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THE BROAD AX, FEBRUARY 12, 1921.
TH& BROAD AX
Published Every Saturday
- In this 'city since July 15th, 1899,
-without Trussing one single issue. "Re
publicans,- Democrats, Catholics Pro
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r -Local communications will receive
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Address all communication -to
THE BROAD AX
So. Elizabeth St, Chicago,
Phone Wenworth 2587 -
JULIUS F. TAYLOR
Editor and Publisher
DR. M. A. MAJORS
4700 South State Street
Phone Drexel 1416 .
FEBRUARY 12, 1921.
Entered as Second-Class Matter, Aug.
19. 1902. at the Post Office at Chicago,
HI. Under Act of March 8, 1879.
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building-slowly, bat gradually a per
manent structure that will be a bless
ing to the thousands of our young men
and women who-will learn to love and
respect the race because we will have
provided for their future needs.
Drudgery is no alluring -bribe to the
ambitious boy or girL Decent occupa
tion taken a noble place ifi the heart
and mind of the aspiring man and
womanhood ofour race nnd wc must
blaze the way today, not tomorrow.
A TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OP
Bv Paul Laureneo Dunbar.
NATIONAL COMMUNITY IMPROVE
National Negro Business League Joins
Hands With National "Clean-Up and
Patnt-Up" Campaign Bureau to Ex
pand the Idea of Community Health
Improvement Literature Will Be
Forwarded by National Headquarters.
HON. WILLIAM HALE THOMPSON.
Mayor of Chicago, who is a steadfast friend of the com
mon people, who will next Wednesday evening, Feb. 16, at
the Appomattox Club, deliver an address on Abraham Lincoln.
SIGHT-SEEKS IN LONDON, ENG.
By Beatrice E. Lee, I'h. B.
Concluded from page 1.
One general sign is the representa
tion of a red jar of singular form. It
, is almost the same shape as the vessels
in which the ancient Romans Ttept their
wine; it is, in fact," an Italian oil jar.
It marks the "Italian warehouse."
Once olive oil wns the chief commodity
sold at such places. Now the oil is
more paraffin than olive; and soda,
matches and firewood are to be had un
der the sign of the oil jar.
Then there are the particular signs
which were once addresses. Thus,
"Goats and Compasses," probably and
heraldic sign; and the sign of the Bible
in Cheapside," would render the num
ber of the house an unnecessary addi
tion. Snch signs survive now prin
cipally on tavern. Many of them arc
armorial, adopted in honor of .great
lords of ancient houses.
THE NEGRO CONFERENCE.
Tuskegee Inst. Ala. Following the
meeting of tho annual Tuskcgec Negro
Conference, a special meeting of repre
sentatives of leading health organiza-
nons was new ncre, at which time,
plans were, outlined for co-operating
with Tuskegee Institute in the Na
tional Negro ITcalth Week. The organ
izations represented and thev persons
who attended this conference were as
Dr. Boseoc C. Brown, Director of Col
ored Work, Public Health Service,
Washington, D. C., Franklin O. NicholN
Assistant Director, Department of Edu
cational Activities, the American Social
Hygiene Association, New York City,
F. Rivers Barnwell, of Texas, the Pnb-
culiural Demonstrat.on Workers, Lect
B. Myers, Fio'd Secretary for Negro
Work, National Child Welfare Asso
ciation New York City, C. J. Calloway",
Director Tuskegee Extension Depart
ment. Monroe N.'Work, Director. Rec
ords and Recarch. Tuskegee Institute
and Albon L. Holxey, Secretary to, the
Principal, Tuskegee Institute.
The following resolution was adopted
during the Workers' Conference:
"In accordance with the resolutions
adopted at our last annnnl Tuskegee
Negro Conference that the week of the
anniversary of the birth of the late
Booker T. Washington, be annually ob
served as Heatlli Week, therefore be
it resolved that the week of April 3 to
the flth. 1921. be - designated and
observed as Health Week. This Con
ference urges upon the colored people
throughout the South to make this
observance and in eery way To do
what they can to help in this effort
to improve our health conditions."
Dr. Phillip Klein. Associate Director
of th Field Service of the American
ncu iross, was present iunng a pre
liminniy conference and expressed a
willingness and a der-iro to co-operate
in putting over this invariant move-
rment for better health among the col
THE DOCTORS HAVE A BIG SCIEN
By Dr. M. A. Majors.
A fortnight ago the physicians held
its monthly meeting at the Appo
mattox Club. The Mage had a vcry
elaborate setting, and a very excellent
program was rendered. Dr. Daniel II.
Williams was to have sjioken on the
modern hospital .and incidentally touch
upon the requirements that young doc
tors will have to measure up to after
1022. The eminent doctor nsMired the
association that he would have" 'to. fore
go the opportunity of the moment, to
all proent. He had made an exhaus
tive study of the subject us his notes
showed, and in his characteristic ami
masterful oratory held his audience
sjcll bound. It apjiears after war de
mands call for advanced steps in the
Vntirc field of medicine, so that here
after all graduates in medicine and sur
gery after 1922 will of necessity have
to serve a two years interne ship inn
home creditable hospital in the United
States. Since wc have upwards of two
hundred graduates each year and the
number is growing larger yea.r after
year, the question arises" where can so
large a number get on as internes when
we have made so little provision in the
matter of supplying hospinls. We hnve
only to think of the Frecdmnu's Hos
pital at Washington, Meharry at Nash
ville, - rovident, the Fort Dearborn at
Chicago, the Douglass Memorial Hos
pital at Philadelphia.
Drs. Ifolloway, Trapp. Julian Lewis,
Turner, Reginald Smith. Bousfield, Me
Donald, Giles and Dailey spoke on the
Hospitals and Free Dispensaries, and
the lack of interest manifested bv the
Dr. Bonsfield read a very well nr
rangeuTpapcr full of historical data on
the subject of Medical. Insurance. Dr.
Reginald Smith made a" report of his
trip to the Nntipnal Medical Associa
tion held at the eity of Atlanta, Ga.
All in all it was perhaps the most
interesting scientific discussion of the
year. There were upwards of sixty
doctor present and all went away from
the meeting better and stronger and
Washington, D. C. Some years ago
the Executive Committee of the Na
tional Negro Business League, of which
tho late Booker T. Washington was
then President, adopted a resolution
looking to tho improvement of health
and living conditions among the col
ored pcoplo throughout the country.
An effort which hnd been put under
way by Dr. Robert R. Moton, now
President of the league, but nt that
time" President of the Virginia Organi
zation Society, looking to the obser
vance of the National Negro Health
Week Campaigns was adopted as a na
tional program nnd was vigorously
pushed under the direction of tho
Executive Committee of the National
Negro Business League.
The interest of the National "Clean-
Up. and Taint-Up' ' Campaign Bureau
with headquarters at St. Louis, Mo.,
was enlisted, a number of silver cups
being given for several years by -the
Bureau for communities making the
best health records. At the St. Louis
(1919) meeting of the National Negro
Business League, the convention pro
ceeded to ndopt a resolution looking to
an expansion of the idea which hnd
been promoted by the League Organi-
A hush is over all the teeming lists,
And there is pause, a breath space in
A spirit bravo has passed beyond tha
And vapors that obsurc the sun of life.
And Ethiopia, with bosom torn,
Laments the -passing of her noblest
She weeps for him a mother's burning
She loved him with a mother's deepest
He was her champion thro' direful
And held her weal nil other ends
When bondage held her bleeding in the
He raised her up , and whispered,
"Hope and Trust."
a fearless clarion
That broke m warning on the ears of
For her the strong bow of his power
And sent his arrows to 'the very den
Where grim oppression held his-bloody
And gloated o'er the mis'ries of a race.
And he wns no soft-tongued apologist;
He spoke straightforward, fearlessly
The sunlight of his truth dispelled the
And set the bold relief each dark-hued
To .sin and crime he gave their proper
And hurled at evil what wa evil's
Through good and ill report he cleaved
Right onward, wjth his face set toward
zation during the preceding six orPor feared to face the foeman's dread
seven years. The resolutions adopted
HON. SAMUEL A. ETTELSON.
ARE YOU TRUE TO YOUR RACE?
- By Dr. M. A. Majors.
speak to them at a later date,
lie Health Service Waco Texas, Miss Dr. Carl G. Roberts." who had been
Bene Davis, Secretary of the Circle for scheduled to follow the surgeon, spoke
Negro Relief, New York City, T. M. for about a half hour covering the
Campbell and Harry Simms. V S. Agri- Mibject matter to the s-atisfc.ction of
HON. HUGH NORRIS.
IBe hoetBog Preedent of the Noms-Ward. Coal Company,
tke bctf ity oa,Hwpeckr that Chicago has ever bd, and he
a stroB SRjport'er of Mayor WSham Hak TBoBopaoo.
In the great upheaval of business ac
tivities now attracting attention the
race has invested a great deal of
money. Tt is supposed most or ncflrlv
all of it was put into the commercial
jackpot with the hope that it would
pay some kind of reasonable profit.
Many indeed are doing quite well in
the game of commerce, but there is not
rtl reason on earth whv most of us, or
all of us should not awake from our
lethergy and do the fair and square
thing towards our pioneers in the bnsy
hum of trade.
Thousands upon thousands of -dollars
are going miles out "of the reach of the
colorco" man who can only hoje to be-
i crime a respectable business man by" at
tracting the small buyer of the things
he has to sell. And his trust and con
fdence in whatever, the future holds
for him depends wholly upon the race
living up o its religion in the matter
of us. take n vain refuge behind the
foolish notion that the colored dealer
does not carry sufficient stock of goods.
Well how on earth will he ever be able
to do better unless the raee come to
hs aid and help him by purchasing the
things, which wc are compellccf to pur
chase instead of getting those very
thiniis from other people whom we have
made rich by just this insane spirit.
Wc purchase alas too many foolish
things, that we could verv well do with
out from people versed in that game
talk that is relied on always to catch
tho colored person. Soothing flattery
has taken-tho last dollar from the
pocket of the fool whtT hasn't sense
enough to make -himself a fortess
against the wiles and tricks of the
white sharper, whose only interest ho
could possibly have is to take your
money by hook or by crook.
Ato you true -to your raeef Do you
tell fine stories in the church, the" club,
-lat the lodge about your loyalty? Are
you one of those noisy individuals who
are always bragging about the progress
and rapid development "of your people,
when if the truth -waa known you
patronize the white man for every
thing yon cat, wear" and nse in-yoar
at St. Louis in 1919 and re-emphasized
at the meeting held in Philadelphia,
in August, 1920, follow:
We recommend that the League
Health Campaigns be not limited to n
week, as its title has indicated; but
that instead the work be pushed with
continued zeal, and with the even more
complete co-operation of the whole
League and all its friends, as the Na
tional "Negro Community Improvc-
metn Campaign." in order to wace
through national nnd locnl campaigns
an effective crusade not onlv in per
sonal education for health, but more
broadly for homes and surroundings
that shall .bcmnde safe against the rav
ages of disease, of fire and the weather.
Perhaps an "Opening Week ""is de-
sirabh?, but there should be constant"
emphasis placed upon the real nnd con
tinuous campaign. The League again
expresses its deep appreciation of the
active co-operation extended it from
year to year by the National "Clean-
Up 3nd Paint-Up" Campaign Bureau.
Its initiative nnd experience and facili
ties, and its generosity in giving silver
cups to the communities conducting the
best community, improvements cam
paigns under the auspices of the
League, have been very helpful. We
hope that the foregoing recommenda
tions will enable the Bureau to bo of
even greater,, service, in the League's
organization of more nnd more of these
local campaigns from year to year.
Carrying out the thought and idea
of Negro Community Improvement
Campaigns, the Executive Committee
of the Nntional Negro Business League
accepted the offer of thp Nntionar
" Clean-Up nnd Paint-Up " Campaign
Bureau to provide a salary for a clerk
over a period of months looking to
widespread dissemination of the idea of
community improvement. Literature
and campaign plans for community im:
provement organizations will be for
warded to all interested if inquiries are
addressed to Emmett .T. Scott, Secre
tary, National Negro Business League
Headquarters, 1S16 12th street, X. W.,
Washington, D. C. The co-operation of
allogeneics interested in such com
munity health programs will Ik cor
The lash of sconi, the sting of petty
He dared the lightning in the light
And answered thunder with his thunder
When men maligned him, and their
In furious imprecations o'er him broke,
He kept his counsel as he kept his
'Twas for his race, not for himself, he
He knew the import of his Master's
And felt himself too mighty to be
No miser in the good he held was he,
ftis kindness followed his horizon's rim.
His heart, his talents, nnd his hands
To all who truly needed aught of him.
Where poverty and ignorance were
He gave his bounty as he gave his life.
The place a ml cause that first aroused
Still roved its ower until his latest
In Freedom's lists and for the aid -of
Still in the foremost rank he waged The
Wrong lived; his occupation was not
He died in nction with his armor on!
The able and far-sighted Corporation Counsel of Chicago
who is leading a brilliant and resourcefirf fight in the Leis.
lature of Illinois in favor of restoring the 5-cent car fare td
the citizens of Chicago.
SOCIAL OR NEWS ITEMS
By Mrs. L. C. Foreman.
The most brilliant affair of the sea
son was a party gien at Scaudia Hall,
on January SI. by Mr. and" Mrs. U. B.
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Gleuu, Mes
ilames Wm. Freeman add K. Walker
nnd Mr. Oybtirn Fenter.
The occasion was the cclchraJioR of
the birthday.- of thoe born in January.
The hall w transformed into a
fairy land of beaut v. Cut llnwers.
potted limit and palms m-re artis
tieally arranged entirely cOHcealiHg the
"Mayfield Orchestra" from View.
Promptly at 9 o'clock when aU the
guets had arrived, sweet strains of
soft music floated through the hall nud
dancing began. The older guejJ.s en
There were many elegant and fash
ionable gowns worn.
At the midnight hour the ladies
erved dainty anil dcliciuti refresh
ments. When "Home Sweet Home"
was played there was a reluctant sigh.
AH present wished the host and
hostes.-cs mnnv m
Mont.: Mr. T. .1. i. , , r
ah.; Mr. W'iil.am I. ,... t j, ,
Mont.; Merle ami hn Krerm
lleHry Have.- aa.l th. t ,.
.Mr. II. O. C..V. ,. -s i; , .
Utah, passed tlr.i.!i tfu , u . -,,
to Great Falls, '.buit . n ' , t, -is
Dr. J. W. Dni.r..: . .
of the Emer.-iw t .'!' ...
Boston, Mass., pa,- ?
Society on Friday. .n .
Wool.oy" taken iron.
Some of th Iiff tn,
present ami vtp-l it t
The ladies of tW I .
WorirhV Club are li
rccehe the Hob. Wm, Mi
who wjll apjiear hen- I'. I
' r-it..rr 5
BACK FROM GARY
QUTNN CHAPEL NOTES.
-We'-aanst learn now how to go is
aereh.for the"thing8-,we need 'among
oar cosiness people- thearwa win b$
Rev. C. F. Stewart will preach morn
ing and evening at Quinn Chapel.
Preparations -are being made to hold a
mock inauguration at Quinn Chapel,
March 4. The Allen Christian En
deavor wlll entertain the League of
Nations at the Church, . February 21.
Mr. E. M. CJeaves, President.
Messrs. James Hanson and William
DeLaey and Mrs, Martha Milligan com-
poso a committee of three on "the drive
of the A. M. Et Church.
Quinn Chapel will get out a directory,
Mr. Chas, Hunter, , Chairman of the
Publishing Committee. -The directory
will contain allof"thc names of the
members and the historical facts of the
Mrs. Seymour will have charge of the
Bible Class every Wednesday' night at
Quinn. "XL" - - '
We weep for him, but wc have touched
And felt the magic of his presence
The current that he sent throughout
The kindling spirit of his battle-cry.
O'er all that holds us we shall triumph
And place our banner where his hopes
wero set! -
After attCHding tin
the Sun.-hiue Club ami
ore hatiitv hirthdstvs. I days with friiH.! i t:-
,B. Walker ami far .1
Mr. George Armstrong, one of the 3234 Vernon aveam-. V
congenial bachelor of the city, threw the city. .
the doors of his elegant apartments
open on Friday evening. January 2S,
to a few of the younger set. A pleas
ant evening was .sjm at cards. It is
indeed a treat to go to the home of
this artistic lmchelnr. Thoe preeHt
were the Mises Alice- York and A lire
Fisdier of Helena, Mont : Mis W'i'sot..
of St. Joe, Mo.: Misses J'hr-iitn
Wright an I Mngiret S l -. of IJae.
Almot every dav. '
President, the Baifrv !'
State street. i Ih-i :
daily for the inter! -T
securing location t
race in Morgan I'nr(
Oh, Douglass, thou bust passed beyond
But still thy voice is ringing o'er the
Thoust taught thy race how high her
hopes may soar;
And bade her seek the heights, nor
faint, nor fail.
She will not fail, she needs thv .stirring
She knows thy guardian spirit will be
And rising from beneath -the chast'-
She stretches out her bleeding hands to
APPOINTED PRESIDING Trr.TvrTR,
Rev. Henry Josoph Johnson of
Ethica, N, Y., has been appointed by
hBishop G. L. Blackwcll as tho presiding
ewer of the Chicago district of the
Michigan Conference and to act as pas
tor of tho Michigan Ave. A. M. E.
Zion Church. Rev. Johnson comes well
rccummcuuea 10 wo city ana he is
destined to make a gTcat success of
fhis work -
MraTBaxah Stratton, worthy princess
of Gates Ajar Temple Ifo. 35 S. Jfc T,
u ost again, af teribeing ebnfned to'her
home on account of illness; '
PUTS ON DRIVE.
'The Asters of Bethany have put on n
drive for one hundred members. The
presiding officer, Mrs. Mary Foster, 344
E. 41st street, is working hard to make
the drive go "over, the top.' The or-
gamzation is doing a great work.
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HON. KICKHAM SCANLAN.
One of the popular and honorable Judges of the Circui
Court of Cook County, who will be re-elected to his present
honorable position this coming June.