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THE BROAD AX
SOT AX3C0VB ATENUE, CHICAGO, JXE.
PZXOSZ SBEXEZt 450.
iVLlVB T. XAXXOB, Editor aadPobllsber
Bntsred as Second-CUss Matter Apr. 19,
1902, at tne Post Office at Chicago, Illinois,
under Act of March S, 187.
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT
Washington, D. C.
September 7, 1912.
Secretary Wilson of the United
States Department of Agriculture has
decided to establish an experiment
station on the Manti National Forest
near Ephraim, Utah, for the study of
grazing and water protection problems.
In fact bids for the construction of the
necessary buildings have been received
and it is expected "to have the station
in working order before winter. Al
Nready the gathering of observations
on the relations of erosion and run-
on to tne iorest cover nave Dezun. vl
The Manti National Forest ' was
chosen as the site for this experiment
station because it "offers exceptionally
good opportunities for investigating
problems of practical value in connec
tion with regulated grazing. Ephraim
and other towns in its neighborhood
have suffered severely from floods fol
lowing violent rainstorms in the moun
tains, and it has already been proved
conclusively that the overgrazed con
' dition of areas on which tho natural
vegetative cover has been seriously
altered is responsible for the forma
tion of torrents and the rapid dis
charge of debris-laden floodwaters. In
a recent destructive storm the water
ran clear from a part of the water
shed which was within the National
Forest, and in good "condition as a re
sult of well regulated grazing, while
from other areas it swept down sand
and boulders. One of the objects of
the study will be to learn how the
marim of grazing use of Natural For
est land can be obtained without in
jury to forest reproduction and stream
The National Forests provide range
during a part or all of the year for a
considerable part of the stock pro
duce in the western States. Approxi
mately one and one-half million head
of cattle and horses and seven and
one-half million head of sheep and
goats occupy the Forest lands each
year. These figures do not include
nearly three hundred thousand calves
and over four million lambs and kids
for which permits are not"reauired.
The experts of the Department be-
Leve that when the ranges which were
- j .uj, Jcaia oi proper
HOA ai vn MA a4 Jl A -. . .
aoofcuieu. tu a normal conaiuon
of productivity it will be possible to
provide feed for a much mm..
provide feed for a much larcer nnm
ber of stock without injury to forest
growths or watersheds, and both tha
stockgrower and the consumer of meat
products will thus be benefited. Con
sequently every effort is being made
to determine practicable means of re
generating depleted ranges. All of
the studies which are about to be in
itiated havethis point in view.
DEATH OF MRS. JOSEPHINE
ELLONE YATES OF KANSAS
Last Monday Mrs. Josephine Silone
Yates, one of the mbst extensively
known and one of the best educated
.Afro-American women in this country,
after a -very short illness closed her
eyes in death at her elegant home in
Kansas City, Mo.
She was a ripe and a well seasoned
scholar; she was for many years an
honored member of the Lincoln In
stitute faculty at Jefferson City, Mo,
at the time of her death she was the
teacher of English in the Lineoln High
School, at Kansas City, she was the
widow of Prof. W. W. Yates, wincinal
t the Lincoln school, TTnn city,
wno passed away several years ago.
For many years she was a prominent
figure-and a leading spirit in the work
of the National .Federation of -Colored
Women's dabs, she ably and hon
orably served as president -of -the Na
tional Association and as president
of the women's clubs of Mo.
She leaves two children. A daugh
ter Josephine, a teacher in the Tf"yyT
City" schools and a son Blyden a sin
dent in the Kansas University. The
'news of her death will be received
with sad Tegret by hundreds of her
former pupils and associates all over
-tho "United States. ,'
It was our good fortune to be pre
sented to Mrs. Yates in 1S99 and from
that time to the YtTj day of her death
we have greatly admired' her, for her
noble and lofty ideals and for her high
MACEDONIAN CRT ANSWERED.
HOME MISSION SOARD REPORTS
THROUGH ITS CHAIRMAN J. P.
ROBINSON AND SECRETARY R.
H. BOYD. NATIONAL BAPTD3T
CONVENTION DOING A GREAT
WORE ON HOME FIELDS, PANA
MA AND THE WEST GETS BE
LIEF TEN. YEARS RECORD
SHOWN IN REPORT.
Houston, Texas, Sept. 9, 1912.
Tho Macedonian cry. "Come over
and help us," that was uttered hun
dreds of rears ago has been heard by
the National Baptist Convention and
is being responded to by the Home
Mission Board. No greater proof of
this fact has been brought to light,
than tho report of the Board made
through its Secretary, Bev. B. H.
Bovd. D. D.. of Nashville, Tennessee.
In this report the Convention is given
credit for doing a masterly work.
Secretary Boyd, shows that the ban
ner of Emanuel has been established
in every clime and country whero the
Stars and Stripes now float. Ho shows
that more than fifty-seven thousand
dollars have been expended in the
prosecution of mission work on what
the denomination calls "home fields"
within the past twelve months.
In the report he .deals with tho
Home Mission work as it affects tho
National Baptist Convention. Tho
work is sub-divided under the pecul
iar relation that the Home Mission
Board sustains to organized Baptist
work: the organization of tho Home
Mission Board in 1895, Missionary co
operative plans of the Home Mission
Board, our work in the States and Ter
ritories in co-operation with the State
and Territorial Conventions, tho com
bined co-operative plans of doing gen
eral missionary, Sunday-school and
colportage work' generally, Bible Con
ferences and Theological Training, the
National Baptist Convention's Mission
ary work in the western states, tho
work of the Field Secretary, our mis
sionary work in other territories and
the Canal Zone and Panama work.
showing a complete and systematic
missionary plan of operation that has
taken in every phase of the work.
Ten years, from 1902 to 1911, of the
missionary operation are given in this
report. The tabulation' shows that 467
missionaries have been employed 'in
that time, and that they have deliv
ered 84,445 sermons and lectures: 1.435
missionary Baptist Sunday-schools and
enurches have been organized; 41,518
churches, associations and conventions
were visited by them and 1.651.225
miles traveled with a total expenditure I
or 5485,511.2. Never in the history of
the National Baptist Convention have
such splendid results been shown by
co-operation under the various mission
ary boards and the several state or
ganizations. The work of the Board, this fiscal
year, which dosed August 31st, 1912,
as is found in the report, shows a
i.wuwi uuaug uvcr ma returns 01
year, withstanding the many
- difficulties and obstacles that had to
decided increase over the returns of
rm. . ..
Tr- - 7 or "e Momo
Mut?1a Board concerning tho work in
the western part of the United States
with its inexhaustible field is taken
to mean that the Missionary Baotists
will not only branch out further in the
work they have been doing in Panama,
where they have $10,000 worth of
property, three churches and three
parsonages and where they have been
so royally treated, but that they will
penetrate the far west and send min
isters to the Dakotas, Wyoming and
other states where no organized Bat-
tist churches are being operated.
Dr. Boyd has been Secretary of the
Home Mission Board for sixteen years,
during which time, Dr. J. P. Bobinson.
A. M, D. D., of Little Bock, Arkansas,
nas Deen coairman. when the-recort
was made it was received with heartv
approval by tne thousands of Baptists
wno showed deep interest in the work.
WAYMAN CHAPEL, A. M. E.
912 N. Franklin Street.
Sunday Sept. the 15th at 11 A. IT.
and 8 P. M. will witness the closing
service for the conference year.
The Pastor Bev. H. E. Stewart will
preach his farewell sermon.
Among the special features of the
day will be a cornet solo at the morn
ing services, . rendered by a Woman
from Oakland, kl,
At the evening services Mr. Jphnson
will have several special selections.
The Pastor will give a report for
the work of tha year which doses for
the third year .during his administra
tion. A final report from all the depart
ments wQr be made Monday night and
plans for the future will bo discussed
by the officers! '0'
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COL. JAMES HAMILTON LEWD3
Democratic candidate for United States Senator from LUinois, who heartily
favors the plan to increase the wages of all women employed in factories,
department stores and other institutions.
TROOPS GATHER TO AVERT A
White Men of Georgia Town Prepare
to Rush Jailand Lynch Eight Ne
groes While Blacks Plot to Dyna
mite Entire City.
PLACE IB ARMED CAMP AND
MARTIAL LAW IS DECLARED.
Remarks of Negro Preacher Slurring
White Woman Who Had Been 'At
tacked Starts Trouble When White
Man Beats Him.
Special to The Broad Ax.
CUMM3NGS, Ga., Sept. 10. Martial
law was declared in this county to
day and troops rushed from Gaines
ville and Marietta to put an end to
race troubles which threatened to de
velop into a bloody riot after a Negro
preacher had been almost whipped to
Infuriated white men had gathered
about the jail prepared to rush in and
lynch eight Negroes and a mob of
Negroes in another part of the city
made preparations to dynamite the
Negro Preacher Severely Beaten.
The excitement began after a mob
of white men had severely beaten
Grant Smith, a Negro preacher, almost
to death on tho public square, after
the xtcgro had made insulting remarks
about a young white woman who was
reported to have been criminally as
saulted by two Negro men who had
been just placed in jail prior to the
Negro preacher's slurs.
The reported assault on the white
woman occurred Thursday night five
miles outside of the town and a posso
of officers and citizens searched for
the guilty parties until thev wore
caught this morning in Deep creek dis
trict, near the scene of tho crime.
After their arrest Grant Smith-, the
Negro preacher, took it upon himself
to express his opinion concerning the
victim of the Negroes, and then tho
trouble began. No sooner had the in
sulting words fallen from his lips than
a mob of infuriated white men were
upon him. He was beaten almost to
deathand probably would have been
burned had officers not intervened and
placed the Negro in the vault of the
Negroes Become Infuriated.
As soon as the news of the beating
of the Negro minister reached the ears
of a large crowd of Negroes attend
ing a picnic and barbecue on the out
skirts, they began plotting to dyna
mite the town. Many of them ven
tured to the courthouse and their plot
soon became known. Then white men
began gathering around the"1 court
house. Sheriff Lee of this connty, as
sisted by Sheriff Crowe of Hall county,
immediatdy mustered in a large force
of deputies to control the situation and
ilayor B. M. Harrin and the sheriff
sent hurry calls to Governor Brown for
L. T. CLARK THE SHAKESPEAB
EAN IS OPEN FOR ENGAGE
MENTS. From on and after this date, Mr.
L. T. Clark the noted Shakespearean
of today, will only make or receive en
gagements through his manager John
W. Hamilton, 51U a 8tate street.
Mrs. Charles J. Pickett, who is a
guest of Mrs. John "B. Marshall, 3630
Calumet Avenue; left Thursday morn
ing for Benton. Barber, Mieh, where
she. will be the gaest for a Sew .days
of Mrs. Edward H. Morris.
DEATHS OF WILLIAM H. WHAR
TON, FRENCHES COLEMAN AND
Charles Jackson Conducting Their
Last Thursday WDliam H. Wharton,
who had been employed, for a number
of years, by the Peoples Gas Light and
Coke Company, as, information man
and who was favorably and wdl
known, to a largo army of both white
and Colored citizens in all parts of
Chicago, passed away at St. Luke's
Hospital. Stomach trouble was the
immediate cause of his death. He was
under the medical care of Dr. Daniel
He was one of tho oldest members
of the Appomattox Club, and for the
last four or five years, being a grass
widower, genial and a whole souled
fellow, in every way, he mado his
home at the Cinb and was one of its
most popular members. His remains
laid in state in tho parlors of the
Club, all day Saturday and Saturday
evening, where they were viewed by
hundreds of bis former friends and as
sociates. Mr. Wharton, was a strong and in
fluential Mason. He was President of
the Masonic Building Association,
which owns the Masonic Hall and
Building at 3956 S. State Street.
Sunday afternoon, funeral services
were hdd over his remains, at the halL
Bev. A. J. Carey, officiating, Charles
Jackson, in active charge. Mt. Hcborn
Lodge of Masons of which he was a
member conducted the Masonic serv
ices. Henry Young, Worshipful Mas
ter of the Lodge, in a creditable man
ner, read the services of the dead.
Many members of the Appomattox
Club served as honorary pallbearers,
The active pallbearers were members
of his lodge.
Sunday evening his body was ship
ped to Nashville, Tenn., for burial
and the ever smiling William H.
Wharton, who possessed a bright and
sunny disposition, will be greatly
missed by those, who knew him best
in this life.
On Sunday afternpon the funeral
services of - Frenehie Coleman; was
held at Institutional Church; Bev. A.
J. Carey preached the-funeral sermon.
Charles Jackson, the funeral director,
d4a state Street in charge. Great
Lakes Lodge No. 43 Order of dks,
and the First Begiment, uniform
Banks 'Knight of Pythias, which he
was a prominent member of conducted
the main parts, of his funeral services.
His remains were laid to rest in Mt
Glenwood Cemetery. Ho was married
and resided at 40 W. 27 tho Street.
The funeral o'f Frank Bronston an
old and highly respected dtizen, was
also held on Sunday aftenoon at his
hom6 5817 LaFayette avenue; Charles
Jackson having charge of it. Bej. W.
B. Braddan officiating, interment in
Oakwoods Cemetery. "
. ST. MARY'S A. M. E. CHUROBv
5251 Dearborn St.
Ser. Jas. Higgins, Pastor.
Services 10:45, 3:15, 7:45.
At 10:45 the Pastor will preach.
Subject, The light of the World.
At 1:45 The 8 8. will render a nice
program at their Dollar Money Bally.
At 3:15 Dr. J. W. Bobinson of St.
Mark's M. E. Church will preach.
At 7:45 The Pastor will preach his
farewell sermon. 8ubiect. "I com
mand you to God and the word of His
On Monday evening at the farewell
entertainment the Pastor will read his
annual report, and will leave Tuesday
morning for Galesburg, the seat of tho
It is a crying evil of most
dwellincs especially tenements,
the bedrooms aro located in the dark
est and poorest ventilated parts of the
house. As a rule, too, the bedrooms
are by far too small to make them
;ni xlAnnincr Quarters. This is true
of both the cheaper and the higher
priced buildings; small, dark and
Doorly ventilated bedrooms being
about as common in the latter as
the former class of tenements.
When it is remembered that the big-
cest bedroom ever made is not big
enough for even one person to sleep in
without having tho windows open, it
is easy to see that small sleeping
rooms should bo well ventilated. Wo
spend about one-third of our tfmo in
bed; and surely wo should be as wdl
provided for in tho matter of air sup
ply during our sleeping hours as well
as we would wish to be during our
periods of work and play.
Tho Health Department that is look
ed upon merely as a police iorco is not
doing vory effective work for the peo
ple it is supposed to serve. For while
health officers mus enforce the laws
and through tho courts seek to punish
those who violato them, the real work
of the health official lies in educating
the people to cheerfully and gladly-do
the things that mean most for the
maintenance of community health and
Tho fall days are here though tho
weather has been deddly summery in
character. But very soon tho chill
nights and mornings will be with us
and so will the deadly and dangerous
houso fly. As a matter of fact, the
cool autumn days bring the flies
swarming about your doors seeking to
get into the warmth and comfort of
your kitchen and dining room. Re
member too, that flies are just as nasty
and dangerous now as they wero in
Juno or July, and keep after them
with a vengeance. Don't let up on
them. by any means until the killing
frosts and winter blasts have put them
out of business.
WALTERS A. M. E. ZION CHURCH.
Cor. 38th and Dearborn Street.
Bev. H. J. Callis, D. D., Pastor.
Owing to the intense heat on last
Sunday the audiences at our services
wero not as large as usual, we Were
glad to note however the number of
strangers present some who were old
friends of our pastor in Indianapolis.
Our first Quarterly Meeting will be
held on the 13th of October, Bev.
Bobinson, pastor of St Marks M. E.
Church will preach for us in the after
noon on that day, also the choir of St
Paul C. M. E. Church will furnish mu
sic The Woman's Home and Foreign
Missionary Society will serve an elab
orate dinner on the 22nd, which is
Woman's Day. Their program in the
evening is to be of a high order Miss
E. M. Knox a Missionary from. China
will deliver the prindpal address.
The Progressive Bally which wa
launched last Sunday starts off auspi
ciously, $1500, is the mark set all of the
members and friends of our church
are asked to pray and work to the
accomplishment of this desire.
An organization for Bible study was
perfected in our church on last Mon
day evening. This is a new departure
and it is earnestly hoped that it will
receive encouragement from all our
members and friends.
The services Sunday will be as usual.
The first entertainment in the in
terest of the Progressive Bally will be.
given on Tuesday night the 17th. A
novei entertainment witn moving
pictures subjects "The Prodical Son"
and "Joseph sold by his brethren."
This entertainment is given on one of
the latest improved moving picture
machines. The admission is 15 cents
children 10 cents.
It is hoped that the Sunday School
officers and teachers will not forget
the union Saturday evening teachers
meeting at Wentworth Avenue Baptist
Church where the Sunday School les
son 'for. the following Sabbath is
taught All the Sunday School work
ers in the 10th Sunday School District
for Cook County are cordially wel
comed and expected to be present every
Saturday night "C"
FLATS TO RENT.
7240-7242" Wentworth Ave, first flat,
7 Booms and Bath, $20.00. Second flat
nothing better seven rooms and bath
Bent $22.00. 5754 Wentworth Ave, 5
Booms and Bath front flats $18.00 four
room rear flats, Bent $10X0 Stone front
House 5521 Shields Aye, 5 Booms and
Bath, $18.00 best resident district
SSU'Arsonr Are, 2nd flat 5 Booms
and bath, $16.00. 2412 La SaHe Street,
5 Booms, $15X0.
ON &Ul At, Soom'500, Phone
.o. uwu .uiaiwen, sister of t
Harry W. Gaines is vit.B, ,v.
Mrs. Helen Maxwell,
viaitinz tli. ..
in company with her .!, .. v
M. J. Dailey's in the Crawfo d
KrAarfAtnAa T ?
Ophelia Bryant, M. OdenoaJ, Tom C
rol and Harry A. Duncan ere
guests of Mrs. M. V. Ba',er at "s
beautiful home in Gleacoe in m.
day the 12th. ' 7h
Mr. and Mrs. Edwarl Y Car
have removed from 3GI3 Dearborn
to 5429 Dearborn Street. hcre
will be at homo to their friends cum
next Friday, when they w,u depan
a visit to St Louis, Mo.
Mrs. Carrie Warner, .'2JJ Dearth
street; returned home the latter pan
of last week from a tbroc WPck, Tlat
from New York City, I'h.la Mpna m
Atlantic City, where she cloyed baft.
ing to her hearts content. fche is te&
ing fine after her vacation trip.
J. W. Casey, of
ton street; agent
74 V,,t Washing.
for th. Cranfnr.?
apartment building, 3000 tt abash art
nue, is sporting a fine : i Loneaoa
stickpin, which was brouLr from LoS
don, England, by one of b13 eiose
friends and presented to nim.
Attorney Walter M. Farmer. 1S4 X
Washington street, left for fet. Loms,'
Mo., last evening, to spt-n.l a few dajj
among his many old friends. He vd
return home Monday morning m tisa
to be on hand at tho openings of tie
Mrs. B. F. Moseley, CioS S. Sanga
mon street; left Saturday eienmg for
Covington, Ky., to administer to her
son Burton Moseley, who had heea
there sometime for tho Lv nefit of hj
health, and who was taken suddenly
ill on that evening. Thev armed
homo Wednesday morning.
Mr. M. Webb, 3519 S. State, has suc
ceeded Peter P. Jones in business at
that number and being a high diu
artist, ho will soon become the Ieadisg
Photographer on the South bide. Mr.
Webb will strive hard to please and ta
retain or hold fast to all the old pa
trons of Mr. and Mrs. Jones.
J. S. Dorsey, the popular druggist
2701 Dearborn street, is building up a
good trade, and conducting a neat
store. His pomade for the hair is tha
best and the finest on the market and
he guarantees it, to make the hair soft
and glossy. See his ad in another col
umn of this paper.
W. H. Smith, who assisted Bobert
T. Motts, to open the Pekin Theatre,
and who has been in some capacity or
other connected with it ever since it
started, on Monday of this week be
came its manager. Ho will run a pic
ture show every night except Sunday
evening, and on that evening he will
put on a strong vaudiville show.
Attorney George S. Foster, suite
1309 Ashland Block, knows many Col
ored people of standing in many parts
of Chicago. He owns and rents two
buildings to them at 3315 and 3317
S. State street, and he is always will
ing to assist them in a legal way or
otherwise, when they need a friend
or are in trouble.
Mrs. J. C. Stewart, 543 1 Normal
avenue, has been visiting her neice m
St Paul, Minn, for the past two
weeks. She attended tho State fair
and spent a most delightful tune in
visiting 'it and the many other plates
of interest around St PauL if"
Stewart returned to her home, yester
day much refreshed from her trip to
the North West.
Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Buckner of
4623 Langley Ave. entertained Thurs
day Eve. in honor of Mde. Paa
Brown and guest, Miss Mattie Booker
of Little Bock, Ark., and ilr. and
Mrs. Fred Havis of Pine Bluff, Ark.
Those present were Mr. and Mrs.
Mont Ferguson, Mr. and Mrs. Vie.
Maxwell, Mrs. L. Thompson and Mi
Minna Fielding, Messrs. Arthur Brown
G. Morgan and Wm. D. Neighbors.
Dr. H. Beginald Smith, 3401 S. Stats
street; left last week to take a 6
weeks course, at the Fordham Medie31
University, New York City, where la
will study neurology; under some of
the most advanced and eminent sur
eon na nTmioism. Before return
ing home, he will serve as the best
man at the Croft-Trotter wedding, Bos
ton, Mass. -
ir. ti: -p,7... K7B3 Grove Ave.
wishes to announce the mamaga
her danffhtar. Mrs. Marian Berrj-
Moore ta Psof. B. S. Cole, Wed. E-
Sept 4th, 1912; at Navasota, Texas.
'f?w-, ' -
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