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THE BROAD AX
Published Every Saturday
In this city since July 15th, 1899,
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THE BROAD AX
j206 So. Elizabeth St., Chicago,
Phone Wenworth 2597
JULIUS F. TAYLOR
Editor and Publisher
DR. M: A. MAJORS
4700 South State Street
Phone Dxexel 1416
AUGUST 6, 1921
Entered as Second-Class Matter, Aug
19 1902. at the Post Office at Chicago,
I1L Under Act of March 8. 1879.
DEATH OF ROBERT E. BURKE.
HE WAS FOR MANY YEARS A
STAUNCH FRIEND OF THE
EDITOR OF THIS PAPER.
The latter part of last week Mr.
Robert E. Burke, who was one of the
best known political leaders or poli
ticians in the United States, closed
his eyes in death, at the Michael
Reese Hospital. It can be truly said
that Mr. Burke was the little Napo
lean in politics, for when he was on
the top of the tidal wave of political
popularity and strength he made and
unmade mayors of Chicago, judges of
the circuit and superior courts of
Cook county, aldermen, congressmen
and members of the legislature, and
under the reign of Mayor Carter H.
Harrison, the second, the power was
It naturally followed that he made
many strong or warm friends and
many lasting or, bitter enemies.
His remains were borne from his
late home,-1432 North La Salle street,
followed by his devoted wife, Mrs.
Burke, other relatives and many
friends on Monday morning, to the
church of the Immaculate Concep
tion, where solemn requiem high
mass wa celebrated by Rev. Father
Ferring, assisted by Rev. Harry A.
Darche, hero chaplain of the Sixth
Marines, and Rev. Father J. D.
Campbell, of Our Lady of Mercy
A choir under the direction of Miss
Agnes McLaughlin, organist, sang
the mass, and among the ushers were
Frank Doyle, assistant custodian of
the County building, and Edward
Tracy. Burial was at Calvary ceme
tery. Mr. Burke was always true to his
true friends, regardless of their color
or nationality. Many years ago when
he was at the height of his power
and glory .Mr. Burke employed Jacob
Harris, his colored friend, to look
after the famous county democracy
rooms, and after that far famed silk
hatted organization went down Mr.
Burke secured a position for Mr.
Harris in the city hall, and later on
in the county building, where he is
still employed and for many years
Mr. Harris has lived at the home of
Mr. Burke and he will still continue
to reside there and look after Mrs.
Burke, and the other members of the
For more than .twenty years Mr.
Burke-was one of our warm friends
and a supporter of this paper, and
we join with his many other friends
and deeply regret his passing on out
of this world.
NEGROES GAIN 67 PER CENT,
WHITES 14, IN ILLINOIS.
'Washington, D. C The Negro
population of the tate of Illinois in
creased -67.1 per cent in the period
from 1910 to 1920, while the increase
in white population for the same pe
riod was 14 per cent, according to
census statistics, which have been
made public; giving -the composition
of the -population according to sex,
color and nativity.
TheNegro population, of the state,
according- to the census, figures in
1920, -was. 18274. -
The .total population of the state,
6,485,280, comprised 3,304,833 males
and 3,180,447 females. The. corre
tpon ding, figures for 1910 "srere as fol
lows: ,TotaL 5J63&591; males, 211.
. L - JBHBiHHHHIlHBBiBBH
Mayor of Chicago, Father of the
Be of Undying Benefit to AH
MAYOR THOMPSON PERFORMS
GREAT WORK FOR HUMAN
ITY. DOUBTLESS HIS GREAT
By M. A. Majors.
The Pageant of Progress is one of
the big thoughts of Mayor Thomp
son. It is in size the kind that real
statesmen contemplate. He thought
of it because he has a heart big
enough to think of things that can
help all of humanity. Mayor Thomp
son is not narrow, but broad and
deep. He loves Chicago like a child
should love its parents, and so he
thinks and feels the noble impulses
of a nobleman, realizing that he has
an abundance of friends who love
him and would go to any length for
him should it become necessary.
This child of his brain (the Pa
geant of Progress) has grown to
such proportion and magnitude that
his enemies have to give him praise
in spite of their hatred for the man.
In a thousand ways it helps human
ity. He has touched the dead corpse
of public credit, and it sprang upon
its feet. He has smote the rock of
national resources and immense
streams of revenue burst forth. A
business awakening has commenced,
already all over America hundreds of
thousands of idle men are today re
turning to their work. Machinery
harnessed to electricity is beginning
to roar the glad tidings of indefatig
able industry. A hundred thousand
homes made happy arc worth while.
A noble humanitarian thought con
verted this country into a happy
thriving nation The prairie needed
the plow. The forest needed the ax.
The sawmills were idle Mayor
Thompson saw thousands of his fel
low men walking the streets with
nthinc at all to io. It got next to
his great big brother heart, and he
told his adversaries to throw away
their hammers and get a horn The
Boosters' Club of Chicago came into
HON. PATRICK J. CARR
The HoBecc aad Up-to-Dte TreMorar of Coek Comity, Who Has
Grot CkytWho Wa Be Nnmiii
jp -KUAD AX,
Pageant of Progress, Which Will
the People Residing in the Mid
being, and here we arc, at the very
peak of human endeavor reinforced
by the "I Will" spirit of this great
western metropolis capable of sup
plying the markets of the world .with
food, machinery i clothing and a thou
sand other world necessities of the
Chicago can boast of her big
hearted mayor whose constructive
mind is too busy to heed the barking
dogs at his heels. He is going for
ward doing things for the public
honor, and for the public good. The
very business life of Chicago feels
the throb, and thrill of Mayor
Thompson in .all its varied ramifica
tions. Perhaps no one thing has
done so much for Chicago coming up
out of its stupor consequent of the
war and its unsettled conditoins
which were so apparent, even to the
smallest business operative;, as this
wonderful big exposition the magni
tude of which startles the whole
world with admiration. This colossal
enterprise gives our mayor a new
place in history. He has outdone
his enemies, and he has outwon the
multitudes who crowd the big Mu
nicipal Pier to witness programs of
vast and marvelous human develop
ment and progress.
It cannot be charged to any form
of selfishness, or ambition to reap re
wards. It is the sole manifestation
of a heart big enough to compass
the smallest interests of the poor
workingman. It is the Thompson
spirit full ablaze to human concern
and human activity.
When we have had time to study
the human impulses and better un
derstand the underlying motives that
prompt men to do great unselfish
acts, we may all the better appre
ciate to the full measure this stupen
dous and imposing Pageant of Prog
ress, spectacular, magnificent and
helpful alike to all of ourthriving,
bustling city christened anew with
life and vigor with the spirit "I Will."
ilii 1 d Ehcted to Ha Prweat
CHICAGO. ILL. SATURDAY.
MORE THAN FIVE HUNDRED
DELEGATES ATTENDED THE
SESSIONS OF THE A. U. K.
AND D. OF A.
(Concluded from page 1)
made it very pleasant for all who
were in evidence in his church.
Third Day, Wednesday, August 3.
Convening of the National Grand
Council, 10 a. m.
Invocation, National Grand Chap
lain. Reading of minutes of previous ses
' Continued reports of the Grand Offi
cers and Most Excellent Queens.
Reports of Committees for approval
Continued reports of the Most Ex
Reports of Businesses operated by
Negroes, who are members of this or
ganization. National Grand Council adjourned.
Fourth Day, Thursday, August 4.
Convening of the National Grand
Council at y a. m.
Invocation National Grand Chap
Iain, Rev. T. L. Scott
Reading of minutes of previous ses
sion. Final reports of all standing com
Continued reports of the Most Ex
National Grand Council adjourned
in order to make preparations for
street parade and field day. Col. J.
Wesley Hall, Commander of the Uni
form Department of the State of Illi
nois, Field Marshal, was assisted by
the Hon. J. A. Shackleford and his
staff; Major General, Uniform Depart
ment, United States and its posses
sions. The parade wended its way to
the Baseball park where was wit
nessed a Ladies' baseball game and a
general review of the Uniform De
partment by the Major General and
Thursday night, 8:30, the grand
competitive drill between St Louis,
Mo., Chicago, III., and Indianapolis,
Ind., for a prize of $300 at the Eighth
Regiment Armory, 35th and Forest
The A. U. K. and D. of A. Ladies'
Drill Corps is considered the best
drilled women in the United States.
Following the contest the great mili
tary ball was held which was a very
brilliant and long to be remembered
Fifth Day, Friday, August 5.
Convening of the National Grand
Council at 10 a. m.
Invocation National Grand Chap
lain. Reading minutes of previous session.
Report of the Official Committee
and election of officers.
Installation of officers elect
Memorial exercises under the super
vision of the National Grand Chap
lain, Dr. T. L. Scott
The National Grand Council ad
journed at 4 p. m. and marched in a
body to Odd Fellows' Hall, 3335 State
street, where they were tendered a re
ception by the Officers' Council of
Chicago from 4 to 6 p. m., and were
the guests of Mrs. Maggie T. Pryor,
one ot Chicago s. leading fraternal
women and President of the Officers'
8 p. m., A. U. K. and D. of A. night
at the Municipal Pier under the direc
tion of the Reception Committee.
Sixth Day, Saturday, August 6.
Convening of the National Grand
Council at Union Masonic Tcmmplc,
39a6 State street at 10 a. m.
Invocation National Grand Chap-
Reading minutes of previous session
Adjourning of the National Grand
Convening of the National Juvenile
Reports of various Mother Queens
Adjournment of Juvenile Convcn
tion at 3:30 p. m.
Reception by the Chicago Juveniles
to Mother Queens and Delegates from
4 to 7 p. m.
The officers of the National Grand
Wm. Herbert Fields, National Grand
Master; Ernest Patillo, National
Grand Deputy Mastery Dr. Geo. M.
Cathrell, National Grand Secretary-
Treasurer; Dora Cannon, National
Grand Queen; J. A. Shackelford,
Major-General; Rev. S. D. Davis, In
spector General; .Mamie Draper, Na
tional Grand Deputy Queen; Julia
Cordell, National Grand Inspector of
Finance; Josie R. Henley, National
Grand Audit ress; Leona Dixon, Na
tional Grand Princess; Rev. T. L,
Scott, National Grand Chaplain; Louise
Hayden White, National Secretary
Treasurer Juvenile Department; Belle
Kennedy, National Grand Right Maid
of Honor; Eva Bailey, National Grand
Left Maid of Honor; E. L. West
brook, National Grand Guard.
State Grand Queens
Ada Harris, St Louis, Mo.; Eliza
Jackson, Chicago, I1L; Hattie Baldwin.
Los Angeles, "Calif.; Rosa Jackson,
Topeka, Kansas; Ada Goins, Indianap
olis, Ind.; Margaret J. Green, Hart
ford, Conn.; Nellie Whittaker, Keo
kuk, Iowa; Elizabeth Kimbough,
Brooklyn, N. Y.; Ella B. Mitchell,
Mary J. Chareston, Indiana; Gussie
Gleaves, Illinois; Elizabeth Copeland,
Indiana; Virginia: Allen, Missouri; I
AUGUST 6, 192L
AlUc foins. Missouri: Minnie R.
Adam, New York; Jennie C Nelson,
Illinois: Fannie F. West, Missouri-
Kansas; Pearl Ruby Perdue, Missouri
National Medical Staff.
Dr. M. R. Bibb, Dr. R. M. Young,
Dr. W. M. Carter, Dr. J..S. Jacques.
Dr. Wm. H. G. Clark, Dr. Charles H.
Downs. Dr. Geo. S. Jackson, Dr. W.
B. Buchanan, Dr. Samuel L. Walt
hall, Dr. O. F. Perdue, Dr. R. G.
Riqhardson, Dr. Joseph Carroll, Dr.
Jas. E. White.
NATIONAL GRAND MASTER
HON. WILLIAM HERBERT
FIELDS DELIVERS HIS AN
'Concluded from page 1)
cago, the often termed "Haven for
the Negro" crime and devastation
have been allowed to run pell mell.
Any band of white citizens in any
section may if they see fit object to
the purchasing of property .n certain
residential districts by our people and
upon the refusal of real 'estate agents
to execute their wishes they take the
matter in hand and with the force
of dynamite destroy the property and
endanger the lives of our people; this
form of injustice has thrived in Chi
cago to the extent of becoming a
mode of amusement for our white
The devastating floods in Colorado
were said to-hc due to a cloudburst,
but God in his own way has many
means of retribution. Lynching, race
rioting and bomb-throwing and other
dastardly deeds have lost their places
of conspicuousness in the white pa
pers from the fact of the frequency
of the same, thus giving place to
events that the white press considers
of more importance.
There were times when lynching
was restricted to the confines of the
Southland, but the fever has become
so intense until its practices and its
effects are felt throughout the United
States and even ir our own Missouri:
the direction means nothing the
North, East, South and West are suf
fering keenly with this barbarous on
slaught. As appalling as these conditions
are they arc not to be looked upon
as the inevitable, they can be stopped
and they must. The achievement of
this can only be accomplished
through the combined efforts of our
religious and fraternal institutions.
Our churches must become a solid
unit irrespective of creed,' our frater
nities a united mass and with com
bined strength of these two great
forces we can demand that which the
Constitution of the United States has
provided, the rights and privileges of
a law abiding American citizen.
The spirit that the Ancient United
Knights and Daughters of Africa has
inculcated is wonderful for the de
velopment of racial pride and
strength; the spirit of reciprocity
among its members.
To cause the perfection of a pros
perous business among our people is
to place us upon a firm foundation,
to protect the interest of the race.
To demand the respect and attention
of the powers that be, we must first
become capitalists. In order to en
ter the financial market we must have
business success like our white broth
er, keep the money within our own
fold, make possible employment for
our boys and girls: this interest will
in turn develop in the future genera
tions racial pride; with racial pride
comes racial protection: racial pro
tection can only be accomplished
through combined efforts of our own
people, therefore. I still hold that
churches and fraternities must unite,
they being the greatest institutions
for enmassing our people.
The A. U. K. and D. of A. stands
willing and ready to continue doing
her part in this great racial better
ment for the unborn boys and girls
of this racial group.
1. I recommend that the office of
State Grand Mother Queen be cre
ated, and that a State Grand Mother
Queen be elected by this body, for
each state and hcrdutics will be to
preside over the Juvenile Department
of her state.
2. I recommend that the Advisors
and othcr.adult officers including the
Mother Queen of a juvenile be
elected by the council of which the
juvenile is an auxiliary.
3. I recommend that the law per
mitting Most Excellent Queens and
Worthy- Master Knights to draw $3
for carfare to visit sick or delinquent
members be repealed and that in the
future they shall have the expense
of carfare voted to them at each
meeting, on requisitions presented
and signed by the Most Excellent
Queen and Financial Secretary.
4. I recommend that a board be
elected by this body to consist of
five members to be known as the
A. U. K. and D. of A. Band Board,
and that one of their number be
elected secretary-treasurer of same.
And he or she shall be bonded in
the sum of $1,000. The duties of this
board shall be to provide ways and
means for the upkeep and traveling
expenses of all bonafide A. U. K.
and D. of A. bands with not less than
5. I recommend that the Officers'
Council be reduced to consist of thev
following office-' Most Excellent
Queen, Auditress, Princess, Treasur
er, Financial and Recording Secre
taries, Mother Queen of Juvenile.
The fulfillment of our duties will
probably mean gruel none of us
shrink for that reason from the work. I
COMMODORE FERDINAND W. PECK
The First Citizen of Chicago, Who Rode on the Tender of the
DeWHt, Clinton Engine, Which Was Built and First Operated
in 1831, and Ran on the New York Central Lines, in the Great
Pagent of Progress Parade Last Saturday; Commodore Peck
Was Loudly Applauded by the Vast Multitude of People Wio
Witnessed the Little Old Engine Wend Its Way Through fie
Streets. Commodore Peck Has Greatly Assisted Mayor Thona.
son in Launching the Great Pageant of Progress.
He has never served who dors m
know that service means sacritn-e
We arc, after all, but instruments
instruments to be dulled or broken
The rewards of service arc om
mensurate to the sacrifice. To have
helped to make a little higher or
holier the civilization of our ov.r
day: to have helped make tfc lot
in life of the next generation a I'ttl
better than this one: theso
rewards of service, and as the eubrr
at the end of life glow goldtn be
fore expiring:, who shall the rccollcr
tion of service be sjolden down to
tnc last sunset tor mm who rrv
Let us, therefore, go forwar-' wiih
the light of hope .ird the vUtot w-
have, firm to 1 ccp the faith to the
PULLMAN PORTER CAPTURES
Kicks Gunman. Vhr Hive ChTca-o
Policemen Had Feared to Ar-est
From Tri Ne-r St Paul
Will Be Rwarc!cd.
St. Paul. Minn An attempt to i
hold up Clikn G-rrt West en pas
senger train No 10, Minneapolis to
Omaha. as frustrated last Friday
night by B Legg, Negro porter,
and the alleged bandit was captured
and brought to the St. Paul city jail.
The man boarded the train at Min
neapolis as a passenger and when it
arrived in the St. Paul city limits he
pointed a revolver at I.egg and com
manded him to pull the boll eon!
Instead of complying Legg knocked
the weapon out of the n:-"s 1 "'
and chased hi;n rm of tV nr The
bandit jumped from the train and was
captured by a citchms crew.
The gunman was Tommy O'Con
nor, the bad nnn from Chicago
HON. CLAYTON F. SMITH
The Afrable and Popular City Treasurer of Chicago Who Has TkoJ
sands of Warm Friends Who Are Groomm Ihm. Right Now g
Getting Ready to Trot Hhn Out for Mayor of Chicago m l
K v. V. 6. Simmon-, of M Loli.
Mo. preached at the Scond Baptist
church last Sunday Man othtr u
itors were present
Four converts were baptized at the
ttunu tiiurcu t5i ounuay
Rev. V. L. Petty lea-s ucut o
to attend the Bethlehem DMrut As
sociation which convenes in Oucko
' T,,e lTnon Missionary Circle held
ts monthly service August 4 at Mt
Olive church. August 7 is rally day
at Mt OHc church. The Mt ninrc
people will start excaatm? within
20 day for erecting their m (hurcl
It will cost $35,000 dollar R. F
. Williams was confimd t ln hrd
,ast Sunday. His health has been
poor since his untiring ..rk lunne
Mrs. Katlicrirt Masor ha
after a brief visit in f-ake Font
Mrs. FIceta Davis i 1imti
the hospital, having been oj,. ra't'
The C. M. E. church is building a
new church on South Johet street
Mrs. A. Clark left here last Sun
a. starting on her vacation Wlulc
Chicago she will atttml thi Ta
?cant of Progress.
The Community Centir financial
lnvc ended last Monda The total
if monc pledged is $2 700 This is
"T" """ AMWl X
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