Newspaper Page Text
EDlTOR AND PKOPRIETOR.
TER.MS OF NINTII VOLUME.
Villasc Bubjcribcrs 82 00
Mail fubscriber 2,00
Individualj and Companic who lake at tCc ofiico
$l'75or 150 cents ifpaid in six months.
Those wlio talvc of Postridcrs . . .S2.00
II not paU at ibeend of the ycar 2, 25
No papcrs discontinued untH arrearaj;es are paid
esccpl at tlie oplion oftlie proprictor. So payrocr t
to drricrs albwcd except ordcred by tlic proprie
or. All communicalions mmt bo ad.lrcsscd to tlio c d
tor Tost Faid.
0 MBSftM BMU
nr ATHANIEL nAWTnORSE.
Not acreat while ago, while passing through
thc gate ofdreams, I visited that region of
tlie earth in which lics the famous city of
Dcstructiou. It intcrcstcd mo mucli to Icarn,
that, by the ptiblic spirit of some of tho in
habitants, a railroad has reccntly bcen cstab
lishcd betwcen this populous nnd flourishing
town, and the Ccleslial City. Ilaviugajittle
time upon my hands, I resolvcd to gratify a
Hberal curiosity by having a trip thillicr. Ac
cordingly, one fine morning, after paying my
liill at the liotel, nnd directing tlic porlcr to
etow my luggngc beliind a coach, I took my
seatin the vchic!c,and sctoutforthe Statiou
houc. It was my good fortune to enjoy the
cunipnny of a gcntleman one Mr. Smooth-it-away
who, though he Iiad never actually
visited the Cclestial City, yetsccmed as wcll
ncquaintcd with itslaws, customs, policy, and
statistics, as with those of the city of De
struction, of which hcwas a native townsman.
Being, morcover, a dircctor of the railroad
corporatiou, and one of its largest stockhold
cr, he had itin his power to give mc all dc
rirablc information rcspecting that praisewor
Our coach rattlcd out of the city, and, at a
phort distance froin its outskirts, passed over
a bridge of elegant construction, but sonio
what too slight, as I imagined, to Eustain any
considerable wcight. On both sides lay au
extcnsive quagmirc, which could not havc
bcen morc disagreeable, eithcr to sight or
smell, liad all the kenucls of the carth ctnp
tied tlicir p.jllution thcre.
"Tliis," remarked Mr. Smooth-it-away, "is
the famous Slough of Despond a disgrace
to all the ncighborhood ; and the grcater,that
it might so easily bc convcrtcd into fiim
" I Iiave understood," said I, '-that efibrts
have bcen made for that purpose, from time
immemorial. Biinyan mcutions that above
tiventy thousand cart-Ioads of wholesome
instructions havebccn thrown in hcre, without
"Very probably! and what clTect could
he nnticipated from such imsnbstautial stuff?"
cried Mr. Smooth-it-away. You obscrvc
tliis convcnicut bridge. Wc obtained a suf
ficicnt foundation for it, by throwinginto the
Slough some editions of bonks of morality,
volumes of Frcnch pbilosophy and Gcnnan
ratioualism, tracts, scrmons and cssays of
niodcrn clergymen, extracts from 1'lato, Con
fncius, atid various llindoo sagcs, together
wiih a few ingcnioits commcntaries upou
texts of Scripturc all of which, by somceci
cntific proccss have bcen couvcrtcd into a
mass likc granite. The whole bog might be
filled up with sitnilar mattcr."
It really scemcd o mc, hoivever, that the
bridge vibratcd and hcaved up and duwn.in a
vcry formidable manncr; aud, spite of Mr.
Sinoolh-it-anay's tcstimony to the solidity of
its fouudatinu, I should be loth to cross it in
a crowded omuibus; cspccially, if cach pas
sengcr cre ciiciiinbcrcd ith as hcavy lug
t;ageas that gcntleman and mysclf. Ncvcr
thelcss, wp got over without accidcnt, and
found ourselvcs at the Station-house. This
vcry ucat and spacious cdificc is erectcd on
the ;ite oftlie little Wicket Gatc, vdiich for
mcrly, s old pilgrims will rccollect, stood di
rcctlyacross the highway, and, by its incon
venient narrowncss. ivas a grcat obstruclion
to the travcllcr of libcral miud aud expansive
Etomacli. The readerof John Uuiiyan will
bc glad to know. that Christian's old frier-d
"Evangclist, who was accustomed to supply
cach pilgrim with a mystic roll, now presidcs
at the tickct-olHce. Somemalicious pcrsons,
it is truc, deny the idcntity of this rcputalilc
charactcrwith the Evangclistjof old tinics,and
cvcn pretcnd to bring compctent cvidcncc of
an iinpostnrc. Withont involviug mysclf iu
the dispute, I shall mcrcly obsorve,that,so far
as my cxpenence goes, the siuare pieccs of
paste-board, now delivcrcd to passen5ers,are
nuicU more convcnicut and uscful along the
road, than tlie antiquc roll of parchmcnt.
AVlielhcr thcy will be as rcadily rcceivcd at
the gate of the Cclestial City, I dcclino giv
ing an opinion.
A largc numberof pas?cngcrs wcre already
at the Station-house, awaiting the departure
of the cars. By the aspect and demcanor of
these pcrsons, it was easy to juuge tnat tne
fcelings of community had undergone o vcry
favorable change, m rcfercnce to tlie celes
tial pilErimajre. It w ould have doue Buu-
yau's hcart good to scc it. Instcad of a lone-
ly ragged man, with a hugc burdcn on his
back, plodding along sorrowlully on loot,
while the whole citv hootcd after Iiim, here
were parties, of the lirst gcntry and most re-
spectable people in tneneignooruoou,sciiing
forth towards tho CelcstialCity, as cheerfully
as it the liilgnmagc lvcre mcrcly a summcr
tonr. Among the gcntlemen were charac.
tcrs of deservcd emincnce, magistratcs, poli
ticians, and mcn of wealth, by whose cxam
plc rcligion could not but be greatly recom-
mended to tueir meancr brcthren. In the la
lies' department too I rejoiced todistinguish
some of ihose flowers of fashionablc society,
vho are so wcll fitted to adorn the most ele
vatcd circlcs of the Cclestial City. There
wasmuch pleasant couversation about the
ncws of the day, topics of business, politics,
or the lightcr mattcrs of amusemcnt; while
rcligion, though indubitably the main thing
at beart, was thrown tastefully into the back
ground. Even au infidel wnuld have hcard
little or nothing to shock his sensibility.
Onegreat convenicnce of the ucw melliod
ofcoiucon pilgrimage.Imnstnot forset to
mention. Our enormous burdens, instead of
being carned on our snouiuers, as had bcen
the custom of old, we.re all snugly depositcd
iu the baggage-car, and, as I was nssured,
would be delivered to their respectivc owners
at the journey's end. Another thing, likc
wise. the benevolent reader will be delichtcd
to uudcrstaud. It may be remembcred that
there was au ancient fend betwecn Prince
Beelzebuband the kecper of the Wicket
Gate, and that the adbcrcnts of the forraer
tlistmguished personage wcre accustomed to
shoot deadly arrows at honest pilgrims, while
knocking at tlio door. Tliis dispute mucn
to the crcdit as well of the illustrions poten
tate above mcntioned, as of the worthy Di
rectors of the railroad, has been pacificaliy
arrangcd, on the principle of mutual com
promise. Tho PriBcc'ssubjestsare nowpret
ty numerously employed abont the Station
house, some intakiog caro of the baggage,
othcrs in collecting fuel, feeding tho engines,
and such coagenial occupations; and I can
conscicntiously affirm, that pers'ons morc at
tentirc to their business, more williug to ac
commodate. or more gencrally agrccable to
the passcngers, aro not to be found on any
railroad. Evcry good heart must surely cx
ult at so satisfactory an arrangcment of an
"Where is Mr. Great-heart2" inquircd I.
"Beyond a doubt.the Directors have engagcd
that famous old champion to be chief con
ductor on the railroad .'"
"Why, no," said ilr. Sraooth-it-away, with
a dry cough. "He was oflercd the situation
of brakc-man ; but, to tell you the trutb, our
friend Great-hcart has grown preposterous
lystifTaud narrow, in his old age. He has
so oftcn guided pilgrims over the road, on
foot, that he considcrs it a siu to travel in any
othcrfashion. Besides, the old fcllow had
cntered so hcartily into the ancient feud with
Prince Bcelzebub, that he would have becu
pcrpclually at bloivs orill language with some
of the Prince'a subjects, aud thus liavc cm
broilcd us ancw. So, on the whole, wc were
not sorry whcn honcst Great-hcart went off
to the Lclcstial City in a hulT, and left us at
libcrty to choosc a morc suitable and accom
modating man. Yondcr comes the conduc
torof the train. You will, probably, recog
nizc himat oncc."
The engine at this momcnttook itsstatiou
in advance of the cars. loukimi. I must con-
fcss, niuch liko asort of mcchanical dcmon,
that would hurry us to the infernal rcgions,
than a laudablc contrivanccforsmoothingour
way to the Cclestial City. On its top sat a
personage almost envcloped in smokc and
ilame, which not to startle the reader ap-
pcared to cush from his own mouth and
stomach, as wcll as from the cugiue's brazcn
Do my eVcs deccivo me?" cried I.
"What on earth is this .' A Iivinrr creaturo!
if so, he is own brotber to the cngine that
ne nues upon:
"l'oh, poh, you are obtuse!" said Mr.
Smooth-it-away, with a hcartylaugh. "Dou't
you know Apollyon, Christiuu's old encmy,
withwhorahc foughtso fiercc abatllein the
Valley of Huinihation 2 IIc was tho very fcl
low to managc the cngine; and so wc have
rcconciled liim to the custom ofgoiug ou
jiilgriniage, and engagcd him as chicf con
ductor." "iiravo, bravol" cxclaimcu 1, with lrrc-
pressiblc cnthusiasm, "this shows thelibcral
ityofthcage; this proves, if anythiiig can,
that all niusty prcdjudiccs arc in a fair way
to bc obhtcratcd. Aud uow will Clinstian
rcjoicc to hear of this happy transformation
of his old antagonist! I promisc mysclf
grcat plcasurc in lurorming lum of U, wlicn
wc rcach the Celcstial City."
The passengcrs bciug all comfortably 6eat
cd, we now rattled away merrily, accom-
plishing a grcatcr distancc in tcn nunutcs
thau Christian probably trudgcd over in a
day. It was laughable while wc glanccd
along, asit wcre, at the tail ofa thundcrlolt,
to obscrvc two dusty foottravellcrs, in the old
pilgrim-guisc, with cockshcll and staflT, their
prcposterous obstiuacy of thcic honcst pcojile
iu persist'm to groan and stumble along the
diflicult pathway, .rathcr than take advantagc
of moduru improvcmcuts, cxcilcd grcat mirth
among our wiser brothcrhood. Wo crceted
the two pilgrims with mauy pleasant gibcs,
aud a roar of laughter; whcrcupon, thoy
gazcd at us with such woeful and absurdly
compasionatc visagcs, that our merriraent
grew tcnfolil more obstrcperous. Apollyon,
also, entcrcil heartily into tue iun, and con'
trivcd to flirt the smokc ard fiamo of the cn
gine, or of his own breath, into their faccs,
and envelopc thcnun aiiatmospucrcoi scaid
ing steam. Thcsc little practlcal iokes amiiS'
cd us mightily, and, doubtlcss, aflbrded tlic
pilgrims tliegratiucdtiouol consiucnng tnem
At some distancc from the railroad, Mr.
Smooth-it-away pointcd to a Iarge, antiquc
cdificc, which, he obscrvcd, was a tavern of
lou" stauding, and had formcrlr bcen a no-
tcd stopping-placc for pilgrims. In Bunyan's
road-bookitis mcntioned astho Intcrprcter's
"I havc long had a curiosity to visit that
old mausion," remarked I.
"Itis not one of our stations, as you pcr
ccivc," said my companiou. "The kceper
was violently opposed to tho railroad: aud
wcll he might bc, as the track left his house
of cntcrtainmcnt on one sidc, and thus was
pretty certam to dcpnve lum of all his rcpu
tablc customcrs. But the foot-path still pass-
cs 1ns tloor; aud the old gcnllemau now and
thcn rcceives a call from somesimplo travcl
lcr, aud cntertaius hun with farc as old-lasli-ioned
Bcforo our talk on this subject camo to a
conclusion, we wcre rushing by the place
where Christian's burthen fcll from his shoul
dcrs, at the sight of the Cross. This scrved
as a theme for Mr.Smooth-it-away, Mr. Livc-for-the-world,
Mr. Hide-siii-in-thc-heart, Mr.
Scaly-conscicncc, and a kuot of gentlcmeu
from the town of Shun-rcpcntance.to descant
upon the lnestimablc advantagcs rcsultmg
from the safetyof our baggage. Myself, and
all the passengers iudced, joined with creat
unanimity in this view of the matter; for our
burthcns wcre nch in many tnings estcemcu
preciousthroughout the world: and especial-
ly, we each of us possesscd a great variety of
favorite Habits, whicb wc trustcd would not
be out of fashion, cven in the polite circles of
tho Celcstial City. It would havc been a sad
spectacle to sec such an assortment of valua
ble articlcs tumbling into tho sepulchrc.-
Thus pleasantlyconversing on the favorite
circumstances of our position. as comparcd
with those ofpast pilgrims, and of narrow
minded ones at the prcscnt day.we soon found
ourselves at the foot of the liill Difiiculty.
Through the very hcart of this rocky raouu
tain a tunnel has been constructed, of most
admirable architcctuic, with a lofty arch, and
a doubletrack; so that, unless the earth and
rockssbould chince to crumble down. jt will
remain au eterual monumentof the builder's
skill and entetprise. It is a great, though m-
cidental advantagc, that tne maicnais irom
the beart of the Hill Difficulty have been em
ployed in fillinguptbe Valley ofllumilation ;
thus obviating the neccssity of desccndiug
into that disagreeable and unwholesome hol
Iow. "This is a wondcrful improvement, in
decd," said I. "Yet I should have been glad
of an opportunity to visit the Palaco Beauti
ful,and bc introauced to thecharming young
ity, and the rest who have the kindnecs to
entertain pilgrims tbert."
"Yonnc ladies!" cried Mr. Smnoth-it
away, assoon ashe could spoak for Iaughing.
"And charminc young Iadie3 ! Whv. mv dear
fellow. thev are old maids, every soul of them
prim, starcbod, dry, and angular not one
Of thcin, 1 WlU vemure iu say, ua auered so
much as the fashion ofher own gown, eince
the days of Christian's pilgrimage."
"Ah, well," said I, much comfortcd, "then
I can rcadily dispensc with their acquaint
ancc." Tho respectable Apollyon was now put
ttng on the steam at a prodigious rate; anx
ious, pcrhapg, to gct rid of the unpleasant
remisccnccs connected with the epot where
he hadso disastrously encountered Christian.
Consulting Mr. Bunyan's road-book, I pcr
ccivcd that we must now be within a few
milcs of the Valley of the Shadow of Dcath :
wc should plunge much sooner than secmed
at all desirablc. In trutb, I cxpccted nothing
bettcr than to find myself in the ditch on one
side, or the quag ou the other. But, ou
communicating my apprehensions to Mr.
bmooth-it-away, lie assured me that the difn
culties of this passage, cven in its worst con
dition had bcen rrcatly cxaggcrated; and
that, in its present stato of improvement, I
might consider mysclf as safe as on any rail
Even white we were speakiug, tho train
shot into the cntranco of this drcaded Val
ley. Though I plead guilty to some foolish
palpitations of the hcart, during our headlong
rush over the causeway hcre constructcd.yet
it wero unjust to withhold the bighest cnco
miums on the boldness of itsorigiual conccp
tion, aud thc ingcnuity ofthosc who cxccuted
it. It was gratifying, Iikcwisc, to obscrve
lioiv much care had been takcn to expcl thc
everlasting glooni, and supply the defcct of
checrful suushine ; not a ray of which has
evcr pcnctrated amnug these awful shadows.
Vnr fhi mimnsp. tbn infiammnble irnq.ivliirh
i - i i - o
j exudcs plentifully from the soil, is collected
by means ot pipcs, aud thence commnicated
to a quadruple row oflamps, along the whole
cxtcnt of thc passage. Thus a radiancc has
bcen crcated (out of thc fiery sulphurons
curse that rcsts forcver upon the Valley; a
radiancc hurtful, howcver, to the eyes, and
somewhat bewildering, as I discovcred by thc
changes which it wrought iu thc visagcs of
my companions. In this respect, as comparcd
with natural daylight, there is thc same diff
crcuce as betwcen truth aud falschood; but
if thc reader havc evcr trarclled through tho
dark Valley, ho will havc lcamed tobethank
ful for any ligbt ho could get; if not from
tlic sky above, thcn from tho blastcd soil be
neatli. Such was tlie rcd brilliancy of these
lamps, that thcy appcared to build walls of
firc on both sides of thc track, botivecn which
wc hcld our courso at lightning spccd, while
a rcvibrating thunder lilled the Valley with
its cchocs. Had thc eugiuc run ofTtlie track
a catastrophc by no means unprcccdcnted
thc bottomlcss pit, if there bc any such
placc, would undoubtcdly have rcceivcd us.
Just as some dismal foolcrics of this uaturc
had made my heart quakc, there came a trc
mendous shriek, carecring along the Valley
as if a thousand dcvils had burst their lungs
to uttcr it, but which proved to bc mcrcly tho
whistle of the cngine, on arriving at a stop
Thc spo't where wc had now pauscd, is the
same that ourfriendBunyan atruthfulman,
but infectcd with many fantastic notions has
designatcd, iu teruis plainer than I like to re-
pcat, as the mouth oftlie luferual region.
Tln, however, muKbca imstake; masmucn
as Mr. Sraooth-it-away, while we remained
111 the smoky and lund cavern, took occasion
to provo that Tophct was not even a nieta
phorical cxistcncc. The place, hc assured
us, is uo otbcrthan tbccratcrofahalfextinct
volcano, iu which the directors have causcd
forges to bc set up, for thc manufacturo of
rail-road iron. llcnce, also, is obtained :
plcntiful supply of fucl for the usc of thc en
gines. Whoevcr has gazcd into thc dismal
obscurity of the bread cavcrn mouth, whence
evcr aud anon darted huge tongucs of dusky
flamc, and had sccu thc strangehalf-shaped
mousters, and visions of faces hornbly gro
tcsnue, into which thc smokc scemcd to
wrcathe itself, and had hcard the awful mur
murs, and shricks.aud decpshuddcring whis
pers of thcblast, somctiines formiug itself in
to words almost articulatc, would havc
scizcd upon Mr. Smooth-it-away's comfort
ablc explanatiou, as crccdily as wc did. The
inhabitants of the cavcrn, ruoreover. wcre un-
lovelv pcrsonaes, dark, smokc-bcgnmmed,
ecneraily deformed, with mis-shapen feet,and
aglowof dusky redness in their cycs; as if
their liearts tiad caugut tire, ana were maz
iuc out of thc upper windows. Itstruck me as
a peculiarity, that the laborcrs at tho foree,
aud those who broucht fuel to thc cngine.
when they began to draw short breath, pos-
ltively emittcd-smoke Irom tlieir raoutu and
Among the idlers about the train, most of
whom wcre pufHng cigars' which they had
lighted at the flame of thc cratcr, i was pcr-
plcxcd to notice several who, to my ccrtain
knowlcdge, had hcrctoforc set forth by rail
road lor ne Uclestial Uity. itiey lookcd
dark, witd and smoky, with a singular rcsem-
blance, indecd, to thc native inhabitants; likc
whom, also, they had a disagreeable propen
sity to ill-naturcd cibes and snecrs, thc habit
of which had wrought a settled contortion of
tlicir visages. Jlaving bcen on speakmg
tcnns with one ofthesc persons an iudolent,
good for-nothing fellow, who wcnt by the
namc of Take-it-casy I called to him, and
inquircd what was his busincs thcre.
"Did you not start," said I, "for the Celes
"That's a fact, said Mr. Take-it-easycare-lessly
pufTing some smoke into my eyes.
"Butl hcard such bad acrounts, that I ncv
cr took paius to climb the hill, on which the
City stands. No business doing no fun
going on nothing to driuk, and no amoking
allowed and a thrummiDg of church music
from morning till night ! I would not stay in
such a place, if thcy oflercd mo housc-room
and living free."
"But, my good Mr. Take-it-easy," cried
I, "why take upyourresidcnce here, of all
places in thc world 1"
"Oh," said the loafer, with a grin, "it is
very warm hercabouts, and I mect with plcn
ty of old acquaintances, and altogethcr the
place suits mc. I hopo to see you back
again some day soon. A pleasant journcy to
While he was speakiog, thebcll of the en
gine rang, and we dashcd away, after drop-
ping a lew passengcrs, uui rcceivmg no new
ones. nattnng onwaru uirougu mo v aucy,
we wcre dazzled with the ficrccly glcaming
gas lamps, as bcfore. But sometimcs of in
tense brightcess, grim faces, that bore the as- j
pcct and expression of individual sins, or
evil Dassions. secmed to thrust themselves
through the veil of ligbt, glaring upon us.and
stretching forth a great dusky hand, as if to
impedc our progrcss. I almost thoughtthat
they wero my own sins that appallcd me
there. These wcre freaks of imagination
notbing more, certatrjy mfO delusions,
VT. WEDNESDAY, MAY 22,1844.
which I ought heartily to bo nshamed of
but all through the dark Valley, I was tor
mcnted, and pestered, and dolefullybcwilder-
eu, witn thc same kind or waKing dreams.
ever.bnrrnn tni-imcrMn with the pIow nf i!m
lanterns, thcso vain imaginations lost their
vividness, and finally vanished with the first
ray ot sunsnine tnat greetea our cscapo irom
the Valley of the Shadow of Dcath. Erewe
had gone a mile beyond it, i could well mgh
have takenmy oath that thU wholo gloomy
passage was aarcam.
An nmusing story, arising from a misap-1 wil1 AIvin Stewarl and Gerritt Smith say
plication of words, was told us a few days to Hioso "soul kilhng" enormitics?
sincc, of a couple of young buckaVho start-1 Alb Eve Jour.
cd ofT onabcautiful night last weck, to visit
a young lady, the daughtcr of a staid and RATHER SYMPT021ATIC.
stcrn old Presbytenan.and who resided in tho
vicinity of a mill dam. Tho Barlington Scntinel, a Loco Foco
Having arrived at tbe mausion, and hav-'Journal which groanod about "tho with
ing knockcd at one of the docrs for a consid-, cring curso of tho wh; Tarifp. durin
erable length of time without summoning tho ,ast Congrcsstonal clcction in this
any one to admit tliem, they concludcd to n;..:- a P .u .m t n .
try another door. After sundry knocks and ?!s,r,c ' at-"rt.scs tho "Plchetan 1 racU."
thumps, tbe old "Blue" himsclf, arraycd m' 1 ncso tracts which tho Scntinel wishes to
all thc dignity which an cldership in the nnvo circulatod among tho peoplo ofVer
church could inspire him with, stood bcforo mont aro "Freo .Tradc" tracts, and on
thera, when he was thus accostcd by one of dcavor to prove, a3 Mr Bradlcy Barlow
theyoungsters: has tricd to do, that tho present Tariffis
Is'pose, sir, you couldn't hear us for this "ruinous and opprcssivo" to tho laborcr.
.Iwfca.Ii.nS' i i.t n t. Who bolieves now, that tho qucstion ofa
'What!' cxclaimed the rrosbytenan, start-1 ii,-., .: t -n-- . .
ing back in astonishment, and flourishing his1 lu T D ,
walkingstick over the hcadof the bewildcredlMy ,h?.bi'c- tho Loco Focos throughout
youth in a niost warlike inanner, 'How daro
you usc sucn language in my prcsence?'
'I meant to say, sir, stuttered the vouth.
that you could not bearourknock for this
dam roaring !'
'Iusult upon insult,' now sboutcd tbe infu-
riated elder at tbe same time making a pass
at the young blood, with bis stick, that would
havc done houor to any profcssor of the art
At this crisis tho companion of the first
speaker advaucing, and after clearing his
throat, and lookinz wistfullv at thc water as
it dashed over the work th.it had been erect
cd to impedc its progrcss, said
'My fricnd, I supposc, sir, intcnded to say
that you were prcvcntcd from hcaring us by
tbis oam Toaring!' cmphasising the two last
words in a most tcmble manncr.
At this last cxplanation tho old gcntleman
fairlyraved andit would have farcd badly
for our heroes, had not the objcct of their vi
sit, who had ovcrhcard thc wholo convcrsa
tiou camc to their assistance, aud informcd
her 'papa' that itwasimpossiblcforthe young
gcntlcmen to havc been hcard on account of
the roaring of the dam.
Explanations passed on both sides the
young centlemen wcre ihvitcd into tho house,
where they passed the cvcning very pleasant-
iy, and lelt, I'thanking their stars for tho op
portune appcaranco of tbe 'little lady, and
for tbe lucky cscape thcy had made. Cul.
If I posscd tbe most valuablc things in thc
world, and was about to will them away, thc
tollowing would be my plan ol distnbution:
I would will to tho world truth and fricnd-
ship, which are very scarcc.
I would give an ndditioual portion of truth
to'cditors and lawyers, to tradcrs and mer-
I would give to physicians skill and leam
I would give to printers their pay.
To old womcn short tongues.
To young women, common senso, large
waists, natural lcct, and all tue bran:
To young sprouts or dandics, good sense,
little cash, aud hard work.
To old maids, good tcrnpers, little talk, and
To old bachelors, a lovo for virtue, chil
dren nnd wivcs.
A gentleman who had lost his wifc, whoso
maidcn namc was Little, addressed the fol
lowing lines to Miss Moorc, a lady of dimin-
I've lost thc Little oncc I had,
My hcart is sad and sorc;
So now I should be vcry glad
To have a little Moore.
To which tbe lady rcturned tho following
I pity much the lossyou'vo had,
The grief you must cndure;
A heart by Little made sosad,
A little Moore won't cure.
A writer of a Iove tale, in dcscribing his
beroine, says 'Innoeenco dwells in thc rich
curls of her dark hair.' We should tbink it
stood a pretty fair chanco of being comled
A good book and a good woman arc exccl
lent things to those who know how to justly
appreciate their value. But there aro men
who judge of both only by their covcring.
A SLAVEHOLDER ! !
Wo aro dono for ! Mr FaEijNonnr
sen is "a used up man." Tho Etnanci
pator has finally extinguished tho Whig
Party 1 Wo have nominatcd a Slavc
Holdcr for Vico President And if you
dou't belicve it.road what Mr Lcavilt, the
Editor of tho Abolition Eraancipator
Mr FBEtisontrrsEN is still NEW
JERSEY SLAVEHOLDER. On this
point wo do not spcak with Absoluto ccr
taintv. Wc know that witbin a few
ycars hc had upon his hands nn old wo
man who had bcen a slavo to nis tnthcr,
and whom ho was maititaining in comfort
os it was just ho should ; but nothing
scemcd topersuadc him tbat ho could bo
just, and just as kind to old aunty after
giving ber Free papers, as no was now.
Nono of his ncighbors bolieved it ncccss
arv for him to keep himself undcr tbe
stnngent cocrsion of Ihe'law to mako him
do right in tho matter, but bo scemcd to
thinkit best that this pious- mother inls.
rael should livo and dio A slaye..
Whetber eho is still living, or whother Mr
F has ccased to be a slaveholder by tho
trresistiblo providenco of God, wo aro not
Thero it is, nght out in meetin'i Mr
botwcon January 1st and
vtce I'rcstdcnt, who, inslead ot nllowinR
? womnn who had been o slavo of.
h'3 Fathcr, to go with "free papers" to
oio in mo poor nouso or starro in tho
strccts, barbarously, "raaintaincd her in
comfort !" Oh tho monstcr ! And yet
th0 whigs havo nominaled a man for
y: pres!det who fed and clolhcd nn
old negro woman, instcad of turning her,
whon too old to work, friendless, hclplcss
and dcstitutc, upon tho world ! What
franklin Lounty patromzo tho "New
iorn rieocian a trco irano journ&i
acvotea to tho advanccmcnt ol Bntish
interest8 and tho clcction of ATartin Van
Burcn. Tho moro (his papcr is circula
tcd in Vermont, tho bcttcr for thc causo
of Clay and Protcction to Uomo Indus
try. To pretcnd to be a Tariff party and
patronizo a frco (rado ncwspapcr, is to sav
thc lcast rathcr suspicious- St. Albans
Tiie Postace BitL. Tho Washington
Spectator givcs tho followingjoxtract of thc
hill rcducing tho ratca of postngc, ns or
dcred (o a third reading in tho Scnnto by
a largo mojorily on Wcdnosday:
"For cvcry singlo Icller forlcs3 than
30 milcs, 3 ccr.ts ; over 30 and not over
100, 5 ccnts ; over 100 nnd not over 300
10 ccnts; over 300, ccnts ; Singlo doublc
and quadruple lottcrs in proportion. A
quarter of an onncc in weight cquivalent
to a singlo eltcr. Drop Icttcrs, 2 cents
cach. Lcttcrs advertiscd to bo chargcd
with tho cost of advertising. Ncwspa
pcrs of grcatcr sizo than lOOOsquarc
inchcs, tho samo ratcs of postngc as mag
azinos or pamphlots. Printod or litho
graphcd circulars not Inrgcr than fool
scap shall bo charged 2 ccnts cach shcct
for any distancc. Pamphlots, periodicals
mngnzincs, 2J ccnts cach copy wcigh
ing not moro than an ouncc, not cxcced
ing 100 milcs; 5 ccnts for any greater dis
tanco; nnd one ccnt additional for cach
additional ouncc in wctght, a fraction of
moro than half an ounco lo bo chargcd
as an ounco. Whero tho mails arc so
hcavy as to rctard malcrially tho spccd, a
scpcrala mail to be providcd for Icttcrs.
acts granting tho right (onny pcraon lo
reccivo through tho mail froeof poslagc
Icttcrs or ncwspapers. &c, are annullcd.
Tho OHicers of Govcrnmcnt having tho
franking privilcgo to kccp an account
of tho postago on all ofiicial matter rc
ceivcd or lransmittcd through tho mail,
and tho same to bs paid out of thc con
tingcnt funds of thc rcspcctivo Dcpart
mcnts. Tho franking priviJcgo allowed lo tho
thrcc Assistant Postmastcrs Gcnoral Post
mastcrs throughout thc Union on Icttcrs
only tclating tc the business of thc De
partment. Tho President, Vico Prci
dent, widows of cx-Presidents, cx.Presi
dents, cx-Vico Prcsidents tho Hoads of
Dcpailmcnts, and Attornoy Gcncral are
allowed tho franking privilcgc ; Mcmbors
of Congrcss, Delogates of Territorics,
Sccrctary of tho Scnalc, and Clerk of
tho IIouso, nuthorizcd to rcceivo and
transmit public documcnts frco of postwdcntial' cflort lo promnio Van Buron's
agc, and also during each scssion, and
for thirty days precceding and subsequent,
to recciva all Icttcrs not excacding two
ounces ; tbe prstace on all over two oun
ces to bo paid out of thc continr'ent fund
ofench House. In lieu of tho privilegc
herctoforc allowed of transmitting wnt
ten or printcd matter, free of postage, to
bo furnished with a numbcr of frco stamps
or cnvclopcs, equal to fivo pcr day during
tbo session, but any mattcr cncloscd in
them, wcighing moro than two ounces,
to bo subject to postage. l'nvato cxpress
cs and mails forbiddcn undcr hcavy pcn.
altics. os also those transmitlinff tbo Ict
tcrs, and tho propri'ctors of tho means of
conveyance Iho free cxchangc ol ncws.
papcrs between publishers pcrmitted.
Hcavr ncnaltics providcd for nll viola-
tions of tho law. Contracts for tho mail
hereafler to bo given to tho lowcst biddcr,
without regard to tho modo ol convey
ance, and tho contractor not requircd to
tako the stock of his prcdccessor. Lct
tcrs to bo advcrtised in papcrs having thc
largest circulation, ninjcrtcd for a pncc
not greater than is not fixcd by law.
EAST INDIA COTTON.
Tbo Post, last year, had a crcnt deal to
say about tbo dccrcaso of tho imporlations
of East India cotton into Livcrpool. It
forgot to mention tho.i tho causeofthis
decrcaso. Of courso this omission was
wholly accidenlial. The Post know, of,
courte, that tbo secret of it all was that a
matkct so much nearer and better, in
China, attractcd thithcr a largo porlion of
East Indta cotton, which would otbcrwiso
havo gono lo England. The Post know
all this, but was silont ! Why 7 Doesl
tho Post know- how tbis dccrease contin.
ucs 7 U says nothing upon the Eubjcct.
! Why 1 Cecauso, in spilo of tho market
in China, tho imporlations into England
; tho present ycar aro grcatcr tban evcr bc-
I IHarch Ist, thero wero imported into
Great Britain 200,955 bales ofAmcrican
cotton. Durins tho samo pcriod, this
ycar, thc lmports amounf to 170,445
Docronse, 30,510 or about 15 per ccnt !
During tho samo periods in the two ycars
tto import ino Lnjland of East India
cotton has bcen as follows :
1842 4001 balca
1841, 11,131 "
Incrcasc, C230, or over "a hundrcd and
thirty pcr ccntura !
iriiat says Mr Post to this ?
TIIEIR ANTI-SLA VERY
GROUNI) AND GOING FOR VAN
Wo alludcd bricfly, tho othcr dav. lo
thcalacrily andzcal with which tho Ab-
olition ncwspapers laborcd to rcvivo and
circulato cxplodcd nnd malignnnt calum-
nies against fllr Clay. But wo had not
thcn, what has cotnc into our posscssion
sinco, evidescf: that Abolition Icadcrs
havo becomo Kan Burcn partizans. It
was apparent from tho courso of Abolition
papers that tho 'Liberty party was an
anxiliary ofVan Burcnism, but whilo
profcssinf; to stand upon hich rrounds as
an indcpcndont "Third Party" wo did
not supposc them guilty of tho duplicity
of playing direclly and inleniionally into
tho hands of a pnrty that gocs with thc
South against all mcasurc3 tcnding to thc
cmancipation ot alavcry, andinfavoroi
n President who stands plcdgcd to Vcto
any Law Congrcss may pass abolishing
Slavcry in tho District of Columbia. But
so it is. And hero is the cvidcnco :
Aijiasy, April 18,1844.
"Dcar Sir You will pardon mo for
sending you tho cncloscd Tract. Be'
lioving you to ho n Philanteropisl.desiring
tho abolition of Duclling and Slavery.
and opposed (n I hope) to tho elcvation
ofa man guilty ofboth thcss crimcs to
tho Prcsidcncy. I hopo you will favor
us with a donation that wo may bo cna
blcd (o publish a largc numbar and send
thom broadcast over tho land. Ifyou
do notseo fit (o scnd a donation, will you
send an order for a numbcr of Tracts to bo
distributod by yourself.
In bchalf of tho Exccutivo Committec
of the Eastcrn N, Y Anti-Slavery Society
vcry respecllully. K. W. UUUWliN
V. S. You may rcmit through tho mail
N. B. Wo publish ten thousand copics
of tho hrst cdition aud hope to bc ablo to
send out ffty thousand morc. Tho price
is fa a tnousanu
Tho following is an oxtract from tho
Tract cncloscd in this 'confldcntai Circu
Or, a caiidid avveal to the moral and re
ligions portion or our countrymcn xehiare
mclined lo tupport Henry Clay for the
Owing to tho liabihty of good mon be
ing Icd into tho sin of votingfor a Duel-
ist to thc Prcsidcncy, wo havo dcemcd it
incumbcnt upon us to sot beforo tho com'
munity an array of facls in relation to
Mr Clay's conncction with tho murdcr
ous practico ol duellinif, whicn as wo
tliink, it will bc impossiblo to gainsay or
Theso 'confldcntial' Circulars asking
for Lionations, aro nddresscd lo Van 15 u
ren pohticians. Tho Circular from which
wo now copy was nddresscd to a Icading
supportcr of Van Burcn. MrbWOod
wm is Edltor ot thc Abolition papcr in
this city. Wc had supposed htm to bo a
conscicntious Abohttonisl, placinir his op
position to Mr Clav upon that ground.
It is not a weck sinco ho camc to us cx.
pressing tha utmost tsolicitudo against the
Annexation ot 1 oxatf, but wc uid not Ihen
drcam that ho was cngagod in a 'confi
elcction, and in asking "Donations" from
Van Burcn men to aid tho Party by whom
Tcxas is (o bo brousht into tho Union.
We now nsk all right-mindcd, honcst
men, who bccamo Abolitiomsts from a
scnsc of duly ; who scperatcd themselves
from their party Associations to dovoto
their cncrgies to tbo causo of Alncan
cmfticipation ; who fntended to know
and ncknowledco"no party but that which
opposed itself to Slavcry whother their
principles havo not bcen eacrificed and
their cdnfidcnco abused7 Mr Van Bu.
rcn is in closo alliance with tho slavc
holdcr. His supportcrs. in Congress and
in our Lcgislaturc, havc for vears opposed
evcry mcasuro tcnding to the Abolition of
blavery, or dosigncd to amcliorato tho
condition of Slaves. Ho is solemnly
pledired to Vcto tho only Constitutional
Law Congrcss has tho power to pass for
tho Emancipation of Slavcry in the Dis
trict of Columbia. Alb. Evc. Jour.
SYNOPSIS or tue TEXAN TREATY.
Art. 1. Conccdcs to the Unitcd Statos.all
tho TexanTerritories, to be annexcd as aTer-
ritory. Tbis mcludes every Uung m tne na
ture of Territory, and all its anpendages.
Art. 2. Sccures tbe immediate admission
of tbo Texians to all the rights of citizeng.
Art. 3. Guarantees tbe security of all ti
tles torcal citate, and a speedy adjudication
of all unsettled claiins to land.
Art.- 4. Tbe public lands ccded are to be
regulated by tbe laws now applying to pub
lic lands in the United Statos. If tho six
tcenth section cannot be applicd (as now ar
rangedl to the purposes of education, Con
gress are to mako equal provisions for that
purpose out of the public lands.
Art. 5. Tho Unitcd Statcs arc to pay tho
public debt of Texas, bowever crcated, to tbe
eitimated tfmounuof tcn millions of dollars.
Art. 6. Provides for the appointmont, by
IS FDDLlSnED EVERr WEOSESOAT MOBMMO
IX STEVTART'S BCItDIn?,
BY J. COBB JR.
BT WHOM ALI OKDEK3 TOB rU1.1TlS
fonK$, c. $Mc gtr,
Of evcry dcscription will be ncatlv
fashionably cxecutcd, at short notice.
the President of the Unitcd Statcs. by the-
conscnt of thc Senatc, of 4 Coramissioiicrs
to mcel at tho capitol of Texas, within six
montlis, toboin scssiou not morc than 12
months to hear and scttle claima for dcbts-
Art. 7. Tho laws of Uexas to remain till
furthcr provisions aro made, as nowand al!
executirc and judicial ofiicers, but tlic Presi
dent, Vico President, and heads of dcjiart-
ments, to remain as tney are.
Art, o. A commissioner to oe annomtcil.
as abovc.to go toTexas anl rcceive the trans
fer of the treaty arcbivcs. &c. in the uamcr
of the United Statcs, and to executc all ne
ccssary authority tharc, till olrwiso provi
ded by law.
1 he ninth article allown aix montlis fortuo
ratification of tbe Treaty.
For ihe Northcrn Gabxy.
LETTER FROM TIIE STATE TEiM-
PEBASCE AOEST. TUE WORK. PIIOGI1ES5INU.
To the Chairman of the Ccntral Commiltee of
Sir: Since completing my touritescribcd
in my last rcport, I havc visited Kiulaudr
(East and West) Manchester and Bcmiingtoo
ou tho West sidc of the mountaiou, Windsor,
Weathersfield, (at the Bow and at Pcrkins-
illc) Springficld, (North and South,) Ches
ter, Ludlow, Proctorsville in Cavendish.
Fclchville in Reading, (where a violcnt rain
prevcutcd a mceting) and Woodstock. I
have also spcnt a fortuight in Massachiisctts.
Through tbis cutire section of tbe Siate, a
gcncral movcmcnt has bcen made upou thc
subject of liccnscs. Iu Rutland County thc
Lourt has had its scssion, and a priuteu lettcr
from Mr. Spcnccr, our Correspotnlins 5-ccrc-tary
for that County, informs thc public that
liccnses for rum taverns have bcen granted n
only fivc towns of tho county. Bennington
county stands in about thc samo conditiun.
I n this county, (Windsor,) I can not vct as-
ccrtain thc numbcr of tuwm which Ime ta
keu actiou upou the qucstion, Lut this Ln?
bcen done iu tcn at lcast, cithcr by vr.te iu
town mcctuig or by petitions, and in all these,
tlic expression is dccidcdly against thc grant
ing of any liccnsc.
Tho Court is now m Scssion here, bcfore
whom the battlc is to bo fought, bctnccn rum
and uo rum. A dcep intcrcst b taken in thc
qucstion upon both sides, aud next Mor.day
evcniag tho discussions arc to comnicnce.
Probably several cvcnings will bc coniimircl
crc thc contcst will bc closed. In no instaiKC
in which this subject has bcen prcscutrd bc
fore thcco towDj, has tho result been unfainr
able, with the cxccption of Ilarlt.iml. j y
the free usc of rum, and the aid of thc vi.ti
of about 25 drunkanls, onr oppouents verur
cd a majority. But even thcre, the rober
sccond thought of tlic pcoplo was corrcct.
A greater numbcr of votera harc signcd tlr;
petitions that the traific may not bc liccused,
than otcd wiih thc majority at thc mcctuig.
Iu somo towns, cven thc iiitcmpcratc are
prompt in giving us their namcs. They say
that they knoif thcy arc injuring theiiiseh ci
aud their families, but whcn thc tcmptation ij
bcforo them tliej cannot resist. Iu ooil
stock thc petitions arc signed by grcat mim
bcrs. Upon ono toplc connected wiib this quc.
tion, I find almost every whcrc,mistakcn vicns
iu thc community. Irefer to tbe opcratioii
of the laws rcstraining thc salc of iutoxica
ting liquorj in Mnssaclnisctts. It is said by
rum sellcrs, and tcpcatcd by those who con
fide in tbcir statcmcnts, that driuking is
prcvalent iu Massacbusctts now as evcr, and
that the laws are gcnerally violated and with
impuuity. OJJicial documcnts prove the con
trary of all tbis. I havc beforc me the reports
of thc Attonicy Gcncral, cmbracing thcsc
particulars, and I give you tho rcsult.
Tbc State is dicidcd into fivc dislricls tbe
four wcstcrn couiitics fonning thc wcstcrn
district. Worcester and Norfolk counties tbc
Midillc, Middlesex and Essex thc Knrlliern,
SutTolk being a district by itself, and thc oth
cr eoutbcrn counties fnrming tho Snuihcin
District. Takiug tbo trials tbat were had
during the years 1834 1S33 iuclusivc.the rc-
sults wcre as follows:
In 163-1 1C0 convictions, and 7 acniiittals.
1835 1G7 do 12 .lo
1B3G 1C5 do 5 do
1837 105 do 2 i!o
1S33 10G do 10 do
1830 110 do 71 da
Making the ralcnlation another irnv, tlic
trials in tach district during thcsc jears. and
ir.eluding all thc rcporls made in ld43, (the
Nortbern and Southcrn not having been re
portcd thatyear,) rcsulted as follows:
In thc Middlc, 102 couvictions 49 ncquiu
Wcstcrn, 59 do 21 do
Southcrn. 4G do 8 do
Northcm, 2(51 do 40 do
Bufiblk, 70 do 29 do
Making, iu total -
JU57 conric. 1ZU r.cqmr.
In 1839 the proportion of convictions to
tbe acqnittals was lcss than during tho prc
cedins ycars. la thc Middle and Western
Districts for that year, tbe rrsults wero 12
convictions, and 29 acquittals. But iu lool
ing at tbe result of tbe wholo criminal dock
et for the same pcriod in those district!,! find
only 123 convictions, and 204 acquittals, rc
taining about tho same relativo result as in thc
Again. it is said that the fines and costs are
not collected. This is too idle to talk about
For the year 1839 I find reportcd, in these
cases, as paid, (exclusive of trials befurc ma
gistrates) $3079,23. No reports for otlirr
ycars are in ray posscssion, on this matter.
and none even made to thcLcgisIature tourh
ing indictmenta undcr the license laws, as a
separate ilem, for the ycars I have omittccl,
viz. 1840, '41, and '42. Mnch more has bcen
paid since tbat time than was paid in 1639.
As to tne amouniurauK iuassacuuscu.",
I nced onlv sav that not somucbardcnt spir-
it was imported into the Unitcd States in
1843, as was fonnerly consumcd inMassacbu-
setts alone. At the same time tbc niimber
of distillcrics has very much diminished.
This is abundantly shown by documcnts now
before me. But probably the point will ir
tbougbttoo well settled to contcnd about.and
I leave it until the proof is called for.
M. P. PARISU.
Woodstock, May 10, 1814.