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THE BROAD AX.
V1U promulgate and at all timet apbold tb tnu
net. Iofiil. F&rmen, Single Taxsra, Bepnbll
ein. Kolehto of Labor, or an on eUe can bare
cbrlr my. o lonr tbcir tangnac la proper ana
erpoMbi!itT la fixed.
TlKiBrotd.-ili a newpaper vhoae platform ia
Ored eoonph for all, erer rlilnlng the editorial
light to f peak 1U own Bind.
Local rommtmleatloni vtll reoelre attention.
Writs only on one aide of the paper.
Sabterlptiona mast be paid in adranco.
Oc Tear 13.00
Adrertldnerates made known on application.
Aadreca all communications to
THE BROAD AX
HMO Armour ATenne, Chicago.
JULIUS T. TAYLOB, Editor ad Publisher.
Entered t the Pod Office at ChJag
flu Secosd-claa Matter.
Walter M. Farmer, for 16 years an
honored member of the bar In St.
Louis, Mo., Is now engaged In the
general practice of law. Suite 708,
171 Washington street. Phone Main
4153. Residence 4856 Langley avenue.
Phone Drexel 6302.
Mr. L. M. Lawrence 3407 State St.,
is confined to his home sick.
Mrs. Eliza Dishman left for her
home in Denver, Colo., Tuesday.
Mrs. Joseph Crum aud daughter are
visiting mother and grand-mother in
St. Louis, Mo.
Mr. and Mrs. S. A. T. Watkins 3632
Calumet ave., entertained a few
triends at whist Thursday evening.
What grew my hair where it was
not and covered up a bad bald spot,
Farmer's Hair Tonic and Cream.
Mr. S. W. Thompson who has been
visiting his wife and children in Los
Angeles. Calif., since Xnias, returned
to the city Thursday.
Mr. Wm. Wharton entertained a
small party of friends at an eight
coursed dinner at the New Columbia
restaurant, Wednesday evening.
Carter H. Harrison, will return
home from Pasadena, Calif., within
the next ten days, to take a hand in
the contest for Mayor of Chicago.
Mr. Chas. W. Fillmore of Washing
ton, D. C, who has been spending the
past week in Chicago on business re
turned to his home Wednesday night.
Mrs. Alexander Lane 1939 Archer
avenue who is a prominent member
of Quinn Chapel, says that The Broad
ax is getting better and better each
The members of the Appomattox
Club, will give their Third Annual
Masque party, at their club rooms,
3144 Wabash ave., Thursday evening,
Alderman Henry L. Fick, has an
other year to run yet before the head
guys, of the Municipal Voters League
will deem it their duty to either tap
him or punch him up a little.
James A. Quinn, formerly the ener
getic city sealer of Chicago, has re
moved his handsome mustache, in
order to have a little more time to
boom Carter H. Harrison for Mayor of
Before the war. in the old slavery
days Colored men were bought and
sold for from one thousand to three
thousand dollars, but Prof. W. Kemper
Harreld has sold his honesty and
everything to us for the small sum of
On the account of a great improve
ment in her health. Mrs. James E.
Thompson with her daughters Mrs. J.
K. Smiley and Mrs. Arthur Woodard
have decided to postpone their trip
to Southern California where they In
tended to spend Lue rest of the winter.
Every race loving man, woman and
chlid should read that excellent arti
cle published by The Broad Ax, Chi
cago, of last week, on The Crimes of
the White Man in the South, and
thereby help solve the great race
question. The Intelligence, Tampa,
All the big politicians aside, from
John P. Hopkins, Roger C. Sullivan,
James J. Gray, Thomas Carey and
Col. William Loeffler, have been
smoked out on the mayoralty contest,
and they are now engaged In putting
In their time, in shouting for Carter
H.- Harrison and Edward F. Dunne.
The .Grand Jurors Association of
Cook County will meet Monday. Feb.
4th, 8 "p. m.f in the Methodist Church
Block, 'cor. Clark and Washington
Streets.) Lecture Room.
. Bishop Fallows and Judge Albert C.
Barnes wil speak on the Indertermln-
ate Sentence Law.
Dr. Harry Minton of Philadelphia
spent last week in Chicago the guest
of JaY. John Auter of Evanston, while
here Dr. Minton was entertained at
the Avendorph subscription dance,
on Tuesday- evening and on Friday
evening a theatre box party was given
in his honor by a number of young
men at the Pekln.
j TflVman's AaTemaa nt thfi Colored
soldiers Teminds .one ot th,e devil de
fending heaven. and condemning hell.
Better a thousand times over for the
Negrt that he he wrongfully punished
by Theodore Roosevelt than be com
mended by Ben. Tillman. "Deliver
us. Oh Lord, from our friends," may
4he Negro pray, with Tillman pretending-
to protect bis rights. The
Republican, Seattle, Wash.
Mrs wr a Ruckner. 3532 Wabash
ave "I want to express my greatest
admiration for The Broad Ax, and the
great work It Is doing In fighting the
cause of the race, and what we need
are plenty of manly men like you, who
are not afraid to express themselves
on any subject that Is for the upbuild
ing of the Afro-American race."
Tillman may be right in his con
tention that "the white man is made
from superior clay to tne black man,
but if so it took a great many centur
ies for that superiority to develop it
self for the world's greatest ancient
characters were of the black race. The
worlds greatest geniuses were Solo
mon and Hannibal both of the black
rce rue nejmblican, Seattle, Wash.
Thn viftppnth annual nrize masquer
ade Ball given by the Manasseh So
ciety No. 1 at the Coliseum Annex,
Monday evening last was attended by
about twelve hundred persons all of
whom seemed to enjoy themselves to
the fullest extent. A large number of
our Society folks attended the ball
out of curiosity "just to see how Col
ored men with white wives would
act." That they acted just like any
other self respecting element no one
The Triangle and Inner Circle clubs
met at Mr. F. L. Cuffees' 3942 Dear
born st on Monday evening, enjoyed
their annual dinner and elected the
following officers for the ensuing year,
Capt. J, R. Ratcliffe, Pres.; J. Lacey.
V. P.; Geo. M. Turner, Sec; J. W.
Ward, Treas.; J. It McAlister, Stew
art, Wm. H. Jackson ticket agent.
They will give two entertainments a
vear for charity and the public will
"be advised of their accomplishments
through these columns.
.Mrs. Jennie E. Watts an old time
resident of Chicago, but now of New
York City arrived here last Sunday
morning, to visit her parents, Mr. aud
Mrs. George Smith, 448 37th Place.
Mrs. Watts who is one of our wann
est ladv friends is the very picture of
health and she is looking much better
than she ever did before. Wednesday
evening, her two sisters Misses Lil
lian Leona Smith gave her a birthday
party, which was largely attended by
her old friends. Her husband H. M.
Watts who for a long time was one
of the musicians at Wing's 22nd and
State street, has bought a nice home
on Cruger ave., near Morris Park. In
New York City, and she will return
One afternoon last week two
South Side Society women were ac
costed on the street by a white man
who persisted in questioning them'
concerning their address and when
he could see them. The only reason
the ladies did not order the scound
rels arrest is because there was not
an officer In sight neither was there
a Colored man about to whom they
could report the man's conduct. In
speaking of the incident one of the
ladles said "this is the second time
I have been accosted on the street by
a white man the first insisting upon
my leaving the street car and joining
him at supper." The chances are a
hundred to one that these cowards
who Insult women on the street pick
their chances when there is not an
other man In sight who might come to
the assistance of the person or per
sons insulted and give them the
thrashing they deserve. They are the
same low-bred rascals who have a fit
when they discover a Colored man
seated beside them at a lunch counter
or in a street car. Most of them are
Southern born, and the sight of a
Colored man talking to a white wo
man suffices to make their blood boll
and wish they were "down home
where a crowd of us could get togeth
er and lynch that "Nigger" to the first
tree." We do not advocate lynching
the hybirds as the case would be If
conditions were reversed and the
South the place of action, but we do
hope that some good man will be near
at hand the next time our ladles are
approached, and take charge of the
culprit in the manner best suiting
the case. T.
CROWD HISSES STAGE "MICK."
Last week in New York city, while
Russell Brothers were playing In
Hammersteln's Victoria Theater, and
assuming the roles of Irish servant
girls, more than two hundred people
hissed and greeted them with, cat
calls, and such a noiso was kept up
until the curtain was rung down, and
that part of the Irish play was elim
inated from the program.
On that same evening It was also
announced that the United Irish So
cieties will pursue the same course.
In every local theater where, in thel
ci Inlcn. actors are holding the Irish
rao tin to ridicule and scorn.
This rlalnly indicates that the Irish
'ple will not stand for having their
race vilified or slandered, but we re
met to say that there are some so
called liberty loving Irish-Americans
'n this city, who entertain the idea
'hat Colored Americans have no mor-'
-.1 right to protest against Ben Till
man bcldly advocating mob and Iynoli
law and the shot-gun policy for all
Colored men. women and children,
and branding all Negroes as wild
beasts, savages and baboons.
Miss Grace Knlghten.- after spend
ing several months with friends In
Now. York City and Cleveland, Ohio,
returned to the city Wednesday morn
ing and is stopping, with ber sister
Mrs. A. F. Tervalon, 5032 Dearborn
SIDE LIGHTS ON THE RACE PRO
BLEM IN THE SOUTH.
(Concluded from page 1. )
instances, the Xegro is tlelibci
atcly kept in debt ; that the land
lord and merchant, between
them, make it impossible for him
to get out of debt, the same as
prostitutes arc exploited in nor
thern cities, the injustice of it
all is strikingly brought out. it
becomes apparent how little
chance the Xegro has to advance,
so long as he is held back bv
bonds which never can be broken
without using force to free him
self from the voke, and the whites
will not abandon the system un
til thev are forced to do so. Un
der the present system the mer
chants make a tremendous profit,
it being1 "a bad year" that he does
not make ioo per cent on the in
vestment. Part of the profit i
turned over to the landlord. Thr
Xegro is "between the Devil and
the deep," no matter which way
A white man can go to la.
and claim exemptions, and keep
the little he has. perhaps a feu
hog, a broken down mule, a de
crepit pony, or an outcast cow.
The Xegro has no exemptions, or
if he has. he is ignorant of the
fact, and would not daxc to take
advantage of the law even if he
unuderstood his rights as a citi
zen Within the past three years
Xegroes have been whipped m
the South. In Louisiana two
years ago thev till were 'alking
agitatedly about a terrible whip
ping which had been admini
MRS. KATE KINSEY BROOK.
The Second Harriet Beecher Stow
c, who has the courage to shed some
light on the true condition of affairs
in the South!
tcr-ed to a Xcrro in a town about
four miles from my home. It
used to be that the Xegroes,
when they became so in debt to
a landlord that they could not
see their way out, would run
away over the Arkansas line and
there start a new life. Up to a
short time ago. it was the custom
to gather a posse of white men
in the neighborhood, ride ovci
into Arkansas and whip these
Xegroes back; to Louisiana, if
tlvcy could be located, and force
them to go on working the land
from which they had run away.
These Xegroes were actually
whipped with blacksnakes. Since
the "Peonage" cases have stirred
up so much agitation the whites
have been afraid to whip the Ne
groes, and have been rather more
careful about forcing them to re
main on the land than they used
to be. However, Arkansas has
set her foot down on the whole
procedure of whipping Negroes
out of her territory, so this mat
ter has been somewhat straight
ened out. Another force which
has made it advisable for the
whites to lay down the whip is
the fact that today, most of the
Negroes carry revolvers, and
they do not hesitate to affirm that
they will shoot a white man who
attempts to whip them, even
though they know they will lie
?ihcr !i:t or Ivnche-' the next
niinitc for doing it. They prefer
death to whipping, at least, so
hey have told me. At any rat"
whipping has rather gone out of
style in Louisiana in two years.
The right of the Xegro to vote
is the merest farce, but he is
not so much intimidated in the
exercising of his franchise right
as he used to be, and an intelli
gent Xegro can vote without
danger of personal assault, but
the blacks have become so ac
customed to fearing to vote, that
they have quite gotten out of the
habit. For this reason the Negro
vote amounts to nothing at all
as a factor in politics, unless the
white people wish to vote down
prohibition, when the Negro vote
is made use pf. If there should
be evinced the slightest sign of
a general Negfq vote, the white
population would rise up and in
timidate them into staying at
home on election day.
The Negro is wanted in the
South as a beast qf burden, and
as nothing else. So long as he
is willing to remain snJch, to
hold himself as a sen-ant, and to
ask no questions about his rights
as a citizen, the South wants him.
Just the moment he begins to
open his eyes to his possibilities
the South throws off all pretense
of friendship and recognizes in
him a menace to her civilization,
which it is her duty to muzzle.
If the Negro is lacking in the
quality of virtue, the white man
is to blame for it. The difficulty
started far back in slavery days.
'It was the duty of the slaves
to increase and multiply and re
plenish the purses of their ownci,
hence he encouraeed the pro-cre-
I ativc act. When the Xegroes
r did not breed fast enough to suit
him the white man took a hand
in the matteriiimself, and helped
along the process of evolution
and incidentially added to the
value of his personal property,
by bringing into the world as
many half-breeds as he was able
to produce. I.ufhow the white
man complains bitterly because
the tendency of the Xegro of to
day is to reproduce his specie
irrespective of the law. The
tendencv was inherited from his
ancestors, and originallv was fos
tered and encouraged by the
white owners themselves.
As a matter of fact, immorality
is still emburaged in the Xe-
! groes. and when not absolutes
' encouraged, is winked at. The
law of Louisiana, at least, has
been made very clastic, in ordei
that a Xegro may mam- as often
a he pleases, and secure a di
rrce without difficulty. It is
strange that there should be one
dhorce law for the white man.
and another for the Xegro. Per
haps the erudite law makers anil
interpreters can explain it. 'I lie
fact remains that without going
into court, without pending
more than, perhaps, firteen .nun
utes of his time, without the ex
penditure of more than $15. the
Xegro can secure a divorcv.
which entitle him to marry
again. I have wondered, alway
just where the "graft" comes in.
"graft" there is in this for some-
In many cases Xegroes ar
married by a preacher. AM
1 preachers will not perforin tne
ceremony under the circum-
stances, but there are many who
do. In such cases the marriage
does not "bear the Eagle brand."
as one Xegro woman expressed
it. Hut no one interferes with
the relation thus established.
It is told that one woman went
to town to secure a license to
marry, who had been married
and divorced so many times the
Recorder would not help her out
any longer, and would not give
her a license. She went right on,
serenely, and married the man.
who was not divorced from his
own wife and they have never
been molested in any way.
It is readily seen that there
must be unwritten law, as the
State does not sanction it except
in that it does not put a stop to
it. Incidentally who gets the
money paid for Negro divorces
secured in this loose way? Does
it go into the public treasury oi
does the lawyer split up the $15
with the official?
Why don't you turn that
woman out an J get anothei
wife? She is no good to you.
You ought to have a wife "that
could get out into the field and
work," was the advice of one
Outside of other tendencies
toward immorality, the crowding
of large families into one or two
small rooms, to put it mildly, ca
not but lead to broad views on
tb? subject of virtue. Entire
families, as many as ten persons
often sleep in one room, in which
thev also cook, sit, live, move
and have their being. Morality is
much like cleanliness. It de
pends a great deal upon the en
vironment. Perhaps we would
ret be so ultra-clean if, in order
to take a bath, we were to carry
water up three or four flights or
stairs from a basement, as so
many of the poor in the cities
must do, and then bathe in ice
cold water in a cold room because
too poor to buy coal. In judging
the moral standard of the Negro,
put yourself in his place, realize
if possible, all the conditions that
surround him, take everything- in
to consideration, including the
bad example of his teachers, the
slave-holders, and .then judge.
Summarized, thfconditions as
I found them in Louisiana are
somewhat as follows:
1. Negroes are lynched in the
South for reasons other than
rape. They have been lynched
for no other reason than that
they were "biggitty."
2. The crime of rape for
which the Negro is so often
lynchbd is seldom rape, in fact.
The actual act committed is dis
torted into that crime.
3. The white women of the
South, by giving way to hysteria,
and expecting to be raped by
cvciy Xegro who comes to their
door keep themselves constant
ly in a frame of mind to distort
facts. At the slightest move tljey
will go off into hysteria and be
fore the real facts come out the
Xegro is dead.
4. White men of the South
through lack of thought, delib
erate prejudic. absence of self
control and giving way to th
emotion which craves excitement,
are. in many instances, the cause
of the murder of innocent Xe
groes. 5. Xegro girls and women arc
constantly being assaulted bv
white men. They are consid
ered legitimate prey.
o. The Xegro. as a matter of
fact, has no property rights in
the South which he dares to
7. While under certain con
ditions the Xegro can vote,
through fear he does not exercise
8. The immortality of the
Xegro is due. mainly, to condi
tions provided by the whites or
iginally instituted by the former
owner of slaves.
9. The education afforded the
Xegro of the South is a mockery
ami a farce.
10. Through collusi n. be
tween the merchant and the
landlord, the Xegro is' kept con
stantly in debt and through the
workings of the unwritten laws
if the South he remains a slave
to the landlord a Lug as the
debt is unpaid.
Von cannot persuade the white
people of the South that the Xe
gro is not worthlessly lazy. You
will be told that it is impossible
to get a Xegro to wori. 1 lie
cause of this is easy to locate.
The Southern people expect to
pay a Xegro "two bits" for a
day's work and require that he
-hall give them a dollar" w. rth
f work. The Xejrr figuring
the matter out. quietly takes the
difficulty in hand and straightens
it out to his own satisfaction by
giving "two bits " wortli 01 wor
for "two bits." When he is paid
a dollar for a day's work, and
put on his honor, he gives a dol
lar's worth of labor, and even
more, in return.
I was utterly unable to im
press ut,on Southern employ ei a
that their labor was "scrub"' pure
ly and simple because they paid
"scrub" prices, and that they
would have better quality of
work, if they paid living wage.
They thought I was crazy be
cause I paid a black man a dollai
a day for ordinary labor.
The black man has a stomach
which craves food, just as the
white man's stomach demands
attention. It costs the black man
even more than it does me white
man to buy food. No one would
dream of expecting the white
man to work for less than a dol
In Aid of the Phyllis Wheatley Club will be given at the
WEDNESDAY EVE., FEB. 6TH, 1907, WHEN
THE MAN FROM BAM
Entirely rewritten and re-staged, will be the attraction.
The Phyllis Wheatley Club Is -endeavoring to raise funds to purchase
a home for working girlsitd fc6-Iocated at 3523 Forest ave., Chicago. This
Is a particularly worthy' charity and every one should take advantage of
this opportunity, to not only assist In alaudable undertaking but also spend
an enjoyable evening at
The First and Only Colored Theatre
NOTE Tbe .performance will be unckr the direction of fir. J.
MRS. ELIZABETA LINDSAY-DAVIS, Pres.
MRS. THOS. PEARSON, Chairman.
lar a day. At least one reason
why the Negro is lazy is because
he is underpaid. It is the way li
has figured out whereby he can
balance the ledger.
On one hand you have tli
whites, tyrannical in their atti
tude toward the Negro. strane!v
inconsistent in their relations
with him, now treating him al
most as an equal, speaking t..
him intimately taking him hit .
their confidence in regard t.,
thtir family affairs; on the otln-r.
the whites standing on their .'i
nity and denouncing him fW a
suming the same attitude tow an!
them. The whites have the ii t
firmly fixed in their niiiujs t! ,
the Xegro was born fr the . N
pres purpose of bearing 1 1 . -burdens,
serving them, unkiiv.
living for them, while thev .
life easy and tile attitude w v' '
be assumed toward everv 1
eigner coining to our lnr- :
these people could get the . .-,-to
enforce it. Meanwhile '
Xegro is gradually becomin ., .
quaintcd with hi posil,jit-, ,
realzing where thv trouble n.
understanding the remedx uh,'.
would change condition., ku ,,
ing that he will never be ih,;i 1
chance to rie in the worth ..r
claim his rights unless W -,
force to throw back oppr -m. 17.
The fact i. the Xegroe- are -.'
vancing faster than the whiu ..
Unless the white people . !,,
South awaken to the i'en ' ,
conditions have changed, tii t
slavery has ceased to ei-; . t'i.,?
the black man is a human In in:.
endowed like them with iti.i! i li
able right to life, libertx nrr the
pursuit of happiness, a -Kano
will burst forth that will -.,
everything before it. The v h . .
are now sowing the wind. n.
will reaj) the whirlwind an! irtv
million northern whites will w!m r
the time comes stand rea.h t .
help sec that justice i don. .,
our guests our brothers f Af
"THE NAMELESS CRIME." SAM
SWANSON (WHITE) RAPES A
LITTLE COLORED GIRL.
(Concluded from Page 1 1
enough to make strong Ton
much less angels weep. The
question has been asked. Il.;
long will the officers of the la..
and the guardians of the -acre .
sanctity of homes count nam-e
these shameful crime n tin
part of brutes in the gin-- '"
men. A man has been mini
loose who dares to step to far.
There are some scoundriN w'i
are not satisfied with the a-sui!t-ing
of our women, but are vw
turning their attention t-war.l
the cradle they will take "iir
babes to satisfy their lu-t O
Cod of justice, how long will the
authorities wink at ttol' n-tar-ious
crime bv allowing uch vil
lains out on bond and bond that
Mr. George Wheeler, tk fa
ther of the child, and hi fri -iiN.
will see if there is justice to In
had and if crime will be puni-hcl.
when committed by one who
chances to be of the proud ng-Io-Saxon
It is a noticeable fact that
when a white man assault a Ne
gro woman, or when he een t
charged with taking the babe
from the cradle, he seems t g't
11:1: 1 Ollt! I hi: