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THE BROAD AX.
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TTHI jnMalaBti aad at all timaa vpbnld tha tnu
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M 01 utoat.or majoa ! canna-re
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rerpoeaiMSt U xad.
Tbe Broad K la a.-oeipaperwftoa platform la
breed ewrapb for all, arer claiming the editorial
xtg&t to apeak t U own mind .
Local eonmnnleatfoaa will raeetra attention.
Writs only on one aide of 8e paper.
B-sbecrlpUcai meat be paid In adTxnce.
ArertJita rata made known oa application.
Xe&reea all rnmTTmnV'atlrmi to
THE BROAD AX
SMO Armour ATenae, Chicago.
JULIUS T. TATLOB, rdltar and PabUaner.
t tie Pwt Offlce at Cakaz,
Juctin E. "Carter, Lieutenant In the
Eighth Recipient, Illinois National
Guards, Arrested for Steal
For the third time In the past few
months another Colored man has been
arrested for stealing letters which
were supposed to contain money. Wm.
Jefferson, the first victim to be caught
In the act of stealing letters and
money orders worked In the main
postofflce. He was convicted of his
crime and Is doing time In the pen;
the second to be caught In Uncle
Sam's coon trap was Robert H. Har
per, who held forth at the Twenty
second street station, and who will
for the next two years rest up at hard
labor behind the beautiful white gar
den walls at Joliet, and the third, and
we hope the last, was Justin R Carter,
who faithfully performed his labors at
the Armour buttion, and like Robt. H.
Harper, Mr. Carter has been a prom
inent officer in the Eighth Regiment
Illinois National Guards. "
Some of the detectives or Inspec
tors connected with the Armour sta
tion, it appears, the first of the week
inclosed one marked paper dollar and
a silver half dollar In a "decoy let
ter," and they managed to have it fall
Into the hands of Mr. Carter, who, It
seems could not resist the temptation
to open it; then as quick as chain light
ning he was arrested charged with
stealing letters, and he has been held
to the federal grand jury by United
States Commissioner Foote.
During the days of slavery the mix
lng of the races In the South was uni
versal There was no man of property
hardly In all the land but had his Col
ored concubines. This was especial
ly true as to men of political pioml
fcence. It will be remembered by eld
erly people that Johnson of Kentucky,
candidate for the Vice-Presidency had
quite a large family by his Colored
wife. Gov. Walker or Louisiana had a
Colored wife and several children. The
writer knew him well, lived near him
in Rapides Parish, La. About one-third
of the white population of that region
was mixed. There were about two hun
dred mulato planters and twenty-one
black planters in the South among the
slaves. It often happened that a rich
planter, being unmarried, would leave
all his estate to one favorite s.lave.
In Rapides Parish a very rich planter
left all to a black man who put all on
the market at once and left the coun
try for Tennessee, his native home. It
was regarded as a matter of course
that the slave women must submit to
the "superior race."
The truth Is the present generation
can have not the faintest Idea of the
Intimate relations that existed between
whites and their slaves In those times.
In a very few years more our uult
States must have been as mixed as ti
the West Indies. The pure white would
"have been almost eradicated and the
stronger blood must have outnumbered
them In the census of 1900.
Here Be Facts.
That beast who holds - a posl
tlon of Governor of Mississippi d
dares "the people of his state are
tired of paying taxes to educat"
Negroes." Now In the name of all the
gods and devils at once who are the
people of Mississippi?
The Negroes are by one-third more
than the Whites, and they produce all
the cotton, corn, and the like and do
about all the hard labor. The Whites
are mostly idlers. They own the land
mostly and rent to the blacks. ' We
are reminded just here of another
point When a crime is done by a
Colored person there breaks out one
universal curse on "the d d nig
gers," and no thought is given to the
fact that their numbers so far exceed
the whites. And again if a woman
Is assaulted by a Colored man the
Blacks bear the blame although statis
tics prove that such assaults are be
yond all proportion done by mulattos
for which crimes the white alone
should be held responsible. Just
remember these facts hereafter In
your criticism of the Afro-Americans.
There are districts in the Gulf States
where thd Blacks are from twelve
to fifteen of the population for one
Also among ten million "people there
will bo some criminals. But In all the
South" there are not so many crimes
done by the Blacks as are done by the
Whites In Chicago. But the slightest
misdemeanor done by a Colored person
Is promptly and severely punished.
Accusing the Wrong Man.
The statement of Mr Barrett before
the Committee on General Laws, when
the "Jim Crow" Barrett bill was under
consideration last week that he had
been told by several white men thut
in their opinion there was not a Negro
In Richmond who did not want to
sleep with a white woman. Is a slan
der, shameful and vile.
When white men begin to rail about
race purity, miscegenation and social
equality, we begin to think of the mil.
lions of mulattoes in this country. The
million evidences of white men's
crimes against the Negro race. It Is
not the Negro man that menaces and
prevents race purity, it Is the white
man. Why then accuse the Negro?
The St. Luke Herald, Richmond, ya.
Washington, D. C, Feb. 12. With a
quartet on the scaffold singing "Jesus
Lover of My Soul," William W Ham
ilton. Colored was hanged at the dis
trict Jail as the penalty for murdering
his common law wife, June 20, 1904.
Ho had been confined In the cell
occupied by Gulteau, assassin of Presi
dent Garfield, and was executed on the
same scaffold on which Gulteau paid
the penalty for his crime. Hamilton
choked, his wife to death. The Echo,
Long Branch, N. J.
First Negro Bank Is Organized In
The Solvent Banking and Trust
Company is the name of a new organi
zation recently launched in Memphis,
Tenn., which Is composed of Negro
stockholders entirely. Robert Church,
reputed to be the wealthiest Colored
man in the South, and James T. Set
tle, a close friend of Booker Washing
ton, are prominent In the organlza
tlo, which Is tho first o fits kind in
Miss Lena V. Pickett, the West Side
belle, left the first of the .week f
New Orleans where she will spend
Alderman Benanl W. Snow, who is
one of the best city daddies In the
country, will be re-elected to the city
council from 7th Ward.
Rev. T. A. Clark and family who is
in charge of the Trinity Mission. ISth
and Dearborn St., have removed from
C142 Ada St, to 2C00 Forest Ae.
Representative Wiley, of Alabama
has introduced a bill in Congress pro
viding for a National Tuberculosis
Sanatorium, to be opened to both
Mrs. Mary Harsh, 29C3 Armour Av.,
who is as honest and truthful as the
year Is long about paying her obliga
tions, is a warm admirer of The Broad
AH graduates and ex-students of
Hampton, Va., are requested to meet
Tuesday evening, March 6, at the
Frederick Douglass Center, 3032 Wa
bash Ave., at 8 o'clock, for the pur
pose of forming an Alumni Associa
tion. R. s. Abbott Class '9G.
W. H. Smith, who in the past has
been one of the managers for CoL
Robert T. Motts, at his Pekin The
atre, has become advertising manager
tor our good friend and brother. Col,
Mr. George W. Ciaussenius, who Is
one of the best and most popular Ger
man-American citizens In Chicago, and
who Is a thorough gentleman in every
otiioa ui uie wuru ana one or our
Barton r9 41. . .a .
warm friends, would make an Ideal
candidate for president of the Board
of Commissioners of Cook County.
Fred W. Block!, who ably and hon
pstly handles the money belonging to
the city of Chicago, and who Is a
power in West Side politics, Is more
than willing to pull off his coat and
work hard In order to secure the nom
ination of his good friend, Harry R.
Gibbons, for Sheriff of Cook County.
An appeal from the Old Folks' Home
has caused the members of the Tri
angle and Inner Circle clubs to call a
mass meeting at Bethel Church, Tues
day night, Feb. 27th, to consider the
disposition of the Endowment Fund
Money, which is held in trust at The
Com Exchange Bank. All who helped
to raise that fund should attend this
meeting for their vote is necessary
ere the home can obtain Immediate;
use of the mosey.
Father Lealted of St Paul pissed
through the city the first of the week
enroute to Cleveland, Ohio, where his
mother-in-law Is suffering from a para
letlc stroke, which makes her condi
Mr. John J. Hayes, vice-chairman of
the Democratic Central Committee oi
Cook County, and one of Chicago's
most nrocressive business men, is
hearlly In favor of the selection oi
Harry R. Gibbons, to make the race
for Sheriff of Cook County.
On Friday evening, Mr. A;dolph Har
ris, Pres. of the Appomatox Club, en
tertained a party of gentlemen at sup
per In honor of Mr. Frank Hamilton
of Duluth, Minn., who passed through
the city enroute to Washington.. D. C,
where he will spend a month or so
visiting his many friends there.
Mrs. James E. Thompson, Mrs. Cash
lus King, Mrs. Robt Williams, Mrs. J.
H. Smiley, Miss Grace Sampson and
Miss Lizzie Slaughter acted as the in.
troducers of Father Massiah to the
Chicago public last Monday evening.
The ladies were attired In especially
made evening gowns, and did the hon
ors in a manner fitting the occasion.
Mr. Wm. Hackley of Jersey City, N.
J., passed through the city Thursday,
enroute to the Pacific Coast
Bob Scott, an aged Negro, of Aus
tin, Texas, was stricken while at pray
er and is not expected to live. He
was at church and the preacher called
upon him for a prayer. Upon the con
clusion of it, "Uncle Bob" fell over.
He is a barber and weighs close on
300 pounds. His recovery is not cxA
It would seem from the above that
the Lord does not want colored flolks
to pray nor to pipe unto Him.
The reception tendered the new
Episcopal rector. Rev. .Massiah, Mon
day evening, was one of the swellest
affairs of its kind ever given in Chica
go. The committee oi ladles wno ar
ranged it deserve the greatest praise
for the splendid manner in which
they handled the large number of citi
zens who called to congratulate them
and welcome their new prelate to our
midst May they lend him great as
sistance In his warfare against the
vice and crime of which our city is
Col. "Pony" Moore, will in the near
future open up Col. Sam Snowden's
old place on 31st Street, between
Dearborn and Armour, as a vau
deville theatre, and all ladles attend
ing the opening night will receive "
beautiful souvenir. It is said that Col.!
"Pony" wlir, through his new attor
ney, Edward E. Wilson, begin man
damus proceedings against the city
and mayor Dunne, and Chief John M.
Collins, for the purpose of forcing or
compelling it and its two honorable
city officials to issue a saloon license
A lawyer has a perfect right to
refuse to take an ugly case,
but often owes It to his own repu
tation, to his own conscience to do so,
and we are glad to know that in-
stances are not frequent when law
yers absolutely refuse to be identified
with cases," says the Indianapolis
News. The point is well taken and
Is applicable to our Colored lawyers
as well as the whites. The Recorder,
Will our good brother Wilson please
stand up and lead us in prayer?
The Democratic State Committee of
Illinois met at the Serman House last
Friday and after transacting much
business, It decided to hold the next
State convention at Springfield, Frl
day, May 1L During the meeting M,
F. Dunlap, of Jacksonville, who is an
old time croaker, and who entertains
the Idea that he totes the Democratic
Party, and all Its members around In
his hind pockets, got mixed up with
John P. Hopkins, and before the first
round was finished the gentleman
from Jacksonville was most effective
ly squelched by the former mayor of
Former Judge Abner Smith, who
was always considered to be upright
and honest while serving as one of
the Judges of Cook County, but It
seems Just as soon as he became
President of the Bank ot America, he
permitted his servant girl, and sev
eral well-known scoundrels to draw
thousands of dollars from it without
security or upon worthless security,
and by his loose business methods
and the reckless manner in which he
practiced high financing, in less than
two months he has succeeded in
stamping himself a criminal in the
eyes of the law, and as tha majority
of the men connected with the TtamV
of America were experts at grafting
and looting financial institutions, the
result is that at the present time, tie
tank can only pay 60 cents on the. dol
lar .to its army of depositors
Uttle Woman Day.
This is undoubtedly the day of tlu
little woman. There Is a dash and s
go about her Impossible to women oi
larger growth. In many Instances she
Is as nimble in mind as she is agile
in body. Her thought flashes from one
subject to another as her restless body
dashes from this place to that She
combines the quickness and alertnesi
of the bird with the easy playfulnesi
of the kitten. Madame.
Big Wireless Station.
A wireless telegraph station which
Is being established at Norddelch,
Germany, on the shore of the North
sea. Is expected to do business with
Germany, Austria, Switzerland,
France, Great Britain, Denmark, the
greater part of Italy, Sweden and Nor
way and smaller parts of Spain,
Russia and the states of the Balkan
Missions in China.
The year 1907 will mark the comple
tion of the first century of Protestant
missions In China. In 1807 Morrison
sailed for China and labored for man;
years without a convert In 1843 there
were 12 missionaries and only six con
verts. In 1853 there were less than 2,
000 converts, now there are 150,000.
The missionary force now numbers 3,
Jeweler Happy Too.
Having sold for 25 to C. H. Bald
win, a Montpelier (Vt) Jeweler, a fresh
water pearl which he had found, a
small boy from Waterbury thought he
was In great luck and "rich" beyond
the dreams of avarice." The Jeweler,
however. Is also happy. The Jewe
weighs 28 grains. Is perfect In 'shape
and flawless, and has an estimated
value of $3,500.
Dr. E. W. Scripture, who has been
making researches in phonetics under
a Smithsonian Institution grant has
secured a gramophone record of the
voice of Emperor William of Germany.
It will be preserved by the National
museum at Washington, and, of course
will not be used in any public way In
the kaiser's lifetime.
The atmosphere of the earth acts
very much In the same way as does
the glass of a greenhouse It allows
the rays of the sun to pass through,
but Imprisons the heat Thus it Is
colder on the top of a mountain than
at tho sea level, because, though the
mountain-top is nearer the sun, the at
mosphere Is very much less dense.
A French tailor, who advertised
"English spoken," was sometimes at
a loss for the right word. On one oc
casion, wishing to tell a customer that
her girdle was too high, he hesitated
a moment, then, with a look of Inspi
ration, he said: "Madyame, your cur
vature is too upstairs."
Prof. Baldwin, of Johns Hopkins
university, has just returned from
Mexico, where, at the request of the
Mexican government he has spent six
' vnnra InoiwMlnt. flm fwlnrvitlnnnl ctrcj.-
tern of that country as a guest of
"Facsimile of Herself."
A Massachusetts woman Is some
thing of a Mrs. Malaprop. While visit
ing a friend in Dorchester she was re
calling old times and gossiping of her
friends and acquaintances, when she
said: "Poor sis. poor sis. She's a
mere facsimile of her old self."
A Strong Inducement.
Weary Wander I see they're goln
In fer free alcohol fer th arts an'
Llmpy Lucas That settles It I'm
goin' to be a artist Cleveland Plain
Capable of Profound Thought
The Intricacies of life should have
no terrors for a woman, when we con
sider that she can comprehend the de
scrlptions of a dress pattern. Phila
in Kussia tne performance oi an
nually blessing the waters of the Neva
takes the place of the water wagon.
They both are due to the Neva-again
feeling. Kansas City Times.
A New York wife of 76 sued her
husband of 30 for an accounting of
the 1300,000 she let him have. :An
accounting of why she let him have It
would not be amiss.
Osage "Baby Chief."
Emery Gibson, a ten-year-old boy,
has been chosen "baby chief" of the
Osage Indians, according to the old
tribal custom of choosing a new one
every three years.
Front on Her Back.
Feminine tact Is where a woman
succeeds in making a front by putting
everything on her back. Puck.
South America has about twice the
area and about one-half the popula
tion of the United States.
tOAtTV haft MtlMil 9f Ui l.t.Ju
,,,-1 i ! " ou.ou iu uia micuvi
and probably pulled it in after Mm.
NEW KIND OF MAINE SLATE
Ssd of Superior Material Secsntly
Uncovered In Somerset
A new variety of slate has been dis
covered by Prof. T. Nelson Dale, of the
United States geological survey, in the
town of Forks, Somerset county. In cen
tral Maine, between the Kennebec and
The slate crops out In the bed cf
Holly Brook, where It Is exposed for a
thickness of 30 feet or more across the
cleavage. The nearest railroad Is the
Somerset railway extension at Mos
quito Narrows, six miles distant
The slate Is bluish black and fine of
texture, with a cleavage surface which
shows less luster than that of tha
Brownvllle slate, but is still bright It
Is graphitic, contains a very small
amount of magnetite, has no argilla
ceous odor, does not effervesce in coM
dilute hydrochloric acid, is sonorous
and Is readily perforated. The ledge
does not show discoloration nor do frag
ments that have been exposd for 15
The constituents of this slate, ar
ranged in the order of their abundance,
appear to be muscovlte, quartz, chlorite,
pyrite and graphite, with accessory
tourmaline, zircon and rutlle. This
Pleasant Pond slate, to name it after the
nearest topographic feature, would
prove suitable either for roofing or mill
stock purposes. Another ledge of sim
ilar slate has been exposed by trench
ing about a third of a mile away, but
this slate shows some false cleavage, at
least at the surface. Should that fea
ture continue into the mass the slate
would have little or no commercial
value. The slate of the Holly Brook
outcrop is free from that undesirable
SUNDAY LAWS IN VIRGINIA.
Liquid Refreshments Not to Be Had
Unless One "Knows the
"Down In the quaint old seaport ot
Norfolk a few days ago I saw a beau
tiful example of the workings of a
strict Sunday law," said W. ' L.
j Rodgers, of Baltimore, according to
the Washington Post
"It was not possible to get any liquid
refreshments In the hotels and the sa
loons were hermetically sealed.
"Strolling ak-ig one of the principal
streets my attention was attracted to a
crowd of men who swarmed In and out
of a place as if it icosessecl a magnet
Sure enough it did. as I found by join
ing the crowd. The place was dingy and
unattractive, but it had a bar in full
blast and the man behind the counter
couldn't dish out the liquor fast enough.
I called for a drink, too, but the bar
tender, Instead of waiting on me, asked
me for my ticket I told him I had
none and he proceeded to explain:
" 'This is a clubroom and we don't
serve drinks to any except members.
However, there is the secretary and you
might ask him.'
"At this the person pointed out as
secretary came up and repeated what the
other had told me.
" 'We have to oomply with the Vir
ginia law,' said he. 'or risk going to jail.
But you look all right and I can make
you a member of the club. The fee is 20
"I paid It without a murmur and
thought it a pretty cute mode of selling
a drink for 35 cents."
Train of Donkeys Loaded with Gold
Fall Into Mexican River
and Are Lost
The American owners of the Guada
lupe de ios Reyes mines, situated in the
state of Slnaloa, are still mourning the
loss of $100,000 of gold and silver bullion
which was lost several months ago In
a remarkable manner, relates the Mex
ican Herald. The train of donkeys, load
ed with bullion, were on their way to
Mazatlan, at which point the precious
cargoes were to be shipped to San Fran
cisco by water.
The animals were going along.a nar
row trail bordering high above m the
Piaxtla river, when the roadway," soft
ened by the rains, suddenly caved Into
the river, the animals and bullion and
a number of the Mexican drivers dis
appearing in the current
As soon as the news of the heavy loss
reached the owners of the mines, a large
force of men was sent out to search for
the treasure, a search that has been in
progress for some time, but not a single
bar of the bullion has been recovered.
It Is supposed that the animals with
their freight were swept down the river
Into the Pacific ocean. The hunt for the
bullion Is still on, and a group of em
ployes of the mines are patrollng the
river day and night for a distance of
more than 100 miles, to keep outsiders
from searching and getting away with
Leaves a Medicine.
Grape leaves are the sovereign rem
edy In Switzerland for cuts and fresh
wounds. Decoctions of the Juice of
the leaves are used In poultices. An
agreeable tea Is also made from the
leaves, which is said greatly to
strengthen the nerves. The leaves are
also excellent food for cows, hogs and
sheep. The "tears" of the vine (used
medicinally) are a limpid exudation of
the sap at the time the plant begins
budding, and are found on the vine
where the slightest wound occurs to
the plant The liquid is collected b
cutting off the ends of the canes, bend
ing them down, and -sticking the ends
into the neck of tho bottle, which will
be filled In a few days. The wood and
branches are used in the manufacture
of baskets, furniture, rustic work:
hark for tying material, e(c., and,
when bsrsed, potash and salts.
DOG'S HERDING INSTINCT.
taaids&t XJlvstrating How It Xanj.
fasts Itself In Looking After
Hens as Well as Sheep.
Wis way the instinct for herding
comes out in sheep dogs Is wonderful,
says a New York Sun writer. I once had
a young collie given to me. He was
only six months old and had never re
ceived any training or seen other dogs
managing a band of sheep.
I had gone out of sheep at the tima
and there was nothing about the ranch,
apparently, for him to do. The puppy
moped about for a week or ten daya.
Then a happy thought struck him.
There were the hens!
From that day on he never failed to
herd the hens regularly. He would to
on the watch for them when the
emerged from their house on the side if
the gumbo bank after feeding in tho
morning and would assume charge f
them for the rest of the day.
Collecting them in front of him, be
would drive them, a clucking, waddling,
protesting band, out about half a mile
on to the prairie. While they ran about
after Insects or pecked at the weeds and
grass he sauntered about on the out
skirts, keeping a vigilant eye on every
pullet and rooster.
And punctually an hour before sun
set he would gather them up Into ,t
compact little group and drive them
home. This self-appointed task he per
formed with the greatest system of thor
oughness, displaying all the highest
gifts of the sheep dog fidelity, judg
ment, tact conscience.
He was a most engaging little rascal,
and I grieved for him as if he had been
a human when, after a few months, he
ate wolf poison and died.
MEMBER OF NOTED COMPANY
rhe Lady Washington, in Which a
New York Fireman Gained
Hugh Bonner, deputy fire commis
sioner, became a member of the old ol
unteer fire department in 1860, and is
a member of the Lady Washington En
gine company gained his first distinc
tion as a fire fighter, relates the New
The Lady Washington, known to all
New York vamps, was a Fourteenth
ward company, stationed in Mulberry
street, between Broome and Spring, la
the heart of a neighborhood which de
veloped more active politicians at the
period of its prominence than any other
ward of New York, except the Sixth
From It John Kelly. Daniel O'Reilly
Judge John Hayes, Judge Clancy an!
James J. Hayes came originally. It was
a district noted for fire fighters as well
as for politicians, and sometimes the
two were combined.
The Lady Washington was the chief
of the engine companies in the Four
teenth ward, as the Columbian (No. 9i.
having its house with 40 oi. Mulberry
street, was the hose company, and the
Hlbernia (18). on Mott street, was the
hook and ladder company, or truck, as
the present designation Is. The Ladv
Washington engine had a varlegatei
history, being, in fact, the lineal de
scendant, as It were, of a company es
tablished in the same neighborhood in
1812, which after 30 years of activity wa3
disbanded, to be reorganized ten years
CE COATING FOR WARMTH
Fruit Cars Covered with Sheet
Frozen Water to Preserve
The use of ice for heating purposes
is one of the oddities of our modern civ
ilization. It often happens that a train
carrying fruit from South America to
the northern states encounters a spell
of cold weather en route. If the tem
perature goes below a certain point the
perishable merchandise will be ruined
But it has been ascertained that such a
misfortune may be prevented by cover
ing the fruit car with a coating of Ice
a thing easily accomplished by turning
a hose upon it and allowing the water to
freeze, until the whole vehicle is envel
oped In a glassy and glittering blanket
It may, indeed, be appropriately
called a blanket inasmuch as It prevents
the radiation of heat from the interior of
the car. The ice being a good non-conductor,
the warmth Is retained, and the
fruit or possibly it may be vegetables,
goes on Its way unspoiled even by zero
Some trucks used for transporting
oranges are often fitted with "Ice
stoves," which, while useful during hot
weather as refrigerators, are filled with
Ice during the cold weather.
Dog and Snake Fight
Two Ballarat sportsmen while on a
ihootlng excursion to Lai Lai encoun
tered a large snake that was attacked
by a dog that accompanied them. The
reptile wound Itself around the dog,
ind an exciting fight ensued, during
which the animal bit off the tall of
the serpent The sportsmen, anxiou3
to save the dog, decided to shoot the
reptile if an opportunity presented lt
telf. This occurred when It thrust out
tss head over the hind quarters of the
stter. The shot however. Instead of
Bitting tha snake, entered the body of
the dog, the death ot which was In
stantaneous. The snake was then dis
patched. British. Australian.
One Way to Cook a QuaiL
A quail, as every one knows, is nat
urally oae of the driest of birds, and it
Is always a question with cooks how
best to preserve its"Jnices. To take off
lbs skin is to take away the greatest
part of the Juices, and sueh a quail
broiled or roasted would be little better
eating than cottonwood chips. In North
Carolina they cook a quail in the middle
of a his potato. This little receipt I
worth, a colsan oa aiaMig quaJL-r