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KW iH .V H lA ik iB fllttl Hr
H H B B
CHICAGO ILL., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1919
5 Colored Soldier
THE FRENCH CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES CONTEND THAT
COLORED MEN IN NONE OF THE COLONIES OF
FRANCE HAVE EVER BEEN GUILTY OF ASSAULT
ING FRENCH WOMEN; THAT THE FRENCH PEOPLE
THOROUGHLY BELIEVE IN JUSTICE, FRATERNITY
AND SOCIAL EQUALITY.
The French chamber of deputies
recently Rave public expressions
through the Journal Official regard
ing tbf treatment of the colored sol
diers in France.
Carl Linar, chief of the "Frem-h
military commission, attached to the
American army, on Aug. 7, 1918, is
sued confidential circulars to French
officers. The circular or document
contained statements derogatory to
American Negroes and was intended
to poison the minds of French people
with American propaganda.
What the Document Stated.
First That French officers com
manding black troops should consider
the state and treatment of the Negro
in the United States and be governed
accordingly, and that it was their
duty to inform the French population
Second 1 hat any familiarity, or
indulgence shown the Negro would
profoundly hurt the American whites.
That American opinion of the Negro
did not admit of discussion; that the
races in America must be kept sep
arate because the 15,000,000 Negroes
in the United States otherwise would
cause the white people to degenerate.
Third The Negro is the inferior
of the white man, that he is ignorant
and unintelligent; that he attacked
French women; that the black troops,
although they were the cream of their
kind, had caused more complaints be
cause of their attempts to rob than
all the rest of the army. That if the
French people treated the Negro as
an equal it would cause an intolerant
spirit in the Negro on his return to
America. That any intimacy of Ne
THE RIGHT MAN FOR DEL
EGATE TO THE CONSTI
THE RIGHT MAN FOR DELEGATE
TO THE CONSTITUTIONAL
Hon. William H. Cruden is one of
the ablest candidates for delegates
for the Constitutional Convention.
SEVEN BROAD AX
Mr. Cruden lives in the 32nd Ward.
He served with credit in the last ses
sion of the legislature from the
Eleventh Senatorial District. For
many years he has been in public life;
was Chief Inspector of Employment
Agencies for eight years; has worked
for the Juvenile Court, the Office of
the Board of Review, with the Illinois
Humane Society; and served on the
commission which drew the Adult
Parole and Probation Law.
Mr. Cruden has done a good, deal
! work in behalf of the colored peo
ple and has been especially interested
fa the civic and charitable legislation.
Rt is a Presbyterian and a Mason.
Mr. Cruden, in his campaigns, has
kays had the support of the colored
jfaile and if elected they will have a
nd in. tne constitutional vjhvcq-
He deserves support at the polls
CONDEMN THE AMERICAN PEOPLE
For Their Narrow-Mindedness And Unreasoning
groes in France with white women
would cause the loss of white pres
tige. Boisneuf Says the Document a Lie.
That Negroes had attacked wom
en in France or stolen or robbed any
more than other was calumny and a
lie, said Deputy Boisneuf. He chal
lenged anyone to show where and
when the blacks had attacked women
in France and stated that this was a
pretext for lynching in America.
No Attacks by Negro in French
M. Boisneuf further stated that
from the judicial records of the
French and English colonies, 95 per
cent being Negroes, that not a single
attack on white women had ever been
Lauds Negro Soldiers.
Negro soldiers had deported them
selves as of the highest type of gal
lants. That many carried battle scars
and wore French medals, the Croix
de Guerre and the Medaille Militaire,
and even the Americans had sought
to tear them from the breast of Ne
groes that they still typified France's
appreciation of honor.
The Order of the Day Racial
The order of the day was unani
mously voted. The chamber of dep
uties, true to the immortal principles
which have inspired the declaration
of the rights of man and of citizens,
condemns all prejudices of race, color
or creed and proclaims absolute equal
ity and equal protection of the laws.
The government will prevent any
further insults to Negroes in France.
(Applause by all present.)
AN IDEAL CANDIDATE FOR
DELEGATE TO THE CONSTITU
TIONAL CONVENTION FROM
THE 11TH SENATORIAL DIS
TRICT OF ILLINOIS.
Hon. Chester W. Church, Reublican
candidate for delegate to the Constitu
tional Convention in the 11th Sena
torial District, is a former member of
the Illinois legislature, where he
served for ten years. He is a lawyer
and is well acquainted with the needs
of the citizens of Chicago and the
state of Illinois. As a member of the
legislature he always proved himself
to be a friend of the Colored people
and is well qualified by experience and
training to represent our district in
this, important position.
ti, voet intrpsts of all of the peo-
l ple.pf Hlinois will be safe in the hands
of Mr. Uhurcn.
Prof. W. W. .Fisher, of Evanston,
'position in the office of the Attorney
General of Illinois and who is one oi
the leading colored real estate owners
of Evanston; spent the latter part of
his vacation visiting his relatives and
friends at Erie, Pa Cleveland, Ohio,
and at other points in that section of
CONGRESSMAN .MARTIN B. .MAD
DEN STILL CONTINUES TO
BATTLE AGAINST "JIM CROW
ISM" AND "JIM CROW CARS
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESEN
Friday of the past week Hon. Mar
tin B. Madden, who is one of the best
and truest friends that the colored
race has ever had fa'cither house or
congress, brought forward his bill be
fore the house committee on Inter
state and Foreign Commerce, to enact
federal legislation prohibiting "Jim
Crow cars' or other legislation dis
criminating against the colored race
on railroad or steamshipse within the
As usual, the fire-eating, the so
called Southern representatives took
prompt exception to Mr. Madden's ar
guments, calling attention to recent
race riots in Chicago and other north
Negroes Favor Measure.
Mr. Madden advocated the inclusion
of the provisions of a bill introduced
by him in general railroad legislation.
A delegation from the Colored American-,
council, which -spongers,, thetbill
Representative Sanders of Louisiana
was the most outspoken in opposition
to the bill among members of the. com
mittee. "We contend that the Negro prefers
seDarate accommodations," said Mr.
Sanders. "Our Negroes down" south,
HON. MARTIN B. MADDEN
Member of Congress from the First Congressional District
of Illinois; steadfast friend of the Colored race; who stood up the
past week on the floor of Congress and fought '"Jim Crowism"
and "Jim Crow" legislation with all his force and power at his
knowing they aren't welcome in the
white man's coach, don't go in."
Mr. Sanders asked Mr. Madden if it
was not true that a great majority of
the Negroes live in the south.
"Yes," replied Mr. Madden, "but I
dont see what that has to do with this
bill. We think they should be treated
in the south the same as in the north."
Refers to Race Riots.
"Negroes in my community are
treated better than in your city of
Chicago," retorted Mr. Sanders.
"The Chicago situation was w un
fortunate one that nobody can ex
plain," replied Mr. Madden.
" They are treated better in the
south than they were in East'St. Louis
in your state a few years ago," con
tinued Mr. Sanders, "or in Springfield
in your state. You are bringing in a
bill to force the Negro to ride in the
white man's coach regardless of his
"I want to make the rule uniform
throughout the country," said Mr.
"You did not believe in a uniform
law when you voted against prohibi
r ";- flSISilb,
ror Uniform wetness.
"I wanted the country uniformly
wet," replied the Illinois member. Rep
resentative Rayburn of Texas
took issue with Mr. Madden.
"You believe in the absolute equal
ity of races so far as travel is con-
I cerned?" asked Mr. Rayburn.
"Yes, I do," sumI Mr. Madden.
"Do you believe in social equality in
all respects?" continued Mr. Rayburn.
Mr. Madden refused to discuss the
Congressman Madden displayed
very sound judgement when he
promptly declined to discuss the social
equality question with the Hon. Con
gressman Rayburn of Texas. For
more than fifty years the South has
not brought forth one single states
man who has been able to discuss any
of the great national issues or ques
tions for five minutes, without harp
ing on the "Negro Question", social
equality, ami do you want your beau
tiful daughter to marry a big black
That is what the southern members
of congress call great statesmanship
and many of those same southern
centlemen who are so fearful of their
social standing spend much of their
leisure time wrapped up in the arms
of their Colored Lady Lovers.
Therefore Congressman Madden is
wise not to pay much attention to
their wild vaporings on the social
Misses Mary E. Branch and Harris
H. Johnson, teachers in the V. N. and
I .1., Petersburg, Ya., who have been
i nffonjfinr, fVia TTntvnaifv tf f?TlI,Trt
during the summer, left the city for
the East where.they will visit relatives
and friends before taking up their
NEGRO BUSINESS LEAGUE
STANDS FOR L
Dr. Mot on Elected President;
demns Mob Violence; Constructive I'
Meeting in 15)20; "Message to
Hampton, Va. Tho National Negro i
Business League, founded nineteen
years ago by Dr. Booker T. Washing-1
ton, stands squarely for "law and or
der, icace ami progress, justice and
100 per cent Americanism." The St.
Louis meeting brought together for
"A Reconstruction and Readjustment
Conference" a thousand delegates
from 2G States men ami women of
thrift, perseverance, vision, and faith
pioneers in the Negro business
world disciplined optimists ami safe
By acclamation Dr. Robert R. Moton
principal of Tuskegee Institute and a
' distinguished graduate of Hampton,
' was elected president. Hon. J. C. Na
i pier of Nashville, Tenn, former Regis
i ler of the U. S. Treasury, who. served
as president of the League for three
years, following the death of Dr.
Washington, was elected honory presi
dent. Dr. Emmett J. Scott of Wash
ington, D. C, secretary ami treasurer
of Howard University, formerly sec
retary of Tuskegee and more recently
special assistant to Secretary N. D.
Baker, was re-elected secretary of the
League, amid great public applause.
The new chairman of the executive
committee is Dr. Robert E. Jones of
New Orleans, editor of the "South
western Christian Advocate," who is
a brilliant seaker ami writer, as well
as a fine executive officer. The Lea
gue will meet in Philadelphia in 1920.
Appeal to Negro Soldiers.
Referring to the returning Negro
soldiers, President Napier said: "You
have made a record for patriotism,
courage, braver,y and reckless disre
gard of life in an hour of danger that
has never been surpassed by any other
group of soldiers in the world.
"Let me beseech you to let no deed
or act of yours in civil life stain or
blot out is heroic record
country and your fellow-citizens ap
preciate the sacrifices you have made
and the services you have rendered.
They will ever be ready to honor you
and to protect you.
"You have won for yourselves and
for all Americans, black and white,
a title in fee-simple to a brand of true
democracy and liberty which you
yourselves have not yet received, but
whifh Netrroes hone and tirav will
; gOQn deetJeii to them anj t,ejr
. heirs. For this Negroes will ever seek
. and make demand
"Without this democracy we would
have our fellow-citizens everywhere
know that we are a dissatisfied and
discontented neoDle with a erievance
that can never be forgotten. We sim-
ply ask for what was promised to us,
when wo were called to do our part
in driving autocracy and militarism
from Europe and thereby making .the
"America has contracted many
debts during the World War.
will pay all of them in whatever coin
her creditors demand. It does not i They do ask for and insist Bpon hav
yet appear, however, whether or notjing an equal chance in every human
she will nav the Necrro soldier and the
Negro citizens the debt due them
for their part in driving1 out the Hun
or in the coin which they now demand.
ecfetary; Napier Con-
t jgram ; Phiiadephia
t le Country.
u Sy jpathy With Criminals.
"Thi L gue should go on record)
as being strongly opposed to melt
violence a A everlastingly in favor of
law ami ot kr. We have no sympathy
or fellow feeling .with the crimkraT,
whether1 e be white or black, or
whether h ; be the individual who afc
tempks to outrage womanhood or a
member o the mob which unlawfully
arrogates to itself the right to ad
minister p mishment and to take life.
Mob Violence Not Surprising.
"There B no wonder that mob vio
lence prevails in a land where one
group of citizens by law, practice, gr
custom may withhold at will any right
or privilege from another. The with-
holtlin;; or withdrawing of a sall
right today will only tend to the with
holding or withdrawing of a greater
4,If my neighbor's chihl is taught
that he iaa wrong me, or outrage me.
or Jimcror me, or lynch me in a smalt
way by depriving me of any right
which he himself enjoys, it will anly
be a short step for him to join a mh
and take my life. Mob law is a crea
tion of the white raanf It is his in
stitution. He supports ami maJBtamB
it. When he sees fit to remove its
disgrace, mob law will be wiped fremi
the map of our country.
Bright Business Outlook.
"Poet-war duties are going te ef&t
new fields of business activity. The
markets of the world are open. Let
us study these markets from every
possible angle. No more iBterestrng
or instructive study can be found than
that of securing a proper knowledge
of the commodities which constitute
the necessities of life for the peer and
the luxuries of the rich. When this
knowledge is properly assimiliated
men will secure wealth, ease, ami com
fort. Business men will then bring
happiness to the communities which)
Dr. Moton Proud of Negroes.
Dr. Scott read a letter fre the
"Roosevelt Memorial Asseciatfon"
asking tho League to help boom the
campaign for $5,000,000, during the
week of October 20 to 27. Dr. Motes,
who is the colored representative m
the permanent Association, made a
vigorous appeal to the Coliseum audi
ence for their moral and financial sup
port of this worthy project. He alse
said that he wished to commend the
excellent address which President Na
pier had made.
Dr. Moton told briefly the story of
his trip overseas, made at the request
of President Wilson and Secretary
Baker, and his work on behalf of the
maligned Negro soldiers and officers,
MXT . oM to be
cers. either as to their valor, or ceur-
age, or moraMty. Negroes do not ask
fo rtheir race any special privileges.
endpavor-not more and no Jess.
Cries ofjg'God bless yen" and "That's
right", greeted Dr. Moton's vibrant
words o'fi courage and faith.