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THE BROAD AX
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A WORD TO THE MOTHERS AND
" FATHERS OF CLEVELAND.
To the mothers and fathers of this
city alone rest the responsibility of
the future -welfare of their boys and
girls. It js one of the greatest re
sponsibilities that could ever befall hu
man beings, for it largely depends on
the sort of training we give our chil
dren whether they will grow up into
stalwart nen and women to do us
honor and be a credit to themselves
and their community, or be a disgrace
and shame. That the great body of
Afro-American mothers and fathers in
this city do not fully realize the tre
mendous responsibility resting upon
them in the rearing and training of
their children is apparent to all those
who" will take time to observe. And
it is one of the most serious and dis
tressing social conditions which con
front the race.
The way parents permit their boys
and girls to roam the streets at all
hours and to frequent moving picture
shows, where they make engagements
for immoral purposes, is a sin that will
not be forgiven them either in this
world or that which is to come. Not
many weeks ago we were passing a
well-known moving picture theater on
Central avenue and we heard from the
lips of a young girl, not more than
14 years of age, the most obscene lan
guage that could ever fall from the
lips of the most hardened tough. Just
think of it! A girl who ought to be
forming all those characteristics of a
true woman" descending to everything
that was mean and low. How can that
girl ever evolve into that type of a
woman -that people will admire T But
what has the mother of this girl done
to train her in the way and path that
she should go?
How can a mother permit her own
offspring, her very flesh and blood, a
being from whom future generations
are to come, to become as common as
the dirt in the street f Are our moth
ers so engrossed in their own pleas
ures; in their own jollification and
amusement, in their own quest after
sin t( forget the children whom they
brought into the world T
Mothers should be companions to their
daughters. They should teach them
and train them, not only what is re
quired to be honored mothers, but also
what is required to be faithful and
Fathers should be companions to
their boys. A father should teach his
son what is essential for a clean and
pure manhood. He must teach his boy
to respect womanhood. He must im
press upon the heart and life of his
son the awfulness of ruining the char
acter of a girL But in-order to do
that the father must live a life that
is absolutely clean and pure. He can
. sot do this if he lives a double life.
Unlessa father has a sacred regard for
the virtue of women he cannot train
his boy in those things which will
force him to respect womanhood.
The responsibility of the father in
the training of his boy is as great and
as solemn as that of the mother- in the'
training of her girL
Not many weeks ago we observed
another incident which, went to prove
that the majority of mothers and fa
then in this city among our people
have no conception of the' responsi
bility resting upon them in thetrain
ing of their children. It was this: A
young girl about 15 years of age out
in the street at la. m. in the morning,
surrounded ij four or five boys her
own age, and even younger. Another
case came under our observation, that
of a girl 14 years of age giving birth
BAT AX Hays THREE
to a child. The girl was permitted by
Iter mother to roam the streets at will
and, of course, to associate with any
and every kind of man, hence her
predicament. Her mother even sent
her Into saloons after liquor. Is it
any wonder that this child- became a
mother at the age -of 14t
Parents ought to have perfect con
trol over their children. They .should
bo able to rule their boys M girls, not
necessarily with an iron band, but with
firmness and intelligence. Barents
should not permit their girls and boys
to rule them, as is .often the ease. If
the 4rls are to be the future women
and mothers of the race, if the boys
are to be the future men, fathers and
leaders of the race, they must bo
trained for those serious duties and
responsibilities in the formative pe
riods of their lives at the time char
acter fi" be formed for the words of
tho Great Teacher that whatsoever a
man soweth that shalPhe also reap is
just as true today as it was when ut
tered by Him many centuries ago.
Review, Cleveland, Ohio, December 21,
The above article is full of the abso
lute truth and it should be carefully
and thoughtfully read by the parents
of all children. Editor.
LAW BODIES TO STOP NEW
TEAR'S EVE ORGY.
Anti-Saloon League Offers to Aid Chief
of Police in Enforcing Closing Or
der by Putting Members in Saloons.
M'WEENY SILENT ON ACTION.
Says No Patrons Will Be Allowed in
Cafes After 1, but That Customers
May Remain Until 3 O'clock. i
Unless the plans of the Anti-Saloon
league and the Chicago Law and Order
league go astray the city police force
"will be augmented by about 200 addi
tional men and women New Year's
eve. In a recent interview Chief Mc
Weeny declared that it would be im
possible to watch all of tho places in
the loop district which would enter
tain guests then. Tho chief asserted
that tho crooks would take advantage
of the absence of policemen from their
regular beats and would loot tho town.
In a letter sent to the chief yester
day by E. J. Davis, superintendent of
the Chicago department of tho Anti
Saloon League of Illinois, Mr. Davis,
offered to furnish all of tho men neces
sary to enforce the closing ordinance.
"If you are short of men to enforce
the ordinance," says tho letter, "and
will issue an order that the ordinance
be strictly enforced, and that any Ba
loon will lose its license that violates
the order, this organization, co-operating
with the Chicago Law and Order
league, will supply the men to see that
evidence is furnished of any violation
of your order."
Action is Secret.
Just what action the chief would
take on the letter he declined to re
"This is going to be a safe and sane
New Year," said the chief. "There
will bo no high jinks, and tho saloons
and cafes will close at 1 o'clock, just
as they always do. The patrons who
have -reserved tables will be allowed
to remain until 3, but there will be
no intoxicating beverages sold after
the closing hour."
That this New Year's eve will be a
howling success is evident. More than
half of the tables have been reserved
in the big hotels in the loop district.
It was declared that most of the
tables had been cornered by ticket
speculators and that they could not
be had except by paying from $3 to
$5 in advance of the regular price
charged at the hotel.
Corner is Denied.
This was denied by the managements
of the hotels in the downtown section.
Despite the denial, however, Harry N.
Waterfall, a speculator in the Palmer
house, declared that he has plenty of
reservations and was willing to sell
at a "slight advance." The demand
for seats in all of the hotels has been
larger this year than in any previous
year. The police have made elaborate
arrangements to care for the large
crowds which itis expected will
throng the streets. 2 ' '
The first meeting of the Chicago
morals committee, which has joined in
the protest against a New Year's orgy,
will hold a meeting in the rooms of
the Chicago Woman's club, 116 Michi
gan avenue, this afternoon to appoint
a committee to call on Mayor Harrison
with a protest against allowing cafes
and saloons to stay open after 1
PROVISIONAL PROGRAM OF THE
EXERCISES CONNECTED WITH
THE DEDICATION OF LINCOLN
HALTi, UNIVERSITY OF ILLI
NOIS, FEB. 12y 1913.
Addresses on the Importance of the
Commonwealth of -Adequate; Provision
for the Study of the Humanities.
9 a. m. Language and -literature,
Prof. Bliss Perry of Harvard Univer
sity, formerly editor of the Atlantic
10 a. m. Philosophy, Dr. Frederick
J. E. Woodbridge, Prof, of Philosophy,
Columbia University, New York.
11 a. m. The Social Sciences, Dr. Al
bert Shaw, editor of Review of 'Re
views. 12 m. Luncheon to the guests of the
-3 p. m. In. the auditorium of the
L Memorial address by Dr. Hugh
Black, "How Lincoln Appeared to
2. Addresses by? His Excellency, the
Governor of Illinois; the President of
the Board of Trustees; the State Areai-
teet: the President of the University.
4:30 p. m. In Lincoln Hall: -Dedi
cation of the building to the study or
the humanities, in memory of Abraham
Lincoln, and in the name of tho peo
ple of Illinois, by Bishop William F.
McDowell, of Chicago.
8 p. m. Reception to tho guests of
the University in Lincoln HalL
SIMPLICITY MA""" INAUGURAL
Lack of Ostentation Features Program
of Inducting Governor Wilson Into
the Presidential Chair.
GEN. WOOD ARRANGES PARADE.
Public Will Be Protected From Crooks
Through Miniature Rogues' Galler
ies to Be Posted Publicly.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec The
simplicity of the ceremonies incident
to the inauguration of Woodrow Wil
son as President of the United States
March 4 will bo in direct contrast with
tho exercises that have been witnessed
in Tccent inaugurations. Major Gen
eral Leonard Wood, chief of staff, who
just has been named as chief marshal
of the approaching inaugural parade, is
arranging for the naval, military and
The safety of tho general public also
will bo guarded as never before at
such national functions. Miniature
rogues' galleries will be posted in the
hotel lobbies, railroad and steamship
stations and other places where the
crowds will be largest, to aid in the
detection of crooks that may flock to
the capital to ply their vocations. As
usual, tho capital detective force will
be augmented by the most noted thief
catchers of other cities who are fa
miliar with tho criminals of their lo
calities. General Wood's purpose is to make
tho Wilson inaugural parade as well
balanced as possible in the matter of
the representation of tho cavalry, in
fantry and artillery of tho Army, the
bluejackets and marines of tho Navy
and adequate and liberal representa
tion of the national guard and a well
proportioned civic display.
Wood Begins Consultations.
Consultations began today between
General Wood and tho ranking officers
of the Army and Navy now in Wash
ington and correspondence has been
instituted between the chief marshal
and the Governors and Adjutant Gen
erals of the various states, i
Ono of tho features of the plan is
to gather in Washington several thou
sand troops from the various Army
posts, probably as far West as Chicago
and South to Atlanta, as well as the
entire cadet corps and midshipmen
battalion from their respective acad
emies. This will involve the War Depart
ment in considerable expense on ac
count of transportation and as that
particular appropriation has been re
duced greatly owing to recent exten
sive changes of station of officers and
troops, it may bo necessary to apply
to Congress immediately upon its re
convening next week for a deficiency
There probably will be the greatest
outpouring of people that has ever
marked the inauguration of any Presi
dent, but, according to Chairman Will
iam C. Eustis of the committee, there
will be no ostentation.
Inaugural Fund Growing.
The subscriptions to the $150,000
fund for the inaugural affair is grow
ing fast, notwithstanding the Christ
mas season. It undoubtedly will be
Major Richard Sylvester, chief of
the Washington police, is in charge of
the work of protecting inauguration
visitors against thieves and confidence
Major Sylvester proposes to secure a
gallery of about 500 pictures of pick
pockets and other criminals recently
arrested in different sections of the
country. These photographs will be
reproduced bo that complete galleries
may be maintained at many different
points, where the public can study the
features of questionable persons who
may be mingling in the big crowds
that gather for President Wilson's in
duction into office.
Major Sylvester is in correspond
ence with chiefs of police of many
cities, from whom pictures will be re
ceived continuously up to the time of
ELDER J. M. WEBB RETURNED
TO SEATTLE, WASH, TO SPEND
Elder JV M. Webb, the evangelist of
Seattle, Wash, is off for Seattle to
spend Christmas with his family. Bis
biblical pictures that he is preparing
will be ready for the public by .the
thirtieth of December or the first of
January. So the elder hopes to re
turn to Chicago to put them on the
market and lecture on the same. He.
wishes his Chicago friends a nleasant
Christmas and a happy New Year.
SOCIAL ITEMS AND CHURCH
Bcrean 8unday-school at 9:30 a. m.;
send the little ones and come your
selves; classes for young and old.
Preaching by Rev. W. Braddan, 11
a. m. and 8 p. m. Wo begin promptly
and close early.
The B. Y. P. U. is progressing nice
ly, interesting services each Lord's day
evening at 7 p. m. You are invited to
come and lend a helping hand.
Prayer meeting each Wednesday eve
at S p. m. Come and be refreshed.
Tho Flower Club is doing a good
work in beautifying the rostrum each
Sunday and cheering tho sick with
Tho Willing Worker Club was enter
tained Thursday eve, December 19, at
the home of Mrs. Mayme Hughes, 6017
Wabash avenue. After a short business
discussion the club members were ush
ered into the dining room where a
tastefully arranged table was laid and
a dainty luncheon served by the hostess.
Each left with a broad smile.
Mrs. W. K. Tylor entertained the
Progressive Club in her beautiful new
home Saturday eve, December 14, at
5007 Wabash avenue. A five-course din
ner was served. Those present were:
Mesdrames Teannie Preston, Ophelia
Williams, Bessie E. Cotton, Abbio Wil
liams, Mabel Neely; Messrs. George
Calloway, Arthur Ganoway, George
Ganoway, Lcroy Hayes, James Lett,
John Gowdy, James W. Harris, J. P.
The Lewis Female Band gave a con
cert at St. Paul church, Forty-seventh
and Dearborn street, Tuesday eve and
will appear at Zion A. M. E. church,
Thirty-eighth and Dearborn, December
30. They invite your patronage and
will be pleased to fill future engage
ments. Give them a trial.
Tho W.,W. Club helped make merry
Mr. and Mrs. D. C. Childress, 5727 La
Fayettc, eighteenth wedding anniver
sary, Thursday eve.
Mrs. Mayme Hughes, 6017 Wabash
avenue, returned last week from John
ston, Tenn., bringing with her Mr.
Hughes' mother, wh6 will spend the
winter hero with them.
Mrs. Smith, of Indianapolis, is the
guest of her daughter, Mrs. A. Passa
more, 3931 Wentworth avenue.
Miss Genevieve Bell, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. R. G. Bell, 5727 La Fayette,
is home from school for the holidays.
We are glad to know that Mr. Hoi
loway, 5222 La Salle, is improving.
"David, the Shepherd Boy," so beau
tifully rendered last month at Berean,
BAT AX Hays TWO
will be given at St. Mark's A. M. E.
church, January 9, by the same cast of
characters. Mrs. "R."
SON OF FAMOUS RAIDER, JOHN
BROWN, DIES IN OHIO.
Activity in Recruiting Negro Company
at Time of Father's Invasion saved
Him from Participation.
Akron, Ohio, Dec. 26. Jason Broxcn,
90 years old, second son of John Brown,
famous as the leader of the raid on
Harper's Ferry, W. Va., before the out
break of the Civil war, is dead at his
home here. V
He was actively engaged in recruit
ing and enlisting a company of ne
groes' from among those smuggled into
Canada by the "underground rail
road," when the Harper's Ferry in
A younger brother, Salmon Brown,
lies in Portland, Ore.
CONGRESSMAN WILLIAM SULZER,
THE NEWLY-ELECTED GOVERN
OR OF NEW YORK
Has Forwarded the Latest Congression
al Directory to Julius F. Taylor.
This week Congressman William
Sulzer, who will erj shortly assume
his duties as governor of New York,
forwarded to us a nicely bound copy
of the very latest congressional di
rectory, and we simply wish to extend
to Congressman and Governor Sulzer
our most profound and grateful thanks
INFORMAL NEW YEAR'S RECEP
TION. The Appomattox Club, 3441 Wabash
avenue, will give an informal New
Year's reception, Wednesday afternoon,
January 1, 1913, from 3 to 8 o'clock.
J. F. Morton, ehairmrn: Prof. William
Emanuel, P. Herron, H. F. Catlin, D.
A. MeGowan, W. B. Cowan, president.
Mrs. Lottie Carter, 5429 Dearborn
street, return home this evening from
St. Louis, Mo, where she attended the
funeral of her mother, Mrs. Fogg.
Wesley Plnmmer, 2962" Dearborn
street, is still holding down his job as
one of the bailiffs of the Municipal
court and he is still a power in poli
tics in the Second ward.
Louis Seldon, 5011 Armour avenue;
who made tho race for County Com
missioner, on the Republican ticket at
tho last election, is dangerously ill, at
his home and he is not expected to live
many days longer.
Tho newly elected officers of the
Appomattox Club for 1913 will be in
ducted into their respective official po
sitions Saturday evening, January 4.
A banquet will be one of tho features
of the evening.
Attorney Edward E. Wilson, has been
appointed one of the assistant State's
Attorneys and ho will assume his du
ties as such, January 1st. Alderman
Albert R. Tearney, through his power
and influence behind him and there
was no way whereby any other aspir
ant could snatch the lucky prize from
Dunn and Hight have, for the past
ten years, conducted the Budweiser
buffet, at 5050 State street, and dur
ing all those years they havo ran a
first-class and orderly place, and the
police have novcr been called in to
mako ono arrest, nor to straighten out
any of its patrons.
Edmund J. James, president of the
University of JJlinois, has extended the
writer an invitation to the formal dedi
cation of the new building in connec
tion with it, constructed recently and
known as Lincoln Hall. The exercises
will be held at the university, Urbana
Champaign, HI., Wednesday afternoon,
February 12, 1913.
Henry S. Anderson and John Ham
mond were among the many Afro
Americans who have labored for the
best interests of the Chicago & North
western Railroad company for many
years, and tho day before Christmas
they and many other of its crack Col
ored men were rewarded for their faith
ful services with $10 and $20 gold
pieces. Aside from this, each married
man received a big fat turkey.
Alderman Albert E. Tearney, who is
supposed to be tho head representative
of the citizens of tho under world, re
siding in the red light district or the
2nd ward in tho City Council or the
City Hall; may decido to mako the
race for city clerk of Chicago, at the
coming spring election and in case hj
is successful, he will be in a much
better position than at tho present
time, to serve his large army of con
Alderman Albert R. Tearney, who
is supposed to havo raised a large sum
of money from the citizens of the
"under world," for tho Hon. Maclay
Hoyne, which enabled him to make a
successful race for State's Attorney;
will be a strong factor in making and
unmaking Colored politicians and
Statesmen, in the 2nd ward, and either
sending them to the rock pile athe
bridewell or making them eome across
with the money when they are yanked
up before one of the judges of the
Municipal Court, at the 35th street
police station or invited to visit the
State's Attorney's office for violating
some of the laws.
BEMOVAL NOTICE, DR. P. J. SCOTT,
Is now located at 3522 So. 8tate St,
np stairs, New Office, New Outfit,
Everything New. Call and have your
Eyes examined. Spectacles and Eye
Glasses Made to Order $2.00 np. I
make a specialty of Fittine Soocks and
Eye Glasses that will Correct and Cure
vision and Rebeve Headache, Etc.
Dr. P. J. Scott, Ocular Specialist, 3522
8tate Street. Hours: 9 a. m. to 1:30
g. m. 3:00 to 8 p. m.
FLATS AND EIGHT BOOM HOUSE
For Bent. 4431-33 Smith Rt Rf.t
four (4J room apartments.
4519-23 Evans Avenue, six room
"3308 Bhodes Avenue, House eight
rooms in perfect condition.
-inquire, Chicago Beal Estate Lckn
and Trust Comnanv. '
117 North Dearborn Street Boca 504,
Phone Bandolph. 6771
WORK OF WELL
Influence of Professor w. H,
Grogman Upon the Masses.
FINE CAREER AS EDUCATOR
Author of "Talks For the Time" Hat
Served In. Many Responsible Poti
tions In Institutions For Higher
Learning Member of University
Senate of the M. E. Church.
I bad the pleasure last summer ot
spending a few days as the guest of Pro
fessor William H. Crogman. the well
known professor of Greek and Latin in
Clark university. Atlanta. Ga. saya
WMttler H. Wright of Philadelphia
Dr. Crogman is a great man a an
educator, and In Christian character
and scholarship It Is safe to say be
stands among the first four. If not at
the very bend, of the colored race
Dr. Crogman was born ou the istond
of St. Martins. May 5. ISil. In lVG be
went to sen. He visited many lands
and, observant and thoughtful, ob
tained a wide knowledge of various na
tionalities and parts of the world. lib
visits Included especially England, va-
WILLIAM H. CBOGMAJf, A. M.
rious points on the continent of Eu
rope. Calcutta and Bombay in Asia
and various places in South America.
Dr. Crogman is an alumuus of 1'ierce
college and Atlanta university. He
served as instructor in English branches
at Claflin university. Orangeburg. S.
CL, for three years. He was called to
his present chair In 1SSO. For several
years Professor Crogman served as
president of Clark university.
Dr. Crogman is the author cf several
pamphlets and also of the book entitled
"Talks For the Times."
Several years ago a university of
good standing conferred upon Profes
sor Crogmnn the degree of LL. D, but
in his modesty he Insists on declining
the use of the title, saying that he does
not consider himself worthy of the
honor it implies.
The general conference of the Meth
odist Episcopal church of 1892 provided
for a university senate, to be com
posed of fifteen practical educators
chosen by the bishops, to determine
the minimum requirements in our
church colleges and universities for the
baccalaureate degree. Professor Crog
man has been a member of this senate
for many years.
The projection of the cotton states
and international exposition in Atlanta
for 1S93 must be regarded as one of
the boldest and most enterprising un
dertakings of our wonderful American
history when we consider the size of
the dry. the financial condition of the
south and the nation and the proximity
in time and location of the World's fair
It was Boon seen that to succeed the
exposition must have some distinguish
ing characteristic and that if a large
and representative Negro exhibit could
be secured It would be a unique fea
ture. 'Professor Crogman was sent
throughout the leading cities of the
south to present the matter to the col
ored people and secure their co-operation.
He spent a considerable time In each
of the twenty largest cities. Many of
the leaders and educators of the col
ored people said: "Wo have been de
ceived and wrongly treated so many
times and in so many ways that we
are slow to take part to' any enterprise
of this kind. But the fact that Pro
fessor Crogman. a representative edu
cator of our own race, presents this
subject shows that its purpose Is for
the education and advancement of our
peopIeTand we are ready to engage In
lira. Crogman, who is also a gradu
ate of Atlanta university and who in
her character and services as bis help
meet and as queen of one of the mosj
refined and cultured homes and as the
mother of seven most promising chil
dren. Is worthy of no less honor than
the professor himself
State Officers to Aid Normal SchooL
The trustees of the state normal and
Industrial school in Winston-Salem.
N. O. have been greatly encouraged by
the offer of the rtate to give JVJ.000 to
ward the work or the nrhool if the trus
tees will rakte a llkevuin. v