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CHICAGO, ILL, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 19. 1921
THE BROAD AX,
THE BROAD AX
Published Every Saturday
la this city since July 15th, 1899,
-without missing one single issue. Re
publicans, Democrats, Catholics, Pro
testants, Single Taxers, Priests, infi
ids or anyone else can have their say
e long as their language is proper
and responsibility is fixed.
The Broad Ax is a newspaper whose
y platform Is broad enough for all, ever
claiming the editorial right to .speak
ks own mind.
Local -communications will .receive
Attention. Write only on one side of
the paper. .
Subscriptions must be paid m ad
One Year - $2.
Advertising rates made known on
Address all communication to
THE BROAD AX
A2Q5 So. Elizabeth St, Chicago, I1L
Phone Wenworth 2697
JULIUS F. TAYLOR v
Editor and Publisher
DR. M. A. MAJORS
4700 South State Street
Phone Drexel 1416
NOVEMBER 19, 192L
atered as Second-Class Matter, Aug.
i9, 1902, at the Post Office at Chicago,
AH. Under Act of March 8. 1879.
CHANGING WORLD; NEGRO
WINS ON DEMOCRAT TICKET
New York John William Smith, a
lawyer, who was elected alderman in
the Twenty-first district, Harlem, last
Tuesday, is believed to be the only
Negro ever elected to public office
on ,the Democratic ticket in the
If th writer of the above will sim
ply turn back the pages of history,
he will learn that in November, 1895,
that James C Matthews, a colored
lawyer who had honorably served as
Recorder of Deeds of Washington,
D. C, under the first administration
of President Grover Cleveland, was
nominated in a Democratic conven
tion, and -elected Judge of the Record
er's court of Albany, N. Y., defeating
his white Republican opponent by ten
thousand majority. Editor.
12TH ANNUAL ESSAY CONTEST
Chicago is looking forward with
pleasure to the coming of the great
12th annual essay contest, to be held
Sunday afternoon, December 18, at
2:30 o'clock, in the beautiful audito
rium of Pilgrim Baptist church, 33rd
street and Indiana avenue. Eight of
the leading literary clubs of the city
will participate. Subject: "The Darker
Races and the Impending Crisis."
Prizes, two diamond rings, known as
first and second prizes, donated by
the popular jeweler, Dr. Louis Ussel
xnann, 3150 S. State street. B. W.
Fitts, founder and manager; Frank
W. Henry, Alonzo J. Bowling and
Willis N. Huggins, assistants.
STOCKHOLDER AT FIVE
William H. Terrell, Jr., is the owner
of several shares of stock in the Pyra
mid Building and Loan Association
at .the age of five months, and is the
youngest member of the association.
The Pyramid Building and Loan As
sociation with offices at 3539 S. State
street, is doing much good for the
race along its lines.
FRED WYCHE IN CITY
Fred D. Wyche, 527 W. Taylor
street, Bloomington, I1L, spent much
time- during the week in the city on
business. While here Mr. Wyche vis
ited relatives and friends, among
whom was Mrs. W. A. BlackwelL a
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The Best and Most Up-to-Date
Hon. John F. Devine, clerk of the
Probate court of Cook county, the
first of this week furnished his annual
report to the judges of the Circuit
court, and, being full of very valu
able information pertaining to the
non-payment of personal property
taxes that it is worth anyone's time
to read and re?read it Mr. Devine,
who is the best and most up-to-date
clerk of the Probate court that Cook
county has ever had, states that at
least four billion dollars' worth of
personal property escapes taxation
each year in this city and Cook coun
ty, and Mr. Devine futher states that
it is the first time that an accurate
estimate of what the Cook County
tax dodgers are doing in the way of
evading personal property taxes.
It has been shown as a result of
the assessment of taxes on real and
personal property through the board
of assessors and board of review that
the proportion of persdnal property
is one-third to one-fourth of the value
of real estate taxes. Mr. Devine has
discovered that in the Probate court
the real estate scheduled in inven
tories in estates is approximately only
one-fourth of the personal property
Finds County's Annual Loss
It was an easy matter Jor Mr. De-
vine to do a little figuring and dis
cover that on this basis Cook county
is losing taxes on $4,000,000,000 worth
of personal property annually.
The only place in Cook county.
where it would seem that any real
estimate as to the proportion which
the value of personal property bears
to the value of the real estate could
be made would be in the Probate
court, wheree xecutors and adminis
trators are required to file a com
plete inventory of the entire estates
tti , - jt
n A Cli , ni C n-.
Clerk of the Probate Court That
Has Ever Had.
For the first time in the history of
his office Mr. Devine has had all val
uations shown in inventories filed,
checked, and arranged into a compre
hensive mass of figures.
"The assessed valuation for real
property for last year in round figures
was $1,272,000,000, and for personal
property $414,000,000, giving a pro
portion of three times the value for
real estate as that given for personal
property. I'm informed that this year
the proportion of real estate to per
sonal property assessed will be about
three or four to one.
What the Figures Show
"The figures in the Probate court
indicate a complete reversal of this
and the proportion of personal prop
erty to real estate is about four to
one. In other words, if the propor
tions fon the last year in the Probate
court are normal, then only one
twelfth to one-sixteenth of the per
sonal property in Cook county is as
sessed for taxation, and eleven
twelfths to fifteen-sixteenths escapes
"Assuming that eleven-twelfths is
the correct proportion and that the
personal property assessed for the last
year only constituted one-twelfth of
the whole, if all the personal property
were assessed it would give an as
sessed valuation of approximately $5,
000,000,000 instead of $414,000,000.
The real valuation of Cook county
property, of course, would be twice
that, or $10,000,000,000. Allowing $5,
000,000,000 as being held in tax ex
empt securities and $1,000,000,000 for
property actually assessed on which
taxes are paid, would leave $4,000,000,-
000 worth of personal property escap
ing taxation altogether.
"If that amount of property escap
ing taxation were to be actually taxed
it would go far towards reducing the
already erroneous rates on real estate.
Mr. Devine's report shows that aft
er deducting all expenses, including
his salary, his office showed a net
profit to Cook county of $41,002.
SAVE TIME SAVE MONEY
At present, many business houses
hold their smail until the close of the
business day, and then release their
combined accumulations upon the
post office in a perfect deluge. Ob
viously, the postoffice cannot do a
day's work in two or three hours any
more than any other business house
can, and as a result of the inefficient
disposition of mail there is a conges
tion at the postoffice during what are
termed the "rush hours'' that works
to the disadvantage of all concerned?
and to remedy this condition the post
master requests the directincr head of
every business in Chicago to estab-
iisn a rule that mail must be deposited
at freauent interval (fanner t
and asking them to emphasize to their
employees the uselessnes and dis
advantages of holdinz mail until late
in the day.
QUINN CHAPEL- NOTES
Special revival services every night.
beginning Friday night, November 11,
and continuing until November 30.
The revival choir, under the leader
ship of Rev. John Augustus, will fur
nish the music
I A BUNCH OF TYPE OR TWO
! HUNDRED, MORE OR LESS
By Dr. M. A. Majors
They may be unknown but heroes
.That the world would proudly
For they bravely bore the scourge of
And dying won their fame.
There's life for unborn millions.
Though death its toll was great
Among the men of every race'
Who were reconciled to Fate.
We are free from the monstrous evil.
Because they fought so well.
On battlefields drenched with bfood,
Where thousands fighting fell.
They lie out there in Flanders field,
In unmarked graves unknown,
That we who live might have what
Through 'courage, could disown.
You may choose your grimmest con
flict From the page of history
That tells of battles that were fought
That people should be free.
There never has been such carnage
In the world's great wars of strife,
Nor hatred shown in the grip of death
That the world be given new life.
We pause as we think of the heroes.
Who did all they were called to do,
And gave their all when giving life,
As soldiers brave and true;
And if to live is glorious.
To serve our fellowmen,
To die for right in the face of might,
Is greater than sword or pen.
We fail in giving reverence
To the men who fought in France,
Who fought as brave men ever fought
That right should have a chance.
But our hearts are no less anxious,
Our gratitude and our love
Are far too great a measure;
We may treasure it all above.
The Dawn of a Race Consciousness
Chicago presents many problems to
the progressive elements among us.
There is the dance hall, the cabarets,
the baseball park, the Y. W. C A. and
the Y. M. C A., the Phyllis Wheatley
Home for Girls, the Urban League,
the Appomattox Club, the Douglass
National Bank, the Binga State Bank,
the Pyramid Building and Loan As
sociation, the Kashmir Chemical Co.;
the Progressive Co., lodges and civic
and social clubs galore, the Provident
and the Fort Dearborn hospitals, In
surance companies, both life and acci
dent, a half dozen good weekly news
papers, the medical societies, the legal
bar association, the community cen
ters, more than fifty flourishing
church organizations, hundreds of
mercantile enterprises of a great va
A people long wronged by the
brutal usages of a horrible tyranny,
supporting every form of such civili
zation agencies is positive proof that
they are entitled to every reasonable
consideration. Some of the features
mentioned could very well be left out
of the business equation, and yet aj
the saying goes, "All work and no
play makes Jack a dull boy," is ap
plicable to a race. We must have the
social sidelights and moments of
pleasure for general relaxation. We
have been derelict to a very great
extent in not supporting our civic in
stitutions, and sustaining them with
out looking to others outside of the
race for much of the assistance that
for the most part seems to be freely
Perhaps not one of the above men
tioned organizations are supported as
they should be. There is no getting
away from the fact that we spend
needless millions of dollars for light
and flimsy fleeing joys that well could
be dyspensed with, and which could
be and should be turned in to chan
nels that would place us in a better
light before mankind. Sham seems
to have gotten a strong hold on us,
and we are not tearing ourselves
loose from its clutch with any re
markable degree of speed.
The department store idea is slowly
gaining ground among us. When we
will have achieved this victory by
Having a big store of our own on the
Sonth Side, giving employment to
hundreds of our young men and wom
en as clerks and accountants, in
trenched in their positions by the
most liberal patronage of their own
people, then we will be more respected
by other races.
We have spent money freely in the
cabarets, attended baseball games and
made other people wealthy; we have
spent our all for food, clothing, furni
ture, drugs and a' thousand ojher
things, many of which were needless
money we could have spent among
ourselves if only we had learned the
lessons of thrift and economy and ap
preciated the saving power of organi
Washington Will Be Wet
Washingtqn will be wet you can bet;
r m. e ' ...
ju n iorcign nopes are set; it you
Any from Paris or London town,
You know they've got to have wet
things down. y
There's whiskey cellars about three
Refrigerators that have been kept
For months, because of the visitors
Who cannot live without their beer.
The ways of the wealthy whose appe
Calls for everything that is right
Impels no doubt the world to pause
While they laugh down prohibition
There'll be the popping of corks
Amid some jingling of knives and
And how they'll drink champaigne
Well you know Disarmament must
We'd like to be one of that peerless
For a couple of days we'd get some
It would tune up our pipes that for
months have been dry.
And give us a chance at the brandy
But how we pinel It's no use to hope,
It's the poor little fellows that always
We'd like to get wet like the fellows
But there's nothing doing here;
they've closed the bar.
That we are endeavoring to write
of Christ is no evidence that we are
conceited sufficient to feel that we
believe ourselves good enough to do
so. The effort makes us tremble for
fear of approaching the discussion of
so much righteousness with dirty
hands. We have often flinched when
eloquence resounded in our ears from
the lips of someone we felt unworthy
to carry such a subject to believers
and followers. '
In the first place, what we know of
Christ from the very beginning we
have read, we have been taught or
had it revealed to us. His birth and
the manner thereof, His life, His
death and His resurrection all seem
to awe the world with something akin
to mysticism, and shroud' us in a
maize of mystery. So wonderful does
it all seem to our dull and impene
trable skulls. And yet we are told
that He was a "man of sorrows and
acquainted with grief." He came into
the world to save that which was lost,
to offer His life to wicked men as a
ransom for our sins, and peradventure
restore fallen man to a life of good
ness and service.
His life adventure among mankind
was at time when the world had be
come wrapped up in idolitry. The
human perversities was about all
there was left in the frail carcass of
mankind. The age wreaked with har
lotry and all was darkness. Every
low trait in humankind was all there
was left to emphasize the groveling
nature of mortals. He gave us a
new commandment to love one an
other, and went about healing the
sick, restoring sight to the blind, bid
ding the lame to walk, feeding the
hungry, calming the seas and quieting
the raging storms.
Men of much learning have under
taken to solve the mystery of Christ
With evil minds have tried to analyze
the most difficult problem of the
world. They have questioned His
Immaculate Conception. He seldom
referred to Himself and when they
would try to pen Him down to posi
tive revelations He would answer,
"Whom do you say that I am?"
He dwelt among men for thirty and
three years without making as much
noise as the most insignificant indi
vidual any of us know living at the
present day, yet the Christ spell
among mortals has overlapped the
boundaries of Christendom, and we
believe because we must that He is
mj. sitaicsi inoiviauai mat nas ever
lived upon this earth. Why is all this
so? The answer could be made short,
and, yet possibly there is not enough
paper manufactured if we were to en
deavor to tell all of it
we ao Know that the intrinsic
worth wrought from the knowledge
from such a character as Christ has
been a healing to the nations. Every
where you turn you see His foot
prints. There are the churches, col
leges, hospitals, almhouses and His
holy sanctuaries set up in the hearts
of God-fearing men and women the
world over. Then there is the civiliz
ing influences, chips so to speak from
the great Christ spirit, heart and holy
teachings that are acting upon the
souls and consciences of the universe.
we pursue our daily avocations
with a marked degree of satisfaction
because the divinity of Christ gives
us assurance that no other force in
the world possibly could.
Mr. and Mrs. Morris Lewis, 3633
Giles avenue, entertained last Sunday
evening from 8 to 10 o'clock in honor
of their cousin, Mrs. William H. Por
ter. Many of the leading social lights
in this city attended the pleasant re
ception. Choice refreshments were
served and as usual Mr. and Mrs.
..w, uin ujr mcir nigniy ac
complished daughter, Miss Caro
Lewis, proved themselves charming
"use ana hostesses.
The Dunbar News Co., 1201 East
Washington street SnrintrfiVM th
handles all the leading newspapers
published in the interest of the col
ored race, including The Broad Ax.
Mrs. M. Lloyd, 3553 Grand bonle.
vard, has been seriously ill for the
past two weeks, but at 'the present
time she is regaining her health again.
cHON. WILLIAM R. FETZER
Able and popular judge of the Municipal Court of Chicago, prom.
tnent Mason, who may be induced to enter the race for Judge of
the Superior Court in 1922.
Urban League Program Presented to
On Monday evening of last week
Professor Paul J. Sachs of the Fogg
Art Museum of Harvard University
and Treasurer of the Cambridge Ur
ban League, had a notable gathering
of professors of Harvard University,
deans of the colleges and their wives
together with many leading citizens
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oi uosion ai nis none, onauy xi.u,
to discuss "Racial Co-operation," and
. , , , ...
to learn at first hand ,what is being
done throughout the country to se
cure larger opportunity for the Negro.
The principal speakers were Eu
gene Kinckle Jones, Executive Sec
retary of the National Urban League,
and Moorfield Storey, former Presi
dent of the Bar Association and Pres
ident bf the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People.
Mr. William A. Lee, Secretary of the
Cambridge Urban League, presented
an outline of the accomplishments of
his organization for the past year
and the plans for expansion during
the ensuing fiscal year.
Among those present were Mr. and
Mrs. Paul J. Sachs. Dean L. B. R.
Briggs, Mr. and Mrs. John Graham
Brooks, Mrs. John "F. Moors. Miss
Alice Taplcy, Miss Louis W. Brooks
and Professor Albert Bushnell Hart
Mr. Storey emphasized the impor
tance of the work of both the Urban
League and Advancement Association,
saying how necessary it was that the
two organizations should work in
harmony as without it the develop
ment of a sound industrial and social
foundation in the race and the secur-
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DR. U. GRANT DAILEY
One of the leading physicians and
the directors of the Binga State
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ing and holding of political and avl
rights would prove most difficult
Mr. Jones cautioned those in au
thority from seeking to solve ti
problems of racial difficulties through
alienating Negro leaders from the
masses of their people by means of
offering them soft jobs and federal
positions, a plan followed by the Eng
lish in India, Egypt and other colonial
possessions. "Results," he said, "are
apt to prove disastrous, as a feeling
of resentment and dissatisfaction is
created in the masses of the people
and the many potential leaders withm
the group are stirred to action which
may prove destructive to our cher
. M .. . .. . T .
, , . ..
search of several executive secretaries
to take charge of work in local fields.
and wishes to hear from men with
executive ability and -r
social work and with a
gage in social service
The headquarters of
127 East 23d street, Nc
The Pullman Porters'
ciation of America gave their ni-.
nual banquet at thfir first grand ses
sion, Thursday evening, November 17.
at the Appomattox Club, 3632 Grand
boulevard. Mr. A. A. Wells. Mr
Maverly Williams and Mr. J J Smith
had charge of the delightful banquet
The Hi-Art Music and Dramatic
Club, Mrs. Lillian C. Tompkin pres
ident, Mrs. Bertha L. Hensle chair
lady; Elizabeth C Taylor, conceit
Lmanager, will on Monday evenirg,
November 21, at the Unity Club. 3149
Indiana avenue, for the benefit of the
Amanda Smith Industrial School for
Dependent Girls, render a lovely lit
tle drama entitled, "The Divorce
surgeons of Chicago and one of
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