Newspaper Page Text
H . BELL,
EDITOR AND PKOPIUETOR.
TERMS Of"NINTII YOLUME.
Village suliscribers, S2 00
Jlail -ubjcribcrs. . 2,00
iudividuals and Cotnpanies ho take at tlie office
l'75or 1'50 cents ifpaid in six inonlhs.
Those ho takeof rostriders . . . .2.00
II not paid at ibeend of the year 2, 25
No pipcra disconiinned until arrearajrcs are paid
excrpt attlie option oftlie proprietor. Ko pajniei t
to Cirriersalbwedi-xceptordered k; tlieproprie
lor. ... i
I1 commanicatioDsmustbcnildressea lomccu-
tor Post Paid
TIIERE'S STRENGTH AND BEAUTY
IN THE CUP.
.1 SliaU e'sr cold water lc forgot
When w e sit down to dine 1
O no, my friends, lor is it not
PourMout by hands divine 1
I'our'd out by hands divine, my friends,
I'our'd oal by hands divine ;
Froin prings and wells it gnshes forlh,
I'our'd out by hands divine.
2. To Beauty's cheek, tho' strange itseems,
'Tis not more strange than true,
Cold Water, tho' itself so pale,
Imparts the rosiest hue,
Iinparts the rosiest hue, my friends,
Imparts the rosiest hue,
Yes, beauly in a water-paiZ
Doth find her rosiest hue.
3. ColJ water loo, ihough wonderful,
'Tis not less true, again
The weakest of all earthly drinks,
Doth make the strongest men,
Doth inake the strongest men, my friends,
Dolh make the strongest men ;
Then let us take that weakest driuk,
And grow the strongest men.
1. I've seen the bells of tulips lurn,
To drink the drops that fell
From summer clouds ; then why should not
The two lips of a belle 1
The two lips of a belle, my friends,
The two lips of a belle 1
What sweetens more than water purc
The two lips ofa belle 1
5. The sturdv oak full many a cup
Doth hoid up to the sky,
To catch the rain ; then 'drinks it up,
And thus the oak gcts high ;
'Tis thus the oak gets high, my friends,
Tis thus the oak gets high;
By having water in its cups,
Then why not you and 1 1
C. Then let cold water armies give
Their banners to the air;
So shall the boys like oaks be strong,
The girls like ttilips fair;
The girls like tulips fair, my friends,
The girls like tulips fair,
The boys shall grow like sturdy oaks,
The girls like tulips fair.
To thc Chairman of the Central Commil
tccof the Vt. Tempcrance
Stn, since my last report of the 3d inst, I
Iiave visited Bristol, New Haven Weybridge,
Addison, (East aud West,) Bridport, Shore
ham (Centre and Rich's Mills,) Whiting,
Leicester, Salisbury, Cornivall aud Lincoln.
In this list is einbraccd almost as grcat a
variety of condilious in tlie matter of tlie
Temperance cause, as the state would fur
nish. But I cannot dojustice to the scvcral
towns if I undertake to descrihe the coudition
of each, without going into details too ex
tensive forthis report, and therefore I prcs
ent ouly thciractioii upon the subjcct of li
censes. Oue distinct errand in all my past
visits in this aud othcr counties, has bcen to
draw nttcntion to this question. Petitions
have bcen circulatcd at Icast in 21 towns
of the couuty, prayitig tlie court to refuse all
applications for the licensing the sale of in
loxicatiug drinks, and with the follouiug rc-
sults: The first coluinn of figurcs exprcssing
the numbcr of freemen, and the second, offe
malcs over 13 ycars cif age, wbo signcd these
JMiddlebury, (of last year)
Vergennes (collcctcd but
In Lincoln, I lcft 110 petitions and I sup
pose that none were circulated. Other towns
which I have not visited sentintheir petitions
Granville, 21 15
Hancock, 13 5
Ripton, 30 37
Goshen, 37 47
Amounting to 1573 freemen, and 1951 fe
males in all 3524. Omitting in the estim
ate, the the town of Salisbury, where almost
no cffort was made, this resultgives us a ma
jority of all the freemen of the towns, from
which returns have been received. But in
some towns, doubtless, names were collccted,
which were not returned, and in other towns
the business was very imperfectly done. In
tach loxcn. in the first cataloeue, with two or
threc exceptions, a considerable niajority of
ircemen raigut hare bcen obtained.
At the meeting of the several boards of civ
ll authority, votes in favor of licenses were
obtaiued from majoritics of members, in only
four towns, viz: Bridport, Hancock, Lincoln
and Ripton. Atthe session of the court, 15
applications were made for tavern licenses
from 11 towns. 2 applications for rctailer's
licenses, viz: from Bridpoit and Middlebury,
and 4 applications from as many towns for li
cense to sellfor medicinal purposes only.
All these applicants must wait fora chan'-e
to come over the afTairs of the country, cre
they can make drunkards according to law,
protecting themselves, in their work ofdeath
bchind the authority of the State of Vermont.
Before closing this communication, it may
be doing the drinking part of the community
good service, to warn them, through you,
sir, to beware how they purcbase imported
spints, so called, during the yearto comc.
A tew years ago, the quantity annually im
ported amounted to more than five millions
dollars. But taking the actual importations
fornine months, coramencing Oct. 1, 1842,
as theaverage for the wbole year. the impor
'mponations of 1843 amount only to $8GS
J02. This is taken from congressionai doc
umen,9 These "actual importations" con
of ,1,91'532 Sallo"s Bn.ndy, and 394-w-3
gallons of other spirits. This of course
nili prove, comparatively.a veryshortsupply,
unless thenumber of drinkers have diminish
ed more than our opponenu admit. Teu
years ago, this quintity would scarccly sup-
ply a single state. Ihe conclusion then be
comes unavoidable, that a very large propor-
tton ot what is sold as imported spirits must
be "ductored" in our owu country. This is
especially ccrtaiu when we are assured that
for many years before, this business has been
very extensivcly carried on.
The prescnce or custoni liouse marKS, m
voiccs. certificatcs. &c. do not furuish the
least security against fraud in this respect. j
For the marks upon the casks and upon the '
variousdocumentsmustor course remainthe !
same, though these casks are emptied and '
refilled an hundred times withas many kinds '
of fiuid. I have heard, from good authority, !
of inslances in which these cmpty casks,
thus certified, have been sold for $40, 00, with
as a tran for the credulotis and the unsus- I
pecting, in this fraudalcnt manner.
1 ours respcciiuuy,
M. P. PARISH,
Middlebury, Juue 24, 1844.
iroBi Graham's Magazine.
BV JA1IES K. rAULDIC, AUTIIOR OF " THE
DUTCHJIAS'S riRESIDE," ETC.
Shortly after the conclusion of the latewar,
a gcntlcmau distinguished as a scholar.a wit.
and apolitition, who slood high in the walks
ofliteralure, aud had risen to the most digni-
fied oflices by his talents and w orth, was pro-
ceediug up the Mississippi in one ofthc first
steamboats that had evor plicd ou the bosom
of that mighty stream. He was a self-made
and a self-sustained man, somcuhat past the1
period of bloomingyouth; but his pcrson was
striking, his countenance highly iutcllcctual,
his manners polishcd by intimatc intcrcourse
nithsociety, his voicecxcecdinglymelodious,
aud hiseyecapable ordiscoursing the most
cloqucnt music. During the course of the
voyage which was not in the most favorable
season of the year, he became gradually in-
disposed, aud finally got so ill that at his own
request, he was put oii sbore at one of those
little old Kreuch villages, betwcen thc mouth
oi me wino auu xouis, wuose aize uean .uu niuiwsi n h"sv v. fauuu
no proportion to Ihcir age, and whosegrowth graces. She at ouce told me he ncyer saw
is so slow that, like the current ofa stagnant but one man toward wbom sbe felt irresisti
strcam, it is next to iinpossible to tellbether bly attractcd, aud be treated ber as if she
they are advaucing backward or forward. : was uobody."
The agitation of removal, and the heat of a j "I should like to see her," answercd Hart
summerday, so aggravated hisdisease.wbich , Iand, "for, indepcndcnt of the obligatious I
was a bilious fever, that be became partially owe her, she must be something ofa curi
delirious, and being witbouta servant, might oaity. Such humility is not often coupled
have Tared but iudiffcrcntly, a strangcr iu a ; with wealth, beauty and accomplishmcnts.
strange place, had not an elderly lady, wbo ( But you have not yet told me how I came to
happtued to be looking out at a ncigbboring be here."
window, been charitable cnough to have him " You were seen by a good old aunt who
conducted, or ratbcr carried, to her bouse. resides with the young lady, and who hap
Here he was placcd iu bed and immcdiatcly pened to be looking out of the wiudow as
attended by a physician, wbo administered to , you were landed in a stntc of partiat delir
him so successful that the next morning ium. She apprised Mademoiselle de F
his dclirium had subsided into one of those
low desperate fevers so barrassing to the cou
stitution. so difiicult to cure.
His returning consciousness disclosed to
him the form of one of those minisleriug an
gcls called woinen, sitting at his bedside, as if
awaitinjr an opportiinity to prescnt his mcdi-
cine, or pcrform some kind ofiice. Thc sick
. 11.. n. n, ,Ii, :. r, -, v,.r nf lii
brain, but after rubbing his cyes aud gazing
awbile, recoguized a female with a cap such
as French attcndanU. generally wear, a plain
gown, and a black silk apron, with a sweet.
gcmle anu expressive Ta je, apparently bear
iug the impressiou of deep solicitude. Per
cciving him to bc awake, she inquired in a
voice of cxquisite mclody, if he wanted any
thing. Instead of auswering the question,
the sick man whom J shall call Hartland,
though that was uot his real name, asked two
or three others, iu a low, feeble tone.
"Where am I and who are you!"
"You are in St. , aud I am poor Ge
nevieve, your sen'ant can I do anythiug for
O, a nurse they have providcd for me, I
supposc, thougbt Hartland. I shall theretore
stand on no ceremony with ber. "My good
girl, I will tlinnk you fora glassofsometbing
to quench my thirst I am buruing up, I be
lieve?" Genevieve took his hand, and afterholding
it a little while, laid it sofily down on the bed,
saying as if to berself, "It does indced burn
like fire." The touch of her hand wasso soft,
tliat Hartland could tell tbal she pitied bim
witb all her hcart. At thismoment tlie nlivsi-
cian came, and our traveller recognized him
an old acquamtance, a senator whom he had
known at Washington, and a very eminent
man 111 nis prolcssion. Ile lelt extremPly
grateful at having so gentle a nurse, and so
aule a physician. l et ms recovery was so 1 motive thatwouia nave natterea nis seii-iove,
slow that it did no great credit to eithcr nurse j or to do him justice, appealed lo his gratitude
or doctor, for it was uearly six weeks before , aud afiection.and merited adiflerent acknowl
his fever was fairly broken. ' edgement more than sordid moncy. He tried
During that time be relapsed more than ' hard to pcrsuade himself that he owed poor
once, and there were periods when all, and 1 Genevieve nothing but her wages. while his
himself among the rest.despaired of his recov- J heart told him that such attentions asshe bad
ery. Day and night Geneiveve was his at- , paid bim could never be bought with gold. -tendant.
we micbt almost sav his cuardian ' But what could the doctor mean by his mis-
angel. If be opcncd his languid glassy cyes
in the day, she was sitting by bis bedside, and
ifbe asked for anythmg at night, he was ad-I you will not peruaps bewillmg to nestow on
ministered to by her gentle hand, andsooth- j her?" Hartland could make nothing ofthis,
ed by her gentle voice. At such times he and became buried in a perplexity of tbought
was occasionally puzzled by a vague percep- 1 from which he was roused by the steps of Ge
tiou that he had seen hersomewhcre before; nevieve, who entered the room with slowtim
but it passed away, like a dream, when, with idity, and asked in trembling accents, after
all his efibrts, he could neitber recall tbe time 1 his bealth.
nor the oecasion. More than once he thot' "I am quite well, dear Genevieve, thanks
he saw hcr wipiug tcars from her eyes, as he J to your blessed kindness, which I can never
awakcned from his miscrable intervals ofpar- 1 repay."
tial oblivion ; but hecnded in being convinced I "My wages are already paid," answered
that it was a mistake, since what was she to she, with apparent simplicity; "and now that
him or he to her. Genevieve had said she you are quite recovered, I am going away.
was his nurse, "Poor Genevieve," she was j I came to bid you farewell, to express my
therefore hired for her services, and her at-, wisbes for your happincss, and to ask of you
tentions were to be rcpaid m money. Jstill
bis soul could not resist the sacrcd impulse
of gratitude, and he promised before his Ma
kerthat, whetherhe lived ordied, be would
make ber ample amends.
Atlength he became convalescent, aud, in
proportiun as he recovered. Genevive cradu-
ally relaxed in her attendance, which was now
,. . , : ,V , ,
supphed by a male servant. Hartland was a
little hurt at this, and indeed seriously missed
the soft voice, and gentle, compassionatclook
01 uenevieve. "i suppose hermonth is up,"
thougbt he in a pet, "and sbe is waiting to be
engaged for another." Still Genevieve came
sometimes, ihough not so often as before; ic
Hartland being now recovering from a state of
almost infant helplessness, began to study
her a little more attentively. There was some
thing about her that puzzled him. Though
dressed like a waiting maid, hcr appearance
and demcanor did not seem to belong to that
class, and in the conversations he had with
her, hc discovercd a well cultivated mind,
stored with that polite information becoming
in a well-bred woman. Everythiug sbe said :
or did exhibited a quiet ladv-Iike simplicity I
and decorum. There was also something in
her deportment toward him so difTereut from
that which unusuallyexistsbetween thenurse '
and the patieut, that Hartland half thc time, !
did not know how to' behave himself. He
sotnetimes insisted on her bemg seated, nut
she always decliued with a look of humility j
that sunk into his hcart. At first he was,
puzzled, next interested, and finally there ,
stole into his heart one of the softest of all !
possible feelings for Genevieve, compounded .
of full grown gratitude and new-born love.
One day, while the doctor was with bim,
itsuddenlv occurred to Hartland to mquire
where he was, how he came there, and rnost
esnecially, to whose kindness be was iudebt
j ed forsucb henevolent iuteutions. hinting at
' the same time that he presumed it was the
! doctor wbo bad ioterposed iu his bchalf.
"You are mistakeu," replied his frieud;
i '! knew nothiug of your situation tilll found
"Indeed! and how came I here?"
"T will fpll T-nn fnrvnn mlrht to know. in
- ..... . j j -a - I
order to return thanks in the propcr place.
You are iu the bousc of Mademoiselle de F.,
ayouuglady ofFrcnrh cxtraction, a great '
beiress, of lands, mines, aud what not.extend- '
ing no one knows where; aud, withal,a most
beautiful,amiable,accompIished woman. She
is a ward ofmine, or rather was, for she is
now of age, aud mighf have married lougago,
but for a siugle scruple which she encoura- I
ges at the risk of passiug the remainderofher
life in single blessedness. ,
"Ah!" rejoined Hartland, wbo found him- j
self not a little intercstetl about the hciress; ,
"ah, and what may this scruple be V' j
"She imagines, or rather fears, it is her.
grcat possessious tliat altract so many aunnr- (
ers wbcrevcr sbe goes; and faitb, notwith-
standing her beauty and accomplisbments.she
is probably in the right. She is waitiug to be
loved forherself aloue, aud from bciug at-i
most always surrouded by frivolous or intcr-
csted admtrers.has coutracted a sort of con-
tempt if not avcrsion, to meu, nhich in spite
of the feminiiie gen.lcuess, uot to say tender-
uess, of her disposition, displays itself in no.
uniform indifTerence if not baughtiness, to-
of the circumstance, who immediatcly gave
directious to have you brought here."
"Upon my word I owe hcr obligations
which I cau never repay."
"That is more than you know," said the
"I should, however at least, like to thank
her. Where does she hide hcrsclf ? How
' banncnsit I have never bv anv chancc seen,
1 or beard her voice? and when willshe permit
! me to express my gratitude J"
" It would not be etiquettc, you know, ' re-
pl;ed the doctor again smiling with sweetness
I never saw in any other man. "It would not
be etiquettc for a young lady to visit a young
sinnle iicutlemen. like vou, iu his bed-cham-
ber. But in a few days I shall let you out of
the cage, and then you will see licr. lake
care of yourself; the citadel is invi'ing, but
will cost a loug seige, aud pcrbaps not surren
dcr at last."
The doctor then rose to depart when Hart
land.with a degree ofhesitation which supris
cd himself, and the color rising in his pale
"But doctor, now I think ofit. who is the
gentle kind attcntive nurse, to whom, I verily
bclievc meaning no rcficctiou on your skill
I am indebted for my recovery. I owe ber
mucb, and you must put mein Borce way of
exprcssing my obligations."
"She is paid for her attendance," replied
thft doctor, earnestly, "and will accept of
nothing from you, except what you will not
pcrbaps be willing to bestow ou her."
"What do vou mean bv that, doctor?
" Nothing," answcred he, as he departed
, with another significant smilp
Hartland fell into a reverie. The words,
'she ispaid for her attendance," cratedharsh-
ly on his ears. He wishedit bad beenvolun-
j tary.for then he could have ascribeditto some
j chicvous smiles, and the equivocal phrase of
''she will accept nothing from you, but what
sometimes to remember poor ueuevieve.
Concludtd next tceel:
MR. CLAY'S MORAL CHARACTER.
Amos Kendall, Blair, and other blackguards
and knaves, the conductors of Locofoco presses,
who live by calumny and lies, are making great
I eflbrts to preiuaice tne minas 01 inepeujueagiuusi
Mf cla: &.C!mse he has, once or twice in his
I jjj-ej been drawn into dispules which he felt called
upcn to settle in the mode recognized among gen
tleman. How stands the casel Mr. Clay is a
Southera gentleman unfortunately thepracUce
of duelling has hitherto prevailed at the South
and itis well known that every Sonthem gentle
man, not a member of the Chnstian church, mnst
hold himself amenable lo the duelling code, or
sacrifice his character and position in socie
ty. In obedience to the behests of pubhc opin
ion, therefore, and contrary to his own pnvatc
mimm nf rr.,,r-,l rlntv nnil to the sentunents of
a benevolent heart, Mr. Clay has beea dragged I
VT.- WEDNESDAY, JULY 3, 1844.
into the adopu'on of the unchristian code. He,
however, has never taken the life of an encmy;
but, on the contrary, has won on the "field of hon
or" the admiraUon of friends and enemies for his
faimess and magnanimity.
But who is it that brings this chargc against
Mr. Clay 1 Who but the snpple, cringing, un
principled instrumeuts of Geaeral Jackson'stow
ering ambitionl Who but the mean, fawning
flatterers of the man who has sent, in single corn
bat, two of his fellow-creatures to the gravel No
langnage can describe the baseness of Kendall
and Blair in reference to this charge. Amos
Kendall is now writing the life of General Jack
son, which he publishes monthly, in which he
lauds his hcro for the murder ol Dickenson, after
the latler had fired 1 The pious knare speaks of
the cool courage of Jackson upon this oecasion,
who boasted afterwards that "heiadlejtthedavm
ed Taseal vxUering in his blood." This hoary hyp
pocrile, and snperanuaied party hack, after heap
ltitr nraises UDon thc mnnlererof Dickinson and
Robards, turns upon Mr. Clay with the charge of
Deing a aueiiist. un, lor a wnip ju eveiy noa
est hand, to lash the rascal naked through the
world. lWs Slandard.
For the Northcrn Galaxy.
VOTAOE FROM BALTIMORE TO KIKCSTON.
Going on deck early in the morning of the
I4lh, we found the breezc fresh from the N.
E., and were entertaining appreheusions of
another gale,wben ourCapt. looking out from
the cabiu door, immediatcly issued his ordcrs
with steutorian voice,aud to ourutteramazc
raent, "loose the fore-top-sail; setthe spen
cer; take the bonnet off the jio." We were
in latitude 30, and insteadof being tlie coin
mencement ofa north easter, it was the trade
wind, which sometimes commeoces in this
Cliange of Climalc.
A chauge of latitude, at this season of thc
year carries the travellcr in a few days tbro'
tlie ttausitions of winter,spring.andsuuimcr.
Commencing our journey ovcr deep Bnow
ithe Green Mountains, and having just
penenced (Nov. lo)a cold of3 iar., we
observed with much satisfaction the gradual
rise of temieraturc, until at length the rays
of the sun became exccssively bot. During
our stav in Baltimore from Nov. 24 to Dec.
8. the mercury fell below the frcezing point
onlv four times. tbe creatcst cold beiue 23 0
After crossing thc Gulf stream, we came at
once to a milder cliuiate, with a temperature
ranging from 55 to 65. From lat. 2G N.
to the Caicos Is.,thc weathtr was 10 warm-
er, and we prefcrred shade to suushine when
on deck. Woolcn garments were from this
time.cntirely dispensed with. Subsequently
tomaking the Caicos passage, the mercury
ranged trom 75 to 80, 0 night and day being
of nearly equal warmth. This was truly de-
liguliul, and when ihe sails llappeu mdolently
on thc yards with tho soft breezes. and tbc
swcll rolled on lazily, an infectious indolence
crept over us, and the mcrc act of cxistenco
was a luxury to be cnjnycd without eflbrt of
body or ol mind.
Flying fishes, in fiocks, with their shiniug
fius and silrer sidcs, were now seen pursuing
a rapid course, doubling in their fiight, and
suddculy disappearing in the waves. Natu
ratists say that these fishcs have not much rc
semblance to birds,andtravellers say that they
have. Botb are corrcct. Seenat a distanco
they do resemblancc a (lock of birds skim
ming over the waves; in tbc hand, they re-
semblc a smelt with Iargefins. Tropical birds
hovered arouud us, and when we wcrc 25
milesofTCapeNichola Mole, ayellowbutter-) rncni, we aro for pcacc, if possible, union
fly made us a passing visit, borne by the wind 1 and liberty. Wo wanl no war, abovc all,
to tbe distaut coast of Cuba. We should no civil war, no fnmily stiife. Wo want
have been gladto have heard ofthesuccessfuljnosacljcd cities, no desolated fields, no
issue ofthis adventurous fli5ht, smoking ruins, no strcams of American
Since entering tbc Gulf Stream we had b,ood shcJ b American arms! Mr.
bcen m an ocean of warm water. From 68 a , speech, Feb 25, 1833.
Far., its temperature gradually increased with Jf . . ' .
our progress to the South until within the
West Iudian seas, where it ranged irom 80 to
The changc in the aspcct of the sky was
cqually striking. Iustcad of tbe dark hard tc
angry looking clouds of northein winterskies,
wesaw. witnm tlie tropics, tlie solt lleccy
masses of, vapor, which are sometimes seen
in the nortberu summer. The deep cold
azure oftheskyis here mcllowed mtoa solt
i ! . 11 xt .1. n 1 r. . t. r
JJlll UIUC. X1CICI BtJUll M. IUI;ct tllC III
Dec. 1C in Iat. 23. 0 Small light fleecy clouds
weresnarselv scattered around the horizon.
and between us aud tbe setting sun were h
regular but mellow looking masses, uense in
the centre only, the rest with the lustre and
color of polished silver, aud tbe margms br.l -
liantly cilded with the dazzhng rays of the
sun. This scene was set oll to great auvan
tage by tbc light yet ricli warm blue of the
sky above. But words cannot exhibit to oth
ers the beautiful picturc,as it lives in our con
ceptions. MR. CLAY AND THE COMPROM
On the 11th of Feb. the tcst vote was
taken in the House, indicating the pass
age of the bill reported by the Committeo
of Ways and Means, as amended; im.
mediately on learning tho result of that
vote Mr. Clay gave noticc to the Senato
that he would bring in a bill on the sub
Feb. 12, 1633, in accordance with no
ticc, Mr. Clay brought in the bill com
monly called the Compromise Act.
Senate Journal, page 171.
On this oecasion Mr. Clay said :
In presenting thc modification of the
(ariff laws, which I am about now to sub.
mit, I have two great objects in view.
My first object looks to tbo tariff. I am
compclled to express tho opinion, formed
after the most deliberate reflection, and
on full survey of tho wholo country, that
whether rigbtfully or wroflgfully, the tar
iff stands in immincnt danger. If it
should be prcserved during this session,
it must fall at the next session. By what
circumstances, and through what causes,
has arisen the nccessity of this chango
in the policy of our country, I will not
pretend now to elucidato. Others there
are who may differ from the impressions
which my mind has received upon this
point. Owing, however, to a variety of
concurrent causes, the tariff, as it now
exists, is in imminent danger, and if tbe
system can be preserved beyond tho next
session, it must bo by somo mcans not
now within tho reach of humin sagacity.
Thc fall of that policy, sir, would bo pro.
fiiic fivr rnn:(niiiirpq rnlamntnna in.
deed. When I look at the variety of
interosts which aro involved, to the num-
ber of indinduals interested, tho amount
of capital invested. the valeo of buildings
crcctcd, and the wholo arrangenicut of
the business for the prosecution oftho
vanous branches of tho manufacturing
art which havo snrunff up under the fos-
tering care ofthis govcrnment, I cannot
contemplatc atiy avil equnl to the sudden
overthrow of all those interests. History
can prodtico no parallel to tho extcnt of
the mischief which would be produccd
by such a disaster. The repcal of Ibe
edict of Nantes itself was nothing in com
parison with it. Thnt condemncd toex.
ile and brought to ruin a great numberof
persons. Tho most rcspcctable portion of
llio population of France was condemncd
to exile and ruin by. that measure. But
iu my opinion, sir, tho sudden repcal of
tho larifT policy would bring ruin and
destruction upos thc wholc peoplo ofthis
country. There is no evil, in my opin
ion, equal to tho consequenccs which
would result from sucha calastrophe.-ilr.
Clay's Speech. Feb. 12, 1833.
If wo adjourn, without passing thisbillf
having cntrustcd tho cxccutive with vnst
powers to mainlain tho laws, &hould bo
ablo by the next session to put down all
opposition to them, will he not, as a nec
cssaty conscquenco ofsuccess, have more
power than ever toput down th tariff
also Has ho not said that tho south is
oppressed, and its burdens ought to bc ro
licvcd? And will ho not fecl himself
bound, after ho shall have triumphed, if
triuroph hc may in a civil war, to uppeaso
tho disconlcnts of thc South by n inodifi.
calion of tho tariff, in conformity wilh its
wishcs and dcmands ? tio, sir ; no sir ;
let us savc tho country from tho drcadful
r xil rnlnmiiipo. nnd Int n snvn its in.
, f;om ':hrcateneu dcs(ructIon.
c. . u 1 1 1 . .
Statcsmen should regulatc thc r conduct
and ndilPl ,lle,r mcasures to thc cxigcn-
cies oftho timcs in which they livc. Ihey
! cannot, indced, transccnd tho Jimits of
1 tho constitutional ru!o ; but with resppct
1 to those systems of policy which fall with
' j ys scopo, they should arrangc them
according to tho interests, tho wants, and
,ho prejudicos 0f the people. Two gieat
' , J ., , , 1 . ,- . .. BT..
danSers t.l'rea!0,n "l0 nubl i
j ruo Patrlot w, not ftoP !ls!',f'ow
, nave been brought nbouV-ut will I fly tothe
i delivcranco of his country. Tho diffet.
j cnce belveen tho friends nnd focs oftho
, compromisc, uniiur consiueration, is, that
they would, in the cnforcing act, scnd
forth alonc a flaming sword. Wo would
scnd out that also, but along with it thc
olive branch, a tnesscngcr of peace. They
cry out, the law ! Ihe law ! the law ! Pow
er power ! power 1 Wo, too, rcvcrence
tho law, and how to thcsupromacy ofits
obligation ; but wo aro in favor of the
law cxccutcd in tnildncss, and of power
tcmpercd wilh niercy. They, as wo
think, would hazard a civil commotion,
beginning in South Carolina and cxtcn
ding, God only knows where. While
we would vindicatc tho fcderal covcrn.
bill from the commiltec. Jourual, page
Fcb. 25, it was ordercd to be cngrosscd
without a division. Same, page 210.
Thus tho compromiso wcnt on in tho
Scnate. We will lutn to the Ilnuse, nnd
see how it fared wilh the bill of Alr.
p0lfc's Committeo ofWav
Feb. 18, 1833, another motion to lav
the bill on thc tablo was lost ayrs 84,
J noes, 108 ; Mr. Polk voiing NO.
1 page 352.
f0n the day succeedinK this voto Mr.
1 C reporled his compromiso bill to the
Senate, as abovo shown.l
Fcb. 21, a motion to postpone was lost,
ayes 86, noes 99 ; Mr. Polk voting NO.
Simp, page 385.
Molions to striko out the duty on coffc
and tea wcro carried, Mr. Polk voting
NO on both. Same, pages 390,392.
Feb. 25, (thc Scnate having ordercd
Mr. Clay's Compromise to be engrossed,)
Mr. Lctcher of Ky. moved to rcccommit
tbc bill with instruclions to report Mr.
Clay's Wl as a'subitilute ; carried, 95 to
54, Mr, Polk voting AYE. Same, page
Fcb. 26, the bill (as amended by substi.
tuting Mr. Clay's bill) was PASSED
ayes 119, noes 85, Mr. Polk voting
AYE. Same, page 428.
Now, on turning to the Senate, wc
find the facts as follows :
Feb. 26, 1833. tho Compromiso bill
was received from the House, and Mr.
Clay's Senate bill for tho samo object
was laid on tho table. Senate Journal,
papes 212, 213.
March 1, 1833, tbo fcenato concurrcd
in passing the Compromise bill from the
House, aycs 29, noes, 16.
In conclusion wc can do no less than
rcpcat our thanks to tho Patriot for stir
ring us up togive the facts in this matter.
Tbe rcsults arc thcsc : it is in proof that
the insinuattons of tbc Patriot are utterly
false; that JAMES K. POLK united
with the Locofoco Committeo of Ways
and Means in rcporting a bill to sweep
away the protectivo svstem, and with it
to cover the land with bankroptcy, on
barely two years nolice ; that he sup
ported the bill in a speech, in which he
said that WOOL SHOULD BE ADMIT
TED DUTY FREE; that he voted
against tho amendment to improve thc
provision on wool ; that while be was
talking and voting against protecting tho
wool-erowers and laborurs. he VOteu 'O-
TAX them for cvery drop oflea orcofTee.
they drank ; that he sustained this abom-
tnablo bill until the Scnate showed (03-
its voto on Mr. Clay's proposition) that
it could never passthat body, and then.
as an alternativo betwecn tho then exis
ting Tariff and tho Compromrse, ho vo-
. ted for the latler. As to Mr. L-LiAl, tl is
in proof that he was drhen to the eom.
promise by tho course of POLK AND
THE LOCOFOCO PARTY; and that
betook not a single step, until it was ren
dered nbsolutcly necessnry to save tho
Tariff from nttcr deslruclion, and the
country from civil war. Clay was then
tho fricnd of Protection - Polk was its
enemy ; Clay then proposed, as a com
promise, a modcrato reduction ofdutics,
tocndinnimc years with 20 pcr ccnt.
and to this ho proposed to add, in 1842.
the hoinc vnlualion and cash dutics,
which is cqual to 10 pcr ccnt., and thc
amount of protection after 1842 would
thus havo been 30 per ccnt ; Polk urgcd
a reduction to 15 pcr ccnt. in ttco years ! I
and insisted upon it until Mr. Clay's suc
cess in tho Scnate compclled him to
succumb. Their relative positions are
still the same as in 1833.
MR. POLK'S VICWS NOW.
Mr. Polk insists that Ihe prcscnt Tanfl"
) 13 a violation uf thc Compromise, and
I must be REDUCED TO TU'ENTY
PEa CENT., cr MORE THAN ONE
IIo took other viows, briefly prcsentcd,
ofthc subjcct, and procced to tho discuss
ionofthe protectivo Tnriff Act passcd by
the last Congress. Hc showed that it
was a highlv protective Tariff, and not
nnn fnr rnvpnnn.
Ho showcu that bv tho
.Compromiso Tariff Actofl833, tho tax
! ' : ,-.1 .i:-i . 1 on
, " I "M "Zmo
" ccni. upon 11a uiu- imer i iu uvm i
JunCi i842. No highcr tax than 30 pcr
CPnt. was imposcd.on any article ufter thc
30ln 0f Junc, 1812, until tho 30lh of
August, 1842. on which lattcr day tho
present Tariff Law was passed by llc
Whig Congress, Tho tt'hig Congress
laid violcnt hands on the compromise act
of 1833. and brokc it up.
Ho was opposcd to diiect taxes, and to
prohibitory and protectivo dutirs, and in
favor of such moderate duties as would
not cut off importations. IN OTHEIl
WORDS, I1E WAS IN FAVOR OF
REDUC1NG THE DE ITES TO TI1K
RATES OF THE COMPROMISE
ACT, WHERE THE WHIG CON
GRESS FOUND THEM ONTHE 30th
OF JUNE, 1842. Polk's Speech at
Jackson Tenn, April 3, 1843.
MR. CLAY'S VIEWS NOW.
Mr. Clay insists now, as hc did in 16-
33, that tbo Compromise did not Iimit
Congress to a 20 per cent. rato after 18-
42 ; declares that any other rale of duty
mav bo made, consislent wilh nn cconc-
mical revcnuc ; that discriminalion in fa
vor ofdomcslic indusfry may bo made;
that hc is in favor of tho prcscnt tnriff,
and of remcdying all dcfccts by supplc-
montal Icgislation ; in short, that bo is in
favor of a system of PROTECTION,
modeiale, reasonable, eertam,and durable.
Wo quoto from Mr. Clay :
I conlcnd, therefore, with cntirc confi
dcnce, that it is pcrfectlv consistcnt wilh
the provisions of the Compromiso Act to
imposo dulics to ANY AMOUNT what
ever, 30, 40, or moro pcr ccnt., subjcct to
thc single conditirn oftho Government.
Speech in the Senate, March 1, 1842,
Also speech in the Senate, Feb. 12 1833.
I think tho present tariff in the main is
right, and working much good. There
may be excuses or dcfects in it, of whieli
I have not here thc mcans to judgc ; and
if there bo, tliey nulit to be correclcrf by
supplemcntal lesislation. Lelter lo Mr.
Merritcether, of Georgia, 1843.
Ho had ever bcen in favor of tbc pro
tective system to a certain cxtcut. To
preservc at once tho pcacc and tho crcat
interests of thc country, he had becnac
tivn in L-ffccting thu Compromiso of 1833,
Mr. Clay dcnied that thc principlo of
the compromise requircd the maximum
rato of duty tobetixedat 20 per cent.
Ils true principlo was that no moro rev.
enue should bc raised thaii was nrccssary
for an honcst and cconomical admimstra
tion oftho Government, and within that
limit there M1GHT be discriminalion IN
FAVOR OF DOMESTIC INDUS
Mr. Clay concluded this branch of his
subject by declaring himself IN FAVOR
Or A 0Y0T 1SM Or PKO IMSCTIUiN,
moderatc, reasonable, certain, nnd dura
blc. Speech at Charleston, S. C., April,
We havo thus disposed of the miscrable
reprcsentation of the Patriot, quotcd at
tho head ofthis article, as well as ofthc
weak Locofoco lie that Mr. Clay has
abandoued tho doctrinc of Protection,
Iftho Patriot isreally ignoranl, the facts
are here eivcn from the official documcnts,
and it can avai! itself of our refercnccs lo
verify tbcm, and then disabuse its rcaders;
butif it has desxgnedty misrepresented
Mr. Clay, that paper will never publiah
these facts. Mark tbe course of the
Patriot. Vl. Watehman.
A Ftx. Tho Buffalo Courier has
chargcd that "all tho Senators and Rep
resentatives" who voted for the re-char-tcr
of tho U. S. Bank in 183, were
"bribed and purchascd by British Bankors
and Brokcrs." George M. Dauas the
Courier's candidate for the Vico Presi-
dency, was one of tho Senator who vo
ted for the Bank. Under thcso circum.
stances the Rochester Democrat is anx
ious to know how tho Courier can con
sistently supporta "bribed arid purcbased '
candidate for office. The Courier, as I
vct, declincs giving any expUuation. k
IS rUBLIJIIED EVERY WEDNESDAT M0KM3G
IN STEWART'S BUILDIG?,
BY J. COBB JR.
bt- wnox all oRDtns ros rr.isTiss.
Of every description will be neatly am!
fashionably executcd, at short notice.
IIo.n. Georce M. Bidb, who has just been
made Secretary of the Treasury, is a V. S
District Judge in Kentucky, and was a Jack
son U. S. Senr.tor under Mr. Adam's Adiuin
istration. He has since been pretty much of
Mr. Calboun's politics. He has talents, but
an odd way of usiog them. His acceptance
Thomas II Benton We caunot reprcss-'
the admiration we feel for the rccent bearing
of Col. Bentnn. The Carolina Disunionists
have uudcrmiucd and beaten him with ibeir
new Texas conspiracy they have worsted
bim in tbe Prcsidential contest and nrobablv
cut bim ofi" from the succession they have
obtained tbe lead of the party which they
have ouly belonged to some six or seven
years, while he has been its Ajax in ibe Sen
ate since lc tuey have piobably destroycd
but they caunot conquer nor cower him. He
looks tbem as stcrnly in the eyc as ever, and
is prcpared to do batile wilh tbemat any no
lice, no matter at wbat ouJs. His rpjoinder
to McDufiie on Saturday night is lepresented
by those nbo bcard it as most witherinz.
He laid bare the secret sprinss of private
speculationand political treachery which havo-
givcn 11m to tne cry ol Immediate Annexa
tion ; be sbowed tbat the mcn who fomented
this plot were impellcd by the most sordid.
motives, and bcnt on gratifying their ambf
tion cven at thc cost of dcstroying the Union
He told them on closing that they need not
exult to coufideutly iu their ill got victory,
for he should meet them at Philippi tbat be
should opposc their intrigues with vuice and
pen, anuirnecube uh sword iu hand, aud
tlie defcndiug tbe Union.
A murmurofapplausc ran tbrouzh ihe cal-
leries which could uot bc restniincd. Gcn.
Clincb of Ga. wbo happeucd to be in the Scu
atc, could not resist the impulse to go up to
the daumless Senator, aud grasping his linnil,
tell bim that he should stand prou-Jly by his-
- 1 - j.r e .1 t- -
aiue 111 ucieucr 01 iue uuion.
Mr. Bcnton turncd to Jonrt QcinlT An-
ams, who had taken a stat behiml bim to bs-
ten lo tbis dcbate, and taking liin haud said.
"Mr. Aduiiis, you are passing ofT the stage.
and I am passing away also, but ubile we
'live wewill stand by the Union!"
The Natiou rcsponds to tbis senliinrnt.
There is a good deal of blusler, at Wash
ington and at St. Louis, ibout turning Mr.
Beuton out ofthc party! but tbe Disuuiou1
ists will cousult tbe better part of valor.
They would cut au iutcresting figure iu the
Scnate. after reading out of Ihe party Tuom
as H. Bestox and Silas Wrigiit forrcsist.
ing their Texas iniquity.
TARIFF OR NO TARIFF.
This is one of the great qucslions to be dc
cided in the coming contest. Mr. Bt-ntou
said iu his speech in tbe Senate in Marrli Inst,
"that the TarifTwns the question wliirh was
to be decided by the people iu ihe choicc of
l'residont." So far as this single issue is con
ccrncd thcrc can be no dodgiug it.
Mr. Pulk is anti-tariu. ilis ilocrrire upon
this issue tbe Charleston Mercury says "is
SoOTIIERX TO THE BACK EOSE."
Polk is supported as nn anti-tarili"man by
Senator Allen, of Ohio, who on the 31st o'f
May introduced a resolutiou iu thc lT. S.
Scnate declaring, tbat "the dutics imjiostd
by existing lavs on importations arc unjuat
and ought to be reduetd.
Polk is supported as an anti-tarifT man I y
the eigbtccn Locofoco Senators wbo voted
for the above resolntiou, and is oppnscd as au
anti-tarifi man by the twcnty-three Whig Sen
ators, wbo voted agaiust tbc abote rcsolu
tion. Polk is supported as au anti-tarifl mau by
S. Wnght of tbis Statc.who voted to dcclare
the very bill hc voted to pass, as unjust and
that thc dutics under it oucht to bc reduccd.
Polk is supported by tbose whn sustained
the Black Tariirilill of Mr. McKay, to de
struy protection and to sacrifice tbe frce labor
of tbe North to tbc cupidity of Ihe Slavc-dri-ving
aristocracy ofthc Sunth, for tbe sake of
keeping this frec trade faction in good humor
and sccuring its votes fur this Locofoco candi
date for thc Presidency.
He is supported for the Presidency by tbe
Locofoco committec wbo ailoptcd this Black
He is supported for thc Presidency by Mr.
McKay, wbo reporled this bill to thc House.
He is supported for thc Presidency by thc
103 Loco Focos, nbose votes brought thii
bill brforc the House for action.
He is supported by thoe who advocate that
unjust nnd iniquitous bill, and cvery advn
cate is a Locofoco.
And nhat are the opinion? of Polk in rcfa
tion to thc present tarifl", under the optration
of which every branch of industry fs ffonrish
ing ? They may be seen by the following ex
tract from tbe Nashvillc Union, the organ of
Messrs. Jackson and Polk :
"We wish it to be borne irJ mind, tbat ihe
oppressive TarifTof 1S42 has been cocdeinn
ed by every true Democrat, and by none
more decidedly than Mr. Van Buren. THAT
ITS PROVISIONS ARE VIEWED
WITH ABHORRENCE BY GOVER
NOR POLK AND ALL HIS FRIEXES
WE NEED NOT REl'EAT!" Aib. D.
"My opinion is tliat WOOL should bc u
tyfrcerJamcs K. Polk.
The Pittsfield Sun, the organ of the Mass
achusetts Locos who rcside in Berkshire
county, unwittingly gives the followiug evi
dencc in favor of the tariff by which tbe im
portation of the article of wool has been re
duced one-half, and the price of tbe domestic
If'ooL The manufacturers, we leam, de
sire to purchase the staple of the Farme r, aud
their Agenls are employed in making con
tracts. We do not this spring henr the usu
al "ruination" complaints, and the probabili
ty isthat wool will command a liberal advancc
upon the priccs of last year. We hear of sales
at about 22 per ct. adrance.
And yet this Editor sunnorts Polk for Pres-
Mr. Wrigbt, in his culogy ou Mr. Polk.
said be was a very good and pious in.in, con-
sidtnng the stctum of the country m vhtcli hc
Railroads through Xew Hampthire. Ths
Legislalure of New Hampsbire bas adjourned
having postponed action on the Railroad