
U ' U i Uie pride of Man, and Bcauty low.
Tuea nas tlic loved v'tk't tearlesa angaisli seen,
The oorc llian mortal agony, ofgrief,
Toe cnyglcto rctain one ray of bopc,
fl u i ii ie is jitldingnatoblackdc5)air.
f i - L;n A Rock tbat liope is lixed.
Etis" i niai 1 dcihroned, Iier life bccome
A Jf .ry W.iuk, a wild disordcrcd mazc.
Ai. 1 i i3 Jlsllc,,, woe 's wilnessed too,
Bfrcii vf uJcr parcnt's ratchful care,
Thf j ecc.j likc helpless onc?, thal soine rude blas t
llu scallicd, and lcfl tlicra powcrless ia their gricf.
Auf dicy uho did suTTne that drcadful sbock,
ao n i re nat numbcrcd ith those fated ones.
Uidinliuai, our President, HTiofe hcad tiie eword
So.-iH'nileJ by a single bair, escapcd,
H ill pausc, rcflect, will gird their lo.'ns ancw,
Ani a!k the paths of lil'e ith tboughtful braw.
AnfJote nf the Pennsylcania Ifhisluy In
i"fUon. The marcli of the Macpherson
Blucs aga'mst tlic iusurgeuts in 1794. "An
anccdotc is rclated of one of the 1 citizeu sol-
diers' iu this cxpcdition, which is worthy of
bting recorded. Tlic pcrson referred to was
a German by birtb, of the name of Koch, and
tvas well knotvn iu I'hiladelphia in his day,
as a large out-door underwriter. He dicd
somc ten or twelvcyears since, in Paris leav
in; a fortime cstimated at $1,200,0(K). Mr.
Kocli. like vounf Shaw, was a prirate in the
Maepliersou Blues. It fell to his lot onc
aiilit to be statioucd sentinel ovcr a baecase
irason. The wcathcr was cold. raw, stormy
snd wet. This sct the sentinel musing. Af
ter remaiuing on post half an hour, he was
hcard calling Instilr, 'Corporal ofdcr guartz
t'orporal of dcr guartz.' The corporal
came, and innuired what was wanted. Koch
nuhcd to be tclieved fora fevv niimitcs, hav
iaz somcthinc to sav to Macpherson. Ile
was "ratified, and in a few iniimtes he stood
in the prescnce of the Ueneral, 'Wcll, Mr.
Kcrh, what is your pleasure?' askcd Mac
pherson. ' Why, ycncral, I wish to know
nhat may be dcr value of uat il tl wagon
over nhich I aui shentincll IIow the tl-
fhoald I kuoiv, Koch ?' ' Wcll, somcthing
approxiiiiative not to be wery particular.'
' .V thousand dollars perhaps.' ' Very well,
Ocneral Macpherson, I writes a sheck forder
money, and den I will go to ucus. urc
num'a Magazinc for Marcli.
Ciieap Boardixc. A thousand and onc
s'oncs have bcen told of thc extrcme chcap
acss of livins in the "Far West," but as to
'lic wayit'soccasiouallydone wewcre never
fai'.y aivare uutil thc matter was cxplained by
"You kcep boarders, here, madam," said
an iudividual, addressing the landlady of a
house upon the door of wuich he saw ' cheap
" We do," was tho rcsponse.
" AVhat do you charee a week !"
" For board.without lodging, do you mean?'
juericd the landlady.
'Three meals aday, sirl"
" Ycs madam."
"Fifty cents 13 ourregular price, sir."
" Well," rejoiced the inquirer, "that's cheap
!nougli, at all events. JJo you give yournoar-
ncrs much of a varicty !
"Ycs, sir, somethinx of a varietv we cive
ihcm dricd apples for breakfast, warm water
lordinner, and lel em sicelLJor supfcr.
REV. MR. BIRCHARD.
This distinguishcd E-4-angclist is still labor
inj with crcat succcss in a lirotractcu meetin
at Tccuinseh. Thc mcctinc has now contin
" for ncarly a month, aud we understand
is;s labors have produced astonishing resttlts
-ofar as we have hau an opportunity oflearn
mg his stauding there, we have beard but one
"!miou cxpressed. He is held iu the highest
'stunatiou bv Church membcrs of alldcnom
inations, both for his piety aud the judicious
niaractcr anu mllucncc of his mc asures, while
11 adnuthistaleutsto bcof thehiEliest ordcr.
We believe this is thc uuiversal cxpression in
and out ot the church.
Wc are happy to lcarn that Mr. Birchard
will visit this village before long, and remain
I'crliaps for a few weeks. We believe it is in
contcmplation by thc Prcsbytenan Church.
holu a mcctin" for several davs, durm
uich time, Mr. Ii. will probably be onc o
the principal laborers. We are inclincd to
uelieve the standard of piety and morals might
? clevated here sevcrat dcgrees, without pro
iucinginaterialinjnry. Atanyrate, perhaps
the cxpcriment might as wcll be tried. Adri
ci -tiicft. Erpostlor.
Franklin was an ohserving and scnsible
man, and his conclusions were scldom incor-
rect. He said 'A newspaper and bible in
every house, a good school house in crery
oistrict, all studied and appreciated as they
merit, are the principal supporters of rirtue,
I1 i 'lieenJ oftlie year 2 25
" ,iifContinuctI untiarrearaj;es
pf 1 ..i nniinnofthe nronriclor. ISo
'uiaiuj citu nperty.
IF Jtr HUSDAND WERE TO DO SO."
A Domestie Incidcnt.
"Poor woman? What a thousand pilies it
is for hcr!" said 3Irs. Griraes, with feelinc;
I womlerhow shestands it. If mv husband
werc to actso itiTonlil killme."
"1 u-ould iiever staud it in the world." added
.voman to bc placcd in. Mr. Larkin used to
be onc of the bcst of men, and took the best ! " 7" "U3Uduu ca"eu ucr name ,n a a'
possible care of bis family. For ycars there Qh, I.ow eagerlydid she Iisten, afterhcrrc
was not a happier woman m ton than his ; sponso t0 his
mk but now it makes one s heart ache to fmyhutland icere to do so!"
ttt r " m-VSC e nf mSt ASheliaid this, s.ill in a wtoper. but a ve-
LnTbL'lESm ,hC world,oWa 7expressive oue, he boked LPCr stcadily i.
"ven, an i-ve cot tosay," spoke up Jln.
..... . .... ... . . i
'etersith wannth. "is, that Idon't pity her
How can you talk
cll, I dou t. Any woman who will live
with a drunkeu husband don't deservc pity. '
,, j , i- , 1 J i
Why don t she Ieave lnm V
That is casicr said than done, Mrs. Pe-
"Ishould thinkita grcatdeal casier ,0
ave than to livc with n dnmken brute, and '
iroher life tonnentcd outofher. If my i
msband wcre to do so, I rcckon he and 1 1
Now Jfrs. Peters' husband was a most ex-
cellcnt man and a sobcr man withal. And
his wife was tendcrly attachcd tohim. In rc
gard to his evcr bccoming a drunkard, flie
liad as little Tear as of his rtinmng onand lea
vincher. Still.whcn she made the lastrcmark.
she lookcd to-ards him (for he was present,)
with a stern and I siKiiificaut cxpression on hcr j DESTRUCTION OF THE ! INQUISI
couutenancc. J. his was not rcally meant for ! L l
him, but for the imaginary itidiridual she had
supposcd as bcaring the relation towards her
of a drunkcn husband.
"You would, would you 2" Mr. Pcters re-
plied to the warmly cxpresfsed rcsoluticn ut
tercd by his wife.
"Ycs, that I would!" half Iaughingly and
half scriously retorted Mrs. Peters.
"You don't know what you are talking
about," spoke Mrs. Grimcs.
"Iudeed then, Xdoi 1 considcr any wo
man a fool who will livc w ith a drunkcn hus
band. For my part, I have not a spark of
sympathy for thewives of drunkards I mean
those uho livc with thc men uho ucggar anu
abuse them. Mere disgtisting brutcs the
cry sight of wliom ought to turn a womau's
"You wcre never placcd msuch a situation,
aiidtliereforearc notcompctcnt todecidehow
far a woman who continucs to live with a
drunkcn husband is or is not to blamc. For
my part, I am incliucd to think that, in most
cases, to live with a husband under thcse cir
cumstanccs, is least of two evils."
This was said by Mrs. Pitts.
"I tliinkyou are right there," resumcd Mr.
Pctcr. 'A woman feels towards her own
husband, thc father of herchildrcn, and the
man who iu life's spring time won hcr best
and purcst aflcctions, vcry diffcrently from
what she docs towards anolher man. She
knows all his good qualitics. aud rcmembers
hnw tendcrly ho has lovcr! her, and how he
would still lovc hcr but for the mad infatua-
tion from which hefeels it impossible to break
away. The liope that he will reform ncvcr
Icavcshcr. Whcn she looks at hcr cliildren,
cvcn tlioiich abused and neglected, she can
. . - f , .i i
not out hope ior tncir latucr. iinu uns nope
kecps hcr up.
"Anv woman is a lool to iccu uerseu up
with such faucies. 1 here is onlv one truc
remedy and that is scparalion. That's what
l'll do and every woman of sense ought to
do. Don't tell mc about hope of rcforming.
It's all uonscnse. You would'nt calch me
breakinc my heart aftcr that fashion, for any
man. Kot J." said iMrs. reters.
The more Mrs. Gnmes, aud Mrs. 1'itts,
and others prcscnt argucd their side of the
qucstion, the more pertinaciously did she
maintain the position she had assumed, uutil
Mr. l'ctcrs couw not ticip iceung somewnai
cxcd and somc little hurt. Ile beimrher hus-
baud. and the only one who could possibly
hold thc relation towards wliom all herimlig-
nation was directed under the imaginable
possibility of his bccoming a tippler.
After a while the snbjcct was droppcd, and
at the closc of the cvening, the fricnds separa
ted and wcnt to their honics.
It was. ncrhacs two months from thc penod
at which tbis conversation occurred, thatMr.
Peters left his home early in the evening, to
attend a political meeting, politics at the time
running high, and hard cider flowing as frcely
as water. Ile was in thc habit of attending
such mectings, and of partaking of his portion
of the cider, and at tiracs somcthing strongcr
but ashc wasasoberman, too.of strong good
sense and firra priuciplc, the thought of his
ever partakiug too freely, never crossed the
mind of his wife.
Regularin his habits, he was rarely out al
ter ten o'clock, on any occasion. Rut this
time, ten came, aud eleven, but he was still
away. This was a circmnstauce so unusual,
that his wife could not help feeliug a degree
of uneasincss. She wcnt to the door and Iis
tcned fur him, aftcr the clock struck eleven,
aud stood there for some time, expectiug eve
ry momcnt to hear the soiind of his footsteps
in the distance. But she waited in vaiu, and
at last re-entcred the house with a troubled
At last the clock struck twelre, and almost
at thc same time sltc hcard her husband at the
door. endeavoring to open it with a dead-latch
key. In this he was not successful, frnm
some cause, andthinking that she might have
turncd thc key, Mrs. Peters wentquietly and
opeued the door for him. She found that she
had not locked it.
As she lifted thc latch, the door was sudden
ly agaiust hcr, and her husband came stagger-in-
in. As he passed hcr, he struck against
ihewall ofthe passage rebounded struck
the othcr side, aud then fell heavily upon the
Thf. ilrpndful truth instantiy flashed upon
hcr Ile was drunk. For a moment her heart
ceased to beat. hcr head reeled, 3Dd shc then
had to lean against the wall to keep from fall
ing. Then all the tender emotions of hcrhcart
rushed frcely into activity. It was her own
husband who lay before hcr overcome by the
master spirit of strong drink.
With almost superhuman strcngth, she
raised him up., althougha large man, and sup
ported him with her arm, until she got him up
stairs, and laid him upon the bed. By this
time. he seemed perfectly stupid; and only
mumbled incoherent replics to tho frcqucnt
and tender importunitiej of his wife.
After some time she got him undressed,
apdinbcd. But hc grewmoreand morestu-
pid every momcnt. 1
"Oh! what if he shoulddie!" the poor wife
moancd anxiously, while the tcars that had at
firsf gushed out still coolinucd to flow freely.
She also washed his face with cold water, and
tried various means to arousc him from the
lelhargy of drunkcnness. But all to no pur-
At last desparing of success, she laid down
beside him, in tears, threw her arms around
his neck, and laid her face tenderly agaiust
" i u ,1 . uuutl" ?miu3'
flir. Tfif.ii . .- 4 1. T T . r . I
nuu d luizuiMi iwnikiu ui uiccm:s.
,-? , n;v.; r S.. 'r
wlucit 'coului l
5osepre.5.TO organs.uto a
Jl P.,....J 1 U-1
mnmnn i i i i i .
so.n J n ,C""r r "uauu . ,
soumuy on tiie spot. forvcryjoy. nhilehe
iauP.i n,:i ,, 1 .. ... i. iJ. i.:.
laughed until his sides ached as bad as his '
j w-J 'iTrZr! "'f' ? ? ' !
:!.r "f"rcrul Jow ho deebred her
Hr Vi, . t? 1 . s .
,cd unth:nkin!T,v ' H'. '.J r cr,,pr
husband, made with a pcculiar iuflcction of0"rts'
, the voicc: "Oh, ycs! If tny husband were "istory of MrsGatncs, wero it un-
, todoso" liad tlie'happicsteircctimaginablc, folded would be scen to possess somclhing
t anu instantiy put an cml to the ttnproutable
TION AT MADRID.
Col. Lehmanousky, who commanded the
two regiments sent by Marshall Soult to de
stroy thc Inquisitiou at Madrid, gives a thril
Iiug sccue in that building, vt hicli was taken
after some resistancc by the troops that de
fended it. Aftcr placiug the prisoners under
guard, tho oOiccrs proccedcd to cxaminc thc
building. They passed thro' room aftcr room,
found altars, and crucifixes, and wax candlcs
in ahundancc, btitno cvidcnccs ofthe iniqui
ty which it was supposcd had beeu perpetra
tcd there. There was bcauty and spleudor,
and the most pcrfcct ordcr. The architect
ure and the proportions were perfect. The
ccilings aud lloors werescoured and liighly
polished. The marlile floors wcre arranged
with a perfect strictness lo order. There
was everythiug to please tlic cye and gratify
a cultiratcd taste; but they searchcd in vain
for those horrid instrumeuts of which they
had becn told, and fur thc dungcons in which
human bcings wcre said to bc buricd alive 1
Justas they werc on the point of giving
up thc search, thc oflicer ncxt iu commaml
to Col. L. proposcd that water should bc
pourcd ou thc marblc floors. This was no
sooncr done than they found a place wherc
the water ran in freely hetwccn the seams of
thc polished slabs. While endeavoring to
raise this one of the soldters struck the slab
with the butt of his musket, and touched a
spring which causcd it to fly up. They found
here a stair-casc, and taking candlcs procced
cd clonn and the following is the dcscription
of thcir cxamination, which coming from the
oflicer in ccmmand himsclf, wc prcsumc must
be nuthcntic :
" Under the fioor was a ticht ceilins; cxcept
at the trap door, which could not be rendcr
edclose; heccc the succcss by Col. Life's
experiment. As wc rcached the foot of the
stairs, we entcred a large square room, which
was called thc 1 1 all of Judgmcnt. In thc
ccntre of it was a large block, and a chain
fastcned to it. On this they wcre accustom
cd to place thc accused in his scat. On oue
side ofthe room was one elevatcd seat, callcd
the Tlirone of Judgmcnt. This the Inquisi
tor generally occupicd, and on eitlier side
werc scats less elevated for the Holy Father
nhen cusaccd in thc solcnm business ofthe
Holy Inquisitor. From the room wc pro
bccdcd to the right and obtaiucd access to
smallcells, cxteuded the entirc length ofthe
ediflce; and here what a sight met the cye!
IIow has the benevolcnt religion of Jesus
been abused snd slandered by his professcd
Thcse cclls wcre places ofsolitary coufine
meut, where the wretchcd objectsof inquisit
orial hate wcre confiued, year after year, till
death rclcascd them of their suflenng, and
their bodies are suflered to remain uutil they
arc cntirely decayed, and the rooms had be
coinc fit for others to occupy. To prevcnt
this practicc becomiug offcnsive to those who
occupicd thc Inquisition, there were flues or
tubes exteuding to the open air, sufiicienily
capacious to carry off the odor from those
In these cells we : found
ne who had paid the debt
thc reinains of some
nf nn..,ro. cnmnnflhpn, lia.l hn Pn,t n.
of nature; some of them had becn dead ap-
parenty but a sliort time, while others not h-
ing remained of them exccpt the bones, still
chaiucd to the floor oftbeir dungeons. In
others we fouud the living suflcrcr of every
orrn onrl nf hnlll cpia frnm (lir vnunr mn
and maidcn to those of three score aud ten
years. all nakcd as they were born into the
world. Our soldicrs immcdiatcly applied
themselves to releasing the captives of thcir
chaihs, stripped themselves in part of thcir
own clothiug tAover these wretched beings,
and are exccediugly anxious to brirjg them
up to the light of day. But awarc of the dan
ger I insisted on their wants being supplicd,
and being brought gradually to the light as
they could bear it.
Whenwe had cxplored these cells, and
openedthe pnsou doors of those who sumv -
ed we proceedc.1 toexplore anothtrroom on
thc left. Here we found the mstromcnts of
r tin,t .b-mnitv nf
vi biu T niuu ii uibu iuwvumi.j w
men or deviis could invenu At tne sigui oi
them the fury ofoursoldiersrefused any lon -
ccrto be restramcd. Ihey deciared tnat
every inquisitor, monk and soldier ofthe es
tablishment dcserved to be put to the torture.
We did not attempt any longer to restrain
them. They commenced at once the work
of torture with the Holy Fathers. I remain
ed till I saw four different kinds of torture
applied, and then returncd from thc anftil
scene, which tcnninated not while one indi
vidual remained of the formcr guilty inmatcs
oftbis anti-cbamber of hcll, on whom they
could wreak revenge.
As soon as the poor sufferers from the cells
ofthe Inquisition could wilh safety be brought
out of the prison to the light of day, (news
having been sprad far and near. that num
bers had been rescued from the Inquisition)
all who had been deprived of friends by the
VT. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 1844.
holy office, came to inquiro if their's were
among the number.
O, what a metting was there! about a
hundred who had bceu buricd alive for many
years, were uow restored to the active world,
and many of them found here a son, and there
a daughtcr, here a sister, and there a brother,
and somc alas! could recognize no frieuds.
The scene was such as no one can describe.
i When this work of recognition was over, to
complete the business in which I cngaged, I
!weut to Madrid aud obtained a larcc quanti-
ty ofgunpowder, which I placed underneath
slow match there was a joyful sight to tliou
sands of admiring eycs. Oh.it would have
done your heart good to see it; the walls and
massivc turrets of that proud edifico were
raised towards the heaveus and the Iuquisi
tiou of Madrid was no more. Walcrn Citi
zens. "i. Lu.iiw. auu 119 1BU1H IU II iij j. i i v u iuu
MRS. GEX. GAINE8 ROMAN
Washington,. Fcb. 13. Tho two'most
important cases now beforo tho Supreme
Courl, aro thoscofthe heirs of Stephen
Girard' vcrsus thc citv of Philidelnhia.
and that of Mrs Gaines, thc wife of Gon-
pral GainnR. ivhn Imq Innm nnd onrnn3tlv
'"Cnl CUnScl ar0 CnSaSod !n tlie-c eases'
and it is plcascnt to conlrast the quiet
: difinity of the Supremt: Court Room. with
the moro animated bustle of inferior
ot the romantic. rof a Iong timo hcr pcr
rcntagc was conccaled from hcr. In car
lifo she was brought from New Orleans
to tho middlc Statcs, and for many ycars
living ina family ofa Col Davis, ncar
Vilmington,Del., passing under thc name
of jiyra Davis, as thc neice or purhaps the
daughtcr of this man, who was belicvcd
to have poscssion of somc of hcr propcrty.
As hcr mind unfoldcd with the growth of
ucr pcrson mj ra natura.iy occamc inqu.s-
ltive on thc subicct ofher Iincaue. exncc-
i m . ii i ? ?
tations, 4 c., but obtained littln satisfacU
ion from her rcputcd uncle or father. Da.
vis, howcvcr, sent hcr to the best schools,
that shc might receivc a finished aduca
tion, wherc sho lcarned French, drawi ng,
&c. Arrived at womanhood, with a
sprightly mind, a good pcrson, and a vcry,
affectionale and coufiding disposition, My.
ra bccamo nn objectofintercst to thoso of
thc othcr se.x, who arc not inscnsihlc to
the charms ofthe moro lcndcr portion of
our racc. Probably thc air of mystcry
thatsurroundcd her, did not dimimsh that
intercst. Thcrc was onc man in particu
lar, who was smitten with her charms,
Mr V) hitncy, a son of Gen Whitney, of
your Statc, a lawycr by profcssion, an
amiablo and cvccllcnt young man, and in
thc esltmation of Miss Xavis, to bo pre
ferrcd abovc all others to a place in hcr
aflcctions, To his proposal for a union.
Miss Davis asscntcd, with a frankness
which presentcd a strong contrast to thc
feelings ofher unclc. He was violently
opposcd to it, without, it is belicvcd assign
mg a satisfactory rcason. Every obsta
clc, howevcr, thrown in tho path oftho
lovcrs, scrvcd only to strcngthen thcir
mutual attachmcnt. Miss 1). tlcd the
liouso of hcr unclc, took refugc in thc sc
clnsion which hc in vain cndcavourod to
pnnetrato.awaited with a maidcn's modcs'
ty anda lovcr's anxiely thc arrial ofhrr
betrothcd forlovers will exchango plcdg-
cs, though it bc through slone walls or o
..,inm,.c.;,v,JLml ,nM .:..
takc in meeting anothcr man by tho name 1 anne.xation have been agrecd upon bc
of Whitncv, who happncd to arrivc at a 1 'wecn tho persons now admimstcfing this
certain plico in a train ofcars which in i Governmcnt, and thc rcprcscntativc here
tho samchour sho cxpected tho real I ofthe Govcrnment of lcxas. and v.ith
Whitney but atlcngth.artcr the course . tho consent or Prcsiecnt louston, who
of thcir trtio love had run with a rou2hness j has very recently sigmficd his acquics
to which thcir yottng hearts had hilherto 1 ccnce in thc mcasure, of which thero is
been strangcrs, they wero happily mar- ' prof no.v in Washington. It is under
ntED. Mr and Mrs f hitney tvcnt to 1 stood that Scnators have becn , sminded on
New Orleans, the scat of some millions j this quest.on. and that tho "Dernocratic
worthofproperty which shc claimed as Scnators from all tho ew fcngland
hcr own, and which shc contcnds is fraud-1 Statcs, and from Newlork nnd 1 enusyl
ulently withheld from her. Mr W. thcrc ' vania aro willing to adopt thc project ot
investigatcd "the matter with unliring dili. annexation as a Icading Ucmocralic
gcncc, met with the usual obstinatc oppo-' mcasure, with that party is to go belorc
sition in such cases, and was, I believe, 1 thc country in thc coming conlest.
cvcn thrown into prison. Hc was not i Thc samo writcr statcs that in all prob
j. 1 , :ii,, .!, r,..,,. , ' abilitv "a Trealv providms for tho annex-
Ui.ailU(,U IU lim- 1 nii, i.iuin.iitt VI
in rnntimm in lifo with his beloved hride
Mrs Whitner became a widow. a vouth-
ful widow, and a vcry sincere mourner.
j w slate of widowhood shc was np-
, . ,,... ..., M r- , ...,f
PfOaCneU UV 1MC gaMUIIl UIU uu.it. .11, WUU
H : . P . ... . ',.....
s"""fv ...... ..w. s..uo
! as to ofTer to lake that place in her afTect-
j ions which had becn occupied by her do
parted husband. Whcthcr those subslan-
1 :t .trnnolitiMf t...l nn
' ;n yanquishing thc heart ofthe old gentle-
I it would be prcsumptious in anv one
todeterminc, without looking into the
mterior of his mind, and in9pecling his
motivcs. The frank henrtcd girl, howev
evcr, was understood to have assurcd the
brave soldier, in accepting his hand, that
one condition must ever be rcservcd. Sho
was always to have thc privilege of oulog
izing thc character, loving the mcmory,
t jej,-!,r,iinrr ihp.
virtucs of their first
j d lUM Love ad Jibitum.Wlw
1(frcfuse such a boon ! Of late years
woul" ,,. , ... , , . -
the'Uenerat nno nis inay nave ueuu w
i ( . . . . .
au a. -
i ters ofpeacc and good will to men
ters ot reacc anu koou m iu mwi, ui.
limcs in orosecutinK thisclaira, involving
an immcnse fortunc. J hc law has lor
a long time held thc result in obeyance.
Butat thissession oftho Supreme.C. it has
been arued by cminent Counsel at Jength
thc matter is hfcfore the Judgcs in full,
the partics arc ansiously awaiting that
decision which is to makc our break. But
if Justicobo done, thero is littlo doubt that
Mis Gaines will win the causc, and come
into the posession of tbat propcrty which
I sincerely believe has been unjuslly de
nied her. Mrs Gaines is a lady of many
fiue qualitios. Happily, among the lists
of hcr virtucs is to bo found that of perse.
THE ENGLISH COMPANY.
Tho Charleston Couricr coDfirms the
statcment that a British Manufacturing
Company has purchased a Iargc body of
land in South Carolina for thc purposc of
carrying on thc manufaclure of cotton up
on n largo scalo Thc Courier was in.
crcdulous when thc statcment first aj.pear
ed, but thc Editor has seen a lctter from
that part of thc stato by which it nppears
that "Mr James Edward Calhoun hassold
his lands in Abbcville District, to an Eng
lish inanufacturing company, lor SCO,-
000, it is said they wield a capilal of
many milhons, and aro to rcmovo a largo
portion of tt to this country so much for'
ilonn Rcix fsom the T.nvr. TIio
R. I. papcrs contain noliccs ofthe cstab.
lishmcnt of several new factories in thc ic
cion of Providencc in that Statc. Onc of
thesc factories in thc prpgress of crcction
is thc lrrgcst in thc Ujiitcd Statcs, having
18.60C spindles. This is tho way thc
Tnriff"ruins" tho country. That "bill
ofabominations" must bo repealcd.
Isaac Hill spcaks in the following tcrms
Kcntucky. wc believe, retains all her
Scnators ofthe last fourtcen ycars; her
great men. Ilenry Clay, voluntarily re
tircd aftcr more thau ten years conllict ;
but living, he rcfuscs nmong his followers
and admirers, an cnthusaism and a dcvo
lion which seems confidcnt of giving him
tho highest positon in this govcrnmcnt.
with many faults with faulls which no
rcdeoming quality can ntonc to somc
did talcnts, a high gallant bcaring, a dc
votion lo fricnds, and an indomitablo per
servcrancc in any niarkcd course, that
givc him more pcrsonal infiuencc in tho
political destinics ofthe country,than pr;r-
0,hcr man ,ivi
! 1 J z.
A committee of confercnco hetwccn thc
House and tho Sena'o have acrecd on n
compromiso Apportionment bill, which,
though unjust to tho whigs, is dccmcd bet.
ter than to let tho Govcrnment come to a
dcad half. It givcs tho Locos 17 certain
of the 3G Sonators, with tho bcttcr chanco
in threc or four othcr districts. Tho House
willsland about 32certain tocachparty;
8 douhtful. ive prcsumo this bill will
OCrDavid Hcnshaw, tho latc Secrctary
of tno Navy, has recently publishcd a long
addrcss in which ho haudlcs thc U- S.
Scnate without mitlcns. Bcttcr kcep
shadv. Mr Ilenshaw. sincc vou wcro rc-
jcctcd by a voto of'-forty" Scnators. Tho
voto came vcry near bcing unanim
It is cvidcnt that thc Locofocos liavo
dctcrmincd to makc the Orcgon Qucstion
a leadinz onc in the coming Prcsidential
contest. Knowing that they will incvit
ablc bc bcatcn on thc issucs of 1840, they
are industriously striving to raisc ucw is-sues-
Among which, in all probability,
bo thc anncxation of Tcxas. Tho intclli-
j gent Washington corrcspondcnt of tho
I New Ynrk Courier and Eunuirer statcs
that hcfirmlv believes that tho tcrms of.
; J m " c - l
I ation will bc submittcd to thc benatc tor
its ratification, before thc adjournment ot
Congrcss, with a vicw to dmdc thc coun-
try upon that qucstion, and by the action
' nl,n frinndanf Mr C avinthat body to
..- " . .(".. " .
i.:s hosnatilitv to that mcasure, and
. - . mtlv ; .u
Iherebv to weaken the wh.g parly in the
South west. Ihis is a dcsperatc movc,
i but I do not doubt that it is not only in
rnnlpmnlation as a partv movcincnt, hut
j thal it is actually in progress, and will oe
1 spccdily developcd upon tho ncccssion of
Mr camoun to mc vw?
Thn Town Elcctions in this County
i havercsulied more favorabiy to tho H'higs
i than wc anlicipaieu. j u.s vuu j
rcsidcncc or tho ureat ncaa oi imiiiu.
Abolitionism, Gerrit Sinilh, and may be
dccmcd the head quarters oftho "Lib;rty
Pnrtv ;" and it is gratifying to obscrve
,l..-.i, ,r.;..,tv Tir.ket' has fa en oti ver
, ... -- r.ii r cu;,n
y cons.aerao y '-""-
Previous to the recent Election they boas-
teU ot tneir auuuy iu whj .
towns, viz : Hamilton. L.ehanon, nrooK
field, Madison, SmithGeld, Scc. whtlo tho
result has thrown thm behind their No
vember voto in all thesa towns, and Iost
them Smithfield. which they carried last
year, not leaving them a singlo peg to
hang a hope upon in the County. This
result, unimporlant in itseir, is very insig
ficant, showing that tho whig Abolitionists
are beginning to get their cyes open to
the notorious fact that their leaders arc en
deavoring to uso them to proroota Van
ANOTHEH HOMICIDE IN WIS
Corrcspondeuce oftlie Y. Tribaac.
Gaix.na, Illinois, Feh. 24, 1311.
A tragicial aflair camo ofl" at Snake
Holloiv, Grant County, trisconsin, thirty
miles from tliis city, yeslcrday morning.
which rcMiltcd in Ihc dcnth ofCharlcs
Lalimcr, E-q. Counsollor at Law. The
circumstances. ns rclated to mc, are thcse :
It sccmsthat Col. White, a Kcituckian,
and formnrly n mcmber of thc Kcntucky
Lcgislalure, had on thc previous cvening
becn singing a whi" song at thc IFiscon-
sin House, und that Lalimcr, who was
prcscnt, had applied to him somc dcgrr.
ding cpithct, whrrcupnn Col W. slappcd
him in the face Latimcr thcrcupnn
challcngcd White to fight a duel unctlic
challcnge was immcdiatcly acccpted.
A Mr Gloslcr, who nlso had had adilHcuI'
ty wilh Lntimcr, was to act as tho friend
ofthe Col V. This nll took placo rn
Thursday cvening. On Friday (ycstcr
day) morning, Latimcr mct Gloster in
passing througli tho hall ofthe Wisconsin
House to brcakfasl, nnd without giving
him any noticc, drew a pistol and tircd at
him, the ball crazinc his breast, but with
out doing him any injury. Gloster then
seized a rillo to defcnd hnnself, but beforo
firing, Latimcr fiiippcd atiothfr pisto! at
him, tvhich did not go nll". Gloster then
dischargcd his riflo and kilicd Lttimcr up
on thc spot.
Latimcr was an Englishman and a
"Canadian Patriot." Hc was a b.ichcl
or and n inin of irili-lligei.ee. When
himsclf hc was nn nmiable. gcntlcmanly
and kind-hcartcd man, but inhis Htsofin
tcmpcrancc, to which hc was subjcct, hc
bccamo violcnt nnd irascible.
From an Occashnal Correspontlent.
WAStiiNGTO-t,.liirc.'i 13, 1814.
You sco a grcat dcal about groal Tjler
mcetings here publishcd in your papcrs at
a distance, and of resolutions passed and
soon. I nssure vou that we so nothing
of them hcrc ; and thc only mcetings rc-
lativc to thc mcans to bc tnkcn to noinin
ato MrTylcr at the Baltimore Convcnticn
next May arc held in tho higlily retpcct
able littlo parlor occupied hy J0I111 Joncs
ofthe Madjscnian. The cvcning's cnter
tainments are generally got up on the
most liberal scale ; nll clarscs and coun-
tries bcing ndmittcd English. Irish,
Scotch, Canntlians, S:c. all ht.norable
men, ns Antony said ; and what is more
Ihcy ask no odds ll.cy scorn lliu idca of
a Jiily Convention and they arc going
right into Ihc Baltimore Convention to put
down tho nomination of Van Burcn, and
substitutc that of John Tyler ; In which
I say Amen" with all my heart. Tribuno
Thc Suprciiic Court of thc
Statcs h&vc revcrtcd tho decision of the
Unitcd Statcs Circuit Court for thc Eas
tcrn District of Pennsylvania, in thc casc
of"Thc Unitcd Statcs viz. thc Unitcd
Stotcs Bank," rclativc lo the claim oftho
Unitcd Statcs Bauk for damagca on tho
French Bill C'asc. By this dccision thc
Bank will bo allowed to rctain thc nrnount
kept back on lliis accounl. It will be rcc
ollccled thal thc Bank wassevcrely blamcd
by a political party oftho day, for having
rclaincd thcso damagcs iupoa
protested I'n nch Hill. N. Y. Exprcss
NEW II AM PSHIRE ELECTION.
Rclurns from 125 lowns give for Sleele,
I'adical Dernocratic, 17,01 1 votcs ; Colhv,
Whig. 10,000; Hiiyf, Abolilion, 3,603 ;
White, Gcnscrviitive, 1,413 ;scalteririg 2.
Thc Radicals havo alioa large majnrity
in the Lcgislalure.
(jy'Thc MassachusotU Lcgi)nluro ha
rcfuscd a chnrtcr fur Ihu pioposed Kuil
road to Kecnc.
WOOL. The Bustnn Courier has a
gain atlvnnccd its quotations wiffi thc re
mark : "Salcs to a mnderatc cxti nt have
bcen made during thc wcck nt pricvs
which fulfy sustain our quotcd rates."
Prinic Saxony Flecccs,
American ftill blood do
15 a 50
42 a 45
37 a 10
34 a 30
23 a 22
J & corn.
Gov. IIilmei:. Tho Washington cor
rcspondcnt of Ihc Christian Watchman
says, thal Gov Gilmcr was an cldcr in the
Presbytcrian Church, nnd, hc trusts, a
pious man. He was present nt tho Cor.
gressional prayer meeting on thc Satur
day cvening prcccding tho cxplosion by
which hc lost his life. Hainp. Gnz.
The Great Vallty.The Mississippi Val
ley ha3 no parallcl on earth its leugth may
be estimated at not less than two thousand
five hundred miles; and its main breadth is
from twelvo to fifteen hundred. Thcrc are
many facts to prove that it was once corcred
with an immcnse ocean, and tbat the great
change was brought about by rejicated and
lonrr continucd volcanic convulsionj. This
valley is the most dclightful, the richest. and
' - rr .: e .1 .1. 1 M
SUstaining a population of onc hundred
Cassius 31. Clay has announced his deter
mination to emancipate all his slaves in the
course of the present year. 3Ir. Clay is a
very large slave-holder and is said to be the
richest man in Kentucky.
(KTCotton Factoiues, wo notico with
pleasutc, are springiog up at tho South,
wc hear of several now ones in Alabama.
and Arkansas. They wiU help to lake
the Abstractionists'kinks'out ofthe Soath
THE NORlERN GALAXY.
is r-L'ELiancD EVEr.r wedsesdat mmmim
IX STEWAP.T'S EUtLDISOS,
BY J. COBB JR.
BT WI10H ALL OROERS rOR rCISTiaC
Of every description will be neatly and
fashionably executed, at sliort noticc.
ENGLAND AND TIIE TARIFF.
The cncmies of the Tariff, and the advo-
catcs of Frce Trade. in the North and in the
South, have urccd as one arjumcnt in favor
of its repcal, that Great Britain was about to
auohsh or modify her C.orn Laws amt pursue
a more liberal policy towards ihoscjiations
with wliom she had commercial intcrcourse.
We arc aware that much has becn said there
upon thc subjcct, aud for a time deirroustra
tions ofa sumingly favoruMc character were
made. But, we never for a moment allowed
ourself to believe that she had a scrious dc
sign of changing that policy, which shc has
ptirsned ever since she bccame a mannfactu
ring nation. To hcr revcuues shc Iook3 and
upon them shc depcmls to sintaiti and meet
her cnonnous cxpciidittircs, hcr royaliy and
splendur. Although thus shamefuliv niisus-
eu, yct she mll not give them np. Htr pre
tentious werc a rusrc blind to iuducc us to
open our ports aud ennblc hcr to supply us
with hcr manufactured roods, and thus break
dowii our manufaclorics. To urgc, ihcn, a
repcal of oirr Tarilf, and thus comrcl the
Govcrnmcnt to res'ort to dircct taxaron for
its support, with the expcctation ofa ihango
of policy ou the part of Great Britain, is fol
ly and madncs3, without excuse. Read tha
lbllowiu" noticc of Sir Uobcrt Pccl's orcniDg
spcech, from the Boston AiIjs:
Sir Hobert l'ccl, in Iiis oncnin; spceib, and
in reply to Mr. Huiuc, stalcd that thc j.cntle
mau was quitc right, in his iufvrcuce tl at tho
absccnco of alkision to thc Corn I,r.s, in
thc spcech from thc Thronc, was nn iudica-
tion that no charco was intcndcd. IJrd auy
such chaiice bcen contemplated, it won'd cer-
tainly have bccu intiniated 111 the j'uyal
Spcech. The Ministcr announced tLc firta
iiilcntion of thc govemmeiit to adhere to tha
cxisting systcm of the Corn Luwi-am! bo ci
tcd the prcicnt chccring prnspccts of 'J raile.
and thc prospcrous stale 01 tnc revcnut ttie
balancc of incouic and ctpeuditurc l.aviug
becn reslorcd as a proniincnt and ptfssing
reasou that uo chanse in the cxiing systern
was nccessary. Ohio Stttte Joumcl.
ANOT1IER PARTY IIUMBUO.
A bill has becn introduced into thc U. S.
House of lteprcsentativcs to rcduco the daily
pay and mileage of nicmbcrs to $G pcr day,
and for every 20 milcs of travcl, thi j rcsent
pay bcing $3 in eacli casc. To thc President
of the Seuate nnd thc Spcakcr ihc pay is to
bo $3 more. Thc clerks ofthe Deparimcnts,
thc men who, of all others in thc govcrnmcnt
indccd all goverumcnts, arc ever thc most
opprcssively taskcd, arc to have thc'r pay cut
down. Such, at least, is the frauie nf the bill.
We have no failh, howevcr, in the siccrrity
ofthe proposcd mcasure. It has bccu intro
duced, as wc have uo dotibt, for thc mcrc par
tizan purposc of makiug a hollotv how of
zeal for economy. If thcse Bniicombe ccon
omists would leavc wraugliDg and atlcnd to
their real dutics, thero neetl l,e 110 ccinpl.iir:ta
of Iong sassions cithcrat Washington or Al
bany. Alb, D. Adc.
So far as we may judge from ihrco davs
travcl and observntion among them, thn
Whigs of Wcstcru Connecticut are wide
awake aud prcparing to do thcir tvholc dniy
in thcir approaching Statc Kleclion. Their
organizatioii, though nut complete, is.bctler
than it usually is tlnt-c wccks before an elec
tion; they npprcciate the iiuporlancc ofihc
contest in which they are cngaged, aud c?pc
cially of sccuring such a Lcgislalure as will
takc wretbat no niorescnators arc scutfrom
that State lo bctr.iy the in'crcsts of Connect
icutand ofthe Cnion by opposinga rrotective
Tariflfaud votingto despoil the States of iheir
riglitful intercst in thc I'nblic LaniN. That
I.itchfield and F.iirGcld Couutics (Loco last
year) will both give decided whig majorilies
now, wc have strong cunfldcnce, and aUo that
Italdwin will be ahcad on the popular votc of
thc Statc for Gnrcrnor. Yet our ultimatc
triumph i3 less ccrlain, since much of the
Whig strcngth is conccntraled iu the grcat
towns Ncw-IIaven and Hartford, casliug
4500 votcs and giiins 1000 Whig uirjority.
bcing balanced in thc House by any fnursmall
Loco l'oco toivns which do nnt east 10(.O
votcs in all. Add to this thc poleccy for mis
chitTofthe Political abolitionists, nlniost all
scccdcrs from the Whig ninks, but new ani
mated by ihc mot phrcn.icd maliguity against
us. Their orgaii, which profancs the nnn.o
of ' Christaiu I'rccnian,' has almost i.bpudt,n
ed thc subjcct of Slavcry to dcal out rnathc
mas on Mr. Clay aud the whig party ; and
though it pretcnds, to kcep up nppearancrf,
to opposethe Loco Focosalso, wc cannot bo
mistaken in our convictiun that ihc (riiinipli
of Loco Fucoism this Spring is tbe olijcct
nearet its heart. Inetery town wlitrcibe
Aboliliouists can prcvrnt the election of a
Whig by their votcs they will stand thcir
gound till miiliiight; but where their absenco
will givc tictory to the Loco Focos, ihey will
bc scarcc aflcr tha first or sccond ballof. To
all practical intenW. thercrorc, they coustituto
the rijht wing of ihc Loco Foco host, and
tiie Whigs will havo to pitt forth iheir utmost
cxcrtions t3 carry the Lcgiilature, and ihcrc
by sccurc to themselves the choico of iho
State officeH. AV'c trust, however, it is in
them to do it. Tribune.
Fourierhm. Thc New York Courier puh
lishes ths following Ietter, as bcing from an
industrious mecbanicof New York, who had
bcen iuduced tojoiu the Fourier Association
in McKean county, Pcnnsylvania, one of
of the oldest of those establishmeats in this
country that, we believe, in which the Ed
itor of the N. Y. Trbiuac is pcrsoually ccn
ccrned. 'McKea Cou.trr, (Pa.) Jan.20 1344.
Dear Sir Excuse the liberty I takc in ad
dressing you thcse lines. When I Icft your
shop to come to thissettlcment I thought to
find a pcrmanent home for my family and my
self; but I Cnd your and your respcctcd fa!h
er's kind warning proved but too true, and I
am now obligcd to try and Snd mcans to rc
turn agnin to New York. The cities are tardy
and unable to send us tbe means for support,
so we are reduced to miscry here ; our clothes
are all worn out, the victuals poor and scant,
and no prospcct whatever for beliering in thn
futurc. 3Io3t all of our scttlers have writte'ii"
to their frieni?s for money to move o!T, aml
some arc going almost every week.
31ay I hope to receive an answer from tou
soon, whether jou could giv me work. whea.