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Vol. XI
If
Of 1 BIRTH OF FREDERICK DOUGLASS
His Life and Times Vividly
Portrayed by Charles W.
Chesnutt.
So far something like one dozen
books and phamphlets have been
written and published pertaining to
the rise of Frederick Douglass, from
the lowest depths of slavery and pov
erty, to the highest promlenenee In
all the affairs, of this great nation,
and while all of these books or pham
phlets have been exceedingly instruc
ti?e as to the doings of .Frederick
Douglass, none of them can surpass
the latest life of that great historical
character by Charles W. Chesnutt,
who is the foremost Afro-American
writer in America, .and his classical
literary productions, should find' their
way into the homes of every race or
liberty loring Negro -throughout this
broad land, ' - t '
In- his. naw-Jboek'ftitheJlifaaaai-
Times of Frederick Douglass, Mr.
Chesnutt, very vividly and fadnating
ly traces or portrays his stormy car
eer from the slave pen. to the lecture
platform, the editor's chair, and on
up to United States Marshal and Re
corder of Deeds for the District of Co
umbla. The biographical sketch of the Life
and Times of Frederick Douglass, as
set forth by Mr. Chesnutt, Is as fol
lows: Frederick Douglass "was born
at Tuckahoe, near Easton, Talbot
County, Maryland, the latter part
of February, in 1817, and If he
was on earth, today he would be eigh
ty nine years old. The first few years
of his boyhood days were spent with
the other slaves on the farm, and in
March 1825 he "was sent to Baltimore
to live with a relative of his master,
and in 1833, he was taken to St
iCchael's Md., to live again with his
master.
January, 1834, he was sent to live
with Edward Covey, a slave-breaker,
with whom he spent the year; but
the slave-breaker could never break
Frederick Douglass, and each day or
every time the slave-breaker attempt
ed to whip him, he stood up Uke a
brave man and fought him to a stand
still. In 1835-35 he was hired to "Wil
liam Freeland; he made his first tin
successful attempt to escape from sla
very, was sent to Baltimore to learn
the ship-calker's trade; In 1838, he
hired his own time and worked at Ha
trade.
September 3, 1838, Frederick Doug
lass, escaped from slavery and weat
to New York City where he beeaate
united in marriage to Mfo Aaaa Hur
ray. From that city be weat to- New
Bedford, Mass., and assumed tie aaae
of "Douglass." In 1841 The atteaded
an anti-slavery conveation. at Wear
Bedford, and swayed the meetiag to
and fro with his zoafchJese elojaaaieie;
later on he was employed as ageat of
the Massachusetts ABM-Slavery Soci
ety, and from that time joawarf ie
tras a conspIdoBs'SsBre is the Aiti
Slavery movement on botfc comtl
aents. in 1842, Jie took jart la tha
Rhode Island c&&fJgB. agaiast the
Doit constitution. Se coHtiaaat to
lecture on slavery, sad sored .to
nn, M2Lia iMt, & tees! jart
b the famous 0m EnirM Coars
tioas" of the New :Baud AH-e
T Society; Is ltU.t ieebneCwtt
25j8m Lloyd Getricasv 9Mser WaV
rr, Foeter, a4 tert , -aad tke flrk
P3 of 185 he yaltiaaid his Ifsrra
tives. -
184S4S, ke Thetid OeWt.Briiala
Irekfid, Tiiisistls slsi.iifi. two
JC4rB lectatiac na slaierj wwd
ANN
VERSARY
subjects, and while In England he
was presented with sufficient money
to purchase his freedom, and to es
tablish a newspaper. On returning to,
the United States ire 1847, he moved
with his family to Rochester, New
York. "Where he established his pa
per. The North Star, or Frederick
Douglass Paper, which he ably edited
for seventeen long years, and he mort
gaged his home and all his possessions
for the purpose of raising money In
order to keep it going, for then as
now the vast majority of the free Col
ored People residing in the North had
not the faintest conception of the
power and Influence which newspap
ers exert over the minds of the Peo
ple,. In the discaseiofl of all .subjects
egectfag-thebtrigh-ta.aTtd -thMr liber
ties. In 1848-49 he visited John Brown,
at Springfield, Mass., and lectured on
slavery and Woman Suffrage, and as
sisted in the escape of fugitive shaves.
In 1852, he supported the Free Soil
Party and was elected delegate to
the Free Soil covention at Pittsburg,
Pa., and delivered speeches along with
John P. Hale, the Jeffersonian Demo
crat wEo was the nominee of the Free
Soil Party, for President of the United
States in 1852. and who was appoint
,ed as minister to Russia by Abraham
Lincoln. In 185S Frederick Douglass
supported Fremont and Dayton for
President and Vice-President of the
United States, established Douglass
.monthly, entertained John Brown at
his home In Rochester, visited Eng
land for the second time In 1859, lec
tured and spoke In England and Scot
land for six months, and arrived In
this eountrv in time to assist In the
election of Abraham Lincoln Presi
dent of the United States.
In 18S3, he assisted in recruiting the
Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Colored re
giments of Massachusetts, and In
that same year he was Invited to visit
President Lincoln, and to confer with
the President, as to the status of the
Negro during the progress of the war;
In 186S, he was active in procuring
ii fmnoMsn for flu freedmeB: elect-
Led delegate from Rochester to the Na
tional Loyalists' Convention which met
in Philadelphia; In 189 he moved to
Washington D. C; amd established the
New National Era; in 1870, he was
appointed secretary 0 tSe Saato Do
mingo Commlaeioa by 'Preetdeat
Grant;' in 1877, chosea Maraaal for
the District of Colusabiaby President
Hayes; that same year he visited his
old slave home in laaryalsd, and met
Ms old HBaeter; .la 1878, bast of Fred
erick Doaglass placed ia Sthley Han
of Rochester Uaiverslty; he spoke
AMfast the nroBOsed Negro ezodas
from the Soath; la 1SSL he was se
lected as Recorder of Deeds for the
District of QtaWa by Preetdeai Gar-
feld; JcBgaet 4, issz, aeet er mi.
Frederick Doadaes; la 1S84, Freder
ick Doaglass laarried "Misa HeUen
Pitts; la May, lift, h lectared oa
jtta Bcewa. at Maste HaS. Beetoa;
SefL 10 he. atteaded a diaaer giv-
ia Ato-aoaer ay .tie ireadeajfl-
HtcClab at Beaiea; ia 1MM7,
vra. DoMdaas viaHed Qreatari
alaratoe; T&Ti, Qreese aad gyfi
la Utti-l. aafwacsa ua
jtaaMeat aad Ooe-
to theHuirtlf ct JsaKi;.
d aflain i9aato Oqala-
kurtooa; fcHHrae
HEW TO THE JL, IV E.
CHICAGO. FEBRUARY XT', 1006
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FREDERICK DOUGLASS
Whose matchless oratory or eloquence, swayed the people on two conti
nents during the agitation of the slavery question In America and whose
labors in behalf of his fellow creatures In chains will never grow dim In the
hearts of those who truly love jetties apd liberty!
1893, he acted as commissioner for
Haiti at the World's Columbian Expo
sition at Chicago.
Feb. 20, 1895, death of Frederick
Douglass at his- elegant residence oat
J .AnBcnstin, Height: .waBMBgtQB-
his funeral which was attended by
distinguished men and women of both
races, was one of the largest ever held
at the Capital of the nation, and his
remains were transported to his old
home, at Rochester, New York, for in
terment, where a substantial monu
ment has been erected to his memory.
The latter-part of February, 1888,
the writer and Mrs. Taylor had the
honor and the extreme pleasure of at
tending the 7l8t birthday anniversary
of Frederick Douglass at the Metro
politan church, Washington, D. C., and
for one hour we had the honor of
sitting by his side, and Mir. Douglass
related to us some of the trials and
hardships he endured while lecturing
throughout the North and West, and
he said that "away back In the 50s
he visited Peoria. I1L, for the purpose
of delivering an anti-slavery oration,"
but there was not one hotel or lodg
ing house in that town which would
sell him anything to eat or a bed to
sleep In for love or money. CoL Rob
ert G. IngersoU, the Infidel, whose
father was a "Presbyterian minister,
was the only man in Peoria who had
the courage to frown upon the Chris
tians, and he entertained Mr. Doug
lass at his home, and from that time
to the Death of Frederick Douglass
he and Col. IngersoU were fast
friends. He visited SL Paul, Minn.,
about the same time, and he was con
fronted with the same conditions
here which he had met with at
rPeorfa, and Patrick Kelly, who was
for many years the head and iront
of the Democratic party In the North
west, and member of the Democratic
National Committee, entertained, Mr.
Douglass at his home.
The last time we met Mr. Douglass
was during the World's Fair, and as
soon as he laid his eyes.on us he ex
tended his .hand nd caDed us by
name for he prided himself oa being
.a . mM all
able to remember tne nsea w.
those with whom he Tudcome in con
tact - '
For many years the Free Thinkers
or the Infidels claimed Mr. Doaglass
as one of their own. as he 'did aet
bv mnrfc rfnek in the rellgloa of the
cross, for hecontended that the Chris
tian xeUgion fosters aad eaeearages
race prejudice and ?ace hatred, there
fore ltaaast be a false system w f
iio tta -war the am or ue
Afro-iaaericaa to be aeaored by j
Jdeat Grorer Ckvelaad; er W f
other Presides, wis aa iavfiatiite
atteada dHoette ac ad :reeef-
tion at ti White
Tirehehf
4.7 ti-.
am. n mi .. "- ; -- ;
tiacr os dJafceaaaf aet, aad ftaaa ?e-
. ... . -
cradle to the grave, figuratively
speaking, In. season and out of sea
son, he manfully contended for the
full manhood rights of all men regard
less of their race or nationality. To-
&s.-whlle .celebrating. the. 89thuannl-
versary of his birth, it Is well to re
member that he never used strong li
quor nor tobacco In any manner,
shape or form; that his language was
always pure and as clean as a snow
white lily; that he held all decent
women In the highest esteem, and in
these respects It would be well If all
men and many women followed In the
footsteps of Frederick Douglass!
The Death of Paul Laurence Dunbar,
the Famous Poet.
Last Friday night Paul Laurence
Dunbar, who had become famous as
a poet throughout the civilized world,
passed away at his home in Dayton,
Ohia
Beginning life as an elevator boy,
he gradually rose In the literary world
until he became the acknowledged
poet of the Afro-American race, and
hlB .writings were on a par wjth the
greatest poets of the age.
He was In his 34th year at the time
of his death, and he was the author
of well on to twenty-one books. His
death will be a great loss to the lov
es of poetry and fiction.
NOTES FROM NORMAL, ALABAMA.
urn T.nin ML Jackson of Ky Field
agent of the Women's Auxiliary of the
National Baptist Convention, delivered
an able address to the teachers and
students last Tuesday. The financial
support given to the great Baptist
Convention through Mrs. Jackson was
surprising and gratifying.
Bishop H. M. Turner and Bev. T.
J.. Lintoa of Atlanta were guests of
the Iastltatioa last week. Bishop
Taraer delivered an able and eaeour
aglng address. Rev. Linton preached
a splendid seraaoa.
The pleas for retdldlBg the Car
negle library have been approved and
.the rebaOdiag has begun with the as
saraace thai it wffl be done by the,
fist of May.
Chief Jeha ML CoHIbs aad States
Attorney Joaa J. Hesiy are deservlag
to he highly eoaateaded for caaatag
Mayer M. T. Daaae to. revoke the H
eoases of assay toaga aaloeas or re-
seris whiokuhATe ia she aa heaa te
asriVwfca have aeea Jet fa rata, ay
the depraved eaaaaetars who have a
tk m insatsl la these. Let
the seed werfc r
fee aft?
-V 7
WHERE LIES
Influenceof Godless Men Makes
Church Powerless.
THAT
11
JBisliop Smith a. "Victim Tlie Gang Siap
ported Bishop Shafier and Lee Hacb:
in Courage-Cases Cited Tne s,Shout
injf Bishop."
Editor Johnson of thc Christian En
deavor, Jan. 25th says: "It Is only In
place to demur at the ominous and
painful indifference of those who have
It largely In their power to remedy
the evils alluded to." Of course he
refers to the bishops of the A. M. E.
church. "Ominous indifference;" yes.
this Is just what I accuse them of.
They know full well that the church
is growing powerless, through the
blighting influence of a lot of Godless
minltsers, who drink whiskey, destroy
virtue, play the races, loot churches.
forge notes, give worthless checks to
the dotlar money-committoe 4o-supvl-have
port big reports, etc., eto. etc And
yet, with aU this knowledge before
them, they are so very different that
the men who do these things are
never punished, or even lowered in
their assignments.
When the Bishops' Council met In
MobUe, Ala., the January before the
last general conference they had be
fore them a letter written by an elder
In good standing informing them that
in one city there were stationed In the
three principal A. M. E. churches two
drunkards and a basely immoral man,
who had been proven guflty of adul
tery. The writer stated further that
he was ready to furnish the evidence
to any committee which the coundl
migh appoint to Investigate his state
ments. He not only wrote this letter
to the councU, but tofeach of the
bishops previous to the session. Now,
I admit at once that, technicaUy, the
council had no authority in the case,
since each bishop Is supreme in his
own district. But the same councU
did appoint a bishop to go to New
Orleans to look Into affairs there,
where Bishop Smith was losing some
members, who Insisted on having a
drunkard for their pastor. Bishop
Smith had done Just what any Chrits
ian bishop should have done and the
council thought it awful becausehe
would lose a few members by such
action. But this accusation against
three pastors In one city was so small
a matter that they paid no attention
to It When two of the bishops were
accosted about It they said that the
majority of the bishops would not
stand by the prosecution of those men.
and It -would not be worth whfle to
undertake It Each of those men were
subsequently transferred to as good
appdataeats as the church contains.
On the other hand, Bishop Smith's
fight against drunkards and grafters
In Louisiana made him the target of
an the malice of that, same class of
men in the general conference, en
couraged by certain shouting bishops,
aad was the real root of the great
fight asade aaoa that prelate at Chi
cago. The gtaantio effort to disrobe
Bishop Smith, aad which did send him
to South Africa, aad has not let up oa
him evea tfcere, simply serves notice
to every Bisfcea who may think of
pirafihiaf as of' the proaaiaeat ras
ealswhe dJegraee many of our pulpits,
that they wll have the whole gear
to Ighc JC they dare to begjaaad that
tto asejortty at Vsfceae wffl staad
withtiwiaac. Taaay wfll M safer Jssd
at eheee wards, waiea iadiraeQy ea
Bkaaee. SasSfc. hat the tSaee ha
wfcetf fee tnrth avast htoM ea
-3SF- !'
'
IVo. 17
THE BL
L"
friend and foe alike. I never was
friendly to' the election of Bishop
Smith, and I openly opposed 'his as
signment to Louslana, where I was
then stationed. My reasons were hon
est and my fight was honorable. Per
sonally he and I could not agree while
associated together there, nor do we
agree now. He condemns my manner
of trying to reform the church. But
whatever were any objections to his
election, I am happy to say that my
intimate association with him for the
last six years have not supported my
fears about him. In all that time I
-never-had reason to -doubt his
moral or religious character. I Believe
that by the grace of God he has tri
umphed over the faults whlci once -threatened
his usefulness, and I am
certain that no man on the bench has
a stronger desire to set the church
right than he. More than that, he
has the moral courage to do his -duty -when
he sees it That Is the reason
why the corruptlonlsts, on and off the
bench, are trying so hard to kUl him.
He is a dangerous man to that class.
Now, there Is Bishop Lee, a man
against whose private life not a breath
of suspicion has even been whispered
a man of giant intellect and strong
personality. Some of us thought thatN
he would be the man around whom
we could raUy to make a fight for re
form. Since the last general confer
ence a personal letter was written to
him by an honorable elder In the
church, praying him to take hold of
the situation and try to set In motion
the renovation which would serve the
church. But he did not have the mor-.
at courage to make the first move,
not "even to reply to the brother's let-'
ter. There is Bishop Schaffer, a man
of excellent character and great abil
ity. When he was assigned to the
Fourth Episcopal district we all look
ed to see a great cleaning out of the
vile heritage left him by the shouting
Bishop. But again we were doomed,
to disappointment. He has gone
right on appointing and transferring
men to fine churches whom he knows
to be drunkards and adulterers, men
who will give worthless checks, to pay
off their big dollar money. He also
has been personally appealed to, to
save the church and the race from the
disgrace which certain of his preach
ers were bringing upon na, bat ho,
could not, or was afraid to do any
thing- Possibly it was because these
rascals are proteges of other b&hope
longer on the beach thaa'he.
And now the dispatches teU us. that
Bishop Derrick clears up the meddle
about Phmip A. Hubert, who was ax
rested for raising aaoaey under falee
preteasee f or WSberf orce. Sat safer
tnnately the bishop's clearing does aet
clearify very well. Aecordtog to this
dlssetch-the bishop authorised Sabert
to raise S&.W.wkk which, to "sar. '
prise" the aaaawiUes at WSherfBre.
WeO, who Is this sua to
bUhepcoeM Jatraet sack 1
secret aad sack large faade? 2
this the awe Haaert who
tkaaflaaereC'
of I
& aet tide
(Ceatfaaed est fasje 3.)
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