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SDITOR AND PROPRIKTOR.
TIRMi oTINTH VOLUME.
ItUf StcriUri $2 00
Hall .atwcribers 2.00
ladividaali ad Canpaaias wbo lake at the oSc
81'75or l'SO iiiIi ifpaid in six s-oethi.
tVi who taka of Psilridera . . .92.00
II ut paid t tha and of tfci jtar 2, 25
f? pfri diicontioutd Bitil arraarai;ea ar paid
MHfl t tha optio oftht propristor. No paymert
ts Curianallowul txcaplordirtd bjtUepropri.
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tt Poit Paid
Voct rAt Philadclphia Mutcngcr.
The Man of Ashland.
Thare i written down ia lome volume of
letcndary lore, asuperstilion, toDcesublime
and beautiful, a atrange superttition tbat
would teach ui to believe tbat the great aod
tha good of this eartb areguided, watchtd
rtr. and beloved from very childhood. by
i guardian tpirit, a holy angel, who first fill
tbt vounr beart with ambhioo, and then
taaches tbe untrxined footttap the ways of
glory aod honor, the paths ol tnurapti and
Sucha cuardian apirit, a mizhtybemg rob
d in maiestv. and clad in power, have I
imaginedlooking fortb from tbe mystery of its
invmbl bting, upon this rude and homeiy
In a amall and narrovr room. with low
ceiling and confined walls.tomedozen young
mio, wbose rusty attire and swarthy features
diaeloseJ bv tbe lieht ot tho solitary rusb
light, nnrk tbe hardy backwoodsmen of tbe
West, are iiated on rouch hown benches
listening to tbe stamraering orator in tbeir
Gaze well npon thnt young orator, friemi
of mint, for bj faith, tbe guardian angtl
lookt upon bim with intense interest and
anxiety! Gaxe upon bim a tall atripling,
with a lean and somewhat bony figure, with
a fac by no meaas bandsome, raarked by a
prominent nose, a wide mouth, and bigh
cheek bones, while hn forebead o bold. so
bigh, to full and towering in outline, gires
tonl to the expression of tbat large grey
ye gaze well upon bim, and observe bis
eoarie attire, the garments ofhomespun,
tbeir uneainly shape and rustie faahion, and
at you gaze, treaiure each trifling detail of
hia appcarance tn your memory.
Tbe boy assays to speak. Hia Toice is in
diitinct, yet there ia depth and tolume in its
aound. H extends his hand the geature
ia rud and awkward. It ia but a rustie au
dianea, and yet there would be orator colors
to the forebead with modeit difiidence. The
boy procteds; his worda come atammering
and slow, yet he seems to gain confldence.
A faw moro awkward gestures, and the grey
y e brightens.the voice rolls out bolder & ful
ler. Tbe boy orator forgeU lime.place.poverty
and difiidence. His soul warms in bim, and
hia hearers, rustie as they are, ltan over tbe
rough benches, their cyes and earsfixcdin
brealhlets interest. They utter no word,
tbey do not eren whisper. Still the grey
j brightens, atill tbe boy-orator warms in
bis theme, and now he stands before you,
raised to bis full height, the ungainliness of
hia firure lorgotton in tne grandeur ol nis
leok, the coarse homespun oT his garments
forgetton in tbe majeaty of the soul speaking
from his nnclouded brow. And then, in deep
tontd words, he opens to his rustie hearers
the nch trtasures ol nia tieart; tie llinga
around him the gifta of his prodigal fancv ;
be awes tbem into breathlc?s silence; he
nrea tbe tnToluntary ahont of auprise and
admiration from their lips; he chains them
witb hia burat of trembling feeling ; he brings
the warm throb to their hearts, the heavy
tear to tbeir eres. He standt confessed tbe
rtrm of a miehty man ! he, the poor boy.
the homerpun.clad backwoodsman, the or-
pbao, thestrauger! The amile on tbe dewy
lips of ths virgin, Tfhen first she yields them
to her loTtr's k'ui, is sweet; tbe tmile of tbe
widow. when the ceal of fame sounding
honor to her first born, telling ofthediflicul
ty orercome, tbe triumph won, rings in her
eara, islordy ; andlorely is the amile vrreath
inj the lips of God'a own angels when tbe joy
of the renentant ainnercomes uptoheaTen:
bnt sweeter thau all th'u, is the smile ofthat
ruardian aarel. aa. invisible to mortal eye,
he looVs forthupon the first triumph of the
Orpban Boy ia the rough log cabin in the
West. The father of the bov, and the
mother, alt ep under tbe green sod, in a far
away land, and yet the son, tne rougn-clad
rpban aon, bat discorered the existcnce of
tne migmy poirer wittiin mm nas maae nis
footsteps rinr on tbe iron threshold of
the lofty temple coniecrated to fame. Tbe
guardian angel gazei from the shadow that
nvrraps it existence upon anotber scene.
In awide and lofty ball, apanned bya
magnifieent ceiling, enriched with the tri-
nmpba of arcmtecture, with the morning sun
abining tbrough colojtal windows, a strange
tbrong of men are gatbered, sitting m solemn
drlibfration on the fate and destiuy of their
land. r rom tne North and the boutn, from
tbe green Sarannah and the ice-capped
mountain, from the ocean-shore of the East,
and the rolling pratrie ofthe West, these
men hare hastened aa the chosen Kepresenta'
tivea of a free and mithty people. The mat-
terincouncil isof fearful moment Waror
Peace! Here are men whose cry is erer
Feace! tnougb the decks of our ressels are
desecrated by the footsteps of Britisbout-
rage. tnough our tlag is nung disbonored in
tbe dust by British hand, though our bor
dera are atartltd by the roar ofthe British
Lioo, though onr national fame U loaded
with scorn, our rigbts trodden to the eartb,
onr libertiee riolated, the religion of our rc
publicin faiah blasphemed, all in the name
ofthe British, crying God and St.Georgc to
the rescur, still tbe cry of these men with
sidtlong lookiand lowering browi is Peace,
Paaee, at erery risk and rII hazards Peace!
Othera ihere are. with honest hearts, and
Arm bandt, who dread a war. Tbey riie on
that BepreeentartVe floor and depicit the
yils of acontinental war tbe tnwn laid in
aabes. tbe fitld desolated. the valley made a
wastt, national commerce destroyed, the wide
land crowded by bodiea of tbe dead, the
jreat Hearen foreverblackanedby the smoke
All i doubt, disunion.and dismay. Doubt,
whUe the armament of Briuin throngei the
aeas; dtsunion, white the red-coat armiei are
in our Terjr borderi ; dismay, while tbe first
roar ofthe blood ttained Lion, whose proud
threaU feltthe taloniofour Eaglein thyear
8a! dismay, while tbe first roar ofthe British
fion thunderi in our ears. Now, guardian
angel, look well to yourcharge!
While all is doubt, disunioo, and dismay,
a Legislator, fresh from the ranka orthe
people, arisea in hia place. and speaka his
word of counsel. Tall, ainewy. and gaunt
in'form, hia manner displaya the man of edu
cation but. gaze upon his face! Canyou
lM the mean'mg ofthat full grey eye I Can
you read the mystery of tbat towenog brow ?
Spcakf the wide mouth with compressed lips
a rascillating or a determined mind !
0peaks the full voice of orator whose eye is
ere. Peace, orof the patriot whose Iiturgy ol
national faith and bope and honor is com
rMied io the ayllable War I
He pksorWar! Aye, with bi prond
form raised to its full height, with his grey
eye burning like a liring coal, with his fore-
head all radiant with a michtv mind.hespeaks
r , l ... - J - - . .J. .
iur trar: rvar ici our national honor! Wann
the name of tfaeast! War at erery risk,
and at all hazards War!
His wordi rinc echoine throueHtbe hall !
Traflicers in national honor hang their heads
in ahame, thev doubtfullv start aside with
surpnse, exclaiming in wonder Is this tbe
young backwoodsman ofthe West? tbey
fearful raise their voices with the voice of
the orator, and tbe cry rings to the very ceil
ing in God's name giveus War!
Now, Guahdiam Akoel, look upon your
mighty ward and smile! Look upon the ad
vocate of national honor, standiug boldly
erectin that Ilepresantative Hall, and as you
look, tell us, isthis tbe young backwoodsman
ofthe West ? Is this the orohan orator of tbe
rustie Io house 1 Is this the stranirer whose
mother and father sleep under the green sod
Tbere came anotherjday.whendoubt poss-
essed the council ofthe nation. Abandot
hrare men were fnifrpllnp ina far-olT land
f e 1 - I ' fT..l. I
Christian, combined in one unholy league of
wmn-. .tmrrlln v.r iiB nn rr3T of
their lathersrunder the shadow of mighty
temples consecrated I
ed bv the memories ol three
thousand ar! till fiphtinir and strusclin-
for life and liberty! These brare men. with
the blood of their wires and little ones, slain operative of the crowdedcity, aud the Tarmer CT"BJ r T u r C"
in marciless massacre, yet smoking before , ofthe golden plain! and under the pound, or tbe fine saxony i
tbeir eyes. with the "Ali Hu" of Their re- The Man of Ashland first originated, then, 1 wool, costing more than a dollar the pound.
morseless butchers yet ringing in iheir eara. amidscornand contempt, defended, and at , nsitherof which we produce. or f wedo toa
sent to a far land, where Liberty driven last firmly established, the Amewcas Sts- verv limited extent. i
from the Old World made her bome. and beg- ' , which gave independence to the Amer- 'Nj own opimon is, that wool should be
gedthechildrenoftheRevoIutionaryPattiots icau wotkiugman, whether he toils in lhe V e; but as wool grower. thiok othcr
to give them some liule aid-to extend but a mine orin the field, in the shop orat the ' retamed a duty of fifteen per
hand to their assistance to recognize them
as a free and independant nation.
And tbey denied them. Yes! theAmeri
can Congress refused tbe petition of these
brave men of the Greciau land!
Then it was that this bold Backwoodsman of
the West uprose on tbe floor ofthat council 1 as one, roll asife the awful curtain that .'.0?1 ieeii?IUI'r-.?!nU a,,0,t
hall. Then it was that fire came to his eyo stretches across the stage of Fate, and gtve t lihtt-LKAUk. 1 HIAbb and com
and words to his tongue. Theu it was that us a glimpse of the things tbat shall bc. ""Offd war upon the bill. Mr. Polk voted .
with his stature undulating iu all iu com- Were the guardian spirit to speak,tbis might AGAINST the bill throughoutCons.Deb.
mandine heicht. with his burninE brow flush-. be the burden ofhis Prophecy : vol. 3, pages 986. 996, 1027. 1028,1087.1098.
ed with solemn indignation, this Man ofAsh- On thatsame gentle knoll ofthe Ashland lu?3-
land spake forth tothe councilmen ofthe , HilU, no longer green, but withered by Au-j Jau. 31. 1828. Mr. Mallarjj of t. report
nation his fiery message tumn, viewing the glories ofthe sunsct. ed the famous Tanffbill of 1828. gmng iu-
"Gohome!" he ctied in a vniee of thun-
der! "Go home to vour firesides. frcemen
that ye are, descendints ofthe heroes oft
Serenty-six; go home! and when your cou-,
stituents speak toyou ofthe cause of Greece, J
tell them with the blush ofshame on your .
brows, that you dare not acknowledge tho
freedom of this gallant nation! Tell them
oh! be sure and tell them that ye dared
not! that dim vision of scimetarsand cres-
cents, of turbans and bow strings, scared
you from your duty! Tell them that
Greece nlead. and wept, and nlcad again at
the very feet of your Goddess of Liberty, and j
that that gare scorn Ior tcars, comtempt ior
prayers ! Tell your constituents this, and let
itbe written down in the history of our land,
that in the year ol our Lord eighteen bun
drcd and twenty-four in the year of our
Lord aod Savior, who came to bring Peace
to all theearth ihisGrecian land, oppressed,
down-troddeu, and slaughtered, sent to the
last home of Freedom in the wide earth. ask
ing the cotintrymen of Washington for aid,
and ohlshame on tbe burning dishonor
they refused their petition, scorned their
prayers, and closed eye and ear on their sol
Tha man nf Ashland prevailed. The
word weut forth to all the earth that land of
the New World of Freedom Eave its solenn
sauction to the cause of Old World Liberty,
and with that word of sauction went forth the
name ofthe advocate of the cause! Oh!it
would make your fceirt warm and throb, and
throb again, were I to call up before your
mental eye the mighty panuraraa ofthat strug
glc; the shadowy gleu. where thousands fell
beneath the footsteps ofthe Turk; the moun
tain pass, where the rocks hurled by tbe
Avengers, came thundering on the tyrants'
heada, mingling them in one crimson massa
cre of justice; or tbe wide battle plain, where
from the corpses of ten thottsand slain, sped
ten thousand immortal souls. laying down at
the footstool of God their charge of " Liberty
unto Death !" oh, it would make your hearts
beat and your eyes fill with tears, were Ito
tell you how, from every shodowy glen.
from the height of every mountain pass, from
the carnage ofthe wide batlle-field. three
mighty names rose shrieking with the War
cry ofthe Greeks, mingled with their battle
shout, and sanctified by their dying voices,
husky with the flow of blood the name of
Bozzaris! of Washington! and lhe name
Guardian angel, followyour mighty charge
through the scenes ofthe great drama, where
the man of Ashland was the Hero.the world,
tbe stage, and mankind spectators.
IOW on tne oenzic liuur, picd;uiug ;
and now on the ocean wave, bnnging tne
olive branchfrom the old strong-hold of free-1 of American Industry, the wronged, the
dom, the city of Ghent; now filling the souls i calumniated, and the triumphant 1
ofthe million listening to him in hushed awe, n(j aj the sun goes down to hischam
with the wired magnetism of his spirit, now i befS of j the Guardian Aneel smiles,
communing with bis own heart. calhng i up , d . f M ofA"shland, as
nr nointin ine futnrein theallent proves . . . .. ... .
ol bts own sweei Asniana.
. . . 1 1
y 8rU3' !". !:UV j" , I
swelling knoll that uncovers its grassy breast
tothe first kiss of the uprising sun, you be-
6'"'" 6' . 9
hold vour miehty ward. Call the child of
Present to look upon him and look well, for
the day w.ll " w" 1"";? I
Man of Ashland will be honor and pride.
The first j
bearrS'of the upri.mg sun fall upon that tall
.- - i j ir -. :
andmuscular form rtreahngits outline or,
bone.and sinew, unbent by time, unconquar
ed by the toil of thirty years. clad in platn
earments of American texture, while. the bat
. t .1 J .Iml-
and atatt in one nana, ium
falling over the shoulder, imprt an air of ease
mingled with majesty to nis coramdnuiuS
presence- The high brow.rtsinglike a tow
er, wheie thought keeps his eternal watcb,
uie grey haira Qoatmg wavingiy in tne morn
ing air, the bold marked eyebrows, throwing
their arch above the large grey eye that has
Kizea upon au tne phases ola giant-hle witn
an unquailing glance, the prominent nose, the
bigh cbeek bpnea, the mauive ebin, the wide
mouth with lips compressed, indicating the
Will that never knew what it waa to ftlter
or to fear such ia the face ofthe Man of
Ashland, as, standing on the ereen knoll. h
looks upon tbe morninc sun. while far awav
spreads the background of bill and wood,
and knoll, until at last the blue veil ofdis
tance miogtes the earth with the aky.
Oh! jcreat is the fame ofthe warrior! full
of glory is the broad banner wbose folda are
flutig waving on the winds of conquest!
migbty tbe voice of the nation, yelling defeat
tothe foe, and joy to tbe victor! but greater
.1 11.1 - f - i . i
a" iiiesc, mosigionous anamosi nngniy
of all riclories, are the triumphs of the
Man of Ashland, though these triumphs are
not the triumphs of war.
"is are the triumphs of Peace .' Yea, yes,
from ten thousand homes there ever arise to
God, tbe voice of blessing on bis name.
There comes to his soul. as he tbus stands
on tbe green knoll of Ashland, gazing at the
rising sun, tbe voice ofthe toil wrung roe
cbanic, bencUng over his loom,and that voice
blesses bis .name. From the dim chambers
ofthe shadowy carern. where the miner toils
on his darkling path, rising, by slow degrees,
to the Iight orday.thencn atores ot oldnjotn-
,,-iT -.i, : r ,u. .A
it echoes the word of blessins! The fa'rmer
I in tbe eolden harvcst
cchoes the song. From the noisy rooms of
I the Factory,wherethecraah ofthe machine-
ry no longer is mingled with the groans ofthe
stanring operatire, there comes floating along
from old men and rosy-cbeeked cbildren.
r-nm etniil nKtnli.mit tr,A linilor virlrinsr4
' a chorus ofjoy, chanting mtrrily, blessingsi, 'The wool-growers consider the duty upon
. on bis head peace to his erave clory to his foreign wool as lmporuutto their prosperity.
asbes-eternal bonorto his name!
l And wny comes inis mangieu song oi Diess-
; r . t i - i .i : . i.
ine from the mechaoic and the miner, the
. factory man and the factory-child. from the
loom, wnicn gives bread to nis taDie, comion
to hU Gr- ;,t- i!i1h anH hanninpu In
Gu'ardian Angel ofthat mighty man; thou
to whom his whole careerhas been a delight ;
thou to whom the Past and the Futurc are
streakinc tbe skv with the dazzl ne red. and
nurnle. and eold, while clouded pillars and
sunbeam temples pile their form of grandeur
along the horizon ofthe dying day, there
stands the Man of Ashland, silent and alone
at evening; there is the flush ofthe day god
on his lofty brow; there is a gleam ofa ten-
der memory and a clear rorgireness in bis
j clear grey eye, as he tums to the South, and
, , .i i 1 1 . r n i-: . . i
looKinE to the hills of Tennessee, his soul
remembers the Mighty Hero, sheltered be
neath the quiet roof of tbe Hermitage. Yes,
yes, his entagonist in the grand tournamentof
national tame nis rival in tne race oi nonor
the gallant General ofthe last war, so no
bly defended by tha Maaof Ashland, now rests
beneath the roof ofthe Heimitage tbe tear
oh! abame it not with a smile or a scofT
the tear glistens in his eye, and the feeling of
the olden tinie comes ibrobbing round his
heart. The political entagonists, lhe rival
intbe race of honor, the bitter opponent for
the Chair of Power, all, are forgotton, while
before the soul of the Man of the Ashland
Hills, arises the mighty panorama ofNew
Orleans, the mist above, and the (lame be
low; the banner ofthe stars still soaring
aloftin the midst of flame, borne upward by
the band of its warrior champion, the white
haired man ofthe Heimitage, who at his ere
ning hour gazes nlto upon yon red sunset,
and wbispers, as be waits for the master, like
Simeon ofold "Lord, now lettest thou thy
servant departin peace!"
And, as the Man of Ashland gives his
soul to the memory of the white-haiied war
rior(whora God forever bless!) there comes
echoing along the twilight air the tound of
horse's hoofa, breakiog the deep silence of
the Indian Summer eve, and then the horse
and rider beave in sight and come panting up
the hill. And as the horse, all white with
loam, dasbes along the ascent ofthe knoll,
the rider wbose attire. tovered with tbe dust
of travel, tclls you he hasriddenfar and long,
drawsapacket from hisvestand wavesitin
the air. Another moment, he has fluog
himselffrom his panting steed, he rusbes
hastily forward, and in silence delivers the
packet to lhe Man of the Ashland Hills.
Now, Guardian Angel, we summon you
for the last time. Look well upon your
charge as he breaks the heavy sealoftbis
strange pseket. His fingers tramble, his stat
ure dilatrs and increases with the throbbings
of his chest, bis proud eye quails and wanders
in its glance.
The packet is broken! and there in
many words the Electors of the Nation
met iu solemn council, send their message
to the Orphan Boy of Hanover, the young
backwoodsman of the w est, the champion
of war in the Senate Halls, the advocate
his towering frame swells proudly erect.
. .. . . new fir : it. alance.
he .uardian Spirit of the Omhan Boy of
"Z . r . . . . "
Hanover, bows low belore tne aitar ot
American Freedom, and on the proud col-
umn bv its sidc. writes the orphanaee, the
struggles, the wrongs, and the triumph of
genw, in asingle name, that shines and
... ' . . r w,.i,.
brightens even amid the names of Wash-
ington, Adams, Jefferson, Wayne and
JacKson, tne name oi nmun
HON. GEORGE P. MARSH.
The Oration before the Literary Societies
of Dartmouth College, at the recent Anni
versary, was delivered by tbe Hon. George
P. Marsh. membcr of Congress from Ver
mont. The Vermont Chronicle, a religious
paper ofability and influence, speaks of it as
"The Oration of Mr. Marsh, which was
devoted to a profound and philosophical in
vestigation ofthe cuestion whether there is
aoythiog in the existing civjlization of Chris
tendom to warrant a belief in its perrnanenee
andprogress, kept tbe hearerin a sute bot
dering on wooder, by the rapid succeasionof
important thougbts, by profound aod striking
viewa of history and society. and of the ele
menu that are at work to give character to
the furure, and by the singular clearness and
Dreciaianaf ihe oratnr'c ctvle.
We undarstand that Mr. Marsh has been
VT.- WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 11, 1844
invited to delhrer the Address before the New
England Society of this city, at the Anniver-
sary ofthe Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers
on the 2Jd of December next. There are
few men in the country who would bring to
such an occasion more admirable abililies to
doit justice than Mr. iMabsh; and we ear-
nestly hope tbat he may find it convenient
and agreeable toaccepttbeinvitation. N.Y.
Folk agairist Protection and
' The dHTerence Ittrtten the eourse of the
political parly with which he Mr. Milton
Brown acU and myselfis, ichilst they are the
J . r f -' i j - 1 Z7...Mi;M
advocatc3 ol distnbulionana a fioieam xa
i rij-easunt ichidi I cowWer rutW to the
WCTttu ej uie couniry, ana aycciauy 10 wc
intcrcsti of the planting Statu Ihaxc itcad
ily and at all timts oppostd hoth."
J. K. POLK,
POLK AGAINST THE WOOL
GROWERS. Ihxs opinwn, lapmend,ufoundedinerr0T.
j ..u..u6 ,.u..v
a wf nrndnri It Im nn rTpM
we pronuce, is imponea.
I ' lhe kinds chtelly lmported are either the
. Cong. JJeb. Vol. 9 p. 1174.
Jan. 17, 1827, Mr. Mallary of Vermont re-
Prte" a,biI1 bter protection ofwoc-1
?nd woolens, and made an elaborate speech
' upport. Mr. Camberleng of N. Y.
creasea proiecuon to wooi, wooiens.ana otn
. er branches ofdomestic industry. Mr.
! went with lhe enemies oflbe bill and voted
AGAINST it. Same, vol. 4, part 2, pa;es
April 15, 1830, Mr. Mallary reported a bill
to prcveut frauds in the importationof foreign
products and enforce tbe the Taritf of 1S28.
Mr. Polk voted AGAINST the bill. Same.
vol. 6, part 2. pages 979, 937.
Dec. 14, 1830, Mr. Barringer introduced a
resolution to reduee the duty on coarse wool,
woolens. sugar, &c, and on the question of
consideration, Mr. Polk voted in the AFFIR
MATIVE. CLAY FOR AND POLK AGAINST
THE TARIFF OF 1842.
I have eveiywhere
I had ateadilyduring
maintained that in aa
tbe pcnod 1 was a rep-
been UrFUSrJD TU
In the piesent contest
for Gnreroor I had
TION OUGHT TO
BE MADE FOR
that the Tariffof 1842
has operated MOST
and that I am utterly
OPPOSED TO ITS'
avowed MY OPPO-
SITION to theTarifT
act of the last Whig
Coneress. as being
IVE in its character
and designed by its au-
to exnrees my opinion
tbors as a revenue
measure. I had avow-
upon every item of this
edfin my publicspeech-
last Tanrf, 1 tninn tne
provisions in tho maiu
es that the interests of
the couutry, and espe
cially ofthe producing
and exporting States.
are W 1 5 fc and riwr
ER. If there be any
excesses or defects in
it.fof which Ihavs not
ing.) THEY OUGHT
TO BE CORRECT
ED Clay's lcttcT to
toration ofthe princi
ples of thecompromise
act ol 1833. J. K.
PoLk's addrestet to the
Mr. Bronson. csepl. J J,
POLK SUSTAINING THE SLAVE
March 3, 1831, Mr. Mercer introdncedthe
followinc: resolution :
Rtsoltcd. That the President oi the Uni
ted States be requestcd to rcnew and topros
ecute from time to time such negociations
with the several maratime powers of Europe
and Araerica as he may deem expedient,
FOR THE EFFECTUAL ABOLITION
OF THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE,
and its ultimate denunciation asJPIRAC l ,
under the law ofnations, by tbe consent ofthe
On passing this resolution tbe ayes were
11S. noes 32. Mf. Polk voted in the NEG
ATIVE Cong. Deb. vol. 7, page850.
POLK FOR IMMEDIATE ANNEXA
TION. I have no hesitation in declaring that 1am
' in favor of IMMEDIATE
. TION of Texas to tbe terri.ory and govern-
I ment ofthe Uoited States. J. K. Polk.
.From the Boslcn Couricr.
Ho.t. GEORGE P. MARSH.
W. ntii th fnllnm!n(T fmm ikpTnn..
cript 0f erening. All ihat herein is con-1
tained of this gentleman's erudition, we dare
sav. is true. We know him to he a ereat
We know him to he a creat
linguist. We only regret, that, havinglearnt
io many tongues, he does not oftener nse
his natural one. lie seems to ooard Jns
ereat learning, as Cathohcs, according to
Sterne. the relies of tbeir saints, without be-
oM. fn -.nrlr a inlr miracle bv them.
"While in Burlington I had the .salisfac- j
tionof meeting withthr.ripe scholar and ex-j
cellentman, tbe Hou. ueorce f. marsh. piause wmcu uvu3ium usunny eucii irom
He is a resident of this town, and notwith- a party which follows tothedeath these same
standing that he has given his time and tiU ruffle-shirted leaders. It is a curious fact,
ents sedulously to the profeasion of law, yet hat in this town, the ruffles are, almost with
he has found time to lay up such an im- out exception, owned by the "democracy."
mense fund of learning (more particularly as Mr. Tucker was piobably not aware of this,
a linguist) tbat. though some years short ofi or he would have been more discreet. Afler
forty, his fame as a scholar is hardly surpass- j sneering at Mr, Clay. and ridiculing bis pre
i h nf nther American. Mr. Marsh's 1 tensions, the centleman tben took up Mr.
lihnrv ! eertainlv a curiositv. considered as !
the collection and property ofaprivate indi-
vidual. Itis divided into alcoves, each ofi
which contain the works of one particular
language the Latin, Greek, &c. and all the
modern tiuropean languagea me raere enu
meralion of whieb.as acqniredhyMr.Manb,
would ofitislfbe quite formidable. In the
Northern tongues tbose of Norway, Swe-
den, Cenmark, and Iceland there are books
enougb, of tbemselves to constitute a good
sized library. It was as author ofan Iceland-
tc Grammar the first ever publisbed in the
Euglish lauguage that Mr. Marsh became
known to the public as more than a common
scholar. The novelty ofthe circumstances
( under which this siogular work was compos-
lawyer, depending upon his professioo for a
lirelihood, uuknowu to fame, untravelled,and
almost isoUted ina stnall inland town, witb
buta meagre collection ofpublications in the
lan rlinrp. anr? I hpm nnt nf lhf hfanH
fact ,hat, under such circumstances, the ouly
work orthe kind tu the .Lughsh tongue, and
that a higbly creditable one, should be pro
duced, took the public by surprise, and at
once raised tbe author to a very enviable po
sition as a linguist. It would tccm that he
bas deroted many leisure hours to tbe lan
guages and hislory ofthe Northern natious,
and that but few men in this or any other
country are hetter acquainted with tbis kiud
oflore. He bas just accepted an inritation.
I as he informed us. to dehrer the next annual
address before the New Eneland Society. in
New York. Mr. Marsh has already been
iltlcu iui uuC icrm iu oongress, auu is a
..i rnm 1 t :
caudidate Ior re-eleetton this autUmn.
doubt is entertained ofhis success.
The Faruers acaix. Thc twinkling lu
minary of the Argus again informs the far
mers tbat the prices of their products are re
markably low; afact which, he says, is owing
to the tarilT. This brilliant constctlation of
Locofocoism, howcrer, does not condcscend
to inforin thc farmcrs by what process the
Destructives prop.ose to raise the prices of
agricultural products afterthey havesucceed
ed in electing Mr. Polk. They tell them now,
that they do not receive equal protection
with thc manufacturers. Very well; suppose
then they lay a duty of $1 per bushel upon
foreign wheat and other grains. and $10 per
bbl. on loreign provisions bow would ttiat
operate? No foreign grain or provisions are
imported iuto this country at preseot. The
extra duty would therefore manifestly produce
no effect wbatevcr.
How then do lhe Lncos propose to bring
up tbe prices of acriruliural products? Ah!
tbe cunuing rogues I They do not tell us
rlrvi 1 1 1 1 1 co Ina- Rnnil ri
doubtlesg for good reasons. They only say
that prices are low, and that it is the fault of
tbe Whigs; but never mlorm the lartners eion: uut in thc caseortiorr, it was a de
how they propose to raise them. When they , libcmte attempt to subvert the established
do this. pcrhaps the farmers will voteforPolk, J law. planned openly, with a full knowlcdge
notwithstanding he says that "wool should he , ofthe penalty. And now, that he failed in
duty free," and that he has always been "hos-
tiie to a rrotectire TariH." Troy nhig.
Never was a candidate presented to the
people of Vermont, for the second oftice in
tbeir gift, more truly worthy of their suffra
ces, than Horace Eatox, of Franklin. For
fire years he bas been one of the ablest and
iirmcsi tviiig memuers oi iiic ociiaic, huu iur
one year he has presided over that body. Dis
tinguished for the correctness of his views
amf thr nmindni. nT hi mintl. for thft mod-
esty ofhit deportmentandthe unafiectcd ex-
cellenceof his heart, he has enjoyed among
all who kuew him pcrsonally, the most per -
fectrcspectand recard. He is an elegaut
scholar, and an able man. Let the Whigs of
Vermnnt hnw theirannreciation ofhis worth.
by gtviDg abearty supporfto the ticketwhich
is adorned by his name.
HENRY CLAY ON SLAVERY.
"A Know iiic (Jtcuuiuiuaui scuumcuuuiuc
Free Statesis adverse to slavery ; but happy
"I know the predominant seutiment in the
in their own exemption from whatever cvils
m atfend it. The preat mass of our fel-
Inw ritirens there do not scek lo violate the
Constitution or disturb the harmony of
these States. Idesire no conccalmcut ofmy
? i . . t - ........ . r o
ovmion in tceutu to uic iruniuiiunuj owtnv
I LOOK UPON IT AS A GRE -VT EVIL
AND DEEPLY LAMENT THAT AVE
IIAVE'DERIVED IT FROM THE PA-
RENTAL GOVERNMENT and from our
ancestors. 1 wish every slave in tbr Unlted
States was in the country of bis ancestors."
Ma. Birset's Testimo3T iw Favor or
IIe.irt Clat. In tbe Pbilanthropist ofj
nfthatnaner. and nnw the Libenv candidate
t'ld I Lll lM .UW, llliH. J UIUHUVII IfUIIUI
for President, used the following strong lan-
guage. Uould as much have been taid oi
Mr. Polk while in Uongressl We opine
aou He was the sworn enemy ofthe nght
01 pei.iion, hdq wm.e o,.eacr, losl no oppor-
uu.y lu Cu.... "'"'""-. '-""
IIJC lllIUUlltUif rtUU t!OU IU rtU uuius'.iiiaui
extent-consTruin it to nrohibitall allusion
to slavery tn debate, when it only excluded
.. . ...
Detitions and resolutions on that subiect!
i. . t. -
uut near iir. uirney.
"Mr.UtAT. Itis withakecn sensat.on
ofpleasure-almost delight-that we see tbis
gentleman defending the nght o.his country-
men. to Detition Con?ress for tbe abolilion
.fs . n;..r,VtnrrrnimhT, nH
asserting the Uonstitutional power ofthat
-j : : ' :
body to accetle to their reqnests.
The God ofthe oppressed now presents
Mr. Clay's acceptance, honors that we hope
to see take root in time, and betr their glo
fruit through ctemily."
Philin C. Tueker. Esa. addressed the Lo-
i co-Focos at the Court House on Wednes-
I day erening. Like his party. he had no dec-
Iaration of nrincinlea to make: butcontented
himself with fioding fault with tbe Wbigs.and
lampooning ineir canaiaaici. xie appeaied
to lhe paasions and prejudices of lhe
io ine Daasions ana preiuuices oi ine poor.
J and sought to stimulate tbe jealousy of the
'employed against tbe employer; while he
was pdnicuidany u.chmuuj wu cruei upon
ruyua tnirls. Ana tnere sat Uuy Uathn,
Hyde and Smaiiey, witn ruitles wide ascorn
fans. protrudinj from their "democratic" bo
soms, who alternately blushed, turned pale,
bit their lips, and finally joined in the ap-
Slade, and "eased a heart oppressed" witb
grief. The burden ofhis complaint was.that
ever since Mr. Slade made hisdebutasadem
ocratic cditor during the last war, tbe people
of Vermont had always manifested a strange
liking for him had given him repeated
maifejtations of the;r confidenee and respect
by nnmerous elections to important offices,
and now, worst ofall, are about to makc him
Chief Magistrate of the State ! This seemed
to fill the genlleman with sincere sorrow and
regret, and the earnestness with which he
poured out his abuse aflbrded a strikingillus
tration ot the OTermastering powerofpcrson
al hatred. Most of bis cbarges were general,
but towards the close, be became indiscreet
and began to specify ; and nmong other thiugs
charged that Mr. Sslade, some six or teven
years since got up a caucus meeting at Mont
pelier, for the purposeof cmbarkingthecred
il ofthe State in tbe construction of three
rail roads through Vermont. Jouathan P.
Millerhe said.C. L. Knapp, olhers of that
kidney, were cognzant of, if not concerned
in, tbe opcralion. Col. Miller happening to
be preseut. addressed tbe meeting: 'My
"name i: Miller; I am one of the persons
"alludedto; aodsofaras I am concerned,
" tbe statemeut is unqualifiedly faUc. 1 know
"nothing ofthe matter; uever before heard
"ofil; neitberdol be'ieve it." Aud then,
ruch checring, you never heard. The speak
er explained, apologized, sat down ; and
O'Halloran moved a vote ofthanks for his el
oquent and truthful address !
Cool weaiher this, for dog-days.
But. Free Preiu
The simple difference between "incidental
protection" said to be advocated by Polk,and
"discriminations for protection" proclaimed
by Mr. Clay, is just here.
"Incidental protection" is that which hap
pens. hit or miss, from a TWENTY PER
CENT horizontal TarifiT, while
"Discrimimalionsjor Protection!' are such
as are made on purpoae, in a Tarifl like the
one of 1842, whicb gives full protection to all
that need it.
That's just the oddj.
SYMPATHY" FOR DORR.
Tbe attempt to awaken sympathy bere
abouts for this violator of the laws of God
and man, seem to have fallen away since the
market-house attempt at which Petticoat Al-
len presidcd, assisted by some minor lights of
jaconinism. lnereis many an ininate Ql onr
own Penitentiary that more riehly deserves
thc sympathy of the good and honest man.
than does tnis XJorr; ior tne pnor criminal
not unfrequcntly falls into critne from thc er.
rors of education, from association, from pas-
his anomiuable treason against his native
State. afterdebaucbiug from their allegiance
hundreds ofothers and lcading them astray,
let him suffer the dooin of lhe traitor. In
other States, his punishmentwould have been
A few days since the N. York Post moved
in this busincss, makinc a dolorous statemcnt
respecting the crnel punishment to which the
ainot was subjected in the prison of Rhode
Island that he was lhe only persou actually
sufferiug solitary confinemcnt, "iua cell about
twelre leet in width by siitceoin lcngtb.with
granite walls and floors. lighted from above
j iuun, uuiieu nun,u incuuwu rau
i behold the sky. like the pnsoncrs ofChillon,
'but no other objcct ofthe outvard world,"
&?;,a:c' . , .
1 he frovidence JoUrnal oflhe 10th, posi
ii.cijr Luuuduitu (iic aiurv au paiuuucauy
Iramed by the rost and says:
We have so often refuted siinilar Iies, that
itis hardly necessary for us to repeat that
Thomas W. Dorr is subjected to no treatment
diucrent from that of all other pnsoncrs in
- " i
,h" s,ate Pnson. His impnsonment is not
, solitary. Solitary conlinement has been abol-
, 'shed in the Mate fnson. its cflectshavebeen
found injurious to lhe health and to iheintel-
. ofthe convicts. It was abolished before
Dor w commilted. and he has never been
t anhiprferl to Jr. Hn enn!i! in thf lifhrf
j o-o n
employment that can be odled labor. and
wnrks only as much as he pleases. How the
hope ofa little political capital can induce
1 any paper to publish such wicked and ma-
' licious Iies, surpasses our comprehension.
The last Patriot contains a shamclcss
. ... . ....
cancatureofMr. Clay, in which he has
i been engaged are wickedly misrepresen-
ted, he is I'ALSLLI cnarged with
planning the Ltlley duel and various
j slanders upon his moral character are rc-
, peate(j Wefe lh,s caricature rue the
' picture is very deficient. Andrcw Jach
- 1111 1 .111
' son should h"c.a. Place. .who. r"thlcss!y
- U n . .1 1 1 . I. . Ii I I. -J .
a"ul uu"" "n'",uu" "u "au Kul
! him in his power: Amos Kcndall, who
, eumg.zeu ...m .or u.c coo.ncs, anu steau-
-.i.j !.: .1 t .1 . i
ins o. nve ,leu ,n in.s rnurucr,
, shou d stand athis right hand ; and on the
Jeftshouldbe T- II. Bcnton, pointing to
' . v W , X . 7
i Doay. uromcooie, ijaurancne, anu -uc-
Connell, and half a dozen more duellists
and bowie-kmfe bullies from among lhe
locofocos in Congress, should stistain
thert. There, too, should stand THE
MURDERERS OF CIL) EY. Gov.
Polk, too. unless he is slandcrerd, should
have a placet bearing a bottle of whiskey
andbeckoning toapackof poor drunk-
ards to take a glass in exchanse for their
votes; ud then, to kcep all in good tasto,
there should be the great locofocoinfidels,
Moorc and Owcn, asprinkling of Fanny
Wrightmen,adulberers,thieves and black-
legs to represent Tammany Hall deraoo
ray-and if nobody objects, a score of
drunkards, eamblers and iiDeiiers, se-
Iected from among lhe vilest in the ranks
of locofoco editors. This would form a
picture, indeed;a picture pretty farily
descriptive of SATAW ItKBUKl.G
SIN"or, if you please, THE GENIUS
OF LOCOFOCOISM IN 1841. Walch-
The candidates for President of Texas
are known to be Anson Jones, opposed I
toAnnexation, and Gen. Burleson, in fa
vor ofit.- The latter will probably suc-
ceed. The Troy Post gives some inter
esling reminiscences of his history. ' It
sMm that he was formerlv cantain of a
canal boat on our Northern Catul, where
he waa known as a msn of good t.lents
"ftiais cBAiL vsj'":?,
I( rUSLISHED EVERT WEDESDAT 03I?
I.t stewaet's bcildisqs,
BY J. COBB JR.
ar whom all ordxki rca rninTj.T
Of every dcscription will be ncatly taJ
fashionably exccutcd, at short noticc.
but of loose principles. He associatcd
himself with a gang counterfeiters, and
engaged in the business of passing ofT
counterfeit money on the simple cmigrants
&c. who travelled on his boat. In thix
game he was delected, arrested in Troy,
and indicted. His lawyer told him that
his only chance was to get the bail re
duced and cut dirt. He did so ; a man
named Phclps went bail for him, and after
ward compromised for a small sum. Bur
leson slid for Texas, where he has long
been a great man, and will probablyjcho'
sen President to-day.
If, by any possibility, his brother An'
nexationist Polk should triumph in this
country, and Annexalion be clfectcd, we
trust there will be a Whig- Governor in
this State who will send a process for this
President of Texas ofT-hand. As Texas
will hare no use for him after Anuexation,
let ussec vhatU3e we can put him to at
Mr. Clay and the Cilley LueL "
The atrocious and oft-repeated yet still
reterated slander upon Mr. Clay in regard
to the Cilley duel is thus empliatically
and forever disposed of (in the minds ofall
honorablc men) by a letter from Mr. Clay
himself to Dr Gobleof Newark, published
iuthe Tarijf Advocate of yesterday.
Will those presscs which have defamed
ilr Clay in this matter have the honesty
topublish hisdenial 1
Ashland, 16th August, 1844.
My Deak Sir : I received your friendly
letter, with the enclosed slip, cut from a
uewspaper, and I appreciate, and am
tliankful for the niotiveswhich prompted
you to address me. 1 wish you would
ohtain and pcruse the correspondence
which passcd between Messrs. Wise, and
Gravesandme, respecting tlie lamentablcr
alTair between Messrs. Grares and Cilley
ptiblishcd about three years ago. I have
not a copy of it ; but you can obtain it in
Itcstablishcs 1st, That the draft which
I suggestcd ofthe challenge was made ex-1
pressly with the view of leading to an ad
justment ofthe dispute amicably, and not,
as alleged in thc slip you forwarded, to
close the door.
2d. That I never belicved that thc
controversy would occasion a hostilc
meeting, butcontinually thought that it
ought to be, and would be, amicably ict
tlcd. 3d. That I was iisnorant that thc
parties were to mcet in combat, and
where, and what hour they were to mert.
And 4th. That when I accideutally
heard that they had gone out to flght, al
though I did not know the hour, nor ths
place, I advised lhe policc to be calletl
out, and they were calleil out ; but they
missed fhcparties, in consequenccof their
having taken an unexpectcd route.
I was not upon thc ground, aud hati
nothing whatevcr to do with thc conduct
ofthe combat. My agcncy as far as I
had any in the whole trar.sactinn, was
dirccted to the object ofan amicable act-
, - , -rr i .
tlement ol the riiliiculty.
I am respectfully, your friend
and ob t scrvent,
Dr. J. G. Gor.Ln.
i m r i i ! i
C5 1 ne Moiutoxs have publicly re-
I solred to lake no part in the approaching
Presideutial Election. This lilLia dead
weight of some 1.500 to 2,000 votes ofT
the Whigs oflllinois, and will allow them
to make a fair hattle.
"Changes" in Georgia.
TheSavannah Republican has thc foll
owing relativc to the recent great U hig
Lnnvcntion m Madtson Oeorgia will
give Mr. Clay 10,000 Majority.
" Ofthe i!0,00U patnols af-cmhlfd at
Madison, not one entertained a doubt but
that the coming contest would result in a
great and glorious triumph to the Whig
party. The V htgs are conndent ot carry-
iiii; ai uioinv..;., on..
ingsix dtstncts, and have strong hcpes,
rf dcfeating Cobb. In one delcga
. Madison fhcre were 42 Democrats
.... . . h - Wh;(f brethrcn. . ;;
,,, .'.vj,--,i,. ,,; ,i,' r
the deleaation announced that 40 of tho
i i . "..
42 had renounced Locofocoism and en-
rolled themselves with thc Clay Club.
In another delesation were Locofocos,
six ofwhom at Madison hoisted the Clay
flaff. This deleatmn uumbered over 100
men, and were seren days marching to
Madison. Mr. Hodgkis of Scriven, who
ivia -i Van Tlnrnn ,t,n in IP.1H anrt 1 T
ded th6 Savannah Democracy that
.,, t,-.-t. Tr.
wa at (he Convention and addressed
a ;on of ,he e ,bcre In ,ho
r - i,.i, .....L wt ,
M brore them-lhe people are aroused.
and they are not to be imposed upon by
the miserablecant ofunprincipled dema-
It would seem to be unnecessary
to notice the daily misreprcsentation of
the Locofoco press it is the poor pnvilegc
ofa fallen foc Let them enjoythe satis
faction of traducing their apponents, it is
the last resort of a corrupt and dcfeatcd
A Specime.v. We have before us.two
Loco Foco papers, the .V. 1". FUbian
and the Chicago Advocate. We takcsn
cxtract from each t
"Kcep it before lhe People that Hen-
ry Clat is opposed to Annczaticn !"
"Ketp it before the People that Hexby
Clay isinftwor cf
innczation : C'it-
I toro Arlcccotc