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of ths prbVectivo polisy iftd of the Aet of j
That Act fa designed to efiect buth objects:
to ihcrease tho value nnd the production of
labor by' diversify'ing ita pursuits, nnd to di
minish expenaituro by aupplyinghy our own
industry, in tonio measure, what we bave
bccn accnstomed to purchase from others.
Srr, Wo nsed tho nid of no subtilesprcula
tions of theorctical phylosophies, np imporled
theories frotn foreign nations, whoso condi
tion 13 diffcrent, and whose interest and policy
are antagouist to onrs, to toach ui our true
econoray in this particular. I cboose rather
to borrow my opinions from tho sonnd judg
insntand practical eagacity of my ancestors;
to look to my nativo New England for thc
-eleraerrf-of an economy which bas been thero
so successfully practised; to a generation,
new past and gono, who, though located
nmongberrocks and bills, upou abarreB soil
aod bcneatb a wintry sky. haveyel exhibited
.t, i on nmnlr nfinduslrv and econ-
IU "J" ' 1 ' .
om? and of comfort, compcicnco nnd tnriltj
WOriuy IUD I'JlluliJliDU wi -"J i -j
earth. . , , , .
Sir, Tho radical pnnclple of tboir econo
mv, n principle equally applicablo to nations
as'to iudivlduala, is couiprised in tbis simple
xnaxiin. Procuco as rauch a possible by tbe
eflbrls of your industry, and keep youp ex
pcnditare within youir income. Wh'tlo tbis
eimple and iutelligible inaxim is ob6crved .we
can not fnil to prospcr.
To cffect the first of fbese objecta the great
desideratuni is a proper distribution of labor.
Ths grcat difficulty is that ivc arc too exclu
eively agricultural. Of many articles there
is nn'ovcr-production already, wbilo the dis
parity is daily increasiag by the tido of emi
gration roliing 60 rapidly to the fertile regions
ofthe wecfc. Iu this stato of things you add
natbing to tbe value ofagricultural produc
tion by 4ncreasing the quantity. Whcn the
nmximum of dcrnandis reached, lurtbersup
ply is valueless, and addilional labor is throvrn
away. By diverting a portion of your labor
Into new cbannebj, to manufacturing pnr
soits, you take uothing from agriculiure
ivhile you add to the aggregato valuo of labor
tn the amount of your mauufacturing pro
dnclion. At tho sama timo yop diuiiuish to
tho samo oxtent your expenditure tho tax
npon your ogricultural industry.
To be Conlir.ucd.
BE I10NEST IF YOU PLEASE.
Tho Frecman assails our Senators for
voling 3!r Calhoun'a confinnatiou, he
being in favor of annexalion. Docs tho
Freeroan know wliother they so rolcd, to
begin with J Wo cocfess that wo do not.
Bo tbat ns it may, will tho Freoman bo
bonest cnougb to confcss that tho Toxas
Trcaly was not eren ilrcam.ed. ofinlho
Senale whon Mr Calhoun was nomiua
lcd. B1R. VANT BUREN ON THE TARIFF.
Tbo X. Y. Plcbciau ic tho coursa of a long
article on the Tariff, autboritatirely statcs :
Whatever doub's may bave beretofore
cxisted in eertain 6cctio09 of our co'nntry,as to
tho degree of prolcction adrocatcd by 3Ir.
Vau Buren, those denbts aro happily remov
od. The Freo Trade Democracy of tho
South and West nre now perfectly satisfied
tbat on tbis all-iniportant question, .Mr. Yan
lluren is, at least, equally aound with Mr Cl
houn." The aboTO paragraph comlng as it docs
from tho confidential fricnd and orgau of Mr.
Yaa Buren in New York, may bo taken, of
course, ca indicatire of the real opintons of
that gentleman on tho Tarm question. We
iherefore call upon his fncnds in this county,
and cspecially apon his orgaa tho Troy Bud
get, to say Trhethcr they approvo of a candi
lste for tbe Presideccy whoso BentimeBta on
tho TarifT question are as ultra as those of
iur. ualhouu. lf they do, tto are inchncd to
helieve that tbo mnsa of tho American pcople
lo not. Troy Whig.
Th Oregzin and Tcxas Coalition Dissolv
d. Our rcaders, on referring to tho pro
ceedings In tbo Iloueo of RcpreseutatiTes,
mrill tind that
Mr. Hughes oScred a resolution, declaring
our titlo tb tho Tcrritory of Orcgon, and that
it tvas tho duty of tbo Government to take
im::iediate possecsion of it, nnd dcmanded
tho previous question, wbertupon Mr. Black,
of Georgia, offered for a modification, that
"ltalso :a tho uuty and interest of the Gov
ernment that Tcxas sbould bo re-annexcd to
tba Unitcd States, so soon as thc necessary
Rtepa sUaU bo taken to tuat eliect." Tli
was acccpted as a modification, aud tho pre
vious quc6tion demandcd. Mr. J. R. Inger
eo!I moved to lay the resolution on tho tablc,
nnd dcmanded thc yeas and uays, and tho
loliovnng is tno rcsult: Ycas 100, naysCS.
go tho rcsalutions werolaid on tbo table.
Thus dissolre thc Orcson and Texas coa
lition. Tho two Senators from South Caro-
Iina, :nd a Senator from North Carolina, not
being wliling to go to war ivith England frth
with for the Oregon, the Orcgon artny has
boltcd, cnd botb resolulions slccp upon tbo
Tbe plan in Washington has been, ns wo
-nndcrstand, to bave Oregon and Tcxas bunt
in couples, but the plan docs not work, aud
both .tto tv cakeued by thc conjnnction.
Ths profotind attention of all thinking peo
plj in this couutry, shonld bo gircn to these
rnoTements in Washington. Tcxas has to be
fllippcd into tbo Unioa by a sccrct trcaty to
bs sprung unawar?s upoa tho pablic. Ore
gon was to bo taken posseision of. at tbe cx
pcnso of war. blood and cafuage, the confla
gration ofour citics, nnd tho sackiugofour
PuUic opmion has cxploded, and tbcsa
schemcs 6lcep. , Tbo Prcss Ims done its duty
with a gloriouj cscrgy, aud tho voico of the
multitada bas swollen up till all aro abaEhcd
in Washington. These schemes boweTcr,
but 6leep. till after tho l'residential clection.
Upon tbat result turn all thcso things.
ABOLITION NUL! I 'ICATION.
Tho Krcemnn rejoins, and tto chcerfully
rnako a sur-rejoinder and we are glad that
ths camtor of tho Freemnn allows us to do
it bricfly. One single admission places Nul
lification in lear a light that wo waive oth
or points. This is the admission :
"The Bunendery clanso of the Constitu
tion. ns interpretsd by tba Snpreme. Court,
makcs it obligatory upoa us to give up fu"i
This, then is ndmitted to bo. tho supreme
laiv of the Iand, according to tho decision of
the stipremo tribunal ; but tho third pnrty an
nouncejthatthay will annul tbis law they
Trill disrogard it they will require cvcry of
ficerthey can elcct lo oxclnde this partof the
Constitntion from hU oath? What is this,
but nn anti-constitutional tc?t! what, but
Nullifieation of tho Constitution! what, if
carried out fully, but treason !
Tha Freemen cannot cscape theso conse
qucnces, norcan it caps the conclnsion that
the Conahtution raw equally be violated
" far as it touches war, sabbath maiU,.
juj.1 every other sin. It endearors to do
et by saytag tbat this; sins ars not reauircd.
Sir. ar they not t leait TtTmittedmA
does God hold sien guiltleis for known per
mi:ted tins ! But more x nnder the Consti-
Kilion, war and sabbath mails are absolutely :
Ttqirired,an& these eins are absolntely eorami-
tcd by the agcnts of the Constitution. There j
is no escape lroin inis.
The Freemen still sees no d'urtinctiou be
twecn the rooral right of an individual'to for
bear obedience to a sinful law, and tho politi
cal right of the same isdividuals to annulsuch
a law. None are so blind as those who triM
not see. Tbe individual may forbear obedi
ence, yet he acnuls cot the law ; bo will bon-
orit by snuenng tbe penalty, n one is eniorc
ed, for conscience sake. The asserted polit
: 1 , nnr7 ,1n-a nnt fnllniv from tbis :
but rather it follows that whcn tbis party be-
comes a state, and attcmpis 10 emorcu ns uuS-
ir k trcntnil aJ trnitorOUS to tllC Con-
stitution and compellcd to submission. Our
- t . t i i. t . . . -.
moral ngutj come irom uoa, anu iiejuugca
us. Our political rigbts are limitcd by the
rionalitiilinn. nnil iii irihiinnls can and znust
judge us in re:p:ct to these.
Ijertne tnira party navo ino iegmiuurc.
If they do onc jot more than tbe Whigs bave
(lawfully) done already, they will forbid tbe
oOicers of tho Fcderal Government in Ver
mont from executing tho Bdmitted constitu-
tional Izwa of Consress. Congress will in
. ... . . i. r
sist on ocedience. Jiere comcs a uiisu m
arras; and one or the other must submit.
Wc are surprised if tho Freemen cannot see
this; men of ordiuary sagacity cannot be so
hlind. Wbo would provoko a contest of tbis
.,7..7.r wlipn TvifTinnt snrh a contest
ercry indiridual may refrain frora violating
ms conscience l io man is yei comjicucu, iu
which would carry Trith it the necessity of nr-rn-tfivo
otnr. Tht prrnr of the
third party is, that it wanti the oITicm, and at
tho same time rcfuses to do tho duties of the
The Freemen saya it haa quit tho Whigs
lll.a.inen tTiotr .tfaflnattn tr f!linT1plttf and
bypocrisy upon thij very subject of slaTery.
t goou rcusuu ij iruc iujwmHuuti faw
t. .1. -. B,fit.fAtinr.t' rrn trt ihn lnlimnls nf Coil-
grcss, and tell usTrhat your party can cousti
tutionally do moro than the Whig party bas
done cr is rcady to do. It is notorious, sir,
that tho Whigs of Vermont havo nlways
assumcd and maintained the hishest consti
tutional ground on this subject and you, eir,
eIiow in this very discussion. Go to, with
your base charges, or prove thcm. Hare you
l. n V. 1 1 1 i.i'nfio.Iin t-(i i- Binrn v n Tl
wero in tho Whig ranks 1 H'atchmau.
LOCOFOCOISM OPPOSED TO THE
INTERESTS 0FTI1E MECIIAN-
1C AND LABORER.
While tho Locofocos profeBi to be tbe
pecMliar fiienda of the grcat msssof thc
pcople, they adrocato doctrincs and acls
which, if curricd out, would rbduco tho
inccliauic nnd labor er, who constituto that
mass, to tho conditton of tho down trod
don massos ofEuropo. That which con.
stitutcs tho dilTcrcnco in tho condition of
thoso massos in tho Unitcd S&tcs and
Europo is, tho higb wagcs nnd demands
for labor in this country, in Europo wages
boing down to tho lowest point at which
the laborer can oxist on tho coarsest fare,
nnd by depriving him,solf and family of
tho usc of moat. .Luxurics aro lliings
they do cot evcn dream of, and only know
that they aro things which bclong cxclus.
irely to tho privilcgcd to tho rich to
tlieir task maslcrs.
That Locofocuism would bring nbout
this stato of Ihings 13 proved by tho follow
ing exlracts. Ilard roonoy nnd low wa.
ge?, it must bo rcccollcctcd, aro inscpara
b!c. "Reducc our nominal lo tha real stand
ard cf prices throughout llie world, and
jou.covcr tho country with blcssings and
benefits. Buchanan't speech on the Sai
Treasuty, Fcoruary 22.
"Articles aro manufacturcd in France
and Gormany for onohalf of tho actual
cost in this country" Buchanan.
"It was tha other day that I saw an cx
tract from an Euglish paper which statcd
that whilst tho cutlcry manufacturcd in
Gcrmany was cqual in qualily with tho
Dritish, it was so rcduccd in pricc, that
(ho Utter would havo to abandon tho
mauufKcturo cntircly." Buchanan.
"I desire that this country may attnin
tho same happy condition of tho Island of
Cuba, by means ofapurey melallic cur
rency." Senator Walker, ofMiss.
"To tho Southcrn States to the whole
cotton, ricc, tobacco, and sugar.growing
rcgion, now eo grievously afllictcd with
tho curso of tho papcr systom to all this
rcgion I would say, sludy tho financirj
systcm of Holland, France, and Cuba.
Imitato them." Senator Benlon's ipccch
onlhe Sub.Treasury, February 1G.
"Tho foreign manufacturcr goes homo,
purchases his Inbor, his wool, and all oth
er articles which entcr into his mnnufac
turo, at hnlf their cost in this country, and
agnin, returns to inundato us." Buchan.
an's specch Jar.uary 22
" Estdblish a bard money Govern
"You must reduco tho valuo ofproper
"Establish a systcm of collcction, dis
burscmcnt nnd snfckecping of tho public
money Iiko that adnptcd in China."
"By which means (protoctivo duties)
tho workmen aro cnabled to tax tho homo
consumcr by great prices, whilo tho high
cr wages they receive, mases tueji nei
tjieu nArpiER son mcaES, sixcr. ivev
oxly DRINK MORE anu WORK
TARIFF ON WOOL,
A writcr in tho Gencva Couricr haspro
sentod this subject in a practical way, and
with much clcarness ns follows :
You, my friond, aro a Farmer, and we
will sunnoso a Locofoco. What. T
docsjit avail yott.shculd tho V.Buren Tariff
pass, and you looso 10 cents per pound on
vour wool 7 Bv tho nrosant nrt. nnnl
costingovor7,cenls por pound is taxed 3
cems per pouna speciuc nna sv cenls ad
valorem ; uader Van Buron's new act
ihe spcciilc duty is cntirely abolishcd,
whilo.the valuo of the imporled wool is to
bo estimated in cffect by tho prico put up
on it by tho foreign importer. Under the
prcposcd act, the protectivo duty on your
wool will not in efiect bo over twcntv-five
per ccnt. whilo under lhn
. 14 ,a
abctit lorlj per cont.
lour L.oco fnands may tell you that
wool costinz lcsa tha
is under tho presont nct, taxod 5 per cent
and under tho proposed act 15 per cent
but how many of you lot mo ask, raise
wool worth Iess than 7cents7 Hnn
many of you, know not that this wool Is
maitilv of foreizn rrowth. imnnrtrd n n
great aegreofrom S. Americo& thorefore
noi comtng into eompetition with tho
American articlo ? Lct us not deoeive
oursclvcs. It may to apme bo nn object
to put in Mr Van Buren ; but surcly this
is to none, so grcat an objoct, that to cff
ect it if they will bo willing to loose 10
cents on every pound of wool which Ihcy
raisc. But furthcr-: wo say that you will
bo futally injured Tiy this proposed act ;
ns under it tho manufacture of woolens
in this country is rendered Imprncticablo,
and thus your homo market is cfTcctunlly
cut ofT. Tho duties under the two acts
are as follows :
Present dut: Proposed.
Woolen tnanofactores, 40 pr ct. 30 pr ct.
Carpcting, Brusjcls, c. 50c pr q j d. SO pr ct
do Vcnetian, SOcprfqjd. SOprct
BUnktH costing under 75c, 15 pr ct. 10 pr ct
FlanneU.Baizci.&c. Hepreqvd, Soprct
Bearthcn in mind that not only are the
gpocific duties all abolishcd, but that the
ad valorcm duty is to be fixed by tho for.
cign importer, whoso dircct interest it is
io swear it down, to avoid tho duly. And
what.I nsk.docs the new protection nin
ount to 7 How, under auch a bill. can tho
woolen manufaclurer prosper J How, un
der .such a bill, can your homo market bo
eurtained 7 But you may be told that the
hbme market is of small account. Lot us
seo. Bv tho last census, tho whole num-
of pcrsons ongoged injwoolonmanufao
isin tho United States, was 5J,-
341. Estimnting that each ono ol theso
has, on an evarage, four pcrsons depen
dant on him for support, there aro TVO
HUNDRED THOUSANU consumers
whom the farmer i3 to supply ; and as
suming that cach one consumes of agri
cultural products 60 cents' worth per
week, tho annual sales of the farmer to
this class alono, will nmount to tho suin
of 5,200,000. Add to this tho numcr
cu3 woolen factories throughout the coun
try; tho immcnso amount ofcapitalcm
barkcd in tho busincss, (being not far
from 815,000,000,) and tho immense
amount of wool which they consumo ; and
we can propcrly nppreciale tho benefits to
tho Farmer, of that Homo Market which
Mr Van Buren, through BIcKay's bill, is
sccking to dcstroy. Let thcn the FAR
MER awako to his truo interest, and rc
garding government in its truo lighl, ns
mcrcly nn institulton to adranco the pros
perity of tho Pcople and protect thoir in
tercsts, let him throw men asido and go
for thoso measures which will mo3t matcr
ially promoto his own prosperity.
Wool MiBKnT. Wo learn that during
tho present week alarge lotoffirst quality
Saxony wool has been sold in this country
for 50 conta cash. Tbis is tho best salo
that has bccn made this oeason,and shows
among many other inslances, how that
rascally "black tariff' ' is "running" tho
farmcrs, as tho Locofocos say. Pough.
Thet CAsoT rtnAa iun TnUTn. Tho
Locofoco majority in the Ilouso of Rcp
re:enlativc3 still rcfuso to allow a eall to
bo mado on tho Secrelary of tho Trcas
ury for a statcment of tho amount of du-
tics which havo accrucd since tho 1st of
January under tho tariff. Thc reason is
obvious. They know that such a statc
ment would thcroughly oxposs tho falsity
of tho argum'ent which they opposoto the
present tariff, when they say that it pre
venls tho collcction of nsufiicient rovon
uo to meet tho expcnditure3 of Govern
ment. J hey aro a preciou3 sot ot lcgisia
lors ! How can they expect to Icgislato
wisoly and bcnoficially for tho country,
whilo they rettiso to seejs for inlormation
from tho raost authcnticsourccs 1 Ifhis-
tory furnishos nn account of moro nrrant
impostors than thoso who constituto tbo
majority of tho present Ilouso of Repro-
sontatives, wchave not mct with it. liicy
are fit onlv for Texas that roguo s para
dise of which thoy bave bccomo of Iato
so mucb enamorcd.
"Who aro tho fri cnds of Protoction.''
tho vqIcs of a party aro pretly good indi
cations of thooppinions of a party. Sup-
poso wo tiy tho Loco party in that test.
Lot us tako tho matlcr of tho Tariff. Wbo
votcd against it.
Every Locofoco from Maine.
Every Locofoco from New Ilampshirc.
livcry Locoloco irom Maryland.
Every Locofoco from Virginn.
Every Locofoco from North Carolina
Every Locofoco fonn South Carolina,
Every Locofoco from Georgia.
Every Locofoco from Alabama.
Every Locofoco from Louisiana.
Every Locofoco from Tonncsreo.
Every Locofoco from Kentucky.
Every Locofoco from Illinois.
Every Locofoco from Missouri.
Every Locofoco from Arkansas.
Every Locofoco Irom Ohio.
Every Locofoco from Indiana.
Every Locofoco from Misshsippi.
Every Locofoco from Connecticut I
Thcro was but one, it is truo, at that
timo, from this Statc, and that was "Perrv
Smilh," a gentleman wcll known as tho
"Man in ths corner." But his vote, tho
Hartford limcs dcclarcd, was " approved
If thero woa any furthcr confirmation
nocdcdofthe hostilityof Locofocoisra to
this measure, it could bo found in the
votcs of tho present dolcgation from this
Mato agatnst protection ! Hart. Jour.
AXOTIIEIt l AKTr OLAilDCIt INAILED. lOC
editor of the Now Orleans Bee, in reply
to a lettcr irom tno editor of tho Hartford
Jouinal, inquiring into tho trutb ofthe
story so industriously circulatod by tho
jjoco roco papcrs in Connecticut and
elsewhere. in thcjinfamous Tract No. 4,
to tbe cffect that a parado and procession
was got up in New Orleans on Sunday
in honor of Mr Clay, thus exposes tho
tho miserable fabrication Let U3 seo if
those who havo given currency to tho lie
will navo tho honesty to publish tbo cor
New Obleaxs, Februaey 28, 1844.
Doar Sir : Yonr letter has just been re
ceived. Tho statemcnt to which you al
lude, towit, "that on tho 24th ofDecem
ber (Sunday) there was a parade, music,
millilary and banners, occasioned by tbe
prcsence of Mr Clay in this city," is a
Mr Clay nrrived hero on tho ovening
of tho 23, and but for tho accidontal prcs
cnco of myself and a gentleman from the'
county (Col. Sparks,) on thc Levco at tho
time, or ho would have had to gono to his
lodgings alono. He left the boat by him
self, and before his arrival was made
known. in tho city. in order to avoid rr-
ado, when ho was mct by tho genUemen.'j
alludedlo, and myself., From that day
tothchourof his departuro ho was tho
gucst 03 privato citizen. Io pursuasion
could induco him to nddress tho public or
to becomo ' tho object cf parade or dis
, I do nol-know of his having attended
any public placo on Sunday, unle;3 going
to church cvcry Sabbath falls within tho
category. He left tho city as ho cnme,
without ossentation or ccrcmony ; al
though. had ho dosired a parade, or could
ho havo been induced to nssist in one, bo
would havo rcccived depionstrations of
rcgard nnd confidenco that would havo
bcggarcd any agent hcreloforo witBcssed
in this city.
SETTLED, AT LAST,
II is now well understood that Col.
Hydo is or will" bo. confirmcd, nl CoIIec
tor; and that Mr JVoblo is to be our Post
Master till I ilfarch next. If theso offices
aro to bc filled with our opponents, wo arc
content with this arrangcraont. Thc
gcntlcinen aro bolh compctcnt, and will
doubtless servo the public acccptnbly. But
if othcnyjc we can bear it, for the timo
is short.ff nd hero we will tako occasion
(o remind the Colonol of the Secrnlary's
circular forbidding Collcctora or tho Dep
utics to msddlo with politics. Wo cxpcct
to seo it observcd, lo tbo letler And Mr
Noblo will find bv rofcrcnca to Prcsidcnt
Tyler's circular, "of July '42, that Post
Mastcrs arc rcquircd to bc political eunu
chs. Observo. Bur. Free Press.
Mohdat, March 25.
In the Senato MrEvan'a resolution for ad
journmcnt wa3 ndoptcd, Cxing the 27th May
as thc day.
In tho House Mr. liughes offcrcd a resolu
tion declaring tbat it was tho impcrious duty
ofthe Government to tako possession of tho
Orcgon and tbat Texas be annexed to the
Mr. J. R. Incrsollraovcd tolay tbo reso
lution on the tablc. 'Tbo raotion prevailed.
Aycs 10C, Nays CG.
Mr. Kennedy, of Md., oiTered a resolution
approving aud adopting tho opinions expres
seu by Geu. Jackson in his lettcr of April 20,
1824, in favor of a protectivo tariff.
The question being on striking out tho sen
timcnts of Gen. Jackson.
Mr. Hardin supposed, thcn, tbat all wbo
wcrc opposcd to Gen. Jacksan's vicws would
vote to strike out.
Tbo motion to atriko out was lost, 82 to
Tcesdat, March 20.
Tho Ilonso backed out of its position of
yestcrday ; rcconsiucred tne vote rctustng to
strike out, and tbo wholo subject went over
to next resolution day.
Mr. Darragh, the new member from Penn
sylvania, took his seat.
In tbe Scnnte mcmorials wero presented
by Mcssrs. Pbclp3, Tallmadge, Morebead,
Wright and Buchanan, upon the subject of
the Tariff, all remon3trating ngainst tho
passago of tho new TarilT Bill, reported in
Tho Senator from Mo. concludcd bis
spcech upon tbe subject of tbo Tariff.
Texas. Mr. Buchanan present a mcmo-
rial from Jamcs Lynch of Pa., in behalf of
thc nnncxation of Tcxas.
Mr. Tappan said ho bad receivcd a remon
strance against tho annoxation of Texas,
which be was doubtful about prcsenting, bc-
causc no such proposition uad yet been suu
mitted. Wedsesdat, March 27.
In tbe Senate, tho TaritT discussion pre
sented ono of the most interesting scenes of
tho session. Mr. Simmons of Rhode Island,
whoso ocquaintanco with thc principlcs of
tbcTariflfis of tho most thorough kind, took
occasion to pounco both upon the theories
and statcmeuts' of some of tbe Free Trade
Senator3 as mado during the discussion of
Mr. McDuffie'sBill. Mr. McDuffie would
makcnoconcessions, thougb obviously wrong
in all that ho bns asserted of Homo Valua
tion iu conncxion with tbe Compromiso Act.
Mr. Bcnton promises explanations of his
facts, but Mr. Woodbury, lato " Chanccllor
ofthe Exchcquer," as Mr. Clav was wontto
call him, was in an unenviablo position. Thc
crroncous statemeuts made iu bis last anti
TarifT speech wero mauy and so ixuportaut
that Senators and strangers wcre nlike as
tounded with thc cxposition of them, and cs
pecially in refercnco to eertain euumcrated
articles, which Mr. Woodbury had made
nearly the cntire texts of his speech. Mr.
Simmous literally sheared Mr. Woodbury;
aud having exposcd his misstatements of fact
which bad lcd to erroneous conclusions, he
told him that if be was an honcst man be
could not rest contented until be had scnt
for tbo correctiou of bis statemcnts along
with his mischievous and erroneous opinions !
This was plain spcaking, but it was just. Mr
Simmons had not coucluded at the adjourn
ment. I hope this speech may bo publisb
ed. The House, you will see, have declined to
take up thc Scuate's resolution fixing a day
of adjournmcnt! This is' singular, after all
thc zcal displaycd upon tho subject in the
Ilouso a month since. I still tbink, howevcr
that there will be an early adjournment.
Mr. Bentou I learn is likely to split with
tbo Calhoun men, both upou the subject of
the TarilT nnd the annexation of Texas. Thc
Calhouu men are fcr Free Trade, with dis-
criminations for revenue only, and duties fix
ed by a horizontal tariff. Mr. Bcnton 13 for
"a judicious tariff and incidental protection."
Mr. Bcnton is too skilful a politician to bc
shipwrccked upon the theory of Free Trade,
or to be stranded by burramn for Texas.
ltie 'cobcsivo power ol plunuer,' as mr. Oal
boun had it some time sinct, may keep a
forced uuion bctween tbe opposito parties a
while longcr, but tbe rupture will como by
and by, and with sucn a tcrrible explosion
tbat it will not again be easr to unitc tbo scat-
TncasDAT, March 23.
In the Scnatc. numeroua nititionj from
New York and Pennsvlvania wero presented
against any modilicalion ol tne Tantl.
in the Houss of Keprcsentatives, a report
was made from the Committoe on Retrsnch-
ment for cutting down tbe pay of ofBcers of
Jlr. McKay moved that the Janff destroy-
img bill reported by him, bc made the order
oi tiie day lor LHtt April, and be so considercd
till disposed of, and moved the previous ques
tion. It requires two-thirds to pass tbis res
olution. The motion failed 94 to 79.
Mr. McKay cave notice tbat on the 0th
April, or at an earlicr day, if tho itate ofthe
public busincss would allow, ho would renew
this notice and continuo to make it daily until
Mr. IngersoII hoped it would not prevail,
until the voice ofthe countrycould.be heard,
as to tha propcced measure.
Fkidat, March 29.
Mr. Hopkins introduccd a bill to nunish
all those whq .should carry .mail raatter forj
pay out ofthe mails read and reforred.
Tho Arrny Retrenchment bill was again
taken up. The motion to abolish tho office
of 3Iajor Gcueral was rejected by alargo ma
Satdrdat, March 29.
The Senato didinot sit to-day.
In tbo House, a communication was rcceir
ed from tho Secretary of War, in reply to a
resolution inquiring- for -what rcasons Lt.
Brigg was ordered to his post, while under
summons to give iuformation tothe Coinmit
tee of Retrenchment. The reply exonerates
Gcu. Scott and all others from any blamc in
The Bill to regulatc the pay ofthe ofiiccrs
of tho Anny was taken up, and furthcr de
batc at great Iengtb.
Mr. Petit, of Indiana, moved to-dispense
with tho serviccs of Chaplaius in the Army.
He contended that prayers or sermous ought
to be selected and read to the soldlers, bv tbo
Jlr. tlolmes strenuously delendcd tne prac
tico of uuiting raoming orisons to Ileavcn
with tho sourjd of TcrcilU; and of mingling
evening prayers with tbe taltoo.
Mr. Petit withdrew the amendment, and
after dcbato on the general merits of the bill,
tho committee rose, and tbe House adjoum
cd. Jour. Coin.
ArFAIRS at Wasuikoto.
From our Spccial Corrcspondeut.
IPAsnracTos, Saturday, March 30.
Thc papers will havo told you of the
arrival of Mr Calhoun yosterday aftcrnoon
at 3 o'clock. During the foro part of the
week it was proposed to get up a grand
procession to escort him from tho boat ;
but on sobcr cccond thought it was con
sidercd that such a proccdurc would be
disrcspcctiul to him, as it lndecd would
havo been thcroforo tho prnject was pru'
dcntly abandoncd. Ile nrrived quictly
having met Mr Rhclt, and ono or two
fricnds, and rodo off in a hack to Fuller
I wish to call your cspccial attention
to tho statcment in tho papcr published at
Mr ualhoun s rcsidenco, (Pendloton,S.U,
which says moct distir.ctly that Mr Ca!
houn goes in for tho expres3 purposc of
sctlling thc Urcgon anu lcxas Uueslions,
and wilh tho cxprcss undcrslanding that
ho is forctiro a3 soon as thoy are disposed
of one wnv or tbo other. This statemcnt
undoubily comes from Mr Calhoun him
sclf; and you will rcmember that I was
tho ilrst to statcrtheso facts through tho
columns of Tho Tribune, and thatth
iLfadisoniftn flatly donies that thero was
any such undcrstanding, or any such pro'
I havo not seen any explicit statcment
from Mr Van Buren yet as to his prcsen
viows about tho Annexation of Texa3, but
Mr Clay and all his fricnds do not omit
tho opporlunity orexpressing their ucci
dcd opposilion to tho Trcaty conlempla
tcd by Mr Tylor. In short, I can assurc
you confidcntly, after convcrsins wilh
tho majority of tho U. S. Scnatc, that
am cettain cvcry Whig Senator will voto
ngainst Annexation, excopt two, and it
my dccided bettef that thoy all will exccpl
ono. and that is Mr Hcnderson,of iuississ.
ippi, his own opinion, I havo no means of
knowing. but he is said lo bo favorable to
So that, whatcver Mr Calhoun, Gen
Henderson, and Mr Tvlcr may detcrmino
upon, thero cannot now bo cven a major
ity of votcs obtaincu in thobonato for tho
Trcaly. As I told you before, eertain
Senators wero not so ignoranl as they
.prctendcd to bo about tt. Ilowevcr, M
Clay having promptly and manfull
dcnounccd it, and Mr Bcnton having rc
coived his cuo from mr Yan Buren,
so donouncing it, wo may rcasonably
uonbt it any I realy will now bq Ecnt in
to tho ocnatc.
WAsniNOTotf, Monday, April 1
In Senate, to-day, Mr Fairfield presen
ted rcsolutions of tbo Legislaturc of Maine
protcsted against tho iinprisonment an
liabilitv to salo of freo colored citizcns o
Maine, in Southern potts ; in favor of
fixing a uniform dav throughout thc
Unitcd Statcs for tbo Prcsidential elec
tion, and for rcscinding the trcaty with
Great Britam in refercnco to tho Co
Pctitions wero pressnted bv Mr Arch
er, frora Vn., against thc annsxafion of
Tcxas, and by Mcssrs. Clayton, Buchan
an, Batcs, Huntington, and Tallmadge
against a modihcatton oftholcriff.
Tho Post Offico Bill was ngain taken
up Mr bimmon s amendment to inscrt
250 miles instead oflOO for the lowcst
rato of postago (fivc cents) pcnding.
Simmons advocated his amendment at
Mr Morrick roplled, considcring it im
prudent and injudicious to go eo far with
Mr Pholns opposed tho bill in lolo.
Thc mccting of tho Nalional Instituto
was oponeu at elcvcn o clock, A. 01., as
notifie'd, in thc first Prcsbvterian Church
Tho President of tho United States deliv.
cred a brief addrcss on taking tho chair.
Tho excrcises took placo in tho"ofder of
tho published 1 rograme.
Wasiiingtox, Tuesday, April 2
In tho House or Repkesestatives, to
day, the House of Committee ofthe Wholo
on tho Uuion (.ir wmic in uiiair,) re
sumcd and prosccutcd with much despatch
thc considcration of tho spccial order, viz:
territorial bills somo seven or eight bc.
ing passed wilh but little dcbato ; and
being roportcd to tho Ilouso they wcre
thcn finally passed among which wero
bills approprialing (as tbo cntiro sum)
25,300 for a Marine Hospital at Key
West, Fa and providing for tho paymont
ofthe lowa militia callcd into scrvico in
j no army Ketrcnctiment mii was a-
gainr taken up in Committco of tho Whole
on tho Union a resolution ofMrCavo
Johnson to terminatc debate thcreon on
Thursday at two o'clock having first been
ndoptcd the bill was debatcd by scvcral
ccnllemcn until adjournment.
In Senate, Mr Tallmadgo presented
fcur pctitions against modification ofthe
Tariff; Mr Tappan, ono ngainst Anoex-
ation ; and others were presented.
U he bill from the House appropnating
for the support ol tho JUilitary Acadcmy
J. he fortihcation bill from tho House
was taken up but laid asido without nc
The Post Offjo Bill was advocated by
Mr Merrick, opposed by Mr Hanncgnn,
and dcbated during tho remaindcr of tho
day by Mr Phelps. (in opposition to Mr.
Simmon's amondmant) and by other gon- i
THE PUBLIC LANDS.
By the Report of tho Commissioner of
tbe Geucral Land Offico itsccms Ihat the
&alcs fof tho last year nmountcd to more
than 2 milliona of dollars, oxcecding tho.
palea of tho previous year by more than
S6CO.O0O. This result provcs that when
industry is prolccled, agriculturo is ex
tcndcd and tho new lands occupicd. An
other fact is worth remembcrihg ; wero
tho Whig Distribution bill now in forcc,
Vermont would rcccivo in n round sum
S25.000. Tyler has'ch'eiitcd us oflhal,
and thc present locofoco House bas pass
ed a bill to rob us ;n future.
Paul Dillingham jr. voted for tho re
peal of tho Distribution Law. Romem
ber this voto. Walchman.
Wednesday April 10 ,1844.
We have not glanced upon a singlo whig
paper which has not met the project of nnncx
ation with tho most stera disapprobation and
iu almost every instance with tokensof start
ling abhorrence. It is tmly honorable, ns
well as charactcristtc of the whig editors to
speak out promptly and indepcndently upon
any measure, without stopping to weigh its
political bcarings. They look to this in tfci
light of principlc alono, and promptly con
demn it as a foul nnd fatal consphacy to fas
tcn tho curso of slavery foreTer upon the
countty, But how singularly is all tbis in
contrastwith tho tcraper of tho locofoco pres3.
Its tame subscrvicncy to party convcrts it in
to a mere paroquet, which meckly utters on
ly tbc sentcnccs which the political leadcrs
put into its mouth. Its natural prcdictions
are evidsntly for annexation as appears froia
the toncs of somo of tbo more daringofits
journals, and the singular lcvity, which in
otheis, occasionally iuterrupts tho sullen si
lcncc which gcncrally prcvails. Tho Albany
Argus turns off this gravest of all subjccts
with a jest, and talks about it as mcre whig
gossip got up for political eflcct. The Mont
pelier Patriot, tbo best expositor of bcofoco
ism in Vermont, tbinks we can get along
cven if Tcxas is admitted, and doubtless tho
Ago would excuse itself from convulsions
shonld such a disastcrou3 cveut cvcr bo con
summated. The loco lcgislatures of New
York, Maine and Pennsvlvania are most wo
fully pcrplexcd to find out what to do, nnd
have cach, after painful struggles rejected
resolutions introduced by whigs to remon
stratc against tho annexation. In tbc mean
time it scems to bo fully a3cartaincd by the
correspondent ofthe Tribune, that but a sin
gle whig Senator if any, will voto for this ac
cursed project. Wo nro furthcr given to On
dcrstand by the friends of Mr. Clay, and the
LiOUiSYilIe Journal, sunposcd to Know tbe
views of this gentleman, that be is unqual
ifiedly opposod to tho trcaty contcmplatcd by
Mr. Tyler. It is belicved by some that Mr.
Van Buren will af last fid it cxpcdicnt to
to como out with a peremptory denunciation
ofthe fatal project. But this conjccture
bardly crediblc. Principlo has no sway
his bosom, and as faras in his powcr, his pol
icy will bc to maintaiu a mystcrious silcnce
Likc tho poor ass, distractcd betweeu two
oppositc attractions for bis appetitc, bc vi
und iumself compellcd to maintaiu a "mas
terly iunctivity." But will tho peoplo of any
party entertain predilections for this wonder-
ful non-committalist, audbo anxions to en
trust powcr to a man who rcfuses to avow
bissontiments upou a subject of vastly more,
conscqucnco to thc country than any cvcrag
itated since tho early strnggle3 of tho rcpub
lic. Time aionc can dctermine.
TARIFF AND ANTI-TARIFF.
"This great issue which hss beeu so Ion
delayed by tho adroitncss of tho Kiudcrhook
spccial plcadcr, has at length bccn formcd.
Martin Van Burea now stands forth stripped
of bis thin disguisos, an anti-tariff man. Evcn
in his Indiana letter last year that precious
spccimen of doublo cntxndrc, in wbichbo at
temptcd so to mistify his opinions that the
enemies of tho Tariff might think him entirc-
Iy committcd to them, while its fricnds might
notsco bis ntter abandonment of protection.
ho goes no farther than to advoeate a tariff
for revenue, and discrimination for revenuo
only. Buttho south wantcd strongcr proof,
and in his letter to tho editor of tho Rich
mond Whig his ccho at the south, he explie
itly proraulgatcs bis opposition to the present
tariff "tn vrincivle and dtlail." And what
principle is donounced but that of protection
which the south hates I It is an exccllent
protectivo tariff. In raising a revenue, it ot
erywnero discriminates tor protection to
homo industry. In this respect it is working
most beneficially for tho country. From
Maino to the watcrs ofthe gulf, all tha indus
trial classes of our fello w citizens, aro cheered
with better times and moro brilliant anticipa
tions of futuro success. Tho Treasnry is
hkely to be filled to overflowing, At tho rery
first alarmofrepeal all tho agricultural, raan-
ufacturing and busincss interests ofthe coun
try hasten to send in their remonstranccs
ainst it. And yet Martin Van Buren has
recklessly darcd to denounco tho tariff of
1842. This party in Congress havo adopted
his dograa, and are pressing forward with a
despcrate resolution to overthrow tbo present
tariff. Tho Globe, Plebcian, Evening Post,
njl scores of Icsser luminaries aro keeping
up an incessant firo for free trade. By Mr.
McKay's billscarccly incidental protection is
to be allowed. In 1845 tho tariff which now
affords in numerous instances specific protec
tion, and in all other cascs to avcrage at Ieast
forty per ceot, ad valorcm, is to bo reduced to
nearly a horizontal duty of 25 per cent., only
five cents fcijhcr than the compromise bill un
der which in 1811 the country fsll. All possi
bility of retrcat is norr denied the intrigucr.
Mr. Van Burea is ldentified with freo trado.
the party whWh supports him, tbo cn-i ,
party. Every intelliseBt c!tbtD
ieel deeply that there is now a t0
presented to them, on one side of vtb:ch '
rayed Martin Van Buren and bi,
and on tho other tbe Whig p3rty hh ,,"
yiayattnmrncau. Tbe. tocos ia 0
r Congress are arousing iheir rut-.bt:c.,
crgies against tho tariff. The whi
S3 are r!
lymg to a man to prevent its oretthrow..
' IJO" cro1 PaJ macninery i3 D0W bron ,
in conuct with a principlo of f 0licy J
which the mas3cs of tho peoplo p:3cc ?U
fondest hones of prosparity. It (,9 , !Ir
ered into atoms. Both parties in tho Ie.'j"
ture of Pcnnsylvania havo almost nnar.imJ'
ly put on the seal of condemnation npon the
desperato measure of repcal. ConneciiJt
has now complctely repudialed tbis i6faac'u
project. And wben tha migbty stragjle efoli
bave past, wo trnst n glorious trinmpb wifl
uo uuiu iu mu great canso 01 Atat
Town Elections in tho Stato of N. Yotk
como in raost triuraphantly for tha nhigj
In tho west tho nbigs aro pushing forta
their legions with a vigor nevcr eurpasjed ic
any canvass that has ever occurred. Tkt
arowed hostility of Martin Van Burtnta fti
present taritl has opened tho eyes of ths peo
pgogue. Every thing falb before tbe stasdani
inscribcd with CLAY & PROTECTIO.V
Tho last Evening Journal is fill-d withac"
counts of cheering whigvictories. It ij hard
ly crediblc how uniformly tho ecalcs nhich
prcpondorated against tho wbig3 last jcartrt
raversing. Clear tha way icc. ' tl9 u-iTr.
Mtt PnKtrs Speech. It is a mar.Iv
and lucid nrgument in support of the Tar
iflT. Ilis positions aro bold, and aiu'siagt
with a frank and fearless spirit. No rjarf.
ifications.no mincing tho demand offull
and fair protection to Amoricah labor. N'o
cowcring beforo tho dcmineering spmt cf
of tbo South, who ara (old plainlv that s
rTariff for Protection will never be abn
doncd. Lct Ihis 'specch be catefd!;
TO BALTIMORE, TO BALTJ3I0RE.
Tho Baltimore Committee havo sent oat
anotbcr warm and nrgent invitation to tbe
young wbigs of tbo Union to assercblo oa
thc 2nd day of May, to ratify tbe procecdingj
of the great National Whig Convcnticn en
tho 1st of May. The hospitalitiei of tbo city
aro again generously tcndcrcd all who raaj
asscmble. They say " our hones are aioptnL
recehe them sj ot:r hcarts will le io gint thn
Ktlcoms." Let the young men of tho natioa
thcn gathcr to Baltimore. Let tho Gresa
Mountains furnish their quot?. Lct our
young men eulist upiritedly ia tho discharge
of so gratcful a duty. Stcam Boat ud P.ail
Road fnres nre modcratc. Delegates Vtill te
conveyed from Burlington to Whitehall for
half price. OihcrRail Road3 advertisoa
ductiou of half prico for three days previirii
and as mauy succecuing the coavention. Tlo
whigs in Chittandcn County aro prcparijj
for a large dclegation. Aro those young cca
designated in Addison County rcady for ths
excnrsion. Let tho delegates appoiat;d rec
ollect tbat they uro expected Grst tog ici
that they are also cmpowored to appointotb
cr delegates. Tbo quota of Vermont is 31.
But to win tho splendid prizo banncr tbe
must scud more. A glowing description of
tho bacner is going tho rounds of ths Td
pcrs, as also tbe terms upon which it is to b
won. Notwithstanding our distaocs vzt
terms are adapted to our condition. Who
goes lo Baltimore. Make ready.
It is a gloricus result, and shonld call forth
a burst of joyful acclamation from every il
riotic whig m tfco Union, that old Ccanect'uat
is redeemed. Our whig brethren thero ihocM
bo crowned with tho brightest laurels. Fori
month past the eyes of tho wbole Union fcits
been fixed with intenso gazo upon tho Iandof
steatly habiu in full confidencethat a full vo
would insurs a whig ictory. Never was then
a moro coniplcto canvass on both lidei. Tha
cntire poll hardly falls short of GO.OOO, 3
thousand moro than in 18 10. No choic b
23 towns, the effect of Third partyiim. TU
result was ns follows :
Baldwin, Whig, 29.353
Cleveland, Loco, 28,214
Third party and icattarlng, 1,903
Baldwin rrants 735 votss tq
Whig majority, 1
Whig .majoritT in jolnt bsllot, fi8 1
Last year Cleveland tha loco UoTemor.nsa
1825 votes'more tban Baldwin. Now tis lat-
terhas a plurality of 1184 oTer theformsror
about that number, so tbat tha whig gnn u
nearly 3,000. Last yrar tbe whigs had 53e-
ators, tha locos IC now tho wbigs have 15
of tha 21. Last yoar there was a majoritT of
30 locos in tho house. Thia year thera n
whig majority of 15 on that body.
Tho fruits ofthe victory says tho lnou
aro 1. Two U. S. Senators, ofio for four.
r nr;io t,!o nn hrm kcnt ont of bisieat bt
insanity for four months, laaring tha ctats but
half represcnted. It will not, of conrse, k
allowed to remain so. ...
The Stato Officers, includiag JuaS,
Shcriffs, &c. 5cc. Tbe Whigs havo been ce
nrived of even a sbow ofparticipatioo m tno
Governmant for the last two yeara; tnsy w
T- (" ili.ma.lfM rtrtVf
3. The Moral cffect npon tho Public baa
. r.l, n;nn nt hn mrer-eJtunatJ.
Tho itruggle has been for great National ob-
iects. witn tne wnoio x eopieni micu.u.j
Tha rritunph wjll ni