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THE BROAD AX.
FOTJLI8HED WEEK! V.
"iU rromnlnte aad at all timr vplwld ba tnu
piiidtilca of Democracy, but GtthoUc. Protestant,
P.i 1. lofi.le!. rnpem, 8injrto Tazera, Bepnbll
cin Kolt,tit of lbnr,or any on etae can bars
tuctr r. long thiir Ucgoac la proper and
w jwicrtDUltr is fixed.
Th" Broad. uli a newspaper woom platform is
bmd voonpb for alt. erer claiming tbe editorial
ribt to peak lu own Bind.
fneM roTtntmlcatkmt wtU reoelTe attention.
Wnto oulj on one aide of tbe paper.
Babaeriptlonf most be paid In adrancs.
On Yr R.00
Six Months 1.00
AJrertlidnK rata made known on application.
Aadrewi all communication to
THE BROAD AX
CMO Armour Arensa, Ghleafo.
JUUUS F TATLOB, Editor aadPnbUater.
Entered rt the Pot Office at Chk&ga,
Hi., as Secood-clui Matter
Walter M. Farmer, for 16 years an
honored member of the bar In St
Louis, Mo., Is now engaged In the
general practice of law. Suite 708,
171 Washington street. Phone Main ,
4153. Residence 4856 Langley avenue.
Phone Drexel 6302.
THE ATLANTA MOB.
If the character of the President for
Impulsiveness, so generally ascribed
to him by all who know him, were
not true we would suspicion that there
was a design, and an evil one, too, In
his order of preemptory dismissal of
the Negro Battalion; not less In that
than In his message trying to justify
that dismissal. In that message he
alludes to the Atlanta riot as being
provoked by a "Conspiracy of silence,
and being caused by the fact," as he
asserts, that "respectable Colored peo
ple harbor criminals." Since this un
usual message, vituperating the re
spectable element of a whole race of
people, the committee of Atlanta to
disburse funds for the relief of suffer
ers from the bloody and lawless mob.
that "Crucified Atlanta in the eyes of
the world," have made their report.
We Quote sections of the report from
the Atlanta Constitution of December
"The committee found that twelve
persons were killed and seventy were
wounded during therioL Of the
wounded, ten were white and sixty
"Among the victims there was not
a single vagrant, but all were work
ing and supporting families.
"To the murders, states the
mittee, robberies were added,
'men and women were treated
"The declaration was made
several hundred murderers and would
be murderers are now at large In the
What does this "Unspeakable bru
tality" mean? This investigating com
mittee of white men uses the words
"unspeakable brutality" in describing
the crimes of the white mob. It first
alludes to the murders and robberies
of the mob, but adds to them crimes
of "unspeakable brutality," not that
the murders and robberies were "un
speakable brutalities," for our English
never blushes in describing crimes of
crime, the English of which is un
printable, and its description In pub
lic print, becomes unspeakable. That
crime is rape, and. it is being guilty
of that crime that the Atlanta commit
tee charges the mob. So, the picture
presented before us by the official re
port of the Atlanta committee of re
lief is that of a mob of white rapists,
men banded together not for the pro
tection of virtue, but for pillage, mur
der and rape. They broke into homes,
murdered men .raped mothers and
daughters, and, then, may be, like the
soldiers of the Allied Powers In China
a few years ago, after violating the
persons of women, pinned their bodies
to the floor with bayonets.
Now, cries the Atlanta Constitu
tion, "There are several hundred mur
derers at large in Atlanta." How
many of these several hundred are
guilty of "unspeakable brutality," or
If President Roosevelt had waited
until this committee made Its report
he would have found In It no allusion
to the charge of Negroes committing
rape as provoking these "atrocious of
fenses at Atlanta," and, may be, he
would have foreborne to make such a
savage attack upon a large ana toyal
element of the American people. The
Advance St Louis, Mo.
Negro journalism can never be what
it ought to be as long as that race re
fuses to give the right men the kind
"of support that -will enable them to
give their time and talents wholly to
the work. Many of onr best newspa
per men .are compelled to rely upon
teaching, preaching, government service
or some outside calling to keep the wolf I
from the door, while they do what they
can with voice and pen toward the mor
al and economic uplift of their almost
criminally indifferent race. The Freeman.
The Grand All-Star Carnation Recital.
Will be given by the Original June
Rose Committee, Monday evening.
January, Twenty-first, 1907, at Qulnn
Chapel Auditorium, Twenty-fourth
street and Wabash avenue. Among
the well-known talent who will appear
are: Mr. Alfredo Vlalet. the talented
Cuban violinist; Prof. N. Clark
Smith's Cadet Band of 25 pieces; The
Imperial Quartette, consisting of Mrs.
Martha B. Anderson, Soprano; Miss
Pauline Lee, Alto; Mr. Louis Ander
son. Tenor; Mr. George D. Singleton,
Bass; Madame Eliza Dishman, or
Denver. Colo., the sweet Dramatic So
prano; Mrs. C. C. Lewis, the disting
uished Reader and Entertainer: Mrs.
Ora Dunlap, Contralto, of Indianap
olis, Ind.; Mrs. Bessie Warren-WeisI-ger,
Accompanist Admission 25 cts.
Mrs. J. A. Warren, Chairman; Mrs.
Alexander Lane, Secretary; Rev. D.
P. Roberts, Pastor. Programme will
begin at 8:15 sharp. Ushers. Misses
Arville Williams, Esther Caloway,
Charlotte Tyler and Eliza McCoomer.
Assisted by Mess. Fernande Weisi
ger, Thurman Curtis. Miles E. Bish
and Noah Davis Thompson, the man
agement intends to make this the
swellest social event of the season.
Come early and secure a good seat.
Last week the Senators, wasted
much time in again fighting over the
war of 1861 and 1865, and It Is really
astonishing to observe, that those
who were the head and the front of
the slave-holders rebellion of that
period, are now heartily ashamed of
their efforts to bust up the union.
For most every Southern Senator
who took part in the discussion arc
In favor of dropping the word "rebel
lion" and subtltuting In Its place, the
late unpleasentncss or the misunder
standing of the people residing In the
various states at that period, or some
other mild term, which will not con
stantly remind the Southern people,
that they were plain and simple rebels
as many of them are to this day.
There is no disposition on our part
to open old wounds nor to rekindle
the bitter feeling which existed be
tween the north and the south
throughout the rebellion, but we hope
the day will never come when those
who wore the grey and fought against
the preservation of the union, will be
honored and exalted above those who
wore the blue and fought to preserve
President of Convict Board Says Stak
ing Prisoners Out Would Be
Montgomery. Ala., Jan. 14. Dr.
Shirley Bragg. President of the Ala
bama Convict Board, In a report to
the Governor, says that humanity
would be best served if every jail in
the State were burned.
"It would be more humane and far
better," he urges, "to take the prison
er out with a ring about his neck like
a wild animal than to confine him in
places we call jails, that are reeking
with filth and disease and alive with
vermin of all kinds.
No Means To Wash Faces.
"I tell no secrets when I say that
in many jails men and women remain
for months without means of wash
ing their faces and hands."
Of the iniquities of the county con
vict system, long held to be a blot
on the civilization of the State, the
Opposes Working in Mines.
"If the State wishes to kill Its con
victs It should do it directly and not
He also expressed grave doubts as
to the advisability of working con
victs In the mines, because of the
constant menace to life. Commercial
There Is no hell beneath the earth
nor above It nor In any part of the uni
verse except In the jails in the South
ern states. Editor.
THE NEW PEKIN THEATER.
"In Zululand" at the New Pekin
Theater, State and 27th streets, starts
on its third week with a considerably
increasing attendance. This bright and
tuneful production is by far the most
ptetentious and ambitious yet staged at
this novel playhouse The great sing
ing chorus of the New Pekin Stock
Company" continues to be a special fea
ture. It has been said by competent
critics of musical comedies that on en
sembles and chorals effects this chorus
is the peer of any yet heard this season
at any of the down town playhouses.
Will Marion Cook, the famous Negro
composer; Joe Jordan, the talented
leader of the Pekin; James T. Brymn.
who" has several song successes to his
credit, have collaborated in the musical
scale of "In ZuIulanbV and the result
is a continual succession, of .big song
hits. The books and lyrics are by
Charles Adelman, the well-known
newspaper man who is responsible for
the book and the lyrics of the big La
Salle Theater success, "Yankee Regent"
With this combination of talent engaged.
success was sure and it is probable that
there is tio colored entertainment in the
world that can equal the production
now given at the New Pekin Theater.
J. D. Long, 4040 Armour ave.. is con
fined to his home with the Lagrippc.
Mayor Edward F. Dunne has decid
ed to make the second race for the
mayor of this municipality.
Miss Lucy Lindsey, 41 10 Calumet
avenue, entertained a small number of
Herds at .vhist Friday evening.
Mrs. Ora Dunlap the sweet voice
singer of Indianapolis. Indiana, is the
guest of Prof, and Mrs. N. Clark Smith.
3608 State street.
Mis Delia Crawford left for her
borne in St. Louis. Mo., Monday even-J
ing. r.fttr a very pleasant visit of three
weeks among friends.
There arc no reserved scats for the
All-Star Concert at Quinn Chapel Mon
day night, so you will secure a good scat
only by going early.
Mrs. Hattlo Smith, 6S18 Vernon
ave., entertained at dinner Tuesday
evening, a small party of her Detroit
friends who were passing through the
Prof. W. Kemper Harreld, has so far
failed to come up with the five spot
which is still coming to us and we need
it to assist in our fight on Benjamin
Fred IUtsse will not enter the contest
in the Republican City Convention for
the nomination of Mayor of Chicago
until he sees how the Carter H. Harri
son cat will jump.
Mrs. Belle Barley, 4157 Ellis avenue,
left Thursday for a few weeks' visit
among friends in Ohio after which she
will visit Hot Springs, Ark., for the
benefit of the medicinal baths and rest.
Doctor A. Wilberforce Williams, re
turned home Wednesday morning
from a pleasant visit to Buxton, Iowa,
where he sold a great many shares
o! The Black Diamond Development
The Ciiicago Broad Ax special anni
versary edition is a most creditabc ef
fort, and Editor Julius Taylor has noth
ing to be ashamed of and much to be
proud of. ThcAdvocatc congratulates
our worthy contemporary, and wishes it
continued success, which it so well de
serves. The Advocate, Portland Ore
gon. Thc supporters of the "Man of Des
tiny" have selected the following gen
tlemen to make the race for the va
rious offices to be voted for at the spring
election, that is if they receive the
nominations in the city convention:
For Mayoi Carter H. Harrison.
For City Treasurer John E. Trac
gcr. For City Clerk Leslie P. Kelly.
For Judge of the Superior Cpurt
Joseph W. Errant.
For Sanitary Trustee N. S. Budz
ban. Lord Rothschild and Jay Gonld.
Lord Rothschild, who Is taking a
prominent part in the commission
which Is considering as to the best ter
ritory for Jewish colonization. Is the
wealthiest member of the wealthiest
and most famous banking house In the
world. His monetary and social Influ
ence suggests the monarch rather than
the financier. There Is a story that
Jay Gould once called upon him on
business. Lord Rothschild sent ont
word that he was too busy to see the
caller. Mr. Gould, not accustomed to
being denied audience by any one.
sent back rather a tart repetition of
his request After an Interval tbe at
tendant returned with this reply from
Lord Rothschild: "Tell Mr. Gould that
Europe Is not for sale."
Kew Diamond Field.
At Christiana, a little town In the
Transvaal about seventy miles above
KImbcrley. an alluvial deposit has been
discovered bearing diamonds, and tbe
entire area,- has been staked out hi
claims, which are granted by the gov
ernment, each fifty yards square. The
"digging" for diamonds, which are
found in the surface deposits, is some
what similar to placer gold mining.
There some 3,000 diamond miners, rep
resenting every nationality, are living
In huts and tents with their families.
Horsesj Cry For It.
Thirty horses per hour Is the average
work per currying machine done In
many stables. Furthermore, the ani
mals thoroughly enjoy the massage, for
this Is virtually what the operation Is,
and when released from their stalls
will often run over to the machine of
their own accord. The look of perfect
peace and contentment depicted on tbe
face of the animal Is an excellent testi
monial In behalf of tbe grooming ma
chine. Scientific American.
"LAST WORDS OF FAMOUS MEN
Julian (331-363), Roman emperor.
"Oh, Galilean, thou bast conquered!"
John Keats (1795-1821). Eugllsh poet
"I feel the daisies growing over me."
James Lawrence (1781-1813), Ameri
can naval officer, "Don't give up the
Louis XIII. of France (1601-1043),
"There come to me thoughts that tor
William Pitt (1750-1S00). English
statesman, "Oh, my country, how I
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1820). Amer
ican statesman. "I resign my spirit to
God and my daughter to my country."
Sir Walter Raleigh 0552-1018). Eng
lish courtier and nnvigntor: "Why dost
thou not strike? Strike, manr (To
Hugh Latimer (1472-1553). English
reformer: "Be of good cheer, brother.
We shall this day kindle such a torch
In England as I trust shall never be
extinguished." (To Nicholas Ridley,
who was burned with him.)
PLAYS AND PLAYERS.
Jacques Krnger of "The Vanderbllt
Cup" fought as a boy in the civil war.
Harry D. Carey, tbe author of "Mon
tana." is a lawyer of standing In New
Elsie Janls carries two maids, a sec
retary, two autos and a big "Teddy
bear" on the road.
A ship and a troup have much In
common. Both require skillful naviga
tion else they "go on the rocks."
Richard Golden has rejoined "The
Tourists." His Timothy Todd Is the
very best thing that Golden has ever
Madge Crlchton. lately with "My La
dy's Maid," has assumed the leading
feminine role, that of Dora Blossom, In
Edythe Chapman, whose fine per
formance of Princess Artcmla In "Tbt
Light Eternal" at the Majestic theater
New York, has won praise, made hci
debut as Rachel McCreery In "HeK
by the Enemy." ,
The fiunncinl column says that "mon
ey Is easy." But the trouble Is the men
who have It nre not Cleveland Lead-1
er. ' scarcely canaLlc of mental endowment.
Already preparations are being made "I hope I may safely admit, in con
to harvest Ice. This is the same Icei sequence of the report which has
that will be scarce next summer.-Phil-; reached mc, that vou arc a man far
adelphla Ledger. ltss jflC:.-HIe in sentiments of ir- n.i-
Hall Calne's slapdash criticism of tll.c than tfh Jim y0l,
Shakespeare looks like advertising for mc... ,-... . . - .
somebody, and It could hardly be need-,
ed for William of Avon.-New York,
A St Louis judge has decided that
billiards Is a game of chance. His hon
or evidently never got Into a game with
the fascinating stranger. Philadelphia
A writer In London Truth says that,
In twenty yenrs America will be much
the greatest nation on the globe. In
twenty years! Which Is much the)
greatest nation on tbe globe now?
Eagle Bend News.
FACTS FROM FRANCE.
The sales of absinth In France have
decreased nearly 3 per cent within a
year. The amount drunk last year was,
however, still 4.537,529 gallons.
The mnklng of wooden spoons Is a
handicraft In Brittany and one of
considerable Importance, for wooden
spoons are employed almost universal
ly there for table use. Many an old
sailor takes up the carving of these
necessary utensils as a means of llvell
In Taris, according to the Cris de
Paris, they have counted the saloons
In the various wards. Tbe ward In the
vicinity of the exchange has the record.
with a saloon for every forty-seven of
Its Inhabitants. The market district
follows, with one for every fifty-two In
habitants, while the Champs Elysees
has one for every 1G2 inhabitants. The
quarter near tbe Military school has a
saloon for every 172 people.
MODES OF THE MOMENT.
Mist blue shades exquisitely with
China silk petticoats are soft and
graceful and may be trimmed with ap
plique lace and Jet.
A new note of fashion Is sounded In
the belts and girdles, which need no
longer harmonize with the gown, and
In a return to the ones made out of rib
bon. There Is a new chiffon cloth called
chlffonette, which bids fair to outrival
any of the other mentioned materials
because of its beauty and lasting qual
ities. Certain shades of red brown are al
most as much famed as the regular
wine shades. These red browns are
more on tbe cinnamon and Vandyke
tones than on the mahogany, although
real mahogany red Is extremely chic
New York Post
PITH AND POINT.
We all think wo have a lot nser
coming to us than we ever get
If a man really has money he says
he Is poor. When a man boasts of his
great possessions you may know he Is
The cold facts are that when yeur
age is guessed several years younger
than it really Is some one Is trying to
be agreeable to you.
Don't pay people left handed compli
ments. If you want to compliment
them and they deserve It, give it to
them straight from tbe right shoulder.
The Negro Astronomer and Mathematican,
Author of One of the First Al
manacs In America.
AN INTERESTING STORY WRITTEN EXPRESSLY FOR THE BROAD
AX, BY COL. CLARKE IRVINE OREGON, MO.
away in the
Banneker before passing
fall of 1804. became the
most intelligent and the most distin
guished Negro in the United States,
for he was known favorably on two con
tinents. He spoke four or five differ
ent languages. He assisted the com-
ptmssioncrs to survey and lay out the
District of Columbia. He has the dis
tinction of being the first Negro to dine
with President Thomas Jefferson
in the White House.
In 1701 that great Democratic states
man received the following letter from
''Man-land, Baltimore County,
August 19, 1791.
"Sir: I ;,m fully sensible of the great
ness of the freedom I take with you on
the presant occasion, a liberty which
seemed scarcely allowable when I re
flect on the distinguished and dignified
station ir. which you stand, and the
almost general prejudice which is so
prcvnclnt in the world against those
of my race complexion.
"It is a truth too well attested to need
a proof here, that wc arc a race of be
ings who have long labored under the
abuse and censure of the world; that
we have long lccn looked upon with
an eye of contempt, and considered
,atl,-r ?i mtish Ihan hu.viii, ami
.. .... ' .
tla -vou are W,II,"S to nd your aid
and assistance for our relief from those
many distresses, and numerous calami
tics to which wc arc reduced.
,'If this is founded in truth, I apprc-
Iicnd you will embrace every opportun
itv to crad;catc that train of ab,unj
aml faIsc ;dcas and . . , . h
., .. . '
feiiiw.iuj jjict.iu wiiii respect to us.
that your sentiments are concur
rent with mine, which arc that one
universal Father hath given being to us
all; that He hath not only made us
all of one flesh, but that He hath also
without partiality, afforded us all the
same sensations, and endowed us
all with the same faculties, and that
however variable wc may be in society
or religion; however diversified in sit
uation or in colour, wc arc all of the
same family, and stand in the same re
lation to Him.
"If these arc sentiments of which
you arc fully persuaded, you cannot but
acknowledge that it is the indispensable
duty of those who maintain for them
selves the rights of human nature, and
who profess the obligations of Chris
tianity to extend their powers and in
fluence to the relief of even- part of
the human race, from whatever burden
or oppression they may unjustly labor
under, and this I apprehend, a full con
viction of the truth and obligation of
these principles should lead all to.
"I have long been convinced that if
you have for yourselves and for those
inestimable laws which preserved to you
the rights of human nature, was found
cd on sincerity, you could not but be
solicitous that every individual of what
ever rank or distinction, might with
you equally enjoy the blessings thereof;
neither could rest satisfied short of the
most active effusion of your exertions
in order to their promotion from any
state of degradation to which the un
justifiable cruelty and barbarism of
men may have reduced them.
"I freely and cheerfully acknowledge
that I am of the African race and in
that color which is natural to them of
the deepest dye, and it is under a sense
of the most profound gratitude to the
Supreme Ruler of the Universe, that I
now confess to you that I am not un
der that state of tyrannical thraldom
and human captivity to which too many
of my brethren are doomed, but that
I have abundantly tasted of the frui
tion of those blessings which proceed
from that free and unequalled liberty
with which you arc favored; and which
I hope you will willingly allow you
have mercifully received from the im
mediate hand of that Being from whom
proceedeth every good and perfect gift
"Suffer me to recall to your mind that
time in which the arms of the British
crown were exerted, with every power
ful effort in order to reduce you to a
state of servitude. Look back, I en
treat you, on the variety of dangers to
which you were exposed; reflect on
that period in which every human aid
appeared unavailable and in which c-
hope and fortitude wore the aspect nf
inability to the conflict, and you cannot
but be led to a serious and gratitul
sense of your miraculous and provid- n
tial preservation. You cannot but a. k
r.owlcdge that the present freedom and
tranquility which you enjoy, you have
mercifully received, and that it 1-, t'n
peculiar blessing of heaven.
"This, sir. was a time when u,n
clearly saw into injustice of a i.,t.
of slavery, and in which you hail nw
apprehensions of the horrors of its ion
dition. It was then that your abhor
rence thereof was so excited that um
publicly held forth this true and imal
uablc doctrine, which is worthy to Ie
icwarded and remembered in all uc
cccding ages: "We hold these truth
to be self-evident, that all men ar
created equal; that they are endowed
Ly their Creator with certain inalienable
rights, and that among these are life.
liberty, and the pursuit nf happiness."
"Here was a time in which ur
tender feelings for youreve- and en
gaged you thus to declare. u wre
then impressed with proper iika !
the great violation of liberty and ih
free possession of thoc beting ?
which you were entitled by nature: but
sir, how pitiable is it to reflect, that
although you were so fully convinced
of the benevolence of the Father of
mankind, and of His equal and impar
tial distribution of these rights ami
privileges which he hath conferred upon
them, that you should at the same time
counteract His mercies, in detaining b
fraud and violence, so numerous a part
of my brethren under groaning captn
ity and cruel oppression, that you -hmU
at the same time be found guilty of
that most criminal act, which ou pro
fessedly detested in others, with re
spect to yourselves.
"Your knowledge of the situation ft
my brethren is too extensive to reed
a recital here; neither shall I presume
to prescribe methods by which they
may be relieved otherwise than by
recommending to you and all others, to
wean yourselves from those narrow-
prejudices which you have imbibed with
respect to them, and as Job proved
to his friends, 'put your soul in their
souls' stead,' thus your hearts be en
larged with kindness and benevolence
towards them, and thus shall you need
neither the direction of myself or oth
ers, in whnt manner to proceed therein
"And now, sir, although my -ip-thy
and affection for my brethren ha 'i
caused my enlargement thus far 1 ar
dently hope tha your candor and gen
erosity will plead with you in tv. l
half, when I state that it was not or
iginally my design, but having f.len
up pen in order to present a copv f
an Almanac which I have caculatcd for
the succeeding year, I was unexpected
ly led thereto.
"This calculation is the production of
my arduous study, in my advanced stage
of life, for having long had unbounded
desire to become acquainted with the
secrets of nature, I have had to gratifv
my curiosity herein through my own
assiduous application to astronomical
sudy, in which I need not recount to
you the many difficulties and disadvan
tages which I have had to encounter
"And although I had almost declined
to make my calculation for the ensuing
year, in consequence of the time which
I had allotted for it being taken up at
the federal territory by the request
of Mr. Andrew Ellicott, yet I indus
triously applied myself thereto, and hope
I have accomplished it with correctness
and accuracy, I have taken the liberty
to direct a copy to you, which I hum
bly request you will favorably re
ceive, and although you may have the
opportunity of perusing it after its pub
lication, yet I desire to send it to you
in manuscript .. previous thereto, that
thereby you might not only have an
earlier inspection, but that you might
also view it in my own handwriting.
"And now, sir, I shall conclude, and
subscribe myself with the most profound
respect, your most obedient humble ser
vant, "Benjamin Banneker."
Thomas Jefferson's letter to Benja
man Banneker, which can be found on
page 291, voL III, of Mr. Jefferson's
works, is as follows:
"Philadelphia, August 30, IT0-
"Sir: I thank you sincerely for your
letter of the 19th instant, and for the
almanic it contained. Nobody wishes
more than I do to see such proofs as
you exhibit, that Nature has given to