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THE NORTHERN GALAXY,
II rCELISiliCD ETCBT WED.TriDAT UOSItO
ty' STZWART'S BEILDIM09,
BY J. COBB JR.
ST WI.OJI Al.t. ORDEXS FOR rBIKTl3
5DIT0B AND pnOPRIETOR.
7ER3IS oTeTgI?TH VOLUME.
. .t (Db!cribcr5
"' -anJ CoTipini" lio take at ilie oflicc
ii"Jl ,.-0 nt ifpai'l in munilis.
'.rfjSw-t l.e.n.Uf1heyear2 25
r, dis-o-itinnf J unlil arrcaragM are paid
' ,p,peltl,eopt;onofthepropr;cior. No paymei t
'Jet, allowed cxcept ordered bj the proprie-
I, coinmanicationmuitbe ad.Ircs.ed totheed
,r Post r10
.0jrj) foh the rRinroBT clat cixs,
Fzn. 22d, 1844.
ruhlished ly request.
TCamQStiugtiU cnr mountains shall
. .1, e-ho will float cn thc brecze far away,
Tie u'tion wiil hearit-its fricnds will all cheer it
:' licr lcaro that my songis for Henry
w2-1 advise yon, or gently appri:-e you
0f lle danger ihat follows too great a display,
St fi-n acd united, but don't you Lc frighted,
ycn can gain a fcir triumph for Hcnry Clay.
Tcr Vsn's now a boaling, up salt rircr hc's float-
Aid sa will be paddled quite out of the way.
jit Zjosk stand wceping, the Whigs they come
Tlcirtattcis all warig for Henry Clay.
Cf Cess th;y may talk raucb, and twenty more
71 ty -K-ill find they are all too laR m the day,
xor d friends of the nation withoul hetitation
Y.'iii secure the clectiea of Hcnry Clay.
71d I ocos may tlnster, and try hard to musler
The:. ranks they are broken, they are all in
fhigr core on steady, for the combat te rcady,
Detuzciaed on victory for Hcnry Clay.
Tie Lz".:s will hear you with their smilesthey
K-dl cheer yon,
Tvhen they sce you are determiacd on gaining
&si secu'e ihem that blcssing so weU worth pos-
Ths gallant protcction of Henry Clay.
Sitsbthehallheis tcated and the oath is
VTc-ri'J give him thrce cheers, aswell we may
Fcr Lota misrule will be tumcd out of school,
ird hat is wrocg, will be rightcd ty Hcnry
Chy. z. s.
15LACK SEA SPRING-WHEAT.
Messks Gaylokd & Tcckt:r. Bctiov
in! thnt wiil bu bentficial to thc p:ililic
to hvo thia wheat reserveci for .eciJ, I
:aae tiiis cominiuiicution. It is b"licveil
io this qinrter, to bo supertor for soed to
ojj otlier sprinp Wlieal. First, bccause
it rtquires but aboiit two-thirds thc uunl
qtnnttty to i.ow an ncro 'M, it yields bt'l
ttr in a good e.'nson. If it Indges, it gcn.
traLy filia well, but its great superiority
C'jnsiits ta its hardnes? Io wiilistnnd thc
i jr t!irc:her, Mr O. Farnnm, of ih'i
U.KD. sayi ho tlitcslird in Cornall,n
b;u 50t btisheU pf this ubeat, of lf-42
rr. r-.iid did not havc n rusty bundla ;
nicrca.i thrcc-fourths of Iho otlicr whcat
. ?.j vcry mntcrially dnmaged liy rtist
Ofi'.c IS43 crop. hc'thrchcd nbout 3000
S'jshtls of this H'hcat. nnd found its yiold
f.ipcnor to nny other sprin: uhcat ; and
a.'f.-. ih;'t it fillcd wcll wlicreil lodged.
I Irarn that nll t!ii whcat ruiscd in
Ccrnua i, como ifrom a pcck of sccd, prc
ruiod nuar ISoston in IS3!) or '40. Son:c
s.ipose thcre are Iwokinds, nnd that tho
rtdtliaiTis the bcst It is dark colnrcd.
hr.rd and heavy. Unlil oitr millcrs learn
td huiv Io grind it, it was supposcd to
rnalic inferior fiotir.
ilnmcr Wright, of this town, pot 44
1 15 bu. of sccd ; Mr Elmore. 26 frnin
1 tu ; Orvilie Smith, 20 from one bu. of
fteii; "iram Foster. of whiting. 42 from
1 1-5 It!.; B Simmonds, 41 from 1 15
I sn ."surpriacd tliat our farmcrs shotild
nd to much of this whcat to tho mill Io
baioui:il, con&idcrinz thcestimation in
hich it is hcid, and that thero is nut
niore of tt than ought to be sowed in two
C"in'.i'.-. Claiik Rich.
Shoreham Vt. Fch. 14 1844.
FACTS FOR THE PEOPLE.
ih; expenditures below are exclusive of
the public debt.
Jaes jlonroe's Adm'n Sl3,057,925
Joha Q- Adams' " 12,025,477
Andrew Jackson's " J 8,224,345
M. VanBaren's " 35,300.330
liS Cogres3 16,332.836
Gea'l JacUoa's averago expend-
j;r.Adan;i' do do 12.625,477
cueu of Gea'l J's. overMr A's- $5,593,863
Mr. Van Buren's average
Mr. Adaraj' do do
Excess of Mr V. B'a. over Mr A's.S22,770,853
via Bjren' avtrage yeariy ex-
The creed ofour party in 1544 isthe same
.u joiu. rttacian.
Eicess of V. B's. yearly ex. over
w ctg tongress of 1B41-2, $19,064,419
i.tm. ihe Koman Catholic Bishop of
Mn.r...l 1 - .1 : 1 . T. . I
u ui5(jcji5cu uie pcopie othis lli
ocese, for the preseut year, from ihe usual
riid observance of Lent. The use of one
meal of meat aday is allowed on Sundays.
londays, Tuesdays, and Thursdavs. paim
snnday excepted. The reason assigned is
is dearness and scarcity of Fish, and the 1
isaal privation among the people ofthe Dio-
se. vueoec uazctlc.
beLocotoco Victort is NewORLrASs.
xht Uouse of Reprcsentatives of Louisiana
lathe recent New Orleans elcctinn, who Re
porteda recommendation of censnre upon the
jadge acd also that he be removed, The Re-
port was adoptcd by the House by the vote of
jj jiou. i ne victory was won by the illegal
ue of some 800 natnralization certificates
i foreigneri to vote the loco ticket. and by
lcfofoo jndjo. CcUJonian.
From tbc Colurabtan Jlajaiine for April.
BT 21 ns. c-
"Pray, Mr. Norton," cxclairaed a lively
lady to a fashionahly dressed, haudsome
young man, who was standing beside her at
an evening partv, 'pray do you intcud to re
main an old bnchrlor all your days? Since
your rcturn from Europe, I have bcen contin
ually expectiug to bear of your inarriage, bnt
here you liave bcen two years, aud you are
still, to all appearance, 'iu statu quo,' as the
' Aly dcar Mrs. Hinton,' rcplied the younjr
gcntlcnian, vrith a smile, ' I will be frank, and
tell you the rcal reason of my remnimns; a
gcneral admirer of the scx, instead of coufin
ing my attcntions to anyone 'bright particu
lar star,' honever much I may be dazzlcd
by its brilliaticy. I am aclually ufraid to niar
ry.' ' Afraid !' echoed the lady, opcning her dark
cyes to thcir idest eMeut witli astotiibhment.
Faint heart uevcr tvon, you know. Are you
afraid to propose 2'
'No, madam, afi-aid to marty. You will
Iaugh at me, 1 dare sa-, when I tell you that
my se.it in cburch has a great deal to do ivith
my solitary statc. which scems so much to
excite your surprisc.'
' AVhy, yes,' replicd Mrs. Hinton. ' one is
always surprised whcn a young man who
uithout tneaiiitig to Ilattcr j,u is ccrtainly a
f.ivorite iu society, (here j!r. Korlon made
her n polite bow.) and w ho has an indcpend-
cnt fortune, still rcfrains liom chooMng one!
of the manr fair damscls wlom he mcets. to
8uperintcnd his cstablishment. But what in
flucnce yotirseat in cburch can have upou
thc matlcr. I am at a loss to imagiuc."
'You muslknow, then, that I sit just be
hiud Miss La Mode, in Dr. Righthcad's
church, and ihe fi"lit of licr velvet cloak sb-
solutely frightcns me from the thought of
marrymg a wile who may some day say to
me, ' My dear, I am dying for a new velvet
cloak ; plcasc to give me two or three huu
drcd doliars. nnd I will go to Stewart's and
buy one.' How I should fchuddcr to hear
such a requst."
' Really, Mr. Norton, this is too absnrd for
you, with your fortune, to talk iu such a inau-
ncr. J sliall beg.n to thiuk you a miser.
fn inc IhTiiT Ihat ic pnncict.
to any trnn that is cons.st- .
help thinkmg sp lcud,d vel- ;
cot, but 1 cauuot
vct, sucli as wueen v iciona nciseii ungm oe ,
sat.sfied ith, for a corrouat.on robc. sadly
outof place whcn it is made into a cloak, to j
be worn on nlmost all occasions; part.cn ar-
y whcn ittswcll knownthat M.ss LaMode s ,
lathcr does not evcn pay 1 his bakcr or h.s
butcher. If I wcre one of his poor creditors,
I should be tempted to take Ihe cloak from
thc young Indy. in tbc strcct, and sell it for
Mrs. Hiutonsatsilent at Ibis f peeeli. Hcr,
conscicncc reproached her, for slic knejv that J
she had, on that day. purchased an elegant ;
new inanlle, alttiouBH ncr luisuanu had rc- (
qucstcd hcr to be ns econoinical as possiblc
in her cxpendilurcs, as he luunu it dillicult,
in thnse trying timcs, to meet all thcdemands
made upou his puire. Shc wasawoman.how
ever, of gcnerous fcclings, as yet unhardcn
cd by resiting good impulscs, and she secret-
ly rcsolved to take tiaclt the mantle the next
day, and prcvail upon the shopman to rcceive ;
shechose.and itwonldnotii.jureyou, And ' m'eilt.'aIt!lo ugi,, as it apcarcd, like many j for snbjccts of conversation, as to find nnth
sure y you do not objcct to a lady s wearing olher geutemcll i10 kecp ,lle statc of their i ing inore intcresting than my poor cloak.
a velvet cloak - i fr.,;.r enf.ri rrnm .1, c mnst tniirpctAt in llnwfxor T will lpll vnn mv lyiotivn for wcar
it, sincei: was not jei-pjiu lor. ii i ,voll)j oe put in rcqtiisition for more impor
pasoed through her iniud with therapidity of j fant .lurp0ses ,han thoseofmere amu.cmcnt:
lishtcnins, aud turning round with asmile to j ., .,, .---,. i ,1,. ,n;n,l
addrcss ilr. Norton, whcn an ovcr-dressed ,
young lady, who had bern sitting, an inter-
cstcd listcner in the conversation, mterpos
cd. 'If 3Ir. Norton wants an cconomical wife,'
she said, 'I would recomincnd him to ofler
himself to Emily Harwood. I think she will
suit him cxacily, for she has unrn an old
cloak all winter. wiih no altcralion-nne that
she has had two years, at Ieast, to my know I-
norton looKeu at the spcaker, and the
exprcssion of hcr cotintcnance
turning to ISIrs. Hinton, he askcd
'Who is Emily Harwood? Are you ac
qu.iinteil with her 1 I should really likc to be
introduced to a young lady who has moral
couragc enough to wear au unfashionable
garincnt, aftcr having worn it already two
winters; she must possess a more than com
I will iutroduce you with plcasure, said
Mrs. Hinton. -She is a svveet girl and a
great favor'.tc of mine. I confcss I have my
self becn surprised at the plainncss of hcr
dress, this winter, for her fatheris considercd
wealthy, and sheis the only one of his daugh-
tcrs of an age to go into society,
That is '
she, in the simple white frock, and that is .
hcr mother by her side.'
Mr. Norton was charmed to perceive that
U was a young lady, oy ner s.nguiariy mod-
est and unpretend.ng appearance, had attrac-
leu uis aucniiou in tne eac.v pan oi me eve
ning. IIc had intended to inquire her name,
but Iost sight of her in the crowd, and sup- j
fu..n ...o uiiuki u'i iw. ... u,u.u..(,i. . b comrort and hamnness to so ma- es!
nc nau nmicno rcgaracci ncr as vcry preiiy v sorroivful lierls. Whcn hcr husband re- It is nccdless to say that thcre was anoiner ; . down for (ho anncxalion. whilc the
and lutercsting.-imd had sometimes even ,-rned ,0 d;mleri sIlCi ;ke a trUe.I,carlcd auditnr who harcd in the adniiration of Hel- , Votcs that hc cxpectcd wcre
though italmost poss.ble tolove Caroline ,vifet m3(!c a coufcsion to him of hcr folly of , cn. Mr. Norton wai so dehghted with the , J il b '
Hoivard wcllcnouchtomarry her iflie could the dav before. her rcpeniancc, and the pur- simple recital of Emily, that he lougcd to " fi?L Senilors onlr arc cvpcclcd
only hopclocure her ofthe pasMon for dress pose for hlcl, she ,ad just visi.cd Stewarfs. ! clasp her to his heart, and tell hcr that h.s T' 1 f;,0"-
nrhicfa shc displaycd. But this remark scal- Mr; Himon as a manJ ofMe and jnte,u. j lir.ppinCss dependcd on her alone. Ile saw (o opposo th.s v.lla.nous schemc to rastcn
cd her fate, as far as he was conccrncd, and u ki r, ,iij i,:. ;r.'. ' the vonn-r ladics take thcir dcparturc, and a upon the country lor two hundrcd years
poseo tnat sne had retired. one rcceived : s0 ;mp:Uieni was he to mcct again the ob-1 he obtaiued a knowledge ol her mouves lor
him with an casy, graceful air, and afier a jcct that had so much facinated him the night ! wearing thc old cloak, which was ever after
few moments passcd in conversation, heli..r. a k ..,...i .i, i.-ii i, t,.,i fi,. I nrp?erved as a nrccious relic. I can assure
thought her positively beautiful. so intelli. sounJ of mus-lCi aml beine ehown into tbe my readers that she did not blame hun so
gent was the expression of her dark blue . ,he dra.; n.roorai fonud the fair Emily evi- vercly, and should this tale evcr mcet thcir
eyes. and so bearamg the smile with which d ; iesS0Ds on the piano to a little ' eyes, I trust they will bolh pardon tho use
biic iiicucu iu iu .tu..i,M. i,c a .
UJ3U CIJ llllAI-lA ll-oa.vi n.ni iuis. lldlHUUU,
1 - ml,.h n ancri n-lth I . I l -I t
who did not leavc to her daughter the whole
burden ofthe conversation, as some mothers
are apt to do, contenting themselves with be
ing raere spectators.
When Mr. Norton laid his head upon the
pillow, that night, it was long before he could
disturbcd by the vision ofa pair of blue eyes
which danced before him, not to mention dark
COmPOSe IIIS llllliu iu biccii, au iiiiiv:ii ivaa uc
1 . . . -i - r : r 1 1
rinrleis and old cloaks, which mingled to
gcthcr in strangc confusion. He began to
think he had at last found the ohject he had
bcen so long seeking, and resolving that he
would call the next day at Mr. Harwood's, at
last resigned himself to rcpose.
The next morning. Mrs. Hinton, in pursu
ance ofthe wise resolution she had made, at
tircd herself to go out, and was waiting in the
parlor for her carriage. The beautiful man
tle lay on the sofa by her side, and she was
examining it, and making up her raind that,
after all, she could do without it, and if she
conld that h ought to. At this moment,
CarolincIIoward, whoTrasanintimatefriend them, arraycd in her snpcrb rclvet cloak,
cntered. with icathers, &c., in the hiught of fnshion.
'Are you going out so carly ?'she exclaim- Thc conversation at the party iustantly recur
cd. on seeing Jlrs. Hinton ready dressed, 'I rcd to his thoughts, and he gfcnccd at the
camc in the hope of seeing you at this liour, cloak of his conipauion. It was o( plain dark
tor I wished to tell you that Stewart hail some merino, and had cvidcutly" bcen much worn,
of the lovclicst mantles you eversaw. I nas though cvcry thing about her was so scrupu
thcre yesterd.iy, and lookcd at thcm. They lously neat, and ber simple white hat so be
wcrc just opencd, and tho clerk assured me coming to her fresh complexion, that he was
that they were the ouly oncs imported, and iulinhcly more attractive to an intcliigcnt
there arebuladozcn all tjgether. lwasalraid man. than the dashing Jliss La Jlodc. To
they ould all bcsold. yctl did not darc to
bny one bclorc asking my motlicrs pcrmis-
r. fwm..i.Snf,. f.,.. iJ,
ahoutmy buyingthis spleudcd silk, ivithont etly replicd, 'It is indeed beautiful.' Mr. i Carnliiia. and Georgia. cranleJ Iheir va.
cousulliug him. that Ynotber. forbade my do- Norton could not lielp sccing how snpcrior cant S01' for ,lm USPS "hich Ihey had bcen
iug it ajaiu. I have bcenjijilr thc morniug, ' was this conduct to that oftoine youug ladics nskcd. As the lands may vaw It consid
teazing her to let me. Ir.ift-jinc, and have at i wlio bctray an uneasy feeling of conscious- j crcd reJcased from this pttdgt, the oJjecl
last succecded. So yoirnu;spositivcly come ' ness wheu they hear praiscs of anotherVap- for ichich they were ccded havlng hetn ic
and choose one too. dcclare," she . pearance, which they know to be more brill- comphshed, IT IS IN THE DI?CKE-
contiuucd, 'j'ou havc one alfeady,' as her'iant than theirown. lle continued to visit rril)N OF CON(3UKSS TO Tl?Pns:P
ejrs ien npoo ilie soia, lor sne uau laiKCil so ai iir. uarwoou s anu was aiways Kiuuiy rc-i Qp THEM IN SUCII A WAY
UIUUIV Illill auc liau liut ci cu iiduaLll IU luutk icntu uui lii.- i. ita tiui tiuc IU uci:iuc IU ildsu , nrv'O'p TO PAVOITPD TTi ninri ArTTr,,
...n.i w irt.,i -nw;ii r,A i'n..i,Wtr...ri,r,a;n,n,. i.. . 1 ucuin uuut, lUUJbOUlh,
..: :. :;... J i Zu;c",::nizzz:z harmony and gexeral inteb
Nrs. Hintou replicd gravelr 'I am coin"
to Stcwart's to return this mantle, and I mision from au auntin the country, forsome
Tvould advisc you, my dear Caroline, if you , millinery, and althongh entirely uouscd to
had to teaze your mother for leavc to buy , make such purchascs, he resorted to thc
onr, to dcny yoursclf, and gratify her by in- most ishionabIe cstablishment of the kiud,
forming her that you have rcsolved to do for the first time to cxercise liis taste iu that
without it. Fifty dnllnrs is a great dcnl to ' dcpartmcnt. The milliner took him behiud
spcnd in such au article of dress. My lius- ' a curtain nbicli scparated the two rooms, in
band told me this moniing that he vras afraid ' order to show him some very rechcrche ar
Iie should be obligcd to give up liis carriage ticlcs, and rcqucsting him to take a scat upon
and horscs, his business is so much less prof- ' a sofa, lcft him to scarch lor the iinportant
In .li..a fnminplr K tr t.im.- it to hnr ivtitli ntif ntnf.fl flif. trfnctrn.. Tfoir:ia
,,,., r, i,..i.i, ,i, i,
. n -i i t i i
should ride a crcat dcal, and I rcsolved to
speud as little as possiblc, that he might be heart. It was Emily Hamood's voice, ap
able to cnjoy his carriage. ' parently conversing with anothcryoun" lady,
Caroline sat without spcakins until Mrs. 'so close to the curtain that he could not
Hinton had concludcd, whcn she said pettish-
' But vou are raarned. and itdoes not make
so inuch difTcrence to vou how vou dress;
iust see how bccominsr this is.' And shc '
turned from the glasj, at which she had bcen :
arratiging the mantle in graceful folds over ;
Her well-snapca ngurc: anu Airs. limion
conld not lielp acknowlcdging that it was vcry
bccoming indeed. Nevcrtheless, fhe still at-
end to fore- .
go tlie purchasc, for shc kuew that Caroliue's
fatler was vcry much iuvolvcd in debt. aud it
-as iearcil evcrv dav that lie woulil ston nav-
. . .. . . . :
hc , wifc an(, daullter ,vcro ultcrIy
. ,t oflhe c5rculll$,ane Bnt she found
, r ,,.,, Ilf ., e(re,, Tmiccd. Caro-
n5vorH, . I,1sladc Mrs. Hinton her-
,Jitk PiUt ,,, ,la(, ,00 much slrcngh of
,o,e ,eJ b l,ervani-y, when she
fenew that her aecftioi was riglit. although
s,c couJ uot re a womau1sh hcinz of
nt ,,ie tuou ,lt of so )CCom.
a ar:!cIe of al,iarcK JIrs n;aton was
so imich gricvcd aDd shocked at the selfish-
1)MS t)-,er VOUIlg frieni, ,iiat sne tliought
shc couM -ncyt.r ffe, aa;n toward9 llcr ,he
auectiou she had hitbcrto cxpericncod.
selfto rctam the velvet she was about to car
ghe ma(,e hcr confcss ,iiat ,e fifty doliars
her luoiher had givcu her. with hich to pur-
chase thc wis.hcd-for mantle, was a sum that
had bceu appropriatcd to a younger sistcr,
that shc miht takclcssonsin drawing. an art
of which she was passiouatcly fonil, and for
which shc had a dccidcd ccnius. She conld
tnjR,lt come w ilel,0,iic (alents of hcr sister
not lorbcar luuting to Uaroline tnai a unio
of ,,le ,i,01,giess anJ selfish jjitl. and she !
saw her depart, with pain, to fuliil hcr iuten
Jlrs. Hinton found no difiiculty in return
inj the mantle, and aftcr shc had lcft the store
she wondcred how she could havc bcen so
foolnh as to suflera moment s uncasmcss on
. .... .... 1 f T I
IlC.ISIIil 39 ! 1
Xorton ,iad 7a(Ie a de impression upon !
,lcl anJ a, she )ooi-e)1 at tIC mitii0 of
I nnnr llntlf;oTf.ce trrntrlirc w llrt t II rnilf- K mn-1- 1
i .:,. ror cliaritv. she felt how sinful
u was tbwaste in extravagauce that which ,
wonld bring conifon and happiness to eo ma- j
frnnr- lln hail nttpn f!pnlnrprl
j foudness Tor disjilay, but shc was so young
when he marricd her, and had becn so pcttcd
from hcr childhood by a foud mother, and
waswithalso lovcly and iulcrcsting, ihat he
conld iiot find it iu his heart to dcnv hcr auy
cratification, trtisting that as she grew older
I her tastes would chauge. He did not know ,
that thc passion 1
es with uidulgcnce, like all other bad habits,
and is the hardcst to ovcrcomc in the female
heart, particularly, as was the casc with Mrs.
Hinton, uhcre there are no ch.ldrcn to occn
py the time and attention. So dclighlcd was
,i. i, rn.A -, nfn-
for cuaritaj,ie purposes. telling ber that he
had that day uncxpectedly rccovcrcd a bad j
,ebt bich ne had long since despaired of, '
anJ consequentIy no longer entertaiued the
fears hich he had mentioncd to hcr in the
Let tts rcturn to Mr. Norton. He could
not avoid anticipating theVcalling hour a lit-
s:stcr Ahhoucli attircd in asimnlc morniuz
. - - - J
dress, she did not appcar lcss lovely than his
memory had picturcd. and thc bright blush
which his uncxpected appearance callcd up,
made her not lcss intcresting iu his cyes.
She dismissed the little girl with a message
to her mother, who soon appeared and re-
ceivcd him kindly. As he glanced about and
observed thc air of elcgance, though not of
display.that pcnradcd the establ.shment.lie!,
could not help recallmg iMirs liowards
words about tl.e old cloak, and his curiosity
was excitedto know what could be her reason
for wearing a garment unfashionable enough
to attract observation. After making as long
a call as he dared, upon flrst acquaintance,
he took leave, not without bcing invitcd by
Mrs. Harwood to i call aga.n; an inv.tation to
days aftcr, as Mr. Norton was walking in
Broadway, he raet Miss Harwood, and join
ed ber immediatcly. He had walkcd for
some time by. her side without at all regard
ing ber dress, when Miss La Mode suddenly
emerged from a bop, and pasiea on before
i;i-"-i-' u.ii uiiui.. ...rf ..... - j 0- i . . - -o. ii
V.T WEDNESDAY, APRIL 17,JS44.
test her feeliugs hq remarked. carelcs5ly
' 1 natisa bcautiuil cloak of.ih.'s La Moiles.
be. It chanced. at length that he had a com-
i,:; , ro,t- m,mi:ot
well kuown voice sent a thrill ilimush his
1i i . . .1. ...v. t.:.
avoid hearing cvcry vt ord. ' Now,' he thoughl
'pernnps i snau
find the solution ofthe tnys-
id Emily, I will not buy
terv' 'INo,' sa
such a gay hat as this. It wouTd not suit at
all with mv old cloak." 'Do, (or pity's sake,
n:y dear Emily,' exclaiined her companion,
'tell me why you liave worn that same cloak
tnis winier. x ocnevc u is uic iiiiru niuiti
you have had it. We have all wondcred
why you did not gcta new one, and thatspite-
ful Caroline Iloward has talked about it at
everv nartv this season.'
' 1 am very sorry,' replicd Emily, laughing,
tlrt Micc ITntvnnl hnl lippn nt 9V.ch a lnflS
I. . , , . . , . I
, , it am i am surc, dcar Hclen, that you ,
will approvc of it. But first promise me that ,
vou will tell no one che. I should not thiuk
of expl.iiniug it to any but you '
Here Mr. 'Norton ahnost rcsolved to show
himself. He fclt it a breach of honpr to hear
what was cvideuily a secret; but his iuterest
in the fair Emily was so strong that he ex
cused himself on that plea, and remaiucd si
Ieut. Helen made the rcquired promise, and
Emily proceJd :
Vou remcmber hearing ot the dcath of
my unclo Murray, last suinmer. He had
failcd just beforo, so that his family were left
quite dcstitute. Catha'rine, the eldest daugh
tcr, has bcen at Mrs. Wilbrd's school for the
last ycar, and she was vcry dcsirous of re
main'ing another term, aftcr which Mrs. Wil
Iard wonld engage hcr as tcacher. She con
sidcrs her one of hcr fiucst scholars. But it
was not possiblc for her mother to continue
such au expensi., and my fathcr said that he
could not oll'cr to do it unlcss we wonld make
snme rctrcnchmcnt in our dnmtstic alTairs.
Therefore I ofiercd to wearmy old cloak an
other scason, and to give little Jtilia rnusic
lessons, instead of hcr having a tcacher.
Now do vou not thiuk that a sufficient mo
tive ? I iissure vou I havc felt more pleasurc
this winter, in wearing that old cloak, than 1 1
should have doneinposscssiiig one cven more
splendid than Miss La Modc's, for now my
Ihan inss ija mouc s, lor now my ,
Jn vi!l ho nlilp tn annnort licrselfi
J'.'.'t n i.. - ' 'l " I
I . l.A .. ( 1 . n ... n.l.i n,.nn lirrtTII.
ers and sistcrs.'
'That isjustlike yoursclf, Emily,' cxclaim-
Cll IlCr lriCUO. enillUHUIMIU.Uiy -Jfllll 1911
I could tell of it.
How nshamed Caroline .
Howard would bcof all her ill-naturcd spccch-
icw momenis ancr .asicucu .i., iuiy""
his aunt and all her commissiocs, and lcav-
ing the milliner Iost in astonislin.ent at his
abrupt departure. He rcachcd Mr. Ilar-
wood's almost as soon as Emily hcrscir, and
astonished her by a warm dcclaration of hij
feclings. She did not bid him despa.r. and
- - -----
and Emily Harwood wcre cngagcd, much to
the astomshment of Miss La Mode and Car
oline Howard. who could not uudcrstand why
shc was prcferred to thcmselvcs.
Mrs. Hinton was delightcd with Mr. Nor-
. . . .. . I l. l.l
ton s choice, anu preaicieu u.ai uc numu
Miave a nattem wifc. Shc ncver forgot her
good resolulions. but lier pcrsuasions were
lo.n upon her formcr friend, Caroline, who
was, how ever, soon forced, by the fa.lure of
hcr fatlicr, to renoucce her extravagant hab
V must do Mr. Norton thc iustice to say
ihat h Iiarl ihp candor to confess to his wifc.
soon after their marriage, the raeans by which
. nave maue oi me muutma ici...i.u .v.
onsioN or the Locofocos or Cox-
Wc giro below a rcsolution passed by
f a Locoloco Senaloriol Convention of Ihis
l r):sr:cf tclativc to tho maiter of Distri-
- . Dub!ished jn the Times of
' ,',, 7
j Ibuadnj Marcli 7.
I Rcsolved. That we rcgard thoXistn-
: bulion Schemc, nnd its kindrcd projcct
' 0f assumption, as unauthorized by ihe
; CONSTITUTION, a dangerous inlcrfcr-
i ...:., th0 affairs of tho Slates, and
, dispjavillg that proneness toloadthe
people wiih taxes which tho aristocratiis
party havo ever manifcsled.
OPINION OF ANDREW JACKSOlt.
"Among tho intcrcsts which merit'tlio
consideration of Oongrera atter tno pay
ment of the public debt. one of the tnost
imporlant, in my view, is (hnt of Ihc pub.
lic lands. Previous to the fortnation of
our prcscnt Constitution, it was recom
niendcd hy Congress that a pnrtion ofour
waste lands owncd by the Slates should
be ccded to thc Unitcd Stalcs, for the pur
posc of gcnrral harmony nnd as n fund
to ineet the cxpenses of the war, The rcc-
omendation was ndoplcd, and nt diflerent
iotls flf ,ime the Statcs r Alassachuj.
i ',, i v . ,7- . . M , ,
clls' -York, Virginia. Norlh and fcouth-
ESTOFTHE AMERICaN PEOPLE."
If the bill now before Congress, des.
troying thc prcs"nt TaritT. bccomc3n Isw,
its passagc would have bcen cflcclcd hy
thb voles of thc Xoco Foco membcrs who
are indehtcd for their elections to thehc
tion of the Abolilionists in Connecticut,
New York and Ohio. Did the Aboli'ion
Farnicrs and Mcchanics, in throwing n
way their votcs, contcmpl.ttc sucli a rc
Is thc abolilion of Slavcrv. in thc Dis-
trict of Cohtmbia, thc first slcp to be ta-
ikrn in the progrcssofEinancipatinn 1 Ant
if so. aro the AbolitionisU doing tlicir dit
ty in coninmiting to tlic clcclion ot "a
in contnbuting to tbc clcclion of
Norlhcrn man with Southcn principlcs,"
w10 stanij3 plfjgcd to V
. cnnrC!.s m.,y pas9 carrv
eto nny bill
y pass carrving out this
grently dcsircd objcct.
Aro thc Abohtionisls npnocd lo the
anncxalion of Tcxas to the Unitcd Statcs? j
And if so wiil they aid in thc clcclion ofa j
Prcsidcnt nnd Congress fnvorablo to that ;
objcct 7 Tcxas can only be anncxcd to
Unitrd Slates, throush the nuspiccs of!
Van Burenisni. Abolition, promoSing, as
11 UUv3, liy lla iiuiiiil.ii uciiuii, lliu SULH
f '- ' ' ,. f , , ..renont
rn'Cfn ' ,n ' ""r.t.rB , "5 'a ' 1 CP"U
it docs, 1)' itspolitical nction, Ihc succcss
nn:e to thc South, imist sliarc in the re-
sponsibilily ofBringing Tcxas into tho
H ill not intcliigcnt. considcrate mr n,
wcigh the bcaring of theso suggcslions ;
Will culiehtencd. phiUnlhropic citizcns
pursuc n course tending dircclly to cxtcnd
and prolong Ihe cvils which they seck to
abolish 1 Eve . Jour.
The Registcr of Tucsday has indeed ;
found a prodigious "mare'i ncst." "Hcii-t
ry Clav," it says, 'is in favor of Iho
anncxn'tion of Texas." and where isthe'
proofl Why "inirabilc diclu," Henry
Clay, whcn Sccrctary of Slalc, undcr
John Quincy Adani-t, in the ycar 1825,
ncgotiitcd thc trcaty with Mc.xico for Ihc
purchasc of Texcs. At that time thcre
could Ijc no rcasonablc objcclion to huyinK
thc laiid. Slavcry had not then bcen in
Iroduccd inlo Tcxas. Nor had il then ha
coino thc rcfugo of Van Burcn lcgislatnrs,
siioilsmcn, and Swarlwoulers. the piradNe
- . .... trt ; i . .i
0f knaves and Ihievcs, Texas might then
nfj(rlittcd into Union without
race or rmn.
ow the casc is differcnt and now Mr
Clay is entirely opposcd to the annexn
tiun". Hut Van Burcn and Van Burcn
tnen are in favor ofit to conciliato the
South. In Mr Walltcr eslimatc j(who
by the way is strong for Van Burcn) all
(ho Vnn Uurcn men in the Scnatc wcre
lonir cr. the cursc of Slavcry. liy thcir cx
crlions wc shall he savco, u savcu at an.
.... ,.C , . ll
from tho dccp disgracc of joining this
homcof tho outcasts and offals of society,
to ouronco honorablo confcdcracy.
Corresjpondence of the Exjiress.,
Washixctox, March 26.
THE CONCLUSION OFYES-
The prcdicamcnt in which the IIouso
thrust thcmselvcs yesterday.by supporting
a proposition as ono cf Mr Clay's but
which he had nevcr ullcrcd, or in olher
words, a forgery, was the subjcct of ncar
y anolhcr day's dcbatc. For scveral
hours, nscene of excilement, that thrcat
encd at onc timo hard words at Ieast, oc
cupied the atlcntion of the Houso. Tho
ninht had becn devoted tohunting over all
that Mr Clay had said upon thosdbject of
tho TarifT, in hopcs that somcilung mignt
bc found approximating to the scntiment
which had bcen attributed by Mr Clay.
All such labor had provcd a failure and uc
der such circumstancea, with this subjcct
asthounfinishcd business ofthe day, the
Wnnsn reassembled this morning tho
majority prcparcd to take "Iho back track"
in theiraction ngainst Mr Clay, and the
minority delcrmined to prcss them to an
honcst confession, if possible, ofthe en
dorscment by the mr.jotity ofa gros for
gery. A half way nonesty only was aS
tempted, wiih a promise, howevcr, to bc
more hcncst by and byc. Postponmcnt
was thc first attcmpt of the morning. but
this did not succeed. Reconsidcration
followed, first one vole then another, unlil
the House returned to tho point of tho or
iginof tho difficulty. The Speakcr then
dcsired that thc subjcct should go over to
tho next rcsolution day, and the mnjority
determined that what could ba done should
Jlr Brown, the author of tho Resolution
which amounted to a forgery, rose now tn.
exleniintion of his conduct. His cxcuse
was, that whilc the whiff-j were bringing
forward Gencral Jackson's letter to Mr.
Colinnn, in behalf of "a judicious Tariff,"
hc thought he could bring wmu evidencc
against the intcgrity of Mr Ciay. Ho
had rend in the Ohio Slnteyman remnrks
purporling (o coinc from Mr Clay, upon
Ihe subicct of Protection, and without
pausing for one moment to tsst Iheir ac
curacy, or lo inquire whethcr Ihey were
truo or not, hc copied the libel acd scpt it
lo tho Chair.as an amcndmcnt to the pen
ding Rcsolution. T'his was all the dc
fence tho nuthor of tliis proceedmg in the
Hoiisc had to maXe, cxcept that ho had
not bsen able to find any place whure nn
y such rcmatks had bcen mode. lle,
howevcr, belicved that JT. Clay had made
the rcmarks allcgfd ngninst him, nnd he
had written to the cditor of thc Ohio
Stntcsman to pnint tham out.and give thn
nuthnrity. Iflhis could not be done, he
would at some future dny make n more
frank confession ! I his was but the a
pology for the outrnge cf ycstcrdny. and
bcing so lame. Mr White, ofKy. who hnd
last evcning pledged his honor as to thc
forgery, now usked lcave to rcfer to Mr.
Clay's opinions in bohalf of Protcction
and upon the Comproroise Act, with a
viow of showing the cxtent of the misrep
rcsenlatiou. A first thcte was great op
pnsition to lhi, and all alon thero was
opposition, and with so many intcrnip
tions thatMr White, could only spcak on
lcave, and was liable to be callcd lo order
for cvcry aentcnce he uttcred. Enouch
was said. howevcr, to show the cntire lal
8i ly of thc accusations from first to lat.
nnd thus for the day Ihe suhject endcd,
not, howevcr, without having its moral
effect here, as it inusl cvcry whcrc abroad
You scc in the procccding what hm bocn
dono. and what will hc donc, to fjlsify
rcputation as well as principlp. At llic
South, Iilr Clay is dcnnunccd for his pro
tcclivo principlcs, and at thc West, ho i
hcroquolcd as abandnning thcm altngcth
rr, to Ihc cxlnnt of declaring that "ihcrc
is no neccnsily for protcction !' HU truo
opinion. as rend to-day, was Ih.it "I.iberty
and Protection arc indcntical."
IION. S. S. PHELPS' SPEECH,
OX THE TARIFF.
Mr. Prcsident I will now proceed to notice
some oflhe o'.ijcctiont to thU policy.
The first in orJer and in iinportance is that
it destroys coinmerce. A greater fallacy than
this cannotbe conceivrd.Genllcmcnask with
great ciuhi-;?, "Will you destroy coin
merce 2 No Sir, We design no such thing,
we anticij'ale no sucli thin?, we ajipre
hcnd it not. Our piirposc is so to rcgulate it
as to make it suliervient to the gencral proi
pcrity rnther than a perpctual drain of your
rcsoiirccs; to give it a dilferent rcsult'; to
limit our iinjiortation to the amount ofour
exportation, and prevcnt the overiinportnlion
of foreign fabric3, aud the congequcut burthen
Nor docs thc policy which wc adrocatc tend
to such a reiiilt. The cxpetieuce ofthe world
shews the contrary. Look at Kngland. Sho
to her protective policy. Shc has protcc
ted her agricultural induatry at honic. and fos
te'rcd her niauufacturiiig iutcrcats for ccntu
rics. What is thc rcsult ! She is thc most
commercial uatiou upon carth. Her manu
facturcshave bcen the baiis of licrcommcrce.
Slic has becn tho workshop ofthe world. Her
manufactures have found thcir nay inlo evciy
civilized and many ofthe uncivihzed natians.
ofthe carth. and. in this way, thc rcsourcc3
and the energics of the civilized world havc
bcen made tributary to hcr prosperity and her
glory. Sir we are foilowiug in hcrsteps. Thc
exportation of cotlou fabrics has already com
mcnced. We fornicrly sent spccie to China
iu cxchangc for her teai. Wc now sei.d cot
ton goods Docs any maa imagiiic ihat onr
irade with China uill be diminished hy the
change I Thc samc fabr.cis scut to S. Amcr
ica to the East aud West Indies. The
amount of this article exported in tbe ycar
1812, exceeded three milliom of doliars. For
this the proiluctions of forcign countrics are
reccivcd iu cxchange, or, if not. the very rcp
rcstntative of wcallh gold and silvcr is rcmit
tcd. Thc ability of cvery uatiou to suslain its
productiou at hoine. A pcople who cxport
notiiiug can import nothiur. This has becn
the expcricuce of thc world aud suchit evcr
will bc. If you would purcbase you must
secure the mcaus of paymcut. Give to your
pcoplc the mean9 of cnjojing the luxuries of
forcign importalion, aud you may rest assur
ed that the disposilion will not bc wanting.
By adding to the quanlity and raricty of jour
domestic productiou you add to your capaci
ty for cxportafion, aud of course for importa-
tion; your importatiou will correspond to
your exportation. The great mass of the
cfiorts of this nation must aud will be return
ed in the nroductions of other countries.
"Thus your coinmerce will be increascd in-
cvitably increascd auu mai upon tne Dasis,
not of your crcdit. but of your domestic pro
ductions. This is the basis upon which it
should rest. So long as it remains upon this
footingit will bc prosperou'J aud profitable.
But renew thc system of Freo Trade, and of
exccssivc Importalion, and thc result will be
as ithas bcen. Your commercc will be un
dermincd by the gradual exhaustion of your
means your currency will be prostrated as
it has bcen your crcdit abroad will be sac
rificcd, and what is worscyonr natior.al hon
or and characler will be sacriGced with it.
Why is it that your foreign commercc has
fallen ofT! Is it not that your pcople havc
becomc impoverished andunahle to purchao
forcign goods. Large importations have
been made and thc goods re-sbipped return
ed whence they came for this reason. Now
if vou will restorc your commcrce and your
revcnue, you must restore the ability of your
people. Diversifj your labor. add to the va
ricty of cxportable production, bring foreign
na'iqns in your debt, and you may rcceive
what you plcase in payment.
Sir, my own observation has satisfied rae
on this point. When tho produce of tbe
i-nnntv in which I rcside horc a good price.
nnd mct with e readvsale, the people of that
seetion indulged freely in the consumption of
foreign imports. ut no sooner aia inat pro
dnppfall.than accneral reductfontook place.
The dcalcrs in foreign goods will tell yon.
that, after the falhng ott ol tne priees ot aj
Of evcry dcscription will be ncatlv nd
fashiouably exccuted, at short notice.
riciiltural production, not more than fifty nor
cent ofthe amount offorcign goods was con
sumed. Sir, if yon wonld foster commerce, yon
muit dirersify the pnrsuits of labcr, give it a
reward in all its walks, suflicicnt, not mercly
for snbsistence, bnt to lcave a sarnhis to bo
expendrd upon thc comforts or the Juxnrio
of life. This done, yur commerce will pros
per and your revcnue will bc abuudant. Your
own experience teachcs this. While yonr
protective policy was in operation cnmmercc
flourished, but w hen you departed from it,
commerce was destroyed anil revenue failcd.
One of thc rnles ai'onted by fiuanciers iD
esiimating the sourres of revemic, is, that tho
amount of your exportation detcrmiccs tho
amount ol your imports the greater the a
mount of your cxports the grealer will bo
your importation. This is a correct rulcbe
cause in a heahhy state of foreign tradc, it i
bnt nn exchaage of commodilies. What wo
desire is to bring that trade back to its prop-
erioonng io prune its excesscs to bring
np your means to your importation, cr what
is the same thing, to bring down your impor
tation to your mcaii". Do uot ge'ntlenien seo
the inevitaUc consequence of the protective
systetn? The more yon diversify labor, and
the creater varietv vou produce of .trticles
dcmandcd ar saleable in a foreign marl et.tho
more you iocrease your ability to expcrt and
cousequcniiy your ability to" import. And
wliat consiitutes coiaiacrcc but expoitatiou
i?ir. il your foreisr: trade hastaken a wron?
dircction, anJ has bccomc unprofitab'e, di
miniih il; tbe les you have the betscr, but
whcn you have made it profitable, cx:cnd it
as mncli asyou plcase.
The Scnator from Sputh Caroliua com
plains ihat nc have rcduced our imortsto
thc cxtent of forty uiilliiins. Well sir, if wo
havc imponed mure th?n we can pay fi.r.why
shnuM they not be icdnred? If a forcign
debt has becn conlracted which hat p:ostra
tcd ihe bauks, destroyed ihe currency, dcpre
ciaied prnpcrly, and thrratcns general bauk
rujitcy, is it not ihe part of trne ecoticmy to
rrtrtncli? If jou havc reduced your impor
taliutjs forty millioui, you havc rcdurcd tho
tax upon your protective iiidusiry to ihat a
mouat. Br.t Ihia is iiul-all. You hatc ccai
cd ts import because you supply ycnr wants
nt ruine Ly your own labor, and havc thus
added forty inillioiw to your cwn wcahli frora
tbe true and legit'uuate Fource of wcalth.
youi own labor. In one cae you tax thc la
bor of this country to the amount of forty
milliuns to pay for foreign commodilies, in
the otlier you not only avoid tbe tax, but yon
iocrease ils pruductiim at home to the snino
exlcut. 'ihc ditierence is l.ighty niluons.
Aud to produce this rceult. you havc taken
nothii.i; frum the talue of lahor in agricultur
al cmployment, a brar.ch of indnitty already
overstockcU, but vou bave diverteu the sur-
Ilui -auduscless labor into a mvful aod prof
Sir, if wc wcre a piirelv agricultuial peo
ple, Ihe world wonld not furnish a martct h-r
our prnductions. We have exceeded the de-
mand already; nmlnh.it will he Ihe state of
things for thc i'nturr, with an increasing pro
duction which no mort:tl ran estimatc,l lcave
scnaton to coi.iccture.
Mr. PreiJei:t, Itrt n first look at tho rffect
of our policy upon lli jreat articles of pro
ductiou nnd epcrtatiun. The Senator hom
New Haiiipshirc looks lo Ihc agricuhiiral in
tcrcst, striclly Kprakiug. tha production of
bread stuli" aud olher articles of huninn sus
tcnancc and thc Senator from South Caro
liua to the plautiug intrrcst, or thc growing
of cottim aud tobcco. Thc Senator from
New Haiiipohire ;mk, will you excliangethe
t.reat foreign mniket for asricultural produco
for thc paliry aud iuVi.nificant markct crea
ted by a fcar manufacturrrs? No sir, we de
sigu no such ihiu;: but we intend to creato
an additioHtil iiKirket at home in aid of tho
foreign market for Ihe consumption of our
agricultural productiou. The nsiumption
that ihc creation of ihis domestic market will
dcsttoy the foreiitn, t one lif thoe errnneons
ansiunptions wh.ch havc ini-tleil thc Senator
aud given to hU array of farts a wrong direc
liun. As a grnrral rulc, oach nation prodn
cc within itsclf enough of agriculturnl pro
ductiou for in own ubsitcucc; nio-t na
tious have a siirplus, and thosc who liave not
all snpply thcnnelves to a vcry great extcnt.
Thcdem'aud for foreign comnioditics is cven
with thcm confined tu thc deficiency. It is
Ii.nitcd lo their nccessitiei. Buyot.d that
point they will not go. f.ill hort of it they
cannot. 'Thc market then is one which can
oot be enlargcd by any addilion of curs, nor
can it casily be diminishcd by any economic
al rcgul.ition on their part. 'Tho great rrror
of tho Senator consist in supposing that tbe
foreign markct for bread stulfs depends upi n
our importalion of foreign fabrics instead of
thc nccessiticsof other uations. Expcricnco
lias taugbt us so.nrthing on this head. Du
riug thc period nhcn the wholc country was
prostrate nndcr the pressure of our immnj
debt to England. the produce of the nnrth
wcstern farmcrs thc class of mcn to whoro
the Senator appeali nnd to whom his argu
mcnt was addresscd, wa rolting on their
hands unsaleable at any price, becouje it
would not bear transportation to market.
If thcre wcre evera state of things favorabls
to the operation of the Scnator's thcory it
was this. Our importatious had been cxten
ded cnormously. Wc had incurred a vast
debt which wc" could not pay cxcept in our
producc, and that they would not take; yet
they could gct cothing else. If the importa
tion of manufactured articles from England
would crcatea corrcsponding markct for our
produce, then surcly. the importation in ad
vance and upou a crcdit would have that ef
fect. Our indebtedness to thcm wonld havo
a powerfurteiidcncy to rcdncc to thcm the
price of ocr productions, while thc imposi
lulity of saiisfying the debt in money would
fumuh a strons inducemcnt to rcceive those
productions. Yet thcir ncccssitics did not
call for it, and thcir policy forbade it.
Docs the Senator imagine that if the ex
perimcnt were repcated, the rcsult worild he
dificreut? Docs he suppose that cven if we
imported the vcry hat aud sliocs which wo
wcar from England, she woulil take from us
an article which shc docs not want,aud which
shc will notsuffer to be imported exccpt un
dcr the. pressnre of necesslty? Sir, thc thc
ory that we can cxtend our exportation :n
definitely, by increasing our imports i3nne of
the stranest fallacics which evcr foortd
Iodgment m the human brain. You can ex.
pottwhat isdemanded shroad, what the ne-.
cessities of other oations call for, you can
go co further. If you have luxuries snper
fluities to spare, you can exchange them, I
admit,for the Inxuries aud superfluiti's eS
' othernations, and in that way find & rojrket :