Newspaper Page Text
THE PROSPECT BEFORE US. ;
j The editor of the New York Tribune,
Llin hnii attended the openinz of Congress
nt Washington, ivritcs upon his return his
!ix)nvictionsof"theaspect8 at Wanhing
fton," aa follows:
jt A week of anxiuus and careful obser
'firation at Washington has not strengthened
llour hopes of early and determined action
DJ congress lui urcKiiiiiuuiraiu
with Mexico. Tliat a large roajor'ny of
hntli Hnuses ar heartilv desirousthat the
M T ut.. : . I ..rl i.mnM rrlnH.
I war snouia oc lerimiiaicu, t
ly approve a treaiy of pcace secunng us
ithe boundary ofTered by Mexico to Mr
Trist, we undoubiedly believc. But we
ara rapidly appronclnng a rresiaenuni e
lection. and too inany, uuhappily, are raore
anxious that their party should succeed in
that contest than ihat their cpuntry should
b'e just in the sigh' of Heaven and man
kind more Bolicitous that the Federal pat
ronage should be dispensed through fa
vored and favorable chanrels than that
grape-shot Ai bayonel-thrusts should cease
to be dispensed at all. Of those claim
inff to be "Democrats,' par-excclltncr, we
r.annot learti that half a dozen (out of
South Carolina) will really do anjlhiug to
top the war.
Mr. Calhoun, we cannot doubt, is sin
eerely desirous of arresting hostilitics be
fore the close of the session, anu wiii in
due time act. and if need be dare, with a
!i view to that end. But we do not know
that, beyond the Sonth- Carolina delega-
tion. his convictions will modify or fore
shadnw the course of more tlian tnree or
fonr members of bolh Houses. Alr. Ben
mn ns vct. maintains a studicd silcnce
with regard to the great topic but, while
nll know that he will do little from love to
Mr. Polk, and nothing from deferencc to
Mr. Calhoun.we havc no solid grounds for
hoping that he will take any decisive stand
mrainst the coiitinuance of the war. Ile
will hardly "definc his position" unlil the
Fremont trial shall haTe been brought to
The Whis members renerally are right
in sentimcnt, and most sinccrely anxious
that this hornble, wasteful carnage should
be tcrminated. But, (alas that the word
nhould be needed!) there are sevcral who
havc not yet Icarned that nutlmig can be
more expedient than doing exactly right,
and doing it right ofT; and, while they
would like to sce the war ended. they hold
that the tthigs can only promote this by sc
curing the eleciion of a Whig President,
and to this end they wnuld have all ener
gies directed. The Whigs can do notli
ing, they argue and unlil fully in power;
any resolute aitempt to arrest the war now
couIdTcally accotnplish notliing for pcace,
while it would dcprive us of the opportu
nily of making peace next year, by cna
bling our opponents to elect a President
Now, howcver sound the mass of the
Whig members may be, it takes but three
or four of them, v ling with the locofocos,
to deefeat all tho main bodj of the VVhigs;
and in the knowledge of this, niany of the
Whigs say, "Why divide and be defeated 1
Let us hang logether and maintain our as
cendcncy by attempting nothing that all
cannot be brought to concur in" and
thus appropriatinns will be voted as if the
Administration had still a majority; though
it will hardly be so easy to afiix a lying
preamble to a fuipply bill as it once was.
Hut we do not mcan that Congress is
likely to swnllow all the recomendations
of the President unqualifiedly. We think
it will not The tea and coflee tax can
hardly be forced through the House, no
mattcr hnw nrnently pressed. No such
Graduatirn bill as Polk and Walkcr re
commend if likely to pass, though we
trust s me fir bctter measure, looking to
the ioterests ot actual settlcr3 only, will be
prepared and duly considerod. Tho Ev
ecutive rcquiremcnt of twenty new regi
ments of Regulars will hardly be ratified,
though Voluntenrs will probably be called
out in abundancc. It seems to be the
prevalent impression that the Voluntcers
elect bctter .fhc(rs than Mr. r olk ap-
points, (Gcn. Pillow is not one of the c-
lected;) and wc are conhdent that nn
Treasury Notes will be authorized hy the
present Congress. We do nnt understand
howerer, that tho bxecutive prufesses to
Ths CHr.sniRE Railroad, we learn
from the President, will bcopened toTroy
within nine milcs cif this tnwn, on Mon-
ehy next. th-2?th inst. Troy is eighty
two milcs from Bo.'tnn and thirty-two
from Fitchburg. The opening thus far,
will bc hailcd with pleasure as the publtc
havo long been waiting tbe accoiumoda
tions and facilities which it will gire them.
The delay has enabled the engineers to
finish the road bed in a thnrnugh manner,
and will allow of as rnpid transport as on
any other road in new England. The en
gines, cars and dcpnt accnmmodations are
ofthe best kind, and the road will deserre,
as it will receive, a large patronage. We
understand it has thm far done a very
handsoaie business :n pascngers and
frcisht niuch excceding, in the language
ofthe day, "all prcrimis estimates. The
etock is now selling st 90 cents. Kttne
Important Dircotert bv a Clairtov
a!st. Dr. B. of Paris, is a gallant practi
tioncr, cultivating with cqnal success the
art-of healing and plessing which caused
one of his Iriends to say that he was pos
sessed of the love of scicnce and ihe science
of love- A while since the doctor was cal
led to administer his portions to a scmps
tress, when he discoveted that Mie was of
a ueuolymphatic tcinperatncnt, that is to
say, particularly susccptibleof magnctic
No later than a weck since the doctor
confided his young and charining wife to
a sure friend, and after dipner repaired to
the smpstress's domicil, uheir, after a few
passes, he put his patient intoa comforta
' Hardly had theyr.Ung girl succumbed
tn the influence ofthe mognetic fluid.
wlien tho man ofpctions leaned over her
ijdiug Iipi and covered them with ktsses of
fiifty years ripening thrn he seized wih
a fit'of scientific ardor, he sought to stud
y the cfiecls of his salutation upon the
somnatnbulist, and demandcd of her in a
most scrious tonc;
"What course hare I just pursued with
"KiictH what yoiir frifnd ijut about
to pursue with jour wife," replied the art
lessyounggirl, momentarily endowed with
The doctor did not wait to hear it re
peated. Without stopping even to awake
his subject, he raade all speed possible for
home to interrupt his friend's attention
to hi wife. Whether or no he arrived
in time is not siated. Boston Bce,
Nr.w York, Monda,8 P. M.
.Deatii or Ex-Chancellor Kent Ex-
Chancellor Kent died last night. at the
age of 85 years. His disease was gener
The Retcrned Officees. The city
authorities have tendered the use of the
Governors room in the Citr Hall. to Col.
Burnett and his brother officers, foaapub
Iic receniion on Wednesday next.
From Libi-.kia Govcrnor Roberts has
been electHil President of Liberia.
Markets Flour is down to $6 for
export. Sales 35,000 bbls. Corn 75 a
80c mosllv export engagements. 50,
000 bushels of Corn, for Liverpool.
Friday, Dec. 10.
Deatii from the Bite or a Rattle
snake. Dr Wainwright of Crosby-st
yesterday received from a friend at a dis-
tance a present ot a Jive ramesnane. e
letit out upon the floor and in attempting
to seize it to restore it to Us box. was uit
ten in onc of the fingers of the left hand,
with such riolence that the blood spirted
from the wound several feet. The flesh
was at once remc cd from the bitten place,
but in rain. The arm swelled gradually
from the hand to the shoulder, and finally
at about half-past twelre the unfortunate
man died- Several erninent physicians
were in attendance, but their efiorts were
unavailin. The sufTerer himsclf wished
fcir the amnutatirm of the arm above the
swelling, but it was notthought advisable,
as it was supnosed that the poison proceed-
ed by the blood-ressels and not by the ab-
ANOTI1ER VETO MESSAGE.
President Polk bids fair to excel even
Johti lJyltr in thematterofExocntiveVe-
tos. On Wednesday he returned to the
House of Representatives a billpassed the
last day of the last session, cntitled "An
act to provide for continuing certain works
in the 1 erritory ol Wisconsin, anu lor oth
er purposes," with a message full five col
umns long, vetoing the same. The reas-
ons h;- assisns fr his course are the same
he gave a year ago for his veto ofthe Riv
er and Ilarbor bill. It is now under dis
cussinn in the House, and receives pretty
severe handling Irom all parties. 1 ne
President has no constitutional scruplcs
about spending a hundred millions or so,
in fighting a handfull ot miserable Mexi-
cans, but the expenditure ofa few thous
ands to improve the navijjation of our
Westem Iakes & rivers is clearly beyond
the power of the GeneralGovernment'.The
Alessage does not pnsscss suflicient mter-
est to warrant its publication.
SMrSimmons of "Oak Hall" has
issued his Monthly Circular, in small book
fnrm, giving a full and accurate dcscrip-
tionufhis cstablishment. It contains a
number and variety of wood cuts. It is
quite a novel affair.
A public mecling of citizens of Putney
Vt , was held on the 2d .inst., to consider
the outraccous proceedings of a band of
so called "Perfectionists" in that village
who among othcr things have declared
that the moral law is abolished, and hare
uiculcated by precrpt and practice the
most degrading licentiousncss. A series
of denunciatory resnlutions was adopted
by the meettng, which have a strong squin-
ting towards a violation ofthe civil law.
The leadcr, whose name is Noyes, was
arrested and put under bonds of only
?1000 to answer to charges of the most
revolting character. He has absconded.
and thc association as well as the periodi
cai wnicn was puniisned in Putney are
POPULAR FEELING TOWARD
HENRY CLAY DR. BAIRD'S
LECTURES ON EUROPE.
Correspondence of thc New-York Tribnne.
Hartford Dec. 19.
Last eveining Dr. Baird finithed, in thi
city. his most interestincr course of Lec-
turci. His audtenccs havc numbercd
irom nve tn six nuudrcd persons, accor-
ding to the wcather. Last eveninc th
room was crowded. While speaking 'of
the erninent statesman of Britain, he said
he had often heard Lord Brougham, Lord
John Rnssell, Sir Robert Peel, and, in
the course of his life, Daniel O'Connell
and other erninent British statesman
speaking; that thoir style of oratory was
more like that ofthe Sophomorcs of our
Colleges up and down; that none of them
could at all compare with the true natural
eloquen-e of Henrv Clry, whom he had
often had the pleasure of lisseninsr to,
Here a spontaneous Bnrst of applause was
giveu, as the natural impulse and feelings
of his audience the only occurence of
the kind dnring a course of eleven Iectures!
I his incident is particularly worthy of re-
crd showing as it does, to whcm the eyes
of this people are turned for relief from the
evils biouzht upon this nation by Jas. K
Polk, whom the people delighted to hon-
Schoolmaster. "Bill Tompkins, what
is a widow J"
Bill. ''A widder, sir, is a married wo-
man, that haint got no husband, causc he's
MaMcr. "Very well. What is a wid
Bill. "A widderer is man what runs
after the widders."
Master. 'MVell, Bill, that is not cxact
ly according to Johnson, but it will do."
Obstikate Juryjien. An honest man,
remarkable for the singularity and doggedl
ness of his opinions, hadjbeen several
times on a iury, and always entertained
notionsof law and justice totally at vari
ancc with the judge and his brother jurors
One ofthe judges asked him how it was
possible that he always gave so rauch
Irouble to the court? He replied. with
thc utmost gravity, "I don't know how it
is, but it always happens to bo iny mis.or
tune to be on a jury with eleven obstmate
The I.mtkdaiios at Cincinnati 5 000
Famiues rendered Hooseless Im.ME.NiJE
Lo-lS OF PROPERTY BustES3 SCSPED-
EED' CisciNifATi, Dec 15, 1S47.
The wnters ol the Ohio have now swelled
to the hi"hest point attaineJ durtng Ihe great
floodof fs32.and the lowerpart ofthe city is
At least five thousandJamn.es bave been
rendered houseless bv this disastrous flood,
and great dislress mustensue in consequencei
A puhlic meeting ofthe citizens has been
cnlled to provide Ihe means for aleviating
their disiressed condilion.
The Siores south ofPcarl street nre nood
ed, and Broadivay is overflowed. It is uso
lees to calculate the daraage, or to endcavor
to give an idea ofthe dislress existihg among
us. Businees has been almost enlirely sus-.
pended. Half the lumberin ihe city Uafloat.
und boats have been carried off ofthe etocks
in the shipyards.
The now is eighteen inches detp, and
more is now falling. Thetelegraphbelween
this ct'.y and Louisvills, has been thrown out
of order by a break near Dayton.
FLOOD IN THE CONNECTICUT.
The late rains have caused a ronsiderable
risein Connnecticut River. Last evening
ihewater was about 17 feet above low water
mark. Thc ctllars on ihe east ol Commerce
street nre halffilledi and tne meadows are
overflowed toa great exient. The qaantity
ol drift wood afloat is very large.
DurincMunday nightthe water carried off
an unCnished t pan of ihe new bridge building
over Connecticut River opposite the x-illage
ol Cabolville, and while floatinff hy tha city,
it was serurcd and laken lo the Easi Hartford
shore. Hartford Courant.
Funeral of ChanctllcrKcnt. This snlemn
and impressive ceremony look place yecler
dav al'iernoon nl Cavnlrv Churrh. 1 hc !-
- i. . i .i i .
. ... ... ......
ilunp like ihe nublic r.
lime3lollov5 ihe remaina ol distinguishfil inen
to Iheir final realin ti- plnre, bs yet in.p-
iiif. Besides a Inr2 mitnher ol ihe Inmily
rnnneciiona and oersonal friends of ihe dc-
ceased, ihe members i.rihe Judicnry and llie
Bar, all ur most eiiiineiit ai:d respe ctablc
ritizpnsand manv pulilic men from oth-r
places were in niteiiu'ance. The long inu'n
was. in the itercuna ofwhom it wns compo
sed.not unl ke Ihe niany years Uirmigh ivlnch
ihe illuftnou? departed Had Ft-red lns cpuii
try nnd luid up for hintself a ftime ab .'fisilng
as it is lionouraDie. ua nerii ii .woruiv
tribuleiolhe worth ol ihe lanieiiled but not
CasMUt M. Clay, in company wiih Col.
Mansfield, Col. Crogan and several niher
officers, reached Louisville. IKy.1 on Wed
needay, the Sih inct. on thc steamer aaladin
Irom Iew OrIean. (Japtain Ulay, soon at-
icr hisarrivul, set out for Lexington. whose
citizens had held a mceiing on the Monday
evoninrr previous, and resolved to give him
a public reception. RobertS. Todd presi
dedat this meeting, and (we learn from the
Louisville JournalJ eloqucnt addresses were
made by Judge Kobertson and othcrs. 1 he
Couriersays that Mr Clay Bcenu but little
thc worse lor wear, physicnlly, and that his
mind is as clcar, ardent and aympathizingas
THE PRESIDENT S VETO MESSAGE
Wo received in this city.Saturday evening,
the lullreporlot this last charactenstic pro
duction of JamesK. Polk. Likeevary ihing
eminating from thc same sourccit is verbose
and prolix to tho last drgree. Itjis lalsa in
its Btatement ol facts, nbcurd in its deddclions,
and feeble nnd puerile in its cnnclusion. It
ijjtoo long for publication, il it were worthy a
spuce in our columne; but as it is.'our readers
may rcsl assured we have not ihe remotest
inienlion, for iheenke of giving iia place, to
deprive them of other and more inicresting
mnttir, fjr which we should have no room
Thisdocumcnl, our rcaderi will remember,
in reality belongs to llie post Congress. The
present House of Ruprescntative has noih
ing 10 do wilh it in any manner or form what
ever. The River and Harbor improvement
bill was passed by the last Congress. Il was
suppreseed by President Polk at the expira
tionofthat Cong-Jese, and now. some nine"
inontliB afier ihat Congress had ceased to be
President Polk wakes up from the long eleep
in which, upon that cuhject, he has bren
brooding, and gives 10 iht slrangers who flll
the placei ot Ihe Congress thnt cenced to be
lait March, h'u reasons for ihat suppresiion.
Btif lof a RaltlesnakcCure. We nre
infornied by Dr. Lee ot ihis ciiy who ha
practiredexu'Kively at the South, thnl he hin
realedfiverafesol ralile nnake biie. nnd all
ofiliem niccei-slnllv. Hi remedv is alrl o.
Iic liqunr eidier rum brnndy or c'tn ifiven '
in larije doses. A hnlf piut nvery fifiern 1
minutCR, making a qunrl in a hour, is nnt tou -
nmch lo he given nssonii ns pc.scihle afier ihe '
wc i,8 ren.cuy im aren ufei n. me
u,n ioo g eaiejLienr, ana na never ucen ,
nuuwii 10 j.iii 01 h rure. 1 ne nnuor ansornn .
ordeadensthelai.il virui. nnd neyer jjnioxi. ,
. .h,. .ti,,- ...B t. Tim ui uu; 1
reptile is in ihe syntem. Hartford Tima.
NEW YORK DEMOCRACY.
The ilmot provuo mcn in New York
conunue to bold their position with regard 10
ihe extension of slavery nmwithsiandinglhe
excommunications of the Presideniinl organ
at Washington. A caucus ofthe Democrat
ic members of iheLegielnture, at the close of
tho seesion,al:errather a stormv meeting.pas'
sed a series ofresolutioni.of which the two
following would hardly be 'considered ortho-
dox at Waehington :
Resolred. That the natronacrn o'lhe rcn
cral governmeni has grown toproporiions so
I'crvauingann compncated. aslo er.dan
ger the freedom of elections and iha nuritv
ot the public press, and should ihercfore be
subjectcd to ihe several proccss ol retrench
mcnl and reform.
Resolved. That all imnutationaTunon ih
uciuucrucy 01 illls Biaie. come Irom what
r , .. . . 1
quarlcr they may. that iis patriotic massesare
in Mvor 01 ineexiensionol slavery into terri
tories now frr.e. are bold inveniinno nf onen
adversariesor serret foes: that we rerard
suchextcnsion nsderogalory to the prlnci
ples ofnatural jualice, subversivcof the rights
nnd interesis ofthe free laboring classes of
alhhe atates, and at war with the policy set
by ihe faihera of the republic, in the ordin
ance ofl787,for the goverument oflhe north
western 'erntcry; a policy. the wisdom of
wnicn has been proved and illuelrated by the
unnrecedcntedgrowih and prosperity oflhe
noble staies norlh of thc Obio river. and bv
ne lotelligence, patnotism and energy of
THE FLOOD AT THE WEST.
Our last accounts Irom Cincinnati; dnted
9 I . M. 011 thc 17th, statcs that ihe flood
v.acFi.bsiSting.iind we donotflnd any where
a confi'-ii.aiiuii ofthe Btatcment of our poeii
cal te!egraj..hic correspondenl. that seajn
boais wt-re navjating the slreetaof Cinnn
ix&u. A lei'er ol the evening of ihe 17th
,y(t- The river has been atn stand nearly
nll day, und 1 um now rejoiced to be able to
aiinounce that it has Ullen one inch within
tho last (tw hours, The steamer New Eng
land, arrived from above, reporn tho wnter
as subsiding. The wealher i pleasanl.
nnihf. IRlh thp wnlernnil eag WOrks SUspen-
ded operation, both ejtablishments having
been flooded. A letter of that date says
-The town of Maiietla and Parkesburgn are
hnih liternllv inundaled. and reporlS Irom
Louisville represenl thescene aloug the river
to be distressing; scarcely a house that is not
surrounded bv water."
Hartford Contentitm, Td-day, 15th is
ihe annivenary ofthe meeting ol the Hart
rnrA c:nnvintinn. Thiriv vears have now
passed since the country was ''sold to Great
Briiain, and paid for iri British jovertigns.
Thedeaihof Mr. Lyrnan at Northampton,
t7hicn we recordedyesteraay, iKavti-uu-survivors
oflhe members of that memorable
body, rmmely. Hon. Harrison urey , -
tnHir?SmiiiV.?. Wi . p hoth ol ihlSCltV. At
' . . . 1
a caucus meeting at t anueil tiaii,
1822. Mr. Otis remarked to this Convention .
'Ncvor. unless 1 shall. be admitted by me
Wakerot tno Universe, to tnesocieiy u'Juo'
men made perfect. shall I meet wnnanya.
senrbly o men compnemg so mum fnm
n..ih inrl cnh MnvatnA nalrlOllPm aS tne
worlh and such elevaled patnolism
Haitford Cpnvention. Bosiou Times.
Pcpes Kinqs and Queese. Kev. Ur.
Baird, in a recent lecture, publisbed in the
Charter Oak.speaks ofcerlain Princes in Ihe
follon ing term :
The Popeis a manof fine talents, the best
Pooe Runie has l.ad formany a day. He ;s
enlifhtencd and lihernl in his viewe, and tho'
., . ,.i..u.u .-i i.:..t...
IJ11. .M1 it w.uu nnrl i a tirnuo wnmnn. snD
- . . . n.
"f. - r-
: ef : nl ni'Hat'f.-' "rcat talents, but is smart,
n d cer piir is I'ecoming a beitcr Q.ueon
. . 1 .
i liiiirivali: rhnriietr, tli
four worst mon-
i. : r
arrlwin Kurope.are the Kinz of Holland
Uimuver Bavnriu ndNaplei. These King
iire iiutoriotiry vicious. The olhers are
generally moral. immy of them exempliary
in privale hte.
The Vera Cruz Acro-Iris givet 'he follow -
in.rKi:,tpmni nfihf. fnn-pa trliirh ihn IHpii.
, . ., c 11
c..I!3 C uo w in u.o .ico.-
At Quarretaro, under General Bustam-
Santa Anna's nrmv. now under Rincon. 4000
The garrirons of Mazatlan, La Soiora 2c
In tho state of Tab.vca and Chiapas, 2000
Under Urrea, Carvajal and Canalcs. 2000
Brigade at Potosi, commandcd byFil-
At Toluca, under Pena Parrueaa' 2000
In the state of Oaxaca, 1000
The whole force ofthe guerrillas from Ve
ra Cruz to Pucbla,
All makos a total of
The Late Eclipskof the Bvk at
Constanti.nople. OtitbeOth of Octo-
ber. the inhabitanls of Stamboul witnessed
one ef the finest annular eclipses of the
, ...ij ,u. .f,.i,,.
. . .
nmr l.tlmr.ana lh niirnlAr1l
J ira uui,v.j . .
population of the city were prepared for startcd offfor Qucretaro via Tlascala. Infor
the event ; but it was not so with the mass, I mation was convcycd to Gen. Lane at Paebla,
wno were irignienea out 01 ineir wiis uy
the occurrenco. The most superstitious
of the Turks, who imagined it was a great
bearcome to davour the sun, created the
greatest uproar by beetmg upon drums
pistols were discharged at mtervals, in
order to disturb and nrevent the redoubted
monster from doing iniury to the sun. In
Galata and Pera every man was armed encmy were set on nre nciore tne iniantry
...:.u r i M--i..lcamc up.
; . r, ,. fi.,
ea quiie opaque wun wnicn mey were C-
ueavoring 10 niaKc ouscrrauoiia uu inc c-
clipse. Correspondent of the Morning
Vermont Insane Asilum. At the
eommencement ofthe. past year, there was
291 patieuts. Admitted during the year
IU5 ; discharzed. 122. of whom 74 were
restored to reason. Present number of
natients. 304. Since the Institution was
first opened. 1.IG7 have partaken ofits
benefits. 503 Kave been restored to reas-
on ana useiii.ness. a ne excess 01 .nco.uc
r 1 mi r: . i
w.cr me cijjciiuu.il d ui u.c pi joi,
The Prejis a.ni the People. Out of
a great number ol VY lug Journals lyiug
before us uhich warmly commend and
applaud the posilions taken by Mr Clay
iu his Lexington cpcech, not less than
half a dozen are iournals which have ihe
" " V.J .. .'.3 :
""-'" u.. U'-T'J
uanuinaif iwr uie iicai rresiuem. x iiu
Harrisbnrg Intelligencer, Pottsville Mi-
ners- joi'rnai. ra. and avractise atate
Jciunal 111 our Stale. arcof this class.
Very mnnv presses hitherto unfnendly or
atlevt indiflerent to Mr. Clay unito in
hearty commendatioi, ofthe Speech, MLurtS
SouTn Caxouka ox btilts. Tho fol-
Jn-n mlntmn. vfo tt,n T om.UmrA
-p.i Tj.i ... c... .v. . :..
1. Eesolred, That the General Assembly of
tho Stato of South Cartlina have seen, with
profound regret, the settled spint of hostihty
uiauutsicu uy ins r ree oiaies lowam iuc in-
ou .u, uiuii, lueTiiaoiy icau u uio iiiusi uu-
asterous conscquences to this Confcdcracy.
2 Resolved,- That the recent devclopments
in the Free Statcs, and especially the attempt
known as the "Wilmot Proviso.to prohibit the
oouihcrn otates from enjoymg the common
territory of the Union. raise an issue of start-
ling importance, which rcquircs, on the part of
.1,0. c a ..u I
o n m... .V- c-x... :n: ,
aiiiiuus 10 oury aummor aiucrencesoi opimoni
j 1 ..r.
ern States in the most enenretie manner nos-
sible to maintain their common richta.
4. Ecsolved. That tho State of South Caro-
lina will regard the pa&sage of any act by the I
ueneral Uovernment unon the subiect ot hla-
very.in violation ofthe rights ofthe South, as
annulling the obligations of the Federal Com-
pact; and upon the passage of such act, she
vuiiaiutr ucracu at iiucny 10 lurui a uoir,
seperate, and distinct Government.
n r.1 7 n... a. r v. l I
w. bcoutf.cu, jLuai. luu uuvwuur uurwursi-i x
ca 10 iorwaracopies ot tbcse itesoiutions tothel-ftaval
uuu tc!:uuLuiu ui uaw uiaicuum
ing otates j ana enter into correspondence
with, and scnd special envoys, if necessary, tol
ucui, 10 unujj auum conccn ra acuon among 1
m kuc ifivcciii vum w uur auairs. 1
CiiaxceIi'lor e S t. This erni
nent man died on Sunday evening. in tbe
85th year of his age. In 1798, James Kent,
then Recorder of tbi3 cih". was appointed a
Justicc of the Suprcme Court of the State of
pointcd Chief Justice,and remained in that
office until Fcbruarr. 25th. 1814. whcn hewas
made Chancellor ofthe State, the functions of
which ofnce he performed with distingnished
ability till disquahficd by the Constitution, Ju-
ly 31st, 1823, in consequcnce of having attain-
ed the age of sixty, iv. x. Jour. Lom.
FR0I THE AEMY.
IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO.
New-York, Dec. 21
Advices from Vera Cniz to tbe 7th instant
have been received at' New Orleans. Santa
Anna has in a degrce recovered his power, and
had boldlv pronounced aeainst thc provisional
govcrnment, and demandcd 5000 men, l'mme-
uiatcly to resumc hostile operations. xlis pres
ent forc'e consists of only 1600 men, with which
he is attempting to overawe Congress, auapre-
h amaj-ority ofthe members
. S CJ , ,
Gcneral Worth, with a strong force, to Que-
v;0icncc 0i thc part ofSanta An-
Qcn. Anaya has been clected President
term tQ -re Qn 8th of January.
I . , ... r,r - i . ? ;j
to be in favor of cstablishing pcace.
Commissioners, consistine of Conto,. Arijta,
Uueros and itmcon, naa been sent to tne ciiy
of Mexico, with a view to re-opennegoUations
with Mr. Trist, but finding that his powers had
been rcvoked by the Executive, the Commis-
sreremraeu io uereiaro; ,u0 c
er navmgproDaoiy oeen reierrcuio mw,
"yj - 0K- ,
.y-four igp of merchandi, a p.art
ofa train on the road from Pucbla to Mexico,
I pm t K.hra .mrt 1 omnti.
They were pursued
1 . .
and attacked by tren. Lane near Tuscala.-
Seventeen guenllas were killed, & number of
nlhnM fol-nn Tm -n fta onri met rtf tha vn.
A proposition introduced into the Mexican
Congress, depriving -the President of the pow
er to make a treaty which would alienate any
portion ofthe Mexican territory, had been
fifineral Paf terson's train lfift .Taana nn tha
25th ult. He had haneed two Mexican officers
1 for commandmg guerilla forces and fiehting a-
cainst the Americans, while under parole.
I A train of 8000 mcn, under command of
Gcu ha(j ,cft ycra Q ;t WM
cxpected that Scott would soon be at the head
ol 25,000 mcn.
General Scott had issued an order forblddine
the exportation of bullion until the duty had
been hxcd by our Uovernment.
A skirmish had taken place near VeraCruz,
betwccn the Louisana Tolunteers and a body
ofguerillas. The guerillas were defeated, with
Gcnerals Worth and Pillow, and Col. Dun
can had been arrested by General Scott, for
induleine in remarks. and holdincr corresnon-
1 denco disrcspectful toirards tho Commander-
Mexico, Not. 19, 1847.
On tho 8th instant 36 waeons bcloceine to
mcrchants in this city and Pucbla, left the lat-
ter place with a lot of tobacco, dry eoods and
brandy destacd for tlus city. On reaching
banMartin, liens. Kca ana lorrejon, m corn-
I mand ofthe frucrillas forces there. made a de-
scent upon thc waeons. canturcd them. and
wno startcd aitcrtnem with a lorcc ot mtantry
andthe cavalry command ofCapt. Roberts.
When they reached Tlascala they found the
r - "J '""""V.t1 . n
(Q mn off fhe ch b
comnletelv routinrr them. killinc seventepn nnil
takine tliirteen officers prisoners. In the
meantime a portion of the wacons which had
been taKen a mue irom tne town dv a party or
Santa Anna has assumcd the command of
&e ;a He he TO
priVed ofthe command by Tenay Tena, in or-
dor that the Iatter might find no obstaclein
making peace with the Amencan forces occtt
1 pying any pornon 01 me mexican lerniory
I aiorav V mmall has hppn nominatpd hprarv
0f War. Tornel left Querctaro on the 14th
for Morelia to take up his quarters there as
generaL Yesterday a new paper called the
" maUC oppcwwico.
Switzerlad. This romanUc land, so of-
a ln tory devoted to wffejing from
uci uu, iuc isuiib uuu unuiuou Ol flfrmorc
rful neighbors-Switzcrland, the land of
w,lham TeU, the mountam country of so
many cxeiting scencs in the Reformation, and
iatteriyso orten travened by l?rench,Autnan
and Russ;an armlei 5n th war. nf Trw,
j3 n0w drawing the swonl of civil dissension.-
We are not conversant with the history of
wrongs, or imagined wrones, producmg this
most" Tamentable state of things. Protestants
are engaged against the CathoEcs the twclve
and two half Cantons against the " Sonder
bund" or seven CathoUc Cantons. The for-
mpr dpmanrl thp pmn nm, nf il. T..:(. .
once. The leagued sevcn are said to have
consentert to scndtbem awavm Januarv 1R49.
But this is not sarisfactory. The leamied Prot-
cst?n.ts rJUse1 50000 troops. and are able
uu" f a e nem me oon-
iu iuc 01.11001 iew xorr. tnoupn ie m fir.
ntory. "It is an msane. execrable eonflipt.'
-ii is an msane, execrable
but already begun. The CathoHcs doubtleis
UUPCUU ou rrance or Austna.
LlncBtATT,n fl, nfTnj;-J.
government went into operabon. The day
was celebrated in aU the towns throughout the
new Kepubhc "Thc day was ushcrcd in" by
tion is Tcry much after our own model :
President, Vice President, Scnate and House.
THE TREASURY ESTIMATES FOR
THE NEXT YEAR.
Treasury Department, Abr. 25, 1847.
Sir : AEreeablv to the ioint resolution of
wiutrea 01 me iia ra iiaauarv, 104b. X nava
fe??,lt0,SaMlmt fJ .informaUon of
.t, tt . rT . . 7 ; . .
the llouse of Renrcsentatives. nnnted estimatM
?,f th "PPpnations prpposed to bo made for
'oe nscai year cnaing tne som ot June, 1849,
Civil list, foreign iulerconrse, and
miscellaneous. 5ts. 703 fis 7 7
Army proper, and Tolunteers, 31,856,758 60
Military Acadcmy, 141472 00
Fortifications, ordinance, &c. 1.668!341 00
ourrcys ana lirnt nousefl. 1krh9h QO
Indian Department. 822 7A 00
T w vv
cuaiuns ana arrcraages, 307 266 21
estabhshment, 10 905 558 55
au iuu csunuupjnm KMrpmnnt.
1 The appropriations for the ser-
vice 01 tne nscsl year endine
iuc ovm Ol tJunc, 184, madC
by former acts of Congrcas of
a pcrmancnt character, amoun
Civil list, foreign intercoursse, &
Arming and equipping militia,
CiTilization of Indians,
Interest, &c. on public debts &
2. The existing sppropriations
which will be required to be
expepded in the nscal ycaren
ding 30th June, 1849, amoun
Carried forward, 55,644,941 72
Civil list, foreien mtercoune, Sc
miscellaneous, 605,228 41
Army proper, &c. 8,797 9
Pensions, 767,052 63
Indian depaxtment, 94,131 81
3. There is also added to the estimates
statement ofthe several appropriations which
will probably be camed tOj tho surpius
fund, amountmg to 5807,359 56.
Accompanying the estimates are sundrypa
pers furnished by the Treasury, "War, and iNa-
vy Departments, containing rcferences to the
actsof Concrress, on which the estimates are
I ara, very respectfully,
Your obedient Servant,
R. J. WALKER.
Stcrctary ofthe Trtatvry,
Hon. Speaker ofthe House of Kepresenta
Washixotox, Dcc 15.
Tha proceedingsin Conerew to-day stroncrly
develope the character st the measures to be
brought before the present Cougress. The de
bate of the day too, upon the veto messagemd
upon me iniana commerce 01 tae country, u an
The Teto message of the President to the
River and Harbor Bill, which passed the two
houses of Concress in March last, cime in.
The document you will find an claborate pa
per. and in part a detiirned replv to the ODin
10ns entertained in thc proceedings of the Na-
tional Uonvention held at (Jhicago uunng the
Mr. Shenck, of Ohio, and Mr. Stewart of
Fa., eachmade pomted and exccllent spceches
in reply tothe message, and in defence ofthe
power of Congress over works of internal im
provement, and in reply to the one sided meas
ures ofthe Executive.
At the close of the debate to-day, Mr.
Holmes introduced the following important
Whercas, This confederacy was formed for
the purpose of establishinga perfect union, and
promoting the gcneral welfarc, it.becomcs thoie
who are entrusted with regulating the Govern
ment, to direct its movements as to perfect
that union and advancethat welfare.
And whereas, The prosperitj, fclicity, safe
ty, perhaps national existencc, is involvcd in
the invasive war we are now prosccuting a
eainit our sister Republic of Mexico, this im
portant considcration should lcad us to thc a-
doption of such measures as may rcsult in dc-
. . 1 .? .1.1.
ing jusuce u .aiexico, ana promoung inc iu
ting welfare of the United States.
Resolved, That it is inoxpedient for the Uni
ted States to use its conquest ho as to extin
guish the national existence of , Mexico, but so
to avail itself ofthe victories it has achicvcd,
as to establish, by treaty stipulations, a lasting
peace with Mexico, upon the basis of an cntirc
Free Trade betwecn the two Republics, such
as cxists betwccn the several Statcs of this U
nion. Resolved That we agrce to rcccdo all the
territory wc havo taken from Mexico, beyond
the Rio Grande, upon the condition that our
citizens have free ingress and cgress with New
Mexico and Upper California,.the privilcee of
holding land exercising their religion, and of
carryipg on trade as frecly as any of the Mex- j
lcan ciuzens ci ineir own provmcc.
Several important matters were introduced
into the Senate,the most important of which,
are the resolutions of Mr. Calhoun, carefully
prepared, and taking grounds against the war,
and.asa conseauence. aeainst the Administra
tion. Mr. Calhoun will, atan carly day, definc
his position more fully upon his resolutions,and
upon those, no doubt, will restone cf the great
dcbattj of this session. The following are the
Resolved, That to conquer Vexico, and to
hold it, either as a province ortoincorporate it
in our Union, would he inconsistent with the
avowed obiect for which thc war has been
prosecutcd; a departure from the settled poli
cy of the Government: in conflict with it!
character and genius, and in the end, subver
sire of our free and popularinstitutions.
Resolved, that no line of policy, in the fur
ther prosecution ofthe war, should be adop
ted, wbicb may lead to the conscquences so
Jlr. JJavis s resolution proposmg some in
quiry as to the disastrous occurrcnccsupon the
lakes and rivers of the West, throuch the care-
lessncssof steamboat navigators or from other
causes, as one of the important matters of the
day. If Iegislation can reach thc evil. the rem-
edy ot to be apphed.
Washington, Dec. 16th.
onort sessions to-day. ihe benate was m
session only about half an hour. Hon. Mr.
Foote, Senator from the State of Mississippi,
of that State, who died on the first of May last,
at his residence in Mitsistippi. Immediatcly
afterathe announcement, and the adoption of
appropmte resolutions, tho Scnate adjour-
Thdrsday, Deb. 16th.
house. ine rresident s special meuatra
receivea yesteruay was the busmess in order,
The House rcsumed thc consideration ofthe
VetoMessaco ofthe President, when, on mo-
uon oi air. o intrersoii. it was pcstponca
Mr. R. J. Ingcrsoll. from thc Judicary Com-
mittee, introduced. by unanimous consent, a
bill to amend the act regulating the exercise of
tne appeuatejunsdirtionoitbcoupreme Ixmrt
in ceruun cascs. ii was reaa iwicc; ana maae
thc order ofthe day for to-morrow.
Mr. Pettit made a personal explanation in
icicui;c iu au iui;uztuci repon in inc U'
nion of his remarks vesterdar.
Mr. Meade cfVireinia,announcedthe dcath
of his foredeccssor. Mr. Dromfoo'e. mafil.
ingaddress. He ofTered the usual resolutions
which were adonted. and the Houjc adiour-
Satdrdat, Dec. 18th.
Housr. Mr. Hunt. of New York, introdu
cea a sencs ot resolutions passed by the iegis
laturc of Michigan, in favor of a railroad to
Tho remainder ofthe session was occnpied
in debating the Rnles ofthe House.
The ono hour rule was adopted; also a rule
providing for a Standing Committee on thc
Messrs. IHlliard and Johnson denonncedthe
manner in which legTslarTon was conductcd in
relation to this institution.
The Rales of.-the last House. with some mod-
! ifications, we're adopted. "33J. 1
From our own Correspondent.
"Washixotox, Dec S0, 1847.
Thescene of greatest attraciion to-day h-jj
thc Suprcme Court Mr "Webster, DaTidB
Ogden of New York, John Van Burcn acd
"vvillis Hall, were present as counsel in
"Passonger law case an array of legal abil
ity whieh.not even thc Suprcme Court oftea
exhibits. Mr. Ogden has opencd tho case to
day, with his usual ability, and willbe followed
I understand, by Mr. Willis HalL This cnse
has been argned, I think, once before, TH.
Mokdat, Dec. SO.
SesatEv Mr. Webster appeared and tocl
MrJKx presented a petition fromofScers in
Mexico in favor of relief to disabled officers.
Mr. Hale, of New Hampshire, and Mr.
Niles of Connecticut, preseted State rcsola
tions against the extension of slavery.
Mr. Calhoun called up his resolutions re
spectingthe Mexican war, &c. which resnlted
in the appoinrtncnt of the 4 th, of January for
their further considcration.
The deathof Mr.DromgooIeof Vjl, having
been formally announced,thensuaI resolaticaj
were passed, and the Senate adjonrned.
House. Memorials, petitions, &e., were
handed in and referred. Resolutions reqnest
ing the Pisident to communicate instroctioni
relative to the return of Santa Anua to Mexi
co; declaring itinexpcdientto raise more moa
ey by loan ; asking fbr the instructions to Mr.
Slidell ; by what authority the civil govern
ment .was established in the territoriesin Mex
ico all laid over.
TcBSDyT, Doc. 21.
IIocse. Tha several States were called in
their order, and numerous memorials, petitions,
resolutions and notiees were introduced, and'
A resolution was presented for repeah'ng
the laws recogniring slavery in the Dijtrict of
Columbia, and laid orer fcr further considcra
tion. Mr. Botti, of Virpnia, introduced & reto'u
tion calling on the President to fumish infor
mat'on relative to the war.
Mr. Vinton of Ohio from the Conmitteo of
Ways and Means reported a bill for an appropria
tion to snpply the partial deficiency for sabsiitenLe
dnring the year ending Jnne, 1848.
It ws referred to the Committee of the "Yloie
The resolution ofTered yesterday by Mr. Rich
ardson, in favor of the War, eame np for consid
eran'on. Resolctioni of an opposite character were c
fred aj a inbititute.
The previous qaeation wu moved and not aui
Uined 90 yea, I0J ycai. j
They lie over.
Mr. Wentworth. of J-'.-fJtdosaered a leiies of
resolnh'ons declaring Ula-.-tne general govcrnment
wai empowered to construet harbors and improve
rivers and for the protcction of the Nary and cf
commerce and for national defcnces.
The prcnoas qnestion was snstained and ths
resolutioni were adopted by a vote of 138 to 54.
Robert Smith introduced a bill for tbe eomple
tion of ihe Cumberland road thronch Ohio, Imli
ana, IUinois, and Musouri.
The llouse adjourned.
CONGRESS. In the present No- ofthe
Galaxy, our readers will find the highlv im
portant resolutions of Messrs.CalhounJIoInicn,
and Dickinson, in relation tothe Mexican war.
Thc discussion of thcio resolutions or rathcr
that of Mr. Calhoun, is dcfcrrcd to thc 4th
day of Jan. It will bo a warm one.
The veto of the Harbor Bill which gocs tLe
length of forbidding in substance, any apj)ro
priations for internal improvements, except
oonnected with the salt water commerce, is cx
eiting an indignant spirit in the House without
party distinction. "We perceivo tbat Mr
Wentworth of Ulinois, has ofTered a seric3 of
resolutions declaring that the Gcneral Govern
ment was empowered to construet harbors end
improve rivers, &e. &c. As an evidcncc c;
the indignation of the Home against Mr. V
to we observe that the previous question vfx-
sustaincd, and the resolutions adopted 5
votc of 158 to 54.
Upoa this subject,th9 IntelKgcn'-er reai"t
The Veto Power Oct-Yetoed. Y
tcrday was a day fo bt rtmembered iu the aa
nals of thc House of Representatives. By a
signal exertion of politicol indepcndence,'r
an assertion of Lcgulative authority, oj. -l
contemned and deficd by the Ezecutiic,
the Matter of the improvement of tl.c Lr'
and Rirer Navigation of the West, the H. .
has done itselfnndying honor. By the o.i
upon the proposition introduced by Mr. Wcr -worth,
of Blinois, affirming principlcs t' l''
adverse to those of the late and prccoi i -to
Messagcs of the President, the IIoc
rccognizcd the true theoryof our Go-.err.r c
and, we had like to bave said, ha; ice. '!
lishcd the Constitution ef the United S'a:t
The grcatncss of the majority (being a'
tliirty votes more than a two-thinK) is n.r
gratifying, bccausc it asaurcs the coun ry tha'
the policy of Internal Improvement is, so far
as thc popular branch of Congress is conrcni
ed, beyond the reach of the Vcto's dctd.y
llonor to the House of Representatives, jsv
we. National Intelligencer, 22d.
f ArewardofS500has beeu ofTered by the
fVmniirtirut and Paaaumsic Railroad Co., &
the town of Newbury, Vt, for the arrest of the
murdercrof Michael Kelly, the otersccrwto
was shot through thc head during the not on
the 22d ult.
Tbe Railroadsbuflt and building ia "';
England alone alone, an erea of sbont 61.JW
square mnes, extend no less than 2,420 muei
Chsxtcrs are obtained for many otbers.
road from Grcenfield to the State hne of ter
mont, has been taken by Boody 4 Ca
The Jury has rendered a verdict in favor of
the St Augustine Church, Pbiladeipma,-"'-stroyed
by a mob some years ago, oivti.iW
87, which the city must pay.
Hon. Joseph L-man. of Northampton, ona
ofthe most prominent citizens of tnai
died last week, agcd 85.
Hon.Timothv Pitkin.of Hartford, and for
merly a member of Congress, dieu tau
on Saturday lst Mr.r.
known astbuthorof two valuable , works
the civil nd political history ofthe Ltutcd
WUCOXSIN CoNSTITUTlONAt CoNTEX-
tio.v The Milwavkee benttnel o itna i
reports 22 Whigs, 41 Locos. eleeteaanJ
5 to be heard from. Chief Justicc Xunu
is returned for Lafayette.
tr-5 m:-i,.i MrGint'v has been holden
f the murder oi Kelly, the ra.lroad con
tractor, in Newbury, V.; three others --
nder 8500 bonas, v.
chsrged from arrest.
ffy. TTmlrirfW for the Murdef
of his Father, closed in x roy - - .
nd thc iujy alter bomg ouiu..
returned a vrrdtct ot not gmy.