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T BROtfSbr, CHICO, xk SATA NOVE 1521.
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ECHO OFTHE OUEGORffi OF 3HE
i THE BROAD AX
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RAGE RIOT CASES, TRIED BKrUKt
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Editor and Publisher
Associate Editor Jr
DR. M. A. MAJORS
4700 South State Street
Phone Drexel 1116
,-VoL XXVJL , . Ho.
HON. THOMAS G. WINDES, OF
THE CIRCUIT COURT OF COOK
COUNTY. - ,
ATTORNEY AUGUSTUS L-WILLIAMS
HAS RAPIDLY FORGED -HIS WAY
TO THE FRONT AS ONE OF THE
SUCCESSFUL TRIAL LAWYERS IN
. Entered as. Second-Class Matter, Aug.
i9M902, at4he Post Office at Chicago,
TBL' Under Act of March 8, 1879.
THe late W. Affison Sweeney.
HON. THOMAS G. VINDES
The Distinguished and Eminent Dean of the Circuit Court of Cook
County. Who Covered Himself Over with Much Honor and
Glory in His Fair and Impartial Trial of the Race Riot Cases
of 1919. . v
"VA creat roan has fallen in Israel.
TZn Wa(n trtrirr1 "?m ztnA. in.
:. ;..;' ... -:. , . ,- years he filled the" editor's chair -with
sotred him to do a work which to . ,...... ,...
f . . -
needed an able editor he was the one
man -who could fill the nlace of Ed-
ward Elder Cooper, and for many
W . , Jtm.
'baser hands she could not transmit
Born at a -time when Douglass was
i soothing- the nation with the holy fire
of his eloquence and when Lincoln
was wrestling with the problems of
Emancipation, and John Brown -was
Vfcniy with the work which gave him
''The 'north -was the place of his
birth. -Early in life he heard these
great patriots on the platform thunder
eloquence unknown in these-times and
imbibed as well the great lessons that
were-not only to ..set iis people free
t from the bonds of slavery but to set
i the intellect of his -people free. He
was in the fray when the political
recognition was given men of his race
and he was exultant when our first
U. S. Senator won his seat in the
greatest deliberative body in the
world. He saw the great panoramic
""""review of Negro congressmen inthe
legislative halls of congress. He knew
the old guard, and -witnessed the
brightest, days of the reconstruction
period. His heart became inspired
from what he heard and saw to cham-
-;pion the -rights of his lowly brother
. "in ignorance and ignominy.
v' In National campaigns for many
years Hon. W. Allison Sweeney was
.among tlje orators sought to teach
lus.people the noble principle of the
"grand old party. In Pennsylvania,
West Virgina, Ohio.Tndiana, Illinois,
Jfissouri and Kansas, he spoke from
the same platform with Foraker, In-
galls, Douglass, Fairbanks, Roosevelt,
Lynch and a host ok the great men -of
'Shat day. His eloquence was rich and
-rpenetrating, and among that galaxy
?of :great orators few if any were more
graciously received and given atten-
.rtrve ear of the populace.
When The Freeman of Indianapolis
grace and dignity, allowing no op-
probrium to be cast upon his people
without a rejoinder that was cutting,
riddling with invective, and his char
acteristic sarcasm every charge, and
with a scathing rebuke. Under his
editorship The Freeman became the
leading paper published by the Negro
throughout -the world. It was while
he filled the important post of editor
of The Freeman that the writer be
came personally acquainted with him.
Later still, after he became custodian
of the city hall at Indianapolis we had
the opportunity to get a close up view
of the man with stern responsibilities.
He came to Chicago in 1904. Since
coming to Chicago he has been con
tinuously engaged in literary work.
Later still, he -was engaged by Mr.j
R. S. Abbott to write for The Chicago
Defender, perhaps the ntest extensive
lycjrcnlated paper among our people
of the present era. He died at his
post with his armor on. Perhaps 'no
man among the writers of the race
could wield a more trenchant .pen.
Time and time again the big Southern
dailies have flinched on account of
his scathing, blighting invectives. He
had a forcible array of words that
meant so much when he would, dis
charge them at the Southern foe.
Sometimes he would write in blank
verse, but chiefly it seemed .Nature
had endowed him with an eloquence
of pen that bordered on the sublime.
The Negro race "has not quite reached
the place, where sober reflection may
open up the flood gates of sincerity
and appreciative regard for its noblest
men and women. It will be left oos-
sibly to some other, age to study his
character and sing his praises and
righteously determine his worth. '
He had a host of admirers -all over
this wide domain who will not fail to
do him reverence. We will miss him
from amongst the common clay, his
fervent speech, his hale approach and
his iond adieu. We will not soon
forget him because he was a strone
link in the chain of our positive ener
THE PRESIDENT HAS SPOKEN
By Dr.' M. A. Majors.
jggsaRWyti '. JaKBEmmmMlEBBSZ' ' $S8&fflBm
In the. higlf up circles among our
Negro politicians the word had gone
the rounds that Mr. Harding was as
silent as the grave on the much
talked race problem. That because of
campaign slurs and insinuations re
garding his blood relations he would
not dare to show to the public life
of the nation any bold strokes effect
ing the Negro race, when low and be
hold his Birmingham speech breaks
all presidential precedents ana shows
him to be perhaps the broadest states
man in public life today.
The great speech -shows tliat he is
alive to the conditions confronting
the American people, and stresses the
wholesomeness of a true democracy
instead of a pretended democracy
frosted over with a camouflage. In
deed the spirit of Abraham LincolnJ
is not dead. President Harding' has
given the Negro the world over cause
to feel that there are friends of the
great American commonwealth who
are courageous arid" will speak the
very life giving words to a long suf
fering people. We are proud of every
word he uttered in the eloquent"
speech he made at Birmingham that
October day surrotinded by the creat
men of the South. We cannot imatr
: .-.. r , .-- .
'" ". auuiwc iroin wnicn so much
good in our behalf) courd-.emanate as
the joy words to the" raeefrom the
president himself. Nothing like that
speech has ever before'eome from the
tips of a man occupying such a. high
place 6f.p6wer and authority.
TheSoCth didjjot like it It -has
never favored the .kindly spirit of the
A great and successful race feat was
Accomplished Jn the Cirquit Cpurtvof
Cook County before Ins honoru Judge
Thomas '&. Windes; beginning on
Tuesday, the 25th day of October,
and ending on Thursday,' the 27th day
of October, -when. one ,of our lawyers,
Augustus L. Williams,with offices at
184 W. Washington street, completed
a task that he set out to do in 1919
when the creat race riots "overruled
Chicago and many lives were lost by
irresponsible citizens who. desired to
take the 'law into their own hands.
At that time it was said by Mr. Wil
liams that he thought that the city
of .Chicago was "responsible for .the
injuries and deaths, sustained by the
vicious mob. It will also be noted
that the authorities proclaimed to the
world 'through the press that the" city
was not liable for personal injury and
death, but only for personal property.
After the riots, Mr. Williams filed suit
for twenty-one persons who were
either killed or injured as a result of
the said riots. Before this trial Mr.
Williams tried another case last May
for the widow of Htfiry Dozier,
where he obtained a judgment for
twenty-three hundred dollars ($200).
This victory gave him courage, and
on the beginning of the past trials be
fore Judge Windes, of whom it-can
be said is one of the leading demo
cratic judges of this country and a
dean of the courts of this county, an
able, efficient and fearless judge, who
looks upon a man not by his color,
but as a human being with all the
rights guaranteed to him that any
other citizen has.
Mr. Williams went to trial and dur
ing the three days he tried the case
of Joseph Loyings, who was killed on
the West Side of Chicago, by a mob
on July 29, 1919, as the first case tried.
union where this law wasin force.
After they had .finished their argu
ment, the court? witbo"ut-hearing,one
word from Mr.AVfllhrnsoverri'u'ed the.
motion and sent the case to the jury.
At this time" Mr. Williams appeared to
have- improved from his former trial.
The citv chanced lawversf6r its argu
ment and selected a "JpcciaPattorney
in the person of Mr. William Reedcr,
Mr. C. F. Lund having made the first
nrtnimoritT who-rriade a magnificent
address-to the. jury, bjit MrWiiliams.'
argument in this case was so forceful
and so pointed that the entire court
room was brought to tears. Even
the jurors were seen to wipe the tears
from their eyes. The ladies, white
and black, were weeping, and the wife
of the plaintiff had to be escorted
from the courtroom In order that
order might prevail for Mr. Williams
to proceed. After the arguments, the
court again gave a masterly instruc
tion to the jury as to the law in the
case, and went into every detail of the
law on mob violence. When the in
structions were given the jury retired
to its room and remained for five
minutes, then they returned and gave
a verdict for the plaintiff in the sum
of $5,000, the limit under our statute.
After the verdict and around the cor
ridors it was said by some of the
jurors that they only wished that they,
could have given- him more, as they
had never heard in their whole life
time a more masterly appeal from a
human being than that made to them
by Mr. -Williams, and they afterwards
said that it was too bad that Mr. Wil
liams was a colored man, because
(they believed that if he was a white
man he would be .one of the leading
lawyers -of the country.
Our people do not realize the im
portance of these cases and the effect
KmAF t:"""""""''K2t. . ' ,!K tsf Sc? V J && vflH '
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- Sfafis&iirStfcJwS 1Sosi&s 'JLlAP'i;-. sgjfHj
ATTORNEY A. L. WILUAMS
One of the Most Successful Lawyers in Chicago
SCORE BASEBALL RUNNERS
LEFT ON BASES AT END
OF EACH INNING.
At this hearing all of the witnesses I they have on the minds of those who
were white: amone them were a Cath-1 are too eager to take the law into
Yankee toward the Negro race.. The
South was struck dumb. It dfd not
expect the kind ami quality of the
president's logic hurled at with so
much power and from So great a
height But times have changed, and
with its changes the Negro has come
into a race consciousness that makes
him realize that color distinctions
should have nothing to do with
individual " deserts, "and individual
achievements. The South, knows as
well as any other section of the na
tion how well qualified the manhood.
of the Negro is to cope with the
changes wrought It is not on the
square, and incapable &f dealing fair
with us as a race. We are of the
Opinion that the bnldozing spirit long
displayed has gotten a; setback which
it has rTever received before from a
great man oJ power. Cruelty, and
denial of rights has been a bluff alas
too long. Friendish outrages-itf the
forms of lynchings and other cuttle
fish deviltry ty Sbuthern scallawazs
have become a stench in the nostrild
of decent Americans; .so much -so has
it that even our President had to go
down into the very-heart of that hell
and reprimand them for such scull-
4"TerfcainTv - murf ,m... r:i..ti i
' --- e -w wim m uui
one of the President's propositions over the left eyebrow, severing thr
and I am tjuite certain any man of any Ptic nerve, resulting in his becoming
olic priest, in- the person of Father
Jones, connected with St Ignatius
College; two-young business men, Mr.
Daniel Avollone and Mr. Martin'Avol-
lone; Mr. PowelL a business man:
iir. Wellman, a barber for whom Mr.
Joseph Lovfngs was employed; Mr.
LeCbunth' coroners ""physician of
Cook County. These men all as one
testified vividly as to the transaction
and without fear or favor gave m de
tail the "account qt thexnob and its
activities. At the -close- of the evi
dence the city moved for a - verdict
their own hands. Mob violence should
and must stop, and this feature is oqe
of the strongest elements in favor of
its suppression. Such service as has
been rendered already in this case is
invaluable to the race and to know
that we have among our own race
(Copyright, 1921, by W. Matthew B.
Heretofore a runner in a baseball
game had to make the first, second,
third and home plate before he made
a score. The task or exertion is just
as hard running to one base as the
other, but the fractional part of the
run has never been counted.
New rule when the bases are full
and batter fans and retires the side,
the runners to be scored as one-quar
ter, one-half and three-quarters if at
the close of each inning a runner is
left on" a base. First base, one-quar-whole.
If a man left on "third base.
three-quarters -of a run, and place on
the score board or scoring with' the
runs. If one runner is left on ra
base at the end of the inning w&j
will add one-quarter of a run to t4t
whole. If a man left on third base
that will be three-quarters of a ra.
If runners are left on first, second u&
third bases, the fractional part of tit
run will be one-quarter, one-half asj
three-quarters of a run.
Old way Chicago wins, new wij
Boston wins. Scores as the followaj
Runs . 000 000 000-0
One-quarter 101 010 1001
One-half 101 000 0001
Three-quarters .... Ill 100 000-3
Runs v 000 000 100-1
One-quarter -101 000 000-0tf
One-half 100 000 nOft-
Friedman, Mr. Mucucci and DrE.R.pien who -are able to do the very
lo- le directed- againstiiht. plainiiSvj the onlyone who has succeeded in
getting a verdict before a jury under
the mob laws of our state. Though
many discouragements from his own
people- have crept ia through criti
cisms, non-support and,; omissions
Mrs. Carrie Lovings, wife of the de
ceased. After a- longargumenf quot
ing many decisions in support of its
views by the- -city, and against its
viewa by, Mr. Williams, the court
overruled the dty'smoiion and-directed
connsels-to make their- argument -to
the'!jury'.--Mr. Williams' argument to
the jury was masterly and concise.
He seemed to have had the case di
rectly in front of hin?at all times.
The city 'was somewhat puzzled with
his forceful argument After the argu
ment the court gave its instructions
to the jury, all white men, who after
wards retired to the jury room and
there remained for five hours, and
when it seemed vthat it was impossi
ble for them to reacba verdict they
were called out by the court and the
foreman stated to the court that ten
had agreed, but two were .holding out
at which time the court -directed them
to, return to their jury room to try to
reach a verdict -, It is said that ten
jurors stood for a verdict of $5,000
for the plaintiff and two, for "not
guilty" or a compromise, and the said
two did reach a compromise with the
other ten and brought ia a verdict, of
$3,500 for the plaintiff. While this
jury was put, the second case was.
called for trial on, , Wednesday, .the
otn, to-wit: James G. .Grimes ys. the
City of Chicago. Mr. Grimes was in
jured by a mob,, both of his eyes be
ing, put out by boner shot in ih
left -temple and the bullet penetrating
uirougn the right side and coming.out
thing' that so many of us are prone
among ourselves to deny and discour
age, should" be one of the encouraging
features .to those who have suffered
so Iongrtby such insinuations. Mr.
Williams ?was the first lawyer in the
State of Illinois, black or white, and
U. S. SUPREME COURT
FAVORS JIM CROW LAW
The Transportation Act of 1920, Tor
bidding Whites to Ride in the
Same Car With Colored.
from the. pulpit down to the laborer,
the-jintelligent as well as the ignorant,
he has' done the supposedly inevitable.
thing and he should have .the com
mendation of every law-abiding citi
zen, both black and white, of the State
of Illinois for his wonderful success,
The white people of Chicago and es
pecially those who came to the front
rand gave their testimony unbiased.
just as the thing was, , no more, no
less, cannot get too much praise for
their efforts to . bring about the en
forcement of the law. . And to the
white ladies from the district in which
Mr. Grimes lived and the colored la
dies likewise, we say -that no more
noble deed could have been rjerformed
by the womanhood of America than
that which was given by them in the
courts of our county and state, and
to -the noble jurist and white jurors
we can only say "Thank you.'
First Ruling Under Chief Justice Taft
Refuses to Review Case Where U.S.
Management of Railroads Let Col
ored Ride With White in Mississippi.
Washington. The United States
was responsible under the Transpor
tation Act of 1920 for damages arisisg
from this failure to enforce state rata
and laws regulating transportatioa
within their borders.
A -decision to this effect awarding
$400 damages against the Director.
General .of Railroads because three
Negroes were permitted to ride ia a
railroad car with A. E. Stevens aad
other white passengers from Pasta-
goula to Biloxi, Miss., will stand, tie
Supreme Court refusing to review it
President Harding Awakes trie South
BOH ALBERT 80WAK
?feHMs&ftr &rwd m
222 to Hw Same rewfea.
Jfcai Vcmkxm Smcm 112, ad He WTM B SN313
-JRt-EkcUd 1922 to Hfc &? KfKw-apatarfrf
race would ..stigmatize .that social
equality of the night variety, when
the immoral pervert would socialize
the colored women -with shower of
his socializing agents, and yet have
the deviltry in his heart the effrontery.
ofa jackal to tell the Nezro to stav.
in. his place, often when he wouldJ
become overwhelmed with the- bland
ishments Of women of his own raet
Addition to what. the president said
iq his speech let us apply the -Golden
Rule, by suggesting that the 'ineaean-
- r ;
aoie ainerences" ihall breed no more
raHllattoes lo be terrifira by the white
man's beastial lasdvkmsness. So we
must insist that the white hub's deca-
.logue.shalLbe as Trid of offense as
he believes the white womaa of' the
Sota to be: --.-
tnf-ill.. kl,. TL. . ..
.w.Uj uu.. .-Am; witnesses m this
case were mostly all white women,
with two. colored women and pine
White women, three white men and
.one. colored man.
At the conclusion of ( this Temark
able trial m which -Mr. .William's
proved, to be a genius, the atv huA
five white lawyers against him and e1
njcsurco up equal to the ..occasion.
At .the ipse of the evidence in this
case, the city again asked to have an
instruction directed to the jury find
ing the defendant ? not guIlty.M The
city brought in many law books in
support of jits motion arid .delivered I
worn a .caretfmy prepared brief all of
the ppiats, in support of its motion.
W 4 . & Jt r . - . ' . V A '
.wuwh sway pi tneuvjaw r6-
ports from an of tie states at tU
President Harding has stirred up
an elephant's nest His speech has
already -made" him the, greatest roan
in the world and he wilt grow apace
to the benefits hje has brought to the
down.-trodden and the opjJressett
The South is all stirred up and
amazed, at the .courage to.bring, themf
rebuke and chastisement Would to
God white men were -honest and
take pardonable pride in the fact that
there is one among them righteous,!
mighty and upright andbelieves- in
the teachings of Christ , The South
goes to church-on Sunday. It might
just as well go tp hell. Since it does
not believe nor practice, the principlei
. Gj"Q..i JSenchman,
HON. ROBERT E. CROWE
Mr. and Mrs. C D. L. BradshawJ
t" -. , --a .' i n
who htc jironunenrnemDersoi xier
ean Baptist -Oiurch, "'haTe removed
from 613 Ej 4S!h street :to 5254 S.
dearborn 'street, .where tfi'ey will be
pleased to meet their' mahyTrieada.
The Fearless aad Cosraseovs Stata AtJioraey of Cook Cotmtr, VJ
. Haa Gone to t&e Mat wftk Cot'2iarfc Rztmorris, Chief g
.ghiftCim Mr. Crowe iaFnlly Determined to Clean W
Hfbi'TyaarfBkcliijf. ' ":