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THE BROAD AX, CHICAGO, ILL, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1921
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BOLD AND COURAGEOUS SPEECH
OF HON. MARTIN B. MADDEN DE
LIVERED IN THE HALLS OF CON
GRESS THE FIRST PART OF APRIL,
1916, "FOR THE PROTECTION OF
HIGHER STANDARDS AT
HON. MARTIN B. MADDEN
The uncompromising champion of the civil and the political rights of
the Colored race, who will be re-elected to Congress from the
First Congressional District of Illinois in 1922.
HON. JAMES G. COTTER
Attorney James G. Cotter, the sub
ject of this sketch, was recently ap
pointed assistant United States dis
trict attorney by Attorney General
Harry M. Daughtery. While Mr. Cot
. . . . i
icr a appointment comes as a sur
prise to the ranl and file, yet it is
sajhatJorRobert R Jackson,
v -Alderman of the 2nd ward, w?s well
-.aCQnfinteiryistkihe- Urcviutloag tints,
oeiore it Happened, and had much to
do with the influences that brought
about the appointment Congress
ma9Tt"1 B. Madden was the 'power
. :Dcninaage tnrone in Washington in
securing the position. It was he who
lead the fight and represented to the
'powers that be that the colored peo
ple of his district were entitled to a
first class position in the Department
of Justice a position that would be
outstanding and representative as a
recognition of our right to representa
tion in a Republican administration.
Congressman Madden is chairman of
the House Committee on Appropria
tions, said to be the most powerful
position held by any member of Con
gress. He has always fought for fair
play and justice for all the people, re
gardless of race, creed, or color.
Mr. Cotter has been assigned to
duty in the Federal building prosecut
ing violations of the National Prohi
bition Act He was formerly a spec
ial assistant corporation counsel of
Chicago, and from 1$17 to 1919, in
clusive, was an assistant Attorney
General of Illinois under Mr. Brund
age. While in this position he was
assigned to prosecute violations of
the Medical Practice Act and other
civil cases for the State and made
many friends throughout the city
among both white and black. Attor
ney General Daughtery has demon
strated in the appointment of Mr.
Cotter that he recognizes ahilitv
worth and character in the man, and
not creed, religion race or color.
Mr. James G. vtter was born 39
buf very soon thereafter his parents
moved to the State of Kentucky where
he received his early school training.
He afterwards attended Fisk Univer--it
nd took a rvift course in the
University of Chicago. Some ten
years ago he graduated from the
w coster College of Law, was ad
The latter part of April, 1916, the
Hon. Martin B. Madden delivered the
following address in the halls of Con
gress, which is worth any one's time
to carefully read.
For the Protection of Negro
Mr. Madden: Mr. Speaker, I am
opposed to intermarriage of the races.
The Negroes themselves are oppocd
to such marriages. But I am op
posed to legislation making such mar
riages a crime. If a white man and
a clack woman want to marry, it
should be a matter for them to de
cide. I think they would both be
foolish to thus ostracize themselves
from association with their own peo
ple, and that is what they do when
they marry. But if they want to
ostracize themselves, that is a per
sonal matter between them, and
To make such marriages criminal
and void would leave the children of
such marriages without the protec
tion which they need and should have.
Instead of bettering the moral condi
tions such a law would make them
worse. It would leave many young
girls at the mercy of brutes willing to
take advantage of their virtue and
then desert them to a life of shame.
I cannot conceive of a condition un
der which a white man should be al
lowed to cohabit with a black wo
man not his wife without being com
pelled by law to marry her or pro
vide for the care of their children.
Why should innocent women of the
Negro race not have the same pro
tection of the law which is accorded
to women of any other race? It will
not do to say there is no such con
dition as that to which I have alluded.
Everyone knows better, else how
does it happen that we have so many
people of mixed blood in the United
The Negroes are willing to con
fine their marriages to their own race,
indeed they would prefer that, but
they have a right to demand that the
women of their race shall nnt hi con- I Clncaor. in:
sidcred the legitimate prey of the men f n,,,- r t i
t At. ,-r, I Ucar Mr. Tavlor:
of other races. (Applause.) If mar- -.".
portunitics. They ask only equal op
portunity equality in the courts of
the land. Wc should bestir ourselves
to aid the Negroes, not embarrass
them or shame them. We should
make them feel that they arc a useful
and desirable part of our people. No
other people has ever made greater
progress under like conditions. They
have increased in numbers from 1863
to 1915 from 4,500,000 to 10,000,000.
They have advanced from almost
total illiteracy since emancipation
until today 70 per cent can read and
write. They have among them mus
cians, artists, doctors, lawyers, me
chanics, artisans, agriculturists, bank
ers, educators, preachers, merchants.
and are engaged in every useful occu
pation. They have accumulated
property valued at $700,000,000 $70
per capita a marvelous showing, a
greater showing, indeed, than lias
ever been made before anywhere dur
ing all civilization. No other eman
cipated people have ever made so
sreat a progress in so short a time.
Wc should remember that the Ne
groes constitute one-tenth of our
population, that they are a God-lov
ing and law-abiding people who
thould be encouraged in their efforts
to reach a hichcr moral standard.
We should help the Negro to help
Wc should not continue to put the
tamp of our disapproval upon him
ind cast him adrift and discourage
him in an effort to reach that moral
standard for which ue all hope and
continue to pray. The enactment of
this law will do that, and will be one
more step backward, which should
never be taken by a Congress repre
senting the people of America.
Congressman Martin B. Madden
has a great deal of faith in our abil
ity to do things and the following
'etter reveals that fact.
HAMPTON, Vx The trend at
Hampton- Institute toward higher
standards was recently described to
colored leaders who had assembled
in Danville for the annual meeting
of the Negro Organization Society
Allen Washington, president) and
he Negro Teachers Association oi
Virginia lD. G. Jacox, president). Dr.
J. E. Gregg, principal of Hampton
"At Hampton Institute wc have
been raising our standards and ex
ending our courses. In 1917, at the
uggestion of Dr. H. B. Frisscll, a
.urvcy of the work of the Institute
.as made by Prof. Paul H. Hanus,
of Harvard University, for the Gen
eral Education Board. In accord
ance with the recommendations of
this survey and in some cases go
'ng beyond them, because condition,
lave changed so much since 1917
'ur courses have all been strcngth
ned. The old academic-normal, ag--icultural,
business, and home eco
nomics courses of secondary grade
ire now graduating their last classes
1923 will sec the end of them. The
new courses in these fields of training
vill carry those who pursue them two
.cars and in the case of the agricul-
ural course, three years beyond the
cadciny, which covers four years
ind twenty units of high-school
jrade, beginning after, the comple
tion of the eighth grade. The Trade
School it has seemed wise to keep on
the ecolldary level. The seventh-
jrade preparatory class was cut off
at the end of the last school year.
'With all this advance this raising
of -secondary work to semi-collegiate
and even collegiate levels we at
Hampton feel obliged to remind our
selves that we must redouble our ex
ertions to make all that wc do thor
ough. "Wc arc making men and women
as well as scholars, whether we will
or no. Goil created them; wc are
shaping and fashioning them and mak
ing them ready, more or less success
fully, for the world. Whatever they
arc later, their teachers must bear a
large part of the responsibility."
r ISS -v IS s Iff'
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HON. OSCAR DE PRIEST
Former member of the City Council, from the Second Var
who has become a powerful political factor in the new Third Wad
He is in favor of re-electing Hon. Samuel A. Ettelson to the State
Senate from the Third Senatorial District; at the same time Mr
Depriest wants the world to know that he stands ready and willing
to assist to re-elect Hon. Martin B. Madden to Congress from the
First Congressional District of Illinois; that no power on earth but
death can defeat his re-election.
A SUNDAY IN GEORGIA
By J. M. S.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
WASHINGTON, D. C.
March 6, 1914.
Mr. JuHs p. Taylor.
5027 Federal Street.
The Remainder of the December Cal
endar of the Festivities at the Ap
pomattox Club. .
mitted to the bar of this State and
has been active ever since in the
practice of his profession. Politics
became a very attractive field for him.
and he soon identified himself with
the powers in Republican politics, and
has been active in such matters for the
past twelve years. His father was the
Reverend Shadrach R. Cotter, one of
the best known ministers in the State
Mr Cotter is married and resides
in his own home with his family. He
is a member of several fraternal or
ders and clubs in the city, and is very
active in all matters relating to the
welfare of his race. He made a fight
in the celebrated Delbridge case which
gave him national prominence some
four years ago, and was very active in
handling cases during the recent race
riots involving justice and fair play
for our people.
riagc between the Negro and Cauca
sian is so abhorrent as to some it
seems to be, why do so many of the
Caucasian men insist on taking undue
liberties with the defenseless Negro
women? Why do they insist on mix-
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ing the blood of the races? If the
blood of both races can be kept pure
by law, all right; but who can as
sure it? By all means, if wc arc to
have a law against mixed marriages,
that law should provide for arrest
and prosecution for bastardy, so
that it will be possible to expose
those who boast of the purity of their
blood while they continue clandes
tinely and illegally to cohabit with
those against whom this law is di
rected. Let the law of marriage stand as it
is, and trust to the pride of race
both among the Negroes and Cauca
sians to contract their marriages with
their own people. The purpose of
this law is to further degrade the
Negro, to make him feel the iron
hand of tyranny so long practiced
against his race.
We should do all wc can to com
bat the spirit of persecution and prej
udice which confronts the Negroes of
this country and to assure to them
every right, privilege and opportunity
to which every citizen of the United
States is entitled. The Negroes ask
no favors, no privileges, no special
advantages. They ask no indulgence
for their shortcomings, or any un
usual economic and educational op
ine enclosed bills arc before the
Committee on Reform in the Civil
Service, of which I am a member.
We had a very interesting hearing on
mem this morning and when the
hearings are printed I will send you
I intend to fight every inch of the
way to prevent them from reporting
the bills, but of course the Commit
tee is Democratic and the majority of
the Democrat arc from the South,
and it is not likely that I can win in
the fight; but if I lose I expect to
make a minority report
I don't know how much time I will
have in which to do that I want to
ask you to write me immediately after
reading the bills what you would say
if you were going to make a minority
report on them. I may not be able
to use all you say, but I shall be glad
to have j-our views, in fact I want
them and must have them.
you to co-operate with
MARTIN B. MADDEN.
Right at this point we must pause
for a few moments to state that Con
gressman Martin B. Madden and for
mer Congressman William Sulzer of
New York City have never felt that
they were disgracing themselves by
seeking our advice or opinion on cer
tain measures which were at that time
pending before Congress.
HON. JAMES G. COTTER
HON. GEORGE E. BRENNAN IS
IN FAVOR OF THE DEMO
CRATS AND ONE WING OF
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY
Some of the big leaders of the
Democratic party arc in favor of join
ing hands with the Charles S. Deneen
Republicans in order to rout Mayor
William Hale Thompson and his
forces out of the City Hall.
Hon. George E. Brennan, who led
the Democratic hosts from this state
on to the San Francisco Convention
in 1920, is not adverse to a Coalition
providing Hon. Patrick J. Carr, and
Hon. Robert M. Swcitzcr are slated
for their present position.
service, for its millions of patrons each
Mr. Roach, who has successfully
worked his way on up from a street
car conductor in 1872, is a very pleas
ant gentleman to meet, and he wants
the world to know that he is a friend
of the Colored race.
The following arc among the big
social doings at the Appomattox Club,
during the remainder of December
and the first part of January, 1922:
Tues., Dec. 27, 1921; 2:30 to 6:30 p. m.
Mrs. Hazel Thompson Davis,
MUSIC GAMES DANCING
For Children of the Families of
ANNUAL NEW YEAR'S EVE
Saturday, December 31, 1921
Tables Must be Reserved in Advance,
$1.00 Per Person
(Because of Our Large Membership
the Number of Reservation
Permitted Each Member
Will be Limited
NEW YEAR RECEPTION AND
Monday, January 2nd, 1922,
7.-00 to 12:00 P. M.
Reception Committee: Mrs. S. C.
Dickcrson, Mrs. S. A. T. Watkins,
Mrs. Fred L. Barnctt, Mrs. D. B.
Hawley, Mrs D. A. McGowan, Mrs.
Chas. F. Johnson, Mrs. R. S. Abbott,
Mrs. Chas. A. Wilson, Mrs. Carl G
Roberts, Mrs. Mont Ferguson, Mrs.
H. A. Turner, Mrs Benj. F. Mitchcm.
WHIST PARTY AND
Tuesday, January 3, 1922; 2:30 P. M.
Committee Mrs. J. Gray Lucas,
Mrs. Wm. Eaves, Mrs. Ralph Daven
port, Mrs. A. L. Bates, Mrs. L, J. Con
nors, Mrs. W. T. Jefferson, Mrs. G.
P. Goode, Mrs. J. W. Woodlee, Mrs.
F. H. Matticx. Mrs. C. S. Washington.
Ladies of the Families of Members
The Southern sun was shedding its
warmth upon fields which ever and
anon are dotted with the cotton balls.
Women and children strolled leisurely
along the quiet streets or flashed past
in their automobiles on their way to
the churches, where under nftened
light, 'he ;; h. '- trom many pulpits
held f'l-ih v'H-thc God of Mercy and
justice. thr Prince of Peace, who made
eternai lit, possible tor thoe wiiu
walk blamelessly before men. But
some were missing from their accus
tomed places, and as friends inquired
about them there were only whispered
answers. Somehow the truth seemed )f,
1 1 i !ar
MOB AND LYNCH LAW IN
Joseph O. Lane, the Up-to-Date
And Practical Jeweler, is still doing
busicess at the same old stand.
71m Newly Appointed Uaked States District Attorney, for Ike
Nbrtfeera Dktrict of Sack, Who Wffl Coatkse to be a Grmi
Credit to the Colored Race m Hk Preset Hoaored
HON. JOHN M. ROACH, ONE OF
THE HIGH CITY RAILWAY
OFFICIALS, STANDS HIGH
IN THE BUSINESS
At all times, Mr. Roach, as one of
the high officials of the Chicago City
Railway Company, is willing to do
his part, in order to furnish better
It is a pleasure to state that Mr.
Joseph O. Lane, who is one of our
oldest friends, is still doing business
at his same old stand, 76 E. 31st
street, near Michigan avenue, phone
Mr. Lane has been established in
business on the South side in this
city since 1876. He makes a specialty
of fine watch and jewelry repairing.
He has on display a fine line of
all kinds of jewelry and so on suita
ble for holiday presents. Mr. Lane
desires to wish his many friends and
patrons a Merry Christmas. Adv.
Dycrsburg , Tcnn. Sheriff H. B.
Bryant prevented a lynching here of
five Negroes alleged to be concerned
in the murder of R. L. Burkett, a
farmer. About 500 people comprised
the mob. One of the Negroes, Will
Wiggins, was reported to have con
fessed the killing, but the sheriff in
addressing the mob said he had evi
dence that Wiggins was eight miles
from the scene of the crime the night
it occurred. The sheriff also took
five of the apparent leaders of the
mob in an automobile to the home
of relatives of the murdered man. The
relatives assured the mobbists that the
murdered man's family did not ap
prove of mob action. The sheriffs ac
tion was effective in preventing the
lynching, but it is noticeable that he
did not arrest the five men "whom.be
had in his automobile. If the Dyer
Anti-Lynching bill were law, this sher
iff would be subject to imprisonment
for not more than 5 years, and fined
not more than $5,000 or both, for fail
ing to prosecute persons' participating
in a mob of riotous assemblage.
a little out of place in church, not
that it appeared shameful to them,
but rather embarrassing, as when in
a debate one's partner inadvertently
makes a noticeable blunder, one does
not wish to admit the shortcoming,
and yet it cannot well be entirely
Such was the case in Oconee
Georgia, Sunday, while some worship
ped others were listening for the soft
tread, the fleeing shadow of the fav
orite game of the Georgfan aristo
cracy. The Georgians arc famed for
their skill in bagging this kind of
game, and as they closed in gradu
ally, "Bang" sudden bark of a rifle,
followed so quickly by another and
then by still another that one could
not tell which was which. Another
Negro, Aaron Birdsong, was dead
his body riddled by Christian bullets
on Sunday morning. Hut
the Negro had shot one t
sucrs. To do this, he h x '
ammunition. Someone mut 1
nished it. One of the Chn
tlcmen aid. "George Lowe. ..
Hale air the "Neggers" that
"im." "Let's get 'emricd .
and oil they go again in .
more game. But this time t'
was a bit harder to find, fi-
late Sunday evening when I.. a-J
Hale wtre finalh surrounm
huntsiver. were in high sj in
not? Wa- not this a Sun a
cherish in the memory- r.
tun Wab )ci io (.uii,c i ,. y o
quarry back to the place w.
song had died, and pun'j
buitet into two nion.
swarthy bodies. It was : .
, !''ree in one day. ... o . .a
too, when a body who wantt !
Other Georgia citizens, h-.iu i r
not regret this sport with ta. -
have asked a Federal im tmatuin
and have offered affidavits ..- 'he
deaths of these three Nee- - It "
mains to be seen what will . t
"President Harding's meao t
Congress did not mention tin l--'
Mr. John Dohney, the .".r ir
charge of the Coutm! tomittec
rooms always deports h-trclt tike a
real first class gentleman He "ever
attempts to assert or show ? his
authority on the slightest oi.u-on.
He is held in the highest rcptrt b
all the City Fathers, and b all the
big politicians who frcquf"' t"e
Council Committee rooms
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HON. MICHAEL ROSENBERG
President of the International Lamp Manufacturing Company, Whk&
Employ More Than Two Hmdred Colored Women m Its Vari
or Departments, Member of the Constitutional Convention of
Illinois, Prospective Candidate for One of the Trustees of the
Sanitary District of Chicago. Mr. Rosenberg Wishes to Extend
the Pleasant of the Holiday Season to His Many Friends.