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'L.-f ihc H'ur.cy pnrtrail be sciu in all
r neighbojrhood, and ehow tbal wu
ifFT our countrymcn not a coon or a
pokc-. buta MAN." (Lcavilt'n Chron.
Ji,st f.a a man who has SOLD TIIIR
TYofHIS FELLOW BElNGS, mcn,
womcn and childrcn, into bondage, to
piy his own dobta with the prirc of thcir
bkod ; and who, moreovrr, by his own
confesion SOLD his man Charlea in
Jiily, T84 only ten years ago not
wilhstnnding this inanscllcr. James G.
Uirncv, himself Eays, (niark his own lan-guagc-)
"Dur:ng this winlcr 1833 4) and
the cnsuing rpring, my niind was deeply
inlcrcstcd in llic whole subject ofSIaverr.
Vtcnii almwl cvcry work 1 could lay my
banda on ; I talked nitich of it in public
nJ in privalc. In thc month of May.
1634, I bccnmc fully convinced of the
Right of my slaves to thcir freedom, and
if my duty ns a Chrislian to give tlirtn, '
4c-Oh no, Mr Birncy im't "a coon.nr
a poke. hut n man" who ra)s he Iiclicved
all this in May, nnd Iho ncxt July sold
bw raan. Cliarlcs for 300. We say
Um. let the Birney pnrlrait be secn in all
onr neighbourhood-i." (Essex Hcgtstcr.)
JAMES G. BIRNEY'S TESTIMON'Y
OF HENRY CLAY.
Tir tho Pbilanthropist of March 23th,
1835. Mr. Biraey says:
Mr.Cur. It is with afcecu geusjtion of
pk-asure almost with ilclight lh.it we eee
this gentlrman defcnding the right of his
rnunlrymen, to petition Congrcss, for tho
Alolltion of Slavery in the District of Co
luintiia, and assertiug the coustitntional povr
e-r of that body to acccde to thcir rcquests.
"The God of oppressed now prescnts for
Mr. Clay's acceptaace, honor3 that tic hope
To ece lake root in time, aud bear thcir glo
riouj fruit throughout cltrnily."
AnouTioMSTs Goiso rou Clay. We
rc inlbrmod Iiy a gcnllcman from Slnd
iin cotinty that tho Abolitionist of that
county ViVA, for thoprcatcr part, votc for
Clny and Frcelinghuyscn no.xt fall. Thisi
it ill bo rccollcctrd, is tho counly in
which Charlcs Hurchard rcsides, whoso
letter, giving his rcasons whj Abolition.
nt slinuld 6upport Hcnry Cluy, we pub
liahcd last wcek. Verily otir prospects nre
-heoritig Elrnira Ilrpullican.
(t5Thc sanctimonious Mr. Kendall
was griovotisly shocked at n report that
Mr- Clny Itnd, in New Orleans last ivinlcr,
dinoJ, on Sundaj', with a party of his
fricnds. If that distrcsscd thc pious
llg:lr, the following nolicc in tho New
Orluani Couricr of the 28th ultimo, will
throw hiin into wts : Richmond Whig.
IJ-Y WORD BEFORE THE ELEC
TION. Thc Democrats of tho City of New !
O.."narercqtiosted to meet cn msssc.on
aanJ.iy evening next. al a o VIocK at tnu
fit. Louia Ball.room, Alr. P. Soule and
t;veral othcr oralors of our party will cx
plain tho mndifiration of the proxcut con
eti'ntiun which thoy decm necpssary.
This meoting bcing on the cvc of thc
electiiin on Monday, it is hopcd cvery
de nocrat will attcnd.
THE PROSPECTIN TIIE ?OUTII.
The Natiocal Intelligonccr of Wcdnrs
dnv savs :
:'0f'al! lhcStatrs nf tho Union, with
tha cxccption pcrhaps of South Carolina,
Alabama is tho last uhich we thould c.x-J
poul to east hcr vote fnr tho Whig can
iul.itcs at tho onMting Picsidcntial clec
lioj. Ilut oven frora thatStatc we have
?videnco of the bcst spirit and aspiring
in tho Whig camp. Tho Mohilo Daily
Advorliscr of thc 23 inst. speaks roundly
un 1 unerserxxdly on tho subjccl. " IVe
Anre cheering accomils," says that papcr
tk' pr grcu of the Whg cause in the
intcrior, nn I are sa'.ificd that we iiavc
litil to inakc a vierons and conccrtcd
rtlort throuvht thc State to cfTuct a com
plcte ac.-rthrow of Lcccoccism in Alabama.
Tho Trxan oxci eaicnt is dying away antl
is dcstincd cvsnttially to strrnhlcn thr
whig caiisi-. Thc pcnplo ure bej-inninp
to ti:)denit-iud the uatiuo of tho humbun
n ii. t!ic re-.K'.liiin in the public mind will
sjon bcctn to dcvc'op itc'.f. We have
rccoive.l nuincrious IcUcrs from our
frionds witbin a fuw daya past. all brcath
in thc samo spirit. Such is the cliar
ac'cr i.f thcaccounls we roccivcd from all
ptrts nf tho State. Tho Whig causc in
cntc-ird cven in Alabama 1"
Tennossoe will give a l.irgc majnrit
fo- Mr Cluy aga-nst -Mr Pulk". Tha we
"n i'd tnha cortain s far any tiiing fu-lii-u
ran be. All our infiiriiiHiiou i lo
lhi poinf, A li'tter from Mr I'oater, one
ofthe ruited Ftatcs Scnitors ivliose op
pirtuniiics for CdircH tibservatioti arc
tqiilat loast to Ihoso t.l nny individual
thete, givoH this cmpnthnliu te.stimony :
ince my rulurn I have addreWd
many nssctt.Mii'S of the people, cach
nund;rritig Ihousund?, nnd I can dcclarc
in grcat sinci'rily that I ncvtr witnpsscd
Mich lirmncs, fcrvnr and cnthusMMii
aiiniHL' Ihe Whigs of 'iVuiie.tsee. The
nnli.r of 1840 is far otil-tiriptrd, and unless '
ho uunt briht and iininiiMnz si'iis de
cvnr'and betrai" us. ue shall c.irrv thc
Stato liv a
iniiinp'n n- niajority
iiowi from I.oiui n i. di.ubllv "prateful
to our hrartsbe.anseued.-m- not l,..p0 it.
htj.kd our hourt. .tfa unakable
ronnrS.o.. nmy th. r. f..ri- be p.it dow
.-irtion;; tho ortain . h Sin(;.. Shn
tiiftnice rcfiiscd tn votp fnr Mr P..1U,
nnd hnrsohor sccnud thn'iht will b.7 rn
fi.rrni iliit iiiiq hy a jrcallr
i he cnlhuiasui nf :.r Irictidi in th
r'nvrmi; ."I'rri-i ot tnu im ft t
Mndviloelevenh.j-poles.iro t rnc'c.1,
.I ikiE i.no Polk pMc or stalk can bo
r.rvi h. .tl, u.V., g.,i, Kr.,-
11.. . . .i. . r .t - 1
..c-!ir,..,rpa,. .,, .., ,,,0 nnrini.rn tiou. the diffieiiltr of a,i;.t; . ,un baes and linmati souls, must sec this
uri. luilrr tn t!. Natmnal Into!- in ,- J, " , f. howevcr reckless they may be tn
I! t.--.-r trnm a iiii,n:iti j.i.t r.tumed 1 ., . X. i matters. Beside, the anti-war snirit
fr.Kit a Innr dm:i Ilut O iu girpj
ani rr. fttd, nnd the namcs cf Cl.iy ar.d . cration di.-tlnctly rccognized the system. this. Thc Truc Tl
SV:lill-l!llll.'4 tl -r.w'.tn In t IiV.li; J.rt.tj Xtl fllM rnrtnttlnn nTtl.n f .
Uii I'ff ihein !ri;i tUinot worv divell. u-k iniin.l tht tli. ij .1 uur reaaera wii
inaait.canii.af m ; nnil larcrns ( fas,Ct.ed upon them by the rccktes., cuviditv
nnd m,p- pUccw.f 1.r:haml,3e have of tll3t now vtTyltnnotnl w phUan h fc
t,lri;-c-; of eacwi-i n.iih-d up nn winch are .. . ., . ,, ""i"
,,..,1 iI.h n., .,r..r ,,nJi,li f Gnal irllmn "onld not comcinto the
lutk'-y it nppoared as if thc people pos
ses3ed but oao heart, and that this was
fillcd lo ovcrfiowing with devotion and
zenl for thc White cause. Comming from
Cincinnati to Whesling on our rcturn. wc.
tnok a vle upon thc iKiat, inppcr, wntcn
rcsullcd in S0 in favor of Clay, and 10
for Pu!k- On board ihe Swifturc, which
camo up iho next dav. the votc stood 149
for Cluy and 30 fnr Polk."
Wcdncsday Aug. M, 1S44.
For Lxtul. Gottrnor,
For Rcprcscntalice in Congrtst,
GEORGE P. .MAItSII.
For Pretidenliat Elcclors,
JEDEDIAH H. IIARRIS, ) A, ,
JOHN PECK. ')Atlargc
CALVIN TOWNSLEY, 1st Dia.
CARLOS COOLIDGE, 2d Dis.
BENJAMIN SWIFT, 8d Dis.
ERASTUS FAIRBANKS, 4th Dis
Sauttors for Addison Counly.
ENOCIJ D. WOODBRIDGE,
"DI3SOLVE TIIE UXIOX."
This is noiv thc JPar Ciy of the Third
Party Abolitiooists. We know our rcadcrs
rill start al this and evcry uiiml not undcr
thc iafinenee of passion and strong partizan
feeling, will shrink from harboring an idea.
that leadto such adisastrous restilt, as opcn-
''vocated by the lcaders of the Third
1'arty. I lielioncst porlion oftliat party. are
caruest and Jtontst iu their cndeavouring to
do away thegrcat evil of Slarcry. But they
look to the accomplishuicnt of their, and we
say our dcsirablo object, (the cmsncipation of
the opprested) in a peaccablc manncr. They
and tce alo nill go to thc farthercst vcrgc of
the Constitution to procure thc abolition of
Slavery. In this cottrse a right humanity,
and stcrn jusiicc will applaud. But the
lcaders of the Third Party ono aftcranothcr
are cotning out for thc dissolution of the
Union. Nay farlhcr thisspiritis not confincd
to thcse leadcrs as politically such, bu a
Chrialian dcnominalion, a scct, are preparing
to take tbe samc ground. Iu this, we spcak
ichat tce ifiotr, as we shall hereaftcr morc
fully sliow. The powcr of sympalhy we
know is strong, and when dircctcd in the
right channel, controlledby rcasonandjudgc
mtnt, cannot fail of bringing about glorious
results. Butour feeling in thisrcspcct, may,
ifnot undcr thc guidance ofan enlightncd
mind, produce thc vcry revcrse of what we
iotended should bc produccd; and instcad
of alleriatiug those calling for our sym
pathies, be thc mcans ofpctpetuating thcir
suffcrings, and tightcning the chords that j
oina incm io ineir sorrons,
nnrl wnp. Tltit In rplnrn.
We must ac- j
knolcdge that we wcro not prcpared to it- t.ons-quest.ons wh.ch w.ll enttrely throw
.. ... , ' ' , i into the shadc all minor considcrations.
uess a disposition on the part of anr but i , , . , , ., , "-
, , . 1 . I And whcti this shall bc thc casc, thc davs
rcckledesperadosnhohavenocharaclortoorourstr; d glarg., .j,,
loose to tear this SloriouUuiou it. picccs aud , bcrcd. Let !t not be said, the South will
scatter its fragmeuts to thc four winds of not consent to a dcssolution of the Union.
hcaveu. The Constitution, the work of our t They will ; they arc up to almost anything,
Fathers who now slecp with the noble dcad ; howevcr suicidal.
that have for cemurieshouotired the tnmbs of i Other churchcs will most likely follow
earth, must by recMcts hands be torn. mutila- tIle examplc of thc Al. E. Church. They
ted, anddestroyed. Thc fpiritofchil libcrtv 1,0 tMs, And the nati cannot
that brcathcs throuCh its wl.olcsome provis". lon3 f rare ",oral. ent of the
. . . ; r , , 1 , , country. And blessed be that day when
ton. ,nus t becouoted of no wotth.and as ba.e j the nodIy nat;ona, compact shabe bro.
coin. Wcarcfreetoacknoivlcdgc howevcr I fcen upl Slavery l.cvcr would, never
that thero are fcaturcs in it, that c hope to f 0uld have flourished in this land in the
, sec oblitcrated. But hrcause those fejturcs
are tlierc. e arc notjuslificCii giving coun- j and state, but for the connivancc and sup
tenancc to any disposilion that mav cviiice it- ' Port ofthe North. Cut olFNorthcrn sup
self to dcstroy the whole. We cousidcr our P.ort' erery scnse, and you lake out its
position asa watchman upon thc wallsof our I llfrlE1?od;T . ,. . , , r
poli.ical JcrUsalem,as imposing upon us a L If' Union wcre d.v.ded, f.fteen l.un
dutv toche arni? .1, ,, ,m drcd m.Ies of slavehold.ng terr.tory would
proache., from abroad, or rises up m our
. iIU uaiiuiiiciii
s"scrptable m its own provisions of aniend-'
ment.. It was a wisc provision ineerted bv "il
! a i i . .
In soeral instaiiccs the pemlc
haie avail-d tbemselvcs of the prcrogative
! th,H ghen them. to propose amendments.
and lose ailieni3mctlt Ijavc ,,een ;
:..!.. i- . . t. .
j lmo,"e ,or,I","i,l 'n.men Jt is no- to bc
.u,,.u..ai-,y .ur... u. iu.imu gorn-
I.IILI.-.IU iir ai ursi pencci. ituman naiurc
t: liabh tu crr. Oar Fathers were as sensiblc
of thc trnini, as ue a're; and upon the truth
( oiihis axioiii, they based their actior.s. Iu
iue lurmaiiuu oi our noule r etleral uonstilu-
, , era.,ou,a.ave-!
ry i.a.i pre-.ous.y ex.stc.l in the Colonies. aud
cujoymcnt ot meir
r" prmlcge-. iN-.y m -re. they rcquiicd
h- inv.tioi, ..r, cl.iu- .-f ,h- -onhiirion
IVI.T.. .. .i.. the Crtforin of Oovcrnmeru ih nt.i r-.
sccuring them their privileges. This rcquire
tncnt, was of course by manyof theMembers
ofthe ConTention whowished lodcaladead
lylhwloSlatery, openly aud strongly de
nounced. But ia progrcss of cvcnts atten
ding the deliberation of that body, it was
fouud that no Union could be Jormed, without
not only the recognition ofthe legal right to
liold huinan beiugs in boudage, but nn ex
press provision madc, to secure thotc inter
catcd in the enjoyment of thosc rights. And
while the Constitution in its preaniblc asserts
the object of its formation to be a "inore pcr
feet Union, cstablish jintice tnjure domttlic
trauquility providc for the common defence,
promotc thc gentral ictlfarc, and sccure the
blesiings sfliberly to curttlvts and our poster
ity," it docs in many scctions provide for the
interccts of Slaveiy, and the pcrpctuity ofthe
accursed system. This we ackoowledge is
an error grievous a fault unpardouable,
uhich we wish for the sake of humanity, to
say notbing of consistency, hadnotbeencom
niitted. But tbe instrumcut was formed and
it was done ouly upon thc ground ofCom
pronuse. The blcesings that have from thc
adoption of that instrumeut, floived to ns a
nation, are incaltulable. From a state of
Colonial dependence, we have ariseu to a
state of National Iudcpeudence. From Co
lonial vassalage we cujoy freedom. But mcn
wero found equal to the contest, Great Brit
aiu suflered thc loss of her Colonies, and
from them ppranc a nation, destined if
uot destroycdby internal broils and commotion,
to occupy the first in the rank of nations,
in glory, power and freedom. For we be
liere the day will come when Slavery will bc
known among thc people only as a system
that did rxist. But wc havebeen draivu from
the qucstion at ifsue somewhat. "Dissolvc
the Union," we said was the war cry of thc
lcaders ofthe Third Party. This was indi
rectly broachcd at thc National Anti-Slavery
Conveution at BufTalo a fcw inontlis eince.
It was openly declared at a State Anti
Slavery Conveution in Massachusctts, ashort
time siucc, by the passage of a resolution
dcclaring in the broadest tcrms this to be their
object. A religious periodical thc "Trtio
Woslcyan" the organ of thc "Wesley
ans" a scct ofscccders from the Methodist
Kpiscopa! Church boldly avows this their
object and dcsire. Lest our rcaders may
doubt this last statement, and pronounce us
uncharitiiblc, iu our opinions, we give from
the Organ thcir own Language :
DIVISION OF THE M. E. CHURCH :
ITS r.FFECT O.VTI1E UNION OF TIIE STATCS.
That the M. E. Church will bc divided
withiti twelrc monhts, there is no room
for doubt. This to our mind is as ccrtain
as anything future. Indccd, we have had
little doubt for more than a year, that
sncli would bc the result of the delibcr
ations ofthe Gcuernl Confcreticc. Well,
thcre is no rnlightencd Christian or phi
lanthrojiist but will rejoice in such an
cvent. Large ccclesiastical organizations
are daugcrous CFpecially when they give
thcir inHuence to the icorst forms of op
pression. A riivision of the Al. E. Church
will hastcn the abolition of slavery in our
country; it cannot be othcrwisc. With
draw all Northcrn support from the abom
inablc system of man-stealing, and thc
traflic in hutnan souls will soon wind up.
The dtvision of thc M E. Church will
have a tremendous influencc on the Union
of the States. It will not necessarily pro
duce. a disruplion, but it will greatly
weaken the cords of union. And wc say
this without the Icast alarm. Wc have
long been of thc opinion, that the glory
of God and thc happincss of man rcquircs
ascverance of the "Union," bolh in
church and state. Start not, gentle
readcr ! wedo not go for dissolution be
causc we are opposed to human govern
mcnts or ccclcsiastical organizations for
we arc in favor of both but bccausc we
believe division would be bencficial cvery
way to thc causc of sufiering man. The
q'testions ot libcrty or slavery must, erc
lon? De UC great polttical party ques-
' ninctcenth centurv, controllinir church
j five border ,States. This wouId afibrg
rreat laci iltcs lor tnc escanc ot tlm s .nv
from their oppressors. The border
States, therefore, would be forccd to e-
1 :..4 . i,v, .i i
' mancipatc: this would makc other bor-
i dcr States, and so on. Wcdoi
L"aVrry " e.v" bcLabl'sI
; country t.ll it is done by the fo
i cumstanccs not by physical
I J , 1 .11
hcd in this
..... i.,. r i .
. Jf orrf of drcm - And a
crisis must come, and come soon
lt is too late in the day to talk about a
war bctween thc North and South. Such
a war could not bc maintained on the
, Part ol ",e oulh a singlc month; and
l"ui!V- ". mj ini.iuyu uimu
f . difl;usin2 itself throutrht creation
T, : fhp.r,-ri.. we rPnM .nn
, . .i" , .
war in sucn a lana as
Inotice in the abovc quota-
tions the exulting spirit, manifested at the
prospcct of the division of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, aud the consequcntweak-
pnlno nf tli lintnant flint litnta itirt ITninn
,Eethfr. Nay, furthcr. mark the atsertion
that thc "glorv of God at.d thc happincss of
,,,, lcmr' a WWJW nf tnc 1JU
both in Chnrch and State." Mark further,
the exprestion. --Aud blessed be that day
when the ungodly national totrpact shall be
brokcu ut. " Wc Ijelieve this is thc first in-
stance where auy christian dcnomination in
our Country has. though it orgnn inuuigea
in lancuacc like the above. Wc believe the
ftowosof an indignaut commuuity will bc
bestowcd upon thcse religious disuuionists
We cannot helD contractiuic tho spirit oflhese
Ultrapolitico religious Third Party disorgan-
izers. with that evcr manifested by tho fao-
ciety of fricnds thc Quakcrs, who with all
thcir earucst opposition to blavery, abnortne
idpn nf n dissolution of this Union. Wc wish
ourreadere to remember that the Rev. Alan
son St.Clair who has of late favored this
County with his tides ofabuse againstall
who do not follow in his tram, is in full con
ncction and conccrt with the Editors ofthe
"True Weslcyan" above alludcd to. Had
weroom, we mightgo in to show tnedisas-
trous results tuat would inevitably llow irom
a dissolution of this Union, botb in respcct to
the cause of true relieiou, and humanity, the
tightening of the bauds of Slavery and in
rivitiug morc lirmly thc shackles that now
bind the poor victims of oppression.
"Bissolve the Union!" Do the meu who
sound this War Cry calculate thc results?
We venlure to say they do not. For the
honor ot Americans, lovers of their country,
lovers of the human race, we are glad this
spirit isat present confiuedtoa fewdisorgan
izcrs, and farewcll to liberty hen if evcr this
cry shall prompt thc mass ofthe Amcrican
People to consent to sever the tie, that now
binds them together as a nation. We hope
the scal of disapprobation will be statnped
upon all attcmpts to Bunder this republic.
We call upon evcry lover of his Country
to lift his warning voice against this suicidal
scheme. IULLY AROUiXDTHE COiY
STJTUTIOX If it has faults take meas-
ures lo amend tbe instrumeut and clearit of
its faults. But for the sake of humanity,
religion, thc interests of tbe poor slave, aud
postcrity that calls from the future for the
oercanancv of our rcpublican institutions.
frovm fiou-n indignantly upon every attcmpt,
sccrclor oven, bv mltticians or religwus secls
at the North or South, thc East or West,
to crcate division, dissension, disumon, des
truclion. Lct the cry co up from evcry hill &
vallcy, fromthe Grcenhills ofthe Switzerland
ofAmerica. (Vermont) to the outstretched
prairics of tbe West, from thc Atlantic to the
Pacific, from Maiuc to Lousauia, in the soul
stirTin-- tanpuaie of a Webster, "Libtrt'i
and Union noward foreveronc andinscperable."
We may resume thii subject in tuturc.
Rail Road Convention,
A Convention ofthe fricnds of a Rail
Road from B- llows Falls to Burlington,
was hcld at Rutland, on the 8th of August,
1844, agrecably to a prcvious call for that
The Convention was callcd to ordcr by
Gen. A. L. Brown, and Alaj. Georgc T.
Hodges.was appointcd Prcsident pro tem.
and F. W. Ilopkins, Secrctary.
Gen. Brown ofTered the following reso
1. Resolve.d, That a cotnmittee ofcfivc
be appoinled by thc chair to nominale a
list of officcrs for thc Convention, which
was passed, and thc following wcrc ap
pointcd. Gen. Wm. Nash, of Ncw-IIavcn.
R. R.ThraIl, of Rutland.
Henry F. Green, of Bellows Falls.
John A. Conant, of Brandon.
Hon. AVm. Alarsli, ofShrewsbury.
The Convention was addrcsscd for a
few momcnts by Alr. Brown, of Rutland,
and Alr. Cook, of Kccnc.
Thc Committec of nominations rcportcd
Alaj. George T. Hodges, of Rutland
Dr. Josiah W. Ilale, of Brandon,
Asa Chapman,bsq. ofAIiddleliu
Chester Granccr, Esq. of Pittsford
Col. A. Wcntworth of B. Falls, I id'ts
Stephen Glcason, Esq. Shr'wsb'y, j
Gen. F. W.IIopkins.of Rutland, ) Sccre
Philip Battell, Esq. of Jliddl'ry, taries.
On molion of Mr. E. L. Ormsbce, of
Rutland, atnendcd by Alr. F. Ilall, of Bel
lows Falls, it was
2. Ilesolved, That a Cotnmittee of five
bc appointed by thc chair, to nominate a
Coniinittceof ninc to procure a survey of
thc route from Burlington to Connecticut
River, and also to obtain full statistics of
the business transacted on said route; to
be cmbodicd inapamplilet,together witha
report of the Engineer: and also to take
such ineasurcs as they may decm cxpedi
ent to secure the necessary futids.
In accordancc thcrcwith the following
were appointcd the committee of five
F. Ilall, Esq. of Bellows Falls,
Hon. R. Pierpoint, of Rutland,
John A. Conant, Esq. of Brandon,
Nahum Parker, Esq. of Middlebury,
Wm. B. Brown, Esq. of Shrewsbury.
On motion of Gen. Brown, gentlemen
from New Hampshire were invited totake
seats in the Convention and to partici
pate in its delibcr.itions.
Whereupon, Alr. Cook a membcr of
the Legislature of that Sate, was called
upon and gavc a statement of thc princi
ples and polxy of that body ia rclation
to Rail Roads, dcclariug that the fcelings
ofthe people of that State, were de cided
ly in favor of this road.
The following resolution was introduc
ed and laid upon thc tablc.
3. Rcsolved, That the time has arrived
when the route of the Champlain and
Connecticut River Rail Road should be
survcyed and raeasures takcn to sccure its
On raotion adjourncd until 2 o'clock
On motion, thc gentlemen present from
places on the West River route were in
vited to take part in tho proceedings of
Thc Resolution No". 3, was called up
and ably discussed by Judge Brown of
Rutland, Hon.AIr.Cook.IIon. S.Halc, Alr.
Parker and Hon. Mr. Chamberlain.of the
New Hampshire Legislature, and Mr.
Wilder of Brattleboro, and was unamim
The Committee under thc sccond res
olution reported the following persons as
the Committee of survey, who were ap
pointed. Ambrose L. Brown, of Rutland,
Ttmothy Follett, of Burlington,
Samuel Barker of Vergennes,
Austin Johnson, of Middlebury,
John A. Conant, of Brandon,
Abraham Adams, tf Ludlow,
Thomas T. Barritt, of Chester,
Henry F. Green, of Bellows Falls,
George W. Strong, of Rutland.
On motion ofMr. Conant, Gen. Wm.
NashofNew Haven, and on motion of Alr.
Ilall, Hon. Samuel W. Porter, of Spring
field were added to that Committec.
Alr. Pierpoint, introduccd the following
resolution, which after amendment by
Alr. Wilder, was adopted :
4. Rcsolved, That the Committee this
day appointed to procure a survey of the
route from Burlington to thc Connecticut
River, bc instructed to cause thc route
from Burlington through Rutland to Bel
lows Falls to be survcyed ; also to con
ncct at or near Calvin Crossman's with
the north end of Higginson's survey.
Thc following rcsolutions introduccd
by Alr. Ormsbce and warmly discussed by
Alr. Ormsbee, Alr. Wilder, Mr. Cook.Mr.
Dorr Bradley of Brattleboro, and Alr.
Ilall, were passed.
5. Resolved, That as the sensc of this
meeting, the direct route from Burlington
to Fitchburgh by Rutland, Bellows Falls
and Kcene, is decidedly the. most cligi-
bl e in distance and probable nmount of
ss, if a suitable chartcr can be ob-
from the Lccislaturc ofNew Hamp-
tained from the Legislature of New Hamp
shire. 6. Resolved, That if such chartcr can
not be obtained, a feasiblj route for a
road can be obtained to Brattleboro, ci
ther by Bellows Falls or by thc West Riv
er. On motion of Alr. Pierpoint it was rc.
solvcd that thc Committec of survey bc
authorizcd to call a Convention at such
time and placc as they may sec fit.
The Convention then adjourncd with
Gf.orcf. T. Hodges, President
Josiah V. Halc,
F. W. Hopkins,
OPINION IN NEW HAMPSHIRE.
Thc discussions of thc late Convention
cmbraced avariety ofinformationofinter-
cst in the contemplated undcrtaking. A
highly respectable dclcgation waspresen
from New Hampshire, whose reprcsen
tntions in regard to thc state ol opin
ion in that state were frankly given
and were substantially encouraging
and satisfactory to thc fricnds of thc pro-
ject. Thcse statcmcnts were offcred to
meet thcanxiety ol their Vermont fricnds,
and thc subslance of them is presented
in the notes bclow.
AIr. Cook, a mcmber of thc Senatc
and of the dominant party in thc Legisla
ture, said That the interest of his ncigh
bors in the contemplated project might bc
sccn in the numbcr of thc dclcgation
prcsent.four of whom were members ol the
legislature. A good numbcr of their con
stitucnts were hcrc, and all could testify
to the feeling of the people, which was
decidedly in favor of the road. He felt
assured that no difficully would be expc
rieticed in rcspect to thc provisionsof thc
chartcr. AII necessary powers would be
given, in sucn tcrms as woutu answer
the purposes required. Under the pres
ent provisions a plan was being pursued,
which he believcd to be more cconomical,
and, in other rcspccts.equally tothe inter
est of all parties with any which was clsc
where adopted. It was to obtain from
propnetors a wnttcn conveyance of the
land needed, the- pricc to bc submitted,
whcrc question should arise, to referees
mutually choscn, or to thc County Road
Commissioners. So far this plan had been
found practicable, and such a course
would bc pursued, he was assured,
his knowledee of the feeling of the peo
ple, and or the legislature, as would en-! a more convcnient occasion shall present it
sure thc object. The views of policy of ; eIf. After perusiug the card from Mr. Cobb
his community looked first to the protcc
tion of individuals. He believed this was
just. But, he would assurc the meeting,
that whtle.these views were entcrtained,
such powcrs would be grantcd as would
be sufScientto meet thcir wishes.
Mr. IIale said that the difficultv on this
subject which had existed in New Hamp
shire, he believed to be diminished. He
thiuks opinion has chanced considerably.and
that a majority of the people and of the leg
islature wonld he dtsposed to give the neces
sary powcrs- He was glad to hear thc pref
ercnce expressed by all for the New Hamp
Alr. Parker said New Hampshire had
herctofnre freely grantcd rail road charters,
and bad passed even a general law giving to
rail-road companies a right of way. An
eastem company, however, passing through
apart of the state, aud being embarrasscd in
its Gnanccs and nressed bv comnetitinn. had
outragcd tbe feeling of that portion of the
state by cntering upon land without paying
lor it or making provision for its compensa
tion. This justly excited great indignation,
aud occasioncd remocstrances and petitions to
the legislature. The difficulty was scttled,
but the charter fortbe Concord route, which
hadexpired, having been revived by the leg
islature, it was proposed to repeal tho act re-
Inrelation to tbe road proposed by us, I
petitions for if. were presented to tbe legiila-
ture with othcrs, aud it was" proposed to re-
fer all to an Extra Session. A charter was I
piessed througb.however.for tbis route.which I
passed without crantins the richt of . i
yct with assnrances that if the charter were
iniilrirint- n hH ihnnU '
The Weston Ilautc. Mr. Wilper hsd
accompnnicd Mr. Higgineon in his late sur
vey ol this route, ana,oeiug luquircu sia
ted that the grade from the summii for seven
miles was sixty feet to the mile, and might be
diminished. The tuunel proposad was three
quarters of a mile in length, at four hundred
fect bclow the siunmit ofthe mnuntain. The
distauces from Brattleboro to Weston 41 ms.
to the Tunnel inchnive 0 3-4, to Crossman's
8, to the Juuction 7 1-2, to Rutland 6
Costof Survey. Mr. Tract, a profes
sional engineer in the employ of government,
stated, in answer toinquirics that thc pro
grcss of the survey, varied by the character
ofthe ground, might be from two to four miles
pcr day, aud tbe whole cost average from
fifteen to twenty dollxrs a mile. By tho o
pinions of other sciemific gentlemen, thc first,
sumis doubtlcss a,loTV cstiraate.
NORTH CAROLINA, GLORIOUS!
For n few wceks past returns have been
comingin. Forty out of74 Counties have
been heard from. The countiesheard from are
the most locofocoish in the State&show a whig
gain of 101, overthe vote of 1842 when the
Whigs carricd the State by a majority of
4502. The Globc coucedes that thc State
must go whig, as the counties now to bc
hcard from arc strong whig counties.
The 40 counties give Hokc(Loco) 22,220
Graham, (Whig) 22.72G
I.oco niajority, 2,501
Tho Journal of Commcrce, including
those counties about which therc is no
rcasonablc doubt.divides thesenatorsclect-
ed 22 Whigs and 23 L-cos, and the
House55 Whigs and 40 Locoa ; leaving
5 Senators and 19 Reprcscntativcs to be
hcard from. It adds "should the rest of
the State come in as before, lierc would
be a tie in the Seuate; and a Whip; ma-
jority of cight in the IIousc."
The retnaining couuties io IS42 ga.ie a
nhig niajojity of "341.
The Inst Albany Daily says the nhigs have
made farthcr j-ains iu the legislaturein Robi
son, Richmond, Washington, Stokes and
Surry. The last nccouuts from Raleigh,
state that it was asccrtaincd that the Whics
j "ad gained 24 uicmbers of thc Legislature
. which gives them a majority Injointballot.
Good, hiirrah for North Carolina.!
ALANSOX ST. CLAIR t how little confidence was nttached to any a-
Has been about ihis region some time en- ' scrtious of tbe Age, condcsccnded to noticc.
gagcd in promoting thc cause of third party- I 311(1 " e rcgret to say, in language more pcr
ism, alias. Locofocoism. From inrnrm.ntmn ' sonallv offeiisivc than we should have done.
nhich rcached our ear3 of his cgrcgipug pcr
versions of the truth, in rclatiou the scnti
lncutsand policy of the Whig party.and the
gracious and wily manncr in Hhich he at
tempted to eutrap public sentimcnt in other
respcctf.we felt that duty as a whig editorde
mandcd our notice of a man whose name
otherwise wc should not havedeigncdtoplace
in nur columus. This cxcitcd the ire of this
Revcrend individual, rnd on commencement
day, we found a hsndbill posted throughout
thc town, chargiug us nith "quibbling, mis
rtprescnlalion awl fahehood." The same a-bu-ivc
courre be has ii:ce pursued by publi
catiotwin the Voico ofFreedom, and thc
Green .Moutitnin rrccman, beraling us most
soundly forstyling him a brazcn-faced de
ccivcrct cetera, and challengiug us, and iu
ourdefault, the Hon. S. S.Phelps, and tbe
Hon. William Slade, to public discussions
with him through the couuty; and nuinducc
nicnt. proposcs to transport us about, and
support usfree of expense .' aud why should
he not have added, dividing the avnils of the
itincraucy equally with cach mcmber. AII c
have said iu our papcr. inrelatiou to this man
wc believe tobe true. That hc is attempting
to hoodwink thc people in rclation to Mr.
Clay's scntimcnts npon thc subjects cf Tariff
auu -iinexatioii, that he is a religioso, jwliti-
co tnird party, itinerant lecturer. That he
prcachei political abolition oti the
Sabbath, and retails locofoco slandcrs on
ncck days; aud ihat a fitter tool of locofoco
ism cannot bc found, wo agaiu must re-asrrt
as our bclief.
Among othcr things which wo asscrtcd a.
bout St. Clair al the limc we said "that since
hc had come to town he had declared that in
in Vermont he icas a locofoco, and in JVrtr
Hampshire a ichig." This, St. Clair pro
nnunces "entirely untruc and without thc
least foundation," "and the most Iiko in'en !
tional uutnith for the sake of its drsircd re
sult, of any thing I have rcccntly been callcd j
uj,o,. lo corrccu unppny, ,n rcianou to tiiis
charge, we have the most positireand dircct
proofat hand. What St. Clair himsclf rc- j
gardstbe most untrtithful aud groundlcss
charge of all othcrs being proved, we shal ,
w.thhold cvidence upon another point, unti
' i J ...I. :i. e i
Alr. Bell Sir In justice to myself I
claitn a small space in your columns in
vindication ofthe statement made to you
by me, with regard to a convcrsation be
twcen myself and one Rtv. A. St Clair,
whohasoflate bcen cndeavoring to cn
lightcn the good people of Middlebury,
on thc subject of 3d party politirs. The
article in qurstion as publishcd in your
papcr commenced thus :
"Ilowhc icorlis it To show what re
liancc is to be placcd on St Clair, since hc
has come to town, he has declared that in
Vermont he is a Loco, and in New Hamp.
shire he is a Whig."
Now tho abovc is true to a letter, and
I must confcss I was astonishcd when I
Icarned thathe denied ever having made
the statement. But I must own that not
withstanding the zig-zag course of argu
meut that this Alr. St. Clair used in his
conversation with me and the unani
mous opinion of all who had ever been
acquaintcd with him that his word was a
kind of doubtful commodity especially in
thcse days ofseccssion and Come-out-ism.
1 1 say notwithstanding all this 1 did not
.... . , ... . ,A
'"f "u "eny wnai
said but a 'cw da)'s efbre. unless he has
taJtt? "P the old adage that "al! things are
T 'n Polilics."
I could hardlr brlirvp. mv own eves
when I rcad his denial ofthe above itate-
...... . r
ment.nub tshed in the urccn mouniain
ment,publishedin the Green Alountain
IVrcman. n,laUo thc Voice ofFreedom.,
Alr St Clair says that" thc conTorja.
tion lastcd some time so that there wtu
little room for misapprehension." Vc;j
wcll ; I agrce with him cn this point, fi,r
when aftcr I had chargcd him with faror
ingthc Locofoco party, hc replicd thatbe
was a Loco in Vermont, but iu New
Hampshire he waj a K hig, I cnquirtd
whythis change in difTercnt states, l.o
answercd that "he always uent with th
rainority." Now, Alr Editor far be it
from me to entertain the lcast desire to bu
drawn into a newspapcr controversy with
Alr St Clair, or any othcr pcrson, hut n
duty to myself and thc public dcmand
when a public teacher, a ministerof the
gospcl declares that he is practising ihi
Chameleon-like course to accomplisb
party ends, that the public should be pat
in possession of the fact.
J. Cobs Js.
Middlebury, August 13, 18-14.
Will the Voice ofFreedom and thc Green
Alountain Freeman do me the favor
publish the abovc card.
"THE SPIRIT OF THE AGE."
Among the arts of dcceptionso cooitantly
rcsorted to by tbe Loco-Foco editors none it
more fatal to truth than garbling lcttcn nnd
speecbcs. In this way seniinicnts aud opin
ions are attempted to bc fixcd upon pub'.ir
mcn uttcrly false in their application apd the
veryrcveisc of what the whole productioa
would warraut. By thu wrcsting a few par
agraphs from their connection thc most pioua
preacher might be convcrtcd into an infidtlor
ablasphcmer, and theholy scriptnrcsbe mads
to prove that there is no God. This desper
ate game has been playeJ by no one witb
more consummatc eQrontery tban tho editor
ofthe Age. For a long time the following
scntence nmong othcrs equally Wse and de
ceptivc has been coutinucd nith a sterotypn
perseverance in the columns of tbe Ajo iu
exprcssivo of the true scntiiuent of Mr. Claj
upon the subject lo wliich it rcfcrs
"Agriculture needsno protcction."
Knoning how falscly this scntence rcpre.
sentcd Mr. CIayta friend to whom for tnu
wecks iu our abscncc from Middlebury
j had cntrustcd our papernot fully appreciatin;
nnd boldly challanges Eastiunu to produce
thc spccch containiug it, rcmarkiug that "uti
til hc doesso bestands forth as ncalumoiator
and a decciver." In answer to tbis Kastuun
rcplics in his Age of July 13th as follow:
' It will be readily sccn that thc charge
bere made ngaiust us by ihe ediiur of the
Galaxy is of a characttr rathnr loo grare
and expressed iu language ralhcr too peroo
ally otVensive tn bc alloned to pass unscticrd.
Ve therefore take occasion to rtfor th
editor of tho Galaxy to Grcely and McEIrath'
rdition of "the Lifo and speeohcs ef llenrj
Clay," and deuiand of him tlut bo pubhsli
the sentcnce coiniiicncing, " Agriculture
wants" Sic, twcnty-lhird liue from tbe top of
thc 155th pa;e, vol. 1, accompauiod niih ttii
article, including thc extracl from his pajif r.
as here quoted abovc."
Of so little conaequrncc did tbe Ieproa
Age orits editor appear to ns xt tbe time,tbt
wc took no notice of it. Thii ciicumsWuce
it socnis has given new courage toour valbut
editor. He beratcs U9 in his most approTcl
stylc of low-bred rebaldry. and accuses us nf
injusiicc aud uufairness "in tneaking vut ij
thc contest" lcaving'our chnrgc rcsting agaiusr
him which lie vaiuly prcteud b? has refutcd
by referringto a spcccb of Henry Clay. Aud
now out of his own moutb will we condefaa.
this notcd gaiblcr. We ca'lal upon him
t prove that Hcury Clay evcr aid ' Agiicul-
ture nesds no protcction."
Iu reply hc ci'es us to a single passnge ia
a spccch of Hcnry Clay of morc than 24 pa
grs, found in Greely's !ife, lliroughout irhirb
henob1ysustaius thc great cause of proteition
to Americau industry. It is a fnllows:
" Agriculture wants but little or no protcc
tion agniajt theregulationsofforeign powers."
Now put the language which Eastmanpuu
into tbe inouth ofMr. Clayin juxta pocition
with that actually nscd by liiui, nnd mark tba
little nr nn protrctiou
ac'nst the rrgulalun"
ol foreign pow ers."
Thu. tocscope from the chargc of dcceplion
0urfrienJ brougbt .-iSaiust him he In
bcen obl;gcd ,0 rc6ort t0 wrctciied eirc.
j;,.,,, 0rcuU;ug 3 ;D tw0 ;n (he ln;U
d,Cf where cven a comraa could not l.c in
tcrll(lSed wilh anv t)rour;r.T. nni, w:lh n0
morr justitication than an infidel would havs
to prove that there is nn God. by leavinc off"
'The fool hath said iu hit own hcart, nnd rr
taiuiug the'reat nf the srntrnce. Xow le
gardless of the old maxiin thnt tbe truth hnlf
told is a lie, by what autburity can Kastman
take out a part ofa sentence aud nithhoM
thc rcst, and even from that part ofthe scn
tence suppiess thc word Iitllr,and escape from
the charge of mis-quotiog Mr. Clay 1
Both of these suppressions niaterially va
ried the meaning of thc lauguage of Alr. CUy
which Eastman retains sterotypcd in his eI
umns. "Little,'" uieans something, and g
riculture might and does want much prote
tion in some of its branchcs although not it
all, and in a thousand and one other rcspect
than by the rrgulations of foreign poner;.
Thcse however, we cannot now stop to rnu-
. -1 j
Butsuppose our editor can save himse'f
from theodium of adownrigbtfabrication of
thc language of Alr. Clay, how can be ibicH
himself from the guiltof attempting to girea
coloring to Mr. Clay's remarks which in the
connexion in which they stand, and the liro
at which thoy wero uttercd he muit
have known wouH have created x lal
impression of his sentimcnts in relation t
protcction. This language i nsed ia
speech of AIr.Iay in 1820 on a bill to pr;
tect and foster the ptoductivc labor of tbe t
States, especially- manufactures. Sr. ClaJ
contended that a dus attcntion had not bcta
P3la l0 lnls suoje.ci.wmie obih,
barposition aud the chtarocu ac4 T-
paid to this subje.et. wbile oitin; tocar pcu