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THE NORTHERN GALAXY,
tS FCBLISnED EVERT WEDS ESDAT U0l9O
IN stewart's buildisgs,
BY J. COBB JR.
BT Wnoa ALL OBDES TOR ?B(XTIIa
EDIT0R AND PROPR1ETOR.
TERMS OF EIGIITII VOLUME.
.Ih,e .ubfcribert S2 00
.V'n.bscriber 2 00
' j;t;jui1 .nJ Co-npanie nlio take at tlie officc
el'lDor 150 cents ifraid !n lix monllis.
T.;te ba lake f Postrideri . . .2.00
1 II n0, paid at ilieend ofthe year 2. 25
Ftet, l'5C0'lt'n"e' unl1' arrearagei are paij
' ' , ai ibe option oftbe propriclor. So pajmci t
(-jrr;crsalIdcJ rxccptordered lj tb.-uroprie-
conimmiicationjraustbc adilrcsscd totheed-
Jwr ro'tl'Ain '
g-fc-' ' """ "" -
Hai!, lovely appearance ofspring!
Thestcrntiessof winrcr is past;
AnJ zejibyrs on soft silken wing
Succeed to the rude r.orllicru blast.
rj"he sun 's come forth iti his strength
To cladden thc earth with his blaze;
Tlie earth feclshis poweraud atlength
Sends up bcr loud tribute of praise.
The liills clap their liands to thc hills,
A.;d tlie vallcys to valleys reply ;
Sivellii'S rivers and fresh-gushing rills
Fccl tlie gladncss and echo the joy ;
Chirmednaturc,througli all hcrdomaio,
Bids her incensc and melody joic,
To adorc andacknowledge tbereign
Of bim who is Sovercign divine.
Hp sends thc glad season of spring,
Filli tbc earth with herincrease, and designs
Wlicn men in their gratitudc sing
Ofhis "oodness, to smilc on their strains :
Vea, thcSpirit delighteth to come
To the heart iu it9 vtiutcr ofsin,
To renew itha spring's moral bloom
And make it all lovely within.
SnoRcnAM, Feb. 13th 1844.
S. W. Jewett Esq.
Sir, we saw an article in
hst weck's Galaxy over the siguaturc of one
of our lowusnieu in which it appears that be
atleajtinsinuates that the full blood yearlitigs
birk''. ewes, &c. of Fortune's stock did not
cot:.e 'p to the niark at which you had set
thnn m point of weight offleece. You sta
tin it to be "beteen five and six pounds."
Xoir sir, so far as wc have any knowledge of
the f icts iu rclatiou thcreto ite are frce to state
(haiiug boked over our ininutes) that thcy
fullv come up to and sustain your stalement.
Tlie avcrazc of all thosc we shearcd and those
parted witli before shcaring is.ire pounds thir
Uin and one half ounccs. U'e mtidc no tcclh
trs. We deem it our duty (" Fair play being
a jeweli") to raakc the abore stateinent, with
our consent that you may make such use of
it as vou choose injustificationof your state
ment'rclative thcreto, d.sclainiing on our part
any lnteiit to become parties in the newspa
per controvcrsy betweea the gent. above
alirnkd to r.:id yourself. We would also
state that tbc yearling bucks of Fortuncs
stock averaged betweeu six and seren jiounds
oi'was.ied wool. Wc sincereiy regret that a
misunderstatidingshauM have arisen between
anv of theshcep hrcedcrs of Addison Coun
ty of such inagnitude as to be thought of suf
licifQt import.mce to engage in a ncwspaper
waifarc tendmg as we believe it will to have
r.n unfavorablr beariug ou the icputation of
thejmlly celebrated flocks of tiiis County, of
which we all feel proud, and none more so
perhaps than votirself.
M. W. C. WR1GHT,
LOYAL C. KEMELEE.
I am pcrwnally rcquaintcd whh M. W.
C. Wright Esq. and 31r. L. C. Remelee and
ctrtify that tlicy are persons whosc statc
inents rnay be relied on.
S. II. JENISON. .
Shoreham, March 20 1841.
Editor of tue Galaxy.
Sir. it is no moro than justice due me that
you should pnblish the ahovc lettcr confirm
Inc statements which others induced me to
make ic a former unmherof your paper.
SOLOMOX W JEWETT.
Weybridge, Jlarch 23, 1844.
Coliectinc a Biix. A gcntlfnian
from New York who had bcen tnrrvinc
in Boston for the purposc of collectin
soma monev duo him in that citv, was
nbout rcturning hnme. whcn hc found
aator.e IjiII ofSlOO iiad becn ovcrlookrd.
liis landlord, who knew tho dchtor,
who fhought :t a doubtful case ; hut sddcd,
that if it was colleclable at all, a tall Yan.
kee, then dunning a person in anothcr part
ofthc room, would annov itout of the
man, Calling him up, therefore. ho in
troduced him to thc creditor, who showcd
him thc account.
IFall, 'squire, 't ant much use trying.
I gucss. I know that crittcr. You might
as well try to squcezo ile out o' Bnnknr
Hill monurncnt,-as to try to collecf a debt
out o' him. But any how, what'll you
givc, sposin' I do try !"
"Wcll, sir, that bill is S100. I 'II give
you yes, I'll give you half, ifyou collect
"Agreed," replied the Colleclor:
"there's no harm in trying, any how."
Some time aftcr. the creditor happencd
to be in Boston, and in walking up Tro-
mont strect, encountcred hU enterpnsing
"Look hcre !" said hc : "I had consid
ir'blc Iuck with that bill o' your'n. You
sce I stuck to him like pitch to a pino
olank, but for thc first weck or two it
was n't no use, not n bit. Ho was always
short, or else he was n't at home ; and I
could n't got no sort of information. By
nnd by. savs I. after going sixtccn timcs
I 'II fi'x yc": so I sot down on hisdoorstcp.
and sct all day, and part of tho cvcning,
nnd began igin early next morning, and
about 10 o'clock he gin in, Hc paid me
"my half, and I gin him up tho nolo !"
Anecdote of Rogeh Shehmas. The
followingis related of Rogcr Minot Sher
The Rev Mr B. an excecdingly dull and
prosy clesgyman, was engaged by a ncigh.
boring cnngrcgation to preach for thcm ;
but they dis'iked him so much, that after
the first Stinday, they locked the cluirch
doors, and had no services at all. The
revercnd gcntleman, however, was not to
Le "Jonc" in this manner. He remained
in town, nnd every Sunday, twice.aday
presented himsclf to thc church door in
full canonicals, nnd dcraandcd admission.
At thc closc ofthe term for which, he was
engaged, ho employed Mr Sherman to
bring n suit against tbc parish for his sal
sry. Thaddeu Betts, tlo lawycrfor the
parish, when tho casc was brought cn for :
trial, turned (o Rlr Sherman and said
Brother Sherman, is not this raihcr md
gular a principlo a man wishing to be paid
for not" pieachinKl' 'Brother Bctts,'
as the laconic reply. " ifyou had ever
heard my client " you would not think
From GoJcy's Lady'a Book.
Epntiilcs of iFcmalr ?ijrrotsm.
BT SEBA SMtTH.
Talkasyou will of theheroicdays ofGrecce
and Romc, you may look in vain for brighter
examples of humau sympathy and sublime
self-devotion, than are to be found in the an-
uals of the rude aborigiu'es of our country.
And as inall countrics, perhaps, the brigbtcst
of all examples of sympathy and self-sacrifice
are met wiltt m tue solter sex, so the Indian
" .... .
n omen ol tms couutry nas luily cstablisued
iicr cidiui 10 iuia iiiu luaiiiicuuu. wiiere nas
world cver seen a more beautiful and .impcrative duty, that must uudernocircum- stakes and print his paper at the Falls oftbe !solemn 1 rea1' f Peace and Amity e.xists
ching instauce, than that exhibited in the stauccs be omitted. Accordiugly in this casc, Columbia inieTl nf il.e P-,11, nf it,o ni,in I betwccn us and Mexico, we cannot, with
ryof PocahoutasandCapt. John Sinith? "ben all attcinpts to discovcr the murderer olumu,a mslcau lue tM3 01 t,ie umo-j out vtoUting tho sacred faith of Ircaties,
OIU1I Ul 1 Uw(...UUIU. .UU UUII1. ilUllll ijlllllll
And whcre is there a more competent witness
to this ecneral characler of thc sex. lhan ih? 1
saine gallanl Captam himsclf, travelliug as he !
did t iroughalmost tliewliolecivilized world,
1iouli. ir.nnv nnrtln.ic t.f v.r. l.iri.m...
. -"vr-""- .- uu.uu.ui.o .
The coinplaccnt siniplicity wilh which he
relatcs his own expericnce on this poiut is de-
' Mv comfort is. said he. 'that heretofore
honorable and virtuous Ladics. are comnara. ,
ble but amongst tbemselves. have offered me
rescuc and protectiou iu my greatest dangcrs. ,
Even in foreirn narta 1 liave felt relief I'rnm
that sex. The bcautious lady Tragabijzinda,
v.-lin I u-. div l llm 'I'nrlrc .K.lfll alio
rnnlrl In semr ,ne. Wl.en 1 nverrn.n,. tl.e
BashawofNaibritsin Tartaria, the charitable comiiig to a decision, leaving tbe subjcct to prise that ever dcludcd foolish man. We 1 tIiat ,"'c ,tL',r,,or' of '"c V"'- r -CS3' or ihvcllincs and manufactiiritic ctal.li.h
lady Callamata supplicd iny neccssitics. In be rcsumed the next day. In thc mean time 0uld notbe subjcctcd to tlicinnunicrableand 1 a'ready Iarge e.iough. It is lnfinlteO' lnenta cr(f coll.nmc( Thc loss is'eVima
the utmost of many extrcmities, that blesscd one of the niimber, who was particularly indescribablc torturcs ofajourncy to Orcgon more imporlant lliat wc should pcoplc and ,tcJ at more .mn j-.oqOO.
Pocahontas, the great king's dauehtero'f Vir- , fricr.dlyto Mr. Dcan. acquaintcd bim nith the for all the soil that its savage huntcrs cver improvc what wo Iiavc, than grasp forl
giuia, oft saved my lifc. Whcn I escaped the natiire ofthc dcbate in tbe conncil. , wandcred over. Thc journey tbilhcr, from all more, cspeciallv when its acquisition IRELAND.
cruelty of pirutes aud most furious storms, a
loug time alone in a small boat at sea, and
drivcn asliorc in Francc thc good Lady Mad
am Chauoyes bouutifully assistcd me.'
in all lus wanderiugs, uowcvcr, and in all
the sceuesof his remarkable lifc, 'blesscd Poc- !
aliontas,' tue yoimg lnuian girl ol Virguua, ; mucj, niuwu hc uuuohm: ., mc pmu
was uudoubtcdly Ihe 'bright particular star,' ' "bility that he could cscape with his family
that attractcd his highest admiralion and de- vould bc small. Ile rcsolvcd to remain and
scned his warmcst gratitudc. She pciilcd ;
her life more than oncc iu the most dcvoted i
and heroic manner to sbield Cnpt. Smith from
dangcr; but tlie story is too fdmihar to most inenu, iiini uie qucsuuii wa sun uiiucliuuu.
readcrs to bc dwclt upon. IThisdelay strenglheiicd hishopcsthatthede-
Anothcr instauce somewhat similar to that bate voufd termi'nate in his favor. Thc coun
of Pocahontas and Capt. Smith, thougli not cil wascoutinued forsecraldaysIongerwith
risiiis to so powcrful au intercst. ou account ! out coming to a decision, and hc felt more and
ncrhans of the more humble condition oftbe ,
parties, is recorded of a youncSeminole girl,
at a much more recent date. It may not bc
inappropriatc to givc somc of thc particulars
of this alfair, iuasmuch as it has not bcen so
uidely puhli'Jied nnd is not so familiar as the
casc alluUcil to ahovc.
iuole tribe, itihabiting some parts of the tcrri-
tory of Florida. commcuccd a border warfare !
T il, ,-.,r isir ihe ln,r.-iiia nf ilie Spm. i
upon tlie mliauitants 01 ucorgia. jjur.can
McKrimmon, a militia soldier, who had been
statioucd at onc oftbe forts,whilc out onc day
upon a'fishiug cxcnrsion lost his way in the
wood-. After wandering about for scveral .
days, he vas fallen in with and capturcd by a
' ... 1 1 1 .
party oi inaiaus miacr me propnci r i.uitio.
Havilfetaken him tocampandextractcd from,
him what informatiou thcy could rcspccting ,
the positions aml micuiiuiis oi uie umnary -" ....u.v. ...v .v... - gcmug uw u nuc uie; i.mc .iuiiisciiicin i u iu ui acq'iisniuu ui .u.t.Su it.,...,.j ; ion ol thc trial lor the wlinlc countrv, wlncli
forcesofthewhites, thcy prcpared to sacrifice der lliat had beeu commitled on one ofthcir a pursuing. This is tbe first gliinpse the conquest, (which, as things stnnd, the an-1 ag m a state 0f t,e utniost cxcitement bc
him witli the torturcs common in savage war- nation, and told him plainly that their council happy cmicrants gcls of the llissful Orcgon. lu.xat;on 0f Texas would cffectivsly bi:,)fore, is noivas calmas an iinrtilllcd lake. Tbe
Hewas boundto a slakc, and dry fa-igots
were heapcd around him. Thcse savagcs then
lormcdincircle arouud uis Iuncr.il pyre, and
dauced, and sung. and scrcamed forscvcral
bours toscther. With onc solitarvexception,
all were rajoicing over tbcirvictim and cager
to witness the coiistimmation of their torlurcs.
ct said to be but fiftecn vearsofae, was iu
the c'oinpany. She alone partooknot of tbc
gencral joy, she alone joined not in the revel-
r-, but watched the crnel preparations with a
saddened counteuancc and cvident pain.
last vield'ed to her request, and ordcred the
. 1 1..,,., a vi,;to AteTvn'mmnn
remained with thera, Milly contiuucd to show
1 II .1 . ri :...lnneB I. ln nniror
t t 1. ,
eold hhnto thSpamardsat St. Marks for
o njnnc nn.l n l.n fnfnim.
Thc senuel to this afiair is, if possiblc, still
1 r y Tt.r..Hnnrrn- cniin
In tlie fortuneof war. some 1
time afterwards, a party ofthe Seminolcs, be- ,
iog placed in a situaticn whcre tbey must ei-'
1..1 1.... nfnnore I
When the faggots were about to be fired, and that the whole matter had heen discussed a cr ready to exchan2e their hold on tue parcnt , , n.:nJs cssanu:nc or moro chas Thouars. has causcd much excitemcnt at
tbe tomahawk was raised to mutilate the vic- long time aud vievvcd in all its bcantgs. nnd pearfor a softer localion on the Icgs of man. , ' j Cxamnlcs V historv, mav ' Va. anJ ll'c affl"r "iM l,e w-d by the op-
r,m .tie s.irlilenlv uished before the fa'al iu- that the decree oftbe council could not be The travcller on this part of lus jouiney has 1 'e,lr" " ""Y"- . position as a means for oustilig the Guizot
urament and oadebe executioncr lct tbc ' changed. Mr. Dcan addressed thcm again. nothing to fear from lndians orpauthers, or fcnr. that cxlension oftcn prodticcs xvcak- J. Qn Mondayf in ,h " cl.ambcr of
i.inn, fnii,', lier ,1pel.irinir that he would not ! aniLcnforced his argumcuts with all tbe skill rctl-inoutlicd catauiounts, as thcse animils are ! ness, rathcr than s'rcngth ; and that po- jWuties, aftcr some routinc business had
live if the cantive s hte were takcn.
rri ...:., nnralvrert ith aitnnth- ' nrospcct ol makiii" any impression upou tnem not stray wherc tlie liope ol a luil stomacli 13 ; is less nud ess co
ment. dclavcd tostrike; and Milly knccling.or averting thc object ofthcir visit. 1 a gross delusion to tbe fancy. como more aud
to her father. besousht him to save the cap- Ju tne mmst m incse argumems, uie uoor , 1 nose scctious 01 uregon, tnat are most au- ercncRt bctwccn
.. , ,:r : ' .nt.inr term thar Iie nt siiddenlv opcnea, aud a squaw wnn a oianKct . vantaseousiy situateu lor cuiture and proiit, .. r :,
m ihe whites it list nreferriuir the latter al-l After the surpriseoccasioncdby this strange Columbia river, thc musquetocs pay their re
i e cm in nd PfeThcmsclvs up. occurrcnce ha'd a little subsided, the head spects to him in countlcss mul.itudes, and at
My Fn the worncn for coming ,o the ,ach themse.vcs with unremitting and uure-
McKrimmon learned ihat she was a prisoner. , solemn council, aod bade tbe.n rct.re and leave lentiug closeness to h.m as long as he. or any
he histened immediatelv to find her out. aud ' the chiefs to pursue their business. Thc first eatible and anukable portion of his body rc
fodo -h aheToM ItoSi charge throbhga-! squaw replied. council must maiu,. Whcrever the mud ,s sufficicn.ly
ion he was undcr to a woman who had PTa- change its dec.s.on. The blood ofthc I..te oeag,noustoproducemusquetocs,theyswarm
red her own life in imminent iconardv to pre-' man must not be shed ; he was her adopted fromitin fiocks which obscurethesunatnoon
terve hto B v Z Z" her caKoin he n. and they must Ict him alone and not harm day. After these rapacious insccts have ea
had eveo- tlg done that ooM U ,o add to ! him. The cjiicfs with a more imperious tope , ten all tbe llesh from the bones, thc autumnal
herconifortandhappiness. And that he might. bade them begone, for the council knew its , aguescoramencetheir.uterestingexpcriments.
show he thestroniest possiblc cvidenee 0r, own business. At oncc the t bree women Persons who reside.u the swampsorilhno.s,
snow iier - , threw t ,e rblankels rrom thcirshoulders.and i 0n the W abash bottom in Indwna. or on tbc
his high sense oftbeobligation Ue was under . . . plpllphpd hand a ,ou $iiarn ,nInn,ts of Red river. flatter themselres that
heoucrcd her lus iiana in raamage. as n
Anotber strikine incident, in some respects
, , , , - . ... . j-n-
nnralled tn Ihe fnreo-ninor. nnd Vet ailicrinir in
others. occurred in Westcrn New 1 ork some
fiftvorsixtv vearsaio. James Dean was one
ty years ago. JamesUean wasone
.es settle of Westmorland, One.-
- - - -J - .
the son of relicious parents.who desicncd him
for a missionary amou'g the lndians. Forthis
purpose he wassent a while, when but elevcn
years old, to reside among the lndians on the
Susquehannah, to learn something of their
language, rnanncrs, and customs. During
r'whh true dign tyofyou Fe dediued i , ; cil. that if the Ieast harm was offered to.the , ,,ut it is reseryed to thosc fortnnate.nd.ndu.
,l,,t I,e hA done but what she " hite man. they would pluuge the kmves mto . al?, who res.de m the sm.l.n valley of the
rU r.l.n ii'lnnli imlilKDil 1 ttn ni K 1 1 1 1 1 . .11IL1 LilLil w..... , iwvanuvf D D . ' I
u.-iiui uiu. .- , . .i.:, ... i,oa :i ammett.tobc carned to tnescvenin neav-
rnnsidered a siniDle act ol duty, ano saiu tnai "'"""" . .. , .. i ",VX7" .t..: rr ..!-..
his snjourn amongthescsons of the forest, the
wife of onc of the hcad chiefs of theOneidas,
ngrecably to the njages ol the tribcs, adonted
hini as her son. Ile afterwards rcturned to
ewtngland and pursucd his studies to car -
ry out the mtentiou ofhis parents.
Itie breaking out orthe rcvolutionaty war
bowcver, changed the wbole plan ofhis future
hfe. Iusteadof goingasa missionary among
theludians. he received the appointmcnt of
Indian ajent with the rank of Major in the
army. He performcd the dntics of this ollice
during the war, residing most of the time in
1 1, .. : -l.i i 1 . r . i r. . r. ,.
..ic uciguuuiiiuuii ui-iuu vnciuus. aiikt me
war was over, tlie tribe prcscnted bim a tract
oflaud in what was afterwards called AVest-
morland, upon which he commcnced a scttlc-
inent in 178G. It was a few years after this,
, that the mcident occurred of which we are to
I- 4U In'an had becn murdcrcd by some
! white man who escaped detection. ' Indian
j usagesrequire, whcn a murder hasbeen com-
Jmittcd and the murderer cannot be detcctcd
' and punishcd. that some other individual of
' 'be tribe ornation, to whom the murdcrcrbe-
""bs "ouiu oe scicctea anu taKen wnerecvcr
1. , 1 !- . 1
uc cuuiu uc iuunu, anu racnnccu as an aione- ,
This is regarded as an
........ - . . . j. . . - .w a.uu.w.
proved unsncccssful, the chiefs and head mcn
oftbe nation met in solcmncouncil to discuss
the matter and sce what must be done.
ana.some wui.c man must ue maue asa-
cnfiec. was rcadilv atrreed unon: hnt who it
j o , ,
snouiu ue, was a more aimcuit qucstion to
sctte. T.emnds of most nf ll.e rliiefs seem-
cdtobe turned towards Major Dcau, asa.it
man ol tlie Jitznest stanuinii auu lmnortance
anv wherc in that vicinity, aud thcrcfore thc
niost suitable to be offercd as an atoncment
for hcir murdcrcd brother. Somcoflhc
cuicis, nonetur, .irgucu iiiawur. uvan w.is an
adoptcd son of their own tribe, and thcreforc
uotacconntable to the tribe (or tbcacts of thc
Wllltes. 1 Iie UCUatewaS lotlCT atld carnest.
aild the flt dav's COUCcil broke lin witllOUt
ourpnscu UIUcu ul .uiurniui.u.i, e ,
was ai a ioss niiaicuurcc lopursue. 11c nnu
built him a house wbicl, he cxcnpied. and he
had a Wife and two childmi!To atlempt to
abandon his bouse and flce from that part of
lhc country would be almost cqual to death;
"""St to I'rovidence lor a latorablc lssue m
he council. The debatc was resumcd again
bc next day. and again he learned from his
natc assurcd ol lus salety.
At lastin tlie ueau ol uient, ne wassuaucn-1
ly startcd by adeath-wboop near his dwelling,
wh.chbe atoncekncwtobe a warningoriiis
approacniiiKiaic. "c a V,c
matter cntireiy iro n ms ui.e, unwiiiiiig iogc
causc oi aiarm mie ne iiau nopes oi cscn-
Pin2. uui nc how luiiiniicu ner iiiiii hc ";-
Hevetl a party oflndians were approaching thc
house to take lus lifc. and desired bcr to re-
""" "" -'ii-
mcnt, while bc would mcet tbc lndians at hc
jdoor, nnd see if hc could by any possibihty
turn 111cm irom uicir j.urpuse.
1 ne pany Soou came up 10 u.c ooor a,i
cincrcu uie outcr room. incre were eigu-
...i.n 1 11 nt.mlinr -.11 lnfa nml lienfl inrn lit
---; ; v . ,
Ihe tribe. After a bnef paufe, the prmciplc
chiel gravely iiifSrincd Mr. Dcau ofthc naturc
al:er a 10,g au4 ueiiueraie iiiscussiou nau s.c-
. lected him as the most suitablc person to be
sacnhccdasan atonemcut lorthedcad and to
appeuse iw tum m mcu utn.u mti m
the land of spirits. Tbey had now came to
execute the dccrce orthe council, aud hc must
prcparc ror linmcdiate deatli.
Mr. Dean calmly commcnced reasonmg
with thcm on thcMibjcct; urged tlie nrong
it wasdoiug to aubouest person topumsh bim
for tbe acts of the Ruilly; and that cspccially,
cvcn to their own las, it was rong icirthem
to sacrificehim iu this case as he wasan adop-
ted son ofthcir own tribe. Thecbiefreplied
Ihe was mastcrof; but still he could see no
around hcrcntered the room. She was the
the wife of tbc head chief, and she it was who
' had adopted Mr. Dcan as her son in his boy-
, . -l,;.rl.-J ., ;., ,c, nnl.timcnt
1IUUU. J Ll- IMIUJI1.JIH. U. .............. -- -
cIip tnnk iipr Ktaiion ralmlv bv thc door.
forno womamvas nllowed to entcr their sol-
After a moment's pause tbc
' euin council.
door agam opened, and thc wife ofanother of
tue cliiels came m, simuany auirca, auu iook
her station by the side of the former. In a
moment more a tlnrd came in and took hcr
cl.ntd.nnn liv tlie others.
Sl leni 51311 311 UV IIIC UIUC13.
! gardcd the strange scene as an indication of
iur . -TV'" ..' r
ntelv came lo llie urcuiuu iu icici i...
all-,J -'" . . . . . ....
rnrlucr decrce, and the white man s uie was
raru)" c, - . ,
. spareo. mr.
. and safcty and IWed an
dJaJcn inhabi.ant of Wcstmorlaud,
where hediedln cishtcen l.undrcd and thirty-
I ..II..... . . nMPi
John A. Collins. At a great Founer meet
ine in Bostou, held in January, Colbns de
claimcd with hi ustttl vehemence agamst
VT.WEDNESDAY, APRIL3, 1844.
the power of holding propcrty, and tho tvick-
iici.,iuu ui iuc
lawsin btiyiug and sclling; it was the great
sin nf tllf ztfrfi. nininct -ir hlrli nll ih
! potver ofthe reformed should be directcd, if
! thcy would abolish slavery and elevatc man-
' kind. A gcntleman in the mccting, acqnain-
ted witli Collins' way of reforming. arose, in-
; quiriug of hira whctber he had not laicn a
. deed of the Skencatlcs tract of some 2,000
acres, and recorded the detd in the county of-
fices ? This was a poser:-and for a long
tirne poor Collins haccled. and cvaded. and
r , . . . , .
rci uscu to answer. At letigtn tlie mqeting
j decided that it was a fair qucstion, and
should bc snswered, and our reformer was
obliged to confcss to the crowded audicuce 1
' he had becn IccturiiiK to agahist the risht of!
nronertv. that he had both received and ri-
corded the deed! The mccting was amazed
at the inipudcnt hypocrisy, liich aftcr all is
only a spccimcn of the moral wonhlessncss
of most of our vagabondizing refonners.
THE OREGOX COUNTRY
Prektice, of the Louisvillc Journal, does
not seem fully to have dctennined to pull up
-ec "on "c PalD" orcgon, uiai canniy par-
adise of Senator Be.ntos's wakinc dreams.
Hc a not dipped his pcncil in coulcur dt
r0Jf, but his liinuing, wc apprehend, is quitc
' c ii i
rnithfiil aa tlio liminmhli- Si-iiiinr' ?
..nrll.t,. I,r r.l.:..n.tl,
v. VUUUUI..VU y- ui ih viu.w)
is one oftbe lcast favorcd ofheaveu. It is
the mere ridd n"s of crcat on. It is almost
as barrcn as the Dcscrt ofAfrica. and auite as
uncarthlv as the Camnania of Italv. To leave
the fcrtile and salubrious Iands on this side of
tne llocKy olouutams, anu togo iieyonu tlieir
snowvsuinmits a lliousand niilcs.lo be cxilcd
fr0m law and society, and to cndeavor to cx-
rirt fnnil frnm llie ntiuiliiii" tnii.I.l.onns ulneli
nre lliere ealled earth. is the lnaddest enler-
accounis. is uorriLie cuougn.utii it is parauise-
an w licn contrastcil witli tlie waslinc nusenes
' hich besct thc wrctcbcd cmisrant when he
has reanl.ed the ,,nit whern he faneied hU
unutterable oes were to ccase. but ubere hc
finds thcy are to bcincrcased bcyond all en-
durancc. Ofthc last party ofcmigrants that
lcft Missouri for Orcgon, only cight died of
starvntion before rcaching Fort Ilall, which
is but half wavto the country that is rcckoncd
iuhabitable by thosc who are afflictcd with thc
OreRon mania. t
Wc have alrcady intimatcd lliat tbc journey
to the Columbia rivcr from this country is
attendcd with starvntion aud a thousand othcr
felicilies. If tbc cmigrant is so lucky as to
cscapc the pangs of famiiic nnd the bullets of
WiM J Ulllclllt.llt;3 U.I MII9 DIUC UI lliC AtU.n
.Moumaitis. Hc mav nerliaps sunive tlie lons
and tedious asccnt oftbe mountains. When
aru journey, tne jauo oi pronuse. tne aciec-
auie oanaau. tne lanu nowing wuu im.K anu
noucy, sprcaas out iinmitauiy uciore iiim
;nu a most ravisiuiic uruMicci un: 1 nerc
15 not a trce to bmit the reach or imparadised
vision. His cncbaiitcd eye wandefs in ccsta-
1, i.mUi Ui..t.vv.......-,..m-3.uv),
mtcrsperscd with oascs ofwild wormwood and
prickly pears, ad tibUum. Nothing clse cau
,e seen to tne rigui or ieii. or m iront. jc-
1,1ml 11111., tnc snow-ciau peaKs 01 t e mouu-
I C ...1.. A'. T... 1 1... .. C r.
I . , , ..
. COmc ttuiiMingdown, civmg the travcller rare Our fiflh rc2Sonis, that wo drcad the
opportunitics of exhihiting his dexterily mibcginning by tho United Slatcs ol a sys-
as ne ueccnus 1110 evenasting i estcru siopcs
i ofthc mountains, the rockssecmto dmunisli.
wlnle the only green things. wormwooil and
mcMj pejr, sccm iu iutru.c. mnmnt
nothing secms to be creatcd in vaiu; for the
wormwood, ifa man have courage to sw.il -
( low it, atlords somc reherto thc mhnii aml
. shrivelled stomachs wbich invariably prcvail
, in that part .r tho journey. while tbe prickly
. pcar not only scratchcs his shins which itch
most intolerably in conscqucncc of the bilcof
inuumerablc sand-ticks.but aliord him agrce-
, ablc divcrsion before the camp firc at . nightin
So cluttcnous iu their nalurcs that theywill
j are unhcallhy, and abouud in reptiles and in
'. sects, vhich render life almost insupportabls.
There are moccasins, copperheads, rattle-
l l .nrn;,.n IW-.nr.ls t-.r-.nnil-,. fleoo
.HIIHL.'I DbV.jl.WIJf 1 ... .. J , ................. . . .....
tirk. mn!niiPtops. p-nllimnncrs. &:otIicr nesls.
0f which ncitherentrnology norzoology nor
herpctology gives any account. Of all tbese
infainous pests the Oregou musquctoes are
said to ue tne niosi unenaurauie irom mein
numbers and iusatiable voracity. Whenever
en.erpnze, fatc. or liorse-flesh carncs an un -
fnrtnnate wrctch to tbe romantic sborcs ofthc
nri UnUlC WrClUI IU UIC IUIU.111.IL3.IUILJUI 1UC
.7 , ,. , : : " ...
There are parts ofArabia Felix of which
! the beart ofa lovei- ofnatnre ncver wearics
; " Till- ,n the nnmieeiJn,,. I
mcuu iwi laiuj.uwu.Mm.
1 1 i .. J ti :
able autnorny oi woctor jouusou, i au ex-
! ... . . r.t,
,6. 0-...1. . .-...i...i...t.rf.:
, landin South Aracricatheblush ofspring
J, perennial, and the scenery is lovely beyond
description-the vale of Temple, the isle of
description the vale of Temple, the isle ol
Nyssus, the grovo oiiapnue oyuronies, anu j uouse oi uepreseniaiives. x nis me piuy
the field of Enna, lire in the luxurious verse 0f the whig candidate for the Presidency. - 5
of old heathen poets, but,'werc the splendorsi This is the respect he pays to the presidinz; ?The Argus, a Loco Foco paper at
ofall these place3 congTegated and concentra- officer ofthe people's representativw. Is(Harriibnrgb,3ayss " Wo tell them (tharLa
ted on one. that one would not, in the imag- snch a man worthy of the bighest office in cos,) in all eandor, that if tn election wu to
inationsof many of ourcountrymen.Tomparc'the cift of a free people? oro Foco va-
iu riciiness auu oeauty wiin uiai loveiy lein-
tory on which the stars look entranced, that
r iMixr -t .
to somc ima-iuarv boundarv line awav ofTto
thenorlh, known underheaveu bytheeunbo-
nious dcignation of Orcgon. Itidccd we ex-
pcct to wakc up ome of tliee lnornin-s to
learu that some biblical cxplorcr has discov-
ered.in lheMcini:v of Vaucouver, conclusive
proofs that there ori"inal!y bloomed the "lo-
Exteact Fnosf the Nvt Iktelmgencer '
,. .' "
inn. UUJVV.11U11 iu iiiuuiiiiuAaiiuii ui
Texns is, that it cannot ho accomplishcd
without involving the coiuitry in war;
too great a price to pay for any territorial
acquisition whatevcr, which the National
honor docs not demand.
Our second objection is, that, far from
demnnding this acquisition, the National
honor forbids it. So longas war contin
ues between Mcxico and Texas, and a
Mc.xtco slill mainlains her right. Wo
Ihnvn. it i.t,.i nbr,nu1.1rr.l n,n I
pendcnce of Texas, as wo had a right to
. do for ccrtain international purposes : hut
. r r. . .
i lliat rcco"nition did not nvlinf msli or in
i o . . . ,
- ""V inamicr aueci tnc nguis oi iticxico
rt r.. . , .
uPcn iexas. 1 hc obl g..tuns of our
i --reuiy wun iucxico rcmain untoucncu :
' and Mcxico would havn tlie same ri"ht
. to nosscss licrcsclf fifsho couldl of anv
State of this Union, as tho Govcrnmcnt of
tlle JJnitcd Statcs has to possess hcrsclf
! ,-,', ,,- . ,,, i,;.,; ,..i,:t, ,,.!,!
' ' . .. J . ." . .
. bc COncluslVC WlthOUt thc prCCCdmg) !S,
; wcuj 0o incvitably attcndcd with discord
i .i:..(:.r.: l. : . r. :,.
" CZ n - J il n nZl, r 1 1
i!nl ' Lho '"l'l""""3 lc PC.P,B .r"'c
. Uni,e'1 atates that thcy should cnjoy in
peacc. contcntmcnt, and harmony, what
thcy already have, lhan Ihnl tbey should
placc all those blessings at hazard by
. 1 : .
I inis new c.xpcriiiieni.
uur inurili onjeciion is. tnat, 11 mo -nu-ncxalioti"j)f
Texns wcro in olhcr rcspccls
tlcMralilc, onocntirc lliird ofthis Union
nt lcast, forbids thc b.ins, doubls the cnn
stitutionnl right to cslablish thc conncxion
anddcclaros its dctcrmination to rcsist it.
The proposition to anncx or incorporatc
a l'orcign Nation in this Union. inoreovcr.
is cntireiy new, and thc authority todo il
issolcmnly qucslioned. This objection
would have much lcss forco had wc, in
this casc, instcad of rccognizing tho indc
pcndenco of Texas, ncgoliated with Mcx
ico. with or without the consent oftbe
Peop'c of Texas, for the acquisition ol
that tcrrilory We would not, mercly lo
acquirc moro land, of which we have al
rcady more than we want) jeopard thc cx
islcncc of lho Union, wbich onght lo b?
dcarcr to the hcart ofevcry Amcrican cil.
izcn than any considcratiun cxlraneous to
Our fiflh rcsson is, that wo drcad the
bcginning by the United Statcs ofa sys
tcm of acq'iisition of forcign territory by
conquest, (which, as things stnnd, the an
nexation of Texas would cffectivsly be,)
or cvcn by purchasc. Once begiu it. and
whcto will it cnd ! Shall we cver havo
1 11 1 ltlllUII III lllia K lllUlltlHUI tu. .
I iaonlin.lv new. nml lhn nulhnritv to do ll
; socniny qucslioned. This 'objection
wmld imve much lcss forco had we, in
, . :n,,pn,i r rernnin,. tbn inclc.
nnnYu, with Mrx.
i - ;
' - 1
Peoplc of Texas, for the acquisition ol
that tcrnlory V e would not, mercly lo
acquirc moro unu, 01 nuim u hhvu .n-
rca,y mt,rc than we wanO jeopard thc cx
jslcncc 0f i10 Union, which ought lo br
. , ,h ,Car, ofevprv Amcrican cil.
. . conItcra,iun nviraneous to
:" ' -
bv nM.cl.nso. Once hcaiii it. and
, sh . 1....I
, . cnol,, forambition thou"h wc1
tcrrilory cnoush forambition
havo oiioiigh for our tvants T
- . f 7 !
0'ioi'f," tur our .an.s j
, F . R(K jjb Veiister's SrEECit .
1 . , , ..
tl is cvioent, at icasi, tnai uiLru ",us .
bc soinc boundary. or evcn somc limils lo,
a Ropublic which is to have a cointnoii!
i cctitrc. Freo and ardcnt speculations,
niay cad to lho indulgcncc of an idca,
j ,)at suc, a RCpnb!ic may hc cxtcndcd o-'
. . hemispherc. On thc olhcr
lilical attrnction, like othcr atlraclmns,
crlul, as thc parts ie-
more distant. In this diff-
nrdent calculations. and
sectns to nic to be the
trucst wisdom to nbid
abideby the prcscnt state ah? ,reil,,-v ",ere.'! irrt, with
1! 1 . n :. , . Vice-Adnurat M. Dupetit Thouars has de
hat slale of things ts ac- .rcd hcr of the c'rnrn(.nt of otahcitc.
"b ''" "' '. " T ,
knowlcdged on all hanls, to oe singuinriy
happy, prosperous and honorable. "Inall
pcinls of vicw, thcrcfore, in which 1 can
j rcard tbc subjcct, myjudgcmcnt is de-
' c; jetJlv unfavorable to thc report ofanncx'
- T exas to tho United States." "You
fa b Sparta"-such was thc admonition
I ' . pntdcncc "embcHish
ITc have a Rcpubhc, ccntlemen, of
vast cxtent and unequallcd natural auvan-
tagcs; a Republic. full of intercst in its tl,at assembly, disgustcd w'uh the acquics
origin. its hislory, its prescnt condition, ' ceucc of ministers in thc dcmand of Eog
and its prospccts for the future. Instcad land.
of aiming to cnlargcits boundaries, Ict us -
seek, rathcr to strengbten ils union, to QUEEN VICTORIA REI'ORTED IN
draw out ils rcsources, to mainlain and SANITY.
improvc itsinstitulionsof Rcligion and Lettcrs frora highly rcspcctable sources in
Liberty, and thus to push it forward in its Eugland, received in this city by the last ar
career'of prospcrily and glory." ' rival at New York, intimate distinctly, what
has before becn darkly hintcd at, that the in-
ANOTHER LOCOFOCO FALSEHOOD ' ffiJXwif
NAILED! ter, Queen Victoria. The gymptoms, it is
Tbe following s.upid slander has been pub-; &.Awt
lisbcd time and time again, by the despera-
r.does ofthe Tiraes. Thcfactofitsappearing
in tuai paper, is prooi concrvaive uowever,
thatitUabe. The re.narks of the Dcmo-
crat are deserved.
"Gohomt GdD mjoa, ichercyoubc-
This is the language addressed to
J" . p--&- --.
Mr. Speaker" 1'oJk, by llenry tjlay ln'thecrLiuc mreauiucu uaujv.r-.j,
.... , .
Tlie above diszustinz mece of nrofamtv
"hicn is an old falsehood. exploded sevcral
jearsago, haslately beeu revivcd by the Troy
andisgoingthe rounds ot tliel.oco-
foco PaPcr3- 5Ir- CIar 13 charged with ut-
teriug the senteucc to Speakcr Polk m the
Jhuse of ReprtsenlaUtts, nhcn every person
bul the ignorant asses who somelunes cater
for Locofoco appctites, knoivs that Jlr. Clay
was a niembcr oftbe Scnale when Polk waa
o t. r.l 1 T . 1 1, .1 i.w.rr ,
Speakcr of thc Ilouse: and had no more to
do witli the busincss of tlie Ilouse than Dan
Tlle occurrcnce ,ook placc in '3U or '37,
on thc decision of a contested election; and
me bcauiuul speccn icas uucrca uy a uoieni
Loeofoco frotn Alabama, natncd C. C- Ctay.
The charge that it was uttcred by llenry
Clay, was completely exploded at the t'niie.
iui a ucsperaic cause neeus uMperaic n iu
sustaunt. Ilciice its revival uy tlie Jjocolo-
co press. Jloch. Dem.
ARRIVAL OF THE CALEDONIA.
Ticcnly-four days latcr froin Europt.
Convictios or jMn. O'Conmxl!
The Stcamcr Caledonia, Captain Eott, ar-
rivcd at lloston on Friday, hriuging London
and Liverpool papcrs to the 4th and 5th
Mr. O'Conuell is in London, whcre he was
to be complimciucd with a public dinner, at
onvent Ciardcn J licatrc on tlie ltiili inst.
Sevcral Peers and leading uiemhcrs of Par
Iiamcnt wcrc to bc prcseut.
1 hc (lovenimcut was comtnntly scndmg
ms and amunition into Ireland.
arms and amunition into Ireland.
DESTRL'CTIVE FIRE AT MAN
I There was a most dcstructivc tire at Man-
Thc trial of Mr. O'Conncll and others
have becn coucliidcd, aml cach of the Trav-
erscrs has becn found guilty, but tbcscntciiC'
cs have becn dcferred until next tcrm. In
the mean timo Mr. O'Conncll has madc his
way up to London and takcn his placc iu the
tlousc ot Uommons.
Some inclinc to thc bclicf that no punish
mcnt will bc inflictcd, aud that thc moral ef
fect will. on that account be grcater torturc
than ihe Oovcrnment, m instituting thc
prosecutions, did so, not so much with tbc in
tcntiou of punishmcnt, as to try thc tegality
ofthc Rcpeal Mccting, and havingsuccecdcd
in obtaining a vcnlict, are conlent to pass
over what has alrcady occurred, being in a
position to stop at once any furthcr procccd-
Ulhcrs contcnd Ihat thc conduct of
I rfn..u ,,. f. .;ii
determine the qucsUon of punishmcnt that
ifmild and subdued in his tone. no fnrther
noticc will bc takcn of the mattcr. But nll
thcse opinions are mcrely spcculativc.
,, thc incantimc Mr. O'Conncll has. on bc-
i1Jt ,hc veriI;ct am !)as' ;,ItimatC(l that o
SQOn as setl,cncc sjia ilavc pas,e( )lc ,Yjn
i.-ir ,.r l.:...o ..n , i,;. .,.,., -j
have thc mattcr suhmitlcd lo tlie wholc hody
0f Judgcs in Ireland, and that if their decision
should be unfavorable, he will appcal to the
House of Lortls. before he will submit. If
we might hazard an opinion. we should say.
that he will bc spared the troiiblc for in our
I . . I. .... ....
opininn, no punisliincnt will Dc mllictcd and
'-.,,' if m;)tters sIlouI(, procss as
' . , tbey have done since the couctxs-
I trial lastcd licenl-fice da,s
jir. O'Conncll. We lcarn, on what we
considcr gnod amhority, that thc Diilcc of
Welhngton i ilctcrmincd that .Mr. U'Uon-
ncJ nM Le scnt t(j bclicving that
thc moral effect ofa conviciion Jiill bc sulfi-
cicnt, and that punishmcnt would l.e a use-
Ics, picce of scverilJ. jWrAern IVhig.
OUthcile Imporlant. The official state-
ment which appcared in the iVonitttrofMon-
day, announcing that tbe Frcnch govcrnmcnt
disowned the procecdings or Admiral Dcpctit
been trjnsactcd. M. Carnc mounted thelri
bunc. and said, " You must have seen m this
day's Monittur a piece ofnews wbich must
have astomslied you as mueu as me. incou-
sequcnce 01 uwcu uuiurc na.ms
nrived her ofthe covern
This act scemshjust one.. Yet what does
tnc jyon;teur ten ugj Admiral Dupetit
Thouars conduct is disavoued. I hcg the
Chainberto fix tbe day 011 nhich I may ques-
tion the Mimsteron the subject." M. Ouizot
said ne was rcauy 10 enier 011 any cxpiana-
tion the chamber might requirc. The funds
fellcons.derably on Monday. ow.ng to vanous
riimors on the Rourse. Amonz othcr renorts
., .... , ... . ,,,, rim.
. f i)-mUie. i.ad resitrned their scatsin
uu monlee but sivins rise to nainful appre-
hensionsof thc result. The journcys ofthe
uuu iu i...uu, vi. uw "-'b'"1"'
d re fre?uent ,sbor ;,ours in 7"-" T"r
. ...nfTlnH. navp heen marte. it IS lurther
said, in the uope tnat a change ot scene, anu
Clb'ng hc mind with new thoughu ralght
urean. me uisicmpercu iuu, uu Hu.Uiv,
...... j n..fl7-
Of every description will be neatly and
fashionably executed, at short notice.
take place in rcnnsylvania this weck, the sur
prisc excilcd by ihe result in our sister State
(Maryland) would be forgotten in astonish
mcut at the oTerwhehn'uig defeat Uiat wc
would mcet hcre. As to any iinprovement,
it cannot take placc, unless Mr. Yan lturerr
is withdrawu and a new nainc substitutcd.
The currenl is azrainst him"
ADDISON COUNTY AGRICULTURAL
At a mccting of the fioard of managers of
the Addison County Agricultural Society, thc
following prcmiums were tixed upon, and ara
now offered to Compclitors at the next snuual
Fair of said Society, to wit:
For ihe t! cultivated Fann not Jess
thau 40 acrcs ofimproved
" 2d bcst do. 10,00
" " most profitable crop of Winler
wbeatiiot less thau one a-
crc in one picce. 8,00
" " 2nd best. do 1,00
" " most profitable crop of Spring
Wheat uot less thau one
" " 2nd bet do S,0O
" " 3d bcst lo 3,00
' " most profitable crop of Imlian
Corn coutaiuing not less
thau onc acrc. 10.00
" " 2d best do C,00
." " 3d best do 4,00
" " most prolitablc crop ofOalscon
taiuiug not less than tno
" " 2ud best Jo 2.C0
" " most profitblc rropof Pcas coq
taiaing not lesd than one
" " 2nd bcst do . 1.10
" " mojt profuable crop of White
llcans, uot less than 1-1
" " 2nd bcst no 1,00
" " most profitable rop ofRutl:
Wheat not less than one
acre. - 3,00
' " 2nd bcst do 1,00
" " most profitable crnpofPotatocs
not lcss than 1-2 acre. C.0O
" 2ndbcJt do -l.flO.
" " 3d bcst do 2,00
' " most profitable crop of Sugar
Bcets of not less thau 1-2
2nd bcst do 2.00
" ' most profitable crop of Car rots
not lcss than 1-1 acrc. 3,00
" " 2nd Lcst do 2.0U
" " most profitable crop of Broom
Corn not less than 1-1 3,C0
" " 2nd bcst do 2,00
" " bost C00, plauts of Tobac co in
one picce. 2,(0
ror ih lut Bull of Iwo years old and
" " 2ml bcst do 4,C(.
u jju 0.JC Icar 0d pj,t, 4,00
" " 2nd bcst do 2,00
' Cow 3 yearj old and np-
2nd bcst do 2.C0
Hcifcr two years old and
undcr 3 years, 3.00
yearling Heifcr, 2,00
Cow producing thc most
buttcr in any two wccks in
the monlli of June, kcpt
on grass only, 3,00
2nd bcst do 2,00
pair of working oxen over
1 ycan old, 5,00
2nd bcst do do 4,00
3d best do do 3,00
pair of Stecrs over two
years old & nnder 4 years, 3.00
2nd best do do 2,00
II O R S E S .
r.rihebtStud Horsefour years old
2ud bcst do do 5.0U
2nd bcst. do . 3,00
pair of Geldings or Marcs, 4,00
2nd bcst do 2,00
Colt 3 years old. 4,00
2nd bcst do do 2,00
Colt 2 years old, .1.00
2nd best do do 2,00
Colt onc year old, 3,00
2ud bcst do do 2,00
sucking Colt, 2,C0
2ud best do do I,C0
S II E E P .
FordiebMt fine "Wool Buck,
2nd best do do
3d bcst do do
4th bcst do do
5 best Ewesio one pcn,
2d best 5 do do
3d bcst 5 do do
a pen ofthe live bcst Lambj
2dbest 5 do do
3d best .r do do
S W INE.
roTuiebcst Boar not lcss lhan Smomhs
" 2nd best do do
" " best brccding Sow,
" " 2nd bcst do do
ForlhebcstPIow, . 3,00
II II ,1
II II II
II II II
II II II
" Horse Cart,
" Ox Yoke,
" " '.' Axc, '. .
HOUSE HOLD AND OTHER .MAN
' V TJFACTURES.
ForthebcrtSampIe of Maplc Sugar at
i . - i . . r i
IC491 4yJ JUUUU9,
2nd best do 'do
3d best do do
lOyardsoffullcd Cloth 3-4
II Ii II
yards wide, j (jg
pieeo ofFlatael notless
than 20 yrris, j 0?