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SALT LAKE CITY, TTTAS, NOVEMBER 30, 1895.
JOHN T. MORGAN,
WILLIAM J. BRYAN,
'TREE SILVER, MORE MONEY. AND
AMERICA FOR AMERICANS.
We fling this banner to the
breeze, and nail it to our masthead.
It will inspire hope, and bring a
rich reward, to toiling millions of
Hurrah for Morgan and Bryan!
THE COLORED RACE IS
It is am interesting, as well as
an important matter to know of the
advancement and progression of the
negro race as the result of
thirty-two years of freedom.
A generation has passed since
slavery was destroyed and it
is now a question of how rapid
ly has the slaTe improved tha
opportunities of liberty, in regard
to his financial, intellectual and
moral condition. We all know.
that when a slave he owned nothing,
not even himself. So it would be
difficult to form an adequate con
ception of the rights of property.
This ie illustrated by an incident of
An old negro was questioned, as
to how he got enough to eat, when
he admitted eating one of his mas
".Well, you donft mean to say
you. stole and ate your master's
"Oh, no, massa, I didn't stole
none." Dem pigs wur massa's and I
wur massa's, and when I ate one of
dem pigs, that pig was stillJ
After alL it is about as easy to
justify the. slave's right to the pig,
as the. master's right to the slave.
As to the financial improvement
of the 'colored race, the statistics
show their wealth to be $263,000,
000. They own and maintain 379
colleges and schools for higher edu
cation. They have 206 newspapers
and 47 magazines in the United
States. They hare nearly 300
lawyers, and as many more physi
cians, all in the general practice. .
As to their moral and intel
lectual attainments, we pre
sent a verdict from a jury of
competent and prominent educators
of the South. None are better
able to testify on this
point, than these teachers
many of whom have spent twenty
five years in teaching the colored
people. We cannot give their
statements in full, but make ex
tracts from their letters and
Rev. E. -M. Cravath, D. D.,
writes: "The higher standard of
instruction in the churches, and the
higher ideas of the home and
family relations are the best illus
trations of improvement made in
the ethical development of the
President Wagner, of Morgan
College, Baltimore: "There is a
higher estimate of character, a
growing regard for the truth, a
clearer recognition of the rights of
ownership, an earnest class of
leaders, who insist upon the recog
nition of pure ethics."
The principal of the Normal and
Industrial school of Huntsville,
Ala.: "A more enlightened method
of religious worship, an increasing
respect for home, a general observ
ance of the law of contracts, are
facts which illustrate the ethical
development of the negro."
President Mitchell, of Leland
University, New Orleans: "The
ethical development of the negro,
proceed upon the line of his educa
tion. The facts which illustrate
this are numerous."
Presieent Braden of Central Col
lege, Tenn: "The negroes have
better churches, they are more
regular in their family arrange
ments, have better homes, there is
less crime, and higher ideas of
President Hickman, of Clark
University, Atlanta: "They are com
ing more into honest and business
methods of trade. They are home
loving and keep the marriage vow
holy. They are liberal and kind to
' Mrs. Lucy E. Moulten, of Wash
ington Normal school, says: "Our
statistics'and reports show a steady
development and growth in all the
President Dunton, of Claflin
University, S. C, says: "That the
negro is improving, no one can
doubt, as shown by their improved
home life, the education of their
children, the financial condition of
the people, and their tendency to
live independently of the white
President Steel, of Le Moyne
Institute, Memphis, Tenn: "The
acquisition of property and homes,
the improvement of their home sur
roundings, the rapid decrease of
illegitimate births, the increase of
men of character and ability shows
the most hopeful growth among
H.B.Frissel of Hampton College,
Va.: "One of the things that shows
the ethical development of the
negro is, he pays his debts. There
is a marked improvement in purity
and a very great diminution of
crime in the oountry districts."
Principal Corbin, of the Normal
College, Pine Bluffs, Ark., says: "A
geod many of them if you refer to
them as freed men. will inform
you they were never slaves."
"Should you offer them clothing
as a gratuity, they would inform
you they were not paupers. Their
improved homes, and fine churches
are an evidence of their growth in
We could extend these testimon
ials to columns more, but we think
sufficient is shown to convince any
fair minded person, that the colored
people are rapidly freeing themselves
from the degradation and mental
servitude in which slavery held
them, and are achieving greatness
equal to the other races.
"ANSWER A FOOL ACCORD
ING TO HIS FOLLY."
W. W. Taylob, of this city, has
been trying to collect the dog tax
and run a disreputable newspaper
at the same time. This poor crea
ture may be able by education and
instinct to be a model "dog
catcher," but as an editor he is no
more fitted to' talk to the public
through his obscure paper, than
the animal once owned by Balaam.
In his issue of last week, he devotes
a column of rot and base lies to an
attack on the Herald and the Broad
Ax in regard to the lynching of
colored people in the South. In
our issue of Nov. 16, we published
an article on the above subject, and
which seems to have aroused the
rancor of this man Taylor. We
will not honor the drivel of this
fellow, by reviewing what he said;
but will simply say, he either did
not read our article or could not
understand plain Ecglish,or else he
deliberately lied when he wrote his
rubbish last week. In our article,
we denounced lynching and mob
law in the strongest terms; we did
not justify or uphold it in a single
instance; in fact, our argument
against it, was far more strong than
any word or sentiment everexpress
ed by Taylor, or his double dealing
paper. Yet he would seek to incite
the colored people and others
against us, and drive us from this
community by the same methods,
of which he so bitterly complains,
You ought to be ashamed of
yourself, man, to pursue such a
course. How can you look, even a
stray cur in the face, and be guilty
of such contemptible misrepresenta
tions? Go read our article again,
and then kick yourself from the
courthouse to the crematory, or soak
your head in a water pail as a pen
ance for your foolishness. Pay
your debts and be honest with
mankind, before you charge 'others
with being a Judas.
We are not running a Sunday
school, neither do we stand up and
make long and lond prayers, but we
have never had anyone to try and
stop our salary to liquidate a bill.
"We are on to you" and your plain
double dealing methods. We ask
pardon of our readers for giving so
much attention to this man and his
sheet, but the falsity of his charge
seemed to justify it.
Salt Lake City, Utah,
November 16, 1895.
J. F. Taylor, Esq.
I have read with much interest
and appreciation your address re
cently published in the Broad Ax,
and take this occasion to congratu
late you upon the learning, force
and ability therein made manifest.
J. L. RAWLINS.
Mr. A. C. Calway, of 333 Main
street, is one of the leaders of our
race in Utah. Mr. 'Calway is a
broad minded gentleman,, and he
thinks our people must learn to act
just like white people if they want
to keep up with the spirit of the
times, and not stand around and
talk about slavery days before war;
he says that will not buy us bread
and meat or pay house rent, but we
must act for the ever living present;
he is a friend and reader of the
Broad Ax, and he has commended
the editor for publishing such a'
bright newspaper; he' also thinks
the address "The New Democracy"
was very grand, and that it should
be read by all classes of our
In the next week's Broad Ax
will appear a full account of the
Negro exhibit at the Atlanta Ex
position. Look out for it, it will
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