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The broad ax. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1895-19??, February 10, 1906, Image 1

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Vol. XI
BRUNO AND
That Eminent Scientific Author
Burned At the Stake.
For Proclaiming "The Doctrine
Of The Plurality Of Worlds."
"Whenever we have any occasion to
pass strictly orthodox churches it al.
nays causes the "warm blood which
courses through our veins to become
cold as ice water, and our sympathet
ic heart to become ead and weary,
-when we think of the vast number
of liberty-loving men and women who
have been put to death by its leaders
because they refused to believe all
of their nonsensical Ideas and child
ish theories, and not among the least
of that great number who felt the
etrong arm of the church was Gior
dano Bruno, who was one of the
greatest scientific men that the world
has so far produced, yet he was very
crnely tortured and foully put to
death by the church, simply because
he could not and .would not remain
silent concerning the false doctrine
which the church was teaching re
specting the construction of the uni
verse. Bruno was also one of the most
eminent scientific authors of his time
or generation. His master or most
valuable works are entitled 'T'he In
finity of the Universe," "Evening Con
versation on Ash Wednesday," an
apology for "The Copemion System,"
and of "The One Sole Cause of
Things." To these may be added an
allegory published in 1584, "The Ex
pulsion of the Triumphant Beast." He
also collected for the use of future
astronomers all the observations he
could find respecting the new star
which so suddenly appeared in the
heavens in Cassipeia, A. D. 1572.
Originally Bruno was Intended for
the church, but he was led Into doubt
by his meditations on the subject of
transubstantiation and the Immacu
late conception. Not caring to con
ceal his opinion he soon fell under
censure of the spiritual authorities,
and it became necessary for him to
seek refuge In Switzerland, France,
England and Germany:. But his tor
mentors followed his tracks remorse
lessly, and they eventually hunted
him back to Sunny Italy, where ho
"was arrested while residing In Venice,
and he was confined in the Plombl
for six years without books, or paper,
or friends.
In his "Evening Conversations" he
Insisted that "the Scriptures were
never Intended to teach science, bat
morals only; that they cannot be re
ceived as of any authority on astro
nomical and physical subjects; espe
cially must we reject the view they
reveal to us of the construction of
tte world, that the earth is a- flat
surface supported on pillars; that the
8ky la a firmament, the floor of
heaven. On the contrary we must
believe that the universe Is Infinite,
that It Is filled with self-luminous and
opaque worlds, manv of them Inhab
ited; that there is nothing above or
around us but space andhrlghttwlnk
"ng stars."
Bis meditations on -these abjecta
had forced him to the cobcIbbIo tint
"there Is an Intellect which animates
Ue universe, and of this Intellect the
risible -world is only an oraniaflmi
J ttanifestaUon, originated and sus
tained by force derived Iron it, and
11 that would he withdrawn all thing
nia disappear. That rry tikg
ready to become organised am to
nst into life; ftat the go ar. there
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THE CHURC
fore "the one soul of things, the all
in all."
On the advice of the spiritual fath
ers Bruno was removed from Venice
to the beautiful clly of Rome, and
confined In the Prison of the Inqui
sition, accused not only of being a
heretic, but also a hereslarch who
had written things unseemly concern
ing religion, the special charge pre
ferred against him being that "he
had taught the plurality of
worlds," a doctrine which will ever
be considered repugnant to the teach
ings of the Scriptures," and after be
ing imprisoned for another period of
two years he was borught before his
Judges and declared guilty of the act
'alleged, and he was excommunicated,
and onhis nobly refusing to Jecant
he was delivered over" to the secular
authorities to be punished "as merci
fully as possible, without the shed
ding of his blood," the horrible form
ula for burning a proisner at the
stake, knowing well that though his
tormentors might or could destroy his
body, his thoughts would still live
in the hearts of those who have from
ancient times to the present endeav
ored to hold aloft the torch of reason
and of love. He said to his judges,
"Perhaps it is with greater fear that
you pass the sentence upon me than
I receive it." The sentence was car
ried Into effect, and Bruno was
burned at the stake in the great city
of Rome, Feb. 16, 160D.
No one can recall without senti
ments of pity the sufferings of all
those countless martyrs, both men
and women, who have surrendered
their lives for the sake of their reli
gious opinions, but the great majority
of them always had a powerful and
an. unfailing support. The pasage
from this life to the next through the
dark" valley of death, though a hard
trial, was the passage from transient
trouble to eternal happiness, an es
cape from the cruelty of this hard
and unfeeling world to the charity or
"heaven on their way through the dis
mal valley, the martyrs firmly be
lieved there was an invisible hand
that led them, a friend that would
guide them all the more gently and
firmly because of the terrors of the
flames. But for our highly esteemed
and valiant friend there was no such
support. The philosophical opinions,
for the sake of which Bruto surren
dered his life, could give him no con
solation, for he was compelled to
fight his last great battle single-handed
and alone.
On next Friday," Feb. 16, three hun
dred and six years shall have elapsed
since Giordano Bruno was burned to
death at the stake and his ashes scat
tered to the four corners of the earth,
as it were, therefore on that day let
our orthodox theologians, their fol
lowers, the enemies of science ana
progress, rejoice with those wfao have
always kept well to the front In the
onward march of the hunaa. race and
civilisation, that the theories and
teachings which were advanced by
fee Immortal Braao are acknowledged
to be correct by all the aaost enlight
ened natieaa ea the face of the earth.
X Heekley 4Ntife7 la alia to
Ve P H after ireakfe
taker he.
HEW TO
CHICAGO, FEBRUARY lO, 1906
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DR. A. WILBERFOKCE WILLIAMS.
One of the Leading and Most Popular Physicians and Surgeons In Chi
cago, Secretary of th Sandy W. Trie tt&. Company, and Treasurer of the
Black Diamond Development Company.
THE WARREN-WEISIGER WED
DING. The- Moit-Brilllstit-Ever HeU-Amenft
the Afro-Amerlcarm In the His
tory of Chicago.
Wednesday evening at half past
five Miss Bessie Warren, the talented,
highly accomplished and beautiful
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James A.
Warren, who are among the oldest,
most highly respected and substantial
Afro-American citizens in this city or
the middle west, was united in mar
riage to iMr. Fernando Weislger, at
the palatial home of the brides par
ents, 3421 Dearborn street.
Rev. A. J. Carey, the eloquent and
progressive pastor of Bethel church,
and Bishop C. T. Shaffer performed
the wedding ceremony, and it was the
most impressive and brilliantly con
ducted that has ever been witnessed,
and the scene and the occasion will
never fade from the memories of the
contracting parties and their honored
guests.
The bride was given away by her
father. Her bridal dress of white lib-
erty satin, trimmed in cream lace,
cbrifTon and pearl ornaments, caused
her to resemble a lovely fairy queen.
Mrs. Warren, the bride's mother,
was costumed in pearl grey chiffon
taffeta silk, trimmed In baby blue
paon velvet and cream lace.
Miss Arville Williams was the maid
of honor, and she was gowned in
white messeline silk, trimmed In
cream lace. Miss Genevieve Lee was
the bridesmaid, and wore pink liberty
silk trimmed in lace.
John Duncan, Danville, Ky., was the
best man and Theodore Cowan served
as groomsman.
Master Adolph Slmms was the ring
bearer, and be wore a white full dress
suit The little Misses Gladys An
derson and St. Claire White were the
ribbon girls, who were dressed in
white silk. Margaret Polk and Maud
ella Sweeney were the flower girls,
and they looked ever so pretty dressed
In white and pink china silk.
Misses India Demming, Eetella
Hammonds, Jennie Turner and Hasel
Hodge, and Messrs. Samuel White,
Miles Blah Alvin Crutcher, Saiaael
Carter and Richelieu Cheatam com
posed the receiving party.
The decorations throughout the sa
tire house were pink and white, which
produced a most pleasing effect, and
bo expense was spared, in this featare
of tile wedding:
Prof. Sweencr orchestra
ed sweet ana encflaaung
throoghovt the evsaia.
.
r . :
THE jLlIE.
As the wedding hour approached
and until 11 o'clock the parlors were
thronged by the most prominent and
elegantly dressed men and women
that have"eve'r "assemBled on a Tike
occasion in this city. Both sides of
Dearborn street, from Thirty-fourth
to Thrity-fifth streets, were solidly
lined with carriages, and upon alight
ing their occupants were ushered
through a canvas-covered archway
which extended from the edge of tha
sidewalk to the main entrance to the
house, and each and every one of
them declared or affirmed that they
had never attended nor witnessed a
wedding on such a magnificent scale
as the Warren-Welslger.
Six hundred Invitations were sent
out, and among the guests from out
of the city were Mr. John Duncan,
Danville, Ky.; Miss Lettye Floyd,
Danville, Ky.; iXIr. and Mrs. Matthews,
Milwaukee Wis.; Mrs. Robinson,
Omaha, Neb.; Mr. and Mrs-. Lawrence
and Miss Patterson, SL Paul, Minn.
Mrs. A. T. Smiley served, and in
every way she proved herself equal
to the occasion, and the wedding sup-
per was very tempting and elaborte.
The table was beautifully decorated
. in pink and white, and In the center
stood the large bridal cake,
It is entirely consistent to state
that so far no newly married couple
among the race In this city ever re
ceived as many rich and costly pres
ents as Mr. and Mrs. Weisiger, who
have from girlhood and boyhood been
held in the highest esteem by a large
circle of friends. And The Broad
Ax joins with their numerous friends
In wishing them a most happy, pleas
ant and enjoyable voyage on the mat
rimonial sea.
Mr. and tMrs. Weisiger will be at
home to their friends, 3421 Dearborn
street, Sunday, Feb.ll, from two to
six p. "m.
John A. linn, Clerk of the Circuit
Court, was indicted twenty-five times
by the grand Jury last Saturday. He
Is charged with committing forgery
and every other crime contrary to the
peace and' dignity of the people of
Dlinois. In 1904 The Broad Ax bit
terly opposed the re-election of John
itea to any office within the gift of
the people of Cook county, for it As
nred out that he was not only a rank
Negro-hater, hut also a grand rascal,
iad time has proven that we were
right In our contention, and it would
have been much better if the electo
rate woald have recorded their rotes
fa: laror of the election of honest and
stralsMferward Harry HIMreth, Jr.
j -flo woaM sake a trst-class Clerk of
the CfceH Cowt.
Tfiv" iv-
"-?
B
T,
IN POLITICS
His Weak Denial Is No Denial
At All.
( Last week we Bald we should this
week go more fully into the "denial"
by Dr. Booker T. Washington of the
Associated Press dispatch that one
influence which led President Roose
velt to adopt the policy of displacing
by white men the Colored office-holders
in the South was the "active op
position of Booker T. Washington to
the appointment of Southern Negroes
to office." The Home News of Alex
andria Va., has been good enough to
send advance sheets of its current
editorial on this matter, which brings
to public view not only the evasive
character of Dr. Washington's denial
as given out to Colored papers, but
also his method of utilizing the Col
ored press under his control, a method
which can hardly be called honorable,
and which, to us, appears a clear case
of the "hush" money. This is what
the Home News says:
For some time it has been charged
with more or less directness that from
some unknown source matter In the in
terest of Booker T. Washington has
been supplied to certain race papers
which have published It In their edi
torial columns as their own views and
determinations.
The accused, knowing that such
practices would be stamped as dis
creditable if not as dishonest, have
vehemently resented the accusations.
In confirmation of these charges
last week there appeared In a number
of Bookerite papers the following
article, word for word:
"Booker T. Washington, In an In
terview published In the New York
World and other New York papers,
Friday morning, January 19, respect
ing the recently-published statement
that he had advised the President to
remove all Colored officeholders In the
South said: 'I have given no such
advice. The statement Is false.'
"It seems well to call this state
ment to the attention of our readers,
because of the widely-published state
ment in the Southern newspapers to
the effect that Mr. Washington had
counseled the President to remove all
Colored men who were holding office
in the South. In view of the fact
that numbers of them whose removal
has been sought by the lily white Re
publicans are still retained In large
measure because of Mr. Washington's
Intervention, the statement from the
beginning seemed incredible. The
authoritative denial by Mr. Washing
ton sets that rumor at rest"
We notice It In "The Freeman" of
Indianapolis, "The Sentinel" of Pensa
cola, "The Journal" of Cleveland,
"The Record" of Washington, and
"The Afro-American Ledger' of Bal
timore. In most cases It was right in the
editorial columns. In one or two It
was mixed up with words of the ed
itor or put at the tail end of the
news."
It will be noticed that this article
Is carefully worded so as to convey
the impression to the reader that the
views therein are the editors own de
ductions from facts of which he pre
sumably has knowledge.
With full appreciation of the Import
and serioassBsss of the statement, we
assert that the publication of that ar
ticle or any similar one as editorial
matter or. Indeed, in any way which
did not clearly Indicate its source and
authority, was a disgrace to the pro-
fesstom and plainly ftasialeat.
We are at a less to see haw editors
who eagage i sack practices, except
No. ie
W
they explain or apologize, can claim
honorable standing In the profession.
Now as to the so-called "denial" It
self. We will state the facts, and our
readers may call It equivocation, dis
simulation, terglersation, or what
ever they like.
Reading the above-quoted articlo
carefully. It will be observed that Mr.
Washington "denies" that he advised
the President to remove all Negro
officeholders in the South. No one has
accused him of that The charge that
he denies is so far as we have seen
a plain Invention.
Neither the dispatch to the New
York Herald, which we published la
part last week, nor In any other state
ment or dispatch that we have seen
was anything about removals. The
dispatch did say that it Is the Presi
dent's policy to appoint no more Ne
groes to office in the South, and that
Mr. Washington favored that policy
Aside from the Inherent likelihood
of such" advice from Mr. Washington
we may state that practically the
same information was given out over
a month ago. It elicited no denial
then. On the contrary, it is highly
slflniflcant that In Booker's Southern
mouthpiece, "The Atlanta Independ
ent," there appeared on January 6. a
leng, characteristically worded "edi
torial," that strongly defended that
course.
It was headed:
THE PRESIDENT'S NEW POLICY
MAY MEAN A PUBLIC SER
VICE TO THE RACE.
It said:
. . . It is alleged that the President
Washington that the President will
not appoint any more Southern Ne
groes to responsible federal positions.
. . . It Is alelged that the President
has reached this conclusion upon the
advice of Booker T. Washington, and
from personal contact and observa
tions In the South during his recent
trip. The "Independent" does not
vouch for the truthfulness of either
the President's policy or the advice of
Dr. Washington. . . . We neither
question the timeliness of Mr. Wash
ington's advice or the wisdom of the
President's policy. It is our convic
tions, thafif Mr. Washington has had
the moral courage to go to Washing
ton and tell the President that the
highest development of his people
would be best served by distributing
party patronage where it would be of
some service to the party, he has not
only done his country a public ser
vice, but he has made a bold step In
the direction of correcting the BLUN
DER OF ENFRANCHISING the Ne
gro without qualification.
"We lay down the proposition that
the Southern Negro Is largely respon
sible for his own political disabilities
and that federal office has had a
gTeater tendency to destroy his worth
than to Increase his usefulness in the
communities where he lives. If the
President Is moved by a desire to help
us In our economic and Industrial up
lift he is to -be commended."
It is rather strange that that edi
torial, published right under iMr.
Washington's noae by a paper which:
It assumed always to speak for hiia,
did not evoke a denial from film If
It did not reflect his views, especially
because it stated exactly what the
Herald dispatch did later. The fact
is, the 'denial'' does not deay the
'Herald0 disya-teh aoc the editorial.
The GsardiAa," Sestes, Mas.
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