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The northern galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, May 15, 1844, Image 1

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I THE NORTHERN GALAXY,
I rOBUSIIEO. ZTiT WEOSESDAT S0RlO
i IS STEtVJET's ETJZUJISat,
BY J. CpBB JR.
BT TtHOM ALI. ORDES1 TUS. rBITll '
II. BELL,
EOITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
tekmsoFklnth YOLimE.
S2G0
2.00
in.!ii.!. - and Coaipanics wbo tako al tbe offirc
1'7". .r 150 eenw p"" "
-.i-evJw t.ikeof Fostridcrs . . .5-.0J
11 um r-i' ibeend of tho ycar 2, 25
,OP"r !iscontined until arrearages a Pa,a
ew'pattl'e option ofthe prqprictor. A" P!,n,e.' 1
, ici i a!:i ed cxcept ordcred by tb- propr.e-
' All f mn,.n1cationSm,islbcnd.IreMC.! tothe
ed-
Mr I'ovr I'Ain
a ycvf whig sosg.
Vashisgtox CiTr, Mat 3, lStt.
Mr. Toucrs: Will jcu Imc tho soodner to
,,.vi..l fonr in llie Slandard. It a!
i puU
cop.
' " , . , ,
i - ..f-Tnmnl nipiuprancum in Ihe ltancs
of a
ictt i " ,
friiMid jcncniaj ,at Baliimurr, and sung in thc great
Katifl-ral'n.n Conrcntion of tkal day.
Yourstruly, Akdcew M. BAHSEn.
Aic '-Old Dan Turfor."
Thc t-Vus arc briglit, our heart arc light !
In Baltimore tbcWbigsuaiie;
WcU sct onr scngs to good old tuncs,
For tlieie !s music in ihesc old Coons.
Ilurra, burra! fortbc Coons are rising!
llurra.burra! for the Coons are risinj!
Ihirra, burra! for ihe Coons arc l i ing,
1'orIlESRV Ciat aad Frelisghutse:.!
Thc Locos' hcarts are cry tnrc
Tho lery scarcc in Baltimore
For ibry brgiii to think, wilh reason,
That tbis willlic a grcat Coonsecson!
Ilurra, fyc.
OMFKnLisciiorsns is a Jcrsey Blne,
A noble liig, boib good and true ;
And ivc uill inakc New Jcrsey fccl
Tbat wc rcfpcrt bcr own broad seal!
Hurraf
Now Ict thc Locos raise thcir DASDEtt
Eien Aaos K. daie nol stand under
Tor when they get into thc Cgbt.
Lord! how ihe Jcrsey Coons will bile!
Ilurra, Sce.
Old Jlatty Van is a man of dcubt
lle wires in and bc ircs out;
Vim rannot tell, when ou ibc track,
If bes go'ng on or coroing back!
Jlurrav -c.
Thc Ccon row looks abroad vitb pride ;
Tor bo is ihcrcd.nc louchbishidcl
6-J gic ihrcc cbtcrs, and as many more,
Tor ibc uoble v.!'ig. uf Baltimore!
Ilurra, wc.
Unilcd, l.cart and band, are c,
Fr-ra iVonhcrn 1 ko to Soutberii sea
Fiuai East to Wctt.lhc Fccplc's rifing,
rcrlli.Miv Clat and FBELiscuCTSza !
Ilurra, &c.
Gco. DawSi n, Hfq., of tbe nochcstcr (N. Y )
Demaciat.
rr"p Prnrpjinr fSnnrnfl.I w nn.V lccturiri?
- -
y lliitf1i!t!iiTi. mi n svstGiii liv trhich thc
factiltv of mt-miiry raay be acqtiircd in an cx-
traordinary djgrec. 1 nc tianisoiiisii imei
liencer tbiiiks thc pcoplc of the-e United
Ktntcs ro.uiie no Docior Guuraud lo t-uublc
tlicm to itincnibcr, tliat licu Maitin Van
Bnren came iuto ofiice, lic found tlic comi
try (accordiu- to llie dcclnratioti ofGcneral
Jaukson) " propcrous and liapy," thc na
tioual dcbl paid utf, aml a ilirpliis in thc trcas
ury of about $$G,000,()C0 of do'.lars.
Th:it during his aduuuUtralinn hc paid
7:0 dubt !
Mmlf nn Inlrninl TnmrnvpirtpntS !
Spa.it cnc hundrcd and thirly nillion of
dulurs:
Lel! tlie Clovemmcnt banlirupt !
The Currency tioitioycd!
Tiic I'coplp m d!?trcs and ru'm!
And a puulic debt of twonty scvcn mil
lious of dolars!
Tl,i c .M.n Mnrtin Van R-jrcn is uow a
cauu'Hlate for rt-tlccllon ; but hc "ill fmd that
thc 1 f on E havc an cxce'lent mcmonj:
CCrMuioo cotitams ahniit T.OilO.OOO
iniialiiiaiits. Of tbeo, only one million
are wlii'.ts- -1 C00.OUO nro Indians tlic
rst aro ncjrrocs. Mei.izt.c5. &c. Out of
tlitse, 7,000.000, only 657,713 of all
tlasscs can rcad and wrilc.
fXJ'c undcrst.md ' that a vcnrrab'.o
nJ wcll kr.own Me'hodist CJcrpyman
of Oliio wa3 niraigncd hoforc Iho Con
fcronco, not li nsago, cliarcd v t'i inlcr
fering U'ilh IMitics. Mo fully ndmitlcd
tlie Iruth of the accua!ion, and statod
that lie "fclt himsi'lf as iiiiu-h hound to
fij;Ii!Lo( o'ocoitm on ivcck daj-s as to fight
(huDuril on Smidays.'" Lou. Jour.
A SENTINEL ON TIIE U'ATCII
TOWEIi. Alsew lork corrcspondent lr.nuucs
ofus what Political Abolition "papers of
this Stalc havc to say on tho anncxation
qucslion. This is a vcry absurd inquiri'.
JJocs our corrcspondent snppo&e that llicso
papers conld snspend thcir vocatinn of
rctailing cxp'oded Locoroco lics, nnu
nhusing .Mr Clay and tho Whigs, for a
si.iglo inomcnt, in ordcr lo considcr a
tnallcr so tnvial and unimporluut as the
anncxation of Tcxas ? Tobe sure, tlireo
or four Slave Slates may bc added to the
Union, and thc cursc of slavcry extcnded.
but uhat is that comparcd with thc aw
fjl sin of clecling Henrv Clay, Presi
Jent ?
Wc supposc, howcver, ihat these exclu
sive fricnds of Liberty will cxprcss their
s:n!imcnts on this Tcxas matter, aftcr
thoy iiiivc sufficicnlly exapgeratcd Mr.
Clay's bloodlcsa ducU, and txpended thcir
stoclc of inorality in lamcntation over the
heinous crime of which ho wns guiltj.
in nrriving in somc chy on Ihe Sabbath.
Tlieyare vatchfulseiitinelsn tlie watch
towcr of Frecdoin ! Hartford Journal.
KT Thc New Ilaven Coiiricr ofSatur.
urday, altempts to Ircturo the Vhig ptcss
of his city. for speakin;; frcely of tho con.
ductofllcv Dr Hushnell, of endorsing in
iiii pamhlet part ofthe Loco Foco slang
gaimt Henry Clay. All wc havo to say
V: rrply, so farasthe arliclo refers to us,
is, that we know our duty as cditors ol a
public Journal, and we ,shall fearlcssly
perform tho same, Dr fi in atlacking the
character of Ilen,-' Ciay, and in couphng
his namc wi:h nus-sialcmcnts, disgraced
his ministrial officc by retailing falsehoods
which cminated frorij a debased and cor.'
rupt partisan press. and has consequcntly
laid himselfopen to correction, if not ani-madvcrsion.
Villnsc su'iscribcrs,
VOL. IX.
Pretty ndvocatcs should wo bc ofthe
causeof llbnry Cln)', wcre we to snffcr
him to bc traduced, cvrn from thc pulpit,
without exposing ihe Talsily of the same !
It may answer for tlie latitnde ofthe Cour
ier nfiicc, but it will not for the Journal
officc. Hart. Jour.
MISCELMNE0US.
From the Philadclphia Saturday Courier.
Mmy 4 Mak U)wb8
OR, THE EVILS OF DEBT.
BT MOS. II. M. DODOE.
"Unfortnnatc, iudced! Thcrc U Col. B.
and I must mect liitnor cross ovcr tlie street,
which, by the by, I can do, with a very good
grace, as there is a table on thc opposite
walk, covcreJ with fiue fiower pots, arrangcd
for sale. Rcally, that's too badl He is cross
iug loo, and 1 inust nicct liiui aftcr all! 1
bcgau to bope that I should reachhoinethis
moniiiig, without thc houorof anolhcrdun."
'Good morning, Mr. Ilall, liow arc you?"
"Quitc wcll myself, Colonel, but but my
cbilJ is ralhcrill, soyou will plcase cxcuse
ine, as I must bc in hastc."
"With all my beart, Mr. Hall; but whcn
you havc a little leisure, wc will look ovcr our
accounts, as 1 have alarge suni of money to
mako out wiihin a week, and shail thcrelore
bc uudcr the ncccssity of calling in all ray
ducs. Good morniug."
Oloncy to make out! This is thc tinivcr
sal cry. Now, thcrc is not, in ihe wholc
English language, another combiuation
nf wnrds which can fill mv mind wtih
such strange gloom and terror, as ihatsamc, '
'money to make out!' Should a bold assas-
siuentcrniy chambcr at miduight, prcscnt a
dagEcr to my bosom, and bid mc figbt for !
my life.it wonld nothorrify me lialf so mucb
as thc cntrancc of akind fricnd.whom I ow
cd and could not pay, if I guesscd he had
'money to make out.' Wcre I iu a frail ves
scl, in the midst of a furious tcmpest, and
should I liear thc caplaiu say, aftcr a long
and dcsperate struggle of cflbrt, that all was 1
ovcr, and we wcre sinking iuto tlie dark bo- ,
soin of the dccp, it would not unncrve mc
half so much as that drcadful 'money to
make out.' Norif I bungon the tallest spirc '
of St. Pcter's cliurch at Roinc, and saw thc ,
wliole vast building a mass of rcd Hainc. be- !
neath mc.methiuks I should not fccl one half
thc strange uneasincss that maddensiny.brnin ;
whcn I told, uith a pcculiar nod, thcrc (
is money tobe madc out. Ycs, and what
would bc, if poss-iblc, slill woise, wcre T fas- 1
tcned to the f.ital tablc of the Iuquisitiou, '
watching ihc slonly ' dcsccnJing sivinging
knife, as it camc ncater nearer nearer, ui.
til it whiz.cd my very hair, I am snre a cold
erhnrror would cot thcucurdle my life-blood j
than that which comcs out of ihat most fcar- I
fulof all arrangemcut of letlcis, 'moucy lo
make out.' "
Thus niuscd our gcntccl and nchly dress
cd city ineclianic, as he passcd rapidly up
l!roaduay, luoking ncillicr to the right hand
northe left. lcst hc should rnccl Jonic loo fa
miliar couiitenancc. Just as he turned into
thc strect nhich Icd to his oh n liousche mct
a woman, who was sclling carly straHberries.
She nsked liiin to buy. lle tihoiigbt he could
uut alford it, but the fruit lookcd dclicious.
He fumblcd 1ns pockets, and fuially succceded
iu bringing out a fifty ccntpiece. This would !
putchase cnough for a fine dcscrt; and, any'
way, it was only fifty ccnts, if he was in debt; I
and certaiuly, such a trille could not affect
him; so he gave the woman the only piccc of j
coiuhc posscsoed. and directcd ber where to J
Icave the fruit. He had walkcd ou but a fcw J
rods, whcn a ragged, half-starvcd looking ne-1
gro boy stcppcd iuto the path beforc him.and '
viry impcrtincnlly said his inotberwantedtlie .
money hc on ed hci' for aihing. J
"Very wcll, my little man," said Mr.IIall,
who was sometimes rathcr complimcntary
whcn unexpectcdly dunned; "butl have no '
change to-dav, though I shall havc somc tbis
week." ' I
Olother says she must have it now," "per
scvereJ the boy, in a loudcr toue of voice.
"It's only fifly ccnts, sir; she has some mon
ey to make out to pav her rcnt, and if it ain't 1
'ii... ..:.i., . i-;.l0,i ;n tv,n I
street in the moniing."
"Moncvto make out acaiu!" groanedMr.
Hall, with 6trides which lcft the blackey far
in thercar, and soon brought him to the mar- .
ble steps of bis dwelliug. "Who could have :
bclieved that cven the mouths of the vcry
ncgro bays in the street, would open to pour
upon mc tbcsc words cf shamc and tnad
ncss?" He cntered a larse and bandsome back 1
parlor, thrcw hiraself upon a sofa, and cov-1
ercd bisface with his handkerchief.hc charg-
cd the maid to admit no person to that room,
and to answer all enquiries afterhimself with
a 'not at home.'
Wcdo not know cxaclly what passcd in his ;
mind during tbc hour which be remained in
thnt nosition: for he save no other siens of
lifetbanawUd wbispcrof the word "debt," :
followed by a convulsive shivcr, wben tho '
door-bcll wasonceheard to ring; but we'will .
take his owntext, and thus innocently fill up
this painful blank of time by imagiuing what
the sermon mignt nave uuciii uu u our i
words arc not precisely me same as tiiose by
nhich he exprcssed his feelings in his own
mind, still, we doubt not but that there may
be a very striking similarity between the
idcas.
i 7Vof." Who is nursinc a scorpion in his
i.ocnm nntilthe noison will taint bis -whole
blood, and maduess or death will ensue? It
;. fh. man in debt. WTho is clinaing to the
top of the unsheltered, cternal rock, gazing
with bursting eyc on the vast and wide ex
panse of oceau iround him, and exposed to
the pitilcssvcngeance of tbe wild elemenls,
with no bope ofescape? It is the man in
debt. Wbo is sailing on the calm waters.far
above Niagara, and deligtiting nimseu uy
gaz'mg into tho clear deplhs beneath him,
knows not bis position.until thechanged mo
tion and the staggcring rapidity of his boat
startleshim with the dreadful truth that he is
in tbe rapids, and is nearing with increased
speed ihe frightful chasm? It is the man in
debt! Ah! and who is leaning over JEtna's
crater, and while he gazes far down into the
depths of boilinp; flamc. feelshis fontslip. his
balance lost, and finds bimself sinking sink
ing? It is the man in debt !"
At Iength our man in debt sprung upon his
feetwith an energy so wild, and yet so dcter
mined, that one might well have imagined
that he believed himself suspended over the
warringfires of the volcano.and fully design
i1 tn make eood his escape. His eje cleam-
ed with new fire, and his countenance glowed
MIDDLEBURY,
witb a strange brightncss. He strided the
room rapidly, andclearly'evinced.by his qnick
glances from one thing to another Ihat some
new andimportant subject was undergoing a
thorough invcsligation iu his mind. Once
be paused, and carefully exainincd tbc quali
ty of his coat and pants, ihe high luslre of his
satin vest, tbe fineness of his lincn, and the
gold chiiiu which was thcsafcguatd of a hun
drcd and fifty dollar watch. Thcn he fjanc
cd at'his wife's piano, butqnickly turned from
it with a decp sigh to a long and sotronful
gaze upon the flower pots arranged in the
backyard. The dinner bellat lcngth broke
iu upon bis reveries, and an unusual exprcss-
lon was secn un lns countenance wnen nc en
tered the dining room. His wife tenderly in
quired the cause, but he replied only by a
strict scrutiiiy of ber cap, her dress, the fur
niture of the room, and lastly, of every thing
upon the table. Aftcr the meats were remo
vcd, a beautiful gla'ss disb, filled wilh straw
berries corered witb cream and loaf sugar,
was brought iu and placcd on the tablc. He
started at the sight, as though an adder had
bittcn him, and his aflcctionate wifc again in
quired ihe cause bf his strange conduct.
"We are not able to alTotd such things,
Lucy," said be quickly.
"Wby, my dear," answered Mrs. Hall,"the
woman told lictty that you paid only fifty
ceuts for thcm."
"Only fifty ccnts!" rciterated the busband,
rising from his cbair; "the bill of our poor
washcrwoman is only fifty ccnts, and though
she greatly needs it to ilay, l cannot pay n in
consequeuceof purchasing tbis unneccssary
fruit."
"Uunccessary !" rcpcated Mrs. Hall with a
snccr.
"But wife," added he. with a severe deter
mination in his voicc,"lhere must be a change
inour aflairs. I cannot live longer as I bave
livcd for a ycar or tivo past. I am no longer
a man amuug men. I am dunned at ihe cor
ner of cvcry strect, and am always afraid to
look about inc, lcst I should ineet tbe eye of
some one wbom I owe. I am uttcrly crush
cd withdebts.and if there cannot bc a change
wc are lost!"
The prclty lip of the young wife poutcd
in silencc.
"I rcpcat it, with the strong cmphasis of
a drowuing man, there must be a change in
our afTairs. We must abridge."
Abridge.'" cricd Mrs. Hall, reddcning to
bcr very templcs, "what can we possibly a
bridgel" "My dear," continued Mr. Hall, with a
soolhing tonc, as be beheld thc distrcss of a
wifc whom hc most tenderly lovcd, any'sac
rifice wliichyou may be obligcd to make, will
cost mc a far more scvere trial than it can
possibly cost you; but I sce no other way
we must abridge our e.xpenditurcs."
A long pause succceded. At lcngth Mr.
Hall rcsuincd
'My brothcrhas a lesslucrative trade than
mine.and yet with a family three limes as nu
inerous, he owes no mnn a dollar; bcsideshe
has money in the bauk."
"And be workslikc a slave with his own
hnnds," replied Mrs. Hall, and just took at
his wife she is alwavs in the kitchen, like a
bound girl. Bcsidcs, only think of two drea-
ry, half furnished parlors, and suen a morsei
of a kitchen, with no uursery!"
"And I intend to workwith my own hauds,
too," answered the husband; "and my dear,
as wc havo bnt one cbild, can't you give up
yonr nursery and nurscry maid.7"
Mrs. Hall lunied uale. Had it come to
this? Must she be tied up to ber own off
spring, no longer ablo to ride, walk,or visit at
pleasurc?
"And.contmucd lie, caunousiy n we nau
a smaller housc, wc sould do with Icss hclp
in llie kitchen. & bcsides we should need less
furniturc, and. sevcral expcusivc, and uearly
uselcss articlcs, might be turned into the pay
ment of debt. My gold watch and your pi
ano
The poor wife sank back in bcr cbair, and
covcriug her face, bnrst into a hysterical
flood of tcars. Had she heard thcconclusion
of the scntencc, she might pcrhaps have fclt
more for her husband than for herself for
pressing his hauds against his throbbing heart
he declared that cicatli, but notucDr.was prei
erable to aking her to make this last sacri
fice, and wilh bollowgroans hetraversed the
nnartment.
Mrs. Hall was the spoiled child of indul-
gence; still she was naturally kmd and amia
ble, and uolhing was wanting hut tho proper
cireumstanccs and the riaht direclion civen
to her feelings, to dcvclope hcr true charac
ter, and make her a most patient and sclf dc
nving wife. That aftcrnoon, as soon as her
husband had gone, she ran over the street,
to sce old Mrs. Green a woman bighly es
teemed by all for hcr good sense, as well as
for her kind and sympnthetic heart and to
her she made known ber tronblcs.
"Tush! tush! child," said thc old lady
withasmile, "ucver mind that. Just come
down paticntly to youraltcrcd circumstances,
and trust me for it, you'll be a great dcal bet
tcr ofT some day, than you cver were yet."
"But how shall I begin?" said tbc young
wife, wiping away hcr tears.
"Begin? Why begin by giving up all vou
can do without, and bc comfortable. Let
the piano go first."
"Don't namc it, Mrs. Green. Oh! my
dear piano! what should I do without its mu
sic?" "Its music? Would notthc music ofyuor
husband's happy heart, relieved from thebur
dcn of debt, be much swceter in yonr ears?
Give up the piano it is a childisb toy com
parcd with his pcacc."
"And what uextJ Mrs. Green inquired
Mrs. Hall, as a new light seemed to animate
hcr countenance.
"Why, dear woman," replied the old lady,
tapping hcr under the chin ; "after you have
parted with all you can spare, havc taken a
low rent bouse, and dismissed all your help
but one girl, then begin one of the sweetest
things that a roolhcr ever had to do the ta
king care of your own dear baby, and you
will soon fmd its little smiles and love will
more than repay all your effory."
"Mrs. Green! my fricnds would all shnn
me! Just think of Mrs. Brown, and Mrs.
Willet, and Mrs. Goodenne"
"Stop! stop! child what have you todo
witb thein ? They will not pay your hus
band's or your debts. Besidcs, if they are
persons of good common sense, tbey will not
despise you for conduct which it is both your
duty and interest to perfonn. and if not, why
should you care for their friendship? Itis
not on thera that your are dependentforhap
piness, but, as the old-fasbioned poetry
says
" From onr own sels oor joy most tawj
And that dear but oor honie.
Let me asiureyou tbat nothiog affords great-
VT. WEDNESDAY, 3IAY
crcontcntracnt than independence cven on
a small scale and this your poor husband is
lully prepared to cnjoy. i uaie uu-n iuiu
for a long timc that he was iteepiy m ueot,
and that he was going lo Uep up a style and
appearance which he could uot i a.am tam -
me so; and they said, too, that he owed thcir 'f'le gavc thc challe ngc C.lleT wxuld se;
husbauds money, which they had oftcn ask- Mect thc weapon thc deadly nflc.with
edhiiu for, but ncver expecied to geu" j which he (Grnves) was totally unacquain
' "Is itso, then, replied Mrs. Hall, sobbing led. In this cmcrgency, after the at
like a grievcd child. I am glad you lold me j temptcd cxplanatory correspondenco liad
that. It will help to crnsh this pride, and , c0Sl. anj f courbe all further negoci.v
nerve me up to duty. My resolution is ta- i;on h;id ccascd anJ fljr Grnvca had wri!.
eu. Dear Mrs. Green you bave saved , en ih cha ,,e caUcJ ,vith Mr wis0
I -"But let me give you a little advice," j P Mr Clay ; a practieo tbat individu
'said tbe old lady, "before you commence I "'s and cominiitccs havc always bcen in
'your new course of life. I have beeu.over , 'ne habit of, whcn cmbarrassed so says
' the same ground myself, and 1 can assist and I Col. R M Johnson and John Qtiincy Ad
j encourage you a great many times, by telling ams, and they say also, ihat he is cver
jyou how I got along, and perhaps you may found a prudcnt adviser. Mr Gravcs
! profit a good deal by my experience. In the ' stated Ihc casc to Mr Clav, and also inti
.first place.and I coiisider this very important ,na,ed bisfC!,rs as lo ihe'rcsult in conse.
too nevcr appcar deprcssed or d'oS'J j qucnce of his war)t of ski wUh le rie.
before your . hu.tand ,erfJ" 3lr Clay actnated both bv tbc common
I will do much to keep up lns courage, anu as- j - -.
Isist himin the labor and self-denial which he ! feelings of humanity, and by a parlicular
will have to cncounter. Ifyou have any sad I dcsire to savc his fncnd, Mr Gravcs, from
feeliups, either suppress them entirely, or I cxposure lo wliat nppeared altnost cfrtam
give ihem vcnt when you are aloue; but . death told him and MrWiscthat theal?
above all things, nevcr upbraid him. This i air ougbt to bc amicably ndjusted, and be
would inflict a wound upon bis very heart- believ d it would bc but he told him ho
;strings, and I should greatly fcar, .would ! ghou,(, aUcr )0 ciaiengcthat he should
:mMor langinge, Sothat thc door of
say your husband was always kind and iadui. ; reconcilialion miglit slill bc left open.
gent be assurcd then that ho will do tbe bcst ! -"r Clay pcnncd a Mihstitute which hc
for you that he can, and cven if". in bis right- thought would be less offensive, and this is
cous determinalion to throw off tbe burdcn 1 what the Loco Foco cditoJs niean by
ofdebt, and restore to cvcry man he owes J charging .Mr Clay with pualiing on tlie du
his own property, he should sometimes bc ci and Wriling Ihe challtnge ! H as cver
obligcd to dcny you conycnienccs which you lrulll and ;U!),icc moro sharaefullv pcrver
may fiud it ditficult to do without, don't re- te(
piue before him or make usc of any short i ,,' . , ,, , .
words; nay, don't even leta shade pass ovcr . "on'0"1!lnd m wcro fIlc ad'f "
countenance; but let him see that you
can checrfully dcny yoursclf for his sake. I
can assure you, he will uot forgct such tlbings,
uut wn ream you wnen nc is auic. incre
is another rule which you must adopt, and '
impress it daily on the mind ol your misuanu,
if vou wrould cet out of debt, never buy what
you do not strictly nced, nor even thcn, if
you cannot pay lor tno articic wnen you iaue
it do without it rather than make a debt.
This is what has crusbed you."
Mrs. Hall wcnt home with altered feelings.
She cxamincd all hcr funiiture, and selectcd
thc plaiucst and most useful articles to bc rc
taincd. She looked at ber belovcd piano,
and thc tears would start but she dashed thcm
away, and said thc sacrifice must be made.
It was the gift of bcr dear husband on the
day of their marriage, and it should be givcn
up for his sake. Suddeuly a new thought
crosscd hcr mind. She was a fine nmsician
evervone admired her at thc piano. Thein-
strumcnt.if sold.wouldoot probably brlng half
us value; would it not uo more aurautageou.s
to keep it and bccomea music leacbcr? She
scrcamed with joy at the thought. Sevcral
young ladies of her acquaintance were about
commencmg music. Jn less man uirec
hours, sbe had visitcd every one of them, and
had engaped tcn scbolars at $50 dollars pcr
annum. Four ofthe young ladies wcre the
daugbtcrs of meichants to uhom Mr. Hall
was indebtcd for a as sum than tbc amount
of mui'xlessons.
"And now," said she, as she flew home
with the lightnes3ofa happy bird, "they will
never dun my dear husband again."
That night Mr. Hall walked Broadway
with a slow step and heavy heart. Ho had
secn most of his crcdilors.told thcm bis plan,
and arrangcd with some of them to take his
mostvaluable furniturc and his watch. He
had dismissed his fnreman, determincd to fill
that station himself, and had rcnled a small
but couvcnicnt two story house, at SlSO pcr
annum. This was in reality tbe bcst aficr
noou's work which he had done for more
than two ycars; still licwrs mis;rable. When
he went out he left his wifc iu a paroxism of
tears;,how could he meether and tell herof
bis arraugctncnts ? lle passcd his own door
scveral timcs, and walked up and down the
street with the feelings of an oulcast. He
was uuable to ring thc bcll, and sat down on
the steps to meditatc on his wretched Iot. At
Iccgth observing tbat thc back gate was open,
he passed into the kitchen, and stolc softly up
stairs. The nursery door stood ajar, aud hc
heard his wife siuging Watts' cradle hyinn
w'uh a checrful voice, and rocking her infant
in hcr arms. He felt cncouraged, and the
next moment he was cmbracing the two dear-
est objects of his carlhly love. The young
wifc tenderly smoothed back thc long black
locks which had fallen ovcr his forehead, and
assurcd hira that sho never was so happy as
that moment. Thcn she wcnt on to tell him
all hcr little plans, and while he met tbe ani
mated glances of hcr swcct blue eye3, he
prcsscd her still closer to his heart, and felt
that he too was happy.
Two years from that evening, Mr. Hall
owed no man a sbilling. He slill livcd in
the same small house, slill labored early aud
latc, and his wife stil! tanght music; but had
you searched the city over, you could scarce
ly have found so happy a family. Every
prospcct of wealth bcgan to dawn upon them,
aud they lookcd back, wi'h grateful hcarts on
ihe vortex of ruin from which they had so
narrowly cscaped.
t From the New Ilaven Palladium.
TIIE CILLEY DUEL.
As we promised a corrcspondent that
we would state tho fncts in regard lo this
affair, which has bccn rovivcd in this clcc-
tion for tho purposo of connecting 3ir
Clay unfavorably with it, we proceed lo
do so. Jonathftn Cilley was, in 1838, a
Loco Foco member ofthe lower House of
Congress from Mainc. His brothcr, is at
thc prcscnt time, an acive nna mnuen
tial W'hig, in New Hainpshire. In thc
course of a debalo in the House, Mr J.
Cilley intimatcd that Col. Webb, of tho
Ncw York Courier and Enquirer, had ro
ceivcd a hribe of S52.C0O from the Uni
ted Statcs Bank. Upon this, Webb sent
a challengo to Cilley by the hand of Mr.
Gravcs, who, though evcr esleemcd a
most amiable man, yet with his notions
of that miserablo codo of false honor
which he waa educated to esteem ns obli
gatory upon gentlcmen, felt that he could
not dccline to act ns the friend of Webb ;
ho thcrefore bore the challengo. Cilley
declined to receivo it on the ground that
Webb was no gentlernan. According to
tho dueliifa code such a reason u conttru.
15, 1844
; ed into an insult to the person bearing the
I challengo. and Ihe quarrul then-becomes
jjalui so both uraves and Uillcy nn-
derslood me rnatier. During the progrcss
j of (ho correspondenco between them, Mr
; ,hat
! ' " "
;ok iue opposiie grounus oi .ir oiay, nnu
inslcad of usii g thcir efiorls to prevcr.t
; ne uue , tiicy uiuau incy couiu 10 unng
iton, being perfeclly conlidcnt
Ihat Mr
r i i ,- ii f ru m.
uraves wouiuia.i, inr oiucy was consiu-
thn Imct riflnmnnin 'klnlnn
Mr Clay, after he had cxprcrscd his 1
: .. : ,i ,f ir i.i i. . : 1 1.. I
ndjusted, kncw nolbing further ofituntil
tho noon oflhe day on which thc ducl was
fought and whcn informcd that it was
to take place, Lcndviscd thc calling out of
thcpuhcc upon all Iho roulcs which the
partius wculd bc likely to take, and Mr
Clay himself, with Mr Crittcnden, Gtn
Tiomnson, ofSC, and the Mar.shal of
Ihc district, nll stnrtcd in pursuit to stop
an affuir which every one pronounced ab
surd.Tbo duuliat'd eludcd pursuit, and
al Ihe fouktii firc Cilley fell a corpse
Ycs, this same Hcnry A Wisc, Ihe dis-
nppoinled nolitician, with Mr Cilley's
Loco Foco sccond, permittcd thcsc mcn
tn stand and shoot at tach other four times.
Even professed (lucliits &ay this was bar
barous. nll things considcrcd ; but this
llenry A Wise, now insinuates that Ilen
ry Clny was nn instigator ofthe duel !
It was not until Wise had bccn dcfeat
ed as the Whig candidatc for spcakcrship
of the Housc, that hedarcd itisinuatc any
thing against Mr. Clay; nor would hc then
probably, if he. had not bccn wrilhing in
agony under the lash which John Quincy
Adams laid upon him for his cold bloodcd
conduct in that ducl, Thcn he brokc fortii
as follows :
"With rcgard to tbc preliminaries of
that ducl, it was not my advicu, but that
of a highcr, bctter and more distinguish
cd man that was rclicd on."
From this little beginning has origina
ted all tho vi'e slandcr that has bccn heap
cd upon Mr Clay in regard to that ducl.
Wise, Bcnton, Bvnuin, and the whole
crcw of Loco Foco murdercrs, have cn
deavored to make Mr Clay the scapc goat
for thcir ins.
But what cfTect does this abuse of Mr.
Clay have upon the venerablc Adams, the
hatcr of duelists. Hesaid while on his
late visit in Ohio, as follows :
"I have evcr found him (Mr. Clay) not
onlv one of the ablcst mcn whom I evcr
co-opcrated with, hut one of the most ami
.i i j ii..
flllir IIIIIL ILUI Lllll. I
V lnr ihie sk-plr.li nf this duel with ,
an cxtract from the lettcr of Mr. Gravcs, !
thc unfortunate man whose days are full
mcnt of the affair, and of Air. Clay's a-
gcncy in it.. We extract as follows:
From the commenccmcnt of the difii
culty between Mr Cilley and myself, up
to thc time Iscnt him thc challengo, I do
not recollcct that I mentioned it to you
or any other collcague or friend, except
Mr Menifce and Mr Wise.
It is uttcrly untruc that you evcr exhibi
tcd to me any wish that the mccting should
take place. I bclievc I had no friend in
Washington who more rcgrcttcd it. I re
collcct after the affair, whcn we met at
our boarding house, you secmcd to sym
pathizc most deeply with me in my mis
fortune: you wept and wcre unable to ut
ter a word."
05 Mr Clay 'WEPT,' says Mr Graves
and was unable to ulter a word." This
is the man tbat thc loco focos, who once
supported him against Gen. Jackson who
murdercd a man in cold blood, now darc
tostigmatizc as a duelist'and, promoter of
duels !
TYLER IN THE FIELD.
Tho correspondent of the Philadelpbia
Ledger, a Tyler orgnn, nnnounccs that
tho Captain will take tho field for Iho
Presidency, whatevcr may bo the dccis
ion of tho Baltimore Convention. The
Madisonian, he says is shortly to as.umc
this ground. Mr Calhoun, wo Iearn
from tho same well informcd source, is
unqualifiedly opposed to Mr Van Bnren.
Ho will of courso oppose his election,
and throw his weight into the Tyler
of bitterncbs for havmtr caused the death arm renuerca imponani mmiary scmccs v"J"'s i""'-""
of Cillcv bv the rifie in his hand. Mr I to his country. He ranked among ihe yet wbo will take no oibcr rcspons.L.htac,
oi viiicj b uiu riuu iu mo i.au. . ' ,., Ki ,:i;,.n, .ri,;, o..." i upon himself but what he finds tlnre. It m
Gravcs on learning the dastardly course of ablcs aml mrcst c i.zcns of his State and alm a, sccms ,Q m f ,ila2kriliues,,
Wise. addrcssed toMr Clay acalm statc- d cd!n5(4, beIoic(l and lamcntcd by in a distinzuUfaed cilizcn of Kentuckv al
NUMBER 2.
scalc. Tho 'Democracy" arc in a liopc-
ful wav. Thc same oracular corrcspon-
dcnt says, that a pretty general swcep
will lake placo as rcgatds tha tho corps
of Fotcign ilinislers, and that "ihe miss-
ion to London will undergo a change."
J,et it be so, wc sav
there is a day of
rcckoning at hand
From tlie Newark Daily Adcertiser.
THE BALTIMORE CONVENTION.
Wc had tlie pleasurc yeslerday toan
nouncc thc gralifying intelligcnce of thc
noininnlioti by this body of Hekrv Cray
as thc rFhig cnndidalc for tho Prcsidcncy
nnd of Theodoiik Fkclixcuuvsex for the
Vice Presidency of tho United Slates. Of
the former it is not nccccssnry to say a
word Hc had nlrendy becn selccled by
thc unanimous voice of thc" Whigs ofthe
Union. He had cndcarcd himself to their
hcarts, by more than a quartcr of n ccutu
ry of illustrious scrviccs, dcvotcd to the
advancccicnt of liis country's welfarc.
His hislory is connccled with thc history
of thc civilizeJ world, during that pcriod",
and hc has acquired an cnduring reputa
tionasa statcsman and n palriot oflhe
highest and thc noblcst character. This
nomination thcrcforc is but a fit cxprcss
ion of a nation's gratitudc to bc conium-
mated and confirmcd by his triumphant
elcolion to the hi"hcst dwnitv in a na
tion's gifi.
Itut to no one mnn could thc Coutcn-
lion pomt as thc man nlrcady sclcctcd
by thc grcat mass orthe W bigs ofthe
L'niun as their candidatc for thc Vicc
Presidency. Thc ncccessily for Ihc se
lection of an individtial for that high sta
lion, ho to ihe highest character and iit
tainmcnts, added tho mot untliuchin"
( am, s;nccrQ sppj)r, of m prlnc ,cs"
v,a!, p3;llfuIy iIipres3C( up0I1 ,leir minds
and , candidales w,.ro B,er,iin!v
,.ti,i ,.r ...u i i
j prcscntcd, any ono of whom would havc
i I . "
rfcficctcd honor upon tho plncc and upon
I. .. ... .
his party, and who would havo r.dvanccd
the intcrcsts ol his cuuntry, and its rcp.
utation, at home and ahrcnd. Amnng
thcm was lr Frelisciiuvses-. - Hc was
nominalcd by tho IFbig incmbcrs of th
Legislalurc of his natiro State. on the
13th of March last, less than two months
sincc aflcr tr.aturcdelibcration, aiid up
cn an intimate acquaintance with his
character and history. -Throughoiit4hc
Statc thc nomination was rcspondcd to
warmly wo may say mtkusiasrically,
and it was rcccivcd in the other Stales
gcnerally with npprobation and apiroval :
that Mr F had rcccivcd a largc majority
of votC3 : and of tho third, tbat he was
dccbued to bc noininated by a pluralily
whilo it detcrioratrs not a whit from
Ihe rcpulation or populnrity of his compc
tilors, provcs that his high character was
propcily apprccialed bv ihe Convention.
As fllr rrclinghuytcn is thus promin
cntlv bnfcrc his fcllow citizens as a cantli
datn for thcir sufTragcs, a brief skctch of
his history may not bc unacceptablc : Hc
is dcccnded from the Ucv. Theodorus J.
Frclinghuyscn, who cmigralcd to Ihis
coun'ry from IlolIanJ is 1720 and scttlcd
in the cuunly of Somersel. He had thc
pasioral chnrgc oflhe Church atiMilIs
tonc, and of other neighboring parishcs.
Heissmdto havo bccn "a grcat blessing
lo thc Rcformcd Dutch Cliurch of Amcr
ica. Hc was an nble, cvangclical, and
nndcmincntly successful prcachcr. Hc
lcfi fivc tons. minis:ers, and two daught
crs married to minislers." Ono of his
sotif, thc Ucv John Frebnghuyscn, wai
also pasicr of the same churchcs, and
dicd in 1751. A tnonumcnt still rcmnins
to his mcmory in tlie gravo-yard at Som-1
crville. His son, Gcn Frcderick Freling-
huen, (tho fathcr of tbe prcscnt Cban
ccllor.) was born in 1753, and when only '
J2 years old was fctt bv NcwJersev to
Ihc Coii'mcntal Congress which place
ho rcsigned in 1777 lle rcccivcd a
largc share of tho confidcnco of his fel
low citizens, and after survinc in mnnv
Slato cifticcs, was clcctctl to llie l'n:tcd
Slalcs Senate in 1703, which ofiice do
mcsiic tluties
constrair.cd him to resicn
m 1 'SG. Uo wa aficrwards appoinlcd
J'njor Ocncral ot l cnn, and iNew-Jcrsoy,
his fricnds. Hc left threu son'. of whom
Thcodorc, (ihc candidatc for thc Vico
Prcsidcncv) only survivcs. Ho was born
at ilillstonc. Somers2t co . in Ihis Slatc.
in 17S7 and is consequcntly fifty scven
ycarsofagc. He graduntcd at Princclon
Collegc iu 1SC4. Tho Hon Samucl L. '
St-u'.hard, Tho:na9 II t'r.iwford, Gcorgo
Chambcrs, Jos R Ingnrsoll and Presidcnt
LindIey, of iNashvillc Univcrsity, wcre
among his classmatcs. Hcstudicd law
with Ihe Into Richard Slockton, nnd was
admitted lo practicc in 1808 Hc soon
distinzuishcd himself at tlie bar, and
about 18M was appoinlcd Pr.s3cutor of
tho Pleas for Suascx co.,and in 1317, to
be Attorncy General of the Slate an
ofiice for which he was cminenlly quali
fied, and thc duties of which hc fulifilled
for a spaco of twclve ycars, wilh distin
guisbcd ability. It is said that ihc char
acter which he had arquircd for in-tt-grity,
and his fcrvU cloquenco, cnablcd
him to excn.isc an almost unlimitcd sway
over the Juric3 which ho was called upn
to addrcss. In 1826 hc was clectcd to a
scat upon Iho bench of the Supremc
Court,"vacatcd by the rcsignation of Judge
Ilusscll. which ho declined. Hc contin
ued to act ns Attorney General until 18
29, whcn he was clccted to tho Senate of
thc Unilcd Statcs. His course, during
tho six years he occupicd a scat in that
body, is known to thc country at large.
In 139. he was selectcd to prcsido as
Chanccllor over tho University oflhe
city of Now York, which slation be now
occupies
Wc might conclude, but wecannct rel"oesnotlf5CrTC 1,10 u;l,0 of P'triot, I do
HAMDBILLS,
Of every description will be neatly
fashionably executcd, a: short noticc.
and
: '
. frain from saying tbat this- nominatiow
, will givo grcat gratification to the Whgs
j of New Jcrsey. Asa citizrn, ho is one
j whom Iho Statc has always dclighled to
honor and ns a politician, ho has ahvay's
ilcadfastly mnintaincd and advocated the
principles ofthe irin party. In private
life, he cxhibits ihc suavity and amenity
of manner, thc kindness of heart; and 'l o
bcncvolcncc of dispositionr of a Christian.
He brings to Ihe dischurgc ofall his dulies
soundness of judgnient, stcadincss of pur
poso and kabits nnd principles ofthe stric
tcst integrity. His views are libernl and
enlightcucd : he i bcyond tbc control
ofmcreselfish or paitizan influcncc and
to no ono could Ihe great intrrcsts
of Ihc country be a moro safcly n Irus
tcd. Grateful for tho honor conferrcd upon
her by iho nomination, tho V higs of New
Jcrsey pledga to their fcllow Whigs
throughout Ihe Union Iheir most untiripg
efTorls for th6 maintcnancc of Whig prin.
ciples and Ihe r.exl Elcctnral voteof tho
Slatc for Hi:n lir Ct.iv and Tnr.troi i:
FHJILINOIIUYSEX.
IMMENSE GxVTHElllXG OF WHIGS
IN NEW YOUK.
Atrcmcnduus aascnitly lillritthcr Paik on
the 7th, to ralify the noininatiuu of Cl?y acJ
Frelinghuysen. A great variety of ? nr.ers
wcre displaycd by tlie pruccssious ps ihey
camc from thc dilfcrciit wards. Tbis rarU
ing was addrcssed by Millard Fillmore, Hor
ace Grcely, John A. Colliin, Gov. I'irning
ton of New Jcrsey, aml "S'.r. Toi!ibsr(cncr
al Dawson, and Col. Lumpkiii cf Georgia.
The mectiug was highly t'nthusiatic, ard af
tcr adjourniiicnr, a prorcssion was ftriued
and'niarchcd to thcrcsidcncc of Mr. Freling
huysen to congratu'atc him ou his 'nocima-
tion to tbc Vice Presidency, wbo adilrrssed
the assemblagc in thc followiug ncat sud clo-
qacnt spcech :
MR. FREUNGHUYSEK'S ADDKEtfS.
My Fcllow Citizens, 1 tbank you fcr your
enthusiastic approbaticn of ihe noniinaiioD
lately rcadc by the Whigs of the United
Stntes, assembled iu Convention at Balti
more. To be sclcctcd by such a body of
distinguishcd palriot.:, is ;m honor 1 most
dccply nnu scusibly fccl, and tbc more deeply
and scnsibly, that it is so cbecrful'y n'ifici)
by my friends and neirhbors in Njw York.
I can only say that such a mar!; nf kiRdncss
willjstrengthcn my altachinctit to Wlnj; pr.n
ciples.if suchstrciiqthening 'wcre ncccrsary,
and that itis certaiuly calculatcd to make mo
strivc to the best of my abiliiics, if 1 am (: r
put in a Mtttation to cariy out jcnr t :i . ci
ples, so to act as to ment this l;i"ndnt-., amt
to justify the conlider.ee you have couieried
upou mc. (Cheers.)
Gentlcmen, the gronl principles of thc
Whig party, for which you bave so Ioug and
so nobly struggled atuid perioda of ihc grca:
est gloum, ncd notwithstacdiug ihe most cru
cl disappoiiitoicnts, are my irinciples.
(Checrs, tbrce timcs giteo,aud three timcs rc
pcated, withcrics, "we know that," "wo
madc thc nominatitu foi ihat.") 1 fiavo
long chcrishcd thcsc principles. I shall niain
taiu them hercaftcr, as I have uiaiutaincd
thcm herctofore. (Cheer5.) They are sa l
understand thcm,
A sound National Currency.
A just liinitaliun of Kxecuiivo power.
A tarifTfor rcvenue, discriiuinating for tbs
purposc of incidcntal protcctiou to domcstic
industry. (Loud cb''eriug.)
An equa! and fair clis'ribution of the prn-
ceeds of tlie Pul.lic Lauus amon" tbe sevcral
tates of the Uuiun.
These, as I understand them, continued
Mr. Frelin'gh:iysen,.ire the rardinal allhnugh
not all the principles of thc WhicVartv; and
aft'T vlnt 1 have a!re;-dy said, I nced hardly
add ihat they will find me a humble but
ling adrocatein wbatevcr position 1 m.iy t
placcd, (Checrs.)
We necd au Exccutivc adniinis'ranr.n of
the Gorcrnincnt. Mr. F. cuutimud to s;n
that will fairly aud faitbfully carry our tho
priuciples of thc Constitulicn, excicismi iis
full pocr3, wlierc powers are givt-n it, aiid
kccpiug atriclly withiu its limitaiious, wl.ero
powers arc limitcd, couceding whero ilii-ru
ougbt to be concession, l.u: t.rm when cr-u-cesion
would resultiu iijury bbcraKy maiu
tainiug its compromisc, but as indepcui! nt-
these principles are cinbodicd, aud that he is
not ouly pledgcd to ihsm by a long pubUe
life.but tbat such is thctruthfulccss and fsdcl
itv of his nntiire, that the People can nell
trust hun wilh power to carry thera cut
(Grcat chceriug.)
. fnjlcmcn tbc pUitical hfe of HenrvClay
tioa of, Whig priuciples, and tbe history of
his life for twenty j cars would bc the history
oi n is couniry. it ueucvcr mere was a stiug-
glc for the prolcction of American labor -ga'nst
foreigu industry, whcre but onthe sif'o
of his country was Henry Clay? Whcncvcr
there wa3 a struggle to limit the alarming and
ovcrgrowu magnitndc of Executive power,
whcre but on thc sidc oflhe people, wasllen
ry Clay? Or when the yast public domaiu
wasiu jeopardy from Iieiugtiircred for salo
in the political market. uhere but on theside
of faitli, of honor, of justicc to all, was cur
iilustrlous champion and ,fricnd (G'eat
cheering.) Iuallof thcsc great qncJlion
h:s voice bs3 been heard from the first. In
all ofthe combats concerning them, he has
Iedjthevan. (Chcers.) He has nevcr com
proinised theilignityof bis position togain a
vote, on the 'momcntary brcath of popalar
favor, bnt witb an eye evcr steadily fixed up
cn an approving public. he bas fearlcssly dit
charged what he has deemed to be bis du'y.
(Cheers.) I don't believc a purcr patriot
brcatbes on tbe wbolo cunlincnt of Amcrica
(checrs) aud for proof, I poiut to a Isn?
public life. passed in stirring scenes, whirh
bas never conflietcd with probity, or homr.
alife unsullicd by mcanncss, or grOTtllins
appcal to improperambition in all of which
his principles have bcen put forth with nrdor
and S3 clear as light. wbile every pulse bcat
inc withiu him, bas been for the welfaro aod
tho true glory of his country. If such a maa.

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