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"CHICAGO, ILL, SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 192L
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The Jury in the United States District Court, Lexington, North Carolina,
Judge James E Boyd Presiding, After Forty-four Hours Deliberation,
found Mrs. Florence G. VarnerGuilty of Sustaining Improper
Relations With CoL R. Baxter McRary. the Wealthiest
Colored Man in the Tar Heel State
COL H. B. VRNER IS JUBILANT OVER THE' FACT
THAT HE HAS SUCCESSFULLY PROVENTO THE
WORLD THAT WHITE LADIES IN THE SOUTH
WILL FREELY MAKE LOVE AND HUG AND KISS
k0L. VARNER IS NOW IN A POSITION TO REFUSE TO
PAY BACK THE MONEY WHICH HE HONESTLY
OWES TO COL. McRARY; IN ADDITION TO THAT
COL VARNER WILL SEIZE ON TO A HUNDRED
THOUSAND DOLLARS WORTH OF PROPERTY
WHICH COL McRARY OWNS IN LEXINGTON, TO
SATISFY HIS HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLAR
JUDGMENT FOR ALIENATING THE AFFECTIONS
OF MRS. VARNER. ""
GrfMln Finding- Mrs. Florence
G. Tamer guilty of improper .relations
lift B3"-r McBary, a federal ceuri
jsrr tf"r 1- lionrs deliberation, al
je:lo olock last Saturday morning,
'ntenicl a verdict denying her n
'itasosaMp subsistence,"" from her
Issband t'ol. H. B. Varner, prominent
lerington business man and publisher.
Wiile the jury -went into "the con-
jalution room shortly before 9 o'clock
jtitation werethat it was stHl hope-
An hour later it sent -word to Judge
lata E. Boyd that a verdict had boon
ratied. Ten minutes later the jury-
xa fled into the jury box in-thc fed-1
veil court room and told the jnagej
ntT had agreed.
"Whit is your TerdierfntteiBCir"
Judge Boyd asked.
""We have found Mrs. Tarner gniltv
& committing adultery with B. Baxter
Y&tij,'' Foreman Stunners declared.
Whereupon Judge Boyd read, thef is
em submitted to the jury to be aP
mni and incorporated therein the
fcdaon of the jury.
Three Issues Decided.
Tte issues decided en "by the jury
tre u follows:
L Did the defendant (Varner) sepa?
ate himself from the plaintiff (Mrs.
Tuner) and fail to -provide her with
b secessary subsistence according to
a nems and conditions in life, as
Hcred in the complaintT .
1 Bid the plaintiff commit adultery
Rta B. B. McBary as alleged in the
3. 'What shall, if any, should be al
kwd and paid or secured to) the plain
ts for her reasonable subsistence
tea the estate of the defendant!
, Answer: Nothing.
Ha YarntT, who has been a patient
utle Glenwood Sanitarium for aeveral
ls, was prostrated at bedews of
oeTtrdict and is seriously ill, accord
ed to attendants.
Krs. Varner Suffers Collapse.
several days she had been ex
ly nervous and when she Teccived
verdict she collapsed."
ien her attorney, O. L. Sapp,
ed into the Toom and said: "Well,
' WT has driii rnnintt -ran 'U
.. tarner gave tray, according to
fP- Sapp, attorney for Mrs. Varner,
? core the brunt of the fight in her
flf, stated that he had-little to say.
Whether n mul triX tm
l he does not know ana will not
N3 lr v. v -,-:-.
c --. unci lias Bjuiicieauy w
Ia to talk of the ease.
j- . bananers, Foreman of the jary,
xeucent in discussing the ease
r me verdiet was filed this mors-
" questioned abont the- ease
''Plj was: "T Tit- . n
J juries covering a long period of
u,Wdliave bec caDed npoa to de-
t rr-f iai ana important cases,
fJr" ils rivalled anything in siy
Jet Pi: Tr-w -
Ifllff18 mnS from the roem in whidi
t d been confined for a greater
the time sines 4 -o'clock laat
Stt 7 ternoon- 12 men kaelt
&Jj Wf itt tewed aeaa,
""P851011 Plea by one
' "Orr .. .. -
!w "-i'nmouaee xt weu dose.
Wt,- t J - cver "scesaed
5j - "uui tu ose iest vplxsm
ttrta Kakeo Stzeur Me.
- - 1 Lfl mn w t m k
f " Heaaafl T-"rrr:rr
client, declaring that Mrs. Varner
would have had the same privilege of
vindicating herself in Lexington fol
lowing August 9, 1920, as if sho had
entered suit against the devil, with
the trial taking place in hell. Her
banishment tc Utah gave her, however,
said Mr. Guthrie, a chance to bring her
case to "this court, and have it passed
upon by a fair jury."
Declaring that Mrs. Varner is one
of the fairest specimens of God's
handiwork, ho said: "Varner tells yon
that on August 11, 1920, he would have
given her a good character. Who isin
a better position to tell youf "
iio declared that the Lexington peo-
ple-were seeing ghosts and that the
rumors against Mrs. Varner were cir-
MrGuthrie ridiculed the testimony
of O. P. Diekerson, in which he testi
fed that he saw MeBaryjuid Mrs. Var
ner exchange signals on the night of
July 21? 1920, and that he watched
MeBary enter the Varner property
that night about 10 p. -m., remaining
nntO 1 a. m. With the exception of
the signals, the same thing took place
of July 22 and 23. The speaker said
it is hardly conceivable that people
would-nave such boldness and temerity
in public plaees.
Mr. . Diekerson also testified that
while in the alleyway in rear of the
Varner home he saw McBary pass
within four feet of him on the three
nights in question. "This is not only
improbable, but impossible,4' said lie.
"Diekerson only four feet away,"
could not have remained unseen by
McBary, while McBary was seen enter
ing the rear jxreh of the house, 110
feet away, by Diekerson-
He -denounced the telephone opera
tor's testimony, stating that these
stories were hardly probable. .
He told of Mrs. Varner 'a good char
acter for 19 years. He said that if
it wasn't worth something now, then
what is the use of a good character
and that "our womanhood is in dan
The speaker hotly declared that Mr.
Varner 's pathway of revenge on Mc
Bary is over the bleeding, mangled re
mains of that woman (pointing to Mrs.
Varner). "If hfr had taken," said he,
" -niafnl and Rhnfc her thrtwch the
heart he would have done an act of
Beferring to the statement of Mr.
Varner that ho., intends to donate the
money, if any, Teccived in his suit
against McBary, Jto chanty, asked:
"What charity waata jnoney from a
man. who gets.it through the bleeding
remains of his wifef "
Mr. Guthrie concluded by, pleading
with the jury to acquit Ttthis woman,
fox the. sake of womanhood, of justice,
and for the good' name- of North Caro
lina. -With, this charge hanging over
her there" isn't six feet cf ground on
earth for ker."
For .same caase cr other the Asso-
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" Mat1 HWMtQMj
CHARLES E. STUMP, THE TRAVELING CORRESPOND
ENT FOR THE BROAD AX, HAS BEEN HAVING A'
. RIP ROARING TIME AT TALLAHASEE, FLORIDA,
AND AT OTHER POINTS IN THE FAMOUS OR
ANGE GRbWING STATE.
HON. WARREN G. HARDING.
The new President of the United States, who believes in
looking after tb'j welfare of the. people in this country before
attempting-to assist the people residing in the old world.
highly enaected with, the Asoeiated
Press las received a Iarge bundle of
hash. aaey to smother it.
It appears tkat so far it las been
deeded ly the kigfc- earta of Korth
Carolina tkat CeL aad Mrs. Varner at
the fesest tie eaaaet separsie for
geed tkmtgh the iireree rente aaS as
CM. X. B. McSary.laa ieea. fcanisked
frea Jfarth Carelsa, ferUaden-to reJ
tarn. K kse X6nss iwk
after tke ksdied tkfwnad deBata
wertk ef ftmtr M WB fa
k 1mm tewa, wkkfe in Je
em -wa fal Jria-thfr ka U CeJ.
V- to'aaliafcr tie kird
who- is reputed to be the wealthiest col
ored man in North Carolina and state
grand master of the colored Masons of
Everything seems to indicate that if
Col. Varner can successfully hold onto
this property and not bo compelled t
pay CoL McBary the money which they
claim that he honestly owes him at the
present time, that in time Mrs. Varner
will become sufficiently purified or sanc
tified to return to her home in Lexing
ton and join with her husband and
greatly enjoy their newly acquired
wealth or blood money wrung from the
coffers of CoL B. Baxter McBary.
INTER-SAOIAIi CO-OFEBAXZON IS
Over Six Hundred Counties Axe Organ
ized to Promote Friendly Eac Edi
tions Negroes New Medical Schools
and Universities Aid From' the
Press Atlanta Makes Progress.
By Wm. Anthony Aery.
Hampton, Va. winter-racial echopera
tion is growing steadily throughout the
Nation. In tho South the inter-racial
co-operation movement is receiving the
hearty support of tho .church and the
press, as well as the educational, busi
ness and. community leaders.
Tho Commission on Inter-racial Co
operation is tho outgrowth of a confer
ence which was held In Atlanta early
in 1019 to consider some of the grave
problems of race relationships that had
been brought to the surface on account
of the World War. it i now doing
organized work in all the Boutnern
The Commission is composed of white
and colored men, including Dr. B. B.
Moton, DrT John 'Hope, Bishop B, E.
dated Treat has been absofetefy dead Jones, Bishop G. IT. Clinton, .Dr. Isaae
or silent on the Varner-McBary court FSsherand Dr. John M. Gandy. The
proceedings, it may 1 that some one: ffiee iaelade John J. Eagaa, Chair-
w ' -- "- Tj TT 1T!ii ThMfftiM avirt Will
man; X. H. Eng; Director; and Win
W. Akxaader, Associate Director. The
headqaarters of the Cosoaisaioa are in
tho Candler BaOaing, Atlanta, Oa.
The pablieatieas of the Coaaaission
inclade "Law and Order in Tennes
see," fcy Idwla 3ihh; "An Appeal ta
the Christian People of the South,"
adepted iy-tie receat Chnreh Leaders'
CesfenM at Kdge, K. v.; "iae
KaskrlBe Plfc e Iater-Baeial Wi;"
and A Hadk-fOT Inter-Bacial
ComniHiw," eoiiled fey itnna
xm paWMtiefa de net at-
lay y hard and fast
p&a rf aJ far nay aate -
Ma? r twnwiln ad gma-
These publications, -written in a
Christian spiritt express the better pub
lie opinion of the South. They report
concrete achievements of Southern
communities and commonwealths. Prof.
Edwin Mims of Vanderbilt University
is one of a number of Southern white
leaders who has ably presented "the
facts of religious, economic, and social
progress which have been the resultsj
of co-operative effort and of real con
The Commission on Inter-racial Co
operation ihaa wisely and quietly kept
at work, organizing in some six hun
dred counties inter-racial committees
that carry the burden of adjusting race
relations before the breaking-point is
reached and of helping to develop
movements which will bring white and
colored people into friendly relation.
"Thcso inter-racial committees are
functioning in specific matters, such as
justice before the law, adequato edu
cational facilities, justice in public con
veyances, economic justice, and the
handling of any acute situation which
arises between the races."
Better Heatlh and Better Education.
The Ihter-Baeial Committee of the
War Work Council of tho Y. M. C. A.
has just issued a study of the various
agencies that are working in tho field
of social welfare for increased inter
racial co-operation. Tho study, after
referring to the splendid work some
of the educational foundations, ex
presses the hope that aid wJU be given
for the establishment of "at least three
medical and nurse-training schools for
Negroes which would compare favor
ably with any such Institution in Amer
ica for whites " and for the establish
ment of "a series of five or six uni
versities' running from Austin, Tex, to
New Orleans, Atlanta, Nashville, Bieh-
mond, with, perhaps one in Arkansas,
one in Missouri, and one in the Caro-linas."
In the social and economic field
thirty-six ageneies ten predominately
white and twenty-six predominately
Negro are working on inter-raelal co
Twenty-three national or etsu-na-
tlonal organisations are co-operatixg
with Negroes of the Seath in the de
velopment of religions life. "Here, as
in no other-field, there is kck ef railed
statesmanship." Chaabew ef com
merce, civic dabs, and-r local city or'
ganisatieas have bees taking- a lively
interest ia, promo tiag iater-raeial eo
eperaUes. PabXeity V 3j!y been
given to werk in Nashville, 'Messf&ls,
Atlanta, New OrieaaSj.Leskvile, Char-
lette, Fart Worth, Ckieafa. ad Coda-!
The need of bringing hospital facili
ties within the reach of the 12,000,000
American Negroes should be apparent
to legislators and others who1 are re
sponsible for our national health
In Nashville, for txample, "there
has been a notable improvement in the
handling of news relating to the Negro.
The activities of the Tace are given
mora nnd more Tiromincnce. une ox
the papers carries at least two columns
every Sunday morning, summarizing
the various activities among colored
people. The reporters and editors have
been made aware of the complaints
sometimes registered as to their mag
nifying the crimes of Negroes and their
minimizing their better achievements."
The Atlanta Plan.
The Y. M C. A. study, in referring
to the Atlanta Plan, says: "Tho gen
eral committees hold weekly meetings
separately and joint meetings once a
month. Any matters, requiring imme
diate action arc handled "by joint meet
ings of tho appropriate sub-committees.
-By means of these committees
rumors of race clashes have been inves
tigatcd and quieted. A junior, high
school has been secured for Negro
pupils. A tract of land has been
bought and presented to the city, to
bo developed into a park for Negroes.
The chief of police is co-operating
heartily in bettering conditions in cer
tain sections. The officials of tho Ter
minal' Station are making ever effort
to provide more comfortable traveling
facilities for Negroes. The Board of
Education has materially increased the
salaries of all colored teachers."
A Developing Program.
The Commission has attempted (o
study what Negroes want; to agree on
a program behind which, it could rally
white Christians; and to make its pro
gram effective. It has attempted to
lead men and women to the light and
to capitalize tie interest of a growing
number of thoughtful white men and
women, many of whom 'are college
trained, in securing justice, for all Ne
groes. The Commission has recognized
the fact that Negroes wish, to develop
along lines enjoyed by their white
brothers. Its program has been a de
The program of the Commission en
Iater-raeial Co-operation, at its present
stage, indndes the following items:
The prevention of lynching and the de
nial of legal jastito to the Negro; the
secsring of adeqaattf edacatieaal facili
ties; the development of aaaitaiy hens
lag -and Kviag eeaditims; the neenrinf
U recreatianal facilities; the ettafe-
Ceatiaaed ea page. 2.)
Tallahascc, Fla. Have you ever been
right to .the stepping off place in this
cussing business nnd the Lord called
you right back to your common sense
and saved you from making a sinner
of yourself! When you come to your
self then you feel more like serving
God than before.
I am so glad that I know how to
pray, and I am now asking "Father
forgive the heathens in America and
send some missionaios irom Africa,
Japan, China or sonic other heathen
land to teach thorn the way of right
and justice and romovo prejudice from
their hearts, that they may got closer
to Thee." But the time is coming
that some fools are going to be taught
a practical lesson, and just how soon
this is going to happen I am not pre
pared to say, but come it must.
There 'was a young man of my race,
a Pullman porter who was all but look
ing in heaven or the other place a few
days ago in Houston, Tex. Before it
was all over that imp of hades was on
his knees "praying to havo a woman of
his own race forgive him. If she,had
not been a sane woman, it ia hard to
tell where the porter would be tonight.
Perhaps pushing the clouds. It hap
pened in this way. She had the draw
ing -room, and she called in tho porter
to do some work for her. He was in
the room, and the other lady was hav
ing lunch. While she was in there and
there was the porter, the Pullman con
ductor had all kind of spells and
foamed at the mouth.. He then tele
graphed to Houston to have officers
there to arrest the porter who had in
sulted a white passenger.
The porter was ignorant of what was
going on until ho reaehed the station
at Houston, the police officers and oth
ers walked in and placed him under
arrest, placed handcuffs on him, and
marched him out. In the metJi time
the conductor went to the woman and
told her what had happened, and she
. "Whose business is it to make down
country to look into my case. Ho went
through the samo thing like them other
doctors, and listened to them bugs also,
then he gave me some medicine. '
Dr.' -Williams has started from the
ground and -worked up. He knows
what it is tqcarn an education, for he
had to work for every inch of it ho
got, and he has made good use of it.
He has a fine drug store, a fine home.
a fine wife, two fine children, both in'
eollege, a fine ho5e, two fine automo
biles, and a fine practice. You sec fie
has gotten fineness to a fine point. He
is n Christian and I 'think preaches
some times. He has written a song
book, and hi daughter wrote the music""
for the songs her father wrote.
I called to see the busy young men,
Knox Brothers, and paid my specks
to them, and called on the. editor of
their paper who was just putting his
brains on paper. I am proud of these
young men. They are men worth while.
Getting through with Mobilo, I left
for this place on tho L. & N. carriage
drawn by the iron horse. I got in
here about -t o'clock in the. morning
and thero were at the stable two young -
men waitinc; to tote me up to the
college. I thought it was wonderful
and I considered that President N. B.
Young had paid me a high compliment:""
It made mo feel like I was just a col-
lego president myself, and I guess I
must be one, if I can only find the col
lege and a name for it. I feel liko
time will allow me to use some more
big sounds, and I can just make the
education take notice, for lam sure
they will not know what I say and I
will not know myself, and I will look
wise they will have to do so.
When I met Dr. N. B. Yong, the
President, and indeed a busy man,
working for the uplift of man. He is
extending his hands to his brothers
telling them to come up. He wanted to
know where I had been so feme and
told me to be at home. In reply I said.
"Inkulatum rieetureeki dontimate-
powquetalobum.-" He don't know
what I meant, and if my life depended
upon it, I could notell you what I
said, but I wanted to impress him that
I was delighted to be at the school
my bed, and to wait on me on this again in life and to see the great im
trainl"'she asked that little thimble provemenfs being made, and was sorry
headed conductor, "yours or the por- that they had recently lost a building
ter'sf I have been insulted. Ifc is a by fire.
reflection- and that porter was a perfect I 1 1 am. in a .good cussing mood here,
gentleman, and I wish I could say the for it was in this state where they
same thing 'about you. I am insulted, lynched a man for trying to vote,-and
and I have been reflected upon, and then so many places they just would -your
company shall pay dearly for this, not permit my people to vote at alL I
I will see to it." She took the names teU yon if I give you the facts as
of some of the passengers telling them
who she was, and being of the best,
they readily gave her thdr names, and
I wish you could have seen them, turn
ing the porter loose. He refused to
go back on tho car, except to get his
belongings, but after reflection, de
cided upon tho suggestion of tho worn-
an to remain at nis post, we snau
I have been going some 'these days,
yet I am far from being well, and it.
looked aa if I would have to return
to Guthrie. I am feeling down at the
heel as I write to yon this week, but
I hope to be myself in & few hours
from now, and will be able to continue
along down the, road. If I should be
called; home, I want yon to remember
me. I have been fighting the fight of
faith, and I am on the Lord's aide.
Yon find me mingling with educated
people, and this is a. part of my life,
to come in toneh with those who are
doing things. I think I have been in
schools enough to be some pumpkins in
this education business myself.
If yon will look at last week yet
found me there in Baton Bouge, Lec,
in .Southern University 'with President
J, S, Ckrlc, Dr. W. D. Thomas and
other big educators who were worth
while, told yon some of the good
things the state is doing for it people
under the administration of Governor
Parker. Getting through with them, I
went to Opokais, La spent one night
with the 3er. Dr. L. C. Simons, re
inrned and went io Bayoa Sara, to -visit
a. trained nurse, her stater and metier.
Miss- EHst Piper. Then I beat it
through New Orleans, and being sfsk, I
dropped in to have Dr. H. 'Soger WD
Kama, one ef the best phyalekaa in this
they come to me, they would make your
hair stand up and weep and make the
blood run warm throughout your whole
being, and since I do not want to do
this, I will wait a more sober moment.
But believe me they did do some hellish
things down here iniFlorida during the
election, and some men and women
alike are ready to tell it all when called
upon to do so. -
I thank God that we have many of
our young people here in school get
ting ready for better things and better
days, as they must come. Tomorrow
will be an improvement on today, and -today
is an improvement on yesterday.
Time will be the great reformer. He is
coming right now.
Wcr have a new administration.
President Wilson is now a private dti
zent and he win not be called upon to
write any more notes. We are now
looking forward to President Warren
G. Harding and his Congress, and while
we aro not going to expect tooo much,
we are looking for some real things to
be done. We are not going to faD ont
with the South, .but right down here
we are going to reaain, and fight it-oufc
on onr knees and not with guns and the '
like. Mysword is the "sword of the
spirit and I am an officer in Godi
army. I aa following the lead... of;
Jesus, which is always -the right" and. -
I have faith in the South, and Tarn
not advising any ono to le&ve aor aa
II teffing them to stay, bnt take-their
cawce, jtfc as j. tun pug w a. '.
think yon will agree that 1 aa -righi
ia this position. Yes have to do the
Mving and yen aast make the selection.,
CeS. help yen ta be wise. X aa pread
(Centinaed ea page 2-)
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w..s jnm Art ato