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title: 'The Northern galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, May 15, 1844, Image 2',
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nat kno "bo Jum d&scrre tbo narae.or who
caa. (Cheers.) They ay he U ambitious!
I tkre say be ia. BeWso tben. Bnt point
Bto tbe timo when bohai not sicrifieed ambi
lien aad bimself, if what bedeemcd hts dutj
c.itlcd. I happen to Lnorr that oq that great
oiiMtioo, (he public lands, ihe question was
tnrnsl upon him by nn ndvcreeScaateto make
lnm uopopularin tbe Wwt. Hc entered up
ou it with a zeal characteristic of hirastlf,
smJ gave it the whole iowers of bis mind
rr ,i,.,,t1,, r ... , wnn,. r
himself. As a Westeru inan, be bad a tempt-
ing field lor political tratnc .o tbe wbole puo-
lic domain. Ue might have used it for tbe
purposesof ambition. Ho might havc held
it ont as a tempting bait for tbe wbole West.
.But his heart was a large as his country.
(Cb;TB.) He studied the title out of this
nublic Uomain. He knew where it came
from, and justiee told where it belongcd.
t .1 ,,,.. 1,. ,
his banner. "Distribution of tbe procceds
among th. States," anJ he nailed it to the
uuau (Great cbcering aad criesor "ihatis
Iharesaid of Mr. Clay, continucd Mr.
Frei;..Ehuvset., ilut hia heart wasaslargoas
hbeoantrr. A signal iniunee or it wasbis
candoron the Tariirin.be arduous session 0r
1S32. Perbaps no man liviug could more
tendcrly cheriih a conception or his own
brain,or an oQspring or his own crcation than
be irho has becn calted the Father or the
Amrrican system. Theprinciplcsor protec
tion to Anicrican industry crahodicd in the
TnrilT law, Mr. Clay has chcrished as he has
bM life. JJut nticn 111 1S41 2, an unuatur
al cxcitcment was got up in South Cnrolina
agniust alatr, in the enactmcnt or ivhich he
did net participatc, he sawit was nccessary to
saye his country from peril, even to tnake a
ncrificc of what heloved so much. Hc look
ed for time to inilruct the whole country in
the nccessity and utility of protectiug home
industry, and he was willing to havc a Iruce
of right ycars to give that tiuie. He said to
his frieutls in the Senate, 'we can all see how
nn Exccmivc can lcad us into a fraternal war,
but how can be gct us out, that wc can nercr
fursce. Ucar as the 1 sriH 11 to all, he said,
we must givc it up for the moraent to savc
our countryinen from ehedding cach othcr's
blood to prcscric tbe Uuiou and thc causc
of human lihcrty tlirouhout the world. 1
hill rcioice, my fricnds, if you can go with
mc, but do what you will, I must offer myself
ns n victim up to peacc. (Checrs.) lle ue-
camo tho great Pacificator of that alarming
time. and "blessed are the pcace-makcrs,"
eiyi tbe highest authority tbat addresses man.
(Cheering and lotid applause.) Thus, gen
tlciuen, in cvery vicw 1 can lake of my posi
tion, I havc reason for gratitudo and thauk
fu!ncss to you and to the country, 'ihat my
nnne is connecteil nilh a naine Ihat rcdccts
bonor evcnupnnso humblc au associatc and
itshallbe my pridc and my gratification, I
repeat, to merit the coufidcncc yourkindness
lns bestowcd upon me. (Applause.)
Oue word. gentlemen, formy honorcd mo
th?r, the state that gavc me birth nhere re-
fosctho asbcs of myancestors and to which
am indebted for many marks of rcgard pri
or to this of late. I assure you gentlemen.
New Jcrsey will be true to all the principles
of Whigs. Wliaterer may be her teniporary
viSratiom from the temporary inaction of her
population. or from local or transitory ambi
tion, shs is Whig to tbe heart and core.
(Loud chrcrs.) We can nererbe auything
else but Whigs, Whig, first, Whig last.Whig
always (cheers) a state cradled in thc
LPjodiest scrncs of the American Revolu
tion, whose hills, and valleys, and plains nre
tirring all with revolutionary invocations.she
trould be falss to herself, and an unnatural
o3Vprine.ir shs could rorgct the principles
harn with her, and blcd for on hcr bosom.
(Cheers.) No, sho never can ccase to be
Whi till the plains ofMonmoulh.the heights
of Princcton, and the strects of Trcnton are
forgottcn, till sho tears out from history the
Jenres ol hcr clory. and blotg Irom her es
cutchcon thc brigblcst gcms that are rrabla-
3ea upon . iprom.se you ger. .emen, .
prom.se the l nion, New Jersey will be Iruc
lo herself. and to tbe whole country. (Cheers
loud and prolonged.amid which Mr. Freling-
Tho documcnls scnt to the Senate with
tbj Treaty are too volumnious to admit of
paMication in our columns. But to show
clcarly the dispositions manifestcd by Great
Britaio in relation to Mexico and hcr dis-
tlaimer or any interrcrcncc with tbe indepen-
dence or Texas, or intemion of anncxation
".:h Great Bi.ta.n we publish the followin"
, , T . t, , ,
Ictlerfrom Lord Aberdecn lo Mr. Pakcnham
br him communicatcd to Mr. ITpshur. j
Afr. Pal:trJiam lo Mr. Ujpthvr. '
W.snt0T0, February 2C, 1343". j
Sm, In compliancc with your rcqucst to
Ihnt efTect, I have tbe honor hercwith to
(nnsmit to yon a copy ortho despatch Trom
HrMajcsty's Principal Secretary of State
for i- oreiza Alfa.rs, which I had the honor to
read to you on Saturday last.
Hon. A. P. Upsucr., ccc.
Xo. 9. For.Ete. Orrcr, Bec. SC, 1843.
Sm: As much a;itation appears to have
prevailed oriate in tho United States relatire
to the dcsigns which Great Britain, is suppos
ed to cntertain wiih reganl to the RepuMic
oi i cxas, ticr iHajcsty s liorcrnment rteem
it cxpedient to lake mcasures for stopping at
oace u e m.sreprescota.ions which have becn
Garernnientoftho I'ciled States scems toj,lnS fortuncs of the party at thc scuth, to
havo fallcaonlhe subjcct of the policy of' ccmecut agaiust the TarifL Hc could play
Great Britain with rpect to Texas. The ' . -, , , , .
policy is clcar and i.nP!e. and may be slated ; hule and S Eeek - no longer. 1 he time
In a few words. - j had arrived wlien this supple tail of the
" .""."""' l'"-'uuti'liu" ,
desirous ofsccingthat indcpcndcnce fmallv ;
ctid rormcrly cstablished. and generally re-
cogn.zeu, cspeciauy oy Mexico. liut this
desire does not ansc from any motive of am
bitirfn or of self-interest, beyond that interest '
Ri.east, wnicn atiacnes to me genera exlcn-, ,ed against, and has cvcr since protesled
non or our commrrrial dcalmgs with other . .' '
ountrics. j agamst it in Congress and out to gralify
We aro conjinced that the rccognition of the South, and who at the same session he
Texas by .Mexico must conduce to the bcne- . -r i t-
Ct orbVh these co-.ntries. as wo take ann-1 tariffPassed. delivered a long speech m
tret in the Hcll-bcingor bolh. aud In their favor of 20 pcr cent horizontal duties,
tcady cdrance ia powcr and wcalth, we ' nowsays the present tariff is too high.
have put oimejreg forward in pressing thc I-,, , j-jr .- --. , , j , ,
Govsrnraentof Mexico to axrknowledge Tex- "A modification must be made and should
t inJependeat. But in thus acting nc and touldbemade." "Thirty per cent is a
We no occult dciSn. cither witb reference bout a nat;0I1!1l protcction." As a speci
10 any poculiar mtcrcst which we might Beck , . , , , , . ....
to rstablish in Mexico or iu Texas, or cven men ol double mtendcr, his speech is said
with rcrerence to ihe slavery which now ex- to be quite equal to Van's Indiana Ietter.
i;t..and which wc desirc to see abolisbcd in t.
rpexas orthatonannexatton. It is mcessantly
Wth recard to ihe Utter point. it must be halling between two opinions. It jumps
nnd is well know n l.oth to ihe l.'nited States j;m Crow at every other parasTaph. It
audtu thc whole world, that Great Britain . ,., , , - , . .
dcsires. and is conotantly excrting herself to ,s llkc cnclopes web of which ltis said,
procuro thc general ahoi.tion of slavery
lumugnoui tne wono. Duttne mcans wlucn
he Jjii sdqpled and will continue to adopt,
for t!.i humane and vjrtuous pnrposc. are
open J undnvuised. She desires ihat her
notiroi may he jeneral!? uoderstood, nd
With rcgard to Texas, we avow that we
wisb lo see slavery nboliebed there, as else
where, and we sbould rejoice if ihe recogni
tioD of ihat country bj tbe Mexican Govern
mcnt should be accompanied by an cngage
racnt on tbe part of Teiaa to abolish slavery
evcntually, and under propcr conditions,
tbroughont tbe Republic Bur althougb nc
eamestly desire and feel it to bc our duty to
promote snch a consumation, we sball not in-
, tedere umluly, or with an improper assuma-
on 01 autnorny, wun enner party. in oraer
toinsure tbe adoption orsuch a course. We
"". - ;" .
pcl, or unduly control cltber party. So far
as Great Britain "u concerned, provided otber
States act with equal forbearance, those gov
trnmcnts wi!l be fully at tbcir liberty to make
tkeir own unfettered arrangements with cacb
otber, bolh in rcgard to the abolition of slavc-
ry mm 10 au oiner pomis.
Orcat Bntain. moreo'
moreorer. does not desire
t0 ejtabhsh 111 Texas, wbcther partially dc-
Pdent, (wh.ch latUr jibernative we consid-
cr in cvery respect preferable) any donimant
mfluence. She only dcsircs to share her m-
nnce eqnally with all ofter natfoni. Her
objects are purely commerdal. and she has
00 .r. of seelmg to act, di-
c 1 ? or mhrectly, m a polmcal scnse, on
thc Ciiilcd States through Texas,
The Brilish governineut, as the TJuited
States wcll know, havc uever eought in any
way to stir up dissatisfaction or excitement of
auy kind in the slareholding States of tbe
American Uuion. Much as we should wish
to ccc thosa States placed on the firm and
solid footing which we consciemiously be
lievo is to be attaincd by general freedom
alone, we have never in our treatmcnt of
them made any difTerencc bctwcen thc slare
holding and frec States of tbe Union. All
arc in our eyes, emitled, as componcnt mem
bers orthe Union, to cqual political respect,
favor, and forbearaace on our part. To that
trise aud just policy wc shall conlinue lo ad
here; aud the govcrnmcnt of tbe slave hold
ing States may bo assured that, allhough we
shall not desist from those opcn and bouest
efTbrts which we have constantly made for
procuring the abolition or slavery throughout
Ihe world, we shall usitber opculy or secrct
ly rcsort to any mcasures which can tcnd to
disturb tbcir internal tranquility, or thcrcby
to eflcct tbo prosperity of the American Un
ion. You will communicatc this dispalch to the
United Slases Secretary of State, and ifhe
should desirc it, you will leave a copy ofit
I am, &c.
Right Hon. RicflARD Pakesiiam, &c,
Wcdncsday May 15, 1844.
For Vice Prcsidcnt,
What say you wliigs liercabouts, is it
not time to begin to rally. Your dclegates
have rcturned. The campaign is now o
pened, your clianipions have becn select-
ed with an unanimity and good spirit which
Jeaves no regrcls, and nothing lo qucnch
lhe 'u11 "ame ' Jour enthusiasm for the
causc, and Clay and Frelinghuysen.
What an omen of succcss is this glorious
l'c';ct- l combines cverything that is
fireat nobJc and exccllent. Your patri-
ot,c principles have been set forth. If all
right, then Go-ahead, and honor jour glo-
rious little state by a prize banner major-
by. Look then at the following notice.
Middlebury will begin the rally next Fri-
Thc wW thc vic;nU arQ car.
. , . .. ,
nestly invited to attend.
There will bc a meeting of the Whig
Club at the Town Roomon Friday next,
at half past six, agrceable to an adjourn-
ment. The Deletrates to Baltimore are
e.xpected lo be present. Speeches from
-veral gentlemen are antic'ipated The
Bongs wm prouaoiy eniiven tnc entertain
' ment of the evening.
Middlebury, May lGth 1S41.
Who during the whole session has been
mum upon cvery suhject of importance,
has at jasl bcen compclIed to save the fain
irrcat ooll vwoff ot Kmderhook must w it-
i W O - -Q
Hisspcech istruly characteristic of
thc man and bis master. The Senator
! who voted for the tariff from fear of his
constitucnti, and at the same time protcs-
what was wovc in the naj time, was un-
ravcllcd in the night.
Our orator somctimcs suns himself on
j. anrl tomctimes on the other side of
. . , , .
ibe Pototnse, na shows sn exquistte tact i
in having garamon cut nnd dricd and
suilcd to evcry markeL Lct the party in
Vermont mark wcll the sinuoaitiesof this
slcek and cnnning politician. He goy.
erns and controls the Iocofococratic lcad'
ersof Vermont, "with a sovcreign author
ity. No wherc have the wire workers of
the party been more tamely subscrvient
to the yoke than in this state they have
been to Silas Wright. Aud yet his polit
ical course is as dcadly to .our prosperity
as the Bohan Upas to animal cxistcnce.
MR. VAN BUREN'S LETTER.
This epistle occupies six columns in thc
Globe, and conscquently we cau give a mcre
synopsis ofit in our paper. He commenccs
by saying ' there is no conslitutional objec
tion to annexation. But having acted on
similar questions which arose first whea hc
was Secretary to General Jackson, and again
during bis own presidential term, and taken
ground against annexation, and tbe same ob-
jections remaining ia full fourcc, bc could
not now change his position. He goes upon
just grounds in relation to Mexico, and shows
strong signs of being strongly and decidedly
opposed to the project as tbings nre now sit
uated. But alas the beauliful web which he
weaves is all ravelled out in the conclusion
of the Ietter. How characteristic of tho
Northern man with Southern principles.
The statesman is as nsual sunk into a triming
politician. A Tub must bc thrown to tbe
whale, und hcrcit is. The following cxtract
is utterly at war with all that precedes it.
" Whcn the period for definilc action shall
have arrived, the considerations now taken
into view may have lost tbe weight they at
present possess in the cstimation of thc pub
lic; and ollicrs, not now rcgardcd as of any
valuc, may, in tbe meantimc, arise lo aflcct
materially, if uot to change lhe whole aspcct
of the subject. The present condition of thc
relaiions bctwcen Mexico and Texas may
soon be so far changed as to wcakcn. and
perhaps to obviatc enlirely, tho objcctions
against the immediatc anncxation ofthejat-
leriuun; unucu cia.es, WlilCh Uiave hcre
set lortu, ana to place thc qucslion on dilTer.
cnt grounds, Should such a stale of thiugs
artse, aud I be foundin charjrc of the resnon-
-?L, J.-.? C T , . 4
siuic uuucs oi i re5.uc.it, you may be assured
that I would mcet tbe qucslion, if then pre
scntcd to me, withasincere desire to pro
mote the rcsult which I bclieved best calcu-
latfd to advancc the permanent welfarc of the
whole country. In the discharge of this. thc
cotnmon duty ol all our public functionaries,
I would not allow mjsclf to be influcnccd by
local or sectioual reeling. I am not, I nced
hardly to say to you, au untried man in rc-
pect to my d.sposmon or abdity lo d.sregard
any feeliug of that character iu thc discharge
of oflicial dulics. You, as wcll as all others
havc thcrcfore at least some grounds on
which to form an opiuion as to lhe probable
nueu.y w un wn.cn uie6e assurauccs would
1 shall add a few words on anolhcr aspcct
of thc question, and then disn.iss the subject.
.ucxico may carry ncr persisiance in relusing
to ackuowlcdge lhe indcpc.idenc or Texas,
and in destructive but fnillcss cfibrlsto rc
couqucrthat State, so far as to, producc in
conncxion with tlie circumslanccs, n dccid
ed conviction on thc part ora inajority orihc
pcople of the United States, ihat the perma
nent welfarc, if not nbsolute safciy of all,
mnkcs it nccessary ihat the proposed nnncx
ation should bcclfectcd,bcthc cunscquences
what they may. The question may be ask
ed, what, under such circumstances, would
be lhe useyouwould make of tbe Executiv'e
powcr, ifiutrustcd to your hauds?' Would
it be wicldcd to dcreat, or to carry inlo efTect
the ascertaiucd wishes of our people? My
rcply to such a suppositiou is, that I can
conceirc or no public question, in respect to
which it is more eminently propcr ihat the
opinions and wishes orthe pcoplc or the dif
ferent States should be consulled, and being
asccrtaincd, trcatcd with grcalcr respect than
those which relalc cither to thc adtnission or
a new menibcr into th confederacy, or thc
acquisiiion of additional tcrritory, with a vicw
to such a rcsult; and that, if any application
for annexatiou, under such circumstances,
wcre made to me, I would Tcel it to bc my du
ty to submit the same to Cougress for a pub
lic cxpression of their opiuiou, as well upon
the propriety of anncxation, as in rcgard to
lhe trrms upon which it should take placc.
II, altcr thc whole subject had becn brou&bt
before thc country, aud ftilly discussed, as it
now will be, thc Senate and HouseofRcp
rescntalives a large porlionofthe rormcr,
aud the whole orthe latter having becn cho
sen by lhe People after 'he qucslion of an
nexatiou had becn bronght before the coun
try for its maturo consideration should ex
press an opiuion iu favor of anncxation, I
would hold it to be my furthcr duty to em
ploy the Exeeutive powcr to carry into full
and fair eflect the nisl.es of a majority of thc
People of the existing States, tbus constitu
tionly and solemnly exprcssed."
Look at this miserable pallering. Mr. Vin
Burcn arjues through six 'columns against
annexation, and then tells the South that he
looks for such a turn of aflairs as will weaken
all his objcctions to such n measure.
Tbe meaniug of this extract is obvious.
He mcans to assure the fricnds of annexation
his funner grounds notwithstanding, that bc
will be their bumblo servant if they will make
VAN UNAVAILABLE IN VERMONT.
We don't know why the Burlington Senti-
nel has not as much right and authority to
speak the scntimcnt or tbe progTtsshc de
morracy ot Vermont as any olhcr loco organ
in the State. Mr. Winslow seems to have
lost all confidence in thc availability or Mr.
Van Buren, and strongly advises that this
political Jonah bc east overboard. He is ccr
taiuly in extrcme alann at the desperate ef
forts or the coons to placc Mr. Clayin the
chair, and tliinks tbe loco Conrention must
selcct astrongcr man tban the sagc of Kindcr
hook to head him. With Van Buren he
doubts, but witb some other democrat hc is
certain of victory. Thc same opinion he be
lievcs is entcrtained by thrce fourths of thc
democracy of Vermont. He avers he caras
for nothing but principlc. Now all the above
opinions and assertions of the cditor ol the
Seutinel may be true except that he goes for
principle, and that any candidate thc locofo
cracy can present can successfully compcte
with Henry Clay. To acknowledgo the
man biiherto selected as the Goliah orthe
party incapablc. or victory, is to confesi al
ready beat- How comes it about that this
learncd pundit orthe party has just discover
ed Ihat Old IrcTtsides with the hgp of the
Th,,. bithcrto not cven thought of by tb.l.
,rtnl,l .wceu crcry.tbine bcforu them.
Are they strongcr now ihan mentbs ago
when they scarcely had name to lire. Mr.
Winslow knowg that tlie powtr of the loco
rocoracy dies wiih Martin Van Burcn. It
will die and scarcely make a sign. The peo
ple are about to repudiatetbe leaders and the
principles orthe party as equally odious and
destructive to the prosperity or lhe country,
and the fttithrul administration of tbe govern
ment. T1IE GREAT GATHERING.
It isimpossible for us to present to lhe pub
lic any thing more than ao epitome orthe ac-
counts which have come to band in relation
to the great Convcntion or Ratification as-
sembled at Baltimore. The numbers present
seem to have defied all computation, and its
doiugs indicale a rervor or patriotism and a
slrength of determination to achicve a glori
ous victory in the approacbing political strug-
gleTar beyond the noble spir.t of JS-IU.
Aoibing but a niuacle whirh Heaven is not
likely to interpose cau save the terror strlck-
en and people forsaken patcnt democracy the corner or Master andCadwellader itreets.
n-om a speedy and irretrievable destruc- When the tliird speaker arose.a knot oflrisb-t0D-
mcn commenced a noise, to prevent his be-
The Baltimore Patrtot states that, taken
altogether thclowestcstimate orthe Couven-
tion is iorly Ihousand, and the highest.
One Hundred Thousand. To gct an idea
ofthe mass the rcader must rccollect that the
whole population of JJnltunore cily and sur-
rounding country was present. Vermont
had 155 delegates. Evcry state in the un-
ion was rcpresented. I
inow tvnxgs oj k ermont tne campaign is
opencd which is to decide the dcslinies the fugilivcs darted into houses, which were
orthe country for weal or woc during 1 attacked, and tbe doors and windows broken,
the lifo or cvery man uow iu bis prime. and riddled with stones. The Irishmen fi
The policy ortho country is to be scttled for Dally rallied, and beat l.ack tho .Americans,
LVLmj jcars to come. It is to be proteclion
or free-trade, The rcsult will be weallh
corupetency and comfort on one side, or pov- '
erty, embarrassmcnt and rum on thc olhcr.
Will you bucklc ouyour armour? Ifyoti
do your success is ccrtaiu. Butlook beyond During the evening, great crowds of peo
a raerc numerical victory, and Iet Vermont P,f wcr gabered in the neighborhood orthe
w;nl,v.hinrn.f m,;.,r,- scenc o y,oleoce inthe aftenioon, and about
. " ? . J., "j-.-v -"j
state in the Uniou. She cau do it.
Cpirour readers will ' pcruse tbo Ietter
which wc publish, of Mr. Pakeuham.the Brit-
ish Ministcr birb ; n,,,,!,..
., ... . , i, . . ...
"-"" 7 tn rresuient w.tn tlie
irea.y, iiicy will sec now utterly empty is Ihe
justification or Calhoun for tho speedy con-
clusionorths trcaty.on the ground orBrilish
. , . . , ,i, ,
mtcrrerence with Texas slavery, or the dan-
ger or anncxation or Texas to Great Britain.
Thc British goverumcnt solemnly distlaims
any such intcntions. and Calhoun degrades
.!, ,. , .. . , "
thc nalion by stdl urg.ng them as a reason.
uainonn is not the man he has been crackcd front of the Scbool IIoue,a rollcy or mus
up to be. Poor follow, his hobby is kicking kc,,r-v ",as fired (rpm the house oppositc, nd
out his braius. This and nullification he" ,Lo "dhaJ Pit wa, discovercd
. ihat several wcre wonndcd; ono young man
shows how little rel.ancc can be placed on named J. A. Wright was taken up dead, a
him as a patriot or stalcsmau. j bulletliavin? pierccd hisleft brcast just abovo
-- ; his heart. Anotlteryoung man na.ned Rhm-
CLEAR THE TRACIC THAT BALL Be?' 'iviu3 Thim street above Brown, was
f"AT'OT rp Tnpppn sll0t ln t,lc "PPcr Part of ,be ,eft lunS wi:h
CAi.iSUl Uk. blOIPED. abullet, aud whcu we left waj cxpiring.
Every mail brings us accounts offrcsh ric- We wcre also told that two otber men were
tor.es. Scarcely had the joyous notes 0r tri-
umph from Connecticut died upon the car, '
, . ., , ' . r'
bcfore the southern breczes waft thc shouts
of victory from thc old daminion. The vet-'
ran ofthe Enquirer was confident that thc
PRnrnriiCivp . . .n
lKOGKtfa5IE democracy would main-
tain the asccndency. But his brilliant star
orhope has set iu the mists ordespondcncy.
The nbigs have madosurc ora small major-
11. t. , .
ity n jo.nt ballot. It is cnough. It is a
great gain rrom last ycar. Old Virginia iill
bc whig all over next fall. A nhig Senator
is sccurcd for the Clay adinmistratioa and a
,, -, .. , ,
whig major.tyonthepopular votc. Thero
ncvcr was a more dctermined struggle in the
old commonwcalth. Evcry county was con-'
tested, aud upon principlc. Thewbigshave
dodgedno issue. and havo voted to sustain ouwrcah. wni cua.
TarifT, distribution, tbe bank and Henry Cl5y. ' rr, 1 , r,ots..of rMonda.T wcre reD"7c3 on
.,.,. ,, ' ' ''.Tucsdayw.lharearrul incrcase orviolcnce,
All hail irginia. bloodshcd and d.aih.
SINCEUITY. ' !
T . , ... , ,
Last ycar about this time thc locos were
making a trcmendous oulcry against the ta-
rilF, becausc wool was not sufficicntly pro- atrocities at Kcnsington. Soon aftcr lhe ar
tected. The riseorwoolat least 50 ner cent. rival of tbo proccssion there, the signal 0r
, .. .. r ,
shows the emptincss or their clamor upon
the subject, and their cndeavors by pushing
the British tarilT througb thc House which
reduces the duties very materially upon this I
.i .. . .u l ,l . , -
articleattcstthehypocrisyorihe leaders of
the party. If any thing more is wanting to
sbow their duplicity it is to bc found in the
loco tarifT which reduces tbe duties oi. wool-
., . ., , r , r
ens so Ihat the very good, mauufacturcd from
th.s wool may be adm.ttcd lifteen perent.
less, thus depressing the market, for the raw
material by dimioishing the ability ofthe man-
, . . . :
ufocturerto purchase but at cbeapcr rates.
Oh the miserable paltry character oflocofo-
coism. Every step it takes it sinka deeper
in the mirc. Wright aud Van Burcn never
, , , . , , .
had scnse cnough toperceive that tho pcopje
would at last discern their own iuterests, and
detcct the gamc they have been playing for
years to hoodwink their own party. Many
... . . ... ., . ,
or their followers are the dec.ded foeads 0r
proteclion, and yet are so complctely blinked
as to coutinue to support these high pricsts
or hypocrisy and delusion. But thank heav- '
.:. . , , , ,
en thcrjugglery has nearly come to an end.
The spcech which thc sage or Caaton has re-
cently made in Congress in favor of reducing '
the next tarifT, shows clearly tbe nature of his !
. . . . .. , , , , . !
protest against it when he voted for .t. He .
tben declared that "he accepted it as the least '
of tico evils, and looked fonrard to Ietter 1
timcs to adjusl il on a scale more consonant
icith all the great and tarious interests of the
union." Ilis present course gives us the in
terpretation ot his intentions, which were to
strip it of every featuro of protection when
ever a favorable opportunity prcsented. How
derogatory to the understandings oT the peo
ple longer to follow the lead of men who are
daily inflicting the most outrageous wrongs
upon trutb and candor.at tbe expense ofthe
toiling milh'pns or.our coun'treynien in erery
dopartment o( national industry.
W Onr farmtri raay have oba-erTed ofl
. hte tbo unfrequency. of agricultural arucics
tn pur colutrni. Thu u owing to no Joss oi
respect for this most itnportaut and bonora
ble class of' our readers. But never wero we
more entirely deroted to their service. We
are bending all our efTorts to support the
great causo or protcction to domestic
industry, which is identified -with lhe success
or Henry Clay. The TariO", by afibrding a
profitable market for agricultural products
willdo more good to the farming interest
than all tbe improyementi yybich have been
made for the last eenlury, or will be made for
a ccntury to come. Hurra then for Henry
Clay aud proteclion, and down with the slip-
pery clm candidate, who has declared war
against the present tarilT, and is banded with
tho free-trade destructires.
Tho city orbrothcrly love, which for a rere
years past has sigualizcd itself for the most
riotous outragcs, bas acqnited new Ianrels
A public meeting of the Native Americans
Was called last week at the market boue at
ing heard. They would not cease their clam'
0r until they were flogjcd into silence. This
fight created an excitement, which wa rais
ed to an intense degree in conseqnence or
sereralshots being fired from tho window
0f th0 Hibernia Hose co. housc. A mob or
Irishmengathered and commenced nn attack
upon thc nat;ve Americans. But the assail-
ants wcre overcoma aud compelled to flee.
The nativc Americans pursucd. Sereral 0r
and ,hcn the contest endtd for the time. Sev
cral livcs were lost, and cight or ten wound
cd, some dangcroudy.
Furtuer Particulars TicoMtn Killcd.
tcn o'clockan altack was made upon a dwell-
bg house in Sccond street just above Frank-
lin. The doors and windows were beaten iu,
and the rurniture in the lower story broken
UP and rauch of !t 'rown into the street.
1 hc cause of this attack it was said, was in
con3cquencc of a gun having been 6red from
the building, during the afiernoon. Anolhcr
housc above this in tho same row was also
'njure(l consequence or stoues having beon
A cry was then raised or "go to the Nun-
ner-." and a crowd nroceeded nn S.rond
street to Master. atthe corner or which is a
Bomau Cathoiic Scbool House. A bon-fire
"as kiudlcd at one corner or tbe street, and
Wie fence ot the scbool house set on fire; a-
bout this time when the crowd had faltercd in
, heTTe ATT?' v C" Zai
up to twelve o'clock (midnight) affurs re-
Sheriir McMichacl was upon thc ground
dlriuS ,h cveniug, and shorlly before night-
muuc u cau ujon me iiuu.ary lor aia.out
a. tilcv bad so.netinm ,!nrB M I .
perform duty in cases or riots unless the Le-
giilature made an appropriation for their pay
durinS llc ,hne 'J were so engaged, which
has not.yet becn doiu, tbev were uot willinc
,0 eUlcr upon their duty. ' B
A meetiug howevcr is called to day, to lake
nieasurcs to cnsure a full turn-ont or the mi-
Jjj" jjrcp. The SherhT, accompanicd by
Gcn Cadwaladcr.resliaincd the mob, several
,imes during tbe uight from makiug attacks
which wcre conlemplated.
The excitement is greatly increased, and
's hardly nossible to say where this terrible
Thc cudcavors orthe leaders or the Amer-
jcJin party lo allay excitement wcre unavail-
ing. A meeting was held in the afternocn
of Tucsdav Trom an immense bodv. some
5000. adjourned to the scene of Monday's
miscluei was g.ven by the iinngor acun Irom
a house at the corner of Master and Cadwal-
Tne North American says:
T,he m wh, ',s sa!d to baTe fir!d ,he J? r5t
musket fro.n the house was namcdJobn Tac-
gart. According to lhe most credible testi-
inony he had fired twice, killing or mortally
wouading three persons, and came from the
house t fire a third time, when he was seiz-
ed by the Americans. II.s muskct was heav-
i!y with difficul(jr he ,aken ,0
Aldcrn.an Boileau's olHce.the crowd seeming
rcsolved to killbim ou the spot.
Tho,acti2n co" b;Cam, almost 5 o'clock,
general. The Americans were exposed in
,be open lot bctwcen Cadwalladcr street and
thc market. The Irish were under cover ia
leiT houses. Tho Americans, however,
s?od ,Ile!r Sund, firing at lhe windows
whencvcr a mn presented nimssir.
The Irisb wcre adrantage0U-sIy jj, ;n
the houses on Cadwalader strcct, perfectlv
protected from the fire oC the enemy by the
wa1"3, ,w,hiIe 'j!e natives wcf8 "nprotected.the
only sheltcr they possessed were the pillars
0r ihe market house; but they fought mosily
The military were called out and took pos-
T'?n. of oa,nd about ,8 'cIock- The
the finng ceased at once and was not resura-
ed. Iu other piaces ;t was malntained at in.
tervals wiih fatal cfTect.
The houses on Cadwalader street, some of
!os,e ou JIasterstreei- ,he Washington
Market, were set on fire early m the evenmg.
and whcn we left the ground at midnight, the
whole oT the buildings were a mass oT bum-
Thc melancholy rcsult oT tbe few hours
during wbich the contest between the Irish
men and the Native Americans raged, is brief
ly told, 8 killed, and 14 wonnded. Albany
Wedjesdat. The riots still continue, but
ns further efifusion of blood. The city is in
complete possessioa of the mob, well armed
and organized, and determioed to resiit any
attack. Although no lives have been lost to
day; mnshvalued property has been sacrifi
ced. Two Cathoiic churebe hare been
burced, and 50pTivatedwelliDgs,
ThcPhifadeiphia Inquirer says There is
no ue of disguising the fact that mob spirit
is in the asceudant, an unless au eOiciint liii
dy of from threc to five thousand men are
forthwithorganized, to put down lhe ricters,
by force, scenes of bloodsbed moro appalling
thantbosewe have "witnessed during the last
thrco days, will be ineulable. We say this
in sorrow, but upon tnalure reficelion.
We do uot notice that-any of tho persons
woundcd on Tuesday have depeased.
THE RlOTS IN PltlLJ I.ELl'IIIA QUELtK
A town meeting was held in Indcpm.
dcnce Square on Thursday rnorning, nt
which resolutions advisinga civic organi.
zation for tho prcservation of pcace, were
passed. The funeral of young Shufller
look placo about noon, and was alteudcd
by a large concourse of cilizens. Tbo
Nalivo American party had armod lo
protcct tho Koman Calbolic Church of St
Philip ; and accnrding to tho Gazct'o, Ihe
membcrs of that party most eraphatically
denounccd tho inccndiarics.
One hundred buildirigs are said to have
becn deslroyed. The whole ofthe South
ern section of the city and county wns
frce from any symptoins of comrnorion,
and but very little excilement wa obscr
vable nmong lhe pcoplo.
Later. No further disturbanccsnp
pcarcd to havo occured, and tho I'hila
delphia papcrs of ycsterdaj' morning rep
rcscnt the excilement as having died
away, though thero is cvidcntly n bad
fccling existing in groups. of men and
boys of tho loiver classos.
Gov Porter nrrivcd nt Philndelphia on
Thursday k issucd a proclanmtlon for the
cflieient enforcemcutof the ono issucd by
the Mayor nnd Slieriff. Gon Pattcrson
is dirccted lo call out Iho volunlccr com
panics of (he first division ofthe Pennsyl
The nun.her of killed is slalcd at 14 ;
tbe woundcd at 39.
Connecticut The Hon Jabcz W.
Huntington has bcen rcelectod lo (hc
Senate of Iho U. S. His majority in thc
Sonnlo was 10, in (he House 15.
U EliSTER'S SPEECH.
THE WHIG UATIFICA'llON.
Tho Hon John M Clnylon on (hoplat.
form, Iho Prcsidcnt of tho Convcntion.
Gentlemen Let mo introduco to you an
old and dislinguishcd fricnd, tho able,
nnd Iho cloquent Daniel Webster of Mass-
Mr Webster then came forward on (hc
pla(form, nnd bowcd before (he innuincr
nbla mullitudo that fillcd (he vast area be
low. The air rang with cheers, long and
prolongod. Ilundrcds of banncrs wcre
waved. The hats orthe whole asscmbly
were ofT, and wnro swung upwnrd and
nround wiih an cncrgy that indicaled llic
hcnrty joy of Ihe whigs in welcoming a
long absr-nt, but truly beloved friend.
Whcn thc chccring had kubjidcd, and si
lence was again rcslorcr,
Mr Weetter said, I enjoy, gcnlle
mcn. quito an uncxpcclcd, but sinccre
p!caurc in iinding mysclf in the midst of
this rnst asscmbly of tho Whigs of (he
United Slntcs. (Chpers nr.d prnfound
scnsalion.) I coino nmong you for tho
singln ptirpnse of addinc.onn more humblc,
bul devottd vVhig fo that Asscmbly, (re-
ncwed cheers, with criea of"weIcoing,'!)
and to joii. in swclling these tuncs of
public scntiment, which sprmsin up
from this mullitudc, and from (ho whole
land. havo found a voico and an rcho
in thc proccedincs or Iho iSominalin"
Uonvenlion, (rencwed and prolnnged
chtcrs, ank shouls for Clny. and hurrahs
for Wcbstcr,) The audicnco from ils
anxicty in rpgard to(he feclings ofMr
Webster for his stinnosrd iival, Mr Clar,
broko out in (umultunus platidils at this
etiucnce ot concord and union.
Gentlemen. we havo assembled hcro to
perform one of lhe mest rcsponsiblo dulics
Ihat can dovolvc upon frccmcn, or nnon
Ihecitizens ofa great country in limeof
peacc. tv0 arc assembled to stalo lhe
principles on which an cnsuing cleclion
is lo uo tlccidcd ; and (o do ac(s of im
porl, in prcscnco ofa fu(uro, full of greal
cvcnte, (o mako (ho decision on which
shall rcst (ho prosprrilv of tl.e counlrv
IVrsona from (ho highest positions, nnd
inofc oi ino most honorcd in (ho commu
nity, have mct lo make Ihis seleclion
They havc come to thc results with singu-
Inrunanimity.and havo madoa nominntion
of Iwo men, who will prove tho only true
raliving point for all cocd Wlncs.
How, then, hc nskod, did they intcnd
lo carry oul (he election ofthe cnndidatcs
(hey had naincd I And rcvcrling lo (he
motto ofour forcfathcrs "Our causc is
just, aud our union is peifect" ho said,
Ihat although we were not born hke them
to found now States, and to orcct new
systcms on the ruins of old, wo were born
lo an inheritancc of Ihe noble instilutions
they had founded. and ho praycd that we
might adopt their words and scntiments
as ours, and act in Ihe fceling Ihat "our
cause isjust anu our.un.on perfect.
Mr W. Ihen spoko ofthe noniination of
Mr Uay, charactonzing Mr Clay s past
carecr as most failhful and patriotic.
spcaking of lhe indications that Ihe whole
pcoplo had made him Ihcir choicc, and
frankly nnd dislinctlr avowing that ii
was ccrtainly his (Mr W.'s) choicc. Ho
did not know that there was any great
question of public policy upon which
thero was any difTercnce of opinion be
tween himself (lhe speaker) and the great
stalesman of Ihe West. It might have
been cnough (said Mr W.) lo say Ihat
(hii great statesman isa Whig, tho nom.
inaeoflhe Convcntion and ofthe whole
Whig party. and that I an a Whig,
(Cheers.) And tbat whethcr wo diflcred
ornot, it would bo my duty tosuppo.t
him ; but there is a pleasuro in adding.
and I trust I may be perraitted to add,
that my inclinalion is in this caso the
same as my duly. (Loud cheering.)
Mr W then passcd to tho nominalion
of Mr Frelinghuysen as Vico President,
spcaking of (he nominee in lhe hihest
tcrms.and cxpressing a firm belief ofthe
approvalof Ihis nomination of Iho people.
Ho refcrrcd lo tho claimsof New Jersey
upon the Union, (racing her history brief.
... t l L 1 , ... J .
Jr iroui mo eariy uaya ot Iho revolution
to Iho present day, in n. most eloqtienl
passage, concluding with an cxpression of
the grntification it would givo every one
to know that the propcr tima and place had
come to give this high honor" (o one of her
It was tbe duty, Mr IF. conlinued 0r
Ihe IFhigs lo rcsloro (hc Government'io
true principles, on fixed nnd con&er ralire
grounds ; lo do ovcr again iho wnrk or
1840. and "to do it tiiis time.God wilhn..
laughter ) We were lo cslal.Iiih and
set le and bnng 0 a slato ofsleadincss
nnd repos?, tho AdminJlralion. Wh
did t.ot behcvo Ihat if ihings could be cft
as (hey nre, without elernnl ngifalion. ev.
cry mltrest m the country would be pros.
perous? rherewcre two pointsof vie.y
in which lhe maUer could bc loofccd a( -Ifo
did our duiy. Mr Clay would' ba
Presidcnl. If wo desc:(od ii ;,0 fnr 3J
we could now see Mr Van Buren would
be President. He believcd Ihat Mr Clay's
cleclion would securo lhe objec(s he h.id
spoken of. At nny rate, we should la
nble to understand Mr Clav, to knuw
when he was rihl, and soe what was his
crror when he was wrong ; nnd he made
a very strong and very nmusing nllusiun
(o Mr Van Burcn's eqtiivocal and long
windcd answtrs to public qustions, nnd
recommcndcd as a standing f.irniula by
which (hese might bc shortrncd, tl.at Mr
Van Buren should adopt the common
Yankes nnswcr lo a morning inquirv of
"How d'ye do? "Oho I don't knoie, thank
je,prcllymuch as usual!" (Cheers nnd
MrW. went on to spcak ofd.o nec
cessityof an 'honost' ndniinistralion of
cvery Goverumcnt, whatcver its form.
Govcrnmcnt was not a mcro tnacliiao,
and although its ninchinery is nccessary.
it cannot go on without an liontrst nnd
fi.ilhfi.1 direclor. It is then thc duty of
Rcpublics (o look with cnution, if not wiih
jcnlousy, upon thoso who aro to act for
them under tho chocks and bnlanccs of
their govcrnment. This duly in this
country devolvcd upon us. by lhe namo
wc bear and thisa from who.n wo do.
cond Iho Whigs of lhe wholo histury of
tho country. It dcvolved upon us to ro
mcmbcr from whom we receivo Ihis namo
and Ihe blessings acquircd under it. It is
ours (o preserve Iho Cenatitution under
which wo livo. and to seo that jt is hon
cslly ndministcred, and that in our hands
is not injiircd the farest inhcritancc man
ever enjoyed. If this Constitulion was
ever sullicd, or its blessings dei-rensed, ho
praycd that tho cutastrnphc might not bo
owing (o Whig vioIence.Whig dchoncsty,
or Whig misrulo.
Mr U'ebstcr (hcn conchided amid loud
applause, wiih which indeed nearly evcry
sentenco tof his spccch was reccived. I
scnd you this mengre skctch only in tho
hopo that it may nnticipate Ihe moro nx
(endcd reports, nnd onnble you to givo
some notion of his courso of rcmark lo
your readers a dr.y beloro tliey can bo ro
ceived. THE IIARMONTOUS DEMOCRACY.
Never was there a spccimen of confusion
worsc confounded than is now cxb.bited in
the loco ranks at Washington. That beauti
ful harmony which existed at tho commence
meut of tbe session in support of Mr. Van
Buren is most wofuUy marrcd since his point
no point Ietter on annexation has bcen pub
lisbed, and the Virginia election has resulted
so Tatally to the party. Internal disscntiom
reignsupremc, and thc party scc.ns to bedi-
vidcd into as many fragmcnts as there are
states. Their desperate cfforts to cxtricate
themselves Trom the mirc are siukiug them
still deeper. Their rcccnt defoats are adding
new pangs to their dying struggles. It is
much to be fcarcd tbat Van will at last bn
thrown overboard, lo savc iho ship from
to ta I wrock. Tho qucslion now agitalcd
in the ranks is whelher they shall cncounter
certain defcat wiih tho wcazle candidale, cr
take up some other n.au. This to bc surc, is
catching at straws, but aftcr all, we beliere
the party will prcfer a small chanco of suc
cess under some other candidate. Look at
the followiugfacts stated in tbe last papcrs:
Loco Foco IlAaMowT. The troubles in
theLoco foco camp anpear to tl.ickeu. Drom
poole, a promincut Vnn Burcn partiznn in
Congress from Virginia, has pnblished a long
Ietter in lhe Globa, rebukinz old Ritchie for
his movement at thc ShockocHill Democrat
ic Association, and avows his determination
to stand by Van Burcn. At this Association
it appears, Mr Rilchic moved the followiDj
Itcsnlution, which has ofiendcd Mr. Drom
gooie. Rcsolved. That the Dcmocratic Crntral
Committce berequested forthwith to issue an
address to the Democratic "party oT Virginia,
urgiog tbe serious and prompt cxpression ot
iheirnpinion on lhe subiectoT lhe re.anni-Tj.
tion oT Texas to the Union the propriety oT
reli ving their delegates to the Baltimoro
Convention Trom the initnie.innt wl.Tl,
biud them, leaving tbcm to tho c.xcrcisc of a
sound discretion or cven to instruct them, if
they deem it cxpedient to do so, to east iho
vote of Virginia in favor of men known and
pledged to bo in favor of annexation, and of
other action which they deem proper and cfli
eient in uniting the democracy oT tho State
in the great and vilal object of dcreating the
eicction ot ncnry Ulay.
Thompon, theMississinni Rcnudiatnr.ha
beon ncgotiatiog with Coramodorc Stewart.
preparatory to bringing him out for the Pres
ldeacy. Tbe correspoudencc has just made
its appearance. Stewart goes the whole for
tbe a dniission oT Texas. Keunedv. of Tnrli-
aaa, anpthernoisy, brawling Loco, has como
outagainst the nomination oT Van Buren,
and tells the Globe to denounce him as soon
as it pleases. Meanwhile the GIoh ia in a
quandary that is truly pitiablc. Upon tho
nomination oT Van Buren it is determined.
and, to bring this result about, now it coax
esand again it tries to bully. Upon Mr.
Ritchie's movement it says:
"lTtbe Richmond movement is pcrscvered
in, the democratic party in ihat state is sena-
ratcd rrom the body oT the party, and disband
ed. The great body of the party is not tho
dupe, nor the instrumcnt, of this second cdi-
tion of the Judge y hite intngue. and will
not be coverned by it. Mr. Ritchie may ro-
Iy npon this!"
Whereunon sixly oT the Loco Foco mem.
bers oT Congress, in high dudgeon, stopped
thsir subscription to the Globe.
Thogroans, prayers, threats. invocations.
and peisuasioos ot this interesting pfint, in
the paper of Friday, let in unon the nublie a
flood of light as to the movement now goiog
on to get rid of VanBuren, The story of a
Congressional Caucus, held to shike otTMr.
Van Buren, is there admitted to be true; and
all those concerned in it are denounccd. The
Hon. Edward Cross, of Arkansaj, in a lctter
of some length, publisbed io the Globe.
comes ont and says. that since Mr. Van Bu
ren bas taken ground against tbe immediats
ssnexatioo of Texas, ho cannot vote for him,
,aor iid any longer in repporting him. Tha