Newspaper Page Text
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1- ,---. :
'Our Government is bAsed'
'The Quality of Liberty
on the Consent of the
we possess is Equal to the ,
Quantity of Restraint;
we Put Upon the Govern-
1 1HOMAS J.frtlttU.
Hew to tje Line.
SALT TAKE CHY, UTAH, APBIL 4, 1896.
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THE PATKU.-M ain " u.v.wnaw.
Os- April 2, 1743, one hundred
and fifty-three years ago, in Shad-
vt Albemarl county, Virginia,
Thomas Jefferson was born. No
man in this -country ever contrib
uted more to the planting and es
tablishment of free popular govern
ment than did Thomas Jefferson.
Inheriting from a noble ancestor
the true spirit of liberty and inde
pendence, he became a strong and
brainv leader of the little band of
railing freemen, who at last
rave US IUIS giunutw .. w wU--
itv which we are now enjoying.
Jefferson first appeared in public
life at the age of twenty-six, being
then elected to the Virginia Legis
lature, where he at once espoused
the cause of freedom, when and
wherever an opportunity offered.
Here it was that he introduced a
bill looking to the emancipation of
the slaves, and was always found
supporting any measure wnicn
tended to better their condition.
He remained a member of the Vir
ginia Legislature until the begin
ning of the Revolutionary t War,
when he became one of the leading
spirits in forming and establishing
the immortal principles of our free
govern mpnt. During the eventful
period preceding the Declaration of
Independence from England, Jeffer
son was an earnest supporter and
advocate of separation, and was a
membej: of the first Continental
Congress; after which he served two
years as Governor of Virginia, dur
ing which time he exhausted his
slender fortune in personal contri
butions to the regiments from Vir
ginia and others then fighting the
battles of the Revolution. He was
again returned to Congress, and as
chairman of the committee on
finance introduced the decimal cur
rency now in use in this country
At the close of the war he was sent
as minister to France, where he
remained until called by- Washing
ton to he Secretary of State, which
position he filled until 1794, when
he resigned his cabinet position.
During the time of bis cabinet
position, he and the secretary of
the treasury, Alexander Hamilton.
became very much embittered on
account of their divergent views.
Hamilton being an extreme Feder
alist, and Jefferson an enthusiastic
Democrat, their incompatible ten
dencies led them to differ on almost
rory question of importance.
Jefferson being such an ardent sup
porter of the republic.jthat he de
clared 'That the republican is the
only form of government that is
not robbery and violence orgaH
ked." He became astonished and
grieved to hear Hamilton, Knox
and others, in the cabinet and else
where, express a distrust for the
People, and favor the acceptance of
the republic as a temporary condi
tion only, with an Intent to
gradually strengthen the govern
ment by gliding imto a cowtita
tional aristocracy. Thus the ques
tion of the expediency of the "peo
ple to govern themselves, became
the political issae, and the presi
dential contest ia 1796, fcetweem
John Adams and Jeffersoa. tv
fought on these lines: AdaaM, Fed
eralist, receiving 71 electoral Totes,
&d Jefferson 68 votes, wiick, -fer
the law at that tiaae, naie Jef
ferson vice-president IalSOO 1
as chosen presidest fcy Ac Howe
Aha. He reeeb'a,--i.Tt
first vice-president. His second
election was almost unanimous, he
receiving-over ninety-two per cent,
of the electoral votes After eight
years of service as chief executive,
he retired a poor man, to his home
at Monticello, where he lived in
privacy, spending the greater part
of his declining years in building
up a system of education for the
benefit of all the children of the
State of Virginia. He died on the
Fourth day of July, 1826, in his
eighty-fourth year, and was buried
in his own graveyard, beneath a
simple stone, bearing an inscrip
tion prepared by his own hand.
In an article like this it is impos
sible to mention all the achieve
ments and public service that gar
land the name of Jefferson, and
endears him to the hearts of the
American people. His authorship
of the Declaration of Independ
ence, places him on the highest
pinnacle of patriotism, and accords
to mm the nonor or oeing
the greatest defender of human
rights and personal liberty
that has everg graced the es
cutcheon of illustrious Americans.
He had no admiration for kings
and aristocrats. His efforts to
prevent the permanency of a land
ed aristocracy were crowned with
success when he accomplished the
overthrow, in Virginia, of the law
of primogeniture and entail, so
that all property was held in fee
simple, and could be sold for debt.
He was an earnest opponent of the
union of church and state, and suc
ceeded m the passage of a law en
titled, "An Act for Establishing
Religious Freedom. "
This act has been regarded as one
of the greatest triumphs of free
government over the religious preju
dices of the old world, and paved
the way to the religious freedom
we now enjoy.
One of his favorite expressions
on this subject was: "Government
has nothing to do with opinion.
Compulsion makes hypocrites, not
Jefferson, through his negotia
tions with Napoleon, made the most
valuable acquisition to the wealth
and prosperity of the United
States that has ever been made in
our history, by the Louisiana pur-
chass, not only by getting tne
ownership of the most fertile tract
of land in the Union, but thereby
we obtained a free and unobstruct
ed use of the great Mississippi
river, giving the Middle and West
ern States a commercial advantage
which has made them populous and
prosperous. Jefferson might weU
be caUed the "plebian president;"
he was plain and simple in his man
ner, and disliked all show of roy-
altv. It 13 aaM. xnai wueu uc "
inaugurated 'president the
W.he rode to the capital
.horseback all by himself, hitching
bis mare to a post, walked into tne
building, took the oath of office,
and returning, rode away tohis
own apartments without waiting
for congratulations or ceremonies
o any kind. His great popularity
and strength with his countrymen,
as his devotion and friendship for
the common peopk, a0M
W the utmost conftdeace.
While ix France as minister trom
this cowtry, he would frequently
eater the homes of the J"
jT-th them and eat of their
converse witn uiem
VL . order to know thetr
P" .... Tina -e see. thai
" " f fc
saint and father of the Democratic
In his untiring opposition to
kings, aristocrats and Federalists,
he grew to be the champion of lib
erty and human rights for all the
people, and stood at that day as the
head of that principle of local self
government, which distinguishes
the Democratic party from aU
others, even down to the present
time. The opposition to the prin
ciples of Democracy, beginning
with the Federalists, hus assumed
many political masks, and inviting
names, but it still lingers as a hid
den foe, ready at a favorable mo
ment to strive to give the people
what they term "a stronger govern
ment." Indeed, it would seem that
this anti-Jeffersonian spirit has in
some degree entered into the very
body of the old Democratic party,
aad like a malarious poison is in
fecting many with the disease of
"sound money," an "honest dol
lar," and a "strong financial sys
tem." Were Thomas Jefferson alive to
day, his logical voice aad trenchant
pen would speak in the strongest
language against the usurpation of
power by the wealthy classes, in
the robbing of the people of that
money of the Constitution, which
he through years of struggle and
toil did so much to establish and
ordain. "Yet, we have in our midst
those claiming the mantle of the
"sage of Monticello," who are seek
ing to tear down the very principles
promulgated by Jefferson and his
co-patriots. "Verily, it is not
every one who saith Lord, Lord,
shall enter into the Kingdom of
This is an appropriate time to
remember and cherish the example
and precepts of this great ty pical
American and founder of the
Democratic party. Hisspintshould
stir again the impulses of the people,
that they zealously guard the tem
ple of liberty, and allow no invid
ious enemy to take from us by in
trigue what is so dear to every true
American his freedom and inde
pendence. The spirit of liberty and the bond
of union was not invented, or cre
ated by fiat, but grew up as a tree
under the fostering hand of such
men as Thomas Jefferson. They
transmitted the priceless boon to
us; and, by a natural law we must
send it down to posterity, a boon or
a bane. As an affectionate child
watches by the bedside -of a dying
parent, and never gives up hope
while a "spark of life remains, so
should we stand by the glorious
principles of Jefferson, and devote
our best energies, even life, to save
them. What is the worth of the
bare walls and deserted chambers
of a ruined temple?
Let us hope that the dawn is Jiear
for the return of that prosperous
period which marked the adminis
tration of Jefferson, the plain old
farmer Democrat, and lover of
equality, liberty and justice. If we
could have a revival of Jeffersonian
iam throughout this broad land,
then we need not fear disaster to
the ship of state, and the motto of
"E Pltaibus Umm" which was se
lected and proposed by Jefferson,
would rerasia RnUrakbed and an.
broken for geHeratiow yet to come-
Dairy Hall, 28 weat, Third South
street. Serncea at 11 o'clock a. hl,
Saaday. Be?. A. L. Hadsoa, Pas
ter. Tke Lmir aad tke Larger
Hope. Special errfcea of eoa
secrctio far ti yewaf.
The great consolidated circus
and aggregation of reform law
makers, better known as the Re
publican reform Legislature of the
State of Utah, will expire today
from old age and starvation. The
majority in both houses have run
the machine to suit the g o. p., we
suppose; but when the people of the
State get a chance at these fellows,
every one of them will see stars
before he gets re-elected.
on the Broad Ax will show up the
frailties of the majority. We are
proud of the consistent and honor
able course of the Democratic mi
nority; they have a clean record.
HOYLE, ZANE & COSTIBAH,
Attorneys and Counsellors at-Law.
Deserct National Bank Bldg.
DICKSON, ELLIS & ELLIS,
Rooms 512 to 515 Progress Building.
RJL Y YAM COTT,
507 McComick Block, Salt Lake City.
Attorneys and Counselors.
EAGLE BLOCK. SALT LAKE CITY. I
RRWlilHS & CRITCHIiOW,
Rooms 23-27 Hooper Block.
J. L. BAWLINS. B. B. CB1TCHLOW.
S. W. STEWART.
C B. STEWART.
STEWART & STEWART
317 McComick Block, Salt Lake City.
grttornni at w,
117 Commercial Block, Salt Lake City.
Real Estate Loans
R. N. BASKIN.
E. D. HOOE.
BASK1K & HOGE,
172 S. Main, over Joslin & Park.
Sidney W. Darke John B. Anderson
-Darke & Anderson,
Rooms, 63-4-7 Hooper Block,
Salt Lake City, Utah.
JAMES A WILLIAMS,
404-405 - Progress - Building.
Commercial Block, Salt Lake City, Utah
A. if. CHERRY. J. W. UHUtttix.
CHERRY & CHERRY,
Rooms 9 and 10, Walker Bros.
Bank Bldg. , Salt Lake Citt.
A. J. WJSBJER,
2408 Washingtoa Ave., Ogdea, Utah.
THORMAN 4 WEDGEWOOD,
First Natioaal BankTJBailding,
SAMUEL A. KING,
first Ifetkwal Bask BaSdiBf,
Sole amenta for Yomnans New York Bat The
Leader. We alto carry Stetaon's and
otber fine hit
W. P. Noble Mercantile Co.
IBS TifaT-n . 8tzt.
HATS, CAPS & GENTS' FORMSHINGS.
BMaierger M k
A Main Office and
" Van) ninr Hnt
T Sprgs R.R.depot
f Telephone 650.
The Security gf
Office under Deseret Nations Bank.
TELEPHONE NO. 142.
Utah Mining Bureau.
46 E- Seoond South St., Salt Lake
MINES BOUGHT AND SOLD.
Careful examinations made of mining
properties Reliable reports made
Mercur property a specialty.
Utah Poultry and
Produce Commission Co.
108 W. FIRST SOUTH ST..
-" 'SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH.
WAXTEB L. PRICE, Maoagtr.
fl. . IBBLiBY,
. Telephone 27. Manufacturer
. of Pure Ice Cream, "Water
. Ices, Candies, Home-Mad e
. Bread and Cakes. .
286 S. MAIN ST. SALT LAKE CITY.
R. K. Thomas
I now bare In rar emptor a fint-cuw practical
Optician. Am better prepared than heretofore to
grind and fit glum to nut the atgnt.
EYES TESTED FREE.
1TV9 f TTJV1W Jeweler and Optician.
AL&& I. WiAli M3 Miln St. Salt Lake Cttj.
Mrs. Anna Macon.
f Artistic Hair Dresser. Shampooing
-J and straightening a specialty. 42 E. f
(. First South St., up stairs, room 5. J
Hair dressing done at private residence.
VTtj not bn7 the betf there la for Use
money oa the market.
The Shoe Builders, maim fact are them.
36 7. FIB8T SOUTH ST. SALT lAKZ CITT.
Wiscomb & Co,
The best place for Family Supplies.
58 K FIRST SOUTH ST.
UfieU YonWo.noer. UUU
Yard oa 4th Weat St., sear ear.
scxixb r oeati e all. rasa.
Seat qaalMr. fall wetefei.
deurerr. uptown omee
40 E. SECOND SOUTH ST.
o Telephone 674 o
313 Maia St. Salt Lake City,
DAY, BOWE & Co., Props.,
Dealers is Meats. Groceries, Fish, Peel-
try aad rrovtstoas.
Bepalriag XmMj Deo
V a us raeea.
106 E. Secosd Soetfl, Sak Lake Cky.
M. P. WELLS,
fl40 Mum Stwat.
CONHAIK CLOTHING CO.
on band a full
line of Fine....
205-207 Main Street and
10 E. 2nd South St.
Silt Lab Cilj.
tlft J". Mv&vmr :
Wholesalers and Retailers of
213 SOUTH MAIN STREET,
SALT LAKX CITY, UTAH.
DTLANTIO TEA CO.,
Jr' VL a MONTEB, Fur.
lam rem CHASE & SANBORN'S
Teas, Coffees, Spices 4 Extracts
U I. FIB5T WEST STREET,
n.J.Granl,Pres. John Henry SmIth,Vlce-Pr.
J. F. Grant, Seer, and Treas.
Directors. John Henrr Smith. Haber J. Grant,
J. F. O ant, B. F. Grant, Xaihau 8eia.
GRANT SOAP CO.
0FF.CE UB FUTOIT, 751 TO 781 S. 3H OT ST.
Manufacturers of High Grade Lanndrr
and Toilet Soapa.
BEE HIVE, ELECTRIC and
Bes Hive Toarr:
PINE TAB, PERFECT FLOATING,
F GRANT. Manager.
Salt lakk Crrr,
FRED C LYNGBERG
OYSTERS, FISH AND
Fruits, etc., etc.
8 E. FIRST
Go-operative Furoiture Cd
And Upholstery Goods, etc
Bicycle and Baby Carriage.
Best Goods and Best Prices.
11 AND 13 MAM STREET,
SALT LAKE CITY.
A Common Cwatk
"What are you going to do about it?".
"Wby, about the Bicycle you are goiag
''I am going: to do just what every sea
sible person does, go to Browning Bros.,
155 Main St, and buy a Rambler. It's
good form to ride a Rambler and, be
sides, there is some satisfaction in know
ing that you have got the best that mosey
can buy. I want a wheel that I can rely
on and one that I know is worthy the
confidence I place in it"
170 State St, Slt Lake-City.
SALT LAKE CLEANING CO.
PAUL SMITH. Proprietor.
Clothes Cleaned ana Pressed at
85 cents par month. Pasts Prowcd
25 cents. Pants Dredfl. Ladies'
clothes Cleaned and Dyed. Kepair
isg neatly done. 279 South Main
Street, under St "Elsao.
In OS PaiaUse aad
Art Needle Work
OIL PAINTIrtGS FOR SALE, -
Urs. j. p- TayIor irti5t
Stadent of te Chicago Art Isslitwlt.
Studio No. 7JO Maki St
A Nerr Organ for a Taam
ZiGCSGJ flLHMt M wvpl jBtwMNMft NHL
wsif h 3600 lbs. Addnaa, Jvum
r. Txno 710 If aw Stoat.
h Aaron lkrr,wT
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