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EDITOIt AND FKOPIUETOR.
TERMSOF NINTII VOLUME.
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itor Post Paid.
TIIE GREEN MOUNTAIN BOYS.
The Vermont Delegation met at tbo Astor
Jlouse this morning; A. L. Catlin, of Rut
land in thc cliair, and Gcn.Clark of tlie sarae
countv, secretary- They appointed Cole
inan'sExchangc llotel as llicir rcudczvous
iu Baltimore. Upwards of twohuudrcd del
cates from Vermont wcrc prcscnt, and tbey
expect to outnumbcr tlie Delegation of auy
otlierState. They havc wiih them a fiue
Baud from Rutland co. Wclisteucdto tho
cathering of tho Delegation, wbich wc give
ncTLAKD, April 10, 1SJ1.
Am " Old Dan Tuckcr."
I'rom ' Yaakcc Land' at thc dawn of day
Wc all scton our joyous way, ,
Oar ' fla wc unfurled, and our raountains ruog
Wiih Uie joyful notcs of tbc 60n; wc snng
On! on! to tbc TJatUcniarching,
On! on! tq Uic Battle marcliins,
On! on! to tbo Battlc ro.iiching,
Tor ' Old Kentud.1' wc all aro marching.
Frora ' OIJ Vermont!' wc'vc comc along
Our climc is cold our bearu arc warni
Our Evcrgrccn'is floating frcc,
II has ever led to victory
Hurra! Ilurra! thc green sprig'a waviog,
Ilnrra! Ilurra! the green sprig's w-aviug,
Hurra! HuLra! the green sprig's waving,
For ' Old Kcntuck!' ibc ' green is coming.
Ob, tlie Hrcrgrcen, is a siout old trce,
Iu branches wave o'cr thc brave and frce,
It proudly slands ubile itlaughs to seorn
Tbc lightnlngs flash, and old wintcrs Etorra
Ilurra! Ilurra! thc green fprig'a waring, &c.
Our bardy Suns are brave and trne,
And pure is tbc air tbey draw ;
Our mountains arc unconqucred jet,
And wc boast tbe Star' tbat nc'er liassct.
Jlurra! Ilurra! thc star is gleajning;
Ilurra! Ilurra! the ' star'is gleaming;
Ilurra! Ilurra! the star' U gleaming;
Upon Old Kcntuck' tis brighlly bcaming.
Ob! ibe ' Yr.nkce boys' arc wide aivakr,
Tbey comc from bill, from alley,and lake,
And tbc song tliey sing, botb nigbtand day,
Is 'cl'ar tbc track' for Ilcnry Glay!
Hurra! Hurra! Vennoiit is coming;
Hurra! Hurra!' Vermont is coming;
Hurra! Ilurra! Vermont is coming;
For Harry Clay Vermont is coming!
fi'ow bcrcV to Tlice, oftlic froien North! 2t
Ob, ' Old Vermont!' wc know tby wortli;
For tby hills and vallcys and raountain rock,
VtVlI on, on, to the batile-shock!
And -strike! strikc! wbile tbou art calling;
Strikc! strikc! wbile tliou art calling;
Etrike! strikc white diou art calling;
For Harrv Clay Vermont is calling !
From the Cliicinnali Allas.
ANECDOTE OFHENRY CLAY.
Thc wrilcr of this, who in 1S0G wasan
npprenlicc to thc bricklaying husiness.
u-as rnnngcd in building Mr Clay'shouso
nt Abhlaud ; and while most mcchanics,
in thoso davs, wcre by thc wealthy pursc
proud, Ircalcd but lilllo bctlcr than nc
uroo, I shnll ncvcr forget liis rcspectfiil
trcatmcut towords liis workmcn, whom hc
Eeemcd to considcr as equals, and farod
ns well as his own family.
I rcracmbcr one day that an old revo
lutionarvsoldicr who wasastrangcr Ihorc
' hadgi!" drunk, and fcll down bcforc Olr
Clav'. gatc, whcrc hc lay in a pcrfccliy
scnsclcss statc likc a brule ; and as thcrc
was n sform cominjr up, somc onc men
diately cnt to thc old man, and with his
own housc, had him washcd, clcancd up
nnd put to bed. Thc next morning uu
Mr Clav addrcssed thc old
man in thc most aOlctionatc and toucliing
manncr tolling that such was the rovcr-
nn Mt fnr nll thoSO WhO IiaU lOUgni
for our libcrlies. and hc could not bear to
secthcm Icssen that rcspect by getUng
drunk lhat hc could not but feel an cv
crlasting gratitudo lowards htm and all
oiW. who had nurchascd, at so denr a
io t,o i;.frlips which woall cnjoy
that to would not objcct to an old soldicr
i.u: n;r,nnl Hram. but hc beffgcd
liim fbi his own sakc, and for thc sako of
othcrs who had won our libcrlies ncvcr o
cet drunk aain. Ho thcn gavc tho old
man somc moncy, and scnt him home to
Mr Clay's sympalliy and kindncss lor
Iho crrors of this old revolutionary sol
dicr, will ncvcr bc forgottcn by the bnck
Gekrit Sjmn &THE Clkrcv. Inalalc
communic'ation to the Liberty Prcss, on
the subject of Liberty votes, Gerrit Smith
thus cxprcsses himself in rcgard to the
"Pardon me for again warning you
against the most guilty and corrupting
bodyofmenin the land. Imeanthe Cler
gy. With comparatively few exceptions,
tliey are unworthy and dangerous spiritual
We hope in some lucid intervnl. Mr.
Smith will roview his language, and have
given hiin the grace of repentance, & yet
be found clothed and in his right mind.
A few years ago Mr. Smith was one of
the most prominent &. highly esteemed of
ourlajmen. Theeyes ofthe churchgen
crally were fixed upon him as a leader in
every benevolent cnterprise His labor in
thc cause of temperance were worthy of all
praise, and were highly commcnded
throughout the land : and when he joincd
the anli-slvery enterprise, he carricd with
ltim great respect and influence. Ile is
now engaged in a war against thedergy,
and in the movement above described.
05" Poor Mr. Niles is brought on to
the floor of the Senate every day. He is
hopelessly insanerand wHl not take his
From Godctfs Lady's BooTc for May 1844.
BTT. S. ARTIIUR.
"You look sober. What has thrown a veil
over your bappy faccj" said Mrs. Cleveland,
to Iicr Iliece. one mnnim nn finriinr lipr
alonc, with a vcry thoughtful countenancc. j
"jjo i rcauy looUsoucr J and L,aura smil
cd as she spokc. ?0.
You did just now. But the sunshine has
alrcady dispcllcd thc transicnt cloud. I am
glad that a storm was not portended.'
'I felt sober, aunt," Laura said, aftcr a
few momcnts hcr faco again bccoming se
rious. ' So I supposcd from your looks.'
'And I fccl sober still.'
' I am rcally discouragcd aunt,'
The maiden's cbcck dccpencd its huc, but
she did not rcply. fc
' You aud Ilarry havc not fallcn out likc a
pair of foolish lovcrs, I hopcl'
4 Ob, no! was tho juick and cmphatican-
' Thcn what has troubled thequict waters
of your spirit 1 About what are you discour
'Iwilltcll you,' the maidcn rcplicd. It
was only about a wcek after my engagcmcnt
with Ilarry, that I callcd upon'Alice Stacy,
and fouud hcr quitc unbappy. Sbc had not
bceu married ovcr a few inonths. I asked
what troubled lier, and she said, 'I feel as
misctaMe as I can be.' 'But what makcs
you miserablc, Alicc J' I inquircd, 'Bccousc
William and I have quarrclled that's the
reason,' &he said, with somc levity, tossing
her hcad and comprcssing her lips with a
kind of dcfiance. I was shockcd so much
so, that I could not speak. ' Thc fact is,' she
resumcd, bcforc I could rcply, 'all mcn are
arbitrary and unrcasonable. Tbey tbink wo
mcu iufcrior to them, and their wives as a
highcr order of slaves. Butlam notonetobc
put under any man's feet. William has tried
that trick with me, and failed. Of conrse, to
bc foiled by a uoman is no vcry pleasant
thing for oue of your lords of cr'eation. A
tcmpcst inateapot was thc conscqucuce. But
I did not yield tbe point in dispute; and what
is inorc, havc no idea of doing so. He will
havc to lind out, sooncr or latcr, that I am
his cqual in every way; and thc quickcrhe
catibc tnadc couscious of this, thc bctterfor
usboth. Dou't you think so." I made no
answcr. I wn too much surpriscd and shock
cd. A1I mcn," she continucd, 'havc to be
taughtthis. Thcre nevcr was a husband who
did not, at first, attcmpt tolonljl ovcr his
wife. And there ncvcr was aiwoman, whose
condition as a wife was at allTibove that df a
passive slave, who did not fiud it neccssary to
oppose herself at first with unflincliiiig persc
vercncc.' To all this, and a great deal more, I could
say nothiug. It choked me up. Sinco then,
I have met Jicr Irequently, at Home aiw elsc
whcrc, but she has ncver looked bappj.
Several tuncs thc has said to me, in compa-
. i , 1
ny, wnen J nave taKen a scat ucsiuc ncr, anu
rcmarked that she sccmcd dull, Ycs I am
dull; but Mr. Stacy there, you sec, cnjoys
himself. OIcn nlways cnjoy uicmscivcs in
company apart from thcirwivcs, of coursc'
I would somctimcs oppose totina a scniiment
nalliativc of her husband ; as, that in compa
ny, a man vcry naturally wishcd to add his
tnitc to tlie gcuerai joyousness, or suiiicimuj;
of a likc nature. But it only excited hcr,
and drew forthremarks that shockcd myfccl
ings. l-'p to tliis day, they do not appcar to
be on any bctter terms. Thcn, there is
Franccs Glcnn, marncd only threc months,
and as fond of carping at her husband for his
arbitrary, dominccring spirit, as is Mrs. Sta
cy. I could name two or thrce others, who
havc been married, some a shortrr and 'somc
a longcr pcriod, that do not sccm to bo unitcd
by any closcr bonds.
"It is the condition ofthcse young fricnds,
aunt. that causcs me to feel scrious. I am to
bc married in'a few wccks. Canitbepos
sible that my union with Ilcnry Armonr will
beno happicr, uo moro pcrfect than theirs?
This I cannot bclieve. Ani yet, the rcla-
tion that Alicc and Frances hold to tlieirhus
bauds, troublcs me whenever I think of it.
llcnrv, as far as I havc becn able to under-
stand him. has strong points in his character.
From a risht coursc of action or, from a
courso of action that he.thinks right, no
consideration, I am sure, would turn Inm. J,
too, have mental charactcrs somcwhat simi-
lar. Thcro is, Itkewise, about me a Icavcn
of stubboruness. I trcmblc when the thought
of opposition bctwecn us, upon any subject,
crosses my mind. I would rather die so I
fccl about it than cvcr have a misundcr
standing with my husband.'
Ltuira ccased, and hcr aunt, who was, she
now perccivcd, much agitatcd, arose and lcft
the room without speaking. The reason of
this, to Laura, was altogcther nnaccountablc.
Hcr aunt Cleveland, always so mild, so cahn,
to be thns strongly disturbcdl What could
it mean ? What could there be in hcr mai
dcnly fcars to cxcite thc feelings of one so
good, and wisc, and geutlc? An hour aftcr
wards, and whilc shc yet sat, sober and pcr
plexcd in mind, in the same place whcre Slrs.
Cleveland had left hcr, a domestic came in,
and said her auut wishcd to see hcr in hcr own
room. Laura attcnded her immediately.
She found her calm and self-possessed, but
paler than usual.
Sit down besido me, dear,' Mrs. Cleve
land said, smiling faintly as her niece came
'What you said this morning, Laura,' she
began, after a few moments, 'recalled my
own early years so vividly, that I could not
keep down emotions I had deemed Iong since
powerless. The cause of tbose emotions, it
is now, I clearly see, my dnty to reveal ; tbat
is, to you. Foryears I have carefnlly avoid
ed permitting my mind to go back to the past
in vain musings over sccnes that bring no
pleasant thonghts, no glad feelings. I have,
rather, looked into the future with asteady
hope, acalin Aliance. But, foryour sakc.I
will draw aside the veil. May the relation I
am about to give you, havo the effect I dc
sirc. Then shall I not sutfer in vain. How
vividly, at this moment, do I remember tho
joyful feelings that pcrvaded my bosom when,
hke you, a maidcn, I looked forward to my
wedding day. Mr. Cleveland was a man, in
many respects, like Ilcnry Armour. Proud,
lirm, yct gentlc and amiable when not oppos
ed; a man with whom Itnight have been
supremely happy; a man whose faults I
might havo corrected not by open opposi
tion to thera notby sccming to notice tucm,
but by leading him to sec them Himself. Bnt
this coursc I did not pursue. I was pfoud;
I was self-willed ; I was unyielding. Ele
mcnts like these cau never come into opposi
tion without ? victory on cither sidc bcing as
disastrous as tbe dcfeats. We wcre married.
Oh, how swcet was the promise of my wed
ding day,! Of my husband I was very fond.
Handsome, cducated, and with talcnts of a
high order, there was cvcry thing about him
totnake the heart of a young wife proud.
Tenderly we loved each oibcr. Like days in
Elysium passed the first few months of our
weddcd lile. Uur tliouglits an6wishcs wcre
one. After that, gradually.a changc appcar
cd to como over my husband. Hc defcrred
lcss readily to my wishes. His own will was
morc frequently opposed to mine, and his
contcntions for victory longer and longer con
tinucd. This surprised and paincd me. . But
it did not occur to mc that my tenaciousness
ofopinion might seem as stangc to him as
did his to mc. It did not occur to me that
there would bo a propriety in my defcrring to
him at least, so far as to give up opposition.
I nevcr for a momcnt rcflccted that a proud,
firm-spirited man, might be driven offfrom
an opposing wife, rather than drawn closcr,
and unitcd in tcndercr bonds. I only per
ccivcd my rights as an cqual assailed. And
from that point of vicw, saw his coiiduct as
dogmatical aud ovcrbcaring, whenever he rcs
olutcly sct himself against mc, ns was far too
frequently thc case.
' Onc day, wc had then becn married
about six months, hc said to me, a little sc
riously, yet smiling as hc spokc, ' Janc, did
uotl seo you ou thc stroct this morning J'
'You did,' I rcplicd. 'And with Mrs. Cor
bin' 'Ycs. My answcr to this last ques
tion was notgiven in a vcry pleasant tone.
The reason was this. Mrs. Corbin, a rcccnt
acquaintancc, was no favoritc with my hns-
baud ; aud he had morc than oncc mildly
suggcstcd that shc was not, in his vicw, a Gt
associate for mc. This rather touchcd my
pridc. It occurrcd to me that I ought to be
thc best judgc ofmyfemale associatcs, aud
that for my husband to makc any objections
was au assumptiou on his part, that, as a wife,
I was callcd upon to rcsist. I did not on prc
vious occasions. siv anvthinc vcrv dccidcd.
contenting mysclf with parrying liis object-!
: i t " t mi i t "
ivus lauguiugiy. j. 1113 tiuiu, noivcvcr, 1 was
in a less forbearing mood. ' I wish you would
not mako that womau your fricnd,' lic said af
ter I bad admitted that he was right in his
obscrvation." 'And why not, pray V I asked,
looking at him quitc stcadily. 'For rcasons
beforc given, Jane,' he rcplied, mildly, but
finnly. 'There arc rcports in cirtulation
touching hcr character that I fcararc '
'They are falsc!' I iuterruptcd him. 'I
know they arc false!' I spokc with a sudden
cxcitcmcnt. My voicc trcmbleil, my chock
burncd; and I was conscious-that my cyc
shot forth uo mild-Iight. 'They are truc I
know they are true!' Mr. Clcvclaud said,
stcrnly, but apparcntly nnriifllcd. ' I don't
bclieve it,' I rciortcd. I know hcr far bettcr.
Shc is an injurcd woman.'
'Janc, my luisbaml now said, his voicc
slighlly trembling 'you arc my wife. As
sucli, your reputation is as dear to mo as tlie
apple ol my cyc snspicioujlias been east
upon Mrs. Corbin, and that suspicion I havc
good reason lor bclicxiug wcll fouuucd. Jf
you associate with hcr if you are sen upon
tne slrcctnitn lier, your lair lame wul re
ccivc a taunt. This I cannot ncrmit.'
'There was, to my mind, a thrcat con
taiucd in tbe last sentcncc a thrcat of au-
thoritativc intervcntion. At this my nrido
'Cannot permit,' I said drawing mysclf up.
'What doyou tncan, Mr. Cleveland V
'Thc brow of my husband instantly flush
cd. He was silent for a tnonicnt or two.
Thcn hc said with, forccd calmncss, yct in a
rcsolutc, mcaning touc
' Jancl do not wish you to keep company
with Mrs. Corbin.'
'I will!' was my indignant reply.
'His facc grew dcadly pale. For a mo
mcnt his wholc frame trembled as if somc
fearful stnigglc was gaiug on within. Then
hc quietly arose. and without looking at me,
left the room. Ob ! how decply did I rcget nt
tcring tbose unbappy words the instant they
wcrc spokcn ! But rcpcutance came too
late. For about tho spacc of tcn minutes,
riridc struccled willi auection and dnty, At
thc cnd of tbat timc the latter triumphcd, and
I hastcncd aftcr my husband to ask forgivc
ness for what I had said. But he was not jn
thc parlors. Hc.was not in thc housc! I
asked a scrvant if "ehc had secu him, and re
ceivcd for a rcply that he had goue out.'
'Anxiously passed tbt hours until night
fall. Tho sad twilight as it gathercd dimly
aronnd, threw adceper gloom ovcrmy neart.
My husband usually came home bcfore dark'.'
Now ho was away beyond his accustomed
hour. Instcad of returning gladly to meet
his young wife, he was staying away, bccausc
that young wife had thrown ofl thc attractions
of lovc and prcscuted to him featurcs harsh
aud repulsivc How anxiously I longed to
hear thc sound of his footstcps to see his
facc to bear. his voice. Thc momcnt of
his cntrancc I resolvcd should be the mo
mcnt of my humblc confcssion of wrong flf
my faithful promise ncvcr again to set up my
will dcterminedly in opposttion to his judg
ment. But minute aftcr minutc passed aftcr
nigbtfall hours succcedcd .minutes and
these rolled on until the wbole" night worc
dtvayi and he came not back to me. As tbc
gray light of morning stole into my chamber,
a terrible fear took hold of mc that made my
hcart growstill in my bosom the fear that
he would never rcturn thatl had driven him
off from me. Alas! this fear was too
nigh the truth. Thc wholc of that day pass
ed, and. tho next and the next, without any
tidings. No onc had seen him since he left
me. An anxious cxcitcment spread among
his friends. The only account I could giyo
ofhim was that hc bad parted from mc in
good healtb, and in a saue" mind.
"A week rolled by, and still no word
came. I was ncarly disfract'cd. What I
suficrcd no tonguo can tell, no hoart con
ccive. I have oftcn wondcrcd that I did
not bccomo insanc. But, from this sad
condition I was saved. " Tbrough all my
reason, Ibough oftcn trembling, did not
onco forsake me. It was on tbe tenth
day from that upon which we hnd jarrcd
so heavily as to bo driven wildely assun
der, that a letter came to me, post roarked
New York, and cndorsed 'in haste.' My
hands trembled so that I could with diffi.
culty break the seal. The contents wero
to tho effect tbat my husband had been ly.
ing for several days at ono of the holels
lherc, very ill, but now past tbe crisis of
his discasc.and ih ought by tho physician
to be out of danger. The writer -urged
VT. WEDNESDAY, MAY
mc, from my husband, to come on immc
diately. In cisht hours from the timo I
rcceived that letter I was in New York.
Alas! it was lo late. Tho disease had en! When tho bald eaglo shall descrt
rcturned with double violence, and snap. 'the Log Cabin, the genius of Liberty will
pod tbc fceblc thrcad of life. And I ncr. havo dcscrted us, as n people ! Froedom
er saw my husband's living faco again." was cradlcd in tho rude dwellings of our
Tho sclf-possession of Mrs Clcavcland, anccstry.nnd tho blood of those who mado
at this part of hcr narrativc, gavo way. , their bcds in log cabins and who.broke
Covering her face with thcr hands, sho bread there, has handcd its institutions to
sobbcd violently, while tbo tear came us, And whenever and wherever ifa
trickling lhrough her fiingcrs. ' gain tho crisis call hostilc invasion shall
"My dear Laura," sho resumcd, aftcr rally us to thestandard of tho Country, it
the lapse of many minutes, looking up as will bo from tho log cabins of thc land
she spokc with a clear oye, and a sober! that tho power will go forth to challengo
but placid countcnance, "it is for your1 and repeal it ! God in his mercy Iong
sako that I havo turncd my gaze rcsolutc ! prcservo to us and to our dosccndants that
ly back, May tho painful history I havo , abodc of tho odglo !
given you mnke a deep impression upon '. Tho poor tool ofMartin Van Burcn who
your,hcart. Lct it warn you of tho sun- uttcred that accursed praycr, would doubt
ken rock upon which my bark was foun- less transfer the glorious cmblcm of our
dcrcd. Avoid carcfully, ichgiously avoid, libertics to thc banncr of a Standing Ar
settingyoursclf in opposition to your hus my, and thc ncst ofjho Eagle to thc
band. Should ho prove unreasonablc, or Sub.Trcasurer's palace 1 And iften, then
arbitrary, nothing is to bo gained, and cv ' indecd would tho palace rejoice, and tho
cry thing lost by contcntion. By gentlc- log cabins mourn in sackcloth and ash
ness, by forbcarancc, by even suffcring cs !"
wrong at timcs, you will bo able to win ' .n
...... wib. .V. M U.libl SfJt... '.U J ( t
courso as assurcdly put thorns into your'
pillowasyou adopt it. Look at Itio un
bappy condition of tho fricnds you havc
namcd. Their husbands arc, in Ihcir
cycs, cxacting, dominccring lyranls. But
this need not bc. Lct them act truly tho
wo man's part. Lct them not oppose, but I
yicld, and they will hnd their prcscnt ty
rants will bccomo their lovcrs. Abovc
all, ncvcr, undcrany circurastanccs, oith
cr jcstinglv or in carnest, say "Iicill,"
when you aro opposed. That dcclaration
is ncvcr made without its robbing tbe wife
of a portion of hcr husband's confldcnco
and lovc. Its uttcrancc has dimmcd thc
firc upon many a smiling hcarthstone."
Lauia could not rcply. Thc relation
of hcr aunt had dccply shockcd hcr fccN
ings. But the words shc had uttcred
sunk into hcr hcart ; and when hcr trial
came when shc was temptcd to sct hcr
will in opposition to her husband's, and
rcsolutcly to contcnd for what sbc dccm
ed right, n thought ofMrs Cleavcland's
story would put n scal upon hcr lips. It
was wcll. Thc character of Hcnry Ar
mour too, ncarly rescmbled that of Mr
Clcavcland. Hc could casily havc brookcd
a wifc's opposition. But hcr tcnderness.
hcr forbcarancc, hcr dovotcd lovc, bound
hcr (o li'ug wiih chords thnUdrcw cloicr
and closcr cach rcvolving ycar. Sho ncv
cr opposed him furthcr than to cxpress a
diffcrencc of opinion when each a differ
cncc cxistcd, and ils uttcrancc was deem
ed uscful ; and she carcfully avoidcd, on
all occasions, thc doing of any thing that
ho in thc smallcst drgrcc dbapprnved.
Thc conscqucncc was, that hcr opinion
was always wcighed by him carcfully, and
oftcn defcrred to. A mutual coniidcncc,
and a mutual dcpcndcnco upon cach oth
cr, gradually tonk the placo of early rc
scrvcs, and now they swoclly draw to"
gcthcr now they smoothly glido along
tho slrcam of lifo blesscd indecd by all
their marriago rclations. Who will say
that Laura did not act a wisc part ? Who
will say, that in sacrificing pridc and
sclf-will, shc did not cairi beyond nll cal.
culation ? No onc, surcly. She is not
hcr husband's slavc, but his companion
and cqual. She has helphcd to rcform, to
rcmodcl his chiractcr, and mako hitn lcss
arbitrary, lcss sclf-willcd, lcss disposcd Io
bo tyrannical. In hcr mild forbcarancc.
he has sccn a bcauty far morc attraclivc
than lip or chcek, or bcaminn oye. In
stcad of looking upon hU wife as bclow
him, Ilcnry Armour fecls that sho is his
supcrior, and as such, he tenderly rcgards
and lovinglv cherishcs her. Ho nevcr
thinks of obcdicnco from her, but rather
studics to conform himself to hcr most
lightly spokon wish. To bo thus unitcd,
what wifo will not, for a time, sacrifice hcr
feelings when hcr3-oung self-willed hus-
and so far forgcts himself as to bccome
exacting ? The temporary loss will turn
out in Iho future to bo a great gain.
From Ote XVhig Riflc.
1NSULTS TO THE PEOPLE.
Mr Van Buren slylcs tho pcoplo who
routcd him in 1840 fools and mad-men.
Ainos Kcndall, the hcad and assof Mr.
Van Burcn's Administration and now the
Editor of thc Expositor. speaking of tho
conduct of thc pcople in '40 uscs this lan.
" Tnst asscmblages, maddencd BY
LIQUOR and infuriatcd by songs and by
ravings callrd specchcs and by scnseless
ycllings,as if with a torch FROM IIELL
to kindlc a fire for tho furics upon the al.
ter of cvcry LOG CABIN and light up a
flame on every stump. And thc orgies of
tho canvass wcrc consummated by frauds
and PERJURIES at which the mind still
As will be sccn from a column in our
last papcr a Locofoco song concludcs with
this cborus :
"We aro some of tho lads who in '40
And voted like CATTLE for
Thcso insults aro baso enough, but wo
havc yet anothcr, roore revolting than all
to record. It should be cut out and
hung up in every Log Cabin in the land.
Tba Ohio Statesman the orgatiofLo
cofocoism in Ohio.publishes in its columns
and calls public attention to a spccch
made in Columbuson tho 2tt of Fcb. 18
44, by a man namcd Patrick Collins.
The speecb, says the Statesman, was de
livered beforo tho Hickory Club of that
city. From that epeech we quoto what
fellows, word for word. This Collins said :
"AXBEADY THE BALD EAGLE BISES WITH
EXPAKDED riSION IN THE BLUE FIKMA3I-
ENT OF THE STAB-SFANGLED BANXEK. On
MAT THAT BIHD OF FAME KEVEB ACAIN
FLY SO LOW A3 TO BUILD HER
NE3TINA LOG CABIN!!!"
Palsied be thc accurscd toncuo that
!darcd to breatho suchaprayer to Heav-
Wcdncsday May 8, . 1844.
CONNECTICUT AND OLD FED-
No state or people were ever so abused
by thc patent democracy as old Con-j
necticut. Had this party succeedcd ,
what a precious piecc of supernaculum '
she would have been to locofocoism, and '
since they have failed to carry hcr, prcsto, '
what a miserable old bluc light conccrn (
she has bccome. It is not a little amus- j
ing to see with what pcrtinacity this of all '
othcr partics thc most aristocratic and rc- '
gardless of popular rights cling to the
name of democracy to render its odious and
tyrannical coursc palatcablc with thc
people, and at tho same timc modestly
stigmatizcs all the rcst of its fcllow citi-
zcns, the rcal supporters of 'the genuinc
dcmocratic principle ofthe grcatest good
tothe grcatest number, as JFedcralists,
Aristocrats. Monarchists fyc.
In the rccent strugglc in Connecticut
the whigs could bring their opponcnts to
no issuc upon principlcs of national -poli-cy,
as they havc nonc. The Iocos prc
ferrcd to spend all their strength in an in
ccssant prattle about Old Fcdcraltsm.
And now if the account ofthe crcst-fallen-patent-Van
Burcn-Dcmocrals of Connec
ticut is to be bclievcd, old fedcralism has
brought as many woes upon them as thc
old Grecian horse did upon thc Trojans.
That same old Coon whose imagc has
produccd such spasmodic effects upon thc
nervcs of locofocoism in othcr statcs,
scems to have no part nor lot in this mor
tifying prostration ofthe party in Connec
ticut. But the nation may be assurcd that
if thelion hearled, and hilhcrto untcrn-
fied democracy of Connecticut have been
frightcncd out of their senses by the
phantom of old fedcralism, it is not whig
federalism. It is the fedcralism of dem
ocracy which has done thc work.
The truth is, modern democracy is
fedcralism in masqueradc. Thc oldblue
light federalists whonever forgave J. Q;
Adams for deserting them in 1807 went
over almost in a body, when Jackson came
into powcr, and havc imparted to thc pa
tent democracy the scllish and tyrannical
featurcs which ever since have distin-
guished it, and rendcrcd it odious to the
pcople. The whig party, is the truc Jef-
fersonian republican party. Their meas-
urcs, especially the great measure of pro-
tcction havc been advocated by Washing
ton, Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe, as
fundamental to the old republican party.
Upon this principle they went boldly into
thc contcst in the rccent elcction in Con
necticut. The people have sustained them,
and if the issue of Tariff and anti Tariff
could have been fairly prescntcd,the whigs
would havc triumphed by ten thousand
majority. If hypocrisy is the homage
which viccpays to virtue surely locofoco
ism has displayed enough of it in eternal
ly seekingto appropriatc a name which has
sunk deep in the affections of the pcople
for the purpose of masking their ambi
tious prqjects which must be carricd out
regardless of the common welfarc.
For thc Northcrn Galaxy.
To the Cenlral Commitlee of Oic Vermont
Mv Iabors in vour behalf commcnccd early
in March last, as you will rccollcct, at .Mid
dlebury. While remaining thcre several days,
in consultation witu you, i iwice auutuatu
tlie Young Men's Society, and other fricnds
nf thc cause. I was hichlr cratified to dis-
covcr such determined resolve, jn many of
your most active and influential citizens, and
though some ofthe more respectablc of that
community yet stand. aloof, or even openly
oppose our mnvcmcnts, you will find them
driven, crelong, tbrough very ghame nt their
associatcs, if from no highcr motivc, to
cbange their position ou this qucstion. Since
leaving Middcbury, I havc visited and given
addrcsses in Burlington, Jericho, Milton,
Hinesburgh and Charlotte, in Chittenden Co.
St. Albans, in Franklin Co. and Vergennes
in Addison, aud have appointments this wcek
in Panton, Ferrisburgh and Monkton.
I am happy to say that in almost every
town, I have seen evidcncc of deep feeling and
of a detcrmination to act, on this suject, witb
vigorandcfficiency. Thequestion ofiiCES
ces cngrosses much of tho attention of tho
friends of thc cause.
In Chittenden County we aro absolutely ta
ken by surprise. Thero is a general move
ment on this subject.
Burlington, the root of this monster sin,
has been sbakcn, under thc hcavy and rcpeat
ed blows of that hero in the cause, Ch's Ad
ams, Esq. and his able coadjmors. In a full
town mceting, thc vote stood 81 in favor of
grantmg licences aud laa against it, atiu tuat
too in a town, be it known, where there arc
50 liccnced rumscllcrs ! Let no man dcspair
ofsucccss, with such a fact bcforo his cycs.
I held two mectings herc, the last bcing vcry
1 Ii.xF.snunaii caught tho strain at onco from
Burlington, aud in town meeting but onc vote
was east in favor of licences, aud that by a
distillcr who lovcs to drink his owu liquor.
At Jr.nicnoa mceting was appointed on
Saturday aflr.rnonn, which was addrcssed
by Mr Adams and mysclf. Tho follow
ing Monday a town Mceting was hcld,
which, it is said, was somcwhat uproar
ious, but a rcspcctablo majority voted
against all liccnscs.
In Milton wc had a cood mceting. A
majority of thc civil nulhoritr arc opposed
to grantmg liccnscs, and a largc mnjority I
ot lcgal votcrs in thc town will go with
them. A town mceting is appointed to
act on thc qucstion. Milton is safo for
thc next ycar. 1 hey now havo thrcc-.
rum sellcrs; one, in thc west part of tho
town, dqclarcs himsclfmnro of a cold wa. ,
tcr man than ho is supposed lo bc. "I '
put," says he, a good dcal ofitintomy.
CiiAnLoTTE has rcfuscd to approbatc for
sovcral years, and tho last ycar, has had
noliccnsc savo ono that was smugglcd
tbrough (ho court by dircct falschood on
tho part of the applicant, and without tbc
knowlcdgo of Iho citizens or thc authority
of tho lowu. This ycar they will act
wiih graat unanimity on this qucstion. (
I am fold that Williston has gone ,
against all liccnscs, with but ono disscn- '
(ing vote, Essnx and Huntington have
actcd on this qucstion with tho samo rc-,
sult. Colchester alonc, thus far, has vo
ted in favor of rum. If tho frieuda of
Tcmpcranco in this County will sccure
thc influence of a fcw moro towns, thc
dcath-knell of tho lcgalizcd traffic will
spcedily bo hcard, and thc county be frco
Irom tho guilt wlnch attnchcs to such a ,
salo of intoxicating drinks.
lhc town orot Ocorgo has no slorc nor
tavcrn whcro rum is suld, and but ono .
man who drinks intoxicating liquora U
known in Iho placc.
In bt Alhaks, whilo tho pcoplo have,
been rcsting from their labor3 tho rum
traffic has gained upon them. But our
fricnds thcrc nrc numcrious and clucient
Thc mcctins was well attcnded, nnd, at
thecloscof myaddrcss, was adjourncd to
anothcr cvcning, For thc purpose oi re-,
organizing and ofrcncwing their cflbrts j
in the cause. ThoughMt is to lato to clF. 1
ccto chango in the matier of liccnscs for
thc prcscnt vcar. I doubt not that thc
rccords of anothcr ycar will tcll a new 1
story on this subject. They now havc
five rum tavcrns and six rum storcs in ,
the town, about hnlf of tbom in tho vil
"Sofaras Ican lcarn tho state ofthings
in Addison County, tho rcsolution is la
ken to adhcrc to thc courso aduptcd lhc '
last vcar to rcfusc nll liccnsos. Thc civ'
il aulhorilies in several towns will rcfuse
to approbatc, and thc pcople will act,
in town mceting, with dccision, on this
qucstion. In tho town of Addison, but
f'our votes wero east in favor of liccnscs. i
Thc Convcntion which is to bo hcld, and ,
Ihe notilions which nro to bo circulated
through Ihe several towns, will speak a
langungo lo Iho county conrt which can- j
not bo misundcrstood, and which they will
not bo disposed to disrcgard.
A Vergennes is awakc on this subject. ,
An cffoit was mado by Iho rum party, a
fcw days since, locjccl Iho city Boards '
of tho last ycar, and to sccure in Ihcir pla-1
ccs thoso who would liccnso this traffic. '
Thoy mct with signal failure, and we
may count this among tho other towns of
Iho country who will rcfusc all liccnscs
for Iho sale of intoxicating drinks. Thoy
will also aid tho othcr parts of tho connlry .
in their efferts bcforc Iho county court. .
Aslo tho matfcr of Rnnnccs, Iho pros- 1
pcct is favorable. Middlebury has raised
832. Burlington $20, St Albans 812.50
(to be doubled,) Vergennes 812. Milton '
plcdgcs 815 Charlotte will raiso 820, and
oiner towns wiu lanc prompt acuun uu
this subject. If you will scnd out tho
Circnlar, as you proposo, forlhwilh, I
doubt not you will receivo a ready rcs
ponsc from many towns.
RefpcctfuIIy your ob't scrv't,
April 2, 1844.
TIIE JUNIUS TRACTS Pbice
Redcced. The Publishers have made
such arrangements with the author as to
enablc them to announce that the Junius
Tracts will hereafter be sold at the Tri
bunc Office for 815 a thousand, for the
Prcsidential campaign. The Whig pa
pers ofthe Union aro rcspectfully request
edlo announce this reduction of pricc,
which will no doubt be acceptable, and
h mrang of n much wider and morc
general diffusion of these popular, useful
and elTective documents, now eight in
number, 16 pages each, entitled a3 fol
Iows : 1. Tne Tcst: or Parlics Tricd
ly their Acls.2. Thc Currcncy.S.
THE NORTHERN GALAXY,
IS rUCLI3Iir.p EVERT WEDSESDAT 110R3I.K
IN STEWART'S BCILDINGSr
BY J. COBB JR.
bt wnoji all ordiri for rsinTiss-
Of cvcry description will bo ncatty and
fashionabiy exccutcd, at short notice.
Irie Tariff. 4. Lifeof Ilcnry Plaif.
5. Pditical Molition.Q. Democracy.
.7. Labor anr&gapital. 8. Thc PuUie
I The character of theso Tracts is suf-
ficicntly known. Our Whig fricnds and?
the Clay Clubs of the Union are' inform'
ed that all orders, aecompanied with rc
mittanccs, will bcexecuted by thcpublish
crs, Messrs. Grcelcy &. M'Elratb, with the
MR. CLAY ON THE TEXAS QUES"
TION. Tho following letter from Mr. Clay to thff
cditors was forwnrded from Raleigh on thc
uay oi its date, uut did not reacn our hand
in time for publicatiou sarlier than to-day. '
Ralcicu, April 17, 1S44.
To thc Fditors of Oic Xalional Inltlligincer :
Geutlemen: Subscquent to my departuro"
from Ashlaud, iuDcccmber last, I rcceived
various communications from popular csseni
blagcs aud private individuals, requcsting ari
cxprcssiou of my opiuiou upon thc qucstiott
of the Auuexation of Texas to the United
States. I have forborne to reply to thcm.be
cause it was not very convcnicnt, durirg thtf
progrcss of my journey, to do ao, and for
othcr rcasons, I did not think it proper, unno'
ccssarily to iutrothicc at prcscnt a new clc"
rucntatnoug tbe othcr cxcitin subjccts nhiclf
agitatc and cugross tbo public uiiud. Thtf
rcjection of tho ovcrlurc of Texa'i, eomc"
years agn, to bccome annexed to thc nited
Statcs, had mct with general acqilicsccncc
Nothiug had since occurrcd matcrinlly to a
ry the qticstiou. I had secu no tviilci.ee of
a dcsire bcing cntcrtaiued, ou thc part cf any
considerablc portion of tbo Auierican pcoplo,
that Texas should bccome an intcgral part of
the United Statcs. During my sojourn iif
New Orleans, 1 had, indecd, becn greally sur
priscd, by information which 1 rcceived from
Texas, tbat in thc coursc of thc latt fall, a
voluntary overturo had procecdcd from the
Kxcctitivc of tbeUnitcd ijtates to thc author'
itics of Texas, to concludc a trcaty of AnncX
ation; amthat in order to oTcrcome thc re
pugiianc'c felt by auy of them to a ucgocia
tionupon thc subject, strong, and ns I bcliev
cd, crroucous reprcscntations had been made
to them of a state of opinion in thc Scuater
of the Unitcd Statcs favorablo to the ratifica
tion of such a trcaty. Acconling to thcsc
rcprescntationj, il had becn asccrlained lhat
auuniucrot ccuators, varjing Irom ttnrty
firc to furty-two, wcre ready to sauctiou sucll
a trcaty. I was aware, too, that holders of
Texas lands aud Texas scrip, nnd spccula--tors
in them, wcroactivclycngagcd iu pronio
ting tho objcct of annexaiioii. Still. I dit!
not bclieve that any Exccutivo of tbe T'uite't
Statcs would vcnture upon so gravc aud mo
ineiitous n procccding, not only without aiiy"
gcuend iiinuifcstatiou of public opinion iu l.i
vor of it, but in dircct opposilicn to t-'ong
and decidcd cxpression of public disappro
bation. But it appcars that I waa rnistakcu
To thc astonislmicut of tbc wholc naliou, wc
arc uow iufornicd tbat a trealy of anuexntioif
has bccu actually coucludcd,aud is to be sul
mittcd to thc Scnatc for its consideration.
Tbe motivca for my silcucc, therefore, nc
longcr remaiu, aud I fcol it to be my dnty to
prcscut an cxpc;i;iun of my views arrd opin
lons upon thc qucstion, forjwhnt they niay
bc'worth, to thc public coMsidcratiuu. I a
dopt this mcthod as bcing morc convcuient
tliau several rcpli:s to tbe rcspcctirc coimuu
nicatinus which I have rcceived.
I rcgrct that I have not lhc advantageof a
vicw of thc treaty ilsclf, so as to enablc inej
to adapt au cxprcsion or my opinion to tbc
acttial couditious and stipulations which it
conuins. Not posscssing that opportunity, 1
am coustraincd to trcat thc qucstion accord
ing to what I prcsunie to bc thc terms of tbo
treaty. If, without the lou of national char
acter, without the hazard of forcign war.nitli
thc gcucnil concurrcnco of tbe nation, with
out auy dangcrto thcinlegrity of tho Union,
and without giving au unreasonablc pricc fnr
Texas, the qucstion of anncxntion were prc
scnted, il would appcnr iu qnile a difTerciit
light from that in which, I apprchend, it i
now to bc reganlcd.
The United btates acquircd a titlc to 1 ex
as, cxtendiug, as I bclieve, lo thc Jiio dcl
Nortc, by the trcaty of Louhiana. They
cedcd and rclinqnishcd that titlo to Spaiu by
tbc trcaty of 1819, by which thc Sabinc was
substituted for the Itio dcl Nortc, as our v ca
ternboundary. This trealy was ncgociaud
under the administration ot Mr. .Honroe, and
with thc concurrcnccof his Cabinct, of trhicli
Messra. Crawford, Calhoun, aud Wirt, bcing
a mnjority, all Southcrn gcntlemcn. coniposeil
a part. When tho trcaty was laid bcforc tbo
Housc of Rcprescutativcs. bcing a mcmbcrof
that body, I cxpressed the opinion. which I
thcn cutcrtained, and still hold, that Texas
waa sacriflced to the acquisitiou of Florida
We wantcd Florida; but I thought it must,
from its position. inetitably fall into our pos
sessions; that the point of a fcw years, soon
erorlater, was of no sort of comequencc,
and that in giving Cvcinillions of dolIars"nnd
Texas for it,we gavc more than a just equiv
alent. But, if wemake a great sacrifico in
thosurrcndcr of Texas, wo ought to takc
care not to makc too great a sacrifico in thc
nttcmpt to re-acquire it.
Jly opinions of the incxpcdieocy of iho
treaty of 1810 did Dot prevail. Tbe country
and Congrcss wcrc satoGed with it. appro
priations wcre made to carry it into cflect.thc
linc of the Sabine was recognizcd by us as
our bouudary, iuncgociations withbothSpain
and Mcxfco, after Mexico becatnc independ
ent, and measures have been in actual prog
rcss to mark the linc, from the Sabine lo tho
Kcd Rivcr, and thencc to thc Pacific Ocean.
Wchave thus fairly alienatcd our titlc toTex
as, by solcmn national compacts, to thc ful
nlment of which wo stand bound by good
faiih and national honor. It is, ihcrcfore,
perfectly idle and ridiculous, if nntdishonor
able, to talk of resuming our titlo to Texa.
as if we had never partcd witb it. We can
no more do that than Spain can resumcFlor
ida, France Lonisiana, or Great Britain tho
thirtcen colonics, now compojing a part oi
During thoadmimstrau'on of Mr. Adams,
Mr. Poinsctt, Ministor of tbe Unitcd Stalcs
at Mexico, was instructed by me, with tba
Prcsidenfs authority, to propose a re-puf
chase of Texas; but he forcboreevcn to ma,e
an overture for that purpose. Upon hip rs
turn lo the United States, he informed me,
at New Orleans tbat bU reason for r.ot raa.
king it was, that be knew the purchase was
wholly impracticablc, and that hewas peru