Newspaper Page Text
H . BELL,
EDITOR AND PKOPKIETOR.
TERMS OFNINTII VOLUME.
C"11si?e snbscribers 2 00
r.,:l Iwrrilipra. - - 2 00
r-,i;;,l.i:ils and Coir.panies who lake at tlic office
S 1'7j or 1'30 cents if paid in six monlhs.
TIi.Te wlio take of Poslri Jcrs . . .2,00
II not paid at llieend of tlie ycar 2. 25
TCo p.ipers discontinued until arrearagcs are paid
r.trepiatthe option ofthe proprictor. No pajmci t
( . CUrriersallowed exceptordered bj ihipropne-
A1! eoram'inicationsmustbc addressed totheed
itor Post Paid
A SKETCH FROM REAL LIFE.
ET JAMES rees.
It was n tempestuous night, the wind whis
tled fcarfuUy, and liail stones whose sizc
thrcateued to dcmolish the windows, rattled
ajatnsl them wilh apertinacity nsifto test
their strength. In tlic parlor of alliicold
fishioncd houe, bcside a rather comfortlcss
ilre on such a nijht, were scated the family
of Mr. Sunderland, consisting of hitnself,
wife, daughter, and a failliful r.iaid scrvant.
a heavy glooin moreofsorrow tlian of anger,
rcstcd on cach broiv, not even excepting
that of the maid scrvant alludcd to, from
whose eagcr glances evcr aud auou east to
ward the fnmily group, the close observer
would Iiave noted the dcep iiitercst shc took
in the cause of their gricf.
The picture was a mclancholy one, for vir
tue in distrcss has uo light shade lo relierc it;
all around and about it is dark and sombre.
The seusilive artist would hao thrown nside
his pcncil, if the subject had been preseutcd to
his view as we have described it, and his
Jieart would Iiave receivcd an impressiou
which ho could not Iiave transfcrrcd to can
vas. 'To-morrow,' obscrvcd Mr. Sunderland,
'is the anniversary of tbeinelaucholy dealh of
our dcar Hcnry to-morrow willbc tenears
since the vessel in which he sailcd was lost,
and all ou board periehed all, all.'
'Alas,' cxclaiincdhis wife.asthe tearscours
cd their way down hcr cheeks, 'to-morrow
will be a mclancholy day.'
'Indeed it will, for to-morrow this liouse
which belongcd to my faihcr the furniture
which time has mr.de, as it werea part of our
selves, associatcd with many a pleasingevent
in our livcs, is to he sold torn from us by
the unrcleutiiighandsof creditors; hut, thank
Providcnce.misfortune.not crime has rcduced
us to this stase of povcrty.'
'Will thcy sell every thing, Pa can we sc
cure uolhiu !' asKed the daughter.
'No my child uuless wilh what little money
a friend has gencrously loancd mc, I can se
curc a few articles. Ellcn my dear, takeyour
pcncil and put thcm down ; first the side
board, two beds, chairs aud kiteheu things.
The side-hoard it is .rue, willbeasupcrfiuous
piece of furniture, hut it helongcd toniy
mothcr, and I cannot, will not part with it'
Itut mv piano, Pa! tnust it go ?'
Tlie wi'fe sighcd, the fallier east his cycs
toward thc llickcring fire, and the daiighter
was sileut. The fite of the piano n as deci
ded upon. A melatichoJy pausc in the cou
ersation plainly told how severe was tho al
ternative fur the law uevcr studies the fcel
iLgs ofits vietims when exactiug the pcualty
of a bnml.
'Go, Marysaid 3Ir. Sundcrland,addres9ing
thc scn-ant," 'o aud rcquct the SherifPs offi
cer, whois uatching the propcrty, to walk
into the parlor; he is not doingbis duty no
douht it i paiaful to him, as it is distrcssing
to us. I.et him have a scat at our fire, and a
cup of tm for it isa severe night.'
It is indccd a fearful night.' observed Mrs.
Sunderland, 'and we have bchavcd rude to
'Mother, I madeafirc'm the room ttbere
he is, but
'Speak out child it was thelast stick.'
'Fathcr it was
Mary rcturned with the ofiiccr, a polite
gcntlemanly mau ; for such should be the
rharacterof mcn who have to pcrfonn a part
of the drama oflife. notunlike that of the in
quisitors of old, whose province it was to tor
ture bv the rack, with this difiercnce, howev
cr; th'eirs was a "physicar' torturc oura a
"mental" onc, administcrcd wiih all thenice
ty aud precision of 'degal justice!" Tlieofli
c'cr politcly accepted the inFitaiion and en
deavnrcd to clieer his vietims, !y cnumerating
many caes of a similarKiud, equally poign
f nt and distressing. Thus the cvening pass
cd heavily and cheerlessly away.
On the morning of the contemplated sale,
thcre was to be seen a crowd of pcople flock
ing to thc housc of Mr. Sunderland. Somo
out of shcer, bcartlcss curiosity, "fricnds" of
the family who came wiih mockcrj- on their
lips and empty purscs. Others with an in
teut to purchase, butno one amongthe crowd
showed thc least dcsire to aid, or sympathise
with the dietress of the family. This is the
world ; we langh at the misfortunes of our
fellow creaturcs. and even niock theirdistrcss
cs, by witnessing in silcnce their sufierings.
The auctioucer was now making his arrange
ments, by flourishing his hammer, rolling his
cycs and using his tongue. The motley crowd
gathctcd around him. The housc was put
up first, it was accuratcly described free
from all incuinbrances, and subject to but
vcrysmall grouud rent. It was started at
five thousand dollars. Therc were several
bidders, all of whom seemcd anxious to pur
chase it. Seven thousand five hundrcd dol
lars was at last bid, upon which the auction
eerdwelt for a nioment. Mr. Sunderland
compressed his lips together, and muttercd
to himself, 'it cost my father fifteen thousand
dollars.' 'Seven thousand five hundred dol
lars. Going going once twice three
times for the last time going ' 'eight thou
sand ' 'thank you sir going at eight tliou
Fand once eight thousand twice eight
thousand three times going gonc what
namel' 'Ciiflord,' was the response, and all
cyes rested ou a tall, noble looking man, who
hadremainedsilentduringthe rapid bidding
of the speculators and who as the whisper
wcnt round wae a total stranger.
'It is gone,' ivliispercd Slr. Sunderland lo
his wife as he pressed her hand in silent
grief. 'We have no home now.'
'Now, gentlemcn.'criedtheauctioneer, 'we
will sell this side board, in regard to which I
ar: requcsted by the creditor to say ihat it is
an old family piece, and it is the wish of the
owner to retain itif possible. I ruerely men
tion this as it is known to you undcr what pe
culiar circumstances the things are sold.'
This had tbe dcsired eflect no one seem
ed willing to bid against theunfortunateman,
who started it at ten dollars. Twenty was
bid by Mr. Clifibrd; twenty-five from Mr.
Sunderland: fiftv from Mr. CluTord silenced
the anxious parents, and the family piece of
iumuure was knocked dowa to the new own
er of the house. A gentleman that stood by
remarked that the act was a cold, heartless
on- 'WasitP sarcastically askedMr. Clf-
him !' 'r' Whj did JU "0t b"y U fr
Mr. Sunderland was muchafTected at this
little ificident. 'He little kuows how much
he has laceratcd this heart. But I will pur
chasaihe piano for my child.' He steppcd
up to Mr. Clifiord, and told him the desire he
had to purchase the piano for his daughter
and he hoped he would not bid against him.
air, said the stranser, 'I will not deccive
you as much as I rcspectyourfeelings.and the
sympathy of this good company; 1 caunot,
nay, will not alter the determination made
when I first cntercd this uousc.
And pray, sir, what may it be !'
cn 111 do it, though I pay double pnce.
Strange,' muttered Mr. Sunderland, as
hefoundhis farn.ly m another part of the
r02,m" r icii j i
The stranger fulfilled h.s prom.se, and ac-
tuallyboughtevcry thmg, Irom the house
usclf. down to the vcry axe m the cellar!
Af.cr thc sale was ovcr, and the company
tioneerto walk with hm. into an adjoining
room. After ihe lapse of a few mo.nenU
thcyboth retnmedto the parlor where the
family still re.camed. The auctionecr looked
around.RavcaKnowingsmue; wisneu uiem
all a good day, and as he lcft the room he
was heard to say, 'I never hcard of such a
thing; a perfcct romauce, ha! hal ha!'
'You arc now,' observed Mr. Sunderland
toMr. ClilTord, 'the owner of this house aud
rurniture tney were once mme lei mai
pasf- , ,
1 am, fair, lor tlie time being jour
'I understand you, Sir, but will not longre
main your tenam; I was going to olwerve
liowever, that there was tvo or three articles
which I am anxious to purchase that side-
hoard, for iustauce is a family relic I will
givc yuu uc j f
aud I fecl assured, undcr the c.rcumstances,
you will not refuse this favorl
'I caunot take tt, fair.
Obduratc ungrateful man. !
ill you not etPabuy my piano, Sir l
humbly askcd Ellcn. 'He will give you tbe
pnce at which it was sold. !
lt is nainlultor me. voune tauv, 10 reiuac
even this I will sell nothing not cvcn the
wood saw m thc cellar.
Then. Mr. Clifibrd.' exclaimcd Mr. Sun
derland, 'ice have no fnrther busincss here;
come, my dear Ellcn get your bonnet
that's your baud box let us quit this liouse,
wc are not even frec from insult. Where is
I am hcrc, Sir tlie key of my truuk is
lost and I am fastening it with a rope.'
'Stop. my girl hut incthinks I purchascd
that trunk! cooly observed thc stranger.
Mr. Ciiflord I am not so old, but that I
can rescnl an insult nay, will, if you carry
this arrogant, and to me strange conduct
much further; that poor girl has heen to me
and ininc, the bcst and I may say the only
frieud; shc has remaincd with us in povcrty,
asistcd us in our distress not ouly with hcr
hands, but her purse; Shc is not to me as a
scrvant, but one of my family for there is
thauk heaven no such basc distiuction in
povcrty thatcxists in astateof bloated wealth.
Here, here, with uothing but what we have
upon our backs the ni.ister and the servaut
nrcequal. Shc U part ofmy family, and 1
will protect her from insult. That ttunlc is
hers.and u ho darc take it from hcr 2 Kotyou,
Mr. Clifibrd east his cycs npou Mary, who
at that niomciit arosc from tbe floor for a
momcnt they gazcd upon each othcr in si
lcnce 'aud shc, you say, has becn to you a
'Indeed she has a kiud noble one.'
'Mr Sunderland, stay one moment, my
good girl, put down that truuk take a seat,
madam; permitme, Miss.tohand you a chair,
Mr. Sunderland, will you beseated? I have
yet somcthiug more to say. When you re
quested mc to yield up the wish I had to pur
chase this sideboard, I told you that it was
my determination to buy it, aud I tell you
now that I will not sell it.'
'This, Mr. Clifibrd, needs no repctition.'
"'Aye, but it does, and when that young lady
made the same rcquest for her piauo my au
swcr was the same. Stop, sir, hear me out;
no man would act so wilhout a motivc ; no
one, particularly a stranger, would court the
displeasure ofa crowded room, aud bcar up
against the frowns of mauy withoutan object.
Now I had an object and that was be seat
cd sir madam your attcntion that object
was, to buy this house and fumiuire, for the
snle purpose of restoring them to you and
'Sir, is not this acrueljest?'
'Is it possible?' cxclaimed mother and
Amazcment took possession of Mary, and
hcr trunk fcll to the floor with a crasb, caus
ing hcr small stock of clothing to roll out,
which she eagcrly gathercd up, and thrust
back, wilhout any regard to the manucr in
which it was done.
The auctioneer, contiuued Mr. Clifibrd,
has my instructions.to have mattersarranged
by the raorrow. In the mean time you are at
home, Mr. Sunderland you are in your own
house and I, tho intrnder.
iT,-1 .-.,,! ,:? (1U eiv nnt tlint T will fpll
I.,. ',i:.V.i.: i u t m l,f
i . i i t ...., ,. rr!
all this-and wh.t cnuld have inuuced vou. a
total stranger thus to step forward. Ah! a s,f,e a"d ,0' ?e Ue?P3 co,veref
thought strikes me-gracious heaven! Can , w.tbsmallerheaps equallj' ;trregular, and each
ithe? lookonme Mr. Clifford-nay, start(of thesc agam covered with st.ll smaller mas
not.' The stranger actually rccoiled from jvnnkled and eilher obtruse or acute
the glance of Sundcrland's eyc-lookon me, I edSeJ, and the whole enormous bulk cresting
Sir; has that girl-that innocent girl-who 1 over t0P in, snow-white foam, which is
.,o.i mi.r. intprpst in thU caught up by the wind and fills the air with
ncrnusactof vours? sneak sir.and letmc
O J .
know at once, that I may spurn your oiier
resent the insult.'
'I will not deny, sir, but she has.'
'My, Father, dear Father! I never before
saw tlie gentleman's face.
Say not so, Miss,
Sir I I indeed Father, I '
'Remember ten years back call to mind a
light haired boy, whom you called '
'Gracious heaven Henry my boy '
'Is here I am your long lost son! !'
Nced we add more ? Our readers can read-
ily imagine that a more cheerful fire blazed
upon me neartn, ana tnat mary mc
seryant was not forgotten in the gcneral joy
which prevailed on the occasion.
Wool. Never was there as much
wool brought into this inarket in one day
ns was bought on Saturday by Shcdd ond
Ganson nnd Duguid. Farmers with waz.
ons loaded with fleeccs came in from all
sections of tho country and took the cash
for their wool realizing a handsome !
profit cn their labor, and an advance of The squalls, which were accompanied with
five cents per pound from last ycar's prU hail, slowly abateJ their fury, and encourag
CC3 Lo Rov Gazette. jedthe hope ofsmoother weather.
For the Nortlicrn Galaxy.
LETTERS FE03I JAMICA.
VOTAGE FROM BALTIMORE TO KISCSTON.
On the 8th Dec. we commenccd our voy
age in the Barque Orb, a fast sailing vessel
f OH tnnn ...lt ...'.lU 1 I c z..
. ,v ..u. ... !u uuiu ouu u ui
the hold and ,ive stock on deck. Glidiug
, down ,he Peta co wi(h n ,u . d
14 m',Mt we entered the bay, and at length
with a hcad wind cast anclior 25 miles from
Baltimore. Awaking the next morning on
,he smo(Jth wa(ers ofthe Chcs k sa.
iutcd by the m;Dgled voices oftmke,.scbicU.
cn . and a fiJ cana
bird, and ofsome ofthe five species ofquad-
rapcds on deck, our hrst tuoughts were or ru-
ral scenes, and ,he second of !foah' Ark. A
favorillg wind called aU hands np to heave tbe
aDchor and set the sails, with studding saiU
spread we started in the rear ofa fleetof fif-
tv veSsels.and in a few hours leftmost of them
behind. A fine Barque, bound for Boston,
attemptcd a trial of specd, and for some time
the contest was doubtful. At length it was
evidcnt that we were drawing ahead, when
nnfnirnnist nttpmntpH thft ATnpHifnr nf fa-
killg the wind out of our sails. This is done
by coming close along on thc windward side,
andwhen once elfectcd. adull sailer may kecp
a fast vessel uuderits lee at pleasure. For-
tunately for us thc raanoeuvre was too latc,
and we passed on.
Duriug all of this day the ofiicers and crew
were employed in the very ominous prepara-
tion3 of ,ash; finn, a oveie articlcs.
We aftcrwards experienced the bencfit ofthis
precaut!on A fresh;ng i)recze from the N.
w. bore U3 before sunsct t0 ti,e mouth of
the Potomac, where from the sudden widen-
ing of the bay, we at once lostsightof the
E coast. Bcfore morning we were in the
nejg,borhood ofthe capes.and aflcrlaying to
for several hours.discharged the pilot, thelast
,,, r m :,: :,i, r.:.,.j. i
link of communication with friendsathome.
We then made-for the opcn sea, and at noon
lost sight of ournativc land.
On the morning ofthe llth, we were cros
sing the Gulf Stream, which scts to theN. E.
with a currcnt here of 2 1-2 miles per hour,
within the mouth of Chesapeake Bay, thesur
face water had a temperature of 43 Far,
and 15 miles E. of Cape Heury it was at 40 s
Ilut here it was at 74 , nearly 20 warmer
than the air, and of course very warm to thc
During the cvening ofthe llth, a S. S. W.
wind freshcued into a heavy gale, which rag
ed with grcat fury duriug the night and fol
lowiug morning. We were compcllcd to lay
to, undcr fore-top-mast-stay-sail, and close
recfcd main-top-sail. (In "laying to," a ves
sel is made to head as near as possible to the
wind, aud of course advanccs butslowly, usu
ally about one mile per hour. Another re
sort for safety, consists in running before the
wind, which however in an advancing storm
will of course kcep the vessel longer cxposcd
to its violcnce.) The waves broke wilh great
fury over the deck and with the rolling of tho
ship. caused much confusion among the live
stock, many of which perished. At 2 A. M.
the fore-top-mast-stay-sail was blown to piec
es. The howling of the winds throush the
rigging, the rushing and roaring tumult of
tlie imunatcd waves, now beating likc a bat
tering ram against the vessel, and again rush
ing overus. as if detcrmined by one means
or the other to ensure our dcstruction, with
the confusion on deck, rendcred the night as
horrible as it was dark. Morning came, but
only to reveal the terrors ofthe night. Du
ring the forenoon the gale abated; the wind
came round to the N. W., and we resumed
our course. But with such a heavy sea
pouring ovcr the deck, we could not venture
any more sail.
Early in the night of the 12th, the north
wester had freshcncd into a furious and fitful
gale, more violent than that ofthe preceding
night. Blowing nearly at right aneles to the
course of a heavy sea, it crcated for several
hours an irrcgular cross sea, which rushed
down in heavy masscs over the rails carrying
away most ofthe sheep pens.breaking through
the bulwarks, and penetrating the cabin and
state rooms. After an anxious night, mor
ning rcvealed a scene, which, viewed from the
shore, would have bcen sublime, but from the
midst of it, it was truly awful, and impressed
us dceply with the tcrrible majesty of Him,
"who bolds the waters in the hollow ofhis
A Hcaty Sea.
It is very common to represent waves as
running "mountains high," but this is a figi
ure of speech which conveys no corrcct idea.
A heavy sea is unlikc any thing clse, and a
literal descriplion can alone give correct con
ceptions. ltere, as in most of the Divine
works, the thing itself has such an intrinsic
grandeur, that rlietoncal ornaments only de-
grade the subject.
i.et tnen tue reader im
agine hcaps of water, the lareer 35 fcet hich,
00 fcet wide, and 1-4 raile m length, but of
spray , let him imagine a rolling motion of
15 miles per hour propazated through all
these masses, a velociiy ofthe form and not
ofthe substance of the water, while the air
isfilledwilh a deep rushing and roaring in
cessant uoise; let him in imagination stand
on deck, nqw on the summit of an elevation,
which commands an extensive prospect ofthe
war ofelements, and again at thebottom ofa
valley, looking up to the summit of a wavc,
which limits tbe vision to a few yards, and
which would bury tbe vessel in its bosom if its
great breadth did not present a moderate
Asanorth-westerisrather local than pro-
eressive, and as our course lay nearly ts. t.
we run before the wind, passing within 2 1-2
roiles of a brig whicb was lajmg to, tossed
j;keanut shell on a ruffled pond, it seeraed
stramie that it did not go over: at one time.
its hull was scen high on tbe summit of a
wave. and again the top of the masts could
not be perceived. One of our ofiicers who
had bcen familiar with the Atlantic and Pacific
Occans on both sides of the Equator, assured
us that he had never seen such a heavy sea.
But heavier scas have been observed, for a
French man of war in the Pacific recorded
them as 40 feet in heieth and 400 in width,
VT. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 26, 1844.
There is but a step from the sublime to tho
ridiculous. A peculiar illustration of this
rhetorical maxim is obtaincd on board a ship
in a heavy sea, mcrely by stepping from the
deck to tbe cabin. A passenger attempts, as
every yankee may, to 'fix' tue nre in the stove,
which is chained to the floor in the centre of
a spacious cabin. Stooping for this purpose
he suddenly gocs down a stcep declivity
against a state room. the declivity being im-
mcdiately rcverscd, he next brings up on the
opposite side of the cabin ; in the third de
scent. a vicorous crasp at the stove hearth
arrests this sliding frolic where it commeuc
To dine successfully requires no little dex
terity; eatinjr soup especially requires very
delicate manipulation. The legs of the ta
ble are secured to the floor, and the table it
self is margmed with a ledge half au incb
high; along the raiddle ofit are two parallel
strips of board, three inches high, 15 inches
apart, bctwcen which most of tbe disbes are
crowded together, white on the outside are
thc platcs. With trembling apprehension
wc take a scat, clinging by the feet to the lcgs
of the table, with one hand endeavflring"to
keep a plate of soup in the planc of the hori-
zon, and witn the other to convcy it to us
proper destination during those intcrvaU
when a tumbler, plate, or knife and fork may
not be moving towards the margin of the ta
ble. We have sometimessucceeded with the
loss ofnot more than a third ofthe precious
liquid. These dilBculties are not confined.to
landsmen. Our veteran Capt. presiding with
dignity at the table, and cudeavoring to save
his soup, was one day, after a violent lurcb,
found on thc floor between an overturncd
chair and the side of the cabin, minus all the
contenu of his plate.
Night has its peculiar charms. A gentle
pitchiug of the vessel may soothe to sleep:
but a violent and capricioua rocking from
side to side, on a vcry thin matrass spread,
like a plaster on a shelf, is by no means so
porific. By wedging one's self between pil
lows on one hand and the side of the ship on
the other, sleep may at length be wooed and
won, uuless the waves, which are separated
from the ear only by thc tbickness ofa plank,
dash with too much fury.
For one wcek, we were unmercifully rolled
and pitched about, without a moment's ccs
sation. It was the roughest passage cvcr
made by our Capt. during seven years passed
in the Jamaica trade.
Q3 Here comes the good old Tippecanoe melody
again, with new words but the old epiril. Pass it
From thc Cby Tribunc.
THE WHIG GATHERING.
(A New Song to the Good Old Tune.)
Wliat has caused tliis great commotion, motion, mo
Our country ihrough 1 (tion
It ii tlic bill a rolling on
For old Kentuck and the Jereey Blue,
ForClay and Frelinghujsen tooj
And wilh them we'llbcatyour Polk, Folk
And all such sort of folk
And wilh them we'll bcat your Polk.
New England's glorious star ii ehining, sb'ning,
It sheds its rays throughoni the land
For old Kentuck and the Jersey Blue,
For Clay and Frelinghujsen too;
And with them we'll beat your Polk, Polk
And all such sort of folk
And wilh thcm we'll bcat your Tolk.
Tho Emfire's -ons in miglit are rousing, rousing,
A hardy crew. rousing
"Excelsior" they proudly ehout,
For old Kentuck, &c.
From Jersey'- blood-stained land of glory,glory,glory
The loud halloo
Rings forth as first it rung of jore
For old Kentuck, &c.
The blue hen's chickcns bravcly fightin-, fighting,
Sland forth anew. fighting
And Maryland wheels inlo line,
For old Kentnck, &c
Veiimost thc star that never sets, tct", ects
Faithful and true.
She'll keep the ball a rolling on
For old Kentuck, &c.
Tlie "OlD DoMinio5"sheis coming, coming,com
The North State too. ing
And Tennessec sends forth her cry
For old Kentuck, &c.
Tbe rrairie fires arebrighllyblazing,blazing,blazing
The wide West through.
Where strike her hardy yeomanry
For old Kentuck, &c.
The "dark and bloodygroand" of battle,battle,bat
Which tyrants rne,
Peals forth at once her victor nolea
For old Kentuck, &c.
Lo! Georgia fiery son adrancing, 'racing, 'vanc-
Theirfaith renew, ing
For old Kentnck, &c.
TheKeystone State ourarcho'erspanningpanning,
Solid and true, spanning
Completcj our glorious brotberhood
For old Kenmck, &c
The douds to long our land o'er'shadowing shadow
Vanisb like dew, ing, shadowing
And brightlybeams the rising cun
Of old Kentnck, &e.
And now the whole battalion passing, passing, pass
In grand review. "S
Shout we to heaTen our lond hurra
For old Kentnck and the Jersey Blue,
For Clay and Frelinghujsen too
And with them we'll beat your Polk, Polk,
And all such sort of folk
And with them we'll beat your Polk.
(KrThe St. Louis Gazette of the 4tb
inslant says, an organized party of five or
six hundred mcn has started for Nauvoo,
to release from tho custody of the Mor
mons, Dr. Hitchcock, U. S. Marshal of
Iowa. Dr. H. went to Nauvoo to arrest
a ctiminal, and was seized and confincd
by thc Prophet's followcrs.
POLK ON THE ANNEXATION OF
We let Mr Polk speak for himself. It
will be seen that he is in favor ofthe IM
MEDIATE annexation of Tcxas! in
splte of ils injustice to Me.xico, and the
hazard of a war the most infamous, be
cause uttcrly indefensiblo :
Gentlemen : Your rcquest from me
an explicit cxpression ofopinion upon
this quostion of annexalion. Uaring at
nolimo cnterlained opinions upon public
subjects which I was unwilling to avow, it
givcs me pleasure to comply with tbe re
qtiest. I have no hesitation in declajing,
that Iam in favor qflhe IMMEDIATE
re anncxation of Texas lo the territoTy and
govtrnment of the United States. I cn-.
tertain no doubts as to the power or c.x
pcdiency of the rc-annexalion. The
prouf is clear and satisfactory to my own
mind, that Texas once constitnted a part
of the territory of the United States, the
title to which I regard to have becn as in
disputable as that to any portion of our
ternlory. At thc time tho ncgotiation
wa3 opened with a view to acnuiro the
Floridas, and the scttlcment of othcr
qucstions, and pending that negoliation,
thc Spanish Govcrnment itself was satis
fied of tho validity of our titlc, tind was
ready to recognizo a line far west of thc
Sabinc as the true Western boundary of
Louisiana, as defined by tho trcaly of 18.
03 with France, under which Louisiana
POLK AGAINST ABOLISHING
THE SLAVE TRADE ! !
Mnrch 3, 1631, Mr. Mcrccr introduccd
tho following resolution :
Eesolved, That tho Prcsidcnt of thc
unitea om.es ue requesieu to renew ana .
In Fpfipnnn(n Oom t n. n t l..m. ..mli nnern I
,W j'l UJ.UIl. IU .II11U OUi.il JILU-
tiations with the several maratime powcrs
ofEuropeand America as he may deem
cxpcdient. FOR THE EFFECTUAL
ABOLITION OF THE AFFRICAN
SLAVE TRADE, and ils ultimale denun'
cialion as PIRACY, undcr tho law of
nalions, by thc conscnt of the cmlizcd
On passing this resolution tho aycs
wcro 118, noes32. MR. POLK VO-
TED IN THE NEGAT1VE. Cong.
The Scnalc has confirmcd tho nomin-
ation N. P. Tailmadge as Govcrnor of
Wisconsin : also, of Georce M. Bibb of
Kcntucky.formerly a Scnator in Congress
as Secrctary of Trcasury. Will he ac-
cept 7 He is a lexas man
Tho Senate laid upon the table tho
nominatlons of Chancellor Walworth. of
N. Y. and Mr. King, of Pa., as Judges of
the Supremc Court. Mr.
er, Webstcr not yet actcd on.
Disgracefux FionT in Haevard Col.
leci:. The Morning Chronicle of Salur
dr.y last, givcs a vcry full and we pre-
sumc a correct account of a flght which
occurrcd between some of the Cambridge
Students on Wedncsday, 15th inst. It
nppcarsthat one Miles of Maryland, law
student, without provocations, so far as is
known, struck Whcclwright of Massa-
chusclts, of the Senior class, knocked him
down and beat him sevcrely. Dabney,
classmatc of Whcelwright, questioncd
Milesabout tho Affair, and rcmonstraled
wilh him for thus trcating a student who
he knew was a non-combatlant ; whcro
upon Miles ilew at Dabney, but was
thrown to tho ground ; he rencwed tho
fight upon getting up, but Dabney again
tlircw him and held him down. Atthis
instant. Stcwart of Mississippi drew a
bowio knife upon Dabney, as some say
others deny it. It is known that hc kept
three of those dcadly wcapons. As the
students wcro coming out of the Collcge
Cbapcl at night, they gave three clicers
for Dabney, and as Miles passed, thcy sa
luted him wilh a likc numbcr ofgroans.
Graves, of Louisiana, bully of Collcge,
said this hissing Miles was mcan and
coward!y,and if any man said he was not,
ho would thrash him whcreupon Dexter,
son of F. Dexter, Esq. of this city, cricd
out that it was all right. Graves fiew at
him, and a gcneral mclee succccded.
Profcssor Pierce, in attempting to seperate
them was struck, some say by Stewart,
and much injured in the affray.
A mectincr ofthe Senior class was held
on Friday, at which it was "resolved to
trcat the bowie knife charactcrs with
with entiro neglect." Miles has bcen
cxpclled from his boarding place, through
thc influence ofPrcscott of Boston, and
Wild of Brookline, bothof whom have
been challenged by Stewart and Graves
to faght a duel. 1 hey put the cnaiienge
into tho hands of the facully, and the
challengers were expellcd from the Col.
lege, and warncd to quit the town. On
Saturday cvening a warrant was issued
against them, but before it could be exe.
cuted they had fled. Boston Recorder.
A REASON AGAINST AN.
A touthern corrcspondcnt of the New
York Obscrvcr, givcs tho following rcason
against the Annexation of Texas.
Because by such an act the Fcderal
Governmont would give a sanclion, never
given bcfore, to the institution of Slavery,
liy many tramcrs ot the constilution, and
by largo numbers of our most intelligent
citizcns in the south as well as at the
North, slavery has bcen rcgarded cver
stnce the declaralion ot independence
as a iolerated (because n pre-oxisting)
rather than a sanctioned institution. No
man living believes that at the ongin of
tho government, this syslera. had it not
bcen previously planted, and become
connected with many great interests, and
inwrought amtd the very frame of socicty,
would have becn eslnblisbod- But widc
spread and deep rooted as it was, in sever
al of thc then indcnendcnt State, it
could not be eradicated, and was for the
sake of the Union, and in Ihe spirit of
compromise, recognized and guarded
against nnproper disturbance. by tho con
stitution. It spread abroad on our South-
ern territorics, and some ot tiicso wncn
competent to assume the dignity of States,
have been admittcd with this evil into
the confedcracy. But Texas having
bravely contended for indepcndenceaSl
proclaimcd it, on a soil from which slavc
ry had bv law been utterely eradicated,
when framing hcr conslitution and as
suming a place among States, voluntarily
incorporatcd this evil and curse of slavcry
with hcr political being, and rendcred it
imposAibie for bcr Congress cver to nbol.
ish it. I.anguage was not made to ox
prcss the folly or the wickcdncss of this
act for the rrinstation ofslavery. It was
a crime of which no civilizcd power has,
I belicre, bcen guilty in modcrn times.
Could our govcrnment ndmit Te.xas with
her present systcm ofslavery, into this
Union without participaling in this high
offunce against humaoiiy ?
AtHocious Murder axd Ltxcii Law.
We find tho following in the Natchez
Couricr ofthe 4th inst :
A most atrocious murder occurrcd on
the plantation of Mr. William Boyd, near
Torry's storo, m Jcflerson county, on l.isl
Friday wcek. Tho circumstances are
these : Mr. William Boyd, a plauler liv.
ing about four miles from Torry's store.
procccded in thc morning to his ficld to
corrcct onc of his negro men for some
ofTencc. While he was doin so, the ne
gro man turned upon his master and was
!, , .,' i,:m , ,',t, ,V '
lcr caed tnf0 0 women har( . ,
. . - -
come to his assistance. Tho negro wom
en came, but inslcad of assisting him.
thoy assistcd tho negro man, while thc
negro man held Mr. Boyd, tho negro
women bcat him to dcath with their hocs.
The threo negrocs secrctcd tho body of
Mr. B. inapile of bruslnvood ncar thc
sccnc of murder. Hcrc it remaincd for
some two days, about which timo it bc
gan to smcll and thc negrocs rcmovcd it
some distancc, where thcy pilcd logs upon
tho body and burnt it to ashcs. Thc
negrocs suspccting the absencc of Mr. B
who xvas a widowcr'and lived alone, would
be noticed, assumed boldncss cnough to
go and tell somo ofthe neighbors that
Mr. B., had bcen absent for some days;
that his horso came up saddlcd, bridlcd,
occ, and that Ihcv suspcctcd a foul play.
A scarch was immediately inslitutcd by
tho neighbors. One thing led to another
until tho negrocs were all arrcstcd. when
thev ncknowlcdged their crime asstntcd
abovn. Tho cxcitement was very great.
About one hundrcd pcisons were collcc
tcd, on Friday last, 31st ult. Theyap-
pointcdajury ofcightccn men to dccidc
what should bo done with the negrocs
Fourtcen ofthe jury wcro for hanging the
negrocs and four against. Two of tho
negrocs, the man and onc of tho women,
wcro hung instantly. 1 hc othcr woman
being pregimnt was sparcd.
0"5"Whcn Silas Wright was informcd
that ho had rcccived thc nomination for
Vice President on the ticket with Polk,
he is reportcd to have said, although usu
ally very cautious, " I had rather ba tho
fourth cngineer on a fourlh rato steam.
boat on thc Mississippi than acccpt thc
nomination on such a ticket."
POLK "REPUDIATED"' IN
Tho Philaddlphia Mcrcury cnntains tho
proceedings ofalarge "dcmocratic niecf
ing" in Konsington on the cvening of the
19th inst., at which thc following ominous
rcsolutions were passed and directed lo be
printcd in "all of the dcmocratic papcrs
in tho union.
Whercas, It bccomes a Democrat fcar
Icssly to speak his mind in relation to thc
great questions connected with the ap
pronching Presidcntial contest.
Whereas, The Democratic party have
nominatcd Col. Jamcs K. Polk, of Icnn
cssec, for Prcsidcnt, and ask for him the
support ofthe Dcmocracy ofPennsylvan
ia. Whereas, Col. Polk, we have recently
understood, is opposed to thc great inlcr-
est of Pennsylvania, which is a proper tar
iff for the manufacturcrs, mechanics and
laboring classes of our country.
Resolved. That this meeting being
Democrats, who supported Marlin Van
Buren in tho ycar of 183b and 1840, in
the first elccted and in the latter defeat
ed by the largest vote ever pollcd by the
American pcoplc, decm it their duty to
say to their Democratic friends through
out the State of Pennsylvania, that thcy
cannot support James K. Polk at thcap.
proaching Presidential clection, to be held
in this State on the first day of Norcm
Resolved, That in the opinion of this
meeting, Col. Polk cannot carry tho clec
toral vote of the State of Pennsylvania,
and that his ffiends be immediately re
quested to withdraw his namo from the
Presidential campaign, unlcss they prefer
dcfeat lo victory.
This is but one of a number ofsignifi
canl indications that the Electors of Penn
sylvania will stand by "Clay and the
TarifT" in tho approaching Presidential
clection. Thosa who cxpect the Key-Slone
State to vote for Polk will find themscl-
ves wofolly deceived. She will hardly
quarrel with her own bread and butter for
the sake of James h.. Polk. .ve. Jour.
0O"Tho Plebcian ofThursday gives
what it calls 'a short biography of Georgo
M. Dallas." the Loco eandidate for the
Vice Presidency. The following extract
IS rUBLISnED EVERr WEP.fESDAT MOKNIS
tS STEWART'S BCILDlT.?r
BY J. GOBB JR.
BY WUOM ALL ORDZSS TOR Fni.tTl.T-
Of everv descrintion will be neatlv aud
fashionably executed, at short notrce.
frum thc biographr nives Air. D.'a view
on (hu tnrifl :
He laborcd so to adjust the delicate
question as to save tho South from inquiry
and at thc same time prcserve to tho in
tcrests of tho North something of the foa'
tering care of thc government.
Womas. Woman, woman ! truly sfio is
a miraclc. Place her auiid flowers, foster
her as a tendcr plant, aud sbe is a thing of
fancy, waywardness, and something of folly
aunoycd by a dew-drop, fretted by thcf
touch ora butterfly's wing, rcady to faint af
the mstle ofa bcetle. The zephyrs are too
rough, the showers too heavy. and she i
overpowered by the perfume ofa rose-bud.
liut let tlie rcal calamily come, rouse bcr an-
ectiou, eukindlo the fires of her heart, aml
mark her then. How her heart strenglhcns
itself; how strong is her.pnrDose. Place her"
in thc heat of battlc, give- hcr a child, a birth,
auy thing she loves or pities. to protect, and
see her, as in a rclated iustauce, raising hef
white arms as a sbield, and as hcr own blood
crimsons heruptumcd forehcad, praying for
lifc to protect the helpless. Transplant hcr
into the dark places ofthe earth, awakrnhcf
energies to action, and her breath bcccmes a
healing, hcrpresenence a blessing: she dis-
putcs iuch by inch, the stride of tho stalking:
Tjie Reformed Crows. Tbe following
picce of drollery is fouud iu a lale lllinoi'i pa-
per: 'Coloncl 11 has one of tho best
tarms ou the lllinois rivcr. About onc bun
dred acres orit are now covcrcd with wavin
corn. When it came up in thc spring tliVr
croivs seemcd dctennined on its tntirc dc
slruction. When onc was killed it seemeJ
as though a dozen came to its funeral ; aniJ
though the sharp crack of the ritle often
drove them away, they alnajs retiin.ed wilh'
itsecho. TheCol. at length. becamc weary'
of throwing grass aud resolved to try the vir
tue of stones. Ilc seut to the ilruggist for a
gallon of alcohol, ia which hc soaked a few
quarts of corn. and scattcrcd it over his ficld,
The blacklegs cinie and partook with thcif
usual relisli, and as usual they were prctty
wcll 'corncd ; and such a cooing and cack
ling such a slrutting and swaggeriug.
When the boys attemptcd to catch them,
they were not a little amusedat their stnggcr
ing gait, aml their zig-zag way through "the
air. At length they gaincd the edge of tlie
woods, and thcre being joined by a recruit
which happened to be sober, thcy united nt
the top of their voices in haw-hawing, and
shoutiug eilher praises or curses of alcohol ;
it was difficult to tell which, as thcy rattlrd'
away without rbyinc or rcason. Hut the Col
savcd his corn. Assoon' as they became so
ber theysat their faces sleadfiislly ngainsf
alcohol. Not another kcrnel would they
touch in his field. lcst it should contain th'ir
accursed thing, while thcy went and pulieiJ
up thc corn of his neighbors. They Iiave tats
much respcct for their charnctcr, Mack a
thcy are, again to be fouud druuk."
Ilian likeis Mesico. A Mexican corres-"
pondciit of tha New Orleans Picayuncwritre
that rcccutly Saula Ana invilcd Oaniblcrsaiid:
chickcn-fightcrs from all parts of tbe Repub
lic to come and be sl.inned by fiiin, and ilur
call was listeued to by agrcat miinberof nor
thies; but iustcad of suircriug tbenisclves tn
be fleeccd by his Exccllency the President,
they gave him, what is p-it dowu in WesteriJ
river parliancc, 'uneqnivoca! and particuUr"
goss.' He lost almost all hU chickcns aud
S20.000 that was bet upon them, and aftcr
wards by 'prcesing his Iuck,' lost 000 doub
joons (oo.as) at monle. It is said that thc
thing so worricd him thnt be ordercd liis
cock-pit to be destroyed at once and every
chickcn ihat aflcrwanl dared crow on lii
premises was decapitated at once.
MR. DALLAS AND THE U. S. BANK.
Tbe Locofoco papers arc cmlcavoring n
make Mr. Dallas acceptablc lo their parly by
excitsiug his advocacy of the I'nitcd States
llank on ibe ground of Irariug beert inslrueteii
to do so. Now, Mr. Dallas himself said im
Senate that he was tbe icillina and inslructol
agcnt to bring forward thnt bill. Hut fuilhcrf
we bclievc Mr. Dallas himself aslcii tn btf
made ihe agent of thc Bnnk. claimcdit as n!
right bclonging to him as tlie Senamr from
Pennsylvania, and from ihe city in which the
Bank was located. AVere Mr. Iliddle living,
we think we could prove that Mr. Daltas im
portnned him on this subject; that hc h.'ci
made up his mind to imrust ihe mtter to
another Senator, btit changed his ptirpofc,
upon being remonstratcd wilh by iMr. Dallas.
Thcre may bcgentlemen in Philadclphia wher
were directors ol the li.mk wbo know itn
fact. Were Mr. H. living we would appeat
to him with confidence to sustain the assertin
that Mr. Dallas soughl, rmneallu souclit, t(t
be made tbe agcnt in thc Scnite if the fiauk.
THE WHIG MEETING IN FAIRFAX;
CO., VIRGINIA, NEAR MOUNT
Never, we are informed, was there a more'
enthusiastic galhcring ofthe People than as
scmbled near Pohick Church, on Thursday
last, and in numbers it was as large as any
ever held in Fairfax county. The meeting
was addressed bytbellon. Messrs. CalkbB.
Smith, of Indiana, SiErnESS, of Georgia,
Thomassos, ot Kentucky. and Goccix and
Summers, of virgima. A nandsome ana
plentifal collation was prepared In thc woods,
enough to feed an army. The day was ex
tremely unpropitious for an out-door meetingv
it having commenced raining even bcfore iRtr
people bcgan to arrive; but tbeardor aed1en
thiisiasm ot the true Whig urgcd them on.
The soeakms was continued tnroughouL
the day, in the ncighboring bousss as nrell as
in the woods; aud though feebfe in health.
but warm in hearts, Messrs. Stephens am
Smith addressed tbo gatUenng omidst tna
The right spirit is awake througbout the
land; and the evurence- exmbited at tliis
meeting is but a forerunntr of what the peo
ple of Virginia mean to do in ihe cominc;
contest. " Kcep the ball in motion." Pro
claim the principlet ofthe party from ercry
hiil top and valley ofthe OW Dominion, and
so sure as the day of election arrives. tho
bannerofher ovn son will be found waving io
triumph over the State. " ilrgiria uill noi
disorcn him." ilntg Stannard.