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The northern galaxy. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1844-1848, December 28, 1847, Image 1

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H. BELL,
EDITOIt AND PROPRIETOR.
TEllMOFVOLUME X I I.
TEE GALAXY
lUCLHBID SVERT TUESDAY WORHIN
IS "TIWAKT'S 0011.01503,
BY JUSTUS COBC,
BT Wn'OM ALt. OHDEKI rOR rRI.ITlKa
H 4 U fl R 1 1 l c
rillagcnnbscribers,
Mail jubseriberi.wiihin the btate, .
Ifnot paid witliin theyear, -
S200
S150
Sl 75
2 00
Ma 1 sutucnbers oui c u'c - ; - ffi
I fnot pM at the end id
Xrvise alloued ecePt asseated to bytbe propr.e
,0A1 commnnicalioas must bc addressed totbecdi
orTosT Paid.
ODE.
JUDGE DAVIS, 1793.
Sons of renowned Sires,
Join in harmonious clioirs,
Swell your loud songs ;
Paughters of pccrless damcs,
Come wjth your mild acclaims,
Let their rcvercd names,
Dwell on your tongucs.
From frowning Albion's scat,
Sce thc fam'd band rctrcat,
On occan tot;
Bluc tumbling billowsroar,
Keel scarco liad plough'd bcforc,
And bear them to a shorc,
Fettcr'd with frost.
By yon wavc-bcatcn Rock,
See'the illustriousflock
Colluctod stand ;
To seck some s'ueltcring grovc,
Their faithful partncrs movc,
Thc children of their love
Led by tlicir hand.
Xot wintcr's sullcnfacc,
Not thc ficrcc tawny racc
In armsarrayM:
Not hungcr shoo their faith,
Not sickness' baleful brcatli,
Not firc, nor i-old, iior dcath
Their souls dismay'd.
Watcr'd by hcavcnly dew,
The (lcnn'of liwjiirc grew,
Freedom its root ;
From the cold northcrn pinc,
I'ar towawi thc burning linc,
v Spreads tlie luMiriant vinc,
Columbia, child of heav'n,
The best of blassings giv'n,
Rcst on tliy head ;
Bcncnth tliy pcaccful skics,
While properous tides nrise,
() tuni thy graleful cyes,
llcvcre thc dead.
O trncc thc nio's-grown stoncs,
Wherc rcst their niould'ring boncs,
Again to risc ;
And lct thy sons bc led,
To cmulate thc dead.
White o'er tlieir toinbs thcy trcad
"With rnoisten'd cyes.
Sons of renowned Sires,
Joiir in harmonious ehoirs,
Swell your loud songs:
I) uightcrs of pccrless damcs,
Coine ivith your mild acclaims,
Let tlieir rcvcred names
Dwell on vourtonnucs.
fii.N. T.wiou at Nr.w Oi:i.r.ANS. Tlie
Phil.tdclphia North Aiucrican ghcsin a Tele-irr.iphii-
dc-pntfh, the fnllowiiig partienlars of
Xiw n- -eption of Oeir Taylor at New Orleans:
ile landed at thc l'laec d'Anncs amid the
tlmii'l.-rs of nrtillery, Kilutes of onc hundred
jiun haviiig leen firel fnnn caeh of thc iul
lie iiare.. In rejily to the invitation of the
Mnyor to liecomc the gucstof thc city.the hc
r made a bricf butappropriatereply. From
tlie laniling he passcd through thc l'laec d
AnnP', in wliieh a triuinphal arch had becn e-rc-teI,
and enteringthe t'athedral.immediate
1 opjHnite, he listcncd to an ajipropriate ad
ir .s from Itihop lilane. Gcncral Taylor re
plied in an eloipient nianncr. A grand " Tc
I cum" was then sung by a full ehoir, aecom
p mied by a full band of instrumcntal perfonn
ers. Dn thc conclu.-ion of thc servicc, thc pro
ceion was formed and moved througli thc
p: 'ueipal strcct of thc city, aeeording o prc
vi..us arrangements. Tlie Gcncral was oseort
c,l to the St. Charles Ilotel, whcre hc took up
hi- narters.
The St. Charlcs Ilotel was brilliantly illu
r:"."..ited, aud in front of thc gcntlcmen's par
lor a trnnsparcucy of thc general, in his old
Imiwn eoat, wa- cxhibitcil, haung for thc niol
t. " X little more gnipe, Captain Hragg."
A yplendid dinner took pface the samc cve-liin-,',
at thc St. rharles Ilotel, which was giv
mi in honor of the gcncral. Grand di.play.s
!' iire works wcre given .during the evening,
and ihe city's puest, with his suite, visitcd the
iieati-es, wliieh werc erowded to overilowiii!i
on the occasion.
On thc 4tl, thc prescntation of thc swonl
M.led to Gcn. Taylor by the Lcgls'.alure of
Loiiisiana was nnde, aerompanied by niost in
teivsting ccremonies. Thc weapon was pre-
-ii'pii by Gor. Johnson, in a long and most
.luisia-tic spcccli. The rcply of thc gencr
.ii was brief, but at the saine time vcry appro-
!.".te and cloquent.
Ipneral Taylor was to leavc on thc morn-
: t" the 3th instant, on board the teamer
'- ouri for Memphis."
i'liE Miller Fokkf.ky. Georgc Sliller,
'i -Hoston broker who has becn accused of
foriing Mr. S. F. Belknap's namc to scveral
noiesoflargc amount and then decamping,
m i his appcaranec in Statc Strcet, Boston,
V-dnesday last. Ilis friends reecivcd him
ireat eonliality, and he declares that he
ircly ignorant of thc alledgcd forgeries,
- na.ly to mcet Mr.Belknapin rcferencc
. : :-.:na-tions with him. Ile publish
i !.. .'i.gcardin thc Boston papers. It
- j.ns tJ b.- :he gcncral impresslon that Mi'.lcr
i- not the only rogue if, indeed, hc is guiltv
.' . 1. in thls transaction;
A C'abd. Having becn abscnt from home
t' a short timc, I find during that abencc I
h.uc been accused, in the most public manner.
t-'t" a high erime in gross violation of law; all of
wiiu n l ieny. ana rcqucst the public to sus
yr an oninion until facts are made known,
which shatl prove not onlr my cntirc inno
cence in any forgeries, but the" injusticc donc
me and my faraily jn their propaation.
GLORGE MILLER, U Eicllangc-st
Bostor.. Dec. 15, 1847.
Elf.ctric TELEGRArn. This morning I
EaY Prof. IIousc's Printing Teleo-raph, by
which messages aro written m as dStinct En
glisli as thc tvpe in vour papcr. Only thi'nk
of a man in 2few Orleans talking to his friend
in Bo'ton, in plain English, withthe same ease
and promptnesyou shakc.hands Jacross theta
blc with a neighbor. I cnclose you a poor
spiH-imen of the printing of this new and won-di-rful
apparatus. Capitalbts have taken hold
of it, andit will bc extcndcd all ovcr the coun
try by the side of the old liric Compctition is
npeded in the businca. Cor. Northampton
i o'irir.
Volume XII.
MSCELLANEOUS.
HOME EDUCATIOH".
A STOHY OF EVERY DAY LIFE.
'Corac, Kitt-, you niust stir about livelv to-
da- thercs Uakinr to do: the iront to clean
and dinner to get, bcsidcs a host of other things;
and atlcr all ls Uone, X want vou to take the
children to the scjuarcfor a coupleof hours this
alternoon.
'Ycs, ma'am, I'Jl tn- to tret tlirouch in time:
thouch I dont feel quite as smart as common
this morning, as I was up so late last night i-
'Now, Aittv, said Jlrs. Alakcdo, that s thc
vcry timc to work, when you don't feel likc it;
makc that a rulo through lifc, and you will
l. ....... ii- S
uias iinu uuiun uuni'r tomeiiiinir vou
don't likc to; it will be a tatisfaction to you
to know how much you can accomplish in that
wav.
j-tic uear Jcnows, sam luttv, I vc had to
practise that hard rule from nccessity long e-
noucn; out wnai snan l uo aDout tinnging Uown
iue urcaKiasi iray, as jiiss Aranunta lias not
yct brcaklastea t
'So the has'nt, Kittr: and I cuess I misht as
well mn up and wake her now, as it is ten o-
clock. i'oor thing, slie came home so late last
night from the party, that I told her to sleep
I .1 1.1.1? . T 11 1
iung Niu couiu iius inorning; i rcaiiy won
der if the dear girl ever gets well rested. I'll
go and see if she wants hertoast and colfee in
Iiur room.
itli thesc remarks, the dontinjr ir.othcr
asccndcd thc slaircase on her errand of inqui.
ry.
In the incanwhile Kitty makcs loud and im-
patient music with tlie pots and kettlea, and
thus folilotjuiscs:
Yes, baking to do, dinner to gct, thc front
to clean it's all niitrlitv casv talkinir. then
when my fine lady gets up, she's got to bc wai-
ted on; very likelv slie II iend me on &ome er
rand to thc milliner's, and when I come back
she'll want a dress nresscdinaniinute, to walk
out in 'Yes, Kittv can do it, it's nothing for
Kitt but I jruos if Mic had hittv's weak back
and tired fcet, she'd lay abed a wcck, and scnd
Kittv for thc doctor '
Jutty, screamed her mistress at the top of
ner voicc, irom me licau ol tlie stairs.
'Ma'am.
'Are thcre anv e"rs in thc housc ?'
'Xo, ma'am. (Therc it is ajain; now I iust
wonder what thcy want of cggs this time of
day, )
'Stcp out somcwhere, Kittv, and bny a few:
Araminta thinks he could eat one or two on
her toasL'
'Yc?, ma'am, but how can I leaye thc cake
that s j ust rcady to bake '
Ah, bc nght nuick, Kitty, and thc bread
will not sufier.'
Away went thc distractcd housemaid for thc
ejirs, and when she returncd she cooked one
aud took it up to thc young lady's room, wherc
ihc had thc satisfaction ot hearing from that
indnidual that it was'nt half donc; and more
tl ai that, she had waited to long that her ap
petitc was all gonc, and she could not bcar the
siidit of it.
Well, aftcr much labor, thc work was pretty
well through with, nnd dinner scrved at thc
usual hour. Araminta managcd, with tlie help
ol lier niotlier, to dress herseli, and thcrebv
was enabled to makc her appcarance in the
dining-room, with her heavy blue ej-es and
dres-s to match, about thc time of her fathcr's
cntrancc; her appctitc bcing unusually good,
she contrived to smell a bit of roast beef, and
succccded in actually eating three Lima bcans,
alter very gracclnlly takmgUie skm oll ot caeh
onc.
'Pa,' Kiid she, languidly, 'I hoard somc one
at ttic iiarty last nijrlit speakmc ot a dclmhttul
ghost stoiy Ilamlet, Ibelieve is the namc of
tlie nian that saw thc spcctre and now I do
wish you would gct it for me; if it is in two
volumcs, you need nt nund about it, howoc,
as J should nevcr get timc to read it througli
ho knows but wliat it is as mteresting as
Dombcy V
'It would not bc to you,' rcplied her fathcr
vcry gra ely.
'Then don't trotiblc voursclf about it, pa.
i -i l1, .
iuii miuw my lajie, nim can ca.-ny juuge; uui
I do wisli anothcr number of Dombcy would
come l m so anxious to know it sweet flor
ence has hcard from hcr beau, AValtcr Grcy,
and it lie ever mtends to come back again.
Wherc was it hc wcni, pa to McxicoV
'Aiexico fiddlcsticks, child ! Ko, he wcnt to
thc Jndias; and 1 know wherc I have a notion
to sencl vou.
'Oh ! wherc, pa? this is delightful wcathcr for
travclling.'
'To school,' roplicd thc impatient father, 'for
you monny nic to ueath with vour stnpiditv.
Ilowei cr, your mother tclls nic tomorrow will
bc your eightccnth birth-tlaj; and now I sup
jiosc you expect a handsonic present. Xow,
as yon haean idea of being marricd bcforc a
great while; it is time vou undcrstood the prac
tical part of thc housckeejiingj and my gift to
uu Miau uu eniier a coou sizcu oroom or a
scrubbing bnish; which I shall insist upon your
usmg.
But Araminta had faintcd bcforc he got to
inc cnu.
'Only sec what you have donc !' cxclaimcd
hiswifc, as she rau in haste to her daughtcr's
assistancc.
'Don't disturb yQiirsclf,' said 'hcr husband;
'shc hasonly fainted, and I warrant she comes
too in timc for this cvcnirig's conccrt. Ifshc
would take more healthful cxcrcisc, she could
hardlv stop the circulation atto short a noticc,
and with this consoling spcech, Mr. Makedo
wcnt to his counting-housc; Kitty was callcd
again;to bring the colognc bottleand fan from
Araminta's itioin, besidcs other jobs, which left
little time for the kitchcn department; but by
dmtof hard labor and pcrsevercancc she found
timc to take the children on a walk, and then
hurncd home to get suppcr.
At thctea-table Mr.Mackedd said the bread
wassour. The blamc as usual rested on Kit
ty, who was immediatcly callcd to account for
it. U hen she made her appcarance, shc gavc
a most pittcous detail of the cvcnts of the mor
ning, how she had to do so manv- errands af
ter the bread was alrcady baking, that she could
not help it.
Her mistress said that it was no ratiw
whatcver, as shc might have burried more
than she did, and that the bread would havi-
becn swcct and good.
Mr. Mackedo looked frowninclv at his wifp.
and daughtcr.
'Susan,' said heto the fonncr, 'if Araminta
had at lcast been taught to wait upon herself a
little, and give some slight assistance in the
nouse, Iutty would not be thus imposed upon;
as it is, you have absnliUoW
yet, if you would dress her less foolishly and
cxpensivelr. vou wnnlH lion r.A :ir.
blc to kcep more help.on your own account
His wjfe put her laccd pocket-haadkerchief
Middlebury,
to hcr cyes, and his daughtcr was Iooking for
a good plaee to swoon, and for fear of anoth
cr sccne, the unhappy husband and fathcr left
the apartment.
Mrs. Mackedo wcnt below to fn ve Ap Un-
Kittjj, as she termed Kcr servant, a comp!ete
hlowing up.
'It secms to me, Kitty, you complain a great
ueai auoui iiounng. x'ray wncre did you Jive
bcforc you came here ?'
The poor girl being fairly rouscd, replied
that she lTvcd with Mrs. llarris, who'was some-
wnat ot a lady, and never expcctcd too much
from her.
'I uscd to know hcr very well; nrav whv did
you lcave hcr V
'Becansc her eldest daughter had left school
and she said shc wished her to lcarn to work;
but while therc was so much help ln the house
she had'nt half a chance: so as Kancv. the
other girl, had becn there longer than I had,
she sent mc awav with kind words and useful
prcsents.
'I can't thiuk,''answcrcdMrs.Mackedo. that
Mrs. llarris would do so ungentcel a tlung as
to oblige her daughter to do houscwork. But
I will call therc soon, and find out'
True to hcr word, Mrs. Makedo called to
sce Mrs. llarris on the following Tuesday, and
Lucy llarns, the eldest dauuhter, answered
thc bcll; which somcwhat shockcd her ideas of
propncty.
'Why, Lucy dear; said Mrs. Mackedo, 'how
tlushcd you look; have you a fcvcr, or what is
the matter 'i'
Lucv, radiant with hcalth and good humor,
said shc was cntirely well, but had been iron
ing all the morning, and as Nancy was sweep
ing in the third story she told hcr shc would
tend thc bell in her absencc.
Mrs. llarris now cntcred thc parlor, and
Lucy, aftcr politcly exeusing herself, returncd
to hcr work.
'How do you do, my dear Susan ?' said Mrs.
llarris, cordially cxtending hcr haud to hcr
wclcomc gucst
'I'm very well thank you, Mary,' replied
thc visitor.
And how is Araminta, and the children, as-
kcd Mrs. llarris.
'Oh, dear, the children are well, but troub-
lesomc, as usual; though I don't know much
about them. Araminta is often dull, and has
no nnpctite at all. Poor thinrr, as Mrs. Chick
said of Dombcv's first wifc, I fear she nevcr
will bc able to makc an cllbrt. 'Tis hardly
worth while to ask aftcr Lucv, shc looks so
rosy almost too much to suit my taste. By
the way, I hcard from my Kitty that you hatl
put her to work; and one reason lor my calhng
was to know tne trutn ot it; have vou rcallv
done such anKiut-of-the-waj- thing ?
'I am very hnppy to answer m thc alhrma-
tivc: busan, U hen shc left school, her occu-
pation scemcd to bc gone shc became listless
and languid, her appctitc left her, an in our
aixicty wc consulted a physician in rccaad to
her hcalth. Hc told us thc best thing for hcr
was daily and rcgular cxcrcisc though mod-
erately at lirst, until her strcngth could bcar
more. ao, alter ilr. llarns and mvself had
talkcd thc matter ovcr; I dismisscd one of the
girls and wcnt hand in hand for awhile with
Lucy, to cncouragc her. Shc now makcs all
thc bcds in thc chambcrs, occasionallv; always
i i .i i .i i i .i " . .
neips iron mc ciotncs, anu irequcniiy assists in
cooking. You must drink tea with us soon
and tastc some of her bread it is so dclic-
'But don't she dress herself in her best, and
walk out cvery day? My Araminta could not
cxist without that."
'Shc is always ncat in kcr dress, but seldom
walks out mercly for a promenadc. Shc is
intercsted m cvery household department, aud
has sumcicnt cxcrcisc ln-uoors tor hcr hcalth
Her appctitc and spirits are both cood, and
we areglad we had the firmncss- to makc hcr
useful, and thcrcbyhappy. Hcr ncedlc, too,
is not ulle, and I am ircqunctly mdebted to her
lor mucli assistancc with thc clnluren s gar-
ments.
'"What icill Araminta think of all this ?' said
Mrs. Makedo. 'Why, Mary, we only kcep
onc girl though I ottcn think thcre's cnough
work in thc house for two; but it nevcr cn-
tercd mv hcad to call on my daughtcr for help.
Dear me, shc is the one most waited on in the
fannlv.
'I hopc vou willbc cncouraged, Susan, to do
as 1 have donc, and bcstow a little ot the carc
on her that your mother bcstowcd on you; for,
fashionablc as you have bccomc, you cannot
dismiisc thc truth, that vou werc tancht to
work as well as mvself. Do you not remcm
bcr, when we hved neighbors in the countiy,
thc manv uselul lcssons our motlior cavc us
nd when our prcscnt husliands courtcd our
favor, do you supposc thcy thought less of us for
beni'r mdnstnou? t
lIt is difi'ercnt in a city, Mary.'
Thc diflerencc, Stifan, is onlv in your own
mind, and riscs from false pride. I have cho
sen to stick to first vrinchlts. belicvinc it will
savc my child much tinhappincss in future.
Thc fate of nations depcnds in a great mcas
urc on hcr raother's training; and parents can
not lic too much alivc to their rcsponsiuuitics
I bcg you will considcr this subjcct dccply, and
prayfor right wisdom to directyou.
Mrs. Mackedo had listcned in silcncc. Then
her thouchts wcntliack to hcr childhood's home
bcautiful and rcfreshing to the memory as to
herself when her ltinoccnt thoughts and child
bh sports had made an Edcn of that seclu
ded spot; when thc gay song of carly birds a-
iirnl-rtMOfl lioi" Tiviiii lirtnltli-lirontliitliT cllllllTlfr
and she arosc with thc dawn, lighl'Tiearted and
happy, to perform hcr dail v duties; tnflmg they
werc, pernaps, in rcality, liut rcndcrcd impor
t iht and cxactcd bv a mother rathcr anxious
for hcr daughtcr's welfare, and cven watchful
to dircct hcr youthful footsteps in thc way that
brings peacc "and hanpincss to thc worid to
come. Alas ! alas ! wherc stood she now ? It
seemcd as thoush all thosc carh- Iessons and
swcet counscls had becn buried in thegrave of
hcr departed mother. Thc rank wceds had
come up and smotliercd the young buds of
promisc. How, thought she, have I fullfilled
the trust committed to my care. The way of
high lifc, in a fasliioncd-bound city have b'lin
dcd mv iudcemcnt and bettcr knowledge; my
child has grbwn up bcncath my eye ignorant
of all that trulv enables and cxalts our natures
vanitj-and love of dress the only aim of hcr
existencc.
"Tis too late now, Mry,' said Mrs. Makedo,
as sho arose in haste to take her dcparture;
tis too late now to undothcdcepiujury I have
done my daughtcr; if she lives she will have
plenty of troublc, likc the rcst of us; and in her j
nours of trial, she will perhaps, and justly too,
blame her mother for not tcaching hcr better
how to meet and how to bcar it. I will go
home and talk to mr husband; I know his
hcart will gladcn at a reform in this matter;
he wxll cncourage me to do what is yet m m
power lor Araminta and 1 promisc you,
my dear Mary, to try and take the rcst of my
children in good season for their improvc
mcnt.' Mothers, voa who read thi(, go r and do
hkewise.
Vermont, Tuesday Morning,
RETiTEW OF THE PRESIDENTS 5IES-
SAGE.
We commencc below an admirable and un-
answerable reply to the false statements and
false logic of James K. Polk's last Slessagfe: It
is from the Xational Intclligcncer. We shall
continuc it, from time to time, as we have
room, until completed. We hope no one will
omit to read it.
THE WAR WITH MEXICO.
When, on the 13th day of May of last ycar,
the passage of the Act of Congress,recogn"ifiii!;
the existence of War with Mcxico, was an
nounced to the readers ofthe Xational Intelli
gcncer, it was accompanied by the cxpression
of abelief that by the largcst "portion of its
readers the information would be received with
alarm alarm justly excitcd by the wilfulness
and recklessness with which the Kation had
been plunged into aforeign war, which, as thc
People werc in no particuiar prepared fur,thcv
wcre in no way forewarned of. Forourselvcs,
wc wcre not takcn'wholly by surprij by tlie
news. In the statcsmanship ofthe Excc"utic,
whatcver confidence wc wcre disposed to jiiai c
had been shaken by the almost dailv dcmon
strations by its official organ during tlie fns;
ycar of its existencc. Wc had watched its
successive devclopments, gradually disclosiug
a settled purpose to makc war upon Mc.ii o
in the CAcnt of not succeeding in intimidating
her into a prompt submission to thc demand?
which the Presidcnt intcnded to makc upon
hcr. The onran ( thc povernment mnrr wn
hardly a wcek old bcforc its readers werc tran
ported, in imagination, to the "Halls of Mon
tezuraa," which wcre to be occupied bv thc
Lmted States,asthecrowninract of "a socond
conquest of Mexico." Thc tocsin being sound
ed.voluntcers wcre to Uock from thc West to
the secnc or action, and to earrv evprvtliinr
bcfore them. The government paper taugllt
us, also, how tlio war was to be brought onliv
which tlus conquest was to be eiTcctcd. It
foresaw, by many months, thc march of our
Armyfrom Cornus Christi fwhorc.
onc knows, Mexico ncver intcnded to disturb
it) to the Rio Grandc; foresaw that the Mcx
icans might cross the Rio Grandc, and that. if
thcy did, "blood would bc shed," and "war
must cnsue. When, thcreforc, the prediction
wasrealized nhen the catastrophe arriicd,
however it shockcd, it can scarcely be said to
have surprisal us. Of the facility and precip
itancy with which thc purpose of thc Executive
came to bc sustaincdby the Legislative author
ity, wc cannot sav thc same. We wert! lth
surprised and alarmcd to find how easilv, on
theimpulsc ofthe momcnt, blindfold and gag
gcd, Congress could be drivcn to lend itseoun
tcnancc to those purposes. Blindfold and
gaggcd we rcpcat. Xoris the exprcssion too
stron; for, beore the news of the dangerous
position of our army was communicated bv the
Executive to Congress, committces of "both
Houscs got togethcr, (on thc Sabbath) and
mcasurcs prepared in conccrt with thc Execu
tive, which, thc next day rcceiving thc Presi
dent'a Mcssage of form, without waiting to have
iue papers accompanying it read ovcr, lor the
information of the membcrs, wcre forced
through the Housc of Renrcsentatives. Xor.
cven to a body excitcd as thc JIouso was bv
the sUrnng news irom thc RioGrande, did the
rulintr party in the House venturc to nrnnosn
the false and obnoxious prcamble of the bill,
lintll flfliir tTl Hplilii-I,inn nn.l li.l...
becn prccludcd on a question as momcntou:
ccrtamly as ever came bcfore Congress. Had
there becn nothing clsc alarming in tlus Dv
laration of War with Mexico, the despoti-m
thus exerciscrt over thcmmontv ofthe Repr.'
scntativc body, rcpcated on the followin- '!.-.
in the Senatorial body, (hcretofbre e..-uip'
from such sharpnracticelwasofityeh'su!! ii
to appal the hearts of thosc a"customed, as we
navcoccn.to regard the nghts of niinon-ie'
as not less sacrcd than those "of majoritip.ar.'l
among them, the right of proposing ameni!
raenh to or remonstrating against any projio
siuon cominc DClorc thpm. I hn minm-iiv in
caeh House was thus subjected, by a most ar-
uiuTiry anu maiignantcxcrcise ot part v power,
withont being allowcd a raoment lbr dclibera
tion, to the alternative of votins fora bill witli
a preamblc, the falschood of which thcv saw
and dctested, or of refusing to votc for cnar t
nients (supplies of men and moncy) to whi- i
all lavish a? thcy wcre, tljcre wonld, perhaps.
but for the preamblc, not have becn- a dien
tent voicc.
Whencver alarm we and our readers felt at
this beginning.hascertainly becn fully justificd
bv the progress of evcnts. Even that thc pre
cipitation in the action of Congress that prc
amble, affirming two distinct falschoods that
tyrany by which a votc was extorted from the
two Houscs, have becn continually appcalcd
to by thc Executive organs as evidence ofthe
unanimityof the natfonal willin approbation
ofthe war. In the" Mcssage bcfore us, that
appcaHs repcated, accompanied with a sfate
mcnt, in terms, that the declarau'on that "the
Warcxists by the act of Mcxico" was passcd
'with great unanimity" in Congress; though it
must be known to thc Executive that but a
small majority in eithcr House of Congress ap
proved thatdeclaration, manv mcmbers dcclar
mg their repugnance to it. " Votes takeir in
both Houscs of Congress, at the sccond scssion
ofthe same Congress, plainly established this
fact, had there before becn anv reason todoubt
it. Thc poaular elections, which have intcr
vened, ccrtainly leavc no excuse for n doub:
upon any man's mind that a majority of the
People ofthe Unitcd States are against this
war, and its authors.
Instcad of relinquishing, in dcfercnce to thc
popular will, thus clearly expressed, any part
of his original schcme of conquering and an
ncxing a considerable portion of the torritory
of Mexico, the Prcsident comcs to Con"rcs"s
& demands its concurrence in a plan for colo
nizing and annexing almost one-half of Mcxi
co, with a recommendation to continue the
war until hc, thc Conqueror, conyuers all the
residueof that unhappy Republic.m the cvent
of her not willingly se verin" from her body her
mostvaluablc provinces. Jnstead of advisins
a Peacc, which this Government micht have
at any cay on icrms oi nonor, ne miornis con
gress, in a sanguinary strain, and almost in the
dialect ofthe shamblcs, that he is nerauadcd
"that the best means otvindkating the nalional
honor and mtcrcst, and ot bnngmg thc war to
an honorable closc, will be to prosecute it with
increased enerqy and poiccr ix thf. vital
paijts of the enemijs counlry!" He knows
that ho and his war stand concfcmned by his
own countrymen. He cannot, if he would
mistakc thc scntiment of the People ; and yet
hecravesmore conquest, more butchery; he
demands a deepcr penetration into thc vitais
of our advcrsarj-, and yct further wastc ofthe
blood and teeasure of his own country.
Before he takes captives our senses bv th
seductive incitements m which his Mcs-aie
abounds, to a yet widcrcourse of rashambi'iou
and suicidal aggrandisement, let us stop for a
pl&ces and jostifiej the career of cruelty and
Dec. 28, 1847,
conquest in which hc has alrcady cmbarkcd our
country. H e are glad that the 1 rcsident has,
in his Jlessage, prclaccd his rccommcndations
as to the future with a summary statcment of
the causes ot coinplamt heretofore allesrcd bv
hhn as being of prior date to the war, together
with his understanding of how the war began.
jv singie paragrapn mcluucs the whole slory ;
and, as we propose to cxamine it with some
panicuianiy,wc hear repubush it:
"It is sumcicnt on thc present occasion to
say, that tlie wanton violation of thc rights of
peiwDnsand property ot ourcitizcnscouunitted
bv Mexico, hcr repcated acts of bad faith
through a long scries of ycars, and Jicr disre-
gard of solcmii trcatics stipulating for indem
uity toour injured citizens, not only constitu
tcd amplc causc of war on our part, but wcre
of such an aggravated character as would have
justificd us before the whole world in resorting
to thisextreme reinedy. ithan anxious dc
sirc to avoid a rupture between the two coun
tries, we forbore for years to assert our clear
rights by forcc, and continucd to seck rcdress
for the vrrongs we had suiTered by aniicable
ncirotiation, in the hone that Mexico miht
yicld to pacific counscls and the demands of
jibticc. ln tlus hope we werc disappomtcd.
Uur miniiter of ncace sent to Mexico wasin-
sultiugly rcjeeted. The J! exican Government
retuscd cven to hear the tcrms of adjustmcnt
whieli hc was authorized to propose; aud fiually,
under whollv uniustifiable nretexts. involved
the two countrics in war, by invading thc ter-riton-
ofthe State of Texa, striking the lirst
biow, and shedding the blood of our citizens
on our own soil."
In undertakin: aoain to review thesn nvnr-
ments by the Executive, now that thev are a
gain ouercd in his justilication, and in snpport
of that war ad internecioncm against Mexico,
which hc rccommends to Congress. we are
well aware that no foree can be added to the
rr.fimniiirr nni finv ctrniifrlli 4.. l.n nn....l ; n
of that admirable traut fiom the ncnof theven-
crablc, patnotic, and learned Albert Gallatin,
in rclation to thc Mexican War, which we
have Iately had the satisfaction of s-prcading
beforo our readers. To his authoritv. uihih
any question of public law or national obhga-
tion. wc, at least, who have knowu him from
the days ot his great public scrvices in the
Public Councils first as a lcader of thc Re-
publican party in Congress, next as a Jlcmbcr
of thc Cabiiiet of Presidcnt Jeircrton, during
all his admini.-tration, and of that of Mr. Mad-
lson, until hc wai callcd to represent his coun
try abroad, as thc associatc of Adams, Clay,
and Bayard, in thc great ncgociation which
cnded in thc Peacc of Ghcnt we, who?e first
i'.-uiy in our present vocation may be said to
have been guidcd by his hand, and by that of
his ever-honorcd friend and official sujierior,
Mr. Mad ison, are bound, by cverv scntiment
of respcct aud gratitudc, to pay a defcreiice so
profound, that it would bc thc greatest distnist
of our own judgcmcnt, if wc sliould cntertain
any opinion on a public question matcrially
ditrcrent from his. Happy and proud are we
to find, that, on the subject of tlie causcs and
thc character of this war, 1ns views are in full
aceord with those which we have found it our
duty, from time to time,'to prcscnt to our read
crs. Mtet fortunatc for our country do wc
consider it, that hc has becn willing and able
to come forward, in the prcscnt emergcncy,
to mstruct and counscl his iellow citizens.
However earncstly and honestly the Press
may have donc its duty; however ablvand
fearlesslv distinguishcd Statesman of thc prcs
cnt day may have exposed and denounccd thc
new career upon which our country has cntcr
ed as the so!e dkturber of the peacc of thc
world : however Unght and- high thc states
manhii which thc creat Patriot of the West
has so rccently brought to bcar upon this great
question, the Addrcfs of Mr. Gallatin has
shown that it was yet possible for a wise and
able nian to add to the forcc cf cven our own
-onvi-tions, however decidcd ou the subiect
!o.-t fortunatc, we repeat, do we considcr this
opportune tontnbution to thc common stock ot
knowledge ot oncstandmgin thc loremost rank
of intclleetual greatness, and yct apart from
thc passions of tlie day and abovc them: one
who, al'rer amost distinguished career of public
servicc, left popularity and rcputation uncx-
lianstcd, and quittcd high tnists wlulst they
vctcourted his acceptance : oneof thc foremost
ni"n, in a word, of that illustriotis cra of our
-t "t"-m:tnship which has now hardly a survivcr,
onc. tliereioif. almot in the last extremity ot
320, and vcf so fortunatc as to have prescrvcd,
equally undimmcd, its abilities and its honors.
To the authoritv of such a namc as that of Al-
cr.r.T Gallatix, his rcccnt Address adds a
strenuth of rca'oning whifh nothing in the
pre.-ent day can meet, and that lunnnous com
mand of all the trreat nrincinles of Public ar.d
of Xational Law, in which hc bad"scarecly an
equa! in his own times, and has now no superi
or. The trusted coadjutor and it may even,
in Financc and in Diplomacy, be said to have
becn the instructor of Jeffeksox, of Mai
isox. and of Monroe, wc hae here, ns of one
rising from thc dead, a oicc, passionless as it
is wkeandsolemn, the judgeinent ofanantique
and genuine sajc of Rcpublicanism yea, of
Uemocracy upon the entire qucsuon oi uui
Presidential " ar.
Armcd and fortificd with such a doc-umcut,
it is with unwontcd confidence that we procecd
onee more to cxnose those hollow pretcnccs
and 'insinccre professions of thc autl.ori and
. . 1 - . T . 1-11
apologists lbr the V ar with Jiexico, wiucn nave
been convcrted heretofore ivith no other appa
rent cficct than to induce a more pertinacious
rcpctition of them.
ltcferrinrr to 1ns last annual communication
to ConirrcsJ for particulars of his billof arrainc-
ment; the Presidcnt again rccited wrongs by
.AIcxico, through 'aiong senes oi years, ivc.,
as being such as not only to constitute ample
causes of war, but a3 would have justificd thc
Unitcd States before the whole world in re-
sortinir tothis cxtreme remedy. ITns cvcr-
onc, at all acquainted with history, knows to
bc gross cxaggeration. Tlie long existencc of
cla'mis for wrongs now alledgcd to have been
so enormous is of itsell proof of the fact that
thcy wcre not at any time dccmeu by v-ong-rcss
to constitute a " sufficicnt causc of war.
Most of them had besidcs, becn actually adjus-
tcd by a treaty between the two countnes,
which was in thc course of faithful execution
bv V'exico, when thc hostue demonstralions ot
our Administration suspcnded the paymcnt of
stipulatcd indcmnities. As to what remaincjl
of unadjutcd claims, there was nothing, untjl
the occurrcncc of this war, to prevcnt their
peaceable and even satisfactory adjustmcnt.
i . i i i 1 1 : n a,.
is lo me reiusai uv iiieAitu lu
Minister being, as the President inUmatcs, a
sufficicnt cauc for war. it is a sufhcient an
ir to the Presidcnt that the armr was or-
dered to march to the Rio Grant o (wherj ac
cording tothe. programmo of the government
paper, we tcartcas 10 oeiin, iu uuu w
!orc our aiinisier was nnauy rauscu iu ue rc-
;-cd by the Government ot iWexico.
But let it beadmitted,for the sakc of argo-
ment, and for that sakc only. that accordipg
to the customs and laws of nations in less civ
ilizcd, less moral, and less enlightened agcs
Number 36.
than the present, we really had cause of war
with Mexico, sofar as war between two Chris
tiaa JSaUons is ever just or neccssai--; yet war
with Mexico, distractcd, weakened," and im
povenshed as shc had long becn and then was
withintcstincsfactions and divisions, wasnei
ther neccssan-, magnanimous, nor honourablc
on our part. Such a war, cven .for just ob
jccts, being unncccssary thc only incvitablc
cfTect indeed upon thc claims for which it would
bc waged bcing to fastcn them upon our own
rrcasury instcad ofthe Mexican could ncver
rcduced to the glory ofthe country, and much
Icss compensatc for" the rivcrs of blood and
hcapsof treasuro which have becn alrcady
wastcd in this war.
l.-X. II... ... .. .
iui, io pass aii this bv, whether thc exis-
tmg war be just or unjust, ncccssary or un-nccessan-,
is not the question now at issuc be
tween the Presidcnt and the People. Was
this War thc act ofthe Sovcrcign People of
the United States, declared in thciifname, as
thc only manner known or acknowledged by
the Constitution by the Stnate and Ilouse
of Rcpresentotivcs in Corgress, to whom alone
it bclongs to determinc, whether War, at any
time or under anr circumstances. be iust and
neccssarv? Or was it. whether n cnmjom
mistakc, the unanthorized act ofthe Presidcht,
to whom thc Constitution hasdcnied all powcr
ovcr the question of War? This is the true
qucstion; nor can all thc wire-drawn soiihistry
aud special pleaditii: ofthe President's flles-
sage of last ycar, referred to in that ,which is '
now uciorc us, dcccive a singlo indivirtual, bc
hc Whig or bc hc Democrat. of common scnsc
or common information, against thc well au-
lucnucatcu lacts m thc ease. iSecd we add,
that, whocver the Presidcnt bc. who traninlinf
down thc barriers which thc Constitution has
erected for thc jirotcetion of the general wel
fare, and for the sccurity ofthe lifc, libertv, &
Iiropcrty ot thccitizcn.ot his own mere will &
plcasurc plunrcs the Countn intoa War. with
or yithout cau!e that man is a Dcsjiot! Thc
Xation that quietly folds its aruis nnd pcnnits
this to be d( ne with impunitv, may deludc it-
sclf with the fancy that it liics under a writ
ten Law and Constitution, but it is an idle
drcani. 'llie Nation is n js'ation of slavcs, and
livcs umler a Despotism ?
To, proceed, however, to thc main point np
on the rcasscrtion of which alone thc President
rehcs tojustify hunsclf bcfore his own fellow
t-itizcns for his agcncy in the War, iz. that
the Mexican Governinent 'finally, under wliol
ly uniustifiable prctcxts. invo'lvcd the two
countnes in war, by invadin-r the tcrritorvof
x cxas, sinKing mc nrsi wow, ana shedding
the blood of our citizens on Ameriean soil.,
Xot one tcord nthi.i U true. We rcgrct thc
neccsiity, but thc President imposcs upon us
the obligation of renewin thc dcmonstration
ofthe utter falsitv ofthe whole ofit. AA-xico
did not involvc tlie two coniitries in wan Mex
ico did not inadc the territory of Texas: Jex
ico did not strike thc first blow: Mcxico did
not shcd the blood ofour citizens on our own
soil.
This whole question, it will bc sccn, resolvcs
itself into one of territorial boundarv.
Did, at thc breaking out of this war, thc
tcrritory between thc Nueccs and thc Rio
Grandc (Del Xorte) belong to Mexico or to
thc United States?
It did not bclongto thc Unitcd Slatcs. Tlie
Rq ub!ic of Texas had no right to if. Shc had
not even a respectable claiiu to it. Shc prc
tcndcd to no such tillc when she callcd a Con
vcntion to form her Constitution; for not a
mcmber was callcd to that Convention froni
any portion ofthe torritcry boundiiig on thc
Rio Orande. Xor when in her Coiistitution,
she appointcd thc Reprcscntation in hcr Leg-!
islature among thc scicraldistri'-ts oi her tern-tor.-,
did she cnumcratc any distrk ts lyingujn
on thc Rio Grandc as cntitlcd to rep
rcscntation in thc Texa Gcncral Assembly.
Thc whole country on the Rio Grandc, nnd in
deed thc whole country west of thc Jvucrc?,
exccpt thc small sctt.'ement of San Patricio,
was cxclusivcly in posscssion of tho Mexicaus,
until thc army ofthe United States marrhcd
into it, drhing before it the .tlcxican civil ofli
cers and thcpcaccfnl inhabitants. Texas hav
iiig no titlc in the tcrritory, the annexntion of
Tcxas to this LTnion could cotifer nonc upon
the Unitcd States. Werc a peacc to bc made
to-morrow, on the ba-is of leaving (hiiigs as
thcv werc before thc wnr, thc tcrritorv be-
in t,f ViiPi-o Mt.il ilw Itfr. nrritiflo -r.i.I.l
still constitute a part ofthe Mexican Slatcs ot
Tamaulicas, &c.
1 his statc ot tnc tact is nonc ot our nrst n-
covcnii", much less ot our imatnnine:. e
dcrivc ncarlv all our information 011 thc snb-
ioct from the highcst Dcmocratic authoritvi
hen thc 1 rcatv with 1 cx.15, bv whii h shc
undcrtook to convey to the Lniicd States a
wcstcni lxmndarv to thc Rio Grandc, was dc-
pcnding in thc Scnatc, Mr.Tlioaas Ilart
Ilcnton Chish authoritv on thc subjcct) indic-
nantly denounccd it a3 an attemptcd fraud and
outraje.
"I wash mv hands, said hc, "of all attcmpts
to dismember the Mexican Republic, bv seiz-
ingher dominions in Xew Mexico, Chihuahun,
Coahuila, and Tamaulii n. Tlie treaty, in all
that relates to the lxiundary ofthe Rio Grande
is an act of unparallcd ontragc on Mexico. It
is a scizure of two thotuand miles of her tcr
ritory, without a word of cxtlanation with hcr
and bv virtue of a treaty with Texas, to which
she is no party."
Mr. Bcnton further declared that thc claim
sct up by Tcxas bv thc Trcatv, if maintained,
. . " 1 1 . - i . .
would CUt 011 tnc capnai anu iimy eigin iuii
and lillages ofXew Mexico, nov and always
as fully under thc dominion of M"iico as Quc
bcc and all thc towns of Canadaare under thc
dom"t ha o Great I'rtian."
Mr. Bcnton closcd his spcech by ollcnng
the following resolution
llesohed, Tliat thc corporation ot thc lcit
bank of thc Rio del Xorte into thc American 1
Union, bv virtue of a treaty witli lexas, com-
prehcnding as thesiuil in-ororauon would do,
a portion ofthe Mexican departmcnts of Kcw
Mcxico. Chihuahua, Coahuila, and Tamauli-j
pas, would bc an act nfdirtct aggresnon upon
Jlexico,jor au me con.1-e7uem.wj vj .- ihc
United States tcoulil stand nsponsme.
To the same cffci t, thc great Dcmocratic
!c!.iler. the Ilon. Silas n"ht, (wliose late
dcath has becn so justly Limcntcd by men of
all parties.) who was prcscnt during the whole
debate upon thc Tcxas Treaty, and gavc his
votc against its ratification, declared to his
constituents, in a specch delivercd at Water
town, as fbllows
"I feel it mvdutv to votc against thc ratih-
... . - .1 .1 T t.
cation of the treaty for the anncxation. I bc-,
licve that thc trcat v, from the boundarics that
must bc implicd from it, cmliraccd a couniry-
-pi 1....1 i.,;m nv.ii. vrhJ. h.hc
lud ncver assertedjurisdiction, and which shc
uau iiu iitiui w wvi- ... 1
Ttiit- mnnv vpnrs tieforc thc uaic 01 iuis ui-
liut, many years iiciorc '"-.,-. , .
batc. the records 01 uio uium iuh
borno tcstimony 10 mc imu j - .
. ..... 1 1 . 1 iv.-
t -c-t .-t -inwilesratchcd bv thc
Presidcnt ofthe Unitcd States, (Gcn. Jarkson,)
to cxamine and report upon thc condition of
Tcxas, which had then ettablished an icdepen-
Of cvery description will be heflllT ant'
fashionahly exccutcd. at short notice.
dcnt Government; and in his report, datcdii:
J1UI:U1L Ul Llini VI11T. ni. niluirfiu 1 . !
. KKtl nilliu, lliJll llli: IH
"i.ai iiiiuia oi aexas proper, prcvious to thft
test rcvolution, werc thc Xucces River, onth
VI est: along the Red Ricr, on tlie Xortlu thc
babme, on thc East; and the Guh" of Mexieoi
on the South.' 4
At the timc ofthe consummation ofthe act o
,. fLna'ion, Alr. Donelson bcing the Chargt?
i? ,,of,,lc Un''ed States to that voungj
enimem, as to the position of things in Tcxnsi
1 ' . "uvhii,m 1 tVI VWlil VJl t
" '""' 'cuers. we cxtractthc folIowinL' paH
itH llt tlll l.imVH. -..li . , , rt, A
even at tliat timc I
"Corpus Christi is said td bc as hcalthtas.
I cnsai-ola, aconvcnicnt placefor supplics.'and,
the most westem txiint now occupied bv Tcx-
as J e r to Secretanj of State, June SO, 1 81 5."
'Thc occupation of thc conntrv between tlie
Xueces nnd tlie Rio Grandc, jou are aware; U)
a uispuieii qiu stiop. J exas holds l (nus C hris-
ti. Mcxico holds the Rrazos de Santiairo." 1
r .11 . f r , . ... o
lAMtr in ucn. jiitor,June "JN, 1M5.
'Ilu' jpint rcsolution of onr Coi-press loftj
thc question an orenone. and theTiri?'"nim.iri-'
proposition made by this Goxernn.cnt, iw der
thc auspices ofthe "British nnd Fretnh ( ov
crnnicnts, as the br'sis of a dcfim te treatv wnh
nlexico. leit the question in the panii; tcti-.S
And alth.oudi this Government i i!ic Go ern-
ment of Tcxas) but a fcweeks lef.if. issuedj
a proclauiation su-ipendinsj hotilit't Wnwccuj
Tcx.n and Mexi. o, the practical efi'ert i f which
kj n,iu' iirsiHii prpi'iM'iv as u Ptcoq j
when our joint rt-olution p-iscil Mexico in
Tt, .. . . 1
1...V1JUW1UU, mr iiim:i.ii.;:iiiii ii, ji
trurc between tlie tno nations, foiTiidcd oti)
proposition-; mutua'.ly acccptable to them. Ira-
ving the (pu-siion f bouiidnry nol on'y an o-"
pcn onc, but Mcxiro iu jiovi'ssion ot "thc east'
btiili ofthe 15m Grnndt". scenied foirc incoti'
...t.i. ti.i. . .? ... . i . , v
ii. ..i"r... . . .1 ...i.i t '
iiii. i itiim vi 11.USUMI UIVis Si.llllUI imiri'ii(
immetiiaiciv iu tliat ncr. hat tl:o e.ctu-s
ii". . iiji,4 iit:ii:ijuiiiL'U inl n lllll lur,
mit to s-eltle tiyj,negoci: t on, to sv Ihe least orj
it, could ai well be Iclt to the l iutid Mates
on the Kime conditiftns."
'Thc imcstion was nhithfr, wV-r thc circum'
stances, wc sbonld tnfcc a no-it"n to niake war
for this claim. in thc facc of im ack) owlcdtmtnt
on tlie art of tl Covenimt-nt t) at i rouUl to
scttlvd by ncKOtutiun. I Rt oncc . ididtliat o
sliould taLe no siuli prof o uiiin, but s'iou'J rrgnrd
only ns n itliiu tlie limit.-. i,f onr protcrtion thnt
ponion ni irmtorr anuaily i.o.-M-.'-.-rd ly lexai.;
onil which sliedid not ronsnli-r s subjwt tonrso-'
tintion." Lithrto Mr. Lwhiinan. Julu II, 1843.1
"Your purpo.e will lie the tlrfenre ofTcxaii, if j
.!, ;n,n.i,.i l... r...:.. -:n i. . .. I
SlllUil i.b V. v.lllldtlr ..111 JIIIIUIIIU, Uliil illliu.
r.oiiits on th Niicrcii.
rcailv to act ncionlini; to r
thc cvidcnrc ofour Covt-rniuriit itself, tliroiifli itj
Diplomatic Itcprcsintnlircs in 'l cinj. tliut
j i n. l.iiiiii i j iu n ii ,i'iii;iiiiA v.ii'ioi;. ui iiii i
Nucrcs (cxiHpt tbt; (inrtry f l'Htrit'ii) nnd Tcx
as ofthe trrritnrr tast of tl.r iucrcs, v.ith tho
addition of I'utnrio; thut AU'xiio v.us ni'niittcd
by cur own Kim.v to lc in nifion ofthe rn.t
bank if tlie Rio tiratnle. nnd thnt C rjiu CiriMi
wns the mot wcstcrn point thrn ticrnpic 1 br
Texas. Tlicse m!niUiou from a source so wrll
infiinned, f o frf frnm bia" in fuvur if any intcr
cst but that of thc L'nitcil State?, tinrlu'hn Tex
a?,J arc fatal to cU-rr iiretcnsion of tcrTitnr5.il
n'ht on the part of lexm l.rtwrcn ilip l!o:
(imndo nnd thc Nuerea, tlie Miiull tounty ifp.it
A II tli'it n mfiifm tli i-rf rnrr- tr Cfnt.nri i l-i t
iMijinn r.f rnr AiTmiRiilrriill tl.f "1 i I ,m.l J
of Tcxns cxteiiilt d to tlie Kio Grnnde and that j
by hcr annrxation tlie Kio dnuidc becanie tha
l.oundarv ofthe Vnitcd Stnte, i the ait of tho i
J.eirisiainre oi li-zn, iirriariiiir u i. i:ii(inrv 10 ii
cxtrnu to ttir liio iiranue. 11 mnt nrt roiiiu ho u
ciinMucrcu 01 uiit eneri wnuitTeri'i itoum airrtk(
leaTe cronnd for rnntroiersy nnd mo.iut ou, ns 1
, , ii. ... i . f. , , .
l- . "..,1T f
j 11 111a. ii.i . "i. iii.i, im. i' iiiiiii in ,-viiiiiiii '
oodl urv. (now nn aoiale .Indpe rr tl c f-n
i prcnic ( ourt nfllie I'niltd M:ite-.J in his S tcch i
1 . r . r : .1... . . ... r A I. I
-Texas. I-y a merc h.." faid hr. -lould my ira
1 no tide l nt hnt shc onqutred from Vexii c m.d
Jaituallv rr.vrrncrt. Ilenrp, tlioiiuli hcr law i"t.-
111 liiur ui riuiitii'L tui; ui iin 111 jit-m iuii
ftmli.ii nifin thnn tlu. pncn-nt I ii:nv. l.p fr.iTil '
KO (1 ailU t lllll l V UMIl lilHI. V, ill lilC Uil'l li.lJ"!. i
Tcxas iit-ver lii:d excn-eil jnrx'iitif n ifnnr"
sort ovcr any terri'.ory on tlir liiu drarde, i nd .
rould i.ot, tlienfcire. hy poikiLiiiir onvo to tl.it
l'nitcil Ktatc any tiile lo it.
To the tsmc eil'cet wc have the anu r ii'r cf S r ,
fi.illaiirl. whidi nr nml our re !rrs tl.c .
Uilli i ii.it pni i . i.if-. i in .I". -mi i.iim in
trouhlc of arehinp furtlic r on the nihjrc t i
'nic KipuMic ot Texn diil. Iy win t r f Jj( . '
eemher. 1?3. Uiflare the Kio del Xoitc tt cis
noundarr. It will not I e i-eriou'lv eont u 'ul Ii t '.
n i.aiion'ha n right. hy a law of its own, to n- (
tcmiinc what is or slr 11 hc thc boi ndnry Ik-iki t n
it aud another tcuntry. The aet wa no'lni'r
more than thc exprfrtion or preteniOir of tho
nnrprnment. A renardn ri'Jit. tlt uct !' 7Vxrrs m j
.. I'. l - f I Y T -Y- V '1 1
Jt'is thus eoneliiiirely demonvtrat-d that the 1
tcnitorv between tl.c Xn'eecs and thc l'io Orande
ncver l"al pns.-ed ont tf tli? po-scssion or rijrht of
thc pns'essu n ol iexieo, anu wiwin r.o cno
"American soil" or territorr of the Unitcd Ktntci.
The fnct i, moreover, too notoriou1! to necd to IC
licre dwclt upon, that the army of tf.e United
States, when it ncarcd the Kio Grnnde, clin-cd thc
. . . . 1. .. a a(Ti.m ftiil rf llint- 1.11k..
ilieXlran rUSIOm UUUJK wm us uui wi iiii.ii liuu-
es. and when it cncaraped on the hnnk of thc riv
er, found itself in the miilst of n Mexican popnla
tion.occupvine thc corn nnd cotton ficidn, which
iher had fleJ from indismny. Thcfl-irof thcU-
Sinii.was Tilnnted hv onr armv as in defi-
ance. under the (tuns of a Mexican fort. and nt tho j-
mouth of the Kio Grande a nvcr running from 3
its fouree to the occan, nltogelhcr tttwccn Mcxi- j
can bank', without a Texan settlcmcft of nny
sort within a hundred mi!es of it Xay Gcre -al 3,
Tnylor himfclf, nfter litcrally chc injr thc cxcrn-
tivi ordcrs, by ocrupying n positi' n oppos'te Mat- f
nmoras, thus" rcportcd to the War Departracnt
(under datc of April G. I86,) his proccedings
Same Iimc llit hii;h ui uui iuii i uivi.hhih mv? 't
u0n our side a bartery for fbur cijrhtcen pounil
ers will be completed. and the guns placed in Imin
tcrv to-dav. ttese guns Uar dirertly vjm th' pr?
tic'tqunre of ilutnmnrai, and iri'hin ijvA rariffe fr
dcviolhhiny the tova. Tklir orjlct canxot be
MiSTAKns nr Tnr. enlmt."'
Tlie encmT I What cacmy 7 Poes not this
langnnge prove thut thcbrave old C'ncral nmVr
cnt T-irr well what hc was sent therc for ' War
j:.in,;.t until 1-c lmd nlsntnl n batterr of.
guns bearinj directly upon Uie putnic iquarc nr
r.immora. the ohieit of whit h, as he tctt tnilr
reports to Mr. Jlarry. coold l not he mistaKcn 1
And by thu invasion of Mcxic-sn trntory.
nnncr pcrrmpn.n .wm. -
thi- ron'm.-iP!ir- t.f neral. wat the war lictrua
bv thc Pre.ident of thc United Sta'J"?
. . , , i , ,7
sion. uur muu - --- - -1-
. . . T-nlto.t StnfMl blood shed bv
-.un.wv.i v . - . . ,.
11..;.. 1 1 i. -i t, nn nnr i n i :i iiiirsiiiiu n
" " . " ... 1... S
has a Mexican soiuicr or armru irun mi
foot unon Amewan foil, (leiaj jropcrm
cludcd.)
t to nn cosTLvrrc.j

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