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EDITOll AND PROPRIETOR.
TERMS OF NINTII VOLUME.
tillage subcribrrt $2 00
Mil nibicrHieri 2 00
tadmduali jnd Coup.mi who lake t the olHce
I75or 150 ccnts ifpaid in six moQihs.
rhjtenhotaksof PoslriJers . . .82.09
ir coi paidat ibeend ofthe year 2. 25
Ne papert diicontiniied until arrearaje" are paid
tTCcpiatlhe option ofthe proprictor. Ko pajniei t
o Crrier allowed ,-xcept ordere J lj th- propne-
All cominunicationi muit b addrewcd to tlie ed
lor Post Paid.
To the Edilor of the .Yortiem Galaxy:
Sir, 1 fliould be extromely reluctant to
trouble you or the the public fiirtherwith any
commuiVtcatinn of my own, did I not think
tbat hothjiHtice to myself and to my friends,
dcninncled that the charges aud insiuuations
contaiued in certain communications of Mr.
Tyler Stickney. published m your paper lasf
Fcbrusry, shodld be raore fully met and re
futed, tlian they have heretofore been. The
manner in which Mr. Stickney's first curarnn
nicntion was nressed before the public, after
he had been informed that the publication of
Alr. Randall cotitaincd some crrors ot lacts
nnd that it niight be expected that I should
make an honorable correction of the same in
the uext uuniber of the Cultivator. The style
and tone of that coramunication, personal
aud vituperative in its character ns it was,
oflbrding evidence that it was dtctated rallier
by feelings of envy, tban by any desire to pro
mnte the cause of truth aud in addition to
all this. the "hot haste" to strike at my char
acter thougli in a political paper in my onn
vicinity. tend to prove to my own satisfaction
and, 1 think, io thc satisfaction of all unprej
udiccd persons, who are acquaintcd witli the
facts, that neither Mr.Stickoeynorthosewho
prompted him in what was done in this mat
ter were actuated by'disinterested and unbias
ed leelings towards myself.
If .Mr. Stickney and his coadjutors had not
sought to attack mo from other niotiyes.thau
a simple regard for truth, and a dcsire that
the public should notbeimposedupon.wouM
he not have delayed his communication until
my explanation, ichich he had been assured
had bcenforwardcd tothe Cullit:alor,was pub
If he had cherished no dcsire to disparage
ine personally, and depreciate my stock of
sheep among woolgrowers.would he not nave
dclaycd his attack, bitter and personal as it
as in its character, a week or two? The
statemeuts which discharged the batteries of
Mr. Stickuey and his associates against me,
were statemcnts made bya gentlemcnof high
standing, who resided a grcat distance from
mr, who probably spoke from some conver
sations which he had had with me and thus
inadvertaully committed the crrors iu ques
tion froin amwecollection of what had pass
cd between us on the subject of my sheep,
werc greedily seized upon.as statemcnts made
by myself; and I wasdraggcd before the pub
lic, upon mere suspicion, aud charged with
ruWstatements.uiiirepresentaiionand a dcsigu
to impose upon the public. Was this prompt
ed liv a sn:it of devotion to the public good.
a desigc to prcvent olhers being "robbed" of
their jiislducs! l'erhaps it was tnose niay
believe it who C20 I cannot.
It would secni from your remarks accom
pvjjlngMr. Stickney's fiiul communication,
that the issue which had been made up by
.Ir. Stickney with Col. Randall was that
Mr. Jewett had no right to claim the honor
ofFortune's Stock, and the reason giveu is,
the fact that Fortune was not dropped on my
farm, but owned by ttvo or thrce mdividuals
before I bought hirp. It is notdeniedbut
that his slock has becnme celcbra'' sin'cc I
have owned him, nor that I have uot taken
great pains and been lo great expciue to im
prove stock from himut because ne wa- uot
ycaned on my farm from one of myeices. 1 have
no right to call his stock wi stock! Why
thcn is anything said about 'janris' Stock ?"
Did he no't impnrt the burks and ewcs from
which his fiue wooled stock is derivcd ? wcre
thoss bucks and cwcs dropped on his farm ?
I will not undertake to co over the whole
ground occupied by Mr. Stickney in his fot
mer communications, but aftcr what T have
aid nbove.shall confine myself toestablihing
certain Etatemcnts which Mr. Stickney has.
in his very gentlemanly manner, assertcd di
recily or iiidircctly were uot true. It should
be rcccollccted ihat in my communication to
the Cuhivator, I stated all ihe facts in rcla
tion to Fortune's being first owned by Mr.
Stickney aud the manner which he come into
myhands; and also made some statemcnts,
in respect to the a-rc and weight of fleece of
Fortunes dam. 1 did this in jusiice to my
self, to correctany cironeons itnprcssions
which Mr. Randall's cominumcation migbt
have made, and also lnjustice to Jlr.Stick
ncv and Mr. Rich who hadsoiudiciuusly pre
servcd the Spsnish Merino blood. and I con
sidcr the exertions that I have made to thus
publicly notice thcse sheep, have not opcra
ted in the least to disparage any wool grower
in our 'coiintv, for which we are somewhat
. . B . H. . J . J
celrbratetl. llus communication oicinieo
by the utmost liberality offeelingwasnotsat
isfactory to A'r. Stickney or to thosegentle
meuwho.undercoverofMr. Stickney's name.
sought occasion to attack meand my stock of
sneep; nnd it was seized npon as a pretext
for further charges against me of misstate
mentaud misrcprcsentation; and Mr. S. had
the fairness to say in hissecond communica
tion to your paper that "ihe miserable soph
istry bj- which Mr. Jewett attempts to escape
in this matter is really disgusting!" What
" sophistry" did I resort to 2 Wasifsoph
istry" to state the age of Fortune's dam, or
the amount of wool she sheared, or the char-
scter of Fortune's stock? Mr. S. in his
first communication complains because the
bonor of Fortune and his stock was not ac-
corded to himaLd Mr Remele in Mr. Ran
dall's article; but behold, tlie moment I pub
licly state the facts in relation to Fortune's or
igin and also other facts in relation tohisdam,
which werc certainly complimentary to Mr.
S. as her owner. he turns around and assails
me with cbarges of "disgustingsophistry"for
my good offices in bringing him before tbe
public asa wool grower ofno mean reputa
tion. Verily. Mr. Stickney is hard to plcase,
ifMr. Stickney is really the author of these
-nmmtinicationsand has not been used bv
other men to accomplish their purposes of
hostihty to me.
In relation to the statemeuts of Mr. Ran
dall and my own in answer to Mr. Stickney's
first communication, that the full blood year
licgs ofFortune's stock did shear on an avcr
age between nve and six pounds.whichMr.S.
pronounces a "dcceptlon" and misrepresenta
tion. I will only now refer to the certificates
of M. W. C. WrightEsq., and Mr. Loyal C.
Remele, heretofore published in your paper,
asmy answer. They both declare that all
t'nefull blood yearlings of Fortune's stock
did shear an arerage'.of 5 pounds 13 1-2
ouncesof washedwool. This I apprebend
will be suflicient proof to sublantiate the
statcments of Mr. Randall and myself on this
paint. Mr. S. further procceds to say:
"Mr. Jewett in his communication in the
Feb. No. of the Cultivator states that the
ewe lived to the age of sixteen jears, ichich
U r.ot true : thirteen or fourtn was her trae
age. He also says that 'her average "fleece
whcn in her prime was 7 1-2 pounds' which
Ujust one pound too high. It is strange these
mistakes should all happen to be on one side
a little too large."
I made thc statement in relation to the agc
ofFortune's dam from infnrmation derhed
from Mr. Stickney himself and from oihers
who were acquaintcd with her. Siuce I
made the statement tlirough the. Cultivator,
I have aeen Mr. ChailesRtch of Conneaut
ville. Crawford Co: Pa., to whom in the di-
visiou of his f.ither's esiate this heep fell, and
who own"d heriu company with Mr. Stick
ney for sevcral years, who iufoimcd me iu
May last, that he had drove ihis ewe fiom his
lather's farm to a farm adjoiuing Mr. Stick
ney's in 1828. This fully confirms my state
ment that she was Mxteen years old, at least,
at the tinie of her dcath.
I made the statement relative to the weight
of her fleece from infortnution derived direct
ly from Mr. Stickney also, aud to show that
rcy statement is true and that I could not
have misunderstood Mr. S. I subjoin the fol
lowing certificates which relate to statemeuts
made by Mr. S. in diflerent years. This
must he satisfactory for the public eye; if
not, I wtll prcsent furtlier testimony.
Monkton, June28th, 1644
We hereby certify that we were preseut at
illr. Tyler Stickney'6 in the towu of Shore
ham about the 5th day of October 1843, in
company with Afr. Solomon W. Jewett.
Said Jewett asked said Stickney the tisual
weight of the ewes fleece when in her full
prime. Mr. Stickney's reply was, that she
shcarcd scven pounds and some onnces, the
exactnumber of ounces wecould not certain
ly testify to, but we know it to be between
seven and cight pounds of wool, tbe ewe we
have refercnce to was the one Mr. Stickney
said was tbe motherof said 3. W. Jewett's
huck Fortune. NATHAN HARDY.
Sir, I well recollect of being prescnt
with you atMr. Tyler Stickney's in Shore
ham on or about tbe the .r:h day of October
1842 and Mr. Stickney in spcaking of tbe
ewc which he said was the mother of your
buck Fortune, made this statement, that the
usual weight of her fleece when iu her prime
was somcthiug over seven pounds each year.
E. H. NORTH RUP.
Shoreham, July 31st, 1841.
In view of the foregoing facts I submit tc
the public whethcr Mr. JjticUney's charges
of "deccplion untrath and misstatements"
were not too hastily nnd tosay ihcleast.some
what ungenerously made. liut I makcmany
allowancrs for Mr. Stickney in the matter,
because I believe he has been pushcd for
ward by olhers, who wisbed to iujnre me
aud who had not the manliness to do it except
uiuler cover. S. W. JEWETT.
Weybridge, Aug. 7th, 1844.
Frcnn Ihe Whitj Slnndard.
Wu have bcon pfriniitfd hv a friond li
make use nf un cxlfiinMO pniiltrnl cores
pnndence, frnm wbicb in addition lo out
own. e sh.iil ira-nii a.lv turnisn our
naders wilh Mtrarts. Vht-y may rnly
nn thc cfiniiini'tn'ss of Ihese letters : thf
are nnt.as some we havo hertrd of, wril
len lo unler, but coniain thc upiuions of
ptoimni'nt fnends in diQereiit section
of tlie ccuntrr.
Umontown. Pa.. July 10, 1P44.
The Polkiifs have made a du-.perHle
v fforl to rally on party grminds, btil hav
in no priuciplps which tbev will avow,
ihev ar gtviiiR wny as truth nnd nason
rcnrhes the peipl. manv have npcncd
hoir cycs ; nnd before Nnvember noxl
Ihev will hrc ak nnd run. Kerp up Ihe
fire, and I predii:t a defpat for ihem mnre
"lorious llian Ihat of Waterloo.
From an old and expericnced Whig.
Cl.NCINJiATI, JULY 4 1844.
Our friciidj. claim from Ohio 20,000
mjorily ; Ihcy will not bc disappoinled ;
we do not consuler the claim an exlravn
;ant one ; it is tho fixed pnrpose of (he
Whigs of Ihe Huckeye State Ihat their
friends ."hall not be dNnppointed in their
Washington, Pa., Juns 2", 1844.
In Pennsylvanin we have n hard battlo
lo ficht : tho Locos, in despair are re-
sortinglo Ihe most desperate tneans to
tnatnlain tlieir siipremacy in ine ivuy
slone. There nro many who will not
swallow (he pill of the Convcniion quacks.
The Whigs have girded on their nrmor
and will nobly fight it out, succcss. Sct
down Pcnnsylvania certain for Clay and
Abincdo.v, Va., July 4, 1S43
Dear Sik : I think I cannot employ
an hour oftbis dav better lhan writing
you a few lines. The Loco
foco party. as a dying cfibrl, are making
a great noise about Tejtas ; Ihere is nn
nn thnt hpnrl. nnr will Ihere be.
This section is the baltle ground of Vir.
inia. and a cnange oi ouu voies iu mc
rouihwest will iusure Ihe Stale, and I
believe we have more than Ihat rtumber
Ciiatilestown, Va., July 13, 1844.
There has been a greater change in
this counly than in any other in ihe
State, and our inajonty will be increased
beyond any heretofore given. The work
goes bravely on, and I hope, indeed, I
believe. wo shall redeem the Old Do
rrtinion. Hopkikstille, Ky., June 27, 1844.
t?a.r ihintr nnM nn finftlv vta hnA n
uimj i"B s j ?
i rfithpfino' nn the 20th. far er.
ceedingin enthusiasm and number that of
1840. The Locofocos have hoistcd the
flago'f Po!k, UsHas and Texas now a
word about tho United SlatctuiA tven
dodgo on that.
StOry 01 a.11 Ea.rtnqua.k6,
BT LEIGH IlUJr.
We mustclose this article witha lovestory,
in conuexiou with the dreadful earthquake of
1783, which destroyed Messina, and swept
i . , ,tii. c.i in nnn mt.man n .1 Iim.
' tliousand persons on the opposite coast of
Scylia, togeiher with their Prince. The
readermay believe as much of the Iove as he
pleases, but the extraordiuary circutnstauce
011 which it turns isouly one of a multitude
of phcuomena; all equally true and tuarvel
lous. Guiscppe, a younr vine erower, in a lit
tle village at the foot of the mouutains,
was in love with Msria the daughter
of the richest bee-master in the place,
and his alTection. to the great displeas
nre of the father, was returned. The old
man, though he had eucouraged it at first,
wisbed her to marry a young profligate in the
city because the latter was richer. and of
highei stock, but the girl had a great deal
of sense as well as feeling, and the father
was puzzled how to seperate them, the fam-
ilies having long bern acquainted. He did
every thing in his power to render the visits
ofthe lover uncomfortable to both parties;
but as they saw througb his object, and Iove
can endure a great deal, at lcngth thought
himself compelled to make use ofinsult.
Contriving tnercfore one day to proceed
from one mortifying word to another, he
took upon him, as ifin right of office, to an
ticipate his daughther's usual attentiou to the
parting guest and show him out ofthe door
himself, addingabroad hint thatit migb: be
as well if he did not come again very soon.
"Perhaps.Signor Antonio."said tbeyouth,
piqued at last to say snmething harsh for
himself, "you do not wish the sou of your old
friend to rcturn at all J"
"Perhaps not," said the bes master.
"What, said tbe poor Ind, loosing all cour
age, &anger, in the ternble tbot' ofhUucver
having any more of these beamiful lettings
out ofthe door byMaria; what do you mean
tosay 1 may not hope to beinvited again,
even by yourself ? that yourself will nevcr
again invite me, or come to see me.'"
"Oh, we shall all come ofcoitrse to see
the great Signor Guiseppe,' said the old
man Inoking scornful, "all capin hand."
"Nay.nay," returned Guiseppe, inalow
tone of propiii.ition, "I'll wait till you do me
the faror to Iook in some morning, in the old
way, and have a chat abnut the French.
and perhaps. he added, blushing. "you will
bring Maria wiib you as you used to do;
snd I won't attemptto see her till then."
"Ob, we'll all come ofcourse," said An
tonio impatiently; 'cat, dog, and all; aud
when we do, added he, inavery signiGcaut
tone, you may come again yourself."
Guiseppe tried to laugh at the jest and
thusslill propitiatc himscll; hut the old man
hnsieuiug to shut the door, angrily cr:ed,
"ay, 'at, dog and all. aud the cottase bcsides,
with Mana's dovvry along with it, and then
you may come again and not till then."
And so savinz, he batiged the door. and
givnia tiirious Iuf 10 tue d,& itnina
hewrnt into the other room towriteanote
to the vounz citizen.
The young ci'izen came in vaiu, and
Antonio priw sulkirr and angrier every day,
till at I 'sl rii turned his hitterjrst into avow ;
cxclaiiiiing wi'h an oatb, that Guiseppe
-liould not have his daughter till he, (the
father.) dmtrhter, dog, cat, cottaze, bee
hives and alt, with her dowry of almond trees
to boot, set out some fiue morning to beg
the young vtne-dresser to accept ibem.
Maria erew pale and thiu, and Guiseppe
looked but little better. turnine all his
wonted jests into sighs, and would even
interrupt his workto lit and gaze towards
said almond trees, which formed a beautifu
clump on an as?eut upon the other side of
the gleu, sheltenng tbe bcst ot Automo's
bee-hives. and composiug a prctty dowry
for his daughter Maria, which the father
longed to be in pcsseision of the daihy young
One ri.oniing after a very sultry night.
as the poor youth sat endeavoring to catch
a glimp.e of her in tne direction, he observ
ed that theclouds gathered in a very unusual
manner over the country, and then hnnglow
in the air heavy and immovable. Towards
Messina the sky looked so firey that at first
he thoucht the city was on fire, till an
unusual heat afTecting his own skin. and a
smell of sulphur arising, and tbe little river
at his feet assuming a muddy ash color,
heknew that some convulsion ofthe earth
was at hand. His immediate impulse was to
cross tbe road and with mixed anguish and
deligbt, again to find himself in tbe cottage
of Antonio, giving the father and daughter
all tbe help in his power. A tremendous
burst of thunder and lightning startled him
for a moment; but he was proceeding to
cross when he felt bis ear tingled, his head
turned giddy. and white tbe earth heaved
beneath his feet' he saw the whole opposite
side of the gulf lifted up with a horrible
deafening noise, then the cottage itself, with
all around it, east as he thought, to the
ground and buried forever. The sturdy
youth for the first time fainted away, and
when his senses returned, found himself
pitched into his own premises, but notinjured,
the blow having been broken by the vines.
But, on looking with horror towards the
site of the cottage upon tbe hill, what did he
see there? And what did he see, forming a
new mould, furlongs down tbe side of tbe
hill, almost atthebottom ofthe glen, and in
his very homestead ?
AntoDio'a cottage. Antonio's cottage;
with the almond trees and-the bee-hives, and
tbe very cat and dog, and the old man him
self, and the daughter, (both senselesr,)
all come, as lf in Ihe father'a word, to beg
him to accept them! Such awful pleasan
tries, so to speak, sometimes lake place in
the midst of natnre's deepcst tragedies, and
such exquisite good may spring out of e vil.
tention. The old man was iiogetner wun
bis daughter bad only been stunned by ter
ror) superstitiously frightened by the dread
ful circumstance, if not affectionately mored
by the attentions ot tne son oi n oiu inenu,
and the deligbt and transport of his child.
Besideshe thought that tbe cottage and al
mond trees, and the bee-bives, had all come
miraculously safe down the hill, (a phen
omenon wbich has frequently occurred m
these extreordinary land slides) the flower
gardens on whicb the becs fed were almost
destroyed ; his property lessened. his pride
lowered; and when the commlsion was well
over he consented to become the inmate for
life of the cottage of the encbanted conple.
He could never attain, bowever, to tbe
VT. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 21, 1844.
iDnate delicacy of h!a chiId' and'. he wou,d
sometimes. with a patient sigh, iutimate at
the table, what a pity it was that she had not
married the rich and higb feeltng citizen.
Iiisucniiiues asiucse, luurid wuuiu gdiucr
one of her husband's feet between her own
under the table, and with a squeeze of it,
1 that repaid bim teofold for the mortification,
wouiu sieai a iook ai inm, wmcii saia,
"I possess in you all whicb it is possible for
me to desire."
It is calculated that about 40,000 souls per-
s convulsion. in tne ErMWstoiaa
founniuute, and overthew almost
r .t T.
, all the towns on tbe eastern side of thc Is
On coming out of public worship, I asked
Mr. 1 . a Uistinguuhed pious lawyer, now ne
liked tbe sermon of Dr. B. "I thiuk, sir,"
1 said he, "tbatitcomes under the third head."
"How so!" said I. "A certain French
i preacher," he replied, "after a long and pom-
pious introduction, said, ' I shall now proceed,
my hearers, to dividc my subject into tbree
1.. I shall tellyou about that which Iknow
and yon do not know:
! e J -1 II ..II l . .1 . I J
siiuii icu you auuui iiai wuicu yuu uv
knntv nnd nlitrli T Hn nnt lcnnw.
3. And lastly, I shall tell you about that
which neither vou nor I know.
Alas: how much preachtne coraes under
the third head.
THE ASTONISHED DUTCHMAN.
to a New York village, and was quielly smo-
j king his pipe in view of tbe Mohawk valley,
I without kuowing that a railroad rau through
it. Thc night was dark, with the appear
ance of raiu, which absorbed the old mnn's
conjectures, when suddenly a train ofcars
rumbled by, leaving u long train of sparks in
i the rcar. Suddenly droppiug his pipe, the
astouished citizen exclaitued
"Vell, if New York State ish not der tyfel
i for improvementd! Dey hang lanterns to
dere thunder clouds tbatpeople may see them
and get out of the way."
When Lord Morpeth was in this country,
a lew years sincc, he cbanced to be at a din
nertahle in company with Mr. Frelinghuy
sen. He lilled his glacs, and asxed Mr. 1-. to
allow him the oleasure of taking wiue with
him, wbo polit'ely declioed thebonor.remark-
mg that he had abaudoned its use. " r nu
are more than half right," replied Lord M.
HU lordshfp aftcrwards commenrcd pouring
water into his glass with wine, drinking nbout
halfaud half. "I see my lord," said Mr. F.,
"that you are just half right."
There is such a thing as practical conun
drum, which is nbtamiss.
"Look a-bea, Sam." said a western negroe
oue day to a field band over the fenee io the
adjoining lot, "Iook a-hea, d'you see dat tall
"Yas. Jim, I does."
"Wal, I go up dattree day'fore to-morrow,
lo de berry top."
"Wat was you arter, Jim !"
"1 was arter a coon an when I'd cbas'd
'im clear out to todder eend ob dat longes
limb, I hearu sumfiin' drop. 'Twas dis fool-i.-hnigga!
E-yab! E-yah! Like to broke
my neck been limpin' 'bouteber since!"
"Mr. Cobb, I am sorry to see you in tbis
;You are, eh well I ain't I'm cvrrid,
justasacoft oughtto be"
"Jemmy, what is a membcr of Congressl"
"A moniber of Congress is a oomraon
substantive, asreeing with self-imcrest and is
governed by $8 a day, understood.
"ORATOR PUFF IIADTWO TONES
TO HIS VOICE."
The pos'tlion which the Locofoco Can
ilidate for Ihe 1'residency occupies reia
liveto the Tjriffis certainly an unenvt.
able one, So long as his views on this
subject were to be npplied to his own
slntu of Tcnnrssee, where the Locos one
and all are open in their opposition to that
nirasure. he was safe enough. But when,
withgrfa unim'roity ho was nominated
for the Presidency on Ihe ninlh ballot.afler
all the olher Candidates had been pilchcd
oierboard, it became neccssary for bim,
liko his proto-type, Orator PufT, to assume
"two tones to his voice." on the subject
of the Tariff. .. .
In h! nHdress to the People of MecK.
lenburgh in 1843. he said 'I am opposed
to the tariff act of tho lale Congress.'and
"I nrn in favor of RenealinE that act."
Th Harrishurph Union, a Locofoco
nrint. savs Polk is io favor ofa tariff
that will afford the amplcst incidental
Prolection to Anierican Induslry.
The Charleston Courier says, "that he
(Polk)is for free trade." &c.
The Harrisburgh Union says, "we hap.
pen to know Ihat he (Polk) holds the
doctrine offrce trade in actual abhorance.
Ho has never advocated il, and he never
"Prolective Tariff." said Jnmes K.
Polk, at Jackson, Tenn., in April, 1843."
is a mcasure which I consider ruinous to
tbe interesls ofthe country."
Uames K. Polk "savs the Harrisburgh
Union. "is onoosed to tbe disturbance of
thf nrnsent tariff."
" J he provisions ot tne presopi mnn, ,
say the Nashville union, -are viewcu
with abhorrence by Uor. rouc ana nis
friinds.:' . . .
JnmM K. Polk." savs tho Harnsburgh
Union. "is opposed to the disturbance of
the present tantt, believing permanence
in our laws IO ne ot inrnicuwuic laiuc.
Mr. Polk's views on tho-fcmtt are bouth-
ern to tho back.bone," says the Charles
ton Mercury that is, he is lor tree
-Mr. Polk holds ths doctrine ot free
trade in actual abhorrence," says thallar.
I am opposed to tne tarttt act i am
in favor of its repeal I view it provisions
witb abhorronco I m for free trte I
consider a Protcctive tarifT tnjurious to
the intcrests of tbe country," says Jnmes
"I nm in favor of a tariffwilh reasona
lle incidenlal proteclion I hold the doc
trine of free trade in unqualiKcd abhor
rnnce I never advncated frce Irade nnd
never will I am opposed to ihe dislur-
bancu of the prcsent tarifT, bclievinz per.
Irnancnce in the laws to be of incalculable
value I am in favor of Ihe amplesl inci.
dental proteclion lo domestic industry I
am ,he fr;end of fc , &
I. . . .', T i- r,
'ntetesl. say, Jumes K. Polk. through
! his L.ncofoco orrran.s ? nnd. icnv Ihpv w
c i ? j j , -
state theso fact.s upon ihe tery besl author.
ity. and caulion the dcmocracy against
listening to the rnisrcpresentations of the
Ilurrah then, for Polk nnd free trade !
Hurrah for Polk and on free trade ! 1
Hurrah for Polk nnd a Prolective
Hurrah for Polk and no Proteclfon ! ! ! !
DANGERS OFJ THE SUB-TREASURY.
If any cool and impartial minded man de
sire; to contemplate the pernicious tenden-
cv of THAT DARLINR MF.ArTRP. (1P
ITHF. LOCOFOCO party THE SUB -
i iiASUKX, lor which JAMES
1 n . T . r. v n w .
j KULLi, the Iocofoco candidate for Gover-
. .1 i rt . i i .
'u'cu ",,cu a ongress, ici nim iook ai
i r-.ii . r t - i.
iuo luituwiu- rciuru oi .ueiauuers com
municatcd to Congress hy Levi Woodbury,
ta 1639. then Serritarv nf lhf Trfntirv nn.
a(4Drpr IT A -r nirnrttT. T.
defa!caion. ofMartinVau Buren's
sub-treasures for three years: Imtrjcan
Samuel Swartwout.N.York, Sl,225,70509
M. Price. do. do.
A. S. Thurston, Key West
George W.Owen, Mobile.AIa.
Israel l'.Caoby, Crawfords-
Abner McCarty, Indinapolis,
B. F. Edwards, Edwardsvillc,
W. L. Ewing, Vandalia, Rl.
John Hays, Jackson. Mississippi
Wiliiam M. Green, Paltnyra,
B.M. Chambers, Little Rock,
David L. Tod, Opelousas, La.
B. R. Rogcrs do. do.
Maurice Cannon, N. Orleans,
A. W. McDaniel, Washington,
John H. Owen. St. Stephens,
George B. Crutcher, Cboctaw,
Georee B.Cameron, do. do.
S. W. Dickens, do. do.
do. do. do. do.
Willjo P Harris, Columbus,
Wiliiam Taylor, Cahawba,
U. U. Mitchell, do do,
J. W. Stephrnjon.Galena.Ill,
Littlehury Hawkius, Hclena,
T. W. Besll, Green Bav,
Joseph Friend, WaJhita, La,
TTf tll II .11 ... .
tviiuain u. Aiien, at. nugu
tine, Gordon D. Boyd, Columbus,
R. R. Sterling, Chocchuma,
Paris Childers, Greenburg,
Wiliiam Lyno, Vandalia, 111.
Samuel T. Scott, Jackson,
Jamei T. Pollock, Crawfords-
John L. Daniel, Opelousas,
Morgan Nevillc, Cincinnati,
M. J. Alleo, Tallahassee,
Robert T. Brown, Spring-
Passing down lo our office two or three
days agu, we came to a couple of friends
nenr Market strcct, onea Whig, and the
olher a Democral, who were in cnnvcrsa
tion. As we came up, lhe following col
oquy look place :
Whig You are a man of too much
sense and candor, surely, to claim Mr.
Polkas a friend and advocate ofa pro
Dem. Certainly not.
Whig But your papers are endeavor
ing to persuade lhe peoplo that he is as
good a Tariff man as Mr. Clay.
Dem. I know it, but not with my ap
probation. I have told our friends that
honesty was the best policy, and that we
could not, and ought not to pretcnd tbat
Polk is a Tariff man, for we knoza to the
conlrarv : and Ihe people will find out
that he'is not. and will then accuse us of
Whig. I amglad to hcar you speak
so canditlly. It is imposstbie to keep the
npnnle in ienorance of Mr. Polk's redl
opinions long, and what must they think
of Ihose who go de'iberalely to work to
deceive them, by downright faltehood, as
seriing wbat they tnato lo be untrue 1
IfMr. Polk is opposed to the protective
svtem, as he has again and again de--clared.nnd
as we know he is, let him stand
up to his opinions like a man. If be has
not ihe honesty and boldncss tq do this.be
is certainly not fit to be President.
Deni, 1 shall not fall out witb you on
that point, for I agree with you exactly.
Tbe Democrat is a personal friend of
oui's, aud as all can judge by his remarks.
a fair, honest. candid man wrong in bis
political views, (according to our notions,)
but eenetallv.right upon all other matters.
V. S. GazeUe.
THE TEXAS QUESTION.
Tbachief argument tued by the Jo
eo, hy Texas should be annexsd to the.
Union, "now or never." is that Great
Britain wanls her and they convertly in.
sinuate, if they do not openly charge,
that Mr. Clay and the Whigs are vfilling
to stand silenlly by and sce Texas wres
led from Mexico by Ettgland. When-
ever this asscrtion is made, let tho Whigs
give it a flnt contradiction "fiom the
Record." Here is what Mr. Clay says in
his admirable Lctler on the Anncxation
"If any Europcan nationenlertainsany
ambitious dosign upon Texas, such as
that of colonizing her, or in any way sub.
jecting her, 1 should regard it as the itn.
perativ6 duty of the Govcrnmcnt of the
Uniled Slalcs, lo opposc such dcsigns by
the most firm and dcterniincd resistancc,
to Ihe txltnl, if Mcessary, of APPEAL
ING TO ARMS."
WHICH IS THE BEST CHRISTIAN?
While the Loco Foco papers are teem
ing with false and malicious slandcrs
against the religious and moral character
of Ilenry Clay, it is prctendcd by some,
that James K. Polk is a religious man, and
and amember of thu Church, IHiis is de-
nipd hv lhi immediate neiirhbors nf Mr.
: Polk, but whcther true or false, we have
something better than merc professions of
religion, whereby to judge the sinccrity of
the man. Action is a more reliable basis
of iudgment, than mere professions. W e
present below a case in which both of the
t ,.,wli.(itns nn IVIitAri nP
them on that occasion acled most as wc
, should suppose true Christians wonld
act, under like circumstance?, ne necd tlot
fiitit rViVif Tnrlii ivprn lirinfli nc fnllnv
75,000 00 ' In 1S. whi,e the clloera was raging
2 822 14 ' "'i'1 a fata''')' truly alarming to the coun
11.173 48 try attacking and desolating whole towns
j and cities, and baflling the skill of thc
33,01331 1 most eminent, Mr. Clay introduccd a res
olutton in thc Senate of the United Stalcs,
1,333 82 for ti,e appointment of a Commttlce to wait
ir 711 l uPon lhe res'denti and 10 " "quest that
16 754 20 1 ne recommc"d a day to De designated by
1336 16 h'm of public humiliation, prayer,"&c.
' The following werc the procecdings in the
2,312 12 , Senate :
" June 23. 1832. The following reso-
j lution offered by Mr. Clay, was taken up
"Resoloed, by the Senate and JTouse of
Representatives of the United States ef
America, in Congress assembled, That a
joint Commiltse of both Houses wait on
the President ofthe United States, and
request that he recommcnd a day, to be
designated by him, of public humiliation,
nrnvpr and f:lstin. to be observedSbv the
. PeoP,e fthe Un'tcd States, with religious
soJemmly, and with lerrent suppiications
to Almighty God.that He will Lc gracious
ly pleased to continue Ihs blcssings upon
our country, and that IIc will avert from
it thc Asiatic scourgc which has reachcd
our borders or if, in the dispetisation of
His Providence, we are not to be exempt-
cd from thc calamity, that through His
bountiful mercy, its scvcrity may be miti
gated, and its duration shortened."
Mr. Tazewell asked for the ayes and
noes on tbe rcsolution which were order
ed. After Mr. T. had called for the ayes
and nocs, aud had remarkedthat he would
not say one word, Mr. Clay arose and
among other tbings observed :
Should the rcsolution be adoptcd, the
act ofthe President, in conformity to its
request, will be merely rccommendatory.
Voluntary as to all, it would be obligatory
upon none. There seems to be a pecu
liarpropriety, on the ground of uniformi
tv. in the proposed measure. Already, in
diffcrent parts ofthe Uuion, the clergy of
sevcral denommations have, it is believed,
had their attention turned to this subject.
Diflerent days of prayer and humiliation
will be Drobablv recommended. It is dc-
sirable that thc whole iMatton, on the same
day, shall prcsent its united prayers and
supplications tothe throne of mercy. And
there can be but little doubt, tnat aitho i geograpny, i mean, but where are iha
there will be nothing coercive in the rec- poople I For a hundred and fiftv miles
ommendation of the President, there will from Richmond lo Norfolk, Ihe first ex
be general acquiescence in it. The meas-, pfored river running inta lhe Atlanlic
ure will be grateful to all pious anJ all ; Ocean, the home of Powhalan nnd Poc.i
moral men, whether members of religious hontas. and the sconcs of the truly chi
communitiesor not. In time of national valrous John Smith where are lhe people X
or individual distress, all who suffcr feel Gone, I say gone to Ihe South nnd West,
an irresistible impulse to appeal to that , trumpet blowing among ihem now to gir
Being, who is alone able to afford ade- ' to Teaas ! Virginia hss hero depopula
qualerelicf. ,c berself to make bomes elsewhero.
I should have hcsitated to present this Tho cry riow of one set of her poU
resolution. said Mr C. if it had been u'fH . ilicians is, manufactitfers ihat wonld kten
: . , . Tl . Y ' .1 I t, n !- . f - n, y
sancttoned Dy preceoeni-uur auring me ;
late war, a similar resolution was adopfcd
by Congress, at the instance of a member
of the Ilouse of Jtepresentattves from
Virginia, and President Madison issued
his recommendations accordingly.
It is far from my purpose fo cxcite- tln
necessary ala'rm. All dangers appear
most formidable at a distance. tven the
greatest of all terrors, whon the awful
moment arrtTCS with a mind fortified by
philosophtcal reflecton, and still more if it
be strcngtbened by religious hope and be
Ii"ef,isless appalling than it seemed when
A single wofd, Mr President, as to my
self I am a member of religious secl. I
am not a professor of religion. I regret
that I am not. I wish that I Was, and I
trust that I shall be. But I have and al
ways have had, a profound respect for
Christianity, the rejigion of my father, and
for itsrites, its'usages andjts obsertances.
'Among thfse, that which is proposed
in the resolution before you, has always
commanded the respect of the good and
devout. And I hope it will obtain tbe
concurrence of the Senate.
Blr Frelinghuyson said he JnfeiTed
from the call ofthe yeas and nays, that
this resolution. would be opposed, arid
he therefore iesati again to refer the
Kenatpto the rjrecedent of 1814. The!
rcsolution at tbat time "was indnced hy the!
S PDELI3UED EVERT WEDSESDAT MORI.f
IX StEtVAaT'4 BCltDlaoS,
BY J, COBB JR.
ar wnotf iLl oroxri ros raijTi'V
Of every descn'pfion will be neatly and-"
fashionably executed. at short notice.
state ofwar tn!o which ths country hatf
beenplunged with Great Britain, and was
offered by Mr Clopton,- of Virginia. Thc
pramble. which he read, laid it down as
the duty ofCongress to adopt measures-
of this character in'times of'calamitv anrJ
war." The proposition had passcd the-
Senafe withoutany opposition. Ifin time-
of war it was the dnty of theneoDle to ask-
the special protection of God, and to sup
plicatethe interposition of His mcrcy.bow
much more incumbcnt was it in referencff
to a scourge which had in ks progress'
swept many mtl.Hons of human beings
into eternity, which went abroad on the
earth as the agent and minister of God.
to do his errand, and to come and go af
his bidding, and over which human pofrcr
had no influence. No occasion could be
so fit and appropriate of humiliatirn ax
this. He hoped that no cortstitutional ob-"
jecttorr would be interposcd to chcck this
resohition, which was nothing more than'
a recommendation. It vtas oor duty de-'
voutly, and in the coctiction of ourcnlire
depeudcnce on God, to ask for the inter
fercnce of his mercy; and he hoped thal
the present resolution would pass, as did?
the resolution of 1S14.
See Nile's licgistcr, Vol. 12, pages
343 and&U. rs
Thc resolution was adopted yeas 30
nays 13. In thp Ilouse of Representa
tives, on the 5th July following, Mr
Polk, in a large ntinority, voled to latf
the rcsolution on the table for lhe bolanee
ofthe session yeas 4G. navs 01. On thc'
JTth July. he again voted lo lay it cn the
laoie. x ne motion having failed, on ftio
tion of Mr. Bell, the rcsolution was rcfer
red to a selcct committee. See Jour. 11.
Rep. of Con. of 1032, pages 1094, 111 0.
Vihoinia. A correspoudent of lhe'
National Inlelligencer. wriling from'
Wilton, ncor Richmond, Vn thus speaks
of thediminution in the poputation of thar
"Thus much havo I writlen with ai
eye to lcmpt to Virginia Northorn farv
raers. I havo a great dcsire to capturs'
this good old Common.wealth for tho
Yankee stock of States. Land is cheap f
I say land, of whicb a good farm may
soon bo made, at from three to ten dol
lars an acrc not the land on Ihe b.-fcj
of the river. clcarcd and cuhivated.'bur
land whero marl Iios, marl worth more to
tho land than a goW mine. Socictv is
good. The people nre n good peoplo.
Schos.s will come with a population. If
oftcn scems to me Ihat us yct there nro
no people here, and I wish, therofore, to
seo Ihem come. I havo to take up a spv.
glnss to soe tho houses ofmv neigh
bors, they are so far off, and yet so near"
am I to a capilol of about 24.000 blmb-r
uanis, tnat 1 can see its spire and stfe
ples, and almost hcar lhe hum of its fav
borer. Back of me, and below me, o
of tbe river, as far as I have oxplored. I
cannot find much elso but woods, woods,.
woods. 1 ride for milcs and mires in Ihu
the forests, looking or people. And yct
this is the first setlled part of Virginia
Thn people have goue off; they havo
scttlcd in Georgia, Alabama, Kentuky,
M issouri, M ississippi, Injuisiana. Florida ?
and now. as if ihere were loo isany
people lefi, a bribe h held out to Ihe resf
to go Texas ! Well, if ihcy will go. all I
can says is, Northern farmcrs come hero
and settle. Such land as you can soll
inNew-Yorknnd Pcnnsylvania for fiftyr
and seventy-five, and a hundrcd dollats
an acre, you can buy here for from Ihreo
to ten. It is a shame, say, that this
beautiful counlry. so blesscd in climale,
and so little needing only lhe ferlilizinjf
hand of man should be without pcoplp,
Here is an old venerabte river rnnnm.,
l past Dy my door, older lhan fhe Hudson,
now lined with towns and village much
older than Ohio, (nlder in settferoent and
";"J are noimng i txaa is
ttery thing Were I a Virginian, I ihould
cstecm as worlh more one good white
man lhan all of Tesas from the Sabine
lo the Rio de! fforte. Why here is Tcx
as all about us land as clieep is in th
dislant T cx&s, and as good
GREAT WHIG CONVENTION-10
000 WHIGS AT STEUBENVILLE.
We were, much to our regret, unablc to
attend the Whig Convention at Steuben
ville, but hear from our delegates the
most enlivening accounts of that great
tneeting ofthe people in couneil. AII
with whom we nave conrersed say not
Iess than 10100 persons eonld hate been
there. Between 300 and 400 went from
this city. The Wheeling delegation was
very large, and came up in four steam
boats. They had about three hnndred
banners and transparecies, The Whigs
of Steubenville, every man of them, had.
the latch string out, and all were accom
modated with eomfort. A gentlcman who
attended the Whig and Loco-Foco Con
vedtion in that place in 1840 is confident
that this was equal to both in numbers,
while in enthusiasm and feeling it cxcce
ded that held by the Whigs in that vear.
Great numbers of Iadies were present. and
participatedgTcatly in the spirit of the-
t . . i ,
vonTeniion. rinsnurgn izctte