Newspaper Page Text
gEJROD J&, M3UtC42; 1921.
JS- "J; amiHBHi iiMimJUn"!"'""" IBJI
REV W. S. BRADDAN, PASTOR.
Sunday Order of Services: Preadimg at 11 a. m., preach
ing at 8:00 p. xtl, Sunday school at 9 a.- m., B. Y. Pi U. at 7-tJO
p. m. sRayer. meeting every Wednesday evening at 8 p m. "
lu 1901 tic Bcrcan Baptist Chureh,or eoul inspiring must so softly and
was organized with some ten or twelve cause it to bring forth such enchanting
nicmbcrs and for several years it held sweetly until. one would almost think
scrvirf in a small store -front building or feel that all of tho unpleasant feel
ing would Ji melted- out of tho hearts
j of those who listen-to its charming
notes or jswect strains.
Tho white robed choir under the di
rectorship of Prof. I. T. Yarbrough, is
by far one of tho vciy beat "church"
choirs in this city and its singing
aside from tho short and snappy ser
mons by Pastor Braddan is the second
big drawing card.
The officers of the Bercan Baptist
Church are as follows:
. Trustees for year 1921 D. JC. ChilJ
dress, 'Chairman A. G." "Wbolbridge, Dr.
pV. N. Thomas, Steward. C. Jefferson,
NT K. Harriston, Harry 1L Morgan and
Jackson J. StovalL
Deacons for' year" 1921 WmT 1L
Robinson, Chairman; Boyd Chaney,. C.
D. Xl Bradshaw, Duke MeEwen, John
Blue, Bobert H. Nelson and,H. C. At
kins,; Auxiliary Deacons, P. B. Thomas,
.. .. -PitmtAJWMTny.
Mrs. NieIIiev Krnmsaick, i333 Evans
.avenue, who haa.speatvf ral, "weeks
with. reUttvcstaiid.f rieiaa'ia 5 Loji,
mo-t. write that she is having a pleas
ant atay. , . , .- ,. . S - - -
." - w : f
Mrs. B. Xeo Hughe, .4728 St
lewfenco' avenue, who underwent en
operation at Wesley Memorial Hospital
several days ago, is much, improved
ST, CATHEBINS A. M. E ZION,
FABRICS FOR THE
Drop-Stitti .YtH, Batiste,
Dotted Swisses, Organdies
and linens Are Used;
Sunday, Match 13, test day will bo
held at 3 p. m, at St. Catherine A. MJ
E. Zion Church, 37th trtrcct.and Lang-
loy avenue. Bev. BJ B. Hendricks,
at 4sll S. State street. "Finally its
members indurcd its.present eloquent:
and straightforwardPastpriJRcv. "W. S.
Braddan. to come 'to this city from
Iptroit, Mich., and to gather the then
little struggling flock of hard or soft
-hell Baptists under his -wide protect
It was pretty close picking tr nub
bing for Bev. Braddan for the .first
four or five, years and after be had as-.
fumed ennrge or me .nanoiui ox mem
bers composing the members of the
Berean Baptist Church.- Finally bis
efforts and labors began to bear fnrk
and he preached so hard" and earnestly
even- Sunday mprhing and evening
that the people for blocks around be--pin
to rally to his support, until the
little storo front church, 'was not near
larpe enough to hold half of Tils rapidly!
inrrrcing flock or followers and-finally
Mrs. Elizabeth Woods' 23 E. 36th
place, is spending two weeks at Indian
apolis, Ind, visiting her sister and
crowds nr sububb. "
Ms to mmm frocks
American Shof Ar Imfertlng Su)d
Creating Headgear for Wear With '
Individual Outfits Brighter
Ok a wMto ossmM wkkk wwhfm
scjqr Ideas Oat H a fedatlea el
the saterfaVcTtt which to placed a
apron toole eztaidthg three-quartera
of the way around the skirt. The dot-
elty lies In the trimming used on both
the tunic and the underskirt. It Is Ja
theform of circles made of orange
and white organdie, one Interlacing
the other. The chain thus formed Is
l-lnserted In the organdies Two rows
m It are In the tunic and one In the
underskirt. The round neck Is. hound
with navy blue- talTeta ribbon, which,
continues down the slashed portion
and ties In little bows. A girdle of
the same ribbon about three- Inches In
width encircles the wsjst at a rather
low line and ties In a bow with long.
A large crowd -of people TisitedMor
gan Park during the past week looking
over the vacant property for sale and
many making purchases through" tho
Bailey Bcalty Co., 3538 Btate street.
Mrs. W. A. Williams, 1619 -N. Cali
fomia avenue, who -was taken ill while
attho homo- of her parents, 4344 Evans
avenue, has not been ablo to go to her
home, hut is some bettor.
he was forced to seek-.larger quarters-j 6r Jbsiah Morgan, Frank Ferguson,
"VyV S. Carter and P. Mcrtcnny; T.XV?.
Stevens" Church Treasurer;' John H.
Whitfield, Church Clerk; Luroy B.
Hayes, Assistant Church. Clerk; John
Ll. Bandolph, Assistant Church Clerk;
Bev. Crawford, Assistant Pastor.
and they eonstructea a one story
church in the 48th block' on Dearborn
Bev. Braddan and. his flock 'at that
time thought that they were just, it
and that" they were flying mighty high.
It was only a. short time.- until, ihat
church was far too small. .'
Then they purchased, the' ground "at
the corner of 52nd and Dearborn
streots, tho present new home of
Bercan Baptist Church. For several
years they held -services, in the 'base
ment and just as Bev. Braddan "bad1
made arrangementsto r complete he
main body of thc-ciurchpiQ Tyas called
to arms in tho WrorId,-"Vyar for
democracy, as Chaplain land Captain'
of the 370th TJ. 'fL Infahtrythe- old
Sth Regiment of Illinois, and just as
ioon as no could eaten ma, second
breath on his return Txome from tk'e
battlefields of Tranee"he,gumpcd in. and
completed the- construction jof thenew
Berean Baptist Church which is one of
the most modern and homelike churches!
in Chicago, and it cost between thirty
five and forty thousand dollars and i
will Mat in the neiithborhoofc.of -cighf
Hundred people, which js 'praetically its
full membership. V-"-
All the interior woodwork of "the
church is highly .polished -""oak -find
everything in connection with - it is
spank and clean, the elctrie lighting J
system and tho steam" heating plaat
are both up-to-date. Tho" Jarge "pipe j
orjnn is a thing of beauty to behold
and Miss Estalla a Bonds, tho expert
and highly competent organist can
NOTICES OP QTJZ22K CHAPEL A. M.
E. CHTJECH TOB SDKDAY,
Preaching by the Pastor at 10:45
Class meeting a 12:30 p. m.
. Sunday School at 1:30 p. m.
At 3:30 the pew services wifl.be held
under the auspices of thoafissionary
oonetj at wmca umc xuaop, a. -jo.
Carey of the 14th Episcopal District
hui ueuvcr ine ecnuua.
AH the'missionaries of the city. are
invited and urged to be present.
Dr. Stewart is delivering a scries of
sermons every Sunday morning ;
A special rally on I'aim. Sunday,
March 0, 1921.
ABon C . League" 5:30 p. ml
Quarterly meeting .will bo "held on
the -first Sunday in April, all are-in-
yitcd to be present. - .
ev, yf. 8. Beeks.of Pittsburg, Po-,
preached at' QuinnChapel, Sunday
night and Jeeturfed Mopoay night io a
large audience- "C." .'.
It is reported that Mrs. Belle Patton,
wjtois one of the popular and efficient
sehbol teachers on. tho South Side, and
Mr. Lloyd G. Wheelerf Jr., will be
came united in marriage tho middle of
this coining June.
Hon. Edward .H. Wright, Assistant
Corporation Counsel of Chicago, will,
on Tuesday, ""MafehJS, deliver a lec
ftrro before BoyalEagle.Lodge No. 9G,
of Masons, entitled, "How Can We
Best. Improve Ourselves In Masonry f"
Miss Lillian Smith, 6210 8. Elizabeth
street, was on the program of the liter
ary and dramatic etnertainment, held
at Mt. 43armel Church last Thursday
evening, and -she executed" a beautiful
piecp on the piano entitled, '-'The Star
of the Sea," at the conclusion of which
she was heartily applauded.
- Many out.of town persons wero pres
ent Monday afternoon at the quarterly
meeting of the City Federation of Col
ored Women's Clubs held at Quinn
Chapel, 24th and Wabash avenue.
lt takes the' eyeshot, the. rich id sea
the blpsfncs rtfirnvfTTy. " '
BsBsBBsBBsBsB Bft sBr -,-atBsBsb
lm&t fet:' -:3 -
I. WiS. BRADDAN.
. . Captab and dMakttof tkc 3lw Vbmind
u- S. Infanirw ihrmmt (HA T.WWrj RinnMat of
$ doqaeal, WKb ptof dF Berean Brfwt Owmf
. Fountain pens are really made of
rubber. The pure rubber Is mixed
with sulphur und heated. In a few
hours the mlvture rises to a heat of
three times the bolting point of wa
ter. When u has cooled the. substance
formed is known as vulcanite. Many
things besides fountain pens are made
from vulcanite, -such - as combs, bat-
.-tons '-and -tnlfehnndles. it forms a
useful substitute forhorn Ivory and
let. A new method -has Just been dis
covered for vulcanizing rubber, and
this makes such articles much cheaper)
-Tho Fourth Dimension.
The fourth dimension of space Is
supposed to assume dimensions whose
relation to the recognized dimensions
of length, breadth and thickness Is an
logons to that borne by any of these
to the other two. Four-dimensional
space may be regarded as a hypo
thetical conception to explain equa
tions of the fourth degree In analytical
geometry or as an entity beyond the
limitations of an ordinary existence.
. Avoiding "Coin" and "Coop."
"Quincidence" Is the way a recent
writer spells it Excellent I Now If
authors and printers will quaperate
well get 'rid of some more of those
awkward looking words beginning with
"co." Boston Transcript
Nature's Ready-Made Cement,
lu. some parts, of the United States
natural cement rocks are found which
contain nearly the proper proportions
of material to produce Portland ce
ment; but even in tbese localities It Is
generally necessary to add either lime
stone or sbaie In order to get the prop
Not Without. Some Truth.
Correspondent, referring to our note
On misquotations- of Scripture by chll
dren, adds this one; Asked by bis Sun
day school teacher to give tho golden
text, a youngster recited: "He that
iiumpeth .himself shall bo exalted."
- Dependability a Great Asset. -
"Make "yourself dependable and yon
can- come as near being indispensable
aa-anv one can be. You will be the
Jast one ynmvemployer will wish' to
part with and the first that he will
promote to greater responsibilities."
7. Ogden Armour-
Rcmance of Paper.
the Chinese were reading books print-
ed on paper -faaWoned from the bark
ex tne mmoerry tree or. ox naraooo
sprouts. The, Moors tntrodoced paper
In the twelfth ceatsrylhto Spain. .
Itfa Worth Trying.
Don't blame the man who foek alaa
self by keeping his biggest bill on tea
Btstde.of-ftH roll ii ixe realty xoau
Women are Interested in knowing
all the fashion news, but ther6 Is at
great deal that must be accepted as
news only, as In its original showing
fit la not applicable to the use of the
woman who makes her own clotltes or
has them made at home, avers a
prominent fashion correspondent.
Then, too, there are many Ideas that,
while extremely useful, as sugges
tions, cannot be adopted In the .way
that they are originally presented!- $,,
Some models are original designs
worked out as suggestions for mak
ing simple and Inexpensive warm
weather clothes that ore practical to
wear at any hour of a summer day.
The materials selected are the new
est cotton Imports of the sheer variety."
Some of the advanced summer mod
els that the French designers have
-sent us and some that our best
American dressmakers are preparing
are .very attractive.
In materials, drop-stitch voiles, ba
tistes, dotted Swisses, organdies, Eng
lish prints, handkerchief nnd heavy
linens are used. Then there are Im
ported voiles and organdies, daintily
embroidered. In many instances the
fabrics being of a" pale shade and the
embroidery white. A frock made of
such fabrics naturally would be very
simple, with perhaps a tiny ribbon
girdle of a contrasting color.
We have bad all of these materials
with us In. past seasons, but this year
they ore so remarkable In their color
ings and weaves that they give na
fresh Inspiration. All the marvelous
hues of the most beautiful silks have
been reproduced In plain, brocaded
and checked organdies, voiles, batistes
and Swisses. The shades range from
the palest tints to the deep browns.
cerise shades and new reds.
" The clothes prepared for those go
ing South are noteworthy for the prac
tlcal element combined with the"
daintiest characteristic of summer ap
parel. There are no extreme effects.
All of the dresses are of designs suit
able to the well-dressed woman's sum
mer wardrobe. Many of them are of
the chemise type, with trimmings of
drawnwork and hemstitching. When
they are made with a waistline It Is
placed low on the-hips.
Youthful Model ln"33reen Linen.
In direct opposition to the straight
line frocks are those for young girls
and the slender woman. These have
very full skirts, with a tendency to
wardthe extended hip. One model,
developed from "bottle-green handkeT-.
chief linen, his a straight skirt com'
posed entirely of tucks ranging from
the hem, which forms the bottom
tuckv and Is about three Inches wide,
to one at the top of the skirt, which Is
not deeper, than a .quarter .of an Inch.
The waist portion haB tiny tucks
and drawnwork running perpendicu
larly. The skirt Is JolnedVto the. waist
at a low line, the front' and back be
ing perfectly plain, while thesldes arc.
I fat vk (i 9S ' iiH
JuE 111 1 B ll
z fir Gii f ii
Whlto Organdie Dress Trimmed With
Bowknots of Valenciennes Lace.
A f jjjfi'
lp v. .
" r'-trrufrrm '
if W tmmf if'
i- I I 'i
it - A! ' -
'JkJ t . - s I
& - -
flowing ends at one Bide. This model
may be worked out in many different
combinations of color.
Linen Frock of Simple Charm.
A frock of unusual charm, and one
that might easily be made at home, Is
developed from orchid handkerchief
linen an? made In simple chemise
form, with short kimono sleeves. The
neckline Is of square cut and slashed
at both corners of the front to a depth
of about five or six Inches. The trim
ming Is quite as simple as the frock
Itself, and consists of tiny loops made
of bias strips of the material.
These loops are "on the bottom of
the skirt, the sleeves and neck, con
tinuing down either side of the slashed
portions of the blouse. A dainty girdle
of narrow velvet ribbon a few shades
darker than-the materiel from which
the dress Is evolved ties in loops at
either side at a low waistline.
It will, be noted that practically all
of this summer's frocks "Slip on over
the head, whether they are la chemise
form or made In two separate pieces.
In each Instance the waist portion Is
slashed to .enable the wearer to don
the garment more readily.
White, net always a favorite for
lingerie dresses this season Is em
broidered,' and sometimes is used In
conjunction with batiste or .another
sheer material. A charming frock for
n young girl Is" deeloped from pale
pink batiste and white net. The
foundation of the .dress Is of the ba
tiste. The skirt has an apron runic
extending below the foundation. This
tunic Is of alternating bands of the
batiste nnd net, the former trimmed
with tiny plcot-edged ruffles of net.
With the turning of our thoughts
toward clothes to be worn in tropical
.climes there comes the question of
hats. The-fabric bat Is always popu
lar forjesort aqd warm weather wear.
Some of our exclusive American shops
are Importing and creating hats ,to
accompany each Individual frock. One
dress Is of whlje georgette crepe.
LINCOLN STATE BANK OF CHICAGO
Under State Government Supervision
3105 SOUTH STATE STREET
9 AND 11 EAST 31ST STREET
3 Per Cent on Savings
RESOURCES OVER $2,800,000.00
TOP COAT "THING OF BEAUTY"
Seasonable Outer Garment One of tho
Most Important Adjuncts to
At this season of the year the top
coat Is one of the most Important ad
juncts to the well-dressed woman's
wardrobe. But while the name may
conjure up a vision of an all-envelop
ing wrap that Is somewhat nondescript
1n appearance, the modem topcoat
may truly be named "a thing of beau
ty, and a Joy," as long as the fashion
For one thing, there Is such a
wealth of rich fabrics from which It
may be fashioned. Their colors are so
varied and so delightful that one con
templates these modes as one would
an exhibition of rare paintings. And
the style touches that add so much
distinction to these modes are most
unusuaL The buckle and the plain
button that once considered them
selves the only embellishments on such
wraps are far eclipsed by the decora
tions of the hour.
8trangely wrought cords, rich Jn
color, take the place of the formal
belt leather strap. Gorgeous tassels
dangle from softly draped girdle or
cuff. Elaborate embroideries ' make
one hesitate In- naming the garment
which they adorn. Severe mannish
lines have vanished before bewitching
flounces, fantastic draperies, and
quaintly wrinkled folds that merely
hint of sleeves.
Sometimes a most striking combina
tlon.of fabrics opens up vistas of new.
Ideals Jn the matter of fashioning such
wraps, while their lovely color Is one
of the most delightful aspects of the
Emerald Green Organdie In" Shadow
Check With Square Cape Collar.
ftct -0f AH TfetaK.r'.
It la a soed thing to be rich, and It
to a good thins to be strosg, ut It i
a better- thing to bo tared sway
friej-fErcfawg. "' $
'- ' ' AjwI Make It Saaaf y.
;yafait-r Batavk tea rece-frel-a
ltW'wiUi W.wtaw aad address oa k.
St wwW l-ft'fe-r'the persea 1t Is te-
1dtii fee te prease caH-aad get witfe-
gathered very tightly, thereby produc
ing the extended hip appearance. The
short puff sleeves are of alternating
rows of tucks and drawnwork. The
neck is In V-shape, and sloshed down
several Indies; the opening tying with
strips of (he material finished with
hand-rolled hems. , These are. short,
so that the bows are very smalL
Another attractive aodel Id of sal
-son-colored batiste, with, plaited side
tunics rimmed with tiny -white ba
The- frock cf 'white' erga-idle hi -&1-
T-ays becsmlng andrfedfl Infinite. use
In , Che average' woaaasVa waxHrobe, a
deep fichu collar finished with double
ruffle of the material, pleot edged. An
embroidery design, of large white
daisies done in heavy white silk
threads, the centers nf the flowers In
yellow, Is worked into both, the waist
and skirt portion.
Bathing Suit Now the Thing.
2'o longer da. women indulge In
ocean bathing solely for the exhilara
tion; of the salt water dip. A very-
long time ago the bath was the thing
and the apparel merely a necessary
adjunct, but so surely and so steadily
have bathing suit fashions been gain
ing for themselves. a place of Impor
tance that wehave all but, forgotten
that we ever went to the ocean just
for the pleasure of swimming. New
clothes are the .first consideration,' the
dip a secondary one.
No. true djughter of Neptune is
without two or three of the one-piece
Jersey swimming suits that have
grown In popularity each year. These
have become almost a standard fash
ion in bathing salts, so that there la
little change In them, except In the
colors Tavored. Last year the darker
K lines were In the foreground. This'
year the shops are showing many
bright-colored Jersey suits. It Is. a
question as to whether old rose and.
French blue woolens wfll retain their
-hHna,.of color after a -few plunges la
r rlie ovnnv - '
IN "SMART MILLINERY THINGS
Wings -of Brilliant Hue and In Lao
quered Effect Are Among the
Wings In brilliant colors and in
lacquered effects are among the new
millinery trimmings. Cockades and
sweeping bows of wide ribbons, a
well as glycerined ostrich and fantasy
ornaments In cellophane, and oilcloth
ngure conspicuously on tne smartest
made In straight-line : effect with , a f hats. TbA m and cockades are
posed directly at the front of the hat
In such a way as to give height, quite
In contrast to the broad. low trim
mings which have 'been seen for so
On turbans of medium size, the
bows are placed at the slde of the
front, but at a forward angle. Rib
bon bows or spreading wings posed
directly across the back or at the side
Eivewldth to some of the Models,
very pretty turbans. In felt, in bine'
or In color, ore trimmed with velvet
flowers. The black turbans have the
flowers In color; while the colored hat
has a matching floral decoration. . -
ChliMM Wafer CfcMtotrto.
Water chestnut la a -same gins
way times to ibela takers, grdwa
to great qsaBfltles OiTCi'lak. that Are
caica ejjjier raw or oeued. Tae real
water chttat la Cferas Jm tie -
Imitation Furs Used:
Imitation fnr-nre tisel extensively
for the making of evening wraps. Tbr
time waa when wearing any sort of
Imitation .would hayo been considered
deplorably bad taste! But nowadays
we see the leading couturiers using
Kashaondaln." n new material resem
bling zibeiine (Itussian sable).
Persian Men Must Not Laugh.
In Persia a man who laughs la cosk
Idered effeminate hut free license If
Ipfren to feminine merriment
af' Tlntt&A Mnii nM.i' n ff-J
lit re ay ArfcajMBW Tbeaws Oat, L"11" SrejriMBire . - J
The Gaelic language is the orig
inal and historical language of tha
people of Ireland, though "most of
that coan try's" Inhabitants speak
BBgltob. Gaelic Is- new taught la
tie BJOlesal schools, TCatboHc earisa
schools and colleges Is Ireland; as well
aa- ar Harvard aalversity, "Notx
Xtaae oalTerslty and the Catholic UaJ
versiry of America at Washlngles.
The -"----rrfaniBiT '. There has- bees a revival of the oe
JPt-hb aa Bagrfefa St4ry J k-l Gaelic. threHgh the efforts of the
Iantb(fKreeMaea:iari,raif edety.fer the Preservation of the
----- ' whk iasg-sage.
Jfa Chin the Btes as 'rale are
Ltra.rapnr in dres tluu ta -raja
Around the Clock,
Tea, boys," continued the steepla
Jack, who was felling "true" and
thrilling stories, "yes, I was working
a clock tower one afternoon about 12
minutes -to six, when I slipped, slid
down the roof and caught on tha
long band of the clock. There I
dangled while the town folks collected
below. So I yells to 'em. "Say yon
folks, go home to your suppers, Ifll
be close- to half an hour before 2
Little Virginia adores her cousin
Sate, but as she Is only four, and
has a limited vocabulary as well as
an original one, she calls her "Cousin
Cake." One day a friend Insisted on
her repeating the name several times,
until Virginia realized something was
Loot just right whereupon she -an
nounced. "Her name Is Cake, bat we
don't eat her. 'cause h-r like we."
Word of Norman Origin.
Otjr word helmet Is really the di
minutive jform of the old Norman
"bealme" and means a little helra.
The tendency of the French-language
was to drop the P and- to substitute
a long "O" sound and so we got
heaume. The heaumers or healmers
of medieval England were makers of
helmets and the word has come down
to us as the surname Homer.
Wires Foretell Weather.
The varying hummjngif telegraph-"
wires IS claimed to give experienced.-
observers a clue to the weatlaer 24 to
35 hours ahead. A German statement
Is that high shrill notes are followed
by heavy falls of rain or snow of short
duration, and deep bumming tones, by
brief light rainfalls, while buzzing
tones precede a change In the weather.
Word's Meaning Changed.
Going downstairs etymoIoglcaUy
metins ascending. The Saxon "dun"
meiini an upland or hill, and "a-dun"
meant a descent But In the course
of time' the preposition was omitted
and the word Mdun" came to mean
Capacity for jtervlre creates oppor
tunities and multiplies offers of posl-ln-.
If out of a Job.. Increase your
-ninrlty for service Instead -of hunt
na a Job,and then the Job will hunt
ni'i Thl.i Is true In both the mate
ii nd spIrltuaL realm! The Chris
' Fellow Visitors.
Passing through a poverty-stricken
district and noticing the large number
f children playing about- the thought
H-curred to us tbat the stork and tha
woir have about the same calling list
Progress In Wrong Direction.
Jud TimMns say if. he bad his life
to tlve over he'd probably make the
wine mistakes: only owInr to Improved
yuHlerxi facilities he'd mebbe make
m 'aster and more numerous.
Freedom. - .
FreedmiT Is the word that Is many
-sldtl .There are those who boast of
"freedom of coBsclence who seem- to
Interpret It simply as wlthr that of
other people. There are -those who
seem to fancy that tbelc rights as cit
izens entitle -them to unquestioned
trampling upon rights of anybody else
who chancearto stand In their way.
.First Studies of the- Human Body.
Early studies In human anatomy
were conducted" under many difficul
ties. Aristotle waa among "the first
to study the human body, about 350
B. C Through ell the years there
cas objection to dissection of bodies
to, verify facts, and when Titian de
Bigned and had completed the first
anatomical plates they were destroyed
by VesallBS, abeot 1523.
. Dirt Obscures' Light of Lamp.
When the lamps become eld and
saore o? teas dirty between .cleaning
periods the emitted light falls off: afeest
aerper cent, according to the Electrical
JVorltL Consequently, for aeafrei
feet-cane mBalDatlon. the raUas'of
the tamps must be about per eeat
higher than that found seceseiry froxa
t&e calculations based oa the efficiency;
9t ew, clea& lamps.