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THE BROAD AX, CHICAGO. AUGUST 2, 1919
Tlt Mcmbif Creech.
Momtesr greachlBess? Is xreqaeat
ly aethlHg more than a product of the
late boar feaHt So Is a tendency to J
seethe world at all times through
smoked glasses. Prolong the hours of
sleep and optlmlsst xaay soon replace
the pessimism deplorably In erideace
In taaaj short sleepers. ABd with the
-change In mood will come an Increase
is working power. For pessimists are
notorioasly Inefficient workers. If oaly
because of the mental and physical de-
jmoralizatlon which pessimism always
Involves In some 'degree.
Carnegie Pension Fund.
The Carnegie Foundation for the
Advancement of Teaching provides re
tiring pensldns for the teachers of uni
versities, colleges and technical
schools In the United States, Canada
and Newfoundland, which -are on their
accredited list. The pension Is given
to a teacher who has reached the age
of sixty-five years and has given speci
fied service or to one who has served
25 yeses as a professor or 30 years as
a professor and instructor, In the case
of physical disability.
Miracles Due to Mothers.
Medicine can to some extent pre
vent disease from. attacking the child;
medicine cannot perform miracles. It
Is a miracle tf children brought np in
foul and evil surroundings grow np
healthy and wholesome men and wom
en. The miracle. Incidentally, Is tisu
ally accomplished not by doctors but
"by the self-sacrifice and heroism of
the mother of the children, who too
often loses her own health in the proc
ess. London Tmes.
Language and .Thought.
Language Is properly the servant of
thought-but not unfrequcntly becomes
its master. The conceptions' of a fee
ble writer are greatly modified by his
style; a man of vigorous powers
makes his style bend to his concep
tions a. fact compatible enough -with
the acknowledgment of Dryden that a
rhyme had often helped Iilm to an
Music a Necessity.
Music is not one of the' luxurious
.superfluities In our tunc. It has come
to be classed as n necessity. It Is,
like flowers, the staff of life to the
hungry soul upon a pilgrimage. It Is
'in relief to all the strident and dfs
cor&ant sounds made In the fevered
industrial rack and turmoil of "man's
fitful uproar mingling with his toIL"
Contract marriage is now the com
monly accepted doctrine that marriage
Is a civil contract requiring only the
free and Intelligent consent of parties
capable of contracting. A contract of
this sort, drawn up anil sigued. is n
marriage In the eye if the law in ail
Not only Is stature as a whole inher
ited,., but also. liUtl ew.i i.iorc elear'y,
each segment of st.-iture. such ns neck,
length of torso, thigh and foreleg. And
the .inheritance tiT the length of these
segments follows the aine law as
does the length of stature as a whole.
Admiration for Bravery.
If there be one thing upon this
earth that mankind loves and admires
better than another, it Is a brave man
It Is a man who dares to look the
devil In" the face and tell him he is a
devil. President Garfield.
Xtlttle Boy and his cousin were sit
ting on an arm chair In rather close
quarters, when Boy said: "Mary,
there would be more room for me on
this chair if one of us gets off." Bos
An Englishman has discovered a
process, whereby Iridescent and moth
er of peari effects can be given to
sheets cf gelatin, useful for many pur
poses. Checks Mine Fires.
To check the spread of flames In
mine explosions -an automatic device
has been invented that 'Scatters rock
dust Into the rushing air that precedes
them. - .
Holland Ceal. v
Experts have estimated lor the-gev-erBBtent
that Holland's .coal deposits
contain sore than 5,090,000 tons, tat
aoae of It Is first grade faeL
- . What Makes One OM
According to a Bovaaaian scientist,
- old age is dae solely to avdecrease in
tbe.asaea&t of water In the haman sys-
. '"- - Opportunity.
. OpportHBlty sever bants a man ap,
'bat It-dkaga-fast to,gd btaias like
, !brr -.bolds fast "to" geed wooL 7. J,
JBesest bread Is very well It's the
tetter that makes the teap&tiML
ffatia1 fsrits Tabaore.
Mack 6t the wealth of Virginia and
of her capital has always been based
ob the lore of the Virginia weed. la
November. 1DI8. a tobacco warehosse
covertag 30.000 square feet or space,
aad said' to be the largest In the
Soath. waa completed In the prosper-
eas little coaatry town of South Boa
ts. Va,, In one of. the principal to-bacco-growlag
sections of the old state.
At an auction held at this house on
opening day S50,0Q0 pounds of leaf
tobacco, arranged In 300 piles,
Iras and Flowers.
It has been estimated that there are
2J000 varieties of wild flowers growing
In the Rocky Mountain National park,
and more than 1,000 species of birds
building their homes in the firs, as
pens, spruces and willows of that sec
tion. Even the tiny humming bird andt
tht f orget-me-nots find life easy on the'
summit of Pike's peak. Some of the
other flowers are the fringed gentians,
columbine, buttercups and daisies and
Few Large Rubies Known.
Unlike the diamond and emerald.
rubies of large sire are exceedingly
rare, but mention has been made -of a
few In the works of Marco Polo. Man
deville and other travelers In the
Orient, which may be believed or not
by present-day readers, ns the great
gems to which they refer have all
been lost to sight for centuries, uu
less they are. stored away among the
secret treasures of Persia. Burma or
Where He Got the Name.
The first bulldog appears to have
been bred from the English mastiff,
and by process of systematic selection
In breeding -a smaller and more active
dog than the mastiff was evolved. The
smaller dog was found to be better
salted for sport than the heavier and
slower mastiff. The bull-baiting dog,
without a doubt, required an inordinate
amount of gameness.
Plants That Feed on Animals.
That such plants as "Venus' flytrap"
actually catch and squeeze to death
files and other Insects alighting on
their leaves has long been known, but
the discovery i Is comparatively recent
that the plants digest the softer parts
of their prey by means of peptic fer
ment secreted by the leaves. These
are real Instances of plants feeding
The Portuguese were the first to
hunt negroes In the Interior of Africa
for use as slaves In the colonies. The
.first shipment of negroes to the New
World took place In 1503, when the
Portuguese landed some In Santo Do
mingo. From that tune to the nine
teenth century traffic In negroes across
the Atlantic was carried on.
Made Attractive Scene.
Formerly a faRrite Mecca of the
tourist In Virginia tobacco towns was
the tobacco factory, where the Indus
try in progress made a picturesque
scene, and the singing by negro hands,
as they worked, of the quaint and
melodious folk and spiritual songs of
their race, provided unique entertain
ment. No Salt Exhaustion. "
Fuel eventually will be exhausted,
as also will many other necessities, but
not so with salt. Drillers for oil In
Texas and Louisiana Tecently found
great salt deposits a few hundred feet
below the surface. Some of these
beds were 2,000 feet thick.
Full Duty Not Being Done.
Much has been done for the, child,
much is now being done, but the best
Is not being done. It Is toward the
best that all social endeavor should
aim, and short of the best neither the
state uor the Individual should rest
satisfied. W. Clark Halt.
Marbodens, bishop of Bennes, who
wrote early In -the twelfth century,
said that a ruby signifies divine power
and lore, dignity and royalty. It has
always been considered one of the
most beautiful gems and the rarest.
CarriM.Many Seaplanes. ' '
An Italian' seaplane ship carries a
Jarge number of planes suspended from
the aides of the vessel, where they
may be readily and quietly dropped
Into the sea when occasion occurs to
make a flight. -
ShIc W1m CewweL
Consult witty him that Is wise and
eoBscissttoesj aad sect to be In
structed by a better than thyself, rath
er than to fallow thine own Inventions.
Thomas, a Xeapls. '
-Great aea tee oftea save greater
falts ta Uttle .men can find room
"Bid ma, twia-aix. Peer aaa, sfcc
tortae," Sa rJwway the nrett Herald
spiders an !.
One of the many qaalnt supersti
tions of the sixteenth century was that
"Spiders be true signs of great stores
of gold." The saying arose In this
way: "When a passage to Cathay (the
China of today) was being sought by
the Northwest, a man brought home a
stone which was nro&ounced to bei
gold, and caused such a ferment that
several vessels were fitted out for the
express purpose of collecting gold.
Froblsher, In 1577, found In one of the
Islands on which he landed, similar
stones, and an enormous number of
Father of the Typewriter.
Just 100 years ago. Christopher La
tham Sholes, the "Father of the Type
writer," was horn in Pennsylvania.
While serving ns collector of customs,
he became Interested with two other
Inventors In the problem of making a
machine that would write letters and
words. A letter written on one of the
early machines attracted the attention
of a capitalist, who. provided funds,
and, Mr. Sholes continued Improving
the model nntn at last the first prac
tical typewriter was put on the
Sarah Bernhardt Is credited with
having said: "Prettlness does not
matter. If a woman has charm and
energy, she can secure whatever else
she desires love, success, power."
There Is a distinction between prettl
ness and beauty, A fluffy-headed, high
ly powdered and rouged woman may
be pretty, but the beautiful woman has
to have wholesomeness, cleanliness.
neatness and charm. And the latter is
the permanently endowed.
Sente in Superstition.
There is often a common-sense rea
son underlying what, at first sight,
seems merely a superstition. Take, for
Instance, the old belief amongst col
liers, that a mine much frequented by
mice i a lucky mine. We know now
that mice are peculiarly susceptible to
foul gases, and the presence of un
usually large numbers of these little
animals, therefore, is proof positive of
the absence of any danger. Hence the
Bcrnlce was in the habit of calling
her father on the telephone. On one
particular occasion she had lifted up
the receiver and had asked for the
number wanted. After Waiting about
a minute the operator told her to hang
np because the line was busy. After
she hung up she exclaimed to her
mother, standing close by: "Oh,
mamma,, the lady chased me off the
Our grandmothers used to hang a
red flannel petticoat over the window
of a smallpox iiatJent's room, assert
ing that it hastened the cure, and also
prevented "pitting." . Scientists have
now discovered that the red rays do
actually, exert a bad effect on the bac
teria of the disease, and a correspond
ingly good effect on the patient.
The Violin Bow.
The shape of the present bow dutes
from the end of the eighteenth century
when F. Tourte changed it from the
bow shape as Its name Indicates. It
should be from 27 to 30 Inches long
and contain from 130 to ISO hairs
which are drawn tight by the nut. The
stick Is generally of snakewood. or
For One's Own Comfort.
Half the sting of poverty Is gone
when one keeps house for one's own
comfort and not for the comfort of
one's neighbors. It is not what we
lack, but what we see others have,
that makes us discontented.--Miss
People of Little Worth.
The truth and rapture of man are
holy things, not lightly to be scorned.
A carelessness of life and beauty
marks the 'glutton, the Idler, and the
fools hi their deadly path across his
tory. John Masefield.
Whether you be man or woman you
will never do anything in the wort-;
without courage. It Is the greatest
quality of the mind next to honor.
James Lane Allen.
"De way some folks will tussel an
scrap fob. money," said Uncle Eben,
"la most enough to make a silver dol
lar look like a medal foh bravery."
Steal Two-Story Brick.
A two-story brick structure at Al
bany, 2i. Y, with: fixtures, bricks and
ererythlag, as carried away byJ
Net Result of Experience.
Experienced people don't tamble
when they try to get Into a hamaock.
becasse they know fat ropes.
ParadexIeaL ' '
Seesas odd to say that fellow fete
a hole because he can't find s,8e-lBr-BetbB
Fi.p.no Prcvcrbs. ,
Tiere'ls a certain dignity In many
of the proverbs native to the Philip
pine Islands. "A hero is braver for his
wounds." the Filipinos say. "The
quality of gold is known by rubbing it
against a stone." "He who despises
counsel Is on the. way to misfortune."
"Whoever believes everything that Is
said has no mind of bis own." In
some there is gentle humor. "A sleep
ing shrimp is carried away by the cur
rent." "A fith Is caught by the
?noath." "If you , sleep, brother, the
crocodile will eat you "up."
Funnel Made From Milk Bottle.
A funnel that has a wide range of
application about the household, and
especially In food-canning season, may
be made by cutting the body of an
ordinary mlik bottle. The bottle Is
trimmed at the desired point by tying
an alcohol-saturated cord around It
and applying n match. The glass will
break evenly at thnt point. After
breaking, the edge Is smoothed off on
an emery wheel and the funnel is ready
Something of an Imputation.
A well-known surgeon was perform
ing an oiK?ratIoii on n patient when a
fire started at n warehouse across the
mail, illuminating the whole operating
theater. Having finished, the snrgeon
turned to the iuirv and said dryly: "I
say, nurse, I notice the patient is com
ing to. I think' you had bolter draw
the blinds. I don't Want hiui to think
the operation hasn't leen a success I"
Carnegie "Hero Fund."
.In' April. 1JKM. Andrew Carnegie es
tablished a hero fund of $5,000,000 for
the benefit of the dependents of those
losing their lives In heroic efforts to
save others, or for the heroes them
selves, surviving though injured. The
endowment Is known us the Carnegie
hero fund nnd is placed in the hands
of a committee composed of 21 per
Mns residents of Pittsburgh.
Something Just as Good.
Americans demand intetry that is
"red-blooded, human and vital." ac
cording to one who calls himself an
authority. The supply of this kind of
poetry will uhuiys be limited, it Is to
be feared, but there Is plenty of fic
tion that would serve as a substitute.
to say nothing of the movies. Roch
ester Democrat and Chronicle.
Oxer eighty distinct methods are In
vogue for the utilization of the coco
nut. Every year alout 8,000,000,000
nuts are cultivated; of this quantity,,
50 per cent, are consumed In the East
and elsewhere ns food, 20 per cent are
transformed Jnto oil, and only about
30 per cent find their way to the mar
kets. Guides for Airman.
The airman's guldcposts are the
natural landmarks, rivers, mountains,
lakes forpsts. The artificial guide
IKists are cities, bridges, roads. Uni
form signs for particular classes of
landing fields and signs showing
whether the terrain is good or bad
have been adopted by the government
Getting Over the Difficulty.
Two little boy. James. 5. and
Alex., 4, went to their aunt's house
and she had always given them some
thing to eat. Tids time, however, she
hnd forgotten and us they were leav
ing Alex said to James : "Ask me if I
Revolutionary , Congress.
There was no United States gov
ernment until after the adoption of
the federal Constitution In 1789. and
the congress in existence during the
Bevolutlonary war was the continent
tal congress of the colonies.
Hog Island was a swamp of waste
land when the great war came. The
name has been attached to it since
early days when It was occupied by
Indians, but the exact reason for Its
naming is obscure.
Most Valuable Building.
The Equitable Life Insurance
building of New York city has an as
sessed value of $25,000,000, which Is
the largest tax value placed on any
A Need of the Times.
There are self-raising ladders, chick
ens and pancake flours, but what the
times need more is the self-raising sal
dry. Boston Herald.
Hurt by Autos In New York.
Approximately 25,000 persons were
injured by automobiles and motor-'
trucks In the streets of Greater New
York during 1017.
Father's Way of Economizing.
As a general thing, father's favorite
way of economizing In o stop the chil
dren from spending. Dallas News.
A Ctergla Philosopher. K
Artemua Slmms Says the worst taiac
aboat being a. fool is that. others lad It
et before you daDalton CItlxea.
Big Girt tor Thau ,
That tooth was certainly annoying.
Miss G . the primary room teacher
of the A school, put her finger
Into her mouth to discover the cause
of this annoyance, Oile. a bright
faced little pupil, noting the act sud
denly asked: "Teacher, how old are
yoo.7" Choosing to Ignore his Impert
inence she made no answer. He was
not to be daunted, however. With an
expression of scorn he said: "I know
you're over twenty, and Just think I still
sucking your finger."
Obedient Little Winifred.
Winifred was In the habit of visit
ing a neighbor and coming home with
her hands full of chocolates. I remon
strated with her about It and the day
after she stood by the neighbor's door
and said : "My mother says I'm not to
come in If you are busy, but you're
not busy, and she says I must never
ask for chocolates." A moment's pause
and then she spoke winnlngly: "But
you haven't any chocolates, have you?"
The Sleep Ration.
John Wesley experimented In sleep
rationing as a cure for insomnia.
Finding he woke every night about
twelve and lay sleepless for some
hours, be decided-to go to bed-later
and rise earlier. The first day he rose
at seven instead of eight, the next at
six. the next at five, the next at four.
By rising at that hour he found he
slept without waking throughout his
"ration," and thcivrfftpr rose at four
for good. '' '
Family pride, as it exists in society,
seems to involve uii absurdity. Inas
much as the honor of being descend
ed from a great man Increases exactly
ns the degree of coiisumruiiiity to him
diminishes; for ids immediate de
scendants are as mere upstarts com
pared to stich of his remote Msterity
as can trace thejr origin to tiieir gnat
progenitor, back through a period of
many years. John Malcolm.
How Character Is Revealed.
The little things that we do without
thinking are the things that tell what
we really are. We may desire to pos
sess a character tluit we have not yet
attained, or we may pose for the kind
of person we are not. but our unguard
ed movements betray us. What we are
speaks more loudly than what we
Doesn't Know It All.
It Is when the brand-new graduate
begins comparing notes with the men
who have been taking u 25 or 40-year
post-graduate course in the College of
Hard Knocks that he Is likely to be
told that there . is still something to
be done in the way of acquiring more
wisdom. Boston Transcript.
When old Philadelphia was laid
out a defective chain was used in the
survey. Tlds chain made each hun
dred feet three indies longer 'than It
should have been. Property In much
of Philadelphia Is still defined In this
incorrect measure. Hence the term
Wanted One of Them.
Edith, three, was watching a circus
parade. She stood in speechless
amazement till the camels came in
view, their riders swaying lazily, then
turning to her mother she cried : "Oh
mother, buy me a rockingchair cow;
please buy me a rockingchair cow."'
Who Claimed the Flowers?
The minister who made the follow
ing announcement seems to have been
prepared for untoward 'results from
his preaching. "There are:some flow-,
ers here," he said, "for those who are
sick at the close of this servlce'."
What More Could She Want?
"I don't believe you love me." pout
ed the pretty t maiden. "I anticipated
that remark." commented the method
ical youth, as he reached in to-a pock
et "Here is an affidavit, dujy sworn
to. which deposes that I do love you."
Counting the Cost.
Prospective Bridegroom (In furni
ture shop) These prices make me
give up all thought of marriage. 1
now realize if II be cheaper to let her
sue me for breach of promise. Lr.n
Timothy hay was first grown In tha
New England states and was taken
from there to the Carollnas In 1720 by
Timothy Hansen, from whom It de
rived )ts name.
Wanted Pressure Reduced.
Bobby was playing to the yard and
had cut himself badly .with a piece of
tlnr Running In to mother he'-cried:
"Please, mother, tura off tfie blood,
"I have word nothing else for the
last Ux months." Testimonial for
W. tl l Hiulrtiell tl h r. -.
lest, f,-k by otic or t.,0 jn-. tri
iinxt be-n n this n..i,., '.'. &
While he was serins .., 1 .?
the llalsci ptragi. ire5.nU(irv7
nni of fh furtnnn tn D
for mosey. On his rpfnVni .-5k
across" slip fniil lit , .. . . '"fe
bad inck all the rest of th.. ,j.,r T
sure enough, he had gone omj a
distance wlmn tlm nor - . . . t
... ,v, hah. HI Mj,
Literature for the Blind
The first book In Kngiw, i.rintM t,
raised or emIoed letters f.,r J
ftt tYia hllnri rrnc (conn.! ... .- .
-. . ...... ..uc. u, wunbjn
VTA VCHra lm hv Inmw .. .. M
1 """ ui- met-
attempt to provide literature for I
aiKiiucra was luaue in ii.Nt; br W
at Paris, who Invented
a svstem tt
printing raised letters. Hauy usj Z
Byrian or Slavonian alphabet in j?!
few brief works he published, and hh
yrujeci enueu in ianure.
Worthless Without Moral Sente.
Ifan mnef Itwivn Jt ...
.., .uut .,., u, uiMTunioate. ui
that Implies a moral sense and m .
lightened and disciplined will, without
tljem failure In the business of life Ii
certain. Masterful natures with
moral sense, or. If they have It flit.
obedient to It, are always weak na
tures. History gives the record of many
such. They are profitable for "iustrae
tlon in righteousness."
Somewhat Elderly "Boy."
"What's the matter with Kl.eie to.
night ? voniebody asked T-wie Tahav
co In the dressing room, intlii-jtingone
of the girls- who was show in, uini:.
taknhle igns of teniei "Hit hoy"
promlMt! to take her out to ii.uncr to
night, ami tiieu didn't tarn np um
wa. tliHtV "According to im ht
said IiK favorite gnmiUhi.il is vn
Massage for Lumbago.
Lumbago, according to iHwtor Po
metta. bead of the medical department
of the Svis Accident Inuranve (ik
tute. may be purely rliounmtie or re
sult from strain to a nmcle. or b
produced by a chill when oerlit-atnl
He as massage is the best ireatuitn
and that recovery' should take place m
from six to eight days t tin- oubMr
Locusts Used as Food.
Lwu-ts stre eateu In many couutnti
where they are roasted or fried In
butter. They are also preserved in
brine' ami often dried in the sua. TVy
thus appear in the markets of Arabia.
Syria. Egypt and MuduguMstr. and are
even eqiorted ys n article of com
merce. They are alx c-tmKeil awl
eaten as a delicacy in Chin:;
Use for Luminous Paint
Various kinds of luminous namls
covered with lrauireni vruish. are
used for the purj" "f i.i.'ikmg watch
hands visible at night. The clieml.ils
that give this property of phosphore
cence to the paim are chiefly the sul
phides of M n.ri limn, barium and cc!
cltim. New Oil Substitute.
A factory lm been darted la
Sweden for extracting oil from scow.
thus adding one more to ihe numbf
of substitute already on the marUt
Large quantities of alum schM are
found In the district, yielding tsun
ami crude oils.
Not Much to Choose.
The honors are about eu-n ttl.flierJ
your Job wears out your shee- or yiur
trousers. It sets you back a'i"Ut $15
for replacements in either ewnL
Kansas City S'ar.
Napoleon's Faith in Diamond.
Napoleon had a large diamond st
In the hilt of the sword he wore at bis
wedding with the "famous Josephine.
for he believed that the gem would,
bring him good fortune.
Befrigeratlon cars for transportins
meat with which an English railroad
Is experimenting are said to maintain
as even a temperature as elaborate re
frigeration plants on steamships.
One day a little dty girl came to
the farm, and when she saw a wind
mill she said: "Oh, see how good the
fanners are to the pigs; they naTe
electric fans to keep them cool."
All the Difference.
"A heap depends on location." saw
Uncle "Eben. "What same folks call
a flower aln' nnln but a weedwhen
It grows up In de wrong place."
Instead of buttonholes, a new collar
for men has slots to slip over the but
tons, those" in front Interlocking to
hold the collar securely;
"A. xnaa ain't reached de full human
capacity - fon, laziness." said Uncle
Eben, antll he gits too lazy even to
Invent excuses foh It"
. JhipestitieB is.
PplrtUB iAvVHii &
H Siatrtlmlillc TJmiehe "
I f-n-tirm Mat '-thefete win mase a "
of atudie a oo
m -an '.SSmM"'" la eeedteneip nh
. w in uwe m mm sy-
- IHV.v. .- AMMMUlZBi
".a&iiz . .
h ar -i aw -.-.