Newspaper Page Text
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let the Cuban Violinist "was at his,
best, while Mrs. C. C. Lewis pleased
as usual About four hundred dol
lars was realized by the church.
W. L. Ricks a prominent lawyer of
Minneapolis Is visiting the city on his
way south on legal business. Mr. and
Mrs. J. N. Arendorph, will give a din
ner in his honor Sunday afternoon.
SIDE LIGHTS ON THE RACE PRO
BLEM IN THE SOUTH.
(Concluded from page 1.)
ter her baby was Born, George
Young's widow went far away from
the scene of her woe, homeless, pov-ety-stricken
(for the merchants seiz
ed everything of value) and half
crazed with the shock; but always as
she recounts the story of the two
fcrms swinging from the dogwoods,
Mack fingers clutch tighter around
their ax handles, crow-bars, and lead
pencils, and Negro heart-throbs quick
en as they declare "This shall not be
It does not require the rape of a
white woman to furnish the excuse,
for lynching in the South. Whenever
a Negro accumulates a little property
and is able to keep out of debt, that
minute he faces danger. He lives in
a universe of fear, haunted by the
thought of the fate that may be his
pot knowing what moment he may
feel the noose around his neck.
Taking up the question of rape
which is harped on by white men of
the South and editorial writers of the
North, nothing has ever been said
about the rape of Negro women by
As a matter of fact, few of the so
called rapes of white women, really
are assults. Let a Vagro muddled
with liquor offer to shake hands
with a white woman and It Is likely
as not exagerated into a just cause
for lynching especially if the Negro
is prosperous and in busines compel
tltion with the white. Let a Negro
jostle against a white woman byaccl
dent, and according to the unwritten
law of the South he would be signing
his death warrant. The mayor of a
Southern city, talking to me on this
point, said: "If a Nigger should come
to my house and offer to shake hands
with my wife, I would pour the con
tents of my shot-gun into his heart.
There would be nothing left of him to
lynch." This same mayor had, in my
presence, just a few minutes previous,
shaken hands most effusively with an
old Colored man whom he met on the
street The Inconstancy of these as
tute reasoners of the South was ever
cause of wonderment to me.
It may come as a shock to the white
women of the South to be told that, in
many instances, they are the insti
gators of murder. Shocking as this
sounds. It is true. Many of The Iynch
ings that have stained the pages of
Southern history have Tieen caused By
woman's hysteria, and her desire for
The real difficulty lies In the fact
that the South has never looked upon
the Negro as a human being. The
black man is their beast of burden.
White men can commit "rape" con
stantly and nothing be thought of it.
In many Instances it is not even look
ed upon as an insult.
With a "Negro'" the case Is entirely
different. He cannot make the slight
est move which a hysterical woman
can twist into an insult, without cut
ting the leash that holds the Hell
bounds of race hatred, and turning
them loose upon himself. If the wo
men of the South would think calm
ly over the situation, the number of
Negro lynchings would rapidly de
crease. Southern women are on the
lookout for trouble of this kind, all
the time, and It Is just like trouble
of any other character, If you go
around with a chip on your shoulder
looking for it you are always sure to
I can illustrate this by an experience
of my own. One Saturday afternoon
(or evening they cail it in the South
one of the two Negroes who bad been
vorklng for me, cultivating my crop
came out from town somewhat the
worse for wear. Prohibition had just
gone out, and the saloon proved an
enticing bate for the Negroes, of the
locality. He had looked on the wine
when it was red, and was not himself.
That Negro was a church member,
a man of sterling qualities at other
times. Had I been a Southern wo
man, hysterical, obsessed with the
thought that he meant me harm, I
would have raised the alarm, and be
fore night he would "have been" hang
ing to a tree.
What terrible crime did this
Negro commit The liquor had made
him feel that he was a brother to the
whole world through an excess of re
ligious emotion. He saw in me a wi
dow struggling to get along, and he
wanted to express his sympathy for
me. He came and sat down beside me
on the settee.
I rose at once, and he did not real'
Ize that he had done a thing which
might have meant death to him. He
vent on to express his sympathy for
mo and told me that anything In the
world that he could do to help me, he
would do if I would just send him
word. This really was more than the
white men of the South ever thought
of, for with one exception, they let
me go out In the woods with an ax
and chop my own wood. One man,
alone, among the whites, when he
found by wood-pile was low, turned in
and chopped some wood for me.
Many .Negro has been hung for the
rape of a white woman, when the rape
was of no worse a character than the
circumstance I have just described;
the Negro In his stumbling, Ignorant
way, merely wanted to express his
sympathy. Many an inoffensive vic
tim has been lynched, just as mapy
an affectionate dog has been shot,
when the cry of "Mad dog" has
been raised. The hands of the white
women of the South are covered with
blood as much as those of the white
men. The white woman raises the
c:y, the white man holds the rope.
MRS. KATE KINSEY BROOK.
The Second Harriet Beecher Stow
c, who has the courage to shed some
light on the true condition of affairs
In the South!
The men and women of the South
are hypnotized by the thought of a
lynching. It has looked to me, at
times, as if they enjoyed the sensa
tion, much as they enjoy attending a
cock-fight. The air grows vibrant
with the thought of a lynching, and
the slightest flurry of emotion may
become the nucleus of a cyclone and
snuff out the candle or a black man's
life. The sentence is pronounced in
advance of the act. It was pronounc
ed years ago. It is as old as slavery
in the South.
A Southern white man told me, one
day, that to a certainty Negroes had
no souls; that they were mere beasts
of burden, meant to work until they
die, the same as the mules which they
drive. The peculiar fact about this
case, was the father of the white man
who was talking with me was also the
father of numerous black children by
his slaves. I knew of several black
men and women who were his half
brothers. It struck me as, at least,
interesting that a father should be
able to beget offspring with souls by
one woman, and others as "soulless a3
animals," by another.
Now, suppose we consider the rape
of Negro girls by white men.
When I first moved to the South I
was impressed with the fact that
there were so few houses of prosti
tution. I mentioned this anSswas told
that houses of prostitution were not
necessary' (?)) as there were plenty
of Negro women. As it was told me,
I inferred that the Negro women were
ever willing to accede to the proposi
tions of white men; that they could
be bought with a piece of calico to
make an apron, a far cheaper bar
gain than the rates in an ordinary
house of prostitution, but I found that
there was another side to the ques
tion. First, I noticed that Negroes
were unwilling to allow their women
and children to walk alone in the pub
lic roads. I never saw young Negro
girls alone and one of the men would
accompany a woman who was com
pelled to go any distance. I was told it
was dangerous for a Negro woman
to walk alone, as she was likely to be
assaulted by white men, in such cases
there was no recourse. They must
just bear IL
Three instances came to my atten
tion. The first was that of a preach
er who had two daughters, one about
fourteen, and the other sixteen years
old, both of them handsome speci
mens of Negro womanhood. The girls
worked In the fields, chopped wood In
the forest, indeed carried on the work
of the plantation Just as a man would
do, while the father preached the gos
pel In various churches, at a distance
from home. This Negro suddenly sold
his home and appeared very anxious
to leave the locality. He did not, at
first explain why he did this, but lat
er It came out In a burst of confi
dence. His daughters were In danger.
It seems that while they were In the
field hoeing corn, a couple of white
men came out of the woods near by,
pointed their guns at them and threat
ened to shoot them if the girls did not
come Into the woods and submit to
them. This was not the first Instance
of such a nature, and the father was
Impressed with the fact that he must
move away, in the instance to which
I have referred, the girls ran scream
ing to the house and the men went
Later another Negro suddenly made
up his mind to sell ouL He had clear
ed up his plantation and built a home,
after the greatest privation. I talked
with him long and earnestly, advising
him not to sell at a sacrifice. Finally
he told me that white men had been
forcing their way Into his yard, on pre
tense of getting a drink of water
from his well, and threatening his
wife and daughters. He said he knew
it was just a question of time when
the women would be assulted, and he
was afraid to go away from home for
a minute, even to do the necessary
work in the field. I finally talked hire
into the notion of staying, and in
this case It was arranged for the
white men to leave the neighborhood,
when the Negro felt that he dared to
make the experiment of keeping, on
nt this old place.
(To be Continued.)
The Can.p of Sleep.
Sir William Gowers hns recently de
veloped n new theory of sleep. Ac
cording to his explanation, the suspen
sion of consciousness In sleep Is prob
ably due to n break nnd make" action
among the brain cells. The activity of
the brain is considered to be due to
nerve cells, from which spring nerve
cords that go ou dividing nnd suIhII
vlding until they terminate in little
knobs. Formerly It was believed that
the nerve cells of the brain were ia
permanent connection by menus of
their terminals, but now It appears
that these are only In oppositi6n and
capable of being separated. The hy
pothesis Is that during sleep such sep
aration takes place, nnd the fact that
narcotic substances are capable of In
ducing sleep is held to support this
Henry McAleenan has a pawnshop, a
modest little one, on Sixth avenue, in
a building he owns. The Rite Is small,
eighteen feet wide and fifty-two feet
deep. The man who owns the rest of
the Sixth avenue front wanted the
pawnbroker's little corner. He made
several tempting offers in vnin. Final
ly he said:
"I'll give you 550,000 for thnt little
"Not enough," said the modest pawn
broker. "Why, muu, that Is $404 a square
"I can't help it" said Mr. McAleenan.
"My business there cleared me $250,000
last year, und I couldn't duplicate the
site." New York Cor. Philadelphia
The Dojr'i Copper Toed Hoot.
A traveling salesman for a boot and
shoe house carries with him as a mas
cot a boys' boot with red leather top
and a copper toe.
"I found It in Fort Dodge, Kan," he
said. "It was among the stock of a
shoe dealer there, and I asked him for
It It Is a great curiosity now, but In
my early day upon the road I sold
thousands of them."
The red topped, copper toed boys'
boot has dropped out of existence. No
store in Kansas City sells them. The
salesman said they were not manufac
tured. Kansas City Star.
Paper 31nde From Gram.
Among the materials that have been
substituted for rags in the making of
paper Is esparto grass, which was for
merly obtained for this purpose from
Spain, but is now largely imported by
British and American manufacturers
from the north of Africa.
It is a very hardy plant, flourishing
in deserts where other vegetable life is
unable to exist, and the suggestion has
recently been made that by cultivating
esparto grass In the Sahara that great
region of deserts might be partially re
claimed and turned Into a source of
profit for mankind.
Klndlr Trait In a Kin.
King Edward starts many fashions.
He has been doing it all his life. Usual
ly his ideas are sartorial. Occasionally,
though. King Edward strikes out an
idea which all the world, fashionable
or" commonplace, can approve. His lat
est Is one of great humanity. No horse
is ever sold from the royal stables after
It has outlived its usefulness. It Is put
to death painlessly. This is a source
of much financial loss to the king, al
ways hard up, for England Is crowded
with tuft hunters, who would pay ex
orbitant prices for his old horses Just
to brag about them. Cleveland Leader.
French Tor Sabers.
The saber of 1890, which replaces in
the French army the model saber of
1SS2, destroys the old adage of Gen
eral de Brack that "the saber Is the
arm In which you ought to have the
most confidence, because It Is very
rarely that It refuses you service by
breaking In your hands." From mo
tives of economy we are condemning
our unfortunate cavalry to hold In their
hands an Instrument of Ineffectual de
fence made like a simple bazaar knife.
L'Eclalr of Paris.
A Good Home for Children.
Wrmtif rWMren either "White OT
fWnred to board and room, thev will
r-mv th est of a eood mother:
charges reasonable- Mrs. L. Coleman,
2839 Armour Ave, 2d flat
Despite the present opposition of
Speaker Cannon the friends of the bill
providing n new building for the de
partments of state. Justice and com
merce and labor hope to meet with
success at the present session of con
gress. They still believe they can con
vince the speaker that the building
should be erected at this time and will
endeavor to have it reported favorably
by the house public buildings and
Would Save Rentals.
The bill provides that the bnlld
. ing shnll be erected on ground on Penn
sylvania avenue between Fourteenth
and Fifteenth streets.
It is contended by the cabinet mem
bers interested that their quarters nre
inadequate to accommodate their grow
ing departments. The government now
pays $370,000 annual rentnl for private
ly owned offices outside the regular
buildings, nnd It is urged that this mon
ey might be used for the erection of
The sergeant nt arms of the senate
has among his stores a number of
things which bespeak comfort if net
absolute luxury. He carries quantities
of violet and white rose and Jockey
Club soap, hair tonics, bottles of co
logne, oil for massaging, chamois skins,
bay rum. witch hazel, sea salt silver
nail polishing brushes, large lemou
squeezers, snuff, two and three grain
quinine pills, bath sponges and, most
curious entry of all, "twenty-four bot
tles pond lily." No less than twenty
one different sorts of soup are ou the
list for the use of senators.
French Honor of Franklin.
President Roosevelt submitted n mes
sage to congress n few days ago con
cerning the gold medal presented to
France by the United States April 20.
190(5, In commemoration of the two
hundredth anniversary of the birth of
Benjamin Franklin. The presentation
was made by Secretary Root to M.
Jusserand, the French ambassador, at
a celebration In Philadelphia.
Accompanying the report was a let
ter from M. Jusserand explaining the
exact disposition made of the medal by
France. A large case In the center of
the Hall of Honor of the Museum of
Medals nt Paris has been given over to
the Franklin medal, which Is surround
ed by Washington nnd Lafayette med
als nnd other emblems suggesting the
A Saltan's Letter.
President Roosevelt has received a
letter from the sultan of Morocco ex
pressing his gratitude for the appoint
ment of Samuel R. Gummere as Amer
ican minister to Morocco. The letter is
written In Arable. The sultan address
es the president as "the beloved, the
most cherished, the exalted, the most
gracious friend, most honored nnd ex
cellent president of the republic of the
United States of America, who is the
pillar of its great Influence and the di
rector of its most Important affairs, the
most celebrated preserver of the ties
of true friendship, the faithful. Theo
President's Western Trip.
President Roosevelt will probably go
to Indianapolis. Ind., on Memorial day
this year to deliver an address on the
occasion of the unveiling of a monu
ment to General Henry W. Lawton.
who was killed In the Philippines
shortly after the United States tool:
charge of the Islands. General Lawton
was a Fort Wuyne man. and the presi
dent bad always regarded him as one
of the great and faithful soldiers of the
country. When nt Santiago In com
mand of the rough riders the president
was Immediately under General Law
ton and only a few days ago promised
the general's widow to send her son to
West Point as a cadet.
Indianapolis will probably be the first
stop in a rather Important trip the
president will make to the west early
In June. He has accepted several In
vitations to talk to colleges at their
commencement season If he is able to
do so. One of these is In Missouri and
the other in Michigan. He has a score
or more of Invitations to other places,
but some time ago he was disinclined
to accept them.
Arc of the District.
It has been 118 years since the legis
lature of the state of Maryland, sitting
at Annapolis, passed nn act ceding to
the United States government a terri
tory ten miles Bquare, anywhere with
in the state that the federal officials
and commissioners might select The
bill thus passed on Dec 23, 1788, was
immediately signed by Governor John
Eager Howard, fifth American gov
ernor of Maryland. It thus became a
On Dec. 3, 1780, Virginia, following
the lead of Maryland, passed an act do
nating a tract ten miles square to the
government but it was not until July
10, 1700. that President Washington
signed the bill establishing the seat of
government of the United States on the
banks of the Potomac between the
eastern branch and the Connogochegue
In accordance with the terms of the
eighth section, article 1, of the constitu
tion of the United States, which sets
"Congress shall have power to exer
cise exclusive legislation, in all cases
whatsoever, over such district (not ex
ceeding ten miles square) as may by
cession of particular states and the ac
ceptance of congress become the seat
of government of the United States."
This was the article that had In 1788
inspired the Maryland legislature to
donate a tract ten miles square, under
which the site of the capital was ae-j
cepted 6y congress In 1700. The tract
ceded by Virginia was afterward (In
July, 1840) ceded back to the state of
Virginia. CABL SCHOFIELD.
NEW SHORT STORIES,
Harry Lnnghlin, the billiard expert
told at an exhibition game in Toledo,
O., a billiard story.
"Once, when I had my own parlor In
Columbus," he said, "I was a good deal
disturbed by the loss of chalk. Chalk
disappeared at a tremendous rate, and
I said to my helper:
"Keep a better eye on the chalk,
Jim. I'm no millionaire.'
"'I know the gents wot pockets the
chalk. Mr. Lnughlin.' Jim said, 'but
"TOO AB IN TBS MILK BUSINESS, AD.""!
they're regular customers. I guess you
wouldn't want to offend 'em. would
" 'Weil, no.' said I. l wouldn't You
might give them a gentle hint, though.
Use your diplomacy.'
"Jim, I found out later, used bis di
plomacy that night He walked up to
one of my best patrons that bad just
pocketed a piece of chalk, and he said:
"You're In the milk business, ain't
" 'Yes. Why?' the patron asked.
I thought so,' said Jim, 'from the
amount of chalk you carry away. The
boss likes enterprise, and he told me to
tell you thnt if you wanted a bucket
of water now nnd then you could have
one and welcome.' "
It Didn't Work.
"The late Sam Small had his faults,"
said an Atlantan. "but he did not dodge
the penalty of them. When he went
wrong he owned up like a man, and if
punishment was due he took It
"That was the doctrine Sam Small
preached. He hated dodgers. He used
to laugh bitterly at the plea of 'hypnot
ic influence that used to be put up by
nearly every murderer.
"I once heard him ridiculing hypno
tism. He said that be bougltt pretty
heavily one year for Christmas, and
when the bill came In for turkey and
mince meat, candy, ducks, chickens,
plum pudding, fruit cake and so on be
thought to himself that here was a
case for hypnotism to be tried.
"He went first to hypnotize the gro
cer. Approaching the man. he looked
him squarely In the eye, at the same
time repeating slowly and Impressive
ly: " 'My bill Is paid.'
"A change came over the grocer's
face. His color faded, bis eyes grew
dull, his expression blank, and in a
strange, mechanical voice he muttered:
You're a liar.'"
Kalaer and Admiral.
A good story Is being told In Berlin
of the kaiser and an old admiral who
is a fine old sea dog and an uncommon
good trencherman. The etiquette of
courts prescribes that when the sov
ereign has done eating the course has
to be removed, whether the rest of the
diners have finished or not The kaiser
mi rorr fnriA nt fh mmrh old ail-
,.tu ,wj ., w. - .--
mlral, whose sea talk amused him Im-1
mensely, and on one occasion when the '
admiral was dining with the emperor
a dish was served to which the admiral
was Inordinately devoted. It so hap
pened that the emperor did not care
for it and had very soon finished. The
footmen began to remove the plates,
but the old admiral, who did not mean
to be balked of his favorite dish, rap
ped the servant who tried to take his
plate over the fingers with his fork and
cried out, "Geschte weg." much to the
amusement of the emperor and the rest
of the guests, who were bursting wi'h
laughter at this terrible breach of eti
quette. London P. T. O.
Comes Out Himself.
Back In the eiehtles a Chelsea celeb
rity was "Tight" Howe, always look-
ing for a chance to perform deeds of t
valor, always boasting or nis courage
and really having more sand than
judgment according to the Boston
With "Tight" could always be found
a semlsportlng element knowing there
would be "something doing." One
night in passing a saloon where there
xenn a ereat deal of noise "Tight" halt
ed his admirers and said, "Boys, stay f
right here, and I'll go in there andj
throw 'em an out ana one 01 you count 1
'em as thoy come."
In he went In a few minutes out
., a man thrnnph thf trlnrlow. iinsh-
Mllim ... w..0 -. -- . r-
glass and all, and one of the crowd 1
yelled with all his might, "Oner
From the gutter came "Tlght's"
voice, saying:" "Stop counting! Stop
counting, yon fool! It's me that cama
HUMOR OF THE HOUR
Tfot a Wardrobe.
On one of her recent trips to Amer
ica a certain steamer carried a passen
ger who retired at nightfall, having Im
bibed more strong beverage than suited
His mental confusion on rising next
morning was sadly Intensified when he
made the unpleasant discovery that all
his personal clothes were missing. The
steward and his staff were promptly
summoned and were followed In duo
course by the genial captain himself.
The mystery seemed to deepen until
the captain asked the sufferer if be had
any remembrance of how he had dis
posed of his clothes overnight.
A sudden gleam of intelligence light
ed the passenger's eye, nnd the mis
chief was made apparent to all when
"Why, of course, I remember now.
Before turning In last night I put them
all In that little cupboard yonder."
"Great goodness, man." roared the
captain, "that's the portholer'-Smlth'j
Broke Vp the Concert.
Pike-'IIow did the submarine con
cert turn out?
Wlilteflsn Why, Mr. Bass sung a
bass solo, and the lobsters In the gul
lery yelled. "Get the hook!"
Pike What happened then?
Whlteflsh Why, the hook got Mr.
Bass. There was a fisherman above.
The Modern Man.
Mrs. Cobble Your husband is a very
nervous man. isn't he? .
Mrs. Stone Oh, yes! He's never
been able to have his picture taken.
"But now they do It instantaneously
In the thousandth part of a second."
"I know it, but that's too long for
him to sit still."-New York Life.
"So you have dismissed your fortune
"Yes," answered the czar.
"Have you ceased to worry about
"I'm so busy dodging the present
that I don't have time to think about
the future." Washington Star.
The Proper Way.
"So Wiseman is married nt last He
used to say if he ever got married he'd
manage his wife all right"
"Well, he's pretty shrewd; he's going
about it in the right way."
"Is he? How?"
"Letting her have her own way."
DrnwInK the Color Line.
She Let us have a white wedding
when we are married.
He Certainly. I never did care
much for colored weddings. Philadel
Police Magistrate What's your occu
pation? The Hobo I'm a summer banker.
Police Magistrate And what's a
The Hobo A feller wot sets on de
bank uv de lake an fishes. See?
Merelr a Hint.
"Here's the trousers I got of you last
spring." said Shortlelgh as he banded
his tailor a package. "I wish you
would reseat them for me."
"By the way," rejoined the tailor, "I
can also receipt the bill for them at
any time." PIck-Me-Up.
A Tryinjr Moment.
"I'll never forget the first Jackpot I
ever won," said the veteran at the
"What did you hold?" asked the
"My breath, for one thing. I don't
remember what else." Detroit Free
For and Against.
Vivian Maude How do you like your
Ethel Gladys Well, the music Is aw
ful and unfortunately the rector is
married, but the guild quarrels are ab
solutely fascinating. New York Times.
A Means to an End.
Towne Some men think that a good
dinner Is the only thing to be desired.
Browne Yes, and there are some
other men who think of a dinner only
as something to have a good smoke
after. Philadelphia Press.
Helen Are you going to give up ci
gars when you marry me?
George No, but 111 swear off giving
them up to your father and two broth
ers every time I calL Cleveland Plain
"She made him sign the pledge when
they were married."
1 always heard that marriage aC
fected a man's spirits." Judge.
t J"" JTAsaf'fc