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title: 'The Broad ax. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1895-19??, November 09, 1895, Image 2',
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Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
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SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, NOVEMBER 9, 18.96.
THE NEW DEMOCRAGY.
.Address delivered November
1895, by Julius R Taylor.
I DXSI&E on this occasion to lire-
sent to you a few plain conclusions,
founded upon facts and history.
and tending to proTe that there is
New Democracy, or rather, per
haps a new feature to the old
A few years ago it would have
-been a sorelty to see, or hear of a
colored Democrat: and even now.
in .some communities, they are rare
. species. But my friends, there are
thousands of them in the United
p-States, aad -their number isincreas-
in? as iktellirence and reason dawn
r upon the mind of the colored race.
l tnereiore assert tnat tbe time has
come for the colored neonle "to
divide on party lines."
In time long past, the colored
people were taught to believe, and
imany believe it yel. that ihe word
Democrat meant everything that
was oppossd to the interest and
welfare of theneero. The same
was supposed to embody, an imvet-
--ersfejiatred and dislike of all our
'people oh ccoaat of their race and
cffer; TWt it meant a desire to
I slavery, the aaind.
Udy and.aesl. asd that ever since
the f ortHBSS of war strock tbe Trmn-
acles from the slaves, that the word
Democrat meant the is carnation of
oppression, outrage and wroag.
Starting outivith this wrong im
pression in the mind of the colored
man, it perhaps is not to be won-
dered at. that he treats with dwftmi
and fear the thought of Jus beiag aj
iuuuuM, j. ilia whjur eariyiaa
pression, emgraf ed there by wily
and dishomest politicians.
And-Tre all know now lasting our
first aad earliest impressions are.
But my fnends the time has c&me
when -we must awaken from this
nSgataaare of falsehood, and open
or eyes to the true reality we find
Let us now unfold the pages of
bistory. and aee if we fcra tint Kaon
misled in our wly impressions and
wuuuuaioiH. xirsf, jet us see
whether or not the Deaocrats
or the people of tbe Southern
States, were the first and rmhf Tem
ple who favored th establkhaeHt
ortne slavery of the Waek man in
the. United States. According to
all accepted history, a Datck yeseel
sailed up the" Jaaae ; Biver m 1619,
Trith cargo of twenty tjolored
Popler who ware sold as skrw to
tteptoieotrf Virginia. Thkwac
just one year before the landtag of
the POgVkw at Bymonth Bock,
and it was the feat act of eatablB
ms alareiy n the Unites! States,
But a very Jaw years .after,, the la
titHtk)diery, read ite dB
ay fiiigeraiwr'aU iksBrovaeaa,
oftheewireId, Itk trae,Jt
serar fioarkW to any great axtent
"i gxrjginjwwi-jB.af wan conies,
bnt as wc WI. WeafWr'we.k was
selves had sought a new land to en
joy freedom and independence.
New York and Pennsylvania, not
only tolerated slavery, but if actual
ly existed within their borders until
long after the Bevbhitionary War.
All the slaves, during the early
period of this century, were the
product of the African slave trade;
the slaves being brought by the
shipload direct from Africa and
the islands of the tronics. Tie
New England settlers. bein ex
pert seamen, and avaricious sailors,
engaged largely in the slave trade
ror me immense projlt there was
in the business; so thousands
of these "Door creature wn
yearly landed in the Colonies by
the shrewd Yankees, Trho afterward
became the rantingabolitionists. It
soon became apparent that slavery
could not be made.profitable to the
owners.exceptin the milder portions
of the country, owing to the nature
of the Negroes and their long con
tinued habitation of a tropical land.
Hence, tbe institution gradually
died out in the colder latitudes, and
increased in the warmeref southern
portions' of the country.. This re
sult was in accordance with a
natural law, and not the result of
any difference or distinction be
tween the white neonlo of the
northern and southern portions of
the New World. ' In fact, the bis
tory of each,8ho ws that the early scU
tiers of 'Virginia' and Massachusetts,
of Georgia and Pennsylvania and nf
many of the ethers, were all from
England, jdl of the same blood, the
same education, the same relicnnn
and they all received their law from
the same source, viz.. the mmmnn
law of En eland. As time went Tw
the sturdy "New Englandef looked
with a lealbus eve noon the a
and comforts enjoyed by their
Southern neighbors, and be natur
ally attributed the difference in
their situations to the result of the
adYantage of having servants to do
the haTsT labor, incident' npou the
estaMkhmentof civilization in anew
continent This feelingof envy grew,
year by year, until it blossomed out
in an Active opposition of slaverv.
not upon any moral or benevolent
gnunds;but in a desire to check the
wonoertui growth and prosperity of
their brethren in the South.
At the, lbse of ,the war of the
Revolution Congress submitted the
question of the -slave trade to a
committee, a majority of whom
were Northern men, and on the
eight of August,l787,they reported
against anyprohibition, thus legal
ig the slave-trade forever.
The Constitutional Convention
suheBtied.thk question again to the
oommmee, eesauoses ot asaaiontv
ef'Seuthera aen.who resorted that
the slare-trade should absolutely
cease m the Tear.' 1800. whiofe was
afterward extended to 1806, by the
vote of Massachusetts, .New Hasan
afcire xaA Coaneticai: T will
right here,, taatThoaww Jefereon,
um latiter oc jjesaocraey, was tfee
wmo MtredaotMi tbe resohttien
rgdr the. abeMien ef- the
England, on account of the great
profit resulting to those states by
its continuance. From 1626 to
1664, Qoeen Elizabeth, the Stuarts,
and even the Citv of Amsterdam.
were patrons and partners of slave
vessels, advancing money for out
fits and sharing in the returns. (See
Bancroft's History, Vol H, page
60.) Even William Penn, the great
Quaker phUanthopist, opposed the
abolition of .slavery in 1701. (Djid
In 1669, an agreement was
entered into, between England and
Spain, whereby the English ob
tained the monOBolv nf imnnrfcintr
the slaves from Africa to the West
Indies and America) and in thirty
years, one hundred and forty-four
thousand slaves were brought to
this country and sold; Queen
Anne and her subjects receiving
three-fourths of the profits, and
Philip Y, ;of Spain, one fourth;
(lb. page 390.)
The church nnd leading divines,
ako encouraged this cruel and in
human business, on the ground that
it brought the African heathen
under the influence of Christianity,
k iLTiES? 1";" jalaye-bask, W..wa et with oe
"The slave sfcjpa speed; from coast to coast;
Haviug.jshowtf-you-flie origin, of
the slave-trade and its connection
with and support from the north
ern people of the United States, I
will now, for a few minutes, speak
upon the recognition of slaverv. ind
the laws respecting the colored
people, in the North and East, prior
w iuc uivu war., vre nave seen
that our northern lathers were not
only slave-owners, bat slave-traders;
and when it became evident
that slavery could not ba main.
tained with profit, they sold their
skves to the planters of the South,
and turned abolitionists. Thou
sands of our race were than hinnAi?
from the New England' shores to
. 4.1 : i: ; . i'
jwo mar uy.i m perpetual oond
age in the South.
From a rapid survey of the laws
of New England, and other North
ern States. I can only refer in fw
of the many, that proves the "race
(iicjbujvc suu iBjasnce or xne
whites toward the blacks. Nh IWe
colored man was permitted to vote
m any oE the Northern States be
fore the civil war. Many of the
leading men of the North, believed
the negro an inferior creature. Mr.
Lincoln himself, said on September
ib, xooo, -1 am not, nor ever
have been, in favor of bringing
about in any way. the mvcb) and
political eguality of therhite and
buck: races; i am not, nor -ever
have been in favor of fciatW
yeters or jurors of negroes, nor of
quenrymg tnem to bc4d.opce,nor
to marrying with whiterjehalp nA
I willsayin addition to "tins, that
mere m a paysteal aiffercnce be
tween, the white and black races
which I believe wisrefsr iorbKl
bc wv new Mjm .soecster .on
terms ef socidl and poiitical eeuali
ty. This .was Ae sentisaent ef
be Kerthera peeyk fonwaMy nriof
In Massachusetts, if an African
or negro, not born there, aad not
in bondage, should tarry within the
commonwealth for a. longer term
than two months, he was impris
oned at hard labor until the next
session of court, and if fdund guil-
vy, oe uwippea with ten stripes, and
ordered out of the state within ten
days, and if he went not, the same
course to be repeated. (Law of
Mass.; Vol 1, 1788.)
If negroes were found abroad af
ter nine o'clock at night, unless
upon an errand for their masters,
they were put in the house of cor
rection and whipped. (Ancient
Charters; chap. 16, p. 3.)
Any one finding a negro slave
five miles from home without a
written pass from the master. i
authorised to take up the slave and
whip him or her on the bare bank.
not exceeding twenty lashe nnd
shall have a reward of five shil
lings, and reasonable charges for
returning them .to their homes, to
be recovered from the owner as any
other debt. (Laws of New Jersey.
1784.) . "
It may be lawful for any mas
ter or mistress to punish bis or her
slave at their discretion, not ex
cluding to life or limb.
. (New York, 3730) By the law
of New York, a white man was
fined five pounds, and a colored
man ten pounds for the same of
fence. In 1822, in New York and
in Rhode Island, if any person con
cealed or assisted in the escape of a
slave they were .fined three hun?
dred dollars and imnrisonedr thiii
was far more severe than the Fugi
tive Slave Law. In New Jersey,
iuassscuuseKs ana uonneeticut, no
colored men could be set free unless
security was given for their main
tenance, or upon the payment of
twenty pounds annually.
In Bhode Island, in 1822, if any
person brought into the state any
slave with the intent that they may
there become free, were fined three
hundred dollars for each slaves
The courts of the New England
States recognized slavery and pro
tected it even not many -ream aura
As time is nessinfr. I will oaW
quote two- cases in nmnt. TLo
Supreme Court of Massachusetts,
1819. says: "A bill of sale nr hther
formal instrument, was notneces
saryto tranaf er theproperty of a slave
which is a mere personal chattel,
bnt might pass as other chattels by
delivery."" (16, Mass. Bep. 110
Tyng. Heps.) In 1816, the .same
court says: "At the time of lui
birtl; Cneer was a slave, aad
such was the property of his master,
as much as his ox or hk W lu
had no civil rights, but that orpro-
h xxuat crasscy; ne could ac
quire no property, nor dispose of
any WitBfMt the magmt nf IL
master;, his children of the issue of.
his -arriae with a alave .wmU
immodktely upon their birth, be-.
u. l. 1 ! .
w m jprvgwnj et us master,
or the master of the &mU !
(U Mass. Bees, fctfr Parktr.
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